Chapter 18A.10
ZONE CLASSIFICATIONS Revised 3/18 Revised 12/18

Sections:

18A.10.010    Purpose.

18A.10.020    List of Zone Classifications. Revised 12/18

18A.10.030    Zoning Atlas. Revised 3/18

18A.10.080    Urban Zone Classifications. Revised 12/18

18A.10.090    Rural and Resource Zone Classifications.

18A.10.100    Overlays. Revised 3/18 Revised 12/18

18A.10.110    Military Lands.

18A.10.010 Purpose.

The purpose of this Chapter is to list and describe the zone classifications and their purposes, provide interpretation of uses allowed in each zone classification, establish the Zoning Atlas and classify uses according to a limited number of categories on the basis of common functional, product, or compatibility characteristics. (Ord. 2012-2s § 5 (part), 2012)

18A.10.020 List of Zone Classifications. Revised 12/18

Zone classifications are grouped into Urban and Rural and Resource Classifications based on their locations inside or outside of an urban growth boundary. See the Table below for a list of zone classifications and their symbols. Zone classifications identified with an asterisk were created through the implementation of a community plan. These classifications may be applied only to parcels within the jurisdiction of a community plan, adopted after August 1999, which specifically allows such classifications. Descriptions and purposes can be found in PCC 18A.10.080, Urban Zone Classifications, and 18A.10.090, Rural and Resource Zone Classifications.

ZONE CLASSIFICATIONS AND THEIR SYMBOLS

Urban Classifications

Rural and Resource Classifications

Employment Centers

Rural Centers

Employment Center

EC

Rural Activity Centers

RAC

Community Employment

CE*

Rural Industrial Centers

RIC*

Research-Office

RO*

Rural Neighborhood Centers

RNC

Public Institution

PI*

Gateway Communities

GC

Employment Service

ES*

Village Center

VC*

Tourist Commercial

TC*

Village Residential

VR*

Essential Public Facility-

Rural Airport South

EPF-RAS*

Essential Public Facility-

Rural Airport North

EPF-RAN*

Urban Centers

Rural Residential

Major Urban Centers

MUC

Rural Separator

RSep

Community Centers

CC

Rural 10

R10

Activity Centers

AC

Rural 5

R5

Neighborhood Centers

NC

Rural 20

R20

Urban Village

UV*

Rural 40

R40

Rural Farm

RF

Rural Sensitive Resource

RSR*

Park and Recreation

PR*

Urban Districts

Rural Planned Communities

Mixed Use Districts

MUD

New Fully Contained Communities

NFCC

Commercial Mixed Use District

CMUD*

Master Planned Resorts

MPR

Office-Residential Mixed Use District

OMUD*

High Density Residential

HRD

Residential/Office-Civic

ROC*

Urban Residential

Moderate-High Density Residential

MHR*

High Density Single-Family

HSF

Moderate Density Single-Family

MSF

Single-Family

SF*

Residential Resource

RR*

Urban Planned Communities

Resource Lands

Employment Based Planned Communities

EBPC

Agricultural Resource Lands

ARL

Master Planned Communities

MPC

Forest Lands

FL

Major Institution Master Plan

MIMP

Urban Military Lands

UML

Rural Military Lands

RML

Public Institution

PI

Public Institution

PI

Park and Recreation

PR

Park and Recreation

PR

OVERLAYS AND THEIR SYMBOLS

Airport Overlay

AIR

Mineral Resource Overlay

MRO

Rural Airport Overlay

RAO

Essential Public Facility-State Corrections

EPF-SC

Urban Sensitive Resource Overlay

USRO

(Ord. 2017-89s § 2 (part), 2018; Ord. 2016-33 § 1 (part), 2016; Ord. 2015-86 § 1 (part), 2015; Ord. 2015-40 § 4 (part), 2015; Ord. 2012-2s § 5 (part), 2012)

18A.10.030 Zoning Atlas. Revised 3/18

A.    Atlas Established. The official zoning atlas used as a basis for this zoning regulation shall be maintained by the Department of Planning and Public Works. Each property in unincorporated Pierce County is classified under this Title and is subject to the requirements of this Title. Zoning classifications on the official zoning atlas shall use the symbols shown in PCC 18A.10.020, List of Zone Classifications.

B.    Urban Growth Boundaries. The official zoning atlas shall include the designation of the Comprehensive Urban Growth Area boundary and Urban Growth Areas for stand-alone cities and towns. Any reference to an "urban growth area" in this Title shall mean the Comprehensive Urban Growth Area or stand-alone municipal Urban Growth Areas.

(Ord. 2017-12s § 2 (part), 2017; Ord. 2012-2s § 5 (part), 2012)

18A.10.080 Urban Zone Classifications. Revised 12/18

A.    Employment Centers.

1.    Purpose. To designate adequate industrial areas to meet the needs of a growing jobs-based economy.

2.    Description. There are five Employment Center zone classifications: Employment Center, Employment Service, Community Employment, Public Institution and Research-Office.

a.    Employment Center. An Employment Center (EC) is a concentration of low to high intensity office parks, manufacturing, other industrial development, or a combination of activities. It may also include commercial development as a part of the center as long as the commercial development is incidental to the employment activities of the center and supports and serves the needs of the workforce.

b.    Community Employment. The role of the Community Employment (CE) classification is to provide for areas in the communities where low to moderate intensity industrial activities (manufacturing, assembly, warehousing, and industrial services), research activities, and/or office park development may locate.

c.    Research-Office. The role of the Research-Office (RO) classification is to provide for areas in the communities where low to moderate intensity research activities and/or office park development may locate.

d.    Public Institution. The Public Institution (PI) zone is one of the implementing zones for the Employment Center land use designation. It is intended to provide for the siting of public-owned facilities and institutions.

e.    Employment Service. The primary focus of the Employment Service (ES) zone is the provision of those goods and services needed on a daily basis by workers within the Employment Center land use designation in an easily identifiable, well-defined location. Light industrial, commercial, and civic uses are permitted.

B.    Urban Centers.

1.    Purpose. To provide for major concentrations of employment, shopping, services, and multi-family housing in unincorporated areas.

2.    Description. There are five Urban Center zone classifications: Major Urban Centers, Activity Centers, Community Centers, Urban Villages, and Neighborhood Centers.

a.    Major Urban Centers. The Major Urban Center (MUC) zone classification is a highly dense concentration of urban development with a commercial focus. A significant multi-family residential presence in the area is encouraged.

b.    Community Centers. The Community Center (CC) zone classification has, as its focus, a significant commercial traffic generator, around which develops a concentration of other commercial office, services, and some moderate to high density residential developments. The commercial activity within the center is directed to a customer base drawn from more than one neighborhood but should be at a scale which is compatible with surrounding residential areas.

c.    Urban Village. The Urban Village (UV) zone classification is a mixed-use zone in which residential and commercial uses are permitted. Plazas and pedestrian pathways provide linkages between commercial activities. The commercial activity is directed to a customer base drawn from more than one neighborhood but at a scale more conducive to the pedestrian than the automobile. Bonus residential densities may be achieved when integrated into a mixed use project.

d.    Activity Centers. The Activity Center (AC) zone classification has, as its focus, a recreational, cultural, or educational activity around which develops a concentration of commercial, office, or moderate to high density residential development. The attraction draws people from throughout the area, not just surrounding neighborhoods or the community in which the activity is located.

e.    Neighborhood Centers. The Neighborhood Center (NC) zone classification is a concentrated mix of small scale retail and service commercial and office development that serves the daily needs of residents within the immediate neighborhood. Residential development at various densities may occur within the Center if appropriate to the individual neighborhood.

C.    Urban Districts.

1.    Purpose. To allow multi-family, office, and other commercial uses that provide economic diversity and housing opportunities near transit routes and business activity.

2.    Description. There are five Urban Districts zone classifications: Mixed Use Districts, Commercial Mixed Use Districts, Office-Residential Mixed Use Districts, Residential/Office-Civic, and High Density Residential Districts.

a.    Mixed Use Districts. The Mixed Use District (MUD) zone classification includes areas that are concentrations of commercial, office, and multi-family developments located along major arterials, state highways, and major transit routes and between Major Urban, Activity, or Community Centers. Commercial activity in Mixed Use Districts caters to a customer base beyond the surrounding neighborhoods or community due to its placement on a roadway used by residents of more than one community. Auto-oriented commercial and land-intensive commercial with a low number of employees per acre is the primary use within Mixed Use Districts.

b.    Commercial Mixed Use District. The primary role of the Commercial Mixed Use District (CMUD) classification is to identify those portions of the Mixed Use District land use designation best suited to general purpose, auto-oriented and auto-dependent commercial and civic activities.

c.    Office-Residential Mixed Use District. The primary role of the Office-Residential Mixed Use District (OMUD) classification is to identify those portions of the Mixed Use District land use designation best suited to auto-oriented commercial office and service and civic uses.

d.    High Density Residential Districts. The High Density Residential District (HRD) zone classification includes areas that are composed of multi-family and high density single-family housing, and limited neighborhood retail and service commercial which are located along major arterials, state highways, and major transit routes that connect to Major Urban, Activity, Community, or Employment Centers.

e.    Residential/Office-Civic. The primary role of the Residential/Office-Civic (ROC) classification is to provide a transition between the center and district classifications and the surrounding moderate and low density residential neighborhoods. This classification is to provide for low to moderate intensity.

D.    Urban Residential.

1.    Purpose. To provide for single-family and two-family dwelling units in a residential environment.

2.    Description. There are five Urban Residential zone classifications: Moderate-High Density Residential, High Density Single-Family, Moderate Density Single-Family, Single-Family, and Residential Resource.

a.    Moderate-High Density Residential. The Moderate-High Density Residential (MHR) zone classification includes areas that are composed of moderate and high density single-, two-, and multi-family housing and compatible civic uses.

b.    High Density Single-Family. The High Density Single-Family (HSF) zone classification includes areas where sewers are available and there are minimal environmental constraints. This classification is strictly comprised of moderate to high-density single-family development and civic commercial uses.

c.    Moderate Density Single-Family. The Moderate Density Single-Family (MSF) zone classification covers geographic areas located within urban growth areas but which fall outside of an Employment Center, Urban Center, or Urban District. The primary use of the classification is low and moderate density single- and two-family residential activities and compatible civic uses in areas with a mixed residential pattern.

d.    Single-Family. The Single-Family (SF) classification covers geographic areas located within urban growth areas but which fall outside of an Employment Center, Urban Center, or Urban District. The primary use of the classification is low and moderate density single-family residential activities and compatible civic uses in areas with a predominantly detached single-family development pattern.

e.    Residential Resource. The Residential Resource (RR) zone classification is intended to accommodate and allow for low density single-family residential uses in manner that is compatible with areas of unique open space character and/or environmental sensitivity.

E.    Urban Planned Communities.

1.    Purpose. To achieve well-designed, compact urban development with a balance of uses: jobs, services, recreation, and housing; to provide more efficient use of public facilities; and to preserve greater open space.

2.    Description. There are two Urban Planned Communities zone classifications:

a.    Master Planned Communities. The Master Planned Communities (MPC) zone classification provides for planned unit developments which integrate a mix of housing, services and recreation and are approved through the planned unit development (PUD) permit process.

b.    Employment Based Planned Communities. The Employment Based Planned Communities (EBPC) zone classification includes areas designated for development of a mixture of jobs, housing, services, and recreation, proposed as a planned community under a planned unit development (PUD) permit process.

3.    Permit Required. Allowed uses in Master Planned Community and Employment Based Planned Community classifications are authorized through an approved planned unit development (PUD) permit (PCC 18A.75.050).

F.    Other Zone Classifications.

1.    Public Institution. The Public Institution zone classification is the implementing zone for the Public Institution land use designation. It is intended to provide for the siting of public-owned facilities and institutions.

2.    Park and Recreation. The Park and Recreation zone classification is the implementing zone for the Park and Recreation land use designation. It is intended to provide for the siting of public and private-owned facilities and institutions providing park, recreation, open space, and other activities open to the public on an equal basis.

G.    Specific Zone Classifications. The land use designations identified through the Comprehensive Plan or Community Plan as identified below are implemented through specific zones.

1.    Pierce County Comprehensive Plan (those urban areas for which a community plan has not been developed or updated since January 1, 1995). See the Use Tables in PCC 18A.17.010.

a.    Employment Center: EC and CE

b.    Major Urban Center: MUC

c.    Community Center: CC

d.    Activity Center: AC

e.    Neighborhood Center: NC

f.    Mixed Use District: MUD

g.    High Density Residential District: HRD

h.    High Density Single-Family: HSF

i.    Moderate Density Single-Family: MSF

j.    Public Institution: PI

k.    Employment Based Planned Community: EBPC

l.    Master Planned Community: MPC

m.    Park and Recreation: PR

2.    Parkland-Spanaway-Midland Communities Plan. See the Use Tables in PCC 18A.28.010.

a.    Employment Center: CE and RO

b.    Community Center: CC, ROC, and MHR

c.    Activity Center: AC

d.    Neighborhood Center: NC, ROC, and MHR

e.    Mixed Use District: MUD, CMUD, OMUD, ROC, and MHR

f.    High Density Residential District: ROC and MHR

g.    High Density Single-Family: HSF

h.    Moderate Density Single-Family: MSF, SF, and RR

i.    Park and Recreation: PR

3.    Gig Harbor Peninsula Community Plan. See the Use Tables in PCC 18A.23.010.

a.    Employment Center: CE and PI

b.    Community Center: CC

c.    Activity Center: AC

d.    Neighborhood Center: NC

e.    High Density Single-Family: HSF

f.    Moderate Density Single-Family: MSF and SF

g.    Park and Recreation: PR

h.    Mixed Use District: MUD

4.    Frederickson Community Plan. See the Use Tables in PCC 18A.22.010.

a.    Employment Center: EC, CE, and ES

b.    Mixed Use District: MUD

c.    High Density Residential: MHR and ROC

d.    High Density Single-Family: HSF

e.    Moderate Density Single-Family: MSF, SF, and RR

f.    Park and Recreation: PR

5.    South Hill Community Plan. See the Use Tables in PCC 18A.29.010.

a.    Employment Center: EC and ES

b.    Community Center: CC

c.    Activity Center: AC

d.    Neighborhood Center: NC and ROC

e.    Mixed Use District: MUD

f.    High Density Residential District: HRD and MHR

g.    High Density Single-Family: HSF

h.    Moderate Density Single-Family: MSF and RR

i.    Urban Village: UV

j.    Park and Recreation: PR

6.    Mid-County Community Plan. See the Use Tables in PCC 18A.27.010.

a.    Employment Center: EC

b.    Community Center: CC

c.    Neighborhood Center: NC

d.    Moderate Density Single-Family: SF and RR

e.    Park and Recreation: PR

f.    Mixed Use District: MUD

g.    High Density Residential: MHR

7.    Graham Community Plan. See the Use Tables in PCC 18A.24.010.

a.    Employment Center: CE

b.    Mixed Use District: MUD, MHR

c.    Moderate Density Single-Family: SF

d.    Park and Recreation: PR

8.    Alderton-McMillin Community Plan. See the Use Tables in PCC 18A.18.010.

a.    Employment Center: EC

b.    Moderate Density Single-Family: SF

c.    Park and Recreation: PR

9.    Browns Point/Dash Point Community Plan. See the Use Tables in PCC 18A.20.010.

a.    Neighborhood Center: NC

b.    Moderate Density Single-Family: SF

(Ord. 2017-89s § 2 (part), 2018; Ord. 2016-33 §§ 1 (part), 2 (part), 2016; Ord. 2016-14s § 2 (part), 2016; Ord. 2015-86 § 1 (part), 2015; Ord. 2015-40 § 4 (part), 2015; Ord. 2012-2s § 5 (part), 2012)

18A.10.090 Rural and Resource Zone Classifications.

A.    Rural Centers.

1.    Purpose. To provide for commercial growth in rural areas and senior or group homes which could provide assisted living for persons who are elderly or disabled. The functions of Rural Centers include serving the retail and other commercial and business needs of the local communities, and providing employment opportunities including those related to tourism and natural resource-based industries at a scale and character appropriate to the rural environment.

2.    Description. Rural Centers are concentrations of shopping, services, and employment in rural areas. Nine different Rural Centers zone classifications are recognized: Rural Activity Centers, Rural Industrial Centers, Rural Neighborhood Centers, and Rural Gateway Communities, Village Centers, Tourist Commercial, Village Residential, Essential Public Facility-Rural Airport South, and Essential Public Facility-Rural Airport North.

a.    Rural Activity Centers. The Rural Activity Center (RAC) zone classification is a concentration of commercial and industrial businesses that provide goods, services, employment, group homes, and senior housing which meet the needs of a local rural community.

b.    Rural Gateway Communities. The Rural Gateway Communities (GC) zone classification includes rural centers located near major recreational facilities, including the entrances to Mt. Rainier National Park, where commercial businesses that provide goods and services, including housing and lodging, meet the needs of a local rural community, visitors, and tourists.

c.    Rural Neighborhood Centers. The Rural Neighborhood Center (RNC) zone classification includes areas which have established commercial uses that provide limited convenience shopping and services, meeting the daily needs of the surrounding rural area, immediate access onto state routes, major or secondary arterials.

d.    Village Centers. The Village Center (VC) zone classification provides for a compact mix of commercial, civic, and residential uses connected by pedestrian facilities in areas which experience a tourist population such as communities adjacent to Mount Rainier National Park. The zone classification includes commercial and residential uses that provide commercial services and civic facilities to meet the daily needs of the surrounding rural residents and serve a tourist economy.

e.    Tourist Commercial. The Tourist Commercial (TC) zone classification provides limited commercial opportunities that are only oriented to tourism such as restaurants, lodging, and rental of recreational equipment. The zone classification is not intended to provide civic activities or meet the daily shopping needs of residents.

f.    Village Residential. The Village Residential (VR) zone classification allows for low density residential uses located within a reasonable walking distance of commercial amenities found in a Village Center. Typically, the Village Residential zone classification recognizes existing platting patterns.

g.    Essential Public Facility-Rural Airport South and North. The Rural Essential Public Facility-Rural Airport South and North (EPF-RAS and EPF-RAN) zone classification recognizes existing airports classified as essential public facilities in the rural area of the County. New uses are appropriate when consistent with an applicable community plan.

h.    Rural Industrial Center. The Rural Industrial Center (RIC) designation/zone allows light industrial uses that are related to food or agriculture or intermediate manufacturing and final assembly. It does not allow heavier industrial uses that produce substantial waste byproducts or wastewater discharge or noise impacts incompatible with a rural area.

B.    Rural Residential.

1.    Purpose. To provide for rural uses incorporating existing as well as historic patterns of settlement and character. Rural Residential areas function as a buffer between urbanized areas and resource land. They can supply lands that may be added to an urban growth area over time. The Rural Residential zones also allow for commercial and industrial uses related to and dependent upon natural resources and public and commercial recreational and associated uses related to the outdoors, along with rural residential, agricultural, and other resource uses.

2.    Description. Eight Rural Residential zone classifications are recognized: Rural Separator, Rural 10, Rural 5, Rural 20, Rural 40, Rural Sensitive Resource, Rural Farm, and Park and Recreation.

a.    Rural Separator. The Rural Separator (RSep) zone classification includes rural lands intended as a buffer or separation between urban zone classifications.

b.    Rural 10. The Rural 10 (R10) zone classification is intended to provide for rural uses at a rural density.

c.    Rural 5. The Rural 5 (R5) zone classification is intended to provide lands for rural uses at a rural density and provide a buffer between urban zone classifications and other lower density rural areas.

d.    Rural 20. The Rural 20 (R20) zone classification is intended to provide for rural uses at a rural density and includes rural lands between the Rural 10 classification and the Rural 40 or Forest Lands classifications.

e.    Rural 40. The Rural 40 (R40) zone classification is intended to provide for rural uses at the lowest rural density.

f.    Rural Sensitive Resource. The Rural Sensitive Resource (RSR) zone classification is intended to provide low density rural residential development in order to protect environmentally sensitive areas such as stream corridors, aquifer recharge areas, and fish and wildlife habitat areas. The RSR classification is applied to parcels that have at least 50 percent of the land area located within a designated open space corridor. Permitted and conditional uses employing low impact development techniques are compatible with the RSR zone. New development within the RSR classification shall utilize low impact development (LID) techniques as outlined in the Pierce County Stormwater Management and Site Development Manual.

g.    Rural Farm. The Rural Farm (RF) zone classification is intended to protect agricultural lands that may or may not have soils to qualify as Agricultural Resource Lands (ARL). The Rural Farm classification will reflect the properties that have historically been used for agricultural activities or zoned agriculture that have not been converted to more intensive and incompatible uses or that are currently being used for agricultural activities (which may include non-commercial agricultural or farming activities).

h.    Park and Recreation. The Park and Recreation designation is intended to recognize public and private parks, campgrounds, historical sites and other properties improved with park or recreational facilities. Passive or active recreational uses are encouraged. Conversion of lands classified as Park and Recreation to other uses is discouraged.

C.    Resource Lands.

1.    Purpose. To promote long-term commercially significant resource use.

2.    Description. Three categories of Resource Lands are identified. Forest lands and Agricultural Resource Lands are recognized as zone classifications. Mineral Resource lands are recognized by an Overlay (See PCC 18A.10.100 E.).

a.    Agricultural Resource Lands. The Agricultural Resource Lands (ARL) zone classification includes land primarily devoted to the commercial production of agricultural products and is applied to parcels outside of urban growth areas that meet certain criteria.

b.    Forest Lands. The Forest Lands (FL) zone classification includes land primarily useful for growing trees for commercial purposes, and that has long-term commercial significance for growing trees commercially.

D.    Rural Planned Communities.

1.    Purpose. To integrate a mix of housing, jobs, services and recreation.

2.    Description. There are two Rural Planned Community zone classifications: New Fully Contained Communities and Master Planned Resorts.

a.    New Fully Contained Communities. The New Fully Contained Communities (NFCC) zone classification provides for self-contained planned unit developments which integrate a mix of housing, jobs, services and recreation and are proposed through the planned unit development (PUD) permit process. Upon adoption of a Plan Amendment and subsequent approval of the PUD permit, the proposal would be designated within an urban growth area.

b.    Master Planned Resorts. The Master Planned Resorts (MPR) zone classification provides for a self-contained and fully integrated planned unit development outside an established Urban Growth Area, in a setting of significant natural amenities, with primary focus on destination resort facilities consisting of short-term visitor accommodations associated with a range of developed on-site indoor and outdoor recreation facilities.

3.    Permit Required. Allowed uses in New Fully Contained Community and Master Planned Resort classifications are authorized through an approved planned unit development (PUD) permit (18A.75.050).

E.    Other Zone Classifications.

1.    Public Institution. The Public Institution zone classification is the implementing zone for the Public Institution land use designation. It is intended to provide for the siting of public-owned facilities and institutions.

2.    Park and Recreation. The Park and Recreation zone classification is the implementing zone for the Park and Recreation land use designation. It is intended to provide for the siting of public and private-owned facilities and institutions providing park, recreation, open space, and other activities open to the public on an equal basis.

F.    Specific Zone Classifications. The land use designations identified through the Comprehensive Plan or Community Plan as identified below are implemented through specific zones:

1.    Pierce County Comprehensive Plan (those rural areas for which a community plan has not been developed or updated since January 1, 1995). See the Use Tables in PCC 18A.17.020.

a.    Rural 5: R5

b.    Rural Separator: RSep

c.    Rural 10: R10

d.    Rural 20: R20

e.    Rural 40: R40

f.    Rural Activity Center: RAC

g.    Rural Neighborhood Center: RNC

h.    Gateway Community: GC

i.    Agricultural Resource Lands: ARL

j.    Forest Land: FL

k.    Public Institution: PI

l.    New Fully Contained Community: NFCC

m.    Master Planned Resort: MPR

n.    Park and Recreation: PR

2.    Upper Nisqually Valley Community Plan. See the Use Tables in PCC 18A.31.020.

a.    Rural 10: R10

b.    Rural 20: R20

c.    Rural 40: R40

d.    Gateway Community: VR, VC, TC

e.    Agricultural Resource Lands: ARL

f.    Forest Land: FL

g.    Park and Recreation: PR

3.    Gig Harbor Peninsula Community Plan. See the Use Tables in PCC 18A.23.020.

a.    Rural 5: R5

b.    Rural 10: R10

c.    Rural Sensitive Resource: RSR

d.    Rural Neighborhood Center: RNC

e.    Essential Public Facility-Rural Airport South: EPF-RAS

f.    Essential Public Facility-Rural Airport North: EPF-RAN

g.    Park and Recreation: PR

4.    Graham Community Plan. See the Use Tables in PCC 18A.24.020.

a.    Rural 5: R5

b.    Rural 10: R10

c.    Rural 20: R20

d.    Rural Sensitive Resource: RSR

e.    Rural Farm: RF

f.    Rural Activity Center: RAC

g.    Rural Neighborhood Center: RNC

h.    Agricultural Resource Lands: ARL

i.    Forest Land: FL

j.    Park and Recreation: PR

5.    Mid-County Community Plan. See the Use Tables in PCC 18A.27.020.

a.    Rural Separator: RSep

b.    Rural Neighborhood Center: RNC

c.    Agricultural Resource Lands: ARL

d.    Park and Recreation: PR

6.    Key Peninsula Community Plan. See the Use Tables in PCC 18A.26.020.

a.    Rural 10: R10

b.    Rural Sensitive Resource: RSR

c.    Rural Farm: RF

d.    Park and Recreation: PR

e.    Rural Activity Center: RAC

f.    Rural Neighborhood Center: RNC

g.    Agricultural Resource Lands: ARL

h.    Park and Recreation: PR

7.    Alderton-McMillin Community Plan: See the Use Tables in PCC 18A.18.020.

a.    Rural Neighborhood Center: RNC

b.    Rural 10: R10

c.    Rural 20: R20

d.    Rural 5: R5

e.    Rural Industrial Center: RIC

f.    Rural Farm: RF

g.    Agricultural Resource Lands: ARL

h.    Park and Recreation: PR

8.    Anderson and Ketron Islands Community Plan. See the Use Tables in PCC 18A.19.020.

a.    Rural Neighborhood Center: RNC

b.    Rural 10: R10

c.    Rural Farm: RF

d.    Agricultural Resource Lanes: ARL

e.    Park and Recreation: PR

(Ord. 2016-33 § 1 (part), 2016; Ord. 2015-86 § 1 (part), 2015; Ord. 2015-40 § 4 (part), 2015; Ord. 2012-2s § 5 (part), 2012)

18A.10.100 Overlays. Revised 3/18 Revised 12/18

A.    Purpose. To provide for special zoning considerations based on unique characteristics of the land, environment, or economy.

B.    Airport Overlay. The Airport Overlay (AIR) is intended to minimize land use incompatibilities in Accident Potential Zone (APZ) I for McChord Air Force Base, the Clear Zones for Thun Field, and the Noise Zones for McChord Air Force Base and Thun Field. The Airport Overlay zone classification is divided into levels. (See Chapter 18A.60 PCC for applicable regulations.)

C.    Airport Overlay-Small Airports. The Airport Overlay-Small Airports (AIR-SA) is intended to minimize land use incompatibilities around small, public use airports. (See PCC 18A.60.070 for applicable regulations.)

D.    Rural Airport Overlay. The Rural Airport Overlay (RAO) functions as a safety buffer adjacent to the Tacoma Narrows Airport in rural designated land. The overlay provides restrictions on the use of land, which are intended to protect the airport from neighboring land uses that are incompatible with aviation activities. The area also provides buffering between those more intensive uses related to aviation activities and the uses authorized in the rural-residential classifications. (See PCC 18A.60.080 for applicable regulations.)

E.    Mineral Resource Overlay. The Mineral Resource Overlay (MRO) identifies those lands devoted to the extraction of minerals that have a known or potential long-term commercial significance for the extraction of minerals. The Mineral Resource Overlay zone includes only those lands operating under a valid Washington State Department of Natural Resources (DNR) Surface Mining Permit and a valid Pierce County Unclassified Use or Conditional Use Permit prior to the effective date of this Title. As DNR Surface Mining Permits and Pierce County Conditional Use Permits or Public Facility Permits are obtained, additional lands may be added to the Mineral Resource Overlay. There are no implementing regulations associated with this overlay. The land use regulations for the underlying zone shall apply.

F.    Essential Public Facility-State Corrections Overlay. The Essential Public Facility-State Corrections Overlay (EPF-SC) applies to the McNeil Island Corrections Center on McNeil Island. The Overlay designation includes only the main institution located on approximately 89 acres, and the north complex facility located on approximately 87 acres in the north central area of McNeil Island. Allowed facilities and uses are limited to those typically associated with a State corrections center. Measures are provided to assure that the uses and activities associated with the Overlay designation are compatible with the land uses and natural systems on adjacent lands and shorelines.

G.    Urban Sensitive Resource Overlay. The Urban Sensitive Resource Overlay (USRO) is intended to maintain the native vegetation and wooded character of the valleys and stream corridors in the UGA and protect the surface waters, aquifers, and fish and wildlife habitat in these areas from degradation. Uses shall be permitted based on the underlying zone classification. The properties within the overlay are considered a high priority for community open space preservation and acquisition efforts. The overlay follows the ravines and stream corridors in the UGA that have historically been protected from development pressures by low-density zoning and sensitive area designations. New development in the USRO shall utilize low impact development (LID) techniques as outlined in PCC 18J.15.140 and the Pierce County Stormwater Management and Site Development Manual.

H.    Essential Public Facility – Solid Waste Facility Overlay.

1.    Purpose. The Essential Public Facility-Solid Waste Facility Overlay (EPF-SWFO) acknowledges existing, permitted solid waste facilities within Pierce County which fulfill solid waste handling capacity needs identified in the Comprehensive Plan and/or Solid Waste Plan. Facilities and uses typically include municipal solid waste landfills, inert waste landfills, construction and demolition waste landfills, special waste landfills, and intermediate solid waste handling facilities such as material recovery recycling facilities, composting facilities, or waste transfer stations.

2.    Establishment of Uses within an Essential Public Facility – Solid Waste Facility Overlay Areas. Uses within an EPF-SWFO are governed by the land use application and conditions of approval. The EPF-SWFO does not establish zoning classification and permit processing requirements. The land use regulations and allowable uses for the underlying zone shall apply. All amendments to the existing land use application and conditions of approval shall be required to be processed in accordance with the provisions contained in this Title and any other applicable County, State or Federal regulations.

3.    Identification of Essential Public Facility – Solid Waste Facility Overlay Areas. The EPF-SWFO includes only those lands operating under a valid Pierce County Unclassified Use, Conditional Use or Public Facility Permit or was legally established as permitted in the underlying zone. Application of the EPF-SWFO to solid waste facilities may occur through the Comprehensive Plan Amendment process. The following facilities are identified as an EPF-SWFO:

a.    A Municipal Solid Waste landfill possessing "Conditional Use Permit CP8-89, 304th and Meridian Street Landfill (LRI)/AE9-95/AE10-95," located at 304th Street East and SR-161 (Meridian Street East). Facilities and uses are limited to those allowed in the Conditional Use Permit granted to the facility.

(Ord. 2018-68s § 3 (part), 2018; Ord. 2017-28s § 7 (part), 2017; Ord. 2013-85 § 1 (part), 2013; Ord. 2013-30s2 § 5 (part), 2013; Ord. 2012-2s § 5 (part), 2012)

18A.10.110 Military Lands.

Purpose. To recognize Urban Military Lands (UML) as portions of the Federal and State Military Installations within unincorporated Pierce County Urban Growth Area and to recognize Rural Military Lands (RML) as portions of these Installations within unincorporated Pierce County outside the Urban Growth Area. The autonomy associated with the federal ownership in combination with the unique character of the military operations and support structures is not typical of civilian land uses. Urban Military Lands and Rural Military Lands are designated on the Comprehensive Plan Land Use Designations Map but are not represented in the Use Classification Tables because Pierce County does not govern land uses within these designations. The classifications are a mechanism to recognize the presence of urban and rural areas within the military installations. (Ord. 2012-2s § 5 (part), 2012)