4-11-160 DEFINITIONS P:

PARCEL: A unit of land created specifically for the purpose of tax collection.

PARENT SITE: (This definition for RMC 4-7-090, Unit Lot Subdivision, only.) The aggregate of all land (irrespective of existing or future unit lots, tracts, or other distinct properties) within the boundaries of the original lot(s) subject to a unit lot subdivision within which townhouses exist or are proposed, and the land underlying the townhouses subdivided so that each townhouse dwelling unit is located on a unit lot.

PARK: For purposes of the application of setback requirements for uses regulated by the provisions of RMC 4-3-010, a “park” is defined as a tract of land provided by a unit of government to meet the active and/or passive recreational needs of people.

PARK AND RIDE, DEDICATED: A surface parking lot or structured parking garage used for parking of vehicles for commuters using any form of transit or ridesharing. This definition excludes commercial or public surface parking and commercial or public structured parking garages.

PARK AND RIDE, SHARED-USE: A pre-existing parking lot or structured parking garage created for purposes other than commuter parking that has specific numbers of spaces or an entire lot or garage leased to a transit authority to allow commuters to park their vehicles to use any form of transit or ridesharing. This definition excludes dedicated park and rides, commercial or public surface parking, and commercial or public structured parking garage.

PARK, COMMUNITY/REGIONAL: Larger than neighborhood parks, these are designed for organized activities and sports, although individual and family activities are also encouraged. Where there are no neighborhood parks, the community or regional park can serve this function. Larger parks often include one specific use or feature that makes the park unique. This definition includes but is not limited to community and regional parks as defined by the City of Renton Parks Plan, trails for nonmotorized travel, and accessory uses normal and incidental to parks.

PARK, NEIGHBORHOOD: A combination playground and park designed primarily for nonsupervised, nonorganized recreation activities. They are generally small in size. This definition includes but is not limited to community gardens and other accessory uses normal and incidental to parks.

PARKING, BICYCLE: An off-street space intended for the use of bicycle storage, which includes a bicycle rack or similar facility that allows one to lock a bicycle in place.

PARKING GARAGE, STRUCTURED, COMMERCIAL OR PUBLIC: A building or structure which may be located above or below ground, with stalls accessed via interior aisles, and used for temporary storage of motor vehicles. Structured parking can be a stand-alone use or a part of a building containing other uses. This definition excludes dedicated park and rides, shared-use park and rides, and commercial or public surface parking.

PARKING MODULE: A parking area that meets maximum physical dimensions as delineated in the Urban Center Design Overlay regulations.

PARKING, OFF-SITE: Parking for a particular land use on land separate from the land on which the use occurs. The use for parking is subject to a lease or other agreement ensuring the perpetual use of the off-site land for parking.

PARKING SPACE or PARKING STALL: A parking space is any off-street space intended for the use of temporary vehicular storage for durations of less than seventy two (72) hours with ingress and egress to the space easily identifiable. Included in this definition are the permanent surface, striping, landscaping and other features required by RMC 4-4-080.

PARKING, SURFACE, COMMERCIAL OR PUBLIC: Open lots or grounds with at-grade parking improvements. This definition excludes dedicated park and rides, shared-use park and rides, and commercial and public structured parking garages.

PARKING, TANDEM: The parking of one motor vehicle behind another, in a space two (2) car lengths long, but only one car length wide.

PARTY OF RECORD: Party of record means:

1. The permit applicant and the owner of property subject to the land use decision;

2. The appellant (if different than the permit applicant);

3. The City (if different than the appellant); or

4. Any person who provided a complete name and address (either physical address or email address) and testified during the open record public hearing, either verbally or in writing, on the application and/or any person who submitted written comments during administrative review, excluding persons who have only signed petitions or mechanically produced form letters.

PARTY OF RECORD: (This definition for RMC 4-3-090, Shoreline Master Program Regulations, use only.) All persons, agencies or organizations who have submitted written comments in response to a notice of application prior to the close of the public hearing or during the administrative review; made oral comments in a formal public hearing conducted on the application; or notified local government of their desire to receive a copy of the final decision on a permit and who have provided an address for delivery (either physical address or email address) of such notice by mail.

PASSIVE RECREATION: See RECREATION, PASSIVE.

PAVED: Surfaced with a hard, smooth surface, usually consisting of concrete or asphalt underlain by a subgrade of crushed rock.

PAVEMENT WIDTH: Width of paved driving and parking surface, including street gutters as measured from face of curb to face of curb, or from edge of pavement where there are no curbs.

PEAK DISCHARGE: The maximum surface water runoff rate (cfs) at point of discharge, determined from the design storm frequency.

PEDESTRIAN CORRIDORS: Areas designated in the Comprehensive Plan as primary routes for pedestrian use to connect sub-areas of the City or regional trail systems, and to provide access to public facilities.

PEDESTRIAN-ORIENTED DEVELOPMENT/STREET: Development on a pedestrian-oriented street is encouraged through master planning, building location and design guidelines and typically meets the following criteria: 1) buildings in scale with the street, one to two (2) stories along residential/minor collectors and three (3) or more stories along primary and secondary arterials, 2) buildings located close to the street/walkway, 3) at least one pedestrian entry oriented to the street, and 4) clearly identified sidewalks and/or grade separated walkways.

PEDESTRIAN-ORIENTED FACADE: Facades featuring characteristics that make them attractive to pedestrians, including transparent window area or window displays along the ground floor facade, primary building entry, and overhead weather protection along at least seventy five percent (75%) of the facade.

PEDESTRIAN-ORIENTED SPACE: A publicly accessible space that includes elements such as visual and pedestrian access to abutting structures, paved walking surfaces of either concrete or unit paving, on-site or building-mounted lighting, and public seating areas.

PEDESTRIAN-ORIENTED STREET: See STREET, PEDESTRIAN-ORIENTED.

PEDESTRIAN-ORIENTED USE: Businesses typically frequented by and conveniently located for use by pedestrians.

PERENNIAL: Waters which flow continuously.

PERFORMANCE BOND OR GUARANTEE: That security which may be accepted in lieu of a requirement that certain improvements be made before approval of the final plat, including performance bonds, escrow agreements, and other similar collateral or surety agreements.

PERMIT, SHORELINE: (This definition for RMC 4-3-090, Shoreline Master Program Regulations, use only.) Any substantial development, variance, conditional use permit, or revision authorized under chapter 90.58 RCW.

PERMITTED USES: See USES, PERMITTED.

PERSON: Any person, individual, public or private corporation, firm, association, joint venture, partnership, municipality, government agency, political subdivision, public officer, owner, lessee, tenant, other legal entity, or any other entity whatsoever or any combination of such, jointly or severally.

PERVIOUS SURFACE: Any surface material that allows stormwater to infiltrate into the ground. Examples include lawn, landscape, pasture, and native vegetation areas. Note for purposes of Surface Water Design Manual (RMC 4-6-030) threshold determination and runoff volume modeling for detention and treatment, vegetated roofs and permeable pavements are to be considered impervious surfaces along with lawns, landscaping, sports fields, golf courses, and other areas that have modified runoff characteristics resulting from the addition of underdrains.

PET DAY CARE: A commercial facility where four (4) or more dogs or other household pet animals are left by their owners for periods of supervision during the hours the facility is open to the public (i.e., business hours).

PETS, HOUSEHOLD: Animals that are generally kept as part of a household and for the purpose of companionship. These animals are to include: dogs, cats, rabbits, caged indoor birds, small rodents, nonvenomous reptiles and amphibians weighing less than ten (10) pounds, and others of similar size and characteristics as approved by the Planning Director.

PIER: A general term including docks and similar structures consisting of a fixed or floating platform extending from the shore over the water. This definition does not include overwater trails.

PIPELINE: Buried pipe systems (including all pipe, pipe joints, fittings, valves, manholes, sumps, and appurtenances that are in contact with the substance being transported) utilized for the conveyance of hazardous materials. Pipelines include, but are not limited to, sanitary sewers, side sewers, storm sewers, leachate pipelines, and product pipelines.

PLANNED UNIT DEVELOPMENT: (This definition for RMC 4-3-090, Shoreline Master Program Regulations, use only.) Special contractual agreement between the developer and a governmental body governing development of land.

PLANNED URBAN DEVELOPMENT (PUD): Any development approved and developed in accordance with the terms of RMC 4-9-150, including a subdivision of such land, which development may occur at one time or in phases.

PLANNING COMMISSION: That body as defined in chapters 35.63, 35A.63, or 36.70 RCW as designated by the legislative body to perform a planning function or that body assigned such duties and responsibilities under a city or county charter.

PLANNING DIRECTOR: The individual under the direction of the Community and Economic Development Administrator who plans, organizes, coordinates and directs the City’s Planning Division, including the development and adoption of the City’s Comprehensive Plan, zoning, and development regulations, or designee. Additionally, the Planning Director is responsible for application and enforcement of the City’s zoning, shoreline management, and environmental ordinances, review and processing of all land use subdivision permit applications.

PLANT ASSOCIATIONS OF INFREQUENT OCCURRENCE: One or more plant species in a landform type that, because of the rarity of the habitat or the species involved, or both, or for other botanical or environmental reasons, do not often occur in King County.

PLAT: A map or representation of a subdivision, showing thereon the division of a parcel of land into lots, blocks, streets, and alleys or other division and dedications.

PLAT, FINAL: The final drawing of a subdivision and dedication prepared for filing for record with the County Auditor and containing all elements and requirements set forth in this Title and chapter 58.17 RCW.

PLAT, PRELIMINARY: A drawing of a proposed subdivision of land into ten (10) or more individual lots showing the general layout of streets and alleys, lots, blocks, and other elements of a subdivision consistent with the requirements of the City subdivision regulations and chapter 58.17 RCW. The preliminary plat shall be the basis for the approval or disapproval of the general layout of a subdivision.

PLAT, SHORT: The division or redivision of land into nine (9) or fewer lots, tracts, parcels, sites, or divisions for the purpose of sale, lease or transfer of ownership.

POTABLE WATER: See RMC 4-6-100.

POTENTIAL ANNEXATION AREAS: Areas within the Urban Growth Area that have been designated for annexation to the City within the twenty (20) year planning horizon by agreement with King County as required by the Countywide Planning Policies and the Growth Management Act.

POTW: See RMC 4-6-100.

PREAPPLICATION MEETING: A conference held with a project applicant and City representative(s) in advance of the proposed land use project application. During the conference, the City representative(s) inform the applicant of applicable policies, plans, and requirements as they apply to the proposed development project.

PRELIMINARY APPROVAL: The official favorable action taken on the preliminary plat of a proposed subdivision, metes and bounds description, or dedication, by the Hearing Examiner following a duly advertised public hearing.

PRELIMINARY PLAT: See PLAT, PRELIMINARY.

PRESCHOOL: Nursery schools or kindergartens which are engaged primarily in educational work with children and in which no child is enrolled on a regular basis for more than four (4) hours per day.

PRESSURE VACUUM BREAKER: See RMC 4-6-100.

PRIMARY CONTAINMENT: See RMC 4-5-120G.

PRIORITY HABITAT AND SPECIES: Habitats and species of importance and concern as identified by the Washington State Department of Wildlife Priority Habitat and Species Program. “Priority habitats” are habitat types with unique or significant value to many species. An area classified and mapped as priority habitat must have one or more of the following attributes:

1. Comparatively high fish and wildlife density.

2. Comparatively high fish and wildlife species diversity.

3. Important fish and wildlife breeding habitat.

4. Important fish and wildlife seasonal ranges.

5. Important fish and wildlife movement corridors.

6. Limited availability.

7. High vulnerability to habitat alteration.

8. Unique or dependent species.

“Priority species” are fish and wildlife species requiring protective measures and/or management guidelines to ensure their perpetuation.

PRIVATE CLUB, FRATERNAL ORGANIZATION: An association of persons organized for some common purpose, including civic, professional, social, trade, fraternal, and other similar organizations, but not including groups organized primarily to render a service which is customarily carried on as a business.

PRIVATE HYDRANT: A fire hydrant situated and maintained to provide water for firefighting purposes with restrictions as to use. The location may be such that it is not readily accessible for immediate use by the fire authority for other than certain private property.

PRODUCT TIGHT: See RMC 4-5-120G.

PROJECTION: The distance by which a sign extends over public property or beyond the building line.

PROPERTY OWNERS’ ASSOCIATION: See HOMEOWNERS’ ASSOCIATION.

PROPONENT: See APPLICANT.

PUBLIC ACCESS: (This definition for RMC 4-3-090, Shoreline Master Program Regulations, use only.) A means of physical approach to and along the shoreline available to the general public. This may also include visual approach.

PUBLIC AQUATIC LANDS: Land managed by the Washington State Department of Natural Resources (DNR) located inside the designated inner harbor line.

PUBLIC FACILITIES: Publicly owned, operated, or leased land and the public facilities and/or uses contained therein, such as streets, roads, highways, sidewalks, street lighting systems, traffic signals, domestic water systems, storm and sanitary sewer systems, park and recreation facilities, schools, and public buildings. Public facilities do not include private structures or uses located on or utilizing public land or facilities (e.g., privately owned and operated Wireless Telecommunication Facility located on leased public land).

PUBLIC INTEREST: (This definition for RMC 4-3-090, Shoreline Master Program Regulations, use only.) The interest shared by the citizens of the State or community at large in the affairs of government, or some interest by which their rights or liabilities are affected including, but not limited to, an effect on public property or on health, safety, or general welfare resulting from a use or development.

PUBLICLY OWNED TREATMENT WORKS: See RMC 4-6-100.

PUBLIC WORKS ADMINISTRATOR: The Administrator of the Public Works Department or designee.

(Ord. 3719, 4-11-1983; Ord. 4007, 7-14-1986; Ord. 4039, 1-19-1987; Ord. 4346, 3-9-1992; Ord. 4351, 5-4-1992; Ord. 4367, 9-14-1992; Ord. 4517, 5-8-1995; Ord. 4521, 6-5-1995; Ord. 4522, 6-5-1995; Ord. 4577, 1-22-1996; Ord. 4827, 1-24-2000; Ord. 4835, 3-27-2000; Ord. 4840, 5-8-2000; Ord. 4851, 8-7-2000; Amd. Ord. 4963, 5-13-2002; Ord. 5028, 11-24-2003; Ord. 5080, 6-14-2004; Ord. 5124, 2-7-2005; Ord. 5137, 4-25-2005; Ord. 5356, 2-25-2008; Ord. 5470, 7-13-2009; Ord. 5478, 8-3-2009; Ord. 5519, 12-14-2009; Ord. 5520, 12-14-2009; Ord. 5529, 3-8-2010; Ord. 5571, 11-15-2010; Ord. 5633, 10-24-2011; Ord. 5675, 12-3-2012; Ord. 5676, 12-3-2012; Ord. 5759, 6-22-2015; Ord. 5818, 10-17-2016; Ord. 5828, 12-12-2016; Ord. 5837, 6-12-2017; Ord. 5853, 8-7-17; Ord. 5868, 12-11-2017; Ord. 5910, 12-10-2018)