Chapter 18A.33
USE CATEGORY DESCRIPTIONS Revised 12/18 Revised 6/19

Sections:

18A.33.200    List of Categories.

18A.33.210    Residential Use Category – Description of Use Categories. Revised 12/18

18A.33.220    Civic Use Category – Description of Use Categories. Revised 12/18 Revised 6/19

18A.33.230    Utilities Use Category – Description of Use Categories. Revised 12/18

18A.33.240    Essential Public Facilities Category – Description of Use Categories.

18A.33.250    Office Business Use Category – Description of Use Categories.

18A.33.260    Resource Use Category – Description of Use Categories. Revised 12/18

18A.33.270    Commercial Use Category – Description of Use Categories.

18A.33.280    Industrial Use Category – Description of Use Categories. Revised 12/18

18A.33.285    Single-Family Detached Use Exception.

18A.33.295    South Hill EC Use Exception.

18A.33.200 List of Categories.

Uses shown on the Use Tables are grouped into the eight major categories listed below. Each category includes a number of use types and associated levels. A description of all the use types by use category is provided in PCC 18A.33.210 to 18A.33.280. See PCC 18A.05.050 for interpretation of the use categories, types, and levels.

18A.33.210    Residential

18A.33.220    Civic

18A.33.230    Utilities

18A.33.240    Essential Public Facilities

18A.33.250    Office/Business

18A.33.260    Resource

18A.33.270    Commercial

18A.33.280    Industrial

(Ord. 2012-2s § 5 (part), 2012; Ord. 2004-52s § 3 (part), 2004)

18A.33.210 Residential Use Category – Description of Use Categories. Revised 12/18

The Residential Use Category includes permanent or transient living accommodations for individuals, families, or people with special needs. The residential category has been separated into the following types based upon distinguishing features such as: type of structure; number, age and special needs of individuals who reside in the structure; and state and local licensing requirements. See PCC 18A.37.030 for a list of uses allowed accessory to a residence subject to the General Provisions for Accessory Uses and Structures, PCC 18A.37.020.

A.    Group Home. Group Home Use Type refers to living accommodations for seven or more unrelated individuals with special needs. Individuals may be provided with a combination of personal care, social or counseling services, and transportation. Examples of uses include group homes for the handicapped including, but not limited to, physically or mentally challenged individuals, boarding homes, foster homes, women's shelters, and chemical and alcohol rehabilitation facilities (other than addiction caused by current, illegal use of a controlled substance).

B.    Mobile Home. Mobile Home Use Type refers to factory-assembled single-wide structures which are equipped with the necessary service connections and serve as living accommodations for a family.

C.    Mobile Home Park. Mobile Home Park Use Type refers to developments maintained under single or multiple ownership with unified control, where two or more spaces or pads are provided solely for the placement of mobile or manufactured homes or recreational vehicles (motorhome/travel trailer – See PCC 18.25.030, Definitions – Recreational Vehicle) for permanent occupancy which serve as living accommodations for families. Mobile home parks do not include mobile home subdivisions or recreational vehicle parks.

D.    Multi-Family Housing. Multi-Family Housing Use Type refers to three or more joined dwelling units which provide living accommodations for families.

Level 1:    Three to four-unit multi-family buildings (tri- and four-plexes), with ground level access to each unit, also known as "attached single-family."

Level 2:    Three to four-unit multi-family buildings (tri- and four-plexes), with upper level access to some or all units.

Level 3:    Multi-family buildings with five or more units per building, with ground level access to each unit, also known as "attached single-family."

Level 4:    Multi-family buildings with five or more units per building, with upper level access to some or all units.

Level 5:    Multi-family component of mixed use developments in which residential units are primarily located above the non-residential activity located on the first floor of the same building(s). The multi-family component of a mixed use development is not restricted to a specific number of units per building or development; provided that multi-family units located on the first floor shall not occupy more than 15 percent of the total gross floor area of the first floor nor exceed ten units and all first floor units are located to the rear of the building.

E.    Nursing Home. Nursing Home Use Type refers to multi-unit or multi-bed facilities that are licensed or approved to provide living accommodations, health care, and medical supervision for 24 or more consecutive hours for seven or more individuals.

F.    Senior Housing. Senior Housing Use Type refers to living accommodations where at least one member of the family or an individual is age 55 or over and no member of the household is under 18 years of age. A covenant describing the conditions of approval, including age restrictions, shall be recorded with the Pierce County Auditor on the Title of each Senior Housing parcel.

Level 1:    Assisted living facilities that provide rooms, meals, personal care, supervision of self-administered medication, recreational activities, financial services, and transportation.

Level 2:    A retirement community that includes a mix of living quarters where no more than 25 percent of the total units consist of independent units as described in Level 3 and subject to density requirements of the zone, and the remainder consist of assisted living facilities as described in Level 1.

Level 3:    Housing types that consist of independent living and are comprised of grouped attached housing where elderly individuals or families reside and care for themselves. These housing types are subject to density requirements of the underlying zone except as allowed under PCC 18A.15.020 A.7.

G.    Two-Family Housing. Two-Family Housing Use Type refers to residential dwelling units providing living accommodations for individual families in dwelling units that are attached in pairs of two. Two-family dwelling units include stick-built, modular, and manufactured homes. A two-family housing structure is commonly known as a "duplex."

H.    Single-Family Detached Housing. Single-Family Detached Housing Use Type refers to residential dwelling units providing living accommodations for individual families in individual structures that are not attached to another dwelling unit by any means. Single-family dwelling units include stick-built, modular, and manufactured homes.

(Ord. 2017-89s § 2 (part), 2018; Ord. 2016-33 § 2 (part), 2016; Ord. 2016-24s2 § 1 (part), 2016; Ord. 2016-14s § 2 (part), 2016; Ord. 2013-85 § 1 (part), 2013; Ord. 2013-30s2 § 5 (part), 2013; Ord. 2012-42s § 1 (part), 2012; Ord. 2012-2s § 5 (part), 2012; Ord. 2010-7 § 2 (part), 2010; Ord. 2007-109s § 3 (part), 2007; Ord. 2006-53s § 1 (part), 2006; Ord. 2004-52s § 3 (part), 2004)

18A.33.220 Civic Use Category – Description of Use Categories. Revised 12/18 Revised 6/19

Civic Use Category includes facilities or services that are strongly associated with public need or social importance such as educational, cultural, medical, protective, and governmental.

A.    Administrative Government Facilities and Services. Administrative Government Facilities and Services Use Type refers to the executive, legislative, judicial, administrative, and regulatory activities of local, state, federal, and international governments that may perform public services and work directly with citizens. Typical uses include courthouses, human and social service offices, health offices, and government offices.

B.    Day-Care Centers. Day-Care Centers Use Type refers to the commercial use of a building or any portion thereof for the care of individuals needing supervision and care on a less than 24-hour basis. The term shall also include facilities commonly known as pre-schools. Also see PCC 18A.37.100 regarding development standards for home-based day-care facilities.

Level 1:    Day-care Centers licensed for fewer than 25 children.

Level 2:    Day-care Centers licensed for 25 or more children.

C.    Community and Cultural Services. Community and Cultural Services Use Type refers to establishments primarily engaged in the provision of services that are strongly associated with community, social, or public importance. Typical uses include libraries, museums, art galleries, senior centers, community centers, performing arts theaters, community clubs and organizations, boys and girls clubs, granges and grange halls, wedding facilities including on-site food preparation, blood banks, organizational camps, food banks, fraternal organizations, cemeteries and associated services, and shelters for the homeless. New Community facilities in Rural Residential zones shall be consistent with standards for Local Areas of More Intense Rural Development. Also see Essential Public Facilities, Residential, and Commercial Use Categories.

Table 18A.33.220-1. Community and Cultural Services Use Type – Description of Levels

Level

Total indoor floor area

Typical uses and other requirements

Level 1

Up to 4,000 square feet

Indoor/outdoor wedding event facilities which host small scale events of limited duration.

Level 2

Up to 8,000 square feet

Those facilities serving the neighborhood or small community. Examples include, but are not limited to: Senior centers, blood banks, food banks, indoor wedding facilities, community centers, grange halls, etc.

Level 3

Over 8,000 and up to 30,000 square feet

Level 2 uses and those facilities serving specific needs of the community. Examples include, but are not limited to: libraries, art galleries, performing arts theaters, community services, shelters for the homeless, etc.

Level 4

More than 30,000 square feet

Level 2 and 3 uses which exceed building size requirements of those levels, specifically large indoor only facilities serving the community and cultural needs of the larger community or region. Examples include, but are not limited to: museums, regional libraries, cemeteries and associated facilities, etc.

Level 5

N/A

Uses exceeding the size limitations of levels 1-4, generally those which serve the larger community and region. Examples include, but are not limited to: organizational camps, regional museums and theaters, etc.

Level 6

N/A

Organizational Camps as defined by Chapter 18.25 PCC.

D.    Education. Education Use Type refers to educational services provided by public, private, or parochial institutions. Typical uses include, but are not limited to, elementary, junior, and senior high schools, community colleges, public and private colleges, universities, commercial/vocational schools, and private colleges. This type includes buildings and campuses. Educational facilities may accommodate other civic uses during the standard school day or when facilities are not in use such as, but not limited to: religious services, recreation, social services, daycare facilities, Head Start and preschool, and recreational or educational programs for students and the greater community. The General Provisions for Accessory Uses and Structures in PCC 18A.36.060 shall apply to a use accessory to an Education Use. Refer to PCC 18A.05.025 C. for regulations of minor annual building construction on school sites.

Level 1:    Elementary and Middle/Junior High Schools.

Level 2:    High Schools.

Level 3:    Higher educational facilities such as community colleges, public and private colleges, and universities.

Level 4:    All other Educational Services.

Level 5:    Educational extension facilities and services such as the Washington State University Puyallup Research and Extension Center.

E.    Health Services. Health Services Use Type refers to any health related facilities and services such as, but not limited to, hospitals, surgical facilities, ambulance services, emergency medical facilities providing 24-hour walk-in services, and respite facilities for the elderly, terminally ill, or handicapped.

Level 1:    Medical and dental offices, emergency medical facilities providing 24-hour walk-in service.

Level 2:    Hospitals and institutional facilities. Such facilities may involve surgical and medical procedures as well as mental health related care.

Level 3:    Supervised drug consumption sites.

F.    Postal Services. Postal Services Use Type refers to mailing services provided by the United States Postal Service and including branch post offices, contract stations, terminals, and distribution centers. Also see Commercial Use Category – Business Services Use Type, and Industrial Use Category – Warehouse and Distribution Use Type for courier and parcel delivery.

Level 1:    Postal facilities serving neighborhoods, such as contract stations or branch offices.

Level 2:    Postal facilities serving a region, such as distribution centers and terminals.

G.    Public Park Facilities. Public Park Facilities Use Type refers to publicly owned or non-profit recreational areas and recreation facilities open to the general public on an equal basis, with or without fee. Typical facilities include local parks, county parks, regional parks, special use facilities, linear parks/trails, resource conservancy parks, fairgrounds, zoos and cemeteries. These facilities may offer open space, arboretums, small or special landscaped areas, community gardens, skate parks, sports fields, tennis courts, golf courses, batting cages, equestrian facilities, community centers, and swimming pools. Rest areas associated with major transportation routes would also fall into this category. Central office, storage and maintenance facilities which provide service and support to one or more public park facilities are allowed in this category. Public parks shall be allowed to include civic, resource, utility, office, business and commercial uses that are accessory and incidental to park and recreation uses. Examples of such uses would be: a snack bar or other food service, a golf merchandise sales shop associated with a golf course, or veterinary services associated with livestock or equestrian events operating during such activities. Caretaker residences and employee housing are also allowed when such a use is required for the proposed facility. Hours of operation for accessory uses shall be commensurate with the principal use and the General Provisions for Accessory Uses and Structures in PCC 18A.36.060 shall apply. Also see Commercial Category – Amusement and Recreation Use Type for other types of recreation.

Level 1:    Local Parks. Local Parks such as playfields, neighborhood parks, and small community parks have limited facilities and typically include a playground, sports field, tennis or basketball courts, internal pathway, and supporting amenities.

Level 2:    County Parks and rest areas associated with a major transportation route. County Parks are large community parks that support a wide range of recreation interests, attract residents from nearby communities, provide active and passive recreation opportunities and may also incorporate natural open space.

Level 3:    Regional Parks. Regional Parks attract visitors from throughout the region and which may provide access to significant ecological, cultural, historical features or unique facilities.

Level 4:    Linear Parks/Trails and Resource Conservancy Parks. Linear Parks/ Trails and Resource Conservancy Parks include built or natural corridors which provide recreation or non-motorized transportation linkages within the county or green buffers between communities. Recreational use is generally passive and trail-related and may include supporting facilities, such as viewing areas, play areas, picnic tables, or trailheads.

H.    Religious Assembly. Religious Assembly Use Type refers to religious services involving public assembly such as that which customarily occurs in synagogues, temples, and churches. These uses allow for associated daycare, housing, and educational facilities when clearly secondary to the principal use.

Level 1:    Total floor area up to 10,000 square feet.

Level 2:    Total floor area over 10,000 and up to 30,000 square feet.

Level 3:    Total floor area over 30,000 square feet.

I.    Public Safety Services. Public Safety Services Use Type refers to public safety and emergency services such as police and fire protection services, correctional facilities, and animal control facilities such as the dog pound or humane society.

Level 1:    Safety services requiring locations throughout the County such as police and fire.

Level 2:    Animal control services, such as dog pounds or humane society facilities.

Level 3:    Correctional facilities.

J.    Transportation. Transportation Use Type refers to the provision of public or semi-public transportation services. Typical uses include, but are not limited to, parking garages, park-and-ride lots, commercial parking lots, bus shelters, bus stations, bus transfer centers, passenger rail stations, ferry docks, and other types of public and quasi-public transportation facilities. Bus shelters are exempt from zoning requirements and are allowed outright within the County.

Level 1:    Public or private parking lots and transfer centers not exceeding 1 acre in size.

Level 2:    Transportation uses serving communities and regions, such as passenger rail stations, parking facilities, school bus yards, bus barns, weigh stations, bus stations, transfer centers, and ferry docks.

Level 3:    Airports, heliports, landing fields, and associated hangars and fueling facilities, excluding emergency medical helicopter landings, which are permitted in all zones.

(Ord. 2018-35s § 2 (part), 2018; Ord. 2017-89s § 2 (part), 2018; Ord. 2016-33 §§ 1 (part), 2 (part), 2016; Ord. 2016-24s2 § 1 (part), 2016; Ord. 2016-14s § 2 (part), 2016; Ord. 2015-86 § 1 (part), 2015; Ord. 2015-40 § 4 (part), 2015; Ord. 2013-85 § 1 (part), 2013; Ord. 2013-30s2 § 5 (part), 2013; Ord. 2012-2s § 5 (part), 2012; Ord. 2010-70s § 11 (part), 2010; Ord. 2010-13s § 2 (part), 2010; Ord. 2009-18s3 § 2 (part), 2009; Ord. 2009-10 § 2 (part), 2009; Ord. 2008-39 § 4 (part), 2008; Ord. 2004-52s § 3 (part), 2004)

18A.33.230 Utilities Use Category – Description of Use Categories. Revised 12/18

Utilities Use Category refers to facilities serving the public by means of an integrated system of collection, transmission, distribution, and processing facilities through more or less permanent physical connections between the plant of the serving entity and the premises of the customer. Included are systems for the delivery of natural gas, electricity, and telecommunication services, for the collection of stormwater, and for the collection and disposal of sewage and refuse.

A.    Telecommunication Towers or Wireless Facilities. Telecommunication Towers or Wireless Facilities Use Type refers to facilities used in the transmission of information by radio, electromagnetic, or other similar means. These types of facilities also include central office switching units, remote switching units, telecommunications radio relay stations, and ground-level equipment structures or utility power poles that have been modified or replaced at an increased height for the purposes of accommodating wireless communications.

Level 1:    Antennas or dishes attached to the roof or sides of a building, water tank, or a similar structure or the modification of existing telecommunication towers to accommodate collocation with additional antennas or dishes and associated equipment structures. The following types of antenna(s) are limited as follows: an omnidirectional or whip antenna no more than seven inches in diameter and extending no more than 16 feet above the structure to which it is attached; or a panel antenna no more than 16 square feet, extending above the structure to which it is attached by no more than 16 feet.

Level 2:    Monopole towers with associated antennas or dishes not exceeding 60 feet in height, or stealth, camouflaged, or concealed monopole towers with associated antennas or dishes not exceeding 150 feet in height and meeting the criteria for a camouflaged or concealed design in PCC 18J.15.270 G. This level includes any utility power pole that has been modified or replaced at an increased height for the purposes of accommodating wireless communications.

Level 3:    Monopole towers with associated antennas or dishes over 60 feet in height and not exceeding 150 feet in height. This level includes any utility power pole that has been modified or replaced at an increased height for the purposes of accommodating wireless communications.

Level 4:    Telecommunication towers with associated antenna or dishes over 150 feet in height. This level includes any utility power pole that has been modified or replaced at an increased height for the purposes of accommodating wireless communications.

Level 5:    Telecommunication towers with associated antenna or dishes over 150 feet in height, that are used for: (1) emergency services including, but not limited to, fire, police, and ambulance services; and (2) public utility services including, but not limited to, electric, water and wastewater. This level includes any utility power pole that has been modified or replaced at an increased height for the purposes of accommodating wireless communications.

B.    Electrical Facilities. Electrical Facilities Use Type refers to above-ground electrical transmission lines of an operating voltage of greater than 55 kV, and above-ground substations and switching stations. Electrical facilities are utility facilities that provide service in urban and rural areas. Also, see PCC 18A.05.025, Exempted Uses.

C.    Electrical Generation Facilities. Electrical Generation Facilities Use Type refers to facilities that generate or cogenerate electric energy by, or as a resource for, utilities engaged in the transmission and distribution of electricity to the public. Electrical generation facilities include wind farms, hydropower facilities, thermal generation facilities such as cogeneration and combustion turbines, and other facilities employed to generate electric energy by or as a resource for utilities.

Level 1:    Generation of electricity from landfill gas if the Tacoma-Pierce County Health Department determines this method as a Best Available Control Technology for the control of odor and air emissions from a permitted landfill located within an Essential Public Facility – Solid Waste Facility Overlay (EPF-SWFO) as set forth in PCC 18A.10.100 H.

Level 2:    All other electrical generation facilities.

D.    Natural Gas Facilities. Natural Gas Facilities Use Type refers to facilities engaged in the distribution and storage of natural gas. Natural gas gate stations, natural gas storage facilities, and interim propane storage systems fall within this use type.

Level 1:    Interim propane storage facilities.

Level 2:    Natural gas storage for transportation.

Level 3:    Natural gas gate stations.

Level 4:    Natural gas storage facilities including compression and liquification.

Level 5:    Natural gas storage for transportation, sale and distribution as an accessory use, not to exceed 1,200 gallons.

Level 6:    Conversion of landfill gas to a usable fuel product if the Tacoma-Pierce County Health Department determines this method as a Best Available Control Technology for the control of odor and air emissions from a permitted landfill located within an Essential Public Facility – Solid Waste Facility Overlay (EPF-SWFO) as set forth in PCC 18A.10.100 H.

E.    Organic Waste Processing Facilities. Organic Waste Processing Facilities Use Type refers to any solid waste facility specializing in the controlled decomposition of organic solid waste and which meets requirements of solid waste regulations for the type of feedstock it is composting or treating. Typical uses include composting facilities and soil treatment facilities.

Level 1:    Contaminated soil treatment facilities.

Level 2:    Composting facility designed to handle more than 40 cubic yards.

Level 3:    MSW composting facility.

F.    Pipelines. Pipelines Use Type refers to facilities engaged in the transmission of water, petroleum, oil, or natural gas.

G.    Sewage Collection Facilities. Sewage Collection Facilities Use Type refers to facilities used to collect sewage including, but not limited to, wastewater transfer facilities, odor control structures, pump stations, and lift stations. (Also see PCC 18A.05.025, Exempted Uses).

H.    Sewage Treatment Facilities. Sewage Treatment Facilities Use Type refers to facilities used to treat any liquid or waterborne waste of domestic origin or a combination of domestic, commercial, or industrial origin, and which by its design requires the presence of an operator for its operation, including alternative treatment works and package treatment plants. Also included are all of the various types of associated equipment, structures, and operations as they are currently constructed and operating or will result from technology including, but not limited to, administrative offices, storage, laboratories, public walkways, recreational and educational uses, and parking lots. It shall not include any facility used exclusively by a single-family residence, septic tanks with subsoil absorption, industrial pretreatment facilities, privately owned treatment plants for industrial wastewater, or wastewater collection systems.

I.    Surface Water Management Activities. Surface Water Management Activities Use Type includes activities undertaken to reduce flooding, protect water quality and preserve natural drainage courses. The activities and uses include stormwater facilities, flood plain reconnection, channel restoration, flood management actions, levees/revetments, and associated habitat restoration activities.

J.    Waste Disposal Facilities. Waste Disposal Facilities Use Type refers to permanent disposal sites for solid waste. Typical uses include inert or limited purpose landfills, MSW, landfills, and waste-to-energy facilities handling municipal solid waste (MSW).

Level 1:    Inert landfills.

Level 2:    Inert landfills as accessory uses to mineral extraction sites.

Level 3:    Limited purpose landfills.

Level 4:    Special Waste-to-Energy Facilities designed to burn more than 12 tons per day.

Level 5:    MSW landfill, special incinerator ash landfill, any landfill not previously identified, and MSW waste-to-energy facility.

Level 6:    Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) landfill located within an Essential Public Facility-Solid Waste Facility Overlay (EPF-SWFO) as set forth in PCC 18A.10.100 H.

K.    Waste Transfer Facilities. Waste Transfer Facilities Use Type refers to solid waste facilities where solid waste is collected or subjected to interim processing before being transported to a permanent disposal site or for reuse. Typical uses include recycling collection sites, drop-box transfer stations, transfer stations with or without recyclables recovery facilities, moderate-risk waste facilities, and tire piles.

Level 1:    Recycling collection sites.

Level 2:    Drop-box transfer stations.

Level 3:    Tire piles.

Level 4:    Transfer stations with or without recyclables recovery facilities (MRF) and Moderate-Risk Waste Facilities.

L.    Water Supply Facilities. Water Supply Facilities Use Type refers to potable water production and treatment facilities, water storage facilities and reservoirs, wellheads, booster stations, and pump stations.

Level 1:    Wellheads, pump stations, water storage facilities, and water treatment facilities which do not exceed a cumulative building footprint of 10,000 square feet nor exceed the building height for the zone except those water treatment facilities that propose to use gaseous chlorine or sodium hydroxide system.

Level 2:    Wellheads, pump stations, water storage facilities, and water treatment facilities which exceed the building height of the zone and do not exceed a cumulative building footprint of 10,000 square feet and do not exceed 60 feet in height except those water treatment facilities that propose to use gaseous chlorine or sodium hydroxide system.

Level 3:    All water storage or treatment facilities that exceed 10,000 square feet or exceed 60 feet in height or propose to use gaseous chlorine or sodium hydroxide system.

M.    Utility or Public Maintenance Facilities. Utility or Public Maintenance Facilities Use Type refers to facilities for open and enclosed storage and maintenance of vehicles, equipment, or related materials used in a utility or public facility activity.

Level 1:    Total enclosed floor area up to 1,000 heated square feet or up to 4,000 unheated square feet.

Level 2:    Total enclosed floor area greater than 1,000 square feet.

(Ord. 2017-89s § 2 (part), 2018; Ord. 2017-28s § 7 (part), 2017; Ord. 2016-24s2 § 1 (part), 2016; Ord. 2014-67 § 1 (part), 2014; Ord. 2013-85 § 1 (part), 2013; Ord. 2013-30s2 § 5 (part), 2013; Ord. 2012-2s § 5 (part), 2012; Ord. 2010-13s § 2 (part), 2010; Ord. 2007-85s § 2 (part), 2007; Ord. 2007-109s § 3 (part), 2007; Ord. 2007-6 § 2 (part), 2007; Ord. 2006-53s § 1 (part), 2006; Ord. 2004-52s § 3 (part), 2004)

18A.33.240 Essential Public Facilities Category – Description of Use Categories.

Essential public facilities are defined as facilities that are "typically difficult to site, such as airports, state education facilities, state or regional transportation facilities as defined in RCW 47.06.140, state and local correctional facilities, solid waste handling facilities, and in-patient facilities including substance abuse facilities, mental health facilities, group homes, and secure community transition facilities as defined in RCW 71.09.020." (RCW 36.70A.200(1), Siting of Essential Public Facilities – Limitation on liability). (Ord. 2012-2s § 5 (part), 2012; Ord. 2004-87s § 6 (part), 2004; Ord. 2004-52s § 3 (part), 2004)

18A.33.250 Office/Business Use Category – Description of Use Categories.

Office/Business Category includes establishments serving businesses or individuals with a wide variety of services such as providing advice, reports, marketing, financial needs, engineering, research, management, and related services that are necessary to conduct personal or professional business.

A.    Administrative and Professional Offices. Administrative and Professional Offices Use Type refers to offices, private firms, or organizations which provide professional or administrative services to individuals or businesses. Typical uses include employment services, property management services, title companies, law offices, engineering/ surveying consulting firms, architecture and landscape architecture firms, advertising and public relations firms, diagnostic testing services, advertising agencies, travel agencies, talent agencies, insurance offices, real estate offices, investment brokers, financial planners, banking services with or without drive through facilities, offices for non-profit and quasi-public agencies, firms involved in the development of high technology in an office setting which does not require industrial processes for research purposes, and other business offices customarily associated with professional or administrative office services.

Level 1:    Office buildings with a maximum size of 5,000 square feet.

Level 2:    All other office buildings.

(Ord. 2016-33 § 1 (part), 2016; Ord. 2016-24s2 § 1 (part), 2016; Ord. 2015-86 § 1 (part), 2015; Ord. 2015-40 § 4 (part), 2015; Ord. 2007-6 § 2 (part), 2007; Ord. 2004-87s § 6 (part), 2004; Ord. 2004-52s § 3 (part), 2004)

18A.33.260 Resource Use Category – Description of Use Categories. Revised 12/18

Resource Use Category includes the production or sale of plant and animal products and other resource-based industries such as forestry, mining, aquaculture, or the sale of products associated with resource-based industry.

A.    Agritourism. Agritourism Use Type refers to uses which are agriculturally based operations or activities that bring visitors to an active farm or ranch. The uses are associated with an ongoing agricultural use and may involve the sale of locally grown agricultural products. Agritourism includes a wide variety of activities including, but not limited to, corn mazes, harvesting fruit and vegetables, feeding animals, riding animals, lodging, farm gift shops, farm-related events, learning about farm practices, small scale breweries, wineries, distilleries, barn wedding venues, and produce stands. Agritourism may include tractor rides, but shall not involve motorized off-road vehicle racing or similar motor vehicle activities. At least 50 percent of products offered for sale must be produced in Pierce County. See PCC 18A.36.070 for accessory uses in Agricultural Resource Lands.

Level 1:

•    Agritourism is allowed where there is at least 2 acres in agricultural crop production or operation, or 5 acres of ranch/animal husbandry; or combination as determined appropriate by the Director.

•    This may include indoor retail sales area, whether stand alone or a portion of another structure.

•    The cumulative indoor retail sales area shall not exceed 1,500 square feet.

Level 2:    Sales associated with horticultural nurseries and greenhouses on a project site of any size. Indoor retail sales area is allowed up to 2,500 square feet, excluding greenhouse space used primarily for growing plants. Not more than 30 percent of the retail sales area may contain other related retail products.

B.    Agricultural Supply Sales. Agricultural Supply Sales Use Type refers to uses which include, but are not limited to, the sales of agricultural supplies, including feed, grain, fertilizers, and farming equipment.

Table 18A.33.260-2. Agricultural Supply Sales Use Type – Description of Levels

Level

Primary activity

Total floor area

Use of outdoor areas

Other requirements

Level 1

Retail sale of feed, grain, fertilizers, and small farming equipment sales and service.

Up to 10,000 square feet

For display and storage as an accessory use

Accessory uses may also include retail sales of fencing, small domestic pets and livestock and livestock and pet supplies and equipment.

Level 2

Same as Level 1

Over 10,000 and up to 30,000 square feet

Same as Level 1

Same as Level 1

Level 3

Same as Level 1

Over 30,000 and up to 80,000 square feet

Same as Level 1

Same as Level 1

Level 4

Same as Level 1

Over 80,000 square feet

Same as Level 1

Same as Level 1

Level 5

Sales of large farming equipment, sales and services for items such as tractors and combines.

Up to 30,000 square feet

Display of farming equipment for sales and parking area for services.

Service area parking shall be located in the rear or side of the building and screened from the street and adjacent properties.

Level 6

Same as Level 5

Over 30,000 and up to 80,000 square feet

Display of farming equipment for sales and parking area for services.

Same as Level 5

Level 7

Same as Level 5

Over 80,000 square feet

Display of farming equipment for sales and parking area for services.

Same as Level 5

C.    Agricultural Services. Agricultural Services Use Type refers to businesses that support the agricultural industry and operate primarily outside an office setting. Typical uses include soil preparation and soil testing services, farm and farm labor management services, landscape and crop fertilizing and spraying services, livestock veterinary services, and other commercial services which typically provide the personnel and equipment necessary to maintain agricultural productivity.

D.    Animal Production, Boarding, and Slaughtering. Animal Production and Slaughtering Use Type refers to uses which involve the commercial raising of animals, the production of animal products, such as eggs or dairy products, the boarding of animals, and the slaughtering and processing of animals.

Level 1:    Animal Production, Boarding, and Slaughtering uses which involve the commercial raising or boarding of animals or production of animal products, such as eggs or dairy products produced on-site, but excluding the slaughtering and processing of animals unless conducted in a mobile slaughter unit which is operated in accordance with State and Federal regulations. Examples include grazing, ranching, dairy farming, commercial stables, riding academies, and breeding and boarding kennels.

Level 2:    Animal Production, Boarding, and Slaughtering uses which involve the slaughtering of animals to be sold to others or to be used in making meat products on the same premises. Examples include fat rendering, meat packing plants, poultry slaughter and processing, slaughter houses.

E.    Craft Distilleries. Craft Distilleries Use Type refers to distilleries with less than 150,000 gallons production and where at least half of the raw materials used in the production are grown in the State of Washington. The following regulations apply:

1.    The total area that encompasses the craft distillery building, sampling/sales building, storage buildings, and parking shall not exceed 1 acre and should be permitted at a rural scale.

2.    The entire craft distillery production and retail sales/product sampling area is limited to a total of 8,000 square feet. The area for retail sales/product sampling shall be limited to a maximum of 3,000 square feet of this total.

F.    Crop Production. Crop Production Use Type refers to uses which involve the raising and harvesting of row crops, field crops, or tree crops on a commercial basis, including packing, primary processing, and storage facilities. For the purposes of this Use Type, primary processing means performing service on crops subsequent to their harvest with the intent of preparing them for market or further processing. This Use Type does not include the processing of agricultural products described under the "Food and Related Products Use Type" of the Industrial Category.

Level 1:    Crop Production uses which involve the raising and harvesting of crops, which may include the storage, primary processing and preserving of those agricultural products. Examples include grain and vegetable crops, fruit trees, and horticultural nurseries.

Level 2:    Crop Production uses which involve the primary processing, packaging, and storage of agricultural products. Examples include fruit and vegetable packing and shipment plants, warehouses, fruit and vegetable cold storage plants, and other uses involved in the harvesting and primary processing of locally grown agricultural products.

G.    Fish Processing, Hatcheries and Aquaculture. Fish Processing, Hatcheries and Aquaculture Use Type refers to uses which involve the production, processing or sales of finfish, shellfish, or other aquatic or marine products within a confined space and under controlled feeding, sanitation, harvesting, or processing procedures. Examples include salmon farms, oyster growing operations, geoduck growing operations, and fish hatcheries. Development activities below the Ordinary High Water Mark associated with these uses are exclusively regulated by Shoreline Management Use Regulations.

Level 1:    Raising or production of finfish, shellfish, or other aquatic or marine animal or plant species, but not including processing of aquatic or marine products as either a primary use or accessory use.

Level 2:    Processing or sales of finfish, shellfish or other aquatic or marine products.

H.    Forestry. Forestry Use Type refers to uses which involve commercial harvesting of forest products, primary manufacturing of wood products, and scientific research related to management of forest lands.

Level 1:    Forestry Use Types which involve commercial harvesting of forest products and scientific research related to management of forest lands. Examples include timber harvesting, gathering of forest products (e.g., bark, berries, mushrooms), silvicultural, and environmental research facilities.

Level 2:    Forestry Use Types which involve the manufacturing of lumber and basic wood materials; (examples include saw, lath, shingle, planing, plywood, drying kilns, and veneer mills) or involve processing of the lumber or wood materials into a consumer good. Examples include cabinets or other finished products made mainly from wood.

I.    Surface Mines. Surface Mines Use Type refers to uses which involve the mining of naturally-occurring minerals, including metallic minerals, coal, nonmetallic minerals, and oil and gas, together with allied uses of rock crushing, screening, asphalt processing, and other auxiliary uses as approved by the Examiner. Examples include gold mines, coal mines, sand and gravel pits, rock quarries, and oil and gas extraction.

Level 1:    Surface mines located within an existing Mineral Resource Overlay (MRO) as set forth in PCC 18A.10.100 E.

Level 2:    New surface mines or proposed expansions of surface mines not located within a Mineral Resource Overlay (MRO) as set forth in PCC 18A.10.100 E.

(Ord. 2017-89s § 2 (part), 2018; Ord. 2017-43s § 1 (part), 2017; Ord. 2016-33 § 1 (part), 2016; Ord. 2016-24s2 § 1 (part), 2016; Ord. 2015-86 § 1 (part), 2015; Ord. 2015-40 § 4 (part), 2015; Ord. 2013-85 § 1 (part), 2013; Ord. 2013-30s2 § 5 (part), 2013; Ord. 2012-2s § 5 (part), 2012; Ord. 2010-70s § 11 (part), 2010; Ord. 2009-10 § 2 (part), 2009; Ord. 2008-26s § 1 (part), 2008; Ord. 2007-85s § 2 (part), 2007; Ord. 2007-109s § 3 (part), 2007; Ord. 2007-6 § 2 (part), 2007; Ord. 2006-53s § 1 (part), 2006; Ord. 2004-87s § 6 (part), 2004; Ord. 2004-52s § 3 (part), 2004)

18A.33.270 Commercial Use Category – Description of Use Categories.

Commercial activities include the provision of services and the sale, distribution, or rental of goods that benefit the daily needs of the general public which are not otherwise classified as civic, office, or industrial activities. The Commercial Use Category has been separated into the following types based upon distinguishing features such as: nature of business activity and type of goods or products sold or serviced.

A.    Adult Business. Adult Business Use Type refers to establishments which provide entertainment, devices or services that are sexually explicit in nature and generate social impacts, thus, locationally sensitive to other uses. Examples include adult arcades, adult bookstores, adult cabarets, adult motion picture theaters, adult novelty stores, escort services, massage parlors, and public bathhouses.

B.    Amusement and Recreation. Amusement and Recreation Use Type refers to establishments or places of business primarily engaged in the provision of sports, entertainment, or recreational services to the general public or members. Examples include, but are not limited to, marinas, video arcades, teen clubs, athletic clubs, swimming pools, billiard parlors, bowling alleys, ice or roller skating rinks, indoor movie theaters, drive-in theaters, miniature golf courses, golf courses, outdoor performance centers, sports arenas, festival and event facilities, and race tracks. Also see Lodging Use Type, Commercial Use Category, for camp sites and recreational vehicle parks.

Table 18A.33.270-1. Amusement and Recreation Use Type – Description of Levels

Level

Location of activity

Total floor area

Typical uses and other requirements

Level 1

Indoor

Up to 5,000 square feet

Video arcades, martial arts studios, dance studios, billiard parlors, rental of recreational sports equipment, etc.;

Not including Dance Halls

Level 2

Indoor

Up to 30,000 square feet

Level 1 uses;

Amusement centers with multiple activities, mini-golf, batting cages, climbing walls, skateboard facilities, teen clubs, bowling alleys, live performance theatres, athletic clubs, dance halls as regulated per Chapter 5.32 PCC*, etc.

*Code reviser’s note: Chapter 5.32 PCC was repealed by Ordinance No. 2012-17.

Level 3

Indoor or outdoor

NA

Batting cages, driving ranges, mini-golf, climbing walls, swimming pools, marinas, outdoor performance centers, racetracks, motor-tracks, outdoor sports arenas, drive-in theatres, recreational fishing ponds, festival and event facility, paintball facilities, gun ranges, etc.

Level 4

Indoor or outdoor

Over 30,000 and up to 80,000 square feet

Level 1 and 2 uses;

Tennis courts, swimming pools, movie theatres, sports arenas, ice rinks, skating rinks, soccer facilities, performing arts centers, etc.

Level 5

Indoor or outdoor

Greater than 80,000 square feet

Level 4 uses;

Indoor sports arenas, large multi-plex movie theatre complexes, etc. Accessory uses include parking lots, restrooms, food and beverage service.

Level 6

Golf Courses.

C.    Billboards. Billboards Use Type refers to an advertising mechanism conveyed on a preprinted or hand painted changeable sign which directs attention to businesses, commodities, services, or facilities which are not sold, manufactured, or distributed from the property on which the sign is located. See also Chapter 18A.55 PCC, Billboards.

D.    Building Materials and Garden Supplies. Building Materials and Garden Supplies Use Type refers to establishments primarily engaged in selling lumber and other building materials, paint, glass, and wallpaper, hardware, nursery stock, and lawn and garden supplies. Establishments primarily selling these products for use exclusively by businesses or to other wholesalers or primarily selling plumbing, heating and air-conditioning equipment, and electrical supplies are classified in the Wholesale Trade Use Type, Commercial Use Category.

Table 18A.33.270-2. Building Materials and Garden Supplies Use Type – Description of Levels

Level

Primary activity

Total floor area

Use of outdoor areas

Other requirements

Level 1

Retail sale of basic hardware lines, such as tools, builders' hardware, paint, and glass.

Up to 5,000 square feet

For display and storage as an accessory use

Accessory uses include retail sales of nursery, lawn and garden supplies and lumber

Level 2

Same as Level 1

Over 5,000 and up to 10,000 square feet

Same as Level 1

Same as Level 1

Level 3

Same as Level 1

Over 10,000 and up to 30,000 square feet

Same as Level 1

Same as Level 1

Level 4

Sales of lumber and a general line of building materials, nursery, lawn, and garden supplies to the public

Over 30,000 and up to 80,000 square feet

Same as Level 1

General line of building materials may include rough and dressed lumber, flooring, molding, doors, frames, roofing, siding, shingles, wallboards, paint, brick, tile, and cement.

Level 5

Outdoor retail sales of landscape materials, such as bark, crushed rock, soil, sand, plant materials, etc.

NA

See primary activity; may include storage of delivery trucks

Located on a lot or combination of lots not exceeding 2 acres in size.

No more than 2 delivery trucks, up to 20,000 pound gross vehicle weight, can be kept on-site.

Level 6

Same as Level 5.

NA

See primary activity; may include storage of delivery trucks

Located on a lot or combination of lots exceeding 2 acres in size.

E.    Business Services. Business Services Use Type refers to uses primarily engaged in providing services to business establishments on a contract or fee basis. Examples include courier services, parcel delivery services, FAX services, telegraph services, reproduction services, commercial art and photography services, stenographic services, and janitorial services.

Level 1:    Total floor area of up to 5,000 square feet; may include outdoor storage of vehicles.

Level 2:    Total floor area exceeds 5,000 square feet; may include outdoor storage of vehicles.

F.    Commercial Centers. Commercial Centers Use Type refers to any lot or combination of lots with a store or variety of stores, offices, and services integrated into a complex utilizing uniform parking facilities. A variety of goods are sold or services provided at these centers ranging from general merchandise to specialty goods and foods. The specific uses permitted in Commercial Centers are limited to those uses allowed in the particular zone. The allowable size for individual commercial uses within the Commercial Center may not exceed the floor area allowed in the zone for that use. (For example, if the maximum square footage for a garden supply store is 5,000 square feet in an Activity Center zone, this would be the maximum floor area for a garden supply store allowed in that Commercial Center.) Commercial centers can be grouped into three levels:

Level 1:    Any store or commercial center containing a variety of stores with a cumulative floor area over 40,000 square feet and up to 80,000 square feet. Flea Markets or Swap meets with up to 80,000 square feet of sales area.

Level 2:    Any store or commercial center containing a variety of stores with a cumulative floor area over 80,000 square feet and up to 200,000 square feet.

Level 3:    Any commercial center containing a store or variety of stores with a cumulative floor area greater than 200,000 square feet.

G.    Eating and Drinking Establishment. Eating and Drinking Establishment Use Type refers to establishments that sell prepared food, beer, wine and/or liquor and may also provide music and dancing. Examples include, but are not limited to, espresso stands, fast food restaurants, full service restaurants, taverns, brewpubs, craft distilleries and wineries.

Level 1:    Espresso stands with or without drive-through facilities, no preparation of meals allowed; and not exceeding 400 square feet in structure size.

Level 2:    Fast food restaurants with drive-through facilities.

Level 3:    Full service restaurants, taverns, brewpubs, craft distilleries, wineries, or cafes. This level of restaurant may not have a separate lounge area for patrons 21 years of age or older, and/or allow music and dancing.

H.    Lodging. Lodging Use Type refers to establishments that provide sleeping accommodations, whether with or without meals, furnished for hire to transient guests. Examples include, but are not limited to, hotels/motels, employee housing, camping, and retreat centers. For Bed and Breakfast, see PCC 18A.37.040.

Level 1:    Camp sites and recreational vehicle parks.

Level 2:    Lodging house.

Level 3:    Lodging house with up to 20 guest rooms.

Level 4:    Employee Housing. This housing type is limited to communities that have seasonal employment housing needs. Employee housing is distinguished by shared kitchen/dining areas as well as shared restroom/shower facilities. No more than 20 individual sleeping units per building shall be allowed, with each unit requiring internal building access. Any provisions for cooking facilities within an individual sleeping unit are prohibited.

Level 5:    Retreat Centers. Retreat Centers may accommodate each visitor for no longer than 10 consecutive days and for no more than 50 visitors at any one time.

Level 6:    Campgrounds and camp sites, not including recreational vehicle parks.

I.    Mobile, Manufactured, and Modular Homes Sales. Mobile, Manufactured, and Modular Homes Sales Use Type refers to those establishments that store and sell pre-manufactured homes. There shall be no storage of uninhabitable or dilapidated mobile, manufactured, and modular homes. The primary purpose is to provide sites for marketing and distribution.

J.    Motor Vehicles and Related Equipment Sales/Rental/Repair and Services. Motor Vehicles and Related Equipment Sales/Rental/Repair and Services Use Type refers to establishments or places of business engaged in the sales, leasing, or service of automobiles, trucks, motorcycles, recreational vehicles, and boats; or heavy equipment and supplies related to motor vehicles; and self-moving services. Electric vehicle charging stations are exempt from zoning requirements and are allowed outright within the County.

Level 1:    Fuel service stations together with accessory automobile repair and convenience shopping, car washes with a one car capacity, and express lube/oil shops that do not keep vehicles onsite for repairs.

Level 2:    Automotive repair shops and car washes. Typical uses include general repair shops, transmission and engine rebuild shops, muffler shops, glass repair shops, automobile upholstery services, and lube/oil shops. On-site rental and lease of motor vehicles is permitted as an accessory use to automotive repair shops provided the number of vehicles available for rent or lease shall not exceed 10 at any given time.

Level 3:    Same uses as Level 2, except this level allows for motor vehicles sales as an accessory use provided the number of vehicles for sale on-site does not exceed 15 at any given time.

Level 4:    On-site sales, lease, repair, or rental of vessels, automobiles, trucks not exceeding three tons of vehicle weight, and recreational vehicles.

Level 5:    Sales, lease, or rental of heavy truck and heavy equipment exceeding three tons of vehicle weight, supplies intended for outdoor use, and truck service stations. Typical use includes truck stops primarily designed for the service and fueling of heavy trucks and tractor trailer sales. Other activities include automobile body repair and paint facilities.

Level 6:    Aircraft sales, lease or rental.

K.    Rental and Repair Services. Rental and Repair Services Use Type refers to establishments primarily engaged in the provision of repair services or closely related uses. Typical uses include upholstery shops, appliance repair shops, small engine and power tool rental and repair such as lawn mowers and chainsaws, vacuum cleaner repair, medical equipment rental and repair services, rental furnishings, and instrument repair services. Refer to Motor Vehicles and Related Equipment Sales/Rental/Repair and Services Use Type for automotive repair. Also see Personal Services Use Type for clothing alterations.

Level 1:    Establishments that do not involve outdoor storage.

Level 2:    Establishments that involve outdoor storage of equipment.

L.    Sales of Merchandise and Services. Sales of Merchandise and Services Use Type refers to establishments that sell general merchandise or provide services to individuals or businesses.

Level 1:    Total indoor/outdoor retail sales area up to 5,000 square feet.

Level 2:    Total indoor/outdoor retail sales area up to 15,000 square feet.

Level 3:    Total indoor/outdoor retail sales area up to 30,000 square feet.

Level 4:    Total indoor/outdoor retail sales area up to 80,000 square feet.

Level 5:    Total indoor/outdoor retail sales area greater than 80,000 square feet.

M.    Storage and Moving. Storage and Moving Use Type refers to businesses engaged in the storage of items for personal and business use and transportation of personal and business items between locations. This use type includes storage of vehicles, boats and recreational vehicles only when stored for personal use and not for sale, repair or maintenance purposes. Examples of uses include mini-warehousing, temporary storage of personal or business items by a moving and storage company, and boat storage yards. Personal hobby activities may occur within storage units when additional parking is provided for units that could accommodate such use, pursuant to Table 18A.35.040-1. For maintenance or repair of recreational vehicles or boats, also see the Motor Vehicles and Related Equipment Sales/Rental/Repair and Services Use Type.

Table 18A.33.270-4. Storage and Moving – Description of Levels

Total Use Area

Outdoor Use Allowed

Building Standards

Level 1

Total use area consists of a lot or combination of lots of up to 4 acres in size.

Yes

N/A

Level 2

Total use area consists of a lot or combination of lots more than 4 acres in size.

Yes

N/A

N.    Wholesale Trade. Wholesale Trade Use Type refers to establishments primarily engaged in selling merchandise to retailers; to industrial, commercial, institutional, or professional business users; to other wholesalers; or acting as agents or brokers and buying for or selling merchandise to such individuals or companies. Typical Wholesale Trade establishments include, but are not limited to, cooperative buying associations, electrical distributors, plumbing supplies, heating and air-conditioning equipment supplies, lumber and construction materials supplies, professional and commercial equipment supplies. Use may include showroom or retail space and associated warehouse.

Level 1:    Establishments with total floor area of 10,000 square feet or less and indoor storage only.

Level 2:    Establishments with total floor area of more than 10,000 to 80,000 square feet and with indoor or outdoor storage.

(Ord. 2016-33 § 2 (part), 2016; Ord. 2016-24s2 § 1 (part), 2016; Ord. 2016-14s § 2 (part), 2016; Ord. 2013-85 § 1 (part), 2013; Ord. 2013-30s2 § 5 (part), 2013; Ord. 2012-2s § 5 (part), 2012; Ord. 2012-17 § 12, 2012; Ord. 2010-7 § 2 (part), 2010; Ord. 2009-18s3 § 2 (part), 2009; Ord. 2008-51s § 1 (part), 2008; Ord. 2008-15s § 1 (part), 2008; Ord. 2007-109s § 3 (part), 2007; Ord. 2006-53s § 1 (part), 2006; Ord. 2006-9s § 1 (part), 2006; Ord. 2005-84s § 2 (part), 2005; Ord. 2004-52s § 3 (part), 2004)

18A.33.280 Industrial Use Category – Description of Use Categories. Revised 12/18

Industrial Use Categories include the on-site production, processing, storage, movement, servicing, or repair of goods and materials. The harvesting and extraction of raw materials; e.g., agricultural, forest, mineral, etc., is not included within the Industrial Use Categories but is found within the Resource Use Category. The Industrial Use Categories typically have one or more of the following characteristics: relatively large acreage requirements, create substantial odor or noise, create heavy traffic passenger vehicle and/or truck volumes, employ relatively large numbers of people, and/or create visual impacts incompatible with residential development.

A.    Basic Manufacturing. Basic Manufacturing Use Type refers to uses that involve the primary processing of a raw or initially-processed material into a product that requires additional processing, manufacture, or assembly in order to become a consumer good. Examples include, but are not limited to:

1.    the production of basic chemicals;

2.    the manufacture of castings and other basic metal products and the manufacture of nails, spikes, and insulated wire and cable;

3.    the tanning, curing, or storage of raw hides or skins;

4.    the manufacture of cement, ready-mix concrete, cut stone, and crushed rock and other primary products from materials taken principally from the earth in the form of stone, clay, and sand;

5.    the manufacture of asphalt and asphalt reclamation processes;

6.    soil remediation facilities;

7.    saw, lath, shingle, planing, plywood and veneer mills engaged in producing lumber and basic wood materials;

8.    the manufacture of pulps from woods and other cellulose fibers and from rags;

9.    petroleum and natural gas refining and processing; and

10.    the smelting and refining of ferrous and non-ferrous metals from ore or scrap, rolling, drawing, and alloying metals.

B.    Contractor Yards. Contractor Yards Use Type refers to an area for construction or contracting business offices, interior or outdoor storage, repair, or maintenance of heavy equipment, vehicles, or construction supplies and materials.

Level 1:    Contractor Yards that include an outdoor storage area of less than or equal to 2 acres.

Level 2:    Contractor Yards with outdoor storage areas greater than 2 acres in size.

C.    Food and Related Products. Food and Related Products Use Type refers to uses which involve the processing of non-animal food materials, raw milk, ice manufacturing, and other food products manufacturing, processing, storage and packaging. Examples include: bakeries which distribute products to many retail outlets, creameries and other dairy products manufacturing without on-site dairy animals, soft drink bottling plants, feed and cereal mills, flour mills, vegetable oil manufacturing, refining or storage, yeast plants, and starch, glucose and dextrine manufacturing, and dry pet food, lard, pickles, sauerkraut, and vinegar manufacturing, sugar refining, breweries and distilleries. This Use Type does not include any food processing in which animals, slaughtered or live, are processed on site. Those uses are found under the Animal Production, Boarding, and Slaughtering Use Type.

Table 18A.33.280-1. Food and Related Products Use Type – Description of Levels

Level and primary activity

Total Floor Area

Level 1:

Small Scale Wineries, Distilleries, Breweries, Cideries

Up to 2,500 square feet. No exterior storage

Level 2:

Food processing and packaging facilities

Up to 10,000 square feet

Level 3:

Food processing and packaging facilities

Up to 80,000 square feet

Level 4:

Food processing and packaging facilities

Greater than 80,000 square feet

D.    Industrial Services and Repair. Industrial Services and Repair Use Type refers to businesses that support industrial and commercial uses by repairing equipment or vehicles, fuel, gas, and oil storage and distribution, bio-tech, or high tech research and laboratories, and/or providing other services integral to the functioning of the industrial or commercial use.

E.    Intermediate Manufacturing and Intermediate/Final Assembly. Intermediate Manufacturing and Intermediate/Final Assembly Use Type refers to uses that involve intermediate processing of semi-processed material into a consumer good and to uses that involve the assembly of semi-processed and/or intermediate processed products into a consumer good. This Use Type refers to the production, manufacture, fabrication or assembly of one or more of the following product types:

1.    clothing and fabricated products;

2.    products manufactured by predominately chemical processes and which are to be used for ultimate consumer or industrial consumption;

3.    products manufactured by predominately chemical processes and which are to be used in further manufacture of other products;

4.    electronic computers, computer hardware components and related equipment, and other machinery, apparatus and supplies for the generation, storage, transmission, transformation, and utilization of electrical energy;

5.    industrial and commercial machinery and equipment;

6.    finished products made entirely or mainly from wood for use in construction;

7.    paper and paperboard and its conversion into other paper-based products;

8.    ferrous and non-ferrous metal products and a variety of metal and wire products manufacturing;

9.    products manufactured or assembled from plastic resins and from natural, synthetic, or reclaimed rubber;

10.    paving and roofing materials, compounding lubricating oils and greases, rubber reclaiming, manufacture of synthetic rubber;

11.    instruments for measuring, testing, analyzing and controlling, optical instruments and lenses, surveying and drafting instruments, medical instruments and equipment, photographic equipment, watches and clocks, and supplies associated with the previous products;

12.    glass and glass products, clay products, pottery, concrete and gypsum products, abrasive and asbestos products, and other secondary products from materials taken principally from the earth in the form of stone, clay and sand;

13.    woven and knit fabrics, and carpets and rugs from yarn;

14.    dyeing, finishing, coating, waterproofing, and other treating of fiber, yarn, and fabrics;

15.    felt, lace goods, non-woven fabrics, and miscellaneous textiles;

16.    equipment for transportation of people or cargo by land, air, rail, or water; and

17.    other manufacturing and/or assembly processes in which processed or semi-processed materials are made or assembled into consumer products.

Level 1:    Total floor area up to 2,000 square feet. No exterior storage allowed.

Level 2:    Total floor area up to 5,000 square feet.

Level 3:    Total floor area up to 80,000 square feet.

Level 4:    Total floor area greater than 80,000 square feet.

F.    Off-Site Hazardous Waste Treatment and Storage Facilities. Off-Site Hazardous Waste Treatment and Storage Facilities Use Type refers to facilities that treat and store hazardous waste generated off-site and are authorized pursuant to Chapter 70.105 RCW. All contiguous land and structures used for recycling, reusing, reclaiming, transferring, storing, or treating hazardous wastes are included.

G.    Recycling Collection and Processing Facilities. Use Type refers to commercial and industrial activities which specialize in accepting, buying, collecting, storing, or processing recyclable materials, excluding activities which fall under the following specific use types: "Organic Waste Processing Facilities," "Waste Disposal Facilities," or "Waste Transfer Facilities."

Level 1:    Recycling collection sites at staffed or unstaffed locations which accept source-separated recyclable materials from off-site household or commercial generators. Patrons place recyclable materials into containers designed and marked to receive specific recyclable commodities or a combination of commodities. All containers are removed from the site for sorting, grading, packaging, manual processing, mechanical processing, remanufacturing or reuse.

Level 2:    Buy-back centers or any small-scale business operated solely indoors which collects, receives, or buys recyclable materials from household, commercial, or industrial sources for the purpose of sorting, grading, or packaging recyclables for subsequent shipment and marketing, not to include processing and crushing activities. Recyclable materials must have been separated from non-recyclable municipal garbage at the source of generation prior to delivery to the buy-back center.

Level 3:    Industrial activities which specialize in accepting, storing, and processing any waste, other than hazardous waste or municipal garbage, for reuse and which may use heavy mechanical equipment to do the processing and include outdoor processing and storage of recycled materials. This includes material recovery facilities designed and operated to accept and process recyclable materials which were separated from non-recyclable municipal garbage at the source of generation. This also includes buy-back centers which involve materials stored outside in containers, dumpsters, piles or bales. Facilities which collect, store and process recyclables still co-mingled with municipal garbage are classified as a Waste Transfer Facility Level 4.

H.    Salvage Yards/Vehicle Storage. Salvage Yards/Vehicle Storage Use Type refers to uses that involve: the salvage of wrecked vehicles, vehicle parts and appliances; and the storage of vehicles.

Level 1:    Salvage Yards dealing with salvage of wrecked motor vehicles, vehicle parts, and appliances in which all vehicles and merchandise are stored within an enclosed building(s).

Level 2:     Salvage Yards dealing with salvage of wrecked motor vehicles, vehicle parts, mobile and manufactured homes, and appliances in which vehicles and merchandise are stored in an outdoor storage area.

Level 3:    Vehicle Storage. The area for vehicle storage shall be no more than 10,000 square feet for storage of parking tow-aways, impound yards, and storage lots for automobiles, trucks, buses, and recreational vehicles. The area for vehicle storage shall be fenced. It does not include parking lots or the storage of vehicles for repair, sale, or the sale of vehicle parts.

Level 4:    Vehicle Storage areas of more than 10,000 square feet for storage of parking tow-aways, impound yards, and storage lots for automobiles, trucks, buses, and recreational vehicles. The area for vehicle storage shall be fenced. It does not include parking lots or the storage of vehicles for repair, sale, or the sale of vehicle parts.

I.    Warehousing, Distribution, and Freight Movement. Warehousing, Distribution, and Freight Movement Use Type refers to the large scale warehousing and distribution of manufactured or processed products for one or more businesses, the large scale distribution of raw, manufactured, or processed products for one or more businesses at a central location, and the central dispatch and servicing of a delivery truck fleet, where no reloading (transfer facility), warehousing, or consolidation of materials takes place on site. Materials may be stored inside a building or in outdoor storage areas.

Table 18A.33.280-3. Warehousing, Distribution and Freight Movement Use Type – Description of Levels

Level

Products transported or stored

Size of Project area

Level 1

Manufactured, processed, semi-processed products and raw materials

On a lot or combination of lots not exceeding 2 acres

Level 2

Same as Level 1

On a lot or combination of lots from 2 to 5 acres in size

Level 3

Same as Level 1

On a lot or combination of lots exceeding 5 acres in size

Level 4

High and low level explosive materials and blasting agents as defined by the relevant Federal regulatory agencies

Project area shall be on parcels large enough to meet federal standards regarding setbacks, buffers and separation, and not less than 10 acres in size

(Ord. 2017-89s § 2 (part), 2018; Ord. 2016-24s2 § 1 (part), 2016; Ord. 2014-32s § 1 (part), 2014; Ord. 2012-2s § 5 (part), 2012; Ord. 2005-84s § 2 (part), 2005; Ord. 2004-52s § 3 (part), 2004)

18A.33.285 Single-Family Detached Use Exception.

A.    Non-Industrial Zones. One single-family detached dwelling unit may be erected upon an existing vacant parcel; provided said parcel existed as a legal lot of record prior to the effective date of the Frederickson Community Plan. The unit shall be required to comply with requirements for setback, height, and other requirements of the zone in which it is located.

B.    Industrial Zones. Within the Frederickson and Mid-County Community Plan areas, a single-family detached dwelling unit may be allowed on a existing vacant lot of record with the approval of an Administrative Use Permit when the following criteria are met:

1.    For the Frederickson Community Plan area, the subject parcel existed prior to January 1, 1995, and is not more than 2 acres in size;

2.    For the Mid-County Community Plan area, the subject parcel existed prior to March 1, 2006, and is not more than 2 acres in size;

3.    The parcel was created for residential use;

4.    The dwelling unit is screened and setback from property lines to the greatest degree possible to aid in reducing compatibility issues with adjacent industrial uses; and

5.    The property owner records title notification in a form provided by Pierce County that acknowledges that the dwelling unit is located within an industrially zoned area and that normal activities within this zone may cause discomfort or inconvenience to the dwelling unit's occupants.

(Ord. 2005-94s2 § 1 (part), 2005; Ord. 2004-52s § 3 (part), 2004)

18A.33.295 South Hill EC Use Exception.

Only those parcels which abut a state highway which is not designated as a limited access highway shall be permitted to develop the use levels/types preceded by footnote (1) on Table 18A.29.010. (Ord. 2009-98s § 4 (part), 2010)