Chapter 17.08


17.08.010    Definitions – A.

17.08.020    Definitions – B.

17.08.030    Definitions – C.

17.08.040    Definitions – D.

17.08.050    Definitions – E.

17.08.060    Definitions – F.

17.08.070    Definitions – G.

17.08.080    Definitions – H.

17.08.090    Definitions – I.

17.08.100    Definitions – J.

17.08.110    Definitions – K.

17.08.120    Definitions – L.

17.08.130    Definitions – M.

17.08.140    Definitions – N.

17.08.150    Definitions – O.

17.08.160    Definitions – P.

17.08.170    Definitions – Q.

17.08.180    Definitions – R.

17.08.190    Definitions – S.

17.08.200    Definitions – T.

17.08.210    Definitions – U.

17.08.220    Definitions – V.

17.08.230    Definitions – W.

17.08.240    Definitions – X.

17.08.250    Definitions – Y.

17.08.260    Definitions – Z.

17.08.010 Definitions – A.

“Accessory building” means a subordinate building which houses an accessory use.

“Accessory use” means a use customarily incidental and related to the principal use on the same lot.

“Affordable housing” is housing where the occupants pay no more than 30 percent of gross monthly income for total housing costs, including the cost of property taxes and insurance for homeowners and monthly utilities, excluding telephone, for owners and renters. Except where further specified in the comprehensive plan and this code, “affordable housing” refers to such housing serving as the primary residence for very low-, low-, moderate-, and middle-income households.

“Affordable housing, permanently” means:

1. There must be an enforceable legal document in place, such as a ground lease or deed restriction, specifying a resale formula designed to keep homes affordable for a minimum of 99 years to future owners with qualifying incomes that do not exceed a set percentage of the median income (as defined by HUD). There must also be a process in place ensuring that a specified government agency or nonprofit organization be notified prior to any transfer of ownership, and that agency or organization ensures that the new purchaser meets the income levels established at the time the home was built.

2. “Rental properties” are to be considered permanently affordable. Owners of rental units must agree to limit rental increases to the increase in the Consumer Price Index for the area or to the increase in the average salary income, whichever is lower, for a period of at least 50 years.

“Affordable income levels” means income thresholds used to develop eligibility standards for the housing programs run by the housing bank conform to Federal HUD standards for Section I programs as follows:

1. Very low-income: zero to 50 percent of median income in San Juan County.

2. Low-income: greater than 50 percent and up to 80 percent of median income in San Juan County.

3. Moderate-income: greater than 80 percent and up to 95 percent of median income in San Juan County.

4. Middle-income: greater than 95 percent and up to 120 percent of median income in San Juan County.

“Alley” means a public thoroughfare or private way which is not a direct access, but serving as a secondary means of ingress and egress to abutting property.

“Ancillary dwelling unit” means a dwelling unit that is subordinate to the principal use of the property where that principal use is nonresidential. (Ord. 1724 § 1 (Exh. A), 2021)

17.08.020 Definitions – B.

“Bed and breakfast” means a business which provides nightly lodging accommodations for transient guests in a dwelling which shall at the same time serve as the primary residence of the owners or operators of said business. No business shall be so defined which offers more than five sleeping rooms for transient accommodation. No business which is so defined shall offer food or beverage for compensation to any persons other than the transient guests being accommodated therein.

“Buffer” or “buffer zone” means a neutral area between two areas of concern of sufficient width and quality to ensure that activities on one property do not negatively impact the other. The buffer might consist of open space, landscaped areas, undisturbed areas of natural vegetation, fences, walls, berms, or any combination thereof.

“Building” means any structure used or intended for supporting or sheltering any use or occupancy.

“Building area” means the ground area encompassed within the walls of a building. (Ord. 1724 § 1 (Exh. A), 2021)

17.08.030 Definition – C.

“Commercial parking lots” means any parcel, parcels, or portions thereof used for the short-term parking of vehicles for compensation on a pay per use, rent or lease basis.

“Commercial use” means the providing of goods or services for compensation.

“Comprehensive plan” means the town of Friday Harbor comprehensive plan as adopted in FHMC 17.12.010.

“Conditional use” means a nonpermitted use listed among those in a zone which may be allowed only if a permit specifying the terms and conditions of the use is issued.

“Cooking facilities” means areas or rooms equipped or constructed so as to be capable of being equipped as a kitchen for the storage and preparation of food within a dwelling unit, containing equipment, devices and appliances or facilities for their installation including a kitchen sink, gas or electric range or stove, cabinetry for the storage of food or any other such cooking facility or any combination of such cooking facilities, and includes the arrangement of electrical wiring which provides the energy source and plumbing being used or intended to be used to service such facilities. (Ord. 1729 § 2, 2021; Ord. 1724 § 1 (Exh. A), 2021)

17.08.040 Definitions – D.

“Density” means a measure of the intensity of development, generally expressed in terms of dwelling units per acre.

“Development” means any manmade change to improved or unimproved real estate, including but not limited to buildings or other structures, mining, dredging, filling, grading, paving, excavation, drilling operations, or other associated land disturbance activity or storage of equipment.

“Development regulations” means the controls placed on development or land use activities by the town including, but not limited to, zoning, critical areas, shoreline master program, official controls (RCW 36.70.550 and 36.70.560), planned residential development, subdivision, and binding site plans.

“Director” means the community development and planning director or his/her designee.

“Downtown core area” means the area, as platted in 1979, bounded by the following streets plus the lots or parcels abutting the boundary streets: from the tidal water on the extension of Court Street, via Court Street to Second Street; thence to Spring Street; thence to Argyle Avenue; thence to Nichols Avenue; thence to A Street; thence to East Street and to tidal water. The downtown core is depicted in the downtown core map which is attached to the ordinance codified in this title as Exhibit C.

“Dwelling, multifamily” means a building or portion thereof containing two or more dwelling units permitted for occupancy by two or more families.

“Dwelling, single-family” means a single dwelling unit permitted for occupancy by not more than one family.

“Dwelling unit” means a single unit providing complete independent living facilities for one or more persons including permanent provisions for living, sleeping, eating, cooking facilities and sanitation.

“Dwelling unit, accessory” means a subordinate dwelling unit incorporated within a single-family building. (Ord. 1729 § 3, 2021; Ord. 1724 § 1 (Exh. A), 2021)

17.08.050 Definitions – E.

“Excavation” means the removal of natural earth material from its original or established location. (Ord. 1724 § 1 (Exh. A), 2021)

17.08.060 Definition – F.

“Facilities” means the physical structure or structures in which a service is provided.

“Factory-built structure” means a structure that is designed for occupation, or use, or is occupied or used by persons, and that complies with the Uniform Building Code. Factory-built structures include factory-built housing and commercial structures.

“Family” means one or more persons who live in one dwelling unit and maintain one household. Any number of such persons, related by kinship or marriage, constitutes a family. A group of more than five persons not related by kinship or marriage shall not constitute a family.

“Fence” means a structure serving as an enclosure, a barrier, or a boundary, usually made of posts or stakes joined together by boards, wire, or rails, and serving no other purpose other than defining a boundary.

“Filling” means the deposition of any material on a site which raises the surface elevation above its original natural elevation.

“Floor area” means the total area of all floors within the walls of a building.

“Friday Harbor urban growth area” means the area designated by San Juan County pursuant to RCW 36.70A.110. (Ord. 1724 § 1 (Exh. A), 2021)

17.08.070 Definitions – G.

“Garage” means a building or portion of a building designed or used for the shelter of motor vehicles approved for travel on state highways, and enclosed on at least three sides.

“Governmental services” means those activities of governmental agencies which primarily involve information processing, record keeping, or direct interaction with members of the public in a manner and setting that is comparable to either commercial or professional/personal service activities, including fire stations.

“Grade level, average” means the average of the natural or existing topography of the portion of the lot, parcel or tract of real property which will be directly under the proposed building or structure; provided, that in the case of structures to be built over water, the average grade level shall be the elevation of ordinary high water. (Ord. 1724 § 1 (Exh. A), 2021)

17.08.080 Definitions – H.

“Health care facility” means a building or buildings used for human health care.

“Height” shall be measured from average grade level, as defined in FHMC 17.08.070, to the highest point of a structure; provided, that appurtenances such as television antennas, chimneys, required elevator overruns, and required fire-resistant parapets shall not be used in calculating height, except as provided in FHMC 17.64.070(C) and (E), historic preservation.

“Home occupation” means any business or commercial use in a dwelling unit or accessory building, which activity is not generally or customarily characteristic of activities for which dwelling units are intended or designed. Such activity shall be incidental and secondary to the residential use of a dwelling unit, shall be conducted only by persons residing in the dwelling, and shall not include activities relating to a marijuana licensee as defined in this chapter. All permitted business activity must be conducted between the hours of 8:00 a.m. and 9:00 p.m. and shall not generate more than five business-related visits per day, except for persons residing in the dwelling. No noise, vibration, emissions, dust, odor, heat or glare that would exceed what is normally associated with a dwelling shall be produced by the business activity beyond the subject property. No outdoor storage or other exterior indication of the business shall be visible beyond the subject property. Signage shall be limited to one exterior/wall sign, as defined in FHMC Title 14, which shall not exceed two square feet in area. (Ord. 1724 § 1 (Exh. A), 2021)

17.08.090 Definitions – I.

“Intensity” means a measure of land use activity based on density, use, mass, size and impact. (Ord. 1724 § 1 (Exh. A), 2021)

17.08.100 Definitions – J.

Reserved. (Ord. 1724 § 1 (Exh. A), 2021)

17.08.110 Definitions – K.

Reserved. (Ord. 1724 § 1 (Exh. A), 2021)

17.08.120 Definitions – L.

“Land disturbance activity” means any activity that results in a change in the existing ground or soil cover (both vegetative and nonvegetative) and/or the existing topography. Land disturbance activities include, but are not limited to, demolition, construction, clearing, grading, filling, excavation, and land clearing.

“Land use administrator” means the person or persons designated by the town to perform the administrative functions required by this title.

“Lot” means a platted or unplatted parcel or tract of land created pursuant to town ordinance or state statute in one ownership.

“Lot area” means the total horizontal area within the lot lines, excluding any area seaward of the line of ordinary high water and any easements or rights-of-way, except those required to provide residential utility service.

“Lot, corner” means a lot bounded on two adjacent sides by streets or alleys.

“Lot coverage” means that portion of the total lot area that may be covered by structures, exclusive of roof eaves.

“Lot line, front” means the lot line separating the lot from any street.

“Lot line, rear” means the lot line opposite and most distant from the front lot line. When the lot extends to tidal water, the rear lot line is the line of ordinary high water.

“Lot line, side” means any lot line not located at the front or rear of the lot.

“Lot, through” means a lot having frontage on two streets that do not intersect at a lot line. (Ord. 1729 § 4, 2021; Ord. 1724 § 1 (Exh. A), 2021)

17.08.130 Definitions – M.

“Marijuana licensee” means a person or entity duly licensed by the state of Washington to process, produce or retail marijuana for recreational purposes as set forth in Chapter 314-55 WAC.

“Marijuana processor” means a person or entity duly licensed by the state of Washington pursuant to Chapter 314-55 WAC to process, package, and label usable marijuana and marijuana-infused products for sale at wholesale to marijuana retailers, as set forth in WAC 314-55-075, as may be amended.

“Marijuana producer” means a person or entity duly licensed by the state of Washington pursuant to Chapter 314-55 WAC to produce, or grow, marijuana for sale at wholesale to marijuana processor licensees and to other marijuana producer licensees, as set forth in WAC 314-55-077, as may be amended.

“Marijuana retailer” means a person or entity duly licensed by the state of Washington pursuant to Chapter 314-55 WAC to sell only usable marijuana, marijuana-infused products, and marijuana paraphernalia at retail in retail outlets to persons 21 years of age and older, as set forth in WAC 314-55-079, as may be amended.

“Mobile home” means any vehicle designed or used as a dwelling unit except motor homes, campers and travel trailers.

“Mobile home park” means a tract of land designed and maintained under a single ownership of unified control where two or more spaces or pads are provided solely for the placement of mobile or manufactured homes for residential purposes with or without charge. (Ord. 1724 § 1 (Exh. A), 2021)

17.08.140 Definitions – N.

“Nonconforming lot” means any lot which was lawfully created or existing prior to adoption of this title, or applicable amendments thereto, but which does not conform to the provisions of this title.

“Nonconforming structure” means a structure which was lawfully designed and constructed prior to adoption of this title, or applicable amendments thereto, but which does not conform to the provisions of this title.

“Nonconforming use” means a use which lawfully occupied a building, structure, or lot prior to adoption of this title, or applicable amendments thereto, but which does not conform to the provisions of this title. (Ord. 1724 § 1 (Exh. A), 2021)

17.08.150 Definitions – O.

“Open space” means a landscape that is primarily unimproved. Open space may include critical areas, wooded areas, parks, trails, nature reserves, utility corridors, and vacant rights-of-way. (Ord. 1724 § 1 (Exh. A), 2021)

17.08.160 Definitions – P.

“Parking lot” means an area intended to accommodate three or more parked vehicles.

“Parking space” means a space on a lot within or without a building, exclusive of access drives, intended to accommodate a parked vehicle, except for single-family residence.

“Performance standards” means criteria that are established and must be met before a certain use will be permitted. These measures are designed to guide development of property and include, but are not limited to, open space requirements, water and wastewater requirements, buffer zones, screening, size and height limits for buildings, noise, vibration, glare, heat, air or water contaminants, and traffic.

“Principal use” means the primary or predominant use to which the lot or building is or may be devoted, to which all other uses are accessory or ancillary.

“Professional service” means commercial transactions characterized primarily by the providing of service directly to the customer, patient, or client where any goods provided are incidental to the service provided. (Ord. 1724 § 1 (Exh. A), 2021)

17.08.170 Definitions – Q.

Reserved. (Ord. 1724 § 1 (Exh. A), 2021)

17.08.180 Definitions – R.

Reserved. (Ord. 1724 § 1 (Exh. A), 2021)

17.08.190 Definitions – S.

“Street” means all streets, highways, avenues, lanes, courts, places, squares, curbs, or other public ways in this town which have been or may hereafter be dedicated and open to public use, or such other public property so designated in any law of this state.

“Structure” means that which is built or constructed, any piece of work artificially built up or composed of parts joined together in some definite manner.

“Structure, utility” means any above or below ground structure or building designed to house equipment only, and not intended for any human occupancy except for maintenance and servicing or occasional monitoring of said equipment. (Ord. 1729 § 5, 2021; Ord. 1724 § 1 (Exh. A), 2021)

17.08.200 Definitions – T.

“Technical service” means commercial transactions characterized primarily by providing of service to the personal property owned by the customer where any goods provided are incidental to the service provided.

“Trailer” means a vehicle designed for highway use and for short-term living, small enough to be towed by a standard automobile or light truck such as a travel trailer.

“Transient accommodations” means the rental of any building or portion thereof used for the purpose of providing lodging for periods of less than 30 days. For rentals on the first floor or pedestrian levels, there shall be a minimum of four units within the development under the same ownership. (Ord. 1724 § 1 (Exh. A), 2021)

17.08.210 Definitions – U.

“Use” means the purpose land, buildings, or structures now serve or for which such are occupied, arranged, designed or intended. (Ord. 1724 § 1 (Exh. A), 2021)

17.08.220 Definitions – V.

“Variance” means the process by which an adjustment is made in the application of the specific performance regulations of this title to a specific piece of property, which, because of special circumstances applicable to it, is deprived of privileges commonly enjoyed by other properties in the same zone or vicinity and which adjustment remedies disparity in privileges.

“Vessel” means ships, boats, barges, or any other floating craft which are designed and used for navigation and do not interfere with normal public use of the water (WAC 173-27-030(18)). (Ord. 1724 § 1 (Exh. A), 2021)

17.08.230 Definitions – W.

Reserved. (Ord. 1724 § 1 (Exh. A), 2021)

17.08.240 Definitions – X.

Reserved. (Ord. 1724 § 1 (Exh. A), 2021)

17.08.250 Definitions – Y.

“Yard” means an open space on a lot or parcel which is required by this title to be unoccupied and unobstructed from the ground upward to the sky except for decks, platforms, or walks less than 30 inches above the ground at any point, and except for permitted roof overhangs and fences.

“Yard, front” means the area extending across the full width of the lot between the principal building and the front lot line measured horizontally from the nearest part of the principal building as required by the section of this title for the zone in which the lot is located, and in the case of a corner lot may be either frontage.

“Yard, rear” means the area extending across the full width of the lot between the principal building and the rear lot line measured horizontally from the farthest part of the principal building as required by the section of this title for the zone in which the lot is located. Where the lot abuts tidal water the rear yard shall be measured from the line of ordinary high water.

“Yard, side” means the area extending across the full width of the lot between the principal building and the side lot line measured horizontally from the farthest part of the principal building as required by the section of this title for the zone in which the lot is located. (Ord. 1724 § 1 (Exh. A), 2021)

17.08.260 Definitions – Z.

“Zone” means distinct geographic areas into which the land area of the town is divided for purposes of regulating land use. (Ord. 1724 § 1 (Exh. A), 2021)