Chapter 18A.30ZONING DISTRICTS

Sections:

18A.30.100
Single-Family Residential Zoning Districts.
18A.30.110
Purpose - Single-Family Residential Zoning Districts.
18A.30.120
Applicability - Single-Family Residential Zoning Districts.
18A.30.130
Primary Permitted Uses - Single-Family Residential Zoning Districts.
18A.30.140
Administrative Uses - Single-Family Residential Zoning Districts.
18A.30.150
Conditional Uses - Single-Family Residential Zoning Districts.
18A.30.160
Development Standards - Single-Family Residential Zoning Districts.
18A.30.200
Mixed Residential Zoning Districts.
18A.30.210
Purpose - Mixed Residential Zoning Districts.
18A.30.220
Applicability - Mixed Residential Zoning Districts.
18A.30.230
Primary Permitted Uses - Mixed Residential Zoning Districts.
18A.30.240
Administrative Uses - Mixed Residential Zoning Districts.
18A.30.250
Conditional Uses - Mixed Residential Zoning Districts.
18A.30.260
Development Standards - Mixed Residential Zoning Districts.
18A.30.300
Multi-Family Zoning Districts.
18A.30.310
Purpose - Multi-Family Zoning Districts.
18A.30.320
Applicability - Multi-Family Zoning Districts.
18A.30.330
Primary Permitted Uses - Multi-Family Zoning Districts.
18A.30.340
Administrative Uses - Multi-Family Zoning Districts.
18A.30.350
Conditional Uses - Multi-Family Zoning Districts.
18A.30.360
Developmental Standards - Multi-Family Zoning Districts.
18A.30.400
Neighborhood Business Zoning Districts.
18A.30.410
Purpose - Neighborhood Business Zoning Districts.
18A.30.420
Applicability - Neighborhood Business Zoning Districts.
18A.30.430
Primary Permitted Uses - Neighborhood Business Zoning Districts.
18A.30.440
Administrative Uses - Neighborhood Business Zoning Districts.
18A.30.450
Conditional Uses - Neighborhood Business Zoning Districts.
18A.30.460
Development Standards - Neighborhood Business Zoning Districts.
18A.30.500
Commercial Zoning Districts.
18A.30.510
Purpose - Commercial Zoning Districts.
18A.30.520
Applicability - Commercial Zoning Districts.
18A.30.530
Primary Permitted Uses – Commercial Zoning Districts.
18A.30.540
Administrative Uses – Commercial Zoning Districts.
18A.30.550
Conditional Uses - Commercial Zoning Districts.
18A.30.560
Development Standards - Commercial Zoning Districts.
18A.30.600
Industrial Zoning Districts.
18A.30.610
Purpose - Industrial Zoning Districts.
18A.30.620
Applicability - Industrial Zoning Districts.
18A.30.630
Primary Permitted Uses - Industrial Zoning Districts.
18A.30.640
Administrative Uses – Industrial Zoning Districts.
18A.30.650
Conditional Uses – Industrial Zoning Districts.
18A.30.660
Development Standards - Industrial Zoning Districts.
18A.30.700
Military-Related Zoning Districts.
18A.30.710
Purpose - Military-Related Zoning Districts.
18A.30.720
Applicability - Military-Related Zoning Districts.
18A.30.730
Primary Permitted Uses - Military-Related Zoning Districts.
18A.30.740
Administrative Uses - Military-Related Zoning Districts.
18A.30.750
Conditional Uses - Military-Related Zoning Districts.
18A.30.760
Development Standards - Military-Related Zoning Districts.
18A.30.770
Intensity Limits - Military-Related Zoning Districts.
18A.30.780
Performance Criteria - Military-Related Zoning Districts.
18A.30.790
Noise Attenuation - Military-Related Zoning Districts.
18A.30.800
Public/Institutional Zoning District.
18A.30.810
Purpose - Public/Institutional Zoning District.
18A.30.820
Applicability - Public/Institutional Zoning District.
18A.30.830
Permitted Uses - Public/Institutional Zoning District.
18A.30.840
Development Standards - Public/Institutional Zoning District.
18A.30.850
Public Facilities Master Plan Standards - Public/Institutional Zoning District.
18A.30.900
Open Space/Recreation Zoning Districts.
18A.30.910
Purpose - Open Space/Recreation Zoning Districts.
18A.30.920
Applicability - Open Space/Recreation Zoning Districts.
18A.30.930
Primary Permitted Uses - Open Space/Recreation Zoning Districts.
18A.30.940
Administrative Uses - Open Space/Recreation Zoning Districts.
18A.30.950
Conditional Uses - Open Space/Recreation Zoning Districts.
18A.30.960
Development Standards - Open Space/Recreation Zoning Districts.
18A.30.100Single-Family Residential Zoning Districts.
18A.30.110Purpose - Single-Family Residential Zoning Districts.

The Residential 1 (R1) and Residential 2 (R2) zoning districts provide for a continuation of large residential lots in specific areas where a pattern of large lots and extensive tree coverage exists. These zoning districts seek to preserve the identity of these residential areas, preserve significant tree stands and riparian environments along lake shores and within stream corridors, and reduce traffic volumes in the east-west arterial corridors.

The Residential 3 (R3) and Residential 4 (R4) zoning districts are the city’s primary residential zones, which provide for single-family dwellings in established residential neighborhoods. The Residential 4 (R4) designation provides for increased residential density through smaller lot sizes and allowance for residential development comprising two units per lot. (Ord. 412 § 2, 2006; Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.130Primary Permitted Uses - Single-Family Residential Zoning Districts.

The following uses are permitted within the Residential zoning districts, subject to approval of a zoning certification and all applicable development permits:

A. R1, R2, R3, and R4 Zoning Districts.

1. Single-Family Residential (Level 1)

2. Type 1 Group Home

3. Type 2 Group Home (Level 1)

4. Daycare Facilities (Level 1)

5. Outdoor Recreation (Level 1/2)

6. Public Maintenance Facilities (Level 1)

7. Transportation Facilities (Level 1)

8. Communication Facilities (Level 1)

9. Electrical Facilities (Level 1)

10. Natural Gas Facilities (Level 1)

11. Sewage Collection Facilities

12. Stormwater Facilities (Level 1)

13. Water Supply Facilities (Level 1)

14. Residential Accessory Uses

15. Continuation of private and commercial equestrian facilities already legally existing within the zone at the time of adoption of this title. Maintenance, repair and replacement of existing equestrian structures shall be permitted.

B. R4 Zoning District. Single-Family Residential-Level 2 (Ord. 412 § 3, 2006; Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.140Administrative Uses - Single-Family Residential Zoning Districts.

The following uses are permitted within the Residential zoning districts, subject to approval of a administrative use permit and all applicable development permits:

A. R1, R2, R3, and R4 Zoning Districts.

1. Single Family Residential (Level 5)

2. Type 2 Group Home (Level 2)

3. Community and Cultural Services (Level 1)

4. Daycare Facilities (Level 2)

5. Religious Assembly (Level 1)

6. Social Services (Level 1)

7. Communication Facilities (Level 2)

8. Lodging (Level 1)

B. R1 and R2 Zoning Districts.

1. Expansion of private and commercial equestrian facilities already legally existing within the zone at the time of adoption of this title. (Ord. 620 § 3, 2016; Ord. 412 § 4, 2006; Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.150Conditional Uses - Single-Family Residential Zoning Districts.

The following uses are permitted within the Residential zoning districts, subject to approval of a conditional use permit and all applicable development permits:

A. R1, R2, R3, and R4 Zoning Districts.

1. Community and Cultural Services (Level 2)

2. Education (Level 1)

3. Outdoor Recreation (Level 3)

4. Public Maintenance Facilities (Level 2)

5. Public Safety Services (Level 1)

6. Religious Assembly (Level 2)

7. Electrical Facilities (Level 2)

8. Pipelines

9. Stormwater Facilities (Level 2/3)

10. Waste Transfer Facilities (Level 1)

11. Water Supply Facilities (Level 2/3)

B. R3 and R4 Zoning Districts.

1. Single-Family Residential (Level 4)

2. Type 3 Group Home (Level 1)

3. Hospice Care Center

4. Government Administration Facilities (Level 1)

5. Social Services (Level 2) (Ord. 483 § 10, 2008; Ord. 412 § 5, 2006; Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.160Development Standards - Single-Family Residential Zoning Districts.

Unless otherwise specifically modified by an adopted development agreement, in addition to the regulations and requirements contained in other sections of this title, the following property development standards apply to all land and buildings in the Residential zoning districts:

A. Density. The maximum density for the Residential zoning districts is the maximum number of dwelling units allowed per gross acre (dua) and shall be as follows:

1. R1 zoning district: 1.45 dua

2. R2 zoning district: 2.2 dua

3. R3 zoning district: 4.8 dua

4. R4 zoning district: 6.4 dua

B. Lot Size. The minimum lot sizes for the Residential zoning districts shall be as follows:

1. R1 zoning district: 25,000 gsf

2. R2 zoning district: 17,000 gsf

3. R3 zoning district: 7,500 gsf

4. R4 zoning district: 5,700 gsf

C. Lot Coverage. All building coverage and impervious surface maximums stated herein for the Residential zoning districts may be reduced at the time they are applied to individual properties, because of stormwater requirements. For existing lots in the R1 and R2 zoning districts that are less than ten thousand (10,000) gsf in size, the maximum building coverage and maximum impervious surface requirements of the R3 zoning district shall apply. The maximum lot coverage standards for the Residential zoning districts shall be as follows:

1. R1 and R2 zoning districts.

a. Building coverage: 35%

b. Impervious surface: 45%

2. R3 zoning district.

a. Building coverage: 45%

b. Impervious surface: 60%

3. R4 zoning district.

a. Building coverage: 50%

b. Impervious surface: 70%

D. Setbacks. For existing lots in the R1 and R2 zoning districts that are less than ten thousand (10,000) gsf in size, the setback requirements of the R3 zoning district shall apply. The minimum setbacks for the Residential zoning districts shall be as follows, except where increased setbacks due to landscaping and building/fire code requirements apply. No minimum setback is required between attached units.

1. R1 and R2 zoning districts

a. Front yard/street setback: 25 feet

b. Garage/carport setback: 30 feet

c. Principal arterial and state highway setback: 25 feet

d. Rear yard setback: 20 feet

e. Interior setback: 8 feet

2. R3 and R4 zoning districts

a. Front yard/street setback: 10 feet

b. Garage/carport setback: 20 feet

c. Principal arterial and state highway setback: 25 feet

d. Rear yard setback: 10 feet

e. Interior setback: 5 feet

Note: No minimum setback is required between attached units.

E. Building Height. The maximum building height, not including any applicable height bonus, in the Residential zoning districts shall be thirty-five (35) feet.

F. Design. Design features shall be required as set forth in LMC 18A.50.200, Community Design.

G. Tree Preservation. Significant tree identification and preservation and/or replacement shall be required as set forth in LMC 18A.50.300, Tree Preservation.

H. Landscaping. Landscaping shall be provided as set forth in LMC 18A.50.400, Landscaping.

I. Parking. Parking shall conform to the requirements of LMC 18A.50.500, Parking.

J. Signs. Signage shall conform to the requirements of LMC 18A.50.600, Signs. (Ord. 483 § 11, 2008; Ord. 412 § 6, 2006; Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.200Mixed Residential Zoning Districts.
18A.30.210Purpose - Mixed Residential Zoning Districts.

The purpose of the Mixed Residential 1 (MR1) and Mixed Residential 2 (MR2) zoning districts is to promote residential renewal to small-lot detached single family residential dwellings, attached single-family dwellings, and two-family residential development. Small scale multi-family residential development is permitted in the MR-2 zone. These districts provide for moderate residential density using a variety of urban housing types and designs. The mix of housing may take a variety of forms, either mixed within a single site or mixed within a general area, with varied dwelling types. Development standards for the Mixed Residential zoning districts are intended to encourage increased residential densities. (Ord. 412 § 7, 2006; Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.220Applicability - Mixed Residential Zoning Districts.

The MR1 and MR2 zoning districts are applicable to land designated Mixed Residential in the comprehensive plan. (Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.230Primary Permitted Uses - Mixed Residential Zoning Districts.

The following uses are permitted within the Mixed Residential zoning districts, subject to approval of a zoning certification and all applicable development permits:

A. MR1 Zoning District.

1. Single-Family Residential (Level 1/2/3)

2. Co-Housing

3. Type 1 Group Home

4. Type 2 Group Home (Level 1)

5. Community and Cultural Services (Level 1)

6. Daycare Facilities (Level 1)

7. Outdoor Recreation (Level 1/2)

8. Public Maintenance Facilities (Level 1)

9. Religious Assembly (Level 1)

10. Social Services (Level 1)

11. Transportation (Level 1)

12. Communication Facilities (Level 1)

13. Electrical Facilities (Level 1)

14. Natural Gas Facilities (Level 1)

15. Sewage Collection Facilities

16. Stormwater Facilities (Level 1)

17. Water Supply Facilities (Level 1)

18. Residential Accessory Uses

19. Continuation of private and commercial equestrian facilities already legally existing within the zone at the time of adoption of this title. Maintenance, repair and replacement of existing equestrian structures shall be permitted.

B. MR2 Zoning District.

1. Single-Family Residential (Level 1), provided that the lot size does not exceed 7,950 sq. ft.

2. Single-Family Residential (Level 2/3)

3. Multifamily Dwelling (Level 1)

4. Co-Housing

5. Type 1 Group Home

6. Type 2 Group Home (Level 1)

7. Community and Cultural Services (Level 1)

8. Daycare Facilities (Level 1)

9. Outdoor Recreation (Level 1/2)

10. Public Maintenance Facilities (Level 1)

11. Religious Assembly (Level 1)

12. Social Services (Level 1)

13. Transportation (Level 1)

14. Communication Facilities (Level 1)

15. Electrical Facilities (Level 1)

16. Natural Gas Facilities (Level 1)

17. Sewage Collection Facilities

18. Stormwater Facilities (Level 1)

19. Water Supply Facilities (Level 1)

20. Residential Accessory Uses

21. Continuation of private and commercial equestrian facilities already legally existing within the zone at the time of adoption of this title. Maintenance, repair and replacement of existing equestrian structures shall be permitted. (Ord. 412 § 8, 2006; Ord. 277 § 1 (part), 2002; Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.240Administrative Uses - Mixed Residential Zoning Districts.

The following uses are permitted within the Mixed Residential zoning districts, subject to approval of an administrative use permit and all applicable development permits:

A. MR1 and MR2 Zoning Districts.

1. Type 2 Group Home (Level 2)

2. Hospice Care Center

3. Community and Cultural Services (Level 2)

4. Daycare Facilities (Level 2)

5. Government Administration Facilities (Level 1)

6. Religious Assembly (Level 2)

7. Social Services (Level 2)

8. Communication Facilities (Level 2) (Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.250Conditional Uses - Mixed Residential Zoning Districts.

The following uses are permitted within the Mixed Residential zoning districts, subject to approval of a conditional use permit and all applicable development permits:

A. MR1 and MR2 Zoning Districts.

1. Type 2 Group Home (Level 3)

2. Type 3 Group Home (Level 1)

3. Education (Level 1)

4. Outdoor Recreation (Level 3)

5. Public Maintenance Facilities (Level 2)

6. Public Safety Services (Level 1)

7. Electrical Facilities (Level 2)

8. Pipelines

9. Stormwater Facilities (Level 2/3)

10. Waste Transfer Facilities (Level 1)

11. Water Supply Facilities (Level 2/3)

B. MR1 Zoning District.

1. Single-Family Residential (Level 4)

C. MR2 Zoning District.

1. Assisted Living Facilities

2. Nursing Home (Ord. 483 § 12, 2008; Ord. 412 § 9, 2006; Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.260Development Standards - Mixed Residential Zoning Districts.

Unless otherwise specifically modified by an adopted development agreement, in addition to the

regulations and requirements contained in other sections of this title, the following property development standards apply to all land and buildings in the Mixed Residential zoning districts:

A. Density. The maximum density for the Mixed Residential zoning districts is the maximum number of dwelling units allowed per gross acre (dua) and shall be as follows:

1. MR1 zoning district: 8.7 dua

2. MR2 zoning district: 14.6 dua

B. Lot size. The minimum lot size for the Mixed Residential zoning districts shall be five thousand (5,000) square feet for one (1) unit, and the following minimum lot size for developments in excess of one (1) unit:

1. MR1 zoning district: 5,000 gsf/unit

2. MR2 zoning district: 3,000 gsf/unit for two or more units

For the purposes of this subsection, development standards regarding minimum lot size shall apply where multiple adjacent parcels are being created or developed with structures simultaneously as part of a common development plan.

C. Lot Coverage. All building coverage and impervious surface maximums stated herein for the Mixed Residential zoning districts may be reduced at the time they are applied to individual properties, because of stormwater requirements. For existing lots in the MR1 and MR2 zoning districts that are less than six thousand (6,000) gsf in size, the maximum building coverage and impervious surface requirements of the R3 zoning district shall apply, otherwise the maximum lot coverage standards for the Mixed Residential zoning districts shall be as follows:

1. MR1 zoning district

a. Building coverage 55%

b. Impervious surface 70%

2. MR2 zoning district

a. Building coverage 60%

b. Impervious surface 75%

D. Setbacks. The required setbacks for the Mixed Residential zoning districts shall be as follows, except where increased setbacks due to landscaping and building/fire code requirements apply:

1. MR1 and MR2 zoning districts

a. Front yard/street setback: 5 feet

b. Garage/carport setback: 20 feet

c. Principal arterial and state highway setback: 25 feet

d. Rear yard setback: 5 feet

e. Interior setback for attached units 0 feet

f. Interior setback for detached units: 5 feet

E. Building Height. The maximum building height, not including any applicable height bonus, for the Mixed Residential zoning districts shall be as follows:

1. MR1 zoning district: 35 feet

2. MR2 zoning district: 50 feet

Provided, that when structured parking is provided for attached units, an additional height bonus of ten (10) feet shall apply.

F. Design. Design features shall be required as set forth in LMC 18A.50.200, Community Design.

G. Tree Preservation. Significant tree identification and preservation and/or replacement shall be required as set forth in LMC 18A.50.300, Tree Preservation.

H. Landscaping. Landscaping shall be provided as set forth in LMC 18A.50.400, Landscaping.

I. Parking. Parking shall conform to the requirements of LMC 18A.50.500, Parking.

J. Signs. Signage shall conform to the requirements of LMC 18A.50.600, Signs. (Ord. 483 § 13, 2008; Ord. 412 § 10, 2006; Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.300Multi-Family Zoning Districts.
18A.30.310Purpose - Multi-Family Zoning Districts.

The purpose of the Multifamily 1 (MF1) zoning district is to provide for a variety of medium-density housing types and designs offering a wide choice of living accommodations for families of diverse composition and lifestyles. The designation incorporates a combination of urban design elements to enhance the living environment while integrating the housing into a neighborhood. Urban design elements such as private and public open space, pedestrian orientation and connections, and security are integrated into the housing to create a high standard of community cohesion and character.

The Multifamily 2 (MF2) zoning district provides for high-density housing types and designs, especially of a multiple-story design, that combine urban design elements to enhance the living environment. Urban design elements stress pedestrian orientation and connections, security, transportation, and integration of housing.

The Multifamily 3 (MF3) zoning district is intended to integrate urban, high-density, multi-story housing in close proximity to a principal or minor arterial, with commercial/residential districts. The MF 3 zoning districts are predominantly located adjacent to land zoned NC2, CBD, or SD. (Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.330Primary Permitted Uses - Multi-Family Zoning Districts.

The following uses are permitted within the Multifamily zoning districts, subject to approval of a zoning certification and all applicable development permits:

A. MF 1 Zoning District.

1. Single-Family Residential (Level 3)

B. MF1, MF2, and MF3 Zoning Districts.

1. Multifamily Residential (Level 1 and 2)

2. Co-Housing

3. Type 1 Group Home

4. Type 2 Group Home (Level 1)

5. Assisted Living Facilities

6. Nursing Home

7. Hospice Care Center

8. Community and Cultural Services (Level 1)

9. Daycare Facilities (Level 1/2)

10. Government Administration Facilities (Level 1)

11. Outdoor Recreation (Level 1/2)

12. Public Maintenance Facilities (Level 1)

13. Religious Assembly (Level 1)

14. Social Services (Level 1)

15. Transportation (Level 1)

16. Communication Facilities (Level 1)

17. Electrical Facilities (Level 1)

18. Natural Gas Facilities (Level 1)

19. Sewage Collection Facilities

20. Stormwater Facilities (Level 1)

21. Water Supply Facilities (Level 1)

22. Residential Accessory Uses

23. Continuation of private and commercial equestrian facilities already legally existing within the zone at the time of adoption of this title. Maintenance, repair and replacement of existing equestrian structures shall be permitted. (Ord. 412 § 11, 2006; Ord. 277 § 1 (part), 2002; Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.340Administrative Uses - Multi-Family Zoning Districts.

The following uses are permitted within the Multifamily zoning districts, subject to approval of an administrative use permit and all applicable development permits:

A. MF1, MF2, and MF3 Zoning Districts.

1. Type 2 Group Home (Level 3)

2. Community and Cultural Services (Level 2)

3. Daycare Facilities (Level 3)

4. Outdoor Recreation (Level 3)

5. Public Maintenance Facilities (Level 2)

6. Religious Assembly (Level 2)

7. Social Services (Level 2)

8. Communication Facilities (Level 2)

9. Stormwater Facilities (Level 2)

10. Waste Transfer Facilities (Level 1)

B. Solely within that portion of the MF3 zoning districts located within the Lakewood Station district as designated in the comprehensive plan, and solely in conjunction with Multifamily Dwelling Level 3 uses, the following uses shall be permitted subject to approval of an administrative use permit and all applicable development permits:

1. Building/Garden Supply and Nurseries (Level 1)

2. Convenience Commercial (Level 1)

3. Eating and Drinking Establishment (Level 3/4)

4. Personal Services (Level 1)

5. Professional Offices (Level 1)

6. Sales of General Merchandise (Level 1)

7. Sales of Secondhand Property (Level 1) (Ord. 397 § 5, 2005; Ord. 307 § 15, 2003; Ord. 277 § 1 (part), 2002; Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.350Conditional Uses - Multi-Family Zoning Districts.

The following uses are permitted within the Multifamily zoning districts, subject to approval of a conditional use permit and all applicable development permits:

A. MF1, MF2, and MF3 Zoning Districts.

1. Type 3 Group Home (Level 1/2/3)

2. Education (Level 1/2)

3. Public Safety Services (Level 1)

4. Electrical Facilities (Level 2)

5. Pipelines

6. Stormwater Facilities (Level 3)

7. Water Supply Facilities (Level 2/3) (Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.360Developmental Standards - Multi-Family Zoning Districts.

Unless otherwise specifically modified by an adopted development agreement, in addition to the regulations and requirements contained in other sections of this title, the following property development standards apply to all land and buildings in the Multifamily zoning districts:

A. Density. The maximum density for the Multifamily zoning districts shall be as follows:

1. MF1 zoning district: 22 dua

2. MF2 zoning district: 35 dua

3. MF3 zoning district: 54 dua

B. Lot Size. There is no minimum established lot size for the Multifamily zoning districts. Proposed uses and their associated densities within these zoning districts, and the applicable community design standards shall be used to establish the minimum lot size for a project.

C. Lot Coverage. All building coverage and impervious surface maximums stated herein for the Multifamily zoning districts may be reduced at the time they are applied to individual properties, because of stormwater requirements. The maximum building coverage for the Multifamily zoning districts shall be sixty (60) percent. The maximum impervious surface coverage for the Multifamily zoning districts shall be seventy (70) percent.

D. Setbacks. The minimum yard setbacks for the Multifamily zoning districts shall be as follows, except where increased setbacks due to landscaping and building/fire code requirements apply:

1. MF1, MF2, and MF3 Zoning Districts.

a. Front yard/street setback: 15 feet

b. Garage/carport setback: 20 feet

c. Principal arterial and state: highway setback: 25 feet

d. Rear yard setback: 15 feet

e. Interior setback: 8 feet

E. Building Height. The maximum building height, not including any applicable height bonus, for the Multifamily zoning districts shall be as follows:

1. MF1 zoning district: 45 feet

2. MF2 zoning district: 65 feet

3. MF3 zoning district: 80 feet

Provided, that when structured parking is utilized for attached units, an additional height bonus of ten (10) feet shall apply.

F. Design. Design features shall be required as set forth in LMC 18A.50.200, Community Design.

G. Tree Preservation. Significant tree identification and preservation and/or replacement shall be required as set forth in LMC 18A.50.300, Tree Preservation.

H. Landscaping. Landscaping shall be provided as set forth in LMC 18A.50.400, Landscaping.

I. Parking. Parking shall conform to the requirements of LMC 18A.50.500, Parking.

J. Signs. Signage shall conform to the requirements of LMC 18A.50.600, Signs. (Ord. 483 § 14, 2008; Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.400Neighborhood Business Zoning Districts.
18A.30.410Purpose - Neighborhood Business Zoning Districts.

The Arterial Residential/Commercial (ARC) zoning district provides for continuance of residential uses, many of which are existing, along busy city streets while permitting the incorporation of low-intensity and low-impact commercial uses into these compact areas.

The Neighborhood Commercial 1 (NC1) zoning district is intended to foster a sense of neighborhood identity and provide limited services within a neighborhood. The district provides for a small-scale mix of activities, including residential, retail, office, and local services, which serve the surrounding neighborhood.

The Neighborhood Commercial 2 (NC2) zoning district is intended to foster a sense of urban community in Lakewood. The district provides for a concentrated mix of activities, including residential, retail, office, and local services, which may serve the surrounding neighborhood or may serve more than one (1) neighborhood and attract people from other areas. (Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.430Primary Permitted Uses - Neighborhood Business Zoning Districts.

The following uses are permitted within the Neighborhood Business zoning districts, subject to approval of a zoning certification and all applicable development permits:

A. ARC Zoning District.

1. Single Family Residential (Level 1/2/3)

2. Multifamily Residential (Level 1/3)

3. Type 1 Group Home

4. Type 2 Group Home (Level 1/2)

5. Community and Cultural Services (Level 1)

6. Daycare Facilities (Level 1/2)

7. Outdoor Recreation (Level 1/2)

8. Public Maintenance Facilities (Level 1)

9. Religious Assembly (Level 1)

10. Social Services (Level 1)

11. Transportation (Level 1)

12. Communication Facilities (Level 1)

13. Electrical Facilities (Level 1)

14. Natural Gas Facilities (Level 1)

15. Sewage Collection Facilities

16. Stormwater Facilities (Level 1)

17. Water Supply Facilities (Level 1)

18. Business Services

19. Personal Services (Level 1)

20. Professional Offices (Level 1)

21. Rental/Repair Services (Level 1)

22. Sales of General Merchandise (Level 1)

23. Sales of Secondhand Property (Level 1)

24. Residential Accessory Uses

25. Civic Accessory Uses

26. Commercial Accessory Uses

B. NC1 Zoning District.

1. Single Family Residential (Level 2/3)

2. Multifamily Residential (Level 1/3)

3. Co-Housing

4. Assisted Living Facilities

5. Nursing Home

6. Government Administration Facilities (Level 1)

7. Community and Cultural Services (Level 1/2)

8. Daycare Facilities (Level 1/2)

9. Outdoor Recreation (Level 1/2)

10. Postal Services (Level 1)

11. Public Maintenance Facilities (Level 1)

12. Religious Assembly (Level 1/2)

13. Social Services (Level 1/2)

14. Transportation (Level 1)

15. Communication Facilities (Level 1)

16. Electrical Facilities (Level 1)

17. Natural Gas Facilities (Level 1)

18. Sewage Collection Facilities

19. Stormwater Facilities (Level 1)

20. Waste Transfer Facilities (Level 1)

21. Water Supply Facilities (Level 1)

22. Amusement and Recreation (Level 1)

23. Building/Garden Supply and Nurseries (Level 1)

24. Business Services

25. Convenience Commercial (Level 1)

26. Eating and Drinking Establishment (Level 1/2)

27. Food Stores (Level 1)

28. Personal Services (Level 1/2)

29. Pet Sales and Services (Level 1)

30. Private Training School (Level 1)

31. Professional Offices (Level 1)

32. Rental and Repair Services (Level 1)

33. Sales of General Merchandise (Level 1)

34. Sales of Secondhand Property (Level 1)

35. Residential Accessory Uses

36. Civic Accessory Uses

37. Commercial Accessory Uses

C. NC2 Zoning District.

1. Single Family Residential (Level 2/3)

2. Multifamily Residential (Level 1/3)

3. Assisted Living Facilities

4. Continuing Care Retirement Community

5. Nursing Home

6. Government Administration Facilities (Level 1/2)

7. Community and Cultural Services (Level 1/2)

8. Daycare Facilities (Level 1/2)

9. Health Services

10. Outdoor Recreation (Level 1/2)

11. Postal Services (Level 1)

12. Public Maintenance Facilities (Level 1)

13. Religious Assembly (Level 1/2)

14. Social Services (Level 1/2)

15. Transportation (Level 1)

16. Communication Facilities (Level 1)

17. Electrical Facilities (Level 1)

18. Natural Gas Facilities (Level 1)

19. Sewage Collection Facilities

20. Stormwater Facilities (Level 1)

21. Waste Transfer Facilities (Level 1)

22. Water Supply Facilities (Level 1)

23. Amusement and Recreation (Level 1)

24. Building/Garden Supply and Nurseries (Level 1/2)

25. Business Services

26. Convenience Commercial (Level 1/2)

27. Eating and Drinking Establishment (Level 1/2/3)

28. Food Stores (Level 1)

29. Funeral Services (Level 1)

30. Personal Services (Level 1/2)

31. Pet Sales and Services (Level 1)

32. Private Training School (Level 1/2)

33. Professional Offices (Level 1/2)

34. Rental and Repair Services (Level 1)

35. Sales of General Merchandise (Level 1/2)

36. Sales of Secondhand Property (Level 1)

37. Limited Manufacturing/Assembly (Level 1)

38. Printing and Publishing (Level 1)

39. Residential Accessory Uses

40. Civic Accessory Uses

41. Commercial Accessory Uses (Ord. 483 § 15, 2008; Ord. 462 § 5, 2007; Ord. 412 § 12, 2006; Ord. 397 § 6, 2005; Ord. 277 § 1 (part), 2002; Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.440Administrative Uses - Neighborhood Business Zoning Districts.

The following uses are permitted within the Neighborhood Business zoning districts, subject to approval of an administrative use permit and all applicable development permits:

A. ARC Zoning District.

1. Type 2 Group Home (Level 3)

2. Lodging (Level 3)

3. Limited Manufacturing/Assembly (Level 1)

B. NC1 Zoning District.

1. Type 2 Group Home (Level 3)

2. Public Maintenance Facilities (Level 2)

3. Drive-Through Facilities, limited to coffee kiosks

4. Professional Offices (Level 2)

5. Sales of General Merchandise (Level 2)

6. Printing and Publishing (Level 1)

C. NC2 Zoning District.

1. Multifamily Residential (Level 2), limited solely to sites that do not front onto a classified principal arterial street and whose dimensions are such that the average length of side property lines is twenty (20) percent or greater than the length of the property line at the street frontage; provided, that the resulting housing shall be limited in perpetuity to persons fifty-five (55) or more years of age.

2. Type 2 Group Home (Level 3)

3. Public Maintenance Facilities (Level 2)

4. Convenience Commercial (Level 3)

5. Drive-Through Facilities (Ord. 567 § 1 (part), 2013; Ord. 462 § 6, 2007; Ord. 397 § 7, 2005; Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.450Conditional Uses - Neighborhood Business Zoning Districts.

The following uses are permitted within the Neighborhood Business zoning districts, subject to approval of a conditional use permit and all applicable development permits:

A. ARC Zoning District.

1. Single-Family Detached Dwelling (Level 3)

2. Type 3 Group Home (Level 1/2)

3. Public Maintenance Facilities (Level 2)

4. Public Safety Services (Level 1)

5. Communication Facilities (Level 2)

6. Electrical Facilities (Level 2)

7. Pipelines

8. Stormwater Facilities (Level 2/3)

9. Water Supply Facilities (Level 2/3)

10. Printing and Publishing (Level 1)

B. NC1 Zoning District.

1. Type 3 Group Home (Level 1/2)

2. Public Safety Services (Level 1)

3. Communication Facilities (Level 2)

4. Electrical Facilities (Level 2)

5. Pipelines

6. Stormwater Facilities (Level 2/3)

7. Water Supply Facilities (Level 2/3)

8. Eating and Drinking Establishments (Level 3)

C. NC2 Zoning District.

1. Type 3 Group Home (Level 1/2)

2. Public Safety Services (Level 1)

3. Communication Facilities (Level 2)

4. Electrical Facilities (Level 2)

5. Pipelines

6. Stormwater Facilities (Level 2/3)

7. Water Supply Facilities (Level 2/3)

8. Food Stores (Level 2)

9. Motor Vehicles Sales and Rental (Level 1)

10. Motor Vehicles Service and Repair (Level 2) (Ord. 567 § 2 (part), 2013; Ord. 483 § 16, 2008; Ord. 397 § 8, 2005; Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.460Development Standards - Neighborhood Business Zoning Districts.

Unless otherwise specifically modified by an adopted development agreement, in addition to the regulations and requirements contained in other sections of this title, the following property development standards apply to all land and buildings in the Neighborhood Business zoning districts:

A. Density. The maximum density for the Neighborhood Business zoning districts is the maximum number of dwelling units allowed per gross acre (dua) and shall be as follows:

1. ARC zoning district: 15 dua

2. NC1 zoning district: 22 dua

3. NC2 zoning district: 35 dua

B. Lot Size. The minimum lot size for the ARC zoning district is five thousand (5,000) gross square feet (gsf), plus 2,750 gsf for each dwelling unit over one (1) unit, where applicable.

C. Lot Coverage. All building coverage and impervious surface maximums stated herein for the Neighborhood Business zoning districts may be reduced at the time they are applied, because of stormwater requirements. The maximum lot coverage standards for the Neighborhood Business zoning districts shall be as follows:

1. ARC zoning district.

a. Building coverage: 50%

b. Impervious surface: 60%

2. NC1 zoning district.

a. Building coverage: 70%

b. Impervious surface: 80%

3. NC2 zoning district.

a. Building coverage: 80%

b. Impervious surface: 90%

D. Setbacks. The minimum yard setbacks for the Neighborhood Business zoning districts shall be as follows, except where increased setbacks due to landscaping and building/fire code requirements apply:

1. ARC zoning district.

a. Front yard/street setback: 0 feet

b. Garage/carport setback: 20 feet

c. Rear yard setback: 0 feet

d. Interior setback: 0 feet

2. NC1 and NC2 zoning districts.

a. Front yard/street setback: 0 feet

b. Garage/carport setback: 20 feet

c. Rear yard setback: 0 feet

d. Interior setback: 0 feet

E. Building Height. The maximum building height, not including any applicable height bonus, in the Neighborhood Business zoning districts shall be as follows:

1. ARC zoning district: 40 feet

2. NC1 zoning district: 50 feet

3. NC2 zoning district: 60 feet

F. Design. Design features shall be required as set forth in LMC 18A.50.200, Community Design.

G. Tree Preservation. Significant tree identification and preservation and/or replacement shall be required as set forth in LMC 18A.50.300, Tree Preservation.

H. Landscaping. Landscaping shall be provided as set forth in LMC 18A.50.400, Landscaping.

I. Parking. Parking shall conform to the requirements of LMC 18A.50.500, Parking.

J. Signs. Signage shall conform to the requirements of LMC 18A.50.600, Signs. (Ord. 483 § 17, 2008; Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.500Commercial Zoning Districts.
18A.30.510Purpose - Commercial Zoning Districts.

The Transit-Oriented Commercial (TOC) zoning district is an interactive mixture of uses which focus on regional transportation networks while providing for urban design, people orientation, and connectivity between uses and transportation routes.

The Central Business District (CBD) zoning district is the primary retail, office, social, urban residential, and government center of the city. The complementary and interactive mixture of uses and urban design provides for a regional intensity and viability with a local character. The regional focus and vitality of the district is evident in the urban density, intensity, and composition of the uses in the district. Local character is reflected in the district’s design, people orientation, and connectivity between uses, structures, and public spaces, that foster a sense of community.

The Commercial 1 (C1), Commercial 2 (C2), and Commercial 3 (C3) zoning districts promote employment, services, retail, and business uses serving and linking neighborhoods to Lakewood’s major transportation networks. The geographic relationship of the corridors to major road networks and their limited integration with adjacent neighborhoods promote employment, services, retail, and business/light industrial uses linked to access the major transportation networks. The C3 zoning district is distinguished by its arterial location and focus on “big-box” type uses which form an anchor for a large-scale commercial development. (Ord. 525 § 5, 2010; Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.520Applicability - Commercial Zoning Districts.

The TOC zoning district is only applicable to lands designated Corridor Commercial in the comprehensive plan which are also within the Lakewood Station District established in the comprehensive plan.

The CBD zoning district is applicable to lands designated Central Business District in the comprehensive plan.

The C1, C2, and C3 zoning districts are applicable to lands designated Corridor Commercial in the comprehensive plan. (Ord. 525 § 6, 2010; Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.530Primary Permitted Uses – Commercial Zoning Districts.

The following uses are permitted within the Commercial zoning districts, subject to approval of a zoning certification and all applicable development permits:

A. TOC Zoning District.

1. Multifamily Dwelling (Level 3)

2. Assisted Living Facilities

3. Nursing Home

4. Community and Cultural Services (Level 1/2/3)

5. Daycare Facilities (Level 1/2)

6. Health Services

7. Outdoor Recreation (Level 1/2)

8. Postal Services (Level 1/2)

9. Public Maintenance Facilities (Level 1/2)

10. Religious Assembly (Level 1/2/3)

11. Social Services (Level 1/2)

12. Transportation (Level 1/2/3)

13. Communication Facilities (Level 1/2)

14. Electrical Facilities (Level 1)

15. Natural Gas Facilities (Level 1)

16. Sewage Collection Facilities

17. Stormwater Facilities (Level 1)

18. Waste Transfer Facilities (Level 1)

19. Water Supply Facilities (Level 1)

20. Amusement and Recreation (Level 1/2/3/4)

21. Business Services

22. Convenience Commercial (Level 1)

23. Eating and Drinking Establishment (Level 1/2/3/4)

24. Food Stores (Level 1/2)

25. Lodging (Level 3)

26. Motor Vehicle Services and Repair (Level 1/2)

27. Personal Services (Level 1/2)

28. Professional Offices (Level 1/2/3)

29. Sales of General Merchandise (Level 1/2/3)

30. Civic Accessory Uses

31. Commercial Accessory Uses

B. CBD Zoning District.

1. Multifamily Dwelling (Level 2/3)

2. Co-Housing

3. Assisted Living Facilities

4. Continuing Care Retirement Community

5. Nursing Home

6. Community and Cultural Services (Level 1/2/3)

7. Daycare Facilities (Level 1/2)

8. Government Administration Facilities (Level 1/2/3)

9. Health Services

10. Outdoor Recreation (Level 1/2)

11. Postal Services (Level 1/2)

12. Public Maintenance Facilities (Level 1)

13. Religious Assembly (Level 1/2/3)

14. Social Services (Level 1/2)

15. Transportation (Level 1/2/3)

16. Communication Facilities (Level 1/2/3/4)

17. Electrical Facilities (Level 1)

18. Natural Gas Facilities (Level 1)

19. Sewage Collection Facilities

20. Stormwater Facilities (Level 1)

21. Waste Transfer Facilities (Level 1)

22. Water Supply Facilities (Level 1/2)

23. Amusement and Recreation (Level 1/2/3)

24. Building/Garden Supply and Nurseries (Level 1/2/3)

25. Business Services

26. Convenience Commercial (Level 1/2)

27. Eating and Drinking Establishment (Level 1/2/3/4)

28. Food Stores (Level 1/2)

29. Funeral Services (Level 1)

30. Lodging (Level 3)

31. Motor Vehicle Service and Repair (Level 1/2)

32. Personal Services (Level 1/2)

33. Pet Sales and Services (Level 1/2)

34. Private Training School

35. Professional Offices (Level 1/2/3)

36. Rental and Repair Services (Level 1/2/3)

37. Sales of General Merchandise (Level 1/2/3/4)

38. Sales of Secondhand Property (Level 1/2)

39. Limited Manufacturing/Assembly (Level 1)

40. Printing and Publishing (Level 1/2)

41. Civic Accessory Uses

42. Commercial Accessory Uses

C. C1 Zoning District.

1. Community and Cultural Services (Level 1/2/3)

2. Daycare Facilities (Level 2)

3. Government Administration Facilities (Level 1/2)

4. Health Services

5. Outdoor Recreation (Level 1/2)

6. Postal Services (Level 1)

7. Public Maintenance Facilities (Level 1/2)

8. Religious Assembly (Level 1/2/3)

9. Social Services (Level 1/2/3)

10. Transportation (Level 1/2)

11. Communication Facilities (Level 1/2/3/4)

12. Electrical Facilities (Level 1/2)

13. Natural Gas Facilities (Level 1)

14. Sewage Collection Facilities

15. Stormwater Facilities (Level 1)

16. Waste Transfer Facilities (Level 1)

17. Water Supply Facilities (Level 1/2)

18. Amusement and Recreation (Level 1/2/3/4)

19. Building/Garden Supply and Nurseries (Level 1/2/3)

20. Business Services

21. Convenience Commercial (Level 1/2/3)

22. Drive-Through Facilities

23. Eating and Drinking Establishment (Level 1/2/3/4)

24. Food Stores (Level 1/2)

25. Funeral Services (Level 1)

26. Lodging (Level 3)

27. Manufactured and Modular Homes Sales

28. Motor Vehicle Service and Repair (Level 1/2/3)

29. Motor Vehicle Sales and Rental (Level 1)

30. Personal Services (Level 1/2)

31. Pet Sales and Services (Level 1/2)

32. Private Training School (Level 1/2)

33. Professional Offices (Level 1)

34. Rental and Repair Services (Level 1/2/3)

35. Sales of General Merchandise (Level 1/2)

36. Sales of Secondhand Property (Level 1/2/3)

37. Storage (Level 1)

38. Limited Manufacturing/Assembly (Level 1)

39. Contractor Yards (Level 1)

40. Flex Space (Level 1/2)

41. Motion Picture Production Studios

42. Printing and Publishing (Level 1/2)

43. Warehousing, Distribution and Freight Movement (Level 1/2)

44. Civic Accessory Uses

45. Commercial Accessory Uses

46. Industrial Accessory Uses

D. C2 Zoning District.

1. Community and Cultural Services (Level 1/2/3)

2. Daycare Facilities (Level 2)

3. Government Administration Facilities (Level 1/2)

4. Health Services

5. Outdoor Recreation (Level 1/2)

6. Postal Services (Level 1/2)

7. Public Maintenance Facilities (Level 1/2)

8. Religious Assembly (Level 1/2/3)

9. Social Services (Level 1/2/3)

10. Transportation (Level 1/2)

11. Communication Facilities (Level 1/2/3/4)

12. Electrical Facilities (Level 1/2)

13. Natural Gas Facilities (Level 1)

14. Sewage Collection Facilities

15. Stormwater Facilities (Level 1)

16. Waste Transfer Facilities (Level 1)

17. Water Supply Facilities (Level 1/2)

18. Amusement and Recreation (Level 1/2/3/4)

19. Building/Garden Supply and Nurseries (Level 1/2/3/4)

20. Business Services

21. Buy-Back Recycling Center

22. Convenience Commercial (Level 1/2/3)

23. Drive-Through Facilities

24. Eating and Drinking Establishment (Level 1/2/3/4)

25. Food Stores (Level 1/2)

26. Funeral Services (Level 1)

27. Lodging (Level 3)

28. Manufactured and Modular Homes Sales

29. Motor Vehicle Sales and Rental (Level 1/2)

30. Motor Vehicle Service and Repair (Level 1/2/3/4/5)

31. Personal Services (Level 1/2)

32. Pet Sales and Services (Level 1/2)

33. Private Training School

34. Professional Offices (Level 1/2/3)

35. Rental and Repair Services (Level 1/2/3)

36. Sales of General Merchandise (Level 1/2/3/4)

37. Sales of Secondhand Property (Level 1/2/3)

38. Storage (Level 1/2)

39. Limited Manufacturing/Assembly (Level 1/2)

40. Contractor Yards (Level 1)

41. Flex Space (Level 1/2)

42. Motion Picture Production Studios

43. Printing and Publishing (Level 1/2)

44. Warehousing, Distribution and Freight Movement (Level 1/2)

45. Civic Accessory Uses

46. Commercial Accessory Uses

47. Industrial Accessory Uses

E. C3 Zoning District.

1. Large-Scale Commercial Facilities anchored by one or more Sales of General Merchandise (Level 4) and/or Building/Garden Supply and Nurseries (Level 3) uses, which may be collocated or otherwise integrated with one or more of the following uses either within the same structure or upon the same site:

a. Multifamily Dwelling (Level 3)

b. Assisted Living Facilities

c. Community and Cultural Services (Level 3)

d. Daycare Facilities (Level 2)

e. Health Services

f. Amusement and Recreation (Level 4)

g. Business Services

h. Convenience Commercial (Level 3)

i. Eating and Drinking Establishment (Level 3/4)

j. Food Stores (Level 1/2/3)

k. Personal Services (Level 1/2)

l. Pet Sales and Services (Level 1/2/3)

m. Professional Offices (Level 3)

2. Transportation (Level 2)

3. Communication Facilities (Level 1/2)

4. Electrical Facilities (Level 1/2)

5. Natural Gas Facilities (Level 1)

6. Sewage Collection Facilities

7. Stormwater Facilities (Level 1/2)

8. Waste Transfer Facilities (Level 1)

9. Water Supply Facilities (Level 1)

10. Civic Accessory Uses

11. Commercial Accessory Uses (Ord. 651 § 39 (part), 2016; Ord. 525 § 7, 2010; Ord. 483 § 19, 2008; Ord. 462 § 7, 2007; Ord. 397 § 9, 2005; Ord. 317 § 4, 2003; Ord. 307 § 16, 2003; Ord. 277 § 1 (part), 2002; Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.540Administrative Uses – Commercial Zoning Districts.

The following uses are permitted within the Commercial zoning districts, subject to approval of an administrative use permit and all applicable development permits:

A. TOC Zoning District.

1. Multifamily Dwelling (Level 2)

2. Type 2 Group Home (Level 3)

3. Drive-Through Facilities

4. Motor Vehicle Sales and Rental (Level 1/2/3)

B. CBD Zoning District.

1. Type 2 Group Home (Level 3)

2. Food Stores (Level 3)

3. Stormwater Facilities (Level 2/3)

C. C1 Zoning District.

1. Government Administration Facilities (Level 3)

2. Outdoor Recreation (Level 4)

3. Postal Services (Level 2)

4. Public Maintenance Facilities (Level 3)

5. Stormwater Facilities (Level 2/3)

6. Waste Transfer Facilities (Level 2)

7. Water Supply Facilities (Level 3)

8. Convenience Commercial (Level 4)

9. Lodging (Level 2)

10. Motor Vehicle Sales and Rental (Level 2)

11. Motor Vehicle Service and Repair (Level 4/5)

12. Pet Sales and Service (Level 3)

13. Professional Offices (Level 3)

14. Rental and Repair Services (Level 3/4)

15. Sales of General Merchandise (Level 3/4)

16. Research, Development, and Laboratories (Level 1)

D. C2 Zoning District.

1. Government Administration Facilities (Level 3)

2. Public Maintenance Facilities (Level 3)

3. Outdoor Recreation (Level 4)

4. Stormwater Facilities (Level 2/3)

5. Waste Transfer Facilities (Level 2)

6. Water Supply Facilities (Level 3)

7. Convenience Commercial (Level 4)

8. Lodging (Level 2)

9. Motor Vehicle Sales and Rental (Level 3)

10. Pet Sales and Service (Level 3)

11. Rental and Repair Services (Level 4)

E. C3 Zoning District.

1. Postal Services (Level 2)

2. Religious Assembly (Level 3)

3. Drive-Through Facilities

4. Motor Vehicle Services and Repair (Level 1/2) (Ord. 651 § 39 (part), 2016; Ord. 567 § 3 (part), 2013; Ord. 525 § 8, 2010; Ord. 397 § 10, 2005; Ord. 392 § 2, 2005; Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.550Conditional Uses - Commercial Zoning Districts.

The following uses are permitted within the Commercial zoning districts, subject to approval of a conditional use permit and all applicable development permits:

A. TOC Zoning District.

1. Type 3 Group Home (Level 1/2)

2. Education (Level 1/2)

3. Outdoor Recreation (Level 3)

4. Public Safety Services (Level 1)

5. Social Services (Level 3)

6. Transportation (Level 4)

7. Electrical Facilities (Level 2)

8. Pipelines

9. Stormwater Facilities (Level 2/3)

10. Water Supply Facilities (Level 2/3)

11. Flex Space (Level 1)

12. Research, Development, and Laboratories (Level 1)

B. CBD Zoning District.

1. Type 3 Group Home (Level 1/2)

2. Education (Level 1/2)

3. Outdoor Recreation (Level 3)

4. Public Maintenance Facilities (Level 2)

5. Public Safety Services (Level 1/3)

6. Social Services (Level 3)

7. Transportation (Level 4)

8. Electrical Facilities (Level 2)

9. Pipelines

10. Water Supply Facilities (Level 3)

11. Amusement and Recreation (Level 4)

12. Building/Garden Supply and Nurseries (Level 4)

13. Drive-Through Facilities

14. Sales of Secondhand Property (Level 3)

15. Flex Space (Level 1)

16. Research, Development, and Laboratories (Level 1)

C. C1 Zoning District.

1. Type 4 & 5 Group Home

2. Public Safety Services (Level 1/2)

3. Transportation (Level 3)

4. Pipelines

5. Food Stores (Level 3)

6. Motor Vehicle Sales and Rental (Level 4)

7. Pet Sales and Service (Level 4)

8. Storage (Level 2)

9. Contractor Yards (Level 2)

10. Warehousing, Distribution, and Freight Movement (Level 3)

D. C2 Zoning District.

1. Type 4 & 5 Group Home

2. Public Safety Services (Level 1/2/3)

3. Transportation (Level 3/4)

4. Pipelines

5. Food Stores (Level 3)

6. Pet Sales and Service (Level 4)

7. Contractor Yards (Level 2)

8. Industrial Services

9. Warehousing, Distribution and Freight Movement (Level 3)

E. C3 Zoning District.

1. Large-Scale Commercial Facilities exceeding 150,000 square feet in cumulative gross floor area. (Ord. 525 § 9, 2010; Ord. 423 § 1 (part), 2006; Ord. 397 § 11, 2005; Ord. 392 § 3, 2005; Ord. 358 § 2, 2004; Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.560Development Standards - Commercial Zoning Districts.

Unless otherwise specifically modified by an adopted development agreement, in addition to the regulations and requirements contained in other sections of this title, the following property development standards apply to all land and buildings in the Commercial zoning districts:

A. Density. The maximum residential density for the Commercial zoning districts is the maximum number of dwelling units allowed per gross acre (dua) and shall be as follows:

1. TOC/CBD/C3 zoning districts: 54 dua

2. C1/C2 zoning districts: 35 dua

B. Lot Size. There is no minimum established lot size for the Commercial zoning districts. Proposed uses and their associated densities within these zoning districts, and the applicable community design standards shall be used to establish the minimum lot size for a project.

C. Lot Coverage. All building coverage and impervious surface maximums stated herein for the Commercial zoning districts may be reduced at the time they are applied to individual properties, because of stormwater requirements. The maximum building coverage and impervious surface for the Commercial zoning districts shall be as follows:

1. TOC/CBD/C1/C2/C3 zoning districts:

a. Building coverage: 100%

b. Impervious surface: 100%

D. Setbacks. The minimum distance setbacks for the Commercial zoning districts shall be as follows, except where increased setbacks due to landscaping or building/fire code requirements apply:

1. Front yard/street setback: 0 feet

2. Garage/carport setback: 0 feet

3. Rear yard setback: 0 feet

4. Interior setback: 0 feet

E. Building Height. The maximum building height, not including any applicable height bonus, for the Commercial zoning districts shall be as follows:

1. TOC/CBD/C1/C2 zoning districts: 90 feet

F. Large-Scale Commercial Facilities. Large-Scale Commercial Facilities shall meet the additional development and design requirements specified in LMC 18A.50.241(L).

G. Design. Design features shall be required as set forth in LMC 18A.50.200, Community Design.

H. Tree Preservation. Significant tree identification and preservation and/or replacement shall be required as set forth in LMC 18A.50.300, Tree Preservation.

I. Landscaping. Landscaping shall be provided as set forth in LMC 18A.50.400, Landscaping.

J. Parking. Parking shall conform to the requirements of LMC 18A.50.500, Parking.

K. Signs. Signage shall conform to the requirements of LMC 18A.50.600, Signs. (Ord. 525 § 10, 2010; Ord. 483 § 19, 2008; Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.600Industrial Zoning Districts.
18A.30.610Purpose - Industrial Zoning Districts.

The Industrial Business Park (IBP) zoning district provides for a coordination of uses and design to facilitate an active integration of employment, services, and business/light industrial uses.

The Industrial 1 (I1) zoning district provides for regional research, light manufacturing, warehousing, concentrated business/employment parks, and other major regional employment uses. These industrial lands are the primary working areas of Lakewood, integrated into the community economically and environmentally while maximizing a regional economic presence based on Lakewood’s geographic position.

The Industrial 2 (I2) zoning district provides for high-intensity or high-impact uses and major regional employers. (Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.620Applicability - Industrial Zoning Districts.

The IBP, I1, and I2 zoning districts are applicable to lands designated Industrial in the comprehensive plan. (Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.630Primary Permitted Uses - Industrial Zoning Districts.

The following uses are permitted within the Industrial zoning districts, subject to approval of a zoning certification and all applicable development permits:

A. Industrial Business Park (IBP).

1. Outdoor Recreation (Level 1/2)

2. Postal Services (Level 1/3)

3. Public Maintenance Facilities (Level 1/2)

4. Transportation (Level 1/2/3)

5. Communication Facilities (Level 1/2/3/4)

6. Electrical Facilities (Level 1/2)

7. Natural Gas Facilities (Level 1)

8. Sewage Collection Facilities

9. Stormwater Facilities (Level 1/2)

10. Waste Transfer Facilities (Level 1)

11. Water Supply Facilities (Level 1/2/3)

12. Business Services

13. Convenience Commercial (Level 4)

14. Drive-Through Facilities, limited to coffee kiosks

15. Eating and Drinking Establishment (Level 1/2)

16. Motor Vehicle Service and Repair (Level 3)

17. Pet Sales and Services (Level 4)

18. Private Training School (Level 1/2)

19. Professional Offices (Level 1/2/3)

20. Rental and Repair Services (Level 1/2)

21. Sales of General Merchandise (Level 1), limited to that which is accessory and related to on-site manufacturing and production.

22. Secondary Manufacturing and Major Assembly (Level 1)

23. Limited Manufacturing/Assembly (Level 1/2/3)

24. Contractor Yards (Level 1)

25. Flex Space (Level 1/2/3)

26. Food and Related Products (Level 1)

27. Industrial Services

28. Motion Picture Production Studios

29. Printing and Publishing (Level 1/2)

30. Research, Development, and Laboratories (Level 1/2)

31. Warehousing, Distribution and Freight Movement (Level 1/2)

32. Commercial Accessory Uses

33. Industrial Accessory Uses

B. Industrial 1 (I1).

1. Outdoor Recreation (Level 1/2)

2. Postal Services (Level 3)

3. Public Maintenance Facilities (Level 1/2/3)

4. Public Safety Services (Level 1/2)

5. Transportation (Level 1)

6. Communication Facilities (Level 1/2/3)

7. Electrical Facilities (Level 1/2)

8. Natural Gas Facilities (Level 1/2)

9. Sewage Collection Facilities

10. Stormwater Facilities (Level 1/2)

11. Waste Transfer Facilities (Level 1/2/3)

12. Water Supply Facilities (Level 1/2/3)

13. Bulk Fuel Dealers

14. Buy-Back Recycling Center

15. Convenience Commercial (Level 4)

16. Drive-Through Facilities, limited to coffee kiosks

17. Eating and Drinking Establishment (Level 1/2)

18. Funeral Services (Level 2)

19. Manufactured and Modular Homes Sales

20. Motor Vehicle Sales and Rental (Level 4)

21. Motor Vehicle Service and Repair (Level 3/4/5)

22. Pet Sales and Services (Level 4)

23. Private Training School (Level 1/2)

24. Rental and Repair Services (Level 3/4)

25. Storage (Level 1/2/3)

26. Primary Manufacturing (Level 1)

27. Secondary Manufacturing and Major Assembly (Levels 1/2)

28. Limited Manufacturing/Assembly (Level 1/2/3)

29. Contractor Yards (Level 1/2)

30. Flex Space (Level 1/2/3)

31. Food and Related Products (Level 1/2)

32. Industrial Services

33. Motion Picture Production Studios

34. Outdoor Distribution and Freight Movement

35. Printing and Publishing (Level 1/2)

36. Research, Development, and Laboratories (Level 1/2)

37. Warehousing, Distribution and Freight Movement (Levels 1/2/3)

38. Commercial Accessory Uses

39. Industrial Accessory Uses

C. Industrial 2 (I2).

1. Outdoor Recreation (Level 1/2)

2. Postal Services (Level 3)

3. Public Maintenance Facilities (Level 1/2/3)

4. Public Safety Services (Level 1/2)

5. Transportation (Level 1)

6. Communication Facilities (Level 1/2/3)

7. Electrical Facilities (Level 1/2)

8. Natural Gas Facilities (Level 1/2)

9. Sewage Collection Facilities

10. Stormwater Facilities (Level 1/2)

11. Waste Transfer Facilities (Level 1/2/3)

12. Water Supply Facilities (Level 1/2/3)

13. Bulk Fuel Dealers

14. Buy-Back Recycling Center

15. Eating and Drinking Establishments (Level 1/2)

16. Funeral Services (Level 2)

17. Manufactured and Modular Homes Sales

18. Motor Vehicle Sales and Rental (Level 4)

19. Motor Vehicle Service and Repair (Level 3/4/5)

20. Private Training Schools (Level 1/2)

21. Rental and Repair Services (Level 3/4)

22. Sales of General Merchandise (Level 4)

23. Storage (Level 2/3)

24. Primary Manufacturing (Level 1/2)

25. Secondary Manufacturing and Major Assembly (Levels 1/2)

26. Limited Manufacturing/Assembly (Level 1/2/3)

27. Contractor Yards (Level 1/2)

28. Flex Space (Level 2/3)

29. Food and Related Products (Level 1/2)

30. Industrial Services

31. Motion Picture Production Studios

32. Outdoor Distribution and Freight Movement

33. Printing and Publishing (Level 1/2)

34. Research, Development, and Laboratories (Level 1/2/3)

35. Warehousing, Distribution and Freight Movement (Levels 2/3)

36. Commercial Accessory Uses

37. Industrial Accessory Uses (Ord. 552 § 4, 2012; Ord. 483 § 20, 2008; Ord. 397 § 12, 2005; Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.640Administrative Uses – Industrial Zoning Districts.

The following uses are permitted within the Industrial zoning districts, subject to approval of an administrative use permit and all applicable development permits:

A. Industrial Business Park (IBP).

1. Pipelines

2. Bulk Fuel Dealers

3. Motor Vehicle Service and Repair (Level 4)

4. Pet Sales and Services (Level 3)

5. Secondary Manufacturing and Major Assembly (Level 2)

6. Research, Development, and Laboratories (Level 3)

7. Warehousing, Distribution, and Freight Movement (Level 3)

B. Industrial 1 (I1).

1. Transportation (Level 2)

2. Pipelines

3. Building/Garden Supply and Nurseries (Level 4)

4. Pet Sales and Services (Level 3)

5. Primary Manufacturing (Level 2)

6. Research, Development, and Laboratories (Level 3)

C. Industrial 2 (I2).

1. Transportation (Level 2)

2. Pipelines (Ord. 651 § 22 (part), 2016; Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.650Conditional Uses – Industrial Zoning Districts.

The following uses are permitted within the Industrial zoning districts, subject to approval of a conditional use permit and all applicable development permits:

A. Industrial Business Park (IBP).

1. Outdoor Recreation (Level 4)

2. Public Maintenance Facilities (Level 3)

3. Public Safety Services (Level 1/2)

4. Transportation (Level 4)

5. Electrical Generation Facilities

6. Sewage Treatment Facilities

7. Stormwater Facilities (Level 3)

8. Amusement and Recreation (Level 4)

9. Contractor Yards (Level 2)

B. Industrial 1 (I1).

1. Outdoor Recreation (Level 4)

2. Public Safety Services (Level 3/4)

3. Transportation (Level 4)

4. Electrical Generation Facilities

5. Organic Waste Processing Facilities (Level 1/2/3)

6. Sewage Treatment Facilities

7. Stormwater Facilities (Level 3)

8. Waste Disposal Facilities (Level 1/2/3/4)

9. Waste Transfer Facilities (Level 4)

10. Amusement and Recreation (Level 4)

11. Mineral Extraction

12. Recycling Processor

13. Salvage/Wrecking Yards and Vehicle Storage Facilities (Level 1/2)

C. Industrial 2 (I2).

1. Public Safety Services (Level 3/4)

2. Transportation (Level 4)

3. Electrical Generation Facilities

4. Organic Waste Processing Facilities (Level 1/2/3)

5. Sewage Treatment Facilities

6. Stormwater Facilities (Level 3)

7. Waste Disposal Facilities (Level 1/2/3/4)

8. Mineral Extraction

9. Off-Site Hazardous Waste Treatment and Storage Facilities (Level 1/2/3)

10. Recycling Processor

11. Salvage/Wrecking Yards and Vehicle Storage Facilities (Level 1/2) (Ord. 651 § 22 (part), 2016; Ord. 500 § 9, 2009; Ord. 483 § 21, 2008; Ord. 358 §3, 2004; Ord. 277 § 1 (part), 2002; Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.660Development Standards - Industrial Zoning Districts.

Unless otherwise specifically modified by an adopted development agreement, in addition to the regulations and requirements contained in other sections of this title, the following property development standards apply to all land and buildings in the Industrial zoning districts:

A. Lot Size. The minimum lot size for the Industrial zoning districts shall be as follows:

1. IBP zoning district: One (1) acre

2. I1/I2 zoning districts: 20,000 gross square feet (gsf)

B. Lot Coverage. All building coverage and impervious surface maximums stated herein for the Industrial zoning districts may be reduced at the time they are applied to individual properties, because of stormwater requirements. The maximum building and impervious surface coverage and impervious surface for the Industrial zoning districts shall be one hundred (100) percent.

C. Setbacks. The minimum distance setbacks for the Industrial zoning districts shall be as follows, except where increased setbacks due to landscaping or building/fire code requirements apply:

1. Minimum front yard/street setback: 10 feet

2. Minimum rear yard setback: 0 feet

3. Minimum interior setback: 0 feet

D. Building Height. The maximum building height, not including any applicable height bonus, for the Industrial zoning districts shall be as follows:

1. IBP, I1, and I2 zoning districts: 60 feet

E. Design. Design features shall be required as set forth in LMC 18A.50.200, Community Design.

F. Tree Preservation. Significant tree identification and preservation and/or replacement shall be required as set forth in LMC 18A.50.300, Tree Preservation.

G. Landscaping. Landscaping shall be provided as set forth in LMC 18A.50.400, Landscaping.

H. Parking. Parking shall conform to the requirements of LMC 18A.50.500, Parking.

I. Signs. Signage shall conform to the requirements of LMC 18A.50.600, Signs. (Ord. 483 § 22, 2008; Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.700Military-Related Zoning Districts.
18A.30.710Purpose - Military-Related Zoning Districts.

The purpose of the Military Lands (ML) zoning district is to formally recognize the autonomy associated with federal and state ownership of the military installations adjacent to and within Lakewood and the unique character of their operations and support structures, which are not typical of civilian land uses and require special consideration by the City as a host community for the installations.

The purpose of the Clear Zone (CZ), Air Corridor 1 (AC1), and Air Corridor 2 (AC2) zoning districts is to promote land use and development that is compatible with the aircraft noise and accident potential associated with the proximity to McChord Air Force Base (AFB) aircraft flight operations. The potential risk to life and property from hazards associated with military aircraft operations necessitate control of the intensity, type, and design of land uses within the air corridor. (Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.720Applicability - Military-Related Zoning Districts.

The ML zoning district is applicable to lands designated Military Lands in the comprehensive plan.

The CZ, AC1, and AC2 zoning districts are applicable to lands located within the area designated as Air Corridor 1 and Air Corridor 2 in the comprehensive plan and within the area identified as the Clear Zone in the Air Installation Compatible Use Zone (AICUZ) study (March 1998). The AICUZ study is available for review at the Lakewood Community Development Department or through McChord AFB. (Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.730Primary Permitted Uses - Military-Related Zoning Districts.

The following uses are permitted within the Military-Related zoning districts, subject to approval of a zoning certification and all applicable development permits. Uses that are not listed within the Military-Related zoning districts or permitted as an accessory use are not permitted unless specifically provided for elsewhere in this code. Use types are defined in LMC 18A.20, Use Types and Levels.

The unique nature of these areas may invoke additional, specific standards. New uses within the CZ, AC1, and AC2 zoning districts shall be subject to intensity limitations in accordance with LMC 18A.30.770 and performance standards pursuant to LMC 18A.30.780, and structures in those zones shall be subject to noise attenuation requirements pursuant to LMC 18A.30.790. New public assembly uses are expressly prohibited in the CZ, AC1, and AC2 zoning districts.

A. ML Zoning District.

1. Communication Facilities (Level 1)

2. Electrical Facilities (Level 1)

3. Natural Gas Facilities (Level 1)

4. Sewage Collection Facilities

5. Stormwater Facilities (Level 1)

6. Water Supply Facilities (Level 1)

7. Military Installations (Level 2)

B. CZ Zoning District.

1. Continuation of uses already legally existing within the zone at the time of adoption of this title. Maintenance and repair of existing structures shall be permitted.

2. Primary permitted uses in the OSR1 and OSR2 zoning districts.

3. Postal Services (Level 3)

4. Communication Facilities (Level 1/2)

5. Electrical Facilities (Level 1)

6. Natural Gas Facilities (Level 1)

7. Sewage Collection Facilities

8. Stormwater Facilities (Level 1/2)

9. Water Supply Facilities (Level 1/2)

10. Manufactured and Modular Home Sales

11. Storage

12. Limited Manufacturing and Assembly

13. Contractor Yards

14. Outdoor Distribution and Freight Movement

15. Warehousing, Distribution, and Freight Movement

16. Agriculture (Level 1/2)

C. AC1 Zoning District.

1. Continuation of uses already legally existing within the zone at the time of adoption of this title. Maintenance and repair of existing structures shall be permitted.

2. Primary permitted uses in the I2 zoning district.

3. Primary permitted uses in the OSR1 and OSR2 zoning districts.

4. Communication Facilities (Level 1)

5. Electrical Facilities (Level 1)

6. Natural Gas Facilities (Level 1)

7. Sewage Collection Facilities

8. Stormwater Facilities (Level 1)

9. Water Supply Facilities (Level 1)

10. Motor Vehicle Sales and Rental (Level 2/3)

11. Agriculture (Level 1/2/3)

12. Residential Accessory Uses, except accessory dwelling units.

D. AC2 Zoning District.

1. Continuation of uses already legally existing within the zone at the time of adoption of this title. Maintenance and repair of existing structures shall be permitted.

2. Primary permitted uses in the I1 zoning district.

3. Primary permitted uses in the OSR1 and OSR2 zoning districts.

4. Communication Facilities (Level 1)

5. Electrical Facilities (Level 1)

6. Natural Gas Facilities (Level 1)

7. Sewage Collection Facilities

8. Stormwater Facilities (Level 1)

9. Water Supply Facilities (Level 1)

10. Motor Vehicle Sales and Rental (Level 2/3)

11. Agriculture (Level 1/2/3)

12. Residential Accessory Uses, except accessory dwelling units. (Ord. 552 § 5, 2012; Ord. 308 § 2, 2003; Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.740Administrative Uses - Military-Related Zoning Districts.

The following uses are permitted within the Military-Related zoning districts, subject to approval of an administrative use permit and all applicable development permits:

A. CZ, AC1, and AC2 Zoning Districts

1. Alteration or modification of non-conforming existing uses and structures.

B. AC1 Zoning District:

1. Uses allowed by administrative use permit in the I2 zoning district.

C. AC2 Zoning District:

1. Uses allowed by administrative use permit in the I1 zoning district. (Ord. 277 § 1 (part), 2002; Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.750Conditional Uses - Military-Related Zoning Districts.

The following uses are permitted within the Military-Related zoning districts, subject to approval of a conditional use permit and all applicable development permits:

A. ML Zoning District.

1. Military Installations (Level 1)

B. CZ Zoning District.

1. Agriculture (Level 3)

2. Any permitted or administratively permitted use involving more than incidental levels of hazardous materials or waste.

C. AC1 Zoning District.

1. Any permitted or administratively permitted use involving more than incidental levels of hazardous materials or waste.

2. Uses allowed by conditional use permit in the I2 zoning district.

D. AC2 Zoning District.

1. Any permitted or administratively permitted use involving more than incidental levels of hazardous materials or waste.

2. Uses allowed by conditional use permit in the I1 zoning district. (Ord. 307 § 17, 2003; Ord. 277 § 1 (part), 2002; Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.760Development Standards - Military-Related Zoning Districts.

In addition to the regulations and requirements contained in other sections of this title, the following property development standards apply to all land and buildings in the Military-Related zoning districts:

A. Federal military lands are exempt from local development standards.

B. Development standards for the Military-Related zoning districts shall be determined jointly by the Community Development Director and City Engineer on a case-by-case basis considering the intensity of the proposed use, adjacent uses and zoning, environmental issues, site design, and/or type and construction of buildings.

C. Design. Design features shall be required as set forth in LMC 18A.50.200, Community Design.

D. Tree Preservation. Significant tree identification and preservation and/or replacement shall be required as set forth in LMC 18A.50.300, Tree Preservation.

E. Landscaping. Landscaping shall be provided as set forth in LMC 18A.50.400, Landscaping.

F. Parking. Parking shall conform to the requirements of LMC 18A.50.500, Parking.

G. Signs. Signage shall conform to the requirements of LMC 18A.50.600, Signs. (Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.770Intensity Limits - Military-Related Zoning Districts.

In addition to the other requirements of the chapter, the intensity of use criteria are applicable to all new land uses in the CZ, AC1, and AC2 zoning districts and shall be used to determine compatibility of proposed uses with aircraft operations hazards. The applicant shall bear the burden of proof to demonstrate compliance of a proposed development with the following intensities of uses:

A. Within the CZ zoning district, the total number of people on a site at any time shall not exceed one (1) person per four thousand, three hundred fifty-six (4,356) square feet of gross site area, or ten (10) persons per acre.

B. Within the AC1 zoning district, the total number of people on a site at any time shall not exceed one (1) person per one thousand, seven hundred forty-two (1,742) square feet of gross site area, or twenty-five (25) persons per acre.

C. Within the AC2 zoning district, the total number of people on a site at any time shall not exceed one (1) person per eight hundred seventy-one (871) square feet of gross site area, or fifty (50) persons per acre. (Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.780Performance Criteria - Military-Related Zoning Districts.

In addition to other requirements of the code, the following performance criteria shall be used to determine the compatibility of a use, project design, mitigation measures and/or any other requirements of the code with respect to aircraft operation hazards in the CZ, AC1 and AC2 zoning districts. The applicant shall bear the burden of proof to demonstrate compliance of a proposed development with the following performance criteria:

A. Any new use which involves release of airborne substances, such as steam, dust, and smoke that may interfere with aircraft operations is prohibited.

B. Any new use which emits light or direct or indirect reflections that may interfere with a pilot's vision is prohibited.

C. Any new use that creates an undue hazard to the general health, safety and welfare of the community in the event of an aircraft accident in these zoning districts is prohibited.

D. Facilities which emit electrical currents shall be installed in a manner that does not interfere with communication systems or navigational equipment.

E. Any new use which attracts concentrations of birds or waterfowl, such as mixed solid waste landfill disposal facilities, waste transfer facilities, feeding stations, and the growth of certain vegetation, is prohibited.

F. Structures are prohibited within one hundred (100) feet of the aircraft approach-departure or transitional surfaces. (Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.790Noise Attenuation - Military-Related Zoning Districts.

Provisions for noise mitigation applies to structures within the CZ, AC1 and AC2 zoning districts which are located within the 65 Ldn Noise Contour for McChord AFB as shown in the AICUZ study.

A. Noise Insulation Required. Those portions of new structures where the public is received or offices are located must be constructed with sound insulation or other means to achieve a day/night interior noise level (Ldn) of no greater than forty-five (45) dB. A remodeling project where the total cost of improvements is twenty-five (25) percent or more of the valuation of the existing building is also subject to these standards.

B. Sound Isolation Construction. A building will generally be considered acceptable by the building official if it incorporates the applicable features described in UBC. Alternate materials and methods of construction may be permitted, if such alternates are demonstrated to the satisfaction of the Building Official to be equivalent to those described. Construction as outlined in this section satisfies the requirements of the UBC and for purposes of this ordinance is considered to meet the interior noise standard specified therein. Each item indicated in this section shall be identified on the project drawings that are submitted with the permit application.

1. Noise level reduction—25 decibels. For a building located where a noise level reduction of twenty-five (25) decibels is required, the building shall be constructed with the following features:

a. If wood frame construction is used, all exterior stud walls shall have interior and exterior surfaces of an approved material at least as massive as one-half (1/2) inch gypsum wallboard, and the intervening space (studs) shall contain fibrous thermal insulation having a resistance of R-11 or greater.

b. Arrangements for any habitable room shall be such that any exterior door or window can be kept closed when the room is in use.

c. Any air duct or connection out-of-doors must contain an interior sound absorbing lining acoustically equivalent at least to fiberglass duct liner one (1) inch thick and of a length greater than ten (10) feet and be provided with one (1) ninety (90) degree elbow.

d. Domestic range exhaust ducts connecting the interior space to the outdoors shall contain a self-closing baffle plate across the exterior termination that allows proper ventilation. The duct shall be provided with a ninety (90) –degree bend.

e. The ceiling below an attic space shall include gypsum board or plaster at least one-half (1/2) inch thick. Fibrous thermal insulation having a resistance of R-19 or greater shall be placed above the ceiling.

f. There shall be no direct openings, such as mail slots, from the interior to the exterior of the building. All chimneys shall be provided with well-fitted dampers.

g. All openable windows shall be sound rated assemblies having sound transmission class (STC) of at least twenty-six (26). Fixed windows shall be well-sealed and at least three-sixteenth (3/16) inch thick glass.

h. All entry doors shall be solid-core constructed, close fitting units with weather-stripping seals incorporated on all edges to eliminate gaps. Air gaps and rattling shall not be permitted.

i. Masonry walls, if used, shall be at least equivalent in weight to eight (8) inch, lightweight concrete blocks, at least one (1) surface of which is painted or plastered.

j. The roof deck shall weigh at least seven (7) pounds per square foot with roof sheathing containing a solid core at least one-half (1/2) inch thick.

k. Rooms, when in use, are expected to contain furniture or other materials that absorb sound equivalent to the absorption provided by wall-to-wall carpeting over a conventional pad.

2. Noise level reduction—30 decibels. For a building located where a noise level reduction of thirty (30) decibels is required, in addition to the requirements of Section 1 above, the building shall be constructed to incorporate the following features:

a. Windows, fixed or openable, shall be sound-rated units with a STC of at least thirty-two (32) (double-glazed).

b. A ceiling or exhaust duct for the forced air ventilation system shall be provided with a bend in the duct such that there is no direct line of sight through the duct from outside to inside. The bend shall be lined with the equivalent of fiberglass duct liner one (1) inch thick.

c. The top floor-ceiling construction shall consist of plaster or gypsum board at least five-eighths (5/8) inch thick.

d. The floor of the lowest room or area shall be a concrete slab, or shall be sealed against exterior noise.

e. Masonry walls, if used, shall be at least equivalent in weight to eight (8) inch, lightweight concrete blocks. At least one (1) surface shall be painted, plastered or covered with gypsum board.

f. The roof deck shall weigh at least twelve (12) pounds per square foot. Wood roof sheathing shall be continuous (plywood) and at least five-eighths (5/8) inch thick.

3. Noise level reduction—35 decibels. For a building located where a noise level reduction of thirty-five (35) decibels is required, in addition to the requirements of Sections 1 and 2 above, the building shall be constructed to incorporate the following features:

a. The use of exposed wood beam ceilings is prohibited unless sound-isolating treatment is provided between the ceiling and roofline. The minimum treatment shall consist of rigid fiberglass board, nominally two (2) inches thick placed over the interior ceiling and under at least one-half (1/2) inch of plywood sheathing. The sheathing shall be nailed only to the beam or major frame members and not to the interior exposed ceiling at points between the beams.

b. For attic spaces ventilated to the outside, the attic floor shall be decked over with one-half (1/2) inch plywood or equivalent and all cracks caulked. R-11 insulation shall be placed between the floor joists.

c. Roof deck shall weigh at least twenty (20) pounds per square foot. Roof sheathing shall be continuous, weighing a total of at least four (4) pounds per square foot.

d. Wood exterior sheathing less than one-half (1/2) inch thick shall be used only over gypsum board of at least five-eighths (5/8) inch thick. Interior gypsum board walls shall consist of two (2) layers of one-half (1/2) inch board nailed directly to the studs.

e. Fixed or openable windows must be sound rated units with at least a sound transmission class (STC) of thirty-six (36).

C. Acoustical Analysis and Design Report. The applicant may elect to have a qualified architect or engineer examine the noise levels and needed building sound isolation requirements for a specific site. The analysis and design report signed by and prepared under the supervision of a qualified architect or engineer shall be submitted with the application for building permit. The report shall show the topographical relationship of the aircraft noise sources and the building site, identification of noise sources and their characteristics, predicated noise spectra at the exterior of the proposed building structure, basis for the predication (measured or obtained from published data), and effectiveness of the proposed construction showing that the prescribed interior day-night sound level is met.

D. Noise Disclosure Statement. Prior to the issuance of a building permit for new construction or remodeling where the total cost of improvements is twenty-five (25) percent or more of the valuation of the existing building, the property owner shall sign a noise disclosure statement and record the statement with the title of the property. The noise disclosure statement acknowledges that the property is located within the sixty-five (65) Ldn contour, as indicated on Noise Contour Map for McChord AFB as shown in the AICUZ study, and that noise attenuation is required of any new construction or remodeled structure where it meets the threshold. (Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.800Public/Institutional Zoning District.
18A.30.810Purpose - Public/Institutional Zoning District.

The Public/Institutional (PI) zoning district provides for moderate-scale and large-scale activities relating to the purpose of state and local governmental entities, except for military uses which are separately designated and zoned; special districts; and semi-public institutions providing necessary public services. The designation allows for the specialized needs of providing public services to all areas of Lakewood. (Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.820Applicability - Public/Institutional Zoning District.

The PI zoning district is applicable to lands designated Public and Semi-Public Institutional in the comprehensive plan. (Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.830Permitted Uses - Public/Institutional Zoning District.

A. PI Zoning District.

1. The following uses are permitted within the PI zoning district, subject to approval of a discretionary land use permit and all applicable development permits. The unique nature of this zoning district and the uses that may be placed there require flexibility in administration. Therefore, any proposed use, whether new or an expansion or change of an existing use, shall be evaluated individually to determine whether it will be treated as an administrative or conditional use, based on its size, overall functions, and anticipated level of impact, including, but not limited to, such factors as hours of operation, relationship to adjacent land uses, trip generation and parking needs, storage needs, and environmental impact.

a. Continuation of uses already legally existing within the zone at the time of adoption of this title. Maintenance and repair of existing structures shall be permitted.

b. Any use that, in the opinion of the Community Development Director, constitutes an essential public facility as defined in LMC 18A.20.400(D), or public and semi-public facilities beyond those specifically identified in state law, including a broad variety of both listed and unlisted uses, which may be liberally interpreted to meet essential community needs. Examples may include, but are not limited to, schools, libraries, and hospitals, including the Western State Hospital campus, but specifically excluding Religious Assembly use types for which adequate provision is made in other zoning districts.

2. The following uses are allowed in the PI zoning district, without the need for a discretionary land use permit:

a. Outdoor Recreation (Level 1/2)

b. Public Maintenance Facilities (Level 1)

c. Transportation Facilities (Level 1)

d. Communication Facilities (Level 1)

e. Electrical Facilities (Level 1)

f. Natural Gas Facilities (Level 1)

g. Sewage Collection Facilities

h. Stormwater Facilities (Level 1)

i. Water Supply Facilities (Level 1) (Ord. 423 § 1 (part), 2006; Ord. 317 § 5, 2003; Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.840Development Standards - Public/Institutional Zoning District.

A. Because of the nature of the typical uses characterizing this use type and the high need for flexibility in siting and operating public facilities, general development standards shall be determined jointly by the Community Development Director and City Engineer on a case-by-case basis considering the type and intensity of the proposed use, adjacent uses and zoning, environmental issues, site design, and/or type and construction of buildings.

B. Master-Planned Facilities. Public/institutional uses on properties twenty (20) acres or larger in size which are located within the Public/Institutional zoning district must undertake a public facilities master plan pursuant to LMC 18A.30.850, which must be reviewed and approved prior to issuance of permits for any proposed development, except as provided in LMC 18A.30.850(C). The public facilities master plan for each facility or coherent group of facilities shall specifically state the type and level of uses, as set forth in Chapter 18A.20 LMC, proposed therein.

C. SEPA Lead Agency. Unless specifically released on a case-by-case basis, the City hereby reserves lead agency status for environmental review under the State Environmental Policy Act for any and all uses within Public/Institutional zoning districts.

D. Design. Design features shall be required as set forth in LMC 18A.50.200, Community Design.

E. Tree Preservation. Significant tree identification and preservation and/or replacement shall be required as set forth in LMC 18A.50.300, Tree Preservation.

F. Landscaping. Landscaping shall be provided as set forth in LMC 18A.50.400, Landscaping.

G. Parking. Parking shall conform to the requirements of LMC 18A.50.500, Parking.

H. Signs. Signage shall conform to the requirements of LMC 18A.50.600, Signs. (Ord. 423 § 1 (part), 2006; Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.850Public Facilities Master Plan Standards - Public/Institutional Zoning District.

A. Purpose. The purpose of the public facilities master plan process is to encourage Essential Public Facilities Civic uses on large parcels of land to be developed holistically, with internally compatible uses and physical development and with accommodations made for natural site and environmental conditions, assuring that:

1. Appropriate provisions are made for water, sanitary sewer, drainage ways, utilities, roadways, emergency services, and any other applicable infrastructure or services;

2. Critical areas will be protected;

3. Usable open space will be provided;

4. Appropriate provisions are made for motorized and nonmotorized transportation circulation, including sidewalks and other planning features that assure safe walking conditions for students who walk to and from school;

5. Approval criteria and mitigation measures are established which include general design elements and linkage components; and

6. The safety of the general public as well as workers at and visitors to the facility is ensured.

B. Applicability. A public facilities master plan is required for all Essential Public Facilities Civic uses which utilize contiguous parcels of land totaling twenty (20) acres or more and which are zoned Public/Institutional. A public facilities master plan is not required for installation of portable classrooms as approved by the Community Development Director subject to Process I administrative action; uses and activities listed in LMC 18A.30.830(A)(2); renovations, remodeling and general maintenance, provided there is no expansion in occupiable space greater than one thousand (1,000) square feet of the structure proposed for renovation/remodeling; roof repairs; infrastructure improvements to existing systems (i.e., interior streets; sidewalks; lighting; security equipment; landscaping; and storm water, sewer, water, and power utilities); emergency repairs; and installation of fire/life safety equipment).

C. Uses. Uses not included in an approved public facilities master plan, except those listed in subsection B above, shall not subsequently be allowed upon the site except by review and approval of an amended public facilities master plan following the same process as establishment of an initial public facilities master plan.

When a new Essential Public Facility Civic use is proposed which requires a public facilities master plan or amendment to an existing plan and it is located on the same property or site of an already established Essential Public Facility Civic use, the City shall require the project proponent to prepare a compatibility study which, at minimum, contains the following information on a form prescribed by the City:

1. The purpose of the proposed Essential Public Facility Civic use;

2. An operational characteristics description of the proposed Essential Public Facility Civic use and an operational characteristics description of the existing use or uses;

3. An evaluation of the potential effects of the proposed Essential Public Facility Civic use upon the existing use or uses;

4. An evaluation of the potential effects of the proposed Essential Public Facility Civic use upon the adjacent properties;

5. An evaluation of the potential effects of the proposed Essential Public Facility Civic use upon at-risk or special needs populations, including but not limited to children and the physically or mentally disabled; and

6. Identification of any applicable mitigation measures designed to address any potential effects identified through the evaluation required herein.

D. Previous Permits. A previously adopted public facilities permit issued under Pierce County predating City incorporation, or a previously adopted administrative use or other permit issued pursuant to Title 18 or 18A LMC after City incorporation, may constitute an adopted public facilities master plan for the purposes of fulfilling the requirements herein. Any subsequent amendment(s) sought to an existing public facilities permit shall follow the process for a public facilities master plan.

E. Process. A public facilities master plan shall be reviewed as a Process III permit type under LMC 18A.02.550.

F. Termination and expiration of approval. If a condition of approval is violated, or if any provision of this code is violated, the Community Development Director may, in his sole discretion, initiate a revocation of the public facilities master plan which shall require a public hearing before and decision by the hearing examiner. Nothing in this section shall limit or affect the revocation of building permits, issuance of stop orders or other similar proceedings authorized by this code.

Recognizing that the nature of essential public facilities often requires approval of significant capital appropriations and that the appropriations process may be unpredictable, a public facilities master plan typically would not expire unless and until the slate of projects to be completed thereunder has been substantially completed, and new projects that are not included in the scope of the public facilities master plan are proposed. In such case, the proponent shall undertake an update which shall follow the same process as an initial public facilities master plan. (Ord. 423 § 1 (part), 2006.)

18A.30.900Open Space/Recreation Zoning Districts.
18A.30.920Applicability - Open Space/Recreation Zoning Districts.

The OSR1 and OSR2 zoning districts are applicable to lands designated Open Space and Recreation in the comprehensive plan.

Unless otherwise shown on the official zoning map, all open bodies of water, including, but not limited to, American Lake, Lake Steilacoom, Gravelly Lake, Lake Louise, Waughop Lake, Wards Lake, Seeley Lake, Boyles Lake, Carp Lake, Lost Lake, Mud Lake and Barlow Pond, shall be considered to be within the OSR1 zoning district.

In addition, the OSR1 and OSR2 zoning districts are considered compatible with and may be applied to areas within all other comprehensive plan land-use designations. The OSR1 zoning district may be applied to publicly or privately owned or controlled property used for natural open space and passive recreation. The OSR2 zoning district may be applied to privately and publicly owned active recreational uses and cemeteries. (Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.930Primary Permitted Uses - Open Space/Recreation Zoning Districts.

The following uses are permitted within the Open Space/Recreation zoning districts, subject to approval of a zoning certification and all applicable development permits:

A. OSR1 Zoning District.

1. Outdoor Recreation –(Level 1/2)

2. Residential Accessory Uses

3. Civic Accessory Uses

B. OSR2 Zoning District.

1. Outdoor Recreation (Level 1/2)

2. Public Maintenance Facilities (Level 1)

3. Transportation (Level 1)

4. Communication Facilities (Level 1)

5. Electrical Facilities (Level 1)

6. Stormwater Facilities (Level 1)

7. Residential Accessory Uses

8. Civic Accessory Uses (Ord. 307 § 18, 2003; Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.940Administrative Uses - Open Space/Recreation Zoning Districts.

The following uses are permitted within the Open Space/Recreation zoning districts, subject to approval of an administrative use permit and all applicable development permits:

A. OSR1 Zoning District.

1. Public Maintenance Facilities (Level 1)

2. Transportation (Level 1)

3. Communication Facilities (Level 1)

4. Electrical Facilities (Level 1)

5. Natural Gas Facilities (Level 1)

6. Sewage Collection Facilities

7. Stormwater Facilities (Level 1/2)

8. Water Supply Facilities (Level 1)

B. OSR2 Zoning District.

1. Community and Cultural Services (Level 1)

2. Outdoor Recreation (Level 3)

3. Public Maintenance Facilities (Level 2)

4. Transportation (Level 2)

5. Communication Facilities (Level 2)

6. Electrical Facilities (Level 2)

7. Natural Gas Facilities (Level 1)

8. Sewage Collection Facilities

9. Stormwater Facilities (Level 2)

10. Water Supply Facilities (Level 1) (Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.950Conditional Uses - Open Space/Recreation Zoning Districts.

The following uses are permitted within the Open Space/Recreation zoning districts, subject to approval of a conditional use permit and all applicable development permits:

A. OSR1 Zoning District.

1. Outdoor Recreation (Level 3/4)

2. Transportation (Level 2)

3. Communication Facilities (Level 2)

4. Electrical Facilities (Level 2)

5. Pipelines

6. Stormwater Facilities (Level 3)

B. OSR2 Zoning District.

1. Community and Cultural Services (Level 2)

2. Outdoor Recreation (Level 4)

3. Pipelines

4. Stormwater Facilities (Level 3)

5. Amusement and Recreation (Level 2/3/4)

6. Funeral Services (Level 3)

7. Lodging (Level 2) (Ord. 483 § 23, 2008; Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)

18A.30.960Development Standards - Open Space/Recreation Zoning Districts.

In addition to the regulations and requirements contained in other sections of this title, the following property development standards apply to all land and buildings in the Open Space/Recreation zoning districts:

A. Lot Coverage. All building coverage and impervious surface maximums stated herein for the Open Space/Recreation zoning districts may be reduced at the time they are applied, because of stormwater requirements. The maximum building and impervious surface coverage for the Open Space/Recreation zoning districts shall be as follows:

1. OSR1 and OSR2 Zoning Districts

a. Maximum building coverage: 20%

b. Maximum impervious surface coverage: 30%

B. Setbacks. The minimum distance setbacks for the Open Space/Recreation zoning districts shall be as follows, except where increased setbacks due to landscaping or building/fire code requirements apply:

1. OSR1 and OSR2 Zoning Districts

a. Front yard/street setback: 25 feet

b. Principal arterial and state highway setback: 35 feet

c. Rear yard setback: 20 feet

d. Interior setback: 20 feet

C. Building Height. The maximum building height, not including any applicable height bonus, for the Open Space/Recreation zoning districts shall be forty (40) feet.

D. Design. Design features shall be required as set forth in LMC 18A.50.200, Community Design.

E. Tree Preservation. Significant tree identification and preservation and/or replacement shall be required as set forth in LMC 18A.50.300, Tree Preservation.

F. Landscaping. Landscaping shall be provided as set forth in LMC 18A.50.400, Landscaping.

G. Parking. Parking shall conform to the requirements of LMC 18A.50.500, Parking.

H. Signs. Signage shall conform to the requirements of LMC 18A.50.600, Signs. (Ord. 264 § 1 (part), 2001.)