Chapter 18.19
CS COMMUNITY SERVICES ZONE DISTRICT

Sections:

18.19.010    Intent.

18.19.020    Permitted uses.

18.19.030    Accessory uses.

18.19.040    Conditional uses.

18.19.050    Density regulations.

18.19.010 Intent.

The intent of the community services (CS) zone district is to establish and preserve areas for community services which are needed to serve the residents of the city, Thurston Region and the state. It is desirable for development to occur in a campus-like setting, through the use of greenbelts, walkways, shared parking facilities, and mutual pedestrian and traffic access easements. Development should be oriented to create convenient pedestrian and transit access.

(Ord. O2001-020, Amended, 05/07/2002; Ord. O98-009, Amended, 10/20/1998; Ord. O97-024, Amended, 03/03/1998; Ord. O96-022, Amended, 12/19/1996; Ord. O95-035, Amended, 12/19/1995; Ord. 1230, Added, 11/20/1990)

18.19.020 Permitted uses.

Uses permitted in the CS district are as follows:

A.    General offices, personal and professional services;

B.    Schools;

C.    Community center;

D.    Parks and open space areas;

E.    Personal and professional services;

F.    Entertainment facilities;

G.    Recreational facilities;

H.    Post office, parcel delivery facility;

I.    Museum, library, art gallery;

J.    Child day care center; child mini-day care center;

K.    Group foster homes;

L.    Support facilities;

M.    Family child care home;

N.    General retail sales limited to fifteen thousand square feet or less;

O.    Planned unit development;

P.    Restaurants;

Q.    Parking structures;

R.    Parking lots as separate, primary uses are permitted. The proposed parking lot shall exclusively serve specifically identified uses in or adjacent to the district to accommodate shared employee or customer parking or off-site employee parking. The uses served by the lot may change over time. Parking lots are prohibited on corner lots;

S.    Park and ride lots;

T.    All uses which were legally established prior to January 1, 1997, except where there is a cessation of the use for three or more years;

U.    Attached wireless communication facilities, except that it is prohibited to attach a nonaccessory wireless communication antenna on a single-family or two-family dwelling;*

V.    Adult family homes, residential care facilities;

W.    Electric vehicle infrastructure;

X.    Community gardens;

Y.    Farmers markets;

Z.    Centers for senior citizens, youth, general community and similar groups;

AA.    Civic center complex;

BB.    Taverns, cocktail lounges;

CC.    Wildlife refuges and forest preserves;

DD.    Temporary expansions of schools, such as portable classrooms;

EE.    Food trucks or trailers in accordance with TMC 18.42.120;

FF.    Food truck or trailer courts in accordance with TMC 18.42.120.

*Wireless communication facilities are subject to Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) standards and approval, and furthermore are subject to provisions for wireless communication facilities in TMC Chapter 11.20, Wireless Communication Facilities.

(Ord. O2019-020, Amended, 11/19/2019; Ord. O2018-025, Amended, 12/18/2018; Ord. O2017-006, Amended, 07/18/2017; Ord. O2010-029, Amended, 06/07/2011; Ord. O2010-015, Amended, 09/07/2010; Ord. O2001-020, Amended, 05/07/2002; Ord. O97-019, Amended, 06/17/1997; Ord. O96-022, Amended, 12/17/1996; Ord. O95-035, Added, 12/19/1995)

18.19.030 Accessory uses.

Accessory uses in the CS district are as follows:

A.    Off-street parking and loading areas;

B.    Home occupations, as approved by the director of community development;

C.    Preschool childcare facilities;

D.    Noncommercial recreational structures, which could include swimming pools and recreational ball courts;

E.    Energy systems;

F.    Storage, if less than fifty percent of the gross floor area of the primary structure;

G.    On-site hazardous waste treatment and storage facilities; and

H.    Accessory wireless communication antenna.*

*Emergency communication towers and antennas and wireless communication facilities are subject to Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) standards and approval, and furthermore both uses are subject to provisions for wireless communication facilities in TMC Chapter 11.20, Wireless Communication Facilities.

(Ord. O2018-025, Amended, 12/18/2018; Ord. O2011-002, Amended, 03/01/2011; Ord. O97-019, Amended, 06/17/1997; Ord. O96-022, Amended, 12/17/1996; Ord. O95-035, Amended, 12/19/1995; Ord. 1230, Added, 11/20/1990)

18.19.040 Conditional uses.

Conditional uses in the CS district are as follows:

A.    Private clubs and lodges;

B.    Wireless communication towers;*

C.    Churches;

D.    The following essential public facilities:

1.    State education facilities,

2.    Transportation facilities, large scale state or regional,

3.    Prisons, jails and other correctional facilities,

4.    Emergency communication towers and antennas.*

*Emergency communication towers and antennas and wireless communication facilities are subject to Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) standards and approval, and furthermore both uses are subject to provisions for wireless communication facilities in TMC Chapter 11.20, Wireless Communication Facilities.

(Ord. O2018-025, Amended, 12/18/2018; Ord. O2017-006, Amended, 07/18/2017; Ord. O97-019, Amended, 06/17/1997; Ord. O96-022, Amended, 12/19/1996; Ord. O95-035, Amended, 12/17/1995; Ord. 1288, Amended, 06/04/1991; Ord. 1230, Added, 11/20/1990)

18.19.050 Density regulations.

A.    Site area: no minimum, except the lot shall be adequate to provide for required parking, yards, and landscaping.

B.    Lot coverage, maximum impervious surface: eighty-five percent of the total area of the lot.

C.    Structure height:* a maximum of sixty-five feet; provided, however, that no structure shall penetrate imaginary airspace surfaces as defined by 14 C.F.R. Part 77. A map that provides detailed information on ground and imaginary airspace surface elevations is available for inspection in the community development department.

D.    Yards.**

1.    Front: no minimum setback on all street frontages;

2.    Side: five feet;

3.    Rear: five feet.

Where structures or portions of structures are adjacent to any residential zoning district, the minimum setback shall be twenty feet. Where structures are constructed over one story, the setback from the adjacent property line or lines shall be increased by ten feet for every story above the ground level story of the proposed new building, and shall be screened from view in accordance with TMC Chapter 18.47.

E.    Pedestrian Access.

1.    An on-site pedestrian circulation system shall be provided which links the street to the primary entrance(s) of the structure(s). Sidewalks or paved pedestrian ways must connect the required pedestrian system to existing pedestrian systems on adjacent developments if adequate safety and security can be maintained.

2.    Convenient, direct pedestrian access shall be provided between transit stops and the primary entrance(s) of the structure(s).

F.    Open Space/Park Area. For developments in which more than one-half the dwelling units are multifamily units, a minimum of fifteen percent of the gross site area shall be set aside and utilized as open space/park area for use and enjoyment of future residents. For developments in which more than one-half the dwelling units are single-family and/or duplex units (including mobile home parks), a minimum of ten percent of the gross site area shall be set aside. Such open space/park area shall at a minimum meet the following standards:

1.    For the purpose of calculation of the open space/park requirement, the open space/park area shall be separate and distinct from required yards, setbacks and landscaped areas, but may include areas of native vegetation that are allowed to fulfill the landscaping requirements of TMC Chapter 18.47. Open space/park areas may also include wetlands and their buffers, other critical areas, and stormwater facilities that are designed for active and/or passive recreation opportunities in accordance with the drainage design and erosion control manual for Tumwater.

2.    All open space/park areas must include any two or more facilities for active and/or passive recreation from the lists below. For open space/park areas within residential developments, at least one of the required recreation facilities must be from the list of active recreation facilities (this area may include stormwater facilities that are designed for active and/or passive recreation opportunities in accordance with the drainage design and erosion control manual for Tumwater).

a.    Active Recreation Facilities.

i.    Children’s play equipment, such as slides, swings, and play structures.

ii.    A paved hard court for activities such as basketball, tennis, pickleball, etc.

iii.    A flat, open lawn area that may serve as a ball field for active play.

iv.    Other active recreation facility if approved by the community development director upon consultation with the Tumwater parks and recreation director.

b.    Passive Recreation Facilities.

i.    Facilities for walking, such as trails, benches, etc.

ii.    Picnicking facilities, such as picnic tables, shelters, etc.

iii.    Public plazas.

iv.    Year-round water features such as a fountain, pond, stream, etc. These water features may be incorporated as part of a stormwater facility designed in accordance with the drainage design and erosion control manual for Tumwater.

v.    Other passive recreation facility if approved by the community development director upon consultation with the Tumwater parks and recreation director.

3.    The open space/park area shall have convenient access for residences/employees of the development and shall be consolidated to provide maximum access, visibility, usability, minimization of impacts to residential uses, and ease of maintenance. The requirement that the open space/park area be consolidated may be waived by the director of community development upon a finding that the residents of the development would receive a greater benefit if the required open space/park area were provided in another configuration due to the unique topographic conditions or fish and wildlife habitat values of the site.

4.    The open space/park area shall be designed and placed in consideration of existing and potential open space on adjacent parcels to consolidate or provide future opportunities for consolidation of neighborhood open space/park areas.

5.    Except where removal is required to meet active recreation requirements in this chapter, existing trees and significant vegetation shall be retained in open space/park areas unless an alternate landscaping plan for such areas is required or approved by the development review committee.

6.    Cash, or like value of land area and improvements within the neighborhood parks planning area where the site is located, may be donated to the city to fulfill the requirements of this section. The amount of cash required will be determined using a formula based on the cost of meeting the adopted level of service for neighborhood parks in the Tumwater parks and recreation plan.

7.    Open space/park areas shall be held in single ownership where such ownership assumes full responsibility for maintenance and operation, or held in common ownership by all of the owners in the development area through a homeowners’ association or similar organization. The city as a condition of approval may choose to accept dedication, or the maintenance and operation responsibilities for the area, when the area to be dedicated is one or more of the following:

a.    Greater than five acres.

b.    Adjacent to an established or future city park or school grounds.

c.    Includes access to a body of water, wetland, important fish/wildlife habitat, or other environmentally sensitive area.

d.    If the city determines it is in the public interest to accept public dedication.

* Subject to Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) standards and approval if they apply.

**See Diagram 18.04.670, Yard Determination Diagram, in TMC 18.04.230, Y definitions.

(Ord. O2017-022, Amended, 12/05/2017; Ord. O2016-037, Amended, 01/03/2017; Ord. O2011-002, Amended, 03/01/2011; Ord. O2004-009, Amended, 12/07/2004; Ord. O2001-020, Amended, 05/07/2002; Ord. O2000-004, Amended, 07/18/2000; Ord. O96-021, Amended, 12/02/1997; Ord. O96-022, Amended, 12/17/1996; Ord. O95-035, Amended, 12/19/1995; Ord. 1230, Added, 11/20/1990)