Chapter 22.98


22.98.003    Definition of any word not listed.

22.98.006    Abandonment of telecommunications facility.

22.98.009    Accessory building or structure.

22.98.012    Accessory dwelling unit.

22.98.015    Accessory use.

22.98.016    Adaptive management.

22.98.017    Adjacent.

22.98.018    Adult bathhouse.

22.98.021    Adult bookstore.

22.98.024    Adult cabaret.

22.98.027    Adult entertainment.

22.98.030    Adult entertainment establishment.

22.98.033    Adult family home.

22.98.036    Adult live entertainment establishment.

22.98.039    Adult massage parlor.

22.98.042    Adult motion picture theater.

22.98.045    Adult retail store.

22.98.048    Adult sauna parlor.

22.98.051    Adult video store.

22.98.052    Advance mitigation.

22.98.053    Advertising copy.

22.98.054    Alley.

22.98.057    Alteration.

22.98.060    Amendment.

22.98.062    Anadromous fish.

22.98.063    Antenna.

22.98.066    Antenna height.

22.98.069    Antenna support structure.

22.98.072    Applicant.

22.98.075    Antique.

22.98.078    Antique store.

22.98.079    Aquifer.

22.98.080    Aquifer, confined.

22.98.081    Aquifer recharge areas.

22.98.082    Aquifer, sole source.

22.98.083    Aquifer susceptibility.

22.98.084    Aquifer, unconfined.

22.98.085    Area of shallow flooding.

22.98.087    Articulation.

22.98.090    Assisted living facility.

22.98.091    Available capacity.    Barbeque.

22.98.092    Base flood.

22.98.093    Basement.

22.98.094    Battery charging station.    Battery electric vehicle (BEV).    Battery exchange station.

22.98.095    Best available science.

22.98.096    Best management practices (BMPs).

22.98.097    Biodiversity.

22.98.099    Block.

22.98.100    Breakaway wall.

22.98.102    Buffer.

22.98.105    Buildable area.

22.98.108    Building.

22.98.111    Building, detached.

22.98.114    Building envelope.    Building elevation.    Building facade.    Building fascia.    Building frontage.

22.98.117    Building height.

22.98.120    Building line.

22.98.123    Building, principal or main.

22.98.126    Bulk regulations.    Burn barrel.

22.98.129    Business or commerce.

22.98.132    Caliper.

22.98.135    Camouflaged facility.

22.98.138    Carport.

22.98.141    Cell site.

22.98.142    Certificate of capacity.

22.98.143    Channel migration zone (CMZ).

22.98.144    Character.

22.98.145    Charging levels.

22.98.147    Child day-care center.

22.98.148    City engineer.

22.98.150    Clearing.

22.98.153    Compensation.

22.98.154    Compensation project.

22.98.155    Compensatory mitigation.

22.98.156    Club.

22.98.159    Co-location.

22.98.160    Concurrency facilities.

22.98.161    Concurrency test.

22.98.162    Conditional use.

22.98.165    Conditional use permit.

22.98.166    Conservation easement.

22.98.168    Correctional group home.

22.98.171    Covenant.

22.98.174    COW.

22.98.177    Creation.

22.98.179    Critical aquifer recharge area.

22.98.180    Critical area inventory maps.

22.98.183    Critical areas.

22.98.184    Critical area tract.

22.98.185    Critical facility.    Critical root zone.

22.98.186    Critical species.

22.98.188    Cumulative impacts or effects.

22.98.189    Curb level.

22.98.192    Dedication.

22.98.193    Developable area.

22.98.194    Development.

22.98.195    Development permit.

22.98.196    Development permit, final.

22.98.197    Development permit, preliminary.    Diameter at breast height.

22.98.198    Director.

22.98.201    Drip line.

22.98.204    Drive-thru.

22.98.207    Dwelling.

22.98.210    Dwelling, duplex.

22.98.213    Dwelling, multifamily.

22.98.216    Dwelling, single-family.

22.98.219    Dwelling unit.

22.98.222    Early notice.

22.98.225    Ecosystem.

22.98.228    EIA.    Electric scooters and motorcycles.    Electric vehicle.    Electric vehicle charging stations.

22.98.229    Elevated building.    Eligible facilities request.

22.98.230    Emergent wetland.

22.98.231    Enhancement.

22.98.234    Equipment enclosure.

22.98.237    Erosion.

22.98.240    Erosion hazard areas.

22.98.243    Escort agency.

22.98.246    Essential public facilities.

22.98.249    Establishment, business or commercial.

22.98.252    Excavation.

22.98.255    Existing and ongoing agricultural activities.

22.98.257    Exotic.

22.98.258    Extirpation.

22.98.261    FAA.

22.98.264    FCC.

22.98.265    Facility and service provider.

22.98.266    Facility modification.

22.98.267    Family.

22.98.270    Family day-care facility.

22.98.273    Family group home.

22.98.276    Fence.

22.98.279    Fenestration.

22.98.282    Fill.

22.98.284    Final plat.

22.98.285    Fish and wildlife habitat conservation areas.

22.98.286    Fish habitat.    Flag.    Flag canopy.

22.98.287    Flood or flooding.

22.98.288    Flood insurance map.

22.98.289    Flood insurance study.

22.98.290    Floodplain.

22.98.291    Flood protection elevation.

22.98.292    Flood-resistant material.

22.98.293    Floodway.

22.98.294    Floor area, gross.

22.98.295    Forested wetland.

22.98.296    Formation.

22.98.297    Formation, confining.

22.98.298    Frequently flooded areas.

22.98.299    Frontage.

22.98.300    Functions and values.

22.98.303    Garage, private.

22.98.306    Garage, side entry.

22.98.309    Geologically hazardous areas.

22.98.312    Geologist.

22.98.315    Geotechnical engineer.

22.98.318    Governing authority.

22.98.321    Grade, finished.

22.98.322    Grade, natural.

22.98.324    Grading.

22.98.325    Groundcover.

22.98.326    Ground water.

22.98.327    Ground water management area.

22.98.328    Ground water management program.

22.98.329    Ground water, perched.

22.98.330    Habitat.

22.98.331    Habitats of local importance.

22.98.332    Halo illuminated.

22.98.333    Hazardous substance.

22.98.336    Hazardous waste.

22.98.338    Hedge.

22.98.339    High intensity land use.

22.98.340    High quality wetlands.

22.98.341    Historic condition.

22.98.342    Home occupation.

22.98.345    Hotel.

22.98.346    Hydraulic project approval (HPA).

22.98.348    Hydric soil.

22.98.350    Hydrologic soil groups.

22.98.351    Hydrophyte.

22.98.352    Hyporheic zone.

22.98.354    Impervious surface.

22.98.357    Impervious surface coverage.

22.98.360    Impound.

22.98.363    Impound yard.

22.98.365    Infiltration.

22.98.366    In-kind compensation.

22.98.369    Inoperable vehicle.

22.98.369.1    Inter-rill.

22.98.370    Isolated wetlands.

22.98.371    Joint aquatic resource permits application (JARPA).

22.98.372    Junk or salvage yard.

22.98.375    Kennel.

22.98.378    Kitchen.

22.98.381    Landslide.

22.98.382    Landslide hazard areas.

22.98.384    Large retail establishment.

22.98.385    Level of service standard.

22.98.386    Logo.

22.98.387    Logo shield.

22.98.388    Lot.

22.98.390    Lot, corner.

22.98.393    Lot, flag.

22.98.396    Lot, interior.

22.98.399    Lot, substandard.

22.98.402    Lot, through.

22.98.405    Lot area, gross.

22.98.408    Lot area, net.

22.98.411    Lot coverage.

22.98.414    Lot depth.

22.98.417    Lot frontage.

22.98.420    Lot line.

22.98.423    Lot line, front.

22.98.426    Lot line, rear.

22.98.429    Lot line, side.

22.98.432    Lot of record, legal.

22.98.435    Lot width.

22.98.436    Low intensity land use.

22.98.437    Lowest floor.

22.98.437.1    Luminance.

22.98.437.2    Mansard.

22.98.438    Manufactured home.

22.98.441    Marquee.

22.98.441.1    Master sign plan.

22.98.444    Medical or dental clinic.

22.98.445    Microbeverage production facility.

22.98.445.1    Microbrewery.

22.98.445.2    Microdistillery.

22.98.445.3    Microwinery.

22.98.447    Mitigation.

22.98.450    Mini-storage or mini-warehouse (indoor).

22.98.451    Mini-storage or mini-warehouse (outdoor).

22.98.452    Moderate intensity land use.

22.98.453    Modification.

22.98.456    Modulation.

22.98.459    Monitoring.

22.98.461    Motion.

22.98.462    Mount.

22.98.463    Multiple building complex.

22.98.464    Multiple tenant building.

22.98.465    Native growth protection area (NGPA).

22.98.466    Native vegetation.

22.98.467    Nighttime hours.

22.98.467.1    Nits.

22.98.468    Nonconforming lot, use, or structure.

22.98.469    Nonresidential zone.

22.98.471    Noxious element.

22.98.474    Nude or semi-nude.

22.98.475    Off-site compensation.

22.98.476    On-site compensation.

22.98.476.05    Opaque.

22.98.476.1    Open fire.

22.98.477    Open space.

22.98.480    Open space, common.

22.98.483    Open space, private.

22.98.486    Open space, public.

22.98.489    Ordinance.

22.98.492    Ordinary high water mark (OHM).

22.98.495    Outdoor storage.

22.98.496    Out-of-kind compensation.

22.98.498    Owner-occupied.

22.98.501    Panorama or peepshow.

22.98.504    Panorama premises.

22.98.506    Parapet.

22.98.507    Parcel.

22.98.510    Parking area.

22.98.513    Patio, covered.

22.98.516    Patio, uncovered.

22.98.518    Perimeter.

22.98.519    Permeability.

22.98.520    Person.

22.98.522    Personal wireless service, personal wireless service facilities, and facilities.

22.98.525    Personal wireless service facility design.

22.98.528    Pet shop.

22.98.531    Pharmaceuticals.

22.98.533    Planned capacity.

22.98.534    Planned development.

22.98.537    Planning commission.

22.98.540    Plat.

22.98.543    Porch.

22.98.544    Porous soil types.

22.98.544.1    Portable fire device.

22.98.545    Potable water.

22.98.546    Practical alternative.

22.98.549    Preliminary plat.

22.98.551    Premises.

22.98.552    Preschool.

22.98.555    Preschool, accredited.

22.98.557    Primary association area.

22.98.558    Priority habitat.

22.98.561    Printing, large-scale.

22.98.564    Printing, small-scale.

22.98.565    Private road or driveway.

22.98.567    Processed materials.

22.98.570    Professional office.

22.98.571    Project area.

22.98.573    Provider.

22.98.576    Public or quasi-public utility.

22.98.579    Qualified professional.

22.98.581    Raceway.

22.98.582    Reasonable use alternatives.

22.98.583    Recharge.

22.98.584    Reclaimed water.

22.98.585    Recorded.

22.98.588    Recreation, active.

22.98.591    Recreation, passive.

22.98.591.1    Recreational fire.

22.98.594    Recreational vehicle.

22.98.597    Recyclable material.

22.98.600    Recycling collection center.

22.98.603    Regulated activities.

22.98.604    Religious institution.

22.98.605    Repair or maintenance.

22.98.606    Restoration.

22.98.607    Retail establishment.

22.98.608    Rills.

22.98.609    Riparian habitat.

22.98.610    Roadway.

22.98.611    Roofline.

22.98.612    Scientific process.

22.98.613    Screening.

22.98.614    Scrub-shrub wetland.

22.98.615    Secondary use.

22.98.616    Section 404 Permit.

22.98.618    Security barrier.

22.98.621    Second-hand store.

22.98.622    Seeps.

22.98.623    Seismic hazard areas.

22.98.624    Sense of place.

22.98.627    Sensitive receptor.

22.98.630    SEPA rules.

22.98.632    Serviceable.

22.98.633    Service station.

22.98.634    Setback.

22.98.635    Shorelines.

22.98.636    Shorelines of the state.

22.98.637    Shorelines of statewide significance.

22.98.638    Shorelands or shoreland areas.

22.98.639    Short plat.

22.98.642    Short subdivision.

22.98.644    Sidewalk.

22.98.645    Sidewalk cafe.

22.98.648    Sign.

22.98.648.1    Sign, abandoned.

22.98.648.2    Sign, accessory.

22.98.648.3    Sign alteration.

22.98.648.4    Sign area.

22.98.648.5    Sign, awning, canopy or marquee.

22.98.648.6    Sign, changeable copy.

22.98.648.7    Sign, digital.

22.98.648.8    Repealed.

22.98.648.9    Repealed.

22.98.648.10    Sign, flashing.

22.98.648.11    Sign, freestanding.

22.98.648.12    Repealed.

22.98.648.13    Sign height.

22.98.648.14    Repealed.

22.98.648.15    Sign, monument.

22.98.648.16    Sign, neon.

22.98.648.17    Sign, nonconforming.

22.98.648.18    Sign, pan channel.

22.98.648.19    Sign, permanent.

22.98.648.20    Sign, pole-mounted.

22.98.648.21    Sign, portable.

22.98.648.22    Repealed.

22.98.648.23    Sign, projecting.

22.98.648.24    Repealed.

22.98.648.25    Repealed.

22.98.648.26    Repealed.

22.98.648.27    Sign, revolving.

22.98.648.28    Sign, roof-mounted.

22.98.648.29    Sign, sandwich board.

22.98.648.30    Sign, service island.

22.98.648.31    Sign, special event.

22.98.648.32    Sign, temporary.

22.98.648.33    Sign, under-canopy.

22.98.648.34    Sign, wall.

22.98.648.35    Sign width.

22.98.648.36    Sign, window.

22.98.650    Significant portion of its range.

22.98.651    Significant tree.

22.98.652    Site.

22.98.654    Slope.

22.98.657    Social card game.

22.98.658    Soil survey.

22.98.658.1    Spandrel.

22.98.659    Special flood hazard areas.

22.98.660    Special protection areas.

22.98.661    Species.

22.98.662    Species, endangered.

22.98.663    Species of local importance.

22.98.664    Species, priority.

22.98.665    Species, threatened.

22.98.666    Specified sexual activities.

22.98.667    Specified anatomical areas.

22.98.669    Stand.

22.98.672    Stock-in-trade.

22.98.675    Story.

22.98.678    Stream corridor.

22.98.681    Street.

22.98.684    Street furniture.

22.98.687    Street right-of-way.

22.98.690    Streetscape.

22.98.693    Subdivision.

22.98.694    Subdrainage basin or subbasin.

22.98.695    Substantial damage.

22.98.696    Structural alteration.

22.98.697    Substantial improvement.

22.98.697.1    Substantially change.

22.98.698    Tenant space.

22.98.699    Toe of slope.

22.98.702    Tot lot.

22.98.705    Tower.

22.98.708    Tree topping.

22.98.711    Unavoidable.

22.98.714    Unlicensed wireless services.

22.98.715    Unshielded lighting.

22.98.717    Use.

22.98.720    Use, principal.

22.98.723    Use, accessory.

22.98.726    Use type.

22.98.729    Variance.

22.98.730    Variance, de minimis.

22.98.732    Vehicle repair, major.

22.98.735    Vehicle repair, minor.

22.98.738    Vehicle wash.

22.98.741    Vehicle wrecker.

22.98.744    Veterinary clinic.

22.98.745    Vulnerability.

22.98.746    Warehouse/warehousing.

22.98.747    Water dependent.

22.98.748    Water resource inventory area (WRIA).

22.98.749    Water table.

22.98.750    Water typing system.

22.98.751    Watercourse.

22.98.752    Well.

22.98.753    Wellhead protection area (WHPA).

22.98.754    Wetland classes, classes of wetlands, or wetland types.

22.98.755    Wetland edge.

22.98.756    Wetlands.

22.98.759    Wetlands mitigation bank.

22.98.760    Window.

22.98.762    Wrecked vehicle.

22.98.765    Yard, automobile wrecking.

22.98.768    Yard.

22.98.771    Yard, front.

22.98.774    Yard, rear.

22.98.777    Yard, required.

22.98.780    Yard, side.

22.98.783    Yard, side street side.

22.98.785    Zone of contribution.

22.98.786    Zone or zoning district.

22.98.789    Zoning map.

22.98.003 Definition of any word not listed.

The definition of any word or phrase not listed in this chapter which is in question when administering this title shall be as defined from one of the following sources which are incorporated herein by reference. These sources shall be utilized by finding the desired definition from source (a), but if it is not available there, then source (b) may be used and so on. Sources are as follows:

(a) City development regulations;

(b) Any city resolution, ordinance, code or regulation;

(c) Any statute or regulation of the state of Washington (i.e., the most applicable);

(d) Legal definitions from case law or a law dictionary;

(e) The common dictionary. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.006 Abandonment of telecommunications facility.

“Abandonment of telecommunications facility” means: (a) to cease operation for a period of 60 or more consecutive days; (b) to reduce the effective radiated power of an antenna by 75 percent for 60 or more consecutive days; (c) to relocate an antenna at a point less than 80 percent of the height of an antenna support structure; or (d) to reduce the number of transmissions from an antenna by 75 percent for 60 or more consecutive days. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.009 Accessory building or structure.

“Accessory building or structure” means a building or structure, attached or detached from a principal building located on the same lot, the use of which is incidental, related and clearly subordinate to the principal use of the land or building. With the exception of an accessory dwelling unit, an accessory building or structure is used by the occupants of the principal building. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.012 Accessory dwelling unit.

“Accessory dwelling unit” means a second dwelling unit added to a single-family detached dwelling or created within and on the same lot as a single-family detached dwelling unit, which is designed as a completely independent unit which provides for living, sleeping, cooking and sanitation. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.015 Accessory use.

“Accessory use” means a use incidental, related and clearly subordinate to the principal use of a lot or main building. An accessory use is only located on the same lot as a permitted principal use. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.016 Adaptive management.

“Adaptive management” relies on scientific methods to evaluate how well regulatory and nonregulatory actions protect the critical area. An adaptive management program is a formal and deliberate scientific approach to taking action and obtaining information in the face of uncertainty. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.017 Adjacent.

“Adjacent” means immediately adjoining (in contact with the boundary of the influence area) or within a distance that is less than that needed to separate activities from critical areas to ensure protection of the functions and values of the critical areas. “Adjacent” shall mean any activity or development located:

(a) On a site immediately adjoining a critical area;

(b) A distance equal to or less than the required critical area buffer width and building setback;

(c) A distance equal to or less than 800 feet from a bald eagle nest;

(d) A distance equal to or less than 300 feet upland from a stream, wetland, or water body;

(e) Bordering or within the floodway, floodplain, or channel migration zone; or

(f) A distance equal to or less than 200 feet from a critical aquifer recharge area. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.018 Adult bathhouse.

“Adult bathhouse” means a commercial bathhouse which excludes any person by virtue of age from all or any portion of the premises. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.021 Adult bookstore.

“Adult bookstore” means a retail establishment in which:

(a) Thirty percent or more of the stock-in-trade consists of books, magazines, posters, pictures, periodicals, or other printed materials distinguished by an emphasis on matter depicting, describing or relating to “specified sexual activities” or “specified anatomical areas.”

(b) Any person is excluded by virtue of age from all or part of the premises generally held open to the public where such materials are displayed or sold. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.024 Adult cabaret.

“Adult cabaret” means a commercial establishment that presents go-go dancers, strippers, male or female impersonators, or similar types of entertainment and which excludes any person by virtue of age from all or any portion of the premises. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.027 Adult entertainment.

“Adult entertainment” means:

(a) Any exhibition, performance or dance of any type conducted in a premises where such exhibition, performance or dance involves a person who is unclothed or in such costume, attire or clothing as to expose any portion of the nipple, the areola, or the lower half of the female breast or any portion of the pubic region, anus, buttocks, vulva or genitals, or wearing any device or covering exposed to view which simulates the appearance of any portion of the nipple, the areola, or the lower half of the female breast or any portion of the pubic region, anus, buttocks, vulva or genitals, or human male genitals in a discernibly turgid state, even if completely and opaquely covered; or

(b) Any exhibition, performance or dance of any type conducted in a premises where such exhibition, performance or dance is distinguished or characterized by a predominant emphasis on the depiction, description, simulation or relation to the following specified sexual activities:

(1) Human genitals in a state of sexual stimulation or arousal;

(2) Acts of human masturbation, sexual intercourse or sodomy;

(3) Fondling or other erotic touching of human genitals, pubic region, buttocks or female breast;

(c) Any exhibition, performance or dance intended to sexually stimulate any patron and conducted in a premises where such exhibition, performance or dance is performed for, arranged with or engaged in with fewer than all patrons on the premises at that time, with separate consideration paid, either directly or indirectly, for such performance, exhibition or dance. For purposes of example and not limitation, such exhibitions, performances or dances are commonly referred to as table dancing, couch dancing, taxi dancing, lap dancing, private dancing or straddle dancing. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.030 Adult entertainment establishment.

“Adult entertainment establishment” means any commercial premises which is one of the following: adult motion picture theater, adult drive-in theater, adult bookstore, adult cabaret, adult video store, adult retail store, adult massage parlor, adult sauna parlor or adult bathhouse. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.033 Adult family home.

“Adult family home” means as defined in Chapter 70.128A RCW, Adult Family Homes, as amended: a regular family abode in which a person or persons provide personal care, special care, room and board to more than one but not more than six adults who are not related by blood or marriage to the person or persons providing the services. An adult family home is considered a family group home as defined in FMC 22.98.273. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.036 Adult live entertainment establishment.

“Adult live entertainment establishment” means a commercial premises to which a member of the public is invited or admitted and where an entertainer provides live adult entertainment to a member of the public on a regular basis or as a substantial part of the premises activity. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.039 Adult massage parlor.

“Adult massage parlor” means a commercial establishment in which massage or other touching of the human body is provided for a fee and which excludes any person by virtue of age from all or any portion of the premises. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.042 Adult motion picture theater.

“Adult motion picture theater” means a building, enclosure, or portion thereof, used for presenting material distinguished or characterized by an emphasis on matter depicting, describing or relating to “specified sexual activities” or “specified anatomical areas” for observation by the patrons therein. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.045 Adult retail store.

“Adult retail store” means a retail establishment in which 30 percent or more of the stock-in-trade consists of items, products, or equipment distinguished or characterized by an emphasis on or a simulation of “specified sexual activities” or “specified anatomical areas”, and/or any person is excluded by virtue of age from all or part of the premises generally held open to the public where such items, products, or equipment are sold. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.048 Adult sauna parlor.

“Adult sauna parlor” means a commercial sauna establishment which excludes any person by virtue of age from all or any portion of the premises. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.051 Adult video store.

“Adult video store” means a retail establishment in which 30 percent or more of the stock-in-trade consists of prerecorded video tapes, discs, or similar material distinguished or characterized by an emphasis on matter depicting, describing or relating to “specified sexual activities” or “specified anatomical areas”; and/or any person is excluded by virtue of age from all or part of the premises generally held open to the public where such prerecorded video tapes, disks, or similar material are displayed or sold. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.052 Advance mitigation.

“Advance mitigation” means mitigation of an anticipated critical area impact or hazard completed according to an approved critical area report and prior to site development. (Ord 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.053 Advertising copy.

“Advertising copy” means any sign graphics, background colors, logos or trademarks that identify or promote the sign user or any product or service; or that provides information about the sign user, the building or the products or services available. (Ord. 1322 § 5, 2003).

22.98.054 Alley.

“Alley” means a public right-of-way or city-approved private way, providing secondary access to adjacent property, which has less than 200 average daily trips and is no more than 30 feet in width. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.057 Alteration.

“Alteration” means any human-induced change in an existing condition of a critical area or its buffer. Alterations include, but are not limited to, grading, filling, channelizing, dredging, clearing (vegetation), construction, compaction, excavation, or any other activity that changes the character of the critical area. (Ord. 1375 § 10, 2005; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.060 Amendment.

“Amendment” means a change in the wording, context or substance of this title or the comprehensive plan; a change in the official zoning map or comprehensive plan map; or a change to a condition of approval or modification of a permit or plans reviewed or approved by the director, hearing examiner, planning commission, or city council. (Ord. 1638 § 65, 2019; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.062 Anadromous fish.

“Anadromous fish” means fish that spawn and rear in freshwater and mature in the marine environment. While Pacific salmon die after their first spawning, adult char (bull trout) can live for many years, moving in and out of saltwater and spawning each year. The life history of Pacific salmon and char contains critical periods of time when these fish are more susceptible to environmental and physical damage than at other times. The life history of salmon, for example, contains the following stages: upstream migration of adults, spawning, intergravel incubation, rearing, smoltification (the time period needed for juveniles to adjust their body functions to live in the marine environment), downstream migration, and ocean rearing to adults. (Ord 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.063 Antenna.

“Antenna” means any exterior apparatus designed for telephonic, radio, data, Internet, or television communication through the sending and/or receiving of electromagnetic waves, and includes equipment attached to a tower or building for the purpose of providing personal wireless services, including unlicensed wireless telecommunications services, wireless telecommunications services utilizing frequencies authorized by the Federal Communications Commission for cellular, enhanced specialized mobile radio and personal communications services, telecommunications services, and its attendant base station. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.066 Antenna height.

“Antenna height” means the vertical distance measured from the base of the antenna support structure at grade to the highest point of the structure even if said highest point is an antenna. Measurement of tower height shall include antenna, base pad, and other appurtenances and shall be measured from the finished grade of the parcel. If the support structure is on a sloped grade, then the average between the highest and lowest grades shall be used in calculating the antenna height. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.069 Antenna support structure.

“Antenna support structure” means any pole, telescoping mast, tower, tripod, or other structure which supports a device used in the transmitting or receiving of radio frequency signals. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.072 Applicant.

“Applicant” means the person, party, firm, corporation, or other legal entity that proposes any activity. The applicant is either the owner of the land on which the proposed activity would be located, a contract vendee, a lessee of the land, the person who would actually control and direct the proposed activity, or the authorized agent of such a person. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.075 Antique.

“Antique” means a work of art, piece of furniture or decorative object made at least 50 years ago and having a retail value greater than $75.00. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.078 Antique store.

“Antique store” means a second-hand dealer in which at least 25 percent of the total retail value of the items for sale are antiques as defined in FMC 22.98.075. See FMC 22.98.621, Second-hand store. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.079 Aquifer.

“Aquifer” means a geologic formation that contains sufficient saturated permeable material to conduct ground water and to yield sufficient quantity of water to serve as a private or public water supply. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.080 Aquifer, confined.

“Aquifer, confined” means an aquifer bounded above and below by beds of distinctly lower permeability than that of the aquifer itself and that contains ground water under sufficient pressure for the water to rise above the top of the aquifer. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.081 Aquifer recharge areas.

“Aquifer recharge areas” means areas that, due to the presence of certain soils, geology, and surface water, act to recharge ground water by percolation. (Ord. 1375 § 11, 2005; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.082 Aquifer, sole source.

“Aquifer, sole source” means an area designated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency under the Safe Drinking Water Act of 1974, Section 1424(e). The aquifer(s) must supply 50 percent or more of the drinking water for an area without a sufficient replacement available. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.083 Aquifer susceptibility.

“Aquifer susceptibility” means the ease with which contaminants can move from the land surface to the aquifer based solely on the types of surface and subsurface materials in the area. Susceptibility usually defines the rate at which a contaminant will reach an aquifer unimpeded by chemical interactions with the vadose zone media. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.084 Aquifer, unconfined.

“Aquifer, unconfined” means an aquifer not bounded above by a bed of distinctly lower permeability than that of the aquifer itself and containing ground water under pressure approximately equal to that of the atmosphere. This term is synonymous with the term “water table aquifer.” (Ord. 1375 § 12, 2005; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.085 Area of shallow flooding.

“Area of shallow flooding” means an area designated AO or AH zone on the flood insurance map(s). The base flood depths range from one to three feet; a clearly defined channel does not exist; the path of flooding is unpredictable and indeterminate; and velocity flow may be evident. AO is characterized as sheet flow and AH indicates ponding. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.087 Articulation.

“Articulation” means the giving of emphasis to architectural elements such as windows, balconies, entries, etc., that create a complementary pattern of rhythm, dividing large buildings into smaller identifiable pieces. Articulating a building to divide up its mass and reduce its apparent size may be accomplished through facade modulation (see FMC 22.98.456) and other design techniques. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.090 Assisted living facility.

“Assisted living facility” means any of the following:

(a) Congregate Care Facility. A building or complex of dwellings specifically designed for occupancy by senior citizens which provides for shared use of facilities, such as kitchens, dining areas, and recreation areas. Such complexes may also provide kitchens and dining space in individual dwelling units, and practical nursing care.

(b) Convalescent Home. Any home, place, institution or facility which provides convalescent or chronic care, or both, for a period in excess of 24 consecutive hours for three or more patients not related by blood or marriage to the operator, who by reason of illness or infirmity, are unable to properly care for themselves. A convalescent home shall be licensed as a “nursing home” pursuant to Chapter 18.51 RCW.

(c) Hospice Care Center. A facility licensed under Chapter 70.41 RCW which provides for the emotional and physical care of terminally ill patients. Such centers provide food, lodging, and palliative care on a 24-hour basis for two or more people, unrelated to the center’s operator, who are in the latter stages of a disease expected to cause death.

(d) Nursing Home. See convalescent home.

(e) Residential Care Facility. A facility that cares for at least five, but not more than 15 functionally disabled persons, that is not licensed pursuant to Chapter 70.128 RCW.

(f) Residential Treatment Facility. A residential building that is licensed by the state to provide residential and domiciliary care to five or more individuals, or to provide rehabilitative treatment or services to individuals. Residential treatment facilities generally provide a limited term living arrangement for their residents in a family-like setting. Such facilities also provide rehabilitative services other than basic living skills training, often intended to provide residents with the future ability to live independently. Such facilities may provide medical treatment as an integral part of a rehabilitative program.

(g) Rest Home. See congregate care facility. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.091 Available capacity.

“Available capacity” means capacity for a public facility that is currently available for use. (Ord. 1275 § 2, 2001). Barbeque.

“Barbeque” means a cooking appliance that may be portable or permanent. (Ord. 1507 § 6, 2011).

22.98.092 Base flood.

“Base flood” means a flood event having a one percent chance of being equaled or exceeded in any given year, also referred to as the 100-year flood. Designations of base flood areas on flood insurance map(s) always include the letters A or V. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.093 Basement.

“Basement” means any area of the building having its floor below ground level on all sides, when used in the context of a frequently flooded area. (Ord. 1375 § 13, 2005; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.094 Battery charging station.

“Battery charging station” means an electrical component assembly or cluster of component assemblies designed specifically to charge batteries within electric vehicles, which meet or exceed any standards, codes, and regulations set forth by Chapter 19.28 RCW and consistent with rules adopted under RCW 19.27.540. (Ord. 1509 § 14, 2011). Battery electric vehicle (BEV).

“Battery electric vehicle (BEV)” means any vehicle that operates exclusively on electrical energy from an off-board source that is stored in the vehicle’s batteries, and produces zero tailpipe emissions or pollution when stationary or operating. (Ord. 1509 § 15, 2011). Battery exchange station.

“Battery exchange station” means a fully automated facility that will enable an electric vehicle with a swappable battery to enter a drive lane and exchange the depleted battery with a fully charged battery through a fully automated process, which meets or exceeds any standards, codes, and regulations set forth by Chapter 19.27 RCW and consistent with rules adopted under RCW 19.27.540. (Ord. 1509 § 16, 2011).

22.98.095 Best available science.

“Best available science” means current scientific information used in the process to designate, protect, or restore critical areas, which is derived from a valid scientific process as defined by WAC 365-195-900 through 365-195-925. Sources of the best available science are included in Citations of Recommended Sources of Best Available Science for Designating and Protecting Critical Areas published by the Washington State Department of Community, Trade and Economic Development. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.096 Best management practices (BMPs).

“Best management practices (BMPs)” means conservation practices or systems of practices and management measures that:

(a) Control soil loss and reduce water quality degradation caused by high concentrations of nutrients, animal waste, toxics, and sediment;

(b) Minimize adverse impacts to surface water and ground water flow and circulation patterns and to the chemical, physical, and biological characteristics of wetlands;

(c) Protect trees and vegetation designated to be retained during and following site construction and use native plant species appropriate to the site for revegetation of disturbed areas; and

(d) Provide standards for proper use of chemical herbicides within critical areas. (Ord. 1375 § 14, 2005; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.097 Biodiversity.

“Biodiversity” means the variety of animal and plant life and its ecological processes and interconnections – represented by the richness of ecological systems and the life that depends on them, including human life and economies. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.099 Block.

“Block” is a group of lots, tracts, or parcels within well defined and fixed boundaries. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.100 Breakaway wall.

“Breakaway wall” means a wall that is not part of the structural support of the building and is intended through its design and construction to collapse under specific lateral loading forces, without causing damage to the elevated portion of the building or supporting foundation system. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.102 Buffer.

“Buffer” means an area contiguous or adjacent to a critical area that provides a naturally vegetated zone surrounding a critical area. A buffer provides for the continued maintenance, function, and structural stability of a critical area. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.105 Buildable area.

“Buildable area” means the area of a lot remaining after the minimum yard and open space requirements of this title have been met. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.108 Building.

“Building” means any structure having a roof supported by columns, posts, or walls for the shelter, housing, or enclosure of any individual, animal, process, equipment, goods, or materials of any kind. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

Building, accessory.

See FMC 22.98.009, Accessory building or structure.

22.98.111 Building, detached.

“Building, detached” means a building surrounded by open space on the same lot. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.114 Building envelope.

“Building envelope” means the three-dimensional space within which a structure is permitted to be built on a lot and that is defined by maximum height regulations and minimum yard setbacks. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000). Building elevation.

“Building elevation” means the visible vertical plane of the side of a building from ground level to the roofline. (Ord. 1598 § 29, 2017). Building facade.

“Facade” means the elevation of a building extending from the ground level up to the bottom of the fascia on a pitched roof building, and up to the top of the wall or parapet on a flat roof building. The area of a building facade for purposes of calculating allowable wall signage includes the area of the windows and doors but excludes openings that do not have solid coverings, such as breezeways, colonnades and gateways that extend through, or to the back side of, the building. (Ord. 1598 § 30, 2017). Building fascia.

“Building fascia” means any flat horizontal member or molding with little projection, or any relatively narrow vertical surface (frieze) or board under a roof edge or which forms the outer surface of a cornice, visible to an observer. (Ord. 1598 § 31, 2017). Building frontage.

“Building frontage” means the ground floor horizontal distance of a building or portion thereof occupied by a tenant. Building frontage shall only be measured along a ground floor wall that has a customer entrance that faces and has access onto a public open space, such as a courtyard or plaza; or is adjacent to a public street, or adjacent to a driveway or parking lot that serves that use. If any building frontage does not consist of one straight line, the frontage of any offset portion shall be projected, for computation purposes, to the extension of the line of the most forward face of the building. (Ord. 1598 § 32, 2017).

22.98.117 Building height.

“Building height” means the average vertical distance between the finished grade on each exterior wall and a horizontal plane level with the highest point of the coping of a flat roof, the deck of a mansard roof, or the highest ridge line of a pitched roof. The height of a stepped or terraced building is measured for each segment of the building. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.120 Building line.

“Building line” means a line extending across that part of a building closest to, and fronting, the street. (Ord. 1417 § 12, 2006; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.123 Building, principal or main.

“Building, principal or main” means a building devoted to the principal use of the lot on which it is situated; where a permissible use involves more than one building or structure designed or used for the principal purpose, each such permissible building on a lot shall be classified as a principal building. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.126 Bulk regulations.

“Bulk regulations” means standards and controls that establish the maximum size of buildings and structures on a lot and the buildable area within which the building or structure can be located, including lot coverage, setbacks, height, floor area ratio, and yard requirements. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000). Burn barrel.

“Burn barrel” means a barrel or other container used to burn rubbish and other debris. (Ord. 1507 § 6, 2011).

22.98.129 Business or commerce.

“Business or commerce” means the purchase, sale or other transaction involving the handling or disposition of any article, service, substance or commodity for livelihood or profit; or the management of office buildings, offices, recreational or amusement enterprises; or the maintenance and use of buildings, offices, structures and premises by professions and trades rendering services. See FMC 22.98.249, Establishment, business or commercial. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.132 Caliper.

“Caliper” means the diameter of tree trunk measured at 12 inches above soil level. This measurement is used when sizing a tree for purchase and installation. (Ord. 1562 § 54, 2015; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.135 Camouflaged facility.

“Camouflaged facility” means a personal wireless service facility that is disguised, hidden, or integrated with an existing structure that is not a monopole or tower, or a personal wireless service facility that is placed within an existing or proposed structure, or new structure, tower, or mount within trees so as to be significantly screened from view. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.138 Carport.

“Carport” means a roofed structure providing space for the parking of motorized and nonmotorized vehicles and enclosed on not more than three sides. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.141 Cell site.

“Cell site” means a tract or parcel of land that contains personal wireless service facilities including any antenna, support structure, accessory buildings, and parking, and may include other uses associated with and ancillary to personal wireless services. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.142 Certificate of capacity.

“Certificate of capacity” means a document issued by the city of Fircrest indicating the quantity of capacity for each concurrency facility that has been reserved for a specific development project on a specific property. The document may have conditions and an expiration date associated with it. (Ord. 1275 § 2, 2001).

22.98.143 Channel migration zone (CMZ).

“Channel migration zone (CMZ)” means the lateral extent of likely movement along a stream or river during the next 100 years as determined by evidence of active stream channel movement over the past 100 years. Evidence of active movement over the 100-year time frame can be inferred from aerial photos or from specific channel and valley bottom characteristics. The time span typically represents the time it takes to grow mature trees that can provide functional large woody debris to streams. A CMZ is not typically present if the valley width is generally less than two bankfull widths, if the stream or river is confined by terraces, no current or historical aerial photographic evidence exists of significant channel movement, and there is no field evidence of secondary channels with recent scour from stream flow or progressive bank erosion at meander bends. Areas separated from the active channel by legally existing artificial channel constraints that limit bank erosion and channel avulsion without hydraulic connections shall not be considered within the CMZ. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.144 Character.

“Character” means the distinctive features or attributes of buildings, uses and site design on adjacent properties and in the vicinity, including but not limited to building facade, building length, building modulation, building height, building location, roof form, building exterior finish materials, tree cover, types of flora, location of landscaping, size and location of signs, setbacks, amount of parking, location of parking, fencing type, fencing height, location of fencing, and intensity of uses. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.145 Charging levels.

“Charging levels” means the standardized indicators of electrical force, or voltage, at which an electric vehicle’s battery is recharged. The terms 1, 2, and 3 are the most common EV charging levels, and include the following specifications:

(a) Level 1 is considered slow charging.

(b) Level 2 is considered medium charging.

(c) Level 3 is considered fast or rapid charging. (Ord. 1509 § 17, 2011).

22.98.147 Child day-care center.

“Child day-care center” means a facility licensed by the state providing regularly scheduled care for a group of 13 or more children within one month of age through 12 years of age range exclusively for periods less than 24 hours. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.148 City engineer.

“City engineer” means the city engineer of the city of Fircrest or person appointed by the city manager to act in such a role. (Ord. 1575 § 21, 2016).

22.98.150 Clearing.

“Clearing” means the destruction, disturbance or removal of logs, scrub-shrub, stumps, trees or any vegetative material by burning, chemical, mechanical or other means. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.153 Compensation.

“Compensation” means replacement by creation, enhancement, or restoration of critical areas or buffers equivalent in size, function and value to the one being altered or lost from development. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.154 Compensation project.

“Compensation project” means actions necessary to replace project-induced critical area and buffer losses, including land acquisition, planning, construction plans, monitoring, and contingency actions. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.155 Compensatory mitigation.

“Compensatory mitigation” means replacing project-induced losses or impacts to a critical area, and includes, but is not limited to, the following:

Restoration – Actions performed to reestablish wetland functional characteristics and processes that have been lost by alterations, activities, or catastrophic events within an area that no longer meets the definition of a wetland.

Creation – Actions performed to intentionally establish a wetland at a site where it did not formerly exist.

Enhancement – Actions performed to improve the condition of existing degraded wetlands so that the functions they provide are of a higher quality.

Preservation – Actions taken to ensure the permanent protection of existing, high-quality wetlands. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.156 Club.

“Club” means an association of persons for some common purpose, including social, civic, charitable, or recreational activities, operated by a private nonprofit institution or organization, but excluding groups organized primarily to render a service which is customarily carried on by a business. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.159 Co-location.

“Co-location” means the use of a personal wireless service facility or cell site by more than one personal wireless service provider. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.160 Concurrency facilities.

“Concurrency facilities” means facilities for which concurrency is required in accordance with the provisions of Chapter 22.12 FMC. (Ord. 1275 § 2, 2001).

22.98.161 Concurrency test.

“Concurrency test” means the comparison of an applicant’s impact on all public facilities to the capacity including available and planned capacity of the facilities. (Ord. 1275 § 2, 2001).

22.98.162 Conditional use.

“Conditional use” means a use identified within the zoning district regulations of this title, that because of size, location with respect to surroundings, equipment, unique characteristics and effects and/or demands on public facilities, requires a special degree of control in order to ensure compatibility with the vicinity. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.165 Conditional use permit.

“Conditional use permit” means the documented evidence of authority granted by the hearing examiner in accordance with Chapter 22.68 FMC to establish a conditional use at a specific location. (Ord. 1638 § 66, 2019; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.166 Conservation easement.

“Conservation easement” means a legal agreement that the property owner enters into to restrict uses of the land. Such restrictions can include, but are not limited to, passive recreation uses such as trails or scientific uses and fences or other barriers to protect habitat. The easement is recorded on a property deed, runs with the land, and is legally binding on all present and future owners of the property, therefore providing permanent or long-term protection. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.168 Correctional group home.

“Correctional group home” means a dwelling structure consisting of more than one adult within a halfway-house, pre-release, training-release, work-release or other similar program under the supervision of a local, state or federal criminal justice system. Additionally, the dwelling structure is operated or contracted by a local, state or federal criminal justice system. A correctional group home includes staff who supervise the residents. A correctional facility which consists solely of individuals below the age of 18 under the supervision of a local, state or federal criminal justice system and correctional staff shall be classified as a family group home and not a correctional group home. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.171 Covenant.

“Covenant” means a restriction or condition placed upon the use of property by private instrument recorded by the Pierce County Auditor. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.174 COW.

“COW” means an acronym for “cell on wheels,” an antenna as defined in FMC 22.98.063, which is portable. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.177 Creation.

“Creation” means bringing a wetland, stream corridor, fish and wildlife habitat, or other critical area, when possible, into existence at a site in which the critical area did not formerly exist. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.179 Critical aquifer recharge area.

“Critical aquifer recharge area” means areas designated by WAC 365-190-080(2) that are determined to have a critical recharging effect on aquifers used for potable water as defined by WAC 365-190-030(2). (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.180 Critical area inventory maps.

“Critical area inventory maps” means those maps and documents housed by the department which contain information on the general location of critical areas. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.183 Critical areas.

“Critical areas” includes the following areas and ecosystems:

(a) Wetlands;

(b) Aquifer recharge areas;

(c) Fish and wildlife habitats;

(d) Frequently flooded areas; and

(e) Geologically hazardous areas. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.184 Critical area tract.

“Critical area tract” means land held in private ownership and retained in an open condition in perpetuity for the protection of critical areas. Lands within this type of dedication may include, but are not limited to, portions and combinations of forest habitats, grasslands, shrub steppe, on-site watersheds, 100-year floodplains, shorelines or shorelines of statewide significance, riparian areas, and wetlands. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.185 Critical facility.

“Critical facility” means a facility for which even a slight chance of flooding, inundation, or impact from a hazard event might be too great. Critical facilities include, but are not limited to, schools, nursing homes, hospitals, police, fire and emergency response installations, and installations that produce, use, or store hazardous materials or hazardous waste. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005). Critical root zone.

“Critical root zone (CRZ)” means an area where a tree’s roots are located. This root zone is generally the area surrounding a tree at a distance that is equal to a one-foot radius for every one inch DBH. The CRZ may extend further from a tree depending on tree species, age, soil type and other factors. (Ord. 1562 § 55, 2015).

22.98.186 Critical species.

“Critical species” means all animal and plant species listed by the state or federal government as threatened or endangered. (Ord. 1375 § 15, 2005; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.188 Cumulative impacts or effects.

“Cumulative impacts or effects” means the combined, incremental effects of human activity on ecological or critical areas functions and values. Cumulative impacts result when the effects of an action are added to or interact with other effects in a particular place and within a particular time. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.189 Curb level.

“Curb level” for any building means the level of the established curb in front of such building measured at the center of such front. Where no curb elevation has been established, the mean elevation of the finished lot grade immediately adjacent to a building shall be considered the curb level. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.192 Dedication.

“Dedication” is the transfer of property by the owner to another party for a specific use such as roads, utilities and open space. A dedication is conveyed by written instrument and is completed with an acceptance. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.193 Developable area.

“Developable area” means a site or portion of a site that may be utilized as the location of development. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.194 Development.

“Development” means any activity upon the land consisting of construction or alteration of structures, earth movement, dredging, dumping, grading, filling, mining, removal of any sand, gravel, or minerals, driving of piles, drilling operations, bulkheading, clearing of vegetation, or other land disturbance. Development includes the storage or use of equipment or materials inconsistent with the existing use. Development also includes approvals issued by the city that binds land to specific patterns of use, including, but not limited to, subdivisions, short subdivisions, zone changes, conditional use permits, and binding site plans. When used in the context of critical areas regulations, development activity does not include the following activities:

(a) Interior building improvements.

(b) Exterior structure maintenance activities, including painting and roofing.

(c) Routine landscape maintenance of established, ornamental landscaping, such as lawn mowing, pruning, and weeding.

(d) Maintenance of the following existing facilities that does not expand the affected area: septic tanks (routine cleaning); wells; individual utility service connections; and individual cemetery plots in established and approved cemeteries. (Ord. 1375 § 16, 2005; Ord. 1275 § 2, 2001).

22.98.195 Development permit.

“Development permit” means a building permit or project permit as classified in FMC 22.05.003. (Ord. 1275 § 3, 2001; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.196 Development permit, final.

“Development permit, final” means a building permit or any other development permit that results in an immediate and continuing impact on public facilities. (Ord. 1275 § 2, 2001).

22.98.197 Development permit, preliminary.

“Development permit, preliminary” means a preliminary site plan, preliminary development plan, preliminary plat or conditional use permit. (Ord. 1275 § 2, 2001). Diameter at breast height.

“Diameter at breast height (DBH)” means the diameter of a tree trunk in inches at four and one-half feet above the ground. On multistemmed or multitrunked trees, the diameter shall be the diameter equivalent to the sum of trunk areas measured at four and one-half feet above ground. This measurement is used when sizing a mature tree. (Ord. 1562 § 56, 2015).

22.98.198 Director.

“Director” means the planning/building director of the city of Fircrest or person appointed by the city manager to act in such a role. (Ord. 1562 § 57, 2015; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.201 Drip line.

“Drip line” means an imaginary ground line around the perimeter of a tree that defines the outer limits of the tree canopy, where precipitation falling from the branches of that tree lands on the ground. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.204 Drive-thru.

“Drive-thru” means a lane or window which is intended to serve customers who remain in their motor vehicles during the business transactions, or which are designed in such a manner that customers must leave their automobiles temporarily in a driving line located adjacent to the facility. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.207 Dwelling.

“Dwelling” means a building or portion thereof designed exclusively for human habitation; including, single-family, duplex, and multifamily dwellings, accessory dwellings, modular homes, designated manufactured homes, but not including hotel or motel units having no kitchens. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.210 Dwelling, duplex.

“Dwelling, duplex” means a building designed exclusively for occupancy by two families living separately from each other and containing two dwelling units. A single-family dwelling which includes an accessory dwelling unit is not classified as a duplex dwelling. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.213 Dwelling, multifamily.

“Dwelling, multifamily” means a building designed exclusively for occupancy by three or more families living separately from each other and containing three or more dwelling units. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.216 Dwelling, single-family.

“Dwelling, single-family” means a detached building designed exclusively for occupancy by one family and containing one dwelling unit. Includes family group homes and manufactured homes, as defined in FMC 22.98.273 and 22.98.438 respectively, but excludes manufactured homes which are not designated. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.219 Dwelling unit.

“Dwelling unit” means one or more rooms designed for or occupied by one family for sleeping and living purposes and containing kitchen, sleeping and sanitary facilities for use solely by one family. All rooms comprising a dwelling unit shall have access through an interior door to other parts of the dwelling unit. Includes apartments, hotel rooms available on a month-to-month basis with kitchen facilities, designated manufactured and group homes, but excludes recreational vehicles. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.222 Early notice.

“Early notice” means the city’s written response to an applicant stating whether it considers issuance of a SEPA determination of significance likely for the applicant’s proposal. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.225 Ecosystem.

“Ecosystem” means the system of interrelationships within and between a biological community and its physical environment. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.228 EIA.

“EIA” is an acronym for the Electronics Industry Association. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000). Electric scooters and motorcycles.

“Electric scooters and motorcycles” means any two-wheel vehicle that operates exclusively on electrical energy from an off-board source that is stored in the vehicle’s batteries and produces zero emissions or pollution when stationary or operating. (Ord. 1509 § 18, 2011). Electric vehicle.

“Electric vehicle” means any vehicle that operates, either partially or exclusively, on electrical energy from the grid, or an off-board source, that is stored on-board for motive purpose. “Electric vehicle” includes: (a) a battery electric vehicle; (b) a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle; (c) a neighborhood electric vehicle; and (d) a medium-speed electric vehicle. (Ord. 1509 § 19, 2011). Electric vehicle charging stations.

“Electric vehicle charging stations” means a public or private parking space located together with battery charging station equipment that has as its purpose the transfer of electric energy (by conductive or inductive means) to a battery or other storage device in an electric vehicle. (Ord. 1509 § 20, 2011).

22.98.229 Elevated building.

“Elevated building” means a building that has no basement and its lowest elevated floor is raised above ground level by foundation walls, shear walls, posts, piers, pilings, or columns. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005). Eligible facilities request.

“Eligible facilities request” means any request for facility modification of an existing wireless tower or base station that involves:

(a) Co-location of new transmission equipment;

(b) Removal of transmission equipment; or

(c) Replacement of transmission equipment. (Ord. 1667 § 47, 2020).

22.98.230 Emergent wetland.

“Emergent wetland” means a wetland with at least 30 percent of the surface area covered by erect, rooted, herbaceous vegetation extending above the water surface as the uppermost vegetative strata. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.231 Enhancement.

“Enhancement” means the actions performed to improve the condition of existing wetlands and/or buffers so that the functions they provide are of a higher quality (e.g., increasing plant diversity, increasing wildlife habitat, installing environmentally compatible erosion controls, removing nonindigenous plant or animal species, removing fill material or garbage). (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.234 Equipment enclosure.

As used in Chapter 22.24 FMC, “equipment enclosure” means a structure, shelter, cabinet, or vault used to house and protect the electronic equipment necessary for processing wireless communication signals. Associated equipment may include air conditioning, backup power supplies and emergency generators. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.237 Erosion.

“Erosion” means the wearing away of earth’s surface as a result of movement of wind, water, ice. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.240 Erosion hazard areas.

“Erosion hazard areas” means at least those areas identified by the U.S. Department of Agriculture National Resources Conservation Service as having a “severe” rill and inter-rill erosion hazard. (Ord. 1375 § 17, 2005; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.243 Escort agency.

“Escort agency” means a person or business association who furnishes, offers to furnish, or advertises to furnish escorts as one of its primary business purposes for a fee, tip or other consideration. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.246 Essential public facilities.

“Essential public facilities” means those facilities that are typically difficult to site, such as airports, state education facilities and state or regional transportation facilities, state and local correctional facilities, solid waste handling facilities and inpatient facilities including substance abuse facilities, mental health facilities and group homes. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.249 Establishment, business or commercial.

“Establishment, business or commercial” means a place of business carrying on operations, the ownership and management of which are separate and distinct from those of any other place of business located on the same lot and where direct access to each “business or commercial establishment” is separate and distinct from direct access to any other business or commercial establishment. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.252 Excavation.

“Excavation” means the mechanical removal of earth material. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.255 Existing and ongoing agricultural activities.

“Existing and ongoing agricultural activities” means those activities conducted on lands defined in RCW 84.34.020(2), and those activities involved in the production of crops and livestock, including but not limited to operation and maintenance of farm and stock ponds or drainage ditches, irrigation systems, changes between agricultural activities, and normal operation, maintenance or repair of existing serviceable structures, facilities or improved areas. Activities which bring an area into agricultural use are not part of an ongoing activity. An operation ceases to be ongoing when the area on which it was conducted has been converted to a nonagricultural use or has lain idle both more than five years and so long that modifications to the hydrological regime are necessary to resume operations, unless the idle land is registered in a federal or state soils conservation program. For the purposes of this definition, if a large lot subdivision or other subdivision of land results in the creation of one or more lots five acres or larger, any such lot of five or more acres shall not be considered to be converted to a nonagricultural use. Forest practices are not included in this definition. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.257 Exotic.

“Exotic” means any species of plants or animals which are foreign to the planning area. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.258 Extirpation.

“Extirpation” means the elimination of a species from a portion of its original geographic range. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.261 FAA.

“FAA” is an acronym for the Federal Aviation Administration. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.264 FCC.

“FCC” is an acronym for the Federal Communications Commission. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.265 Facility and service provider.

As used in Chapter 22.12 FMC, “facility and service provider” means the department, district, or agency responsible for providing a specific concurrency facility. Examples include, but are not limited to the city of Fircrest, Pierce Transit, Tacoma School District, and University Place School District. (Ord. 1275 § 2, 2001).

22.98.266 Facility modification.

“Facility modification” means any modification of an existing wireless tower or base station that does not substantially change the physical dimensions of such tower or base station. (Ord. 1667 § 48, 2020).

22.98.267 Family.

“Family” means an individual, individuals related by blood, marriage, or adoption, up to and including six individuals who are not related by blood, marriage, or adoption, residing in a single-family dwelling unit (including family group home), individuals with a handicap as defined in the Federal Fair Housing Amendments Act of 1988 (42 USCS Section 3602) as amended and residing in a group home or children residing in a group home. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.270 Family day-care facility.

“Family day-care facility” means a facility licensed by the state carried on in the family residence of the licensee providing regularly scheduled care for 12 or fewer children, including children who reside at the family residence, within a birth through 11 years of age range exclusively, for periods of less than 24 hours. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.273 Family group home.

“Family group home” means a dwelling unit consisting of individuals with a handicap as defined in the Federal Fair Housing Amendments Act of 1988 (42 USCS Section 3602) as amended, or children under the legal custody of an institution or an adult and any necessary staff for the care of individuals mentioned herein. An adult family home as defined in FMC 22.98.033 is a family group home. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.276 Fence.

“Fence” means a wall or barrier for the purpose of enclosing space, separating property, reducing noise and/or visual impacts, and composed of bricks, concrete, masonry blocks, or posts connected by boards, rails, panels, or wire. The term fence does not include retaining wall. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.279 Fenestration.

“Fenestration” means window treatment in a building or building facade. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.282 Fill.

“Fill” means any material dumped or placed, by any means, from, to or on any soil or sediment surface including temporary stockpiling of material. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.284 Final plat.

“Final plat” is the final drawing of the subdivision and dedication prepared for filing of record with the Pierce County auditor, and containing all elements and requirements set forth in Chapter 22.21 FMC. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.285 Fish and wildlife habitat conservation areas.

“Fish and wildlife habitat conservation areas” means areas necessary for maintaining species in suitable habitats within their natural geographic distribution so that isolated subpopulations are not created as designated by WAC 365-190-080(5). These areas include:

(a) Areas with which state or federally designated endangered, threatened, and sensitive species have a primary association;

(b) Habitats of local importance, including but not limited to areas designated as priority habitat by the Washington State Department of Fish and Wildlife;

(c) Naturally occurring ponds under 20 acres and their submerged aquatic beds that provide fish or wildlife habitat, including those artificial ponds intentionally created from dry areas in order to mitigate impacts to ponds;

(d) Waters of the state, including lakes, rivers, ponds, streams, inland waters, underground waters, salt waters, and all other surface waters and watercourses within the jurisdiction of the state of Washington;

(e) Lakes, ponds, streams, and rivers planted with game fish by a governmental or tribal entity;

(f) State natural area preserves and natural resource conservation areas; and

(g) Land essential for preserving connections between habitat blocks and open spaces. (Ord. 1375 § 18, 2005; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.286 Fish habitat.

“Fish habitat” means habitat that is used by fish at any life stage at any time of the year, including potential habitat likely to be used by fish that could be recovered by restoration or management and includes off-channel habitat. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005). Flag.

“Flag” means a piece of cloth, attached to a staff, with distinctive colors, patterns or symbols, used as a national or state symbol. (Ord. 1598 § 33, 2017). Flag canopy.

“Flag canopy” means a line of flags, or a series of lines of flags, suspended above a site. (Ord. 1598 § 34, 2017).

22.98.287 Flood or flooding.

“Flood” or “flooding” means the general and temporary condition of partial or complete inundation of normally dry land areas from the overflow of inland waters and/or the unusual and rapid accumulation of runoff of surface waters from any source. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.288 Flood insurance map.

“Flood insurance map” means the official map on which the Federal Insurance Administration has delineated the areas of special flood hazards and included the risk premium zones applicable to the community. Also known as “flood insurance rate map” or “FIRM.” (Ord. 1375 § 19, 2005; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.289 Flood insurance study.

“Flood insurance study” means the official report provided by the Federal Insurance Administration that includes flood profiles, the Flood Boundary-Floodway Map, and the water surface elevation of the base flood. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.290 Floodplain.

“Floodplain” means the total land area adjoining a river, stream, watercourse, or lake subject to inundation by the base flood. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.291 Flood protection elevation.

“Flood protection elevation” means the elevation that is two feet above the base flood elevation. (Ord. 1375 § 20, 2005; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.292 Flood-resistant material.

“Flood-resistant material” means materials designed to be resistant to the impacts associated with flooding and defined and described in detail in the Federal Emergency Management Agency’s Technical Bulletin No. 2-93, 1993, and FEMA publication FEMA-348, Protecting Building Utilities from Flood Damage. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.293 Floodway.

“Floodway” means the channel of a river or other watercourse and the adjacent land area that must be reserved in order to discharge the base flood without cumulatively increasing the surface water elevation more than two feet. Also known as the “zero rise floodway.” (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.294 Floor area, gross.

“Floor area, gross” means the sum of the gross horizontal areas of the floor(s) of a building or portion thereof, measured from the exterior face of exterior walls and from the centerline of walls dividing uses or establishments. Gross floor area includes basement space, elevator shafts and stairwells at each floor, mechanical equipment rooms or attic space with headroom of 7.5 feet or more, penthouse floors, interior balconies and mezzanines, enclosed porches and malls. Gross floor area shall not include accessory water tanks and cooling towers, mechanical equipment or attic spaces with headroom of less than 7.5 feet, exterior steps or stairs, terraces, breeze ways and open space. (Ord. 1375 § 21, 2005; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.295 Forested wetland.

“Forested wetland” means a wetland with at least 30 percent of the surface area covered by woody vegetation greater than 20 feet in height that is at least partially rooted within the wetland. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.296 Formation.

“Formation” means an assemblage of earth materials grouped together into a unit that is convenient for description or mapping. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.297 Formation, confining.

“Formation, confining” means the relatively impermeable formation immediately overlying a confined aquifer. (Ord. 1375 § 21(2), 2005; Ord. 1322 § 6, 2003; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.298 Frequently flooded areas.

“Frequently flooded areas” means lands in the floodplain subject to a one percent or greater chance of flooding in any given year and those lands that provide important flood storage, conveyance, and attenuation functions, as determined by the director in accordance with WAC 365-190-080(3). Frequently flooded areas perform important hydrologic functions and may present a risk to persons and property. Classifications of frequently flooded areas include, at a minimum, the 100-year floodplain designations of the Federal Emergency Management Agency and the National Flood Insurance Program. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.299 Frontage.

“Frontage” means the property line of an individual lot, tract or parcel that abuts a public or private street right-of-way, excluding alleys and private driveways. The number of frontages on a lot is the same as the number of public or private street rights-of-way that the lot abuts. (Ord. 1598 § 35, 2017; Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.300 Functions and values.

“Functions and values” means the beneficial roles served by critical areas including, but not limited to, water quality protection and enhancement; fish and wildlife habitat; food chain support; flood storage, conveyance and attenuation; ground water recharge and discharge; erosion control; protection from hazards; historical, archaeological, and aesthetic value protection; educational opportunities; and recreation. (Ord. 1375 § 22, 2005; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.303 Garage, private.

“Garage, private” means an accessory building or an accessory portion of the main building, enclosed on not less than three sides and designed and primarily used for the shelter or storage of vehicles, including boats. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.306 Garage, side entry.

“Garage, side entry” means a private garage where the sole vehicular garage door or opening is perpendicular to the lot line used for vehicular access. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.309 Geologically hazardous areas.

“Geologically hazardous areas” means areas that may not be suited to development consistent with public health, safety, or environmental standards, because of their susceptibility to erosion, sliding, earthquake, or other geological events as designated by WAC 365-190-080(4). Types of geologically hazardous areas include: erosion, landslide and seismic hazards. (Ord. 1375 § 23, 2005; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.312 Geologist.

“Geologist” means a person who has earned a bachelor’s degree in geology and has at least one year of professional experience as a practicing geologist. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.315 Geotechnical engineer.

“Geotechnical engineer” means a practicing, geotechnical civil engineer licensed as a professional civil engineer with the state of Washington with at least four years’ experience in landslide evaluation, soils and soils hydrology. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.318 Governing authority.

“Governing authority” means the city council of the city of Fircrest. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.321 Grade, finished.

“Grade, finished” means the finished elevation of the ground level after development, measured at a horizontal distance of five feet from a building foundation wall. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.322 Grade, natural.

“Grade, natural” means the topographic condition or elevation of a site or portion of a site over the past five years, or the finished grade of an approved site development plan. Changes to grade or elevation resulting from fill, mounding or berming within five years preceding any requested permit other than a site development plan shall not be considered natural grade for permitting purposes. (Ord. 1598 § 36, 2017).

22.98.324 Grading.

“Grading” means clearing of trees, brush, scrubs or grass or excavating, filling or leveling of surface contours. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.325 Groundcover.

“Groundcover” means low growing vegetative materials with a mounding or spreading manner of growth that provide solid cover within three years after planting. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.326 Ground water.

“Ground water” means water in a saturated zone or stratum beneath the surface of land or a surface water body. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.327 Ground water management area.

“Ground water management area” means a specific geographic area or subarea designated pursuant to Chapter 173-100 WAC for which a ground water management program is required. (Ord. 1375 § 24, 2005; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.328 Ground water management program.

“Ground water management program” means a comprehensive program designed to protect ground water quality, to ensure ground water quantity, and to provide for efficient management of water resources while recognizing existing ground water rights and meeting future needs consistent with local and state objectives, policies, and authorities within a designated ground water management area or subarea and developed pursuant to Chapter 173-100 WAC. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.329 Ground water, perched.

“Ground water, perched” means ground water in a saturated zone is separated from the underlying main body of ground water by an unsaturated rock zone. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

Group home, correctional.

See FMC 22.98.168, Correctional group home.

Group home, family.

See FMC 22.98.273, Family group home.

22.98.330 Habitat.

“Habitat” means the specific area or environment in which a particular type of plant or animal lives. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.331 Habitats of local importance.

“Habitats of local importance” means areas that include a seasonal range or habitat element with which a given species has a primary association, and which, if altered may reduce the likelihood that the species will maintain and reproduce over the long-term. These might include areas of high relative density or species richness, breeding habitat, winter range, and movement corridors. These might also include habitats that are of limited availability or high vulnerability to alterations such as cliffs, talus, and wetlands. (WAC 365-190-030) (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.332 Halo illuminated.

“Halo illuminated” means a light source placed behind totally opaque letter or symbol so that the light reflects off the wall or background to which the letters or symbols are mounted rather than emanating through the letters or symbols, creating a halo effect that leaves the letters or symbols viewable in silhouette form only. (Ord. 1598 § 37, 2017).

22.98.333 Hazardous substance.

“Hazardous substance” means any liquid, solid, gas, or sludge, including any material, substance, product, commodity, or waste, regardless of quantity, that exhibits any of the characteristics or criteria of hazardous waste; and including waste oil and petroleum products. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.336 Hazardous waste.

“Hazardous waste” means all dangerous waste and extremely hazardous waste as designated pursuant to Chapter 70.105 RCW and Chapter 173-303 WAC. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.338 Hedge.

“Hedge” means a row of small trees, shrubs, or other vegetation planted as a fence or boundary. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

Height, building.

See FMC 22.98.117, Building height.

22.98.339 High intensity land use.

“High intensity land use” means land uses that are associated with high levels of human disturbance or substantial habitat impacts including, but not limited to, single-family and multifamily residential, commercial and industrial land uses, when used in the context of critical areas regulations. (Ord. 1375 § 25, 2005; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.340 High quality wetlands.

“High quality wetlands” means those wetlands that meet the following criteria:

(a) No, or isolated, human alteration of the wetland topography;

(b) No human-caused alteration of the hydrology or the wetland appears to have recovered from the alteration;

(c) Low cover and frequency of exotic plant species;

(d) Relatively little human-related disturbance of the native vegetation, or recovery from past disturbance;

(e) If the wetland system is degraded, it still contains a viable and high quality example of a native wetland community; and

(f) No known major water quality problems. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.341 Historic condition.

“Historic condition” means a condition of the land, including, flora, fauna, soil, topography, and hydrology, that existed before the area and vicinity were developed or altered by human activity. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.342 Home occupation.

“Home occupation” means any activity conducted for financial gain or profit in a dwelling unit, and which activity is clearly incidental or secondary to the residential use of a dwelling unit or an associated accessory building. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.345 Hotel.

“Hotel” means a building or group of buildings in which there are five or more guest rooms where lodging with or without meals is provided for compensation, and where no provision is made for cooking in any individual room or suite. Motels and bed-and-breakfasts are considered hotels under this title. Hotels with guest rooms that contain kitchen facilities shall be considered multifamily dwelling units subject to the provisions and requirements of this title governing such units for the zone in which the establishment is located. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.346 Hydraulic project approval (HPA).

“Hydraulic project approval (HPA)” means a permit issued by the Washington State Department of Fish and Wildlife for modifications to waters of the state in accordance with Chapter 75.20 RCW. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.348 Hydric soil.

“Hydric soil” means soil that is saturated, flooded or ponded long enough during the growing season to develop anaerobic conditions in the upper portion. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.350 Hydrologic soil groups.

“Hydrologic soil groups” means soils grouped according to their runoff-producing characteristics under similar storm and cover conditions. Properties that influence runoff potential are depth to seasonally high water table, intake rate and permeability after prolonged wetting, and depth to a low permeable layer. Hydrologic soil groups are normally used in equations that estimate runoff from rainfall, but can be used to estimate a rate of water transmission in soil. There are four hydrologic soil groups:

Low runoff potential and a high rate of infiltration potential;

Moderate infiltration potential and a moderate rate of runoff potential;

Slow infiltration potential and a moderate to high rate of runoff potential; and

High runoff potential and very slow infiltration and water transmission rates. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.351 Hydrophyte.

“Hydrophyte” means an aquatic plant growing in water or on a substrate (hydric soil) that is at least periodically deficient in oxygen where the saturated soil is too wet for most plants to survive. Examples of hydrophytes include plants such as cattails, sedges, and bulrush. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.352 Hyporheic zone.

“Hyporheic zone” means the saturated zone located beneath and adjacent to streams that contains some portion of surface waters, serves as a filter for nutrients, and maintains water quality. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.354 Impervious surface.

“Impervious surface” means a hard surface area that either prevents or retards the entry of water into the soil mantle as under natural conditions prior to development or that causes water to run off the surface in greater quantities or at an increased rate of flow from the flow present under natural conditions prior to development. Common impervious surfaces include, but are not limited to, rooftops, walkways, patios, driveways, parking lots or storage areas, concrete or asphalt paving, gravel roads, packed earthen materials, and oiled macadam or other surfaces which similarly impede the natural infiltration of stormwater. (Ord. 1375 § 26, 2005; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.357 Impervious surface coverage.

“Impervious surface coverage” means the area of a lot that is covered by impervious surfaces, measured by percentage. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.360 Impound.

“Impound” means to take and hold a vehicle in legal custody. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.363 Impound yard.

“Impound yard” means any area or enclosure established and used solely and exclusively for the parking and storage of impounded vehicles. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.365 Infiltration.

“Infiltration” means the downward entry of water into the immediate surface of soil. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.366 In-kind compensation.

“In-kind compensation” means to replace critical areas with substitute areas whose characteristics and functions closely approximate those destroyed or degraded by a regulated activity. It does not mean replacement “in-category.” (Ord. 1375 § 27, 2005; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.369 Inoperable vehicle.

“Inoperable vehicle” means a motor vehicle which is apparently inoperable or which requires repairs in order to be legally operated on the public roads, such as repair or replacement of a window, windshield, wheel, tire, motor or transmission. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.369.1 Inter-rill.

“Inter-rill” means areas subject to sheet wash. (Ord. 1375 § 28, 2005).

22.98.370 Isolated wetlands.

“Isolated wetlands” means those wetlands that are outside of and not contiguous to any 100-year floodplain of a lake, river, or stream and have no contiguous hydric soil or hydrophytic vegetation between the wetland and any surface water. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.371 Joint aquatic resource permits application (JARPA).

“Joint aquatic resource permits application (JARPA)” means a single application form that may be used to apply for hydraulic project approvals, shoreline management permits, approvals of exceedance of water quality standards, water quality certifications, Coast Guard bridge permits, Washington State Department of Natural Resources use authorization, and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers permits. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.372 Junk or salvage yard.

“Junk or salvage yard” means a lot where nonhazardous waste or scrap materials are bought, sold, exchanged, stored, baled, packaged, disassembled or handled, but excludes recycling and vehicle wrecking activities. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.375 Kennel.

“Kennel” means a house, enclosure, or other structure in which five or more dogs, five or more cats, or any combination of eight or more cats and dogs, which individually exceed seven months of age, are kept for breeding, sale, training, boarding, or sporting purposes, or are kept or cared for as pets or for any other purpose. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.378 Kitchen.

“Kitchen” means any room or rooms, or portion of a room or rooms, used or intended or designed to be used for cooking or the preparation of food, including any room having a sink and provisions for a gas or electric stove, oven or range. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.381 Landslide.

“Landslide” means an episodic downslope movement of a mass of soil, rock, and/or snow. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.382 Landslide hazard areas.

“Landslide hazard areas” means areas that are potentially subject to risk of mass movement due to geologic landslide resulting from a combination of geologic, topographic, and hydrologic factors. These areas are typically susceptible to landslides because of a combination of factors including: bedrock, soil, slope gradient, slope aspect, geologic structure, ground water, or other factors. (Ord. 1375 § 29, 2005; Ord. 1311 § 36, 2002; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000. Formerly 22.98.384).

22.98.384 Large retail establishment.

“Large retail establishment” means a retail establishment, or any combination of retail establishments in a single building, occupying more than 25,000 gross square feet of floor area. (Ord. 1311 § 37, 2002).

22.98.385 Level of service standard.

“Level of service standard” means the level of service standards specified in the comprehensive plan. (Ord. 1275 § 2, 2001).

22.98.386 Logo.

“Logo” means an identifying emblem or insignia containing sign graphics, symbols or colors typically used for identification and/or advertisement. (Ord. 1322 § 7, 2003).

22.98.387 Logo shield.

“Logo shield” means a logo contained within an area no greater than four square feet, incorporated into a larger sign face or designed as an individual sign or a component of a sign containing individually mounted sign graphics. (Ord. 1322 § 8, 2003).

22.98.388 Lot.

“Lot” means a division of land having fixed boundaries, which has been created by a subdivision or short subdivision; or is a parcel of property that was exempt from subdivision requirements or was established prior to the requirement that lots be created by a subdivision or short subdivision. (Ord. 1322 § 9, 2003).

22.98.390 Lot, corner.

“Lot, corner” means a lot abutting upon two or more streets at their intersection, or upon two portions of the same street forming an interior angle of less than 135 degrees within the lot lines. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.393 Lot, flag.

“Lot, flag” means a lot that does not meet minimum frontage requirements and where access to the public road is by a narrow, private right-of-way or driveway. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.396 Lot, interior.

“Lot, interior” means a lot other than a corner lot. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.399 Lot, substandard.

“Lot, substandard” means a parcel of land that has less than the minimum area or minimum dimensions required in the zone in which the lot is located. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.402 Lot, through.

“Lot, through” means a lot that fronts upon two parallel streets or that fronts upon two streets that do not intersect at the boundaries of the lot. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.405 Lot area, gross.

“Lot area, gross” means the entire horizontal land space, including land covered by water, contained within the fixed boundaries of any described lot or parcel of land. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.408 Lot area, net.

“Lot area, net” means the area of a lot, excluding future dedications, critical areas and associated buffers, and other specified land features. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.411 Lot coverage.

“Lot coverage” means the area of a lot that is covered by buildings. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.414 Lot depth.

“Lot depth” means the mean horizontal distance between the front lot line and the rear lot line of a lot measured within the lot boundaries. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.417 Lot frontage.

“Lot frontage” means the length of the front lot line measured at the street right-of-way line. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.420 Lot line.

“Lot line” means a line of record bounding a lot that divides one lot from another lot or from a public or private street or any other public space. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.423 Lot line, front.

“Lot line, front” means the boundary of a lot which abuts a public street right-of-way or private ingress and/or egress easement. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.426 Lot line, rear.

“Lot line, rear” means the lot line opposite and most distant from the front lot line. In the case of triangular or otherwise irregularly shaped lots, a line 10 feet in length entirely within the lot, parallel to and at a maximum distance from the front lot line. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.429 Lot line, side.

“Lot line, side” means any lot line other than a front or rear lot line. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.432 Lot of record, legal.

“Lot of record, legal” means a lot that has been legally established and recorded or registered pursuant to statute with the Pierce County Auditor. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.435 Lot width.

“Lot width” means the horizontal distance between the side line of a lot measured at right angles to its depth along a straight line parallel to the front lot line at the minimum required front yard setback line. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.436 Low intensity land use.

“Low intensity land use” means land uses that are associated with low levels of human disturbance or low habitat impacts, including, but not limited to, passive recreation, open space, or forest management land uses, when used in the context of critical areas regulations. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.437 Lowest floor.

“Lowest floor” means the lowest floor of the lowest enclosed area, including the basement, when used in the context of a frequently flooded area. An unfinished or flood-resistant enclosure, usable solely for parking of vehicles, building access, or storage in an area other than a basement area, which is not considered a building’s lowest floor; provided, that such enclosure is not built so as to render the structure in violation of the applicable requirements of this title. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.437.1 Luminance.

“Luminance” means the photometric quality most closely associated with the perception of brightness. Luminance is measured in candelas per square meters or “nits.” (Ord. 1598 § 38, 2017).

22.98.437.2 Mansard.

“Mansard” means a roof with two slopes on each side of the four sides, the lower steeper than the upper. (Ord. 1598 § 39, 2017).

22.98.438 Manufactured home.

“Manufactured home” means a factory-assembled structure intended solely for human habitation, which has sleeping, eating, and plumbing facilities, which is being used for residential purposes, which was constructed in accordance with the HUD federal manufactured housing construction and safety standards act in effect at the time of construction, and that is constructed in a way suitable for movement along public highways. A manufactured home is limited to those structures assembled after June 15, 1976, in accordance with state and federal requirements for manufactured homes, which are comprised of at least two fully enclosed parallel sections each of not less than 12 feet wide by six feet long; were originally constructed with and now have a composition or wood shake or shingle, coated metal, or similar roof of not less than three to 12 pitch; and have exterior siding similar in appearance to siding materials commonly used on conventional site-built single-family residences regulated by the International Building Code. The term does not include recreational vehicles. (Ord. 1473 § 6, 2009; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.441 Marquee.

“Marquee” means a permanent structure attached to, supported by, and projecting from a building and providing protection from the elements. (Ord. 1598 § 40, 2017; Ord. 1322 § 10, 2003; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.441.1 Master sign plan.

“Master sign plan” means a coordinated sign plan that includes the details of all signs (not including exempt or temporary signs) that are or will be placed on a site. (Ord. 1598 § 41, 2017).

22.98.444 Medical or dental clinic.

“Medical or dental clinic” means a building or complex occupied and used by physicians and dentists and other medical practitioners recognized by the state of Washington, for out-patients only; and including accessory uses including but not limited to therapeutic room and x-ray room, medical and dental laboratories, the dispensing of medicine and medical aides to out-patients of the clinic. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.445 Microbeverage production facility.

“Microbeverage production facility” means an establishment that manufactures alcoholic and nonalcoholic beverages for distribution on or off site. Examples include microbreweries, microdistilleries and microwineries. Microbeverage production facilities may operate in conjunction with a tasting room, retail outlet, and/or food-serving establishment. (Ord. 1611 § 21, 2018).

22.98.445.1 Microbrewery.

“Microbrewery” means a business known as a craft brewery that produces 5,000 barrels or less of beer per calendar year. A microbrewery may sell beer of its own production directly to a customer for off-premises consumption and by all other legal means. A microbrewery may operate a tasting room or in conjunction with a food-serving establishment. A microbrewery must be licensed by the Washington State Liquor and Cannabis Board and the Federal Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau. (Ord. 1611 § 22, 2018).

22.98.445.2 Microdistillery.

“Microdistillery” means a business known as a craft distillery that produces 5,000 proof gallons or less of spirits per calendar year. A microdistillery may sell spirits of its own production directly to a customer for off-premises consumption and by all other legal means. A microdistillery may operate a tasting room or in conjunction with a food-serving establishment. A microdistillery must be licensed by the Washington State Liquor and Cannabis Board and the Federal Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau. (Ord. 1611 § 23, 2018).

22.98.445.3 Microwinery.

“Microwinery” means a business engaged primarily in the production, including crushing, fermentation, aging, bottling, and distribution, of no more than 5,000 cases of wine per year. A microwinery may sell wine of its own production directly to a customer for off-premises consumption and by all other legal means. A microwinery may operate a tasting room or in conjunction with a food-serving establishment. A microwinery must be licensed by the Washington State Liquor and Cannabis Board and the Federal Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau. (Ord. 1611 § 24, 2018).

22.98.447 Mitigation.

“Mitigation” means avoiding, minimizing, or compensating for adverse critical areas impacts. Mitigation, in the following sequential order of preference, is:

(a) Avoiding the impact altogether by not taking a certain action or parts of an action;

(b) Minimizing impacts by limiting the degree or magnitude of the action and its implementation, by using appropriate technology, or by taking affirmative steps, such as project redesign, relocation, or timing, to avoid or reduce impacts;

(c) Rectifying the impact to wetlands, critical aquifer recharge areas, and habitat conservation areas by repairing, rehabilitating, or restoring the affected environment to the conditions existing at the time of the initiation of the project;

(d) Minimizing or eliminating the hazard by restoring or stabilizing the hazard area through engineered or other methods;

(e) Reducing or eliminating the impact or hazard over time by preservation and maintenance operations during the life of the action;

(f) Compensating for the impact to wetlands, critical aquifer recharge areas, and habitat conservation areas by replacing, enhancing, or providing substitute resources or environments; and

(g) Monitoring the hazard or other required mitigation and taking remedial action when necessary.

Mitigation for individual actions may include a combination of the above measures. (Ord. 1375 § 30, 2005; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.450 Mini-storage or mini-warehouse (indoor).

“Mini-storage, indoor” means a facility consisting of separate storage units that are rented to customers having exclusive and independent indoor access through a common building entrance to their respective units for storage of residential or commercial oriented goods. (Ord. 1518 § 3, 2011; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.451 Mini-storage or mini-warehouse (outdoor).

“Mini-storage, outdoor” means a facility consisting of separate storage units that are rented to customers having exclusive and independent outdoor access to their respective units for storage of residential or commercial oriented goods. (Ord. 1518 § 4, 2011).

22.98.452 Moderate intensity land use.

“Moderate intensity land use” means land uses that are associated with moderate levels of human disturbance or substantial habitat impacts including, but not limited to, active recreation and moderate agricultural land uses, when used in the context of critical areas regulations. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.453 Modification.

As used in Chapter 22.24 FMC, “modification” means the changing of any portion of a personal wireless service facility from its description in a previously approved permit. Examples include, but are not limited to, changes in design. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.456 Modulation.

“Modulation” means a measured and proportioned inflexion or setback in a building’s face. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.459 Monitoring.

“Monitoring” means the process of collecting and evaluating data to assess the biological, hydrological or geological performance of newly created, restored, rehabilitated and/or affected critical ecosystem area. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.461 Motion.

“Motion” means the depiction of movement or change of position of text, images or graphics. Motion shall include, but not be limited to, visual effects such as dissolving and fading text and images, running sequential text, graphic bursts, lighting that resembles zooming, twinkling or sparkling, changes in light or color, transitory bursts of light intensity, moving patterns or bands of light, expanding or contracting shapes and similar actions. (Ord. 1598 § 42, 2017).

22.98.462 Mount.

“Mount” means the structure or surface upon which personal wireless service facilities are mounted. There are three types of mounts:

(a) Building mount, which means a personal wireless service facility mount fixed to the roof or side of a building.

(b) Ground mount, which means a personal wireless service facility mount fixed to the ground, such as a tower.

(c) Structure mount, which means a personal wireless service facility fixed to a structure other than a building, such as a light standard, utility pole, or bridge. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.463 Multiple building complex.

“Multiple building complex” means a group of commercial or industrial structures. (Ord. 1322 § 11, 2003).

22.98.464 Multiple tenant building.

“Multiple tenant building” means a single structure that houses more than one retail business, office or commercial venture, but that does not include residential apartment buildings sharing the same lot, access and/or parking facilities. (Ord. 1322 § 12, 2003).

22.98.465 Native growth protection area (NGPA).

“Native growth protection area (NGPA)” means an area where native vegetation is preserved for the purpose of preventing harm to property and the environment, including, but not limited to, controlling surface water runoff and erosion, maintaining slope stability, buffering, and protecting plants and animal habitat. (Ord. 1375 § 31, 2005; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.466 Native vegetation.

“Native vegetation” means vegetation comprised of plant species that are indigenous to an area. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.467 Nighttime hours.

“Nighttime hours” means from one-half hour before sunset to one-half hour after sunrise. (Ord. 1598 § 43, 2017).

22.98.467.1 Nits.

“Nits” means a unit of measure of brightness or luminance. One nit is equal to one candela/square meter. (Ord. 1598 § 44, 2017).

22.98.468 Nonconforming lot, use, or structure.

“Nonconforming lot, use, or structure” means any lot, use, or structure which was legally established and in lawful compliance with the applicable zoning prior to the adoption of this title or title amendment, but because of such adoption or amendment, would not be permitted or does not fully comply with the provisions of this title. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.469 Nonresidential zone.

“Nonresidential zone” means, in the context of Chapter 22.26 FMC, any zone that does not include residential dwelling units except for mixed use zoning districts where residential units are located above or behind nonresidential uses and the ground floor streetscape is characterized by commercial and other nonresidential uses. (Ord. 1598 § 45, 2017).

22.98.471 Noxious element.

“Noxious element” means material which is capable of causing injury to living organisms by chemical reaction or is capable of causing detrimental effects upon the physical or economic well-being of individuals. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.474 Nude or semi-nude.

“Nude or semi-nude” means a state of complete or partial undress in such costume, attire, clothing so as to expose any portion of the nipple, the areola, or the lower half of the female breast or any portion of the pubic region, anus, buttocks, vulva, or genitals, or human male genitals in a discernibly turgid state, even if completely and opaquely covered. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.475 Off-site compensation.

“Off-site compensation” means to replace critical areas away from the site on which a critical area has been impacted. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.476 On-site compensation.

“On-site compensation” means to replace critical areas at or adjacent to the site on which a critical area has been impacted. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.476.05 Opaque.

“Opaque” means a material that does not transmit light from an internal illumination source. (Ord. 1598 § 46, 2017).

22.98.476.1 Open fire.

“Open fire” means any fire upon woodland, lot, subdivision, grassland, field or public right-of-way within the city that is not within a receptacle approved by the city. (Ord. 1507 § 6, 2011).

22.98.477 Open space.

“Open space” means any parcel or area of land or water essentially unimproved and set aside, dedicated, designated, or reserved for public or private use or enjoyment or for the use and enjoyment of owners, occupants and their guests of land adjoining or neighboring such space. As used in Chapter 22.92 FMC, open space means lands which contain distinctive geologic, botanic, zoologic, historic, scenic or other critical area features. These areas are often undeveloped and serve as greenbelts and wildlife habitats. Specific types of open space include gulches, steep slopes and wetlands. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.480 Open space, common.

“Open space, common” means land within or related to a development, not individually owned or dedicated for public use, that is designed and intended for the common use or enjoyment of the residents and their guests of the development and may include such complementary structures and improvements as are necessary and appropriate. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.483 Open space, private.

“Open space, private” means open space, the use of which is normally limited to the occupants of a single dwelling, building, or property. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.486 Open space, public.

“Open space, public” means open space owned by a public agency and maintained by it for the use and enjoyment of the general public. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.489 Ordinance.

“Ordinance” means the ordinance, resolution or other procedure used by the city to adopt regulatory requirements. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.492 Ordinary high water mark (OHM).

“Ordinary high water mark (OHM)” means the mark that is found by examining the bed and banks and ascertaining where the presence and action of waters are so common and usual, and so long continued in all ordinary years, that the soil has a character distinct from that of the abutting upland in respect to vegetation. (Ord. 1375 § 32, 2005; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.495 Outdoor storage.

“Outdoor storage” means the keeping, in an unenclosed area, of any goods, junk, material, merchandise, or vehicles in the same place, or substantially the same place, for more than 24 hours. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.496 Out-of-kind compensation.

“Out-of-kind compensation” means to replace critical areas with substitute critical areas whose characteristics do not closely approximate those destroyed or degraded. It does not refer to replacement “out-of-category.” (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.498 Owner-occupied.

“Owner-occupied” means when the property owner’s primary and permanent legal residence is located on-site, as evidenced by voter registration, vehicle registration and/or other similar means. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.501 Panorama or peepshow.

“Panorama or peepshow” means any device which, upon insertion of a coin or by any other means of payment, including membership fee or other charge, exhibits or displays a picture or view by film, video or by any other means, including observation of live performances. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.504 Panorama premises.

“Panorama premises” means any premises or portion of a premise on which a panorama is located and which is open to the public, including through membership. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.506 Parapet.

“Parapet” means a protective wall or barrier projecting above any canopy, balcony or roof. (Ord. 1598 § 47, 2017; Ord. 1322 § 13, 2003).

22.98.507 Parcel.

“Parcel” means a description of land which is on record with the Pierce County assessor’s office. A parcel of land may or may not be a legal lot of record and may be for tax or description purposes only. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.510 Parking area.

“Parking area” means an area of a lot accessible to vehicles, which is provided, improved, maintained and used for the primary purpose of accommodating a motor vehicle. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.513 Patio, covered.

“Patio, covered” means a raised structure which provides partial or complete shelter over a patio area. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.516 Patio, uncovered.

“Patio, uncovered” means any prepared surface outdoor living area. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.518 Perimeter.

“Perimeter” means a square or rectangle required to enclose the sign area. (Ord. 1322 § 14, 2003).

22.98.519 Permeability.

“Permeability” means the capacity of an aquifer or confining bed to transmit water. It is a property of the aquifer or confining bed and is independent of the force causing movement. (Ord. 1375 § 33, 2005; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.520 Person.

“Person” includes any individual, firm, joint venture, co-partnership, association, social club, fraternal organization, corporation, estate, trust, business trust, receiver or any other group or combination acting as a unit. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.522 Personal wireless service, personal wireless service facilities, and facilities.

“Personal wireless service,” “personal wireless service facilities,” and “facilities,” as used in Chapter 22.24 FMC, shall be defined in the same manner as in Title 47, United States Code, Section 332 (c)(7)(C), and includes facilities for the transmission and reception of radio or microwave signals used for communication, cellular phone, personal communications services, enhanced specialized mobile radio, and any other wireless services licensed by the FCC and unlicensed wireless services. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.525 Personal wireless service facility design.

“Personal wireless service facility design,” as used in Chapter 22.24 FMC, means the appearance of personal wireless service facilities, including such features as their materials, colors, and shape. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.528 Pet shop.

“Pet shop” means a retail establishment which sells fish, domesticated animals, birds and associated supplies, provided no boarding or veterinarian services are rendered, except bathing and clipping of dogs and cats. Pet shop does not include kennels. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.531 Pharmaceuticals.

“Pharmaceuticals” includes drugs, toiletries and cosmetics. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.533 Planned capacity.

“Planned capacity” means capacity for a public facility that is not yet available, but for which the necessary facility construction, expansion or modification project is contained in the current adopted capital facilities element of the comprehensive plan and scheduled to be completed within six years. (Ord. 1275 § 2, 2001).

22.98.534 Planned development.

“Planned development” means a development built under the provisions of Chapter 22.76 FMC, which permits departures from the conventional requirements of other sections of this title in the interest of achieving superior site development, creating open space and encouraging imaginative design by permitting design flexibility. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.537 Planning commission.

“Planning commission” means the duly appointed planning commission of the city of Fircrest. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.540 Plat.

“Plat” means a map or representation of a subdivision, showing thereon the division of a tract or parcel of land into lots, blocks, streets and alleys or other divisions and dedications. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.543 Porch.

“Porch” means a roofed, open area, which may be screened, attached to or part of and with direct access to or from a building. A porch becomes a room when the enclosed space is heated or air-conditioned and when the percentage of window area to wall area is less than 50 percent. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.544 Porous soil types.

“Porous soil types” means soils, as identified by the National Resources Conservation Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, that contain voids, pores, interstices, or other openings which allow the passing of water. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.544.1 Portable fire device.

“Portable fire device” means a commercially produced chamber or screened enclosure, portable in design, for the purpose of containing a fire of three feet or less in diameter and two feet or less in height for pleasure, cooking, warmth, or similar purposes. The products of combustion will either pass through a chimney prior to being emitted into the air or the chamber will be of screened enclosure. (Ord. 1507 § 6, 2011).

22.98.545 Potable water.

“Potable water” means water that is safe and palatable for human use. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.546 Practical alternative.

“Practical alternative” means an alternative that is available and capable of being carried out after taking into consideration cost, existing technology, and logistics in light of overall project purposes, and that has less impact to critical areas. (Ord. 1375 § 34, 2005; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.549 Preliminary plat.

“Preliminary plat” means a neat and approximate drawing of a proposed subdivision showing the general layout of streets and alleys, lots, blocks and other elements of a subdivision consistent with the requirements of this title. The preliminary plat shall be the basis for the approval or disapproval of the general layout of a subdivision. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.551 Premises.

“Premises” means the real estate as a unit, upon which is displayed the sign or signs mentioned in this chapter. (Ord. 1322 § 15, 2003).

22.98.552 Preschool.

“Preschool” means educational programs that emphasize readiness skills where children of preschool age are enrolled on a regular basis for four hours per day or less (WAC 180-59-020). (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.555 Preschool, accredited.

“Preschool, accredited” means a preschool which has been accredited by the State Board of Education in accordance with the standards for accreditation as prescribed in Chapter 180-59 WAC. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.557 Primary association area.

“Primary association area” means the area that is used on a regular basis by, is in close association with, or is necessary for the proper functioning of the habitat of a critical species. “Regular basis” means that the habitat area is normally or usually known to contain a critical species, or, based on known habitat requirements of the species, the area is likely to contain the critical species. “Regular basis” is species- and population-dependent. Species that exist in low numbers may be present infrequently yet rely on certain habitat types. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.558 Priority habitat.

“Priority habitat” means habitat type or elements with unique or significant value to one or more species as classified by the state Department of Fish and Wildlife. A priority habitat may consist of a unique vegetation type or dominant plant species, a described successional stage, or a specific structural element. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

Principal use.

See FMC 22.98.720, Use, principal. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.561 Printing, large-scale.

“Printing, large-scale” means a printing establishment generally serving account customers and utilizing a sheet-fed or web-fed press rather than a typical one-person off-set press. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.564 Printing, small-scale.

“Printing, small-scale” means a printing establishment generally serving both walk-in and account customers, utilizing small-scale printing presses which are set up and operated by an individual and may include a bindery person as an assistant. Products primarily consist of business cards, envelopes, letterheads, reports, manuals and brochures. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.565 Private road or driveway.

“Private road or driveway” means every way or place in private ownership and used for travel of vehicles by the owner or those having express or implied permission from the owner, but not by other persons. (Ord. 1322 § 16, 2003).

22.98.567 Processed materials.

“Processed materials” examples include natural or synthetic materials, including but not limited to bristles, canvas, cellophane and similar synthetics, chalk, clay, cloth, cork, feathers, felt, fiber, fur, glass, graphite, hair, horn, leather, metal products (nonprecious), paper, paraffin, plastic and resins, precious or semi-precious metals or stones, putty, pumice, rubber, shell, textiles, tobacco, wire, wood, wool and yarn. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.570 Professional office.

“Professional office” means an office maintained and used as a place of business conducted by persons engaged in recognized professions, and others whose business activity consists primarily of services to the person as distinguished from the handling of commodities. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.571 Project area.

“Project area” means all areas within 50 feet of the area proposed to be disturbed, altered, or used by the proposed activity or the construction of any proposed structures, when used in the context of critical area regulations. When the action binds the land, such as a subdivision, short subdivision, binding site plan, planned unit development, or rezone, the project area shall include the entire parcel, at a minimum. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.573 Provider.

As used in Chapter 22.24 FMC, “provider” means every corporation, company, association, joint stock company, firm, partnership, limited liability company, other entity and individual which provides personal wireless service over personal wireless service facilities. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.576 Public or quasi-public utility.

“Public or quasi-public utility” means a private corporation performing a public service and subject to special governmental regulations; or a governmental agency performing a similar public service, the services by either of which are paid for directly by individual recipients. Such services shall include, but are not limited to, water supply, electric power, gas and transportation of persons and freight. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.579 Qualified professional.

“Qualified professional” means a person with experience and training in the pertinent scientific discipline, and who is a qualified scientific expert with expertise appropriate for the relevant critical area subject in accordance with WAC 365-195-905(4). A qualified professional must have obtained a B.S. or B.A. or equivalent degree in biology, engineering, environmental studies, fisheries, geomorphology, or related field, and two years of related work experience.

(a) A qualified professional for habitats or wetlands must have a degree in biology and professional experience related to the subject species.

(b) A qualified professional for a geological hazard must be a professional engineer or geologist, licensed in the state of Washington.

(c) A qualified professional for critical aquifer recharge areas means a hydrogeologist, geologist, engineer, or other scientist with experience in preparing hydrogeologic assessments. (Ord. 1375 § 35, 2005; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.581 Raceway.

“Raceway” means a box-type conduit to house electrical wires for signs and used to support and/or affix signage on a wall. (Ord. 1598 § 48, 2017).

22.98.582 Reasonable use alternatives.

“Reasonable use alternatives” means alternatives to the proposed project which will result in minimum feasible alteration or impairment of functional characteristics including contours, vegetation, fish and wildlife resources, ground water and hydrological conditions. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.583 Recharge.

“Recharge” means the process involved in the absorption and addition of water to ground water. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.584 Reclaimed water.

“Reclaimed water” means municipal wastewater effluent that has been adequately and reliability treated so that it is suitable for beneficial use, consistent with treatment levels and water quality requirements in the water reclamation and reuse standards adopted by the state Departments of Ecology and Health. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.585 Recorded.

“Recorded” means filed and recorded with the Pierce County auditor. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.588 Recreation, active.

“Recreation, active” means leisure-time activities, usually of a formal nature and often performed with others, requiring equipment and taking place at prescribed places, sites, or fields. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.591 Recreation, passive.

“Recreation, passive” means activities that involve relatively inactive or less energetic activities, such as walking, sitting, picnicking, card games and table games such as chess. Passive recreation also includes open space for nature walks and observation. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.591.1 Recreational fire.

“Recreational fire” means fires lit in chimineas, contained fire pits, fire bowls, cooking appliances and barbeques, portable fire devices and similar free-standing devices commonly sold at home-improvement stores and mass retailers, and permanent outdoor fireplaces that occur on private property for cooking, pleasure or ceremonial purposes. (Ord. 1507 § 6, 2011).

22.98.594 Recreational vehicle.

“Recreational vehicles” means all vehicles, self-propelled or propelled by another vehicle, designed primarily for touring with living/or sleeping quarters on board. Includes, but is not limited to, campers, travel trailers and motor homes. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.597 Recyclable material.

“Recyclable material” shall mean, but not be limited to, those materials such as glass, paper and certain metals which are suitable for break-down and refuse. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.600 Recycling collection center.

“Recycling collection center” means an enclosed facility or outdoor area which is used for the collection and shipment of pre-sorted recyclable material. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.603 Regulated activities.

“Regulated activities” means any act which would destroy natural vegetation in a critical area or its buffer; result in significant change in water temperature, physical or chemical characteristics; substantially alter existing pattern of tidal flow; obstruct the flow of sediment or alter the natural contours of a site. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.604 Religious institution.

“Religious institution” means an establishment, the principal purpose of which is religious worship and for which the principal building or other structure contains the sanctuary or principal place of worship. Accessory uses in the main building or in separate buildings may include, but are not limited to, religious educational classrooms, assembly rooms, kitchen, library or reading room, recreational hall, and a single-family dwelling unit for use by an institution official. Accessory uses to a religious institution do not include day-care facilities or facilities for residence or for training of religious orders. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.605 Repair or maintenance.

“Repair or maintenance” means an activity that restores the character, scope, size, and design of a serviceable area, structure, or land use to its previously authorized and undamaged condition. Activities that change the character, size, or scope of a project beyond the original design and drain, dredge, fill, flood, or otherwise alter critical areas are not included in this definition. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.606 Restoration.

“Restoration” means measures taken to restore an altered or damaged natural feature including:

(a) Active steps taken to restore damaged wetlands, streams, protected habitat, or their buffers to the functioning condition that existed prior to an unauthorized alteration; and

(b) Actions performed to reestablish structural and functional characteristics of the critical area that have been lost by alteration, past management activities, or catastrophic events. (Ord. 1375 § 36, 2005; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.607 Retail establishment.

“Retail establishment” (also known as retail store) means an establishment in which 60 percent or more of the gross floor area is devoted to the sale or rental of goods or merchandise to the general public for personal or household consumption or to services incidental to the sale or rental of such goods or merchandise. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.608 Rills.

“Rills” means deep-sided channels resulting from accelerated erosion. A rill is generally a few inches deep and not wide enough to be an obstacle to farm machinery. Rill erosion tends to occur on slopes, particularly steep slopes with poor vegetative cover. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.609 Riparian habitat.

“Riparian habitat” means areas adjacent to aquatic systems with flowing water that contain elements of both aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems that mutually influence each other. The width of these areas extends to that portion of the terrestrial landscape that directly influences the aquatic ecosystem by providing shade, fine or large woody material, nutrients, organic and inorganic debris, terrestrial insects, or habitat for riparian-associated wildlife. Widths shall be measured from the ordinary high water mark or from the top of bank if the ordinary high water mark cannot be identified. It includes the entire extent of the floodplain and the extent of vegetation adapted to wet conditions as well as adjacent upland plant communities that directly influence the stream system. Riparian habitat areas include those riparian areas severely altered or damaged due to human development activities. (Ord. 1375 § 37, 2005; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.610 Roadway.

“Roadway” means that portion of the street improved, designed, or ordinarily used for vehicular travel, exclusive of the sidewalks and shoulder. Where there are curbs, the roadway is the curb to curb width of the street. (Ord. 1598 § 49, 2017; Ord. 1375 § 38, 2005; Ord. 1311 § 38, 2002).

22.98.611 Roofline.

“Roofline” means the uppermost edge of the roof or the top of the parapet, excluding mechanical equipment screens, whichever is highest. Where a building has several roof levels, the roofline shall be the one belonging to that portion of the building on which the sign is located. (Ord. 1598 § 50, 2017; Ord. 1375 § 39, 2005; Ord. 1322 § 17, 2003).

22.98.612 Scientific process.

“Scientific process” means a valid scientific process that produces reliable information useful in understanding the consequences of a decision. The characteristics of a valid scientific process are as follows:

(a) Peer Review. The information has been critically reviewed by other qualified scientific experts in that scientific discipline.

(b) Methods. The methods that were used are standardized in the pertinent scientific discipline or the methods have been appropriately peer-reviewed to ensure their reliability and validity.

(c) Logical Conclusions and Reasonable Inferences. The conclusions presented are based on reasonable assumptions supported by other studies and are logically and reasonably derived from the assumptions and supported by the data presented.

(d) Quantitative Analysis. The data have been analyzed using appropriate statistical or quantitative methods.

(e) Context. The assumptions, analytical techniques, data, and conclusions are appropriately framed with respect to the prevailing body of pertinent scientific knowledge.

(f) References. The assumptions, techniques, and conclusions are well referenced with citations to pertinent existing information. (Ord. 1375 § 40, 2005; Ord. 1322 § 18, 2003; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.613 Screening.

As used in Chapter 22.24 FMC, “screening” means a personal wireless telecommunication facility such as a tower or mount placed amongst and adjacent to (within 20 feet of) three or more trees at least 75 percent of the height of the facility. (Ord. 1322 § 19, 2003).

22.98.614 Scrub-shrub wetland.

“Scrub-shrub wetland” means a wetland with at least 30 percent of its surface area covered by woody vegetation less than 20 feet in height as the uppermost strata. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.615 Secondary use.

As used in Chapter 22.24 FMC, “secondary use” means a use subordinate to the principle use of the property, such as commercial, residential, utilities, etc. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.616 Section 404 Permit.

“Section 404 Permit” means a permit issued by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers for the placement of dredge or fill material or clearing in waters of the United States, including wetlands, in accordance with 33 USC Section 1344. Section 404 Permits may also be for endangered species consultation. They require a consultation under Section 7 of the Federal Endangered Species Act. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.618 Security barrier.

As used in Chapter 22.24 FMC, “security barrier” means a wall, fence, or berm that has the purpose of sealing a personal wireless service facility from unauthorized entry or trespass. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.621 Second-hand store.

“Second-hand store” means a retail establishment that is involved in the selling of any or all second-hand goods or items of personal property which can be used again for the purpose for which they were originally intended. The establishment may include, but not be limited to, arrangements whereby a building or area is sold, leased, rented, offered or donated to one or more persons where such persons may offer or display second-hand or junk items. This term includes antique stores and consignment shops. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.622 Seeps.

“Seeps” means a spot where water oozes from the earth, often forming the source of a small stream. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.623 Seismic hazard areas.

“Seismic hazard areas” means areas that are subject to severe risk of damage as a result of earthquake-induced ground shaking, slope failure, settlement, or soil liquefaction. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.624 Sense of place.

“Sense of place” means the characteristics of a location that make it readily recognizable as being unique and different from its surroundings. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.627 Sensitive receptor.

“Sensitive receptor” means a public park or open space area, or any establishment that provides caretaking, education, or recreation for persons under 18 years of age, including a community college, trade or vocational school that on a regular basis has at least one student under the age of 18 years. (Ord. 1562 § 58, 2015; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.630 SEPA rules.

“SEPA rules” means rules contained in Chapter 197-11 WAC adopted by the Department of Ecology. (Statutory authority: RCW 43.21C.130. 84-13-036. (Order DE 84-25), § 173-806-030, filed 6/15/84. Formerly WAC 173-805-030.) (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.632 Serviceable.

“Serviceable” means presently usable. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.633 Service station.

“Service station” means a building or lot having storage tanks and pumps for the retail sale of fuel to vehicle drivers and where minor repair service and/or the retail sale of food and vehicle supplies is incidental thereto. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.634 Setback.

“Setback” means the minimum required distance between any structure and a specified line such as a property or lot line, easement or buffer line, or public or private right-of-way line, which is required to remain free of structures unless otherwise provided in this title. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.635 Shorelines.

“Shorelines” means all of the water areas of the state as defined in RCW 90.58.030, including reservoirs and their associated shorelands, together with the lands underlying them except:

(a) Shorelines of statewide significance;

(b) Shorelines on segments of streams upstream of a point where the mean annual flow is 20 cubic feet per second (20 cfps) or less and the wetlands associated with such upstream segments; and

(c) Shorelines on lakes less than 20 acres in size and wetlands associated with such small lakes. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.636 Shorelines of the state.

“Shorelines of the state” means the total of all “shorelines,” as defined in RCW 90.58.030(2)(d), and “shorelines of statewide significance” within the state, as defined in RCW 90.58.030(2)(c). (Ord. 1375 § 41, 2005; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.637 Shorelines of statewide significance.

“Shorelines of statewide significance” means those areas defined in RCW 90.58.030(2)(e). (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.638 Shorelands or shoreland areas.

“Shorelands or shoreland areas” means those lands extending landward for 200 feet in all directions as measured on a horizontal plane from the ordinary high water mark; floodways and contiguous floodplain areas landward 200 feet from such floodways; and all wetlands and river deltas associated with the streams, lakes, and tidal waters which are subject to the provisions of Chapter 90.58 RCW. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.639 Short plat.

“Short plat” means the map or representation of a short subdivision. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.642 Short subdivision.

“Short subdivision” means the division or redivision of land into four or fewer lots, tracts, parcels, sites or divisions for the purpose of sale, lease, or transfer of ownership into four or fewer lots. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.644 Sidewalk.

“Sidewalk” means that property between the curb lines or the lateral lines of a roadway and the adjacent property, set aside and intended for the use of pedestrians or such portion of private property parallel and in proximity to a street and dedicated to use by pedestrians. (Ord. 1322 § 20, 2003).

22.98.645 Sidewalk cafe.

“Sidewalk cafe” means a group of tables and chairs situated and maintained upon the public sidewalk for use in connection with the consumption of food and beverages sold to the public from or in an adjoining restaurant. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.648 Sign.

“Sign” means letters, figures, symbols, trademarks, or logos, with or without illumination, intended to identify any place, subject, person, firm, business, product, article, merchandise or point of sale. A sign also includes balloons attached to sign structures, products, streamers, spinners, pennants, flags, inflatables or similar devices intended to attract attention to a site or business, as well as architectural or structural forms, illuminated panels, spandrels, awnings and other structural or architectural features not common to classic vernacular or noncorporate regional architecture and that are intended to convey a brand, message or otherwise advertise a location or product, whether or not such features include text or graphics and whether or not they serve other practical purposes such as lighting, covering or enclosure of persons or products. A sign includes any device which streams, televises or otherwise conveys electronic visual messages, pictures, videos or images, with or without sound or odors. Refer to FMC 22.26.026 for a list of prohibited signs. (Ord. 1598 § 51, 2017; Ord. 1322 § 21, 2003; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.648.1 Sign, abandoned.

“Sign, abandoned” means a sign, the face of which has been removed or is broken and is not refaced within 180 days thereafter. Abandoned signs shall also include signs with rusted, faded, peeled, cracked or otherwise deteriorated materials or finishes that have not been repaired within 90 days after the city provides notice of the sign’s deteriorated condition under FMC 22.26.009. (Ord. 1598 § 52, 2017; Ord. 1322 § 22, 2003).

22.98.648.2 Sign, accessory.

“Sign, accessory” means a permanent, freestanding or building-mounted sign of limited height and size that provides supplemental opportunity for freestanding or building-mounted signage on a site. (Ord. 1598 § 53, 2017; Ord. 1322 § 23, 2003).

22.98.648.3 Sign alteration.

“Sign alteration” means a change to the copy, color, size, shape, illumination, position, location, construction or supporting structure of a sign, not including ordinary maintenance. (Ord. 1598 § 54, 2017; Ord. 1322 § 24, 2003).

22.98.648.4 Sign area.

“Sign area” means the smallest square, rectangle, parallelogram or circle that will enclose the extreme limits of writing, representation, logo, or any figure of similar character, together with any frame, background area, structural trim, or other materials or color forming an integral part of the display or used to differentiate such sign from the background against which it is placed. The supports or uprights on which any such sign is supported shall not be included in determining the sign area. The area of signs with two faces shall be considered to be the area of the largest face. The area of signs with three or more faces shall be considered to be the area of the largest face or one-half the area of all of the faces, whichever is less. For sign copy that has varying sizes of letters or graphics, the sign area may be calculated by combining two or more geometric shapes. (Ord. 1598 § 55, 2017; Ord. 1322 § 25, 2003).

22.98.648.5 Sign, awning, canopy or marquee.

“Sign, awning, canopy or marquee” means a sign affixed to or imprinted on a temporary shelter or a permanent architectural projection, such as an awning, canopy or marquee, composed of rigid or nonrigid materials on a supporting framework, affixed to the exterior wall of a building, extending over a door, entrance, window or outdoor service area. (Ord. 1598 § 56, 2017; Ord. 1322 § 26, 2003).

22.98.648.6 Sign, changeable copy.

“Sign, changeable copy” means a sign or portion thereof that is designed to have its message or copy readily changed manually or by remote or automatic means without altering or replacing the face or surface. Changeable copy signs support hard-copy text or graphics and do not use digital or electronic text or images. (Ord. 1598 § 57, 2017; Ord. 1322 § 27, 2003).

22.98.648.7 Sign, digital.

“Sign, digital” means a changeable copy sign with monochrome LED (light emitting diodes) text, graphics or symbols over a black, nonilluminated background. (Ord. 1598 § 58, 2017; Ord. 1322 § 28, 2003).

22.98.648.8 Sign, electrical.

Repealed by Ord. 1598. (Ord. 1322 § 29, 2003).

22.98.648.9 Sign, electronic.

Repealed by Ord. 1598. (Ord. 1322 § 30, 2003).

22.98.648.10 Sign, flashing.

“Sign, flashing” means an electrical sign or portion thereof, except electronic message center signs, that changes light intensity in a sudden transitory burst, or that switches on and off in a constant pattern in which more than one-third of the nonconstant light source is off at any one time, random, or irregular pattern or contains motion or the optical illusion of motion by use of electrical energy. (Ord. 1598 § 61, 2017; Ord. 1322 § 31, 2003).

22.98.648.11 Sign, freestanding.

“Sign, freestanding” means a sign and its support pole or base standing directly on the ground that is independent from any building or other structure. (Ord. 1598 § 62, 2017; Ord. 1322 § 32, 2003).

22.98.648.12 Sign, garage or yard sale.

Repealed by Ord. 1598. (Ord. 1322 § 33, 2003).

22.98.648.13 Sign height.

“Sign height” means the vertical distance measured from the adjacent grade at the base of the sign support to the highest point of the sign or sign structure. (Ord. 1598 § 64, 2017; Ord. 1322 § 34, 2003).

22.98.648.14 Sign, identification.

Repealed by Ord. 1598. (Ord. 1322 § 35, 2003).

22.98.648.15 Sign, monument.

“Sign, monument” means a freestanding low profile sign designed with a solid base and background consistent with FMC 22.26.017(b). (Ord. 1598 § 66, 2017; Ord. 1322 § 36, 2003).

22.98.648.16 Sign, neon.

“Sign, neon” means a sign with illumination affected by a light source consisting of a neon or other gas tube which is bent to form letters, symbols or other shapes. (Ord. 1598 § 67, 2017; Ord. 1322 § 37, 2003).

22.98.648.17 Sign, nonconforming.

“Sign, nonconforming” means any sign which at one time conformed to all applicable requirements and standards of Chapter 22.26 FMC, including all permit requirements, but which subsequently ceased to so conform due to changes in such requirements and standards. (Ord. 1598 § 68, 2017; Ord. 1322 § 38, 2003).

22.98.648.18 Sign, pan channel.

“Sign, pan channel” means a sign graphic that is constructed of a three-sided metal channel, usually having a light source contained within the channel. The open side may face inward, resulting in silhouette lighting, or it may face outward to allow full illumination. The open side of the channel may be enclosed with a translucent material. (Ord. 1598 § 69, 2017; Ord. 1322 § 39, 2003).

22.98.648.19 Sign, permanent.

“Sign, permanent” means a sign constructed of weather resistant material and intended for permanent use and that does not otherwise meet the definition of “temporary sign.” Wall-mounted sign holders designed for insertion of signs and posters shall be considered permanent signage and subject to all standards of this chapter. (Ord. 1598 § 70, 2017; Ord. 1322 § 40, 2003).

22.98.648.20 Sign, pole-mounted.

“Sign, pole-mounted” means a sign mounted on a weighted base, intended to be movable. (Ord. 1598 § 71, 2017; Ord. 1322 § 41, 2003).

22.98.648.21 Sign, portable.

“Sign, portable” means a freestanding sign that is readily moveable and not permanently affixed to the ground, including A-frame or sandwich board signs, pole signs mounted on weighted bases, and similar signs that are used on more than a temporary basis. (Ord. 1598 § 72, 2017; Ord. 1322 § 42, 2003).

22.98.648.22 Sign, principal.

Repealed by Ord. 1598. (Ord. 1322 § 43, 2003).

22.98.648.23 Sign, projecting.

“Sign, projecting” means a sign attached to a building with the face not parallel to the vertical surface of the building. Projecting signs include signs projecting directly from walls, or signs hanging from porch ceilings or other support structures. (Ord. 1598 § 74, 2017; Ord. 1322 § 44, 2003).

22.98.648.24 Sign, reader board.

Repealed by Ord. 1598. (Ord. 1322 § 45, 2003).

22.98.648.25 Sign, reader board portable.

Repealed by Ord. 1598. (Ord. 1322 § 46, 2003).

22.98.648.26 Sign, real estate.

Repealed by Ord. 1598. (Ord. 1322 § 47, 2003).

22.98.648.27 Sign, revolving.

“Sign, revolving” means any sign that rotates or turns in a circular motion. (Ord. 1322 § 48, 2003).

22.98.648.28 Sign, roof-mounted.

“Sign, roof-mounted” means a sign that has a point of attachment to the roof or mansard of a building. Architectural projections, including mechanical equipment screens, above any parapet or roof line whose sole function is a background for signs shall be considered a sign structure. A sign on such an architectural projection shall be considered a roof-mounted sign. (Ord. 1598 § 78, 2017; Ord. 1322 § 49, 2003).

22.98.648.29 Sign, sandwich board.

“Sign, sandwich board” means a portable sign consisting of two sign faces hinged at the top and separated at the bottom to make it self standing. (Ord. 1322 § 50, 2003).

22.98.648.30 Sign, service island.

“Sign, service island” means a permanent sign displayed on the service island canopy, spandrel or island spanner of a service station. (Ord. 1598 § 79, 2017; Ord. 1322 § 51, 2003).

22.98.648.31 Sign, special event.

“Sign, special event” means temporary signs or advertising displays or a combination thereof that advertises or attracts public attention to a special one-time event. (Ord. 1598 § 80, 2017; Ord. 1322 § 52, 2003).

22.98.648.32 Sign, temporary.

“Sign, temporary” means any sign that is used temporarily and is not permanently mounted, painted or otherwise affixed, excluding portable signs as defined by this chapter, including any poster, banner, placard, feather sign, stake sign or sign not placed in the ground with concrete or other means to provide permanent support, stability and rot prevention. Temporary signs may only be made of nondurable materials including, but not limited to, paper, corrugated board, flexible, bendable or foldable plastics, foamcore board, vinyl canvas or vinyl mesh products of less than 20-ounce fabric, vinyl canvas and vinyl mesh products without polymeric plasticizers, and signs painted or drawn with water soluble paints or chalks. Signs made of any other materials shall be considered permanent and are subject to the permanent sign regulations of this chapter. (Ord. 1598 § 81, 2017; Ord. 1322 § 53, 2003).

22.98.648.33 Sign, under-canopy.

“Sign, under-canopy” means a sign that is placed under an awning, marquee or canopy, and is placed perpendicular to the storefront so that it is oriented to pedestrians on a sidewalk or an internal walkway. (Ord. 1598 § 82, 2017; Ord. 1322 § 54, 2003).

22.98.648.34 Sign, wall.

“Sign, wall” means a sign that is attached parallel to or painted on a wall, including parapet or canopy fascia, or a building. (Ord. 1598 § 83, 2017; Ord. 1322 § 55, 2003).

22.98.648.35 Sign width.

“Sign width” means the total horizontal dimension of a sign, including all frames or structures. (Ord. 1598 § 84, 2017).

22.98.648.36 Sign, window.

“Sign, window” means a sign that is attached to or is intended to be seen in, on or through a window of a building and is visible from the exterior of the window. (Ord. 1598 § 85, 2017).

22.98.650 Significant portion of its range.

“Significant portion of its range” means that portion of a species’ range likely to be essential to the long-term survival of the population in Washington. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.651 Significant tree.

“Significant tree” means a healthy evergreen tree with a height of 10 feet or more and a healthy deciduous tree with a minimum caliper of six inches measured at four feet above finished planting grade. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.652 Site.

“Site” means a unit of land, together with all improvements thereon, determined as follows:

A unit of land that may be conveyed separately from all adjacent land without the requirement of approval of a boundary line adjustment, short plat, or a preliminary plat.

Two or more buildings or business activities that are or will be related to each other physically or architecturally, such as by sharing off-street parking facilities, so as to form an integrated development, such as a shopping center, mixed-use center, or office complex. (Ord. 1667 § 49, 2020; Ord. 1598 § 86, 2017).

22.98.654 Slope.

“Slope,” as determined or agreed upon by the city engineer, means an inclined earth surface, the inclination of which is expressed as the ratio of horizontal distance from the top-of-slope to the toe-of-slope to the vertical distance (height of slope). Slope percent is computed by dividing the vertical distance by the horizontal distance times 100. A change in grade of more than five percent along any slope analyzed, or a vertical elevation variation of two feet off of the base line slope, whichever is less, constitutes a separate slope calculation, beginning at the location of grade breaks. (Ord. 1417 § 13, 2006; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.657 Social card game.

“Social card game” means a card game that constitutes gambling and is authorized by the Washington State Gambling Commission under RCW 9.46.070. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.658 Soil survey.

“Soil survey” means the most recent soil survey for the local area or county by the National Resources Conservation Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.658.1 Spandrel.

“Spandrel” means a panel or box-type structure that spans between and/or is connected to the support columns of a porch, colonnade or canopy, usually for architectural embellishment and/or signage purposes. (Ord. 1598 § 87, 2017).

22.98.659 Special flood hazard areas.

“Special flood hazard areas” means the land in the floodplain within an area subject to a one percent or greater chance of flooding in any given year. Designations of special flood hazard areas on flood insurance map(s) always include the letters A or V. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.660 Special protection areas.

“Special protection areas” means aquifer recharge areas defined by WAC 173-200-090 that require special consideration or increased protection because of unique characteristics, including, but not limited to:

(a) Ground waters that support an ecological system requiring more stringent criteria than drinking water standards;

(b) Ground water recharge areas and wellhead protection areas that are vulnerable to pollution because of hydrogeologic characteristics; and

(c) Sole source aquifer status. (Ord. 1375 § 42, 2005; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.661 Species.

“Species” means any group of animals classified as a species or subspecies as commonly accepted by the scientific community. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.662 Species, endangered.

“Species, endangered” means any fish or wildlife species that is threatened with extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range and is listed by the state or federal government as an endangered species. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.663 Species of local importance.

“Species of local importance” means those species of local concern due to their population status or their sensitivity to habitat manipulation, or that are game species. (Ord. 1375 § 43, 2005; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.664 Species, priority.

“Species, priority” means any fish or wildlife species requiring protective measures and/or management guidelines to ensure their persistence as genetically viable population levels as classified by the Washington State Department of Fish and Wildlife, including endangered, threatened, sensitive, candidate and monitor species, and those of recreational, commercial, or tribal importance. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.665 Species, threatened.

“Species, threatened” means any fish or wildlife species that is likely to become an endangered species within the foreseeable future throughout a significant portion of its range without cooperative management or removal of threats, and is listed by the state or federal government as a threatened species. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.666 Specified sexual activities.

“Specified sexual activities” means an act of sexual intercourse within its ordinary meaning, occurring upon a penetration, however slight; a penetration of the vagina or anus, however slight, by an object; a contact between persons involving the sex organs of one person and the mouth or anus of another; masturbation, manual or instrumental, of oneself or one person by another; touching of the sex organs, anus, or female breasts, whether clothed or unclothed, of oneself or of one person by another. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.667 Specified anatomical areas.

“Specified anatomical areas” means less than completely and/or opaquely covered human genitals, pubic region, buttock, or any portion of the nipple, the areola, or the lower half of the female breast and human male genitals in a discernibly turgid state even if completely or opaquely covered. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.669 Stand.

“Stand” means a structure, open on at least one side, for the display and sale of goods. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.672 Stock-in-trade.

“Stock-in-trade” means the dollar value of all products, equipment, books, magazines, posters, pictures, periodicals, other printed materials, prerecorded video tapes, discs, or similar material readily available for purchase, rental, viewing or use by patrons of the establishment, excluding material located in any storeroom or other portion of the premises not regularly open to patrons; the number of titles of all products, equipment, books, magazines, posters, pictures, periodicals, other printed materials, prerecorded video tapes, discs, or similar material readily available for purchase, rental, viewing or use by patrons of the establishment, excluding material located in any storeroom or other portion of the premises not regularly open to patrons. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.675 Story.

“Story” means that portion of a building included between the upper surface of any floor and the upper surface of the floor next above, except that the topmost story shall be that portion of a building included between the upper surface of the topmost floor and the ceiling or roof above. If the finished floor level directly above a basement or unused underfloor space is more than six feet above grade as defined herein for more than 50 percent of the total perimeter or is more than 12 feet above grade as defined herein at any point, such basement or unused underfloor space shall be considered as a story. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.678 Stream corridor.

“Stream corridor” means perennial, intermittent, or ephemeral waters included within a channel of land and its adjacent riparian zones which serves as a buffer between the aquatic and terrestrial upland ecosystems. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.681 Street.

“Street” means a public right-of-way or private road which provides a primary means of access to abutting property. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.684 Street furniture.

“Street furniture” means constructed, aboveground objects, such as outdoor seating, kiosks, bus shelters, sculpture, tree grids, trash receptacles, fountains, and telephone booths, that have the potential for enlivening and giving variety to streets, sidewalks, plazas, and other outdoor spaces open to, and used by, the public. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.687 Street right-of-way.

“Street right-of-way” means the strip of land platted, dedicated, condemned, established by prescription or otherwise legally established for the use of pedestrians, vehicles or utilities. (Ord. 1598 § 88, 2017; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.690 Streetscape.

“Streetscape” is a design term referring to all the elements that constitute the physical makeup of a street and that, as a group, define its character, including trees and other plantings, awnings and marquees, signs, and lighting. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.693 Subdivision.

“Subdivision” means the division or redivision of land into five or more lots, tracts, parcels, sites or divisions for the purpose of sale, lease, or transfer of ownership, except as provided in Chapter 22.16 FMC. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.694 Subdrainage basin or subbasin.

“Subdrainage basin or subbasin” means the drainage area of the highest order stream containing the subject property impact area. “Stream order” is the term used to define the position of a stream in the hierarchy of tributaries in the watershed. The smallest streams are the highest order (first order) tributaries. These are the upper watershed streams and have no tributaries of their own. When two first order streams meet, they form a second order stream, and when two second order streams meet they become a third order stream, and so on. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.695 Substantial damage.

“Substantial damage” means damage of any origin sustained by a structure whereby the cost of restoring the structure to its before-damaged condition would equal or exceed 50 percent of the market value of the structure before the damage occurred. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.696 Structural alteration.

“Structural alteration” means any change, addition or modification in construction. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.697 Substantial improvement.

“Substantial improvement” means any repair, reconstruction, or improvement of a structure, the cost of which equals or exceeds 50 percent of the assessed value of the structure either: before the improvement or repair is started; or if the structure has been damaged and is being restored, before the damage occurred. (Ord. 1562 § 59, 2015; Ord. 1375 § 44, 2005).

22.98.697.1 Substantially change.

“Substantially change” means to increase the height of an existing wireless tower by more than 10 percent, or by a height exceeding 20 feet, whichever is greater. (Ord. 1667 § 50, 2020).

22.98.698 Tenant space.

“Tenant space” means the entire building which encompasses a building or use on a site; or in buildings designed for multi-tenant occupancy, it is the space between demising walls and which has an independent entrance to common corridors or to the outside. Portions of tenant spaces that are sublet to or otherwise allowed to be used by persons or businesses other than the principal person or business of a tenant space are not considered tenant spaces in the context of this chapter. (Ord. 1598 § 89, 2017).

22.98.699 Toe of slope.

“Toe of slope” means a distinct topographic break in slope at the lower most limit of an area where the ground surface drops 10 feet or more vertically within a horizontal distance of 25 feet. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.702 Tot lot.

“Tot lot” means an improved and equipped play area for small children usually up to elementary school age. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.705 Tower.

As used in Chapter 22.24 FMC, “tower” means any structure that is designed and constructed primarily for the purpose of supporting one or more antennas, including self-supporting lattice towers, guy towers, or monopole towers. The term encompasses personal wireless service facilities including radio and television transmission towers, microwave towers, common-carrier towers, cellular telephone towers or personal communications services towers, alternative tower structures, and the like. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.708 Tree topping.

“Tree topping” means the cutting of a branch or stem back to a stub or lateral branch not sufficiently large enough to assume the terminal role. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.711 Unavoidable.

“Unavoidable” means adverse impacts to a critical area that remain after all appropriate and practical avoidance and minimization have been achieved. (Ord. 1375 § 45, 2005; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.714 Unlicensed wireless services.

“Unlicensed wireless services” means commercial mobile services that operate on public frequencies and do not need an FCC license. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.715 Unshielded lighting.

“Unshielded lighting” means an external illumination source which is exposed to view. (Ord. 1598 § 90, 2017).

22.98.717 Use.

“Use” means the nature of the occupancy, the type of activity, or the character and form of improvements to which land is devoted or may be devoted. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.720 Use, principal.

“Use, principal” means the primary use of land or improvements as distinguished from a subordinate or accessory use. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.723 Use, accessory.

“Use, accessory” means a use customarily incidental and subordinate to a permitted principal use and located on the same lot or in the same building as the principal use. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.726 Use type.

Reserved. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.729 Variance.

“Variance” means a means, approved by the hearing examiner or director, of altering the requirements of this title in specific instances where the strict application of these regulations would deprive a property of privileges enjoyed by other properties which are similarly situated, due to special features or constraints unique to the property involved. (Ord. 1638 § 67, 2019; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.730 Variance, de minimis.

“Variance, de minimis” means a minimal or minor deviation from a bulk or dimensional zoning requirement that does not require proof of unnecessary hardship and compliance with other statutory requirements for the granting of a variance. (Ord. 1575 § 22, 2016).

22.98.732 Vehicle repair, major.

“Vehicle repair, major” means the rebuilding or reconditioning of motor vehicles or trailers including trucks over one and one-half tons capacity, including but not limited to engine replacement or rebuilding; collision service, including body, frame or fender straightening or repair; and vehicle painting. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.735 Vehicle repair, minor.

“Vehicle repair, minor” means general engine repair and part replacement for automobiles and trucks not exceeding one and one-half ton capacity, but not including any operation specified under FMC 22.98.732, Automobile repair, major. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.738 Vehicle wash.

“Vehicle wash” means a facility for washing motor vehicles utilizing any combination of mechanical and/or manual processes. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.741 Vehicle wrecker.

“Vehicle wrecker” means every person, firm, partnership, association or corporation engaged in the business of buying, selling or dealing in vehicles of a type required to be licensed under the laws of the this state, for the purpose of wrecking, dismantling, disassembling or substantially changing the form of a vehicle, or who buys or sells integral second-hand parts of component material thereof, in whole or in part, or who deals in second-hand vehicle parts. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.744 Veterinary clinic.

“Veterinary clinic” means an establishment in which veterinary services and incidental temporary boarding are rendered, but not including kennels. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.745 Vulnerability.

“Vulnerability” means the combined effect of susceptibility to contamination and the presence of potential contaminants. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.746 Warehouse/warehousing.

“Warehouse/warehousing” means a facility generally dealing with the active reception and dispersal of goods that are oriented to manufactured products and household goods. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.747 Water dependent.

“Water dependent” means a use or portion of a use that cannot exist in a location that is not adjacent to the water, but is dependent on the water by reason of the intrinsic nature of its operations; a use that can be carried out only on, in, or adjacent to water. Examples of water dependent uses include: ship cargo terminal loading areas; fishing; ferry and passenger terminals; barge loading, ship building, and dry docking facilities; marinas, moorage, and boat launching facilities; aquaculture; float plane operations; surface water intake; and sanitary sewer and storm drain outfalls. (Ord. 1375 § 46, 2005; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.748 Water resource inventory area (WRIA).

“Water resource inventory area (WRIA)” means one of 62 watersheds in the state of Washington, each composed of the drainage areas of a stream or streams, as established in Chapter 173-500 WAC as it existed on January 1, 1997. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.749 Water table.

“Water table” means that surface in an unconfined aquifer at which the pressure is atmospheric. It is defined by the levels at which water stands in wells that penetrate the aquifer just far enough to hold standing water. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.750 Water typing system.

“Water typing system” means waters classified according to WAC 222-16-031. (Ord. 1375 § 47, 2005; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.751 Watercourse.

“Watercourse” means any portion of a channel, bed, bank, or bottom waterward of the ordinary high water line of waters of the state including areas in which fish may spawn, reside, or through which they may pass, and tributary waters with defined beds or banks, which influence the quality of fish habitat downstream. This definition includes watercourses that flow on an intermittent basis or which fluctuate in level during the year and applies to the entire bed of such watercourse whether or not the water is at peak level. This definition does not include irrigation ditches, canals, stormwater run-off devices, or other entirely artificial watercourses, except where they exist in a natural watercourse that has been altered by humans. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.752 Well.

“Well” means a bored, drilled, or driven shaft, or a dug hole whose depth is greater than the largest surface dimension for the purpose of withdrawing or injecting water or other liquids. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.753 Wellhead protection area (WHPA).

“Wellhead protection area (WHPA)” means the portion of a zone of contribution for a well, wellfield, or spring, as defined using criteria established by the Washington State Department of Ecology. (Ord. 1375 § 48, 2005; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.754 Wetland classes, classes of wetlands, or wetland types.

“Wetland classes,” “classes of wetlands,” or “wetland types” means the descriptive classes of the wetlands taxonomic classification system of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Cowardin, et al., 1979). (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.755 Wetland edge.

“Wetland edge” means the boundary of a wetland as delineated based on the definitions contained in this title. “Wetland edge” also means a line dividing uplands from water habitat. The line can be identified through procedures in the Federal Manual for Identifying and Delineating Jurisdictional Wetlands by examining the presence or absence of aquatic plants (hydrophyte), hydric soils and/or water table at or near the surface. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.756 Wetlands.

“Wetlands” means those areas that are inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation adapted for life in saturated soil conditions. Wetlands generally include swamps, marshes, bogs, and similar areas. Wetlands do not include those artificial wetlands intentionally created from nonwetland sites, including, but not limited to, irrigation and drainage ditches, grass-lined swales, canals, detention facilities, wastewater treatment facilities, farm ponds, and landscape amenities, or those wetlands created after July 1, 1990, that were unintentionally created as a result of the construction of a road, street, or highway. Wetlands may include those artificial wetlands intentionally created from nonwetland areas to mitigate the conversion of wetlands. (Ord. 1574 § 9, 2016; Ord. 1375 § 49, 2005; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.759 Wetlands mitigation bank.

“Wetlands mitigation bank” means a site where wetlands are restored, created, enhanced, or in exceptional circumstances, preserved expressly for the purpose of providing compensatory mitigation in advance of authorized impacts to similar resources. (Ord. 1375 § 50, 2005; Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.760 Window.

“Window” means the entire window unit including individual sashes or panes that might otherwise divide the area between the head, jamb and sill; except that in commercial storefront window assemblies, a single “window” is the glass area between each mullion that divides the window assembly, whether installed as a single piece of glass or as multiple pieces of glass divided by muntins. (Ord. 1598 § 91, 2017).

22.98.762 Wrecked vehicle.

“Wrecked vehicle” [as defined by RCW 46.80.010(4), as amended] means a vehicle which is disassembled or dismantled or a vehicle which is acquired with the intent to dismantle or disassemble and never again to operate as a vehicle, or a vehicle which has sustained such damage that its cost to repair exceeds the fair market value of a like vehicle which has not sustained such damage, or a damaged vehicle whose salvage value plus cost to repair equals or exceeds its fair market value, if repaired, or a vehicle which has sustained such damage or deterioration that it may not lawfully operate upon the highways of this state for which the salvage value plus cost to repair exceeds its fair market value, if repaired; further it is presumed that a vehicle is a wreck if it has sustained such damage or deterioration that it may not lawfully operate upon the highways of the state. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.765 Yard, automobile wrecking.

“Automobile wrecking yard” means an establishment that cuts up, compresses, or otherwise disposes of motor vehicles. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.768 Yard.

“Yard” means a space defined by the required setback on any lot and unoccupied by a structure and unobstructed from the ground upward except as otherwise provided in this title. A yard extends along a lot line and at right angles to such lot line to a depth or width specified in the yard regulations for a specified zoning district or use. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.771 Yard, front.

“Yard, front” means a yard lying between the minimum setback line for a principal building and the front property line and extending across the width of the lot. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.774 Yard, rear.

“Yard, rear” means a yard lying between the minimum setback line for a principal building and the rear property line and extending across the width of the lot. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.777 Yard, required.

“Yard, required” means the open space between a lot line and the minimum building setback line, which is required to remain free of structures unless otherwise provided in this title. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.780 Yard, side.

“Yard, side” means a yard lying between the minimum setback line for a principal building and the side property line and extending along the length of the lot between the front yard and the rear yard. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.783 Yard, side street side.

“Yard, side street side” means a yard lying between the minimum setback line for a principal building and the side property line adjoining a street right-of-way and extending along the length of the lot between the front yard and the rear yard. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.785 Zone of contribution.

“Zone of contribution” means the area surrounding a well or spring that encompasses all areas or features that supply ground water recharge to the well or spring. (Ord. 1375 § 9, 2005).

22.98.786 Zone or zoning district.

“Zone” or “zoning district” means an area accurately defined as to boundaries and location, and classified by this title as available for certain types of uses and within which other types of uses are excluded. Such district includes specific conditions, standards and requirements related to the permitted use of land within such district. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).

22.98.789 Zoning map.

“Zoning map” means the official map, adopted as a part of this title, as amended, which accurately defines boundaries and locations of zoning districts. The official map may contain one or more map sheets and may be produced in multiple copies. (Ord. 1246 § 27, 2000).