Chapter 17.147
RECREATIONAL AND OPEN SPACE STANDARDS

Sections:

17.147.010    Recreation area minimum requirement.

17.147.020    Occupancy computation.

17.147.030    Recreation area exemption.

17.147.040    Recreational facility requirements.

17.147.050    Recreation area and facility standards.

17.147.060    Impact fee payment in lieu of recreation space and facilities.

17.147.070    Open space minimum requirement.

17.147.080    Repealed.

17.147.090    Management of recreational and open space.

17.147.100    Upkeep and maintenance.

17.147.110    Establishment of homeowners’ associations.

17.147.120    Open space dedication.

17.147.010 Recreation area minimum requirement.

Single-family or duplex residential subdivisions/developments shall provide recreation areas in an amount equal to 110 square feet per person expected to reside in that development (as determined in accordance with SMC 17.147.020). Other residential developments, including attached housing developments and multifamily apartment developments (either rentals or condominiums) shall provide recreation areas in an amount equal to 50 square feet per person expected to reside in that development (as determined in accordance with SMC 17.147.020). (Ord. 1098 § 2, 2001; Ord. 1000, 1997; Ord. 948, 1996; Ord. 929 Ch. 10(M)(1), 1995).

17.147.020 Occupancy computation.

For purposes of these standards, one bedroom dwelling units shall be deemed to house an average of 2.0 persons, two bedroom units 3.5 persons, three bedroom units 4.5 persons, and units with four and more bedrooms 5.5 persons. In residential subdivisions that are not approved as architecturally integrated developments (i.e., attached housing or multifamily apartment developments), each lot that is large enough for only a single-family dwelling unit shall be deemed to house an average of 4.0 persons. (Ord. 948, 1996; Ord. 929 Ch. 10(M)(2), 1995).

17.147.030 Recreation area exemption.

It is recognized that recreation areas must be of a certain minimum size to be usable and that such areas will not serve the intended purpose unless properly maintained. Therefore, residential developments of nine dwelling units or less in single ownership at the time of application for approval shall be exempt from providing recreation areas. (Ord. 1098 § 2, 2001; Ord. 948, 1996; Ord. 929 Ch. 10(M)(3), 1995).

17.147.040 Recreational facility requirements.

(1) The purpose of the recreation areas is to provide adequate recreational facilities to serve the residents of the development. Each new residential development of 10 units or more shall provide, at a minimum, facilities from the following list. The number of facilities that must be provided from this list shall be based on the number of dwelling units that are to be built in the development, as provided in subsection (2) of this section. A development may not provide two or more of the same facility unless more than five facilities are provided.

(a) Playground area that meets ASTM standards, consisting of four pieces of playground equipment including swings, slide, and climber, or a single piece of equipment that provides at least four different activities;

(b) Picnic area, consisting of at least five picnic tables with benches, five barbecues, and five secured in-place trash containers. This picnic area shall have shade trees;

(c) Asphalt-paved hiking, jogging, and/ or biking trails, at least one mile in length to city of Stanwood requirements;

(d) Softball field to Amateur Softball Association of America requirements;

(e) Multipurpose court to city of Stanwood requirements;

(f) A tennis court constructed to United States Lawn Tennis Association requirements or a pickleball court;

(g) A swimming pool area with a minimum of an 800-square foot pool, a 3,200-square foot deck, and, as a minimum, a six-foot high perimeter fence;

(h) A one-quarter mile running track to National Collegiate Athletic Association requirements;

(i) Two volleyball courts;

(j) A soccer field to United States Youth Soccer Association requirements;

(k) Two handball courts to United States Handball Association requirements;

(l) Exercise course to city of Stanwood requirements;

(m) Historical site with interpretive signage.

(2) The number of required recreational facilities shall be dependent on the total number of dwelling units approved for the residential project. The following table indicates the number of required recreational facilities relative to the size of the residential project:

Minimum Recreational Facility
Requirements in Residential Developments

Number of
Approved Dwelling
Units in Project

Minimum Number of Required Recreational Facilities

10 – 50

1

51 – 100

2

101 – 150

3

151 – 200

4

201 – 250

5

251 – 300

6

301 – 350

7

351 – 400

8

401 – 450

9

more than 450

10

(3) Notwithstanding the above table, certain facilities shall be suggested when the number of dwelling units reaches specified levels in residential developments. In these developments, the suggested facilities may be counted toward the required recreational provisions enumerated in subsections (1)(a) through (1)(m) of this section.

The following table indicates those facilities that are suggested for the various types of residential developments and at what dwelling unit provision level they may be required:

Suggested Recreational Facility
Requirements in Residential Developments

Minimum Dwelling Unit
Recreational Facility Provision Levels

Baseball or Softball Field

100 (Single-Family, Duplex or Combination of Single-Family and Duplex Projects only)

Tennis or Basketball Courts (2)

75 (All Residential Developments)

Multipurpose Court

50 (All Residential Developments)

Swimming Pool

200 (All Residential Developments)

(4) If an applicant wishes to provide recreational facilities in a manner that is not consistent with these standards, this shall be allowed, if, in the opinion of the planning director, the proposed deviation from these standards will be equivalent to the requirements contained herein. (Ord. 1098 § 2, 2001; Ord. 948, 1996; Ord. 929 Ch. 10(M)(4), 1995).

17.147.050 Recreation area and facility standards.

Each residential development of 10 units or more shall satisfy its recreation area and facility requirements by installing the types of recreational facilities that are most likely to be suited to and used by the age bracket of persons likely to reside in that development.

(1) Where more than 20,000 square feet of recreation area is required, the total acreage of required recreation area may be divided into areas of not less than 9,600 square feet.

(2) Recreation areas shall be landscaped and shall be provided with sufficient natural or manmade screening or buffer areas to minimize any negative impacts upon adjacent residences. At a minimum, all recreation areas shall have continuous landscaped buffers around their perimeters at least 10 feet wide. These buffers may be included within the required open space calculations for new residential developments. The plant material selected within these buffer areas shall be such that they will provide a continuous vegetative border, including appropriate tree plantings as required by the planning director. All new vegetative material shall be guaranteed for a period of at least one year after installation and approved by the planning director. This landscaping requirement may be waived, modified, or reduced by the planning director when there are safety concerns.

(3) Each recreation area shall be centrally located and easily accessible so that it can be conveniently and safely reached and used by those persons in the surrounding neighborhoods it is designed to serve. Therefore, no recreation area shall be located more than 2,000 feet from the dwelling unit it is intended to serve. This distance shall be measured along the walkways and streets within the development, using the shortest route possible.

(4) Each recreation area shall be constructed on land that is relatively flat, dry, and capable of serving the purpose intended by these standards. However, this is not to say that steeply sloped areas and/or floodplains may not be used in the development of these recreation areas. Steeply sloped lands (in excess of 20 percent) may be appropriate for natural recreation areas, if they are properly treated and developed. Floodplains are entirely appropriate to be used for baseball, softball, or football fields. However, permanent structures shall be kept to a minimum in floodplains. (Ord. 1098 § 2, 2001; Ord. 948, 1996; Ord. 929 Ch. 10(M)(5), 1995).

17.147.060 Impact fee payment in lieu of recreation space and facilities.

A new residential development shall pay a park impact fee per lot as established by SMC 17.151.070 and the current fee schedule. When a new residential development provides park and recreation facilities that meet the requirements of SMC 17.147.040 within the development, a reduction in the impact fee may be approved by the community development director. The amount of the reduction shall not exceed the documented cost of the park and recreation facility improvements as provided by SMC 17.147.040. (Ord. 1164 § 4, 2004).

17.147.070 Open space minimum requirement.

Every residential development shall protect all unmitigated critical areas and associated buffers as permanent open space in the form of separate tracts or Native Growth Protection Areas (NGPAs). (Ord. 1164 § 4, 2004; Ord. 1098 § 2, 2001; Ord. 948, 1996; Ord. 929 Ch. 10(M)(6), 1995. Formerly 17.147.060).

17.147.080 Open space exemption.

Repealed by Ord. 1164. (Ord. 1098 § 2, 2001; Ord. 948, 1996; Ord. 929 Ch. 10(M)(8), 1995).

17.147.090 Management of recreational and open space.

Recreational facilities and usable open space required to be provided by the developer in accordance with these standards shall not necessarily be dedicated to the public, but, if they are not, shall remain under the control of a homeowners’ association or similar organization. (Ord. 948, 1996; Ord. 929 Ch. 10(M)(9), 1995).

17.147.100 Upkeep and maintenance.

The person or entity identified in SMC 17.147.090 as having the right of ownership and control over such recreational facilities and open space shall be responsible for the continuing upkeep and proper maintenance of the same. (Ord. 948, 1996; Ord. 929 Ch. 10(M)(10), 1995).

17.147.110 Establishment of homeowners’ associations.

Homeowners’ associations or similar legal entities responsible for the maintenance and control of common areas, including recreational facilities and open space, shall be established in such a manner that:

(1) Provision for the establishment of the association or similar entity is made before any lot in the development is sold or any building occupied;

(2) The association or similar legal entity has clear legal authority to maintain and exercise control over such common areas and facilities; and

(3) The association or similar legal entity has the power to compel contributions from residents of the development to cover their proportionate shares of the costs associated with the maintenance and upkeep of such common areas and facilities;

(4) The maintenance and liability for any such common areas and facilities shall be a continuing responsibility of the homeowner’s association or similar entity. If said association or similar entity fails to maintain a common area in an acceptable manner, the city of Stanwood shall do or cause to be done such maintenance and bill the association or similar entity for this work. If the association or similar entity does not remit payment in a timely manner, the city shall have the right to place a lien on the property owners that comprise the association or similar entity. (Ord. 948, 1996; Ord. 929 Ch. 10(M)(11), 1995).

17.147.120 Open space dedication.

If any park or usable open space area is dedicated to the public and, in this process, is transferred to the city of Stanwood, said city shall have the right to impose further specifications, approvals, and/or inspections to the park or open space. (Ord. 948, 1996; Ord. 929 Ch. 10(M)(12), 1995).