Chapter 18.60


18.60.010    Purpose.

18.60.020    Permitted zones and size.

18.60.030    Permitted density.

18.60.035    Permitted housing types.

18.60.040    Recreation facilities.

18.60.050    Required setbacks, buffer strips and screening.

18.60.060    Streets.

18.60.070    Walks.

18.60.080    Manufactured home lots.

18.60.090    Health regulations.

18.60.100    Bonding and other securities.

18.60.010 Purpose.

The purpose of this chapter is to provide development requirements for manufactured home communities pursuant to the Ferndale subdivision ordinance, FMC Title 17; and to provide the opportunity for development of manufactured home communities within the City while regulating the use to protect the health, safety and welfare of residents therein, and to ensure compatibility with adjacent land uses; and to require that applications for manufactured home communities must be approved by the Hearings Examiner. (Ord. 2206 § 1 (Exh. 1), 2022; Ord. 1400 § 2, 2006)

18.60.020 Permitted zones and size.

A.    Manufactured home communities may be established in the residential multifamily medium – medium density, RS-high, RS-medium, and mixed use commercial zone under the conditional use provisions of this title and the Ferndale subdivision procedures and regulations relating to the division of lands (FMC Title 17).

B.    Manufactured home communities shall not be more than 15 acres, nor less than two acres in size. (Ord. 2206 § 1 (Exh. 1), 2022; Ord. 1400 § 2, 2006)

18.60.030 Permitted density.

A.    The maximum density of manufactured home communities shall be regulated by separation requirements, occupied lot area ratios and recreations as set forth in this standard; provided, that density shall in no case exceed the maximum density of the underlying zone.

B.    The minimum density of manufactured home communities shall meet the minimum density of the underlying zone.

C.    No dwelling shall be located closer than 10 feet from any other permanent building within the manufactured home community, except for garages and sheds used as an accessory use which shall maintain five feet of separation.

D.    Manufactured home stands shall not occupy an area in excess of one-half of the respective lot area. The accumulated occupied area of the home and its accessory structures on a manufactured home lot shall not exceed two-thirds of the respective lot area. (Ord. 2206 § 1 (Exh. 1), 2022; Ord. 1400 § 2, 2006)

18.60.035 Permitted housing types.

A.    The following housing types can be included within manufactured home communities:

1.    Modular homes.

2.    Manufactured homes.

3.    Tiny houses. (Ord. 2206 § 1 (Exh. 1), 2022)

18.60.040 Recreation facilities.

All manufactured home community developments shall be subject to the provisions of the City’s current ordinance on dedications or impact assessments for parks, recreation facilities and open spaces. (Ord. 2206 § 1 (Exh. 1), 2022; Ord. 1400 § 2, 2006)

18.60.050 Required setbacks, buffer strips and screening.

A.    Setbacks for structures shall be the same as those required in the underlying zone.

B.    All manufactured home communities shall be consistent with landscaping requirements in Chapter 18.74 FMC.

C.    Screening operations shall be commenced before 30 days prior to occupancy of the manufactured home community, and planting shall be completed no more than nine months after occupancy, and shall be consistent with landscaping requirements in Chapter 18.74 FMC. (Ord. 2206 § 1 (Exh. 1), 2022; Ord. 1400 § 2, 2006)

18.60.060 Streets.

A.    General. All manufactured home communities shall be provided with safe and convenient vehicular access from abutting public streets or roads to each lot. Such access shall be provided by streets, driveways or other means. No City arterial or secondary arterial shall be within a manufactured home community.

B.    Entrance Streets. Entrances to manufactured home communities shall be designed to allow free movement of traffic on such adjacent public streets. No parking shall be permitted on the entrance street for a distance of 100 feet from its point of beginning.

C.    Circulation. The street system should provide convenient circulation by means of minor streets and properly located collector streets. Dead end streets shall be limited to 500 feet maximum and their closed end shall be provided with an adequate turn around (minimum 45-foot right-of-way radius for cul-de-sac).

D.    Pavement Widths. Pavements should be of adequate width to accommodate the contemplated parking and traffic load in accordance with the type of street with 10 feet minimum travel lanes for collector streets, seven feet minimum lane for parallel parking, and in all cases meet the following minimum requirements for pavement width:

1.    Collector streets with parking on both sides, 34 feet; parking on one side, 28 feet;

2.    Collector streets without parking, 22 feet;

3.    Minor streets serving less than 40 lots and no parking, 20 feet;

4.    Minor streets serving less than 20 lots and no parking, 14 feet.

E.    Street Grades. Grades of all streets should be adequate to ensure adequate surface drainage, but should not be more than eight percent. Short runs with a maximum grade of 12 percent may be permitted, provided traffic safety is assured.

F.    Intersections. Streets intersections should generally be at right angles. Offset at intersections and intersection of more than two streets at one point should be avoided.

G.    Extent of Improvements. All streets should be provided with a smooth, hard and dense surface of blacktop or concrete and be well drained under normal use and weather conditions. The surface shall be maintained free of cracks and holes and its edges shall be protected by suitable means to prevent raveling and shifting of the base. Asphaltic concrete or portland cement is the surfacing material acceptable to the City.

H.    Street Lights. Lighting shall be designed and installed consistent with requirements in FMC 19.35.080.

I.    Utilities. Utilities must be installed to all City standards. (Ord. 2206 § 1 (Exh. 1), 2022; Ord. 1400 § 2, 2006)

18.60.070 Walks.

A.    General. All manufactured home communities shall be provided with paved asphaltic concrete or portland cement pedestrian access of adequate width for intended use which is durable and convenient to maintain. Sudden changes in alignment and gradient shall be avoided.

B.    Common Walk System. A common walk system shall be provided and maintained between locations where pedestrian traffic is concentrated. Such common walks shall have a minimum width of four feet, and be constructed of asphalt or concrete.

C.    Individual Walks. All lots should be connected to common walks, or to streets, driveways or parking spaces. Such individual walks shall have minimum width of three feet and shall be constructed of asphalt or concrete. (Ord. 2206 § 1 (Exh. 1), 2022; Ord. 1400 § 2, 2006)

18.60.080 Manufactured home lots.

A.    Dimensions. Each lot shall contain a minimum of 2,500 square feet of area. The limits of each lot should be distinguishable on the ground, and should coincide with locations of lot limits shown on accepted final plans.

B.    Home Set-Up. Homes shall meet the standards for set-up contained in the manufacturers instructions, or the Standard ANSI A225-1 Manufactured Home Installation, 1994 Edition, and in accordance with Chapter 296-150M WAC:

1.    All homes shall be anchored to resist flotation, collapse and lateral movement by providing frame ties to ground anchors. Specific requirements shall be that:

a.    Frame ties be provided at each corner of the home with additional ties per side at intermediate points;

b.    All components of the anchoring system be capable of carrying a force of 4,800 pounds; and

c.    Any additions to homes will also be anchored.

C.    Driveways. Improved driveways are to be provided on lots where necessary for convenient access to homes. The minimum width shall be 10 feet.

D.    Parking Spaces. Two off-street parking spaces per home lot shall be required. Parking spaces shall be installed to City standards.

E.    Storage. Each home lot shall be required to have 100 square feet of indoor storage space separate from the home unit. (Ord. 2206 § 1 (Exh. 1), 2022; Ord. 1400 § 2, 2006)

18.60.090 Health regulations.

The manufactured home community must meet all state and local health regulations. (Ord. 2206 § 1 (Exh. 1), 2022; Ord. 1400 § 2, 2006)

18.60.100 Bonding and other securities.

All bonding and securities necessary to ensure the completion of required improvements and/or the maintenance of such improvements shall be provided according to Chapter 19.25 FMC. (Ord. 2206 § 1 (Exh. 1), 2022; Ord. 1400 § 2, 2006)