Chapter 17C.60
INTERNATIONAL FIRE CODE Revised 1/17 Revised 2/17 Revised 3/18 Revised 4/18 Revised 12/18

Sections:

17C.60.010    Adoption of International Fire Code.

17C.60.020    Conflicts with Other Codes.

17C.60.025    Code Defined Terms. Revised 1/17

17C.60.030    Definitions. Revised 1/17

17C.60.050    General. Revised 1/17

17C.60.051    Appointment. Revised 1/17

17C.60.070    Investigations.

17C.60.085    Permit Fees. Revised 2/17

17C.60.090    Commercial Inspection Program (CIP) Inspection Fees.

17C.60.100    Building and Fire Codes Board of Appeals.

17C.60.110    Compliance with Tags. Revised 1/17

17C.60.120    Violations and Penalties. Revised 1/17

17C.60.121    Failure to Comply.

17C.60.130    Biodiesel Production Prohibited in Residential Occupancies. Revised 1/17

17C.60.150    Emergency Vehicle Access. Revised 1/17 Revised 12/18

17C.60.160    Fire Flow Requirements. Revised 1/17

17C.60.165    Minimum Standards for Fire Flows, Water Mains and Fire Hydrants. Revised 1/17

17C.60.180    Automatic Sprinkler Systems for Group R Occupancies. Revised 1/17

17C.60.185    Automatic Sprinkler Systems for Other Occupancies. Revised 1/17

17C.60.230    Fireworks. Revised 1/17 Revised 3/18 Revised 4/18 Revised 12/18

17C.60.240    Public Display. Revised 1/17

17C.60.250    Severability.

17C.60.010 Adoption of International Fire Code.

There is adopted for the purpose of prescribing regulations governing conditions hazardous to life and property from fire and explosion in all of the unincorporated areas of Pierce County, and in the incorporated towns and cities of the County where requested and agreed to by contract, the edition of the International Fire Code currently or hereafter, adopted and amended by the State Building Code Council and included in Chapters 51-54 Washington Administrative Code. The effective date of subsequent editions of the International Fire Code in Pierce County shall coincide with the effective date of their adoption and amendment by the State Building Code Council. (Ord. 2004-30s § 4 (part), 2004)

17C.60.020 Conflicts with Other Codes.

In case of conflict among the Codes enumerated in PCC 17C.10.010, the first named Code shall govern over those following. (Ord. 2004-30s § 4 (part), 2004)

17C.60.025 Code Defined Terms. Revised 1/17

Any word italicized has a defined meaning in the International Codes. Refer to the definition section of the appropriate International Codes for definitions. (Ord. 2016-85s § 1 (part), 2016)

17C.60.030 Definitions. Revised 1/17

Area Separation. Each portion of a building separated by one or more fire walls without openings, constructed in accordance with the International Building Code, are considered as separate fire-flow calculation areas. Fire walls are not permitted to reduce the fire-flow calculation area of dwellings.

Fire Code Official. Wherever the words "fire code official" appear in the International Fire Code or this Chapter, they shall mean Fire Marshal of the Office of Fire Prevention and Arson Control (also known as the Fire Prevention Bureau) and their duly authorized representatives.

Fire Flow. "Fire flow" is the quantity of water in gallons per minute (GPM) needed to control an anticipated fire in a building or group of buildings or at a facility.

Fire Marshal. "Fire Marshal" shall mean the Director of the Pierce County Office of Fire Prevention and Arson Control (Fire Prevention Bureau) and their duly authorized representatives.

G.P.M. "G.P.M." shall mean gallons per minute.

Jurisdiction. Wherever the word "jurisdiction" is used in the International Fire Code, it shall mean unincorporated Pierce County and contract cities and towns.

New Additions to Existing Water Systems. "New Additions to Existing Water Systems" shall mean all additions to existing water systems except the addition of one hydrant that will meet the flow requirement, with no line extension. New additions shall include, but not be limited to, water main extensions, additional storage facilities, and replacement of existing water mains.

P.S.I. "P.S.I." shall mean pounds per square inch.

Permit, Construction. "Permit, Construction" means a permit required by Section 105.7 of the International Fire Code for installation, modification or removal of systems and equipment.

Permit, Prescribed. "Permit, Prescribed" means a permit required by Section 105.6 of the International Fire Code allowing an activity, operation, practice or function within specified beginning and ending dates not to exceed one year in duration.

Permit, Renewable. "Permit, Renewable" means a permit required by Section 105.6 of the International Fire Code allowing a continual activity, operation, practice or function.

Rural Area. "Rural area" means those areas not designated as urban by the Pierce County Comprehensive Plan.

Substantial Alteration. "Substantial alteration" applies only to structures legally constructed prior to November 16, 1992, and is any of the following conditions:

1.    Residential Projects:

a.    Cumulative square footage addition to an existing building of 50 percent or more. All square footage included in the building permit application shall be included in this calculation. Such additions shall be cumulative (toward the substantial alteration threshold) from November 16, 1992, forward.

b.    A change in the use or character of an existing building to a more intensive use based on the proposed development column of Table 17C.60.150-1.

c.    Cumulative replacement or remodel of 50 percent or more of the existing square footage. Such replacement or remodel shall be cumulative (toward the substantial alteration threshold) from November 16, 1992, forward.

2.    Commercial Projects:

a.    Cumulative square footage addition to an existing building of 50 percent or more. All square footage included in the building permit application shall be included in this calculation. Such additions shall be cumulative (toward the substantial alteration threshold) from November 16, 1992, forward.

b.    A change in the use or character of an existing building to a more intense use based on IBC Table 503.

c.    Cumulative replacement or remodel of 50 percent or more of the existing square footage. Such replacement or remodel shall be cumulative (toward the substantial alteration threshold) from November 16, 1992, forward.

d.    Alteration, remodel or structural change to a building, the permit valuation for which exceeds 50 percent of the current permit valuation of the existing building. Current valuation shall be determined by the Building Official based on the cost per square foot values in effect at the time of permit application.

Unprotected Parcel. An "unprotected parcel" is a parcel that is not included in a fire protection tax district.

Urban Area. "Urban area" means those areas so designated as urban on the "Generalized Proposed Land Use Map" of the Pierce County Comprehensive Plan.

(Ord. 2016-85s § 1 (part), 2016; Ord. 2015-55s § 2 (part), 2015; Ord. 2008-107 § 2 (part), 2008; Ord. 2004-30s § 4 (part), 2004)

17C.60.050 General. Revised 1/17

Section 103.1 of the International Fire Code is deleted in its entirety and replaced as follows:

Section 103.1 General. The Division of Fire Prevention and Arson Control (Fire Prevention Bureau) is hereby created per PCC 2.06.010 M.6. and the official in charge thereof shall be known as the Fire Marshal. The provisions of the International Fire Code listed in Chapter 17C.60 PCC shall be administered by the Fire Marshal.

(Ord. 2016-85s § 1 (part), 2016; Ord. 2004-30s § 4 (part), 2004)

17C.60.051 Appointment. Revised 1/17

Section 103.2 of the International Fire Code is deleted in its entirety and replaced as follows:

Section 103.2 Appointment. The Fire Marshal shall be appointed by the Pierce County Executive or the Director of Emergency Management.

(Ord. 2016-85s § 1 (part), 2016; Ord. 2004-30s § 4 (part), 2004)

17C.60.070 Investigations.

Section 104.10 of the International Fire Code is deleted in its entirety and replaced with the following:

A.    The Fire Prevention Bureau shall investigate the origin, cause and circumstances of fires occurring within unincorporated Pierce County and Contract Cities and Towns as required by RCW 43.44.050. The Fire Marshal shall establish protocols and/or policies with respect to fire investigation responsibilities.

Any Fire Protection District that investigates a fire, and finds that the fire involves personal injury or loss of life, or destruction to or damage of property, or is of undetermined origin, or of a suspicious nature, or a recognized arson, shall immediately contact the Fire Prevention Bureau in accordance with established protocols and/or policies. If the Fire Prevention Bureau has reasonable cause to believe that arson or criminal activity is connected with the fire, then the Fire Prevention Bureau will report its findings to the Pierce County Sheriff's Department or appropriate local law enforcement agency. The Pierce County Sheriff's Department or appropriate local law enforcement agency shall take primary responsibility for any suspicious or known arson fire investigation, may take immediate possession and charge of all physical evidence relating to the fire, and shall investigate the fire.

The Fire Protection District and the Fire Prevention Bureau shall assist the Sheriff's Department or appropriate local law enforcement agency throughout the investigation.

B.    All investigations declined by the Pierce County Sheriff's Department for insufficient evidence shall be returned to the Fire Prevention Bureau for further investigation as may be required.

(Ord. 2008-107 § 2 (part), 2008; Ord. 2004-30s § 4 (part), 2004)

17C.60.085 Permit Fees. Revised 2/17

Section 105.8 of the International Fire Code is added to read as follows:

A.    105.8 Permit Fees. A fee as specified in Table 17C.60-1 shall be charged for each required permit. Construction permit fees for fire protection systems shall be in accordance with Table 17C.10-1-F.

Table 17C.60-1. Permit Types and Fees*

Permit

Type

Fee*

Aerosol Products

Renewable

Included

Amusement Buildings

Renewable

Included

Commercial (Haunted House, etc.)

Prescribed

$275.00

School (Haunted House, etc.)

Prescribed

$137.50

Battery Systems

Renewable

Included

Candles or Open Flame in Assembly Area

Prescribed

$151.25

Renewable

Included

Carnivals and Fairs, etc. – Outdoors:

Carnival – Commercial

Prescribed

$275.00

Fair, Bazaars, Flea-Marts:

Booths or Displays:    0 – 10

Prescribed

$151.25

    11 – 25

Prescribed

$151.25

    26 – 50

Prescribed

$151.25

    50 +

Prescribed

$275.00

Special Event – Outdoors

Prescribed

$275.00

Cellulose Nitrate Film

Renewable

Included

Combustible Dust Producing Operations

Renewable

Included

Combustible Fibers

Renewable

Included

Combustible Material Storage

Renewable

Included

Compressed Gases

Renewable

Included

Prescribed

$275.00

Construction

$275.00

Covered Mall Buildings:

Kiosks/Concession/Booths/etc.

Renewable

Included

Use Open Flame, etc.

Prescribed

$137.50

Display Liquid or Gas Filled Equipment

Prescribed

$137.50

Cryogenic Fluids

Renewable

Included

Prescribed

$275.00

Cutting and Welding

Renewable

Included

Prescribed

$137.50

Dry Cleaning Plants

Renewable

Included

Exhibits and Trade Shows

Booths or Displays:    0 – 25

Prescribed

$151.25

    26 – 50

Prescribed

$151.25

    51 +

Prescribed

$302.50

Explosives

Renewable

Included

Prescribed

$275.00

Fireworks Discharge (1.4G)

Prescribed

$110.00

Fireworks Display (1.3G)

Prescribed

$110.00

Fireworks Stand

Prescribed

$100.00 or fee allowed by RCW 70.77

Flammable/Combustible Liquids – Pipeline, Operate

Renewable

Included

Flammable/Combustible Liquids – Store, Handle, Use

Renewable

Included

Prescribed

$275.00

Flammable/Combustible Liquids – Remove or Abandon Tank

Construction

$275.00

(First Tank, $151.25 ea addt'l)

(Residential Heating Oil)

Construction

($151.25)

Flammable/Combustible Liquids – Tank, Piping Equipment, etc./Construct, Install, Alter, etc.

Construction

$412.50

(First Tank, $137.50 ea addt'l)

Flammable/Combustible Liquids – Tank Vehicles

Prescribed

$275.00

Flammable/Combustible Liquids – Change Contents

Prescribed

$137.50

Floor Finishing

Prescribed

$275.00

Fruit and Crop Ripening

Renewable

Included

Fumigation and Thermal Insecticidal Fogging

Renewable

Included

Hazardous Material – Store, Handle, Use

Renewable

Included

Prescribed

$275.00

Hazardous Material – Remove, Abandon, Tank

Construction

$275.00

(First Tank, $137.50 ea addt'l)

Hazardous Material – Tank, Piping, Equipment, etc./Install, alter, etc.

Construction

$275.00

(First Tank $137.50 ea addt'l)

Hazardous Material – Change Contents

Prescribed

$137.50

High Piled Combustible Storage

Renewable

Included

Hot-work Operations

Renewable

Included

Prescribed

$137.50

Industrial Ovens

Renewable

Included

Construction

$275.00

Inspection Only

Construction

$151.25

Liquefied Petroleum Gases – Tank-Install:

0 – 500 Gallons

Construction

$137.50

501 – 10,000

Construction

$275.00

10,001 +

Construction

$275.00

Liquefied Petroleum Gases – Dispensing

Construction

$275.00

Liquefied Petroleum Gases – Tank-Maintain

Renewable

Included

Liquefied Petroleum Gases – Tank Vehicle

Prescribed

$275.00

Liquid or Gas Fueled Vehicles/Equipment in Bldg.

Prescribed

$275.00

Lumber Yards and Woodworking Plants

Renewable

Included

Magnesium Working

Renewable

Included

Motor Vehicle Fuel – Dispensing

Renewable

Included

Construction

$137.50 per dispenser

Open Burning

Prescribed

$137.50

Organic Coatings

Renewable

Included

Place of Assembly

Renewable

Included

Place of Assembly –

School Carnival or Fair

Prescribed

$151.25

Other Special Event

Prescribed

$151.25

Pyrotechnical Special Effects Material

Prescribed

$275.00

Pyroxylin Plastics

Renewable

Included

Refrigeration Equipment

Renewable

Included

Repair Garages

Renewable

Included

Rooftop Heliports

Renewable

Included

Spraying or Dipping

Renewable

Included

Temporary Membrane Structures, Tents and Canopies:

2,000 square feet or less

Prescribed and Construction

$137.50

2,001 square feet or more

Prescribed and Construction

$275.00

Tire-rebuilding Plants

Renewable

Included

Tire Storage:

201 to 2,499 tires

Prescribed

$275.00

2,500 or more tires

Prescribed

$275.00

Waste Handling

Renewable

Included

Wood Products

Renewable

Included

*    The word "Included" in the fee column indicates that the fees for renewable permits are included as a part of Commercial Inspection Program fees.

B.    Additional Plan Review Fees. A fee will be charged for additional plan review for each resubmittal, beyond the first, to correct errors or omissions noted during a previous review or when additional plan review is required due to changes, additions or revisions of previously approved plans. The fee shall be 50 percent of the plan review fee on Table 17C.10-1-F or 25 percent of the fee on Table 17C.60-1, but in no case less than $50.00.

C.     Late Submittal Fees. A fee will be charged if application for permit is made after the required application date for firework stands or less than 15 business days in advance of the event date for all other applications in Table 17C.60-1. The fee for late submittal is $100.00.

D.    Reinspection Fees. Reinspection fees in accordance with Section 17C.10.090 shall be charged when such portion of work for which inspection is called is not complete or when corrections called for are not made.

E.    Investigation Fee. Whenever any work for which a permit is required by this Code has started without first obtaining the required permit, a special investigation shall be made before a permit may be issued for such work. An investigation fee, in addition to the permit fee, shall be collected whether or not a permit is then or subsequently issued. The investigation fee shall be equal to the amount of the permit fee required by Code. The minimum investigation fee shall be the same as the minimum fee for that work but no less than $250.00 nor more than $5,000.00. The payment of such investigation fee shall not exempt any person from compliance with all other provisions of this Code nor from any penalty prescribed by law.

F.    "Inspection Only" Permit Fee. An Inspection Only Permit shall be required when unique installations in new construction require an inspection to ensure Code compliance. The Inspection Only Permit will track the inspection process to ensure compliance prior to occupancy. If multiple Inspection Only Permits are required for the same building, they shall be included in one permit and fee. A fee of $110.00 shall be charged, to include the permit(s) and inspection.

G.    After-Hours Inspection Fee. After-hours inspection means an inspection authorized or required pursuant to the International Fire Code for which it is necessary for the convenience of the permittee to have an inspection conducted outside of normal business hours. The Fire Prevention Bureau shall charge an additional fee (in addition to other permit fees) of $80.00 per hour, with one-hour minimum, with additional time to be computed in quarter hour increments, and to include travel time, PROVIDED, school sponsored events at public and private elementary and middle schools shall be exempt from the After Hours Inspection Fee.

(Ord. 2016-71 § 1 (part), 2016; Ord. 2015-63 § 1 (part), 2015; Ord. 2008-107 § 2 (part), 2008; Ord. 2006-118 § 1, 2006; Ord. 2004-116 § 1, 2004; Ord. 2004-30s § 4 (part), 2004)

17C.60.090 Commercial Inspection Program (CIP) Inspection Fees.

Section 106.1 of the International Fire Code is hereby amended by addition of the following subsections:

A.    Inspection Fees. There is hereby imposed an inspection fee for the Commercial Inspection Program (CIP), as shown in Table 17C.60-2, for all fire and life safety inspections performed pursuant to the provisions of the International Fire Code, as now enacted or hereafter amended.

The inspection fee shall include the original inspection, and two reinspections (for the purpose of ensuring the correction of any deficiencies noted during the original inspection). If additional reinspections are necessary (to ensure correction of any deficiency or defect) the Fire Prevention Bureau shall charge a fee of $80.00 per hour with a one-hour minimum and, with additional time to be computed in quarter hour increments.

B.    International Fire Code Permits. Fees for renewable International Fire Code permits associated with fire and life safety inspections as described in Section 106.1 shall be included as a part of the inspection fee charged under this Section.

C.    After-Hours Inspection Fee. After-hours inspection means an inspection authorized or required pursuant to the International Fire Code for which it is necessary for the convenience of the permittee to have an inspection conducted outside of normal business hours.

The Fire Prevention Bureau shall charge an additional fee (in addition to other permit fees) of $80.00 per hour, with a one-hour minimum, with additional time to be computed in quarter hour increments, and to include travel time.

TABLE 17C.60-2

Square Footage

Fee

Under 500

$55.00

500 to 999

$60.00

1,000 to 1,999

$70.00

2,000 to 2,999

$75.00

3,000 to 3,999

$78.00

4,000 to 4,999

$80.00

5,000 to 5,999

$86.00

6,000 to 6,999

$90.00

7,000 to 7,999

$92.00

8,000 to 8,999

$98.00

9,000 to 9,999

$103.00

10,000 to 14,999

$118.00

15,000 to 19,999

$120.00

20,000 to 24,999

$138.00

25,000 to 29,999

$150.00

30,000 to 34,999

$167.00

35,000 to 39,999

$184.00

40,000 to 49,999

$195.00

50,000 to 74,999

$230.00

75,000 to 99,999

$320.00

100,000 to 149,999

$405.00

150,000 to 199,999

$550.00

200,000 and up

$665.00

(Ord. 2008-107 § 2 (part), 2008; Ord. 2006-118 § 2, 2006; Ord. 2004-116 § 2, 2004; Ord. 2004-30s § 4 (part), 2004)

17C.60.100 Building and Fire Codes Board of Appeals.

Section 108 of the International Fire Code is deleted in its entirety and replaced by 17C.10.060. (Ord. 2004-30s § 4 (part), 2004)

17C.60.110 Compliance with Tags. Revised 1/17

Section 109.2.1 is added to the International Fire Code to read as follows:

109.2.1 Compliance with tags. A building, premises, equipment, fixture or device shall not be used when in violation of this code as noted on a tag affixed in accordance with this section.

(Ord. 2016-85s § 1 (part), 2016; Ord. 2004-30s § 4 (part), 2004)

17C.60.120 Violations and Penalties. Revised 1/17

Section 109.4 of the International Fire Code is deleted in its entirety and replaced as follows:

A.    Any person who shall violate any of the provisions of the International Fire Code or this Chapter, or fail to comply therewith, or who shall violate or fail to comply with any order made thereunder, or who shall build in violation of any detailed specifications or plans submitted and approved thereunder, or any permit issued thereunder, and from which no appeal has been taken, or who shall fail to comply with such an order, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not more than $1,000.00 or by imprisonment for not more than 90 days, or by both such fine and imprisonment. The imposition of one penalty for any violation shall not excuse the violation or permit it to continue; and all such persons shall be required to correct or remedy such violations or defects within a reasonable time as specified by the Fire Marshal; and when not otherwise specified, each day that prohibited conditions are maintained shall constitute a separate offense.

B.    Civil Infraction. Failure to comply with any permit or written order or decision issued pursuant to the Construction and Infrastructure Regulations in Title 17C PCC constitutes a Class 1 civil infraction as defined in Chapter 1.16 PCC. It shall be a separate offense for any person not authorized by the Fire Marshal to remove, mutilate, destroy or conceal any notice issued or posted by the Fire Marshal, or his or her representative, pursuant to the provisions of this Code.

C.    The application of the above penalties shall not be held to prevent the enforced removal of prohibited conditions.

D.    Citation System. The International Fire Code is amended by the addition of the following Citation System, designed to implement effective enforcement of the International Fire Code:

Fire Prevention Bureau employees, designated in writing by the Fire Marshal, may, whenever the employee has reasonable cause to believe that a person has committed a misdemeanor under this Chapter, issue a notice to appear in Court (citation) for a hearing on the charge. Inspectors shall be instructed to deposit executed citations or notices with the Clerk of the District Court, after review for legal sufficiency. The bail schedule shall be as follows:

I.F.C. Section

Offense

Bail

109.2.1

Noncompliance with Order or Notice

$1,000.00

109.2.1

Unlawful Use with Tag Affixed

1,000.00

109.4

Unlawful Removal and Destruction of Signs and Tags

1,000.00

All other violations are:

150.00

Court costs may also be assessed as directed by the Court.

Section 109.3.1 is retained.

(Ord. 2016-85s § 1 (part), 2016; Ord. 2008-107 § 2 (part), 2008; Ord. 2004-30s § 4 (part), 2004)

17C.60.121 Failure to Comply.

Section 111.4 of the International Fire Code is amended to read as follows:

111.4 Failure to comply. Any person who shall continue any work after having been served with a stop work order, except such work as that person is directed to perform to remove a violation or unsafe condition, shall be subject to penalties listed in PCC 17C.60.120.

(Ord. 2004-30s § 4 (part), 2004)

17C.60.130 Biodiesel Production Prohibited in Residential Occupanies. Revised 1/17

The production, processing or manufacturing of biodiesel fuel is hereby prohibited in all residential occupancies and their accessory structures. Biodiesel production, processing or manufacturing in any other occupancy class shall require an approved permit or permits. (Ord. 2016-85s § 1 (part), 2016; Ord. 2008-107 § 2 (part), 2008; 2004-30s § 4 (part), 2004)

17C.60.150 Emergency Vehicle Access. Revised 1/17 Revised 12/18

Section 503.1 through 503.4 of the International Fire Code (IFC) are deleted and replaced as follows:

A.    Applicability. Emergency Vehicle Access (EV Access) shall be provided and maintained in accordance with this Chapter for any parcel(s) of land improved with building(s) or facilities. EV Access shall be required for every building, portion of a building, or facility that is located more than 150 feet from the edge of the driving surface of a public or private road or shared access facility providing access, as measured in an approved route around the exterior of the building or facility. If a private road or shared access facility leading to a subject property is a dead-end longer than 300 feet without an approved turnaround, an approved turnaround is required on the subject property or approved alternative location. See Figures 17C.60.150-1 and 17C.60.150-5.

B.    Modifications or Exceptions.

1.    Residential: EV Access shall not be required for the following:

a.    Residential accessory buildings such as private garages, carports, and sheds that are 3,000 square feet or less, and separated from other structures by at least 10 feet.

b.    Additions, remodels, or alterations of existing structures if the proposed change is not a "Substantial Alteration" per PCC 17C.60.030.

2.    Non-Residential: EV Access shall not be required for the following:

a.    Towers and water tanks.

b.    Additions, remodels, or alterations of existing structures if the proposed change is not a "Substantial Alteration" per PCC 17C.60.030.

c.    Agriculture/aquaculture buildings that meet the exemption for fire flow.

d.    Structures for the sole purpose of storing mineral products such as salt, sand or rock for maintenance purposes.

e.    Buildings that are 600 square feet or less and meet all of the following criteria:

(1)    Separated from other structures by greater than 20 feet.

(2)    Separated from property lines by greater than 10 feet.

(3)    Not classified as group R, H or I occupancies as defined by the International Building Code (IBC).

3.    Sprinklered buildings or facilities are permitted to modify EV Access minimum width per Table 17C.60.150-1.

4.    When an EV Access cannot be installed in conformance with these standards due to non-negotiable grades, critical areas, dimensions of the property, or other similar conditions, the Fire Marshal may allow a modification to these standards. This authorization shall be made through the "Alternate Methods or Materials" procedure established by the IFC.

C.    Relationship with Road Standards. As depicted in Figure 17C.60.150-1, EV access standards contained in this Chapter are applicable within and on a subject property. Public or private roads or shared access facilities that lead to the subject property and provide access over other properties via easements or County right-of-way shall meet the standards in Title 17B PCC, Construction and Infrastructure Regulations, and shall be maintained to standard.

D.    Administration.

1.    A site plan shall be submitted to Pierce County in accordance with the site plan submittal standards for the proposed building permit. EV Access design shall be identified on the site plan and approved by the Fire Marshal prior to the issuance of the building permit.

2.    The applicant shall have the EV Access constructed in compliance with the conditions of the permit before the project will receive final inspection approval.

3.    Failure to construct and/or maintain the EV Access as approved shall result in the imposition of penalties under this Chapter.

E.    EV Access Requirements.

1.    EV Access standards are as shown in Table 17C.60.150-1 and Figures 17C.60.150-1 through -6.

2.    A dead-end EV Access in excess of 150 feet in length shall be provided with a turnaround. The turnaround shall be provided within 150 feet of the end of the EV Access. See Figures 17C.60.150-4 and -5.

3.    Bridges that provide EV Access must be capable of carrying a minimum design load of H-20 per "Standard Specifications for Highway Bridges", as adopted by the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, AASHTO. A building permit is required by the County for the installation of a bridge. The County may require that the capacity of bridges and structures be certified by a licensed structural engineer.

4.    EV Access with a gate shall meet the requirements of PCC 17B.10.102. Gates exempt from PCC 17B.10.102 shall meet the requirements of IFC 503.5 and 503.6.

5.    EV Access grades that are 12 percent or greater shall be paved per Figure 17C.60.150-2. When grades are 15 percent or greater, an approved National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) fire sprinkler system shall be provided for all habitable buildings, and a letter of understanding provided by the Fire Marshal's office shall be recorded at the Pierce County Auditor's office. EV Access that exceeds the maximum 19 percent shall meet the requirements of PCC 17C.60.150 B.4. above.

6.    EV Access shall not be obstructed in any manner, including parking of vehicles. Minimum required widths and clearances established under these standards shall be maintained at all times.

F.    Special Provisions.

1.    Signing and striping. When required by the County, approved signs as guided by IFC Appendix D103.6 or approved pavement striping shall be provided and maintained by the property owner to identify and prohibit the obstruction of fire department access.

2.    Traffic Control Measures. Traffic control measures such as speed bumps or speed humps shall be permitted through the "Alternate Methods or Materials" procedure established by the IFC. Example speed bump and speed hump designs can be found on the Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE) website.

3.    Access locations. When it is determined that a single EV Access may be impaired by vehicle congestion, condition of terrain, or other factors, the Fire Marshal may require multiple EV Access locations, guided by IFC Appendix D104, D106, and D107.

4.    Aerial Access. Apartment, townhome and commercial structures three stories and greater or exceeding 30 feet in height, as measured to the top of the parapet wall or to the peak of the roof, shall have approved aerial apparatus access roads guided by IFC Appendix D105.2 – D105.4. See Figure 17C.60.150-6.

NEW Table 17C.60.150-1. Emergency Vehicle Access (1) Requirements

Proposed Development

ADT (2)

Width (minimum driving surface)

Width (minimum driving surface with sprinklers) (6)

Grade %

Surface

Vertical Clearance (minimum)

Minimum Turning Radii

Figure #

Inside

Outside

Single family home

Single family home + Mother-in-Law

Home Occupation

≤10

15'

12'

With 2' clear area (5)

13.5'

20'

45'

2,3

<12

CSTC (3)

≥12 to <15

Paved (4)

≥15 to ≥19

Paved (4,6)

Single family home + ADU

Duplex

≤20

18'

15' if one home is sprinklered, 12' with 2' clear area (5) if both are sprinklered

13.5'

20'

45'

2,3

<12

CSTC (3)

≥12 to <15

Paved (4)

≥15 to ≥19

Paved (4,6)

Cottage Industries

Adult family home (4)

≤40

20'

18' driving surface

13.5'

20'

45'

2

<12

CSTC (3)

≥12 to <15

Paved (4)

≥15 to ≥19

Paved (4,6)

Multi-family 3 or more units including townhomes

Commercial Use

Mobile Home Park, Condominium

≤40

24' (7,8)

22'

13.5'

20'

45'

2,6

<15

Paved (4)

≥15 to ≤19

Paved (4,6)

Non-residential picnic shelters, playsheds, and similar recreational structures intended for public use open on at least 3 sides and 2,500 square feet or less

N/A

5' medical response access

5' medical response access

13.5'

N/A

N/A

≤12

Paved

Notes:

(1)    EV access driveway standards are applicable within and on a single lot, and not located within ingress/egress easements. See PCC 17B.10.040 for additional information on applicability of Construction and Infrastructure Regulations.

(2)    Average Daily Trips by vehicle – typical development column shall supercede ADT for determination of applicable standards.

(3)    Crushed surfacing top course gravel.

(4)     Surface shall be either Portland Cement Concrete (PCC), Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA), or pervious pavement per the Pierce County Stormwater Manual. Grasscrete is not allowed.

(5)     The cleared area must be maintained on each side of the minimum driving surface, be at the same grade, and be free of obstructions such as trees or large boulders. See Figure 17C.60.150-3.

(6)     These structure(s) must have an approved National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) fire sprinkler system installed.

(7)     One way EV access shall be a minimum of 16' when sprinklered, 20' without sprinklers.

(8)     In order to accommodate ladder trucks, multi-family and commercial structures three stories and greater or over 30' in height shall have access roads in accordance with International Fire Code Appendix D105.

FIGURE 17C.60.150-1 – Applicability of Titles 17B and 17C PCC
FIGURE 17C.60.150-2 – EV Access Driveway Section and Minimum Curve Radius
FIGURE 17C.60.150-3 – 12 Foot Driving Surface with 2 Foot Clear Area
FIGURE 17C.60.150-4 – EV Access Driveway Turnaround Requirement
FIGURE 17C.60.150-5 – EV Access Turnaround Options
FIGURE 17C.60.150-6 – Aerial Apparatus Access Roads (AAAR)

(Ord. 2018-68s § 2 (part), 2018; Ord. 2016-85s § 1 (part), 2016; Ord. 2015-55s § 2 (part), 2015; Ord. 2008-107 § 2 (part), 2008; Ord. 2004-30s § 4 (part), 2004)

17C.60.160 Fire Flow Requirements. Revised 1/17

Sections 507.3 and 507.5.1 of the International Fire Code are deleted in their entirety and replaced with the following:

A.    Scope. This Section addresses fire flow requirements for all buildings, portions of buildings, alterations to buildings, substantial alterations to all buildings, and facilities hereafter constructed. The requirements of this Section shall supersede any conditions, notes, or requirements on any plat when the Fire Marshal finds it creates a serious threat to the public health, safety, or welfare. Nothing in this Section shall be deemed to reduce, replace or waive any water system requirements in PCC 17C.60.165 or any other Pierce County Code.

B.    Fire Flow Standards.

1.    Water mains supplying fire flow shall maintain a minimum residual pressure of not less than 20 pounds per square inch (PSI) automatically.

2.    A Certificate of Water Availability and water system vicinity map that is signed by the water purveyor shall be submitted at the time of building permit application unless waived by the Building Official or Fire Marshal.

3.    The fire-flow calculation area shall be the total floor area of all floor levels within the exterior walls and under the horizontal projections of the roof of a building with consideration to the following:

a.    Buildings with Type IA and IB construction shall use the area of the three largest successive floors.

b.    Open parking garages shall be determined by the area of the largest floor.

c.    Any building constructed in the IRC located within 10 feet of another building on the same lot shall be considered as one fire flow calculation area unless separated by a fire wall.

d.    Any building constructed in the IBC located within 20 feet of another building on the same lot shall be considered as one fire flow calculation area unless separated by a fire wall.

e.    Each portion of a building separated by one or more fire walls without openings, constructed in accordance with the International Building Code, are considered as separate fire flow calculation areas.

f.    Fire walls are not permitted to reduce the fire flow calculation area within dwellings.

C.    Fire Flow Requirements for Facilities. Facilities shall be provided with a minimum of 1,500 GPM for two hours. The requirement may be modified by the Fire Marshal per the International Fire Code, Appendix B.103.

D.    Fire Flow Requirements for Buildings. Prior to the issuance of a building permit for any building, portion of a building, alteration to a building, or substantial alteration thereto, fire flow shall be provided in the amount required by this Section. Fire flow shall be automatically available and supplied at a residual pressure of not less than 20 PSI.

1.    Residential Buildings.

a.    Dwellings and Accessory Structures with Habitable Space. The fire flow requirements for dwellings and accessory structures with habitable space shall be as follows:

(1)    Fire flow calculation area of less than 3,600 square feet shall be 750 GPM for 45 minutes;

(2)    Fire flow calculation area of 3,600 square feet or more shall be 1,000 GPM for one hour.

(3)    For replacement of manufactured and mobile homes in a park, fire flow is not required if all of the following are met:

(a)    It is a like for like replacement (i.e., double wide for double wide) including existing approved structures;

(b)    The home has a Class A or B roof; and

(c)    There shall be a minimum of six-foot clearance between the home and any adjacent home.

b.    Accessory structures less than 3,600 square feet of non-habitable space.

(1)    The fire flow requirements for accessory structures less than 3,600 square feet shall be 750 GPM for 45 minutes.

(2)    Exceptions to fire flow requirements:

(a)    Buildings set back from all side and rear property lines of at least 20 feet and a minimum of 30 feet from other buildings on the same lot.

(b)    Additions to legally established buildings which were constructed prior to January 1, 2017, and are a minimum of 20 feet from side and rear property lines and 10 feet from any other buildings.

c.    Accessory structures 3,600 square feet or greater of non-habitable space.

(1)    The fire flow requirements for accessory structures with a fire flow calculation area of 3,600 square feet or more shall be per Table 17C.60-3.

(2)    When fire walls are constructed in accordance with area separation to reduce the size of the fire flow calculation area to less than 3,600 square feet, the fire flow requirement shall be 750 GPM for 45 minutes.

d.    Agricultural Buildings.

(1)    The fire flow requirements for agricultural buildings (Group U) shall be 750 GPM for 45 minutes;

(2)    Exception to fire flow requirements:

(a)    The structure is set back from the side and rear lot lines of at least 30 feet and is at least 30 feet from other buildings on the same lot; and

(b)    The structure does not house permanently stationed employees.

2.    Buildings Constructed in the International Building Code and all Townhomes and Accessory Structures 3,600 Square Feet or Greater. The fire flow and duration requirements shall be as specified in Table 17C.60-3. Reductions to the required fire flow are permitted for an approved fire sprinkler system as follows:

a.    Sprinkler Reductions.

(1)    Installation of an NFPA 13 fire sprinkler system reduces the fire flow requirement by 75 percent, except for H occupancies which are reduced by 50 percent.

(2)    Installation of an NFPA 13R fire sprinkler system reduces the fire flow requirement by 50 percent.

(3)    Installation of an NFPA 13D fire sprinkler system reduces the fire flow requirement by 25 percent.

3.    Buildings with less than 3,600 square feet may be constructed without fire flow applying the following provisions to the entire structure:

a.    NFPA 72 monitored fire alarm;

b.    Thirty-foot minimum setbacks to all property lines and buildings on the same property; and

c.    Located within a Fire District.

E.    Exceptions to Fire Flow. The following exceptions apply to fire flow requirements for new buildings or substantial alterations thereto:

1.    Fire protection credits as described in Table 17C.60-5 may be used in lieu of providing fire flow on lots which are one gross acre or more.

2.    Fire protection credits as described in Table 17C.60-5 may be used in lieu of providing fire flow if a water main capable of providing at least 750 GPM of fire flow is not available. If the above fire flow can be provided by the addition of a hydrant, the hydrant shall be installed when the cost does not exceed the cost of the credits in Table 17C.60-5.

3.    When at least 750 GPM for a duration of 30 minutes is available from an approved fire hydrant, it shall be credited toward the required fire flow. The additional fire flow requirement may be provided by using fire protection credits as described in Table 17C.60-5 in lieu of providing additional fire flow. Each credit shall be worth 15 minutes or 250 GPM.

F.    Exemptions from Fire Flow Requirements:

1.    Buildings that are 600 square feet or less, and not classified as Occupancy Group R, H, or I, and/or equipment structures and storage buildings, dugouts for athletic fields, and gazebos.

2.    Storage structures that are used for the sole purpose of storing mineral products such as salt, sand, and/or rock, for road maintenance, or similar purposes that meet all of the following criteria:

a.    Parking of motor vehicles in the storage shed shall be prohibited.

b.    The storage of flammable or combustible materials in the storage shed shall be prohibited.

c.    The roof covering shall be of Class A or B fire resistant roofing material or meet NFPA 701.

3.    Play sheds associated with schools and/or churches that meet all of the following criteria:

a.    Do not require an automatic sprinkler system based on International Building Code requirements.

b.    Open-sided, floor to ceiling, along at least 65 percent of the exterior of the structure.

c.    There shall be no restrictions to egress, i.e., benches, rails, partial walls, etc.

d.    There shall be no interior walls or partitions within the roof line.

e.    The roof covering shall be of Class A or B fire resistant roofing material.

4.    Picnic shelters that are 2,500 square feet or less and meet all of the following criteria:

a.    Do not require an automatic sprinkler system based on International Building Code requirements.

b.    All cooking within the picnic shelter shall be done within approved devices provided for that purpose.

c.    There shall be no open burning within a picnic shelter except within an approved appliance or fireplace provided for that purpose.

d.    There shall be a minimum of one exit on each side of the picnic shelter.

e.    The roof covering shall be of Class A or B fire resistant roofing material.

5.    Vehicle covers/carports not greater than 1,000 square feet and meet all of the following criteria:

a.    No persons shall be allowed to reside in an RV stored under a vehicle cover.

b.    The vehicle cover shall be associated with a residential use.

c.    The vehicle cover shall be located a minimum of 3 feet from property lines.

d.    The vehicle cover shall be 50 percent open.

G.    Hydrants. These standards shall apply to all new hydrant installations and when existing hydrants are replaced.

1.    The location of hydrants shall be determined by the Fire Marshal, guided by the following:

a.    The average spacing between fire hydrants for construction using the IBC and all townhomes shall not exceed that listed on Table 17C.60-4. Regardless of the average hydrant spacing, no portion of a building shall be farther from a hydrant than that distance listed in the last (far right) column of Table 17C.60-4. Distances shall be measured along approved EV Accesses and adjacent public and private roads and shared access facilities.

b.    For residential buildings, the distance from the center point of lot frontage to a hydrant shall not exceed 350 feet, except as provided for in G.1.c. below.

c.    Hydrants are not required on dead-end streets or shared access facilities not exceeding 600 feet in length and serving only residential buildings if there is an approved hydrant at the intersection.

d.    Hydrants shall be provided along approved EV Accesses and adjacent public and private roads and shared access facilities. When practical, hydrants shall be located at street intersections. See Table 17C.60-4.

e.    All new and existing approved public hydrants shall be considered available if accessible to the fire department by public or private roads, or shared access facilities, or approved EV Accesses.

2.    Exceptions to Hydrant Requirements. When hydrants cannot be installed in conformance with these standards due to topography, non-negotiable grades, or other similar conditions, the Fire Marshal may confer with the local Fire Chief, and may allow exceptions to these standards by requiring additional fire protection as specified in the most current edition of the International Fire Code adopted by the County.

3.    Hydrant Valve Openings. Standard hydrants shall have not less than 5-inch main valve openings (MVO) with two 2½ inch National Hose (N.H.) outlet ports and one 4½ inch N.H. outlet port. All 4½ inch outlet ports shall have 5-inch storz fittings. Hydrants shall meet current American Water Works Association (A.W.W.A.) Standards.

4.    System Design for Automatic Operation. Water distribution systems supplying water for fire flow to fire hydrants shall be designed to maintain the designed and/or required water volume automatically.

TABLE 17C.60-3

Required Fire Flow for All Buildings (1)

Constructed Using the International Building Code, All Townhomes (2), and Accessory Structures

Construction Type in Accordance with the IBC

DURATION (HOURS)

REQUIRED FIRE FLOW (GPM)

IA and IB

IIA and IIIA

IV-H.T. VA

IIB IIIB

VB

WHEN TOTAL FIRE FLOW CALCULATION AREA IN SQUARE FEET IS EQUAL TO OR LESS THAN THESE VALUES

2

1,500

500

500

500

500

500

2

1,500

5,500

3,700

2,600

2,100

1,600

2

1,500

11,100

6,800

4,700

3,500

2,400

2

1,500

15,900

9,300

6,200

4,500

2,900

2

1,500

22,700

12,700

8,200

5,900

3,600

2

1,750

30,200

17,000

10,900

7,900

4,800

2

2,000

38,700

21,800

12,900

9,800

6,200

2

2,250

48,300

24,200

17,400

12,600

7,700

2

2,500

59,000

33,200

21,300

15,400

9,400

2

2,750

70,900

39,700

25,500

18,400

11,300

3

3,000

83,700

47,100

30,100

21,800

13,400

3

3,250

97,700

54,900

35,200

25,900

15,600

3

3,500

112,700

63,400

40,600

29,300

18,000

3

3,750

128,700

72,400

46,400

33,500

20,600

4

4,000

145,900

82,100

52,500

37,900

23,300

4

4,250

164,200

92,400

59,100

42,700

26,300

4

4,500

184,400

103,100

66,000

47,700

29,300

4

4,750

203,700

114,600

73,300

53,000

32,600

4

5,000

225,200

126,700

81,100

58,600

36,000

4

5,250

247,700

139,400

89,200

65,400

39,600

4

5,500

271,200

152,600

97,700

70,600

43,400

4

5,750

295,900

166,500

106,500

77,000

47,400

4

6,000

GREATER

GREATER

115,800

83,700

51,500

4

6,250

125,500

90,600

55,700

4

6,500

135,500

97,900

60,200

4

6,750

145,800

106,800

64,800

4

7,000

156,700

113,200

69,600

4

7,250

167,900

121,300

74,600

4

7,500

179,400

129,600

79,800

4

7,750

191,400

138,300

85,100

4

8,000

GREATER

GREATER

GREATER

(1)    All buildings in Fire District 25 require an approved fire sprinkler system.

(2)    All townhomes with three or more units require an approved fire sprinkler system.

TABLE 17C.60-4

Number and Distribution of Hydrants

Minimum Fire Flow Requirement (GPM)

Minimum # Of Hydrants

Average Spacing Between Hydrants (FT (1))

Maximum Distance From Hydrant to Any Portion of Building (FT)

500 – 1250

1

700

350

1500 – 1750

2

500

250

2000 – 2250

2

450

225

2500 – 2750

3

450

225

3000 – 3250

3

400

225

3500 – 4250

4

350

210

4500 – 5250

5

300

180

5500 – 5750

6

300

180

6000 – 6250

6

250

150

6500 – 7250

7

250

150

7500 or more

8 or more (2)

200

120

(1)    Where streets are provided with median dividers or where arterial streets are provided with four or more traffic lanes and have a traffic count of more than 30,000 vehicles per day, hydrant spacing shall comply with Table 17C.60-8 on both sides of the street.

(2)    One hydrant for each 1000 GPM or fraction thereof.

TABLE 17C.60-5

Residential Fire Protection Credits 

Options to Reduce Fire Flow (1)

% of Reduction

NFPA* 13 D sprinkler system

100%

Building less than 2,000 sq. ft. or

45%

Building less than 3,600 sq. ft.

-25%

Accessory or Agricultural Structure Less than 3,600 sq. ft. without habitable space

-25%

Accessory or Agricultural Structure less than 3600 sq. ft. without walls

-35%

30' setback to sides and rear property lines or

-20%

20' setback to sides and rear property lines

-15%

1-Hr Construction (2)

-15%

Class A or B roof

-15%

100% Brick or Stone or Approved Fiber Cement Siding (3)

-20%

Kitchen Hood Suppression System or Kitchen Sprinkler Head

-25%

(1)    Credits used for or with substantial alterations shall be applied to the entire structure.

(2)    Consists of type X drywall throughout interior.

(3)    At the discretion of the Fire Marshal.

(Ord. 2016-85s § 1 (part), 2016; Ord. 2008-107 § 2 (part), 2008; Ord. 2004-30s § 4 (part), 2004)

17C.60.165 Minimum Standards for Fire Flows, Water Mains and Fire Hydrants. Revised 1/17

A.    The purpose of this Section is to establish minimum fire flow requirements for land development and for all new and expanding public water systems in Pierce County. These fire flow requirements shall better protect the residents, inhabitants, commercial developments, and industrial developments in Pierce County against the dangers of fire due to the inadequacy of water and the inadequacy of water pressure.

Nothing in this Chapter shall be deemed to reduce, replace, or waive any requirement set forth in PCC 17C.60.160.

B.    General Applicability. The following shall be subject to the requirements of this Chapter:

1.    Proposed subdivisions;

2.    Proposed mobile home parks;

3.    New water systems or new additions to existing systems;

4.    Planned development districts;

5.    Binding site plans;

6.    Short subdivisions;

7.    Large lot divisions.

C.    Fire Flow and Water System Requirements.

1.    The following activities and systems are exempt from the fire flow and water system requirements set forth in subsection 2. below.

a.    Activities identified in subsection D. shall be subject to the requirements of D. only.

b.    New water systems or new additions to existing systems when all lots to be served by such new system or new addition are one gross acre or more in size and uses are limited to single family residential.

2.    Except as provided in subsection 1. above, the following fire flow and water system requirements apply to those activities identified in subsections B.1. through 6.

a.    Minimum fire flow and hydrant spacing requirements. Tables 17C.60-7 and 17C.60-8 set forth minimum fire flow and hydrant spacing requirements. Actual fire flow and hydrant spacing requirements shall be determined in accordance with PCC 17C.60.160 when application is made for a building permit.

TABLE 17C.60-7

Minimum Fire Flow Requirements

Type of Development

Location/Area

Fire Flow Required (G.P.M.) (1, 2)

Minimum Duration (minutes)

One- and Two-Family

Urban and Rural

750

45

Multi-family

Urban

1,500

60

Multi-family

Rural

750

45

Commercial

Urban

1,500

60

Commercial

Rural

750

45

Industrial

Urban and Rural

2,000

120

(1)    Water systems serving multiple properties shall provide a minimum of 1,500 GPM.

(2)    This table represents the minimums for compliance with land subdivision. Building and facility development on said land may require fire flow GPMs in the range of 1,500 to 3,500 GPM.

TABLE 17C.60-8

Maximum Hydrant Spacing Based on Minimum Fire Flow Requirements

Minimum Fire Flow Requirement (G.P.M.)

Average Spacing Between Hydrants (1, 2, 3) (FT.)

750

700

1,500

500

2,000

450

(1)    Hydrants shall be provided along adjacent public and private roads. When practical, hydrants shall be located at street intersections.

(2)    On dead-end streets and roadways not exceeding 600 feet in length and serving property designated to be used for one- or two-family dwellings there need not be hydrants located on said dead-end street or roadway if there is an approved hydrant at the intersection.

(3)    Where streets are provided with median dividers or where arterial streets are provided with four or more traffic lanes and have a traffic count of more than 30,000 vehicles per day, hydrant spacing shall comply with Table 17C.60-8 on both sides of the street.

b.    Mains. New or replaced water mains shall be a minimum of 8 inches in diameter for dead ends, and 6 inches for circulating mains, provided that for dead end cul-de-sacs, an 8-inch main need only extend to the last required fire hydrant and domestic mains may be installed thereafter to the remaining residences. Hydrant leads less than 50 feet may be 6 inches in diameter. A dead end main which extends across a street only for the purpose of serving a hydrant shall be of a size capable of providing the required fire flow, but it shall not be less than 6 inches in diameter. All mains shall have hydrants and/or tees and valves installed to conform with this regulation, except that no hydrants, tees or valves shall be required along transmission mains. Any service connection made to a transmission main shall require that a hydrant be installed. Any extension that is more than 350 feet shall require an 8-inch main or a 6-inch loop.

When existing water mains are replaced, new water mains shall be sized in compliance with this regulation, but there shall be no requirement to replace the entire system to meet minimum fire flow requirements.

c.    Hydrants. This standard shall apply to all new hydrant installations and when existing hydrants are replaced on public water systems required to provide fire flow. Standard hydrants shall have not less than 5-inch main valve openings (MVO) with two 2½-inch National Hose (N.H.) outlet ports and one 4½-inch N.H. outlet port. All 2½-inch ports and the 4½-inch outlet ports shall have threads that correspond with and meet the approval of the affected fire department.

All new hydrants and replaced hydrants shall be provided with 5-inch storz fittings. Hydrants shall meet the current A.W.W.A. standards.

(1)    Hydrant Locations. Hydrant locations shall be determined by the Fire Marshal, guided by the maximum spacing indicated by Table 17C.60-8.

(2)    Auxiliary gate valve. There shall be an auxiliary gate valve installed to permit the repair and replacement of the hydrants without disruption of water service.

(3)    Setup. Hydrants shall stand plumb and be set to the finished grade. The bottom of the lowest outlet of the hydrant shall be no less than 18 inches above the grade. There shall be 36 inches of clear area around the hydrant for operation of a hydrant wrench on the outlets and on the control valve. The pumper port shall face the street. Where the street cannot be clearly defined or recognized, the port shall face the most likely route of approach and the location of the fire truck while pumping, as determined by the Fire Marshal.

(4)    Accessibility. Hydrants shall be accessible for fire department pumpers.

(5)    Plans. The location of all water mains, fire hydrants, and valves to be installed shall be properly and accurately marked on identifiable plans or drawings. Plans or drawings shall be furnished to the Fire Marshal for review and approval.

(6)    Color Coding. Color coding, when used, shall be in accordance with NFPA 291.

D.    Requirements for Large Lot Divisions, One Acre Short Subdivisions and One Acre Formal Subdivisions (Residential).

1.    Prior to the approval of any large lot division, short subdivision where each lot is one gross acre or more, or formal subdivision where each lot is one gross acre or more and limited to single-family residential use, the following statement shall be affixed on the face of the plat:

Fire flow and/or fire protection requirements shall be determined at the time of application for building permit.

2.    Prior to preliminary plat or preliminary plan approval, the applicant shall submit to the Fire Marshal a Certificate of Water Availability and water system vicinity map from the water purveyor addressing its willingness and ability to satisfy the requirements of this regulation.

a.    If there is a water main capable of providing fire flow at any portion of the property street frontage on the access side(s) of the proposed development, a hydrant shall be provided at the entrance(s) to the development. In addition, if the development is to be served by public water, fire flow shall be provided in accordance with Table 17C.60-7, Table 17C.60-8, and PCC 17C.60.165 E.2. and E.3.

E.    Procedures for Compliance. The following shall be required for those activities identified in PCC 17C.60.165 B.1. through 6. and D.2.a.:

1.    Prior to preliminary plat or preliminary plan approval, the applicant shall submit to the Fire Marshal a Certificate of Water Availability and water system vicinity map from the water purveyor addressing its willingness and ability to satisfy the requirements of this Regulation. The Fire Marshal may extend this requirement to prior to final plat approval.

2.    Prior to final plat, final short plat or final plan approval, the following shall be required:

a.    Water system plans and specifications which comply with these Regulations shall be designed and stamped by a registered professional engineer. Said plans shall be signed by the purveyor and shall be filed with the Fire Marshal.

b.    Water system plans shall be approved in writing by the Fire Marshal.

c.    The approved water system shall be installed prior to final plat, final short plat or final plan approval provided that this requirement can be waived if a bond or other security is posted and approved prior to said approval. Bonded improvements shall be constructed within two years of final plat or final plan approval. The form of security, if other than a bond, shall be approved by the Prosecuting Attorney's Office. The amount of the bond or security shall be determined by the contractor who shall install the system. The bond or other security shall be issued to Pierce County and shall be approved by the Fire Marshal.

d.    Electronic "as built" drawings, flow test results showing the amount of fire flow available at 20 P.S.I., and a Certificate of Water Availability signed for final by the water purveyor shall be filed with the Fire Marshal.

3.    When the distribution system is installed, said installation shall be under the direction of a registered professional engineer who shall certify the construction of the system is in accordance with the approved design. In the event a bond is posted, installation of the system shall be completed and operable, in accordance with this Regulation, prior to occupancy or any other use of any structure.

F.    Purveyor Requirements.

1.    All purveyors shall comply with the Pierce County Coordinated Water System Plan.

2.    Maintenance and testing of private water systems per NFPA 25 are the responsibility of the property owner. Required inspection and test records shall be provided to the Fire Marshal.

(Ord. 2016-85s § 1 (part), 2016; Ord. 2004-30s § 4 (part), 2004)

17C.60.180 Automatic Sprinkler Systems for Group R Occupancies. Revised 1/17

Section 903.2.8.1 of the International Fire Code is deleted in its entirety and replaced as follows:

903.2.8.1 Group R. An automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with Section 903.3 shall be provided throughout all buildings with a Group R fire area. Approved automatic sprinkler systems shall be installed in any structure containing three or more townhouse units.

(Ord. 2016-85s § 1 (part), 2016; Ord. 2004-30s § 4 (part), 2004)

17C.60.185 Automatic Sprinkler Systems for Other Occupancies. Revised 1/17

A.    One- and Two-Family Dwellings. Section R313.2 of the International Residential Code is adopted and modified as follows. An approved automatic fire sprinkler system shall be installed in one- and two-family dwellings that meet any of the following:

1.    Fire flow calculation area exceeding 5,000 square feet;

2.    Located on an unprotected parcel;

3.    Located in Fire District 25; or

4.    Any structure containing three or more townhouse units.

B.    Accessory Structures. An approved automatic fire sprinkler system shall be installed in new accessory structures with a fire flow calculation area exceeding 5,000 square feet.

C.    Commercial. An approved automatic fire sprinkler system shall be installed in new commercial buildings that meet any of the following:

1.    Located in Fire District 25; or

2.    Located on an unprotected parcel and not meeting one of the criteria found in PCC 17C.60.160 D.3.

(Ord. 2016-85s § 1 (part), 2016)

17C.60.230 Fireworks. Revised 1/17 Revised 3/18 Revised 4/18 Revised 12/18

Section 5601.1.3 of the International Fire Code is deleted in its entirety and replaced as follows:

The sale, storage, possession, transportation, and discharge of fireworks shall be in accordance with Chapter 70.77 RCW and Chapter 212-17 WAC and the following:

A.    Definitions. Definitions for fireworks are listed in Chapter 70.77 RCW and Chapter 212-17 WAC.

B.    Permit to Sell Required. It is unlawful for any person, firm, or corporation to engage in the retail sale of, or to sell any fireworks within the unincorporated area of Pierce County without first having obtained a permit pursuant to the provisions of this Chapter. Applications for permits will be accepted by the County only during the period between March 15 and May 10 of the year for which the permit is sought. May 10 shall be the official date of receipt for such applications. Applications shall be accompanied with a permit fee in the amount specified in International Fire Code Section 105.8 as amended herein. Permits shall be approved by the Pierce County Executive or designee. Sales shall not commence until an on-site inspection of the sales site has been conducted and approved by the Fire Marshal.

C.    Dangerous Fireworks Prohibited. It is unlawful for any person to sell, possess, transport, use, or explode any fireworks classified as dangerous within the unincorporated area of the County except as permitted by Chapter 70.77 RCW. Any person found in violation of this Section shall be subject to the penalties prescribed in Chapter 70.77 RCW.

D.    Report by the Fire Marshal. The Pierce County Fire Marshal shall promptly notify the Pierce County Council any time all of the following three criteria are met:

1.    The Burning Index is Extreme as determined by the State of Washington Department of Natural Resources for the entire County; and

2.    The Fuel Moisture Content of the 10 hour fuels is below 8 as determined by the Pierce County Fire Marshal from six different geographic locations in the County; and

3.    The Energy Release Component is in the 90th percentile as determined by the State of Washington Department of Natural Resources.

E.    Dates When Sales and Purchases Permitted. No permit holder shall sell at retail or offer for sale nor shall any person purchase any fireworks authorized to be sold in this Chapter within the unincorporated area of the County, except from 12:00 noon to 11:00 p.m. on June 28 and from 9:00 a.m. to 11:00 p.m. from June 29 through July 4. Sale and purchase of fireworks on December 27 through December 31 authorized by Chapter 70.77 RCW is specifically prohibited in unincorporated Pierce County.

F.    Dates When Discharge Permitted. No person shall use or explode any fireworks within the unincorporated area of the County except from between 10:00 a.m. and 11:00 p.m. on July 1 through July 3, between 10:00 a.m. and 12:00 midnight on July 4, and between 10:00 a.m. and 11:00 p.m. on July 5 of any year in which July 4 falls on a Sunday; provided, that this prohibition shall not apply to duly authorized public displays where the same are authorized pursuant to the laws of the State; and provided further, that this prohibition shall not apply to persons or organizations specified in Item H., below. Discharge of fireworks on December 31 and January 1 authorized by Chapter 70.77 RCW is specifically prohibited in unincorporated Pierce County.

G.    Hours of Discharge. No person shall use or explode any fireworks within the unincorporated area of the County between the hours of 11:00 p.m. and 10:00 a.m., except that the period of discharge on July 4 is extended to 12:00 midnight. Any person found in violation of this Section shall be subject to the penalties prescribed in Chapter 70.77 RCW; provided, however, this Section shall not apply to authorized public displays as are specified in Item H., below.

H.    Exemptions from Discharge Time Regulations. The discharge of fireworks by religious organizations for ceremonial use and/or by private organizations or persons for specific uses, when approved by the Fire Marshal, shall be permitted at any time or date so approved. The requirements of PCC 17C.60.240 shall be met and only allowed by a licensed pyrotechnician.

I.    Number of Permits Limited. No person, firm, or corporation shall receive more than one permit for the sale of fireworks during any one calendar year. The maximum number of permits issued by the County in any year shall not exceed one for every 7,000 or fraction thereof, in excess of 3,500 in population, residing in the unincorporated limits of the County.

J.    Issuance of New Permits. In the event there are more applications for permits than there are permits available, permits shall be granted in the following manner:

1.    Any person, firm or corporation having been issued a permit and exercised its rights under that permit for the year prior to the making of the application shall be entitled to renew the permit except upon a determination by the Fire Marshal that fewer permits are available due to reduction in population, a drawing will be conducted to determine which of the applicants will be granted permits.

2.    Upon a determination by the County Fire Marshal that additional permits are available due to growth in population or cancellation or termination of any existing permits, the County shall notify all prospective applicants for permits to sell fireworks of whom it has notice, of the time, date and place at which a drawing for the permits shall be conducted.

K.    Number of Retail Outlets Limited. A permit granted pursuant to this Chapter shall entitle the permit holder to maintain only one retail outlet. All permits issued pursuant to this Chapter shall be used only by the designated permit holder and shall be nontransferable. Any transfer or purported transfer of such a permit shall be a violation of this Chapter.

L.    Submittal Standards. An application for the sale of fireworks shall include the following:

1.    The permit applicant shall have a valid and subsisting license issued by the State authorizing the holder thereof to engage in the sale of fireworks.

2.    The permit applicant shall own or have the right to possess a temporary fireworks stand complying with the standards set forth in this Chapter for temporary fireworks stands.

3.    The permit applicant shall procure and maintain a policy or policies of public liability and property damage insurance with a company or companies licensed to do business in the State, with liability limits of not less than $100,000.00 for bodily injuries to any one person in one accident or occurrence; $500,000.00 for bodily injuries to two or more persons in any one accident or occurrence; and $100,000.00 property damage; or, at the option of the applicant, a combined single limit of $500,000.00 per occurrence.

4.    The permit holder's location or place of business shall be only in those areas or zones within the County wherein commercial activities are authorized under the applicable zoning laws of the County; provided, that the sale of approved fireworks shall not be deemed an enlargement of an existing nonconforming use; and provided further, that no fireworks shall be sold in any residential area where a commercial enterprise does not exist.

5.    A site plan showing the location of the stand and separations required by WAC 212-17-21509 shall be submitted with the permit application. Except for minor adjustments on the site to comply with the separation requirements, a stand shall not be moved from the location on the plan unless a revised site plan has been submitted prior to June 18.

6.    An Ortho Photo of the stand location area shall be provided. The location of the stand shall be noted on the photo.

7.    A current letter of authorization from the property owner, stating the stand location is approved, shall be provided.

8.    Identification of the temporary storage area for the fireworks (when not in the fireworks stand) shall be provided.

9.    The permit applicant shall post with the County a performance bond or cash deposit in an amount not less than $250.00, conditioned upon the prompt removal of the temporary stand and the cleaning up of all debris from the site of the temporary stand, which deposit shall be returned to the applicant only in the event that he removes the temporary stand and cleans up all debris to the satisfaction of the Fire Marshal. In the event of the applicant's failure to do so, the performance bond or cash deposit shall be forfeited to the County and such failure may be grounds to refuse to grant a permit the following year. In no event shall the applicant be entitled to the return of the performance bond or cash deposit if he has failed to remove the temporary stand and clean up all debris before July 16 of each year. The applicant shall be responsible for the cost of the cleanup that exceeds the amount of the performance bond or cash deposit.

10.    The application shall be signed by the permit applicant or its duly authorized officer or agent.

M.    Stands to be Temporary. Fireworks approved for sale and sold at retail sale shall be sold from temporary stands only, or other such temporary structures as approved by Chapter 212-17 WAC.

N.    Revocation of Permit. The Fire Marshal or duly authorized representative may summarily revoke any fireworks permit for any failure or refusal on the part of the permit holder to obey any rule or regulation.

O.    Enforcement. The Pierce County Sheriff and deputies are designated "Local fire authorities" for purposes of issuing civil penalty citations under Chapter 70.77 RCW and Chapter 212-17 WAC.

P.    Violations and Penalties.

1.    Any person who violates subsections C., F., or G. of this Section shall be subject to a Class 1 civil infraction pursuant to Chapter 1.16 PCC in addition to criminal penalties provided in this Chapter and in Chapter 70.77 RCW.

2.    A person is guilty of a separate offence for each separate and distinct violation of any provisions of this Section, and for each day during which he/she commits or allows to continue any violation of the provisions of this Section.

(Ord. 2018-68s § 2 (part), 2018; Ord. 2017-15 § 1, 2017; Ord. 2017-14s2 § 1, 2017; Ord. 2016-85s § 1 (part), 2016; Ord. 2016-39s § 1, 2016; Ord. 2004-30s § 4 (part), 2004)

17C.60.240 Public Display. Revised 1/17

Section 5608 of the International Fire Code is deleted in its entirety and replaced as follows:

A.    Public display of fireworks shall be in accordance with Chapters 70.77 RCW and 212-17 WAC and the following:

A permit will be required for all public displays of fireworks. Any person desiring to put on a public display of fireworks shall apply in writing to the Fire Marshal for a permit at least ten business days in advance of the proposed display. The applicant shall submit information and evidence concerning the following:

1.    The name of the organization sponsoring the display, if other than the applicant;

2.    The date the display is to be held;

3.    The exact location for the display;

4.    The name and license number of the pyrotechnic operator who is to supervise discharge of the fireworks, and the name of at least one experienced assistant;

5.    The number of set pieces, shells (specify single or multiple break), and other items;

6.    The manner and place of storage of such fireworks prior to the display;

7.    A diagram of the ground on which the display is to be held showing the point at which the fireworks are to be discharged, the location of all buildings, highways and other lines of communication, the lines behind which the audience will be restrained, and the location of all nearby trees, telegraph or telephone lines, or other overhead obstruction;

8.    Applicant shall procure and maintain public liability insurance with limits of not less than $500,000.00 for bodily injury to any one person in one accident or occurrence; $1,000,000.00 for bodily injury to two or more persons in any one accident or occurrence; and $500,000.00 property damage; or, at the option of the applicant, a combined single limit of $1,000,000.00 per occurrence. The applicant shall also procure a State Fire Marshal's general license for the public display of fireworks;

9.    The fee for each permit for public display of fireworks shall be as specified in International Fire Code Section 105.8 as added herein.

(Ord. 2016-85s § 1 (part), 2016; Ord. 2008-107 § 2 (part), 2008; Ord. 2004-30s § 4 (part), 2004)

17C.60.250 Severability.

If any provision of this Chapter or its application to any person or legal entity or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the Regulation or the application of the provision to other persons or legal entities or circumstances shall not be affected. (Ord. 2004-30s § 4 (part), 2004)