Chapter 18.02
DEFINITIONS

Sections:

18.02.010    Purpose and intent.

18.02.020    General rules of interpretation.

18.02.030    Definitions – A.

18.02.040    Definitions – B.

18.02.050    Definitions – C.

18.02.060    Definitions – D.

18.02.070    Definitions – E.

18.02.080    Definitions – F.

18.02.090    Definitions – G.

18.02.100    Definitions – H.

18.02.110    Definitions – I.

18.02.120    Definitions – J.

18.02.130    Definitions – K.

18.02.140    Definitions – L.

18.02.150    Definitions – M.

18.02.160    Definitions – N.

18.02.170    Definitions – O.

18.02.180    Definitions – P.

18.02.190    Definitions – Q.

18.02.200    Definitions – R.

18.02.210    Definitions – S.

18.02.220    Definitions – T.

18.02.230    Definitions – U.

18.02.240    Definitions – V.

18.02.250    Definitions – W.

18.02.260    Definitions – X.

18.02.270    Definitions – Y.

18.02.280    Definitions – Z.

18.02.010 Purpose and intent.

This chapter provides definitions for the terms and phrases used in this Code. Where any of these definitions conflict with definitions used in other titles of the City’s codes, the definitions in this chapter shall prevail for the purpose of this Code. (Ord. 2108 § 2.1.1, 1996).

18.02.020 General rules of interpretation.

Words used in the present tense include the future. The singular number shall include the plural and the plural shall include the singular. “Shall” is mandatory, and “may” denotes a use of discretion in making a decision. “Person” includes any firm, association, partnership, trust, company or corporation, as well as an individual or group of individuals. The words “used” or “occupied” shall be considered as though followed by the words “or intended, arranged or designed to be used or occupied.” Where terms are not defined, they shall have the commonly accepted meaning within the context with which they are used. Words used in the masculine gender include the feminine, and the feminine include the masculine. Where an activity or land use could fall under two (2) definitions, the more specific definition shall apply. (Ord. 2108 § 2.1.2, 1996).

18.02.030 Definitions – A.

Abandon/abandonment: To cease or discontinue a use or activity without intent to resume, but excluding temporary or short-term interruptions in use or activity during periods of remodeling, maintaining, or otherwise improving or rearranging a facility, or during normal periods of vacation or seasonal closure. A determination of abandonment may include the disconnection or minimal use of utilities and/or water. Discontinuance of a nonconforming use for a period of twelve (12) months or greater is deemed to be an intention to abandon said use.

Abut: Bordering upon, adjoining or sharing a common border, as in two (2) uses which “abut” share a common border.

Accent lighting: Accent lighting includes all lighting that is primarily aesthetic in purpose that is used to accent or highlight building facades, architectural features, landscaping, public art, flags or similar site elements.

Access easement: See Easement, access.

Accessory: A building, part of building or structure or use which is subordinate to the principal building or use, and the use of which is incidental to that of the principal building or use.

Accessory dwelling unit: A subordinate dwelling unit added to, created within, or detached from a single family structure with a separate entrance, that provides basic requirements for living, sleeping, eating, cooking and sanitation. A single family structure with an accessory dwelling unit is not considered to be a duplex.

Accessory uses, residential: A use, structure, or part of a structure, which is subordinate and incidental to a residence including but not limited to the following uses: accessory dwelling/living quarters; fallout/bomb shelters; carports; household pet structures; pools, private docks, piers; private telecommunications devices; enclosed storage of ground maintenance equipment; and storage of private vehicles (motor vehicles, boats, planes).

Activity areas: Those portions of a site either not accessible to the public or not intended for routine public access such as loading docks and employee entrances that are characterized by employee activity such as receiving deliveries.

Additions, substantial: See Remodels, substantial.

Adjacent property: Those parcels within three hundred (300) feet of a proposal or action. Adjacent property is not limited to those properties which border or have a common boundary with the proposal or action.

Adjacent property owners: Those property owners within three hundred (300) feet of a development review proposal.

Administration, the: The staff members of the City of Issaquah that make the technical land use decisions and recommendations, including the Mayor and City Administrator.

Administrative office, public: Government offices with no outdoor storage.

Administrative site development permit (ASDP): A type of land use permit that is required of those development proposals or uses which have been designated as Level 1 or Level 2 on the Table of Permitted Land Uses (IMC 18.06.130). Characteristics of proposals reviewed for an ASDP include sites of less than three (3) gross acres and sites that do not abut certain designated streets. This permit is reviewed and decided administratively.

Adult arcade: A commercial establishment containing individual viewing areas or booths, where, for any form of consideration, including a membership fee, one or more still or motion picture projectors, slide projectors, or other similar image producing machines are used to show films, motion pictures, video cassettes, slides, or other visual representations that are distinguished or characterized by a predominant emphasis on matters depicting, describing, or simulating any sexual activities specified in IMC 5.10.030(AA) or any anatomical areas specified in IMC 5.10.030(Y).

Adult day care center: See Day care operation.

Adult entertainment cabaret: A nightclub, bar, restaurant, tavern, or other similar commercial establishment, whether or not alcoholic beverages are served, that regularly features “adult entertainment” as that term is defined in IMC 5.10.030(D).

Adult entertainment facility: A commercial establishment defined as an adult arcade, adult entertainment cabaret, adult motel, adult motion picture theater, adult retail store, or other adult entertainment facility.

Adult family home: The regular family residence of a person or persons who are providing personal care, room and board, under a license issued pursuant to RCW 70.128.060, to more than one (1) but not more than four (4) adults who are not related by blood or marriage to the persons providing the services, except that a maximum of six (6) adults may be permitted if the Washington State Department of Social and Health Services determines that the home and the provider are capable of meeting standards and qualifications provided for by law (RCW 70.128.010). See also Family, Group care facility, adult, and Special needs facility or housing.

Adult motel: A hotel, motel, or similar commercial establishment which:

A.    Offers sleeping accommodations to the public for any form of consideration and provides patrons with closed-circuit television transmissions, films, motion pictures, video cassettes, slides, or other visual representations that are distinguished or characterized by a predominant emphasis on matters depicting, describing, or simulating any sexual activities specified in IMC 5.10.030(AA) or any anatomical areas specified in IMC 5.10.030(Y), and that has a sign visible from the public right-of-way that advertises the availability of this type of sexually-oriented materials; or

B.    Offers a sleeping room for rent for a rental fee period of time that is less than ten (10) hours; or

C.    Allows a tenant or occupant of a sleeping room to sub-rent the room for a period of time that is less than ten (10) hours.

Adult motion picture theater: A commercial establishment where, for any form of consideration, motion pictures, films, video cassettes, slides, or other similar visual representations are regularly shown that are distinguished or characterized by a predominant emphasis on matters depicting, describing, or simulating any sexual activities specified in IMC 5.10.030(AA) or any anatomical areas specified in IMC 5.10.030(Y).

Adult retail store: A commercial establishment such as a bookstore, video store, or novelty shop which as one of its principal business purposes offers for sale or rent, for any form of consideration, any one or more of the following:

A.    Books, magazines, periodicals or other printed materials, or photographs, films, motion pictures, video cassettes, slides, or other visual representations that are distinguished or characterized by a predominant emphasis on matters depicting, describing, or simulating any sexual activities specified in IMC 5.10.030(AA) or any anatomical areas specified in IMC 5.10.030(Y); or

B.    Instruments, devices, or paraphernalia designed for use in connection with any sexual activities specified in IMC 5.10.030(AA).

Affordable housing: A dwelling unit reserved for occupancy by eligible households and having housing expenses no greater than thirty (30) percent of a given percent of the King County Median Household Income, adjusted for household size, as follows:

Low income affordable housing: Renter-occupied housing affordable to a household earning fifty (50) percent of the King County Median Income, adjusted for household size, or owner-occupied housing affordable to a household earning sixty (60) percent of King County Median Income, adjusted for household size.

Mid-moderate income affordable housing: Renter-occupied housing affordable to a household earning seventy (70) percent of the King County Median Income, adjusted for household size, or owner-occupied housing affordable to a household earning eighty (80) percent of King County Median Income, adjusted for household size.

Moderate income affordable housing: Renter-occupied housing affordable to a household earning eighty (80) percent of the King County Median Income, adjusted for household size, or owner-occupied housing affordable to a household earning ninety (90) percent of King County Median Income, adjusted for household size.

Pursuant to the authority of RCW 36.70A.540, the City finds that the higher income levels specified in the definition of affordable housing in this chapter, rather than those stated in the definition of “low income households” in RCW 36.70A.540, are needed to address local housing market conditions in the City.

“King County median income” means the median income for the Seattle-Bellevue, WA HUD Metro FMR Area (King County) as most recently determined by the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) under Section 8(f)(3) of the United States Housing Act of 1937, as amended. In the event such income determination is no longer published by HUD, the City may use or develop such other reasonable method as it may choose in order to determine the King County median income.

Medium income and high income housing is defined as “affordable” to the following income groups:

Medium income group: Housing affordable to a family earning between eighty-one (81) percent and one hundred twenty (120) percent of the King County Median Income.

High income group: Housing affordable to a family earning above one hundred twenty (120) percent of the King County Median Income.

Agricultural crops sales: See Produce vending stands.

Agricultural food processing: Industrial use involving preparation of harvested agricultural crops for sale, packed food items, and/or creation of any crop byproducts; includes associated cold storage and mills.

Aircraft, ship and boat building: Establishments engaged in manufacturing or assembling aircraft, ships or boats.

Airport: Any runway, landing area or other facility which is designed or used by either public carriers or private aircraft for landing and taking off of aircraft, including taxiways, aircraft storage and tie-down areas, hangars, servicing and passenger and air freight terminals. (See also Heliport.)

Alley: A public or private way permanently reserved as a secondary means of access to abutting property.

Alteration: Any change, addition, or modification in construction or occupancy of an existing structure.

Alteration, structural: Any change in the supporting members of a building or structure, such as bearing walls, columns, beams, or girders; provided, however, that the application of any exterior siding to an existing building for the purpose of beautifying and modernizing shall not be considered a structural alteration.

Alternative energy system: Equipment used to generate thermal and/or electrical energy from non-utility sources.

Alternative energy system (geothermal): Equipment that transfers thermal energy to and/or from the ground for the purposes of heating and/or cooling a building. An alternative energy system (geothermal) consists of a closed-loop system of pipes filled with liquid, a heat exchanger, and heat pump.

Alternative energy system (solar): Equipment that converts and then transfers or stores solar energy into usable forms of thermal or electrical energy. A solar array is composed of multiple solar panels. For the purposes of this Code, an alternative energy system (solar) does not include any solar collection system of six (6) square feet in size or less.

Alternative energy system (wind): Equipment used to produce electricity by converting the kinetic energy of wind to rotational, mechanical and electrical energy. An alternative energy system (wind) may consist of the turbine apparatus (rotor, nacelle and tower) and any other buildings, support structures, or other related improvements necessary for the generation of electric power.

Amendment: A change in the wording, content or substance of this Code or a change in the zone boundaries or classifications upon the official zoning map.

Amendment, major: Any amendment to the approved building or site that substantially changes the existing or proposed development including, but not limited to, substantial changes to impervious surfaces, substantial changes to the project boundary, uses, densities, buffers or setbacks, height, size or location of buildings, or other improvements to the property; and/or is inconsistent with applicable design guidelines, zoning or subarea plans; and/or will substantially impact parking, City services or infrastructure.

Amendment, minor (including minor exterior construction): Any amendment to the approved building or site that remains substantially similar to the existing or proposed development including, but not limited to, minor changes to impervious surfaces, minor changes to the project boundary, uses, densities, buffers or setbacks, height, size or location of buildings, or other improvements to the property; and/or is consistent with applicable design guidelines or subarea plans; and/or will not substantially impact parking, City services or infrastructure.

Amusement park: A permanent outdoor facility, which may include structures and buildings, where there are various devices for entertainment, including rides, booths for the conduct of games or the sale of items, and buildings for shows and entertainment.

Amusement parlors/video arcades: An indoor area or structure, open to the public, which contains coin-operated games and similar entertainment and amusement devices. Does not include any adult entertainment facility.

Animal, agriculture: Livestock, all animals of equine, bovine or swine class, including sheep, goats, llamas and other grazing animals, bees, turkeys, chickens, geese, and guinea hens.

Animal clinic/veterinary hospital: A structure used for veterinary care of sick or injured animals. The boarding of animals is limited to short-term care, and is accessory to the principal use. This definition does not include kennels.

Animal control facility: A facility for the impoundment and disposal of stray or abandoned animals.

Animal, domestic/household: An animal which meets the minimum standards for animals within this Code regarding trespassing or number permitted may be defined as a “domestic or household animal.” Exotic animals which have become nontraditional pets are not defined as “domestic/household animals” if they have the potential of constituting a public threat or have an obnoxious nature which is a nuisance to the adjacent neighborhood. (See also Household pets.)

Annexation: The legal process in which a parcel or contiguous group of parcels in an unincorporated area become part of an adjacent City jurisdiction. (See also Pre-annexation agreement.)

Apartment, family member: See Family member cottage.

Apartment, studio: A dwelling unit which is typically less than eight hundred (800) square feet and is limited to one (1) living area which includes kitchen facilities, and a bathroom. These units are also called “efficiency apartments.”

Apiary: A site where hives of bees or hives are kept or found.

Appeal, closed record: An administrative appeal on the record to the City, including the City Council, following an open record hearing on a Project Permit application when the appeal is on the record with no or limited new evidence or information allowed to be submitted and only appeal argument allowed (per RCW 36.70B.020(1)).

Appeal hearing, open record: A hearing with advance public notice, except open record sign appeals do not require advance public notice, where written and oral testimony is made part of the official project record. The hearing, conducted by a single hearing body or officer authorized by the City to conduct such hearings, that creates the City’s record through testimony and submission of evidence and information. If no open record predecision hearing has been held on the Project Permit (RCW 36.71B.020(3), an open record hearing may be held on an appeal, to be known as an “open record appeal hearing.”

Appeals, land use: Appeals of actions including interpretations, transportation concurrency denials, signs, Level 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 Reviews, SEPA determinations, impact fees, code enforcement decisions and other similar land use actions taken by the City of Issaquah.

Applicant: The individual, partnership, association or corporation applying for a permit to do the work under this chapter and includes property owners, employees, agents, consultants, contractors and successors in interest.

Application: Written request for a specific development proposal.

Application, active: An “active application” is defined as an application that has been deemed “complete” by the Permit Center and is currently undergoing review by the City, state or federal agency and has not been deemed “inactive” due to passage of time and lack of response from the applicant.

Application, complete: The application form and all accompanying documents, fees and exhibits required of an applicant by the Permit Center, Planning Director/Manager, and all relevant Departments for development review purposes, and determined to be sufficient by the Permit Center.

Application, final: A “final application” is defined as the complete application with the additional detailed and technical information necessary for final approval. The final application may include civil plans, such as water and sewer plans.

Application, inactive: An application shall be defined as “inactive” if there has been no applicant activity with the Permit Center within six (6) months, or within a specified time which has been mutually approved in writing by the applicant and the Permit Center.

Approval conditions: Restrictions or requirements, imposed by a reviewing official or decision-making body, pursuant to authority granted by this Code.

Arbor: A landscape structure consisting of an open frame with horizontal and/or vertical latticework often used as a support for climbing plants. An arbor may be freestanding or attached to another structure.

Arboretum: A place for studying and exhibiting growing trees.

Arterial street: A principal or minor roadway providing for traffic movements into, out of and through the City, as shown in the Issaquah Functional Classification Plan and/or the most recently adopted Plan.

Assisted care facility, senior: See Assisted living facility.

Assisted living facility: Includes the following:

Assisted care facility, senior: Any facility that provides either permanent or temporary residence for senior citizens which provides opportunities for common dining areas, although some facilities may offer kitchen facilities in the individual rooms as well. Some facilities may offer minor health services on-site, such as a resident nurse. An assisted care facility is not a nursing home, adult family home or residential care facility.

Nursing/convalescent home: A building occupied or intended to be occupied by convalescents, invalids and aged persons and wherein nursing, dietary and other personal services are rendered. Mentally challenged patients and patients with contagious or communicable diseases, who are customarily treated in sanitariums and hospitals, are not included in this definition.

Residential care facility: A facility, licensed by the state, that cares for at least five (5) but not more than fifteen (15) people with functional disabilities, that has not been licensed as an adult family home pursuant to RCW 70.128.060. A residential care facility is defined as an essential public facility in accordance with RCW 36.70A.200.

Retirement home: An establishment providing domestic care of retired persons who are not in need of medical or nursing treatment except in the case of temporary illness. “Retirement home” does not include nursing, convalescent or rest homes, hospitals or sanitariums.

Attached: In the case of dwellings, two (2) or more dwellings connected by a common vertical wall(s) or roof line, or, in the case of multistory buildings, by a common ceiling/floor(s).

Automobile emission testing facility: A use which includes the testing of automobile and other vehicle emissions. Testing is typically done outdoors in a drive-through configuration and includes both personal use vehicles as well as commercial use vehicles.

Automobile insurance service center: A use which provides a visual inspection of drivable, damaged vehicles for the purpose of determining claims settlement. No repair work or disassembly is done at this facility, and damaged vehicles are not stored on the site. These inspections are scheduled on an appointment basis and are performed within the enclosed or drive-through “inspection area” portion of the building.

Automobile service station: A retail facility to supply motor fuel and other petroleum products to motor vehicles, and may include lubrication and minor repair service and incidental sale of motor vehicle accessories.

Automobile and truck rental: A business offering cars, trucks, and self-service moving vans for rental periods as short as one (1) hour or one (1) day with no associated vehicle sales that uses less than one (1) acre for on-site vehicle storage. Does not include storage of vehicles not offered to the public for rental.

Automobile and truck sales/dealership: A use involving the display, sale and long-term leasing of new or used automobiles and trucks. See Large vehicle and heavy equipment for construction equipment, mobile homes, RVs, tractor trailers, campers and/or similar vehicles/items.

Automotive wrecking or dismantling yard: A place used for the storage and/or sale of used automotive parts and for the storage, dismantling, sorting, cleaning, crushing or baling of wrecked automobiles, trucks, trailers, or machinery. (Ord. 2839 § 7, 2018; Ord. 2746 § 6 (Exh. C), 2015; Ord. 2624 § 6 (Exh. A5b), 2011; Ord. 2562 § 4 (Exh. B3), 2009; Ord. 2558 § 2 (Exh. B1), 2009; Ord. 2549 § 1, 2009; Ord. 2501 § 3, 2007; Ord. 2462 § 2, 2006; Ord. 2447 § 4, 2005; Ord. 2405 § 8, 2004; Ord. 2383 §§ 3, 4, 2004; Ord. 2301 § 5, 2001; Ord. 2283 § 2, 2000; Ord. 2140 §§ 4 – 10, 1996; Ord. 2126 §§ 3, 4, 1996; Ord. 2108 § 2.2, 1996).

18.02.040 Definitions – B.

Bank/financial institution: See Office/professional/financial.

Banquet/meeting/reception hall: A public or private meeting facility which may also include on-site kitchen/catering facilities. A banquet/meeting/reception hall usually serves as a location for activities such as weddings and other such gatherings by appointment only, but may also serve as a regular meeting place for a specific organization such as a fraternal association, a trade union, or a veterans’ association. Banquet/meeting/reception halls have limited hours of operation and are usually not open on a daily basis.

Barrier-free: Barrier-free is design which complies with Chapter 51-10 WAC as amended and/or the most current state regulations.

Bar/tavern: An establishment operated primarily for the sale of wine, beer, or other alcoholic beverages with any accessory service of food consistent with the Washington State licensing requirements of RCW 66.24.330 and/or WAC 314-02-015.

Base site area: See Site area, base.

Battery charging station: An electrical component assembly or cluster of component assemblies designed specifically to charge batteries within electric vehicles, which meet or exceed any standards, codes, and regulations set forth by Chapter 19.28 RCW and consistent with rules adopted under RCW 19.27.540.

Battery exchange station: A fully automated facility that will enable an electric vehicle with a swappable battery to enter a drive lane and exchange the depleted battery with a fully charged battery through a fully automated process, which meets or exceeds any standards, codes, and regulations set forth by Chapter 19.27 RCW and consistent with rules adopted under RCW 19.27.540.

Bed and breakfast operation: A single family house or portion thereof, where short-term lodging rooms and breakfast are provided as a home occupation or as a commercial use. When a bed and breakfast operation is not operated as a home occupation, the structure used for the operation is not limited to a single family house or portion thereof. (See Chapter 18.07 IMC for requirements for bed and breakfast operations.)

Bee hive: A manufactured receptacle or container prepared for the use of bees, that includes movable frames, combs, and substances deposited into the hive by bees. Abandoned hive means any hive with or without bees, that evidences a lack of being properly managed in that it has not been supered in the spring, except nucs, or unsupered in the fall, or is otherwise not managed and/or left without authorization and unattended on the property of another person or on public land.

Bee, honey: Any life stages of the species “apis mellifera.”

Belt course: A belt course is an architectural method of visually breaking up a wall of brick or block. A belt course is created by placing the horizontal row of bricks or blocks laid up on end, causing the belt course to extend an inch or more from the face of the wall. A belt course is an architectural feature that may project into a required setback not more than eighteen (18) inches.

Bench: An outdoor furniture fixture permanently attached to the ground that accommodates comfortable seating by at least two (2) adults.

Berm: A landscaped mound of earth, or the act of pushing earth into a mound.

Beverage industries: The production, processing, and/or packaging of milk, soft drinks, beer, wine, fruit juices and other drinks.

Bicycle parking station: A temporary building or structure designed for use as a secure bicycle parking facility and for storing bicycle helmets.

Bicycle rack: An outdoor structure which permits a bike rider to park and secure his/her bicycle.

Binding site plan: Officially adopted drawing showing a division of land into lots or tracts for the purpose of sale, transfer or lease pursuant to RCW 58.17.035 that: 1) identifies areas and specific location of all streets, roads, improvements, utilities, open space and other specified information; 2) contains descriptions of attachments setting forth appropriate limitations and conditions for the use of land and the siting of said improvements; and 3) contains provisions requiring any development to conform to the requirements specified in the binding site plan.

Bookstore: Establishments engaged in the retail sale of books and magazines. Does not include any adult entertainment facility.

Botanical gardens: A place for studying and exhibiting growing plants.

Broadcast and receiving towers: A structure or facility used to broadcast or receive television, radio, ham radio, short wave radio, microwave, satellite dish, or other electronic signals.

Buffer: A landscaped or naturally vegetated strip of land, identified on a site plan, intended to separate, protect and partially screen the view of two (2) adjacent land uses or properties from one another. A buffer may include berms, trees, shrubs or fences.

Building: A permanently located structure having a roof which is used or intended for supporting or sheltering any use or occupancy excluding all forms of vehicles.

Building area: The three (3) dimensional space within which a structure is permitted to be built on a lot and which is defined by maximum height regulations, yard setbacks and building coverage.

Building Code: The Uniform Building Code and related codes as amended and adopted by the City of Issaquah.

Building, existing: Refers to a building in its legally completed state at a given point in time.

Building footprint: The two (2) dimensional impervious building foundation which defines the outermost boundary of the structure. The building footprint does not include eves, overhangs, bay windows or other similar architectural features which extend less than eighteen (18) inches from the structure or building. Cantilevered balconies, eves, overhangs, bay windows or other similar architectural features which extend more than eighteen (18) inches from the structure or building shall be included as part of the building footprint.

Building, hardware and garden materials stores: Establishments engaged in selling lumber and other building materials; paint, glass, and wallpaper; hardware; feed; nursery stock; lawn and garden supplies.

Building height:

Nonshoreline areas: Building or structure height shall be measured from the average grade of the existing or finished grade, whichever is lower, to the midpoint of the highest gable of a pitched or hipped roof with a minimum 4:12 pitch and a maximum of 12:12 pitch, or the highest point of the coping of a flat roof. All parts of the roof extending above the base building height shall be a minimum 4:12 pitch, unless specifically excepted in IMC 18.07.060(B)(4). Gabled dormers may comprise no more than fifty (50) percent of the total roof area as measured in plan view. No portion of a shed roof shall extend above the base building height limit. An architectural feature may not be used to measure or establish building height.

Shoreline areas: The height of a building or structure shall be measured from the average of the natural or existing topography of the portion of the lot under the building or structure to the highest point of the building or structure.

Building official: The officer or other designated authority charged with the administration and enforcement of the Uniform Building Code and assigned provisions of this Code.

Building Permit review: A process by which the City analyzes the impacts of new construction, changes of use, tenant improvements, site modifications.

Building, principal: A building in which is conducted the principal use of the lot on which it is located.

Bus station: An establishment for the storage, dispatching, repair and maintenance of coaches and vehicles of a transit system.

Butcher shop/meat market: A custom retail meat-cutting operation. This definition does not include slaughtering but does include other accessory uses such as frozen food lockers. (Ord. 2770 § 1 (Exh. B1), 2016; Ord. 2587 § 2 (Exh. B1), 2010; Ord. 2549 § 1, 2009; Ord. 2525 § 7, 2008; Ord. 2462 § 2, 2006; Ord. 2447 § 5, 2005; Ord. 2283 § 2, 2000; Ord. 2108 § 2.2, 1996).

18.02.050 Definitions – C.

Campground: A development providing facilities for outdoor recreational activities, including structural improvements such as covered cooking areas, group facilities, and travel trailer or tent sites designed for temporary occupancy. This definition includes camping clubs when developed in accordance with applicable state standards.

Cannabis: See Marijuana.

Cannabis products: Products that contain cannabis or cannabis extracts, have a measurable THC concentration greater than three-tenths (3/10) of one (1) percent, and are intended for human consumption or application, including, but not limited to, edible products, tinctures, and lotions. The term “cannabis products” does not include usable cannabis. The definition of “cannabis products” as a measurement of THC concentration only applies to the provisions of this chapter and shall not be considered applicable to any criminal laws related to marijuana or cannabis.

Cannabis, usable: Dried flowers of the cannabis plant having a tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) concentration greater than three-tenths (3/10) of one (1) percent per weight or volume. Usable cannabis excludes stems, stalks, leaves, seeds and roots. For purposes of this definition, “dried” means containing less than fifteen (15) percent moisture content by weight. The term “usable cannabis” does not include cannabis products.

Car wash: Any structure requiring the installation of special equipment and plumbing, which is used or intended to be used primarily for the washing of motor vehicles.

Card room: A gambling establishment that exclusively offers card games for play by the public. The gambling games played in such establishments are typically, and sometimes exclusively, variations of poker. Such rooms typically do not offer slot machines or video poker, or other table games such as craps, as found in casinos.

Caretaker dwelling: A single family dwelling unit accessory to an agricultural, recreational, professional, commercial or industrial use for occupancy by the owner/caretaker.

Cemetery: Land used or intended to be used for the burial of the human dead.

Certificate of Occupancy: Permit to occupy, or change occupancy in a structure; issued by the Building Department.

Change of tenant: A change of lessee or owner of a commercial or industrial property to another lessee or owner. A change of tenant which includes a change of use shall comply with all provisions of this Code regarding the new use.

Change of use: A change from one use listed in the Table of Permitted Land Uses to another use listed in that table.

Character: Attributes or features that make up and distinguish a building, neighborhood, community or other entity. Building and project design features and landscaping are examples of attributes and features.

Child care/day care: See Day care operation.

Church/religious facility: A permanently located building commonly used for religious worship, fully enclosed with walls and roof (also see Memorial chapel).

City: The City of Issaquah.

City project: See Project, City.

Clinic, outpatient: A structure for the medical examination and treatment of human patients, but without provision for keeping such patients overnight on the premises.

Clothing and shoe (specialty) sales/service/rental: Retail sales, service, and/or rental business specializing in clothing services/types such as: clothing that is custom made on-site in limited quantities, alteration/custom fitting/sewing/repair service for individual clients, bridal shops, formal wear, tuxedos, and uniforms. The provision of dry cleaning and pressing services is reviewed as a separate use.

Clothing fabrication: Industrial mass production of clothing items for sale or resale.

Club: An association of persons for some common nonprofit purpose.

Cluster development: See Development, cluster.

Cluster housing: See Housing, cluster developments.

Code compliance officer: That person or persons designated by the legislative body to administer and enforce the provisions of the Land Use Code.

Cohabitants: A group not more than five (5) persons not meeting the definition of “family,” living together as a single housekeeping group in a dwelling unit.

Colony: A natural group of bees having a queen(s).

Colony, feral: A colony of bees in a natural cavity or a manufactured structure not intended for the keeping of bees on movable frames and comb.

Columbarium: A structure of vaults or a wall lined with recesses for cinerary urns that is usually an accessory use to a church/religious facility or a cemetery.

Commercial/industrial accessory uses: A use, structure, or part of a structure, which is subordinate and incidental to a commercial/industrial use including, but not limited to, the following uses: coin-operated amusement devices (more than five (5) devices becomes a primary use); employee exercise facilities; employee food service facilities; incidental storage of raw materials and finished products sold or manufactured on-site; and recycling and used goods collection bins.

Commercial, intensive: A commercial use which has one (1) or more of the following elements which may have a significant adverse effect on adjacent uses: unscreened outdoor storage; vehicle traffic; building bulk; production of noise, glare or smoke; or hours of operation.

Commercial use: An occupation, employment or enterprise that is carried on for profit by the owner, lessee or licensee. For purposes of transportation impact fee calculations, this definition does not include dwellings or professional offices.*

Commercial vehicle: A vehicle of the size and weight that is not typically found in a residential area, for example a typical “home use” pickup truck with a commercial logo on the side would not be defined as “commercial”; however, semi-trucks, semi-cabs, tractor trailers and other similar heavy equipment would be defined as “commercial.”

Common areas: Those portions of sites for dwellings which are duplex, multifamily, condominium, or similar multiple unit development that are intended for shared, routine use and/or passage during all hours by all residents and their guests. Common areas include, but are not limited to, walkways, clubhouses, shared driveways, and parking lots. Common areas do not include landscaping areas, greenbelts, yards or similar areas not intended for routine night time use.

Community: Any state or political subdivision thereof with authority to adopt and enforce land use and control measures for the areas within its jurisdiction.

Community center: A facility owned and operated by a public agency or nonprofit corporation; provided, that the principal use of the facility is for public assistance, recreation, community improvement, or public assembly.

Community facility: Zoning district to provide for public benefit uses on publicly owned property, including: City, county, school district, special district, state and federal. It does not include publicly or privately deeded open space, Native Growth Protection Easements (NGPE) and Tradition Plateau Natural Resource Conservation Area (TP-NRCA) which are more restrictive land use designations. (See also Facilities, public, and Government facility.)

Community residential facility: See Nursing home, Residential care facility, Retirement home.

Community space: Public lands containing resource protection, recreation or public amenity such as parks, plazas, trails, informal gathering areas, community gardens, and other similar facilities and areas. Some community spaces are required, others are encouraged.

Compact schools: Compact schools are public schools and school related buildings. Compact schools are distinguished by their pedestrian friendly design and architectural interest through a variety of building heights and forms, and efficient multi-story development, including structured parking, on sites typically smaller than traditional suburban schools.

Compatibility/compatible: The characteristics of different uses or development that permit them to be located near each other in harmony.

Completed level of review: Completed level of review means that the final decision and/or the notice of decision has been signed.

Comprehensive Plan: The City of Issaquah’s Comprehensive Plan, and any supplemental plans officially adopted under Chapter 36.70 RCW.

Conditions of approval: See Approval conditions.

Condominium: A type of property ownership consisting of an individual interest in an apartment or commercial building, and undivided common interest in common areas such as parking areas, elevators, etc.

Conference center: An establishment developed primarily as a meeting facility, including recreation facilities, overnight lodging facilities for the participants in a conference, and related activities.

Construction trailer: A temporary trailer, building, or other structure designed to provide internal office administration services and indoor storage, as opposed to customer service, normally associated with construction of a building or development occurring on the same or nearby site.

Construction value/cost: See Structure value.

Convalescent home or center: See Assisted living facility.

Convenience store, intensive: A retail business enclosed within a structure with the majority of sales relating to food and associated items, subject to the following criteria:

A.    When any of the following criteria are met, the convenience store shall be defined “intensive”:

1.    Outdoor storage which is five (5) percent or more of the building square footage;

2.    Floor space for food preparation, related activities, and other space not accessible to the public, which exceeds forty (40) percent of the floor area;

3.    Vehicular traffic or any type of fumes, odors or emissions which may have a significant adverse effect on adjacent uses;

4.    Gasoline pump(s) and/or island(s);

5.    Open any time between the hours of 10:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m.;

6.    State lottery ticket sales; and

7.    Building size larger than four thousand (4,000) square feet.

Convenience store, not intensive: See Neighborhood grocery store.

Cooperative, marijuana: A group of not more than four (4) qualifying patients or designated providers growing, producing, and/or processing marijuana for the medicinal use of its members, as provided in RCW 69.51A.250.

Corridor, scenic: A strip of land on either side of a river, creek, or lake; or a natural vista; or panoramic view, such as the Issaquah Alps, which is visible from the roadway or public area.

Corridor, view: A field of vision between buildings and/or vegetation, such as trees.

Courtyard: An open area enclosed or partially enclosed by walls within or adjoining a building.

Crematory: A building where bodies are incinerated. Crematories may be an accessory use to a funeral home; however, a crematory may have more intensive impacts than those of the funeral home.

Crisis residential center: A temporary protective residential facility operated to perform the duties specified in Chapter 13.32A RCW, in the manner provided in RCW 74.13.032 through 74.13.036 that provides an opportunity for children to receive short-term necessary support and nurturing in cases where there may be abuse or neglect.

Critical areas: Critical areas are any of those areas of King County and the City which are subject to natural hazards or those land features which support unique, fragile, or valuable natural resources including fish, wildlife and other organisms and their habitat and such resources which, in their natural state carry, hold or purify water. Critical areas include the following landform features: erosion hazard areas, coal mine hazard areas, landslide hazard areas, seismic hazard areas, steep slope areas, streams, wetlands, and the adjoining protective buffers.

Crop production: Growing and harvesting of agricultural crops for transportation off-site for sale and/or processing.

Cutoff:

A.    IESNA cutoff fixture: A luminaire, consistent with IESNA specifications, where the candela per one thousand (1,000) lamp lumens does not exceed two and one-half (2.5) percent at an angle of ninety (90) degrees above nadir or ten (10) percent at a vertical angle of eighty (80) degrees above nadir. In common terms, this means a light distribution pattern that results in limited light consistent with the stated percentages being projected at or above a horizontal plane located at the bottom of the fixture.

B.    IESNA full cutoff fixture: A luminaire, consistent with IESNA specifications, where no candela occur at or above an angle of ninety (90) degrees above the nadir, and at all greater angles from nadir. In common terms, this means a light distribution pattern that results in no light being projected at or above a horizontal plane located at the bottom of the fixture.

C.    IESNA semi-cutoff fixture: A luminaire, consistent with IESNA specifications, where the candela per one thousand (1,000) lamp lumens does not exceed five (5) percent at an angle of ninety (90) degrees above nadir or twenty (20) percent at a vertical angle of eighty (80) degrees above nadir. In common terms, this means a light distribution pattern that results in limited light consistent with the stated percentages being projected at or above a horizontal plane located at the bottom of the fixture. (Ord. 2868 § 1 (Exh. A), 2019; Ord. 2866 § 9, 2019; Ord. 2770 § 2 (Exhs. C3, C4), 2016; Ord. 2715 § 2 (Exh. A1), 2014; Ord. 2642 § 1, 2012; Ord. 2633 § 1, 2011; Ord. 2607 § 1, 2011; Ord. 2580 § 1, 2010; Ord. 2562 § 4 (Exh. B3), 2009; Ord. 2549 § 1, 2009; Ord. 2548 § 6, 2009; Ord. 2471 § 2, 2006; Ord. 2462 § 2, 2006; Ord. 2447 § 6, 2005; Ord. 2405 § 9, 2004; Ord. 2388 § 2(A), 2004; Ord. 2383 §§ 3, 4, 2004; Ord. 2283 § 2, 2000; Ord. 2280 § 8, 2000; Ord. 2108 § 2.2, 1996).

*Code reviser’s note: Ordinance 2671 amends Ordinance 2548, Section 9, to provide for the termination of Section 6 of Ordinance 2548, which amends the definition of “commercial use,” on March 1, 2014.

18.02.060 Definitions – D.

Day care operation: The temporary care of children or adults, generally less than twenty-four (24) hours, which takes place in a structure on a regular recurring basis for pay or other valuable consideration. Care includes, but is not limited to, the furnishing of shelter, sustenance, supervision, education or other supportive service. This includes children under minimum age for education in public schools, preschool operations and programs covering before-school and after-school care for school children. “Day care operation” includes:

A.    Day care center: An operation licensed by the state (Chapter 74.15 RCW) providing regularly scheduled care for children or developmentally or physically disabled adults.

B.    Family day care center: A state-licensed (Chapter 74.15 RCW) operation located in the family residence that provides regularly scheduled temporary care for twelve (12) or fewer children or six (6) or fewer developmentally or physically disabled adults, including those children or adults who reside in the home.

Decision, land use: See Land use decision.

Deck: A horizontal structure without a roof, typically made from wood, that is used for recreation purposes. A deck is considered an impervious surface, regardless of slatted construction or materials used. Benches, tables or other structures which are permanently attached to the deck are not considered as additional height when measuring the height of the deck from the finished grade. On a multistory building, an individual deck may have a “roof” that is actually related to the story above, such as a balcony.

Delicatessen (deli)/specialty food stores: Retail food stores selling ready-to-eat food products such as cooked meats, prepared salads or other specialty food items. This definition includes seafood, health food and other specialty food stores.

Demolish/demolition: The removal, during any twelve (12) month period, of more than fifty (50) percent of the exterior walls, bearing walls, columns, beams, or girders, and/or other structural supports of an existing structure. Windows, doors and/or deteriorated wall sections are all considered part of a wall for purposes of this measurement.

Density: The amount of dwelling units per acre or gross square footage per acre for any given development or proposed development. “Density” is considered a development standard within the zoning districts. Formula for density calculation found in Chapters 18.04 and 18.07 IMC. (See also Intensity.)

Density, multifamily: Medium density multifamily zoning in the City has been established in the MF-M and the MUR zones, and high density multifamily zoning has been established in the MF-H zone. (See Chapter 18.06 IMC.)

Density, single family: Low density single family zoning in the City has been established in the following zones: C-Res and SF-E. Medium density single family zoning in the City has been established in the SF-S zone. High density single family zoning the City has been established in the SF-SL zone.

Department, reviewing: A department within the City which is responsible for the reviewing and commenting on development proposals.

Designated provider: A person who meets the requirements of RCW 69.51.010(4) and who has been designated by a qualifying patient as that patient’s marijuana provider.

Development: All structures and other modifications of the natural landscape above and below ground or water, including the division of land into two (2) or more parcels, on a particular site. “Development” includes any activity that would require a Land Use Permit or approval from the City or any other local, state, or federal jurisdiction. Development activity includes, but is not limited to, clearing or grading activity, building or construction activity, dredging or filling, etc.

Development Permit: Written authorization for development or modification of development as defined in this Code, including Building and Construction Permits. (See also Project Permit.)

Development regulations: Any controls placed on development or land use activities by a county or city, including, but not limited to, zoning ordinances, official controls, subdivision ordinances and binding site plan ordinances.

Development, substantial: For the purposes of the Shoreline Master Program “substantial development” is any construction or improvements of which the total cost or fair market value, whichever is higher, exceeds $2,500 and materially interferes with the normal public use of the water or shorelines of the state.

Disabled vehicle: Any vehicle which is disabled and incapable of being operated, or which has been permitted to remain without being operated and in a state of disrepair for over thirty (30) days. The term shall include any and all automotive parts, whether assembled or not.

Discontinued: See Nonconforming structure/use, discontinued.

Distribution center: Warehousing, shipping, and freight as a primary use that may include limited assembly or manufacturing activity that is accessory to the primary distribution function.

Distribution line: Delivers power from a distribution substation to points of use, such as homes and businesses, distribution lines operate at a nominal voltage less than fifty-five (55) kilovolts (kV), usually twelve (12) or thirty-four (34) kilovolts.

Distribution substation: See Substation, distribution.

Docket of Proposed Amendments: The Docket of Proposed Amendments (DPA) is an official list of suggested amendments to the Comprehensive Plan or Land Use Code that is compiled, maintained, and reviewed by the City of Issaquah in accordance with RCW 36.70A.470 (Amendment suggestion procedure).

Dormer: A roofed projection built out from a sloping roof into which a window is set to provide additional interior light and ventilation.

Dormer, gable: A dormer with a gable end, projecting perpendicularly from a pitched roof, usually bearing a window on its vertical face.

Dormer, shed: A dormer with a shed roof; having a roof with only one (1) sloped side that slopes in the same direction as the roof in which the dormer is located.

Downtown City facilities: Community facilities located in the CBD, including but not limited to City property currently known as: Centennial Park, Rainier Blvd. Greenway, Depot Park, Memorial Park, King County Library (10 W. Sunset Way), Police Department (130 E. Sunset Way), Fire Department (190 E. Sunset Way), City Hall South and adjoining parking lots (135 E. Sunset Way), Lewis House (115 SE Bush St.), Food and Clothing Bank and Historical Society (179 1st Ave. SE), Parks Dept. Offices (235 1st Ave. SE), Trailhead Park and Station Master’s House (110 SE Bush St.), Community Center (500 1st Ave. SE), Greenway loop/trail, and Julius Boehm Pool (50 SE Clark St.), as well as contiguous City owned property. (See Community facility.)

Drive-through window/station facility: Any portion of a building or structure from which business is transacted, or is capable of being transacted, directly with customers located in a motor vehicle during such business transactions.

Driveway: The required traveled path to or through a parking lot for three (3) or more vehicles. A “driveway” also refers to the vehicular access for a single family home or duplex.

Drug store/pharmacy: Establishments engaged in the retail sale of prescription drugs, nonprescription medicines, cosmetics and related supplies.

DSHS: State of Washington Department of Social and Health Services.

Dwelling: A building or portion of a building designed for residential purposes which includes facilities for living, sleeping, cooking, eating and sanitation, including single family, two (2) family, and multiple dwellings, but not including hotels, inns, or motels.

Dwelling, duplex: A building, which is located on one (1) legal lot or parcel, containing two (2) dwelling units designed exclusively for occupancy by two (2) single households living independently of each other. A single family dwelling containing an approved accessory dwelling unit (ADU) shall not be interpreted as a duplex.

Duplex Dwelling (Examples for Illustration Only):

Dwelling, fourplex: A multifamily building, which is located on one (1) legal lot or parcel, containing four (4) dwelling units designed exclusively for occupancy by four (4) single households living independently of each other.

Dwelling, multifamily: A building or portion of a building designed for long-term (greater than thirty (30) days) occupancy of three (3) or more single households living independently of each other, such as apartments or condominiums, but not including hotels or motels.

Multifamily Dwelling (Examples for Illustration Only):

Dwelling, senior housing: See Senior housing.

Dwelling, single family attached (townhouse): Two (2) or more single household dwellings that are attached to one another by a common vertical wall(s) (of fire code required composition), each dwelling located on a separate lot, each unit has its own front and rear access to the outside at the ground level, and no unit is located over another unit. May be single- or multistory subject to applicable height standards. The permitted number of attached single family dwellings in a single grouping varies by zoning district.

Single Family Attached Dwelling (Townhouse) (Example for Illustration Only):

Dwelling, single family detached: A detached building containing no more than one (1) dwelling unit designed for occupancy by a single household.

Single Family Detached Dwelling (Examples for Illustration Only):

Dwelling, single family semidetached: A one (1) single household dwelling attached to one (1) other one (1) single household dwelling by a common vertical wall, and each dwelling located on a separate lot.

Dwelling, townhouse: See Dwelling, single family attached (townhouse).

Dwelling, triplex: A multifamily building, which is located on one (1) legal lot or parcel, containing three (3) dwelling units designed exclusively for occupancy by three (3) single households living independently of each other.

Dwelling unit: A room or a suite of rooms in a building designed for and not occupied by more than one (1) single household doing its own cooking therein, having not more than one (1) kitchen facility, and including facilities for living, sleeping and sanitation. In the situation where a dwelling unit has an approved accessory dwelling unit (ADU), there may be a separate kitchen facility for the approved ADU. (Ord. 2770 § 2 (Exh. C5), 2016; Ord 2613 § 3 (Exh. B2), 2011; Ord. 2549 § 1, 2009; Ord. 2462 § 2, 2006; Ord. 2447 § 7, 2005; Ord. 2405 § 10, 2004; Ord. 2383 §§ 3, 5, 2004; Ord. 2345 § 1, 2002; Ord. 2283 § 2, 2000; Ord. 2280 § 9, 2000; Ord. 2164 § 1, 1997; Ord. 2108 § 2.2, 1996).

18.02.070 Definitions – E.

Easement: A grant of one (1) or more of the property rights by the property owner for use by the public, a corporation, or another person, government agency, public utility company or other entity. The use of the easement is typically related to a specific purpose, for example, an access easement.

Easement, access: Any private easement for the purpose of ingress and egress that is not dedicated to the public and that is owned by the underlying owners of land over which it crosses.

Electric vehicle: Any vehicle that operates, either partially or exclusively, on electrical energy from the grid, or an off-board source, that is stored on-board for motive purpose. Types of electric vehicles include a battery electric vehicle and a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle.

Electric vehicle battery charging station: See Battery charging station.

Electric vehicle battery exchange station: See Battery exchange station.

Electric vehicle infrastructure: Structures, machinery, and equipment necessary and integral to support an electric vehicle, including battery charging stations, rapid charging stations, and battery exchange stations.

Electric vehicle rapid charging station: See Rapid charging station.

Employee residential accommodations: Facilities, including apartments or condominiums, owned or operated by private businesses or subsidiaries thereof and designed to provide short-term lodging accommodations to employees and/or guests.

Environmental improvements: Improvements to community facilities open space or forest space that are primarily intended to improve the natural environment for native vegetation and animal life. For example, creek improvements intended to benefit salmon, hillside improvements intended to prevent landslides, or planting native plants and recreating native habitats, are all considered environmental improvements. Environmental improvements may include but are not limited to the restoration of riparian and upland vegetation, the installment of instream woody debris for fish habitat, or the removal of hardened stream banks or floodplain fill for floodplain or wetland restoration.

Environmental review: The procedures and requirements established by the State Environmental Policy Act, Chapter 43.21C RCW and Chapter 18.10 IMC, as it now exists or is hereafter amended.

Environmentally fragile area: Areas of the exterior environment that may be easily destroyed or damaged.

Event, special: See Special event. (Ord. 2587 § 2 (Exh. B1), 2010; Ord. 2462 § 2, 2006; Ord. 2280 § 10, 2000; Ord. 2274 § 1, 2000; Ord. 2140 § 11, 1996; Ord. 2126 § 4, 1996; Ord. 2108 § 2.2, 1996).

18.02.080 Definitions – F.

FAA: Federal Aviation Administration.

Fabric store: Establishments engaged in the retail sale of sewing supplies and accessories.

Facade: The continuous exterior wall of a structure on the front, side or back of a building including projections from and attachments to the wall. Projections and attachments may include but are not limited to balconies, decks, porches, chimneys, unenclosed corridors and similar projections.

Facilities, essential public: Facilities that are typically difficult to site, as defined in RCW 36.70A.200, such as: airports, state education facilities, state or regional transportation facilities as defined in RCW 47.06.140, state and local correctional facilities, solid waste handling facilities, and in-patient facilities including substance abuse facilities, mental health facilities, group homes, and secure community transition facilities.

Facilities, public: Streets, roads, highways, sidewalks, street and road lighting systems, traffic signals, domestic water systems, water towers, storm and sanitary sewer systems, parks and recreation facilities, and schools. (See also Community facility; Government facility.)

Facilities, secure community transition (SCTF): A residential facility, with no less than three (3) beds, for persons civilly committed and conditionally released to a less restrictive alternative under Chapter 71.09 RCW. A secure community transition facility has supervision and security, and either provides or ensures the provision of sex offender treatment services.

Facility, correctional: A facility operated by a governmental agency and designed, staffed and suited for the permanent housing of adult persons charged with a criminal offense prior to trial and/or sentencing, and for the housing of adult persons for punishment and correction after sentencing.

Facility, detention: A facility operated by a governmental agency and designed, staffed and suited for the temporary (i.e., not exceeding ninety (90) days) housing of adult persons charged with a criminal offense prior to trial or sentencing and for the housing of adult persons for punishment and correction after sentencing.

Facility, special needs: See Adult family home or Residential care facility or Nursing home.

Fairground: Establishments engaged in the operation of outdoor fairs which include, but are not limited to, carnivals, circuses, expositions, horse shows and competitive exhibitions of farm and home products with accompanying entertainment and amusements.

Family: A person, or two (2) or more persons related by blood or marriage or law living together as a single housekeeping unit in a single dwelling. In addition, the following uses shall be accepted as families pursuant to the requirements of state and/or federal law:

A.    Adult family homes licensed pursuant to RCW 70.128.150;

B.    Foster homes for the placement of the disabled, or expectant mothers in a residential setting including, but not limited to, foster family homes licensed pursuant to Chapter 74.15 RCW, community group care facilities licensed pursuant to Chapter 74.15 RCW and crisis residential centers pursuant to Chapter 13.32A RCW; and

C.    Consensual living arrangements of the disabled protected pursuant to the Federal Fair Housing Act amendments.

    Secure community transition facilities, as defined in Chapter 71.09 RCW, are not protected under the definition of “family.”

    (For unrelated persons residing together, see “Cohabitants.”)

Family home, foster: An agency which regularly provides care on a twenty-four (24) hour basis to one (1) or more children, expectant mothers, or persons with developmental disabilities in the family abode of the person or persons under whose direct care and supervision the child, expectant mother, or person with a developmental disability is placed.

Family members: Persons related by blood, marriage or adoption, including foster children.

Feed store: An establishment engaged in selling feed, seed, fertilizers, fencing, or other such supplies directly related to the day-to-day activities of agricultural production and specifically excluding apparel, powered equipment, related accessories, and trailers.

Fence: Any artificially constructed barrier, other than a building, of any material or combination of materials used to enclose or screen areas of land, or used as a means of protection or confinement. Also, any obstruction through which bees will not readily fly.

Finding: Conclusion of fact reached by the reviewing official in a review process and based on the evidence available therein.

Flood damage: An action which includes harmful inundation; water erosion of soil, stream banks and beds; stream channel shifting and changes; harmful deposition by water of eroded and shifting soils and debris upon property or in the beds of streams or other bodies of water; damages by high water to public roads, streets, highways, bridges, utilities, and to works built for protection against floods or inundation; the interruption by floods of travel, communication and commerce; and all other high water influences and results which injuriously affect the health and safety of persons or property.

Flood or flooding: A general and temporary condition of partial or complete inundation of normally dry lands from the overflow of streams, rivers or other inland water.

Flood hazard area: That area defined in the City’s critical areas regulations (Chapter 18.10 IMC).

Floodproofing: Any combination of structural or nonstructural additions, changes, or adjustments to property or structures which reduce or eliminate flood damage to lands, water or sanitary facilities, structures, or contents of buildings.

Floor area, gross: The sum of the total horizontal areas of the several floors of all buildings on a lot, measured from the interior faces of exterior walls. The term “gross floor area” includes basements, elevator shafts and stairwells at each story; floor space used for mechanical equipment with structural head room; interior balconies; and mezzanines. Gross floor area shall not include outside balconies that do not exceed a projection of six (6) feet beyond the exterior walls of the building. Parking structures below grade and rooftop mechanical structures are excluded from gross floor area. For the purpose of determining off-street parking requirements, “gross floor area” shall be defined as the total of all floor areas of a building as measured from the interior surface of each exterior wall of the structure excluding stairwells and elevator shafts, mechanical rooms, janitorial sink rooms, restrooms, attic space and interior vehicular parking or loading, and all floors below the first or ground floor, except when used or intended to be used for human habitation or service to the public. Hallways, lobbies, conference rooms, enclosed porches and balconies shall be included in the gross floor area for determining off-street parking requirements.

Florist shops: Establishments engaged in the retail sale of flowers and plants.

Foster family home: See Family home, foster.

Full cutoff fixture: See Cutoff.

Funeral home/mortuary: Building where services and/or ceremonies are held in conjunction with human burial or cremation. Crematories may be an accessory use to a funeral home; however, in some cases, crematories may include additional impacts to those of the funeral home and require additional review.

Furniture stores: Establishments engaged in the retail sale of household furniture and furnishings for the home. (Ord. 2553 § 4 (Exh. B3), 2009; Ord. 2462 § 2, 2006; Ord. 2447 § 8, 2005; Ord. 2383 §§ 3, 4, 2004; Ord. 2345 § 1, 2002; Ord. 2283 § 2, 2000; Ord. 2274 § 1, 2000; Ord. 2108 § 2.2, 1996).

18.02.090 Definitions – G.

Gable: An end wall of a building having a triangularly shaped upper portion formed by a sloping roof on either side of a ridge and the top of the wall plate.

Geotechnical exploration: Any geotechnical exploration needed to identify soil and/or groundwater characteristics for engineering purposes. Such explorations might include, but are not limited to the following: soil boring, test monitoring wells, soil trenches. Impact to the site is minimal after initial construction.

Geothermal alternative energy system: See Alternative energy system (geothermal).

Glare: A sensation of brightness produced by light within the visual field that is sufficiently greater than the light in the surroundings and/or to which the eyes are adapted that causes annoyance, discomfort, distraction, and/or loss in visual performance or visibility.

Golf course: A recreational facility, under public or private ownership, designed and developed for a golf course, usually containing eighteen (18) full-sized golf holes, with permitted accessory uses including, but not limited to, a driving range, putt putt golf, and indoor facilities such as a pro shop, caddy shack building, restaurant, meeting rooms, and storage facilities.

Government facility: Any facility operated by a federal, state or local agency. (See also Community facility; Facilities, public.)

Grade: The point of elevation of the surface of the ground or paving where it touches the building.

Grade, average: The average elevation of the surface of the ground or paving where it touches the building.

Grade, existing: The elevation of the ground surface prior to manmade alterations, such as grading, filling, or excavating activity.

Grade, finished: The final elevation of the ground surface after manmade alterations, such as grading, filling, or excavating activity.

Grocery store, large scale: A retail business enclosed within a structure forty-five thousand (45,000) square feet or more with the majority of sales relating to food and associated items. Outdoor storage may be permitted, provided it complies with screening requirements. An outdoor display area may be permitted, provided it complies with related permit requirements.

Grocery store, midscale: A retail business enclosed within a structure between four thousand (4,000) square feet and forty-five thousand (45,000) square feet with the majority of sales relating to food and associated items. Outdoor storage may be permitted, provided it complies with screening requirements. An outdoor display area may be permitted, provided it complies with related permit requirements.

Grocery store, neighborhood: A retail business with the majority of sales relating to food and associated items that meets all of the following criteria:

A.    All activities are conducted within a completely enclosed structure.

B.    Outdoor storage is less than five (5) percent of the building square footage.

C.    Floor space for food preparation, related activities and other space not accessible to the public does not exceed forty (40) percent of the floor area.

D.    Vehicular traffic, or any type of fumes, odors, or emissions do, not have significant adverse effect on adjacent uses.

E.    Building size is four thousand (4,000) square feet or less.

F.    Not open at any time between 10:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m.

Gross site area: See Site area, gross.

Group care facility, adult: A residential home in which a person or persons provide personal care, special care, room, and board to more than one (1) but not more than six (6) adults who are not related by blood or marriage to the person or persons providing the services. Also see “Family.”

Group care facility, community: A facility, other than a foster family home, which is maintained and operated for the care of a group of children on a twenty-four (24) basis. Also see “Family.”

Guest house: See Bed and breakfast operation. (Ord. 2558 § 2 (Exh. B1), 2009; Ord. 2471 § 2, 2006; Ord. 2462 § 2, 2006; Ord. 2447 § 9, 2005; Ord. 2383 §§ 3, 4, 2004; Ord. 2274 § 1, 2000; Ord. 2108 § 2.2, 1996).

18.02.100 Definitions – H.

Hatchery, fish: A place where fish eggs are incubated to produce young.

Hazardous waste: All dangerous and extremely hazardous waste as defined in RCW 70.105.010(15), or its successor, except for moderate risk waste as set forth in RCW 70.105.010(17), or its successor.

Hazardous waste storage: The holding of hazardous waste for a temporary period, as regulated by the State Dangerous Waste Regulations, Chapter 173-303 WAC, or its successor.

Hazardous waste treatment: The physical, chemical, or biological processing of hazardous waste for the purpose of rendering these wastes nondangerous or less dangerous, safer for transport, amenable for energy of material resource recovery, amenable for storage, or reduced in volume, as regulated by the State Dangerous Waste Regulations, Chapter 173-303 WAC, or its successor.

Hazardous waste treatment and storage facilities, off-site: Facilities that store and/or treat hazardous wastes generated upon property other than the property whereupon the storage and/or treatment occurs.

Hazardous waste treatment and storage facilities, on-site: Facilities that store and/or treat hazardous wastes generated upon the same property whereupon the storage and/or treatment of the waste occurs.

Health/fitness club: A private facility providing fitness instruction and exercise equipment for use by paying members and/or guests.

Hearing, open record: A hearing, conducted by a single hearing body or officer authorized by the City to conduct such hearings, that creates the City’s record through testimony and submission of evidence and information, under procedures prescribed by City ordinance or resolution. (See also Public hearing.)

Helipad/helistop: Any landing area used for the landing and taking off of helicopters for the purpose of picking up and discharging passengers or cargo. This site does not include fueling, refueling or service facilities.

Heliport: An area of land or water or a structural surface which is used as a permanent facility for the landing and takeoff of helicopters, and any appurtenant areas which are used for heliport buildings and other facilities. Areas for refueling, maintenance, repairs or storage of a helicopter are included in this definition.

Heliport approach surface: The approach surface begins at each end of the heliport primary surface with the same width as the primary surface, and extends outward and upward for a horizontal distance of four thousand (4,000) feet (1,220 m) where its width is five hundred (500) feet (152 m). The standard slope of the approach surface is eight (8) to one (1).

Heliport primary surface: The area of the primary surface coincides in size and shape with the designated takeoff and landing area of a heliport. This surface is a horizontal plane at the elevation of the established heliport elevation.

Heliport transition surface: These surfaces extend outward and upward from the lateral boundaries of the heliport primary surface, and from the approach surfaces at a slope of two (2) to one (1) for a distance of two hundred fifty (250) feet (76 m) measured horizontally from the centerline of the primary and approach surfaces.

Height, building: See Building height.

Historic significance: Any lands, sites, and structures that have historical, cultural and archaeological significance. Any lands, sites, and structures recognized by local, county, state or national historic preservation register/program.

Hobby and game shops: Establishments engaged in the retail sale of toys, games, hobby and craft kits.

Hobby farm: A farm with limited acreage on which the occupants cultivate crops and/or domestic/household or agricultural animals primarily for their own use and not for commercial use.

Home occupation: A business carried on as a secondary, incidental or accessory use by the permanent resident(s) of the dwelling for gain or support, when on-site work is conducted entirely within a residential dwelling or a building accessory thereto, and when such occupation is in compliance with the terms and conditions of this Code.

Honey bees: See Bees, honey.

Horticulture: The art and science of raising and tending plants, especially garden plants.

Hospital: An institution providing clinical, temporary, and emergency services of a medical or surgical nature to human patients which is licensed by state law to provide facilities and services for surgery, obstetrics, and general medical practice as distinguished from clinical treatment of mental and nervous disorders.

Hotel: A facility offering transient lodging accommodations on a daily or weekly rate to the general public and which may provide additional services, such as restaurants, meeting rooms, and recreation facilities.

Hours of operation, prime: The time span during which a business or facility has its highest level of activity from employees, clients, customers and/or other users.

Household pets: Animals of a size and character normally associated and generally housed within a dwelling unit including dogs, cats, rabbits, gerbils, guinea pigs, hamsters, cage birds, fish, nonvenomous reptiles and amphibians and nonconstrictor snakes. An immature pet is a young animal; a mature pet has generally reached its full size.

Housing, affordable: See Affordable housing.

Housing, cluster developments: A development design technique that concentrates buildings housing in specific areas on a site to allow the remaining land to be used for common usable open space, and preservation of environmentally critical areas. Cluster developments housing requires a minimum of two (2) acres and must comply with the density and lot coverage requirements for the zoning district in which the parcel is located. However, to achieve the development clusters, minimum lot requirements, including, but not limited to, internal building setbacks may be flexible, provided, the land saved through clustering is dedicated to permanent usable open space areas or critical areas. Maintenance of usable open space and critical areas is the owner’s responsibility unless other ownership provisions are made.

Cluster Housing Development (Example for Illustration Only):

Hydraulic improvements: Stream channel and floodplain modifications primarily intended to improve flood conveyance or to provide flood protection. This would include flood improvement projects, stream channel or floodplain excavations that are performed for flood mitigation, bank protection projects that utilize “riprap” or similar materials, placement of fill within the ordinary high water mark or wetland, or similar actions.

Hydroponics: The cultivation of plants in a soil-less medium using water and minerals. (Ord. 2746 § 6 (Exh. C), 2015; Ord. 2462 § 2, 2006; Ord. 2447 § 10, 2005; Ord. 2280 § 11, 2000; Ord. 2274 § 1, 2000; Ord. 2108 § 2.2, 1996).

18.02.110 Definitions – I.

ICBO: International Conference of Building Officials.

IESNA: The Illuminating Engineering Society of North America, a professional organization specializing in lighting.

Impact: The effect(s) or consequence(s) of actions.

Impact, adverse, detrimental, or negative: An impact that causes damage or degradation of some sort.

Impact, significant: A reasonable likelihood of more than a moderate adverse impact, for example, on environmental quality.

Impervious surface: A hard surface area which either prevents or retards the entry of water into the soil mantle as under natural conditions prior to development, and/or a hard surface area which causes water to run off the surface in greater quantities or at an increased rate of flow from the flow present under natural conditions prior to development. Common impervious surfaces include, but are not limited to, roof tops and eaves, walkways, patios, decks (covered or open slat construction are both considered impervious), driveways, parking lots or storage areas, concrete or asphalt or other paving, pavers, and/or other hard-surfaced permeable materials, gravel roads, packed earthen materials, rockeries and oiled macadam or other surfaces which similarly impede the natural infiltration of surface and storm water runoff. Open, uncovered retention/detention facilities shall not be considered as impervious surfaces for the purposes of this definition.

Improvement, site: Any manmade, immovable item which becomes part of, is placed upon, or is affixed to, real estate.

Improvement, substantial: Any repair, reconstruction or improvement of a structure, the cost of which equals or exceeds fifty (50) percent of the actual cash or market value, whichever is higher, of the structure. Cash or market value is determined by either:

A.    The value before the improvement is started; or

B.    If the structure has been damaged and is being restored, the value before the damage occurred.

Substantial improvement is started when the first alteration of any structural part of the building commences.

Industry, heavy: A use involving processing and manufacturing of product materials predominantly from extracted or raw materials, or a use involving the storage or manufacturing of flammable or explosive materials, or involving storage or manufacturing processes containing potentially hazardous or commonly recognized offensive conditions.

Industry, light: A use involving the manufacture of finished products or parts, predominantly from previously prepared materials, including processing, fabrication, assembly, treatment, packaging, incidental storage, sales, and distribution of such products, but excluding basic industrial processing.

Inn: A group of attached or detached buildings on the same lot containing less than twenty-five (25) individual sleeping quarters for rental to the public. An operation with twenty-five (25) or more individual sleeping quarters is defined as a “motel” or “hotel.”

Intensity: The combination of factors (such as visual appearance, building size, traffic generation, noise, dust, light and economic value) associated with a particular use that determines the potential impact of that use on neighboring land uses. The higher the intensity, the greater the possible impact on neighboring land uses. Generally, the intensity of a land use will affect its compatibility with other land uses. (See also Density.)

Irrigation and/or drainage facilities: All irrigation and/or drainage structures, including but not limited to standpipes, weir boxes, pipelines, ditches, pumphouses, culverts, biofiltration swales, detention ponds, landscape irrigation pipes, and level spreaders. (Ord. 2783 § 5 (Exh. A5.a), 2016; Ord. 2462 § 2, 2006; Ord. 2383 § 4, 2004; Ord. 2108 § 2.2, 1996).

18.02.120 Definitions – J.

Jail: A facility operated by a governmental agency and designed, staffed and used for the incarceration of persons for the purposes of punishment, correction and rehabilitation following conviction of an offense. A jail may also include any of the following: holding facility prior to trial or sentencing; correctional facility; work farm/camp or work release facility; or youth detention facility. A “City Jail” is one that is accessory to a police station. (See also Detention facility.)

Junk yard: An area that is used for storage, sorting or processing of scrap metal, automobile bodies or farm machinery, scrap lumber or other salvage materials. (Ord. 2108 § 2.2, 1996).

18.02.130 Definitions – K.

Kennel, commercial/boarding: An establishment maintaining five (5) or more mature dogs and/or cats for breeding, sale, or boarding purposes. (Ord. 2108 § 2.2, 1996).

18.02.140 Definitions – L.

Laboratory facility: An educational or medical use dedicated to the study of scientific and technical processes and theories which include laboratory testing and experimentation with living animals. (See also Research facility.)

Land use: A description of how land is occupied or utilized.

Land use action: All Project Permits and including, but not limited to, other related land use actions such as the adoption or amendment of a comprehensive plan, subarea plan, development regulations, and annexations. (See also Project Permit.)

Land Use Code: The regulation governing land development and related activity as amended and adopted by the City of Issaquah.

Land use decision: A final determination by the City body or officer with the highest level of authority to make the determination, including those with authority to hear appeals (RCW 36.70C.020(1)).

Landscaping: The arrangement and planting of trees, grass, shrubs and flowers, and the placement of fountains, patios, street furniture and ornamental concrete or stonework and artificial turf.

Large vehicle and heavy equipment sales/dealership: A use involving the display, sale and leasing of new or used heavy equipment, construction equipment, mobile homes, RVs, tractor trailers, campers and/or similar vehicles/items.

Levels of review: Different development actions and permits categorized according to similarity of project review intensity.

License, marijuana: A license issued by the Washington State Liquor and Cannabis Board to a person or entity to produce, process, or retail (sell) marijuana.

Licensee, marijuana: Any person or entity that holds a marijuana license, or any person or entity who is a true party of interest in a marijuana license, as outlined in WAC 314-55-035.

Livestock: Animals kept either in open fields or structures for training, boarding, home use, sales, or increase. Livestock includes cattle, hogs, sheep, goats, horses, llamas and other large grazing animals, but does not include small, wild, or predatory animals.

Loading space: An off-street space on the same lot with a structure or use, or contiguous to a group of structures or uses, for the temporary parking of a vehicle while loading or unloading persons, merchandise, or materials, and which abuts a street, alley or other appropriate means of access and egress.

Lot: A designated parcel, tract or area of land established by plat, subdivision, or as otherwise permitted by law, to be used, developed or built upon as a unit.

Lot area: The total horizontal area within the lot lines of the lot.

Lot, corner: A lot which has property lines in common with two (2) street right-of-way lines, not including alleys, having an angle of intersection of not more than one hundred thirty-five (135) degrees and a lot width not greater than seventy-five (75) feet.

Lot coverage: That portion of the lot that is covered by structures, and all other impervious surfaces on that parcel. This term is synonymous with impervious surface. (See Impervious surface.)

Lot depth: The mean horizontal distance between the front and rear lot lines.

Lot, interior: A lot other than a corner lot.

Lot, key: The first lot to the rear of a reversed corner lot which may be separated by an alley.

Lot line, front: In the case of an interior lot, the lot line which abuts upon a street; in the case of a corner lot or through lot, the lot line having the least frontage on a street.

Lot line, rear: A lot line opposite and most distant from the front lot line, and, in the case of a triangular or odd-shaped lot, a line ten (10) feet in length within the lot, parallel to and at a maximum distance from the front lot line.

Lot line, side: Any lot boundary line which is not a front or rear lot line.

Lot, reversed corner: A corner lot, the side street line of which is substantially a continuation of the front lot line of the key lot upon which it abuts to the rear.

Lot, through: A lot having frontage on two (2) parallel or approximately parallel streets.

Lot width: The mean horizontal distance between the side lot lines measured at right angles to the lot depth.

Low impact public use: An activity which does not adversely affect a site’s natural resource qualities, is appropriate to the maintenance of the site in a relatively unmodified natural setting, and does not detract from long-term ecological processes. For example, where endangered species/raptor nesting areas exist, uses will be restricted or managed to protect the species. Specifically, activities shall be consistent with the existing character of the site and the City’s Comprehensive Plan and shall not compromise the site’s integrity, ecological, geological, scenic, historic and archaeological values. This definition recognizes that even within a zone the character of one site may be different from another; for example, an area adjacent to an existing utility corridor has a different character than a site that has not been developed.

Low impact recreation use: A recreation use which does not adversely affect a site’s natural resource qualities, for example, bird watching, nature study, sightseeing or hiking that does not conflict with resource protection. A recreation use ceases to be low impact when it conflicts with resource protection.

Lumen: A measure of luminous flux or light energy generated by a light source. The lumen rating of a light bulb or lamp is provided by the manufacturer of the light bulb or lamp. (Ord. 2770 § 2 (Exh. C6), 2016; Ord. 2715 § 2 (Exh. A1), 2014; Ord. 2462 § 2, 2006; Ord. 2383 § 4, 2004; Ord. 2108 § 2.2, 1996).

18.02.150 Definitions – M.

Mailing service: A commercial or public retail/service use consisting primarily of postal services such as mail and parcel drop-off and pick-up and/or office services such as copying or related document preparation.

Manufactured home: A dwelling on one (1) or more chassis for towing to the point of use which bears an insignia issued by a state or federal regulatory agency indicating that the structure complies with all applicable construction standards of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development definition of a “manufactured home.” In addition, the manufactured home is comprised of at least two (2) fully enclosed parallel sections each of not less than twelve (12) feet wide by thirty-six (36) feet long; was originally constructed with and now has a composition of wood shake or shingle, coated metal, or similar roof of not less than three (3) to twelve (12) pitch; and has exterior siding similar in appearance to siding materials commonly used on a conventional site-built Uniform Building Code single family residence. A mobile home is not a manufactured home. Manufactured homes are further classified as follows:

A.    Multiwide: Having a minimum width of not less than seventeen (17) feet as measured at all points perpendicular to the length of the manufactured home; and

B.    Single-wide: Having a minimum width less than seventeen (17) feet as measured at any point perpendicular to the length of the manufactured home.

Note: A manufactured home may be appropriate as a family member cottage only when the standards and criteria for family member cottages within this Code are met.

Manufactured home development: A general category of development that includes manufactured home subdivisions and manufactured home parks.

Manufactured home, pre-HUD: A manufactured home constructed prior to the National Manufactured Housing Construction and Safety Act of 1974, and not bearing the insignia of HUD (Department of Housing and Urban Development).

Manufactured home sales: A use involving the display, sale or rental of new or used manufactured homes.

Manufactured home subdivision: A subdivision designed and/or intended for the sale of lots for siting manufactured homes.

Manufactured housing community: Any piece of real property under single ownership or control for which the primary purpose is the placement of two (2) or more manufactured homes for permanent residential dwellings and for the production of income. “Manufactured housing community” does not include real property used for the display and sale of manufactured homes, nor does it include real property used for seasonal recreational purposes only, as opposed to year-round occupancy.

Manufacturing, general: Establishments engaged in the mechanical or chemical transformation of materials or substances into new products including the assembling of component parts, the manufacturing of products, and the blending of materials such as lubricating oils, plastics, resins or liquors. Any use which dedicates the majority of the square footage of the site area and related buildings as a manufacturing use shall be considered “Manufacturing” on the Table of Permitted Land Uses, and shall be governed by the same development standards, parking requirements and review processes as are required for that primary use. If the use dedicates less than the majority of the square footage of the site area and related buildings as a manufacturing use, the use which has the most square footage shall be defined as the “primary use,” and shall be governed by the same development standards, parking requirements and review processes as are required for that primary use.

Manufacturing, light: Establishments of thirty thousand (30,000) square feet or less with all operations conducted completely indoors involving the manufacture of finished products or parts, predominantly from previously prepared materials, including processing, fabrication, assembly, treatment, packaging, incidental storage, sales, and distribution of such products, but excluding basic industrial processing with no external transmissions, such as heat, light, sound, or odor generated from operations.

Marijuana: All parts of the plant cannabis, whether growing or not; the seeds thereof; the resin extracted from any part of the plant; and every compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture, or preparation of the plant, its seeds or resin. The term does not include the mature stalks of the plant, fiber produced from the stalks, oil or cake made from the seeds of the plant, any other compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture, or preparation of the mature stalks (except the resin extracted therefrom), fiber, oil, or cake, or the sterilized seed of the plant which is incapable of germination.

Marijuana-infused products: Products that contain marijuana or marijuana extracts and are intended for human use. The term “marijuana-infused products” does not include usable marijuana.

Marijuana processor: A person or entity licensed by the Washington State Liquor and Cannabis Board to process marijuana into usable marijuana and marijuana-infused products, package and label usable marijuana and marijuana-infused products for sale in retail outlets, and sell usable marijuana and marijuana-infused products at wholesale to marijuana retailers.

Marijuana producer: A person or entity licensed by the Washington State Liquor and Cannabis Board to produce and sell marijuana at wholesale to marijuana processors and other marijuana producers.

Marijuana retailer: A person or entity licensed by the Washington State Liquor and Cannabis Board to sell usable marijuana and marijuana-infused products in a retail outlet.

Marijuana, usable: See Cannabis, usable.

Marina: An establishment providing docking or moorage space for pleasure boats or yachts, and related activities limited to the provision of minor boat repair and personal services such as showers, toilets and self-service laundries.

Maximum exterior lighting level: The maximum initial horizontal illuminance allowed measured in footcandles at grade at any given exterior point on a site, including partially enclosed outdoor spaces such as under canopies, on balconies, or the outermost open portions of parking structures.

Medical and dental offices: Professional medical and dental offices for the examination and treatment of human patients, but without provision for keeping such patients overnight on the premises (outpatient care services); includes chiropractic, counseling, massage therapy, and physical therapy. May include accessory pharmacies and research facilities.

Memorial chapel: A memorial chapel is similar in use to a church or other religious facility, is typically smaller in scale, and typically has no accessory uses. No funeral home activities such as embalming or related burial preparation services are permitted.

Mezzanine: A partial story between two (2) main stories of a building; the lowest balcony in a theater or the first few rows of that balcony.

Microbrewery: An operation where specialty beer is produced and distributed to a lesser extent than a “full brewery” according to the brewery industry standards. For the purpose of this Code, if the majority of the square footage of the microbrewery building and related structures is devoted to the process of brewing beer, storing and/or distributing the beer, then the primary use shall be classified as “Manufacturing.” If the majority of the square footage of the microbrewery building and related structures is devoted to such uses as a tasting room, restaurant and/or gift shops, the brewery operation is considered an accessory use. The review process, development standards and parking requirements shall be based on the primary use.

Mineral extraction/mining: The commercial extraction or recovery of minerals by:

A.    Quarrying, mining, and the extraction of minerals, and

B.    Surface extraction of coal, metallic and nonmetallic minerals and the surface uses associated with subsurface extraction, and the screening, crushing, washing or other preparation of such minerals for commercial use.

Mineral extraction/processing: The commercial extraction/processing of minerals by:

A.    Processes and methods identified or employed in activities according to the Standard Industrial Classifications (SIC) as defined by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration of the United States Department of Labor for SIC Major Groups 10, 12, and 14 and SIC Descriptions 2951, 3271 and 3273.

B.    Asphalt and concrete batching and recycling as an accessory to a primary mineral extraction use, or as a continuation of a mineral processing use established prior to August 2, 1999.

Minerals: Sand, gravel, rock, silica, peat, earth, clay, metallic and nonmetallic minerals, coal and other natural deposits.

Mitigation: Actions which avoid, minimize, rectify, reduce, eliminate, compensate, or correct otherwise probable significant adverse environmental impacts.

Mixed use development, residential: Developments which combine residential dwelling units with commercial uses within the same structure, for example, a building which has an office and cafe on the ground or street level and two (2) stories of multifamily dwellings above the ground or street level.

Mobile home: A factory assembled dwelling unit with the necessary service connections and made so as to be readily mobile on its own running gear. A mobile home does not meet applicable HUD manufactured housing standards of June 15, 1976. This definition does not include modular homes, manufactured homes, commercial coach, recreational vehicles or motor homes.

Modification of use, or development: Any change or alteration in the arrangement, placement or construction of any existing use, structure, or associated site improvement, and any change or alteration of land.

Modular home: A factory constructed residential structure which meets the requirements of the Uniform Building Code for site-built homes.

Motel: A group of attached or detached buildings on the same lot containing individual sleeping quarters, with not more than fifty (50) percent of the units containing cooking facilities, for rental to the public. Motels generally have twenty-five (25) or more individual sleeping quarters.

Motor vehicle: See Vehicle, motor.

Multifamily density: See Density, multifamily.

Museum/art gallery, nonprofit: Institution for the public presentation and viewing of art and/or historic artifacts owned and operated by a public or private nonprofit entity. See Studio/gallery for commercial uses that sell art items. Does not include any adult entertainment facility. (Ord. 2770 § 2 (Exhs. C7 – C9), 2016; Ord. 2715 § 2 (Exh. A1), 2014; Ord. 2633 § 1, 2011; Ord. 2462 § 2, 2006; Ord. 2383 § 4, 2004; Ord. 2233 § 6, 1999; Ord. 2108 § 2.2, 1996).

18.02.160 Definitions – N.

Natural resources research: Scientific analysis in fields such as soil science, botany, forestry, wildlife biology, fish ecology, air quality, water quality, and GIS data collection. Research may not result in the extraction of merchantable resources, such as selling trees for profit.

Neighborhood scale: See Scale, neighborhood.

Newspaper, local: The local newspaper for the City may include any newspaper of general circulation in Issaquah, including, but not limited to: Issaquah Press, Issaquah Reporter, and/or Seattle Times.

Noise: A sound that is associated with a use and which constitutes a nuisance.

Nonconforming, legal: A use, structure, site, lot or other situation which conformed to the applicable codes in effect on the date of the creation of that situation, but which no longer complies because of changes in code requirements or annexation.

Nonconforming, less: A nonconforming situation shall be considered “less nonconforming” when the nonconforming characteristic is modified or altered to such an extent that the area or degree of the nonconformity of that characteristic is decreased.

Nonconforming lot: A lot which does not conform to the area, width, depth or street frontage regulations of the district in which it is located.

Nonconforming site: A lot which does not conform to site development regulations, including but not limited to the landscaping, parking, fence, driveway, street opening, pedestrian amenity, screening and curb cut regulations of the district in which it is located due to changes in code requirements or annexation.

Nonconforming situation: A use, structure, lot, or site characteristic, legally created and in conformance with prior or existing zoning regulations, or legally nonconforming under prior or existing zoning regulations, which does not conform to applicable regulations due to changes in code requirements or annexation.

Nonconforming structure: A structure which does not conform to the dimensional regulations, including but not limited to setback, height, lot coverage, density and building configuration regulations of the district in which it located due to changes in code requirements or annexation.

Nonconforming structure/use, discontinued: A nonconforming use or structure shall become discontinued when one (1) of the following conditions occurs:

A.    The use is succeeded or replaced, through the appropriate process, by a permitted use; or

B.    The use or structure is succeeded or replaced by another use or structure that is less nonconforming; or

C.    The use is terminated with the intent to abandon and not be re-established within twelve (12) months. Discontinuance of a nonconforming use for a period of twelve (12) months or greater is deemed to be an intention to abandon said use; or

D.    The structure or use is damaged, and a complete application for reconstruction or replacement is not submitted to the Permit Center within one (1) year of such damage; or

E.    The structure is damaged and the replacement of the nonconforming use and/or structure is denied through the appropriate development review process.

Nonconforming use: A use which lawfully occupies a building or land at the effective date of this Code or future amendments and which, by reason of the adoption of this Code, future amendments or by annexation, becomes a use which does not conform to the regulations of the zone in which such use is located.

Nonmotorized facilities: A collective term used to describe all features provided to enable and support transportation by nonmotorized means including, but not limited to: sidewalks, walkways, bicycle lanes, shared use corridors, trails, bicycle parking, benches, and similar pedestrian- and bicycle-oriented items (may also appear as nonmotorized facilities).

Notice of action: See Notice of decision.

Notice of decision: A written notification of final decision in accordance with RCW 37.70B.090.

Noxious/destructive plants: See Plants, noxious/destructive.

Nuisance: Any use, activity or structure that interferes with the enjoyment and use of one’s property by endangering personal health or safety, offending the human senses and/or failing to conform with the provisions, intent, or standards of the district in which the use, activity or structure occurs.

Nursing home: See Assisted living facility. (Ord. 2746 § 8 (Exh. C), 2015; Ord. 2549 § 1, 2009; Ord. 2462 § 2, 2006; Ord. 2447 § 11, 2005; Ord. 2283 § 2, 2000; Ord. 2274 § 1, 2000; Ord. 2108 § 2.2, 1996).

18.02.170 Definitions – O.

Occupancy: The purpose for which a structure, portion of a structure, or lot is used or intended to be used. For purposes of this Code, a change of occupancy is not intended to include a change of tenants or proprietors, but is intended to indicate a change in the type of use.

Odd-shaped lot: A lot with a boundary shape different than a triangular, square or rectangular shape.

Office park: A large tract of land that has been planned, developed, and operated as an integrated facility for a number of separate office buildings and supporting ancillary uses with special attention given to circulation, parking, utility needs, aesthetics, and compatibility with surrounding uses.

Office/professional/financial: Establishments such as those engaged in providing internal office administration, the headquarters and/or the administrative office for a major corporation or establishments engaged in providing professional services such as advertising, architecture, consulting, engineering, finance, insurance, law, real estate, software design and technical support to business establishments or individual clients from an office setting with no on-site manufacturing or outdoor storage. This use classification includes banks and similar financial institutions.

Office, professional, service related: Establishments engaged in providing services to business establishments or individual clients from an office setting with no outdoor storage.

Open/closed record appeal: See Appeal, open record; Appeal, closed record.

Open record pre-decision hearing: See Public hearing.

Open space: That portion of a site which is left in its natural state or specifically designated to be used for recreation, resource protection, agriculture, greenbelt or amenity and is not covered with structures, roads or parking areas. Open space does not include land occupied by roads, road rights-of-way, public sidewalks or parking areas. Open space does not include the yards, courtyards or individual lots of residential units. Open space recreational uses may contain impervious surfaces. Such impervious surfaces shall be included as impervious surfaces in the calculation of the impervious/pervious surface ratio.

Open space, common: Open space within or related to a development, not in individually owned lots or not dedicated for public use, but which is designed and intended for the common use or enjoyment of the residents of the development.

Open space, common usable: Common usable open space includes those areas not on individually owned lots that are accessible for a variety of recreation uses, including, but not limited to, trails, picnic areas and other recreation. Pervious surfaces, which are critical areas and their associated buffers, are not defined as “common usable open space.”

Other adult entertainment facility: Any commercial establishment not defined herein where adult entertainment, as defined in IMC 5.10.030(D), or sexually-oriented materials, as defined in IMC 5.10.030(W), is regularly conducted, displayed, or available in any form, for any type of consideration; provided, however, that a public library, and a school, university, or similar educational or scientific facility shall not be considered an adult entertainment facility. In addition, a commercial establishment that offers access to telecommunications networks as a principal business purpose shall not be considered an adult entertainment facility unless the access is provided for the primary purpose of displaying or presenting visual images that are distinguished or characterized by a predominant emphasis on matters depicting, describing, or simulating any sexual activities specified in IMC 5.10.030(AA) or any anatomical areas specified in IMC 5.10.030(Y).

Outdoor lighting: All lighting of a building and/or building site that is located outdoors, including parking lot lighting, building facade lighting, canopy lighting and interior lighting of parking garages that is measurable and visible through openings in the facade. (Ord. 2462 § 2, 2006; Ord. 2447 § 12, 2005; Ord. 2434 § 8, 2005; Ord. 2383 § 4, 2004; Ord. 2283 § 6, 2000; Ord. 2140 § 12, 1996; Ord. 2126 § 4, 1996; Ord. 2108 § 2.2, 1996).

18.02.180 Definitions – P.

Parallel: For purposes of major street identification for a level of review determination, “parallel” and/or “generally parallel” shall mean an angle of forty-five (45) degrees or less to the freeway (including on-ramps or off-ramps) consistent with the use of the term “parallel” in Chapter 18.11 IMC, Signs.

Parcel: A lot or tract of land. (See Lot.)

Park: A site designed or developed for recreational use by the public including, but not limited to, indoor facilities such as museums, swimming pools and skating rinks, and outdoor facilities such as play fields, sport courts, fishing areas, and areas and trails for hikers, equestrians or bicyclists.

Park and ride lot: Vehicle parking specifically for the purpose of access to a public transit system.

Park, community: Approximately ten (10) acres or more with multiple facilities for organized recreational/sport activities, serving the entire service area.

Park, mini: Approximately two (2) acres or less of passive park which may include sport courts or small play fields.

Park, neighborhood: Approximately two (2) or more acres which offer passive/active activities, such as tot lots, picnic areas, tennis and/or sport courts, play fields, and is intended to serve the immediate area.

Park, pedestrian: An open space area which offers walking trails, benches and landscaping, and which encourages use by walkers.

Parking, bicycle: A bicycle rack or locker or similar permanent installation providing for the secure storage of a bicycle in a manner that does not obstruct required sidewalks or walkways. The number of bicycle parking spaces credited is dependent on the installation used. For example, a single loop bicycle rack is counted as two (2) bicycle parking spaces.

Parking lot: An area not within a building where motor vehicles may be stored for the purposes of temporary, daily, or overnight off-street parking.

Parking lot or garage, commercial: A “commercial parking lot” is not accessory to a particular use, yet stands alone as an individual commercial use as fees are collected through meters or other methods.

    Parking spaces within a “commercial parking lot” may be used to fulfill shared parking or required parking for uses adjacent to the parking lot only when a binding contract between the “lot” owner and the “use” owner has been approved by the City.

Parking, off-street: A parking space(s) and associated driveway(s) located beyond the right-of-way of a highway, street or alley.

Parking, reserved: A development area which is designated for future parking needs but is presently landscaped and/or contains impervious surface. For site and storm drainage calculations, reserved parking is considered impervious surface, as it may be converted to paved and striped parking. When the parking demands increase, this area can be converted into paved and striped parking.

Parking, shared: The provision that two (2) or more uses which are within close proximity may share parking facilities to fulfill their individual parking requirements because their prime operational hours do not overlap.

Parking, stacking space: Area provided for waiting vehicles for a drive-through window facility.

Parking, tandem: Parking spaces which have a single means of ingress and egress.

Party of record: The applicant and any other person who has submitted written comment on any action or proposed action, or who has appeared at a public hearing or public meeting and signed an official register requesting notice of further action.

Pawn shop: An establishment that lends money at interest in exchange for valuable personal property left as security, and including the sale of the same personal property and other goods or merchandise to the general public for personal or household consumption, and rendering services incidental to the purchase and sale of such goods.

Pedestrian-oriented/pedestrian orientation: Those uses, structures or areas which, because of scale, character, materials, accessibility or other element, encourage walking and wheelchair use.

Pediment: A triangular space forming the gable of a two (2) pitched roof in classic architecture; a similar form used as a decoration.

Pergola: A landscape feature consisting of an open frame with horizontal and/or vertical lattice work. It must be at least fifty (50) percent open on all sides and the roof.

Permit: Written governmental approval issued by an authorized official, empowering the holder thereof to take some action permitted only upon issuance of written approval. (See also Project Permit.)

Permit center: The entity within the City which coordinates the review of Development Permit applications.

Permitted land use: The occupation or utilization of land as allowed by the City of Issaquah upon issuance of written governmental approval.

Person: Any individual or group of individuals, corporation, partnership, association, or any other organization or organized group of persons, including state and local governments and agencies thereof, as related to the potential for being affected by a land use action.

Personal grooming services: Retail service businesses related to personal grooming such as barber shops, beauty shops, hair salons, nail salons, and tanning salons. May include accessory retail sales of related products. Does not include any medical services.

Pervious surface: A surface which does not prevent or retard the entry of water into the soil mantle as under natural conditions prior to development. Open, uncovered retention/detention facilities shall not be considered as impervious surfaces for the purposes of this document. (See also Impervious surface.)

Pet daycare: A soundproofed, indoor retail service use providing daily pet boarding without keeping animals overnight.

Pet shop: Establishments engaged in the retail sale and grooming of pets and small animals, and the sale of pet supplies.

Planning Director/Manager: The Director of the Planning Department or his/her designee.

Plants, noxious/destructive: Plants or weeds, such as purple loosestrife or invasive forms of ivy, which are harmful or destructive because of growth patterns or other negative attribute.

Plaza: An open area which is accessible to the public.

Population, general: People who are not members of the applicant’s or owner’s family, or employees, agents, contractors, invitees, lessees, or licensees of the owner, applicant or person otherwise directly involved with a proposed development. The general population may include citizens as well as area residents and visitors.

Pre-annexation agreement: The legal process in which owners and/or representatives of a parcel or contiguous group of parcels in an unincorporated area create a contract with the adjacent City jurisdiction regarding the potential for that unincorporated area becoming part of the City’s jurisdiction. A pre-annexation agreement may contain provisions for development standards, and coordination between the City and County. To be valid, the agreement must be approved by the City Council, and the owners of the parcel or group of parcels.

Predecision hearing: See Public hearing.

Predecision hearing, open record: An open record hearing may be held prior to the City’s decision on a Project Permit. An open record predecision hearing may be held on an appeal if no open record predecision hearing has been held on the Project Permit. See Public hearing.

Preschool program: See Day care operation.

Primary use: See Use, primary.

Principal building: See Building, principal.

Private: Solely or primarily for the use of the residents or occupants of the premises, for example, a noncommercial garage used solely by residents or their guests is a private garage.

Private outdoor retail display/sidewalk sale: Exhibit of goods which are directly accessible to the public for retail sale on private property. These display areas are accessory to the subject retail use.

Produce vending stands: Establishments engaged in the retail sale of local fresh fruits and vegetables and having permanent or temporary structures associated with such use.

Professional guest suite: A facility, including an apartment or condominium, offering transient lodging accommodations on a short-term basis (less than thirty (30) days), and which may include individual kitchen facilities in some or all of the units.

Project, City: A City project is any project that is at least seventy-five (75) percent City funded, whether such funding is from grants, capital funds or loans qualifies as a City project. The other twenty-five (25) percent funding could be received from donations, other jurisdictions or developer contributions. By definition, City projects are non-profit. However, should the City ever involve itself in a cooperative effort wherein the other twenty-five (25) percent contribution is from a “for profit” entity, the project shall be defined as a “for profit” City project.

Project Permit or Project Permit application: Any land use or environmental permit or license required from the City for a project action, including but not limited to Building Permits, subdivisions, Shoreline Substantial Development Permits, Site Development Plan Review Permits or approvals required by the critical areas regulations (Chapter 18.10 IMC), site-specific rezones authorized by a comprehensive plan or subarea plan, but excluding the adoption or amendment of a comprehensive plan, subarea plan, or development regulations. (See also Land use action and Permit.)

Project, public benefit: Projects that provide a high degree of public benefit, including: (a) public elementary, middle and high schools; (b) “non-profit” City projects; (c) affordable housing (low and medium); and (d) essential public facilities, public facilities and utility facilities.

Project review team: City staff members from all appropriate departments which meet for the purpose of reviewing development review projects and issues.

Project rezone: See Reclassification, contract.

Property owner(s): The legal owner or owners of the property.

Psychiatrist: A physician dealing with the branch of medicine dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders.

Psychologist: A person trained and licensed to deal with the diagnosis and treatment of mind, emotional and behavioral disorders.

Public areas: Those portions of a development intended for routine use and/or passage by the general public or customers or visitors to the development. Public areas include, but are not limited to, parking lots, driveways, walkways, and plazas.

Public art: Any statue, painting, mural, sculpture or other art form that is recognized by the Arts Commission and/or City Council. Public art is permitted in all zones of the City.

Public benefit project: See Project, public benefit.

Public building: A building, structure, or complex provided and maintained by a public entity or district and used for the purpose of providing some form of public service. Examples include but are not limited to City, county, water/sewer district, fire district, state and federal offices and buildings; public libraries; public park facilities such as an indoor pool and/or community center; and fire stations and related buildings.

Public facilities: See Facilities, public.

Public hearing: See also Appeal hearing, open record (same as open record hearing and includes open record predecision hearing): A hearing with advance public notice, where the public is given the opportunity to provide written and oral testimony and the testimony is made part of the official project record. The hearing, conducted by a single hearing body or officer authorized by the City to conduct such hearings, that creates the City’s record through testimony and submission of evidence and information. An open record hearing may be held prior to the City’s decision on a Project Permit to be known as an “open record predecision hearing.”

Public meeting: An informal meeting, hearing, workshop, or other public gathering of people to obtain comments from the public or other agencies on a proposed Project Permit prior to the decision. A public meeting may include, but is not limited to, a meeting of the: Development Commission, Planning Policy Commission, advisory or ad hoc committee, staff-sponsored meeting, other Design Review or Architectural Board or scoping meeting on a draft environmental impact statement. A public meeting does not include an open record hearing. The proceedings at a public meeting may be recorded and a report or recommendation may be included in the City’s Project Permit application file (RCW 36.70B.020(5)).

Public park of regional/statewide importance (PPRSI): A “public park of regional/statewide importance” means a park, owned or managed by a unit of government, including special and general purpose local governments, state agencies, or federal agencies, that has been identified by the public entity as containing natural, cultural or recreational resources of regional or statewide importance. A PPRSI may contain a broad range of park, recreation, cultural and educational facilities and activities, and sensitive resources including, but not limited to: significant natural, cultural and historical resources requiring protection; summer and winter trails; picnicking; swimming; boating; fishing; sports fields; primitive, car-based, and recreational vehicle camping; cabins, yurts and other structures for temporary overnight accommodations; restrooms; historical/cultural facilities including interpretive signs, kiosks, and centers; educational, community-based and commercial activities associated with rehabilitation and re-use of historic structures; administrative and maintenance buildings including living quarters for on-site staff; and all other facilities, including roadways, utilities and other support facilities ancillary to park facilities.

Public services: See Services, public.

Public use, low impact: See Low impact public use.

Public utility: See Utility facilities. (Ord. 2868 § 1 (Exh. A), 2019; Ord. 2587 § 3 (Exh. B2), 2010; Ord. 2562 § 4 (Exh. B3), 2009; Ord. 2553 § 4 (Exh. B3), 2009; Ord. 2462 § 2, 2006; Ord. 2447 § 13, 2005; Ord. 2388 § 2(B), 2004; Ord. 2383 § 4, 2004; Ord. 2301 § 5, 2001; Ord. 2283 § 2, 2000; Ord. 2280 § 12, 2000; Ord. 2164 § 2, 1997; Ord. 2108 § 2.2, 1996).

18.02.190 Definitions – Q.

Qualifying patient: A person who:

A.    Is a patient of a health care professional; and

B.    Has been diagnosed by that health care professional as having a terminal or debilitating medical condition; and

C.    Is a resident of the state of Washington at the time of such diagnosis; and

D.    Has been advised by that health care professional about the risks and benefits of the medical use of marijuana; and

E.    Has been advised by that health care professional that they may benefit from the medical use of marijuana. The term “qualifying patient” does not include a person who is actively being supervised for a criminal conviction by a corrections agency or department that has determined that the terms of this chapter are inconsistent with and contrary to his or her supervision and all related processes and procedures related to that supervision.

F.    Possesses “valid documentation” of meeting the above criteria as defined in Chapter 69.51A RCW. (Ord. 2633 § 1, 2011; Ord. 2108 § 2.2, 1996).

18.02.200 Definitions – R.

Rapid charging station: An industrial grade electrical outlet that allows for faster recharging of electric vehicle batteries through higher power levels, which meets or exceeds any standards, codes, and regulations set forth by Chapter 19.28 RCW and consistent with rules adopted under RCW 19.27.540.

Raw materials processing: Industrial processing of raw source materials such as wood and metal; includes uses such as metal fabrication and sawmills.

Real estate sales offices: Establishments engaged in providing real estate services to business establishments or individual clients from an office setting with no outdoor storage. When associated with and occurring on the same or nearby site of a new development, the real estate sales office may be located within a temporary construction trailer.

Reasonable accommodation: The Planning Director/Manager is authorized to make accommodations in the provision of this Code as applied to dwellings occupied or to be occupied by disabled persons or their care providers, as defined in the Federal Fair Housing Act (FFHA), when the Planning Director/Manager determines such accommodations may be necessary to afford disabled persons equal opportunity to use and enjoy a dwelling.

Reclassification/rezone: To change the zoning district classification of particular lot(s) or parcel(s) of land through a contract reclassification or legislative rezone.

Reclassification/rezone, contract: The approval or approval with conditions by City Council to a reclassification request concurrent with Project Permit approval.

Reclassification/rezone, legislative: A process initiated by the City to rezone land to be consistent with the City’s Comprehensive Plan. Legislative reclassification/rezone may be initiated by the City Council, the Administration, or the Planning Policy Commission (PPC). It may include “area wide” rezoning or specific parcels of land.

Reconstruction value/cost: See Structure value.

Recreation, public: A recreational use maintained and operated by a governmental agency.

Recreation use, low impact: See Low impact recreation use.

Recreation vehicle: A vehicle, boat or trailer which is designed for temporary recreational or emergency habitation and which may be moved on public highways without a special permit for a long, wide or heavy load.

Recreational area/recreational facility: A place designed and equipped for the conduct of sports, leisure time activities and other customary and usual recreational activities.

Recreational marijuana facility: Any facility used by a marijuana processor, marijuana producer, or marijuana retailer and operated under the provisions of Chapter 314-55 WAC. Medical marijuana collective gardens or any other facility established under the provisions of Chapter 69.51A RCW, Medical Cannabis, are not recreational marijuana facilities.

Recycling center: An establishment for the processing (separation and recovery) or collection of recyclable materials from solid wastes. Recycling of oil or other liquids may also occur.

Recycling collection point/transfer station: A collection point for recoverable resources, such as newspapers, glassware, and metal cans. Processing of these items may not occur on this site.

Remodels, substantial: A substantial remodel is an upgrade or change to an existing structure or use that expands the gross square footage of the use by ten (10) percent or more.

Research and development lab: An educational or medical use dedicated to the testing and/or study of scientific and technical processes and/or theories including laboratory testing and/or experimentation with biological materials, chemicals and/or living animals.

Research facility: An accessory educational or medical use dedicated to the routine study of scientific and technical processes and theories which does not include laboratory testing of known biohazards or living animals. (See also Laboratory facility and Research and development lab.)

Residence, primary: The principal place of residence, usually in reference to a single family home in which the residents live for the majority of the time.

Resident clubhouse/community center: An accessory use to a single family or multifamily housing development consisting of a building, or portion thereof, and sometimes an outdoor swimming pool and picnic area limited to the private use of a property owners’ association, development residents, and/or their guests.

Residential care facility: See Assisted living facility.

Restaurant/cafe/coffee shop: A commercial business establishment operated primarily for preparing, cooking, and serving of meals and/or nonalcoholic beverages, with any serving of alcoholic beverages as incidental thereto in a manner consistent with the Washington State licensing requirements of RCW 66.24.330 and/or WAC 314-02-015.

Retail, general, large scale: A retail business enclosed within a structure thirty thousand (30,000) square feet or more offering retail merchandise or personal services. Accessory outdoor storage may be permitted, provided it complies with screening requirements. An outdoor display area may be permitted, provided it complies with related permit requirements.

Retail, general, midscale: A retail business enclosed within a structure between four thousand (4,000) square feet and thirty thousand (30,000) square feet offering retail merchandise or personal services. General retail, midscale does not include any of the following: uses that include drive-through facilities, vehicles or machinery, and vehicle-related uses including fueling, repair or storage. Limited accessory outdoor storage may be permitted, provided it complies with screening requirements. A limited outdoor display area may be permitted, provided it complies with related permit requirements.

Retail, general, neighborhood scale: A retail business enclosed within a structure up to four thousand (4,000) square feet offering retail merchandise or personal services. General retail, neighborhood scale does not include any of the following: uses that include drive-through facilities, vehicles or machinery, and vehicle-related uses including fueling, repair or storage. No outdoor storage is permitted. A limited outdoor display area may be permitted, provided it complies with related permit requirements.

Retail/service, general: Stores offering a variety of retail merchandise and/or services having land use characteristics that vary more by store size than by merchandise type. Department, outlet, and/or variety stores are considered general retail, provided they comply with scale and operation limitations for the given zoning district. Accessory outdoor storage may be permitted, provided it complies with screening requirements. An outdoor display area may be permitted, provided it complies with related permit requirements. General retail stores may offer products such as antiques, appliances, bicycles, books, clothing, electronics, fabric, flowers, furniture, games, gifts, greeting cards, hardware, hobby items, household items, jewelry, magazines, music, musical instruments, newspapers, paint, pharmaceuticals, photographic equipment, secondhand items, shoes, sporting goods, stationery, toys and videos. Accessory services associated with noted products such as consignment sales, limited alteration/repair, pawn services, and/or rental may be a part of a general retail/service operation.

Retaining wall: A structure constructed to hold back or support an earthen bank, or to raise the grade of a lot.

Retirement home: See Assisted living facility.

Rezone: See Reclassification.

Right-of-way: A strip of land occupied or intended to be occupied by a street, crosswalk, railroad, electric transmission line, oil or gas pipeline, water main, sanitary or storm sewer main, shade trees, or other special use.

Risk potential activities/facilities: Public and private schools, school bus stops, licensed day care, licensed preschools, public parks, publicly dedicated trails, sports fields, playgrounds, recreational and community centers, churches, synagogues, temples, mosques, and public libraries.

Rockery: A structure constructed of boulders or rocks to prevent erosion of an existing slope, usually involving grading, filling or earth removal. The creation of a rockery is typically reviewed through a Clearing/Grading Permit.

Roof forms:

Roof, gabled: Roof design with two (2) sides of the roof sloping down from a common ridge peak to form a triangular wall end.

Roof, gambrel: Roof style with two (2) different slopes between the ridge and the eaves, resembling that of a classic barn roof form. The lower slope is steeper than the upper slope.

Roof, hipped: Style of roof that slopes on the ends of the wall as well as the sides, so that the eave line formed is constant on all walls.

Roof, mansard: A four (4) sided roof that slopes upward from the edge of the roof to a square peak. This type of roof has two (2) different slopes around all sides of the structure, the upper of which may be nearly horizontal and the lower nearly vertical.

Roof, shed: Roof with only one (1) sloping side.

Roof pitch: The angle or steepness of a roof. Typically expressed as a certain rise over each twelve (12) inches of run; for example, a 6:12 roof pitch rises six (6) inches for every twelve (12) inches of run. Also called “roof slope.”

Routine maintenance/repair: Usual acts to prevent a decline, lapse, or cessation from a lawfully established condition that do not involve structural alteration or change to a nonconforming situation and result in a state comparable to the original condition, including but not limited to size, shape, configuration, location and external appearance. (Ord. 2715 § 2 (Exh. A1), 2014; Ord. 2587 § 2 (Exh. B1), 2010; Ord. 2549 § 1, 2009; Ord. 2462 § 2, 2006; Ord. 2447 § 14, 2005; Ord. 2345 § 1, 2002; Ord. 2305 § 2, 2001; Ord. 2164 § 3, 1997; Ord. 2108 § 2.2, 1996).

18.02.210 Definitions – S.

Satellite dish: A dish-shaped structure or facility used to broadcast or receive television, radio, ham radio, shortwave radio, microwave, satellite or other electronic signals.

Scale: Relating to the size, height, bulk or setbacks of a building.

Scale, neighborhood: Where combined with certain uses in the Table of Permitted Land Uses (IMC 18.06.130), “neighborhood scale” refers to buildings and/or uses with floor area equal to or less than four thousand (4,000) gross square feet for purposes of proportionate mass and scale, limited nonresidential activity, limited vehicular trip generation, and limited parking demand for compatibility with surrounding residences.

Scale, residential: Where combined with certain uses in the Table of Permitted Land Uses (IMC 18.06.130), “single family scale” refers to buildings and/or uses with floor area less than one thousand five hundred (1,500) gross square feet for purposes of proportionate mass and scale to a house, limited nonresidential activity, limited vehicular trip generation, and limited parking demand for compatibility with surrounding residences.

Scenic corridor: See Corridor, scenic.

School, business: A commercial or public school providing instruction solely in professional skills including, but not limited to, business management, accounting, secretarial skills, sales, marketing and merchandising.

School, college or university: An educational institution authorized by the state to award associate, baccalaureate or higher degrees.

School, elementary: Public or private educational institutions authorized by the state which offer instruction to grades kindergarten (K) through five (5) or six (6). Includes Montessori or similar schools if they provide instruction to students in grades kindergarten (K) through eight (8). See also School, primary or secondary.

School, high: Public or private educational institutions authorized by the state which offer instruction to grades nine (9) or ten (10) through twelve (12). See also School, primary or secondary.

School, junior high/middle: Public or private educational institutions authorized by the state which offer instruction to grades six (6) through eight (8) (middle school) or seven (7) through nine (9) (junior high school). See also School, primary or secondary.

School, preschool: See Day care operation.

School, primary or secondary: Public and/or private educational institutions authorized by the state to offer instruction and award diplomas associated with grades one (1) through twelve (12). Includes any facility providing instruction for one (1) grade or a combination of grades in subgroups such as elementary schools, middle schools, junior high schools, and high schools.

School, specialized instruction: An educational institution which provides any type of specialized instruction to a minority group of the general population.

School, vocational/technical: A commercial or public establishment offering training in a skill or trade to be pursued as a career.

Screening: The method by which a view of one site from another adjacent site is shielded, concealed or hidden, for example, by fences, walls, hedges, landscaping, berms, or other features.

Screening, opaque: In various sections of this Code, opaque screening is required to minimize visibility to and from particular sites. Opaque screening may include masonry walls, solid wood fencing, chainlink fencing with permahedge inserts, chainlink fencing with opaque slates or evergreen plantings.

Semicutoff fixture: See Cutoff.

Senior housing: Dwelling units specifically designed for occupancy by persons of fifty-five (55) years of age or older.

Service area, local: The City’s local service area is the adopted Potential Impact Area which includes: Issaquah’s Potential Annexation Areas; the Issaquah School District; and the Issaquah Creek Basin.

Service area, regional: The City’s regional service area is generally defined as the Puget Sound Area.

Services, public: Public services include fire protection and suppression, law enforcement, public health, education, recreation, environmental protection, and other governmental services.

Services, urban: Urban services include water, sewer, convenient commercial areas and health care, and transportation alternatives.

Setback: The required minimum horizontal distance between the building line and the related front, side or rear property line. Chimneys, flues, belt courses, sills, pilasters, ornamental features, cornices, eaves, gutters, dormer extensions, greenhouse or bay windows and the like may project into a required setback only as permitted through the provisions of this Code.

Setback, corner lot: Required front setbacks from a corner lot are measured from the shortest property line abutting the street right-of-way.

Setback, front: Required front setbacks are measured from the property line abutting the street right-of-way (see Setback, corner lot for corner lots).

Setback, irregular shaped lot: In the case of an irregular shaped lot, the Planning Director/Manager shall determine from where the front, rear and side setback areas shall be measured.

Setback, rear: Required rear setbacks shall be measured from the property lines which are parallel or nearly parallel to the front property lines.

Setback, side: Required side setbacks shall be measured from the property lines which are perpendicular or nearly perpendicular to the front and rear property lines.

Shared use corridor: A paved, surfaced or leveled area usually on property outside public rights-of-way that is separate from any drive aisles, and serves as a multiuse nonmotorized passageway.

Shooting range: An establishment designed and developed to provide for the safe firing of firearms or archery equipment, either indoors or outdoors.

Shopping center: A grouping of retail business and service uses on a single site with common parking facilities and a unified design theme. For purposes of this Code, a “shopping center” is specifically defined as any retail commercial development that is over twenty-five thousand (25,000) square feet gross leasable area; or any retail commercial development that is a combination of three (3) or more shops in a cluster or connected by an adjoining wall, roof or other structural element.

Shopping center, neighborhood: A neighborhood shopping center is a center whose primary tenant is typically a grocery and/or drug store and whose primary trade area is the neighborhood in which it is located.

Shopping center, regional: A regional shopping center is a center whose primary tenant is typically more than one (1) major department store.

Sidewalk: A paved, surfaced or leveled area that is usually located within public rights-of-way and is usually parallel to and separate from the street, and is used as a pedestrian walkway.

Sidewalk sale: See Private outdoor retail display/sidewalk sale.

Sight distance: The ability to visually distinguish or recognize individuals from a site property line.

Sign, advertising: A structure or portion thereof that is intended for advertising purposes or on which letters, figures, or pictorial matter (graphics) are, or are intended to be, displayed for advertising purposes other than the name, occupation, or nature of business conducted on the premises, or the products primarily manufactured or sold thereon. This definition shall not be held to include a real estate sign advertising for sale or rent the property upon which it stands.

Significant impact: See Impact, significant.

Single family density: See Density, single family.

Single household: Occupancy of a single dwelling unit limited to family, or cohabitants, or persons who have obtained a grant of reasonable accommodation.

Site area, base: Base site area is the gross site area minus internal private roads and/or exclusively used easements.

Site area, developable: The gross site area minus deductions for critical areas and associated buffers as required by Chapter 18.10 IMC, Environmental Protection, and minus dedications for significant public plazas and significant public parks as shown on Figure 7B, Central Issaquah Development and Design Standards.

Site area, gross: The total area of a subject property prior to any deductions for public or private roadways, dedicated right-of-way, exclusively used easements or special purpose overlay districts.

Site area, net: Net site area is the gross site area minus the area used for public or private roadways, dedicated right-of-way, easements and any area in special purpose overlay districts, critical areas and associated buffers as required by Chapter 18.10 IMC, Environmental Protection.

Site development permit (SDP): A type of land use permit that is required of those development proposals or uses which have been designated as Level 3 on the Table of Permitted Land Uses (IMC 18.06.130). Characteristics of proposals reviewed for a SDP include sites greater than three (3) gross acres, yet less than fifteen (15) gross acres and sites that abut certain designated streets. This permit is reviewed and decided by the Development Commission with a public hearing conducted to solicit public input.

Site improvement: Any structure or other addition to land.

Site plan: A document or group of documents, prepared to scale, containing sketches, text, drawings, maps, photographs and other material intended to present and explain accurately and with complete dimensioning the boundaries of a site and the location of all buildings, structures, uses, physical design, interior vehicular, bicycle and pedestrian access, the provision of improvements, principal site development features proposed for a specific parcel of land, and the interrelationship of these elements.

Social services/nonprofit organizations: Public and/or nonprofit establishments providing assistance and aid to those persons requiring counseling or aid for psychological problems, employment, learning disabilities, physical disabilities, and general health.

Solar alternative energy system: See Alternative energy system (solar).

Solar array: See Alternative energy system (solar).

Solar panel: See Alternative energy system (solar).

Special event: An event or happening organized by any person which will generate or invite considerable public participation and/or spectators for a particular and limited purpose and time, including, but not limited to, fun runs, roadway foot races, fundraising walks, bikeathons, parades, carnivals, shows, exhibitions, circuses and fairs. Special events are not limited to those events conducted on the public streets but may occur entirely on private property.

Special needs facility or housing: See Residential care facility, Adult family home, Nursing home.

Spillover light: Light emitted by a lighting installation that falls outside the boundaries of the property on which the installation is located. Measurements of spillover light levels should not include light generated by street lights. Potential street lighting spillover from lights in public right-of-way is subject only to Chapter 12.04 IMC, Street Standards.

Sport courts: Paved or otherwise impervious surfaces, including basketball and tennis courts, used for recreation.

Stable: Establishments in which horses or other livestock are kept for commercial boarding, training, riding lessons, breeding, or rental.

Stadium/arena: A large open or enclosed place used for games and major events and partly or completely surrounded by tiers of seats for spectators.

Standing: Persons recognized to petition a land use decision (RCW 36.70C.060).

Storage, indoor: As a primary use, see Warehouse.

Storage, outdoor: The keeping, in an unroofed area, of any goods, junk, material, merchandise, or vehicles in the same place for more than twenty-four (24) hours. When listed as a use in the Table of Permitted Land Uses (IMC 18.06.130), refers to a service use with outdoor storage as the primary activity on-site. See Design Criteria Checklist and/or Building Permit/Clearing/Grading or Site Modification Checklist for screening requirements.

Storage, self facility: An establishment containing separate storage spaces of varying sizes that are leased or rented as individual units and used directly by the renters.

Story: A story is that portion of a building included between the upper surface of any floor and the upper surface of the floor next above, except that the topmost story shall be that portion of a building included between the upper surface of the topmost floor and the ceiling or roof above. If the finished floor level directly above a usable or unused under-floor space is more than six (6) feet above grade, as defined in the UBC, for more than fifty (50) percent of the total perimeter or is more than twelve (12) feet above grade, as defined herein, at any point, such use of unused under-floor space shall be considered as a story.

Story, first: The lowest story in a building which qualifies as a story, as defined herein, except that a floor level in a building having only one (1) floor level shall be classified as a first story; provided such floor level is not more than four (4) feet below grade, as defined by the UBC, for more than fifty (50) percent of the total perimeter, or not more than eight (8) feet below grade, as defined by the UBC, at any point.

Street: A public or private thoroughfare affording a principal means of access to abutting property.

Street, side: A street which bounds a corner lot and which extends in the same general direction of the line determining the depth of the lot.

Structural alterations: Any change in the supporting members of a building such as bearing walls, columns, beams, floor or roof joists, or changes in roof or exterior lines.

Structural element: Any part of or connection to a structure.

Structure: That which is built or constructed, an edifice or building of any kind, or any piece of work artificially built up or composed of parts jointed together in some definite manner, excluding fences in rear/side setback areas of a single family residence. Flood walls are considered to be structures.

Structure, temporary: A structure without any foundation or footings and which is removed when the designated time period, activity, or use for which the temporary structure was erected has ceased.

Structure value: For new alteration, construction, remodel or other building activity, the value determined by the most recent International Code Council (ICC) construction valuation tables. For existing structures or developments, the value determined by the latest King County assessed improvement value.

Studio apartment: See Apartment, studio.

Studio/gallery: A shop for the production and/or display of art and/or related items such as photos, pottery, stained glass, and video production as well as associated retail. Does not include any adult entertainment facility.

Substantial development: See Development, substantial.

Substantial improvement: See Improvement, substantial.

Substation: Any electric power station. Common functions include controlling and monitoring the electrical system, and transforming voltages to higher and lower voltages. This definition includes distribution substations, switching stations and transmission substations.

Substation, distribution: A substation which transforms voltages of one hundred fifteen (115) kilovolts or greater to lower voltages such as twelve (12) or thirty-four (34) kilovolts.

Substation, transmission: A substation which transforms power from five hundred (500) or two hundred thirty (230) kilovolts to lower voltages such as two hundred thirty (230) or one hundred fifteen (115) kilovolts.

Surveyor: A person licensed by the State of Washington to engage in the practice of land surveying, as defined by RCW 18.43.020.

Swarm: A natural group of bees having a queen(s), which is the progeny of a parent colony, without a hive, and not a feral colony.

Switching station: A substation consisting of equipment for controlling and monitoring power flow. It does not include equipment for transforming voltage levels. (Ord. 2746 § 3 (Exh. C), 2015; Ord. 2613 § 3 (Exh. B2), 2011; Ord. 2558 § 2 (Exh. B1), 2009; Ord. 2549 § 1, 2009; Ord. 2525 § 7, 2008; Ord. 2462 § 2, 2006; Ord. 2447 § 15, 2005; Ord. 2383 § 4, 2004; Ord. 2345 § 1, 2002; Ord. 2283 § 2, 2000; Ord. 2140 §§ 13 – 15, 1996; Ord. 2126 § 4, 1996; Ord. 2108 § 2.2, 1996).

18.02.220 Definitions – T.

Tandem parking: See Parking, tandem.

Tanning salon: A retail service establishment involving the browning of skin by exposure to artificial lighting, and including the sales of other related cosmetic goods and services.

Tasting room: A tasting room is an area within a food or beverage production and/or manufacturing operation such as a winery, brewery, dairy, or bakery where the final products may be consumed by the public free of charge. A tasting room shall not function as a restaurant or cafe, and shall not be a commercial outlet for the product. The square footage for the tasting room shall be counted as nonmanufacturing square footage, and parking calculations shall be governed by the Table of Off-Street Parking Standards.

Tavern: See Bar/tavern.

Taxidermy: The art of preparing, stuffing, etc., the skins of animals to make them appear lifelike.

Temporary building/structure: See Structure, temporary.

Tot lot: A site which is designed for play activities of young children, protected from traffic and typically including a hard structure, such as a swing set or slide.

Tract: An area, parcel, piece of land, or property which is the subject of a development application.

Trailhead: A public parking and/or gathering terminus that gives public access to a designated park and/or recreation area. Area access is usually by means of a trail, service road, or abandoned railroad grade. Trailheads are differentiated by class depending on size and facilities required.

Trail, interpretive: A single track pedestrian trail which offers access to areas with natural geologic, historical, or cultural significance. The purpose of these trails is to provide a recreation and/or educational experience while emphasizing the natural characteristics of the environment.

Transit center, public: Sheltered waiting areas located where several bus routes converge. They serve as efficient hubs to allow bus riders from various locations to assemble at a central point to take advantage of express trips or other route to route transfers. This definition includes, but is not limited to, Issaquah Transit Center, located at 1050 17th Avenue NW, and Issaquah Highlands Park and Ride, located at 1755 Highlands Drive NE.

Transit-oriented development: Pedestrian-friendly development focused around a major transit access point. Elements include compact, mixed-use development with facilities and design that enhance the environment for pedestrians in terms of safety, walking distances, comfort and the visual appeal of the surroundings.

Transmission line: Line carrying power from the point of generation and delivers it to distribution substations. Transmission lines operate at a nominal voltage of fifty-five (55) kilovolts or more, usually one hundred fifteen (115) or two hundred thirty (230) kilovolts.

Transportation Management Plan (TMP): A contract between the City and an employer or group of employers stating that the employer(s) will provide education, opportunities, and employee incentives and ride sharing, parking incentives and other transportation alternatives. The TMP also addresses the responsibility of the employer(s) for monitoring the success of the TMP, and reporting the annual results to the City.

Transportation, nonmotorized: Mobility of persons through methods which do not include a fuel powered engine, such as walking, jogging and biking. Mopeds are considered to be “motorized.”

Travel trailer: A trailer or other unit designed as a temporary dwelling for travel or recreational use, which moves upon public streets and highways, and is thirty-five (35) feet or less in length and eight (8) feet or less in width.

Tree farm: An agriculture use which involves growing trees as crops.

Trellis: A landscape feature consisting of an open frame with horizontal and/or vertical lattice work. It must be at least fifty (50) percent open on all sides and the roof.

Turf-block/grass-crete: Alternative material used for parking areas which includes a mixture of pervious and impervious elements. One (1) of the elements is typically a type of grass or ground cover. For the purpose of this Code, turf-block is considered to be impervious. (Ord. 2715 § 2 (Exh. A1), 2014; Ord. 2562 § 4 (Exh. B3), 2009; Ord. 2462 § 2, 2006; Ord. 2274 § 2, 2000; Ord. 2108 § 2.2, 1996).

18.02.230 Definitions – U.

Uniformity ratio: The ratio between the maximum and the minimum light level within a specific area such as a parking lot.

Uninhabited: A lot, parcel, or site that contains a structure but is otherwise unoccupied by residents or businesses, or other persons.

Unit: See Dwelling unit, single household.

Urban services: See Services, urban.

Use: The purpose for which land or a building is designed, arranged or intended, or for which it is occupied or maintained, let or leased.

Use, adjacent: Land use on the immediately adjacent or adjoining lot or property.

Use, commercial: See Commercial use.

Use, land: See Land use.

Use, nonconforming: See Nonconforming use.

Use or building, principal: The primary use of the lot upon which said use or building is located.

Use or structure, accessory: A use or structure customarily incidental to a permitted principal use or building and located on, or contiguous to, the same lot with such principal use or building.

Use, permitted: A land use which is allowed in a specific zoning district.

Use, primary: A land use for which the majority of the total square footage of the parcel or zoning district is designed, arranged, occupied, dedicated or maintained together with any associated site improvements. When more than one (1) use is present on a site, parcel, or within a development proposal for that site or parcel, the development standards and review process for the parcel shall be based on the primary use, unless otherwise specified by this Code. For example, if an ice cream manufacturer with a “tasting room,” production area, distributing area and related ice cream parlor restaurant has the majority of the square footage of the buildings devoted to restaurant use, then “restaurant” is considered the primary use. The development standards, parking requirements and review process would be calculated using the primary use requirements as governed by the Table of Permitted Land Uses, unless otherwise specified by this Code. In some instances, as defined by the Table of Off-Street Parking Standards, the parking requirements may be based on a combination of the primary and nonprimary uses within a development.

Use, temporary: An activity which is intended for a limited duration.

Utility: Utilities are services which produce and/or carry electric power, gas, sewage, water, communications or oil.

Utility facilities: Buildings, telephone exchanges, sewage pumping stations, gas, water and electrical substations, regional storm drainage detention facilities and similar facilities located on a specific site and necessary for the operation of a utility. This definition includes major utility facilities and minor utility facilities.

Utility facilities, major: Facilities which potentially have a significant impact on the adjacent properties, such as administrative offices and operation centers; electric generation facilities; overhead transmission lines, sewage treatment plants and lagoons; or sanitary landfills.

Utility facilities, minor: Facilities which do not potentially have a significant impact on adjacent properties and are necessary to provide essential services, such as substations (transmission and distribution); pump stations; water towers and reservoirs; public wells; outfalls; telephone switching facilities; cable television receiver and transmission facilities; catch basins, retention ponds; water treatment facilities; overhead distribution lines and poles; underground lines and pipes; water, gas or oil pipelines or wastewater trunk lines; transformers and regulator stations; private on-site facilities, such as septic tanks, wells, etc. (Ord. 2596 § 4 (Exh. B3), 2010; Ord. 2383 § 4, 2004; Ord. 2314 § 3, 2001; Ord. 2283 § 2, 2000; Ord. 2108 § 2.2, 1996).

18.02.240 Definitions – V.

Vacant: A lot, parcel, or site that does not contain a structure.

Variance: A modification of the regulations of this Code as applied to a specific property when authorized by the Hearing Examiner after he/she finds that the literal application of the provisions of this Code would cause undue and unnecessary hardship in view of the facts and conditions applying to a building or lot.

Vehicle, motor: An automobile, truck or motorcycle which is designed for carrying passengers.

Vehicular overhang: The portion of a parked vehicle that extends from a curb or wheel stop outward that is prohibited from obstructing required nonmotorized facilities such as sidewalks or walkways.

Vending stand, accessory: Sale of agricultural products during certain times of the year, such as farm produce and Christmas trees, as well as the sale of food and beverage items, and/or sale of merchandise/services at a fixed location that is accessory to a permitted land use without a permanent structure designated for this commercial activity. Such uses are prohibited in the public right-of-way without a special event permit.

Vending stand, nonaccessory: Temporary, outdoor stand or any display for the purpose of retail sales of anything not identified in Vending stand, seasonal. The stand would be at a fixed location and either be on a vacant lot or selling items that are unrelated to an existing, permitted use. Such uses are prohibited in the public right-of-way without a special event permit. For mobile sales and vending, see Chapter 5.06 IMC, Solicitor’s License. Nonaccessory vending stands are not permitted in the Cultural and Business District (CBD).

Vending stand, seasonal: Sale of certain agricultural products during certain times of the year, limited to farm produce and Christmas trees, at a fixed location without a permanent structure designated for this commercial activity. Such uses are prohibited in the public right-of-way without a special event permit.

Veterinary hospital or clinic: Establishments engaged in providing veterinary medical services to small animals, household pets and livestock, and in which animals are boarded only during the duration of medical treatment.

View corridor: See Corridor, view.

Vocational school: See School, vocational. (Ord. 2549 § 1, 2009; Ord. 2462 § 2, 2006; Ord. 2447 § 16, 2005; Ord. 2108 § 2.2, 1996).

18.02.250 Definitions – W.

Walkway: A paved, surfaced or leveled area on property outside public rights-of-way that is separate from any drive aisles, and used as a pedestrian passageway.

Warehouse: The keeping, in a completely enclosed building, of any goods, junk, material, merchandise, or vehicles as a primary use in the same place for more than twenty-four (24) hours; also see Distribution center.

Wastewater treatment facility: Establishment for the treatment of sewage.

Wholesale trade: Establishments engaged in the wholesale distribution of durable and nondurable goods.

Wind turbine: See Alternative energy system (wind).

Window, drive-through: See Drive-through window.

Wireless communication facility: Any unstaffed facility for the transmission and/or reception of radio frequency (RF) signals through electromagnetic energy usually consisting of an equipment or cabinet, a support tower or other structures used to achieve the necessary elevation, and the transmission and reception devices or antenna.

Works: Any dam, wall, wharf, embankment, levee, dike, revetment, pile, bridge, improved road, abutments, projection, excavation, channel rectification, conduit, culvert, wire, fence, rock, gravel, refuse, fill or other similar development attached to or affixed upon the land. (Ord. 2558 § 2 (Exh. B1), 2009; Ord. 2462 § 2, 2006; Ord. 2447 § 17, 2005; Ord. 2314 § 3, 2001; Ord. 2108 § 2.2, 1996).

18.02.260 Definitions – X.

Reserved. (Ord. 2108 § 2.2, 1996).

18.02.270 Definitions – Y.

Reserved. (Ord. 2108 § 2.2, 1996).

18.02.280 Definitions – Z.

Zero lot line: The location of a dwelling on a lot in such a manner that no more than one (1) of the sides of the dwelling rests directly on or within five (5) feet of a side lot line. Zero lot line dwellings shall not be attached nor shall two (2) zero lot line dwellings rest on the same lot line.

Zero Lot Line (Example for Illustration Only):

Zone: A portion of the City designated on the Issaquah Zoning Map as one of the categories listed and described in this Code for the purpose of promoting sound and orderly development of land compatible with surroundings and in accordance with the Comprehensive Plan.

Zoning district: See Zone.

Zoological park/garden: A place where a collection of wild and/or exotic animals is kept for preservation, education and/or public showing. (Ord. 2462 § 2, 2006; Ord. 2108 § 2.2, 1996).