Chapter 21.43
RESIDENTIAL MULTIPLE-FAMILY ZONES

Sections:

21.43.050    Zones and purposes.

21.43.100    Uses allowed in multiple-family residential zones.

21.43.103    Uses prohibited in the multiple-family residential zones.

21.43.105    Project design review.

21.43.110    Limitations on uses.

21.43.200    Development standards.

21.43.205    Single-family dwelling standards.

21.43.210    Additional development standards.

21.43.220    Repealed.

21.43.230    Other transitional requirements.

21.43.240    Standards for uses allowed in single-family residential zones when located in multiple-family zones.

21.43.250    Development standards for park facilities.

21.43.300    Home occupations.

21.43.400    Accessory structures and uses.

21.43.420    Repealed.

21.43.440    Repealed.

21.43.500    Signs.

21.43.900    Other regulations.

21.43.050 Zones and purposes.

The multiple-family residential zones are intended to provide for higher density housing consistent with the goals, objectives, and policies of the Lynnwood comprehensive plan and contribute to the building and maintaining of safe and attractive housing areas for people with a wide variety of housing needs. (Ord. 2586 § 3, 2005; Ord. 2571 § 3, 2005; Ord. 2466 § 2, 2003)

21.43.100 Uses allowed in multiple-family residential zones.

See Table 21.43.01 for uses allowed in multiple-family residential zones.

Table 21.43.01 

Use

RML

RMM

RMH

Single-Family Dwellings (one per lot)

C

C

C

Multiple-Family Dwellings

P

P

P

Adult Family Homes

P

P

P

Agricultural and Horticultural Activities, including plant nurseries+

P/C

P/C

P/C

Boarding Houses+

P

P

P

Child Day-Care Centers+

C

C

C

Senior Housing, Independent Living Communities, Assisted Living Facilities, Congregate Care, Continuing Care Communities and group housing for any other legal purpose, but not including hospitals or mental hospitals

C

C

C

Hospitals and Nursing Homes

P

Manufactured Home Developments and Manufactured Homes+

P

P

P

Mini-Day-Care Programs

P

P

P

Office Uses+

C

C

C

Park and Pool Lots+

C

C

C

Places of Worship

C

C

C

Public Parks

P

P

P

Public Utility Facilities necessary for the transmission, distribution or collection of electric, telephone, wireless communication, telegraph, cable TV, natural gas, water, and sewer utility services, excluding sewer treatment plants, offices, repair shops, warehouses, and storage yards+

C

C

C

Schools, Libraries or Museums, Offices of Philanthropic or Charitable Organizations, but not including Nonprofit Retail Stores

C

C

C

Wireless Communications Facility Attached (not permitted on residential structures); see Chapter 21.90 LMC

P

P

P

+See LMC 21.43.110.

Key:

P    =    Use is permitted as a primary use; see LMC 21.43.300 regarding home occupations.

C    =    The use may be permitted through issuance of a conditional use permit.

–    =    Use is prohibited.

(Ord. 3258 § 5, 2017; Ord. 2586 § 3, 2005; Ord. 2571 § 1, 2005; Ord. 2466 § 2, 2003)

21.43.103 Uses prohibited in the multiple-family residential zones.

A. Retail sales, production and processing of marijuana and/or marijuana-infused products.

B. Medical marijuana collective gardens, as either a primary use, accessory use, or home occupation.

C. Supervised drug consumption facilities. (Ord. 3305 § 4, 2018; Ord. 3136 § 3, 2015)

21.43.105 Project design review.

A. Design Guidelines for Multiple-Family Uses. Construction of any multiple-family structure or building including duplexes (two-family dwellings) permitted outright or by conditional use permit in any residential zone shall comply with Lynnwood Citywide Design Guidelines for All Districts and Multi-family Districts, as adopted by reference in LMC 21.25.145(B)(3), and receive approval pursuant to Chapter 21.25 LMC, unless otherwise specified in this chapter.

B. Design Guidelines for Nonresidential Uses. Construction of any nonresidential structure or building with a gross floor area of more than 1,000 square feet, permitted outright or by conditional use permit in any residential zone shall comply with Lynnwood Citywide Design Guidelines for All Districts and Multi-family Districts, as adopted by reference in LMC 21.25.145(B)(3), and receive approval pursuant to Chapter 21.25 LMC, unless otherwise specified in this chapter.

C. Design Guidelines for Parking Lots and Parking Structures. Construction of any parking lot and/or parking structure with 20 or more stalls or paved parking area of 5,400 square feet or more permitted outright or by conditional use permit in any residential zone shall comply with Lynnwood Citywide Design Guidelines for All Districts and Commercial Districts, as adopted by reference in LMC 21.25.145(B)(3), and receive approval pursuant to Chapter 21.25 LMC, unless otherwise specified in this chapter.

D. Supersede. Applicable Lynnwood Citywide Design Guidelines, as adopted by reference in LMC 21.25.145(B)(3), shall supersede any development standards and requirements of this chapter that may conflict, unless otherwise specified in this chapter.

E. Gateways and Prominent Intersections. See city of Lynnwood zoning map to identify development project sites within a gateway or prominent intersection location. Such sites shall be subject to applicable gateway and/or prominent intersection design guidelines identified in the All Districts section of the Lynnwood Citywide Design Guidelines, as adopted by reference in LMC 21.25.145(B)(3). If any portion of a project site lies within a gateway or prominent intersection location, then the entire project shall comply with the applicable design guidelines. (Ord. 2466 § 2, 2003)

21.43.110 Limitations on uses.

A. Agricultural and Horticultural Activities. Agricultural and horticultural activities, including plant nurseries, must be devoted to the raising of plants. No structures, uses, or accessory uses or structures are permitted, except those specifically authorized by the conditional use permit. Agricultural and horticultural activities, including plant nurseries, which are less than one acre in size are permitted uses. Agricultural and horticultural activities, including plant nurseries, which are one acre or more in size require a conditional use permit.

B. Public Utility Facilities. Public utility facilities necessary for the transmission, distribution or collection of electric, telephone, wireless communication, telegraph, cable television, natural gas, water, and sewer utility services, excluding sewer treatment plants, offices, repair shops, warehouses, and storage yard, shall be subject to the following additional standards:

1. Such facilities shall not be injurious to the neighborhood or otherwise detrimental to the public welfare;

2. The applicant shall demonstrate the need of the proposed public utility facility to be located in a residential area, the procedures involved in the site selection and an evaluation of alternative sites and existing facilities on which the proposed facility could be located or co-located;

3. A site development plan shall be submitted showing the location, size, screening and design of all buildings and structures, including fences, the location, size, and nature of outdoor equipment, and the location, number, and species of all proposed landscaping;

4. The facility shall be designed to be aesthetically and architecturally compatible with the natural and built environment. This includes, but is not necessarily limited to, building design and the use of exterior materials harmonious with the character of the surrounding neighborhood and the use of landscaping and privacy screening to buffer the facilities and activities on the site from surrounding properties. Any equipment or facilities not enclosed within a building (e.g. towers, transformers, tanks, etc.) shall be designed and located on the site to minimize adverse impacts on surrounding properties;

5. All wireless communications facilities shall comply with national, state or local standards, whichever is more restrictive, in effect at the time of application, for nonionizing electromagnetic radiation;

6. The applicant shall demonstrate a justification for the proposed height of the structures and an evaluation of alternative designs which might result in lower heights. If additional height over that allowed in the zone is justified it may be approved by the city;

7. The applicant shall include an analysis of the feasibility of future consolidated use of the proposed facility with other public utility facilities.

C. Provided, that this subsection shall not apply to utility facilities located on a property which are accessory to the residential use of that property or to the transmission, distribution or collection lines and equipment necessary to provide a direct utility connection to the property or neighboring properties, or to those utility facilities located on public rights-of-way, nor shall it apply to utility facilities installed within new subdivisions, which shall be evaluated prior to plat approval and do not require a separate conditional use permit.

D. Park and Pool Lots. Park and pool lots may be permitted by conditional use permit. In considering an application for such a use, the hearing examiner shall review all impacts of the proposed use upon the surrounding neighborhood including, but not limited to, location, traffic, displacement of required stalls, noise, hours of operation, ingress and egress, signage, parking lot illumination and aesthetic impacts. In single-family zones, park and pool lots should not be the principal use of a property, but an accessory use to a permitted or conditional use in that zone.

The applicant for such a permit shall submit a site plan indicating:

1. The property boundaries;

2. The location of all building on the site with the floor areas of each use indicated;

3. The location and dimensions of all existing or proposed parking stalls, including the designation of those to be available to park and pool users;

4. The location and type of all existing or proposed landscaping.

The applicant shall also submit drawings of proposed signage and an analysis of the parking demand of any existing uses on the site and the anticipated demand by park and pool users.

E. Child Day-Care Centers.

1. Considerations. Child day-care centers may be permitted by issuance of a conditional use permit. Before approval or denial of an application, the hearing examiner and city council will consider the need for the activity in the area and all possible impacts in the area including but not limited to the following:

a. Any adverse or significant changes, alterations or increases in traffic flow that could create a hazardous situation as either a direct or indirect result of the proposed activity;

b. Any abnormal increase in demand for any public service, facility or utility;

c. The size, location, and access of the proposed site; and

d. Any adverse effects on the standard of livability to the surrounding area.

2. Requirements. In any case, the approval of the conditional use permits shall include the following requirements:

a. The applicant shall be state-licensed before the operation of the facility;

b. Adequate off-street parking must be provided;

c. All outdoor play areas must be fenced with a minimum of 800 square feet plus an additional 80 square feet per additional child over 10;

d. Site and sound screening standards for the outdoor play area must be met;

e. The applicant must provide off-street access to the facility from the public right-of-way for the purpose of pickup and delivery of children;

f. The applicant must indicate the ages of the children to be cared for;

g. See LMC 21.16.290(A) for sign regulations.

F. Manufactured Home Developments. Permitted under the provisions for planned unit developments. See Chapters 21.30 and 21.70 LMC.

G. Two-Family Dwelling and Multiple Dwelling Units. In RML, RMM and RMH zones, if there is more than one dwelling unit on the premises, there shall be not less than two units in a building, except as to the odd-numbered unit which may stand alone.

H. Senior Housing, Independent Living Communities, Assisted Living Facilities, Congregate Care and Continuing Care Communities.

1. Number of Residents. The number of persons who will be residing in the property shall be generally consistent with the potential density of persons as would be expected from multiple dwelling units, except that the maximum number of units for housing for the elderly and handicapped shall be no greater than one and one-half times the number of units which would be allowed for multiple-family housing within the respective zone.

2. Impact on Surrounding Area. The allowing of the proposed use shall not adversely affect the surrounding area.

3. Staff Evaluation and Recommendation. Before any conditional use permit for the uses designated in this subsection is considered by the hearing examiner, a joint recommendation concerning development of the land and/or construction of the buildings shall be prepared by the fire and community development departments, specifying the conditions to be applied if approved. If it is concluded that the application for a conditional use permit should be approved, each requirement in the joint recommendation shall be considered and any which are found necessary for protection of the health, safety, and general welfare of the public shall be made part of the requirements of the conditional use permit. In any case, the approval of the conditional use permit shall include the following requirements:

a. The proposal’s proximity to stores and services, safety of pedestrian access in the vicinity, access to public transit, and design measures to minimize incompatibility between the proposal and surrounding businesses;

b. Compliance with state, federal, and local regulations pertaining to such use, a description of the accommodations and the number of persons accommodated or cared for, and any structural requirements deemed necessary for such intended use;

c. The amount of space around and between buildings shall be subject to approval of the fire chief as being adequate for reasonable circulation of emergency vehicles or rescue operations and for prevention of conflagration;

d. The proposed use will not adversely affect the surrounding area as to present use or character of the future development;

e. Restriction to such intended use except by revision through a subsequent conditional use permit.

4. Open Space. A minimum of 200 square feet of passive recreation and/or open space shall be provided. Senior housing and care facilities have a need for recreational open space but is of a passive nature. Therefore, passive recreation space and/or open space shall be provided. Up to 50 percent of the requirement may be indoors; provided, that the space is utilized exclusively for passive recreation or open space (i.e., arts and crafts rooms, solariums, courtyards). All outdoor recreation and/or open space areas shall be set aside exclusively for such use and shall not include areas held in reserve for parking, as per LMC 21.18.800. All open space and/or recreational areas shall be of a permanent nature and they may be restricted to use by tenants only. The use of private and semi-private patios and balconies in meeting these requirements is not permitted.

I. Office Uses. The intended uses shall comply with the following minimum standards:

1. No portion of the building in which the offices are permitted shall be occupied as a resident.

2. The office use shall be generally professional in nature, which use shall include but not be limited to medical and dental offices or clinics, accountants, architects, attorneys at law, chiropractors, engineers, land surveyors, and opticians; provided, accessory retail uses may be allowed only if closely related to the principal uses of the building, such as pharmacies in medical buildings, and must be specified in the conditional use permit. When allowed, such retail uses shall be internally oriented, with external advertising identical to the professional offices and compliance with the conditional use permit.

3. See LMC 21.16.290(G) for sign regulations.

4. The use shall be of a type unlikely to be open evenings or weekends and unlikely to generate large volumes of traffic.

5. In considering the intended use, location of the building in proximity to existing multiple- or single-family uses, a determination shall be made that the proposed use would not be detrimental to such existing residential uses.

J. Hospitals and Nursing Homes.

1. Setbacks. All buildings maintain a distance of not less than 35 feet from any single-family residential zone;

2. Occupancy. The accommodations and number of persons cared for conform to state and location regulations pertaining thereto;

3. Health Department Approval. The health department shall have approved all provisions for drainage and sanitation.

K. Boarding Houses. For purposes of determining allowable density and required parking, accommodations for each resident in a boarding house shall be considered the equivalent of one-half dwelling unit. (Ord. 3243 § 11, 2017; Ord. 2586 § 3, 2005; Ord. 2466 § 2, 2003)

21.43.200 Development standards.

Table 21.43.02 Development Standards 

Standard

RML

RMM

RMH

Minimum Lot Area

7,200 sf

none

none

Minimum Lot Area per Dwelling

3,600 sf

2,400 sf

1,000 sf

Minimum Lot Width

70 ft.

70 ft.

100 ft. plus 1 ft. for every 10 ft. of lot depth after the first 100 ft.

Minimum Frontage at Street

70 ft.

70 ft.

70 ft.

Minimum Front Yard Setback

 

 

 

Interior Lot

15 ft.

15 ft.

15 ft.

Corner Lot

15 ft.

15 ft.

15 ft.

Abutting a Principal Arterial Street

15 ft.

15 ft.

15 ft.

Minimum Side Yard Setbacks – Corner Lot

 

 

 

Street Side

15 ft.

15 ft.

15 ft.

Interior Side

5 ft.

15 ft.

15 ft.

Both Sides Combined

20 ft.

30 ft.

30 ft.

Abutting a Principal Arterial Street

15 ft.

15 ft.

15 ft.

Minimum Side Yard Setbacks – Interior Lot

 

 

 

One Side

5 ft.

15 ft.

15 ft.

Both Sides Combined

15 ft.

30 ft.

30 ft.

Minimum Rear Yard Setback

25 ft.

25 ft.

25 ft.

Maximum Lot Coverage by Buildings

35 percent

35 percent

45 percent

Maximum Building Height

35 ft., or 2 stories from average finished grade

35 ft.

none

(Ord. 2586 § 3, 2005; Ord. 2466 § 2, 2003)

21.43.205 Single-family dwelling standards.

A. Site-built dwellings shall be placed on concrete or masonry perimeter foundations.

B. Manufactured homes shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturers’ specifications and, in locations outside mobile home parks, an excavated crawl space of not less than 24 inches in depth shall be provided and fully enclosed by a perimeter concrete or masonry retaining wall.

C. With the exception of replacement homes within existing mobile home parks, a manufactured home may be sited within the city of Lynnwood, provided not more than five years have elapsed since the date of manufacture, as stated on the HUD data plate. (Ord. 2571 § 5, 2005)

21.43.210 Additional development standards.

A. Parking Requirements. Parking requirements for the residential zones are as provided in Chapter 21.18 LMC.

1. Tandem Parking in Multiple-Family Zones. In the RML, RMM, and RMH zones, 10 percent of the required parking may be in tandem parking; provided, that the area in which the tandem parking is located is designated on an approved site plan and that they are assigned by the management; or, 10 percent of the parking stalls required may be located in a separate parking lot utilized only for recreation vehicles, provided the area does not encroach on front, side, and rear yard setbacks.

2. Carports in Multiple-Family Zones. Open carports (i.e., roofed or covered, but without walls or other side enclosure) sheltering parking stalls required by and meeting the standards of Chapter 21.18 LMC, and canopies or covered walkways leading from carports or other parking areas to building entrances (provided the walkway is paved), shall not be included in determining lot coverage under this section. This exemption does not apply to any enclosed or walled area (such as, but not limited to, outdoor storage areas whether or not they are part of a carport building or structure). Carports must be no more than 15 feet above the parking surface and must meet setbacks and other development standards of the applicable zone.

B. Building Height in RMH Zones. The front, rear, and side yard setbacks of any building that exceeds a height of 45 feet shall be increased by one foot for each one foot that the building exceeds a height of 45 feet.

C. Preexisting Subdivisions. Any lot described on a plat duly recorded in the land records of Snohomish County prior to January 1, 1970, may be used for a one-family dwelling if the lot dimensions and area are in conformance with LMC 21.12.300, and the buildings to be located thereon conform to all other standards of the residential zone within which the lot is located. (Ord. 3326 § 9, 2019; Ord. 2730 § 3, 2008; Ord. 2586 § 3, 2005; Ord. 2466 § 2, 2003)

21.43.220 Transition or buffer strips.

Repealed by Ord. 3326. (Ord. 2957 § 31, 2012; Ord. 2466 § 2, 2003)

21.43.230 Other transitional requirements.

A. Property Abutting an RS-Zoned Property. Where the side yard of a property zoned RML, RMM, or RMH abuts a property zoned to a single-family residential zone, the abutting side yard setback of the RM-zoned property shall be 25 feet.

B. Property Zoned to the RMH Zone. Development of any property zoned to the RMH zone shall provide a 25-foot setback at any side yard abutting an RS or RML zone. (Ord. 2466 § 2, 2003)

21.43.240 Standards for uses allowed in single-family residential zones when located in multiple-family zones.

A. In RML Zones. Any use permitted in a single-family zone shall conform to the conditions set forth in the zone in which they are first permitted, except that dwellings, yards, open spaces, and lot coverage established for the applicable zone shall apply.

B. In RMM and RMH Zones. Any use permitted in a single-family zone shall conform to the conditions set forth in the zone in which they are first permitted, except that for residential development, dwellings, yards, open spaces, and lot coverage established for the applicable zone shall apply. (Ord. 2466 § 2, 2003)

21.43.250 Development standards for park facilities.

A. Buildings and structures at properties designated “Parks, Recreation and Open Space” on the future land use plan map of the comprehensive plan shall be subject to the development standards in LMC 21.43.200; provided, that the community development director may authorize a reduction in the minimum setback from a public street to the following:

1. Structures and buildings no more than one story in height and with a gross floor area of 1,000 square feet or less: 10 feet.

2. Structures and buildings either more than one story in height or with a gross floor area greater than 1,000 square feet (or both): 25 feet.

3. Provided, that the director finds:

a. The standards in LMC 21.43.200 would not allow use of a building or structure in the park as that building or structure is intended to be used; and

b. Use of the building or structure would not adversely affect adjoining properties.

B. Notice of such approval shall be mailed to owners of property that adjoin the site of the proposed building or structure. Approval of a building or structure under this section may be appealed within 14 calendar days of issuance of a determination under this section using Process II. The date of issuance shall be three days following the date of mailing of the notice. (Ord. 2466 § 2, 2003)

21.43.300 Home occupations.

A home occupation may be permitted by issuance of a business license, pursuant to LMC Title 5, provided the business complies with this and other applicable sections of the Lynnwood Municipal Code.

A. Area Used. A home occupation may only be conducted in the principal building and not in an accessory building. The area devoted to the home occupation may comprise no more than 25 percent of the area of the principal building. Any extension of the home occupation to the outdoors, including, but not limited to, paving of yards for parking, outdoor storage or activity, indoor storage or activity visible from outdoors (e.g., in an open garage) is prohibited.

B. Access. Access to the space devoted to the home occupation shall be from within the dwelling, not internally closed off or separated from the living areas of the dwelling, and not from a separate outside entrance.

C. Employment. No one other than members of the resident household may perform labor or personal services on the premises.

D. Stock in Trade. The processing, storing, and occasional sale of handicrafts made on the premises and other small products is allowed, subject to compliance with other conditions of this title. Such stock must be incidental to the main activity permitted by the home occupation. The display or storage of goods outside the premises or in a window is prohibited.

E. Equipment, Use, and Activities. No equipment may be used and no activities may be conducted which would result in noise, vibration, smoke, dust, odors, heat, glare, or other conditions exceeding in duration or intensity those normally produced by a residential use. Normal residential use shall be construed as including the above impacts only on an occasional weekend or evening basis (e.g., in connection with a hobby or home/yard maintenance), and not on a daily basis. Outdoor storage of equipment, materials, or more than one vehicle related to the business is prohibited. There shall be no production, generation, or storage of any hazardous waste or substance. Those individuals who are engaged in home occupations shall make available to the fire or county health departments for review the material safety data sheets which pertain to all potentially toxic and/or flammable materials associated with the use.

F. Traffic. A home occupation shall not generate traffic in excess of normal residential traffic. Normal residential traffic for the purposes of regulating home occupation traffic shall be defined as 10 trips per day and one trip per hour. There shall not be more than one client on the premises at any one time. One client constitutes those arriving in a single vehicle. Delivery services such as the Post Office, UPS, FedEx and similar, which make normal deliveries to residential neighborhoods, shall not be included in the assessment. Trips, whether personal or for business, by residents of the dwelling, shall also not be included. Home occupations that generate traffic or parking are limited to the hours of 7:00 a.m. to 9:00 p.m.

G. Certain Uses Specifically Prohibited. The following uses are specifically prohibited as home occupations:

1. Automotive repairs or detailing;

2. Small engine and major appliance repair;

3. Boarding, grooming, kenneling, or medical treatment of animals;

4. Contractors’ shops (with the exception of administrative and office functions);

5. On-site sale of firewood;

6. Sheet metal fabrication;

7. Unlicensed or uncertified (by state licensing or an accrediting agency, when available) health care or other physical or personal services administered directly to the client at this location;

8. Beauty/barber shops and other similar activities having more than one station;

9. Any other use as determined by the community development director with a significant potential to violate one or more of the conditions of this section.

H. Signs. Any home occupation sign must meet the residential sign regulations in LMC 21.16.290. Such signs shall display only the name and address.

I. Exemptions. The following shall not be regulated under this section: garage sales, yard sales, bake sales, and similar as long as they do not occur more than three times per year per home.

J. Process.

1. Applications. Home occupations shall be reviewed concurrently with the business license application pursuant to LMC Title 5. Applications for home occupation related business licenses shall also include a copy of a site plan showing parking and a floor plan for the premises showing access and the square footage of the total premises and the square footage allocated to the business. All home occupation business license applications shall be acknowledged by the property owner (if other than the applicant).

2. Conditions. The director of the community development department may impose additional conditions to mitigate any potential adverse impacts of the home occupation to the surrounding uses.

3. Business License. A business license shall be obtained from the city clerk’s office and shall be maintained. If the license is not maintained, the home occupation approval shall become null and void and a new business license application shall be required to reestablish the use.

4. Review, Enforcement, and Penalties.

a. A violation of any provision of this section shall be a civil infraction. Enforcement activities will be conducted pursuant to LMC 1.40.020.

b. A home occupation may be suspended or revoked by the director of the community development department as an administrative decision. The director may base his action on:

i. Lack of compliance with the conditions of the permit of the business license or its approval, or with the provisions of the development code; or

ii. Upon finding that the operation of the home business creates a nuisance or hazard, or has been abandoned, or was procured by mistake, fraud or deception.

K. Inspection. The city of Lynnwood fire marshall and building official reserve the right to inspect a home occupation to ensure that related alterations and equipment are consistent with fire and building codes. (Ord. 2883 § 2, 2011; Ord. 2586 § 3, 2005; Ord. 2466 § 2, 2003)

21.43.400 Accessory structures and uses.

A. Private Garages and Carports. Private garages and carports are allowed in the RML, RMM, and RMH zones as long as they adhere to the side yard, rear yard and front yard setbacks as required herein for the applicable zone. In the RML zone, where more than one dwelling unit is involved, private garages shall be limited to accommodating not more than two cars for each dwelling.

B. Solar Energy Systems. The use of solar energy systems (for example, attached solar greenhouses, attached solar sunspaces, and solar collectors) can be an effective and efficient method for producing energy and reducing energy consumption. The majority of residential structures within Lynnwood were constructed before solar energy systems became a viable means for producing energy, thus lot yard setbacks and height restrictions do not take such systems into account. The city of Lynnwood finds that it is in the best public interest to encourage solar energy systems. If it is found that a solar energy system would have a positive impact on energy production and conservation while not having an adverse environmental impact on the community, but the placement of such system requires violation of city setback or maximum height limitations, allowance of such systems may be permitted through the variance process and shall be encouraged. In viewing such variance request, the following shall be considered in making a determination:

1. That the solar energy system has a net energy gain;

2. That the solar energy system is designed to minimize glare towards vehicular traffic and adjacent properties;

3. That the solar energy system not adversely affect solar access to adjacent properties;

4. That the solar energy system complies with all other city zoning, engineering, building, and fire regulations; and

5. That the solar energy system is found to not have any adverse impacts on the area, which impacts shall include, but not be limited to, the effects of such system upon the views from neighboring properties and public ways.

In order to show that the proposed energy system will conform to the above, the applicant shall be required to submit a site plan and elevations showing the location, size, and dimensions of the solar energy system and its relation to all adjacent properties. Care shall be taken to ensure that the design, materials used and colors architecturally blend in with the existing structure. The city may require that the site plan and elevations and/or energy-saving calculations be prepared by an engineer, architect or builder specializing in solar energy construction.

C. Family Child Care Homes. Family child care homes are permitted as an accessory use to a dwelling.

D. Keeping Small Animals as Pets. The keeping of small animals as pets shall be permitted as an accessory use; the keeping of livestock shall not be permitted.

E. Carnivals, Circuses, and Other Temporary Special Events. These uses are permitted if accessory to a school, church, park, or other facility of a similar nature. Such activities shall not be subject to regulation by Chapter 5.30 LMC.

F. Electric Vehicle Charging Stations. Level 1 and Level 2 electric vehicle charging stations are allowed as an accessory use but shall be privately owned with restricted access (e.g., renters of a multiple-family dwelling complex, employees and members of the congregation in the case of a religious institution). The electric vehicle charging station shall not be open for use to the general public.

G. Shipping container or other similar storage units as defined in Chapter 21.02 LMC are not permitted as accessory structures in residential zones. (Ord. 3127 § 4, 2015; Ord. 3047 § 3, 2014; Ord. 2586 § 3, 2005; Ord. 2466 § 2, 2003)

21.43.420 Placement of accessory buildings and structures – Interior lots.

Repealed by Ord. 2586. (Ord. 2466 § 2, 2003)

21.43.440 Placement of accessory buildings and structures – Corner and reverse corner lots.

Repealed by Ord. 2586. (Ord. 2466 § 2, 2003)

21.43.500 Signs.

See LMC 21.16.290 for sign regulations in residential zones. (Ord. 2466 § 2, 2003)

21.43.900 Other regulations.

A. Refuse and Recycling Collection Areas and Enclosures. On-site paved and enclosed refuse and recycling collection areas shall be provided on sites where new buildings are being constructed or existing buildings are being remodeled or expanded, and shall comply with the requirements of this section. One-family dwelling units, two-family dwelling units, and public parks are exempt from the requirements of this section.

1. Development Standards. Refuse and recycling collection areas in all multiple-family zones shall comply with the development standards below. The following development standards shall supersede other applicable setback requirements of this chapter and applicable Lynnwood Citywide Design Guidelines, as adopted by reference in LMC 21.25.145(B)(3), that may conflict: setback a minimum of 25 feet from a public street and 10 feet from any interior property line.

2. Enclosure. All refuse and recycling collection areas shall be enclosed on three sides by a six-foot-high site-obscuring fence which uses building materials, color, and design details similar to the primary buildings on the site and a six-foot-high gate on one side. The height of the enclosure may include the height of a surrounding slope or berm (height measured from bottom inside edge of the collection area). The enclosure shall include a gate which can be secured in an open or closed position. If the enclosure includes a gate made of metal chain link fencing, the fencing shall contain slats which screen the view of containers and material inside the collection area. An alternative design may be approved if it is determined that such alternative would provide equal or better screening, architectural compatibility, and containment.

3. Parking. No refuse and recycling collection area shall be located in such a way that new or existing parking stalls will prevent or interfere with the use and servicing of the collection area.

4. Design. Refuse and recycling collection areas shall be sized, located, and constructed per standards established by the public works department.

B. Recreational Requirements. In the RML, RMM, and RMH zones, on-site recreational facilities and outdoor amenities shall be provided, as follows:

1. Objectives.

a. To require the multiple-family housing developer to satisfy a portion of the demand for recreational facilities that are created in a proportional ratio to the increased population density; and

b. To provide standards which can be principally satisfied through proper site design that gains a maximum use of the respective land parcel.

2. Requirement. All new multiple-family housing developments, and all expansions of existing multiple-family housing developments by the addition of new dwelling units shall provide sufficient active recreational areas to satisfy a minimum ratio of 200 square feet per multiple-family housing unit. The site plan shall designate the location of recreational facilities and outdoor amenities and the boundaries of recreational areas. Indoor recreational areas or rooftop recreational areas may be used to satisfy this ratio if they satisfy all requirements of this section.

3. Development Standard. All recreation facilities shall be of a permanent nature.

4. Use Restriction. The recreation facilities may be restricted to use by tenants only. This provision excludes use of private and semi-private patios, and balconies in meeting the recreational requirements.

C. Parking or storage of recreational vehicles shall be in conformance with LMC 10.08.200.

D. Maintenance or repair of vehicles on residential property shall conform to the following standards:

1. Such maintenance and repair shall not be conducted on a commercial basis.

2. Any repair, painting, or maintenance work done on such vehicles shall not create an unsafe or unsightly condition or become a nuisance to residents of the residential complex or abutting properties.

3. Any repair, painting, or maintenance work done on such vehicles shall only be done within the hours from 9:00 a.m. to 9:00 p.m.

4. Violations of the preceding standards shall result in notice being given by the city to the offender to discontinue such work or operation. Failure to immediately comply will subject the property owner and/or occupant to the penalties as prescribed by this title. (Ord. 2586 § 3, 2005; Ord. 2466 § 2, 2003)