Chapter 9A.01PRELIMINARY ARTICLE

Sections:

9A.01.010
Preliminary Article.
9A.01.020
Jurisdiction.
9A.01.010Preliminary Article.

A. This title shall be known and may be cited as the “Lakewood Criminal Code.”

B. As used in this title, “RCW” shall mean the Revised Code of Washington.

C. As used in this title, “LMC” shall mean the Lakewood Municipal Code.

D. If any chapter, section, subsection, sentence, or provision of this title, or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of this title, or the application of the chapter, section, subsection, sentence, or provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected, and to this end, the chapters, sections, subsections, sentences and provisions of this title are declared to be severable.

E. By adopting Washington state statutes by reference in this title, the city intends to assume jurisdiction over and become the jurisdictional authority for the enforcement and prosecution of misdemeanor and gross misdemeanor crimes committed within the city of Lakewood. Whenever the word “state” shall appear in any statute adopted by reference in this title, the word “city” shall be substituted therefor; provided, however, the term “city” shall not be substituted for the term “state” in those circumstances that set forth administrative or licensing duties of the state and its subdivisions.

F. Whenever a state statute specifically adopted in this title refers to another state statute not specifically adopted in this title, the statute referred to shall be given the force and effect necessary to enforce the statute specifically adopted in this title.

G. Any state statute that is adopted by reference in this title and which is later amended, repealed, or recodified shall remain in full force and effect until the effective date of the legislative act that repeals, recodifies, or amends the state statute. The amendment or recodification of any state statute adopted by reference in this title shall retain its full force and effect as part of this title subsequent to the effective date of its amendment or recodification.

H. When issuing a citation, information, or complaint for the violation of any section of the RCW adopted by this title, it shall be sufficient for a commissioned officer or prosecutor to cite to and refer to the RCW section number.

I. Title, chapter, section and subsection captions are for organizational purposes only and shall not be construed as part of this title.

J. The provisions of this title do not apply to or govern the construction of or punishment of any offense committed prior to the effective date of the ordinance codified in this title or to the construction and application of any defense to a prosecution for such offense. Such an offense shall be construed and punished according to the provisions of the law existing at the time of the commission of the offense in the same manner as if this title had not been enacted. The provisions of this title shall apply to any offense committed on or after its effective date unless otherwise expressly provided or unless the context otherwise requires and shall also apply to any defense to prosecution for such an offense.

K. As used in this title, words used in the present tense include the future tense; the masculine includes the feminine and neutral genders; and the singular includes the plural and vice versa.

L. The provisions of this title are intended to create a duty to the public in general and not to create any duty to individuals or to any particular class of individuals. These provisions are not for the protection of any person or class of persons.

M. Unless otherwise provided in this title, violation of any provision of this title shall be punishable by:

1. Gross Misdemeanor. Every person convicted of a gross misdemeanor shall be punished by imprisonment in jail for a maximum term fixed by the court of not more than one year, or by a fine in an amount fixed by the court of not more than $5,000, or by both such imprisonment and fine.

2. Misdemeanor. Every person convicted of a misdemeanor shall be punished by imprisonment in jail for a maximum term fixed by the court of not more than 90 days, or by a fine in an amount fixed by the court of not more than $1,000, or by both such imprisonment and fine. A violation of the Lakewood Criminal Code is a misdemeanor if not otherwise designated by this Code or by the Code adopted by reference. (Ord. 526 § 2 (part), 2010.)

9A.01.020Jurisdiction.

The following persons are subject to punishment:

A. A person who commits in the city any crime as defined by ordinance, in whole or part;

B. A person who commits out of the city any act which, if committed within it, would be theft and is afterward found in the city with any of the stolen property;

C. A person who being out of the city, counsels, causes, procures, aids, or abets another to commit a crime in the city;

D. A person who commits an act without the city which affects persons or property within the city which, if committed within the city, would be a crime (Ord. 526 § 2 (part), 2010.)