Chapter 17.57
OFF-STREET PARKING (B-P)

Sections:

17.57.010    Reservation and designation – Required.

17.57.020    Building establishments and use – Adequate parking provision required.

17.57.030    Plans – Approval required – Procedure.

17.57.040    Spaces – Computation.

17.57.050    Areas – Locations.

17.57.060    Mixed occupancy – Computation method for spaces required.

17.57.070    Unspecified uses – Requirements designated by community development director.

17.57.080    Adjoining facilities – Less space permitted – Approval required.

17.57.090    Loading spaces.

17.57.100    Plans – Contents – Approval required.

17.57.110    Building permits – Contingent upon evidence.

17.57.120    Entrances and exits – City engineer’s authority.

17.57.130    Occupancy permit – Issuance after designated requirements fulfilled.

17.57.140    Driveways – Minimum dimensions.

17.57.150    Landscaping – Required.

17.57.160    Landscaping – Maintenance.

17.57.170    Minimum dimensions.

17.57.010 Reservation and designation – Required.

Reservation and designation of an area to provide off-street parking facilities is required for a land use, in accordance with the standards and requirements of this chapter. [Ord. 17-18 § 1, 2018; Ord. 15-17 § 1 (Exh. A), 2017; Ord. 17-15 § 3, 2015; Ord. 40-07 § 1, 2007].

17.57.020 Building establishments and use – Adequate parking provision required.

The continued use of a building or structure is dependent on the continued existence and maintenance of off-street parking area(s) as required by this chapter. If the required parking area ceases to exist or ceases to be maintained, any occupancy or use of the building or structures is illegal and the occupancy permit is void.

A. For a new building or structure, there shall be established and maintained a permanent off-street parking area in conjunction with the building.

B. For existing buildings or structures, deficient in the number of required parking stalls, there shall be established and maintained a permanent off-street parking area within 1,000 feet, measured along a normal pedestrian route from a public entrance to the building. [Ord. 17-18 § 1, 2018; Ord. 15-17 § 1 (Exh. A), 2017; Ord. 17-15 § 3, 2015; Ord. 40-07 § 1, 2007].

17.57.030 Plans – Approval required – Procedure.

Before the granting of a building permit for any new building or structure, or for the enlargement thereof, or change of use in any building, the applicant for the building permit shall present evidence in writing that arrangements have been made to provide off-street parking and/or loading space in accordance with this title, or that the required amount of parking facilities has been provided by a satisfactory written contract, or present evidence of participation in an association which is providing adequate public off-street parking so required. Parking area plans shall be submitted to the city engineering and planning departments for their determination that the plans meet the requirements of this title and other city ordinances. Record of approval by the engineering and planning departments shall be written on the face of the plan and filed with the city. No use other than parking shall be permitted on the area so designated during the continued use of the building. [Ord. 17-18 § 1, 2018; Ord. 15-17 § 1 (Exh. A), 2017; Ord. 17-15 § 3, 2015; Ord. 40-07 § 1, 2007].

17.57.040 Spaces – Computation.

Parking areas shall contain at least the number of parking stalls or spaces as designated below for the following uses, with the exception of those commercial or industrial zoned properties, less than two acres in size, located between the Yakima River Bridge and N. 62nd Avenue and whose primary access is off of Van Giesen Street (Hwy. 224), which may reduce the overall minimum number of required parking spaces by 50 percent:

A. Apartment houses: two for each dwelling unit;

B. Banks, business and professional offices: one for each 200 square feet of gross floor area of the building;

C. Bowling alleys: four for each alley;

D. Churches, mortuaries, funeral homes, mausoleums, crematoriums, and columbariums: one for each four seats in the chapel or nave;

E. Drive-in restaurants, ice cream or soft drink refreshment establishments or similar drive-in uses which service auto-borne customers both within the building and outside the building: one for each 60 square feet of gross floor area of building;

F. Hotels and motels: one for each room and one for each two employees;

G. Hospitals, sanitariums, convalescent homes, nursing homes and rest homes: one for each five regular beds, plus one for each regular employee;

H. Industrial or manufacturing establishments: one for each 300 square feet of gross floor area of the building;

I. Medical and dental clinics: one for each 200 square feet of gross floor area of the building;

J. Mixed uses and basements: one for each 200 square feet of gross floor area of the building; basements with daylight and indirect public access, one for each 400 square feet of gross floor area; basements for storage only, no parking requirements;

K. Mobile home and/or recreational vehicle sales yard: one for each employee and one for each 100 square feet of gross floor area in the office and salesroom with a minimum of six parking spaces provided;

L. Other retail establishments such as furniture, appliance and hardware stores, household equipment service shops, clothing or shoe repair or service shops: one for each 400 square feet of gross floor area of the building, providing that each must have at least four parking spaces;

M. Outdoor sports area or parks without fixed seats: subject to review by the planning commission;

N. Restaurants, taverns, and any establishment for the sale and consumption within a building of food, alcoholic beverages, or refreshments: one for each 100 square feet of gross floor area of the building;

O. Shopping centers, markets, and food stores having not more than 2,000 square feet of gross floor area, exclusive of basement: one for each 400 square feet of gross floor area of the building;

P. Shopping centers, markets and food stores having more than 2,000 square feet but not more than 5,000 square feet of gross floor area, exclusive of basement: one for each 300 square feet of gross floor area of the building;

Q. Shopping centers, markets and food stores having more than 5,000 square feet of gross floor area, exclusive of basement: one for each 200 square feet of gross floor area of the building;

R. Theaters, stadiums, sports arenas, auditoriums and other places of assembly with fixed seats: one for each four seats or one for each six lineal feet of seating area of benches;

S. Theaters, stadiums, sports arenas, auditoriums, and other places of assembly without fixed seating: one for each 40 square feet of gross floor area;

T. Wholesale houses, warehouses, storage buildings, boat sales, motor vehicle or machinery sales: one for each two employees in the shop or warehouse areas and separate defined customer and employee parking at one for each 400 square feet of gross floor area in the office, sales or showroom portions of the building;

U. Schools: two spaces per classroom, plus one space per every full-time employee. [Ord. 17-18 § 1, 2018; Ord. 15-17 § 1 (Exh. A), 2017; Ord. 17-15 § 3, 2015; Ord. 40-07 § 1, 2007].

17.57.050 Areas – Locations.

Off-street parking areas shall be designed to be located on privately owned land. However, where the dedicated right-of-way is less than 60 feet, or where there is no right-of-way dedicated, the off-street parking area required shall be designed as though a 60-foot dedicated public right-of-way existed. Also where a dedicated public right-of-way exists greater than 60 feet, and the improved street is less than the dedicated right-of-way, the portion of the dedicated right-of-way which is both in excess of 60 feet and also in excess of the improved street may be treated as private property in the design of the required off-street parking area. [Ord. 17-18 § 1, 2018; Ord. 15-17 § 1 (Exh. A), 2017; Ord. 17-15 § 3, 2015; Ord. 40-07 § 1, 2007].

17.57.060 Mixed occupancy – Computation method for spaces required.

In the case of mixed uses, the total off-street parking requirements shall be the sum of the requirements for the various uses computed separately. [Ord. 17-18 § 1, 2018; Ord. 15-17 § 1 (Exh. A), 2017; Ord. 17-15 § 3, 2015; Ord. 40-07 § 1, 2007].

17.57.070 Unspecified uses – Requirements designated by community development director.

In the case of a use not specifically mentioned in this chapter, the requirements for off-street parking facilities shall be the same as the above-mentioned use which in the opinion of the community development director is the most analogous. [Ord. 17-18 § 1, 2018; Ord. 15-17 § 1 (Exh. A), 2017; Ord. 17-15 § 3, 2015; Ord. 40-07 § 1, 2007].

17.57.080 Adjoining facilities – Less space permitted – Approval required.

Where adjoining facilities of two or more businesses can be developed as one facility, and where efficiency of parking, circulation and economy of space will result from joint development, and where the total parking area involved is 10,000 square feet or greater, a reduction of the total combined required parking space shall be permitted subject to community development director approval. [Ord. 17-18 § 1, 2018; Ord. 15-17 § 1 (Exh. A), 2017; Ord. 17-15 § 3, 2015; Ord. 40-07 § 1, 2007].

17.57.090 Loading spaces.

An off-street loading space, having access to a public thoroughfare, is required adjacent to each business building hereafter erected or enlarged, and such loading space shall be of adequate size to accommodate the maximum number and size of vehicles simultaneously loaded or unloaded in connection with the business conducted in such building. No part of the truck or van using the loading space may project into the public thoroughfare. [Ord. 17-18 § 1, 2018; Ord. 15-17 § 1 (Exh. A), 2017; Ord. 17-15 § 3, 2015; Ord. 40-07 § 1, 2007].

17.57.100 Plans – Contents – Approval required.

The party developing a B-P area shall submit a plan of the parking area showing adjacent streets, proposed circulation of traffic, proposed drainage, proposed artificial lighting, proposed landscaping, fencing or screen planting to the city engineering and planning departments for their approval. [Ord. 17-18 § 1, 2018; Ord. 15-17 § 1 (Exh. A), 2017; Ord. 17-15 § 3, 2015; Ord. 40-07 § 1, 2007].

17.57.110 Building permits – Contingent upon evidence.

Before the granting of a building permit for any new building or structure, or for any enlargement thereof, or change of use in any building involved in any of the uses listed in WRMC 17.57.040, the applicant for the building permit shall present evidence in writing to the building inspector that arrangements have been made to provide off-street parking and/or loading space to be designated B-P (business parking) in accordance with these provisions, or that the required amount of parking facilities designated as a business parking area on the city zoning maps has been provided by a satisfactory written contract or present evidence of participation in an association which is providing adequate public off-street parking so designated. [Ord. 17-18 § 1, 2018; Ord. 15-17 § 1 (Exh. A), 2017; Ord. 17-15 § 3, 2015; Ord. 40-07 § 1, 2007].

17.57.120 Entrances and exits – City engineer’s authority.

A. The city engineer has the authority to fix the location, width and manner of approach of vehicular ingress or egress from a building or parking area to a public street and to alter existing ingress and egress as may be required to control street traffic in the interest of public safety and general welfare.

B. Parking area entrances or exits should not be located closer than 20 feet to a public street pedestrian crosswalk. A submitted plan showing a dimension less than 20 feet must be specifically approved by the city engineer. [Ord. 17-18 § 1, 2018; Ord. 15-17 § 1 (Exh. A), 2017; Ord. 17-15 § 3, 2015; Ord. 40-07 § 1, 2007].

17.57.130 Occupancy permit – Issuance after designated requirements fulfilled.

All off-street parking areas designated B-P (business parking) or public off-street parking areas required under WRMC 17.57.110 shall be hard-surfaced and completed to the required standards before an occupancy permit for the building use is issued.

A. All traffic-control devices such as parking stripes designating stalls, directional arrows or signs, bull rails, curbs, and other developments shall be installed and completed as shown on the approved plans. Hard-surfaced parking areas shall use paint or similar devices to delineate car stalls and directional arrows.

B. Where pedestrian walks are used in parking lots for the use of foot traffic only, they shall be curbed, or raised six inches above the lot surface.

C. All driveways, off-street parking areas and public off-street areas immediately adjacent to a service driveway which leads to a hard-surfaced public street shall be hard-surfaced with a minimum of two inches of asphaltic concrete, and for a driving distance of at least 50 feet from the public street.

D. Parking areas, service yards or other vehicle areas which slope down to adjoining properties or streets, or such areas which have a drop-off grade separation in relation to adjoining streets or properties, shall provide a wall, sturdy railing or other installation which will prevent a slow-moving or driverless car from escaping such areas. All car stalls within a B-P or public parking area shall be entered from within the B-P or public parking area. [Ord. 17-18 § 1, 2018; Ord. 15-17 § 1 (Exh. A), 2017; Ord. 17-15 § 3, 2015; Ord. 40-07 § 1, 2007].

17.57.140 Driveways – Minimum dimensions.

When off-street parking is provided in the rear of a building and a driveway or lane alongside the building provides an access to the rear parking area, such driveway shall require a minimum width of 12 feet and three feet minimum width sidewalk adjoining the building, curbed or raised six inches above the driveway surface. [Ord. 17-18 § 1, 2018; Ord. 15-17 § 1 (Exh. A), 2017; Ord. 17-15 § 3, 2015; Ord. 40-07 § 1, 2007].

17.57.150 Landscaping – Required.

Parking areas shall include landscaping as a part of their design and shall include tree and shrub plantings within the parking area at approximately every 70 feet on-center each way. Trees shall be a minimum of six feet in height at the time of planting. [Ord. 17-18 § 1, 2018; Ord. 15-17 § 1 (Exh. A), 2017; Ord. 17-15 § 3, 2015; Ord. 40-07 § 1, 2007].

17.57.160 Landscaping – Maintenance.

Shrubs and trees in the landscaping and screening shall be maintained in a healthy growing condition. Dead or dying trees or shrubs shall be replaced immediately and the planting area shall be maintained reasonably free of weeds and trash. [Ord. 17-18 § 1, 2018; Ord. 15-17 § 1 (Exh. A), 2017; Ord. 17-15 § 3, 2015; Ord. 40-07 § 1, 2007].

17.57.170 Minimum dimensions.

Off-street parking area dimensions shall be not less than as shown on Plates 1, 2 and 3.

Plate 1.

Plate 2.

Plate 3.

[Ord. 17-18 § 1, 2018; Ord. 15-17 § 1 (Exh. A), 2017; Ord. 17-15 § 3, 2015; Ord. 40-07 § 1, 2007].