Chapter 20.04


20.04.010    Generally.

20.04.015    Abuts, abutting.

20.04.020    Accessory buildings.

20.04.030    Accessory use or structure.

20.04.035    Adjacent, adjoining, adjoins.

20.04.040    Agriculture.

20.04.050    Alley.

20.04.060    Amendment.

20.04.070    Apartment building.

20.04.075    Assisted living facility.

20.04.080    Automobile repair.

20.04.090    Basement.

20.04.100    Bed and breakfast inns.

20.04.120    Building.

20.04.130    Building line.

20.04.140    Business and professional offices.

20.04.150    Medical and dental offices.

20.04.160    Indoor entertainment and recreation.

20.04.170    Capital facilities.

20.04.175    Church-supported and managed housing.

20.04.180    Commercial coach.

20.04.190    Common open space.

20.04.200    Comprehensive plan.

20.04.210    Convalescent home.

20.04.220    Court.

20.04.223    Coverage, building.

20.04.225    Coverage, development.

20.04.230    Critical areas.

20.04.240    Density provisions.

20.04.243    Density, gross.

20.04.245    Density, net.

20.04.250    Design standards.

20.04.260    District or zone.

20.04.265    Duplex.

20.04.270    Dwelling group.

20.04.280    Dwelling unit.

20.04.290    Dwelling unit, single-family.

20.04.300    Essential public facility.

20.04.310    Extremely hazardous waste.

20.04.320    Family.

20.04.330    Floor area ratio.

20.04.340    Garage, private.

20.04.350    Garage, public.

20.04.360    Gas or fuel station.

20.04.370    Grid street pattern.

20.04.380    Gross area.

20.04.390    Gross floor area.

20.04.400    Group home.

20.04.410    Guest cottage.

20.04.420    Hazardous substance.

20.04.430    Hazardous waste.

20.04.440    Height of building.

20.04.450    Home occupation.

20.04.460    Hotel/motel.

20.04.470    Infill.

20.04.480    Junkyard.

20.04.490    Kennel.

20.04.500    Level of service (LOS).

20.04.510    Lot.

20.04.520    Lot coverage.

20.04.523    Lot line, front.

20.04.525    Lot line, rear.

20.04.527    Lot line, side.

20.04.530    Lot width.

20.04.540    Lot depth.

20.04.550    Manufacture.

20.04.560    May.

20.04.570    Mobile/manufactured home.

20.04.580    Mobile home park.

20.04.590    Multifamily residence.

20.04.600    Net area.

20.04.610    Nonconforming use.

20.04.620    Off-site hazardous waste or substance treatment and storage facilities.

20.04.630    Off-street parking.

20.04.640    Party wall.

20.04.650    Pedestrian-oriented land use.

20.04.660    Planned unit development.

20.04.670    Prohibited uses.

20.04.680    Projection.

20.04.690    Public open space.

20.04.700    Recreational vehicle.

20.04.710    Recreational vehicle park.

20.04.720    Right-of-way.

20.04.730    Roominghouse.

20.04.735    Sanitary dump station.

20.04.740    Secondary dwelling unit.

20.04.750    Service station.

20.04.760    Shall.

20.04.770    Should.

20.04.780    Story.

20.04.790    Story, half.

20.04.800    Streets.

20.04.810    Townhouse.

20.04.820    Transient housing.

20.04.825    Triplex.

20.04.830    Use.

20.04.840    Utility.

20.04.850    Variance.

20.04.860    Veterinary clinic.

20.04.870    Vicinity.

20.04.880    Yards.

20.04.885    Yard sale.

20.04.890    Yard, front.

20.04.900    Yard, rear.

20.04.910    Yard, side.

20.04.920    Zero lot line.

20.04.930    Zoning.

20.04.940    Zone transition lot.

20.04.010 Generally.

For the purpose of this title, certain terms are herewith defined. When not inconsistent with the context, words used in the present tense include the future, words in the singular number include the plural, and words in the plural number include the singular; the word “person” may be taken for persons, association, firm, copartnership or corporation; the word “structure” includes building; the word “occupied” includes designed or intended to be used; and the word “shall” is always mandatory and not merely directive. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.015 Abuts, abutting.

“Abuts or abutting” means parcels which share a common property line with each other or face across an alley, but does not include parcels which face across streets. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.020 Accessory buildings.

“Accessory buildings” means a building structure or facility such as a garage, woodshed, utility building, carport, enclosed outdoor living areas, heating plant, or storage bin, customarily incidental to and located upon the same lot, tract, or in the same area occupied by the main building. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.030 Accessory use or structure.

“Accessory use or structure” means one which is subordinated to the principal use of a building on the lot serving a purpose customarily incidental to the principal use of the building. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.035 Adjacent, adjoining, adjoins.

“Adjacent, adjoining, or adjoins” means parcels which are next to each other. This includes properties which share a common property line or face across a right-of-way, including streets, alleys, or easements. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.040 Agriculture.

“Agriculture” means the tilling of the soil, horticulture, viticulture, livestock farming, poultry raising, dairying and other animal husbandry, shellfish or fish farming, including the raising, harvesting and processing of clams and oysters, and including all uses customarily incidental thereto, but not including slaughterhouses, fertilizer works, bone yards or plants for the reduction of animal matter. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.050 Alley.

“Alley” means a public right-of-way not over thirty feet wide which affords, generally, a secondary means of access to abutting lots, which connects to public rights-of-way at both ends, and is not intended for general use. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.060 Amendment.

“Amendment” means a change in the wording or substance of the text of this title. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.070 Apartment building.

“Apartment building” means a building or portion thereof used or intended to be used as separate dwelling units for four or more families or householders living independently of each other. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.075 Assisted living facility.

“Assisted living facility” means multifamily housing of the elderly and/or disabled, with independent living units, and in which accessory services including but not limited to occasional nursing care, chore services, meal services, or housekeeping assistance are offered to residents for a fee. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.080 Automobile repair.

“Automobile repair” includes fixing, incidental body or fender work, painting and upholstering, adjusting lights, brakes, supplying and installing replacement parts of passenger vehicles and trucks. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.090 Basement.

“Basement” is a story of a building with a floor level which is a minimum of two feet below the average grade or of the primary facade of the building.

20.04.100 Bed and breakfast inns.

“Bed and breakfast inn” means two to six bedrooms let for transient housing. Facilities with more than six bedrooms for rent are considered hotel/motels and are regulated as commercial uses. Such inns must be located within a residence occupied and operated by the owner. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.120 Building.

“Building” means any structure built or used for the support, shelter, or enclosure of any persons, animals, goods, equipment, or property of any kind. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.130 Building line.

“Building line” means a line established by this title to govern the placement of building with respect to streets and alleys. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.140 Business and professional offices.

“Business and professional offices” means places or offices where business services are performed and includes such uses as real estates sales and development, financial and insurance services, and public and semipublic utility offices. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.150 Medical and dental offices.

“Medical and dental offices” means a building or portion of a building containing offices and facilities for providing medical, dental or psychiatric services for outpatients only. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.160 Indoor entertainment and recreation.

“Indoor entertainment and recreation” means any use of land for such uses as bowling alleys, billiard parlors, arcades and theaters. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.170 Capital facilities.

“Capital facilities” means land, improvements to land, structures (including design, permitting, and construction), infrastructure improvements, and equipment whose valuation exceeds twenty thousand dollars and has an expected useful life of at least eight years. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.175 Church-supported and managed housing.

“Church-supported and managed housing” means dwelling units of any type or density that are funded, developed, and managed as an extension of church function, and remaining under the management of the church for a period of at least five years. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.180 Commercial coach.

“Commercial coach” means a structure transportable in one or more sections that is built on a permanent chassis and designed to be used for commercial purposes with a permanent foundation when connected to the required outlets and may include plumbing, heating, air conditioning, and electrical systems contained therein. A commercial coach may not be used as a dwelling. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.190 Common open space.

“Common open space” means that portion of a lot which is (1) eight feet or more in width, (2) unoccupied by principal or accessory buildings, (3) unobstructed by other than recreational facilities, and (4) available for the use of other tenants or landowners which reside on the lot subsequent to development. Such open space may be dedicated to the city if the city elects to accept such space. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.200 Comprehensive plan.

“Comprehensive plan” means the generalized coordinated land use policy statement of the governing body of the city that is adopted pursuant to RCW.36.70A. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.210 Convalescent home.

“Convalescent home” means a building and premises in which two or more sick, injured, or infirm ambulatory persons are housed or intended to be housed for special attention and compensation. Also, “care facilities” or “nursing homes.” (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.220 Court.

“Court” means an open, uncovered and unoccupied space within an allotted property line surrounded on at least two sides by one or more buildings. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.223 Coverage, building.

“Building coverage” means the total coverage of an individual lot, parcel or tract by all buildings, excluding eave overhangs of up to twenty-four inches as measured from all exterior walls, posts, columns and supports. (Ord. 1660-1105 § 1, 2005)

20.04.225 Coverage, development.

“Development coverage” means the total coverage of a lot proposed for development by all buildings, structures, decks, and other installed hard or impervious surfaces. In a planned unit development as allowed under the provisions of Chapter 20.32, development coverage may be calculated over the entire PUD as opposed to individual lots, except that critical areas as defined in Title 21 shall be excluded from the development coverage calculation. (Ord. 1660-1105 § 2, 2005)

20.04.230 Critical areas.

“Critical areas” means wetlands, aquifer recharge areas, frequently flooded areas, geologically hazardous areas, and fish and wildlife habitat areas. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.240 Density provisions.

“Density provisions” means those requirements for each land use district to encourage, protect and preserve the health, safety and general welfare of the area, through standards which include yards, height, bulk lot area, lot coverage and occupancy limitations. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.243 Density, gross.

“Gross density” means the number of dwelling units per gross acre of development site. Gross density shall be based upon the area of the entire site, including, but not limited to, public and private roads, required storm detention ponds, wetlands, tidelands, creeks, streams and other critical areas defined in Title 21. (Ord. 1660-1105 § 3, 2005)

20.04.245 Density, net.

“Net density” means the number of dwelling units per acre excluding all public and private roads, required storm detention ponds, wetlands, tidelands, creeks, streams and other critical areas defined in Title 21, but including all alleys, common areas, and critical area buffers. (Ord. 1660-1105 § 4, 2005)

20.04.250 Design standards.

“Design standards” means criteria governing building size, architectural design, landscaping, etc. For example, may be used in historic or residential districts to preserve aesthetic attributes. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.260 District or zone.

“District or zone” means a section or sections of the city within which the standards governing the use of buildings and premises are uniform. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.265 Duplex.

“Duplex” means a single structure containing two dwelling units, either side by side or above one another. (Ord. 1556-1101 Exh. 1, 2001)

20.04.270 Dwelling group.

“Dwelling group” means two or more detached dwelling structures located on the same lot. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.280 Dwelling unit.

“Dwelling unit” means a family combination with house-keeping and cooking facilities. Hotel, motel, room and boarding units shall not be considered as dwelling units. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.290 Dwelling unit, single-family.

“Single-family dwelling unit” means a detached building designed exclusively for the permanent occupancy of one family and containing one dwelling unit, including mobile/manufactured housing. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.300 Essential public facility.

“Essential public facility” means those facilities that are typically difficult to site, such as airports, state educational facilities, state or regional transportation facilities, solid waste handling facilities, state and local correctional facilities, and in-patient health care facilities, including substance abuse facilities, mental health facilities, and group homes. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.310 Extremely hazardous waste.

“Extremely hazardous waste” means any dangerous waste which:

A.    Will persist in a hazardous form for several years or more at a disposal site and which in its persistent form:

1.    Presents a significant environmental hazard and may be concentrated by living organisms through a food chain or may affect the genetic make-up of humans or wildlife; and

2.    Is highly toxic to humans or wildlife.

B.    Is disposed of at a disposal site in such quantities as would present an extreme hazard to man or the environment. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.320 Family.

“Family” means a person living alone, or two or more persons related by blood, marriage or adoption customarily living together as a single housekeeping unit and using common cooking facilities, as distinguished from a group occupying a hotel, club, board or lodging house. It also means a group of persons unrelated by blood, marriage or adoption living together as a single housekeeping unit, but such group shall, for purposes of this title, be considered one family for each five persons in the group. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.330 Floor area ratio.

“Floor area ratio” means the ratio of usable floor area of a structure to the total area of the lot or land area occupied by such a structure. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.340 Garage, private.

“Private garage” means an accessory building or part of a main building intended primarily for the storage of motor vehicles as an accessory use, and when the storage place does not exceed that for the following number of vehicles:

A.    For single-family dwelling: three vehicles, not more than one of which may be a nonpassenger vehicle;

B.    For any other dwelling: passenger vehicles equal to one hundred fifty percent of the number of dwelling units in the structure;

C.    For any other use: no limitations. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.350 Garage, public.

“Public garage” means a structure or portion thereof other than a private or community garage used for the storage, sale, hire, or repair of self-propelled vehicles or trailers. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.360 Gas or fuel station.

“Gas or fuel station” means a business intended for the sale of automobile fuels, and may include the sale of convenience items and minor automotive supplies, but does not include the provision of services for automobiles. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.370 Grid street pattern.

“Grid street pattern” means street development in which streets are generally interconnected and tend to meet at right angles. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.380 Gross area.

“Gross area” means the total usable area including accessory space dedicated to such things as streets, easements, and uses not of character with the principal uses, but within a unit of area being measured. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.390 Gross floor area.

“Gross floor area” means the total square feet of floor space in a building measured from the exterior faces of the exterior walls, including but not limited to elevator shafts, stairwells, and hallways and all other floor space in a building. Commercial uses which customarily are not confined to a building and which in significant part occur in the open air on a lot or site, which may or may not contain a building, shall have a gross floor area equal to the total of the square feet of floor space in the building, if any, and of the square feet of land comprising that area of the lot or site where the commercial use occurs in the open air. Such uses shall include, but not be limited to, gasoline service stations, drive-in restaurants, drive-in theaters, new and used car businesses having outdoor car lots, and pitch-and-putt golf establishments and other similar uses. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.400 Group home.

“Group home” means any home, place or institution for the care for compensation of three or more persons who are physically or mentally handicapped or who receive outpatient supervision from a mental institution during a period of social adjustment, and others considered disabled under the Fair Housing Act. (Ord. 1697-0407 § 2, 2007: Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.410 Guest cottage.

“Guest cottage” means an accessory, detached dwelling without any kitchen facilities designed for and used to house transient visitors or nonpaying guests of the occupants of the main building. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.420 Hazardous substance.

“Hazardous substance” means any liquid, solid, gas, sludge, including any material, substance, product, commodity, or waste, regardless of quantity, that exhibits any of the characteristics or criteria of hazardous waste. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.430 Hazardous waste.

“Hazardous waste” means any discarded, useless, unwanted, or abandoned substances including but not limited to certain pesticides, or any residues or containers of such substances which are disposed of in such quantity or concentration as to pose a substantial present or potential hazard to human health, wildlife, or the environment because such wastes or constituents or combinations or such wastes:

A.    Have short-lived, toxic properties that may cause death, injury, or illness or have mutagenic, teratogenic, or carcinogenic properties; or

B.    Are corrosive, explosive, flammable, or may generate pressure through decomposition or other means. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.440 Height of building.

“Height of building” means the vertical distance measured from the level of the average grade of the building site to the highest point of the roof beams in the case of flat roofs, to the deck line of mansard roofs, or to the center height between eaves and ridges for gable, hip or gambrel roofs. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.450 Home occupation.

“Home occupation” means any use customarily carried on within a dwelling by the inhabitants thereof which use is incidental to the residential use. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.460 Hotel/motel.

“Hotel or motel” means a building in which lodging is provided and offered to the public for compensation and which is open to transient guests. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.470 Infill.

“Infill” means sites within developed areas in the city of Shelton that have been by passed and can now be “filled in” with dwellings or other uses. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.480 Junkyard.

“Junkyard” means a place where waste, discarded or salvaged materials are bought, sold, exchanged, stored, baled, cleaned, packed, disassembled or handled, including auto wrecking yards, house wrecking yards, used lumber yards, and yards for use of salvaged house wrecking and structural steel materials and equipment. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.490 Kennel.

“Kennel” means any premises on which four or more dogs or cats, which are five months old or older, are kept or trained. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.500 Level of service (LOS).

“Level of service” means an indicator of the extent or degree of service provided by, or proposed to be provided by, a facility based on and related to the operational characteristics of the facility. LOS means an established minimum capacity of capital facilities that must be provided per unit of demand or other appropriate measures of need. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.510 Lot.

“Lot” means a parcel of land used or capable of being used under the regulations of this title, including both the building site an all required yards and other open spaces. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.520 Lot coverage.

“Lot coverage” means that portion of a lot that is occupied by the principal building and its accessory building, expressed as a percentage of the total lot area. It shall include all projections except eaves. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.523 Lot line, front.

“Front lot line” means the first line crossed gaining access to a lot from a public right-of-way or from a private road easement line, extending the entire frontage along said right-of-way or easement. On a corner lot, the front lot line is the narrower of the two frontages. (Ord. 1660-1105 § 5, 2005)

20.04.525 Lot line, rear.

“Rear lot line” means the lot line most opposite and distant from the front lot line. On an irregularly shaped lot, the rear lot line shall be determined by the community and economic development director. (Ord. 1660-1105 § 6, 2005)

20.04.527 Lot line, side.

“Side lot line” means all lot lines other than front and rear lot lines. (Ord. 1660-1105 § 7, 2005)

20.04.530 Lot width.

“Lot width” means the horizontal distance between side lot lines measured at the minimum front yard setback line. (Ord. 1660-1105 § 8, 2005: Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.540 Lot depth.

“Lot depth” means the horizontal distance between the front and rear lot lines. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.550 Manufacture.

“Manufacture” means the converting of raw unfinished materials or products, or any or either of them into an article or articles or substance of a different character or for use for a different character or for use as a different purpose.

20.04.560 May.

“May” expresses an option. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.570 Mobile/manufactured home.

“Mobile/manufactured home” means a residential unit, less than five years old, on one or more chassis for towing to the point of use and designed to be used with a foundation as a dwelling unit on a year-round basis, which bears an insignia issued by a state or federal regulatory agency indicating that the mobile/manufactured home complies with all applicable construction standards of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Developments definition of “manufactured home,” and which complies with all the standards of Chapter 18.08 of the Shelton Municipal Code. A commercial coach, recreational vehicle, or motor home is not a mobile/manufactured home. The term “manufactured home” shall hereinafter be used to refer to mobile/manufactured homes. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.580 Mobile home park.

“Mobile home park” means any property used for the accommodation of inhabited mobile homes. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.590 Multifamily residence.

“Multifamily residence” means a building containing separate dwelling units arranged to be occupied by more than three families living independently of one another. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.600 Net area.

“Net area” means the total usable area exclusive of space dedicated to such things as streets, easements, and use out of character with the principal uses. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.610 Nonconforming use.

“Nonconforming use” means a use or activity involving a building or land occupying or in existence at the effective date of the ordinance codified in this chapter or at the time of any amendments thereto which does not conform to the standards of the zoning district in which located. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.620 Off-site hazardous waste or substance treatment and storage facilities.

“Off-site hazardous waste or substance treatment and storage facilities” means facilities used to treat, process, or store hazardous wastes from generators on properties other than those on which the facilities are located, or to store or process hazardous substances not used or sold as part of an approved or permitted use for that site. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.630 Off-street parking.

“Off-street parking” means a permanently surfaced area for the parking of a motor vehicle. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.640 Party wall.

“Party wall” means a wall built to serve each of two separate but adjacent dwelling units.

20.04.650 Pedestrian-oriented land use.

“Pedestrian-oriented land use” means commercial, residential, and recreational development that is designed to be easily accessible to foot traffic; for example, buildings may be sited close to the sidewalk, while parking is secondary. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.660 Planned unit development.

“Planned unit development” means a development process through which a parcel of land may be developed as a single entity or in stages according to an improved master plan. This type of development may provide for clustering of residences and/or a mixture of housing types. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.670 Prohibited uses.

“Prohibited uses” means any use which is not specifically enumerated or interpreted as allowable in that district. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.680 Projection.

“Projection” means a combination of materials constructed or added to a building or structure that extends into the yards, but is not part of the bearing members, roof or enclosure, and not essential to the creation of usable space. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.690 Public open space.

“Public open space” means areas used for parks, recreation areas, greenbelts/natural buffers, scenic or natural amenities, or unique geological features or resources that are available for general public enjoyment. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.700 Recreational vehicle.

“Recreational vehicle” means a vehicular type unit primarily designed for recreational camping, travel or seasonable use which has its own motive power or is mounted on or towed by another vehicle. The basic entities are: travel trailer, folding camping trailer, park trailer, truck camper, motor home, and multiuse vehicles. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.710 Recreational vehicle park.

“Recreational vehicle park” means a tract of land that is occupied or designed for occupancy by two or more recreational vehicles (RVs) for transient dwelling purposes in accordance with this title, provided that at no time shall guest RVs be occupied for any longer than three weeks in any sixty day period on the premises; provided further that landowners using their land for personal gatherings shall not be considered an RV park, as long as the gathering lasts no longer than five days and that no health problems, litter problems, etc., develop.

20.04.720 Right-of-way.

“Right-of-way” means land in which the state, a county, or a municipality owns the fee simple title, or has an easement dedicated, for a transportation or utility use. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.730 Roominghouse.

“Roominghouse” means a building wherein furnished rooms, without cooking facilities, are rented for compensation to three or more nontransient persons not included in the family unit of the owner or tenant of the premises. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.735 Sanitary dump station.

“Sanitary dump station” means a facility used for disposing of wastes from recreational vehicle holding tanks. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.740 Secondary dwelling unit.

“Secondary dwelling unit” means a dwelling unit in addition to the main dwelling unit on a property, usually part of the main house or an accessory building. Also may be called a “mother-in-law” apartment or “guest cottage.”

20.04.750 Service station.

“Service station” means a retail establishment for the sale on the premises of motor vehicle fuel and other petroleum products and automobile accessories, and for the washing, lubrication, and minor repair of automotive vehicles. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.760 Shall.

“Shall” is used to express what is mandatory or an absolute determination. “Shall” denotes that the course or method of action is mandatory or backed by local determination. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.770 Should.

“Should” is used to express duty, obligation, necessity, propriety, or expediency. “Should” establishes a course or method of action but does not require that course or method absolutely. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.780 Story.

“Story” means that portion of a building included between the surface of any floor and the surface of the floor next above it, or if there be no floor above it, then the space between such floor and the ceiling next above it. First story means any floor not over four-and-one-half feet above the established grade, or if set back, above average ground level at front line of building. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.790 Story, half.

“Half story” means a space under a sloping roof which has the line of intersection of roof decking and wall face not more than four feet above the top floor level. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.800 Streets.

“Streets” means a public way forty feet or more in right-of-way width which affords a primary means of access to property. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.810 Townhouse.

“Townhouse” means an attached single-family dwelling in which the owner bears title to the interior and exterior structure, but shares ownership of the land on which the structure is located. As opposed to condominium development, in which the title extends only to the interior structure of the home. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.820 Transient housing.

“Transient housing” means temporary housing let for a period not to exceed two weeks. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.825 Triplex.

“Triplex” means a single structure containing three dwelling units, each of which has direct access to the outside or to a common hallway, which accesses the outside. (Ord. 1556-1101 Exh. 1, 2001)

20.04.830 Use.

“Use” means an activity or purpose for which land or premises or a building thereon is designed, arranged, or intended or for which it is occupied or maintained, let or leased. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.840 Utility.

“Utility” means a public service or quasipublic service operated to provide the necessary functions for the whole community. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.850 Variance.

“Variance” means a modification of the regulations of this title when authorized by the hearings examiner after finding that the literal application of the provisions of this title would cause undue and unnecessary hardship in view of certain facts and conditions applying to a specific parcel of property. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.860 Veterinary clinic.

“Veterinary clinic” means a place operated by a licensed veterinarian for the care, treatment and temporary housing of household pets. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.870 Vicinity.

“Vicinity” means the area surrounding a use in which such use produces a discernible influence by aesthetic appearance, traffic, noise, glare, smoke or similar influences. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.880 Yards.

“Yards” means the land unoccupied or unobstructed, from the ground upward, except for such encroachments as may be permitted by this title, surrounding a building site. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.885 Yard sale.

“Yard sale” means retail sale of personal property labeled as such, or any retail sale of personal property conducted in or near a residence under cover, partially under cover, or completely outside of any building, in the open. The term shall include garage sales, patio sales, rummage sales or other similar sales which are advertised for the public to attend. (Ord. 1873-0815 § 4, 2015)

20.04.890 Yard, front.

“Front yard” means land unoccupied or unobstructed, other than a court, on the same lot with the building, between the front building line (exclusive of steps) and the front property line. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.900 Yard, rear.

“Rear yard” means land unoccupied or unobstructed between side lot lines and measured horizontally and at right angles from the rear lot line to the nearest point of the buildings. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.910 Yard, side.

“Side yard” means land unoccupied or unobstructed on the same lot with the building between the wall line of the building and the side line of the lot. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.920 Zero lot line.

“Zero lot line” means the permissibility of placing one side of a detached single-family dwelling unit immediately along one side of the lot without any required setback distance. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.930 Zoning.

“Zoning” means the regulation of the use of lands or the manner of construction related thereto in the interest of achieving the public interest as determined in the city comprehensive plan. Such regulations shall also govern those public and quasipublic land use and buildings which provide for proprietary type service for the community’s benefit. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)

20.04.940 Zone transition lot.

“Zone transition lot” means a parcel of land abutting a district boundary where the district boundary is not a street upon which more restrictive or less restrictive standards are affixed as city policy. The width of such parcel shall be the width of the lot as platted, but not to exceed one hundred feet in any instance. (Ord. 1462-1296 § 2 (part), 1996)