PERMITTED USES AND TABLES OF DIMENSIONAL AND DENSITY REQUIREMENTS

Chapter 17.30
PERMITTED LAND USES

Sections:

17.30.010    Permitted land uses and established classification of uses.

17.30.020    Unclassified uses.

17.30.030    Zoning use table.

17.30.040    Change in use.

17.30.050    Prohibited uses.

17.30.060    Residential use zoning table established.

17.30.070    Commercial and mixed-use zoning table established.

17.30.080    Industrial use zoning table established.

17.30.090    Public facilities zoning table established.

Prior legislation: Ords. 1282, 1294, 1308, 1332, 1333, 1344, 1349, 1376, 1377, 1380, 1398, 1418, 1440, 1444, 1449, 1450, 1455, 1456, 1469 and 1492.

17.30.010 Permitted land uses and established classification of uses.

(1) No building or structure shall be erected, converted, enlarged, reconstructed, or structurally altered, nor shall any building or structure or land be used, designed, or arranged, for any purpose other than is permitted pursuant to this section in the district in which the building or structure or land is located; provided, that such regulations shall not prohibit the continuance of an existing use.

(2) Land Use Classifications Established. This section establishes permitted, conditional, accessory, and prohibited uses for all properties within the city limits. All uses in a given zone are one of the following permit types:

(a) Permitted Use. Land uses allowed outright within a zone.

(b) Accessory Use. Uses customarily incidental and subordinate to the principal use and located upon the same lot occupied by the principal use. Accessory uses are intended to support the main occupancy of the principal use.

(c) Conditional Use. Uses with special characteristics that may not generally be appropriate within a zoning district, but may be permitted subject to review by the hearing examiner to establish conditions to protect public health, safety and welfare.

(d) Prohibited Use. Any use which is not specifically enumerated or interpreted by the city as allowable in that district. Any use not specifically listed as a permitted, accessory, or conditional use is prohibited, except those uses determined to be unclassified and permitted by the community development director. Specific prohibited uses are listed in SMC 17.30.030. Any prohibited use is illegal and is subject to civil or criminal penalties under Chapter 13.01 SMC.

(e) Temporary Uses. Temporary use permits are intended to allow for short-term placement of activities on private or public property with appropriate mechanisms in places to be compatible with surrounding areas. The director may approve or modify and approve an application for a temporary use permit if:

(i) The temporary use will not be materially detrimental to public health, safety, or welfare, nor injurious to property and improvements in the immediate vicinity of the subject temporary use.

(ii) The temporary use is not incompatible in intensity and appearance with existing land uses in the immediate vicinity of the temporary use.

(iii) Adequate parking is provided for the temporary use, and if applicable the temporary use does not create a parking shortage for the existing uses on the site.

(iv) Hours of operation of the temporary use are specified.

(v) The temporary use will not create noise, light, or glare which would adversely impact surrounding uses and properties.

(f) Unclassified Use. A use which is not a permitted use, accessory use, or conditional use, but which is interpreted by the Stanwood hearing examiner as similar to a permitted, conditionally permitted or accessory use and that is not otherwise prohibited by the permitted use tables listed in this chapter. (Ord. 1499 § 2 (Exh. B), 2021).

17.30.020 Unclassified uses.

(1) Unclassified Uses. In the event that a proposed use is not listed in the permitted use table or there is ambiguity as to if a proposed use meets the definition of a use defined by the Stanwood Municipal Code, an applicant may request an interpretation of the zoning code by the hearing examiner to determine if a proposed use not specifically listed is either allowed, allowed as an accessory use, allowed as a conditional use or prohibited, utilizing the criteria in subsection (2) of this section.

(2) Criteria for Unclassified Uses. In order to make a determination that an unclassified use is permitted, conditionally permitted, or accessory, the hearing examiner must find that the use is:

(a) In keeping with the purpose and intent of the zoning district as described in the Stanwood Comprehensive Plan.

(b) Compatible with other permitted, accessory or conditional uses in the zoning district including, but not limited to, being similar in nature to and no more intense than a specifically listed permitted, conditional or accessory use.

(c) Compatible in an alternative zoning district that is more appropriate for the proposed use. Evaluation should include, but not be limited to, traffic, access, noise, odor, smoke, vibrations, parking, outdoor storage, and adjacent use or zoning buffers.

(3) Unclassified use requests shall be processed as a Type P-III permit subject to a public hearing before the hearing examiner. After considering staff comments and taking public testimony on the proposed use, the hearing examiner shall determine if the use is allowed, allowed as an accessory use, allowed as a conditional use or prohibited within the requested zone or any other appropriate zoning district. The hearing examiner may also require special conditions be applied to the use to ensure compatibility with the intent of the zoning district.

(4) Appeals of a decision issued by the hearing examiner on an unclassified use request shall follow the appeal process for Type P-III permits.

(5) Upon the decision of the hearing examiner, or the conclusion of any associated appeals, the interpretation made by the hearing examiner shall be documented and posted on the city’s website. Updates to this title, when consistent with the title format and level of detail, shall incorporate “unclassified use” interpretations upon adoption of a zoning code amendment by the city council. (Ord. 1499 § 2 (Exh. B), 2021).

17.30.030 Zoning use table.

(1) Permit types shall be classified according to the following:

(a) The letters “P-I” mean that the use is permissible in the indicated zone with a Type I administrative permit issued by the community development director.

(b) The letters “P-II” mean that the use is permissible in the indicated zone with a Type II administrative permit with public comment period issued by the community development director.

(c) The letters “P-III” mean that the use is permissible in the indicated zone with a Type III permit decision issued by the hearing examiner after holding a public hearing.

(d) The letters “P-IV” and “P-V” are additional permit types that require either review by the planning commission or approval by the city council.

(e) The letters “AC” mean that the use is permissible as an accessory use to a primary use on the same property.

(f) The letter “C” means that the use is permissible with a conditional use permit approved by the hearing examiner after holding a public hearing.

 

Permit Type Key Table 

KEY:

 

Blank = Not Permitted

AC = Accessory Use

P-I = Type I Permit

C = Conditional Use

P-II = Type II Permit

 

P-III = Type III Permit

Footnote Number in Parentheses = Special Development Standards Specific to That Use

(Ord. 1499 § 2 (Exh. B), 2021).

17.30.040 Change in use.

(1) A substantial change in use of property occurs whenever a new use or activity conducted on a lot creates a more intensive impact to the site in question or to the infrastructure of the city than the previous use, as determined by the community development director and/or his or her designee.

(2) A change in the status of property from occupied to unoccupied or vice versa does not constitute a substantial change in use. Whether a change in use occurs shall be determined by comparing the two active uses of the property without regard to any intervening period during which the property may have been unoccupied, unless the property has remained unoccupied for more than 180 consecutive days or has been abandoned.

(3) A change in ownership of a business or enterprise or a change in the name shall not be regarded as a substantial change in use. (Ord. 1499 § 2 (Exh. B), 2021).

17.30.050 Prohibited uses.

The following activities and uses are prohibited throughout the city of Stanwood due to their impactful nature on adjacent land uses or the community at large:

(1) Aggregate extraction.

(2) The disassembly, dismantling, or storage of more than five wrecked vehicles as defined in RCW 46.80.010(6) at any one time unless completely contained within an enclosed building.

(3) Manufacture of explosives.

(4) Stockyards, slaughterhouses, or rendering plants; with the exception of existing legal nonconforming uses or those established prior to November 8, 2018.

(5) Petroleum refineries.

(6) Fertilizer manufacture.

(7) Sanitary landfills.

(8) Waste-to-energy facilities.

(9) Casinos and card rooms with two or more card tables.

(10) New enhanced service facilities.

(11) Recovery homes.

(12) Orphanage.

(13) Manufactured/mobile home parks.

(14) Auctions or sale of livestock or similar animals in the light industrial or general industrial zones as noted in Chapter 17.50 SMC.

(15) Storage, manufacturing or sales of highly volatile or otherwise extremely hazardous substances or materials.

(16) Incineration or reduction of garbage, sewage, dead animals or refuse.

(17) Crematoriums including the cremation of human and animal remains.

(18) Septage treatment plants.

(19) Uses that cannot meet and/or exceed the performance standards listed in SMC 17.50.020, Light industrial and general industrial district performance standards.

(20) Use of an automobile, travel trailer, motor home, or other recreational vehicle for living purposes for more than two consecutive weeks at a time and more than four weeks per year.

(21) Temporary or permanent homeless encampments except as allowed by RCW 35A.21.360. (Ord. 1499 § 2 (Exh. B), 2021).

17.30.060 Residential use zoning table established.

Permitted Use Table: Residential Zones 

Land Use

Permit Type

SR 12.4

SR 9.6

SR 7.0

SR 5.0

MR

Abbreviated Definition

(Chapter 17.20 SMC Contains Full Definition)

Agriculture

Farm, Existing

P-I

P(1)

P(1)

P(1)

P(1)

P(1)

Property previously and currently used for ongoing agricultural activity.

Animal Services

Kennel, Hobby

P-I

AC/C(2)

AC/C(2)

AC/C(2)

AC/C(2)

 

A collection of 3 or more adult dogs or 4 or more cats and 1 litter of unweaned pups.

Hotels and Guest Houses

Bed and Breakfast

P-III

C(3)(4)

C(3)(4)

C(3)(4)

C(3)(4)

C(3)(4)

A building other than a hotel or nursing home where meals and short-term lodging are provided for compensation to guests.

Public Facilities

Governmental Use

P-I

 

 

 

 

P

Public facilities that are utilized for daily administration and operation of government business.

Public Safety Station (Police and Fire)

P-II

P(5)

P(5)

P(5)

P(5)

P(5)

A facility used for police and fire services.

Quasi-Public

Cemetery, Existing

P-I

 

P

 

 

 

A place for the burial or interment of dead persons or household pets.

Community Center

P-III

C

C

C

C

P

A building or grounds used for social, civic, or recreational purposes.

House of Worship/Church

P-III

C

C

C

C

P

A building or structure wherein persons regularly assemble for religious worship and which is maintained and controlled by a religious body organized to sustain public worship.

Meeting Hall

P-III

C

C

C

C

P

A place of assembly that is used on a temporary but recurring basis for a variety of public or private events.

Recreation

Open Space

P-I

P

P

P

P

P

A common, accessible area that is shared by residents of a subdivision and/or by the public and is left in its natural or undisturbed state.

Park, Community

P-II

P

P

P

P

P

Regional park facility that serves an area of over 10,000 in population and is 20 to 100 acres.

Park, Neighborhood

P-II

P

P

P

P

P

A park of 5 to 20 acres serving an area of 2,000 to 10,000 population within a quarter to one-half mile service area.

Park, Urban

P-II

P

P

P

P

P

A park providing public access and recreational, educational, cultural, historical, or aesthetic amenities.

Private/HOA Parks

P-I

P

P

P

P

P

A park area under common ownership by a homeowners association.

Trail

P-II

P

P

P

P

P

A paved or unpaved path used for walking, hiking, running, bicycling and/or horseback riding.

Residential

Adult Family Home

P-I

P

P

P

P

P

A residential home in which a person or persons provide personal care, special care, room, and board to more than 1 but not more than 6 adults who are not related by blood or marriage to the person or persons providing the services.

Assisted Living/Independent Living

P-II

 

 

 

 

P

A state licensed group residence for adults per Chapter 18.20 RCW.

Congregate Care Facility

P-III

 

 

 

 

C(6)

A residential facility for the elderly and/or handicapped persons.

Daycare, Home

P-I

AC(7)

AC(7)

AC(7)

AC(7)

AC(7)

Care for children under the age of 12 or seniors located in the family dwelling accommodating 12 or fewer.

Dwelling, Accessory

P-I

AC(8)

AC(8)

AC(8)

AC(8)

 

A secondary living unit that is located on the same property as the primary dwelling.

Dwelling, Cottage

P-III

P(9)

P(9)

P(9)

P(9)

 

A minimum of 4 small detached single-family homes located together in a neighborhood format around common open space.

Dwelling, Duplex

P-I

 

 

 

P(10)

P

A detached building, designed for 2 families living independently of each other and divided by a common wall.

Dwelling, Multiple-Family Development Up to 20 Units

P-I

 

 

 

 

P

A building designed for 3 or more families living independently of each other, including apartment houses but not including hotels, trailers, or mobile/manufactured homes.

Dwelling, Multiple-Family Development 21 Units or Greater

P-II

 

 

 

 

P

A building designed for 3 or more families living independently of each other, including apartment houses but not including hotels, trailers, or mobile/manufactured homes.

Dwelling, Single-Family

P-I

P

P

P

P

P

A detached building designed for or occupied exclusively by 1 family.

Dwelling, Townhouse

P-I

 

 

 

C

P

A dwelling unit that is: occupied by 1 family; has no units above or under it; and is attached to other units by common side walls.

Enhanced Service Facility Conversion Category 1 – Existing Nursing Home Conversion of Up to a 16-Bed Facility (21)

P-III

 

 

 

 

C

A facility licensed under Chapter 70.97 RCW that provides support and services to persons for whom acute inpatient treatment is not medically necessary.

Enhanced Service Facility Conversion Category 2 – Existing Assisted Living Conversion of Up to a 16-Bed Facility (21)

P-II

 

 

 

 

P

A facility licensed under Chapter 70.97 RCW that provides support and services to persons for whom acute inpatient treatment is not medically necessary.

Enhanced Service Facility Conversion Category 3 – Existing Adult Family Home Conversion of Up to a 6-Bed Facility (21)

P-I

P

P

P

P

P

A facility licensed under Chapter 70.97 RCW that provides support and services to persons for whom acute inpatient treatment is not medically necessary.

Group Home

P-I

P(11)

P(11)

P(11)

P(11)

P(11)

A facility licensed by the state to provide 24-hour training, care, custody, correction or control, or any combination of those functions, to 1 or more persons. This term shall not include schools, hospitals, prisons or other social service facilities.

Home Occupation

P-I

AC(12)

AC(12)

AC(12)

AC(12)

AC(12)

A business carried on within a dwelling unit or accessory building which is incidental and secondary to the residential use.

Homeless Housing

P-I

P

P

P

P

P

“Homeless housing” means housing types that are usually geared specifically towards homeless populations including: transitional housing and permanent supportive housing.

Manufactured/Mobile Home

P-I

P(13)

P(13)

P(13)

P(13)

 

A residential unit on 1 or more chassis for towing to the point of use and designed to be used with a permanent foundation as a dwelling unit on a year-round basis.

Schools

Elementary School

P-III

C

C

C

C

 

Any school, public or private, intended for the education of children from kindergarten through the fifth grade.

High School

P-III

C

C

C

C

 

Any school, public or private, intended for the education of children from the ninth through the twelfth grade.

Middle School

P-III

C

C

C

C

 

Any school, public or private, intended for the education of children from the sixth through eighth grade.

Preschool Facility

P-II/P-III

C

C

C

P(10)

P

An educational establishment that provides instruction and daytime care, for 4 or more children between the ages of 2 and 5 years.

Seminary

P-III

 

 

C(14)

 

 

An educational institution for religious study.

Utilities

Electrical Equipment and Pole Storage Yard Associated with Electrical Substations

P-I

P

P

P

P

P

Area used for the storage of equipment and support poles associated with a permitted electrical substation.

Electrical Substation

P-II

P

P(15)

P(15)

P(15)

P

A facility that provides transmission and distribution of electric power.

Electrical Transmission Lines

P-II

P

P

P

P

P

Lines which connect the power produced at generating facilities to substations.

Sewage Lift Station

P-II

P

P

P

P

P

The station in a sewer system where the wastewater needs to be pumped (lifted) to a higher elevation so that gravity can be used to bring the wastewater to the treatment plant.

Water Well and Pump Station

P-II

P

P

P

P

P

Infrastructure used to move water from a ground water source and convey water within a utility system.

Water, Drainage or Sewage Infrastructure

P-II

P

P

P

P

P

Pipes, installations and other infrastructure that are part of a system used for the purpose of water, drainage or sewage.

Wireless Communication Facilities

Co-Location PWCF

P-II

P(16)

P(16)

P(16)

P(16)

P(16)

The placement and arrangement of multiple providers’ antennas and equipment on a single support structure or equipment pad area.

Minor Facilities

P-II

P(17)

P(17)

P(17)

P(17)

P(17)

Wireless communications facility consisting of up to 3 antennas within specified size limitations.

Single PWCF

P-II

P(18)

P(18)

P(18)

P(18)

P(18)

A wireless communications facility for the transmission and/or reception of radio frequency signals associated with personal wireless services and which may include antennas, equipment shelter or cabinet, transmission cables, a support structure, reception and transmission devices and antennas and temporary or portable service facilities.

Monopole Towers

P-II

C(19)

C(19)

C(19)

C(19)

C(19)

Any structure built for the sole or primary purpose of supporting any FCC-licensed or authorized antennas and their associated facilities.

Small Cell Facilities

P-II

P(20)

P(20)

P(20)

P(20)

P(20)

A personal wireless services facility that meets the requirements of Chapters 17.200 through 17.220 SMC.

Other

Daycare Center

P-II

 

 

P(7)

P(7)

P(7)

Care of children under the age of 12, or seniors, located in a facility which accommodates 13 or more persons.

Daycare, Mini

P-II

 

 

 

P(7)

P(7)

Care of children under the age of 12, or seniors, located in a facility other than a family dwelling, which accommodates 12 or fewer persons.

Transitional Housing

P-II

P

P

P

P

P

Temporary housing for individuals and families for periods up to 2 years. Such facilities may also include job and/or self-sufficiency training and other supportive services to help people transition to independent living.

Emergency Shelter

P-I

P

P

P

P

P

“Emergency shelter” means an indoor facility that provides a temporary shelter for individuals or families who are currently homeless. Emergency shelter may not require occupants to enter into a lease or an occupancy agreement. Emergency shelter facilities may include day and warming centers that do not provide overnight accommodations.

Emergency Housing

P-I

P

P

P

P

P

“Emergency housing” means temporary indoor accommodations for individuals or families who are homeless or at imminent risk of becoming homeless that are intended to address the basic health, food, clothing, and personal hygiene needs of individuals or families. Emergency housing may or may not require occupants to enter into a lease or an occupancy agreement.

Temporary Uses

P-I

P

P

P

P

P

A use established for a fixed period of time with the intent to discontinue such use upon the expiration of such time.

Residential Zoning Use Conditions.

(1) Farms shall register with the city for the right to farm per Chapter 17.102 SMC. New farms are limited to the SR 12.4 zone with a minimum land area of two and one-half acres. Farms preexisting on the effective date of Ordinance No. 1032 in 2002 are permitted on smaller land areas and may register to receive right-to-farm protection.

(2) A hobby kennel license is required for a total of four or more dogs and four or more cats over three months of age. A maximum of four animals is allowed when the parcel is under one acre, five animals per acre are allowed when the parcel is one to five acres and 25 animals are allowed when the parcel is over five acres. These maximums may be exceeded with special hobby kennel permit issued administratively by the animal control officer pursuant to SMC 8.02.450 and 8.02.470; provided, however, that in all cases exceeding the maximum standard by six animals requires an conditional use permit. All indoor and outdoor kennels shall comply with the animal control and licensing standards contained in Chapter 8.02 SMC. Three or fewer animals are allowed as an accessory use without a kennel license as pets.

(3) A business license and compliance with conditions in SMC 17.100.060 for permitting a bed and breakfast use are required. Bed and breakfast residence use is limited to four rooms per residence. Bed and breakfast inn use is limited to six rooms in the SR 5.0 zone, 10 rooms in the MR zone and 16 rooms in the GC zone.

(4) Restaurants that serve lunches and/or dinner shall be allowed in bed and breakfast accommodations.

(5) Twenty thousand square feet of land area are required. This minimum land area requirement may be reduced through the conditional use permit process in SMC 17.80.120 provided the lot meets the minimum lot size standard for the zone.

(6) Limited to 30 rooms/increment of minimum land area.

(7) All daycare uses shall comply with the daycare facilities requirements provided in SMC 17.95.382. Family daycare shall require a home occupation permit. Daycare centers are limited to a minimum land area of 10,000 square feet in the SR 5.0 zone and 30,000 square feet in the SR 7.0 zone.

(8) One accessory dwelling unit per lot is allowed. Accessory dwelling units shall comply with the criteria and design standards set forth in SMC 17.95.470 through 17.95.480.

(9) Cottage housing units shall comply with the requirements in SMC 17.95.450.

(10) Minimum land area of 7,000 square feet required.

(11) This use shall comply with the special residential use requirements provided in SMC 17.95.375. Group homes are limited to six rooms in the SR 7.0, SR 5.0, RM and GC zones.

(12) A home occupation permit and business license are required. Home occupations shall comply with the requirements in SMC 17.95.380.

(13) This use shall comply with the manufactured housing requirements of SMC 17.95.385. Manufactured housing use is limited to Type A homes certified as meeting U.S. HUD standards. Manufactured home park use may accommodate both Type A and Type B HUD certified units and requires a minimum land area of three acres in SR 7.0 and two acres in SR 5.0 zones.

(14) Limited to 9,000 square feet in the SR 7.0 zone.

(15) Minimum land area of 10,000 square feet required.

(16) Subject to the wireless communications facilities standards in Chapter 17.220 SMC.

(17) Minor facilities are limited to co-location on an existing monopole and are subject to the wireless communications facilities standards in Chapter 17.220 SMC.

(18) Limited to one personal wireless communications facility (PWCF) on existing light standards and power poles within the public right-of-way and subject to the wireless communications facilities standards in Chapter 17.220 SMC.

(19) Monopole towers only are permitted. Guy and lattice towers are prohibited. Limited to locations on properties with existing public use, except in the general commercial and general industrial zones subject to a conditional use permit, and subject to the wireless communications facilities standards in Chapter 17.220 SMC.

(20) All small wireless communication facilities shall be subject to the requirements of Chapters 17.200, 17.205, and 17.210 SMC.

(21) Enhanced service facility conversions of Category 1 – 3 facilities shall be subject to the requirements of SMC 17.95.375.

(Ord. 1499 § 2 (Exh. B), 2021).

17.30.070 Commercial and mixed-use zoning table established.

Permitted Use Table: Commercial and Mixed-Use Zones 

Land Use

Permit Type

TN

MB-I

MB-II

NB

GC

GC/MF MXO (3)

Abbreviated Definition

(Chapter 17.20 SMC Contains Full Definition)

Animal Services

Animal Daycare/Grooming

P-I

P(1)

P(1)

P

P(1)

P(1)

P

An establishment providing daytime training, supervision, recreation, clipping, hygienic care, or cleaning services for animals.

Kennel, Commercial Indoor/Outdoor

 

 

AC/C(4)

AC/C(4)

 

 

 

A facility holding 4 or more domestic animals over 4 months of age for boarding, breeding, sale, or treatment.

Veterinarian Hospital or Clinic

P-I

 

P(5)

P(5)

 

P

P

A building used to provide health care services to animals.

Automotive Services

Automobile Rental Agency

P-I

 

 

 

 

P

 

A rental and incidental storage agency which provides motor vehicle rentals under 10,000 lbs.

Automobile Repair and Services

P-I

 

 

 

 

P(6)

 

An establishment that provides a variety of levels of repair, sales, handling, maintaining, or disposing of motor vehicles.

Automobile Sales and Service, New or Used

P-I

 

 

 

 

P/C(7)

 

An establishment that sells new or used motorized vehicles as its primary use, and allows for minor or major repairs, or paint and body work.

Automobile Service Station

P-I

 

 

P(35)

 

 

 

A building that sells or supplies fuels, lubricants, air, water, and other operating commodities for motor vehicles or boats.

Car Wash

P-I

 

 

P

 

P

 

A building, or portion thereof, for washing automobiles utilizing mechanical devices.

Parking Lots, Garages

P-I

AC

AC, P(8)

P, AC

AC

AC

AC

A building, or area beneath a building, except those described as a private garage, used for the parking only of automotive vehicles.

Parking Structure, Commercial

P-I

 

P(8)

 

 

P

 

A standalone structure used for the storage or parking of motor vehicles.

Cultural/Entertainment

Art Gallery

P-I

 

P

P

 

P

P

A room or building devoted to the exhibition of works of art or an institution or business exhibiting or dealing in works of art.

Game, Video Arcade

P-I

 

P

P

 

P

P

A venue where people play indoor table games and/or arcade video games.

Live Entertainment

P-I

 

AC(9)

AC(9)

AC(9)

AC(9)

AC(9)

Music, comedy, readings, dancing, acting, or other entertainment performed at an establishment such as a theater or concert hall.

Museum

P-II

 

P

P

 

P

P

A nonprofit, noncommercial establishment operated as a repository or a collection of natural, historic, scientific or works of art.

Night club

P-I

 

P

P

 

P

P

A business conducted inside a building that has the capacity for at least 30 persons seated at tables, includes a bar, employs a bartender and maintains table service, dancing, and/or live entertainment.

Theater

P-I

 

P

P

 

P

P

A building or part of a building, devoted to showing motion pictures, or for dramatic, musical or live performances.

Hotels and Guest Houses

Bed and Breakfast

P-III

 

P(2)(10)

(11)

P(2)(10)

(11)

 

C(2)(10)

(11)

 

A building other than a hotel or nursing home where meals and short-term lodging of more than 2 rooms are provided for compensation.

Hotel

P-I

 

P

P/C(7)

 

P

P

Any building containing more than 6 guest rooms intended to be used, rented or hired out to be occupied for sleeping purposes.

Industrial

Food and Beverage Processing Facility

P-III

 

 

 

 

C

 

Means sorting, packaging, bottling or labeling raw or semi-processed food or beverages into a product.

Manufacturing, Light

P-II

 

 

 

 

P(12)

 

A use engaged in the manufacture, predominantly from previously prepared materials, of finished products or parts, including process, fabrication, assembly, treatment, packaging, incidental storage, sales, and distribution of such products, but excluding basic industrial processing.

Communication Technology (TV broadcasting, radio station, video production, internet or movie production or other similar technologies)

P-I

 

 

 

 

P

P

An industry consisting of the technological and commercial broadcasting institutions or filmmaking.

Office

Professional Office

P-I

P

P

P

P

P

P

A business providing expertise to clients for a fee for service in any of the following related categories: accounting, architecture, engineering, planning, law, music, art, interior design, real estate, writing, education, or any similar type of business.

Health Care Office

P-I

P

P

P

P

P

P

Health care services such as primary care clinics, mental health clinics, community health centers, dentist, orthodontist, nutritionist, physical therapy, optometrists, or similar medical practices excluding hospitals.

Hospital

P-III

C

C

C

C

C

C

A facility providing primary health services and medical or surgical care to persons, primarily inpatients suffering from illness, disease, injury, deformity, other abnormal physical or mental conditions, chemical or substance dependency or abuse, and including as an integral part of the institution related facilities such as laboratories, outpatient facilities, and training facilities.

Personal Services

Assisted/Independent Living

 

C

 

P/C(7)(17)

 

P(17)

 

A state licensed group residence for adults per Chapter 18.20 RCW.

Salon

P-I

P

P

P

P

P

P

An establishment where hair cutting, coloring and styling, facials, manicures, lashes, and/or spa services are provided.

Daycare Center

P-I

P(13)

P(13)

P(13)

P(13)

P(13)

P(13)

Care of children under the age of 12, or seniors, located in a facility which accommodates 13 or more persons.

Laundromat/Dry Cleaner

P-I

P(14)

P

P

P

P

P

An establishment providing dry cleaning businesses or washing, drying machines on the premises for rental use to the general public.

Equipment Rental

P-I

 

 

P

 

P

P

Equipment rental is a service providing machinery, equipment and tools of all kinds and sizes for a limited period of time to individual consumers.

Health/Athletic Club

P-I

 

P

P

 

P

P

Gymnasiums (except those related to educational institutions), private clubs (athletic, health, or recreational), reducing salons, and weight control establishments.

Funeral Home

P-I

 

P

P

 

 

 

A building used for the preparation of the deceased for burial, the display of the deceased, and ceremonies connected wherewith before burial or cremation; crematories are not considered part of a funeral home or an accessory.

Janitorial Services

P-I

 

 

P

 

 

 

A company providing janitorial services such as the cleaning of offices or other building establishments.

Mail/Small Shipping Store

P-I

 

P

P

 

P

P

An establishment that provides shipping, shredding, printing, fax, passport photos, personal and business mailboxes, and notary services.

Private Clubs

P-I

 

P

P

 

P

P

Organizations that are privately owned and operated by their members and not operated for profit such as clubs, lodges, lounges, and halls.

Tattoo and Piercing Parlors

P-I

 

P

P

 

P

P

A business designing and creating permanent graphic images on the human body; may include piercing.

Public Facilities

Governmental Use

P-I

P

P(15)

P(7)

 

P

P

Public facilities that are utilized for daily administration and operation of government business.

Park and Ride Facility

P-II

 

P(8)

 

 

 

 

A parking area designated for commuters using public transportation.

Post Office

P-I

 

P

P(7)

 

P

 

A facility authorized by a postal system for posting, receipt, sorting, handling, transmission, and delivery of mail and offering mail-related services.

Public Safety Station (Police and Fire)

P-II

P/C(15)

P/C(15)

P/C(15)

 

P/C(15)

P/C(15)

A facility used for police and fire services.

Public Transit Storage and Maintenance Facility

P-II

 

 

 

 

P

 

A facility used for public transit storage and maintenance.

Public Transit Terminal

P-II

 

P(8)

P

 

 

 

A terminal used for public transit.

Quasi-Public

Meeting Hall

P-II

P/C(7)

P

P/C(7)

 

 

 

A building or grounds used for social, civic, or recreational purposes and owned and operated by a nonprofit organization and open to the general public.

House of Worship/Church

P-III

C(7)

P/C(7)

P/C(7)

P/C(7)

P/C(7)

P/C(7)

A building or structure wherein persons regularly assemble for religious worship and which is maintained and controlled by a religious body organized to sustain public worship.

Recreation

Amusement Park or Center

P-II

 

 

 

 

P

 

A group of amusement devices for children and/or adults and their accessory uses.

Bowling Alley

P-I

 

 

P

 

 

 

A recreational facility which includes bowling lanes, and may include a small lounge, restaurant or snack bar, video games and pool tables.

Community Garden

P-I

P

 

P

 

P

 

Land set aside for collective use for an organization or for the general public to grow produce and/or flowers. Excluding marijuana.

Open Space

P-I

P

P

P

P

P

P

A common, accessible area that is shared by residents of a subdivision and/or by the public and is left in its natural or undisturbed state.

Park, Community

P-II

P

P

P

P

P

P

Regional park facility that serves an area of over 10,000 in population and is 20 to 100 acres.

Park, Urban

P-II

P

P

P

P

P

P

A park providing public access and recreational, educational, cultural, historical, or aesthetic amenities.

Private/HOA Parks

P-I

P

P

P

 

P

P

A park area under common ownership by a homeowners association.

Trail

P-II

P

P

P

P

P

P

A paved or unpaved path used for walking, hiking, running, bicycling and/or horseback riding.

Repair Services

Minor Service Repairs Within the Confines of a Building; No Outside Storage or Repair

P-I

P

P

P

P

P

P

An establishment providing minor repair services such as shoe repair, tailoring, bicycle repairs, computer repairs or similar type uses.

Residential

Adult Family Home

P-I

P

P

P

P

P

P

A residential home in which a person or persons provide personal care, special care, room, and board to more than 1 but not more than 6 adults who are not related by blood or marriage to the person or persons providing the services.

Assisted Living/Independent Living

P-II

 

 

 

 

P

P

A state licensed group residence for adults per Chapter 18.20 RCW.

Boarding House

P-I

 

P(16)

P(16)

 

 

 

A building other than a motel, where lodging and meals are provided for more than 5 persons for compensation on a long-term basis.

Congregate Care Facility

P-III

C

 

P/C(7)(17)

 

P(17)

P(17)

A residential facility for the elderly and/or handicapped persons.

Daycare, Family

P-I

P

P(8)

P(13)

P

 

 

A residence used for the care of children under the age of 12 or seniors located in the family dwelling of the person or persons under whose direct care the child or children are placed, accommodating 12 or fewer, such numbers to include those members of the resident family who are under the age of 12 years old.

Dwelling, Accessory

P-I

AC(18)

 

 

 

 

 

A secondary living unit that is located on the same property as the primary dwelling.

Dwelling, Cottage

P-II

P(20)

 

 

 

 

 

A minimum of 4 small detached single-family homes located together in a neighborhood format around common open space.

Dwelling, Duplex

P-I

P

P(37)

P(21)

 

 

 

A detached building, designed for 2 families living independently of each other and divided by a common wall.

Dwelling, Triplex

P-I

 

P(37)

 

 

 

 

A detached building, designed for 3 families living independently of each other and divided by a common wall.

Dwelling, Multiple-Family

P-II

P(7)

 

P

 

 

P

A building designed for 3 or more families living independently of each other, including apartment houses but not including hotels, trailers, or mobile/manufactured homes.

Dwelling, Single-Family

P-I

P

P(37)

P(21)

 

 

 

A detached building designed for or occupied exclusively by 1 family.

Dwelling, Townhouse

P-I

P

P(8)(37)

P

 

P(8)

 

A dwelling unit that is: occupied by 1 family; has no units above or under it; and is attached to other units by common side walls.

Enhanced Service Facility Conversion Category 1 – Existing Nursing Home Conversion of Up to a 16-Bed Facility (21)

P-III

C

 

P

 

P

P

A facility licensed under Chapter 70.97 RCW that provides support and services to persons for whom acute inpatient treatment is not medically necessary.

Enhanced Service Facility Conversion Category 2 – Existing Assisted Living Conversion of Up to a 16-Bed Facility (21)

P-II

C

 

P

 

P

P

A facility licensed under Chapter 70.97 RCW that provides support and services to persons for whom acute inpatient treatment is not medically necessary.

Enhanced Service Facility Conversion Category 3 – Existing Adult Family Home Conversion of Up to a 6-Bed Facility (21)

P-I

P

 

 

 

 

 

A facility licensed under Chapter 70.97 RCW that provides support and services to persons for whom acute inpatient treatment is not medically necessary.

Group Care Facilities

 

P

P

P

 

 

 

Shared living quarters (without separate kitchen or bathroom facilities for each room or unit) for 7 or more persons with physical or mental impairments that substantially limit 1 or more of such person’s major life activities when such persons are not living together as a single household unit.

Group Home

P-I

 

 

P(19)

 

P(19)

 

A facility licensed by the state to provide 24-hour training, care, custody, correction or control, or any combination of those functions, to 1 or more persons. This term shall not include schools, hospitals, prisons or other social service facilities.

Home Occupation

P-I

AC(22)

AC(22)

AC(22)

 

AC

AC(22)

A business carried on within a dwelling unit or accessory building which is incidental and secondary to the residential use.

Live/Work Units

P-1

 

P(38)

P

 

 

P

“Live/work unit” means a single dwelling unit in a detached building, or in a multifamily or mixed-use building, that also accommodates limited commercial uses within the dwelling unit. The predominate use of a live/work unit is residential, and commercial activity is a secondary use.

Mixed Use

P-II

P

P

P(8)

 

P(8)

P

Residential and commercial uses within a single building or development that may occur either within 1 story as a horizontal mix, in 1 structure with multiple stories as a vertical mix or in more than 1 detached structure.

Retail Trade Establishments

Retail Shop – Boutique Style Less Than 3,000 Square Feet

P-I

 

P

P

P

 

P

Small scale retail uses such as boutiques, bakeries, florists, convenience stores, pharmacies, and more.

Retail Shop – Mid-Range Between 3,000 and 10,000 Square Feet (Non-Strip Mall Design)

P-I

P

P

P

 

P

 

Midsized retail uses such as grocery stores, sporting goods store, large thrift stores, office supplies, and more.

Retail – Strip Mall or Big Box Greater Than 10,000 Square Feet

P-III

 

 

C

 

C

C

Large scale retail uses such as supermarkets, construction supply stores, furniture stores, and more.

Agricultural Produce Stand

P-I

P

 

P

P

P

 

A farm stand that sells produce including fresh, dried or bottled vegetables and fruits and plants/flowers.

Farmer’s Market

P-I

P

P

P

P

P

P

Retail area, outdoors or indoors, where vendors sell produce, baked goods, food and/or limited crafts to the public.

Kiosk/Vending Machine

P-I

AC(23)

AC(23)

AC(23)

AC(23)

AC(23)

AC(23)

Mobile units such as kiosks and vending machines that dispense products for sale including but not limited to beverages, food and video.

Marijuana Retailer

P-I

 

C

 

 

 

 

As set forth in RCW 69.50.101. – a person licensed by the board to sell marijuana concentrates, usable marijuana, and marijuana-infused products in a retail outlet.

Plant Nursery

P-I

 

 

P

 

 

P

An enterprise, establishment, or portion thereof that conducts the retailing or wholesaling of plants grown on the site, as well as accessory items (but not farm implements) directly related to their care and maintenance.

Retail Prepared Food/Beverage Establishments

Bars and Cocktail Lounges

P-I

 

P

P

 

P

P

A business conducted entirely within a building wherein primarily alcoholic beverages are sold at retail for consumption on the premises. Limited food service and live entertainment may be provided as an accessory use. Excludes night clubs, restaurants, and taverns.

Catering

P-I

P(24)

P(24)

P

P

P

P

An establishment that prepares food on site and delivers it to another location for consumption. Caterers may also provide party planning and occasional hourly labor for special events.

Beverage Stand

P-I

P(24)

P(24)(26)

P(25)(26)

P(25)(26)

P(25)(26)

 

Restaurants specializing in coffee, tea, and other assorted beverage products, accessory baked goods and concessions.

Restaurant

P-I

P(24)(26)

P(24)(26)

P(25)

P(25)(26)

P(25)(26)

P

An establishment whose primary business is the sale of food and beverages to patrons for consumption on the premises.

Tavern

P-I

 

P(24)

P

 

 

P

A business conducted entirely within a building where beer and/or wine is served to the public, which holds a class “A” or “B” license from the Washington State Liquor and Cannabis Board. Limited food service and live entertainment may be provided as an accessory use. Excludes bars/cocktail lounges, night clubs and restaurants.

Schools

Elementary School

P-III

C

 

 

 

 

 

Any school, public or private, intended for the education of children from kindergarten through the fifth grade.

Preschool Facility

P-II/

P-III

 

P(8)

P or C

 

 

 

An educational establishment that provides instruction and daytime care, for 4 or more children between the ages of 2 and 5 years.

School, Other

P-I

 

P(27)

 

 

 

 

Places for systematic instruction, to include trade, vocational/technical, art, music, dance, and business schools or similar type institutions.

Wholesale Storage/Distribution Facilities

Detached Commercial Accessory Storage

P-III

 

C(28)

C(28)

C(28)

C(28)

 

Storage structure that is subordinate and incidental to a commercial or industrial use. This use is not a mini-warehouse storage unit facility.

Utilities

Electrical Equipment and Pole Storage Yard Associated With an Electrical Substation

P-I

P(29)(36)

P(29)(36)

P(29)(36)

P(29)(36)

P(29)(36)

P(29)(36)

Area used for the storage of equipment and support poles associated with permitted electrical substations.

Electrical Substation

P-II

P(29)

P

P

P

P

 

A facility that provides transmission and distribution of electric power.

Electrical Transmission Lines

P-II

 

P

P

 

P

 

Lines which connect the power produced at generating facilities to substations.

Recycle Collection Stand

P-II

 

AC

AC

AC

AC

 

A movable kiosk for the collection of recyclable materials or donations such as newspapers, clothing or books.

Sewage Lift Station

P-II

P(29)

 

P

P

 

 

The station in a sewer system where the wastewater needs to be pumped (lifted) to a higher elevation so that gravity can be used to bring the wastewater to the treatment plant.

Water Well and Pump Station

P-II

P

 

 

 

 

 

Infrastructure used to move water from a ground water source and convey water within a utility system.

Water, Drainage or Sewage Infrastructure

P-II

P

P

P

P

P

P

Pipes, installations and other infrastructure that are part of a system used for the purpose of water, drainage or sewage.

Wireless Communications Facilities

Co-Location PWCA

P-I

P(30)

P(30)

P(30)

P(30)

P(30)

P(30)

The placement and arrangement of multiple providers’ antennas and equipment on a single support structure or equipment pad area.

Minor Facilities

P-I

P(31)

P(31)

P(31)

P(31)

P(31)

P(31)

Wireless communications facility consisting of up to 3 antennas within specified size limitations.

Single PWCF

P-II

P(32)

P(32)

P(32)

P(32)

P(32)

P(32)

A wireless communications facility for the transmission and/or reception of radio frequency signals associated with personal wireless services and which may include antennas, equipment shelter or cabinet, transmission cables, a support structure, reception and transmission devices and antennas and temporary or portable service facilities.

Monopole Towers

P-III

C(33)

C(33)

C(33)

C(33)

C(33)

C(33)

Any structure built for the sole or primary purpose of supporting any FCC-licensed or authorized antennas and their associated facilities.

Small Cell Facilities

P-I

P(34)

P(34)

P(34)

P(34)

P(34)

P(34)

A personal wireless services facility that meets the requirements of Chapters 17.200 through 17.220 SMC.

Other

Indoor Emergency Shelters

P-I

P

P

P

P

P

P

“Emergency shelter” means a facility that provides a temporary shelter for individuals or families who are currently homeless. Emergency shelter may not require occupants to enter into a lease or an occupancy agreement. Emergency shelter facilities may include day and warming centers that do not provide overnight accommodations.

Indoor Emergency Housing

P-I

 

P

P

P

P

P

“Emergency housing” means temporary indoor accommodations for individuals or families who are homeless or at imminent risk of becoming homeless that are intended to address the basic health, food, clothing, and personal hygiene needs of individuals or families. Emergency housing may or may not require occupants to enter into a lease or an occupancy agreement.

Temporary Uses

P-I

P

P

P

P

P

P

A use established for a fixed period of time with the intent to discontinue such use upon the expiration of such time.

Transitional Housing

P-I

P

 

 

 

P

P

Housing and supportive services to homeless persons or families for up to 2 years and that has as its purpose facilitating the movement of homeless persons and families into independent living.

Commercial and Mixed-Use Zoning Use Conditions.

(1) Subject to animal services grooming parlor conditions in SMC 8.02.480.

(2) Retail trade establishments are limited to 50,000 square feet gross floor area per individual establishment. A business license and compliance with conditions in SMC 17.100.060 for permitting a bed and breakfast use are required. Bed and breakfast residence use is limited to four rooms per residence. Bed and breakfast inn use is limited to six rooms in the SR 5.0 zone, 10 rooms in the MR zone and 16 rooms in the GC zone.

(3) Permitted when located in the mixed use overlay and part of a mixed use project as defined in SMC 17.79.030.

(4) A hobby kennel license is required for a total of four or more dogs and four or more cats over three months of age. A maximum of four animals is allowed when the parcel is under one acre, five animals per acre are allowed when the parcel is one to five acres and 25 animals are allowed when the parcel is over five acres. These maximums may be exceeded with special hobby kennel permit issued administratively by the animal control officer pursuant to SMC 8.02.450 and 8.02.470; provided, however, that in all cases exceeding the maximum standard by six animals requires a conditional use permit. All indoor and outdoor kennels shall comply with the animal control and licensing standards contained in Chapter 8.02 SMC. Three or fewer animals are allowed as an accessory use without a kennel license as pets.

(5) No outdoor kennels.

(6) Automobile repair is limited to minor repair services in the general commercial zone and to minor and major repair services as defined in SMC 17.20.020 in the light industrial zone. Minor repair, major repair and paint/body shops are permitted in the general industrial zone.

(7) Minimum land area of 20,000 square feet is required. This standard may be modified through the conditional use permit process provided in SMC 17.80.120.

(8) Permitted in the transit overlay when part of a transit-oriented project as defined in SMC 17.77.040.

(9) Subject to standards in SMC 17.100.055.

(10) A business license and compliance with conditions in SMC 17.100.060 for permitting a bed and breakfast use are required.

(11) Restaurants that serve lunches and/or dinner shall be allowed in bed and breakfast accommodations.

(12) In the general commercial zone, light manufacturing is limited to assembly and fabrication of products such as medical equipment, optics, electrical and electronic goods.

(13) All daycare uses shall comply with the daycare facilities requirements provided in SMC 17.95.382. Family daycare shall require a home occupation permit.

(14) Limited to drop-off and pick-up with no on-site dry cleaning allowed.

(15) Twenty thousand square feet of land area are required. This minimum land area requirement may be reduced through the conditional use permit process in SMC 17.80.120 provided the lot meets the minimum lot size standard for the zone.

(16) Boarding/rooming houses shall be allowed only as second or third floor activities over retail trade, personal service or business professional service establishments, and not as ground floor uses.

(17) Limited to 30 rooms/increment of minimum land area.

(18) One accessory dwelling unit per lot is allowed. Accessory dwelling units shall comply with the criteria and design standards set forth in SMC 17.95.470 through 17.95.480.

(19) This use shall comply with the special residential use requirements provided in SMC 17.95.375. Group homes are limited to six rooms in the GC zone.

(20) Cottage housing units shall comply with the requirements in SMC 17.95.450.

(21) Permitted when part of a mixed-use development.

(22) A home occupation permit and business license are required. Home occupations shall comply with the requirements in SMC 17.95.380.

(23) Kiosks/vending machines are permitted only as accessory uses inside a building.

(24) No drive-through service allowed.

(25) Drive-up windows allowed subject to the supplemental standards for drive-through facilities provided in SMC 17.100.040.

(26) Outside dining is limited to areas designated for such use, shall be in keeping with the exterior architectural theme of the building, and shall not permit the consumption of food or beverages within automobiles.

(27) Permitted when located in the historic downtown overlay, provided there is no outdoor display or storage.

(28) Detached accessory storage shall comply with nonresidential performance standards in SMC 17.100.075, conditions for permitting detached storage structures in commercial zones, and the additional architectural standards in SMC 17.112.030 in the MB-I and MB-II zoning districts, and SMC 17.112.040 in the GC zoning district.

(29) Minimum land area of 10,000 square feet required.

(30) Subject to the wireless communications facilities standards in Chapter 17.220 SMC.

(31) Minor facilities are limited to co-location on an existing monopole and are subject to the wireless communications facilities standards in Chapter 17.220 SMC.

(32) Limited to one personal wireless communications facility (PWCF) on existing light standards and power poles within the public right-of-way and subject to the wireless communications facilities standards in Chapter 17.220 SMC.

(33) All small wireless communication facilities shall be subject to the requirements of Chapters 17.200, 17.205, and 17.210 SMC.

(34) Monopole towers only are permitted. Guy and lattice towers are prohibited. Limited to locations on properties with existing public use, except in the general commercial and general industrial zones subject to a conditional use permit, and subject to the wireless communications facilities standards in Chapter 17.220 SMC.

(35) The cross-section areas of service station canopy supports where they meet the ground shall be measured as coverage for the purposes of determining maximum lot coverage and also shall be used for the measurement of setback requirements.

(36) Pole yards and storage areas shall be screened from adjacent residential or commercial uses. Chain link fences with slats are not allowed.

(37) Only permitted on properties fronting on 102nd Avenue and north of 272nd Street in the MB-I zoning district. All parking must be maintained on site. No parking shall be allowed on street or in an alley.

(38) Live/work units are allowed as part of a mixed-use development.

(Ord. 1499 § 2 (Exh. B), 2021).

17.30.080 Industrial use zoning table established.

Permitted Use Table: Industrial Zones 

Land Use

Permit Type

LI

GI

Abbreviated Definition

(Chapter 17.20 SMC Contains Full Definition)

Animal Services

Kennel, Commercial Indoor/Outdoor

P-I

P(1)

 

A building holding 4 or more domestic animals over 4 months of age for boarding, breeding, sale, or treatment.

Veterinarian Hospital or Clinic

P-II

P

 

A building used to provide health care services to animals.

Automotive Services

Automobile or Truck Repair and Services

P-I

P(2)

P(2)

An establishment that provides a variety of levels of repair, sales, handling, maintaining, or disposing of motor vehicles.

Automobile Sales and Service, New or Used

P-I

P

P

An establishment that sells new or used motorized vehicles as its primary use, and allows for minor or major repairs, or paint and body work.

Automobile Service Station

P-I

P(3)

 

A building that sells or supplies fuels, lubricants, air, water, and other operating commodities for motor vehicles or boats.

Car Wash

P-I

AC

 

A building, or portion thereof, for washing automobiles utilizing mechanical devices.

Impound, Storage, Tow Yards

P-I

AC(4)

AC(4)

A lot used for temporary storage of vehicles which have been towed by a towing company or for impounded vehicles.

Parking Lots, Garages

P-I

AC, P(5)

AC, P(5)

A building, or area beneath a building, except those described as a private garage, used for the parking only of automotive vehicles.

Parking Structure, Commercial

P-I

P

P(5)

A standalone structure used for the storage or parking of motor vehicles.

Towing

P-I

P(6)

P(6)

A service that provides the towing of a disabled vehicle or trailer.

Wrecking

P-I

 

P(6)

The dismantling/wrecking of 1 or more motor vehicles or trailers; and/or the storage, sale, or dumping of dismantled vehicles or their parts.

Cultural/Entertainment

Adult Entertainment Facility

P-I

 

P(7)

A room or building devoted to the exhibition of works of art or an institution or business exhibiting or dealing in works of art.

Live Entertainment

P-I

AC

 

Music, comedy, readings, dancing, acting, or other entertainment performed at an establishment such as a theater or concert hall.

Hotels and Guest Houses

Bed and Breakfast

P-I

 

P(5)

A building other than a hotel or nursing home where meals and short-term lodging of more than 2 rooms are provided for compensation.

Hotel

P-I

P(8)

 

Any building containing more than 6 guest rooms intended to be used, rented or hired out to be occupied for sleeping purposes.

Resort

P-III

P(8)

 

A hotel that serves as a destination point for visitors; generally provides recreational facilities for paying guests on vacation.

Industrial

Building Construction Yard

P-I

 

P

An outdoor area consisting of short-term parking and storage of equipment and supplies used in the construction industry and may contain an office.

Food and Beverage Processing Facility

P-I

P

P

Means sorting, packaging, bottling or labeling raw or semi-processed food or beverages into a product.

Freezer Plant/Cold Storage/Food Mill

P-I

 

P

An industrial business providing refrigeration and storage of food or products requiring refrigeration/freezing and may include food processing.

Laboratory

P-I

P

P

A place devoted to experimental study, such as testing and analyzing, as well as physical diagnostic facilities. Manufacturing of any product is not considered part of this definition.

Laundry Plant

P-I

 

P

An establishment for the mechanized washing and/or dry cleaning of clothing and the like.

Lumber and Wood Products Processing

P-I

 

P

A facility that fabricates wood products and/or provides mill work or construction and assembly of products made of wood.

Manufacturing, Heavy

P-II

 

P

A use engaged in the basic processing and manufacturing of materials or products predominantly from extracted or raw materials, or a use engaged in the storage of, or manufacturing processes that potentially involve, hazardous or commonly recognized offensive conditions.

Manufacturing, Light

P-II

P(9)

P(9)

A use engaged in the manufacture, predominantly from previously prepared materials, of finished products or parts, including process, fabrication, assembly, treatment, packaging, incidental storage, sales, and distribution of such products, but excluding basic industrial processing.

Communication Technology (TV Broadcasting, Radio Station, Video Production, Internet or Movie Production or Other Similar Technologies)

P-I

P

 

An industry consisting of the technological and commercial broadcasting institutions or filmmaking.

Printing, Publishing, and Allied Industry

P-I

P

P

An establishment providing printing and publishing services.

Office

Professional Office

P-I

P

P

A business providing expertise to clients for a fee for service in any of the following related categories: accounting, architecture, engineering, planning, law, medicine, music, art, interior design, real estate, writing, education, or any similar type of business.

Personal Services

Daycare Center

P-I

 

P(5)

Care of children under the age of 12, or seniors, located in a facility which accommodates 13 or more persons.

Equipment Rental

P-I

P

P

Equipment rental is a service providing machinery, equipment and tools of all kinds and sizes for a limited period of time to individual consumers.

Funeral Home

P-I

P

 

A building used for the preparation of the deceased for burial, the display of the deceased, and ceremonies connected wherewith before burial or cremation; crematories are not considered part of a funeral home or an accessory to a funeral home.

Health/Athletic Club

P-I

P

 

Gymnasiums (except those related to educational institutions), private clubs (athletic, health, or recreational), reducing salons, and weight control establishments.

Janitorial Services

P-I

P

P

A company providing janitorial services such as the cleaning of offices or other building establishments.

Laundromat/Dry Cleaner

P-I

P

P

An establishment providing dry cleaning businesses or washing, drying machines on the premises for rental use to the general public.

Mail/Small Shipping Store

P-I

P

 

An establishment that provides shipping, shredding, printing, fax, passport photos, personal and business mailboxes, and notary services.

Salon

P-I

 

P(5)

An establishment where hair cutting, coloring and styling, facials, manicures, lashes, and/or spa services are provided.

Tattoo and Piercing Parlors

P-I

 

P

A business designing and creating permanent graphic images on the human body; may include piercing.

Public Facilities

Courthouse

P-III

P

 

A building in which courts of law are regularly held.

Park and Ride Facility

P-II

P(5)

P(5)

A parking area designated for commuters using public transportation.

Post Office

P-I

P

 

A facility authorized by a postal system for posting, receipt, sorting, handling, transmission and delivery of mail and offering mail-related services.

Public Safety Station

P-II

 

P

A facility used for police and fire services.

Public Transit Storage and Maintenance Facility

P-II

 

P

A facility used for public transit storage and maintenance.

Public Transit Terminal

P-II

P(5)

P(5)

A terminal used for public transit.

Quasi-Public

Meeting Hall

P-II

P(10)

 

A building or grounds used for social, civic, or recreational purposes and owned and operated by a nonprofit organization and open to the general public.

Recreation

Bowling Alley

P-I

P

 

A recreational facility which includes bowling lanes, and may include a small lounge, restaurant or snack bar, video games and pool tables.

Go-Kart Track

P-I

P

 

Tracks used for go-kart racing.

Open Space

P-I

P

P

A common, accessible area that is shared by residents of a subdivision and/or by the public and could be left in its natural or undisturbed state, used as community gardens or conservation areas.

Park, Community

P-II

P

P

Regional park facility that serves an area of over 10,000 in population and is 20 to 100 acres.

Park, Neighborhood

P-II

P

P

A park of five to 20 acres serving an area of 2,000 to 10,000 population within a quarter to one-half mile service area.

Park, Urban

P-II

P

P

A park providing public access and recreational, educational, cultural, historical, or aesthetic amenities.

Skating Rink

P-I

P

 

A surface used for ice skating or roller skating located indoors or outdoors.

Swimming Pool

P-II

P

 

Any in-ground or above-ground structure designed for swimming, wading, or other aquatic recreational purposes.

Trail

P-II

P

P

A paved or unpaved path used for walking, hiking, running, bicycling and/or horseback riding.

Repair Services

Minor Service Repairs Within the Confines of a Building; No Outside Storage or Repair

P-I

P

 

An establishment providing minor repair services such as shoe repair, tailoring, bicycle repairs, computer repairs or similar type uses.

Small Appliance and Tool

P-I

P

 

An establishment repairing a wide variety of electrical, gas and mechanical appliances and tools.

Small Engines

P-I

P

P

An establishment repairing small engines (excluding automobiles).

Residential

Caretaker’s House

P-I

P(11)

P(11)

An accessory building for the sole use of a person employed on the premises.

Dwelling, Multiple-Family

P-II

 

P(5)

A building designed for 3 or more families living independently of each other, including apartment houses but not including hotels, trailers, or mobile/manufactured homes.

Dwelling, Townhouse

P-I

 

P(5)

A dwelling unit that is: occupied by 1 family; has no units above or under it; and is attached to other units by common side walls.

Home Occupation

P-I

 

AC

A business carried on within a dwelling unit or accessory building which is incidental and secondary to the residential use.

Mixed Use

P-II

 

P(5)

Residential and commercial uses within a single building or development that may occur either within one story as a horizontal mix, in 1 structure with multiple stories as a vertical mix or in more than 1 detached structure.

Retail Trade Establishments

Retail Shop – Boutique Style Less Than 3,000 Square Feet

 

P

 

Small scale retail uses such as boutiques, bakeries, florists, convenience stores, pharmacies, thrift stores, and more.

Retail Shop – Mid-Range Between 3,000 and 10,000 Square Feet (Non-Strip Mall Design)

 

P

P

Midsized retail uses such as grocery stores, sporting goods store, large thrift stores, office supplies, and more.

Retail – Strip Mall or Big Box Greater Than 10,000 Square Feet

 

C

C

Large scale retail uses such as supermarkets, construction supply stores, furniture stores, sporting goods store, and more.

Farmer’s Market

P-I

P(12)

 

Retail area, outdoors or indoors, where vendors sell produce, baked goods, food and/or limited crafts to the public.

Kiosk/Vending Machine

P-I

AC(13)

AC(13)

Mobile units such as kiosks and vending machines that dispense products for sale including but not limited to beverages, food and video.

Plant Nursery

P-I

P(12)

 

An enterprise, establishment, or portion thereof that conducts the retailing or wholesaling of plants grown on the site, as well as accessory items (but not farm implements) directly related to their care and maintenance.

Retail Prepared Food/Beverage Establishments

Bars and Cocktail Lounges

P-I

 

P

A business conducted entirely within a building wherein primarily alcoholic beverages are sold at retail for consumption on the premises. Limited food service and live entertainment may be provided as an accessory use. Excludes night clubs, restaurants, and taverns.

Catering

P-I

 

P

An establishment that prepares food on site and delivers it to another location for consumption. Caterers may also provide party planning and occasional hourly labor for special events.

Beverage Stand

P-I

 

P(14)

(15)

Restaurants specializing in coffee, tea, and other assorted beverage products, accessory baked goods and concessions.

Restaurant

P-I

 

P(14)

(15)

An establishment whose primary business is the sale of food and beverages to patrons for consumption on the premises.

Schools

Bus Transportation and Maintenance Facility

P-I

P

P

Any building and adjacent outdoor space required for the servicing, washing, and the overnight parking of buses or other mass transit vehicles that are used for transporting the public, tourists, school children, the elderly, and/or handicapped or construction workers.

Middle School

P-II

 

P(5)

Any school, public or private, intended for the education of children from the sixth through eighth grade.

Post-Secondary School

P-II

P

 

An institution providing a post-secondary level of education that is provided at academies, universities, colleges, seminaries, institutes of technology, and certain other collegiate-level institutions, such as vocational schools, trade schools, and career colleges, that award academic degrees or professional certifications.

Preschool Facility

P-I

P(5)

P(5)

An educational establishment that provides instruction and daytime care, for 4 or more children between the ages of 2 and 5 years.

School, Other

P-I

P

 

Places for systematic instruction, to include trade, vocational/technical, art, music, dance, and business schools or similar type institutions.

Wholesale Storage/Distribution Facilities

Detached Commercial Accessory Storage

P-I

C(16)

C(16)

Storage structure that is subordinate and incidental to a commercial or industrial use.

Equipment and Machinery Storage

P-I

 

P

An establishment handling heavy machinery used in agriculture, trucking, industry and manufacturing, and providing short-term storage in addition to sales. The use occurs both indoors and outdoors, and may include storage yards.

Freight Distribution Center

P-II

 

P

An industrial business receiving, storing and delivering a wide variety of goods to other wholesale or retail outlets typically by truck or train. Facilities may include a loading dock.

Fuel Storage Facility

P-III

 

C

An area used for the storage and distribution of petroleum products used for the powering of motor vehicles, boats and ships, and aircraft, and for the operation of electrical generating plants. The facilities may be above-ground or underground storage tanks of propane, gasoline and other petroleum storage and distribution.

Mini-Warehouse/Storage Facility

P-II

P(17)

P

A building or group of buildings consisting of individual storage units not exceeding 400 square feet per storage unit that are leased or owned for the storage of business and household goods or contractor’s supplies, not to be used for any wholesale or retail operations.

Moving Van and Storage Facilities

P-I

P(17)

P

An establishment providing trucking to move household or business furniture and both short-term or long-term storage facilities.

Warehouse Operations

P-II

P(17)

P

The storage of goods and materials. Warehouse operations may also include office and maintenance areas as accessory functions.

Wholesale Operations

P-II

P(17)

P

An establishment that includes large storage and distribution areas for receiving goods (such as produce) and shipping these goods to places such as grocery stores and restaurants or large facilities to provide items for sale to the public at wholesale prices. This definition excludes retail sales or clubs that sell wholesale goods to members as a retail transaction.

Utilities

Electrical Equipment and Pole Storage Yard

P-I

P(24)

(25)

P(24)

(25)

Area used for the storage of equipment and support poles associated with permitted electrical substations.

Electrical Generating Plant

P-II

 

C

An establishment or utility that provides electricity.

Electrical Substation

P-II

P

P

A facility that provides transmission and distribution of electric power.

Electrical Transmission Lines

P-II

P

P

Lines which connect the power produced at generating facilities to substations.

Recycle Collection Stand

P-II

AC

 

A movable kiosk for the collection of recyclable materials or donations such as newspapers, clothing or books.

Sewage Lift Station

P-II

P

 

The station in a sewer system where the wastewater needs to be pumped (lifted) to a higher elevation so that gravity can be used to bring the wastewater to the treatment plant.

Sewage Treatment Plant

P-II

 

C(18)

Any arrangement of devices and structures used for treating sewage and does not include the definition of “septage facility.”

Solid Waste Disposal/Recycling Center

P-II

 

C

A facility providing solid waste disposal or sorting and/or processing of recycled material for resale.

Water Well and Pump Station

P-II

P

 

Infrastructure used to move water from a ground water source and convey water within a utility system.

Water, Drainage or Sewage Infrastructure

P-II

P

P

Pipes, installations and other infrastructure that are part of a system used for the purpose of water, drainage or sewage.

Wireless Communication Facilities

Co-Location PWCA

P-I

P(19)

P(19)

The placement and arrangement of multiple providers’ antennas and equipment on a single support structure or equipment pad area.

Minor Facilities

P-I

P(20)

P(20)

Wireless communications facility consisting of up to 3 antennas within specified size limitations.

Single PWCF

P-II

P(21)

P(21)

A wireless communications facility for the transmission and/or reception of radio frequency signals associated with personal wireless services and which may include antennas, equipment shelter or cabinet, transmission cables, a support structure, reception and transmission devices and antennas and temporary or portable service facilities.

Monopole Towers

P-III

C(22)

C(22)

Any structure built for the sole or primary purpose of supporting any FCC-licensed or authorized antennas and their associated facilities.

Small Cell Facilities

P-I

P(23)

P(23)

A personal wireless services facility that meets the requirements in Chapters 17.200 through 17.220 SMC.

Other

Indoor Emergency Housing

P-I

P

 

“Emergency housing” means temporary indoor accommodations for individuals or families who are homeless or at imminent risk of becoming homeless that is intended to address the basic health, food, clothing, and personal hygiene needs of individuals or families. Emergency housing may or may not require occupants to enter into a lease or an occupancy agreement.

Indoor Emergency Shelter

P-I

P

 

“Emergency shelter” means a facility that provides a temporary shelter for individuals or families who are currently homeless. Emergency shelter may not require occupants to enter into a lease or an occupancy agreement. Emergency shelter facilities may include day and warming centers that do not provide overnight accommodations.

Transitional Housing

P-I

P

 

Housing and supportive services to homeless persons or families for up to 2 years and that has as its purpose facilitating the movement of homeless persons and families into independent living.

Temporary Uses

P-I

P

P

A use established for a fixed period of time with the intent to discontinue such use upon the expiration of such time.

Industrial Zoning Use Conditions.

(1) A hobby kennel license is required for a total of four or more dogs and four or more cats over three months of age. A maximum of four animals is allowed when the parcel is under one acre, five animals per acre are allowed when the parcel is one to five acres and 25 animals are allowed when the parcel is over five acres. These maximums may be exceeded with special hobby kennel permit issued administratively by the animal control officer pursuant to SMC 8.02.450 and 8.02.470; provided, however, that in all cases exceeding the maximum standard by six animals requires an administrative conditional use permit. All indoor and outdoor kennels shall comply with the animal control and licensing standards contained in Chapter 8.02 SMC. Three or fewer animals are allowed as an accessory use without a kennel license as pets.

(2) Automobile repair is limited to minor repair services in the general commercial zone and to minor and major repair services as defined in SMC 17.20.020 in the light industrial zone. Minor repair, major repair and paint/body shops are permitted in the general industrial zone.

(3) The cross-section areas of service station canopy supports where they meet the ground shall be measured as coverage for the purposes of determining maximum lot coverage and also shall be used for the measurement of setback requirements.

(4) A six-foot sight-obscuring fence or wall and landscaping consistent with Chapter 17.145 SMC, Landscape Performance Standards, shall be required.

(5) Permitted in the transit overlay when part of a transit-oriented project as defined in SMC 17.77.040.

(6) Twenty thousand square feet of land area are required. This minimum land area requirement may be reduced through the conditional use permit process in SMC 17.80.120 provided the lot meets the minimum lot size standard for the zone.

(7) Adult entertainment uses shall be located only in the adult entertainment overlay zone and shall comply with the requirements in SMC 5.32.030.

(8) Limited to 30 rooms/increment of minimum land area.

(9) Accessory retail limited to 2,000 square feet for goods manufactured, assembled or distributed on site.

(10) Minimum land area of 20,000 square feet is required. This standard may be modified through the conditional use permit process provided in SMC 17.80.120.

(11) Caretaker units are limited to one per parcel.

(12) Retail trade establishments are limited to 50,000 square feet gross floor area per individual establishment.

(13) Kiosks/vending machines are permitted only as accessory uses inside a building.

(14) Outside dining is limited to areas designated for such use, shall be in keeping with the exterior architectural theme of the building, and shall not permit the consumption of food or beverages within automobiles.

(15) Drive-up windows allowed subject to the supplemental standards for drive-through facilities provided in SMC 17.100.040.

(16) Detached accessory storage shall comply with nonresidential performance standards in SMC 17.100.075, conditions for permitting detached storage structures in commercial zones, and the additional architectural standards in SMC 17.112.030 in the MB-I and MB-II zoning districts, SMC 17.112.040 in the NB, GC and GI zoning districts and SMC 17.112.045 in the LI zoning district.

(17) Accessory retail limited to 2,000 square feet for goods manufactured, assembled or distributed on site.

(18) Privately owned and operated sewage treatment plants, including but not limited to septage facilities, are not permitted.

(19) Subject to the wireless communications facilities standards in Chapter 17.220 SMC.

(20) Minor facilities are limited to co-location on an existing monopole and are subject to the wireless communications facilities standards in Chapter 17.220 SMC.

(21) Limited to one personal wireless communications facility (PWCF) on existing light standards and power poles within the public right-of-way and subject to the wireless communications facilities standards in Chapter 17.220 SMC.

(22) Monopole towers only are permitted. Guy and lattice towers are prohibited. Limited to locations on properties with existing public use, except in the general commercial and general industrial zones subject to a conditional use permit, and subject to the wireless communications facilities standards in Chapter 17.220 SMC.

(23) All small wireless communication facilities shall be subject to the requirements of Chapters 17.200, 17.205, and 17.210 SMC.

(24) Minimum land area of 10,000 square feet required.

(25) Pole yards and storage areas shall be screened from adjacent residential or commercial uses. Chain link fences with slats are not allowed.

(Ord. 1499 § 2 (Exh. B), 2021).

17.30.090 Public facilities zoning table established.

Permitted Use Table: Parks and Open Space 

Land Use

Permit Type

POS

Abbreviated Definition

(Chapter 17.20 SMC Contains Full Definition)

Recreation

Athletic Field

P-I

P

Grounds used for playing sports or games generally but not exclusively outdoors. Generally, playing fields are wide expanses of grass, dirt or sand without many obstructions.

Ball Park

P-II

P

An athletic field or stadium in which games such as baseball or soccer are played.

Batting Cage

P-II

P

An area where pitching machines enable batting practice in a controlled environment for recreational purposes.

Community Garden

P-I

P

Land set aside for collective use for an organization or for the general public to grow produce and/or flowers. No marijuana shall be grown in such gardens.

Conservation Area

P-I

P

A tract of land that has protected status in order to ensure that natural features, cultural heritage or biota are safeguarded. A conservation area may be a nature reserve, a park, a land reclamation project or other area.

Golf Course

P-III

P

A tract of land for the playing of the game of golf, with tees, greens, fairways, hazards, etc. A golf course may be 9 or 18 holes in length.

Open Space

P-I

P

A common, accessible area that is shared by residents of a subdivision and/or by the public and is left in its natural or undisturbed state.

Park, Community

P-III

P

Regional park facility that serves an area of over 10,000 in population and is 20 to 100 acres.

Park, Neighborhood

P-II

P

A park of 5 to 20 acres serving an area of 2,000 to 10,000 population within a quarter to one-half mile service area.

Park, Urban

P-II

P

A park providing public access and recreational, educational, cultural, historical, or aesthetic amenities.

Playground

P-I

P

A piece of land used for and usually equipped with facilities for recreation especially by children. This definition includes small parcels developed as “tot lots” and may include playground equipment such as swings, slides and climbing structures.

Recreation Area/Facility

P-I

P

Any privately or publicly owned passive or active park, playground, sports field, access easement, beach, or other recreation area.

Swimming Pool

P-III

P

Any in-ground or above-ground structure designed for swimming, wading or other aquatic recreational purposes.

Trail

P-II

P

A path paved or unpaved used for walking, hiking, running, bicycling and/or horseback riding.

Utilities

Electrical Equipment and Pole Storage Yard

P-I

P(1)(2)

Area used for the storage of equipment and support poles associated with permitted electrical substations.

Water, Drainage or Sewage Infrastructure

P-II

P

Pipes, installations and other infrastructure that are part of a system used for the purpose of water, drainage or sewage.

Other

Temporary Uses

P-I

P

A use established for a fixed period of time with the intent to discontinue such use upon the expiration of such time. Such uses do not involve the construction or alteration of any permanent structure.

Public Facilities Use Conditions.

(1) Minimum land area of 10,000 square feet required.

(2) Pole yards and storage areas shall be screened from adjacent residential or commercial uses. Chain link fences with slats are not allowed.

(Ord. 1499 § 2 (Exh. B), 2021).