Chapter 5.05
ANIMAL CONTROL1

Sections:

5.05.001    Introduction and purpose.

5.05.002    Penalties – Infraction unless otherwise designated.

5.05.010    Definitions.

5.05.015    Keeping of domesticated animals in residential zones.

5.05.020    Dog licensing.

5.05.025    Cat licensing.

5.05.030    Fees authorized.

5.05.040    Animal bites to be reported.

5.05.050    Running at large prohibited.

5.05.060    Dogs on public grounds.

5.05.070    Animal waste.

5.05.080    Confining dogs in season.

5.05.090    Rabies notice.

5.05.110    Crimes relating to the confinement of another’s animal and the abatement of private nuisances.

5.05.115    Nuisances defined.

5.05.120    Nuisance – Notice and order to abate.

5.05.121    Potentially dangerous dogs.

5.05.122    Dangerous dogs.

5.05.123    Appeal.

5.05.124    Disposition of seized and removed animals – Bond requirements.

5.05.126    Impound procedures.

5.05.127.1    Spay or neuter of owner-surrendered and stray animals required.

5.05.127.2    Animal benefit appropriation.

5.05.127.3    Definitions and integration of initiative provisions.

5.05.127.4    Failure to spay or neuter – Penalties.

5.05.128    Animal cruelty.

5.05.128.1    Use of domestic dogs and cats as bait.

5.05.128.2    Leave or confine any animal in unattended motor vehicle or enclosed space – Penalties – Officers’ authority to reasonably remove animal.

5.05.129    Guard dogs.

5.05.130    Covered animal regulations.

5.05.130.1    Keeping of poultry and covered animals in residential zones.

5.05.131    Wild animals.

5.05.132    Inherently dangerous animal.

5.05.133    Miscellaneous regulations.

5.05.135    No duty created.

5.05.140    Repealed.

5.05.141    Additional enforcement.

5.05.142    Severability.

5.05.001 Introduction and purpose.

The purpose of this chapter is to provide for the reasonable regulation of animals as well as promote the public’s health, safety and welfare. It is the specific intent of this chapter to place the responsibility and obligation of complying with its requirements upon the owners and keepers of animals. [Ord. 3451 § 1, 2003].

5.05.002 Penalties – Infraction unless otherwise designated.

Unless otherwise set forth in this chapter, a violation of any provision of this chapter shall constitute a Class I civil infraction pursuant to Chapter 7.80 RCW. Issuance and disposition of infractions issued for violations of this chapter shall be in accordance with Chapter 7.80 RCW. The penalty for violation of a provision of this chapter shall be $100.00. The penalty for a second or subsequent offense in violation of the provision of this chapter within two years shall be $250.00. [Ord. 3451 § 1, 2003].

5.05.010 Definitions.

A. “Animal control authority” means the person, association or corporation, appointed or authorized by the city of Edmonds and/or the chief of police or his designee, to enforce the provisions of this chapter and all other ordinances of the city pertaining to animal control.

B. “Animal control officers” means officers employed by the animal control authority and includes police officers.

C. “At large” means off the premises of the owner and not under the immediate control of the owner, member of the owner’s immediate family, or person authorized by the owner, by means of a leash, cord or chain no longer than eight feet.

D. “Covered animal” means hoofed animals usually found on farms, such as horses, ponies, mules, donkeys, bovine animal, sheep, goats and/or swine.

E. “Dangerous dog” means any dog that, according to the records of the animal control authority, has: (1) inflicted severe injury on a human being without provocation on public or private property; (2) killed a domestic animal without provocation while off the owner’s property; or (3) been previously found to be potentially dangerous, the owner having received notice of such and the dog again aggressively bites, attacks, or endangers the safety of humans or domestic animals; provided, however, that an animal shall not be considered a “dangerous dog” if the threat, injury, or damage was sustained by a person who, at the time, was committing a willful trespass or other tort upon the premises occupied by the owner of the dog, or was tormenting, abusing, or assaulting the dog or has, in the past, been observed or reported to have tormented, abused, or assaulted the dog or was committing or attempting to commit a crime.

F. “Domestic animal” means any animal that is usually tamed and bred by humans.

G. “Guard dog” means any member of the dog family which has been trained or represented as trained to protect persons and/or property by virtue of exhibiting hostile propensities and aggressiveness to unauthorized persons.

H. “Inherently dangerous animal” means any live member of the Canidae, Felidae, Ursidae, and Reptilia families, including hybrids thereof, which, due to its inherent nature, may be considered dangerous to humans. Inherently dangerous animals include but are not necessarily limited to:

1. Canidae, meaning and including any member of the dog family not customarily domesticated by man, or any hybrids thereof, but not including domestic dogs and wolf hybrids (cross between a wolf and a domestic dog).

2. Felidae, meaning and including any member of the cat family not customarily domesticated by man, or any hybrids thereof, but not including domestic cats.

3. Ursidae, meaning and including any member of the bear family, or any hybrids thereof.

4. Reptilia, meaning venomous and “devenomized” reptiles, including but not necessarily limited to all members of the following families: Helodermidae (gila monster), Viperidae (pit vipers), Crotalidae (rattlesnakes), Atractaspidae (mole vipers), Hydrophiidae (sea snakes), and Elapidae (coral snakes and cobras).

5. Colubridae snakes which are rear fanged, including, but not necessarily limited to dispholidus typus (boomslangs), thebtornis kirtlandii (African twig or vine snake), and rhabdophis (keelbacks).

6. Colubridae snakes which reach a length of 10 feet and over, including but not necessarily limited to green anaconda, reticulated pythons, Burmese python, albino Indian python, and African rock python.

7. Crocodilia, meaning and including crocodiles, alligators and caimans.

I. “Inhumane treatment” means every act or omission whereby unnecessary or unjustifiable physical pain or suffering is caused or permitted.

J. “Own” means owning, keeping, leasing, possessing or harboring any animal. “Owner” means any person having an interest or right of possession to an animal or any person having control, custody or possession of an animal or by reason of the animal being seen residing consistently at a location, shall be presumed to be the owner.

K. “Person” means any person, firm, corporation or association.

L. “Pet” is a domestic animal owned and kept by an individual or family for enjoyment and pleasure rather than utility. The term “pet” includes all animals required to be licensed under the terms of this chapter when properly licensed.

M. “Potentially dangerous dog” means: (1) any dog that when unprovoked: (a) inflicts a bite or bites on a human, pet or livestock either on public or private property; or (b) chases or approaches a person upon the streets, sidewalks, or any other public grounds or private property in a menacing fashion or apparent attitude of attack; or (2) any dog with a known propensity, tendency, or disposition to attack unprovoked, to cause injury or otherwise to threaten the safety of humans, pets or livestock on any public or private property.

N. “Poultry” means domestic fowl normally raised for eggs or meat and includes, but is not limited to, chickens, turkeys, ducks, geese, pheasants, quail, guinea fowl, pea fowl and other similar domesticated birds. Nothing herein shall be interpreted to conflict with or eliminate any state wildlife licensing requirement with relation to the keeping of any type of fowl. Large fowl over three feet in height or 30 pounds as mature adults, such as emus or ostriches, shall be considered “covered animals” and regulated as such.

O. “Proper enclosure of a dangerous dog” means, while on the owner’s property, a dangerous dog shall be securely confined indoors or in a securely enclosed and locked pen or structure, suitable to prevent the entry of young children and designed to prevent the animal from escaping. Such pen or structure shall have secure sides and a secure top, and shall also provide protection from the elements for the dog.

P. “Severe injury” means any physical injury that results in broken bones or disfiguring lacerations requiring multiple sutures or cosmetic surgery.

Q. “Vicious animal” means any animal other than a “dangerous dog” or “potentially dangerous dog” that endangers the safety of any person or domestic animal by biting or attacking without provocation.

R. “Wild animal” means any animal living in its natural state and native to the United States and not normally domesticated, raised or bred by humans. [Ord. 3895 § 1, 2012; Ord. 3655 § 1, 2007; Ord. 3634 § 1, 2007; Ord. 3451 § 1, 2003].

5.05.015 Keeping of domesticated animals in residential zones.

For each residential dwelling unit, regardless of the number of occupants residing within each dwelling unit, the following maximum number of domestic animals may be kept or owned within the dwelling unit upon the lot or premises associated with such dwelling unit:

A. Household pets in numbers normally and commonly associated with the primary residential use of the dwelling unit. “Household pets” are animals commonly or normally kept or owned in association with a residential dwelling unit and which are generally kept or housed within the interior of the dwelling unit, including such animals as hamsters, mice, gerbils, guinea pigs, nonvenomous snakes, parakeets, canaries, finches, other songbirds, small nonvenomous reptiles and amphibians, and fish;

B. Five or fewer domestic animals;

C. One unweaned litter produced by any domestic animal permitted to be kept by this chapter; provided, that the total number of domestic animals kept shall not exceed that number provided in subsection (B) of this section more than 180 days following the birth of the litter. [Ord. 3988 § 2, 2015; Ord. 3759 § 1, 2009; Ord. 3343 § 1, 2001. Formerly 17.35.030].

5.05.020 Dog licensing.

A. License Required. It is unlawful for any person to own any dog over the age of three months within the city unless the owner has first procured a license required by this chapter.

B. Dogs Excluded from License Requirements. The licensing provisions of this section shall not apply to the following dogs:

1. Dogs whose owners are nonresidents temporarily within the city;

2. Dogs brought into the city for the purpose of participating in any dog show;

3. Seeing-eye guide and service dogs properly trained to assist blind or impaired persons, when such dogs are actually being used by a blind or impaired person, for the purpose of aiding them from place to place. Blind or impaired persons include but are not necessarily limited to persons who are blind, deaf, have limited mobility, or have psychological impairment; or

4. Dogs whose owner maintains them for the sole purpose of commercial breeding and/or training, hunting, or boarding, so long as the dogs are restricted within a building or fenced enclosure intended and designed only for the purpose of kenneling dogs and are not permitted to run at large.

C. License Tags Issued and Fees. The police department, or such other person, firm or entity authorized by the city council, shall issue a dog license upon the payment of a fee as provided for by this subsection. Upon issuance of a license, a metal tag corresponding to the number of the application shall be furnished to the applicant.

1. The applicant shall cause the same to be attached to the dog. Tags shall not be transferable from one dog to another.

2. The following fees shall be paid for licenses required under this chapter:

a. For spayed females or neutered males with a veterinarian certificate or signed affidavit: an annual license fee of $15.00; provided, that a $5.00 fee shall be charged to persons over the age of 65;

b. For dogs less than six months but over three months of age, temporary tags issued: a license fee of $5.00. Persons over the age of 65 shall receive a rebate of $2.00 at the time of relicensing, upon certification by a veterinarian that the dog has been spayed or neutered;

c. Unspayed females and unneutered males over six months of age: $40.00;

d. Replacement of metal tag: $4.00.

3. An owner of an animal previously licensed for which a “permanent” license has been issued under the provisions of this section as the same existed prior to December 16, 1986, shall not be required to relicense or renew said license for such animal.

D. License Issuance – Nonresidents. Licenses shall be issued to nonresidents of the city of Edmonds who reside in proximity to the city and who desire to purchase an annual license for their dog for identification purposes. The annual fee shall be $10.00 per year per dog. Upon payment of said fee, a tag shall be issued which shall be consistent with the tags issued annually by the city of Edmonds for dogs required to be licensed under this chapter. The dogs permitted to be licensed by this section shall not be eligible for temporary licenses. Nothing in this chapter shall require the obtaining of such license nor shall failure to obtain such a license as provided by this section subject any dog owner to the penalties provided for in this section; provided further, that nothing in this section shall be construed to relieve or otherwise excuse the owner of any dog from complying with all applicable rules and regulations imposed by any county, city or town having jurisdiction over the residence where the dog is harbored or maintained.

E. Fee Due Dates – Penalty.

1. All license fees shall be due and payable on or before the first business day of January in each year. If the license fees are not paid on or before March 1st of each year, the applicant shall pay the following late fees in addition to the regular fee set forth in subsection C of this section:

a. Unspayed and unneutered dogs: $18.00;

b. Spayed and neutered dogs: $10.00.

2. Whenever any person shall come into charge, care or control of any dog, the original license application and fee therefor shall become due and payable within 30 days of said date, and the late fee provided above shall be imposed 60 days after the date said license fee and application become due and payable.

F. Fee Waiver – Blind and Disabled. Guide and service dogs, as defined in subsection (B)(3) of this section, certified to assist the impaired, and service dogs certified to assist the disabled, may be issued a permanent license at no charge upon the request of a blind or otherwise impaired owner.

G. Enforcement Procedure. All dogs not licensed under this section, or who do not exhibit the metal identification tag provided for in subsection C of this section, are declared to be public nuisances and shall be impounded as provided in ECC 5.05.126. [Ord. 3957 § 1, 2014; Ord. 3451 § 1, 2003].

5.05.025 Cat licensing.

A nonmandatory lifetime cat license is available, upon request of the owner, for purposes of identification. The fee for such license shall be $5.00. [Ord. 3451 § 1, 2003].

5.05.030 Fees authorized.

A. In addition to the cost of publication of any notices required by this chapter, prior to the release of animals, animals in the custody of the animal control authority or its agents, to the registered owners of said animals, the animal control authority shall charge fees under this chapter as follows:

1. Impound: $20.00.

2. Impound and room fees: $15.00/day for the first 72 hours of custody (or the actual cost incurred, whichever is greater).

3. All other services: cost incurred.

B. Prior to the adoption of animals in the custody of the animal control authority or its agent, the animal control authority shall charge fees under this section as follows:

1. Veterinary exam and spay/neuter fees for male or female canines or felines which have not been spayed or neutered: $50.00 (deposit only, shall be refundable as provided in ECC 5.05.127.1(B)).

2. Adoption administration: $15.00 fee.

C. In addition, the contracted animal shelter provider shall be entitled to collect a reasonable room and board fee. [Ord. 3486 § 1, 2004; Ord. 3471 § 1, 2003; Ord. 3451 § 1, 2003].

5.05.040 Animal bites to be reported.

A. Every animal which bites a person shall, within 24 hours, be reported by any owner or person having charge of said animal to the animal control authority and shall thereupon be securely quarantined at the direction of the animal control authority for a period of 10 days. At the discretion of the animal control authority, such quarantine may be on the premises of the owner, at the shelter designated as the city’s animal shelter or, at the owner’s option and expense, in a veterinary hospital of the owner’s choice. When an animal’s owner is unknown, such quarantine shall be at the shelter designated as a city animal shelter or at a veterinary hospital.

B. Any owner or person having charge of any animal who fails to report an animal bite as required herein shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, be sentenced to a fine not to exceed $1,000 and/or 90 days in jail. [Ord. 4031 § 1, 2016; Ord. 3486 § 1, 2004; Ord. 3451 § 1, 2003].

5.05.050 Running at large prohibited.

A. Except as provided in subsection (C) of this section, it shall be a civil violation for the owner or person having charge, care, custody or control of any animal to allow such animal to run at large during any hours of the day or night; provided however that fourth and subsequent violations shall be misdemeanor offenses. This section shall not apply to seeing eye or hearing ear dogs or dogs owned by the city or other law enforcement agencies and maintained as police K-9 units while under the custody and control of the trainer or handler. Any animal found running at large may be seized and impounded.

B. It shall be the duty of a person who takes into their possession any stray animal not owned by them or not placed in their possession by the person having the lawful custody and control thereof, to notify the animal control authority or police within 24 hours and to release such animal to the city officer upon demand and without charge.

C. Dogs may be allowed to run at large only in the marked, fenced Puget Sound area generally described as the Marina Beach Off-Leash Area, located at 498 Admiral Way, south of the Marina Beach Park. This designated off-leash dog park area shall be open daily from dawn until dusk unless otherwise posted.

D. All dogs that enter into the designated off-leash dog park area shall be licensed, current with all shots, healthy, and wearing a collar and identification at all times. Dogs that are ill or injured, in heat, or that have been declared dangerous or potentially dangerous are not permitted to use the designated off-leash dog park area.

E. Any person or persons who take a dog into the designated off-leash dog park area shall:

1. Have physical control of the dog by means of an adequate leash when entering and leaving the off-leash area.

2. Keep the dog in view and maintain voice control at all times.

3. Immediately remove the dog upon the first sign of aggression.

4. Discourage the dog from digging, and fill any holes created by the dog.

5. Be responsible and liable for the behavior and actions of the dog and any injuries caused by the dog.

6. Carry equipment/bags for removing feces, and place feces deposited by the dog(s) in an appropriate waste receptacle.

7. Have no more than three dogs in the off-leash area in his or her possession or control.

8. Supervise your children below 12 years of age.

9. Comply with Edmonds park rules and regulations, including no food, beverages, smoking, alcohol use, picnicking or camping, which are expressly prohibited in the designated off-leash dog park area. Firearms and fireworks are not permitted. [Ord. 3937 § 1, 2013; Ord. 3887 § 1, 2012; Ord. 3645 § 1, 2007; Ord. 3451 § 1, 2003].

5.05.060 Dogs on public grounds.

A. It shall be unlawful for an owner to allow any dog to stray and/or enter with or without a leash or other means of restraint upon any school ground, playfield, park, beach, waterfront or other public property.

B. Notwithstanding the restrictions set forth in subsection (A) of this section, dogs accompanied by their owners may be walked or exercised while on leash in the following areas. The phrase “on leash” and references to pathways or walkways shall be interpreted to mean on a leash restricting the dog to an area on or within six feet of the pathway surface.

1. The inner trails of Yost Park, in the area commonly known as the Shell Valley area; and

2. Marina Beach Park, in the area south of the Union Oil loading terminal, such area being further described to be a walking strip of

50 feet in width at the entrance of and along the east end of Marina Beach Park South; and

3. The asphalted pathways in Sierra Park; and

4. The inner trails of Pine Ridge Park; and

5. All trails in Maplewood Park; and

6. The southeast wooded area of City Park; and

7. The turf area of Mathay-Ballinger Park; and

8. The asphalted pathways of Seaview Park; and

9. The paved and wooded walkways (approximately 3,500 linear feet) of Hickman Park; and

10. The Sunset Avenue overlook, being defined as the city-owned area west of Sunset Avenue between Bell Street and Caspers Street; and

11. The paved walkways at Haines Wharf Park; and

12. The pathways of Hutt Park.

C. All dogs permitted in the areas designated in subsection (B) of this section shall be on a leash except for dogs permitted in Marina Beach Park South.

D. Nothing herein shall be determined to require the posting of notices to exclude animals; provided, however, that such postings may be undertaken at the discretion of the manager of parks and recreation.

E. The regulations under ECC 5.05.070 relating to animal waste and the removal and proper disposal of said waste will be strictly enforced. [Ord. 3816 § 1, 2010; Ord. 3451 § 1, 2003].

5.05.070 Animal waste.

A. It shall be unlawful for the owner or person having charge of any animal to permit, either willfully or by failure to exercise due care, such animal to commit a public nuisance by defecating in any area of the city other than the premises of the owner or person having charge or control of the animal, unless said owner or person having charge takes immediate steps to remove and properly dispose of said feces.

B. It shall be unlawful for the owner or person having charge of any animal to take said animal off of the private property of said person without having in the possession of the owner or person having charge of the animal a proper means of disposal for the feces of the animal.

C. “Disposal” is defined, for the purposes of this section, as the removal of feces by means of a bag, scoop or other device and an eventual disposal in a trash receptacle, by burying or by other means of lawful disposal. [Ord. 3451 § 1, 2003].

5.05.080 Confining dogs in season.

The owner or person having charge of any unspayed female dog shall confine such dog in a building or enclosed area during the period such dog is in season. [Ord. 3451 § 1, 2003].

5.05.090 Rabies notice.

A. If an animal is believed to have rabies or has been bitten by an animal suspected of having rabies, such animal shall be confined on the owner’s premises and shall be subject to examination and observation of a veterinarian at the expense of the owner for a period of 10 days. The owner shall notify the city of the fact that his animal has been exposed to rabies and the animal control authority is empowered to have such animal removed from the owner’s premises to a veterinary hospital for observation for a period of up to 10 days at the owner’s expense.

B. It is unlawful for any person knowing or suspecting an animal has rabies to allow such animal to be taken off the owner’s premises without the written permission of the animal control authority. Every owner or other person, upon ascertaining an animal is rabid, shall immediately notify the animal control authority or a police officer, who shall either remove the animal to the designated shelter or summarily destroy it. [Ord. 3451 § 1, 2003].

5.05.110 Crimes relating to the confinement of another’s animal and the abatement of private nuisances.

A. An owner of private real property has the right under Washington common and statutory law to protect his or her property from trespass by persons or other instrumentalities including covered and domestic animals such as pets. The city council finds that the exercise of these civil rights are limited by animal cruelty laws and other ordinances and statutes intended to protect the health and safety of animals. Further, the city council finds that the inappropriate or negligent use of even humane traps may pose a threat to animals and therefore prohibits the use of all traps except under the conditions set forth in this section.

B. Crimes.

1. Unlawful Capture or Confinement of a Pet. A person is guilty of the crime of the unlawful capture or confinement of a pet if a person traps, captures or otherwise confines an animal known by the person to be the pet of another. The unlawful capture or confinement of a pet shall be a gross misdemeanor punishable as provided in ECC 5.50.020.

2. Trapping. It shall be unlawful for any person by means of a trap or similar mechanical device to intentionally trap a domestic animal, covered animal or pet. Trapping shall be a misdemeanor punishable as provided in ECC 5.50.020. Nothing herein shall be interpreted to prohibit a property owner from using other lawful means to drive off a covered and domestic animal or pet of another.

3. Negligent Confinement of an Animal. A person is guilty of the crime of negligent confinement of an animal if a person who traps, captures or confines an animal fails to promptly release an animal which the person knows or should have known to be confined and which is not the property of that person. The term “release” shall include a report to a law enforcement or animal control officer of the city of Edmonds. Negligent confinement of an animal shall be a misdemeanor punishable as provided in ECC 5.50.020.

C. Defenses. The following acts are excluded from the crime of unlawful capture or confinement of a pet as set forth in subsection (B)(1) of this section or trapping as set forth in subsection (B)(2) of this section:

1. The capture, trapping or confinement of an injured or diseased animal in order to protect the animal from harm or in order to deliver or report the animal to a veterinarian, animal control officer, Washington State wildlife official, animal shelter or other charitable or governmental agency charged with animal welfare and protection; and/or

2. The actions of a city, county or state animal control officer, law enforcement officer or other public safety officer in the performance of his or her duties. [Ord. 3634 § 2, 2007].

5.05.115 Nuisances defined.

A. All violations of this section are detrimental to the public health, safety and welfare and are declared to be public nuisances.

B. Nuisances are hereby defined to include, but are not limited to, the following:

1. Any animal which chases, runs after or jumps at vehicles using public streets and alleys;

2. Any animal which habitually snaps, growls, snarls, jumps upon or otherwise threatens persons lawfully using the public sidewalks, streets, alleys or other public ways;

3. Any animal which has exhibited vicious propensities and which constitutes a danger to the safety of persons or property off his premises or lawfully on his premises;

4. A vicious animal or animal with vicious propensities which runs at large at any time, or such an animal off the owner’s premises not securely leashed on a line or confined and in the control of a person of suitable age and discretion to control or restrain such animal;

5. Any animal which howls, yelps, whines, barks or makes any noises in such a manner as to disturb any person or neighborhood to an unreasonable degree, taken to be continuous noise for a period of 10 or more minutes or intermittent noise that totals a period of 20 or more minutes, except that such sounds made indoors in animal shelters or in commercial kennels duly licensed shall be exempt;

6. Animals kept, harbored or maintained and known to have a contagious disease, unless under the treatment of a licensed veterinarian;

7. Animals running in packs;

8. Any dog running at large within the city;

9. A female animal, whether licensed or not, while in season, accessible to other animals for purposes other than controlled and planned breeding;

10. Any animal which causes damage to property other than the property of the animal’s owner or person having physical charge and control of the animal; or

11. Any animal maintained in violation of any provision of this chapter.

C. All nuisances under this section shall be abated as provided in this chapter. In addition, any owner or person having charge of any animal who fails to abate such nuisance shall be subject to the following penalties:

1. Any person violating any provision of this section shall be guilty of a civil infraction, which shall be punishable by a fine of $100.00.

2. Any person committing a second violation of any provision of this section within one calendar year shall be guilty of a civil infraction, which shall be punishable by a fine of $250.00.

3. Any person committing a third violation of any provision of this section within one calendar year shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, be sentenced to a fine not to exceed $1,000 and/or 90 days in jail. [Ord. 3988 § 3, 2015; Ord. 3451 § 1, 2003].

5.05.120 Nuisance – Notice and order to abate.

A. Notice – When Required. Whenever it shall be stated in writing by an animal control officer or by three or more persons having separate residences or regularly employed in any neighborhood that any animal is a nuisance as defined in ECC 5.05.115, the animal control authority shall serve a notice of violation and order of abatement upon the owner of the animal directing that the nuisance be abated.

B. Notice – Final Determination Unless Appealed. The service of a notice of violation and order of abatement shall, unless timely appealed, be a final determination that the animal is a nuisance and such nuisance must be immediately abated.

C. Notice – Contents. The notice of violation and order to abate a nuisance shall contain:

1. The name and address, if known, of the owner or person having physical charge and control of the animal if the identity of the owner cannot be reasonably ascertained;

2. The license number, if available, and description of the animal;

3. A statement that the animal control authority has determined the animal to be a nuisance and a description of the nuisance activity;

4. A statement that the nuisance activity must be immediately abated;

5. A statement that service of the notice of violation and order of abatement is a final determination unless appealed and that an appeal must be filed within five days of service of the notice of violation and order of abatement;

6. A copy of ECC 5.05.123 regarding appeal procedures;

7. A copy of ECC 5.05.124 regarding disposition of seized and removed animals.

D. Notice – Service. Service of the notice of violation and order of abatement upon the owner of the animal may be made either by personal service to the owner, by posting such notice at the residence of the owner or by certified mail to the last known address of the owner.

E. Appeal of Notice of Violation and Order of Abatement. An appeal of a notice of violation and order of abatement must be served upon the city of Edmonds police chief within five days of service of the notice of violation and order of abatement. Appeals shall be heard by the judge of the Edmonds municipal court and conducted in accordance with ECC 5.05.123.

F. Penalty. Any person who wilfully fails to comply with an order to abate a nuisance is guilty of a misdemeanor. [Ord. 3451 § 1, 2003].

5.05.121 Potentially dangerous dogs.

The provisions of this section apply to the extent they are not inconsistent with the provisions of Chapter 16.08 RCW.

A. Declaration of a Dog as Potentially Dangerous. The animal control authority shall have the authority to declare a dog to be potentially dangerous, and place restrictions on such dog, if the animal control authority has probable cause to believe that the dog falls within the definitions set forth in ECC 5.05.010(M). The declaration must be based upon:

1. The written complaint of a citizen who is willing to testify that the animal has acted in a manner which causes it to fall within the definition of ECC 5.05.010(M);

2. Animal bite report(s) filed with the animal control authority;

3. Action(s) of the animal witnessed by any employee of the animal control authority or law enforcement officer; or

4. Other substantial evidence.

B. Exclusions. A dog shall not be declared potentially dangerous if the animal control authority determines, by a preponderance of the evidence, that the threat, injury, or bite alleged to have been committed by the dog was sustained by a person who was at the time committing a willful trespass or other tort upon the premises occupied by the owner of the dog, or who was tormenting, abusing, or assaulting the dog, or who had been in the past observed or reported to have tormented, abused, or assaulted the dog, or who was committing or attempting to commit a crime.

C. Prohibited Ownership. No person(s) under the age(s) of 18 years old shall own a potentially dangerous dog, as defined in ECC 5.05.010(M.)

D. Notice of Animal Control Authority Declaration. If the animal control authority receives a report of a potentially dangerous animal, it shall immediately initiate an investigation including, but not limited to, interviewing the complainant(s), interviewing the owner of the animal, if known, and observing the animal. Upon completion of its investigation, if the animal is declared potentially dangerous, the animal control authority shall prepare a written declaration.

1. The declaration shall be in writing and served on the owner in one of the following methods:

a. Certified and regular mail to the owner’s last known address; or

b. Personally; or

c. If the owner cannot be located by one of the first two methods, by publication in a newspaper of general circulation.

2. The declaration shall include, but is not limited to:

a. A description of the dog;

b. The name and address of the owner of the dog, if known;

c. The whereabouts of the dog if not in custody of the owner;

d. A brief summary of the facts upon which the declaration is based, if known, including the definition of potentially dangerous under which the declaration is being made;

e. A statement of any restrictions placed on the animal or owner as a result of the declaration; and

f. The ability and process for appealing the declaration by submitting a written request to the Edmonds municipal court clerk within five business days of receipt of the declaration.

E. Appeal. Appeals shall be heard by the judge of the Edmonds municipal court and conducted in accordance with ECC 5.05.123. [Ord. 3895 § 1, 2012; Ord. 3786 § 1, 2010; Ord. 3451 § 1, 2003].

5.05.122 Dangerous dogs.

The provisions of this section apply to the extent they are not inconsistent with the provisions of Chapter 16.08 RCW.

A. Declaration. Upon declaration by the animal control authority that a dog is a dangerous dog as defined in ECC 5.05.010, the owner shall be served with a dangerous dog declaration.

B. Declaration – Final Determination Unless Appealed. The service of a dangerous dog declaration shall, unless timely appealed, be a final determination that the dog is a dangerous dog.

C. Notice – Contents of Dangerous Dog Declaration. A dangerous dog declaration shall contain:

1. The name and address, if known, of the owner of the animal;

2. The license number, if available, and description of the animal or dog;

3. A statement that the animal control authority has found the animal to be a dangerous dog as defined in ECC 5.05.010 and a concise description explaining why the declaration has been made;

4. A statement that service of the dangerous dog declaration is a final determination unless appealed and that an appeal must be filed within five days of service of the dangerous dog declaration;

5. A copy of ECC 5.05.123 regarding appeal procedures;

6. A copy of ECC 5.05.124 regarding disposition of seized and removed animals.

D. Notice – Service. Service of the dangerous dog declaration upon the owner of the animal may be made either by personal service to the owner, by posting such notice at the residence of the owner or by certified mail to the last known address of the owner.

E. Appeal. Appeals shall be heard by the judge of the Edmonds municipal court and conducted in accordance with ECC 5.05.123.

F. Requirements for Dangerous Dogs. Strict compliance with each of the following conditions is required to keep a dangerous dog in the city of Edmonds:

1. In addition to any license required under the provisions of this chapter, all dog owners who are required to obtain a certificate of registration, pursuant to the dangerous dog provisions of Chapter 16.08 RCW, must obtain a city of Edmonds dangerous dog certificate of registration. The applicant shall apply for such certificate upon forms supplied by the city clerk and pay an annual fee of $100.00, which shall not be prorated for any part of a year. A copy of a valid certificate of registration issued pursuant to Chapter 16.08 RCW shall be attached to the application. The city of Edmonds dangerous dog certificate of registration shall be issued upon completing the requirements of this section.

2. The owner of dangerous dog shall provide for proper enclosure of a dangerous dog. A dangerous dog may not be outside of the dwelling of the owner or outside of a proper enclosure of a dangerous dog unless muzzled and restrained by a substantial chain or leash and under the control of a responsible person. The muzzle shall be made in a manner that will not cause injury to the dog nor interfere with its vision or respiration but shall prevent it from biting any person or animal.

3. The owner of a dangerous dog shall secure liability insurance coverage or a surety bond as required by Chapter 16.08 RCW.

4. The owner of a dangerous dog shall be required to post the premises with a clearly visible warning sign that there is a dangerous dog on the property. In addition, the owner shall conspicuously display a sign with a warning symbol that informs children of the presence of a dangerous dog.

G. Failure to Comply with Dangerous Dog Requirements. Any dangerous dog shall be seized and removed by animal control officer if:

1. The dog is not validly registered under this chapter and Chapter 16.08 RCW;

2. The owner does not secure liability insurance coverage or a surety bond as required by Chapter 16.08 RCW;

3. The dog is not maintained in a proper enclosure;

4. The dog is outside of the dwelling of the owner or outside of a proper enclosure and not muzzled and restrained by a substantial chain or leash and under the control of a responsible person; or

5. The owner has failed to post the property with warning signs as required.

H. Penalty. Failing to comply with any dangerous dog requirement is a gross misdemeanor. A dangerous dog seized and removed in violation of dangerous dog requirements shall not be released during investigation of or prosecution for failure to comply with dangerous dog requirements. Any person convicted of failing to comply with dangerous dog requirements shall make restitution to the city of Edmonds for all costs incurred in boarding and disposition of such dog and shall forfeit any interest in such dog.

I. The provisions of this section shall not apply to dogs used by law enforcement officials for police work. [Ord. 3895 § 1, 2012; Ord. 3451 § 1, 2003].

5.05.123 Appeal.

A. Filing. A notice of appeal, substantially in the form prescribed, shall be filed with the Edmonds municipal court and the chief of police not more than five business days after service of the order to abate a nuisance, potentially dangerous dog declaration, or dangerous dog declaration. Failure to timely file a notice of appeal shall constitute a waiver of the right to appeal the determination of the order to abate a nuisance, potentially dangerous dog declaration, or declaration of dangerous dog.

1. If the owner or keeper does not file a timely written request for hearing, the restrictions imposed in connection with the declaration shall remain in effect for the life of the animal, unless sooner lifted by action of the animal control authority or a court of competent jurisdiction.

B. Form. An appeal pursuant to this chapter shall be written and shall conform substantially to the following requirements:

1. A caption reading: “Appeal of ____,” giving the names of all appellants participating in the appeal;

2. A brief statement setting forth the legal interest of each of the appellants involved in the notice and order;

3. A brief statement in concise language of the specific order or action protested, together with any material facts claimed to support the contentions of the appellant;

4. A brief statement in concise language of the relief sought, and the reasons why it is claimed the protested order or action should be reversed, modified or otherwise set aside;

5. Signatures of all parties named as appellants, and their official mailing addresses; and

6. Certification (by signature of the appellant) that the appellant has read the appeal, and that to the best of the appellant’s knowledge, information, and belief, the appeal is well grounded in fact.

C. Scheduling of Hearing. Upon receipt of a timely filed notice of appeal, a hearing shall be scheduled not more than 60 days from the date of the filing of the notice of appeal. The clerk of the municipal court shall send written notice of the date of the hearing to the appellants at least 10 days prior to the scheduled hearing date. It shall be the responsibility of the parties to notify witnesses of the hearing date. The failure of the appellant to appear at the hearing shall result in a denial of the appeal and upholding of the order to abate a nuisance, potentially dangerous dog declaration, or declaration of dangerous dog.

D. Enforcement Stayed During Pendency of Appeal. Unless otherwise determined by the judge of the Edmonds municipal court, enforcement of the order to abate a nuisance or declaration of dangerous dog shall be stayed during the pendency of the appeal.

E. Appointment of the Hearing Examiner. The judge of the Edmonds municipal court is appointed as the hearing examiner. The judge may uphold, dismiss or modify the order to abate a nuisance, potentially dangerous dog declaration, or declaration of dangerous dog. A written order shall be prepared and signed by the judge.

F. Presentation of Evidence. At the appeal hearing, the judge shall take evidence relevant to the order to abate a nuisance, potentially dangerous dog declaration, or dangerous dog declaration. Testimony may be provided in the form of a signed written statement pursuant to RCW 9A.72.085. Otherwise, parties are responsible for subpoenaing any witnesses they deem necessary to testify.

G. Burden of Proof and Standard of Review. At the appeal hearing before the hearing examiner, the animal control authority shall have the burden of proving that the dog is potentially dangerous or dangerous by a preponderance of the evidence.

H. Hearing Before Municipal Court Hearing Examiner. The owner of the dog may present evidence in defense of the dog. The hearing examiner shall weigh the evidence presented by both the animal control authority and the owner (if applicable), and shall issue a written decision to the appealing animal owner and animal control authority that either sustains or reverses the animal control authority’s declaration.

1. Upon sustaining or reversing the declaration, the hearing examiner shall notify the nonprevailing party of the right to appeal the hearing examiner’s decision.

2. If the declaration is reversed and an appeal is not timely filed by the animal control authority, any previously imposed restrictions on the dog shall be annulled.

I. Decision of the Court. The judge of the Edmonds municipal court may uphold, dismiss, or modify the order to abate a nuisance, potentially dangerous dog declaration, or declaration of dangerous dog. A written order shall be prepared and signed by the judge. The decision of the judge of the Edmonds municipal court shall be a final administrative decision appealable to the Snohomish County superior court within 30 days of the final written order.

J. Notification of Status, Change of Ownership, Custody and/or Residence. The owner of a potentially dangerous dog or dangerous dog shall notify the animal control authority, immediately upon discovery of such circumstances, when the dog is loose or unconfined off the owner’s property; or has bitten or injured a human being, pet or livestock; or is sold or given away or dies. If the owner moves such dog to another address or otherwise transfers the dog to the ownership, custody, or residence of another individual, the owner shall, within 14 calendar days of the change, inform the animal control authority in writing of the name, address and telephone number of the new owner and/or the address of the new residence where the dog is located. Such notice shall include the name, description and license number of the dog.

1. In the event the ownership and/or custody of the dog changes, the owner shall notify the new owner in writing of the details of the dog’s record relating to being declared potentially dangerous or dangerous and the terms and conditions of the declaration.

2. The owner shall also provide the animal control authority with a copy of the written notification, which shall contain a notarized statement by the new owner acknowledging receipt of the notification. [Ord. 3895 § 1, 2012; Ord. 3786 § 1, 2010; Ord. 3451 § 1, 2003].

5.05.124 Disposition of seized and removed animals – Bond requirements.

Any owner whose domestic animal is seized and removed pursuant to ECC 5.05.128 (Animal cruelty) or ECC 5.05.122 (Dangerous dogs) shall, upon a finding of probable cause by the Edmonds municipal court, be required to post a bond or security within five days of such probable cause finding in an amount sufficient to provide for the animal’s care for a minimum of 60 days from the seizure date. Failure to post such bond or security shall authorize the city of Edmonds or its agent to euthanize the animal or find a responsible person to adopt the animal. The city of Edmonds may euthanize severely injured, diseased, or suffering animals at any time. [Ord. 3451 § 1, 2003].

5.05.126 Impound procedures.

A. Authority. The animal control authority and its authorized representatives are authorized to apprehend and impound any animals in violation of this chapter.

B. Notice of Impound. When any licensed animal is impounded, the officer or department impounding such animal shall notify the owner of the impoundment and the reason therefor by mail, telephone or by leaving written notice at the address contained in the license application. It shall be the owner’s responsibility to take such measures for redeeming such animal. Neither the city nor any officer or agent of the city shall be legally or financially responsible for failing to notify an animal owner under this chapter.

C. Redemption of Animals by Owner. Unless otherwise provided in this chapter, the owner of an impounded animal may redeem the animal at any time prior to the release for adoption or disposal by the city and shall be entitled to the possession thereof upon payment of all legal charges and expenses incidental to impound and keeping of said animal.

D. Adoption of Impounded Animals. If an impounded animal is licensed and known to belong to someone who has been unable to claim the animal within 72 hours the animal control authority may, at its discretion, extend the impound period for up to 10 days prior to release of the animal for adoption.

E. Disposition. Any animal not redeemed or adopted may be destroyed or otherwise disposed of by the animal control authority. The mayor is authorized to enter into contracts for disposal with appropriate agencies, not including vivisectionists.

F. Disposal of Certain Animals. It is lawful for any police officer or animal control officer to kill any dangerous or vicious dog or other animal found at large which cannot, in their judgment, be safely taken up and impounded.

G. Impounding Sick or Injured Animals. When in the judgment of a licensed veterinarian or the animal control authority, an animal should be destroyed for humane reasons, such animal may not be redeemed. The animal control authority or its agents shall not be held liable for the destruction of said animal.

H. Hindrance to Impounding. No person shall willfully:

1. Prevent or hinder the impounding of any animal found in violation of this chapter;

2. Remove the animal from the designated shelter without the authority of the chief of police, the animal control authority or the officer in charge of the designated shelter;

3. Remove the animal from the designated shelter without paying all lawful charges against the animal; or

4. Resist or obstruct the animal control authority or its officers in the performance of its duties. [Ord. 3451 § 1, 2003].

5.05.127.1 Spay or neuter of owner-surrendered and stray animals required.

A. Stray dogs and cats at least two months of age from the city’s animal control service area that are placed at and retained by the city designated shelter, and dogs and cats owned by citizens residing within the city’s animal control service area that are surrendered at the city’s designated shelter, shall be spayed or neutered, and verification of said surgery shall be provided before animals are adopted. Provided, however, that any animal which has not been spayed or neutered, and which is currently licensed pursuant to ECC 5.05.020 or 5.05.025 shall not be subject to be spayed or neutered until the notification period of 10 days established by ECC 5.05.126(D) has expired.

B. The city’s designated veterinarian(s) shall determine if said animals are appropriate candidates for surgery. Dogs and cats determined by the city’s designated veterinarian to be permanently inappropriate candidates for surgery may be adopted without surgery. Dogs and cats at least two months of age who are determined to be temporarily inappropriate candidates for surgery, and dogs and cats under two months of age, may be adopted without surgery, providing that a $50.00 deposit shall be collected from the adopter. Said deposit shall be returned to the adopter upon receipt of written verification that the animal has been spayed or neutered within six months of adoption. If the spay or neuter surgery is performed by a city designated veterinarian, the basic surgical costs will be paid by the city as outlined in ECC 5.05.127.2. If the animal is determined to be a permanently inappropriate surgical candidate the surgery will not be required. In such cases the deposit shall be returned to the adopter upon written verification by a veterinarian of the animal’s inappropriate surgical candidacy. Failure to have the animal spayed or neutered within the specified time period will result in the forfeiture of the deposit and the deposit shall be placed in the city of Edmonds’ animal benefit fund.

C. Dogs or cats which have been spayed or neutered at city expense shall be subject to a fee of $50.00 as provided in this chapter. This fee, unlike the deposit provided for in subsection (B) of this section, shall not be refundable.

D. When scheduling prohibits a timely spay or neuter surgery by the city’s designated veterinarian(s), the new adoptive family member will be allowed to take the animal home after signing an affidavit promising to return the animal to the designated veterinarian(s) at a scheduled appointment time made by the animal control authority. Failure to keep the scheduled appointment for the animal will constitute a violation of this chapter with the adoptive person subject to a penalty under EMC 5.05.127.4. [Ord. 3681 § 1, 2008; Ord. 3486 § 2, 2004; Ord. 3451 § 1, 2003].

5.05.127.2 Animal benefit appropriation.

A. The city council may from time to time appropriate during its annual budgeting process an amount for the purpose of financially assisting low-income city of Edmonds residents in obtaining spay or neuter services for their dogs or cats, and providing for spay and neuter services for stray dogs and cats from the city’s animal control service area that are placed at and retained by the city designated shelter, and dogs and cats owned by citizens residing within the city’s animal control service area that are surrendered at the city designated shelter prior to their adoption back into the community. Application may be made to the city of Edmonds animal benefit appropriation to effectuate this purpose.

B. The city may grant a financial assistance voucher to a resident in the amount of $30.00 to be applied toward the costs of obtaining spay or neuter services for an animal by the city’s designated veterinarian(s); provided, that except in cases involving the spay or neuter of owner-surrendered or stray animals that will be returned to the city’s designated animal shelter, proof of the animal owner’s city of Edmonds residency, as well as a statement of financial need, shall be required as a prerequisite to receiving said financial assistance voucher.

C. After performing the necessary spay or neuter surgery upon an animal, the city’s designated veterinarian(s) may submit an invoice to the city of Edmonds requesting reimbursement. The invoice will be paid at full cost of agreed upon prevailing industry standards for spay and neuter services for stray dogs and cats from the city’s animal control service area that are placed at and retained by the city designated shelter, and dogs and cats owned by citizens residing within the city’s animal control service area that are surrendered at the city designated shelter.

D. After performing the necessary spay or neuter surgeries upon an animal, the city’s designated veterinarian(s) may submit an invoice for $30.00 for the financial assistance voucher. For the financial assistance voucher, the invoice shall be submitted with a photocopy of said voucher attached, shall be signed by a veterinarian, and shall contain the following information:

1. Identification of the animal.

2. Identification of the person requesting the spay or neuter services for the animal.

3. Identification of the specific type of spay or neuter services performed.

4. Date of performance of the spay or neuter services.

E. Within 30 days of receiving an invoice for spay or neuter services performed by the city’s designated veterinarian(s), the city shall provide payment to the designated veterinarian in the amount of $30.00 per financial assistance voucher or paid at full cost of agreed upon prevailing industry standards for spay and neuter services for stray dogs and cats from the city’s animal control service area that are placed at and retained by the city designated shelter, and dogs and cats owned by citizens residing within the city’s animal control service area that are surrendered at the city designated shelter. Said amount shall be drawn exclusively from the city’s animal benefit appropriation. [Ord. 3858 § 1, 2011; Ord. 3451 § 1, 2003].

5.05.127.3 Definitions and integration of initiative provisions.

ECC 5.05.127.1 and 5.05.127.2 have been adopted pursuant to a citizens initiative. The initiative’s provisions utilize terms which are not defined and in some cases are different than terms utilized in the ordinance codified in this chapter and/or in the day to day administration of the city’s animal control system.

A. Definitions. When used in ECC 5.05.127.1 and 5.05.127.2, these terms shall have the following definitions:

1. “Designated shelter” shall mean the location designated by ordinance or contract for the custody of stray or other animals by the animal control system of the city and shall include terms such as “designated kennel.”

2. “Designated veterinarian(s)” shall mean the veterinarian(s), entity or organization with whom the city has contracted to perform the services required under this chapter.

3. “Deposit” shall mean that portion of the adoption fee which is refundable upon proof of spaying/neutering of the adopted animal. The term does not include administrative fees, fines, or other charges established by this chapter or other city ordinance.

4. “Agreed upon prevailing industry standards for spay and neuter services” shall be determined by reference to the rate established by ordinance or a contract with the designated veterinarian(s).

B. Integration. The provisions of ECC 5.05.127.1 and 5.05.127.2 have been adopted pursuant to initiative (hereinafter “initiative provisions”). Initiatives are prohibited by state law from imposing administrative detail or from exercising powers delegated specifically to the city council. In the event of ambiguity or conflict regarding the provisions of ECC 5.05.127.1 or 5.05.127.2, the following rules of interpretation shall apply:

1. With respect to the interpretation of any term or concept of the initiative provisions relating to the adoption of dogs or cats from the city’s designated shelter, any ambiguity or conflict relating to adoption shall be interpreted to require or encourage the spaying or neutering of dogs or cats adopted from the city’s animal control system.

2. With respect to ambiguities or conflicts between the initiative provisions and administrative provisions of city code, or any contract approved by the city council, the administrative provisions of city code or a contract shall control.

3. With respect to ambiguity or conflict between the initiative provisions and any exercise of a power delegated to the legislative power of the city council by statute or the Washington State Constitution, the exercise of the city council’s legislative power shall control.

4. Any attempt by the initiative provisions, including Section 3 of Ordinance 3435, to exercise a power in excess of powers available through the initiative process and/or to exercise a power which is unavailable to the city shall be void and interpreted in a manner consistent with the scope of initiative powers. [Ord. 3451 § 1, 2003].

5.05.127.4 Failure to spay or neuter – Penalties.

A. Any person who fails to spay or neuter an animal adopted from the city’s designated shelter shall be guilty of an infraction.

B. Penalties.

1. First infraction: punishable by a fine of $100.00.

2. Second and subsequent infractions: punishable by a fine of $250.00.

3. If said animal is taken up by animal control while running at large in violation of ECC 5.05.050, the fines established above shall be doubled, up to the maximum allowed under RCW 7.80.120.

4. All fines set forth herein shall be in addition to any other fine or deposit forfeiture otherwise provided by city ordinance. [Ord. 3681 § 2, 2008; Ord. 3451 § 1, 2003].

5.05.128 Animal cruelty.

A. A person is guilty of animal cruelty if the person knowingly, recklessly, or with criminal negligence inflicts unnecessary suffering or pain upon an animal.

B. An owner of an animal is guilty of animal cruelty if the owner knowingly, recklessly, or with criminal negligence:

1. Fails to provide the animal with necessary food, water, shelter, rest, sanitation, ventilation, space, or medical attention and the animal suffers unnecessary or unjustifiable physical pain as a result of the failure; or

2. Abandons the animal.

C. Animal cruelty is a misdemeanor.

D. In any prosecution for animal cruelty, it shall be an affirmative defense, if established by the defendant by a preponderance of the evidence, that the defendant’s failure was due to economic distress beyond the defendant’s control.

E. If a law enforcement officer or animal control officer has probable cause to believe that an owner of a domestic animal has committed animal cruelty, the officer may authorize, with a warrant, the seizure and removal of the animal to a suitable place for feeding and care. An animal may be seized and removed without a warrant only if the animal is in an immediate life-threatening condition.

F. Upon conviction for animal cruelty, the defendant shall make restitution to the city of Edmonds for all veterinary and kennel expenses incurred by the city.

G. Any animal seized and removed from an owner pursuant to this section shall not thereafter be released to the owner during investigation of or prosecution for animal cruelty. Upon conviction for animal cruelty the owner shall forfeit any interest in the seized and removed animal. [Ord. 3451 § 1, 2003].

5.05.128.1 Use of domestic dogs and cats as bait.

Chapter 226, Section 1, Laws of 1990, including all future amendments, is hereby adopted by reference. [Ord. 3451 § 1, 2003].

5.05.128.2 Leave or confine any animal in unattended motor vehicle or enclosed space – Penalties – Officers’ authority to reasonably remove animal.

A. Any person who leaves or confines any animal in an unattended motor vehicle or enclosed space if the animal could be harmed or killed by exposure to excessive heat, cold, lack of ventilation, or lack of necessary water shall be guilty of an infraction.

B. Penalties.

1. First infraction: punishable by a fine of $100.00.

2. Second infraction: punishable by a fine of $250.00.

3. Third and subsequent infractions: punishable as a misdemeanor.

4. All fines set forth herein shall be in addition to any other fine or deposit forfeiture otherwise provided by city ordinance.

C. To protect the health and safety of an animal, an animal control officer or law enforcement officer who reasonably believes that an animal is suffering or is likely to suffer harm from exposure to excessive heat, cold, lack of ventilation, or lack of necessary water is authorized to enter a vehicle or enclosed space to remove an animal by any means reasonable under the circumstances if no other person is present in the immediate area who has access to the vehicle or enclosed space and who will immediately remove the animal. An animal control officer, law enforcement officer, or the department or agency employing such an officer is not liable for any damage to property resulting from actions taken under this section.

D. Nothing in this section prevents the person who has confined the animal in the vehicle or enclosed space from being convicted of separate offenses for animal cruelty under ECC 5.05.128. [Ord. 4116 § 1, 2018].

5.05.129 Guard dogs.

Guard dogs shall be kept contained within a building or on a leash under the control of a person, or enclosed within a solid or chain link fence of sufficient height to prevent the dog from reaching persons off the property. The owner shall restrain the guard dog in such a manner that the dog is unable to reach those persons using the normal ingress and egress to and from the property. The owner shall post signs in two conspicuous places on the property warning that a guard dog is on the premises. The owner must indicate at the time of obtaining a dog license that the dog is a guard dog. [Ord. 3451 § 1, 2003].

5.05.130 Covered animal regulations.

A. Required Open Space and Minimum Dimensional Requirements for Pasturing. There shall be not less than 12,000 square feet of open space for maintaining and pasturing the first covered animal on any parcel of property, and an additional 8,000 square feet shall be required for each additional covered animal. In addition, the following minimum dimensional requirements for open space and pasturing purposes shall be provided:

1. The pasture area shall have a minimum width of 80 feet.

2. The stable housing the covered animal shall be set back at least 30 feet from any side, rear and front property lines.

3. In the event the covered animal gives birth, thereby exceeding the number of covered animals allowed by the minimum set forth in this subsection, the owner of said animals

and/or the occupier of the premises shall conform to the number of said animals or the dimensional requirements within one year of the birth of said animals.

B. Fencing. The owner and/or tenant or other occupier of the premises upon which any covered animal is maintained for more than seven consecutive days within the city limits shall provide adequate fencing in a good state of repair to guarantee the confinement of said animal within said fence, which fence shall completely enclose an area describing at least the minimum area of open space and pasturing, including the minimum dimensional requirements.

C. Waste Disposal. The owner of each covered animal and the owner and/or occupier of the premises upon which said animal is maintained within the city limits shall guarantee and, at all times, maintain the premises upon which the covered animal is maintained in a sanitary and neat condition, including, but not limited to, disposal of manure or other waste material from said animal. An unreasonable accumulation of flies or other insects or pests within the property on which said animal is maintained, and/or noxious or offensive odors, or the unreasonable accumulation of flies, insects or other pests transcending into neighboring or vicinal real property, shall be presumed to be inadequate sanitary conditions.

D. Riding on Sidewalks. It is unlawful for any person to ride or lead a covered animal on any sidewalk within the city limits, unless otherwise specifically designated by the city’s engineer for such use. No person shall ride or lead two or more covered animals abreast on any city street.

E. Public Parks, Beaches and/or Playgrounds. Unless otherwise directed by the director of parks and recreation, it is unlawful for any person to ride, lead or otherwise permit any covered animal to be within or on any public park, beach or playground within the city of Edmonds, whether owned by, leased or otherwise under the direct supervision of the city, or to ride, lead or permit any said animal to be within or on the private property of another, without the consent of the owner of said property; provided, however, the director of parks and recreation is authorized to post a notice or notices of specific areas in any particular public park, beach or playground within the city of Edmonds where said animals may be permitted under such circumstances as may be required by the director of parks and recreation. Said notices shall be placed in a conspicuous place or places at each drive-in or pedestrian access provided by the city to such public parks, beaches and/or playgrounds. In the event the director of parks and recreation so determines and posts notices as provided in this subsection, he shall maintain a list of said parks, beaches and/or playgrounds, shall file a copy of the same with the city clerk, and said list shall be open and available for public inspection at all business hours of the office of the city clerk.

F. Business Area. No person shall leave any covered animal unattended, whether tethered or untethered, within any area of the city zoned for commercial use by the city zoning code.

G. Areas of Maintenance – Zoning and Related Ordinances. Areas wherein covered animals may be maintained or pastured within the city limits are those set forth by the zoning code. In the event of conflict between any dimensional requirements set forth in this section and the requirements set forth in the zoning code, the regulation requiring the greatest open space or other dimensional requirement shall prevail. In the event any other provision of Edmonds City Code is in conflict with this section relative to said animals, the terms of this section shall prevail.

H. Variances. Where there may be structures of less than the minimum dimensional requirements which existed prior to September 6, 1977, the owner of the premises may apply to the planning/zoning departments’ hearing examiner for a variance from the strict requirements of this section. [Ord. 3451 § 1, 2003].

5.05.130.1 Keeping of poultry and covered animals in residential zones.

A. The keeping of poultry or covered animals within a residential dwelling unit, or upon the premises connected therewith, shall be prohibited except as provided in this chapter.

B. Up to three domestic female chickens may be kept on a lot(s) or premises associated with a single-family residential dwelling unit. A chicken coop or other pen or enclosure is an accessory structure and subject to all requirements of the applicable zone. An accessory dwelling unit shall not be considered as a separate dwelling unit when determining the number of chickens that may be kept on a single-family lot or lots (when a single-family residence is located on more than one lot).

C. Covered animals are permitted to be kept on residential property zoned for single-family use (R zones) so long as they meet the requirements of ECC 5.05.130. [Ord. 3988 § 4, 2015; Ord. 3759 § 2, 2009; Ord. 3655 § 2, 2007; Ord. 3343 § 1, 2001. Formerly 17.35.040].

5.05.131 Wild animals.

No person shall own any wild animal unless he has obtained a permit from the State Game Department and/or Federal Fish and Wildlife Service; provided, that the animal control authority may allow a person to temporarily care for an infant or injured wild animal native to this area which is homeless while the person acquires the necessary state and/or federal permits. Any person who violates this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, punishable by up to 90 days in jail and up to a $1,000 fine or both. [Ord. 3451 § 1, 2003].

5.05.132 Inherently dangerous animal.

It is unlawful for any person to possess or maintain an inherently dangerous animal within the city of Edmonds. Any person who violates this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, punishable by up to 90 days in jail and up to a $1,000 fine or both. [Ord. 3451 § 1, 2003].

5.05.133 Miscellaneous regulations.

A. Duty When Striking Domestic Animal with Motor Vehicle. Any person who, while operating a motor vehicle, strikes a domestic animal shall stop at once, render reasonable assistance, and shall immediately report such injury or death to the animal’s owner. In the event the owner of said animal cannot be ascertained and located, such person shall at once report the accident to the animal control authority. This subsection shall in no way be construed as requiring the person striking the animal with a motor vehicle to be financially responsible for any injury or death of the animal.

B. Animal Pens – When Prohibited. Whoever shall keep, use or maintain, within the city, any pens, stable, lot, place or premises in which any animal or fowl may be confined, in such manner as to be nauseous, foul or offensive, or which shall from any cause become an annoyance to any person, family or community, shall be deemed to be maintained a nuisance and be subject to the penalties prescribed in ECC 5.50.020.

C. Slaughtering of Animals. It should be unlawful for any person to kill or slaughter, within the city, any animal or animals, the flesh of which is intended to be sold or offered for sale. [Ord. 3451 § 1, 2003].

5.05.135 No duty created.

Nothing contained in this chapter is intended to be, nor shall be, construed to create or form any special duties or relationships with specific individuals or otherwise constitute the basis for any liability on the part of the city or its officers, employees or agents, for any injury or damage resulting from the failure of any person to comply with the terms of this chapter, or by reason or in consequence of any commission with the implementation or enforcement of this chapter on the part of the city by its officers, employees, or agents. This chapter has been enacted for the welfare of the public as a whole, and not for any specific group or class. [Ord. 3451 § 1, 2003].

5.05.140 Penalties.

Repealed by Ord. 2853. [Ord. 3451 § 1, 2003].

5.05.141 Additional enforcement.

Notwithstanding the existence or use of any other remedy, the director of the animal control authority may seek legal or equitable relief to enjoin any acts or practices and abate any conditions which constitute a violation of this code or other regulations herein adopted. [Ord. 3451 § 1, 2003].

5.05.142 Severability.

If any section, subsection, clause, phrase or word of this chapter, or any provision adopted by reference in this chapter, is for any reason held to be invalid or unconstitutional by a court of competent jurisdiction, such invalidity or unconstitutionality shall not affect the validity or constitutionality of the remaining portions of this chapter. [Ord. 3451 § 1, 2003].


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Prior legislation: Ords. 2711, 2720, 2782, 2853, 2975, 3033, 3040, 3073, 3322, 3435 and 3438.