Chapter 45 – INSTITUTIONAL ZONES (P, PLA 1, PLA 14)

Sections:

45.05    User Guide

45.05.010    Applicable Zones

45.05.020    Common Code References

45.10    General Regulations

45.20    Permitted Uses

45.30    Density/Dimensions

45.40    Development Standards

45.50    Public Park

45.60    Private College and Related Facilities

45.05 User Guide

Step 1.    Check that the zone of interest is included in KZC 45.05.010, Applicable Zones. If not, select the chapter where it is located.

Step 2.    Refer to KZC 45.05.020, Common Code References, for relevant information found elsewhere in the code.

Step 3.    Refer to the General Regulations in KZC 45.10 that apply to the zones as noted.

Step 4.    Find the Use of interest in the Permitted Uses Table in KZC 45.20 and read across to the column pertaining to the zone of interest. If a Use is not listed in the table, it is not allowed. A listed use is permitted unless “NP” (Not Permitted) is noted for the table. Note the Required Review Process and Special Regulations that are applicable. There are links to the Special Regulations listed immediately following the table (PU-1, PU-2, PU-3, etc.).

Step 5.    Find the Use of interest in the Density/Dimensions Table in KZC 45.30 and read across the columns. Note the standards (Minimum Lot Size, Required Yards, Maximum Lot Coverage, and Maximum Height of Structure) and Special Regulations that are applicable. There are links to the Special Regulations listed immediately following the table (DD-1, DD-2, DD-3, etc.).

Step 6.    Find the Use of interest in the Development Standards Table in KZC 45.40 and read across the columns. Note the standards (Landscape Category, Sign Category, and Required Parking Spaces) and Special Regulations that are applicable. There are links to the Special Regulations listed immediately following the table (DS-1, DS-2, DS-3, etc.).

Note: Not all uses listed in the Density/Dimensions and Development Standards Tables are permitted in each zone addressed in this chapter. Permitted uses are determined only by the Permitted Uses Table.

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45.05.010 Applicable Zones

This chapter contains the regulations for uses in the institutional zones (P, PLA 1, PLA 14) of the City.

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45.05.020 Common Code References

1.    Refer to Chapter 1 KZC to determine what other provisions of this code may apply to the subject property.

2.    Public park development standards will be determined on a case-by-case basis. See KZC 45.50.

3.    Review processes, density/dimensions and development standards for shoreline uses can be found in Chapter 83 KZC, Shoreline Management.

4.    Chapter 115 KZC contains regulations regarding home occupations and other accessory uses, facilities, and activities associated with Detached Dwelling Unit uses.

5.    Structures located within 30 feet of a parcel in a low density zone or a low density use in PLA 17 shall comply with additional limitations on structure size established by KZC 115.136.

(Ord. 4476 § 2, 2015)

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45.10 General Regulations

Reserved.

(Ord. 4476 § 2, 2015)

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45.20 Permitted Uses

Permitted Uses Table – Institutional Zones (P, PLA 1, PLA 14) 

(See also KZC 45.30, Density/Dimensions Table, and KZC 45.40, Development Standards Table)

Use

Required Review Process:

IIA = Process IIA, Chapter 150 KZC

IIB = Process IIB, Chapter 152 KZC

None = No Required Review Process

NP = Use Not Permitted

# = Applicable Special Regulations (listed after the table)

P

PLA 1

PLA 14

45.20.010

Church

NP

NP

1, 2

45.20.020

Community Facility

3

IIB

4

1, 4

45.20.030

Detached Dwelling Unit

NP

None

5

None

6

45.20.040

Government Facility

3

IIA

4

1, 4

45.20.050

Mini-School or Mini-Day-Care Center

NP

NP

I

7, 8, 9, 10

45.20.060

Private College and Related Facilities

NP

11, 12

NP

45.20.070

Professional Football, Baseball, or Soccer Practice or Play Facility

NP

13, 14, 15, 16, 17

NP

45.20.080

Public College or University

NP

NP

IIB

18

45.20.090

Public Park

See KZC 45.50 for required review process.

45.20.100

Public Utility

None

IIA

4

1, 4

45.20.110

School or Day-Care Center

NP

NP

1, 2, 7, 8, 9, 10

Permitted Uses (PU) Special Regulations:

PU-1.     The required review process is as follows:

a.    If the subject property, including all contiguous property owned by the applicant and held by others for future use by the applicant, is less than five acres, the required review process is Process IIA, Chapter 150 KZC.

b.    If the subject property, including all contiguous property owned by the applicant and held by others for future use by the applicant, is five or more acres, a Master Plan, approved through Process IIB, Chapter 152 KZC, is required. The Master Plan must show building placement, building dimensions, roadways, utility locations, land uses within the Master Plan area, parking location, buffering, and landscaping. Back to Table

PU-2.     The property must be served by a collector or arterial street. Back to Table

PU-3.     If the proposal is for a governmental facility located at the Houghton Landfill site as designated on the Official Zoning Map, Process IIB. Otherwise, Process IIA. Back to Table

PU-4.     Site design must minimize adverse impacts on surrounding residential neighborhoods. Back to Table

PU-5.     Not more than one dwelling unit may be on each lot regardless of lot size. Back to Table

PU-6.     Not more than one dwelling unit may be on each lot, regardless of the size of the lot. Back to Table

PU-7.     May locate on the subject property only if:

a.    It will not be materially detrimental to the character of the neighborhood in which it is located; or

b.    Site and building design minimizes adverse impacts on surrounding residential neighborhoods. Back to Table

PU-8.     A six-foot-high fence is required along the property line adjacent to the outside play areas. Back to Table

PU-9.     Hours of operation and the maximum number of attendees may be limited by the City to reduce impacts on nearby residential uses. Back to Table

PU-10.    May include accessory living facilities for staff persons. Back to Table

PU-11.    If development is consistent with the Master Plan adopted in R-4203, then none. Otherwise, must amend the Master Plan using Process IIB, Chapter 152 KZC. Back to Table

PU-12.    See KZC 45.60. Back to Table

PU-13.    None, if part of approved Master Plan adopted in R-4203. Otherwise, Process IIB, Chapter 152 KZC. Back to Table

PU-14.    One point of vehicular access only is permitted directly onto NE 53rd Street. Secondary access through the college campus is permitted. Back to Table

PU-15.    No public exhibitions or games shall be permitted. Back to Table

PU-16.    No helicopter operations shall be permitted, except for emergency situations. Back to Table

PU-17.    Only one professional sport organization may occupy and use the facility in any consecutive 12-month period. Back to Table

PU-18.    If the development is consistent with the Master Plan adopted in R-3571, and with the Planned Unit Development adopted in O-3197, or with a subsequently approved Master Plan, then no zoning process is required. The Master Plan must show building placement, building dimensions, roadways, utility locations, land uses within the Master Plan area, parking locations, buffering and landscaping. Back to Table

A subsequent expansion of the master plan shall include the following additional requirements:

a.    Site plan that is designed to be an active, walkable, transit-supportive campus environment.

b.    May include detached, attached, stacked, residential suites and/or dormitory housing for students, staff or employees or other public agencies as part of this use. Development creating four or more new dwelling units shall provide at least 10 percent of the units as affordable housing units as defined in Chapter 5 KZC. See Chapter 112 KZC for additional affordable housing incentives and requirements.

c.    Provide bike and pedestrian routes through the campus that connect with the surrounding neighborhoods, integrate with, and help expand the City’s network of Neighborhood Greenways described in the Rose Hill Neighborhood Plan including: connection on campus between 132nd Avenue NE on the east to Slater Avenue NE to the west, and connect the campus to NE 113th Place at the southwest corner.

d.    Protect the natural greenbelt easement on the west slope of campus. Prioritize the redevelopment potential of existing surface parking areas before considering expansion into the natural greenbelt easement. Allow additional building height in lieu of expansion into the greenbelt easement. Allow limited encroachment into the greenbelt easement only if sufficient development potential cannot be achieved in the already-developed area outside the greenbelt easement and subject to environmental assessment.

e.    Ensure new development is compatible with the surrounding residential neighborhood.

f.    Allow no additional driveway access to 132nd Avenue NE to maintain traffic flow and safety on the arterial.

g.    Mitigation may be required for impacts of the proposed expansion and existing nonconformances regarding code compliance including, where feasible, correcting parking lot design and landscaping deficiencies consistent with code requirements.

(Ord. 4683 § 2, 2019; Ord. 4476 § 2, 2015)

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45.30 Density/Dimensions

Density/Dimensions Table – Institutional Zones (P, PLA 1, PLA 14) 

(Refer to KZC 45.20, Permitted Uses Table, to determine if a use is allowed in the zone; see also KZC 45.40, Development Standards Table)

Use

Minimum Lot Size

REQUIRED YARDs

(See Ch. 115 KZC)

Maximum Lot Coverage

Maximum Height of Structure

ABE = Average Building Elevation

Front

Side

Rear

45.30.010

Church

7,200 sq. ft.

20'

20'

20'

70%

30' above ABE.

45.30.020

Community Facility

None

20'

P: 1

10'

P: 1

10'

P: 1

70%

P: 1

25' above ABE.

P:1

45.30.030

Detached Dwelling Unit

PLA 1: 8,500 sq. ft.

PLA 14: 7,200 sq. ft.

PLA 1: 20'

PLA 14: 20'3

PLA 1: 5'2

PLA 14: 5'3

10'

50%

PLA 1: 25' above ABE.

PLA 14: 30' above ABE.

45.30.040

Government Facility

None

20'

P: 1

10'

P: 1

10'

P: 1

70%

P: 1

25' above ABE.

P:1

45.30.050

Mini-School or Mini-Day-Care Center

7,200 sq. ft.

20'4

5'2, 4

10'4

50%

30' above ABE.

45.30.060

Private College and Related Facilities

5

45.30.070

Professional Football, Baseball, or Soccer Practice or Play Facility

10 acres

6, 7

80%

30' above ABE.8, 9

45.30.080

Public College or University

As established in the Master Plan.

45.30.090

Public Park

Development standards will be determined on a case-by-case basis. See KZC 45.50.

45.30.100

Public Utility

None

20'

P: 1

P: 1

PLA 1: 10'

PLA 14: 20'

P: 1

PLA 1: 10'

PLA 14: 20'

70'%

P: 1

25' above ABE.

P: 1

45.30.110

School or Day-Care Center

7,200 sq. ft.

If this use can accommodate 50 or more students or children, then:

70%

30' above ABE.11

50'10

50'10

50'10

If this use can accommodate 13 to 49 students or children, then:

20'10

20'10

20'10

Density/Dimensions (DD) Special Regulations:

DD-1.     Will be determined on case-by-case basis. Back to Table

DD-2.     Five feet but two side yards must equal at least 15 feet. Back to Table

DD-3.     On corner lots, only one front yard must be a minimum of 20 feet. All other front yards shall be regulated as a side yard (minimum five-foot yard). The applicant may select which front yard shall meet the 20-foot requirement. Back to Table

DD-4.     Structured play areas must be set back from all property lines by five feet. Back to Table

DD-5.     As established in the Master Plan or as allowed in KZC 45.60. Back to Table

DD-6.     As established in the Master Plan or as allowed under Special Regulation DD-7. Back to Table

DD-7.     All structures and practice and play facilities must be set back from exterior property lines at least 50 feet. Parking lots must be set back at least 50 feet from single-family uses and screened and interspersed with landscaping pursuant to Chapters 95 and 105 KZC. Back to Table

DD-8.     Maximum structure height is determined by the approved Master Plan. Back to Table

DD-9.     Maximum height of temporary structures shall be 60 feet above finished grade. Back to Table

DD-10.    Structured play areas must be set back from all property lines as follows:

a.    20 feet if this use can accommodate 50 or more students or children.

b.    10 feet if this use can accommodate 13 to 49 students or children. Back to Table

DD-11.    For school use, structure height may be increased, up to 35 feet, if

a.    The school can accommodate 200 or more students; and

b.    The required side and rear yards for the portions of the structure exceeding the basic maximum structure are increased by one foot for each additional one foot structure height; and

c.    The increased height is not specifically inconsistent with the applicable neighborhood plan provisions of the Comprehensive Plan; and

d.    The increased height will not result in a structure that is incompatible with surrounding uses or improvements. Back to Table

(Ord. 4476 § 2, 2015)

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45.40 Development Standards

Development Standards Table – Institutional Zones (P, PLA 1, PLA 14) 

(Refer to KZC 45.20, Permitted Uses Table, to determine if a use is allowed in the zone; see also KZC 45.30, Density/Dimensions Table)

Use

Landscape Category

(Chapter 95 KZC)

Sign Category

(Chapter 100 KZC)

Required Parking Spaces

(Chapter 105 KZC)

45.40.010

Church

C

B

1 for every 4 people based on maximum occupancy load of worship.1

45.40.020

Community Facility

C3

P: Will be determined on a case-by-case basis.

B

P: Will be determined on a case-by-case basis.

See KZC 105.25.

45.40.030

Detached Dwelling Unit

E

A

2.0 per dwelling unit.

45.40.040

Government Facility

C3

P: Will be determined on a case-by-case basis.

B

P: Will be determined on a case-by-case basis.2

See KZC 105.25.

45.40.050

Mini-School or Mini-Day-Care Center

E

B4

See KZC 105.25.5, 6

45.40.060

Private College and Related Facilities

7

45.40.070

Professional Football, Baseball, or Soccer Practice or Play Facility

C8

B9, 10

See KZC 105.25.11, 12, 13

45.40.080

Public College or University

As established in the Master Plan.

45.40.090

Public Park

Development standards will be determined on a case-by-case basis. See KZC 45.50 and 105.25.

45.40.100

Public Utility

A3

P: Will be determined on a case-by-case basis.

B

P: Will be determined on a case-by-case basis.

See KZC 105.25.

45.40.110

School or Day-Care Center

D

B15

See KZC 105.25.6, 14

Development Standards (DS) Special Regulations:

DS-1.     No parking is required for day-care or school ancillary to the use. Back to Table

DS-2.     One pedestal sign with a readerboard having electronic programming is allowed at a fire station or at the North Kirkland Community Center only if:

a.    It is a pedestal sign (see Plate 12) having a maximum of 40 square feet of sign area per sign face;

b.    The electronic readerboard is no more than 50 percent of the sign area;

c.    Moving graphics and text or video are not part of the sign;

d.    The electronic readerboard does not change text and/or images at a rate less than one every seven seconds and shall be readily legible given the text size and the speed limit of the adjacent right-of-way;

e.    The electronic readerboard displays messages regarding public service announcements or City events only;

f.    The intensity of the display shall not produce glare that extends to adjacent properties and the signs shall be equipped with a device which automatically dims the intensity of the lights during hours of darkness;

g.    The electronic readerboard is turned off between 10:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m. except during emergencies;

h.    It is located to have the least impact on surrounding residential properties. Back to Table

If it is determined that the electronic readerboard constitutes a traffic hazard for any reason, the Planning and Building Director may impose additional conditions.

DS-3.     Landscape Category A or B may be required depending on the type of use on the subject property and the impacts associated with the use on the nearby uses. Back to Table

DS-4.     Electrical signs shall not be permitted. Size of signs may be limited to be compatible with nearby residential uses. Back to Table

DS-5.     An on-site passenger loading area may be required depending on the number of attendees and the extent of the abutting right-of-way improvements. Back to Table

DS-6.     The location of parking and passenger loading areas shall be designed to reduce impacts on nearby residential uses. Back to Table

DS-7.     As established in the Master Plan or as allowed in KZC 45.60. Back to Table

DS-8.     Perimeter buffering is determined by the approved Master Plan. Back to Table

DS-9.     A single pedestal or monument sign, non-interior illuminated, shall be permitted on NE 53rd Street. Back to Table

DS-10.    No graphics or markings shall be permitted on the exterior of the temporary structure, except as required by state, federal or local regulations. Back to Table

DS-11.    During summer training camp, the public will be directed, by means of pedestal signs at entrances to the college, to the parking areas in the interior of the campus. Back to Table

DS-12.    All structures and practice and play facilities must be set back from exterior property lines at least 50 feet. Parking lots must be set back at least 50 feet from single-family uses and screened and interspersed with landscaping pursuant to Chapters 95 and 105 KZC. Back to Table

DS-13.    On-site parking shall be adequate to meet peak season use. Back to Table

DS-14.    An on-site passenger loading area must be provided. The City shall determine the appropriate size of the loading area on a case-by-case basis, depending on the number of attendees and the extent of the abutting right-of-way improvements. Carpooling, staggered loading/unloading time, right-of-way improvements or other means may be required to reduce traffic impacts on nearby residential uses. Back to Table

DS-15.    Electrical signs shall not be permitted. Back to Table

(Ord. 4476 § 2, 2015)

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45.50 Public Park

1.    Any development or use of a park must be reviewed by the Parks and Community Services Director.

2.    Any development or use of a park proposed within the Houghton Community Municipal Corporation that involves any of the following shall be reviewed through a community review process with a public hearing conducted by the Houghton Community Council:

a.    Lighting for outdoor nighttime activities;

b.    The construction of any building of more than 4,000 square feet;

c.    The construction of more than 20 parking stalls;

d.    The development of any structured sports or activity areas, other than minor recreational equipment including swing sets, climber toys, slides, single basketball hoops, and similar equipment.

The public hearing may be a joint hearing with the Parks Board.

(Ord. 4703 § 1, 2019; Ord. 4476 § 2, 2015)

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45.60 Private College and Related Facilities

1.    The Master Plan, approved by Resolution R-4203, includes a site plan, which is on file with the City. That site plan is, by reference, incorporated as a part of this code as it pertains to the location, configuration and nature of improvements in the PLA 1 zone.

2.    In addition to the site plan referenced above, the adopted Master Plan includes the following special regulations:

a.    Future development permits shall be reviewed by the Planning and Building Director to ensure consistency with the Master Plan.

b.    The applicant shall indicate all site improvements and landscaping for the areas to be affected by construction which are proposed to accompany the construction of each facility. The Planning and Building Director shall have the authority to require implementation of these related elements of the Master Plan at such time new facilities, structures or additions are being constructed.

c.    At the time of application for development of the married student housing information relating to the degree of cutting and filling necessitated shall be provided. Plans for stabilization of nearby slopes shall be included in this information. This information shall indicate to what extent the drainage conditions on the eastern portion of the campus will be disturbed, and what measures will be taken to insure that surrounding properties will not be adversely affected by alternate drainage patterns.

d.    A 30-foot-wide landscape buffer planted as follows:

1)    Two rows of trees planted eight feet on center along the entire length of the buffer. No more than 50 percent of the required trees may be deciduous. At the time of planting, deciduous trees must be at least two inches in diameter as measured using the standards of the American Association of Nurserymen; and coniferous trees must be at least five feet in height.

2)    Shrubs, 18 inches high, planted to attain coverage of at least 60 percent of the buffer area within two years.

3)    The buffer shall be provided around the campus perimeter, except along 108th Ave. NE, 114th Ave. NE, I-405, and between on-campus duplex housing and adjacent single-family sites or I-405. The buffer shall incorporate all existing significant trees and vegetation. Where fencing is proposed, it shall be wood, unless alternative fencing is requested in writing by the adjacent neighbor and agreed to by the applicant.

e.    A 15-foot-wide landscape buffer planted pursuant to the requirements of subsections (d)(1) and (2) of this section shall be provided between on-campus duplex housing and adjacent single-family sites. The buffer shall incorporate all existing significant trees and vegetation.

f.    New construction of buildings and parking areas shall preserve existing significant trees to the maximum extent possible.

g.    Storm drainage plans shall accompany any applications for development permits. Said plans shall comply with the requirements of KMC Title 15.

h.    Development permits for additional parking areas shall include a lighting plan for review and approval by the Planning and Building Director. The lighting shall be directed such that it does not negatively impact adjacent residential areas.

i.    All main interior streets shall maintain a driving width of 24 feet plus curb and gutter improvements on both sides of the streets, for a total of 28 feet. Widths of, and improvements to secondary streets and service roads, shall be subject to the review and approval of the Planning and Building Director. It will be necessary for secondary streets and service roads to provide adequate clearance for emergency vehicle access.

j.    The location, material and design of any walkway within the campus shall be at the discretion of the College and its representatives, but will be reviewed by the Planning and Building Director; provided, that the pedestrian/bicycle path in 114th Ave. NE shall be asphalt or concrete, eight feet wide.

k.    The “NO PARKING” signs along 110th Avenue NE, east of the men’s dormitory, shall remain indefinitely, to discourage future parking along this street.

l.    Within 30 feet of all outer edges of the campus (except along 108th Ave. NE, 114th Ave. NE, and I-405), no institutional uses or new parking areas are permitted, including any future redevelopment of the maintenance buildings.

m.    The housing unit, south of Gairloch, and west of 114th Ave. NE, shall be separated from abutting properties to the north and east by a dense vegetative buffer of not less than 30 feet.

n.    Parking lots shall include landscaping islands as required by Chapter 105 KZC.

o.    Where adjacent to existing single-family residences, existing campus roadways and parking areas shall be landscaped as much as possible in the space available to provide a visual screen of the roadways and parking areas from the nearby residences. The amount and type of landscaping shall be subject to the review and approval of the Planning and Building Director. An effort shall be made to reduce the amount of asphalt surfacing wherever possible.

p.    Construction of the proposed clock tower shall be subject to the issuance of a Process IIB Permit, to be reviewed by the Houghton Community Council, the Kirkland Hearing Examiner and the Kirkland City Council.

q.    The two westernmost campus access drives (adjacent to the Seventh Day Adventist Church and opposite 111th Ave. NE) shall be closed to general vehicle use. The driveway serving The Firs married student housing shall be relocated to lie within the 114th Ave. NE right-of-way.

r.    The District Office shall have only one access point from 108th Avenue NE.

s.    New buildings or building expansions must conform with design guidelines as adopted as part of the Master Plan.

t.    The City is authorized to implement measures, identified in the approved Master Plan, to protect the surrounding neighborhood from parking impacts.

u.    For other regulations applicable to this use, see the Master Plan approved under Resolution R-4203.

v.    Structure height shall not exceed 30 feet above average building elevation if located within 100 feet of the campus perimeter, or 40 feet above average building elevation if located greater than 100 feet from the campus perimeter.

3.    Deviations from the approved Master Plan may be administratively approved by the Planning and Building Director:

a.    Unless:

1)    There is a change in the use and the Zoning Code establishes different or more rigorous standards for the new use than for the existing use.

2)    The Planning and Building Director determines that there will be substantial changes in the impacts on the neighborhood or the City as a result of the change; and

b.    The proposed modification or deviation satisfies all of the following:

1)    No vehicular ingress or egress from surrounding streets may be changed.

2)    No roadways, parking lots or structures within 100 feet of the site perimeter may be shifted toward the perimeters. Any other shifting or improvements shall be consistent with the design concept of the College.

3)    No buffers shown in the approved site plan may be reduced, unless specifically authorized by some other special regulation.

4)    Reconfigurations of the footprint of the structures shown in the approved plan may be permitted; provided, that such changes are not apparent off-site and do not increase building height.

5)    Minor new structures not shown on the approved site plan may be permitted; provided, that they are at least 200 feet from the site perimeter, are not apparent from off-site and do not require the significant shifting of roadways, parking areas or other improvements.

c.    The Planning and Building Director shall notify the Houghton Community Council in writing, at least 40 days before issuance of a decision on a request for a modification of the Master Plan.

d.    A Process IIB zoning permit review process is required:

1)    For any change to the Master Plan that does not meet the above criteria;

2)    For leasing of any campus facilities to long-term tenants;

3)    For any increase in student population above 1,200; or

4)    For a change in all or any part of the Seahawks facility to a use other than a professional football team office and practice facility.

(Ord. 4476 § 2, 2015)

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