Chapter 18.130
PARKING AND LOADING

Sections:

18.130.010    Purpose.

18.130.020    Parking and loading requirements.

18.130.030    Parking and loading standards.

18.130.010 Purpose.

The parking standards set out in this chapter are intended to:

A. Protect the historic character of the community;

B. Promote the preservation and use of historic properties;

C. Maintain a pedestrian friendly environment;

D. Assure adequate off-street parking;

E. Effectively utilize on-street parking resources;

F. Promote small scale dispersed parking lots;

G. Promote the use of public property for public parking;

H. Provide parking opportunities for larger trucks and trailers;

I. Reduce the visual impact of parking lots;

J. Increase traffic safety;

K. Maintain smooth traffic flow;

L. Provide safe opportunities for unloading delivery trucks;

M. Promote the use of alleys for parking and loading; and

N. Minimize the potential for conflicts among property and business owners. [Ord. 1060 §§ 5, 6, 2010; Ord. 1059 § 2 (Exh. A (12.130.010)), 2010.]

18.130.020 Parking and loading requirements.

A. All new residential uses, changes of residential uses, or expansions of existing residential uses or structures shall provide off-street parking in accordance with the following requirements:

1. Single-family dwelling, two spaces;

2. Multifamily dwelling units, one and one-half space for each dwelling unit;

3. Accessory dwelling units see Chapter 18.140 RMC;

4. Home businesses see Chapter 18.140 RMC;

5. For all other residential uses the parking requirements shall be determined based on a parking plan prepared by the project sponsor and submitted for city review and approval in accordance with the provisions of this chapter.

B. All new nonresidential uses and structures, changes of nonresidential uses or expansions of existing nonresidential uses or structures shall provide sufficient off-street parking to meet the needs of employees, visitors, customers, and clients. The parking requirements shall be determined based on a parking plan prepared by the project sponsor and submitted for city review and approval. This parking plan shall document the projected parking needs of the use including, but not limited to, the approved building occupancy, projected trip generation estimates, the needs and experiences of similar facilities, and the standards for similar facilities contained in the most recent edition of the Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE) Trip and Parking Generation Manual or similar manual approved by the city, and the availability of nearby on-street or shared parking; provided, that:

1. Project sponsors are encouraged to explore opportunities for shared parking;

2. Upon adoption of an appropriate off-street parking fee by the city, project sponsors may propose to make voluntary payments in lieu of providing off-street parking, subject to city approval;

3. Proposed uses and activities that exceed SEPA threshold requirements may be required to prepare a more extensive parking analysis;

4. The parking requirements for uses of buildings on the Roslyn register of historic places may be modified or reduced based on a finding that the building and the proposed activity complies with the provisions of Chapter 18.60 RMC, Historic Register Design Review; and

5. Following the adoption of standards to guide the construction of historically accurate replications, the parking requirements for buildings certified by the city as meeting these standards may be modified or reduced.

C. All new nonresidential uses and structures, changes of nonresidential uses, or expansions of existing nonresidential uses or structures, requiring frequent loading or unloading from trucks or other large vehicles, as determined by the city, shall prepare and submit for city review and approval a loading and delivery plan that identifies the proposed location of deliveries and measures to ensure pedestrian and traffic safety, emergency vehicle access, and that cars, driveways, or businesses are not unreasonably blocked. [Ord. 1060 §§ 5, 6, 2010; Ord. 1059 § 2 (Exh. A (12.130.020)), 2010.]

18.130.030 Parking and loading standards.

A. The following provisions apply to all parking and loading facilities:

1. The design elements identified in the city of Roslyn standards and guidelines for the preservation, rehabilitation, restoration, and reconstruction of historic properties.

a. This includes, but is not limited to, the orientation of garage doors and driveways towards alleys in accordance with the provisions of RMC 18.50.030(A)(5).

2. The off-street parking and loading facilities required by this chapter shall be provided as a part of any addition to the floor area of a structure or change in use. Required facilities shall be provided before the occupancy of any new or enlarged structure.

3. Required off-street parking spaces shall provide vehicle parking only for residents, customers, patrons, and employees. Off-street parking areas shall not be used for storage of materials in commercial and light industrial zones, or for the sale, repair or servicing of any vehicle.

4. Any area once designated for required off-street parking shall not be used for other purposes until equal facilities are provided elsewhere or the use of the property is changed to a new use requiring less off-street parking.

5. All parking required by this title shall be installed prior to occupancy or commencement of use. No permanent certificate of occupancy shall be issued until all required parking improvements are completed.

6. Lighting of parking facilities and loading areas shall be hooded and arranged to reflect away from adjoining properties and streets.

B. The following rules shall apply in the determination of the number of required off-street parking spaces:

1. If the number of off-street parking spaces contains a fraction, such number shall be rounded up to the next higher whole number.

2. When different uses occupy a single structure or lot, the total required parking spaces shall be the sum of the required parking spaces required for each of the individual uses.

3. Owners of two or more uses, structures, or parcels of land within 300 feet of each other may share the same parking or loading areas when the hours of operation do not overlap. The required number of spaces shall be computed from the use or uses requiring the greatest number of parking spaces during any one time period. Whenever shared parking is allowed under this section, the parking lot shall be signed so as to reasonably notify the public of the availability of use.

4. Parking spaces in tandem, having a single means of ingress and egress, shall not be counted as two off-street parking spaces except for one-family or two-family dwellings where tandem parking may be allowed.

C. Off-street facilities shall be located according to the following, unless otherwise approved by the city:

1. For single- and multifamily dwellings, parking facilities shall be located on the same lot or building site as the buildings they are required to serve;

2. For hospitals, convalescents, nursing or rest homes, parking facilities shall be located not more than 150 feet from the buildings they are required to serve and be part of the same property;

3. For uses other than those specified in this section, parking facilities shall not be located over 300 feet from the buildings they are required to service, and shall be subject to a shared parking agreement approved by the city;

4. Groups of five or more parking spaces shall be served by a driveway so that no vehicle backing or maneuvering movement will occur within a public right-of-way other than an alley; and

5. Off-street parking may not be located in required front yard setbacks unless there is no other practical alternative as determined by the city.

D. Every new parking lot or portion thereof and associated driveways used for a public or private parking lot shall be designed and constructed in the following manner:

1. All parking facilities and associated driveways shall be designed and constructed in accordance with city standards.

E. Off-street loading and unloading spaces shall be designed and constructed in the following manner:

1. The required loading space shall be of adequate size to accommodate the maximum number and size of vehicles simultaneously loading or unloading at the structure. Each off-street loading space shall have the minimum dimensions of 12 feet in width and 25 feet in length;

2. Required off-street loading and related maneuvering space shall be located only on or abutting the property served. No part of any vehicle using the loading space shall project into the right-of-way of public thoroughfare; and

3. All loading spaces and associated driveways shall be designed and constructed in accordance with city standards.

F. The following conditions shall apply to all existing buildings and uses with nonconforming parking:

1. Any use which is nonconforming in terms of required off-street parking and/or loading facilities may continue to operate; provided, that the number of existing off-street parking spaces shall not be reduced.

2. When an existing structure with nonconforming parking and/or loading is expanded, and additional parking/loading is required, the additional facilities shall be provided to bring the building or use into compliance.

3. Uses within structures in the commercial and light industrial zone may be added or changed without the requirements of additional off-street parking/loading facilities. However, when new floor area is added to any structure in these zones, off-street parking/loading facilities (computed only for the floor area being added) shall be provided.

4. When the use of an existing lot or structure with nonconforming parking is changed to another use, the nonconformity shall cease and the new use shall provide all the required off-street parking in accordance with the provisions of this chapter, except as may be authorized pursuant to a variance.

G. Handicapped parking shall be provided in accordance with applicable state laws. [Ord. 1060 §§ 5, 6, 2010; Ord. 1059 § 2 (Exh. A (12.130.030)), 2010.]