Chapter 21A.15
TECHNICAL TERMS AND LAND USE DEFINITIONS

Sections:

21A.15.005    Scope of chapter.

21A.15.007    Abandoned vehicle.

21A.15.009    Accessible electric vehicle charging station.

21A.15.010    Accessory living quarters.

21A.15.015    Accessory use, commercial.

21A.15.020    Accessory use, residential.

21A.15.027    Adjustment factor.

21A.15.035    Adult use facility.

21A.15.040    Agricultural product sales.

21A.15.050    Airport/heliport.

21A.15.052    AKART.

21A.15.055    Alley.

21A.15.056    Alteration.

21A.15.057    Alternative water sources.

21A.15.060    Amusement arcades.

21A.15.062    Anadromous fish.

21A.15.063    Ancillary structure.

21A.15.065    Animal, small.

21A.15.067    Antenna.

21A.15.068    Antenna array.

21A.15.069    Antenna support structure.

21A.15.070    Applicant.

21A.15.072    Application rate.

21A.15.073    Artist studio.

21A.15.074    Attached WCF.

21A.15.075    Auction house.

21A.15.078    Barn.

21A.15.080    Base flood.

21A.15.085    Base flood elevation.

21A.15.086    Base station.

21A.15.087    Battery charging station.

21A.15.088    Battery electric vehicle (BEV).

21A.15.089    Battery exchange station.

21A.15.090    Bed and breakfast guesthouse.

21A.15.095    Beehive.

21A.15.097    Berm.

21A.15.098    Best available science.

21A.15.100    Billboard.

21A.15.110    Biologist.

21A.15.112    Bioretention.

21A.15.115    Book, stationery, video, and art supply store.

21A.15.120    Broadleaf tree.

21A.15.122    Buffer.

21A.15.125    Building.

21A.15.135    Building envelope.

21A.15.140    Building facade.

21A.15.145    Building, hardware, and garden materials store.

21A.15.150    Bulk gas storage tank.

21A.15.155    Bulk retail.

21A.15.160    Campground.

21A.15.165    Capacity, school.

21A.15.170    Capital facilities plan, school.

21A.15.172    Catastrophic collapse.

21A.15.175    Cattery.

21A.15.180    Cemetery, columbarium or mausoleum.

21A.15.181    Certified Arborist.

21A.15.182    Channel relocation and stream meander areas.

21A.15.183    Charging levels.

21A.15.185    Church, synagogue, or temple.

21A.15.190    Classrooms, school.

21A.15.195    Clearing.

21A.15.200    Code interpretation.

21A.15.205    Cogeneration.

21A.15.207    Collective garden.

21A.15.208    Collocation.

21A.15.209    Combined antenna.

21A.15.210    Communication facility, major.

21A.15.215    Communication facility, minor.

21A.15.217    Community identification sign.

21A.15.220    Community residential facility (CRF).

21A.15.223    Commuter parking lot.

21A.15.225    Compensatory storage.

21A.15.227    Concealed WCF.

21A.15.230    Conditional use permit.

21A.15.235    Conference center.

21A.15.240    Conservation easement.

21A.15.245    Repealed.

21A.15.247    Construction and trades.

21A.15.250    Construction cost per student, school.

21A.15.251    Conversion factor.

21A.15.252    Cooperative.

21A.15.253    Critical aquifer recharge area.

21A.15.254    Critical areas.

21A.15.255    Critical drainage area.

21A.15.260    Critical facility.

21A.15.262    Daily care.

21A.15.265    Daycare.

21A.15.267    DBH.

21A.15.270    Deciduous.

21A.15.275    Density credit, transfer (TDC).

21A.15.280    Department.

21A.15.285    Department and variety store.

21A.15.287    Designated accessible space.

21A.15.290    Destination resort.

21A.15.295    Developer or applicant.

21A.15.297    Development.

21A.15.300    Development activity.

21A.15.310    Development proposal.

21A.15.315    Development proposal site.

21A.15.317    Development regulation.

21A.15.318    Development right.

21A.15.320    Repealed.

21A.15.325    Director.

21A.15.330    Dormitory.

21A.15.333    Drip line.

21A.15.335    Drop box facility.

21A.15.340    Drug store.

21A.15.345    Dwelling unit.

21A.15.350    Dwelling unit, attached accessory.

21A.15.351    Dwelling unit, detached accessory.

21A.15.355    Dwelling unit, apartment.

21A.15.365    Dwelling unit, single detached.

21A.15.370    Dwelling unit, townhouse.

21A.15.375    Earth station.

21A.15.380    Effective radiated power.

21A.15.383    Electric scooters and motorcycles.

21A.15.384    Electric vehicle.

21A.15.385    Electric vehicle charging station.

21A.15.386    Electric vehicle charging station – Restricted.

21A.15.387    Electric vehicle charging station – Public.

21A.15.388    Electric vehicle infrastructure.

21A.15.389    Electric vehicle parking space.

21A.15.390    Electrical substation.

21A.15.392    Emergency.

21A.15.395    Energy resource recovery facility.

21A.15.400    Enhancement.

21A.15.405    Equipment, heavy.

21A.15.410    Erosion.

21A.15.415    Erosion hazard areas.

21A.15.417    Erosion hazard near sensitive water body overlay.

21A.15.418    Eutrophic.

21A.15.420    Evergreen.

21A.15.425    Examiner.

21A.15.427    Existing corridor.

21A.15.428    Existing grade.

21A.15.429    FAA.

21A.15.430    Fabric shop.

21A.15.435    Facilities standard.

21A.15.440    Factory-built commercial building.

21A.15.445    Fairground.

21A.15.450    Family.

21A.15.452    Farmers’ market.

21A.15.453    FCC.

21A.15.455    Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) floodway.

21A.15.456    Feasible.

21A.15.457    Feed lines.

21A.15.460    Feed store.

21A.15.465    Fence.

21A.15.467    Financial guarantee.

21A.15.468    Fish and wildlife habitat conservation areas.

21A.15.469    Fish and wildlife habitat corridors.

21A.15.469.1    Flag.

21A.15.469.2    Flag, government.

21A.15.470    Flood fringe.

21A.15.475    Flood hazard areas.

21A.15.480    Flood insurance rate map.

21A.15.485    Flood insurance study for King County.

21A.15.490    Flood protection elevation.

21A.15.495    Floodplain.

21A.15.500    Floodproofing.

21A.15.505    Floodway, zero-rise.

21A.15.510    Florist shop.

21A.15.515    Flush-mounted.

21A.15.520    Forest practice.

21A.15.525    Forest product sales.

21A.15.530    Forest research.

21A.15.532    Frequently flooded areas.

21A.15.535    Furniture and home furnishings store.

21A.15.540    General business service.

21A.15.545    Geologist.

21A.15.550    Geotechnical engineer.

21A.15.555    Golf course.

21A.15.560    Grade span.

21A.15.565    Grading.

21A.15.570    Grazing area.

21A.15.575    Groundcover.

21A.15.580    Hazardous household substance.

21A.15.585    Hazardous substance.

21A.15.586    Hazardous trees.

21A.15.590    Heavy equipment and truck repair.

21A.15.595    Helistop.

21A.15.596    High voltage electrical transmission tower.

21A.15.597    Historic resource.

21A.15.600    Hobby, toy, and game shop.

21A.15.605    Home business.

21A.15.610    Repealed.

21A.15.612    Homeless encampment.

21A.15.615    Household pets.

21A.15.620    Hydroelectric generation facility.

21A.15.623    Hypereutrophic.

21A.15.625    Impervious surface.

21A.15.630    Improved public roadways.

21A.15.635    Individual transportation and taxi.

21A.15.637    Infiltration rate.

21A.15.640    Interim recycling facility.

21A.15.641    Interlocal agreement.

21A.15.642    Irrigation efficiency.

21A.15.645    Jail.

21A.15.655    Jewelry store.

21A.15.658    Joint use driveway.

21A.15.660    Kennel.

21A.15.662    Kitchen or kitchen facility.

21A.15.663    Lake management plan.

21A.15.664    Lakes.

21A.15.665    Landfill.

21A.15.667    Landscape water features.

21A.15.670    Landscaping.

21A.15.675    Landslide.

21A.15.680    Landslide hazard areas.

21A.15.681    Landslide hazard drainage area.

21A.15.683    Least visually obtrusive profile.

21A.15.685    Level of service (LOS), traffic.

21A.15.690    Light equipment.

21A.15.691    Lighting fixtures, security or flood.

21A.15.692    Linear activity or development.

21A.15.693    Liquor and Cannabis Board (LCB).

21A.15.695    Livestock.

21A.15.700    Livestock, large.

21A.15.705    Livestock, small.

21A.15.710    Livestock sales.

21A.15.715    Loading space.

21A.15.725    Lot.

21A.15.726    Lot coverage.

21A.15.726.1    Lot line, front yard.

21A.15.727    Lot line, rear yard.

21A.15.728    Lot line, side yard.

21A.15.730    Lot line, interior.

21A.15.731    Low impact development.

21A.15.732    Maintenance.

21A.15.733    Managing agency.

21A.15.734    Marijuana or marihuana.

21A.15.734.1    Marijuana concentrates.

21A.15.735    Marijuana processor.

21A.15.736    Marijuana producer.

21A.15.737    Marijuana-infused products.

21A.15.738    Marijuana retailer.

21A.15.739    Marina.

21A.15.740    Master telecommunications plan.

21A.15.741    Material error.

21A.15.742    Medium-speed electric vehicle.

21A.15.743    Mesotrophic.

21A.15.744    Microclimate.

21A.15.745    Microwave.

21A.15.750    Repealed.

21A.15.751    Mitigation bank.

21A.15.752    Mitigation banking.

21A.15.755    Mobile home.

21A.15.760    Mobile home park.

21A.15.765    Monitoring.

21A.15.770    Monuments, tombstones, and gravestones sales.

21A.15.775    Motor vehicle, boat, and mobile home dealer.

21A.15.782    Mulch.

21A.15.790    Native vegetation.

21A.15.794    Repealed.

21A.15.795    Repealed.

21A.15.796    Neighborhood electric vehicle.

21A.15.797    Net buildable area.

21A.15.798    Nonelectric vehicle.

21A.15.799    Nonconcealed WCF.

21A.15.800    Nonconformance.

21A.15.810    Non-ionizing electromagnetic radiation (NIER).

21A.15.815    Noxious weed.

21A.15.817    Off-street required parking lot.

21A.15.818    Oligotrophic.

21A.15.820    Open-work fence.

21A.15.825    Ordinary high water mark.

21A.15.830    Outdoor performance center.

21A.15.832    Overspray.

21A.15.835    Park.

21A.15.840    Park service area.

21A.15.845    Parking lot aisle.

21A.15.850    Parking lot unit depth.

21A.15.855    Parking space.

21A.15.860    Parking space angle.

21A.15.862    Partially developed.

21A.15.865    Party of record.

21A.15.870    Peak hour.

21A.15.875    Permanent school facilities.

21A.15.880    Personal medical supply store.

21A.15.885    Pet shop.

21A.15.886    Phosphorus.

21A.15.887    Phosphorus concentration.

21A.15.888    Phosphorus loading.

21A.15.890    Photographic and electronic shop.

21A.15.895    Plant associations of infrequent occurrence.

21A.15.896    Plant factor.

21A.15.897    Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV).

21A.15.898    Repealed.

21A.15.899    Potable water.

21A.15.900    Private.

21A.15.905    Private storm water management facility.

21A.15.910    Professional office.

21A.15.915    Public agency.

21A.15.920    Public agency animal control facility.

21A.15.925    Public agency archive.

21A.15.930    Public agency or utility office.

21A.15.935    Public agency or utility yard.

21A.15.936    Public agency or utility yard, satellite.

21A.15.940    Public agency training facility.

21A.15.942    Qualified professional.

21A.15.945    Radio frequency.

21A.15.946    Radio frequency emissions.

21A.15.947    Rapid charging station.

21A.15.948    Reasonable alternative.

21A.15.950    Reasonable use.

21A.15.955    Receiving site.

21A.15.960    Recreational vehicle (RV).

21A.15.965    Recreational vehicle parks.

21A.15.970    Recyclable material.

21A.15.972    Reference evapotranspiration (Eto).

21A.15.975    Regional storm water management facility.

21A.15.980    Regional utility corridor.

21A.15.982    Religious organization.

21A.15.985    Relocatable facilities cost per student.

21A.15.990    Relocatable facility.

21A.15.1000    Restoration.

21A.15.1005    Retail, comparison.

21A.15.1010    Retail, convenience.

21A.15.1011    Retaining wall.

21A.15.1011.1    Riparian.

21A.15.1012    Runoff.

21A.15.1015    Salmonid.

21A.15.1020    School bus base.

21A.15.1025    School district.

21A.15.1030    School district support facility.

21A.15.1035    Schools, elementary, and middle/junior high.

21A.15.1040    Schools, secondary or high school.

21A.15.1045    Seismic hazard areas.

21A.15.1050    Self-service storage facility.

21A.15.1055    Sending site.

21A.15.1060    Senior citizen.

21A.15.1062    Senior citizen assisted housing.

21A.15.1065    Repealed.

21A.15.1070    Setback.

21A.15.1071    Setback, structure.

21A.15.1072    Setback, single detached dwelling unit.

21A.15.1073    Setback, detached accessory dwelling unit.

21A.15.1075    Shelters for temporary placement.

21A.15.1085    Sign.

21A.15.1086    Sign, A-frame.

21A.15.1090    Sign, awning.

21A.15.1095    Repealed.

21A.15.1096    Sign, community banner.

21A.15.1097    Sign, commercial.

21A.15.1100    Repealed.

21A.15.1101    Repealed.

21A.15.1105    Sign, directional.

21A.15.1110    Sign, freestanding.

21A.15.1115    Sign, fuel price.

21A.15.1117    Repealed.

21A.15.1120    Sign, incidental.

21A.15.1125    Sign, indirectly illuminated.

21A.15.1130    Sign, monument.

21A.15.1131    Sign, noncommercial.

21A.15.1135    Sign, off-premises directional.

21A.15.1140    Sign, on-premises.

21A.15.1144    Sign, permanent.

21A.15.1145    Sign, permanent residential development identification.

21A.15.1146    Sign, pole.

21A.15.1148    Repealed.

21A.15.1150    Sign, portable.

21A.15.1155    Sign, projecting.

21A.15.1159    Sign, temporary.

21A.15.1160    Repealed.

21A.15.1165    Sign, wall.

21A.15.1166    Sign, window.

21A.15.1170    Site.

21A.15.1172    Site area.

21A.15.1175    Site cost per student.

21A.15.1177    SITUS file.

21A.15.1190    Source-separated organic material.

21A.15.1195    Special use permit.

21A.15.1200    Specialized instruction school.

21A.15.1205    Specified sexual activities.

21A.15.1207    Sponsor.

21A.15.1210    Sporting goods store.

21A.15.1215    Sports club.

21A.15.1220    Stable.

21A.15.1225    Standard of service, school districts.

21A.15.1230    Steep slope hazard areas.

21A.15.1235    Stream functions.

21A.15.1240    Streams.

21A.15.1245    Street.

21A.15.1250    Street frontage.

21A.15.1255    Structure.

21A.15.1260    Student factor.

21A.15.1265    Submerged land.

21A.15.1270    Substantial improvement.

21A.15.1271    TDR certificate.

21A.15.1272    TDR certificate of intent.

21A.15.1273    TDR program.

21A.15.1274    TDR sending site application.

21A.15.1275    Temporary use permit.

21A.15.1276    Temporary WCF.

21A.15.1277    Theater.

21A.15.1278    Theatrical production services.

21A.15.1280    Tightline sewer.

21A.15.1282    Total phosphorus.

21A.15.1285    Trails.

21A.15.1288    Transfer of development rights (TDR).

21A.15.1290    Transfer station.

21A.15.1295    Transit bus base.

21A.15.1305    Transitional housing facilities.

21A.15.1310    Transmission equipment.

21A.15.1315    Transmission line booster station.

21A.15.1320    Transmission support structure.

21A.15.1325    Transmitter building.

21A.15.1330    Transportation system management (TSM).

21A.15.1332    Tree, heritage.

21A.15.1332.1    Tree, landmark.

21A.15.1333    Tree, significant.

21A.15.1334    Trophic state index.

21A.15.1334.1    Trophic status.

21A.15.1335    Ultimate roadway section.

21A.15.1337    Underground storage tanks.

21A.15.1345    Use.

21A.15.1350    Utility facility.

21A.15.1352    Vactor waste.

21A.15.1353    Vactor waste receiving facility.

21A.15.1355    Variance.

21A.15.1360    Vegetation.

21A.15.1365    Vocational school.

21A.15.1375    Warehousing and wholesale trade.

21A.15.1380    Wastewater treatment facility.

21A.15.1382    Water budget.

21A.15.1385    Water-dependent use.

21A.15.1386    Water-enjoyment use.

21A.15.1387    Water-oriented use.

21A.15.1388    Water-related use.

21A.15.1390    Repealed.

21A.15.1395    Wetland edge.

21A.15.1400    Repealed.

21A.15.1405    Wetland functions.

21A.15.1410    Wetland, isolated.

21A.15.1415    Wetlands.

21A.15.1416    Wetlands of local significance.

21A.15.1420    Wetpond.

21A.15.1425    Wildlife shelter.

21A.15.1426    Wireless communication facility.

21A.15.1427    Wireless communications.

21A.15.1428    Wireless right-of-way use agreement.

21A.15.1430    Work release facility.

21A.15.1432    Wrecked, dismantled, or inoperative vehicle.

21A.15.1435    Yard or organic waste processing facility.

21A.15.005 Scope of chapter.

This chapter contains definitions of technical and procedural terms used throughout the code and definitions of land uses listed in tables in Chapter 21A.20 SMC. The definitions in this chapter supplement the Standard Industrial Classification Manual (SIC). See Chapter 21A.05 SMC for rules on interpretation of the code, including use of these definitions. Development standards are found in Chapters 21A.25 through 21A.85 SMC. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.007 Abandoned vehicle.

“Abandoned vehicle” means any vehicle left upon the property of another without the consent of the owner of such property for a period of 24 hours or longer, except that a vehicle shall not be considered abandoned if its owner or operator is unable to remove it from the place where it is located and so notifies law enforcement officials and requests assistance. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.009 Accessible electric vehicle charging station.

“Accessible electric vehicle charging station” means an electric vehicle charging station where the battery charging station equipment is located within accessible reach of the barrier-free access aisle (minimum 36-inch width) and the electric vehicle. (Ord. O2011-300 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.010 Accessory living quarters.

“Accessory living quarters” means living quarters in an accessory building for the use of the occupant or persons employed on the premises, or for temporary use of guests of the occupant. Such quarters have no kitchen and are not otherwise used as a separate dwelling unit. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.015 Accessory use, commercial.

“Accessory use, commercial” means:

(1) A use that is subordinate and incidental to a commercial use, including, but not limited to, the following uses:

(a) Administrative offices;

(b) Employee exercise facilities;

(c) Employee food service facilities;

(d) Incidental storage of raw materials and finished products sold or manufactured on-site;

(e) Business owner or caretaker residence;

(f) Cogeneration facilities; and

(g) Ground maintenance facilities.

(2) Some accessory uses within the scope of this section may be defined separately to enable the code to apply different conditions of approval. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.020 Accessory use, residential.

“Accessory use, residential” means:

(1) A use, structure, or activity that is subordinate and incidental to a residence on the same parcel including, but not limited to, the following uses:

(a) Accessory living quarters and dwellings;

(b) Fallout/bomb shelters;

(c) Keeping household pets;

(d) On-site rental office;

(e) Pools, private docks, piers;

(f) Antennas for private telecommunication services;

(g) Storage of yard maintenance equipment;

(h) Storage of private vehicles, e.g., motor vehicles, boats, trailers or planes;

(i) Greenhouses;

(j) Garages.

(2) Some accessory uses within the scope of this section may be defined separately to enable the code to apply different conditions of approval. (Ord. O2009-249 § 1; Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.027 Adjustment factor.

“Adjustment factor” means a factor that, when applied to the reference evapotranspiration, adjusts for plant factors and irrigation efficiently. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.035 Adult use facility.

“Adult use facility” means an enterprise predominantly involved in the selling, renting, or presenting for commercial purposes of books, magazines, motion pictures, films, video cassettes, cable television, live entertainment, performance, or activity distinguished or characterized by a predominant emphasis on the depiction, simulation, or relation to “specified sexual activities” as defined in this chapter for observation by patrons therein. Examples of such facilities include, but are not limited to, adult book or video stores and establishments offering panorams, peep shows, or topless or nude dancing. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.040 Agricultural product sales.

“Agricultural product sales” means the retail sale of items resulting from the practice of agriculture, including crops such as fruits, vegetables, grains, seed, feed, and plants, or animal products such as eggs, milk, and meat. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.050 Airport/heliport.

“Airport/heliport” means any runway, landing area, or other facility, excluding facilities for the primary use of the individual property owner that are classified as helistops, designed or used by public carriers or private aircraft for the landing and taking off of aircraft, including the following associated facilities:

(1) Taxiways;

(2) Aircraft storage and tie-down areas;

(3) Hangars;

(4) Servicing; and

(5) Passenger and air freight terminals. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.052 AKART.

“AKART” means all known, available, and reasonable methods of prevention, control, and treatment. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.055 Alley.

“Alley” means an improved thoroughfare or right-of-way, whether public or private, usually narrower than a street, that provides vehicular access to an interior boundary of one or more lots, and is not designed for general traffic circulation. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.056 Alteration.

Any human activity that results or is likely to result in an impact upon the existing condition of a critical area is an “alteration” that is subject to specific limitations as specified for each critical area. Alterations include, but are not limited to, grading, filling, dredging, draining, channelizing, applying herbicides or pesticides or any hazardous substance, discharging pollutants, except storm water, grazing domestic animals, paving, constructing, applying gravel, modifying for surface water management purposes, cutting, topping, relocating or removing vegetation or any other human activity that results or is likely to result in an impact to existent vegetation, hydrology, fish or wildlife, or fish or wildlife habitat. Alterations do not include walking, fishing, or any other passive recreation or other similar activities. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2005-193 § 2; Ord. O2005-172 § 2; Ord. O99-29 § 1. Formerly 21A.50.200)

21A.15.057 Alternative water sources.

“Alternative water sources” means stored rainwater or treated or recycled wastewater of a quality suitable for uses such as landscape irrigation. Such water is not considered potable. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.060 Amusement arcades.

“Amusement arcades” means a building or part of a building in which five or more pinball machines, video games, or other such player-operated amusement devices (excluding juke boxes or gambling-related machines) are operated. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.062 Anadromous fish.

“Anadromous fish” are those that live part or the majority of their lives in saltwater, but return to freshwater to spawn. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2005-172 § 2)

21A.15.063 Ancillary structure.

“Ancillary structure” means, for the purposes of this chapter, any form of development associated with a wireless communications facility, including but not limited to: foundations, concrete slabs on grade, guy anchors, generators, and feed lines; however, specifically excluding base stations. (Ord. O2005-181 § 1)

21A.15.065 Animal, small.

“Animal, small” means any animal other than livestock or animals considered to be predatory or wild that are kept outside a dwelling unit all or part of the time. Animals considered predatory or wild, excluding those in zoo animal breeding facilities, shall be considered small animals when they are taken into captivity for the purposes of breeding, domestication, training, hunting, or exhibition. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.067 Antenna.

“Antenna” means any apparatus designed for the transmitting and/or receiving of electromagnetic waves, including but not limited to: telephonic, radio or television communications. Types of antenna elements include, but are not limited to: omnidirectional (whip) antennas, sectorized (panel) antennas, multi- or single-bay (FM and TV), yagi, or parabolic (dish) antennas. (Ord. O2005-181 § 1)

21A.15.068 Antenna array.

“Antenna array” means a single or group of antenna elements and associated mounting hardware, feed lines, or other appurtenances which share a common attachment device such as a mounting frame or mounting support structure for the sole purpose of transmitting or receiving electromagnetic waves. (Ord. O2005-181 § 1)

21A.15.069 Antenna support structure.

“Antenna support structure” means a vertical projection composed of metal or other material with or without a foundation that is designed for the express purpose of accommodating antennas at a desired height. Antenna support structures do not include any device used to attach antennas to an existing building, unless the device extends above the highest point of the building by more than 20 feet. Types of support structures include the following:

(1) Guyed antenna support structure. (A style of antenna support structure consisting of a single truss assembly composed of sections with bracing incorporated. The sections are attached to each other, and the assembly is attached to a foundation and supported by a series of wires that are connected to anchors placed in the ground or on a building.)

(2) Lattice antenna support structure. (A tapered style of antenna support structure that consists of vertical and horizontal supports with multiple legs and cross-bracing and metal crossed strips or bars to support antenna.)

(3) Monopole antenna support structure. (A style of freestanding antenna support structure consisting of a single shaft usually composed of two or more hollow sections that are in turn attached to a foundation. This type of antenna support structure is designed to support itself without the use of guy wires or other stabilization devices. These facilities are mounted to a foundation that rests on or in the ground or on a building’s roof.) (Ord. O2005-181 § 1)

21A.15.070 Applicant.

“Applicant” means a property owner or a public agency or public or private utility that owns a right-of-way or other easement or has been adjudicated the right to such an easement pursuant to RCW 8.12.090, or any person or entity designated or named in writing by the property or easement owner to be the applicant, in an application for a development proposal, permit or approval. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.072 Application rate.

“Application rate” means the depth of water applied to an area expressed in inches per hour. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.073 Artist studio.

“Artist studio” means an establishment providing a place solely for the practice or rehearsal of various performing or creative arts, including, but not limited to, acting, dancing, singing, drawing, painting, and sculpting. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.074 Attached WCF.

“Attached WCF” means an antenna or antenna array, including RF-to-lightwave converter equipment, that is secured to an existing building, structure (not including an antenna support structure), utility pole, cross country electrical distribution tower, with or without any accompanying new pole or device which attaches it to the building or structure, together with feed lines, and base station, which may be located either on the roof, inside or outside of the building or structure. (Ord. O2005-181 § 1)

21A.15.075 Auction house.

“Auction house” means an establishment where the property of others is sold by a broker or auctioneer to persons who attend scheduled sales periods or events. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.078 Barn.

“Barn” means a large agricultural building for storage of agricultural products and sheltering livestock. (Ord. O2009-249 § 1)

21A.15.080 Base flood.

“Base flood” means a flood having a one percent chance of being equaled or exceeded in any given year, often referred to as the “100-year flood.” (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.085 Base flood elevation.

“Base flood elevation” means the water surface elevation of the base flood in relation to the National Geodetic Vertical Datum of 1929. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.086 Base station.

“Base station” means the wireless service provider’s specific electronic equipment used to transmit and receive radio signals located within and including cabinets, shelters, pedestals or other similar enclosures generally used to contain electronic equipment for said purpose. (Ord. O2005-181 § 1)

21A.15.087 Battery charging station.

“Battery charging station” means an electrical component assembly or cluster of component assemblies designed specifically to charge batteries within electric vehicles, which meets or exceeds applicable state and federal standards. (Ord. O2011-300 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.088 Battery electric vehicle (BEV).

“Battery electric vehicle (BEV)” means any vehicle that operates exclusively on electrical energy from an off-board source that is stored in the vehicle’s batteries, and produces zero tailpipe emissions or pollution when stationary or operating (see “Electric vehicle,” SMC 21A.15.384). (Ord. O2011-300 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.089 Battery exchange station.

“Battery exchange station” means a fully automated facility that will enable an electric vehicle with a swappable battery to enter a drive lane and exchange the depleted battery with a fully charged battery through a fully automated process, which meets or exceeds applicable state and federal standards. (Ord. O2011-300 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.090 Bed and breakfast guesthouse.

“Bed and breakfast guesthouse” means a dwelling unit or accessory building within which bedrooms are available for paying guests. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.095 Beehive.

“Beehive” means a structure designed to contain one colony of honey bees (Apis mellifera). (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.097 Berm.

“Berm” means a constructed area of compacted earth. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.098 Best available science.

“Best available science” means the process used and information developed consistent with requirements in RCW 36.70A.172 and WAC 365-195-900 through 365-195-925. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2005-172 § 2)

21A.15.100 Billboard.

“Billboard” means a sign, including both the supporting structural framework and attached billboard faces, used principally for advertising a business activity, use, product, or service unrelated to the primary use or activity of the property on which the billboard is located; excluding off-premises directional, or temporary real estate signs. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.110 Biologist.

“Biologist” means a person who has earned at least a Bachelor of Science degree in the biological sciences from an accredited college or university or who has equivalent educational training and experience. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.112 Bioretention.

“Bioretention” means a flow control best management practice consisting of a shallow landscaped depression designed to temporarily store and promote infiltration of storm water runoff. Standards for bioretention design, including soil mix, plants, storage volume and feasibility criteria, are specified in Appendix C of the King County Surface Water Design Manual. (Ord. O2016-429 § 2 (Att. B); Ord. O2008-236 § 1)

21A.15.115 Book, stationery, video, and art supply store.

“Book, stationery, video, and art supply store” means an establishment engaged in the retail sale of books and magazines, stationery, records and tapes, video, and art supplies, including only uses located in SIC Industry Nos.:

(1) 5942 – Book stores;

(2) 5943 – Stationery stores;

(3) 5999 – Architectural supplies and artists’ supply and materials stores;

(4) 7841 – Video tape rental;

(5) 5735 – Record, compact disc, and prerecorded tape stores; and

(6) 5736 – Musical instrument stores. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.120 Broadleaf tree.

“Broadleaf tree” means a tree characterized by leaves that are broad in width and may include both deciduous and evergreen species. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.122 Buffer.

“Buffer” means a designated area contiguous to a steep slope or landslide hazard area intended to protect slope stability, attenuation of surface water flows and landslide hazards, or a designated area contiguous to a habitat conservation area, stream or wetland intended to protect the habitat, stream or wetland and be an integral part of the habitat, stream or wetland ecosystem. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2005-193 § 2; Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.125 Building.

“Building” means any structure having a roof. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.135 Building envelope.

“Building envelope” means area of a lot that delineates the limits of where a building may be placed on the lot. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.140 Building facade.

“Building facade” means that portion of any exterior elevation of a building extending from the grade of the building to the top of the parapet wall or eaves, for the entire width of the building elevation. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.145 Building, hardware, and garden materials store.

“Building, hardware, and garden materials store” means an establishment engaged in selling lumber and other building materials, feed, or lawn and garden supplies, including, but not limited to, uses located in SIC Major Group No. 52, Building materials, hardware, garden supply; excluding mobile home dealers. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.150 Bulk gas storage tank.

“Bulk gas storage tank” means a tank from which illuminating, heating, or liquefied gas is distributed by piping directly to individual users. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.155 Bulk retail.

“Bulk retail” means an establishment offering the sale of bulk goods to the general public, including limited sales to wholesale customers. These establishments offer a variety of lines of merchandise including but not limited to food, building, hardware and garden materials, dry goods, apparel and accessories, home furnishings, housewares, drugs, auto supplies, hobby, toys, games, photographic, and electronics. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.160 Campground.

“Campground” means an area of land developed for recreational use in temporary occupancy, such as tents or recreational vehicles without hook-up facilities. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.165 Capacity, school.

“Capacity, school” means the number of students a school district’s facilities can accommodate district-wide, based on the district’s standard of service, as determined by the school district. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.170 Capital facilities plan, school.

“Capital facilities plan, school” means a district’s facilities plan adopted by the school board consisting of:

(1) A forecast of future needs for school facilities based on the district’s enrollment projections;

(2) The long-range construction and capital improvements projects of the district;

(3) The schools under construction or expansion;

(4) The proposed locations and capacities of expanded or new school facilities;

(5) At least a six-year financing plan component, updated as necessary to maintain at least a six-year forecast period, for financing needed school facilities within projected funding levels, and identifying sources of financing for such purposes, including bond issues authorized by the voters and projected bond issues not yet authorized by the voters;

(6) Any other long-range projects planned by the district;

(7) The current capacity of the district’s school facilities based on the districts adopted standard of service, and a plan to eliminate existing deficiencies, if any, without the use of impact fees; and

(8) An inventory showing the location and capacity of existing school facilities. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.172 Catastrophic collapse.

“Catastrophic collapse” means the collapse of the ground surface by overburden caving into underground voids created by mining. Catastrophic collapse does not include the effects from trough subsidence. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.175 Cattery.

“Cattery” means a place where adult cats are temporarily boarded for compensation, whether or not for training. An adult cat is of either sex, altered or unaltered, that has reached the age of six months. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.180 Cemetery, columbarium or mausoleum.

“Cemetery, columbarium or mausoleum” means land or structures used for interment of the dead or their remains. For purposes of the code, pet cemeteries are considered a subclassification of this use. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.181 Certified Arborist.

“Certified Arborist” means an individual that has successfully passed the Certified Arborist examination administered by the International Society of Arboriculture (ISA) and possesses a minimum of three years’ full-time experience working in the professional tree care industry. (Ord. O2015-395 § 1)

21A.15.182 Channel relocation and stream meander areas.

“Channel relocation and stream meander areas” means those areas subject to risk due to stream bank destabilization, rapid stream incision, stream bank erosion, and shifts in the location of stream channels. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.183 Charging levels.

“Charging levels” means the standardized indicators of electrical force or voltage at which an electric vehicle’s battery is recharged. Levels 1, 2, and 3 are the most common EV charging levels, and include the following specifications:

(1) Level 1 is considered slow charging.

(2) Level 2 is considered medium charging.

(3) Level 3 is considered fast or rapid charging. (Ord. O2011-300 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.185 Church, synagogue, or temple.

“Church, synagogue, or temple” means a place where religious services are conducted, including those uses located in SIC Industry No. 866 and including accessory uses in the primary or accessory buildings such as religious education, reading rooms, assembly rooms, and residences for nuns and clergy. This definition does not include facilities for training of religious orders. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.190 Classrooms, school.

“Classrooms, school” means educational facilities of the district required to house students for its basic educational program. The classrooms are those facilities the district determines are necessary to best serve its student population. Specialized facilities as identified by the district, including but not limited to gymnasiums, cafeterias, libraries, administrative offices, and child care centers, shall not be counted as classrooms. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.195 Clearing.

“Clearing” means the limbing, pruning, trimming, topping, cutting or removal of vegetation or other organic plant matter by physical, mechanical, chemical or other means. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.200 Code interpretation.

“Code interpretation” means a formal statement regarding the meaning or requirements of a particular provision in the City of Sammamish’s development regulations. (Ord. O2009-248 § 1)

21A.15.205 Cogeneration.

“Cogeneration” means the sequential generation of energy and useful heat from the same primary source or fuel for industrial, commercial, or residential heating or cooling purposes. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.207 Collective garden.

“Collective garden” means any area or location where qualifying patients engage in the production, processing, transporting, and delivery of marijuana for medical use. (Ord. O2016-406 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2014-376 § 3 (Att. A))

21A.15.208 Collocation.

“Collocation” means the practice of installing and operating multiple wireless carriers, service providers, and/or radio common carrier licensees on the same antenna support structure or attached wireless communication facility using different and separate antenna, feed lines and radio frequency generating equipment. (Ord. O2005-181 § 1)

21A.15.209 Combined antenna.

“Combined antenna” means an antenna or an antenna array designed and utilized to provide multiple services or services for more than one wireless provider for the same or similar type of services. (Ord. O2005-181 § 1)

21A.15.210 Communication facility, major.

“Communication facility, major” means a communication facility for transmission and reception of:

(1) UHF and VHF television signals; or

(2) FM or AM radio signals. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.215 Communication facility, minor.

“Communication facility, minor” means a communication facility for transmission and reception of:

(1) Two-way and/or citizen band (CB) radio signals;

(2) Point-to-point microwave signals;

(3) Cellular radio signals;

(4) Signals through FM radio translators; or

(5) Signals through FM radio boosters under 10 watts effective radiated power (ERP). (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.217 Community identification sign.

“Community identification sign” means a sign identifying the location of a community or geographic area such as unincorporated activity centers or rural towns designated by the comprehensive plan or communities recognized and delineated by a recognized unincorporated area council. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.220 Community residential facility (CRF).

“Community residential facility (CRF)” means living quarters meeting applicable federal and state standards that function as a single housekeeping unit and provide supportive services, including but not limited to counseling, rehabilitation, and medical supervision; excluding drug and alcohol detoxification which is classified in SMC 21A.20.050 as health services. CRFs are further classified as follows:

(1) CRF-I – Seven to 10 residents and staff (Note: Single family is defined as six or fewer residents);

(2) CRF-II – 11 or more residents and staff.

If staffed by nonresident staff, each 24 staff hours per day equals one full-time residing staff member for purposes of subclassifying CRFs. (Ord. O2009-249 § 1; Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.223 Commuter parking lot.

“Commuter parking lot” means vehicle parking specifically for the purpose of access to a public transit system or for users of carpools or vanpools. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.225 Compensatory storage.

“Compensatory storage” means new, excavated storage volume equivalent to any flood storage which is eliminated by building filling or grading within the floodplain. For the purpose of this definition, equivalent flood storage capacity is that which is replaced by equal volume between corresponding one-foot contour intervals that are hydraulically connected to the floodway through their entire depth. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.227 Concealed WCF.

“Concealed WCF,” sometimes referred to as a stealth or camouflaged facility, means the antenna or antenna array, antenna support structure, base station, and feed lines are not readily identifiable as such, and are designed to be aesthetically compatible with existing and proposed building(s) and uses on a site. Examples of concealed attached facilities include, but are not limited to, the following: painted antenna and feed lines to match the color of a building or structure, faux windows, dormers or other architectural features that blend with an existing or proposed building or structure. Examples of concealed antenna support structures that can have a secondary, obvious function include, but are not limited to, the following: church steeples, windmills, bell towers, clock towers, cupolas, light standards, utility poles, flagpoles with or without flags, or trees. (Ord. O2010-281 § 1; Ord. O2005-181 § 1)

21A.15.230 Conditional use permit.

“Conditional use permit” means permit granted by the City to locate a permitted use on a particular property subject to conditions placed on the permitted use to ensure compatibility with nearby land uses. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.235 Conference center.

“Conference center” means an establishment developed primarily as a meeting facility, including only facilities for recreation, overnight lodging, and related activities provided for conference participants. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.240 Conservation easement.

“Conservation easement” is a legal agreement between a landowner and a land trust or government agency that permanently limits uses of the land in order to protect its nondevelopment values. It allows the landowner to continue to own and use the land, to sell it, or to pass it on to heirs. A conservation easement is placed on a sending site at the time development rights are sold from the property. The conservation easement typically prohibits any further development of the property but allows resource uses, such as farming and forestry, to continue. (Ord. O2011-297 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.245 Consolidation.

Repealed by Ord. O2012-321. (Ord. O2005-181 § 1)

21A.15.247 Construction and trades.

“Construction and trades” means establishments that provide services related to construction of buildings and infrastructure, and other improvements to property. Such establishments include SIC Major Group Nos. 15 – 17, and SIC Industry Group No. 078, Landscape and horticultural services. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.250 Construction cost per student, school.

“Construction cost per student, school” means the estimated cost of construction of a permanent school facility in the district for the grade span of school to be provided, as a function of the district’s facilities standard per grade span and taking into account the requirements of students with special needs. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.251 Conversion factor.

“Conversion factor” means a number that converts the water budget allowance from acre-inches per acre per year to gallons per square foot per year or cubic feet per year. (Ord. O2016-406 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10. Formerly 21A.15.252)

21A.15.252 Cooperative.

“Cooperative” means an entity with up to four members located in the domicile of one of the members, registered with the Washington State Liquor and Cannabis Board, and meeting the requirements under Chapter 69.51A RCW where qualifying patients and designated providers share responsibility for acquiring and supplying the resources needed to produce and process marijuana for medical use of members of the cooperative. (Ord. O2016-406 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.253 Critical aquifer recharge area.

“Critical aquifer recharge areas” means those areas in the City of Sammamish with a critical recharging effect on aquifers used for potable water as defined by WAC 365-190-030(2). CARAs have prevailing geologic conditions associated with infiltration rates that create a high potential for contamination of groundwater resources or contribute significantly to the replenishment of groundwater. CARAs shall be classified based on the following criteria:

(1) Class 1 CARAs include those areas located within the mapped one- or five-year capture zone of a wellhead protection area.

(2) Class 2 CARAs include those areas located within the mapped 10-year capture zone of a wellhead protection area.

(3) Class 3 CARAs include those areas outside wellhead protection areas that are identified as high aquifer recharge potential areas based on characteristics of surficial geology and soil types. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2005-193 § 2)

21A.15.254 Critical areas.

“Critical areas” means those areas in the City that are erosion hazard areas, frequently flooded areas, landslide hazard areas, seismic hazard areas, critical aquifer recharge areas, wetlands, streams, and fish and wildlife habitat conservation areas. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2005-193 § 2)

21A.15.255 Critical drainage area.

“Critical drainage area” means an area that requires more restrictive regulation than City standards afford in order to mitigate severe flooding, drainage, erosion, or sedimentation problems that result from the cumulative impacts of development and urbanization. Critical drainage areas include areas that drain to Pine Lake and Beaver Lake and all landslide hazard drainage areas. (Ord. O2018-459 § 2 (Att. B); Ord. O2016-429 § 2 (Att. B); Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.260 Critical facility.

“Critical facility” means a facility necessary to protect the public health, safety, and welfare and that is defined under the occupancy categories of “essential facilities,” “hazardous facilities,” and “special occupancy structures” in the Uniform Building Code. Critical facilities also include nursing homes, public roadway bridges, and sites for hazardous substance storage or production, not including the temporary storage of consumer products containing hazardous substances intended for household use or for retail sale on the site. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.262 Daily care.

“Daily care” means medical procedures, monitoring and attention that are necessarily provided at the residence of the patient by the primary provider of daily care on a 24-hour basis. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.265 Daycare.

“Daycare” means an establishment for group care of nonresident adults or children.

(1) Daycare shall include only SIC Industry No. 835, Child daycare services, SIC Industry No. 8322, Adult daycare centers, and the following:

(a) Adult daycare, such as adult day health centers or social daycare as defined by the Washington State Department of Social and Health Services;

(b) Nursery schools for children under minimum age for education in public schools;

(c) Privately conducted kindergartens or pre-kindergartens when not a part of a public or parochial school; and

(d) Programs covering after-school care for school children.

(2) Daycare establishments are subclassified as follows:

(a) Daycare I – a maximum of 12 adults or children in any 24-hour period; and

(b) Daycare II – over 12 adults or children in any 24-hour period. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.267 DBH.

“DBH” means the diameter of a tree as measured at breast height (54 inches above the ground). (Ord. O2005-175 § 1)

21A.15.270 Deciduous.

“Deciduous” means a plant species with foliage that is shed annually. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.275 Density credit, transfer (TDC).

“Density credit, transfer (TDC)” means the ability to transfer potentially buildable dwelling units from an eligible sending site to an eligible receiving site as provided in this code. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.280 Department.

“Department” means the City’s department of community development. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.285 Department and variety store.

“Department and variety store” means an establishment engaged in the retail sale of a variety of lines of merchandise, such as dry goods, apparel and accessories, home furnishings, housewares, including only uses located in SIC Major Group and Industry Nos.:

(1) 53 – General merchandise;

(2) 5947 – Gift, novelty, and souvenir shops; and

(3) 5948 – Luggage and leather goods stores. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.287 Designated accessible space.

“Designated accessible space” means a WAC 51-50-005 required accessible parking space designated for the exclusive use of parking vehicles with a State Disabled Parking Permit. (Ord. O2011-300 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.290 Destination resort.

“Destination resort” means an establishment for resource-based recreation and intended to utilize outdoor recreational opportunities, including related services, such as food, overnight lodging, equipment rentals, entertainment, and other conveniences for guests of the resort. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.295 Developer or applicant.

“Developer” or “applicant” means the person or entity who owns or holds purchase options or other development control over property for which development activity is proposed. (See Applicant, SMC 21A.15.070.) (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.297 Development.

“Development” means the construction or exterior expansion of structures or buildings; clearing or grading; paving, landscaping, or placing of obstructions; and any project of a permanent or temporary nature exterior to a building. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.300 Development activity.

“Development activity” means any residential construction or expansion of a building, structure or use, any change in use of a building or structure, or any change in the use of land that creates additional demand for school facilities. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.310 Development proposal.

“Development proposal” means any activities requiring a permit or other approval from the City of Sammamish relative to the use or development of land. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.315 Development proposal site.

“Development proposal site” means the legal boundaries of the parcel or parcels of land for which an applicant has or should have applied for authority from the City of Sammamish to carry out a development proposal. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.317 Development regulation.

“Development regulation” means the controls placed on development or land use activities by the City, including but not limited to zoning ordinances, critical areas ordinances, shoreline master program requirements, official controls, subdivision ordinances, and binding site plan ordinances, together with any amendments thereto. A development regulation does not include a decision to approve a project permit application, as defined in RCW 36.70B.020, even though the decision may be expressed in an ordinance by the City. (Ord. O2009-248 § 1)

21A.15.318 Development right.

“Development right” is an interest in and the right under current law to use and/or subdivide a lot for any and all residential, commercial, and industrial purposes. (Ord. O2011-297 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.320 Direct traffic impact.

Repealed by Ord. O2018-466. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.325 Director.

“Director” means the director of the City of Sammamish department of community development or his/her designee. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.330 Dormitory.

“Dormitory” means a residential building that provides sleeping quarters, but not separate dwelling units, and may include common dining, cooking recreation, or bathing facilities. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.333 Drip line.

“Drip line” means an area encircling the base of a tree, the minimum extent of which is delineated by a vertical line extending from the outer limit of a tree’s branch tips down to the ground. (Ord. O2015-395 § 1)

21A.15.335 Drop box facility.

“Drop box facility” means a facility used for receiving solid waste and recyclable from off-site sources into detachable solid waste containers, including the adjacent areas necessary for entrance and exit roads, unloading and vehicle turnaround areas. Drop box facilities normally service the general public with loose loads and may also include containers for separated recyclables. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.340 Drug store.

“Drug store” means an establishment engaged in the retail sale of prescription drugs, nonprescription medicines, cosmetics and related supplies, including only uses located in SIC Industry Group and Industry Nos.:

(1) 591 – Drug stores and proprietary stores;

(2) 5993 – Tobacco stores and stands; and

(3) 5999 – Cosmetics stores. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.345 Dwelling unit.

“Dwelling unit” means one or more rooms designed for occupancy by a person or family for living and sleeping purposes, containing kitchen facilities and rooms with internal accessibility, for use solely by the dwelling’s occupants; dwelling units include but are not limited to bachelor, efficiency and studio apartments, factory-built housing, and mobile homes. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.350 Dwelling unit, attached accessory.

“Dwelling unit, attached accessory” means a separate, complete dwelling unit attached to or contained within the structure of the primary dwelling. (Ord. O2019-482 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.351 Dwelling unit, detached accessory.

“Dwelling unit, detached accessory” means a separate, complete dwelling unit contained within a separate structure that is accessory to the primary dwelling unit on the premises. (Ord. O2019-482 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.355 Dwelling unit, apartment.

“Dwelling unit, apartment” means a dwelling unit contained in a building consisting of two or more dwelling units that may be stacked, or one or more dwellings with nonresidential uses. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.365 Dwelling unit, single detached.

“Dwelling unit, single detached” means a detached building containing one dwelling unit. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.370 Dwelling unit, townhouse.

“Dwelling unit, townhouse” means a building containing one dwelling unit that occupies space from the ground to the roof, and is attached to one or more other townhouse dwellings by common walls. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.375 Earth station.

“Earth station” means a communication facility that transmits and/or receives signals to and from an orbiting satellite using satellite dish antennas. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.380 Effective radiated power.

“Effective radiated power” means the product of the antenna power input and the numerical antenna power gain. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.383 Electric scooters and motorcycles.

“Electric scooters and motorcycles” means any two- or three-wheeled vehicle that operates exclusively on electrical energy from an off-board source that is stored in the vehicle’s batteries and produces zero emissions or pollution when stationary or operating. (Ord. O2011-300 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.384 Electric vehicle.

“Electric vehicle” means any vehicle that operates, either partially or exclusively, on electrical energy from the grid, or an off-board source, that is stored on-board for motive purposes. “Electric vehicle” includes (but is not limited to): (1) a battery electric vehicle; (2) a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle; (3) a neighborhood electric vehicle; and (4) a medium-speed electric vehicle. (Ord. O2011-300 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.385 Electric vehicle charging station.

“Electric vehicle charging station” means a public or private parking space located together with battery charging station equipment that has as its purpose the transfer of electric energy (by conductive or inductive means) to a battery or other storage device in an electric vehicle. (Ord. O2011-300 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.386 Electric vehicle charging station – Restricted.

“Electric vehicle charging station – restricted” means an electrical charging station that is (1) privately owned and restricted access (e.g., single-family, assigned parking, etc.) or (2) publicly owned and restricted (fleet parking with no access to the public). (Ord. O2011-300 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.387 Electric vehicle charging station – Public.

“Electric vehicle charging station – public” means an electrical charging station that is (1) publicly owned and publicly available (e.g., park and ride lots, City Hall parking, other public lots) or privately owned and publicly available (e.g., shopping centers, apartment complexes, parking garages, etc.). (Ord. O2011-300 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.388 Electric vehicle infrastructure.

“Electric vehicle infrastructure” means structures, machinery, and equipment necessary and integral to support an electric vehicle, including battery charging stations and battery exchange stations. (Ord. O2011-300 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.389 Electric vehicle parking space.

“Electric vehicle parking space” means any marked parking space (public or private) that identifies the use to be for an electric vehicle. (Ord. O2011-300 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.390 Electrical substation.

“Electrical substation” means a site containing equipment for the conversion of high voltage electrical power transported through transmission lines into lower voltages transported through distribution lines and suitable for individual users. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.392 Emergency.

“Emergency” means an occurrence during which there is imminent danger to the public health, safety, and welfare, or which poses an imminent risk to property, as a result of a natural or manmade catastrophe as so declared by the director. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.395 Energy resource recovery facility.

“Energy resource recovery facility” means an establishment for recovery of energy in a usable form from mass burning or refuse-derived fuel incineration, pyrolysis, or any other means of using the heat of combustion of solid waste. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.400 Enhancement.

“Enhancement” means an action that increases the functions and values of a stream, wetland, or other sensitive area or buffer. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.405 Equipment, heavy.

“Equipment, heavy” means high-capacity mechanical devices for moving earth or other materials, and mobile power units including, but not limited to:

(1) Carryalls;

(2) Graders;

(3) Loading and unloading devices;

(4) Cranes;

(5) Drag lines;

(6) Trench diggers;

(7) Tractors;

(8) Augers;

(9) Bulldozers;

(10) Concrete mixers and conveyers;

(11) Harvesters;

(12) Combines; or

(13) Other major agricultural equipment and similar devices operated by mechanical power as distinguished from manpower. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.410 Erosion.

“Erosion” means the process by which soil particles are mobilized and transported by natural agents such as wind, rainsplash, frost action or surface water flow. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.415 Erosion hazard areas.

“Erosion hazard areas” means those areas in the City underlain by soils that are subject to severe erosion when disturbed. Such soils include, but are not limited to, those classified as having a severe or very severe erosion hazard according to the USDA Soil Conservation Service, the 1973 King County Soils Survey or any subsequent revisions or addition by or to these sources. These soils include the following when they occur on slopes 15 percent or steeper:

(1) The Alderwood gravelly sandy loam (AgD);

(2) The Alderwood and Kitsap soils (AkF);

(3) The Beausite gravelly sandy loam (BeD and BeF);

(4) The Everett gravelly sandy loam (EvD);

(5) The Kitsap silt loam (KpD);

(6) The Ovall gravelly loam (OvD and OvF);

(7) The Ragnar fine sandy loam (RaD); and

(8) The Ragnar-Indianola Association (RdE). (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2005-193 § 2; Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.417 Erosion hazard near sensitive water body overlay.

The “erosion hazard near sensitive water body overlay” means an area within the City where sloped areas posing erosion hazards, or contributing to erosion hazards, that drain directly to lakes or streams of high resource value that are particularly sensitive to the impacts of increased erosion and the resulting sediment loads from development. The department of community development shall maintain a map of the boundaries of the erosion hazard near sensitive water bodies overlay district.

The erosion hazard near sensitive water body overlay is divided into two areas:

(1) The No-Disturbance Area. The no-disturbance area shall be established on the sloped portion of the special district overlay to prevent damage from erosion. The upslope boundary of the no-disturbance area lies at the first obvious break in slope from the upland plateau over onto the valley walls. For the purposes of locating the first obvious break in slope, the first obvious break shall generally be located at the top of the erosion hazard area associated with the slope. The downslope boundary of the no-disturbance area is the extent of those areas designated as erosion or landslide hazard areas. The department shall maintain maps, supported by LIDAR (light detection and ranging) data or other suitable technology, of the approximate location of the no-disturbance areas, which shall be subject to field verification for new development proposals.

(2) Properties Draining to the No-Disturbance Area. Properties draining to the no-disturbance area are within the erosion hazard near sensitive water body overlay that drain to the no-disturbance area. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.418 Eutrophic.

“Eutrophic” means a trophic status characterized by moderately high algal productivity, more serious oxygen depletion in the bottom waters, some recreational use impairment, summer chlorophyll a concentration greater than 10 micrograms/liter, a summer Secchi depth of less than two meters, and a winter total phosphorus concentration greater than 20 micrograms/liter. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.420 Evergreen.

“Evergreen” means a plant species with foliage that persists and remains green year-round. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.425 Examiner.

“Examiner” means the hearing examiner as established by Chapter 20.10 SMC. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.427 Existing corridor.

“Existing corridors” include areas that have been previously cleared of native vegetation, have historically been used for transportation or recreation purposes, have currently little or low-quality vegetation and habitat value, or that contain improvements such as graded or filled areas. Examples include but are not limited to utility corridors, road or railroad rights-of-way, roadbeds and rail beds. (Ord. O2005-172 § 2)

21A.15.428 Existing grade.

“Existing grade” means the existing elevation of land prior to any cuts and fills or other disturbances, which may, at the discretion of the director, be determined by a topographic survey or soil sampling. (Ord. O2019-482 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.429 FAA.

“FAA” means the Federal Aviation Administration. (Ord. O2005-181 § 1)

21A.15.430 Fabric shop.

“Fabric shop” means an establishment engaged in the retail sale of sewing supplies and accessories, including only uses located in SIC Industry Nos.:

(1) 5949 – Sewing, needlework, and piece goods stores; and

(2) Awning shops, banner shops, and flag shops found in 5999. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.435 Facilities standard.

“Facilities standard” means the space required by grade span, and taking into account the requirements of students with special needs, which is needed in order to fulfill the educational goals of the school district as identified in the district’s capital facilities plan. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.440 Factory-built commercial building.

“Factory-built commercial building” means any structure that is either entirely or substantially prefabricated or assembled at a place other than a building site, and designed or used for nonresidential human occupancy. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.445 Fairground.

“Fairground” means a site permanently designated and improved for holding a county fair, as provided in Chapters 15.76 and 36.37 RCW, or for holding similar events, including, but not limited to:

(1) Carnivals;

(2) Circuses;

(3) Expositions;

(4) Animal shows; and

(5) Exhibitions and/or demonstrations of farm and home products with accompanying entertainment and amusements. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.450 Family.

“Family” means one or more persons (but not more than six unrelated persons) living together as a single housekeeping unit. For the purposes of this code, children with familial status within the meaning of Title 42 United States Code, Section 360(k) and persons with handicaps within the meaning of Title 42 United States Code, Section 360(h) will not be counted as unrelated persons. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.452 Farmers’ market.

“Farmers’ market” means an outdoor market held in public spaces which allows farmers and other vendors to sell produce and other locally produced products directly to the public. (Ord. O2010-279 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.453 FCC.

“FCC” means the Federal Communications Commission. (Ord. O2005-181 § 1)

21A.15.455 Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) floodway.

“Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) floodway” means the channel of the stream and that portion of the adjoining floodplain that is necessary to contain and discharge the base flood flow without increasing the base flood elevation more than one foot. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.456 Feasible.

“Feasible” means that an action, such as a development project, mitigation, or preservation requirement, meets all of the following conditions:

(1) The action can be accomplished with technologies and methods that have been used in the past in similar circumstances, or studies or tests have demonstrated in similar circumstances that such approaches are currently available and likely to achieve the intended results;

(2) The action provides a reasonable likelihood of achieving its intended purpose; and

(3) The action does not physically preclude achieving the project’s primary intended legal use. In cases where these guidelines require certain actions unless they are infeasible, the burden of proving infeasibility is on the applicant. In determining an action’s infeasibility, the reviewing agency may weigh the action’s relative public costs and public benefits, considered in the short- and long-term time frames. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.457 Feed lines.

“Feed lines” means cables used as the interconnecting media between the transmission/receiving base station and the antenna. (Ord. O2005-181 § 1)

21A.15.460 Feed store.

“Feed store” means an establishment engaged in retail sale of supplies directly related to the day to day activities of agricultural production. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.465 Fence.

“Fence” means a barrier for the purpose of enclosing space or separating lots, composed of:

(1) Masonry or concrete walls, excluding retaining walls; or

(2) Wood, metal, or concrete posts connected by boards, rails, panels, wire or mesh. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.467 Financial guarantee.

“Financial guarantee” means a form of financial security posted to ensure timely and proper completion of improvements, to ensure compliance with the interim Sammamish development code, and/or to warranty materials, workmanship of improvements, and design. Financial guarantees include assignments of funds, cash deposit, and surety bonds, and or other forms of financial security acceptable to the director. For the purposes of this title, the terms performance guarantee, maintenance guarantee, and defect guarantee are considered subcategories of financial guarantee. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.468 Fish and wildlife habitat conservation areas.

“Fish and wildlife habitat conservation areas” means those areas that are essential for the preservation of critical habitat and species. All areas within the City of Sammamish meeting one or more of the following criteria are designated wildlife habitat conservation areas:

(1) Areas with which state or federally designated endangered, threatened, and sensitive species have a primary association.

(a) Federally designated endangered and threatened species are those fish and wildlife species identified by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the National Marine Fisheries Service that are in danger of extinction or are threatened to become endangered. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the National Marine Fisheries Service should be consulted as necessary for current listing status;

(b) State-designated endangered, threatened, and sensitive species are those fish and wildlife species native to the coastal region of the Pacific Northwest identified by the State Department of Fish and Wildlife, that are in danger of extinction, threatened to become endangered, vulnerable, or declining and are likely to become endangered or threatened in a significant portion of their range within the state without cooperative management or removal of threats. State-designated endangered, threatened, and sensitive species are periodically recorded in WAC 232-12-014 (state endangered species), and WAC 232-12-011 (state threatened and sensitive species). The State Department of Fish and Wildlife maintains the most current listing and should be consulted as necessary for current listing status;

(2) Wetlands, streams, and lakes;

(3) State natural area preserves and natural resource conservation areas. Natural area preserves and natural resource conservation areas are defined, established, and managed by the State Department of Natural Resources; and

(4) Fish and wildlife habitat corridors as defined in SMC 21A.15.469. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2005-193 § 2)

21A.15.469 Fish and wildlife habitat corridors.

“Fish and wildlife habitat corridors” means those corridors set aside and protected for preserving connections between habitats on development proposal sites that contain Type F or Np streams and/or wetlands with a high habitat score greater than or equal to eight on the Washington State Wetland Rating System for Western Washington (Department of Ecology 2014 or as revised) that are located within 200 feet of an on-site or off-site Type F or Np stream and/or wetland with a high habitat score greater than or equal to eight on the Washington State Wetland Rating System for Western Washington. Fish and wildlife habitat corridors do not increase stream buffers, except as required to provide a connection between two features as described above. (Ord. O2016-410 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.469.1 Flag.

“Flag” means a fabric sheet of square, rectangular or triangular shape which is mounted on a pole, cable or rope at one end. (Ord. O2018-462 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2017-436 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.469.2 Flag, government.

“Flag, government” means any flag or badge or insignia of the United States, state of Washington, King County, City of Sammamish, or official historic plaque of any governmental jurisdiction or agency. (Ord. O2018-462 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2017-436 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.470 Flood fringe.

“Flood fringe” means that portion of the floodplain outside of the zero-rise floodway that is covered by floodwaters during the base flood, generally associated with standing water rather than rapidly flowing water. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.475 Flood hazard areas.

“Flood hazard areas” means those areas in the City of Sammamish subject to inundation by the base flood and those areas subject to risk from channel relocation or stream meander including, but not limited to, streams, lakes, wetlands, and closed depressions. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.480 Flood insurance rate map.

“Flood insurance rate map” means the official map on which the Federal Insurance Administration has delineated some areas of flood hazard. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.485 Flood insurance study for King County.

“Flood insurance study for King County” means the official report provided by the Federal Insurance Administration that includes flood profiles and the flood insurance rate map. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.490 Flood protection elevation.

“Flood protection elevation” means an elevation that is one foot above the base flood elevation. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.495 Floodplain.

“Floodplain” means the total area subject to inundation by the base flood. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.500 Floodproofing.

“Floodproofing” means adaptations that will make a structure that is below the flood protection elevation substantially impermeable to the passage of water and resistant to hydrostatic and hydrodynamic loads including the impacts of buoyancy. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.505 Floodway, zero-rise.

“Floodway, zero-rise” means the channel of a stream and that portion of the adjoining floodplain which is necessary to contain and discharge the base flood flow without any measurable increase in flood height. A “measurable increase in base flood height” means a calculated upward rise in the base flood elevation, equal to or greater than .01 foot, resulting from a comparison of existing conditions and changed conditions directly attributable to development in the floodplain. This definition is broader than that of the FEMA floodway, but always includes the FEMA floodway. The boundaries of the 100-year floodplain, as shown on the flood insurance study for King County, are considered the boundaries of the zero-rise floodway unless otherwise delineated by a sensitive area special study. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.510 Florist shop.

“Florist shop” means an establishment engaged in the retail sale of flowers and plants, including only uses located in SIC Industry Nos.:

(1) 5992 – Florists; and

(2) 5999 – Artificial flowers. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.515 Flush-mounted.

“Flush-mounted” means any antenna or antenna array attached directly to the face of the antenna support structure, structure, or building. Where a maximum flush-mounting distance is given, that distance shall be measured from the outside edge of the support structure or building to the inside edge of the antenna. (Ord. O2005-181 § 1)

21A.15.520 Forest practice.

“Forest practice” means any activity regulated by the Washington Department of Natural Resources in WAC Title 222 or Chapter 76.09 RCW for which a forest practice permit is required, together with:

(1) Fire prevention, detection and suppression; and

(2) Slash burning or removal. (Ord. O2009-249 § 1; Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.525 Forest product sales.

“Forest product sales” means the sale of goods produced, extracted, consumed, gathered or harvested from a forest including, but not limited to:

(1) Trees;

(2) Wood chips;

(3) Logs;

(4) Fuel wood;

(5) Cones;

(6) Christmas trees;

(7) Berries;

(8) Herbs; or

(9) Mushrooms. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.530 Forest research.

“Forest research” means the performance of scientific studies relating to botany, hydrology, silviculture, biology and other branches of science in relation to management of forest lands, including only uses located in SIC Industry Nos.:

(1) 8731 – Commercial physical and biological research;

(2) 8733 – Noncommercial research organizations; and

(3) 8734 – Testing laboratories. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.532 Frequently flooded areas.

“Frequently flooded areas” means those lands in the City in the floodplain subject to a one percent or greater chance of flooding in any given year and those lands that provide important flood storage, conveyance, and attenuation functions, as determined by the City in accordance with WAC 365-190-080(3). Frequently flooded areas perform important hydrologic functions and may present a risk to persons and property. Frequently flooded areas include all areas of special flood hazards within the jurisdiction of the City of Sammamish. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2005-193 § 2)

21A.15.535 Furniture and home furnishings store.

“Furniture and home furnishings store” means an establishment engaged in the retail sale of household furniture and furnishings for the home, including only uses located in SIC Major Group and Industry Nos.:

(1) 57 – Home furniture, furnishings, and equipment stores, except Industry Group No. 573; and

(2) Baby carriages, cake decorating supplies, hot tubs, picture frames (ready-made), swimming pools (above-ground, not site-built), telephone stores and typewriter stores found in 5999. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.540 General business service.

“General business service” means an establishment engaged in providing services to businesses or individuals, with no outdoor storage or fabrication, including only uses located in SIC Major Group Nos.:

(1) 60 – Depository institutions;

(2) 61 – Nondepository credit institutions;

(3) 62 – Security and commodity brokers, dealers, exchanges, and services;

(4) 63 – Insurance carriers;

(5) 65 – Real estate, except 653 (Real estate agents and directors);

(6) 67 – Holding and other investment offices;

(7) 7299 – Miscellaneous personal services, not elsewhere classified;

(8) 73 – Business services, except Industry Group and Industry Nos.:

(a) 7312 – Outdoor advertising services; and

(9) 86 – Membership organizations, including administrative offices of organized religions found in 8661, but excluding churches and places of worship. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.545 Geologist.

“Geologist” means a professional who holds a current geologist license from the Washington State Geologist Licensing Board. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.550 Geotechnical engineer.

“Geotechnical engineer” means a practicing geotechnical/civil engineer licensed as a professional civil engineer by the state of Washington who has at least four years of professional employment as a geotechnical engineer. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.555 Golf course.

“Golf course” means a recreational facility, under public or private ownership, designed and developed for golf activities with accessory uses including, but not limited to:

(1) A driving range;

(2) Miniature golf;

(3) Pro shops;

(4) Caddyshack buildings;

(5) Swimming pools, tennis courts and other related recreational facilities;

(6) Restaurants;

(7) Office and meeting rooms; and

(8) Related storage facilities. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.560 Grade span.

“Grade span” means the categories into which a district groups its grades of students; i.e., elementary, middle or junior high school, and high school. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.565 Grading.

“Grading” means any excavation, filling, removing the duff layer or any combination thereof. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.570 Grazing area.

“Grazing area” means any open land area used to pasture livestock in which suitable forage is maintained over 80 percent of the area at all times of the year. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.575 Groundcover.

“Groundcover” means living plants designed to grow low to the ground (generally one foot or less) and intended to stabilize soils and protect against erosion. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.580 Hazardous household substance.

“Hazardous household substance” means a substance as defined in RCW 70.105.010. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.585 Hazardous substance.

“Hazardous substance” means a substance as defined in RCW 70.105.010. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.586 Hazardous trees.

“Hazardous trees” means those trees with a structural defect, combination of defects or disease resulting in a structural defect that, under the normal range of environmental conditions at the site, will result in the loss of a major structural component of the tree in a manner that will:

(1) Damage a residential structure or accessory structure, place of employment or public assembly or approved parking for a residential structure or accessory structure or place of employment or public assembly;

(2) Damage an approved road or utility facility; or

(3) Prevent emergency access in the case of medical hardship. (Ord. O2005-193 § 2)

21A.15.590 Heavy equipment and truck repair.

“Heavy equipment and truck repair” means the repair and maintenance of self-powered, self-propelled or towed mechanical devices, equipment and vehicles used for commercial purposes, such as tandem axle trucks, graders, backhoes, tractor trailers, cranes, lifts, but excluding automobiles and pick-up trucks under 10,000 pounds, recreational vehicles, boats and their trailers. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.595 Helistop.

“Helistop” means an area on a roof or on the ground used for the takeoff and landing of helicopters for the purpose of loading or unloading passengers or cargo but not including fueling service, hangers, maintenance or overhaul facilities. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.596 High voltage electrical transmission tower.

“High voltage electrical transmission tower” means a structure that is designed and constructed primarily for the purpose of overhead support of high voltage transmission lines. For purposes of this term, “high voltage transmission lines” shall generally mean and refer to a 68 kV or greater electric transmission line. (Ord. O2010-281 § 2)

21A.15.597 Historic resource.

“Historic resource” means a district, site, building, structure or object significant in national, state or local history, architecture, archaeology, and culture. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.600 Hobby, toy, and game shop.

“Hobby, toy, and game shop” means an establishment engaged in the retail sale of toys, games, hobby and craft kits, including only uses located in SIC Industry Nos.:

(1) 5945 – Hobby, toy and game shops; and

(2) 5999 – Autograph and philatelist supply stores, coin shops, and stamps, philatelist-retail (except mail order). (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.605 Home business.

“Home business” means a business or profession which is incidental to the use of a residential dwelling unit by a resident of the dwelling unit. Home businesses do not include uses where the use of the premises as a dwelling unit is secondary to the operation of the business or profession. In no case shall the area used for a home business exceed 50 percent of the area of the residential dwelling unit.

The home business use definition does not include other residential accessory uses identified in Chapter 21A.20 SMC and defined in Chapter 21A.15 SMC, including but not limited to:

(1) Bed and breakfast guesthouses;

(2) Senior citizen assisted housing;

(3) Daycare 1; and

(4) Specialized instructional schools.

Home businesses are further subclassified as follows:

(5) Home business, Type 1 – conducted within a building permitted within a residential zone and that will not result in odors nor obvious visible or audible business activity outside of the building. Type 1 home businesses are generally indistinguishable from other dwelling units in the vicinity.

(6) Home business, Type 2 – conducted within a building permitted within a residential zone and that results in limited odors, and some obvious visible or audible business activity outside of the building. Type 2 home businesses may be characterized by the following types of activities: significantly increased deliveries beyond regular residential mail delivery activity; significantly increased client or customer visitation to the site; and/or visual or audible activity visible from adjacent properties or the street. Home businesses that cannot meet the standards established in SMC 21A.65.050(4) for Type 1 home businesses, are Type 2 home businesses and subject to the standards of SMC 21A.65.050(5). Home businesses engaged in a use that requires a federal or state license or permit, in addition to a business license, are Type 2 home businesses (example: home businesses engaged in the production of alcohol such that a liquor license is required). (Ord. O2012-327 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.610 Home occupation.

Repealed by Ord. O2012-327. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.612 Homeless encampment.

“Homeless encampment” means a site for a group of homeless persons temporarily residing on a site, either out of doors or in a building. (Ord. O2014-372 § 2)

21A.15.615 Household pets.

“Household pets” means small animals that are kept within a dwelling unit. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.620 Hydroelectric generation facility.

“Hydroelectric generation facility” means an establishment for the generation of electricity using water sources. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.623 Hypereutrophic.

“Hypereutrophic” means a trophic status characterized by high algal productivity, intense algal blooms, fish kills due to oxygen depletion in the bottom waters, frequent recreational use impairment, summer chlorophyll a concentration greater than 10 micrograms/liter, a summer Secchi depth generally less than two meters, and a winter total phosphorus concentration greater than 30 micrograms/liter. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.625 Impervious surface.

“Impervious surface,” for purposes of this title, means a hard surface area that either prevents or retards the entry of water into the soil mantle as under natural conditions before development; or that causes water to run off the surface in greater quantities or at an increased rate of flow compared to the flow present under natural conditions prior to development. (Ord. O2016-429 § 2 (Att. B); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.630 Improved public roadways.

“Improved public roadways” means public road rights-of-way that have been improved with at least two travel lanes and are maintained by either the City of Sammamish or the state of Washington. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.635 Individual transportation and taxi.

“Individual transportation and taxi” means an establishment engaged in furnishing individual or small group transportation by motor vehicle, including only uses located in SIC Industry Group and Industry Nos.:

(1) 412 – Taxicabs; and

(2) 4119 – Local passenger transportation, not elsewhere classified. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.637 Infiltration rate.

“Infiltration rate” means the rate of water entry into the soil expressed in inches per hour. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.640 Interim recycling facility.

“Interim recycling facility” means a site or establishment engaged in collection or treatment of recyclable materials, which is not the final disposal site, and including:

(1) Drop boxes;

(2) Source-separated, organic waste processing facilities; and

(3) Collection, separation and shipment of glass, metal, paper or other recyclables. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.641 Interlocal agreement.

“Interlocal agreement” is a legal contract between two or more local jurisdictions (cities and counties) that specifies the conditions under which development rights may be transferred (typically from an unincorporated county into an incorporated city). Interlocal agreements must be endorsed by the legislative bodies of both jurisdictions. (Ord. O2011-297 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.642 Irrigation efficiency.

“Irrigation efficiency” means the coefficient of the amount of water beneficially used divided by the amount of water applied. This coefficient is derived from actual measurements and an evaluation of the general characteristics of the type of irrigation system and management practices proposed. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.645 Jail.

“Jail” means a facility operated by a governmental agency, designed, staffed and used for the incarceration of persons for the purposes of punishment, correction and rehabilitation following conviction of an offense. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.655 Jewelry store.

“Jewelry store” means an establishment engaged in the retail sale of a variety of jewelry products, including only uses located in SIC Industry Nos.:

(1) 5944 – Jewelry stores; and

(2) Gem stones and rock specimens found in 5999. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.658 Joint use driveway.

“Joint use driveway” means a jointly owned and/or maintained vehicular access to two residential properties. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.660 Kennel.

“Kennel” means a place where adult dogs are temporarily boarded for compensation, whether or not for training. An adult dog is one of either sex, altered or unaltered, that has reached the age of six months. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.662 Kitchen or kitchen facility.

“Kitchen or kitchen facility” means an area within a building intended for the preparation and storage of food and containing:

(1) An appliance for the refrigeration of food;

(2) An appliance for the cooking or heating of food; and

(3) A sink. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.663 Lake management plan.

“Lake management plan” means the plan (and supporting documents as appropriate) describing the lake management recommendations and requirements. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.664 Lakes.

“Lakes” means an open body of surface water, not including streams or rivers, that is 20 acres or greater in total area. (Ord. O2005-193 § 2)

21A.15.665 Landfill.

“Landfill” means a disposal site or part of a site at which refuse is deposited. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.667 Landscape water features.

“Landscape water features” means a pond, pool or fountain used as a decorative component of a development. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.670 Landscaping.

“Landscaping” means live vegetative materials required for a development. Said materials provided along the boundaries of a development site are referred to as perimeter landscaping. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.675 Landslide.

“Landslide” means episodic downslope movement of a mass including, but not limited to, soil, rock or snow. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.680 Landslide hazard areas.

“Landslide hazard areas” means those areas in the City of Sammamish potentially subject to risk of mass movement due to a combination of geologic, topographic, and hydrologic factors. These areas are typically susceptible to landslides because of a combination of factors including: bedrock, soil, slope gradient, slope aspect, geologic structure, groundwater, or other factors. Landslide hazard areas include the following:

(1) Areas of historic failures, such as:

(a) Those areas delineated by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Natural Resources Conservation Service as having a “severe” limitation for building site development;

(b) Areas designated as quaternary slumps, earthflows, mudflows, or landslides on maps published by the U.S. Geological Survey or Department of Natural Resources;

(2) Areas that have shown movement during the Holocene epoch, from 10,000 years ago to the present, or which are underlain by mass wastage debris from that epoch;

(3) Any area with all three of the following characteristics:

(a) Slopes steeper than 15 percent; and

(b) Hillsides intersecting geologic contacts with a relatively permeable sediment overlying a relatively impermeable sediment or bedrock; and

(c) Springs or groundwater seepage;

(4) Areas with a slope of 40 percent or steeper and with a vertical relief of 10 or more feet except areas composed of consolidated rock. A slope is delineated by establishing its toe and top, as defined in SMC 21A.15.1230, and measured by averaging the inclination over at least 10 feet of vertical relief;

(5) Slopes that are parallel or subparallel to planes of weakness (such as bedding planes, joint systems, and fault planes) in subsurface materials;

(6) Slopes having gradients steeper than 80 percent subject to rock fall during seismic shaking;

(7) Areas potentially unstable because of rapid stream incision, stream bank erosion or undercutting by wave action; and

(8) Landslide hazard areas do not include those areas composed of slopes greater than 40 percent that were created from a previously non-landslide hazard area through legal grading activity and that are confirmed to be stable by a qualified professional. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2005-193 § 2; Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.681 Landslide hazard drainage area.

“Landslide hazard drainage area” means a critical drainage area applied to sites where overland flows pose a significant threat to health and safety because of their close proximity to a landslide hazard area as defined by SMC 21A.15.680. (Ord. O2016-429 § 2 (Att. B))

21A.15.683 Least visually obtrusive profile.

“Least visually obtrusive profile” means the design of a wireless communication facility intended to present a visual profile that is the minimum profile necessary for the facility to properly function. (Ord. O2005-181 § 1)

21A.15.685 Level of service (LOS), traffic.

“Level of service (LOS), traffic” means the City’s defined performance standards for its adopted concurrency intersections, road corridors, and road segments, as defined in the City’s Comprehensive Plan and development regulations. (Ord. O2019-484 § 2 (Att. A); Ord. O2018-466 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.690 Light equipment.

“Light equipment” means hand-held tools and construction equipment, such as chain saws, wheelbarrows, and post-hole diggers. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.691 Lighting fixtures, security or flood.

“Security or floodlighting fixtures” are generally intended to provide lighting that is designed and used to discourage crime and undesirable activity. Security or floodlighting fixtures are characterized by a broad intense beam of artificial light directed to illuminate a large area of a site. (Ord. O2016-408 § 1 (Att. A))

*Code reviser’s note: Ord. 2016-408 adds this section as SMC 21A.15.685; it has been renumbered to prevent duplication and preserve alphabetization.

21A.15.692 Linear activity or development.

A development or activity of a linear nature is one that usually involves multiple parcels and/or that runs along a corridor or pathway defined in an adopted plan. Linear development and activities may be straight, curved or a combination of both. Examples include roads, trails, sidewalks, utility corridors, and other transportation facilities such as bikeways and railroads. (Ord. O2005-172 § 2)

21A.15.693 Liquor and Cannabis Board (LCB).

“Liquor and Cannabis Board (LCB)” means the Washington State Liquor and Cannabis Board which carries out Washington liquor, marijuana, and tobacco laws and regulations. (Ord. O2016-406 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.695 Livestock.

“Livestock” means grazing animals kept either in open fields or structures for training, boarding, home use, sales, or breeding and production, including but not limited to:

(1) Cattle;

(2) Riding and draft horses;

(3) Hogs, excluding pigs weighing under 120 pounds and standing 20 inches or less at the shoulder that are kept as pets or small animals;

(4) Sheep; and

(5) Goats. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.700 Livestock, large.

“Livestock, large” means cattle, horses, and other livestock generally weighing over 500 pounds. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.705 Livestock, small.

“Livestock, small” means hogs, excluding pigs weighing under 120 pounds and standing 20 inches or less at the shoulder that are kept as household pets or small animals, sheep, goats, miniature horses, llamas, alpaca, and other livestock generally weighing under 500 pounds. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.710 Livestock sales.

“Livestock sales” means the sale of livestock but not including auctions. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.715 Loading space.

“Loading space” means a space for the temporary parking of a vehicle while loading or unloading cargo or passengers. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.725 Lot.

“Lot” means a physically separate and distinct parcel of property and on lakefront properties above ordinary high water mark, which has been created pursuant to SMC Title 19, Subdivisions, or state law. (Ord. O2009-249 § 1; Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.726 Lot coverage.

“Lot coverage” is the amount of a lot that a building footprint may cover. Lot coverage is expressed as a percent of the total lot area that a building or buildings may cover; for example, a 45 percent lot coverage standard indicates that 45 percent of the area of a lot may be covered by a building or combination of buildings. (Ord. O2019-482 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2016-407 § 1 (Att. A). Formerly 21A.15.727)

21A.15.726.1 Lot line, front yard.

“Lot line, front yard” means the property boundary or property line abutting a street right-of-way. For property that does not abut a street right-of-way and abuts an access easement or private street the front yard is that property boundary or property line from which the lot gains primary access. (Ord. O2019-482 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.727 Lot line, rear yard.

“Lot line, rear yard” means the property boundary or property line opposite the front yard lot line. Provided, lots with more than one front yard, or triangular shaped lots with three sides, shall have no rear yard lot line. (Ord. O2019-482 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.728 Lot line, side yard.

“Lot line, side yard” means the property boundary or property line that delineates the property boundaries along the side portion of the property. (Ord. O2019-482 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.730 Lot line, interior.

“Lot line, interior” means lot lines that delineate property boundaries along those portions of the property that do not abut a street. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.731 Low impact development.

“Low impact development” (LID) is a storm water and land use management strategy that strives to mimic predisturbance hydrological processes of infiltration, filtration, storage, evaporation and transpiration by emphasizing conservation, use of on-site natural features, site planning, and distributed storm water management practices that are integrated into a project design. (Ord. O2016-429 § 2 (Att. B); Ord. O2008-236 § 1)

21A.15.732 Maintenance.

“Maintenance” means those usual acts to prevent a decline, lapse or cessation from a lawfully established condition or use. Maintenance may include, but is not limited to, pruning, plant material replaced with alternate plant material, hardscape replaced with alternate hardscape, hardscape replaced with plant material. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.733 Managing agency.

“Managing agency” means an organization that is responsible for organizing and managing a homeless encampment. (Note: The managing agency may be the same entity as the sponsor.) (Ord. O2014-372 § 2)

21A.15.734 Marijuana or marihuana.

“Marijuana” or “marihuana” means all parts of the plant cannabis, whether growing or not, with a THC concentration greater than 0.3 percent on a dry weight basis; the seeds thereof; the resin extracted from any part of the plant; and every compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture, or preparation of the plant, its seeds or resin. The term does not include the mature stalks of the plant, fiber produced from the stalks, oil or cake made from the seeds of the plant, any other compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture, or preparation of the mature stalks (except the resin extracted therefrom), fiber, oil, or cake, or the sterilized seed of the plant which is incapable of germination. (Ord. O2014-376 § 3 (Att. A))

21A.15.734.1 Marijuana concentrates.

“Marijuana concentrates” means products consisting wholly or in part of the resin extracted from any part of the plant cannabis and having a THC concentration greater than 10 percent. (Ord. O2016-406 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.735 Marijuana processor.

“Marijuana processor” means a person or entity licensed by the Washington State Liquor and Cannabis Board (“LCB”) to process marijuana into marijuana concentrates, useable marijuana and marijuana-infused products, package and label marijuana concentrates, useable marijuana and marijuana-infused products for sale in retail outlets, and sell marijuana concentrates, useable marijuana and marijuana-infused products at wholesale to marijuana retailers. (Ord. O2016-406 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2014-376 § 3 (Att. A))

21A.15.736 Marijuana producer.

“Marijuana producer” means a person or entity licensed by the LCB to produce and sell marijuana at wholesale to marijuana processors and other marijuana producers. (Ord. O2016-406 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2014-376 § 3 (Att. A))

21A.15.737 Marijuana-infused products.

“Marijuana-infused products” means products that contain marijuana or marijuana extracts, are intended for human use, are derived from marijuana, and have a THC concentration no greater than 10 percent. The term “marijuana-infused products” does not include either marijuana concentrates or useable marijuana. (Ord. O2016-406 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2014-376 § 3 (Att. A))

21A.15.738 Marijuana retailer.

“Marijuana retailer” means a person or entity licensed by the LCB to sell marijuana concentrates, useable marijuana, and marijuana-infused products in a retail outlet. (Ord. O2016-406 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2014-376 § 3 (Att. A))

21A.15.739 Marina.

“Marina” means an establishment providing docking, moorage space and related activities limited to the provisioning or minor repair of pleasure boats and yachts; and accessory facilities including, but not limited to:

(1) Showers;

(2) Toilets; and

(3) Self-service laundries. (Ord. O2014-376 § 3 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10. Formerly 21A.15.735)

21A.15.740 Master telecommunications plan.

“Master telecommunications plan” means a plan developed to establish public policy and applicable development standards related to the deployment of wireless telecommunications infrastructure. (Ord. O2014-376 § 3 (Att. A); Ord. O2014-372 § 2; Ord. O2005-181 § 1. Formerly 21A.15.734)

21A.15.741 Material error.

“Material error” means substantive information upon which a permit decision is based that is submitted in error or is omitted at the time of permit application. (Ord. O2014-376 § 3 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10. Formerly 21A.15.740)

21A.15.742 Medium-speed electric vehicle.

“Medium-speed electric vehicle” means a self-propelled, electrically powered four-wheeled motor vehicle, equipped with a roll cage or crush-proof body design, whose speed attainable in one mile is more than 25 miles per hour but not more than 35 miles per hour and otherwise meets or exceeds the federal regulations set forth in 49 CFR 571.500. (Ord. O2011-300 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.743 Mesotrophic.

“Mesotrophic” means a trophic status characterized by moderate algal productivity, oxygen depletion in the bottom waters, usually no recreational use impairment, summer chlorophyll a concentration averaging four to 10 micrograms/liter, a summer Secchi depth of two to five meters, and a winter total phosphorus concentration ranging from 10 to 20 micrograms/liter. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.744 Microclimate.

“Microclimate” means a climatic condition in a relatively small area, within a few feet above and below the Earth’s surface and within canopies of vegetation. Microclimates are affected by such factors as temperature, humidity, wind and turbulence, dew, frost, heat balance, evaporation, the nature of the soil and vegetation, the local topography, latitude, elevation, and season. Weather and climate are sometimes influenced by microclimatic conditions, especially by variations in surface characteristics. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.745 Microwave.

“Microwave” means electromagnetic waves with a frequency range of 300 megahertz (MHz) to 300 gigahertz (GHz). (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.750 Mitigation.

Repealed by Ord. O2005-193. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.751 Mitigation bank.

“Mitigation bank” means a property that has been protected in perpetuity, and approved by appropriate City, state, and federal agencies expressly for the purpose of providing compensatory mitigation in advance of authorized impacts through restoration, creation, and/or enhancement of wetlands and, in exceptional circumstances, preservation of adjacent wetlands, wetland buffers, and/or other aquatic resources. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.752 Mitigation banking.

“Mitigation banking” means a system for providing compensatory mitigation in advance of authorized wetland impacts of development in the City in which credits are generated through restoration, creation, and/or enhancement of wetlands and, in exceptional circumstances, preservation of adjacent wetlands, wetland buffers, and/or other aquatic resources. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.755 Mobile home.

“Mobile home” means a structure transportable in one or more sections; that in the traveling mode is eight body feet or more in width or 32 body feet or more in length; or when erected on site is 320 square feet or more in area; built on a permanent chassis; designed to be used as a dwelling unit, with or without permanent foundation, when connected to the required utilities; which contains plumbing, heating, air-conditioning and electrical systems; and shall include any structure that meets all the requirements of this section, or of Chapter 296-150B WAC, except the size requirements for which the manufacturer voluntarily complies with the standards and files the certification required by the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.760 Mobile home park.

“Mobile home park” means a development with two or more improved pads or spaces designed to accommodate mobile homes. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.765 Monitoring.

“Monitoring” means evaluating the impacts of development proposals on biologic, hydrologic, and geologic systems and assessing the performance of required mitigation through the collection and analysis of data for the purpose of understanding and documenting changes in natural ecosystems, functions and features including, but not limited to, gathering baseline data. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.770 Monuments, tombstones, and gravestones sales.

“Monuments, tombstones, and gravestones sales” means the retail sale of custom stonework products including only uses located in SIC Industry No. 5599, Monuments, finished to custom order, tombstones and gravestones finished. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.775 Motor vehicle, boat, and mobile home dealer.

“Motor vehicle, boat, and mobile home dealer” means an establishment engaged in the retail sale of new and/or used automobiles, motor homes, motorcycles, trailers, boats, or mobile homes, including only uses located in SIC Major Group and Industry Group Nos.:

(1) 55 – Automotive dealers and gasoline service stations, except:

(a) 553 – Auto and home supply stores;

(b) 554 – Gasoline service stations; and

(2) Aircraft dealers found in 5599:

(a) 527 – Mobile home dealers; and

(b) Yacht brokers found in 7389. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.782 Mulch.

“Mulch” means any material such as leaves, bark, straw left loose and applied to the soil surface to reduce evaporation. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.790 Native vegetation.

“Native vegetation” means vegetation comprised of plant species, other than noxious weeds, which are indigenous to the coastal region of the Pacific Northwest and that reasonably could have been expected to naturally occur on the site. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2005-193 § 2; Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.794 Naturalized species.

Repealed by Ord. O2013-350. (Ord. O2011-300 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10. Formerly 21A.15.795)

21A.15.795 Naturally occurring ponds.

Repealed by Ord. O2013-350. (Ord. O2011-300 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2005-193 § 2. Formerly 21A.15.796)

21A.15.796 Neighborhood electric vehicle.

“Neighborhood electric vehicle” means a self-propelled, electrically powered four-wheeled motor vehicle whose speed attainable in one mile is more than 20 miles per hour and not more than 25 miles per hour and conforms to federal regulations 49 CFR 571.500. (Ord. O2011-300 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.797 Net buildable area.

“Net buildable area” means the “site area” less the following areas:

(1) Areas within a project site that are required to be dedicated for public rights-of-way in excess of 60 feet in width;

(2) Sensitive areas and their buffers to the extent they are required by the City to remain undeveloped;

(3) Areas required for storm water control facilities other than facilities that are completely underground, including but not limited to retention/ detention ponds, biofiltration swales and setbacks from such ponds and swales;

(4) Areas required by the City to be dedicated or reserved as on-site recreation areas;

(5) Regional utility corridors;

(6) Other areas, excluding setbacks, required by the City to remain undeveloped. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.798 Nonelectric vehicle.

“Nonelectric vehicle” means any motor vehicle that does not meet the definition of “electric vehicle,” SMC 21A.15.384. (Ord. O2011-300 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.799 Nonconcealed WCF.

“Nonconcealed WCF” means an antenna or antenna array, antenna support structure, base station, and feed lines that are readily identifiable as such. (Ord. O2005-181 § 1)

21A.15.800 Nonconformance.

“Nonconformance” means any use, improvement or structure established in conformance with the City’s rules and regulations in effect at the time of establishment that no longer conforms to the range of uses permitted in the site’s current zone or to the current development standards of the code due to changes in the code or its application to the subject property. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.810 Non-ionizing electromagnetic radiation (NIER).

“Non-ionizing electromagnetic radiation (NIER)” means electromagnetic radiation of low photon energy unable to cause ionization. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.815 Noxious weed.

“Noxious weed” means any plant that is highly destructive, competitive, or difficult to control by cultural or chemical practices, limited to those plants on the state noxious weed list contained in Chapter 16-750 WAC. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.817 Off-street required parking lot.

“Off-street required parking lot” means parking facilities constructed to meet the off-street parking requirements of Chapter 21A.40 SMC for land uses located on a lot separate from the parking facilities. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.818 Oligotrophic.

“Oligotrophic” means a trophic status characterized by low algal productivity, algal blooms are rare, water clarity is high, all recreational uses unimpaired, summer chlorophyll a concentration average less than four micrograms/liter, a summer Secchi depth greater than five meters, and a winter total phosphorus concentration ranging from zero to 10 micrograms/liter. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.820 Open-work fence.

“Open-work fence” means a fence in which the solid portions are evenly distributed and constitute no more than 50 percent of the total surface area. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.825 Ordinary high water mark.

“Ordinary high water mark” means the mark found by examining the bed and banks of a stream, lake, or tidal water and ascertaining where the presence and action of waters are so common and long maintained in ordinary years as to mark upon the soil a vegetative character distinct from that of the abutting upland. In any area where the ordinary high water mark cannot be found, the line of mean high water shall substitute. In any area where neither can be found, the top of the channel bank shall substitute. In braided channels and alluvial fans, the ordinary high water mark or line of mean high water shall be measured so as to include the entire stream feature. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.830 Outdoor performance center.

“Outdoor performance center” means an establishment for the performing arts with open-air seating for audiences. Such establishments may include related services such as food and beverage sales and other concessions. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.832 Overspray.

“Overspray” means irrigation water applied beyond the landscape area. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.835 Park.

“Park” means a developed or undeveloped site designed or developed for recreational use by the public including, but not limited to:

(1) Indoor facilities, such as:

(a) Gymnasiums;

(b) Swimming pools; or

(c) Activity centers;

(2) Outdoor facilities, such as:

(a) Playfields;

(b) Fishing areas;

(c) Picnic and related outdoor activity areas; or

(d) Approved campgrounds;

(3) Areas and trails for:

(a) Hikers;

(b) Equestrians;

(c) Bicyclists; or

(d) Off-road recreational vehicle users;

(4) Recreation space areas required under SMC 21A.30.140;

(5) Play areas required under SMC 21A.30.160; and

(6) Facilities for on-site maintenance. (Ord. O2005-193 § 2; Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.840 Park service area.

“Park service area” means established by the department, within which the dedications of land and fees received from new residential developments for the benefit of residents within such service area. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.845 Parking lot aisle.

“Parking lot aisle” means that portion of the off-street parking area used exclusively for the maneuvering and circulation of motor vehicles and in which parking is prohibited. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.850 Parking lot unit depth.

“Parking lot unit depth” means the linear distance within which one parking aisle is flanked by accessible rows of parking stalls as measured perpendicular to the parking aisle. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.855 Parking space.

“Parking space” means an area accessible to vehicles, improved, maintained and used for the sole purpose of parking a motor vehicle. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.860 Parking space angle.

“Parking space angle” means reference line, generally the property line or center line of an aisle, at which motor vehicles are to be parked. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.862 Partially developed.

“Partially developed” means a lot or lots where a portion of the lot or lots has been improved with a single-family home and associated appurtenances consistent with the underlying zoning designation, and the remaining portion of the lot or lots is unimproved and retains additional development right(s). (Ord. O2011-297 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.865 Party of record.

“Party of record” means a person who has submitted written comments, testified, asked to be notified or is the sponsor of a petition entered as part of the official City record on a specific development proposal. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.870 Peak hour.

“Peak hour” means the hour during the morning or afternoon with the highest traffic volumes for a particular roadway or intersection. (Ord. O2018-466 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.875 Permanent school facilities.

“Permanent school facilities” means facilities of a school district with a fixed foundation that are not relocatable facilities. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.880 Personal medical supply store.

“Personal medical supply store” means an establishment engaged in the retail sale of eyeglasses, contact lenses, hearing aids, and artificial limbs, including only uses located in SIC Industry Nos.:

(1) 5995 – Optical goods stores; and

(2) 5999 – Hearing aids and orthopedic and artificial limb stores. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.885 Pet shop.

“Pet shop” means an establishment engaged in the retail sale of pets, small animals, pet supplies, or grooming of pets, including only uses located in SIC Industry No. 5999, Pet shops. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.886 Phosphorus.

“Phosphorus” means elemental phosphorus and shall be measured as total phosphorus. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.887 Phosphorus concentration.

“Phosphorus concentration” means the mass of phosphorus per liquid volume. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.888 Phosphorus loading.

“Phosphorus loading” means the total mass of phosphorus per time basis. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.890 Photographic and electronic shop.

“Photographic and electronic shop” means an establishment engaged in the retail sale of cameras and photographic supplies, and a variety of household electronic equipment, including only uses located in SIC Industry No.:

(1) 5946 – Camera and photographic supply stores;

(2) 5999 – Binoculars and telescopes;

(3) 5731 – Radio, television, and consumer electronics stores; and

(4) 5734 – Computer and computer software stores. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.895 Plant associations of infrequent occurrence.

“Plant associations of infrequent occurrence” means one or more plant species of a landform type that does not often occur in the City because of the rarity of the habitat and/or the species involved or for other botanical or environmental reasons. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.896 Plant factor.

“Plant factor” means a factor that when multiplied by reference evapotranspiration estimates the amount of water used by plants. (Ord. O2011-300 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10. Formerly 21A.15.897)

21A.15.897 Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV).

“Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV)” means an electric vehicle that (1) contains an internal combustion engine and also allows power to be delivered to drive wheels by an electric motor; (2) charges its battery by connecting to the grid or other off-board electric source; (3) may additionally be able to sustain battery charge using an on-board internal-combustion-driven generator; and (4) has the ability to travel short distances powered entirely by electricity. (Ord. O2011-300 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.898 Ponds, naturally occurring.

Repealed by Ord. O2013-350. (Ord. O2005-193 § 2)

21A.15.899 Potable water.

“Potable water” means water suitable for human consumption. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.900 Private.

“Private” means solely or primarily for the use of residents or occupants of the premises; e.g., a noncommercial garage used solely by residents or their guests is a private garage. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.905 Private storm water management facility.

“Private storm water management facility” means a surface water control structure installed by a project proponent to retain, detain or otherwise limit runoff from an individual or group of developed sites specifically served by such structure. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.910 Professional office.

“Professional office” means an office used as a place of business by licensed professionals, or persons in other generally recognized professions, which use training or knowledge of a technical, scientific, or other academic discipline as opposed to manual skills, and that does not involve outside storage or fabrication, or on-site sale or transfer of commodities, including only the following SIC Major Group and Industry Nos.:

(1) 64 – Insurance agents, brokers and service;

(2) 653 – Real estate agents and directors;

(3) 7291 – Income tax return preparation services;

(4) 81 – Legal services;

(5) 871 – Engineering, architectural and surveying services;

(6) 872 – Accounting, auditing and bookkeeping services; and

(7) 874 – Management and public relations services. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.915 Public agency.

“Public agency” means any agency, political subdivision, or unit of local government of this state including, but not limited to, municipal corporations, special purpose districts and local service districts, any agency of the state of Washington, the United States or any state thereof or any Indian tribe recognized as such by the federal government. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.920 Public agency animal control facility.

“Public agency animal control facility” means a facility for the impoundment and disposal of stray or abandoned small animals. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.925 Public agency archive.

“Public agency archive” means a facility for the enclosed storage of public agency documents or related materials, excluding storage of vehicles, equipment, or similar materials. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.930 Public agency or utility office.

“Public agency or utility office” means an office for the administration of any governmental or utility activity or program, with no outdoor storage and including, but not limited to uses located in SIC Major Group, Industry Group and Industry Nos.:

(1) 91 – Executive, legislative, and general government, except finance;

(2) 93 – Public finance, taxation, and monetary policy;

(3) 94 – Administration of human resource programs;

(4) 95 – Administration of environmental quality and housing program;

(5) 96 – Administration of economic programs;

(6) 972 – International affairs;

(7) 9222 – Legal counsel and prosecution; and

(8) 9229 – Public order and safety. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.935 Public agency or utility yard.

“Public agency or utility yard” means a facility for open or enclosed storage, repair, and maintenance of vehicles, equipment, or related materials owned by a public agency or public utility, excluding document storage. (Ord. O2005-170 § 1; Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.936 Public agency or utility yard, satellite.

“Satellite public agency or utility yard” means a small facility for open or enclosed storage and limited maintenance of vehicles or equipment used to maintain specific neighborhoods, parks, or areas of the City. (Ord. O2005-170 § 1)

21A.15.940 Public agency training facility.

“Public agency training facility” means an establishment or school for training state and local law enforcement, fire safety, National Guard or transit personnel and facilities including but not limited to:

(1) Dining and overnight accommodations;

(2) Classrooms;

(3) Shooting ranges;

(4) Auto test tracks; and

(5) Fire suppression simulations. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.942 Qualified professional.

“Qualified professional” means a person with experience and training in the applicable field or critical area. A qualified professional must have obtained a B.S. or B.A. or equivalent degree in biology, engineering, environmental studies, fisheries, geomorphology or a related field, and two years of related work experience.

(1) A qualified professional for watercourses, wetlands, and wildlife habitat conservation areas must have a degree in biology or a related field and relevant professional experience.

(2) A qualified professional for preparing geotechnical reports and geotechnical design recommendations must be a professional geotechnical engineer or geologist licensed in the state of Washington. Identification of geologic hazards may be performed by geologists or other geology professionals with experience identifying geologic hazards.

(3) A qualified professional for preparing critical aquifer recharge reports must be a professional hydrogeologist or geologist licensed in the state of Washington. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2005-193 § 2)

21A.15.945 Radio frequency.

“Radio frequency” means the number of times the current from a given source of non-ionizing electromagnetic radiation changes from a maximum positive level through a maximum negative level and back to a maximum positive level in one second; measured in cycles per second or hertz (Hz). (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.946 Radio frequency emissions.

“Radio frequency emissions” means any electromagnetic radiation or other communications signal emitted from an antenna or antenna-related equipment on the ground, antenna support structure, building, or other vertical projection. (Ord. O2005-181 § 1)

21A.15.947 Rapid charging station.

“Rapid charging station” means an industrial grade electrical outlet that allows for faster recharging of electric vehicle batteries through higher power levels and that meets or exceeds applicable state and federal standards. (Ord. O2011-300 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.948 Reasonable alternative.

In determining what is a “reasonable alternative” to a proposed development, alteration or activity, the department may consider the purpose, effectiveness, engineering feasibility, commercial availability of technology, best management practices, safety and cost of the alternative action or proposal. Reasonable alternatives are those that are capable of being carried out, taking into consideration the overall project purposes, needs and objectives. (Ord. O2005-193 § 2; Ord. O2005-172 § 2)

21A.15.950 Reasonable use.

“Reasonable use” means a legal concept articulated by federal and state courts in regulatory taking cases. (Ord. O2005-193 § 2; Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.955 Receiving site.

“Receiving site” means those lots where the procurement of development rights enables a permissible change in the allowed intensity on the property pursuant to Chapter 21A.80 SMC and all other controlling policies and law. (Ord. O2011-297 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.960 Recreational vehicle (RV).

“Recreational vehicle (RV)” means a vehicle designed primarily for recreational camping, travel, or seasonal use that has its own motive power or is mounted on or towed by another vehicle, including but not limited to:

(1) Travel trailer;

(2) Folding camping trailer;

(3) Park trailer;

(4) Truck camper;

(5) Park trailer;

(6) Motor home; and

(7) Multi-use vehicle. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.965 Recreational vehicle parks.

“Recreational vehicle parks” means the use of land upon which two or more recreational vehicle sites, including hook-up facilities, are located for occupancy by the general public of recreational vehicles as temporary living quarters for recreation or vacation purposes. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.970 Recyclable material.

“Recyclable material” means a nontoxic, recoverable substance that can be reprocessed for the manufacture of new products. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.972 Reference evapotranspiration (Eto).

“Reference evapotranspiration (Eto)” means a standard measurement of environmental parameters that affect the water use of plants. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.975 Regional storm water management facility.

“Regional storm water management facility” means a surface water control structure installed in or adjacent to a stream or wetland of a basin or sub-basin by the surface water management (SWM) division or a project proponent. Such facilities protect downstream areas identified by SWM as having previously existing or predicted significant regional basin flooding or erosion problems. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.980 Regional utility corridor.

“Regional utility corridor” means a right-of-way tract or easement other than a street right-of-way that contains transmission lines or pipelines for utility companies. Right-of-way tracts or easements containing lines serving individual lots or developments are not regional utility corridors. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.982 Religious organization.

“Religious organization” means the federally protected practice of a recognized religious assembly, school, or institution that owns or controls real property. (Ord. O2014-372 § 2)

21A.15.985 Relocatable facilities cost per student.

“Relocatable facilities cost per student” means the estimated cost of purchasing and siting a relocatable facility in a school district for the grade span of school to be provided, as a function of the district’s facilities standard per grade span and taking into account the requirements of students with special needs. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.990 Relocatable facility.

“Relocatable facility” means any factory-built structure, transportable in one or more sections that is designed to be used as an education space and is needed to prevent the overbuilding of school facilities, to meet the needs of service areas within a district or to cover the gap between the time that families move into new residential developments and the date that construction is completed on permanent school facilities. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1000 Restoration.

“Restoration” means returning a stream, wetland, other sensitive area or any associated buffer to a state in which its stability and functions approach its unaltered state as closely as possible. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1005 Retail, comparison.

“Retail, comparison” provides for the sale of comparison goods and services and is centrally located in the community. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1010 Retail, convenience.

“Retail, convenience” provides for daily living goods, is easy to access and use and is close to residential neighborhoods. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1011 Retaining wall.

“Retaining wall” means any wall used to resist the lateral displacement of any material. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1011.1 Riparian.

“Riparian” means the area adjacent to flowing or standing freshwater aquatic systems. Riparian habitat encompasses the area beginning at the ordinary high water mark and extends to that portion of the terrestrial landscape that is influenced by, or that directly influences, the aquatic ecosystem. In riparian systems, the vegetation, water tables, soils, microclimate, and wildlife inhabitants of terrestrial ecosystems are often influenced by perennial or intermittent water. Simultaneously, adjacent vegetation, nutrient and sediment loading, terrestrial wildlife, as well as organic and inorganic debris, influence the biological and physical properties of the aquatic ecosystem. Riparian habitat includes the entire extent of the floodplain and riparian areas of wetlands that are directly connected to stream courses or other freshwater. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.1012 Runoff.

“Runoff” means water not absorbed by the soil in the landscape area to which it is applied. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1015 Salmonid.

“Salmonid” means a member of the fish family Salmonidae, including:

(1) Chinook, coho, chum, sockeye and pink salmon;

(2) Rainbow, steelhead and cutthroat salmon;

(3) Brown trout;

(4) Brook and Dolly Varden char;

(5) Kokanee; and

(6) Whitefish. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1020 School bus base.

“School bus base” means an establishment for the storage, dispatch, repair, and maintenance of coaches and other vehicles of a school transit system. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1025 School district.

“School district” means any school district whose boundaries include the City of Sammamish. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1030 School district support facility.

“School district support facility” means uses (excluding schools and bus bases) that are required for the operation of a school district. This term includes school district administrative offices, centralized kitchens, and maintenance or storage facilities. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1035 Schools, elementary, and middle/junior high.

“Schools, elementary, and middle/junior high” means institutions of learning offering instruction in the several branches of learning and study required by the Education Code of the State of Washington in grades kindergarten through nine, including associated meeting rooms, auditoriums and athletic facilities. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1040 Schools, secondary or high school.

“Schools, secondary or high school” means institutions of learning offering instruction in the several branches of learning and study required by the Education Code of the State of Washington in grades nine through 12, including associated meeting rooms, auditoriums and athletic facilities. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1045 Seismic hazard areas.

“Seismic hazard areas” means those areas mapped as moderate to high and high liquefaction susceptibility and peat deposits on the Liquefaction Susceptibility Map of King County, Washington, Washington Division of Geology and Earth Sciences, OFR 2004-20, Palmer et al., September, 2004, as revised. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1050 Self-service storage facility.

“Self-service storage facility” means an establishment containing separate storage spaces that are leased or rented as individual units. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1055 Sending site.

“Sending site” means designated lot or lots with development rights which landowners may sell in exchange for placing a conservation easement on the property or a portion of the property. (Ord. O2011-297 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.1060 Senior citizen.

“Senior citizen” means a person aged 62 or older. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1062 Senior citizen assisted housing.

“Senior citizen assisted housing” means housing in a building consisting of two or more dwelling units or sleeping units restricted to occupancy by at least one senior citizen per unit, and may include the following support services, as deemed necessary:

(1) Food preparation and dining areas;

(2) Group activity areas;

(3) Medical supervision; and

(4) Similar activities. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1065 Sensitive areas.

Repealed by Ord. O2005-193. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1070 Setback.

“Setback” means the minimum required distance between a structure or a building and a specified line such as a property line, lot line, access easement line, or buffer line that is required to remain free of structures or buildings. (Ord. O2019-482 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1071 Setback, structure.

“Setback, structure” means the minimum required distance between a structure and a specified line such as a property line, lot line, access easement line, or buffer line that is required to remain free of structures or buildings. (Ord. O2019-482 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.1072 Setback, single detached dwelling unit.

“Setback, single detached dwelling unit” means the minimum required distance between a single detached dwelling unit and a specified line such as a property line, lot line, access easement line, or buffer line that is required to remain free of structures. (Ord. O2019-482 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.1073 Setback, detached accessory dwelling unit.

“Setback, detached accessory dwelling unit” means the minimum required distance between a detached accessory dwelling unit and a specified line such as a property line, lot line, access easement line, or buffer line that is required to remain free of structures. (Ord. O2019-482 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.1075 Shelters for temporary placement.

“Shelters for temporary placement” means housing units within the City that provide housing to persons on a temporary basis for a duration not to exceed four weeks. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1085 Sign.

“Sign” means any device, structure, fixture, or placard that is visible from a public right-of-way or surrounding properties and uses graphics, symbols, or written copy for the purpose of advertising or identifying any establishment, product, goods, or service. (Ord. O2018-462 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2017-436 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1086 Sign, A-frame.

“Sign, A-frame” means a freestanding, two-panel, foldable, portable temporary sign made of rigid material. (Ord. O2018-462 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2017-436 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.1090 Sign, awning.

“Sign, awning” means a sign painted on or attached directly to and supported by an awning. An awning may be constructed of rigid or nonrigid materials and may be retractable or nonretractable. (Ord. O2018-462 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2017-436 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1095 Sign, changing message center.

Repealed by Ord. O2018-462. (Ord. O2017-436 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1096 Sign, community banner.

“Sign, community banner” means a temporary sign, located on City banner poles, which advertises an event that would provide civic, cultural, educational, philanthropic, or service opportunities hosted or promoted by the City or a community group that is not-for-profit or nonprofit and nonpolitical with an IRS designation of Section 501(c) or (d). (Ord. O2005-180 § 1)

21A.15.1097 Sign, commercial.

“Sign, commercial” means a sign erected for a business transaction or advertising the exchange of goods and services. (Ord. O2018-462 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2017-436 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.1100 Sign, community bulletin board.

Repealed by Ord. O2017-436. (Ord. O2004-153 § 1; Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1101 Sign, community event.

Repealed by Ord. O2017-436. (Ord. O2005-180 § 1)

21A.15.1105 Sign, directional.

“Sign, directional” means a sign that is primarily designed to guide or direct pedestrian or vehicular traffic to an area, business, place, or convenience, and may include incidental graphics such as trade names and trademarks. (Ord. O2018-462 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2017-436 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1110 Sign, freestanding.

“Sign, freestanding” means a permanent sign fixed directly to the ground, or having one or more supports fixed directly to the ground, and being detached from any building or fence. (Ord. O2018-462 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2017-436 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1115 Sign, fuel price.

“Sign, fuel price” means a manually or electronically controlled sign utilized to advertise the price of gasoline and/or diesel fuel. (Ord. O2018-462 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2017-436 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1117 Sign, fundraising.

Repealed by Ord. O2017-436. (Ord. O2011-305 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.1120 Sign, incidental.

“Sign, incidental” means a sign, emblem or decal designed to inform the public of goods, facilities, or services available on the premises, and may include but not be limited to signs designating:

(1) Restrooms;

(2) Hours of operation;

(3) Acceptable credit cards;

(4) Property ownership or management;

(5) Phone booths; and

(6) Recycling containers. (Ord. O2018-462 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2017-436 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1125 Sign, indirectly illuminated.

“Sign, indirectly illuminated” means a sign that is illuminated entirely from an external artificial source. (Ord. O2018-462 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2017-436 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1130 Sign, monument.

“Sign, monument” means a freestanding sign that is above ground level and is anchored to the ground by a solid base, with no open space between the sign and the ground. (Ord. O2018-462 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2017-436 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1131 Sign, noncommercial.

“Sign, noncommercial” means any sign that is not a commercial sign. This definition also includes signs regarding fund raising or membership drive activities for noncommercial or nonprofit entities or groups. (Ord. O2018-462 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2017-436 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.1135 Sign, off-premises directional.

“Sign, off-premises directional” means a sign that contains no advertising of a commercial nature that is used to direct pedestrian or vehicular traffic circulation to a facility, service, or business located on other premises within 660 feet of the sign. (Ord. O2018-462 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2017-436 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1140 Sign, on-premises.

“Sign, on-premises” means a sign that displays a message that is incidental to and directly associated with the use of the property on which it is located. (Ord. O2018-462 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2017-436 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1144 Sign, permanent.

“Sign, permanent” means any sign which is intended to be lasting and is constructed from an enduring material such as masonry and metal which remains unchanged in position, character, and condition (beyond normal wear), and is permanently affixed to the ground, wall or building, provided the sign is listed as a permanent sign in the ordinance. (Ord. O2018-462 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2017-436 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.1145 Sign, permanent residential development identification.

“Sign, permanent residential development identification” means a permanent sign identifying the residential development upon which the sign is located. (Ord. O2018-462 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2017-436 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1146 Sign, pole.

“Sign, pole” means a freestanding sign having one or more supports standing directly upon the ground, and being detached from any building or fence. (Ord. O2018-462 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2017-436 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.1148 Sign, political.

Repealed by Ord. O2017-436. (Ord. O2005-180 § 1)

21A.15.1150 Sign, portable.

“Sign, portable” means a sign that is capable of being moved and is not permanently affixed to the ground, a structure, or building. (Ord. O2018-462 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2017-436 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1155 Sign, projecting.

“Sign, projecting” means any sign that is attached to and supported by the exterior wall of a building with the exposed face of the sign on a plane perpendicular to the wall of the building, projecting more than one foot from the wall of a building and vertical to the ground. (Ord. O2018-462 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2017-436 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1159 Sign, temporary.

“Sign, temporary” means any sign, banner, pennant, or valance not permanently attached to the ground, wall or building, intended to be displayed for a limited period of time only. (Ord. O2018-462 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2017-436 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.1160 Sign, time and temperature.

Repealed by Ord. O2018-462. (Ord. O2017-436 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1165 Sign, wall.

“Sign, wall” means any sign painted on, or attached directly to and supported by, the wall of a building or structure. All wall signs are building-mounted signs. (Ord. O2018-462 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2017-436 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1166 Sign, window.

“Sign, window” means any sign applied to or mounted on a window. (Ord. O2018-462 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2017-436 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.1170 Site.

“Site” means a single lot, or two or more contiguous lots that are under common ownership or documented legal control, used as a single parcel for a development proposal in order to calculate compliance with the standards and regulations of this title. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1172 Site area.

“Site area” means the total horizontal area of a project site, less the following:

(1) Areas below the ordinary high water mark;

(2) Areas that are required to be dedicated on the perimeter of a project site for public rights-of-way. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1175 Site cost per student.

“Site cost per student” means the estimated cost of a site in the district for the grade span of school to be provided, as a function of the district’s facilities standard per grade span and taking into account the requirements of students with special needs. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1177 SITUS file.

“SITUS file” means information on an individual parcel of land, including its size, known extent of existing development, known environmental constraints, approval conditions and other site-specific information; a SITUS file is a King County file. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1190 Source-separated organic material.

“Source-separated organic material” means vegetative material, scrap lumber or wood, or other materials that provide a source for recycled or composted products. This does not include chemically treated wood products and/or toxic organic substances. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1195 Special use permit.

“Special use permit” means a permit granted by the City to locate a regional land use at a particular location, subject to conditions placed on the proposed use to ensure compatibility with adjacent land uses. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1200 Specialized instruction school.

“Specialized instruction school” means establishments engaged in providing specialized instruction in a designated field of study, rather than a full range of courses in unrelated areas; including, but not limited to:

(1) Art;

(2) Dance;

(3) Music;

(4) Cooking;

(5) Driving; and

(6) Pet obedience training. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1205 Specified sexual activities.

“Specified sexual activities” means human genitalia in a state of sexual stimulation or arousal; acts of human masturbation, sexual intercourse or sodomy; or erotic fondling, touching or display of human genitalia, pubic region, buttock, or female breast. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1207 Sponsor.

“Sponsor” means an entity that is hosting a homeless encampment on property it owns or controls and that serves as a liaison with the surrounding community. (Ord. O2014-372 § 2)

21A.15.1210 Sporting goods store.

“Sporting goods store” means an establishment engaged in the retail sale of sporting goods and equipment, including only uses located in SIC Industry Nos.:

(1) 5941 – Sporting goods stores and bicycle shops; and

(2) 5999 – Tent shops and trophy shops. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1215 Sports club.

“Sports club” means an establishment engaged in operating physical fitness facilities and sports and recreation clubs, including only uses located in SIC Industry Nos.:

(1) 7991 – Physical fitness facilities; and

(2) 7997 – Membership sports and recreation clubs. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1220 Stable.

“Stable” means a structure or facility in which horses or other livestock are kept for:

(1) Boarding;

(2) Training;

(3) Riding lessons;

(4) Breeding;

(5) Rental; or

(6) Personal use. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1225 Standard of service, school districts.

“Standard of service, school districts” means the standard adopted by each school district that identifies the program year, the class size by grade span and taking into account the requirements of students with special needs, the number of classrooms, the types of facilities the district believes will best serve its student population, and other factors as identified by the school district. The district’s standard of service shall not be adjusted for any portion of the classrooms housed in relocatable facilities that are used as transitional facilities or for any specialized facilities housed in relocatable facilities. Except as otherwise defined by the school board pursuant to a board resolution, “transitional facilities” shall mean those facilities that are used to cover the time required for the construction of permanent facilities; provided, that the “necessary financial commitments” as defined in Chapter 21A.60 SMC are in place to complete the permanent facilities called for in the capital plan. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1230 Steep slope hazard areas.

“Steep slope hazard areas” means those landslide hazard areas in the City on slopes 40 percent or steeper within a vertical elevation change of at least 10 feet. A slope is delineated by establishing its toe and top and is measured by averaging the inclination over at least 10 feet of vertical relief. For the purpose of this definition:

(1) The toe of a slope is a distinct topographic break in slope that separates slopes inclined at less than 40 percent from slopes 40 percent or steeper. Where no distinct break exists, the toe of a steep slope is the lowermost limit of the area where the ground surface drops 10 feet or more vertically within a horizontal distance of 25 feet; and

(2) The top of a slope is a distinct, topographic break in slope that separates slopes inclined at less than 40 percent from slopes 40 percent or steeper. Where no distinct break exists, the top of a steep slope is the uppermost limit of the area where the ground surface drops 10 feet or more vertically within a horizontal distance of 25 feet.

(3) A distinct topographic break occurs when the change in gradient is less than five feet vertically within a horizontal distance of 25 feet. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2005-193 § 2; Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1235 Stream functions.

“Stream functions” means natural processes performed by streams including functions that are important in facilitating food chain production, providing habitat for nesting, rearing, and resting sites for aquatic, terrestrial, and avian species, maintaining the availability and quality of water, such as purifying water, acting as recharge and discharge areas for groundwater aquifers, moderating surface and storm water flows and maintaining the free flowing conveyance of water, sediments, and other organic matter. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1240 Streams.

“Streams” means those areas in the City where surface waters produce a defined channel or bed, not including irrigation ditches, canals, storm or storm water runoff conveyance devices or other entirely artificial watercourses, unless they are used by salmonids or are used to convey streams naturally occurring prior to construction of such watercourses. For the purpose of this definition, a defined channel or bed is an area that demonstrates clear evidence of the passage of water and includes, but is not limited to, bedrock channels, gravel beds, sand and silt beds, and defined-channel swales. The channel or bed need not contain water year-round. For the purpose of defining the following categories of streams, normal rainfall is rainfall that is at or near the mean of the accumulated annual rainfall record, based upon the water year for King County as recorded at the Seattle-Tacoma International Airport.

(1) Streams shall be classified according to the following criteria:

(a) Type S streams are all streams inventoried as “shorelines of the state” under the City’s shoreline master program. No Type S streams have been identified in the City as of September 1, 2005.

(b) Type F streams are those streams that are used by salmonids, have the potential to support salmonid uses, or that have been identified as being of special significance. Streams of special significance are those perennial reaches designated by the City based on historic fish presence and/or the probability of restoration of the following:

(i) George Davis Creek;

(ii) Ebright Creek;

(iii) Pine Lake Creek; and

(iv) Laughing Jacobs Creek, below Laughing Jacobs Lake.

(c) Type Np streams which are perennial during a year of normal rainfall and do not have the potential to be used by salmonids. Type Np streams include the intermittent dry portions of the perennial channel below the uppermost point of perennial flow. If the uppermost point of perennial flow cannot be identified with simple, nontechnical observations, then the point of perennial flow should be determined using the best professional judgment of a qualified professional.

(d) Type Ns streams which are seasonal or ephemeral during a year of normal rainfall and do not have the potential to be used by salmonids.

(2) For the purposes of this definition, “used by salmonids” and “potential to support salmonid uses” is presumed for:

(a) Streams where naturally reoccurring use by salmonid populations has been documented by a government agency;

(b) Streams that are fish passable by salmonid populations from Lake Sammamish, as determined by a qualified professional based on review of stream flow, gradient and barriers and criteria for fish passability established by the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife; and

(c) Streams that are planned for restoration in a six-year capital improvement plan adopted by a government agency that will result in a fish passable connection to Lake Sammamish. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2005-193 § 2; Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1245 Street.

“Street” means a public or recorded private thoroughfare providing pedestrian and vehicular access through neighborhoods and communities and to abutting property. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1250 Street frontage.

“Street frontage” means any portion of a lot or combination of lots that directly abuts a public right-of-way. (Ord. O2017-436 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1255 Structure.

“Structure” means anything permanently constructed in or on the ground, or over the water, excluding fences six feet or less in height, uncovered decks less than 18 inches above grade, uncovered paved areas, and structural or nonstructural fill. (Ord. O2005-171 § 1; Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1260 Student factor.

“Student factor” means the number derived by a school district to describe how many students of each grade span are expected to be generated by a dwelling unit. Student factors shall be based on district records of average actual student generated rates for new developments constructed over a period of not more than five years prior to the date of the fee calculation; if such information is not available in the district, data from adjacent districts, districts with similar demographics, or countywide averages must be used. Student factors must be separately determined for single-family and multifamily dwelling units, and for grade spans. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1265 Submerged land.

“Submerged land” means any land at or below the ordinary high water mark. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1270 Substantial improvement.

“Substantial improvement” means any maintenance, repair, structural modification, addition, or other improvement of a structure, the cost of which equals or exceeds 50 percent of the market value of the structure either before the maintenance, repair, modification or addition is started or before the damage occurred, if the structure has been damaged and is being restored. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1271 TDR certificate.

“TDR certificate” is a form of currency that represents development rights available for sale and use. (Ord. O2011-297 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.1272 TDR certificate of intent.

“TDR certificate of intent” is a document issued to a landowner upon approval of a TDR sending site application. The letter contains a determination of the number of development rights calculated for the sending site and an agreement by the City to issue a corresponding number of TDR certificates in exchange for a conservation easement. The sending site owner may use the TDR certificate letter of intent to market development rights to potential purchasers, but the letter of intent document has no value itself and cannot be transferred or used to obtain increased development rights within receiving areas. (Ord. O2011-297 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.1273 TDR program.

“TDR program” is a market-based program that permanently conserves lands with important public benefits by establishing a means to transfer development rights from eligible sending sites to eligible receiving sites through a voluntary process that fairly compensates landowners while providing a public benefit for communities. (Ord. O2011-297 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.1274 TDR sending site application.

“TDR sending site application” is an application that a sending site landowner must file in order to be eligible for consideration for designation as a TDR sending site. (Ord. O2011-297 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.1275 Temporary use permit.

“Temporary use permit” means a permit to allow a use of limited duration and/or frequency, or to allow multiple related events over a specified period. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1276 Temporary WCF.

“Temporary WCF” shall mean a WCF that is designed for temporary use and is installed or erected: (1) in the event of a public emergency to provide emergency communications by public officials, or (2) at the site of an existing permanent WCF for only so long as is necessary, but in no event longer than 90 days, to provide signal coverage during repair, maintenance, or reconstruction of such permanent WCF, or during a power outage. (Ord. O2010-281 § 3)

21A.15.1277 Theater.

“Theater” means an establishment primarily engaged in the indoor exhibition of motion pictures or of live theatrical presentations. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1278 Theatrical production services.

“Theatrical production services” means an establishment engaged in uses located in SIC Industry No. 792, Theatrical producers (except motion picture), bands, orchestras, and entertainers, except establishments primarily engaged in providing live theatrical presentations, such as road companies and summer theaters. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1280 Tightline sewer.

“Tightline sewer” means a sewer trunk line designed and intended specifically to serve only a particular facility or place, and whose pipe diameter should be sized appropriately to ensure service only to that facility or place. It may occur outside the local service area for sewers, but does not amend the local service area. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1282 Total phosphorus.*

“Total phosphorus” means the phosphorus concentration as determined by a state-certified analytical laboratory using EPA 365.3 or SM 4500-P-B, E or an equivalent method. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A))

*Code reviser’s note: Ord. O2013-350 adds this section as SMC 21A.15.1275; it has been renumbered to prevent duplication and preserve alphabetization.

21A.15.1285 Trails.

“Trails” means manmade pathways designed and intended for use by pedestrians, bicyclists, equestrians, and/or recreational users. Trails may be paved or unpaved, and may be intended and constructed for transportation, recreation, and nature contact and enjoyment. Types of trails are described and defined in the park and recreation plan, trails, bikeways and paths plan, or elsewhere in the city Comprehensive Plan. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2005-172 § 2; Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1288 Transfer of development rights (TDR).

“Transfer of development rights (TDR)” means the transfer of the right to develop or build from sending sites to receiving sites. (Ord. O2011-297 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.1290 Transfer station.

“Transfer station” means a staffed collection and transportation facility used by private individuals and route collection vehicles to deposit solid waste collected off-site into larger transfer vehicles for transport to permanent disposal sites, and may also include recycling facilities involving collection or processing for shipment. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1295 Transit bus base.

“Transit bus base” means an establishment for the storage, dispatch, repair and maintenance of coaches, light rail trains, and other vehicles of a public transit system. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1305 Transitional housing facilities.

“Transitional housing facilities” means housing units within the City owned by public housing authorities, nonprofit organizations or other public interest groups that provide housing to persons on a temporary basis for a duration not to exceed 24 months in conjunction with job training, self sufficiency training, and human services counseling, the purpose of which is to help persons make the transition from homelessness to placement in permanent housing. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1310 Transmission equipment.

“Transmission equipment” means equipment, such as antennas and satellite, or point-to-point microwave dishes, that transmit or receive radio signals. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1315 Transmission line booster station.

“Transmission line booster station” means an establishment containing equipment designed to increase voltage of electrical power transported through transmission and/or distribution lines to compensate for power loss due to resistance. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1320 Transmission support structure.

“Transmission support structure” means a pole or lattice-work structure specifically designed and intended to support antenna and related communication equipment. The term does not include poles or lattice-work towers supporting above-ground distribution or transmission lines for utility services such as electric, telephone, cable, etc. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1325 Transmitter building.

“Transmitter building” means building used to contain communication transmission equipment. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1330 Transportation system management (TSM).

“Transportation system management (TSM)” means low-cost projects that can be implemented in a short time frame designed to increase the efficiency of existing transportation facilities. This also includes transit and/or ride sharing measures to decrease single occupancy vehicle trips. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1332 Tree, heritage.

“Tree, heritage” means a tree that is equal to or greater than twenty-two (22) inches DBH. (Ord. O2005-175 § 1)

21A.15.1332.1 Tree, landmark.*

“Tree, landmark” means a tree that is equal to or greater than thirty-two (32) inches DBH. (Ord. O2015-395 § 1)

*Code reviser’s note: Ord. 2015-395 adds this section as SMC 21A.15.1332; it has been renumbered to prevent duplication of numbering.

21A.15.1333 Tree, significant.

“Tree, significant” means a tree that is in a healthy condition and is a noninvasive species, including those trees defined as a heritage tree and landmark tree, that is:

(1) A coniferous tree with a diameter of eight (8) inches or more DBH; or

(2) A deciduous tree with a diameter of twelve (12) inches or more DBH. (Ord. O2015-395 § 1; Ord. O2005-175 § 1)

21A.15.1334 Trophic state index.

“Trophic state index” means a classification system which uses algal biomass as the basis for classification which can be independently measured by chlorophyll a, Secchi depth, and total phosphorus concentration. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.1334.1 Trophic status.

“Trophic status” means a classification which defines lake quality by the degree of biological productivity. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.1335 Ultimate roadway section.

“Ultimate roadway section” means a designation by the City that the maximum roadway or intersection capacity has been reached and further right-of-way acquisition and/or improvements are not feasible to increase peak hour vehicle capacity. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1337 Underground storage tanks.

“Underground storage tank (UST)” means a tank and any underground piping connected to the tank that has at least 10 percent of its combined volume underground and is used for the storage of hazardous substances. USTs are generally associated with industrial/commercial land uses and can be found at filling stations, airports, hospitals, automotive repair shops, industrial plants, residential areas and other facilities. The definition of UST does not include underground facilities for the storage or treatment of storm water or for the storage of nonhazardous substances, such as drinking water. (Ord. O2005-193 § 2)

21A.15.1345 Use.

“Use” means activity or function carried out on an area of land, or in a building or structure located thereon. Any use subordinate or incidental to the primary use on a site is considered an accessory use. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1350 Utility facility.

“Utility facility” means a facility for the distribution or transmission of services to an area, including, but not limited to:

(1) Telephone exchanges;

(2) Water pumping or treatment stations;

(3) Electrical substations;

(4) Water storage reservoirs or tanks;

(5) Municipal groundwater well-fields;

(6) Regional storm water management facilities;

(7) Natural gas gate stations and limiting stations;

(8) Propane, compressed natural gas and liquefied natural gas storage tanks serving multiple lots or uses from which fuel is distributed directly to individual users;

(9) Sewer lift stations; and

(10) Pipes, electrical wires and associated structural supports. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1352 Vactor waste.

“Vactor waste” means liquid or solid waste material collected from catch basins, retention/detention facilities or drainage pipes. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1353 Vactor waste receiving facility.

“Vactor waste receiving facility” means a facility where vactor waste is brought for treatment and storage prior to final disposal. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1355 Variance.

“Variance” means an adjustment in the application of standards of a zoning code to a particular property. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1360 Vegetation.

“Vegetation” means any and all plant life growing at, below or above the soil surface. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1365 Vocational school.

“Vocational school” means establishments offering training in a skill or trade to be pursued as a career, including only uses located in SIC Industry Group Nos.:

(1) 824 – Vocational schools; and

(2) 8222 – Technical institutes. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1375 Warehousing and wholesale trade.

“Warehousing and wholesale trade” means establishments involved in the storage and/or sale of bulk goods for resale or assembly, excluding establishments offering the sale of bulk goods to the general public that is classified as a retail use in SMC 21A.20.070. These establishments shall include only SIC Major Group Nos. 50 and 51 and SIC Industry Group Nos. 422 and 423. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1380 Wastewater treatment facility.

“Wastewater treatment facility” means a plant for collection, decontamination, and disposal of sewage, including residential, industrial, and agricultural liquid wastes, and including any physical improvement within the scope of the definition of “water pollution control facility” set forth in WAC 173-90-015(4) as amended. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1382 Water budget.

“Water budget” means the upper limit of irrigation water applied to the established landscape area. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1385 Water-dependent use.

“Water-dependent use” means a use or portion of a use which cannot exist in a location that is not adjacent to the water and which is dependent on the water by reason of the intrinsic nature of its operations. (Ord. O2005-193 § 2; Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1386 Water-enjoyment use.

“Water-enjoyment use” means a recreational use or other use that facilitates public access to the shoreline as a primary characteristic of the use; or a use that provides for recreational use or aesthetic enjoyment of the shoreline for a substantial number of people as a general characteristic of the use and which, through location, design, and operation, ensures the public’s ability to enjoy the physical and aesthetic qualities of the shoreline. In order to qualify as a water-enjoyment use, the use must be open to the general public and the shoreline-oriented space within the project must be devoted to the specific aspects of the use that fosters shoreline enjoyment. (Ord. O2005-193 § 2)

21A.15.1387 Water-oriented use.

“Water-oriented use” means a use that is water-dependent, water-related, or water-enjoyment, or a combination of such uses. (Ord. O2005-193 § 2)

21A.15.1388 Water-related use.

“Water-related use” means a use or portion of a use which is not intrinsically dependent on a waterfront location but whose economic viability is dependent upon a waterfront location because:

(1) The use has a functional requirement for a waterfront location such as the arrival or shipment of materials by water or the need for large quantities of water; or

(2) The use provides a necessary service supportive of the water-dependent uses and the proximity of the use to its customers makes its services less expensive and/or more convenient. (Ord. O2005-193 § 2)

21A.15.1390 Wet meadows, grazed.

Repealed by O2013-350. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1395 Wetland edge.

“Wetland edge” means the line delineating the outer edge of a wetland, as determined by application of the federal 1987 Wetland Delineation Manual (Environmental Laboratory, 1987) and the United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) Interim Regional Supplement for Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast Region (USACE, 2010), or such other manual(s) adopted by the Department consistent with RCW 90.58.380 and WAC 173-22-035, as amended. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2005-193 § 2; Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1400 Wetland, forested.

Repealed by O2013-350. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1405 Wetland functions.

“Wetland functions” means natural processes performed by wetlands including functions that are important in facilitating food chain production, providing habitat for nesting, rearing, and resting sites for aquatic, terrestrial, and avian species, maintaining the availability and quality of water, acting as recharge and discharge areas for groundwater aquifers and moderating surface and storm water flows, as well as performing other functions including, but not limited to, those set forth in 33 CFR 320.4(b)(2), 1988. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1410 Wetland, isolated.

“Wetland, isolated” means a wetland that is hydrologically isolated from other aquatic resources. Isolated wetlands may perform important functions and are protected by state law (Chapter 90.48 RCW), whether or not they are protected by federal law. The term “isolated wetland” shall not apply within the City’s shoreline jurisdiction as set forth in Chapter 25.05 SMC. (Ord. O2017-431 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2005-193 § 2; Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1415 Wetlands.

“Wetlands” are those areas in the City of Sammamish designated in accordance with the federal 1987 Wetland Delineation Manual (Environmental Laboratory, 1987) and the United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) Interim Regional Supplement for Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast Region (USACE, 2010), or such other manuals adopted by the Department of Ecology pursuant to RCW 90.58.380 and WAC 173-22-035, as amended. Wetlands are areas that are inundated or saturated by surface or groundwater at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions. Wetlands generally include swamps, marshes, bogs and similar areas. Wetlands do not include those artificial wetlands intentionally created from nonwetland sites, including, but not limited to, irrigation and drainage ditches, grass-lined swales, canals, detention facilities, wastewater treatment facilities, farm ponds, and landscape amenities, or those wetlands created after July 1, 1990, that were unintentionally created as a result of the construction of a road, street, or highway. Wetlands may include those artificial wetlands intentionally created from nonwetland areas to mitigate the conversion of wetlands. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. O2005-193 § 2; Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1416 Wetlands of local significance.

“Wetlands of local significance” include the wetland identified in the King County Council Wetlands Inventory (1990) as the East Lake Sammamish No. 21 wetland (North Beaver Lake Bog), and others as designated by the City council. Wetlands of local significance shall be subject to greater protection and environmental education efforts where possible. (Ord. O2013-350 § 1 (Att. A))

21A.15.1420 Wetpond.

“Wetpond” means an artificial water body constructed as a part of a surface water management system. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1425 Wildlife shelter.

“Wildlife shelter” means a facility for the temporary housing of sick, wounded, or displaced wildlife. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1426 Wireless communication facility.

“Wireless communication facility (WCF)” means any manned or unmanned location for the transmission and/or reception of radio frequency signals, or other wireless communications, and usually consisting of an antenna or group of antennas, feed lines, and base station, and may include an antenna support structure. The following developments shall be deemed included in the general definition of a WCF: developments containing new, consolidated, or existing antenna support structures, public antenna support structures, and collocation on existing antenna support structures, collocation onto existing utility pole or cross-country electrical distribution tower, attached antennas or antenna arrays, base stations and feed lines, whether concealed or nonconcealed. Included in this definition are: noncommercial amateur radio, amateur ham radio and citizen band antennas, satellite earth stations and antenna support structures, and antennas and/or antenna arrays for AM/FM/TV/HDTV broadcasting WCFs. (Ord. O2005-181 § 1)

21A.15.1427 Wireless communications.

“Wireless communications” means any personal wireless service, which includes, but is not limited to, cellular, personal communication services (PCS), specialized mobile radio (SMR), enhanced specialized mobile radio (ESMR), unlicensed spectrum services utilizing devices described in Part 15 of the FCC rules and regulations (e.g., wireless Internet services and paging). (Ord. O2005-181 § 1)

21A.15.1428 Wireless right-of-way use agreement.

“Wireless right-of-way use agreement” or “WROWA” means the initial authorization, or renewal of an agreement, to construct in, under, over (if permitted by City regulations), or across public ways of the City and to also provide wireless telecommunications service to persons or areas in the City. (Ord. O2005-181 § 1)

21A.15.1430 Work release facility.

“Work release facility” means a facility that allows the opportunity for convicted persons to be employed outside of the facility, but requires confinement within the facility when not in the place of employment. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1432 Wrecked, dismantled, or inoperative vehicle.

“Wrecked, dismantled, or inoperative vehicle” means a motor vehicle or the remains or remnant parts of a motor vehicle that is mechanically inoperative and cannot be made operative without the addition of vital parts or mechanisms or the application of a substantial amount of labor, and meets at least three of the following requirements:

(1) Is three years old or older;

(2) Is extensively damaged, such damage including but not limited to any of the following: missing wheels, tires, motor, or transmission;

(3) Is apparently inoperable;

(4) Has an approximate fair market value equal only to the approximate value of the scrap in it. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)

21A.15.1435 Yard or organic waste processing facility.

“Yard or organic waste processing facility” means a site where yard and garden wastes, including wood and land clearing debris, are processed into new products such as soil amendments and wood chips. (Ord. O2003-132 § 10)