Chapter 20.35
M MANUFACTURING ZONES

Sections:

20.35.000    M zones.

20.35.005    Description and purpose.

20.35.010    Permitted uses and conditionally permitted uses – Manufacturing zones.

20.35.012    Urban agricultural activities.

20.35.015    Use interpretations.

20.35.016    Day care centers in M zone districts.

20.35.017    Wireless communication facilities in M zones.

20.35.018    Adult entertainment enterprises.

20.35.019    Electric vehicle infrastructure.

20.35.020    Property development standards – M zones.

20.35.023    Maximum building height in M zones.

20.35.025    Required parking – M zones.

20.35.030    Repealed.

20.35.031    Business park design standards.

20.35.032    Repealed.

20.35.033    Repealed.

20.35.035    Performance standards – M zones.

20.35.000 M zones.

The following M manufacturing zones are established. Properties so designated shall be subject to the provisions contained in this chapter:

MP    Business park zone

ML    Limited manufacturing zone

MR    Rail manufacturing zone

(Ord. 2943 § 3 (Exh. C), 2009; Ord. 2563 § 1, 1998; Ord. 2510 § 1, 1997; Ord. 2454 § 1, 1995; Ord. 2147 Exh. A, 1987).

20.35.005 Description and purpose.

The M manufacturing zones are intended to provide appropriately located areas for corporate and general office and limited commercial services, manufacturing enterprises, industrial establishments and research developments that enhance the city’s economic base and provide jobs for residents of the area, while at the same time ensuring a high quality of life free from excessive noise, odors, dust, smoke, heavy traffic congestion and air and water pollution. In addition to this intent, each M zone has its own specific and unique intent as follows:

(1) MP Business Park Zone. The MP zone is intended to provide for modern industrial, research, corporate/general office and business park developments that meet high performance and development standards. This zone shall not be applied to any property smaller than 10 acres in size unless part of an approved business park development plan.

(2) ML Limited Manufacturing Zone. The ML zone is intended to provide areas for light industrial and limited retail uses that are complementary and not detrimental to neighboring commercial and residential districts. Typical uses in this zone include warehousing and assembling and manufacturing of products from previously prepared materials.

(3) MR Rail Manufacturing Zone. The MR zone is intended to provide for light to heavy industry in areas served by rail, which are not detrimental to neighboring commercial and residential districts. This zone shall allow for more intensive heavy manufacturing operations, external freight loading activities as well as natural resource extraction and processing activities. (Ord. 2943 § 3 (Exh. C), 2009; Ord. 2563 § 1, 1998; Ord. 2510 § 1, 1997; Ord. 2454 § 1, 1995; Ord. 2147 Exh. A, 1987).

20.35.010 Permitted uses and conditionally permitted uses – Manufacturing zones.

The following table (Table 20.35.010) details permitted and conditionally permitted uses in the M manufacturing zones. Where a “P” is indicated, the respective use in the same row is permitted in the zone classification in the same column. Where a “CUP” is indicated, the respective use in the same row is conditionally permitted in the zone classification in the same column. A conditional use permit, pursuant to Chapter 20.80 PMC, shall be required and in full force and effect in order to establish said conditional uses. Accessory buildings and uses customarily incidental to a permitted or conditionally permitted use shall also be allowed.

Table 20.35.010 Permitted and Conditionally Permitted Uses – M Zones 

 

 

MP

ML

MR

(1)

Contractor’s shops or storage yards

P

P

(2)

Warehouse and distribution

P

P

(3)

Commercial recreation uses

CUP

P

(4)

Automotive repair or body repair

P

P

(5)

Public services uses

P

P

P

(6)

Community facility uses

P

P

(7)

Processing, assembly, packaging or distribution operations

P

P

(8)

Business park uses

P

P

P

(9)

Heavy industry

CUP

P

(10)

Natural resource extraction or processing

CUP

P

(11)

Auxiliary dwelling unit occupied by owner, caretaker or night watchman

 

 

 

 

(a) As integral part of other buildings

P

P

P

 

(b) Detached, freestanding

CUP

CUP

CUP

(12)

Accessory hazardous waste treatment and storage, on-site

CUP

P

P

(13)

Hazardous waste treatment and storage, off-site

CUP

CUP

(14)

Veterinary clinic

P

P

(15)

Dog kennel

P

P

(16)

Blacksmith, welding or metal fabrication

P

P

(17)

Retail or wholesale building material supply yards

P

P

(18)

Equipment sale or rental

P

P

(19)

Research and development

P

P

P

(20)

Wholesale fuel storage or unmanned retail fuel sales

P

P

(21)

Truck stops and associated uses

P

P

(22)

Towing services or impound yards

P

P

(23)

Administrative offices

P

P

P

(24)

Accessory (on-premises) day care facilities

P

P

P

(25)

Independent day care facilities

CUP

CUP

CUP

(26)

Adult entertainment

CUP

CUP

(27)

Accessory retail sale of products typically associated with a principal permitted use

P

P

(28)

Accessory (on-premises) employee cafeterias or auditoriums

P

P

P

(29)

Offices, corporate and general

P

(30)

Quarries and mines of sand, gravel and other material

CUP

CUP

(31)

Electric vehicle infrastructure

P

P

P

(32)

Storage units

P

P

(33)

Urban agriculture

P

P

(Ord. 3156 § 1, 2017; Ord. 3073 § 21, 2014; Ord. 2980 § 14, 2011; Ord. 2943 § 3 (Exh. C), 2009; Ord. 2563 § 1, 1998; Ord. 2510 § 1, 1997; Ord. 2454 § 1, 1995; Ord. 2393 § 1, 1994; Ord. 2165 § 3, 1988; Ord. 2147 Exh. A, 1987).

20.35.012 Urban agricultural activities.

(1) Urban agricultural activities on lots less than one acre in size are permitted as follows:

(a) Horticultural activity for personal use and incidental sales or distribution on site and off site at a farmers market or approved retail area.

(b) Limited animal husbandry of small farm animals for personal use and incidental sales or distribution on site and off site at a farmers market or approved retail area, including domestic fowl and rabbits, miniature goats, and beekeeping, subject to the provisions of Chapter 8.08 PMC.

(2) Urban agricultural activities on lots one acre or greater in size are permitted as follows:

(a) All uses permitted under subsections (1)(a) and (b) of this section;

(b) Large farm animals, including cows, horses, sheep and hogs, subject to the provisions of Chapter 8.08 PMC.

(3) Community gardens, not to exceed one acre in size, subject to the following standards and criteria:

(a) Limited animal husbandry of small farm animals is allowed;

(b) The proposed use does not negatively impact sensitive areas on or adjacent to the subject site;

(c) The proposed use will not result in excessive noise or emissions that are not typically associated with operation of household mechanical equipment;

(d) On-site parking needs, if any, are addressed;

(e) On-site contaminated soils, if any, are addressed; and

(f) A set of operating rules addressing the governance structure of the garden, hours of operation, maintenance, security requirements, and the name and contact information of the garden coordinator shall be kept on file with the development services department. (Ord. 3156 § 2, 2017).

20.35.015 Use interpretations.

Whenever a use is proposed for property in the M zones, the planning director shall determine under which of the use classifications set forth in Table 20.35.010 the proposed use is classified. All such determinations shall be based upon a finding that the use is consistent with the description and purpose for the respective M zones set forth under PMC 20.35.005 and that such uses are similar to and compatible with the types of use examples provided in the definition of the relevant use classification set forth in Chapter 20.15 PMC. All determinations pursuant to this section may be appealed as an interpretation request to the hearing examiner pursuant to Chapter 20.87 PMC. (Ord. 2943 § 3 (Exh. C), 2009; Ord. 2563 § 1, 1998; Ord. 2510 § 1, 1997; Ord. 2147 Exh. A, 1987).

20.35.016 Day care centers in M zone districts.

Day care centers, when established as an ancillary use to a site’s principal employment establishment, shall be permitted by right, subject to the following findings by the planning director:

(1) The day care center shall be subject to all applicable state and local licensing requirements, as well as applicable city codes and standards.

(2) The day care center shall be located on the site of the principal employment establishment.

(3) The day care center shall exist entirely to serve the children of employees and other persons affiliated with the principal employment establishment.

(4) The day care center shall be located so that access streets, parking and/or loading areas are sufficient to safely accommodate the number of vehicle trips associated with the day care use.

(5) A minimum 10-foot-wide landscape buffer strip shall be provided on the subject site wherever the day care center use abuts any RS- or RM-zoned property.

Vacation of the site by the principal employment establishment shall be grounds for termination of the on-site day care center, unless the day care center receives applicable permits as required by this title.

Independent day care centers within a business park development shall be limited in size to what is required to serve the tenants within the business park and shall meet all of the performance standards noted above. (Ord. 2943 § 3 (Exh. C), 2009; Ord. 2563 § 1, 1998; Ord. 2510 § 1, 1997; Ord. 2316 § 1, 1992).

20.35.017 Wireless communication facilities in M zones.

Wireless communication facilities are permitted as primary, accessory or conditional uses subject to the provisions of Chapter 20.59 PMC. Nothing in this chapter or Chapter 20.59 PMC is intended to affect the installation, maintenance or use of a parabolic antenna, also known as a satellite earth station, that is two meters or less in diameter and is located or proposed to be located in a zone titled M manufacturing zone or other zone where commercial, manufacturing or industrial uses are generally permitted by nonfederal land use regulation. (Ord. 2943 § 3 (Exh. C), 2009; Ord. 2563 § 1, 1998; Ord. 2507 § 8, 1997).

20.35.018 Adult entertainment enterprises.

Arcades, theaters, bookstores, cabarets and other similar uses that offer adult entertainment and publications, as defined by this title, shall require a conditional use permit pursuant to Chapter 20.80 PMC. In addition to the conditions established pursuant to the issuance of such permit, the following performance standards are required:

(1) The subject property is zoned ML (limited manufacturing).

(2) No adult entertainment shall be permitted on a property that lies within 1,000 feet from any RS, RM, or PDR zone.

(3) No adult entertainment shall be permitted on a property that lies within 500 feet from any other property containing a use that offers adult entertainment regulated under this section.

(4) No adult entertainment shall be permitted on a property that lies within 1,000 feet from any church and/or school property. (Ord. 2943 § 3 (Exh. C), 2009; Ord. 2866 § 4, 2006; Ord. 2563 § 1, 1998; Ord. 2510 § 1, 1997; Ord. 2454 § 1, 1995).

20.35.019 Electric vehicle infrastructure.

Electric vehicle infrastructure is permitted as a primary and accessory use subject to the provisions of Chapter 20.56 PMC. In the MP zone, only Level 1, Level 2 and rapid charging stations are permitted. (Ord. 2980 § 15, 2011).

20.35.020 Property development standards – M zones.

The following table (Table 20.35.020) sets forth the required development standards applicable to properties located in the M zones. Except as otherwise indicated in this section, the numbers listed represent feet:

Table 20.35.020 Property Development Standards – M Zones

 

 

MP

ML

MR

(1)

Minimum lot area per building site in square feet

**

10,000

10,000

(2)

Minimum lot width

**

75

75

(3)

Minimum lot depth

**

100

100

(4)

Minimum front yard setback

30

20

20

(5)

Minimum rear yard setback

30

0

0

(6)

Minimum interior side yard setback

15

0

0

(7)

Minimum street side yard setback

30

10

10

(8)

Minimum landscaped setback along any common boundary with property zoned RS, RM, or PDR

35

35

25

(9)

Minimum street frontage

 

25

25

(10)

Maximum lot coverage

50%

65%

65%

(11)

Maximum building height

50*

50*

65

(12)

Minimum landscaped setback from principal or minor arterial as designated in the comprehensive plan

25

10

10

(13)

Maximum floor area ratio

4.0

4.0

4.0

*Refer to PMC 20.35.023.

**As shown on approved business park development plan.

(Ord. 2943 § 3 (Exh. C), 2009; Ord. 2563 § 1, 1998; Ord. 2510 § 1, 1997; Ord. 2507 § 9, 1997; Ord. 2454 § 1, 1995; Ord. 2147 Exh. A, 1987).

20.35.023 Maximum building height in M zones.

Structures in MP and ML zones shall be subject to the following building height requirements:

(1) The maximum building height shall be equal to the proposed building setback within the first 35 feet of setback from an adjoining public street or residential zone. The maximum building height may be increased by one and one-half feet for each additional one foot of setback in excess of 35 feet up to the maximum permitted building height set forth in Table 20.35.020.

Example of Building Height

(2) Building heights within required setbacks shall be measured from the grade of the public sidewalk or centerline of the public street adjoining the site, or from the grade of a property line adjoining a residential zone.

(3) In order to achieve a building height greater than the maximum permitted building height, those buildings located 500 feet or further from any residentially zoned property shall be eligible for one or more of the height bonuses described by this section, subject to the maximum bonus provisions of this subsection.

Where parking is provided incidentally within a building, and where such parking area is equal to or exceeds 60 percent of the area of the building’s footprint, a building height bonus of 10 feet shall be permitted. The sum of building height bonuses provided under subsections (1), (2) and (3) of this section shall not exceed 25 feet. (Ord. 2943 § 3 (Exh. C), 2009; Ord. 2563 § 1, 1998; Ord. 2510 § 1, 1997; Ord. 2454 § 1, 1995).

20.35.025 Required parking – M zones.

Off-street parking for properties located in the M zones shall be provided as set forth in Chapter 20.55 PMC except that the director may approve cumulative reductions in parking according to the following percentages and performance standards:

(1) Twenty percent reduction for those businesses subject to the city of Puyallup commute trip reduction plan which have implemented an approved CTR program;

(2) Ten percent reduction for business park developments which do not contain businesses subject to the city of Puyallup commute trip reduction plan but include features and facilities which serve multimodal transportation such as bike racks/lockers, employee showers, vanpool programs, preferential parking for carpools, etc.;

(3) Ten percent reduction for business park developments which provide transit features such as bus pullouts and transit shelters. (Ord. 2943 § 3 (Exh. C), 2009; Ord. 2563 § 1, 1998; Ord. 2510 § 1, 1997; Ord. 2147 Exh. A, 1987).

20.35.030 Signs.

Repealed by Ord. 3119. (Ord. 2943 § 3 (Exh. C), 2009; Ord. 2563 § 1, 1998; Ord. 2510 § 1, 1997; Ord. 2147 Exh. A, 1987).

20.35.031 Business park design standards.

It is intended that business parks be developed in a campus-type environment consisting of significant open space and architectural compatibility between buildings. Prior to the construction of any buildings or the subdivision of any land within an MP zone, an overall business park development plan shall be submitted for review and approval by the director. In order to receive approval, a park design shall incorporate the following:

(1) No more than 75 percent of the site shall be covered with impervious materials;

(2) Perimeter landscaping as required in PMC 20.35.035(2) and interior open space amenities (either natural or manmade) for the benefit of park occupants, including landscaped lawns, courtyards, and/or plazas;

(3) Limited access points to adjoining public streets defined by substantial landscaping features and/or public art;

(4) Location of office buildings along adjoining arterial streets and light industrial uses to the rear or sides of the site;

(5) Loading docks, solid waste/recycling facilities and other service uses should be located in visually unobtrusive areas and screened from view from adjacent properties and streets;

(6) Employee and visitor parking areas shall be internalized within the development. Parking lots shall not be located between a public street and a building unless no other feasible alternative exists. The maximum width of parking lots located along a public street shall not exceed 64 feet or 50 percent of the property’s frontage on the street. A 30-foot-wide landscaping area shall be required as specified in PMC 20.35.035(2). All parking lots shall be landscaped in accordance with PMC 20.58.005(1) and the Type IV standards in the vegetation management standards (VMS) manual. (Ord. 3119 § 35, 2016; Ord. 2943 § 3 (Exh. C), 2009; Ord. 2694 § 6, 2001; Ord. 2563 § 1, 1998; Ord. 2510 § 1, 1997).

20.35.032 Business park building design standards.

Repealed by Ord. 2694. (Ord. 2563 § 1, 1998; Ord. 2541 § 1, 1998; Ord. 2510 § 1, 1997; Ord. 2454 § 1, 1995).

20.35.033 Industrial (ML) design standards.

Repealed by Ord. 2694. (Ord. 2563 § 1, 1998; Ord. 2510 § 1, 1997).

20.35.035 Performance standards – M zones.

The following special requirements and performance standards shall apply to properties located in the M zones:

(1) Exterior Mechanical Devices. Large mechanical equipment shall be screened from surrounding residentially zoned properties and public rights-of-way. Minor utility equipment, such as small generators, utility meters, air conditioners, or junction boxes, which are less than three and one-half feet in height, shall be exempt from screening and setback requirements. Alternative methods for screening may include the use of building or parapet walls, sight-obscuring fencing and/or landscaping, equipment enclosures, consolidation and orientation of devices towards the center of the rooftop, and/or the use of neutral color surfaces.

(2) Required Landscaping.

(a) Landscaping required by this title and/or by conditions of approval of discretionary applications shall be designed, installed and maintained in accordance with Chapter 20.58 PMC. In no event shall such landscaped areas be used for storage of materials, placement of temporary signs or parking of vehicles.

(b) In the MP zone, a landscaped area at least 30 feet in width shall be provided along all public street frontages; in the MP and ML zones, a landscaped area at least 35 feet in width shall be provided along common property lines with all RS-, RM- and/or PDR-zoned properties. When an alley separates a residential zone from an M zone, there shall also be a 35-foot landscaped yard setback between the two zones.

(c) In the MR zone, ancillary uses established in connection with the permitted public services uses shall maintain a 10-foot, Type I landscape buffer whenever the subject use abuts any RS, RM or PDR zone. When an alley or street separates a residential zone from ancillary public service uses, a 10-foot, Type II landscape buffer shall be required.

(3) Outdoor Storage. Outdoor storage as defined in PMC 20.15.005, including merchandise display, equipment and materials storage, and junk and scrap storage, when permitted in the ML and MP zones shall comply with the following requirements:

(a) Fencing and Screening Required. Sight-obscuring fencing or screening is required around all portions of a lot utilized for outdoor storage of component merchandise, equipment and materials, and junk and scrap as defined in PMC 20.15.005, except for component merchandise which is stored and displayed only during business hours. All fencing and screening shall be installed in accordance with the following requirements:

(i) Building Setbacks. All fencing and screening shall comply with the building setback requirements for the zone in which it is located unless specified otherwise,

(ii) Minimum Screening Requirements. When required, all outdoor storage areas shall be screened from adjoining properties and public rights-of-way by a wall, fence, landscaping and/or structure. Such screening shall serve the purpose of concealing and obscuring the storage area from view. Landscape screening shall consist of plantings designed and installed in such a manner to provide year-round screening in terms of vegetation density and height within three years of planting, and shall be maintained in a healthy, growing condition. Landscape plantings installed to screen outdoor storage from public rights-of-way shall be installed on the right-of-way side of any wall, fence or structure,

(iii) Maximum Fence Height. Fencing and walls surrounding outdoor storage areas which are not part of a building wall shall not exceed a maximum height of eight feet,

(iv) Maintenance Required. Fences, walls and landscaping surrounding outdoor storage areas shall be maintained and kept free of litter, posters, signs, trash or stored items,

(v) Outdoor Storage Height Limitations. Outdoor storage shall not exceed the height of required screening;

(b) Exemption from Fencing and Screening Requirements. Fencing and screening is not required around those portions of a lot utilized for complete merchandise display, or the display of component merchandise when said merchandise is stored within a structure or fenced and screened area during the hours the business is closed;

(c) Improvement and Maintenance of Outdoor Storage Areas. All outdoor storage areas and access to them shall be paved or otherwise surfaced and maintained so as to eliminate dust or mud. All outdoor storage areas shall be graded and storm drainage facilities installed to collect and dispose of all surface runoff in accordance with city requirements;

(d) Outdoor Storage of Materials Prohibited. No outdoor storage of materials such as fertilizers, pesticides, etc., which potentially pose a threat to water quality shall be permitted; and

(e) Outdoor Storage Prohibited in Required Parking Areas and Walkways. No outdoor storage shall be permitted to occur in required parking areas, access drives or walkways.

(4) Outdoor Lighting. Building-mounted lighting and aerial-mounted floodlighting shall be shielded from above in such a manner that the bottom edge of the shield shall be below the light source. Ground-mounted floodlighting or light projection above the horizontal plane is prohibited between midnight and sunrise. All lighting shall be shielded so that the direct illumination shall be confined to the property boundaries of the light source.

(5) Properties Adjacent to Residential Properties.

(a) ML Zone. Whenever ML-zoned property abuts any RS, RM and/or PDR zone, a six-foot masonry wall or wood fence shall be established and maintained along or parallel to the property line that abuts said residential zones, except that such required wall or fence within the front yard setback area for said ML-zoned property shall comply with the prorated fence height requirements set forth for walls or fences located in the front yard setback areas for RS and RM zones. Additionally, required landscaping adjacent to this wall or fence shall include trees or other vegetation that will, within three years of planting, exceed the height of the fence or wall.

(b) MR Zone. Whenever MR-zoned property abuts any or is separated by a street or alley from any residential development, a six-foot visually obscuring fence shall be established and maintained along or parallel to the property line that abuts said residential zones. Required landscaping adjacent to this wall or fence shall be a Type I vegetative screen as defined in the Vegetative Management Standards Manual.

(6) Trash and Recycling Receptacles. In the MP and ML zones, trash and recycling receptacles shall be screened from adjacent properties and public rights-of-way by an opaque visual barrier no lower than the highest point of the receptacles.

(7) Electrical Disturbance – Heat and Cold – Glare. No use except a temporary construction operation shall be permitted which creates changes in temperature or direct glare, detectable by the human senses without the aid of instruments, beyond the lot line. No use shall be permitted which creates electrical disturbances that affect the operation of any equipment beyond the lot line.

(8) Odor. No use shall be permitted which creates annoying odor in such quantities as to be perceptible, without instruments, at the boundaries of the lot in which the use is located.

(9) Radioactivity. The use of radioactive materials shall be limited to measuring, gauging and calibration devices.

(10) Vibration. No use except a temporary construction operation shall be permitted which generates inherent and recurrent ground vibration perceptible, without instruments, at the boundary of the lot in which the use is located.

(11) Hazardous Materials. All users of hazardous materials shall notify the city fire chief and public works director of the type and quantities of such materials generally on the premises. No emission which would be demonstrably injurious to human health, animal or plant life in the vicinity, on the ground or beyond any lot line on which the use is located shall be permitted. Where such an emission could be produced as a result of accident or equipment malfunction, adequate safeguards consistent with industry standards and applicable regulations shall be implemented. This provision shall not be interpreted to prohibit the use of herbicides or pesticides. All hazardous waste materials shall be transported to the site of disposal certified by appropriate state and federal agencies for disposal of hazardous waste.

(12) Solid Waste Processing, Storage and Disposal. Processing, storage and disposal of solid waste shall be subject to all applicable provisions of this chapter, and shall comply with all local, state and federal requirements. All solid waste materials shall be disposed of at an official landfill waste disposal site or recycling center. No such material shall be disposed of on the premises.

(13) Liquid Waste Processing, Storage and Disposal. No liquid waste materials except pure water may be permanently disposed of on site; however, where such materials are temporarily stored on the property, they shall be contained in a manner so as to prevent their entry into the surface water drainage system and/or any groundwater aquifer.

(14) Dog Kennel/Veterinary Clinic. Dog kennels, whether operated as accessory to another use (e.g., veterinary clinic) or as a stand-alone operation, shall meet the following performance standards:

(a) Any exterior areas where dogs are impounded shall be completely surrounded by masonry or equivalent wall of at least six feet in height and shall be set back at least 25 feet from the nearest adjacent property containing a residential zone.

(b) All kennels shall be designed and operated in a manner so as to produce no offensive odor or noise detectable on off-site properties.

(15) Truck Parking and Loading/Unloading Areas. Truck parking and loading/unloading areas shall be considered a form of outdoor storage, and shall be screened from adjoining properties and public right-of-way in accordance with the fencing and screening requirements for outdoor storage set forth in subsection (3)(a) of this section.

(16) Pedestrian Access and Circulation. Pedestrian walkways shall be constructed to provide safe, convenient and direct access between building entrances, transit facilities, passenger loading areas, public sidewalks, adjacent properties and pedestrian plazas. All employee/customer parking lots which contain more than 90,000 square feet of paved area in ML zones or 30,000 square feet in MP zones including driveways and traffic aisles shall include clearly defined pedestrian routes from parking areas to main building entrances. All required walkways shall meet the following minimum requirements:

(a) All walkways shall be a minimum of five feet wide with no encroachments permitted;

(b) All walkways shall be handicapped accessible and comply with the Washington State Barrier Free Design Standards;

(c) All walkways shall be delineated by painted markings, distinctive pavement, or by being raised a minimum of six inches above the parking lot pavement;

(d) Walkways within employee/customer parking lots shall be located along major access corridors, and located away from truck parking and loading/unloading areas whenever possible; and

(e) Walkways within employee/customer parking lots shall be integrated into interior landscape areas, whenever possible, to separate pedestrian access and vehicular travel routes.

(17) Public Transit Facility Location and Design. In order to reduce the use and dependence on private vehicles and associated traffic congestion, and to encourage the use of public transit, adequate provision should be made for public transit facilities and supporting improvements. When formally recommended or requested by the local public transit authority, bus shelters, transit turnouts and supporting facilities shall be located and designed in accordance with the following provisions:

(a) Transit Facility Location Criteria. When required, transit facilities shall be located on or adjacent to arterial streets;

(b) Transit Facility Access. Convenient, safe and direct pedestrian access to and from transit facilities shall be provided between all building entrances, pedestrian plazas or walkways, and public rights-of-way in accordance with subsection (16) of this section, Pedestrian Access and Circulation;

(c) Transit Facility Design. All transit facilities shall be designed to the standards and specifications of the public transit authority and the city’s public works department. (Ord. 3073 § 22, 2014; Ord. 2943 § 3 (Exh. C), 2009; Ord. 2615 § 1, 1999; Ord. 2563 § 1, 1998; Ord. 2510 § 1, 1997; Ord. 2454 § 1, 1995; Ord. 2393 § 1, 1994; Ord. 2346 § 1(9), 1993; Ord. 2147 Exh. A, 1987).