Chapter 15.410
STREETSCAPE DESIGN

Sections:

15.410.010    Purpose.

15.410.020    Arterial street design.

15.410.030    Collector street design.

15.410.040    Local access street design.

15.410.050    Multi-use pathways.

15.410.010 Purpose.

Streetscapes are typically defined as the areas between buildings that are occupied by the public street right-of-way and related street, sidewalk, and landscaping improvements, and any setback and yard areas on private property. Ellensburg’s streetscapes are among the most important urban design features of the community, because their appearance, character and the impressions they evoke, create the public image of the city. Streetscape design also impacts the ability of residents and visitors to move from place to place. A high priority for the city is to create a multi-modal network of streets, where roads are shared by a combination of pedestrians, bicyclists, motorists, and transit users. To accomplish this goal, streets need to be both safe and attractive to these users.

This chapter provides a summary of street design provisions for the full range of street classifications. For the detailed design provisions, see Section 3, Street Standards, of the city’s public works development standards. Standards and guidelines for the privately owned portions of the streetscape (setbacks/yards, landscaping and buildings) are addressed via site orientation standards in Chapter 15.510 ECC. [Ord. 4656 § 1 (Exh. O2), 2013.]

15.410.020 Arterial street design.

A.    Purpose. Provide safe and attractive arterial streets to facilitate movement of multi-modal traffic through the city and to regional and community destinations. As mobility is the primary function of the arterial streets, access to property may be limited to accommodate traffic flow.

B.    Implementation. Street section connections to existing curbs/sidewalks shall be as follows:

1.    When curbs/sidewalks exist on one abutting end of proposed project, the new development shall transition from existing location to the new street section as provided by current code requirements.

2.    When existing curbs/sidewalks exist on both abutting ends of a proposed project (infill), or along the frontage of the proposed project, the project applicant may petition the public works and utilities director for a departure from the code streetscape requirements. This departure, if granted, would allow for the continuation of the existing roadway section across the proposed development. As a condition of departure, the applicant shall be required to dedicate necessary rights-of-way to construct improvements and execute a deferral agreement to participate in a future project to construct said improvement(s) in accordance with ECC 4.06.060.

C.    Principal Arterial Street Design.

1.    Design. Principal arterials typically include two lanes of travel in each direction, a center/left turn lane, bicycle lanes, planting strips with street trees, and sidewalks. On-street parking may be included in single-family zones and in commercial zones where storefronts are permitted (see Chapter 15.510 ECC). See Section 3, Street Standards, of the city’s public works development standards for detailed standards.

Figure 15.410.020(B). Cross-section of standards for typical new principal arterial streets with standard dimensions. Variations could include on-street parking lanes in single-family zones and commercial zones in special circumstances, and wider sidewalks with trees in grates in commercial zones.

D.    Minor Arterial Street Design.

1.    Design. Minor arterials typically include one lane of travel in each direction, a center/left turn lane, bicycle lanes, planting strips with street trees, and sidewalks. On-street parking may be included in single-family zones and in special circumstances in commercial zones. See Section 3, Street Standards, of the city’s public works development standards for detailed standards.

Figure 15.410.020(D). Cross-section of standards for new minor arterial streets located in commercial, industrial, and multifamily zones (with standard dimensions). Variations could include on-street parking lanes in single-family zones and commercial zones in special circumstances, and wider sidewalks with trees in grates in commercial zones.

[Ord. 4804 § 4, 2018; Ord. 4656 § 1 (Exh. O2), 2013.]

15.410.030 Collector street design.

A.    Purpose. Provide safe and attractive collector streets that balance mobility and access to encourage flow of traffic from neighborhoods and provide access to property.

B.    Implementation. Street section connections to existing curbs/sidewalks shall be as follows:

1.    When curbs/sidewalks exist on one abutting end of proposed project, the new development shall transition from existing location to the new street section as provided by current code requirements.

2.    When existing curbs/sidewalks exist on both abutting ends of a proposed project (infill), or along the frontage of the proposed project, the project applicant may petition the public works and utilities director for a departure from the code streetscape requirements. This departure, if granted, would allow for the continuation of the existing roadway section across the proposed development. As a condition of departure, the applicant shall be required to dedicate necessary rights-of-way to construct improvements and execute a deferral agreement to participate in a future project to construct said improvement(s) in accordance with ECC 4.06.060.

C.    Design. Collector streets typically include one lane of travel in each direction with shared auto and bicycle lanes, on-street parking, planting strips with street trees, and sidewalks. See Section 3, Street Standards, of the city’s public works development standards for detailed standards.

Figure 15.410.030. Cross-section of standards for collector streets (with standard dimensions). Variations could include removal of on-street parking lanes in single-family zones (where alleys and other provisions for off-street parking are provided to adjacent lots) and commercial zones in special circumstances, and wider sidewalks with trees in grates in commercial zones.

[Ord. 4804 § 4, 2018; Ord. 4656 § 1 (Exh. O2), 2013.]

15.410.040 Local access street design.

A.    Purpose. Provide safe and attractive local access streets that provide access to property.

B.    Implementation. Street section connections to existing curbs/sidewalks shall be as follows:

1.    When curbs/sidewalks exist on one abutting end of proposed project, the new development shall transition from existing location to the new street section as provided by current code requirements.

2.    When existing curbs/sidewalks exist on both abutting ends of a proposed project (infill), or along the frontage of the proposed project, the project applicant may petition the public works and utilities director for a departure from the code streetscape requirements. This departure, if granted, would allow for the continuation of the existing roadway section across the proposed development. As a condition of departure, the applicant shall be required to dedicate necessary rights-of-way to construct improvements and execute a deferral agreement to participate in a future project to construct said improvement(s) in accordance with ECC 4.06.060.

C.    Design. There are three optional designs for local access streets, including 20-foot, 24-foot, and 30-foot-wide streets, to allow flexibility for subdivision design while accommodating functional access needs and community design goals. Travel lanes are shared auto and bicycle lanes. Planting strips with street trees and sidewalks are included on both sides of the street. See Section 3, Street Standards, of the city’s public works development standards for detailed standards.

1.    Continuity. The designs shall be consistent on individual blocks. An exception is for a hybrid design. An example would be a 20-foot street that integrates parking pockets on one side of the street.

2.    Limitation for 20-Foot Streets. The 20-foot street is intended to be used only in special cases where there is available guest parking on nearby streets or additional off-street parking is provided within walking distance of homes. All dwelling units shall be within 500 feet (measured along sidewalks or other internal pathways) of available on-street or off-street guest parking equal to one space per dwelling unit, minimum. Developments may integrate parallel parking bulb-outs (see Figure 15.410.040) along these streets, provided the bulb-outs take up no more than 50 percent of the planting strip length.

Figure 15.410.040. Example of a local access street with integrated parallel parking bulb-outs.

20' Wide Street

24' Wide Street

30' Wide Street

Figure 15.410.040. Cross-sections for local access street design options (with standard dimensions).

[Ord. 4804 § 4, 2018; Ord. 4656 § 1 (Exh. O2), 2013.]

15.410.050 Multi-use pathways.

A.    Purpose. Provide standards and guidelines for multi-use pathways in Ellensburg.

B.    Alternative to Standard Sidewalks. Multi-use pathways, designed per standards and guidelines herein, may be used in place of a standard sidewalk for all streets.

C.    Standards and Guidelines. Multi-use pathways shall be constructed to WSDOT’s Shared Use Path design standards (Chapter 1515 of the WSDOT Design Manual). This includes a minimum paved width of 10 feet, with 12-foot pathways desirable in areas anticipating substantial use.

Figure 15.410.050. Cross-sections for a multi-use pathway adjacent to a roadway with maximum speed of 35 mph or less, from Chapter 1515 of the WSDOT Design Manual.

[Ord. 4656 § 1 (Exh. O2), 2013.]