Chapter 9.36
Parking and Loading

Sections:

9.36.010    Purpose

9.36.020    Applicability

9.36.030    General Parking Regulations

9.36.040    Number of Parking Spaces Required

9.36.050    Disabled/Handicapped Parking Requirements

9.36.060    Bicycle Parking

9.36.070    Motorcycle Parking

9.36.080    Adjustment of Parking Requirements

9.36.090    Parking Design and Development Standards

9.36.100    Driveways and Site Access

9.36.110    Loading Space Requirements

9.36.010 Purpose

The requirements of this Chapter are intended to minimize impervious areas, to ensure that accessible, suitable, and well maintained off-street parking and loading facilities are provided for all uses and developments, and that the facilities are properly designed, attractive, and located to be unobtrusive while meeting the needs of the specific use.

9.36.020 Applicability

A.    Parking and loading facilities in compliance with this Chapter. Each new land use and structure shall provide suitable off-street parking and loading facilities in compliance with this Chapter.

B.    An increase in required parking and/or loading spaces. When any non-residential structure is enlarged or increased in capacity, or when a change in use creates an increase in the amount of off-street parking and/or loading spaces required, additional parking and/or loading spaces shall be provided in compliance with this Chapter.

C.    Responsibility of the property owner. The provision of required parking and loading spaces shall be the responsibility of the property owner.

D.    Approval of Director required. A new land use shall not be commenced and a structure shall not be occupied until the improvements required by this Chapter are completed and approved by the Director.

9.36.030 General Parking Regulations

A.    Parking and loading spaces to be permanent. Each parking and loading space shall be permanently available, marked, and maintained for parking or loading purposes. Areas not reviewed and approved for use as parking or loading shall not be used for such purposes.

B.    Parking and loading to be unrestricted. A lessee, owner, tenant, or other person having control of the operation of a premises for which parking or loading spaces are required by this Chapter shall not prevent, prohibit, or restrict authorized persons from using the spaces without the prior approval of the Director.

C.    Vehicles for sale. Vehicles, trailers, or other personal property shall not be parked on private property for the purpose of displaying the vehicles, trailers, or other personal property for hire, rental, or sale, unless the property is appropriately zoned, approved by the City for that use, and the person or business at that location is licensed to sell vehicles, trailers, or other personal property. However, one vehicle or trailer owned by the lessee, owner, or renter of the property may be displayed for the purpose of sale for a maximum of 30 days. This shall not be construed to allow the continued sale of vehicles.

D.    Recreational vehicle parking.

1.    The storage (parking for any period longer than 72 hours) of a recreational vehicle and/or boat in a residential zoning district shall be allowed only when all portions of the vehicle or boat are located entirely within the property boundaries and do not extend into the public right-of-way.

2.    Parking within setback areas shall also comply with Subsection 9.30.090.D (Limitations on the Use of Setbacks).

E.    Financial security for installation of parking and loading areas. The Director may require financial security for legitimate delays in the installation of approved parking or loading areas prior to the issuance of a Certificate of Occupancy. The financial security shall be based on a rate of $4.00 per square foot of parking or loading area with inflation adjustment every five years. All approved parking or loading shall be in place within six months from the date of issuance of the Temporary Certificate of Occupancy. In no case shall the Disabled/Handicap Parking Requirements of Section 9.36.050 be delayed beyond the issuance of the Certificate of Occupancy.

F.    Parking lot construction, reconstruction, resurfacing, or repainting.

1.    The construction, reconstruction, resurfacing, or repainting of any parking lot that results in a revised layout shall first require:

a.    A permit from the Building Department; and

b.    Design Review approval, except for parking for a single-family or second dwelling unit on an individual parcel.

2.    The purpose of this permit requirement is to ensure that the standards of this Chapter and requirements for appropriate access are met.

3.    Compliance with Subsection 9.34.050.A (Landscape Location Requirements - Parking areas) shall be required.

9.36.040 Number of Parking Spaces Required

Each land use shall be provided the number of off-street parking spaces required by this Section. See Sections 9.36.060, and 9.36.070 for off-street parking requirements for bicycles and motorcycles, respectively.

A.    Parking requirements by land use.

1.    Each land use shall provide no less and no more than the number of off-street parking spaces required by Table 3-6, except where an alternate number of spaces is required by the review authority through Minor Use Permit or Use Permit approval in compliance with Section 9.72.080. The number of spaces required and allowed by Table 3-6 may also be modified through Minor Use Permit approval at the request of the applicant.

2.    A land use not specifically listed in Table 3-6 shall provide parking as required by the Director. The Director shall use the requirements in Table 3-6 as a guide in determining the appropriate number of off-street parking spaces required for the use.

3.    A mixed-use project shall provide parking for each component.

4.    If a new required on-site parking space eliminates an existing on-street parking space, the Director and/or review authority may reduce the number of spaces required by one space in order to prevent the loss of on-street parking.

Table 3-6 - Parking Requirements by Land Use 

Land Use Type

Minimum Number of Parking Spaces Required per Square Foot of Gross Interior Floor Area

Maximum Number of Parking Spaces Required per Square Foot of Gross Interior Floor Area

 

Agricultural and open space uses

1 per 800 sf

1 per 400 sf

Recreation, education, and public assembly uses

1 per 500 sf

1 per 350 sf

Residential uses - Single family and duplexes.

1 independently accessible space per dwelling unit

2 independently accessible spaces per dwelling unit

Residential uses - Multi-family (3 or more units)

1 space per dwelling unit

2 spaces per dwelling unit

Senior Housing

.75 space per dwelling unit

1.5 spaces per dwelling unit

Retail uses

1 per 500 sf

1 per 300 sf

Office Uses

1 per 500 sf

1 per 300 sf

Service uses (including residential care and medical services)

1 per 500 sf

1 per 300 sf

Auto Service and Repair

1 per 500 sf

1 per 300 sf

Hotels, Motels, and Inns

1 space per unit

1.5 spaces per unit

Animal Hospitals and Kennels

1 per 600 sf

1 per 400 sf

Transportation, communications, and infrastructure

1 per 500 sf

1 per 350 sf

Industrial, manufacturing and processing, wholesale

1 per 800 sf

1 per 500 sf

Mini-storage Warehouses

1 per 1,000 sf

1 per 800 sf

Heavy Equipment Sales and Repair

1 per 1,000 sf

1 per 800 sf

B.    Multi-tenant sites. Where joint parking facilities are provided for two or more nonresidential uses in a single development, or two or more adjoining developments, the minimum requirement may be reduced to 75 percent of the sum of the requirements for the various uses computed separately, when the combined requirements total four or more spaces. The spaces shall be available to all users of all of the developments benefiting from this provision.

C.    Excessive parking.

1.    The City discourages a land use being provided more off-street parking spaces than required by this Chapter, to avoid the inefficient use of land, unnecessary pavement, and excessive storm water runoff from paved surfaces.

2.    The provision of off-street parking spaces in excess of the requirements in Table 3-6 is allowed only with Minor Use Permit approval in compliance with Section 9.72.080, and only when additional landscaping and pedestrian amenities plus stormwater runoff detention/retention and BMP’s are also provided to the satisfaction of the review authority.

D.    Rounding in calculations. If a fractional number is obtained in calculations performed in compliance with this Section, one additional parking space shall be required for a fractional unit of 0.50 or above, and no additional space shall be required for a fractional unit of less than 0.50.

E.    No reduction in capacity. Off-street parking or loading facilities shall not be reduced in capacity or in area without sufficient additional capacity or additional area being provided to comply with the regulations of this Chapter.

F.    Nonconforming parking. A structure with nonconforming off-street parking and/or loading may be physically changed or undergo a change in use in compliance with the following provisions.

1.    Residential uses. Additional parking spaces shall not be required; provided, the change does not increase the number of dwelling units, nor eliminate required existing parking or access.

2.    Nonresidential uses.

a.    The number of existing parking and loading spaces shall be maintained on the site and additional parking and/or loading spaces shall be provided in compliance with this Chapter for any additional floor area.

b.    If the use of the structure is changed to one that requires more parking and/or loading spaces than the previous use, only the difference between the number of spaces required for the previous use and those required for the new use shall be added, even if the previous use was nonconforming as to the number of off-street spaces provided

(1)    For purposes of this Subsection, the term "previous use" shall mean the last known permitted use of the same location.

(2)    In areas within the Downtown identified by the General Plan that are also within the CC (Commercial - Central) and CG (Commercial - General) zoning districts, no additional off-street parking or loading spaces shall be required for a change in use of an existing structure.

c.    When the floor area of an existing structure is increased, the number of parking and loading spaces shall be increased by the difference between the requirements for the new size and the requirements for the previous size in compliance with this Chapter, even if the previous parking and loading were nonconforming as to the number of off-street spaces provided before the increase.

d.    Any increase in floor area shall not eliminate required existing parking, loading, or access. (Ord. 1419, eff. 10/5/2012)

9.36.050 Disabled/Handicapped Parking Requirements

Parking spaces for the disabled shall be provided in compliance with the California Building Code (CBC), the Federal Accessibility Guidelines, and/or California Code of Regulations Title 24, as applicable. These spaces shall count toward fulfilling the off-street parking requirements of this Chapter.

9.36.060 Bicycle Parking

Each multi-family project and nonresidential land use shall provide bicycle parking in compliance with this Section.

A.    Number of bicycle spaces required. Sufficient bicycle parking and storage space shall be provided on sites except those with only one or two residential dwelling units in compliance with Table 3-7 and this Section.

Table 3-7 - Minimum Number of Bicycle Parking Spaces Required

Vehicle Parking Spaces Required

Number of Bicycle Spaces Required

3 - 10

100% of vehicle parking spaces

11 +

50% of vehicle parking spaces

(For illustrative purposes only, a triplex, which is required to provide six off-street vehicle parking spaces, would need to provide a minimum of six bicycle parking spaces. A multi-family development project requiring 20 off-street parking spaces would be required to provide a minimum of 10 bicycle parking spaces.)

B.    Bicycle parking design and devices. Each bicycle parking or storage space shall be no less than six feet long by two feet wide, plus additional space as may be needed for access, and shall have a rack or rain-sheltered structure capable of supporting and securing bicycles of various types and sizes in an upright position. Each space shall be conveniently located for intended uses.

9.36.070 Motorcycle Parking

A parking lot with 20 or more vehicle parking spaces shall provide motorcycle parking spaces conveniently located near the main entrance of a structure and accessed by the same aisles that provide access to the vehicle parking spaces in the lot.

A.    Number of spaces required. A minimum of one motorcycle parking space shall be provided for each 20 vehicle spaces or fraction thereof.

B.    Space dimensions. Motorcycle spaces shall have minimum dimensions of four feet by seven feet.

9.36.080 Adjustment of Parking Requirements

A.    Shared on-site parking.

1.    Where two or more adjacent nonresidential uses have distinct and differing peak parking usage periods (e.g., a theater and a bank), a reduction in the required number of parking spaces may be allowed through Minor Use Permit approval in compliance with Section 9.72.080.

2.    Approval shall also require a recorded covenant running with the land, recorded by the owner of the parking lot, guaranteeing that the required parking will be maintained exclusively for the use served for the duration of the use.

B.    Alternative transportation parking reduction. A Minor Use Permit shall be required to alter the number of parking spaces required by Section 9.36.040 (Number of Parking Spaces Required), based on quantitative information provided by the applicant that documents the need for fewer or more spaces (e.g., sales receipts, alternative transportation developments that are either within 250 feet of a bus stop or within one-half mile (2,640 feet) of a transit center, documentation of customers, available public parking, other peak parking demand, etc.).

C.    Commercial - Central (CC) parking reduction. No parking spaces are required for development within the Commercial - Central (CC) district except when development includes seven or more residential units, then the developer shall provide parking spaces for one-third of the total number of proposed units.

D.    Commercial - General (CG) "G" Street corridor from 11th St. to 18th St. and :HL combining zone parking reduction.

1.    The Historic and Design Review Commission (HDRC) may waive all or a portion of the parking requirements for development within the CG zone on "G" Street from 11th Street to 18th Street with a Minor Use Permit. See subsection (C) of this Section for parking requirements.

2.    The HDRC may waive all or a portion of the parking requirements for development on a site with the :HL combining zone with a Minor Use Permit. See subsection (C) of this Section for parking requirements.

E.    Off-site parking allowed. Where approved by the Director, parking required for a use proposed within the CC (Commercial - Central) and CG (Commercial - General) zoning districts may be located in a common or shared parking facility away from the site of the proposed use in compliance with the following.

1.    Evaluation of proposal. In considering a request for shared off-site parking, the Director shall consider how the distance between the parking area and the proposed use may affect whether the off-site facility will properly satisfy the parking needs of the proposed use.

2.    Guarantee of continued availability.

a.    Required parking spaces that are approved off-site shall be committed by a recordable covenant, lease, or other agreement, acceptable to the City Attorney.

b.    The parties to the covenant, lease, or agreement shall include the owners, and if applicable, the lessees of the off-site parking spaces and the owners, and if applicable, the lessees of the subject site, with covenants reflecting the conditions of approval and the approved off-site parking plan.

3.    Loss of off-site spaces.

a.    Notification to the City. The owner/operator of a business that uses approved off-site spaces to satisfy its parking requirements shall immediately notify the Director of a change of ownership or use of the property for which the spaces are required, and of termination or default of the agreement between the parties.

b.    Effect of termination of agreement. Upon notification that a lease for required off-site parking has terminated, the Director shall determine a reasonable time in which one of the following shall occur:

(1)    Substitute parking is provided that is acceptable to the Director; or

(2)    The size or capacity of the use is reduced in proportion to the parking spaces lost.

F.    Use of compact car parking spaces.

1.    Up to a maximum of 33 percent of the required parking for multi-family residential, commercial, industrial, and institutional uses, providing a minimum of three off-street parking spaces, may be provided as compact parking spaces.

2.    Compact car parking spaces shall comply with Table 3-8.

3.    All compact car parking spaces shall be marked and/or posted with signs stating "Compact Cars Only."

4.    The marking shall be continuously maintained in a clear and visible manner in compliance with the approved plans. (Ord. 1435, eff. 12/6/2013)

9.36.090 Parking Design and Development Standards

Required parking areas shall be designed, constructed, and maintained in compliance with the following.

A.    Access to parking. Access to parking areas shall be provided as follows for all parking areas other than garages for individual dwelling units.

1.    Parking areas shall provide suitable maneuvering area so that vehicles enter from and exit to a public street in a forward direction or demonstrate to the Director that backing movements are safe.

a.    Parking lots shall be designed to prevent access at any point other than at designated access drives.

b.    Single-family dwellings and duplex units are exempt from this requirement.

2.    A nonresidential development that provides 20 or more parking spaces should have:

a.    Access driveways that are not intersected by a parking aisle, parking space, or another access driveway for a minimum distance of 20 feet from the street right-of-way, or back of sidewalk, to provide a queuing or stacking area for vehicles entering and exiting the parking area. See Figure 3-6.

b.    Pedestrian pathways through the parking lot outside of the drive aisles to allow safe pedestrian access to the structures.

3.    A minimum unobstructed clearance height of 10 feet shall be maintained above areas accessible to vehicles within nonresidential developments.

B.    Access to adjacent sites.

1.    Nonresidential developments.

a.    Applicants for nonresidential developments are required, if feasible, to provide on-site vehicle and pedestrian access to parking areas on adjacent nonresidential properties to provide for convenience, safety, and efficient circulation.

b.    A joint access agreement running with the land shall be recorded by the owners of the abutting properties, as approved by the Director, guaranteeing the continued availability of the shared access between the properties.

2.    Residential developments. Shared pedestrian access between adjacent residential developments is required for major subdivisions and multi-family projects.

C.    Location. Parking areas shall be located as follows:

1.    Residential. Residential parking shall be located on the same parcel as the dwelling unit to be served.

2.    Nonresidential. Nonresidential parking shall be located on the same parcel as the uses served or within 300 feet of the use or structure to be served (within 500 feet in the CC and CG zone districts) if shared parking or public parking facilities are used to meet the parking requirements.

3.    Within required setbacks.

a.    Nonresidential parking shall not be located within a required front setback.

b.    Nonresidential parking may be located within a required side or rear setback; provided, it is separated from the side or rear property line by a screen or perimeter landscape strip unless the sites share a joint access drive.

4.    Within the Downtown. Nonresidential parking within the Downtown area identified by the General Plan shall not be located between a building and the fronting street.

D.    Parking stall and lot dimensions. Each parking space, drive aisle, and other parking lot features shall comply with the minimum dimensions required by Table 3-8, and as illustrated in Figure 3-7 below.

1.    Parking space dimensions. Per Table 3-8.

2.    Residential garages and carports. Residential garages and carports shall be constructed and maintained with minimum clear inside dimensions of 20 feet in length and 10 feet in width for each vehicle space.

Table 3-8 - Minimum Off-street Parking Space Dimensions

Parking Angle

Standard Spaces

Compact Spaces

Minimum Drive Aisle Width (maneuvering areas)

Minimum Width

Minimum Length

Minimum Width

Minimum Length

One-Way

Two-Way

 

Parallel

8.5 ft

23 ft

7 ft

18 ft

12 ft

20 ft

30 degrees

8.5 ft

17 ft

7.5 ft

17 ft

11 ft

20 ft

45 degrees

8.5 ft

19.5 ft

7.5 ft

16 ft

13.5 ft

20 ft

60 degrees

8.5 ft

21 ft

7.5 ft

17 ft

18.5 ft

20 ft

Perpendicular

8.5 ft

19 ft

7.5 ft

16 ft

25 ft

25 ft

Figure 3-7 - Parking Lot Dimensions

E.    Landscaping and screening. Landscaping and screening shall be provided in compliance with Section 9.34.050 (Landscape Location Requirements).

F.    Lighting. Lighting shall be provided in compliance with Section 9.30.070 (Outdoor Lighting).

G.    Striping and identification.

1.    Parking spaces shall be clearly outlined with four-inch wide lines painted on the parking surface or with alternative materials as approved by the Director of Public Works.

2.    The striping shall be continuously maintained in a clear and visible manner in compliance with the approved plans.

3.    The re-striping of any parking space or lot shall require the prior approval of a re-striping plan by the Historic and Design Review Commission.

H.    Surfacing.

1.    All parking spaces and maneuvering areas shall be paved and permanently maintained with a durable pervious surface, asphalt, concrete, or comparable all-weather surfacing material approved by the Director of Public Works, and shall be graded to dispose of all surface water consistent with stormwater runoff detention/retention and BMPs per Subsection 9.66.040.B.3 of this Land Use Code to the satisfaction of the Director of Public Works.

2.    Required parking areas in the AE, AR, NR, or RVL zoning districts may be surfaced with gravel, decomposed granite, or other all-weather surface as determined to be appropriate by the Director of Public Works, provided that the first 50 feet from a public street is paved with asphalt, concrete, or comparable all-weather surfacing material.

3.    All grading plans relating to the parking facilities shall be reviewed and approved by the Director of Public Works and the Building Official before any work can commence.

4.    Alternative parking surfaces shall be reviewed and approved by the Director of Public Works.

5.    Access drives with slopes of 15 percent or more shall be paved with asphalt, concrete, or comparable all-weather surfacing material for the entire length of the access drive.

I.    Wheel stops/curbing.

1.    Curbing. In the RM, RH, CC, CG, CV, CM, IL, IG, and PF zoning districts, concrete curbing at least six inches high and six inches wide shall be provided for parking spaces located adjacent to fences, walls, property lines, landscaped areas, and structures except as provided by Subsection 9.34.060(a)(4).

2.    Individual wheel stops. Wheel stops shall be firmly attached to the ground and placed to allow for two feet of vehicle overhang area within the dimension of the parking space.

3.    Curbed walkways. Curbed walkways may be used as wheel stops and partially included in the minimum length of the parking space, only if the Public Works Director first determines that sufficient walkway width remains for safe and convenient pedestrian use.

J.    Vehicle repair work not allowed. Repair work or servicing of motor vehicles shall not be conducted in a non-enclosed off-street parking facility, except for minor work commonly performed on operating vehicles that are associated with a residential use.

K.    Modifications by Director. The Director may modify the provisions of this Section through a Minor Use Permit granted in compliance with Section 9.72.080.

9.36.100 Driveways and Site Access

Each access drive providing site access from a street, alley, or other public right-of-way shall be designed, constructed, and properly maintained in compliance with the following.

A.    Number of access drives. To limit the number of potential conflicts between pedestrians, bicyclists and motor vehicles, the number of access drives per parcel shall be the minimum number required to serve the intended use of the parcel. The Director of Public Works in consultation with the Director of Community Development and the Chief of Police shall determine the permitted number of access drives based on public safety and the intended use of the parcel.

B.    Distance from street corners. Each access drive shall be located a minimum of 50 feet from the nearest intersection, as measured from the centerline of the access drive to the centerline of the nearest travel lane of the intersecting street, unless a lesser or greater distance is approved or required by the Director of Public Works.

C.    Access drive spacing. Access drives shall be separated along the street frontage in compliance with the following:

1.    Single-family and duplex residential development. Access drives on a single parcel shall be separated by at least 25 feet. Access drives on separate parcels shall be separated by at least 7 feet, unless a shared, single access drive is approved by the Director of Public Works. The separation shall not include the transition or wing sections on each side of the access drive.

2.    Multi-family and nonresidential development. Where two or more access drives serve the same or adjacent multi-family or nonresidential development, the centerline of the access drives shall be separated by a minimum of 30 feet. Exceptions to this standard may be granted by the Director of Public Works.

3.    Approval of all access points. Entrances from and exits to streets and alleys shall require encroachment permits, and shall only be provided at locations first approved by the Director of Public Works.

D.    Access drive widths and lengths.

1.    Single-family dwellings.

a.    Each single-family dwelling shall be provided an access drive with a minimum length of 20 feet from the back of the sidewalk, or the edge of the right-of-way where there is no sidewalk.

b.    The access drive width at the street entrance shall be between 10 and 20 feet wide.

2.    Multi-family or nonresidential developments.

a.    Each access drive shall have a minimum paved width in compliance with Table 3-8, above.

b.    The maximum access drive width shall be 25 feet, exclusive of the area provided for a median divider.

E.    Clearance from obstructions.

1.    The nearest edge of an access drive curb cut shall be at least three feet from the nearest property line, the centerline of a fire hydrant, light standard, traffic signal, utility pole, or other similar facilities.

2.    Street trees shall be a minimum of 10 feet from the access drive, measured at the trunk.

3.    Access drives shall have an overhead clearance of 10 feet in height except within a parking structure which may be reduced to seven feet, six inches.

F.    Maneuvering within the access drives and parking lots.

1.    Each of the following parking lots shall be designed so that no more than two parking spaces require backing movements within a street right-of-way in order to exit and enter the parking lot:

a.    Parking lots accessed from an arterial or collector street, as shown on the Street Functional Classification Plan within the Transportation Element of the General Plan;

b.    All parking lots containing more than:

(1)    Ten parking spaces, accessed from a minor street, and serving a residential use; and

(2)    Five spaces, accessed from a minor street, and serving a commercial, industrial, quasi-public, or public use.

2.    No construction shall result in new parking lots or new parking spaces which require backing movements directly onto the following streets without the approval of the Public Works Director.

a.    Alliance Road (including K Street from 13th to Samoa Boulevard);

b.    Old Arcata Road;

c.    Spear Avenue;

d.    Janes Road;

e.    Samoa Boulevard;

f.    Union Street;

g.    11th Street between Janes Road and "G" Street; and

h.    LK Wood Boulevard.

3.    Each required parking space shall have unobstructed access from a street or alley, or from a drive aisle connecting with a street or alley, without requiring the moving of another vehicle.

4.    Parking areas with access drives served from alleys shall have a minimum of 25 feet of maneuvering area, which may include the width of the alley.

G.    Safety sight distance.

1.    Within 20 feet of the street corner of any corner parcel, the height of any landscaping or screening may be required to be reduced in height or set back from the property line a distance to be determined to be necessary to ensure public safety by the Public Works Director and the Police Chief.

2.    Other requirements relating to safety sight distance and visibility are identified in Subsection 9.30.040.E.

H.    Surfacing. Access surfacing shall comply with the requirements in Subsection 9.36.090.H (Surfacing).

9.36.110 Loading Space Requirements

A.    Number of loading spaces required. Nonresidential uses shall provide off-street loading spaces in compliance with Table 3-9, Requirements for uses not listed shall be determined by the Director based upon the requirements for comparable uses.

Table 3-9 - Required Off-street Loading Spaces

Loading Spaces Required

Total Gross Floor Area

Type of Land Use

 

Industrial, manufacturing, research and development, institutional, and service uses

5,000 to 40,000 sf

1

40,001 + sf

1 for each additional 40,000 sf, up to a maximum of 3.

Office, retail commercial, and other allowed uses

15,000 to 100,000 sf

1

100,001 + sf

1 for each additional 100,000 sf, up to a maximum of 3.

B.    Standards for off-street loading areas. Off-street loading areas shall be provided in compliance with the following.

1.    Dimensions. Loading spaces shall be a minimum of 11 feet in width, 35 feet in length, with 14 feet of vertical clearance.

2.    Lighting. Lighting shall also comply with the provisions of Section 9.30.070 (Outdoor Lighting).

3.    Location. Loading spaces shall be:

a.    As near as possible to the main structure and limited to the rear two-thirds of the parcel, if feasible;

b.    Situated to ensure that loading and unloading takes place on-site and in no case faces a public street, or is located within a required front setback, adjacent public right-of-way, or other on-site traffic circulation areas;

c.    Situated to ensure that all vehicular maneuvers occur on-site. The loading areas shall allow vehicles to enter from and exit to a public street in a forward motion only; and

d.    Situated to avoid adverse impacts upon neighboring residential properties and located no closer than 100 feet from a residential zoning district unless adequately screened, and authorized through Design Review.

4.    Loading ramps. Plans for loading ramps or truck wells shall be accompanied by a profile drawing showing the ramp, ramp transitions, and overhead clearances.

5.    Screening. Loading areas shall be screened from abutting parcels and streets with a combination of dense landscaping and solid masonry walls with a minimum height of six feet.

6.    Striping.

a.    Loading spaces shall be striped, and identified for "loading only."

b.    The striping and "loading only" notations shall be continuously maintained in a clear and visible manner in compliance with the approved plans.

7.    Surfacing.

a.    All loading areas shall be surfaced with asphalt, concrete pavement, durable pervious surface, or comparable material as determined by the Director of Public Works and shall be graded to dispose of all surface water to the satisfaction of the Director of Public Works and the Building Official.

b.    All grading plans relating to the loading facilities shall be reviewed and approved by the Director of Public Works before any work can commence.

C.    Modifications by Director. The Director may modify the provisions of this Section through a Minor Use Permit granted in compliance with Section 9.72.080, where the Director first determines that the operating, shipping, and delivery characteristics of the use do not require the number or type of loading spaces required by this Section.