Division 3. Special Development Standards

Chapter 21.30


21.30.010    Site lighting.

21.30.020    Storage space and collection points for recyclables and garbage.

21.30.030    Fences.

21.30.010 Site lighting.

(1) Lighting provided on sites shall utilize energy-efficient light sources.

(2) All lighting shall comply with the Washington State Energy Code with respect to the selection and regulation of light sources.

(3) Glare from light sources shall not trespass onto adjacent properties or rights-of-way.

(4) Design of interior and exterior lighting levels shall conform to the recommendations of the Illuminating Engineering Society’s “Lighting Handbook,” 8th Edition, or as may hereafter be amended. (Ord. 611 § 8 (Att. A), 2016)

21.30.020 Storage space and collection points for recyclables and garbage.

Multifamily, commercial, office, and industrial developments shall provide storage space for the collection of recyclables and garbage as follows:

(1) The storage space shall be provided at the rate of:

(a) Three square feet per dwelling unit in multiple-dwelling developments except where the development is participating in a public agency-sponsored or approved direct collection program in which individual recycling bins are used for curbside collection;

(b) Four square feet per every 1,000 square feet of building gross floor area in office, educational and institutional developments;

(c) Six square feet per every 1,000 square feet of building gross floor area in manufacturing and other nonresidential developments; and

(d) Ten square feet per every 1,000 square feet of building gross floor area in retail developments.

(2) The storage space for multifamily residential developments shall be apportioned and located in collection points as follows:

(a) The required storage area shall be dispersed in collection points throughout the site when a residential development comprises more than one building.

(b) There shall be one collection point for every 30 dwelling units.

(c) Collection points may be located within residential buildings, in separate buildings/structures without dwelling units, or outdoors.

(d) Collection points located in separate buildings/structures or outdoors shall be no more than 200 feet from a common entrance of a residential building.

(e) Collection points shall be located in a manner so that hauling trucks do not obstruct pedestrian or vehicle traffic on-site, or project into any public right-of-way.

(3) The storage space for nonresidential development shall be apportioned and located in collection points as follows:

(a) Storage space may be allocated to a centralized collection point.

(b) Outdoor collection points shall not be located in any required setback areas.

(c) Collection points shall be located in a manner so that hauling trucks do not obstruct pedestrian or vehicle traffic on-site, or project into any public right-of-way.

(d) Access to collection points may be limited, except during regular business hours and/or specified collection hours.

(4) The collection points shall be designed as follows:

(a) Dimensions of the collection points shall be of sufficient width and depth to enclose containers for recyclables and garbage.

(b) Architectural design of any structure enclosing an outdoor collection point or any building primarily used to contain a collection point shall be consistent with the design of the primary structure(s) on the site.

(c) Collection points shall be identified by signs not exceeding two square feet.

(d) An eight-foot wall or fence shall enclose any outdoor collection point, excluding collection points located in industrial developments that are greater than 100 feet from Residential zoned property.

(e) Enclosures for outdoor collection points and buildings used primarily to contain a collection point shall have gate openings at least 12 feet wide for haulers. In addition, the gate opening for any building or other roofed structure used primarily as a collection point shall have a vertical clearance of at least 12 feet.

(f) Weather protection of recyclables shall be ensured by using weather-proof containers or by providing a roof over the storage area.

(g) No collection point or container shall be visible from the street right-of-way. The collection point or container shall either be located behind the building or shall be adequately screened with Type I landscaping.

(5) Only recyclable materials and garbage generated on site shall be collected and stored at such collection points. Except for initial sorting of recyclables by users, all other processing of such materials shall be conducted off site.

(6) No container shall be collected and stored at any location on the site except in a designated storage facility.

(7) The lids of all garbage and recyclables containers shall be maintained in a closed position. (Ord. 611 § 8 (Att. A), 2016)

21.30.030 Fences.

Fences are permitted as follows:

(1) Fences shall not exceed a height of six feet in all Residential and NB zones, except as required pursuant to WMC 21.30.020(4)(d);

(2) Fences exceeding a height of six feet in CBD, GB, O and I zones shall comply with the applicable street and interior setbacks of the zone in which the property is located;

(3) The height of a fence located on a rockery, retaining wall, or berm shall be measured from the top of the fence to the ground on the low side of the rockery, retaining wall, or berm;

(4) When a protective fence is located on top of a rockery within the required setback area, any portion of the fence above a height of six feet shall be an open-work fence;

(5) Electric fences shall:

(a) Be permitted in all zones; provided, that when placed within R-4 through R-48 zones, additional fencing or other barriers shall be constructed to prevent inadvertent contact with the electric fence from abutting property;

(b) Comply with the following requirements:

(i) An electric fence using an interrupted flow of current at intervals of about one second on and two seconds off shall be limited to 2,000 volts at 17 milliamps;

(ii) An electric fence using continuous current shall be limited to 1,500 volts at seven milliamps;

(iii) All electric fences in the R-4 through R-48 zones shall be posted with permanent signs a minimum of 36 square inches in area at 50-foot intervals stating that the fence is electrified; and

(iv) Electric fences sold as a complete and assembled unit can be installed by an owner if the controlling elements of the installation are certified by an A.N.S.I. approved testing agency;

(6) No barbed or razor-wire fence shall be located in any R-4 through R-48 zone or any commercial zone; and

(7) Where possible, the use of landscaping instead of fences is encouraged. Landscaping is not subject to the six-foot height restriction of subsection (1) of this section;

(8) Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions, and as necessary to protect essential water and sewer capital facilities in any zone, fences may be constructed as follows:

(a) Up to eight feet high with vinyl- or similarly coated chain-link fence with landscaping to soften the impact as determined by the landscape code;

(b) Such fence may include three strands of barbed wire above the fence not to exceed an additional 18 inches in height;

(c) Such fence may exceed otherwise-applicable setback provisions; and

(d) The Development Services Director may require additional screening and design elements in order to maintain and preserve neighborhood design patterns and to limit impacts upon neighboring properties. Such additional elements may include, but are not limited to:

(i) Decorative block walls, split-faced and colored;

(ii) Wrought iron on top of split-faced, colored and/or similar decorative block walls to prevent entry;

(iii) Landscaping;

(iv) Lighting with motion detectors; and/or

(v) Additional setbacks. (Ord. 611 § 8 (Att. A), 2016)