Chapter 17.48
OFF-STREET PARKING AND LOADING

Sections:

17.48.010    Parking spaces – Required.

17.48.020    Parking spaces – Size and access.

17.48.030    Parking spaces – Location.

17.48.040    Off-street parking requirements.

17.48.050    Parking spaces – Unspecified uses.

17.48.060    Parking spaces – Mixed occupancies.

17.48.070    Parking spaces – Cooperative provisions.

17.48.080    Parking area – Development standards.

17.48.090    Parking area – Motor barricades.

17.48.100    Parking area – Landscaping standards.

17.48.110    Parking area – Entrances and exits.

17.48.120    Parking area – Surface.

17.48.130    Parking area – Lighting.

17.48.140    Parking area – Signs.

17.48.150    Loading areas.

17.48.010 Parking spaces – Required.

Off-street parking spaces shall be provided as an accessory use, in accordance with the requirements of this chapter, at any time any building or structure is erected, enlarged, or expanded. (Ord. 1912 § 1, 2017; Ord. 1405 § 2, 1999).

17.48.020 Parking spaces – Size and access.

Aisle and driveway dimensions shall conform to the dimensions set forth in Table 17.48.020. The public works director may approve variations to these dimensions if special circumstances exist which prohibit strict compliance; provided, that such variations do not result in a traffic safety hazard, hinder vehicle access and egress and are designed in conformance with good engineering practices.

Table 17.48.020

 

Aisle and Driveway Dimensions

Stall Angle

45°

60°

90°

Stall Width

 

 

 

 

 

Regular space

12'9"

10'5"

9'0"

 

Compact space

11'3"

9'4"

8'0"

Stall Depth

 

 

 

 

 

Regular space

20'7"

20'10"

20'0"

 

Compact space

17'6"

18'7"

17'0"

Driveway Aisle

 

One-way

14'0"

18'0"

20'0"

 

Two-way

17'0"

18'0"

20'0"

Thirty percent of the required parking spaces, whenever 10 or more spaces are required, may be compact stalls. (Ord. 1912 § 1, 2017; Ord. 1405 § 2, 1999).

17.48.030 Parking spaces – Location.

A. Off-street parking facilities shall be located as specified in this section.

B. Where a distance is specified, the distance shall be the walking distance measured from the nearest point of the parking facilities to the nearest point of the building that the facility is required to serve.

1. For a single-family dwelling or multifamily dwelling the parking facilities shall be located on the same lot or building site as the building they are required to serve. This requirement may be waived or modified for mixed-use developments which include multi-family dwellings.

2. For any other building or structure, off-street parking facilities shall be located not more than 300 feet from the building or structure. (Ord. 1912 § 1, 2017; Ord. 1405 § 2, 1999).

17.48.040 Off-street parking requirements.

The minimum number of off-street parking spaces required shall be as follows:

Accessory apartment

1 space per accessory dwelling unit

Adult day care facility

1 space for each employee, plus 1 space for every 5 clients or fraction thereof; if the clients may not own vehicles, 1 space per 600 s.f. of gross floor area

Adult entertainment business

1 space per 100 s.f. of gross floor area

Adult retirement community

1 space per unit

Agricultural buildings

1 space per 2,000 s.f. of floor space

Agricultural crops; orchards

Ambulance service

1 space for each employee, plus 1 space per vehicle used in coordination with the service

Amusement parks

1 space per 200 s.f. of area within enclosed buildings plus 1 space for every 3 persons that the outdoor facilities are designed to accommodate

Animal hospital

1 space per employee plus 1 space per 600 s.f. of gross floor area

Apartment

2 spaces per dwelling unit plus 1 space per 4 dwelling units for guests

Assisted living facility

.75 spaces per unit

Auction house/barn (no vehicle or livestock)

1 space per 4 seats

Automobile service station

2 spaces per service bay

Automobile wash

5 spaces per washing stall in addition to the stall itself

Automobile, repair

1 space per 200 s.f., plus 2 spaces per service bay, plus 1 space for each employee

Automobile, sales

1 space per 5,000 s.f. of lot area used for vehicle display, plus 1 space per 300 s.f. of showroom area

Ballfield

50 spaces per field

Banks, savings and loan association

1 space per 400 s.f. of floor area up to 20,000 s.f., plus 1 per 500 s.f. of floor area in excess of 20,000 s.f.

Bed and breakfast

1 space per guest room

Bicycle paths, walking trails

Billiard hall and pool hall

2 spaces per table

Blueprinting and photostating

1 space for every 3 employees on the largest shift or 1 space per 1,000 s.f. of gross floor area, whichever requirement is greater

Buy-back recycling center

1 space for each employee, plus 1 space per 1,000 s.f. of building area

Cabinet shops

1 space for every 3 employees on the largest shift or 1 space per 1,000 s.f. of gross floor area, whichever requirement is greater

Carpenter shops

1 space for every 3 employees on the largest shift or 1 space per 1,000 s.f. of gross floor area, whichever requirement is greater

Carport

Child day care, commercial

1 space per employee during the maximum shift per state license, and 1 space for every 10 students enrolled; and one pick-up/drop-off space for every 20 students enrolled, but in no case less than 2 loading spaces, based on the maximum students allowed per state license

Child day care, family

1 space for each employee

Church

1 space per 6 fixed seats in the chapel or nave

Club or lodge, private

1 space for every 4 persons based on the fire occupancy load

Commercial recreation < 2 ac.

3 spaces per acre, plus 1 space per 200 s.f. of building area

Commercial recreation > 2 ac.

3 spaces per acre up to 2 acres, plus 2 spaces per acre for each additional acre or fraction thereof, plus 1 space per 200 s.f. of building area

Composting facilities

1 space for each employee

Confectionery stores

1 space per 300 s.f. of gross floor area for the first 1,000 s.f. of gross floor area, plus 4 spaces per additional 1,000 s.f. of gross floor area

Contractor yards

1 space for each employee

Convenience store

1 space per 400 s.f. of gross floor area

Crematories and mausoleums

1 space per 4 fixed seats of chapel capacity, plus 1 space for every 3 employees

Department stores

1 space per 300 s.f. of gross floor area for the first 1,000 s.f. of gross floor area, plus 4 spaces per additional 1,000 s.f. of gross floor area

Distributing plants

1 space for every 3 employees on the largest shift or 1 space per 1,000 s.f. of gross floor area, whichever requirement is greater

Drug stores

1 space per 400 s.f. of gross floor area

Dry cleaners

1 space per 200 s.f. of gross floor area used by the public

Dwelling, multifamily

2 spaces per dwelling unit plus 1 space per 4 dwelling units for guests

Dwelling, single-family

2 spaces per dwelling unit

Dwelling, two-family

2 spaces per dwelling unit plus 1 space per 4 dwelling units for guests

Electric transmission substation

To be determined by the land use administrator

Electric/neon sign assembly, servicing, repair

1 space for every 3 employees on the largest shift or 1 space per 1,000 s.f. of gross floor area, whichever requirement is greater

Espresso stands

1 space per employee, plus spaces for 3 waiting cars

Fairgrounds

8 spaces per acre up to 2 acres, plus 4 spaces per acre for each additional acre or fraction thereof

Flea market

8 spaces per acre up to 2 acres, plus 4 spaces per acre for each additional acre or fraction thereof

Food markets and grocery stores

For establishments with less than 5,000 s.f. of gross floor area, 10 spaces; for establishments with over 5,000 s.f. of gross floor area, 1 space per 300 s.f. of gross floor area

Freight terminal, truck

1 space per 250 s.f. of floor area devoted to office use, plus 1 space per company vehicle

Fuel storage tanks (underground, <500 gal.)

Fuel storage tanks (underground, >500 gal.)

Fuel storage tanks, aboveground

Furniture repair

1 space for every 3 employees on the largest shift or 1 space per 1,000 s.f. of gross floor area, whichever requirement is greater

Garage, private

Garage, public

Golf and athletic facilities

1 space for every 2 employees, plus 3 per golf hole

Greenhouses, private and noncommercial

1 space for every 3 employees on the largest shift or 1 space per 1,000 s.f. of gross floor area, whichever requirement is greater

Group homes

1 space for each employee, plus 1 space for every 5 clients or fraction thereof

Hardware stores < 10,000 s.f.

1 space per 400 s.f. of gross floor area

Hardware stores > 10,000 s.f.

1 space per 400 s.f. of gross floor area

Health club

1 space per 200 s.f. of gross floor area

Heliports

1 space for each employee, plus 1 space per vehicle used in connection with the facility

Home occupation

1 space in addition to the requirement for the dwelling

Horticultural nursery, wholesale and retail

1 space per 1,000 s.f. of floor area, plus 1 space per 2,000 s.f. of site area

Hospitals and sanitariums

1 space per 3 beds

Hotel

1 space per room, unit, or guest accommodation

Industry, light

1 space for every 3 employees on the largest shift or 1 space per 1,000 s.f. of gross floor area, whichever requirement is greater

Inn

1 space per room, unit, or guest accommodation

Libraries

1 space per 400 s.f., plus 1 space per two employees

Liquor stores

1 space per 300 s.f. of gross floor area for the first 1,000 s.f. of gross floor area, plus 4 spaces per additional 1,000 s.f. of gross floor area

Livestock

Locksmiths

1 space for every 3 employees on the largest shift or 1 space per 1,000 s.f. of gross floor area, whichever requirement is greater

Lumber yards

1 space per 500 s.f. of gross floor area

Machine shops, punch press up to 5 tons

1 space for every 3 employees on the largest shift or 1 space per 1,000 s.f. of gross floor area, whichever requirement is greater

Medical-dental clinic

1 space per 300 s.f. of gross floor area

Mobile home park

2 spaces per dwelling unit

Mortuaries

1 space per 1,000 s.f. of gross floor area

Motel

1 space per room, unit, or guest accommodation, plus 1 space for every 2 employees

Motor vehicle impound yard in enclosed building

1 space for every 2 employees

Nonautomotive, motor vehicle and related equipment sales, rental, repair and service

1 space per 600 s.f. of gross floor area

Open-air theaters

1 space per 6 seats

Outdoor advertising display

Outdoor storage

1 space for each employee on the largest shift

Paint shop

1 space for every 3 employees on the largest shift or 1 space per 1,000 s.f. of gross floor area, whichever requirement is greater

Parcel service delivery

1 space for every 3 employees on the largest shift or 1 space per 1,000 s.f. of gross floor area, whichever requirement is greater

Parking area, private

Parking area, public

Pasture

Pesticide application service

1 space for every 3 employees on the largest shift or 1 space per 1,000 s.f. of gross floor area, whichever requirement is greater

Pet shop

1 space per 300 s.f of gross floor area for the first 1,000 s.f. of gross floor area, plus 4 spaces per additional 1,000 s.f. of gross floor area

Plumbing shop

1 space for every 3 employees on the largest shift or 1 space per 1,000 s.f. of gross floor area, whichever requirement is greater

Plumbing supply yards

1 space for every 3 employees on the largest shift or 1 space per 1,000 s.f. of gross floor area, whichever requirement is greater

Post office, branch or contract station

1 space for each employee on shift of maximum employees plus 1 space per 800 s.f.

Post office, distribution center or terminal

1 space for every 3 employees on the largest shift or 1 space per 1,000 s.f. of gross floor area, whichever requirement is greater

Printing establishments

1 space for every 3 employees on the largest shift or 1 space per 1,000 s.f. of gross floor area, whichever requirement is greater

Professional offices

1 space per 400 s.f. of floor space

Public parks

Parking lot area equivalent to 1 percent of the total land area

Public utility facilities

To be determined by the land use administrator

Public utility service yard

1 space for each employee on the maximum work shift

Radio and TV repair shops

1 space per 300 s.f. of gross floor area for the first 1,000 s.f of gross floor area, plus 4 spaces per additional 1,000 s.f. of gross floor area

Radio, cellular phone, microwave, and/or television transmission facilities or towers

1 space

Recreational areas, commercial, including tennis clubs and similar activities

1 space per 200 s.f. of gross floor area

Recreational centers privately operated

1 space per 200 s.f. of gross floor area

Recycling collection points

Recycling processing centers

1 space for each employee, plus 1 space per 1,000 s.f of building area

Restaurant

1 space per 100 s.f. of gross floor area

Restaurants, drive-through

1 space per 200 s.f. of gross floor area

Retail <1,000 square feet

1 space per 300 s.f. of gross floor area

Retail >1,000 square feet

1 space per 300 s.f of gross floor area for the first 1,000 s.f. of gross floor area, plus 4 spaces per additional 1,000 s.f. of gross floor area

Rodeos

1 space per 5 fixed seats

Schools, elementary

1 space for each teacher and staff member, plus 1 space for each 2 classrooms

Schools, secondary

1 space for every teacher and staff member, plus 1 space for every 5 students

Secondhand store

1 space per 300 s.f. of gross floor area for the first 1,000 s.f. of gross floor area, plus 4 spaces per additional 1,000 s.f. of gross floor area

Self-service storage facility

3 spaces plus 1 space per 100 units

Sewage treatment plants

1 space for each employee on the maximum work shift

Shoe stores or repair shop

1 space per 300 s.f. of gross floor area for the first 1,000 s.f. of gross floor area, plus 4 spaces per additional 1,000 s.f. of gross floor area

Sports arenas

1 space per 5 fixed seats

Stable, private arena

1 space per 4 pens or stables

Stadiums

1 space per 5 fixed seats

Stationery store

1 space per 300 s.f. of gross floor area for the first 1,000 s.f. of gross floor area, plus 4 spaces per additional 1,000 s.f. of gross floor area

Storage for transit and transportation equipment

1 space for each employee on the largest shift

Studios (i.e., recording, artist, dancing, etc.)

1 space per 800 s.f. of gross floor area

Surface mining

1 space for each employee of the largest shift

Swimming pool, commercial

1 space per 200 s.f. of pool surface area plus 1 space per 200 s.f. of building area for accessory structures in excess of 1,000 s.f.

Swimming pool, private

Swimming pool, public

1 space per 200 s.f. of pool surface area plus 1 space per 200 s.f. of building area in accessory structures in excess of 1,000 s.f.

Taverns

1 space per 100 s.f. of gross floor area

Theaters, enclosed

1 space per 5 fixed seats

Tool sales and rental

1 space for every 3 employees on the largest shift or 1 space per 1,000 s.f. of gross floor area, whichever requirement is greater

Trailer-mix concrete plant

1 space for each employee, plus 1 space per 1,000 s.f. of building area

Transfer station solid waste facility

To be determined by the land use administrator

Transit facilities, bus barns, park-and-ride lots, transit stations

1 space per 600 s.f. of gross floor area

Upholstering

1 space for every 3 employees on the largest shift or 1 space per 1,000 s.f. of gross floor area, whichever requirement is greater

Video store (rental, not adult) < 5,000 s.f.

1 space per 300 s.f. of gross floor area for the first 1,000 s.f. of gross floor area, plus 4 spaces per additional 1,000 s.f. of gross floor area

Video store (rental, not adult) > 5,000 s.f.

1 space per 300 s.f. of gross floor area for the first 1,000 s.f. of gross floor area, plus 4 spaces per additional 1,000 s.f. of gross floor area

Vocational schools/colleges

1 space for each 200 s.f. of gross floor area in classrooms

Warehousing

1 space per 2,000 s.f. of floor space

Welding shops and sheet metal shops

1 space for every 3 employees on the largest shift or 1 space per 1,000 s.f. of gross floor area, whichever requirement is greater

(Ord. 1912 § 1, 2017; Ord. 1515 § 1, 2002; Ord. 1451 § 1, 2000; Ord. 1405 § 2, 1999).

17.48.050 Parking spaces – Unspecified uses.

In the case of a use not specifically mentioned in this chapter, the requirement for off-street parking facilities shall be determined by the land use administrator. Such determination shall be based upon the requirements for the use which in the opinion of the land use administrator shall be the most comparable use. (Ord. 1912 § 1, 2017; Ord. 1405 § 2, 1999).

17.48.060 Parking spaces – Mixed occupancies.

In the case of mixed uses, the total requirements for off-street parking facilities shall be the sum of the requirements for the various uses computed separately. Off-street parking facilities for one use shall not be considered as providing the required parking facilities for any other use, except as specified in this chapter for cooperative use. (Ord. 1912 § 1, 2017; Ord. 1405 § 2, 1999).

17.48.070 Parking spaces – Cooperative provisions.

Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to prevent cooperative provision of off-street parking facilities for two or more buildings or uses; provided, that the total of such off-street parking spaces supplied cooperatively shall not be less than the sum of the requirements for the various uses computed separately. None of the above provisions shall prevent the overlapping cooperative use of parking facilities when the time during which such facilities are used is not conflicting. (Ord. 1912 § 1, 2017; Ord. 1405 § 2, 1999).

17.48.080 Parking area – Development standards.

In any district a parking area for five or more vehicles shall be developed in accordance with the requirements set forth in MMC 17.48.090 through 17.48.150. (Ord. 1912 § 1, 2017; Ord. 1405 § 2, 1999).

17.48.090 Parking area – Motor barricades.

A rail, fence, wall, hedge, landscaped berm or other continuous barricade of height sufficient to retain all cars completely within the property shall be provided, except at exit or access driveways. (Ord. 1912 § 1, 2017; Ord. 1405 § 2, 1999).

17.48.100 Parking area – Landscaping standards.

Internal parking lot landscaping shall be provided as required under Chapter 17.15C MMC. (Ord. 1912 § 1, 2017; Ord. 1405 § 2, 1999).

17.48.110 Parking area – Entrances and exits.

The location and design of all entrances and exits shall be subject to the approval of the building inspector; provided, that no entrance or exit shall be closer than 15 feet to any adjoining lot located in any R district. (Ord. 1912 § 1, 2017; Ord. 1405 § 2, 1999).

17.48.120 Parking area – Surface.

Off-street parking areas shall be surfaced and maintained with a durable and dustless surface consisting of asphalt or concrete, and shall be so graded and drained as to dispose of all surface water. Surfacing and drainage shall be subject to approval by the city. Permeable asphalt may be used for parking area surfacing at the discretion of the public works director. (Ord. 1912 § 1, 2017; Ord. 1405 § 2, 1999).

17.48.130 Parking area – Lighting.

Any lighting used to illuminate any required off-street parking areas shall be so arranged as to reflect the light away from adjoining premises in any R district. (Ord. 1912 § 1, 2017; Ord. 1405 § 2, 1999).

17.48.140 Parking area – Signs.

No sign of any kind, other than one designating entrances, exits, or conditions of use, shall be maintained on a parking area on that side which abuts upon or faces any premises situated in any R district. Such signs shall not exceed eight square feet in area, nor shall there be more than one such sign for each entrance or exit. (Ord. 1912 § 1, 2017; Ord. 1405 § 2, 1999).

17.48.150 Loading areas.

Every building constructed, altered, or enlarged, which is designed for, or used for, merchandising, manufacturing, warehousing or processing purposes, shall provide off-street loading space as follows:

A minimum of one space 30 feet by 12 feet for each 12,000 square feet of floor space, or fraction thereof, within the building which floor space is designed or used for the above purposes. (Ord. 1912 § 1, 2017; Ord. 1405 § 2, 1999).