Chapter 18.16
PARKING REGULATIONS

Sections:

18.16.010    Chapter purpose.

18.16.012    Off-street parking required.

18.16.015    Review process and fees.

18.16.020    Paving of driveways and off-street parking – Generally.

18.16.025    Paving of driveways and off-street parking – Single-family residences.

18.16.030    Off-street parking – Location.

18.16.040    Off-street parking – Expansion, enlargement or change of use.

18.16.050    Off-street parking – Mixed occupancies.

18.16.060    Off-street parking – Uses not specified.

18.16.070    Off-street parking – Joint use – Designated.

18.16.080    Off-street parking – Joint use – Conditions.

18.16.090    Off-street parking – Table of minimum standards.

18.16.091    Off-street parking – Unlisted uses.

18.16.100    Off-street parking – Plans.

18.16.101    Off-street parking on city-owned property – Generally.

18.16.102    Off-street parking on city-owned property – Application.

18.16.103    Off-street parking on city-owned property – Approval or disapproval.

18.16.104    Off-street parking on city-owned property – Nonexclusive use.

18.16.105    Off-street parking on city-owned property – Number of spaces required to be improved or in-lieu fee to be applied.

18.16.106    Off-street parking on city-owned property – Improvements required.

18.16.110    Loading areas.

18.16.010 Chapter purpose.

Provisions of this chapter are of general application to the districts described in Chapter 18.10 NBMC. It is the intent of this chapter to set down provisions for off-street parking and loading areas, to prevent congestion in the streets, promote and protect property values and to provide for the health, safety and welfare of the citizenry. (Ord. 1731 § 1 (Exh. A), 2020; Ord. 1256 § 1 (part), 2006: Ord. 1020 (part), 1997: Ord. 336 § 4.01, 1970).

18.16.012 Off-street parking required.

Off-street parking is required for all land uses generating vehicular traffic as outlined in this chapter except in the historic commercial district, and as provided in NBMC 18.16.040. Off-street parking requirements in the downtown commercial zoning district can be waived in the form of an in-lieu fee upon city council adoption of a public parking plan or parking improvement district; provided, that a coherent and obtainable centralized alternative solution(s) to parking needs in the downtown is planned. (Ord. 1731 § 1 (Exh. A), 2020; Ord. 1256 § 1 (part), 2006).

18.16.015 Review process and fees.

Parking plans shall be reviewed and approved before construction permit, business license or conceptual plan approval. Procedures shall be as follows:

A. Parking associated with a construction permit or business license review shall be reviewed according to the procedures for building permits and business licenses as a Type I administrative application per Chapter 20.01 NBMC.

B. The conceptual parking plan associated with a conceptual site plan shall be reviewed as a Type II application per Chapter 20.01 NBMC.

C. The fee for parking plan reviews shall be as established by city schedule and collected at the time of the underlying Type I or Type II application review fee. (Ord. 1256 § 1 (part), 2006).

18.16.020 Paving of driveways and off-street parking – Generally.

A. All off-street parking, including associated driveways and drive isles required by any city ordinance, except in the case of single-family residential uses, shall be paved. The subsurface and paving surface shall be of such materials and constructed in such a manner as the city engineer deems appropriate, given the traffic usage of the particular off-street parking involved.

B. Provided, however, in the case of recreational uses such as campgrounds, playfields, ballfields and similar uses located in the parks/open space or public facilities (POSPF) zone, the city engineer may, in his discretion, allow parking spaces to be constructed of some other surface other than concrete-asphalt paving. (Ord. 1731 § 1 (Exh. A), 2020; Ord. 1256 § 1 (part), 2006: Ord. 1020 (part), 1997: Ord. 693 § 1, 1986: Ord. 336 § 4.02 (part), 1970).

18.16.025 Paving of driveways and off-street parking – Single-family residences.

Driveways and off-street parking for single-family residences need not be paved; provided, however, where said residence abuts upon a paved street, the driveway access and any parking must be paved from the paved street to the building setback line or a distance of 25 feet, whichever is greater. The subsurface and paving surface shall be of such materials and constructed in such a manner as the city engineer deems appropriate and pursuant to any applicable city design and construction standards. (Ord. 1256 § 1 (part), 2006: Ord. 1020 (part), 1997: Ord. 693 § 2, 1986).

18.16.030 Off-street parking – Location.

Off-street parking facilities shall be located as specified in this section; where a distance is specified, such distance shall be the walking distance measured from the nearest point of the parking facility to the nearest point of the building that such facility is required to serve:

A. For one- and two-family dwellings, on the same lot with the building they are required to serve;

B. For multiple dwellings, not more than 100 feet;

C. For hospitals, sanitariums, homes for the aged, rooming and boarding houses, not more than 300 feet;

D. For uses other than those specified above, not more than 500 feet. (Ord. 1256 § 1 (part), 2006: Ord. 1020 (part), 1997: Ord. 336 § 4.02 (A), 1970).

18.16.040 Off-street parking – Expansion, enlargement or change of use.

A. Expansion or Enlargement. Whenever any building or land use requiring parking is enlarged in height or in ground coverage, off-street parking shall be provided for said expansion or enlargement in accordance with the requirements of the schedule; provided, however, that no parking space need be provided in the case of enlargement or expansion where the number of parking spaces required for such expansion or enlargement is less than 10 percent of the parking spaces specified in the schedule for the building or land use.

Nothing in this provision shall be construed to require off-street parking spaces for the portion of such building or land use existing at the time of passage of the ordinance codified in this title.

B. Change of Use. When a residential structure is changed into a commercial structure, excluding a home occupation use, off-street parking shall be provided for the commercial use as required by this chapter. The change of use provision shall not apply in the downtown commercial (DC) zoning district when improvements are less than 50 percent of the assessed value of the structure over a 10-year period. (Ord. 1256 § 1 (part), 2006: Ord. 1020 (part), 1997: Ord. 336 § 4.02 (B), 1970).

18.16.050 Off-street parking – Mixed occupancies.

In the case of mixed uses, the total requirements for the various uses shall be computed separately. Off-street parking facilities for one use shall not be considered, as specified in NBMC 18.16.070, for joint use. (Ord. 1256 § 1 (part), 2006: Ord. 1020 (part), 1997: Ord. 336 § 4.02 (C), 1970).

18.16.060 Off-street parking – Uses not specified.

In the case of a use not specifically mentioned in this chapter, the requirements for off-street parking facilities shall be determined by the community and economic development (CED) director. Such determination shall be based upon the requirements for the most comparable use listed. Where a comparable use is not listed, the CED director may consult standards of other jurisdictions and professional standards of organizations such as the Urban Land Institute. (Ord. 1731 § 1 (Exh. A), 2020; Ord. 1256 § 1 (part), 2006: Ord. 1020 (part), 1997: Ord. 336 § 4.02 (D), 1970).

18.16.070 Off-street parking – Joint use – Designated.

The CED director may authorize the joint use of parking facilities for the following uses or activities under conditions specified:

A. Up to 50 percent of the parking facilities required by this chapter for primarily “nighttime” uses such as theaters, bowling alleys, bars, restaurants and related uses may be supplied by certain other types of buildings or uses, referred to as “daytime” uses, such as banks, offices, retail and personal service shops, clothing, food, furniture, manufacturing or wholesale and related uses;

B. Up to 50 percent of the parking facilities required by this chapter for primarily “daytime” uses may be supplied by primarily “nighttime” uses;

C. Up to 100 percent of the parking facilities required by this section for a church or for an auditorium incidental to a public or parochial school may be supplied by the off-street parking facilities provided by uses primarily of a “daytime” nature. (Ord. 1731 § 1 (Exh. A), 2020; Ord. 1256 § 1 (part), 2006: Ord. 1020 (part), 1997: Ord. 336 § 4.02 (E), 1970).

18.16.080 Off-street parking – Joint use – Conditions.

The building or use for which application is being made to utilize the off-street parking facilities provided by another building or use shall be located within 500 feet of such parking facilities in addition to which:

A. The applicant shall show that there is no substantial conflict in the principal operating hours of the two buildings or uses for which joint use of off-street parking facilities is proposed;

B. The applicant shall present a properly drawn legal instrument to be recorded with the county auditor, executed by the parties concerned for joint use of off-street parking facilities and approved as to form and manner of execution by the city attorney, to the CED director upon application; such instrument to be filed with the building inspector upon approval by the CED director. (Ord. 1731 § 1 (Exh. A), 2020; Ord. 1256 § 1 (part), 2006: Ord. 1020 (part), 1997: Ord. 336 § 4.02 (F), 1970).

18.16.090 Off-street parking – Table of minimum standards.

Required parking spaces shall be in conformance with the following table, and where alternative standards prevail, the standard requiring the greater number of spaces applies in conflicting computations:

Table 18.16.090 

Use

Spaces Required

Residential:

 

Multifamily housing inside of the downtown commercial (DC) zone having 2 bedrooms or more per dwelling unit

1.5 per dwelling unit. Where spaces are provided in a garage or carport, parking shall not be more than 2 spaces in depth.

Multifamily housing outside of the DC zone having 2 bedrooms or more per dwelling unit

2 per dwelling unit. Where spaces are provided in a garage or carport, parking shall not be more than 2 spaces in depth.

Multifamily housing: studio apartment and 1 bedroom apartment

1 per dwelling unit. Guest parking shall be 1 space per 5 dwell-ing units.

Adult family home, senior or assisted living apartment complexes, residential care facility

Space to accommodate 1 parking space per employee for the peak employee load, plus 1 space per dwelling unit for units allowing to have on-site storage of vehicles, and 1 space per 10 dwelling units for visitors is required

Nursing home, retirement home

1 per 3 beds

Residential, single-family

2 per dwelling unit

Residential, cottage

1.5 per dwelling unit. 1 spot dedicated to residence on site, other 0.5 spot may be located in a common parking area

Residential accessory dwelling unit and rooming houses, similar uses

1 per dwelling unit

Retail/Commercial/Office:

Motor vehicles, machinery, plumbing, heating, ventilating, building supplies stores and services

1 per 1,000 square feet of gross floor area

Other retail:

 

If less than 5,000 square feet floor area

1 per 300 square feet of gross floor area

If over 5,000 square feet floor area

1 per 200 square feet of gross floor area

Manufacturing uses, research, testing and processing, assembling, all industries

1 per each 2 employees on max-imum shift and not less than 1 per each 1,000 square feet of gross floor area

Theaters

1 per 5 seats

Business and professional offices with walk-in customer service

1 per 250 square feet of gross floor area

Business and professional offices with on-site customer service in the DC zone and the NB-zoned properties along East and West Fourth Street from Ballarat Ave. N. to Bendigo Blvd. N.

1 per 800 square feet of gross floor area

Offices not providing walk-in customer services

1 per 800 square feet of gross floor area

Grocery/convenience store

1 per 200 square feet of gross floor area

Food and beverage places (other than fast food drive-in businesses) with sale and consumption on premises:

 

If less than 4,000 square feet floor area

1 per 200 square feet of gross floor area

If over 4,000 square feet floor area

20 plus 1 per 100 square feet of gross floor area in excess of 4,000 square feet

Fast food drive-in businesses

1 per 1,000 square feet of gross floor area

Furniture, appliance, hardware, clothing, shoe, personal service stores

1 per 600 square feet of gross floor area

Industrial:

 

Warehouses, storage and wholesale businesses

1 per 1,000 square feet of gross floor area

Public/Quasi-Public:

 

Banquet/meeting/reception, church/religious facility, funeral home/mortuary/memorial chapel

1 per 75 square feet of gross floor area in dining/lounge areas, or 1 space per 4 persons at occupancy load, whichever is greater

Community center

1 per 300 square feet of offices, plus 1 space per 100 square feet of weight rooms/workout and/or dance rooms, plus 1 space per 150 square feet of multipurpose activity rooms, plus 1 space per 100 square feet for restaurant/cafe or snack bar, plus 1 space per employee at maximum shift, plus additional for any stadiums/arenas or other uses

Day care operations

1 per 6 attendees at maximum capacity, plus 1 space per employee

Nonprofit organizations, social services

1 per 4 persons at maximum occupancy

Recreation:

 

Amusement parlors (video arcades)

1 per 200 square feet of gross floor area

Sports fields, public swimming pool

1 per 3 seats (18 inches of bench is equal to 1 seat)

Gymnasium

1 per 300 square feet of gross floor area

Health/fitness club, gym, aerobic studio

1 per 100 square feet of gross floor area of workout space (excluding pool). Retail, restaurant, etc., shall require additional parking per established standards.

Karate school/dance studio

1 per 100 square feet of gross floor area

Neighborhood park/picnic area

2 per picnic table

Shooting range

1 per practice station

Theater, live and movie

1 per 4 seats, plus 1 per employee

Tot lot/play area

1 per 100 square feet of play area

Government:

 

Government office, police station, fire station

1 per 300 square feet of gross floor area

Maintenance shop

1 per employee at maximum shift

Library, museum, art gallery, post office

1 per 300 square feet of gross floor area

Schools:

 

Schools, elementary and junior high

3 per classroom or 1 space per 3 seats in auditorium, whichever is greater

Schools, high

4 per classroom plus 1 space per employee and faculty member, 1 space per 3 seats in auditorium or stadium, whichever is greater

College, university, vocational/tech, or business school

1 per 400 square feet of gross floor area

(Ord. 1731 § 1 (Exh. A), 2020; Ord. 1347 § 1, 2009: Ord. 1256 § 1 (part), 2006: Ord. 1020 (part), 1997: Ord. 750 § 1, 1988: Ord. 601 § 2, 1984; Ord. 569 § 4, 1982: Ord. 336 § 4.02 (G), 1970).

18.16.091 Unlisted uses.

Table 18.16.090 does not necessarily cover all possible uses requiring parking within the city. Interpretation of parking requirements may be necessary relative to any unlisted uses. The CED director may require the application of parking standards to a use that is not accounted for in Table 18.16.090 using the best available information and professional judgment. (Ord. 1731 § 1 (Exh. A), 2020).

18.16.100 Off-street parking – Plans.

The plan of the proposed parking area shall be submitted to the building inspector at the time of the application for the building or use for which the parking area is required. Said plan shall clearly indicate the proposed development, including location, size, shape, design, curb cuts, lighting, landscaping, construction details, and other features and appurtenances required:

A. All traffic-control devices such as parking stripes designating car stalls, directional arrows or signs, bull rails, curbs, and other developments shall be installed and completed as shown on the approved plans. Hard-surfaced parking areas shall use paint or similar devices to delineate car stalls and directional arrows. Where pedestrian walks are used in parking lots for the use of foot traffic only, they shall be curbed, or raised six inches above the lot surface. All driveways, off-street parking areas and public off-street areas immediately adjacent to a service driveway which leads to a hard-surface public street shall be hard-surfaced with a minimum of two inches of asphaltic concrete, and for a driving distance of at least 50 feet from said service driveways.

B. Minimum dimensions of off-street parking areas shall be not less than shown on the table entitled Parking Lot Design Standards. Except that up to 50 percent of the parking space requirement can be satisfied with spaces designed to accommodate compact cars; provided, that these spaces measure at least nine feet by 15 feet for 90-degree pull-in parking, and that the dimensions of parallel and diagonal parking spaces be proportional to this nine-by-15-foot standard.

C. Landscaping shall be included as a part of lot design, pursuant to the requirements of the landscaping ordinance, codified in Chapter 18.18 NBMC and the design ordinance in Chapter 18.34 NBMC.

D. Screening shall be provided, pursuant to the requirements of the landscaping ordinance, codified in Chapter 18.18 NBMC and the design ordinance in Chapter 18.34 NBMC.

E. Lighting of areas provided for off-street parking shall be so arranged to not constitute a nuisance or hazard to passing traffic, and where such lots share a common boundary with any LDR or HDR classified property, the illuminating devices shall be so shaded and directed to play their light away from the LDR or HDR classified property and shall comply with the design ordinance in Chapter 18.34 NBMC.

F. Off-street parking uses, excluding single-family, accessory, cottage, duplex residential and commercial lots with no more than four spaces, shall not back onto the sidewalk or traveled area of public streets.

G. In the case of deed restricted affordable housing only, off-street parking requirements may be satisfied by use of parking spaces located on the public street or alley adjoining a residential or commercial site provided the road is improved to city standards and the width is sufficient to safely accommodate the parking and traffic in the sole determination of the city engineer. The use of adjoining public streets and alleys may only count for the deed restricted affordable units within the development, not the total units of a project if only some units are deed restricted, and shall not count for more than 50 percent of the total amount of parking required.

H. Maintenance of all areas provided for off-street parking shall include removal and replacement of dead and dying trees, grass and shrubs, removal of trash and weeds, and repair of traffic-control devices, signs, light standards, fences, walls, surfacing material, curbs and railings. (Ord. 1731 § 1 (Exh. A), 2020; Ord. 1347 § 2, 2009; Ord. 1256 § 1 (part), 2006: Ord. 1020 (part), 1997: Ord. 643 § 1, 1985; Ord. 450 §§ 1, 2, 1977; Ord. 336 § 4.02 (H), 1970).

18.16.101 Off-street parking on city-owned property – Generally.

When the CED director deems it to be in the best interest of the city, the CED director may authorize the use of the city-owned real property to satisfy all or a portion of the off-street parking requirement set forth in this chapter. Said use of city-owned property shall be authorized and allowed only in accordance with the provisions set forth in this chapter. (Ord. 1731 § 1 (Exh. A), 2020; Ord. 1256 § 1 (part), 2006: Ord. 1020 (part), 1997: Ord. 706 § 1, 1986).

18.16.102 Off-street parking on city-owned property – Application.

An applicant shall submit to the CED director a written request for use of city-owned property for off-street parking purposes. The plan shall be prepared in accordance with the provisions of NBMC 18.16.100 and shall include a statement as to the number of parking spaces the applicant needs to locate on city property in order to meet off-street parking requirements. The CED director, building inspector and city engineer shall review said plan and the CED director shall make an informed decision for approval or disapproval of the application subject to certain conditions. The CED director may condition any such approval on the payment of an appropriate in-lieu fee. (Ord. 1731 § 1 (Exh. A), 2020; Ord. 1256 § 1 (part), 2006: Ord. 1020 (part), 1997: Ord. 706 § 2, 1986).

18.16.103 Off-street parking on city-owned property – Approval or disapproval.

The CED director shall review the application and the written recommendations of the planning commission, building inspector and city engineer. If the CED director finds that the application will promote the public interest and further the general purposes of the city zoning ordinances, then the city council may approve the request of the applicant. If the city council finds that the application will not promote the public interest or will not further the general purposes of the city zoning ordinances, then the city council shall disapprove the application, or offer an in-lieu fee as an alternative. (Ord. 1731 § 1 (Exh. A), 2020; Ord. 1256 § 1 (part), 2006: Ord. 1020 (part), 1997: Ord. 706 § 3, 1986).

18.16.104 Off-street parking on city-owned property – Nonexclusive use.

The CED director’s approval of the applicant’s request for use of city-owned property for off-street parking shall not constitute a grant to the applicant of the right to exclusive use of said real property or a relinquishment, in whole or in part, of the city’s right to use any of said real property for public purposes. (Ord. 1731 § 1 (Exh. A), 2020; Ord. 1256 § 1 (part), 2006: Ord. 1020 (part), 1997: Ord. 706 § 4, 1986).

18.16.105 Off-street parking on city-owned property – Number of spaces required to be improved or in-lieu fee to be applied.

An applicant whose request is granted shall be required to develop and improve upon the city property the following number of parking spaces according to the following formula:

TS = (NS*2)

IC

Definitions:

TS = Total number of spaces to be built on city property (TS shall be rounded to the nearest whole number)

NS = Number of spaces needed to be built on city property to satisfy requirements of this chapter

If the CED director deems a fee in lieu of parking spaces created on public land is more appropriate than the parking itself, a fee shall be applied at a rate determined by the following formula:

IF = LC + IC

IF = Fee in lieu of parking spaces created on public land

LC = Land cost per parking space

IC = Improvement cost per parking space

For purposes of this formula, the “improvement costs” submitted by the applicant shall be reviewed and approved by the city engineer and shall be based upon prevailing wages, equipment and material costs at the time of review. The “land cost” shall be determined by the city engineer and approved by the CED director and shall be based upon a real estate appraisal prepared by a licensed appraiser at the sole expense of and at the direction of the applicant. (Ord. 1731 § 1 (Exh. A), 2020; Ord. 1256 § 1 (part), 2006: Ord. 1020 (part), 1997: Ord. 706 § 5, 1986).

18.16.106 Off-street parking on city-owned property – Improvements required.

An applicant whose request is approved to create parking on public lands shall install all improvements necessary to conform with the provisions of the North Bend zoning ordinances, and design and construction standards, including but not limited to paving, striping, landscaping, screening and installing storm drainage and lighting facilities, by either of the following:

A. By actual installation of the required improvements at the sole expense of the applicant, and to the satisfaction of the city engineer; or

B. In lieu of the actual construction of some or all of the required improvements, the CED director, in their discretion, may require payment to the city of an amount equal to the cost of said improvements. (Ord. 1731 § 1 (Exh. A), 2020; Ord. 1256 § 1 (part), 2006: Ord. 1020 (part), 1997: Ord. 706 § 6, 1986).

18.16.110 Loading areas.

Each off-street loading space shall measure not less than 30 feet by 12 feet and shall have an unobstructed height of 14 feet six inches, and shall be made permanently available for such purposes, and shall be surfaced, improved and maintained as required in NBMC 18.16.100. Required loading spaces shall be in conformance with the following tables:

Department stores, freight terminals, hospitals, sanitariums, industrial or manufacturing establishments, retail or wholesale stores or storage warehouses or any similar use which has or intends to have 10,000 square feet or more shall provide complete off-street truck loading or unloading berths:

Square feet of aggregate gross floor area

Required number of berths

10,000 to 15,999

1

16,000 to 39,999

2

40,000 to 65,000

3

For each additional 16,000

1 additional

Auditoriums, convention or exhibit halls, sports arenas, hotels, office buildings, restaurants or similar uses which have or intend to have an aggregate gross floor area of 40,000 square feet or more shall provide complete off-street truck loading or unloading berths:

Square feet of aggregate gross floor area

Required number of berths

40,000 to 59,999

1

60,000 to 99,999

2

100,000 to 160,000

3

For each additional 60,000

1 additional

(Ord. 1256 § 1 (part), 2006: Ord. 1020 (part), 1997: Ord. 336 § 4.03, 1970).