Chapter 18.45
OFF-STREET PARKING

Sections:

18.45.010    Purpose.

18.45.020    Applicability.

18.45.030    General provisions.

18.45.040    Nonconforming uses.

18.45.050    Use limitations and prohibited parking.

18.45.060    Number of required parking spaces.

18.45.070    Handicap parking requirements.

18.45.080    Bicycle and motorcycle parking requirements.

18.45.090    Carpool, vanpool, and zero emission vehicle parking requirements.

18.45.100    Development standards.

18.45.110    Shared parking provisions.

18.45.120    Loading requirements.

18.45.130    Off-street parking restrictions for commercial and other vehicles in residential zones.

18.45.140    Off-street parking restrictions for recreational vehicles in residential zones.

18.45.010 Purpose.

The purpose of this chapter is to achieve the following:

A. Ensure that adequate off-street parking is provided to meet the parking needs of uses located within Calimesa.

B. Provide accessible, attractive, secure, properly lighted, and well-maintained and screened off-street parking facilities.

C. Reduce traffic congestion and hazards.

D. Promote vehicular and pedestrian safety.

E. Promote compatibility between parking facilities and surrounding neighborhoods. [Ord. 342 § 3 (Exh. A), 2016; Ord. 328 § 7 (Exh. E), 2014; Ord. 95-7 § 2; Code 1990 § 12.8.01.]

18.45.020 Applicability.

A. Off-street parking facilities, both vehicular and bicycle, shall be provided for any new building constructed, for any new use established, for any addition or enlargement of an existing building or use, and for any change in the occupancy of an existing building or the manner in which a use is conducted that would result in additional parking spaces being required.

B. In all situations where additional vehicular parking spaces are required, all existing and proposed handicap parking spaces located on the site shall be marked and striped in accordance with state standards. [Ord. 342 § 3 (Exh. A), 2016; Ord. 328 § 7 (Exh. E), 2014; Ord. 95-7 § 2; Code 1990 § 12.8.02.]

18.45.030 General provisions.

A. No structure or use shall be permitted or constructed unless off-street parking spaces are provided in accordance with the provisions of this chapter.

B. Requirements for uses not specifically listed herein shall be determined by the planning director based on the requirements for comparable uses and on the particular characteristics of the use.

C. Fractional space requirements shall be rounded up to the next whole space.

D. The required off-street parking shall be a continuing obligation. It is unlawful to discontinue or dispense with the required vehicle parking facilities without providing other vehicle parking facilities which meet the requirements of this chapter.

E. Unless specifically permitted otherwise, required off-street parking spaces shall not be used for storage of any items other than a motor vehicle, and all required off-street parking spaces shall be kept free and clear at all times for use in the parking and storage of a motor vehicle.

F. Permit Requirements.

1. No building shall be occupied and no final inspection shall be given until off-street parking facilities are provided in accordance with the provisions of this chapter.

2. No parking area shall be resurfaced and/or restriped without a parking plan submitted to and approved by the planning department.

G. Relocation of Facilities. Whenever existing parking facilities for residential uses are removed or converted to a permissible nonparking use, the following regulations shall apply:

1. Any driveway approach that no longer provides access to a covered parking facility shall be removed and replaced with standard curb and gutter, in accordance with city standards.

2. All paved surfaces in the front yard area that no longer provide access to a covered parking facility shall be removed and the areas landscaped.

H. Transportation Demand Management Ordinance. The requirements and provisions of the transportation demand management ordinance, Chapter 18.100 CMC, shall be adhered to, including but not limited to reduced parking provisions, parking analysis, and penalties. [Ord. 342 § 3 (Exh. A), 2016; Ord. 328 § 7 (Exh. E), 2014; Ord. 95-7 § 2; Code 1990 § 12.8.03.]

18.45.040 Nonconforming uses.

A. Residential Uses. Any dwelling unit or group of dwelling units which, on the effective date of the ordinance codified in this chapter or any subsequent amendment thereto, is nonconforming as to the regulations relating to off-street parking facilities may be continued in the same manner as if the parking facilities were conforming. However, any existing dwelling unit that is enlarged by 25 percent or more of the gross living area shall be required to provide off-street parking facilities in accordance with the provisions of this chapter.

B. Nonresidential Uses. Any use of property which, on the effective date of the ordinance codified in this chapter or any subsequent amendment thereto, is nonconforming as to the regulations relating to off-street parking facilities may be continued in the same manner as if the parking facilities were conforming. However, if such parking facilities do exist, they shall not be reduced. [Ord. 342 § 3 (Exh. A), 2016; Ord. 328 § 7 (Exh. E), 2014; Ord. 95-7 § 2; Code 1990 § 12.8.04.]

18.45.050 Use limitations and prohibited parking.

A. Residential Uses.

1. No parking shall be permitted in required landscaped front yard areas.

2. All inoperative motor vehicles (not including recreational vehicles as defined in CMC 18.45.140(B)) shall be stored in an enclosed parking space or stored in an area screened from the street. No permanent parking or storage of a nonoperative motor vehicle shall be permitted in the driveway or front yard area of any parcel or lot.

B. Nonresidential Uses. Required parking areas shall be used exclusively for vehicle parking in conjunction with a permitted use, and shall not be reduced or encroached upon in any manner. [Ord. 342 § 3 (Exh. A), 2016; Ord. 328 § 7 (Exh. E), 2014; Ord. 295 § 8, 2010; Ord. 95-7 § 2; Code 1990 § 12.8.05.]

18.45.060 Number of required parking spaces.

The number of off-street parking spaces or amount of parking area required for each use shall be not less than that set forth in this section. Whenever more than one method of calculating the required number of spaces or area is indicated, the method which provides the greatest number of spaces shall apply.

Table 18.45.060 – Number of Required Parking Spaces 

Uses

Number of Required Spaces

Residential Uses

Single-family dwelling

2 covered spaces within an enclosed garage.

Apartments:

Studio/1 bedroom

1 covered space per unit plus 1 uncovered guest space for each 5 units.

2, 3 or more bedrooms

2 covered spaces per unit plus 1 uncovered guest space for each 5 units.

Single-room occupancy housing

1 covered space per unit plus 1 uncovered guest space for each 5 units.

Condominiums and Townhomes:

Studio/1 bedroom

1 covered space within an enclosed garage plus 1 uncovered space for each 5 units.

2, 3 or more bedrooms

2 covered spaces within an enclosed garage plus 1 uncovered guest space for each 5 units.

Commercial Uses

Automobile repair and service shop

5 spaces for every service bay.

Automobile service station

4 spaces plus 4 spaces for service bay.

Bank, savings and loan, other financial institution

1 space for each 250 sq. ft. of gross floor area. Where drive-through service is provided, there shall be adequate stacking to accommodate 6 vehicles.

Barber or beauty shop

2 spaces for each barber chair; 3 spaces for each beautician station.

Car wash, full-service

10 spaces, plus adequate service stacking to accommodate 6 vehicles.

Car wash, self-service

1 space per stall plus adequate stacking to accommodate 1 vehicle per stall. Adequate circulation must be provided around stacked vehicles.

Furniture, drapery, plumbing, floor covering, and appliance store

1 space for every 500 sq. ft. of gross space floor area.

Hotel/motel

1 space per guest room plus 1 space per 100 gross ft. of banquet, assembly, or restaurant seating area plus 1 space per 400 ft. of accessory retail area.

Mortuary and funeral home

1 space for every 4 fixed seats or 1 space for every 40 sq. ft. of gross floor area used for assembly purposes plus 1 space for each hearse or limousine plus funeral procession queue capacity for 5 cars. For benches or pews, 1 seating space is equal to 18 lineal inches.

Plant nursery, lumber yard, building material yard, outdoor sales of merchandise

1 space for every 500 sq. ft. of indoor area and outdoor sales/display area to 10 spaces, and 1 space for every 2,000 sq. ft. exceeding the 10 spaces.

Professional, business or administrative office (excluding medical and dental)

1 space for each 250 feet of gross leasable floor area or a minimum of 3 spaces for each office, whichever is greater.

Restaurant, cafe, bar, and other eating and drinking establishment (including outdoor seating areas)

1 space for each 35 sq. ft. of nonfixed public seating area, and 1 space for each 3 fixed seats, plus 1 space for each 200 sq. ft. of all other gross floor area, with a minimum of 10 spaces.

Fast food restaurants, with drive-up or drive-through facilities (including outdoor seating areas)

1 space for each 100 sq. ft. of gross floor area, plus 1 lane for each drive-up window with stacking space for 8 vehicles, as measured from the pickup window.

Retail centers1,2

1 space for each 250 sq. ft. of gross floor area, with the exception of the following uses, which shall be counted as noted:

1. Restaurant: 1 space for each 75 feet of nonfixed public seating area, and 1 space for each 3 fixed seats (including outdoor seating/eating areas).

2. Fast food restaurant: 1 space for each 100 sq. ft. of gross floor area, and 1 space for each 3 seats, plus 1 lane for each drive-up window with stacking for 8 vehicles, as measured from the pickup window.

3. Cinemas: 1 space for every 5 seats.

Retail commercial

1 space for each 250 sq. ft. of gross floor area.

Vehicle sales

1 space for each 500 sq. ft. of gross floor area for indoor area, plus 1 space for each 2,000 sq. ft. of outdoor sales/display up to 10,000 sq. ft. Area exceeding 10,000 sq. ft. shall require 1 space for every 5,000 sq. ft.

Educational Uses

Day care facility, preschool, nursery school (not including large family day care homes and small family day care homes)

1 space for each staff member plus 1 space for each 5 children. A minimum of 4 spaces shall be provided. A semicircular drive or its equivalent, with sufficient space for 2 passenger loading areas, shall be provided.

Elementary school, junior high school

5 spaces plus 2 spaces for each classroom. A semi-circular drive or its equivalent, with sufficient space for 2 passenger loading areas, shall be provided.

High school

10 spaces plus 10 spaces per classroom.

College and university

10 spaces plus 30 spaces per classroom.

Trade school, business college, commercial school, and other private school

1 space per 4 person capacity or 1 space per 225 sq. ft. of gross floor area, whichever is greater.

Health Services

Convalescent home, nursing home

1 space for every 3 beds.

Hospital

1 space for every 1.5 patient beds.

Medical and dental office/clinic

1 space for every 200 sq. ft. of gross leasable floor area.

Veterinary hospital/clinic

6 spaces minimum, plus 1 space for every 500 sq. ft. of gross floor area in excess of 1,000 sq. ft.

Industrial Uses

Manufacturing

1 space for every 500 sq. ft. of gross floor area devoted to manufacturing plus the required amount of parking for gross square footage devoted to other uses.

Storage yards

1 space for every 500 sq. ft., plus required parking for other uses on site.

Warehouses and wholesaling

1 space for every 1,000 sq. ft. of gross floor area, plus required parking for other uses on site, except when located in commercial community zoning the parking shall be consistent with the retail parking requirements (1 space per 250 sq. ft. of floor area).

Entertainment and Recreation Uses

Bowling alley, billiard hall

5 spaces for each lane plus 2 spaces for each billiard table, plus required parking for other uses on the site.

Driving range

1 space per tee plus required parking for other uses on the site.

Golf course

6 spaces per hole, plus required parking for other uses on the site.

Miniature golf course

3 spaces per hole, plus required parking for any other uses on the site.

Park

To be determined by the approval body for the proposed use. Applicant must submit a parking study.

Skating rink

1 space for every 3 fixed seats, plus 1 space for every 250 sq. ft. of gross floor area.

Swimming pool

1 space for every 100 sq. ft. of water surface, plus 1 space for every employee, with a 10-space minimum.

Tennis, handball, racquetball courts

3 spaces per court required parking for additional uses on the site.

Video arcade

1 space for every 150 sq. ft. of gross floor area.

Miscellaneous Uses

Church, auditorium, other places of public assembly

1 space for every 3 fixed seats or 1 space for every 40 sq. ft. of nonfixed seating area in the principal sanctuary or auditorium, whichever is greater. For benches or pews, 1 seating space is equal to 18 lineal inches.

Health club

1 space for every 150 sq. ft. of gross floor area.

Library, museum, art gallery

1 space for every 300 sq. ft. of gross floor area.

Public utility facilities

1 space for every 2 employees plus 1 space for each vehicle kept in connection with the use or to be determined by the approval authority for the proposed use.

Emergency shelter

1 space for every 1.5 beds.

Footnotes:

1.    Refer to CMC 18.10.020, Definitions, under “Retail shopping center.”

2.    For retail centers, the city may modify the parking requirements for sit-down restaurants, fast food restaurants, and cinemas based on a parking study approved by the city as part of the development plan review process.

[Ord. 342 § 3 (Exh. A), 2016; Ord. 328 § 7 (Exh. E), 2014; Ord. 288 § 2, 2009; Ord. 184 § 2, 2001; Ord. 95-7 § 2; Code 1990 § 12.8.06.]

18.45.070 Handicap parking requirements.

Handicap parking requirements are established by the state of California. The parking standards contained in this section are identical to those established by the state at the time of the adoption of the ordinance codified in this section. Any future change in state handicap parking standards which would preempt or differ from the requirements given in this section shall apply automatically without any amendment of this section.

A. Handicap parking for residential uses shall be provided at the rate of one space for each dwelling unit that is designed for occupancy by the handicapped.

B. Handicap parking spaces shall be provided for all uses other than residential, outpatient facilities, and facilities that specialize in services for persons with mobility impairments at the following rate:

 

Table 18.45.070 –

Number of Handicap Parking Spaces Required 

Number of Automobile Spaces Provided

Number of Handicap Spaces Required

1 – 25

1 van-accessible space

26 – 50

2 including 1 van-accessible space

51 – 75

3 including 1 van-accessible space

76 – 100

4 including 1 van-accessible space

101 – 150

5 including 1 van-accessible space

151 – 200

6 including 1 van-accessible space

201 – 300

7 including 1 van-accessible space

301 – 400

8 including 1 van-accessible space

401 – 500

9 including 2 van-accessible spaces

501 – 1,000

2% including 3 van-accessible spaces

1,000+

20 + 1 per 100 or fraction, including minimum 1 van-accessible space per 8 accessible spaces or fraction thereof

C. Outpatient facilities: 10 percent of the total spaces shall be accessible.

D. Facilities that specialize in services for persons with mobility impairments: 20 percent of the total spaces shall be accessible.

E. Handicap parking spaces shall be located so as to provide for safety and optimum proximity to curb ramps or other pedestrian ways providing the most direct access to the primary entrance of the building served by the parking lot.

F. Dimensions.

1. Van. Minimum nine feet wide with minimum eight-foot side loading and unloading passenger side aisle, minimum 18-foot length.

2. Auto. Minimum nine feet wide with minimum five-foot-wide loading and unloading passenger side aisle, minimum 18 feet long. Two spaces may share the same five-foot aisle.

G. In each parking area, a bumper or curb shall be provided and located to prevent encroachment of cars over the required width of walkways. The space shall be located so that a handicapped person is not compelled to wheel or walk behind parked cars other than their own. Pedestrian ways which are accessible to the physically handicapped shall be provided from each such parking space to related facilities, including curb cuts or ramps as needed. Ramps shall not encroach into any parking space. However, ramps located at the front of handicap parking spaces may encroach into the length of such spaces when such encroachment does not limit a handicapped person’s ability to leave or enter their vehicle, and when it is determined that compliance with any regulation of this section would create an unreasonable hardship.

H. Surface slopes of parking spaces for the physically handicapped shall be the minimum possible and shall not exceed one vertical to 50 horizontal in any direction.

I. Each parking space reserved for persons with physical disabilities shall be identified by a reflectorized sign permanently posted immediately adjacent to and visible from each stall or space, consisting of a profile view of a wheelchair with occupant in white on dark blue background. The sign shall not be smaller than 70 square inches in area and, when in a path of travel, shall be posted at a minimum height of 80 inches from the bottom of the sign to the parking space finished grade. Signs may also be centered on the wall at the interior end of the parking space at a minimum height of 36 inches from the parking space finished grade, ground, or sidewalk. Van spaces shall be delineated as van accessible.

J. A “tow away” sign with telephone number shall be posted at each entrance to the parking area or adjacent to accessible spaces, not less than 17 inches by 22 inches with lettering not less than one inch in height.

K. In addition to the above requirements, the surface of each accessible parking space or stall shall have a surface identification duplicating either of the following schemes:

1. By outlining or painting the stall or space in blue and outlining on the ground in the stall or space in white or suitable contrasting color a profile view depicting a wheelchair with occupant; or

2. By outlining a profile view of a wheelchair with occupant in white on blue background. The profile view shall be located so that it is visible to a traffic enforcement officer when a vehicle is properly parked in the space and shall be 36 inches high by 36 inches wide.

L. Parking Structures. The minimum vertical clearance at the entrance and within shall be eight feet, two inches to accessible parking spaces.

M. Handicap parking spaces required by this section shall count toward fulfilling automobile parking requirements. [Ord. 342 § 3 (Exh. A), 2016; Ord. 328 § 7 (Exh. E), 2014; Ord. 95-7 § 2; Code 1990 § 12.8.07.]

18.45.080 Bicycle and motorcycle parking requirements.

A. Bicycle Parking. All nonresidential uses shall provide bicycle parking facilities in accordance with the following table:

Table 18.45.080-1 – Number of Bicycle Parking Spaces Required 

Number of Automobile Spaces Required

Minimum Spaces Required for Bicycle Parking

1 – 49

5

50 – 99

10

100 or more

15, plus 5 for each additional 100 spaces

1. Industrial uses, business parks, and other uses which encourage commuters are encouraged to install bicycle lockers for employees.

2. Design Standards.

a. Bicycle parking facilities shall consist of a stationary bicycle rack designed to secure the frame and one wheel of the bicycle, where the bicyclist supplies only a padlock.

b. Bicycle parking areas shall be located near main entrances or buildings.

c. Bicycle parking facilities shall be installed in a manner which allows adequate spacing for access to the bicycle and the locking device when the facilities are occupied. General space allowances shall include a two-foot width and a six-foot length per bicycle and a five-foot-wide maneuvering space behind the bicycle.

d. The facilities shall be located on a hard, dust-free surface, preferably asphalt or concrete.

B. Motorcycle Parking. All nonresidential uses shall provide motorcycle parking spaces in accordance with the following table:

Table 18.45.080-2 –

Minimum Area for Motorcycle Parking Space Required 

Number of Automobile Spaces Required

Minimum Area Required for Motorcycle Parking

1 – 39

None

40 – 99

7 feet in length and area not less than 56 square feet

100 or more

7 feet in length and area not less than 70 square feet

[Ord. 342 § 3 (Exh. A), 2016; Ord. 328 § 7 (Exh. E), 2014; Ord. 95-7 § 2; Code 1990 § 12.8.08.]

18.45.090 Carpool, vanpool, and zero emission vehicle parking requirements.

All nonresidential uses shall provide designated preferential parking for carpools, vanpools, and zero emission vehicles as follows:

A. The required number of designated parking spaces for carpool, vanpool, and zero emission vehicles shall be calculated based on the total number of automobile parking spaces required for the premises in accordance with the following table:

Table 18.45.090 –

Number of Carpool, Vanpool, and Zero Emission Parking Spaces Required 

Number of Automobile Spaces Required

Minimum Spaces Required for Carpool, Vanpool, and Zero Emission Vehicles

1 – 9

0

10 – 25

1

26 – 50

3

51 – 75

6

76 – 100

8

101 – 150

11

151 – 200

16

201 or more

At least 8% of the automobile parking spaces on the premises

B. Carpool, vanpool, and zero emission vehicle parking spaces shall be located in the most favorable proximity to the primary entrance of the building served by the parking lot.

C. Each parking space reserved for carpool/vanpool/zero emission vehicles shall be identified by a reflectorized sign permanently posted immediately adjacent to and visible from each stall or space informing patrons to clearly display a valid carpool/vanpool/zero emission vehicle sticker or tag in order to park in carpool/vanpool/zero emission vehicle-designated parking spaces.

1. The sign shall not be smaller than 70 square inches in area and, when in a path of travel, shall be posted at a minimum height of 80 inches from the bottom of the sign to the parking space finished grade.

2. Signs may also be centered on the wall at the interior end of the parking space at a minimum height of 36 inches from the parking space finished grade, ground, or sidewalk.

D. A “tow away” sign with telephone number shall be posted at each entrance to the parking area or adjacent to carpool/vanpool/zero emission vehicle spaces, not less than 17 inches by 22 inches with lettering not less than one inch in height, informing patrons of the violation.

E. Carpool/vanpool/zero emission vehicle parking spaces shall be constructed in accordance with the provisions of CMC 18.45.100, Development standards.

F. Only the minimum number of required carpool/vanpool/zero emission vehicle parking spaces shall count toward fulfilling the total number of automobile parking spaces required. Any carpool/vanpool/zero emission vehicle parking spaces provided beyond the minimum amount required by this section shall not count toward fulfilling the total number of automobile parking spaces required. [Ord. 342 § 3 (Exh. A), 2016.]

18.45.100 Development standards.

A. Location of Off-Street Parking Facilities.

1. Residential Uses. Off-street parking facilities required by this chapter shall be located on the same lot or parcel as the residential unit they are intended to serve.

a. Covered parking spaces shall not be located in any required front, side, or rear yard.

2. Nonresidential Uses.

a. Parking facilities required by this chapter shall be located on the same lot or parcel of land as the use they are intended to serve, except in cases of large centers with reciprocal access and parking agreements, and uses with approved shared parking agreements.

b. Parking facilities shall be located and oriented to access the main entrance or front of buildings. Parking shall not be located behind buildings to the greatest extent possible.

B. Dimensions of Parking Spaces.

1. Residential. Each covered parking space in a garage or carport shall have a minimum dimension of not less than 10 feet in width and 20 feet in length.

2. Nonresidential Uses. Each off-street parking space shall have dimensions not less than 10 feet in width and 19 feet in length, except parallel parking stalls which shall be a minimum of eight feet in width and 24 feet in length. No part of the area of a required parking space shall be used for driveways, aisles, walkways, or other improvements.

3. Compact Parking. Compact parking stalls for nonresidential uses shall be permitted subject to the following:

a. Compact stalls shall have dimensions not less than nine feet in width and 16 feet in length.

b. Compact stalls shall be permitted for projects that provide more than 25 off-street parking spaces. Developments with more than 25 off-street parking spaces may be permitted to utilize a maximum of 20 percent compact stalls.

c. Compact spaces shall be dispersed throughout the development and shall not be located at the main entrance.

d. Compact spaces shall be designated “Compact,” with the designation visible day and night.

C. Access to Off-Street Parking. The following requirements shall govern access to off-street parking facilities:

1. Residential.

a. Units located with sole access from major or secondary arterials shall provide a vehicular turnaround facility on the site to permit straightforward travel upon entering a street. Said facilities may be required for lots with sole access to a collector street.

b. The width of driveway entrances measured at the property line shall be as follows:

i. One-car facility: 12 feet minimum.

ii. Two-car facility: 24 feet maximum.

iii. Three-car facility: 30 feet maximum.

c. Lots of one-half acre or less shall have paved driveways of asphaltic concrete or concrete.

d. An approved driveway approach shall be constructed on all residential lots. An encroachment permit shall be obtained from the public works department prior to the commencement of any construction within the public right-of-way.

2. Nonresidential.

a. Forward travel to and from parking facilities from a dedicated street or alley is required. The parking area shall be adequate to facilitate the turning of vehicles to permit forward travel upon entering a street.

b. All uses which adjoin a major or secondary arterial shall adhere to the following:

i. Access to an arterial road shall be limited to one point for every 300 feet of frontage or one point for parcels with less than 300 feet of frontage.

ii. Combined and/or reciprocal access onto arterials shall be required between adjacent properties, wherever possible, to reduce vehicular access points and increase roadway efficiency.

iii. For corner lots, whenever possible, vehicular access points on arterial roadways shall be located a minimum of 300 feet from the centerline of the intersection.

c. The access to all off-street parking facilities shall be designed in a manner which will not interfere with the safe movement of traffic.

d. The entryway to parking areas shall be well defined and recognizable, with adequate lighting and signage provided to facilitate adequate movement on- and off-site.

e. Concrete and/or accented paving driveway approaches shall be provided for ingress to and egress from all parking facilities. Each parking space shall be easily accessible to the intended user. The width of driveway entrances and exits from a public street shall be measured at the property line and shall comply with the following standards, unless specific exceptions are made by the city engineer:

i. Minimum driveway width for single-lane entrances and/or exits: 24 feet.

ii. Minimum driveway width for combined entrances and exits: 32 feet.

iii. Minimum driveway width for multiple entrances and exits: 40 feet.

f. An encroachment permit shall be obtained from the public works department prior to the commencement of any construction within the public right-of-way.

D. Circulation within Parking Areas.

1. Minimum aisle width for two-way circulation shall be 25 feet, unless otherwise specified. In areas commonly used by oversized vehicles, such as delivery and loading areas, the minimum aisle width shall be 30 feet.

2. Two-way circulation with perpendicular parking is encouraged; however, angled parking with one-way circulation is permissible in parking areas subject to the following regulations:

Table 18.45.100 – Parking Space Measurements

Parking Angle

Stall Width

Stall
Depth

Aisle Width

8 ft.

24 ft.

15 ft.

30°

10 ft.

19 ft.

15 ft.

45°

10 ft.

20 ft.

16 ft.

60°

10 ft.

21 ft.

18 ft.

90°

10 ft.

19 ft.

25 ft.

3. Circulation within a parking area with more than one aisle must be such that a car need not enter the street to reach another aisle in the same parking area.

4. A five-foot turnout area shall be provided for all “dead-end” parking areas.

E. Improvements to Parking Areas. All required off-street parking areas shall have the following improvements:

1. All off-street parking areas and vehicle sales areas, and any driveways used for access thereto, shall be paved. Acceptable means of paving shall include asphaltic concrete or other permanent, impervious material as approved by the city engineer.

2. Individual parking stalls shall be legibly marked on the pavement by means of paint or contrasting materials. Arrows painted on paving shall dictate direction of traffic flow. Parking stall striping, directional arrows, and parking stall identification shall meet the following standards:

a. All parking stalls shall be clearly striped and permanently maintained with four-inch-wide double or hairpin lines on the surface of the parking facility, with the two lines located an equal distance of nine inches on either side of the stall sidelines. Striping shall be done in white.

b. All drive aisles, entrances, and exits shall be clearly marked with directional arrows painted on the parking surface.

3. Wheel Stops. The use of wheel stops shall be required where necessary to alleviate any conditions that may result in vehicular damage to on-site facilities. This requirement can be eliminated if the required planter width is increased by two feet on each parking side.

4. Drainage. Parking area surfaces shall be graded and drained so as to dispose of all surface water. Drainage shall be taken to the curb or gutter and away from adjoining property. Such drainage facilities shall not be allowed to cross the surface of a public sidewalk.

5. Pedestrian Walkways. Walkways for pedestrians shall be provided to connect parking areas to destination points. Walkways shall be paved, lighted, and have adequate marking for easy identification and direction of pedestrian traffic.

6. Landscaping. Landscaping shall be provided in accordance with the provisions of Chapter 18.70 CMC, Landscape Requirements.

7. Lighting.

a. Parking areas shall have lighting in conformance with Chapter 18.120 CMC, Outdoor Lighting.

b. All parking lot lights shall be mounted on three-foot-high concrete pedestals (minimum 24 inches in diameter) to protect parking light uprights, or as approved by the city engineer.

c. All light uprights and pedestal locations shall be between required landscape medians so as not to be affected by maturing landscape. Lighting uprights may be located in landscape areas providing no landscape materials will grow beyond 10 feet in height. [Ord. 342 § 3 (Exh. A), 2016; Ord. 328 § 7 (Exh. E), 2014; Ord. 294 § 13, 2009; Ord. 278 §§ 2, 3, 2009; Ord. 95-7 § 2; Code 1990 § 12.8.09. Formerly 18.45.090]

18.45.110 Shared parking provisions.

Shared parking may be approved; provided, that times of operation of the involved entities are not the same, as specified herein.

A. Up to 50 percent of the parking facilities required by this chapter for a use considered to be primarily a daytime (on-peak) use may be provided by a use considered to be a nighttime or Sunday (off-peak) use; up to 50 percent of the parking facilities required by this chapter for a use considered to be a nighttime or Sunday use may be provided by a use considered to be primarily a daytime use; provided, that a reciprocal parking area shall be subject to such conditions as stipulated herein.

B. The following uses are considered to be daytime uses: banks, business and professional offices, retail stores, service shops, and similar uses. The following uses are considered to be nighttime or Sunday uses: auditoriums, churches, fraternal organizations, and theaters. The planning department shall determine the parking requirements of the uses proposed for shared parking.

C. Conditions Required for Shared Parking.

1. Shared parking facilities shall be located within 200 feet of the buildings and uses.

2. The applicant shall demonstrate that there is no substantial conflict in the principal operating hours for the buildings and uses.

3. Parties concerned in the shared use of off-street parking facilities shall execute an agreement for such use by a proper legal instrument approved by the city attorney as to form and content. [Ord. 342 § 3 (Exh. A), 2016; Ord. 328 § 7 (Exh. E), 2014; Ord. 95-7 § 2; Code 1990 § 12.8.10. Formerly 18.45.100.]

18.45.120 Loading requirements.

A. All nonresidential uses shall provide loading spaces not less than 10 feet in width, 20 feet in length, and 14 feet in height, except for those spaces intended for use by tractor trailers, which shall be a minimum of 12 feet in width, 45 feet in length, and 14 feet in height, as follows:

1. Commercial Buildings.

a. 5,000 sq. ft. – 15,000 sq. ft. building area: 1 loading space.

b. 15,001 sq. ft. – 50,000 sq. ft. building area: 2 loading spaces.

c. 50,001 sq. ft. – 75,000 sq. ft. building area: 3 loading spaces.

d. 75,001 sq. ft. – 105,000 sq. ft. building area: 4 loading spaces.

e. 105,001+ sq. ft. building area: 5 loading spaces.

2. Industrial Buildings.

a. 5,000 sq. ft. – 50,000 sq. ft. building area: 1 loading space.

b. 50,001 sq. ft. – 100,000 sq. ft. building area: 2 loading spaces.

c. 100,001 sq. ft. – 150,000 sq. ft. building area: 3 loading spaces.

d. 150,001+ sq. ft. building area: 4 loading spaces.

3. Institutional/Hospital Buildings.

a. 5,000 sq. ft. – 20,000 sq. ft. building area: 1 loading space.

b. 20,001 sq. ft. – 50,000 sq. ft. building area: 2 loading spaces.

c. 50,001 sq. ft. – 75,000 sq. ft. building area: 3 loading spaces.

d. 75,001 sq. ft. – 125,000 sq. ft. building area: 4 loading spaces.

e. 125,001+ sq. ft. building area: 5 loading spaces.

4. Office/Service Buildings.

a. 5,000 sq. ft. – 50,000 sq. ft. building area: 1 loading space.

b. 50,001 sq. ft. – 100,000 sq. ft. building area: 2 loading spaces.

c. 100,001+ sq. ft. building area: 3 loading spaces.

B. All loading facilities and maneuvering areas shall be located on site.

C. Sites shall be designed so that parking areas are separate from loading areas, and loading areas are oriented to the rear or side of buildings.

D. Loading facilities shall be screened from public view by use of walls, landscaping, or building design and/or placement.

E. Loading areas shall be designed as an integral part of the building’s architecture and site design.

F. Loading areas shall be poured in concrete. [Ord. 342 § 3 (Exh. A), 2016; Ord. 328 § 7 (Exh. E), 2014; Ord. 95-7 § 2; Code 1990 § 12.8.11. Formerly 18.45.110]

18.45.130 Off-street parking restrictions for commercial and other vehicles in residential zones.

A. Findings, Purpose, and Intent.

1. There exist within the city large commercial vehicles which park in such a way that they constitute a nuisance and pose a threat to public health and safety because they generate unusual and disproportionate amounts of noise and pollution, particularly when parked on private properties in residential neighborhoods or in close proximity to residential uses.

2. The city council has received numerous complaints from citizens, including residents and business owners, regarding excessive noise, air pollution, and safety hazards resulting from the presence of large commercial vehicles parked off-street in residential zones. The city council finds that the operation of large commercial vehicles on private properties in residential zones, or in close proximity to residential zones, detrimentally affects the community and its neighborhoods.

3. The city council has found and determined, in balancing the interests of the owners/operators of commercial vehicles who have relied on their ability to park their large commercial vehicles where they live and those of other residents of the city in the peaceful enjoyment of their homes, that the amortization and total discontinuance of large commercial vehicle parking in residential zones is beneficial in addressing issues of excessive noise, air pollution, aesthetics, safety hazards, and the preservation of residential street conditions.

B. Definitions. Except where the context requires a different meaning, the definitions given in this subsection shall govern the construction of this section:

1. “Commercial vehicle” shall mean a vehicle required to be registered under the California Vehicle Code, used or maintained for the transportation of persons for hire, compensation, or profit, or designed, used, or maintained primarily for the transportation of goods, equipment, or property. Passenger vehicles which are not used for the transportation of persons for hire, compensation, or profit, pickup trucks, and motor homes are not commercial vehicles. Any vanpool vehicle is not a commercial vehicle. “Commercial vehicle” shall include any truck tractor, motor truck, truck trailer, or a combination thereof which exceeds a manufacturer’s gross vehicle weight of 10,000 pounds.

2. “Truck tractor” shall mean a motor vehicle designed and used primarily for drawing other vehicles and not so constructed as to carry a load other than a part of the weight of the vehicle and load so drawn.

3. “Truck trailer” shall mean a vehicle, other than a motor vehicle, designed for carrying goods, persons, or property, and for being drawn by a motor vehicle, and so constructed that some part of its weight and/or of its load rests on or is carried by another vehicle.

4. “Minor repair” shall mean oil change, tire change, minor safety repairs, spark plug replacement, brake system repair/replacement, battery replacement, and oil filter replacement.

C. Parking of Oversized Vehicles on Private Properties within Residential Zones in the City.

1. Except as provided for in this section:

a. It is unlawful for the property owner, or the owner or operator of any commercial vehicle, to park, or allow to be parked, or allow such vehicle to remain standing on any private property within a residential zone of the city, or on any private property which is within five feet of any residential zone in the city.

b. It is unlawful for any person to park, or allow to be parked, any truck trailer which has been detached from a commercial vehicle (truck or truck tractor), or which is not in itself capable of being driven, on any private property in a residential zone in the city.

c. It is unlawful for any person to perform any mechanical work on a commercial vehicle on any property within a residential zone in the city, other than minor repair, as defined in subsection (B)(4) of this section, which minor repair may occur only between the hours of 8:00 a.m. and 8:00 p.m.

2. Subsection (C)(1) of this section notwithstanding, commercial vehicles may be parked on private property within residential zones, or within five feet of residential zones in the city, as follows:

a. While making pickups or deliveries of goods, wares, or merchandise from or to any property adjacent to or abutting streets or highways which are not designated truck routes.

b. When such commercial vehicle is parked in connection with, and in aid of, the immediate, ongoing performance of a service to or on the property on which such vehicle is parked or left standing.

c. When such commercial vehicle is parked on property owned by the owner/operator of the commercial vehicle, with a valid permit issued pursuant to subsection (D) of this section, and otherwise in accordance with the provisions of this section.

d. The restrictions and prohibitions set forth in subsections (C)(1)(a) and (b) of this section shall not apply to commercial vehicles which have valid and effective permits issued pursuant to subsection (D) of this section.

D. Commercial Vehicle Parking Permits.

1. Any owner or operator of a commercial vehicle or property which is subject to this section may apply to the planning director, or the designee of the planning director, for, and the planning director, or the designee of the planning director, may issue a commercial vehicle parking permit for an exemption from the restrictions and prohibitions of subsection (C)(1)(a) or (b) of this section if it can be demonstrated that the property is adequate in size and shape to satisfy all applicable conditions identified in subsection (F) of this section, Permit Conditions.

The permit shall be in such form as may be approved by the planning director. No notice is required. Application for such a permit shall be made on a form approved by, and subject to such verification as may be required by, the planning director.

2. A commercial vehicle parking permit issued pursuant to this section shall expire one year after the date of issuance; provided, however, that no permit may expire later than January 1, 2005, in accordance with subsection (G)(1) of this section, or January 1, 2020, in accordance with subsection (G)(2) of this section. Applications for renewal of permits shall be submitted to the planning director at least 10 days prior to the expiration date of the then-current permit.

3. Temporary commercial vehicle parking permits may be issued to nonresident visitors, and shall expire three days after the date of issuance. Commercial vehicles for which a temporary commercial vehicle parking permit is granted may be permitted to park within the required front yard setback and are not required to be screened from public view. Not more than three nonresident visitor permits may be issued to any one property in any 12-month period of time.

4. Permits for commercial vehicle parking shall be nontransferable and shall apply only to the particular commercial vehicle, property, and location described in the application, and the rights granted thereto shall be limited to the term of the permit.

5. The planning director may revoke any commercial vehicle parking permit issued hereunder prior to the permit’s expiration date upon a determination by the planning director that good cause exists for such revocation. Good cause for revocation is established by a finding by the planning director that the permittee, or any person operating a permitted vehicle with the permittee’s consent, has violated one or more of the provisions of this section or any other provision of the municipal code or of state law relating to the operation, licensing, maintenance, or parking of commercial vehicles on the property for which the permit was issued.

E. Appeal of Permit Denial or Revocation.

1. The decision of the planning director to deny or revoke any commercial vehicle parking permit issued hereunder may be appealed in accordance with CMC 18.15.080, Hearings and appeals. Such written notice of appeal shall include all facts which form the basis for appeal, including but not limited to mistake of facts, or error in interpretation of this section, together with any relevant documentation in support of the appeal.

2. The decision of the planning commission may be appealed to the city council in accordance with CMC 18.15.080, Hearings and appeals. Such written notice of appeal shall include all facts which form the basis for appeal, as set forth above.

F. Permit Conditions. Each commercial vehicle parking permit issued pursuant to subsection (C) of this section shall be subject to the following conditions:

1. No commercial vehicle shall be parked or left standing on any vacant residentially zoned property. Commercial vehicle permits shall be valid only on residential property occupied by the owner/operator of the commercial vehicle, except where a temporary commercial vehicle parking permit has been issued pursuant to subsection (D)(3) of this section.

2. The operator of the commercial vehicle shall not idle the vehicle’s engine for longer than 15 minutes, race the vehicle’s engine, or blow air horns (except for an emergency).

3. No commercial vehicle shall be loaded or unloaded or have cargo transferred to or from the vehicle except during the first 24 hours during which such vehicle is mechanically disabled.

4. No refrigeration unit on a commercial vehicle shall be operated between the hours of 8:00 p.m. and 8:00 a.m.

5. One commercial vehicle, including a truck tractor with a trailer or semi-trailer, may be parked on the owner/operator’s occupied residential lot if such lot is at least 20,000 square feet in size. One additional commercial vehicle, including a truck tractor with a trailer or truck trailer, up to a maximum of three such commercial vehicles, may be parked on the owner/operator’s residential lot for each additional 20,000 square feet which said lot contains. No commercial vehicle shall be parked or left standing pursuant to this subsection unless all parts of such vehicle are at least five feet from each interior property line and at least 15 feet from all public rights-of-way and easements. Within the front yard setback, a commercial vehicle may only be parked on a driveway or other impermeable surface approved by the city for parking vehicle(s).

6. As a condition of the issuance of a permit pursuant to subsection (D) of this section, perimeter landscaping shall be installed along rear and side property lines to screen the view of the commercial vehicle from neighboring properties. The landscape materials shall be nontoxic and of the sort that fully obscure the truck parking area from neighboring residential uses.

7. Truck tractors may be parked in the driveway of the owner/operator’s residential lot of any size, subject to the following conditions:

a. The truck tractor must be completely clear of all public streets, sidewalks, and easements.

b. No mechanical work shall be done, other than minor repairs, as defined in subsection (B)(4) of this section, which minor repair may occur only between the hours of 8:00 a.m. and 8:00 p.m.

8. The owner/operator of a commercial vehicle which is subject to the provisions of this chapter and required to obtain a commercial vehicle parking permit pursuant to subsection (D) of this section must either conform to the provisions hereof or must apply for the required commercial vehicle parking permit within 30 days following the effective date of the ordinance codified in this section.

9. No permit issued pursuant to this section shall expire later than January 1, 2005, in accordance with subsection (G)(1) of this section, and January 1, 2020, in accordance with subsection (G)(2) of this section.

G. Legal Nonconforming Use and Amortization of Commercial Vehicle Parking in Residential Zones.

1. Any residential property on which commercial vehicles were parked that was registered with the state as a truck terminal on or after December 10, 1990, and prior to January 1, 2000, or which is verified by the planning director, based on objective evidence submitted by the property owner, to have been parked on residential property within that period, shall not be subject to the limitation on vehicle numbers set forth in subsection (F)(5) of this section, but shall hereafter be considered a nonconforming use and shall be allowed to continue parking on that residential property until January 1, 2005, provided such use is not expanded, altered, or increased in intensity. Parking of said commercial vehicles shall in all other ways fully comply with the requirements of all other provisions of this section. Upon the sale or transfer of the property, the nonconforming use shall terminate, and thereafter all provisions of this section shall apply.

2. Any residential property on which commercial vehicles were parked that was registered with the state as a truck terminal prior to December 10, 1990, or which is verified by the planning director, based on objective evidence submitted by the property owner, to have been parked on residential property prior to December 10, 1990, shall not be subject to the limitation on vehicle numbers set forth in subsection (F)(5) of this section, but shall hereafter be considered a nonconforming use and shall be allowed to continue parking on that residential property until January 1, 2020; provided such use is not expanded, altered, or increased in intensity. Parking of said commercial vehicles shall in all other ways fully comply with the requirements of all other provisions of this section. Upon the sale or transfer of the property, the nonconforming use shall terminate, and thereafter all provisions of this section shall apply.

3. The number of allowed vehicles in excess of those permitted by this section shall be established pursuant to the criteria set forth herein, and shall not be increased or expanded thereafter. Parking of said “grandfathered” nonconforming uses shall in all other ways fully comply with the requirements of all other provisions of this section, the city’s municipal code, and the zoning and development regulations of the city.

4. The owner/occupier of any residential property registered as a truck terminal and operating a trucking business from such residential property shall be subject to the requirements of the city’s business license and zoning regulations, and this section shall not be considered to authorize the establishment of such business in a residential zone.

5. Any alteration or expansion of a nonconforming use shall be subject to the requirements of CMC Title 17.

6. All permits issued pursuant to this section shall expire not later than as set forth in subsections (G)(1) and (2) of this section, at which time parking of commercial vehicles in any residential zone in the city shall be prohibited, except as provided in subsections (C)(2)(a), (b), and (c) of this section, or otherwise as required by law.

H. Extension of Time for Termination of Nonconforming Use. The owner or operator of nonconforming use as described in subsection (G) of this section may apply under the provisions of this section to the planning director for an extension of time within which to terminate the nonconforming use.

1. Time and Manner of Application. An application for an extension of time within which to terminate a use made nonconforming by the provisions of subsection (G) of this section may be filed by the owner of the real property upon which such use is operated, or by the operator of the use. Such an application must be filed with the planning director at least 60 days but no more than 180 days prior to the expiration of the time established in subsection (G) of this section for termination of such use.

2. Content of Application – Fees. The application shall state the grounds for requesting an extension of time, and shall be accompanied by the required filing fee. The filing fee for such application shall be the same as that for a variance as is set forth in the schedule of fees established by resolution from time to time by the city council. An application which fails to state a basis upon which an extension may be granted, as set forth in subsection (H)(4) of this section, shall be returned to the applicant as nonresponsive, together with the application fee less any administrative costs of processing the application.

3. Hearing Procedure. The city manager shall appoint a hearing officer to hear the application. The hearing officer shall set the matter for hearing within 20 days of receipt of the application. The hearing shall be noticed in accordance with CMC 18.15.080(C), Notice of Hearing. All parties involved shall have the right to offer testimonial, documentary, and tangible evidence bearing on the issues; may be represented by counsel; and shall have the right to confront and cross-examine witnesses. Any relevant evidence may be admitted that is the sort of evidence upon which reasonable persons are accustomed to rely in the conduct of serious affairs. Any hearing under this section may be continued for a reasonable time for the convenience of a party or witness. The decision of the hearing officer shall be final and subject to judicial review pursuant to Code of Civil Procedure Section 1094.6.

4. Approval of Extension – Findings. An extension under the provisions of this subsection (H) shall be for a reasonable period of time commensurate with the investment involved, and shall be approved only if the hearing officer makes all of the following findings or such other findings as are required by law:

a. The applicant has made a substantial investment (including but not limited to lease obligations) in the property or structure on which the nonconforming use is conducted; such property or structure cannot be readily converted to another use; and such investment was made prior to January 1, 2000.

b. The applicant will be unable to recoup said investment as of the date established for modification or termination of the use.

c. The applicant has made good faith efforts to recoup the investment and to relocate the use to a location in conformance with this section.

I. Public Nuisance Declaration. The city council hereby finds and declares that any violation of the provisions of this section occurring on private property shall constitute a public nuisance, and may be prosecuted as such in accordance with the provisions of the municipal code. This remedy is nonexclusive.

J. Penalties.

1. No person shall violate any provision or fail to comply with any of the requirements of this section. Every act prohibited or declared unlawful and every failure to perform an act made mandatory by this section is punishable as a misdemeanor. Where the city attorney determines that such action would be in the interest of justice, he/she may specify in the accusatory pleading that the offense shall be an infraction. Each person shall be deemed guilty of a separate offense for each and every day during any portion of which any violation of any provision of this section is committed, continued, or permitted by such person and shall be punishable accordingly.

2. It shall be a defense to a citation issued for a violation of subsection (D)(3) of this section (failure to have a nonresident visitor permit) that the violation occurred at a time when City Hall was closed so that a permit could not be issued, and that the permit would have been issued had City Hall been open. [Ord. 342 § 3 (Exh. A), 2016; Ord. 328 § 7 (Exh. E), 2014; Ord. 2000-6 § 1; Code 1990 § 12.8.12. Formerly 18.45.120]

18.45.140 Off-street parking restrictions for recreational vehicles in residential zones.

A. Purpose. It is the purpose of this section to establish regulations for the parking of recreational vehicles in residential zones, including the establishment of standards regarding size, number, location, maintenance, and other requirements, so that impacts to pedestrians, motorist safety, and neighborhood aesthetics will not be compromised while providing reasonable accommodation to recreational vehicle owners.

B. Definition of a Recreational Vehicle. For purposes of this section, “recreational vehicle” means a vehicle for noncommercial, recreational use, which is towed or self-propelled on its own chassis or attached to the chassis of another vehicle, and which is designed or used for recreational or sporting purposes. The term “recreational vehicle” includes but is not limited to travel trailers, pickup campers, camping trailers, motor coach homes, converted trucks or buses, boats and boat trailers, and all-terrain vehicles.

C. On-Site Parking Requirements. It shall be unlawful for any person to keep, maintain, park, or store any recreational vehicle in any residential zone except as provided in Table 18.45.140.

 

Table 18.45.140 – Recreational Vehicle Parking Area Requirements 

Location

Parking Area Restrictions

Front yard and side yard

Recreational vehicle parking and storage requirements.

1. A recreational vehicle shall not be parked so as to encroach into the public right-of-way or to block or overhang the sidewalk.

2. A recreational vehicle shall not be parked or stored where such parking or storage constitutes a clear and demonstrable traffic hazard and threat to public health and safety. Either the sheriff or the city manager may, at their discretion, declare the parking or storage of a particular recreational vehicle to be a traffic hazard and require the immediate removal of the recreational vehicle.

3. A recreational vehicle shall only be parked on an improved surface such as concrete, asphalt, laid brick, or other impervious material. The impervious material shall not exceed 50 percent of the area within the front yard of the lot or parcel, and shall not exceed 50 percent of the area within the side yard of the lot or parcel.

4. No more than one recreational vehicle shall be parked in the front yard or side yard area for any lot or parcel where such lot or parcel is less than 20,000 square feet in size. For lots or parcels 20,000 square feet or larger in area, a maximum of two recreational vehicles may be parked in the front yard or side yard. Note: A maximum of two additional recreational vehicles may be parked in the rear yard for any lot or parcel 40,000 square feet or larger.

5. No recreational vehicle higher than 12 feet and longer than 35 feet shall be parked in the front or side yard of any lot or parcel.

Side yard – Street side of corner lot or parcel

All of the following requirements shall be met:

1. Parking or storage of recreational vehicles in the side yard setback on the street side of any corner lot or parcel shall be prohibited.

2. A recreational vehicle may be temporarily parked or stored in the side yard on the street side of any corner lot or parcel only if the recreational vehicle is parked or stored behind a 6-foot-high wall or fence. The wall or fence shall be constructed of a material that shall block the visibility of the recreational vehicle from the public street or right-of-way and from adjacent property.

3. No recreational vehicle higher than 12 feet or longer than 35 feet shall be parked in the side yard on the street side of any corner lot or parcel.

Rear yard

All of the following requirements shall be met:

1. A recreational vehicle may be parked on gravel in lieu of an impervious surface.

2. The recreational vehicle shall be stored or parked a minimum of 5 feet from the rear property line of the subject lot or parcel.

D. Public Street Parking Requirements. Parking of recreational vehicles on public streets shall be subject to all of the following requirements:

1. Recreational vehicle access from the public street to the parcel or lot shall only be permitted on the approved driveway or driveway approach on file with the city. No additional driveways or driveway approaches shall be created or used for the purpose of parking or storing a recreational vehicle on the parcel or lot, or to provide access between the parcel or lot and the public street by use of the recreational vehicle.

2. Parking of all nonmotorized recreational vehicles that require a trailer to be transported on the public street is prohibited unless such nonmotorized recreational vehicle is attached to the tow vehicle at all times. Any owner of a nonmotorized recreational vehicle parked on the public street without being attached to its tow vehicle for any length of time shall be subject to immediate citation and/or to the removal of the recreational vehicle at the owner’s expense so long as signs are posted giving notice of the restrictions and removal. Any reasonable costs resulting from such impound, towing, or storage shall be charged to the owner of the recreational vehicle and to the driver who committed the violation. Removal shall be conducted in accordance with the California Vehicle Code.

3. No recreational vehicle shall be parked on a public street for any period of time longer than 72 consecutive hours without being moved. As used herein, the term “moved” means moved to a location not less than one mile from the subject property where the recreational vehicle was parked during the 72-hour period. The total number of days a recreational vehicle shall be parked on a public street shall not exceed six days per month. Any recreational vehicle which is parked on any public street longer than the 72-hour time limit specified in this section shall be subject to immediate citation and/or the removal of the recreational vehicle at the owner’s expense, so long as signs are posted giving notice of the restrictions and removal. Any reasonable costs resulting from such impound, towing, or storage shall be charged to the owner of the recreational vehicle and to the driver who committed the violation. Removal shall be conducted in accordance with the California Vehicle Code.

E. Limitations on Use.

1. Recreational vehicles shall not be occupied for permanent living purposes. Electrical hookups are allowed only under the following circumstances: during loading and unloading, not to exceed a total of 24 hours; for the charging of batteries for no more than 48 consecutive hours per week; and during the period of time that a temporary recreational vehicle parking permit for guest parking is valid per subsection (G) of this section. Sewer hookups and septic tank hookups shall be prohibited at all times.

2. Recreational vehicles shall not be used as an accessory structure, as defined in CMC 18.10.020, Definitions, or as a dwelling unit, accessory, as defined in CMC 18.10.020.

3. Recreational vehicles shall not be used for the storage of goods, material, or equipment other than those items required for its intended use.

F. Maintenance Requirements. The following requirements shall apply to all recreational vehicles when parked or stored on any residential property:

1. All recreational vehicles shall be kept neat and clean at all times. Broken windows, flat tires, unpainted exteriors, unfinished upholstery, and the accumulation of spiderwebs, dirt, weeds, junk, engine and/or machine parts, tools, papers, and other debris on, in, and/or under a recreational vehicle shall be prohibited at all times. All recreational vehicles shall be maintained in a weather-resistant condition at all times.

2. All recreational vehicles shall display current license plates and/or current vehicle registration tags if required by applicable law. Those recreational vehicles not displaying current license plates and/or registration tags will be considered inoperable and shall be removed from the public view. As used in this section, “public view” means any recreational vehicle which is visible from any street, sidewalk, alley, and adjacent properties.

3. All covers, tarps, or any other material employed to protect a recreational vehicle from the weather shall be secured and shall be weatherproof. Use of rocks, bricks, or other weighted items to secure the weatherproofing cover shall be prohibited.

4. All recreational vehicle parking and storage areas shall be properly maintained and kept free of weeds, mud, and other debris.

G. Temporary Recreational Vehicle Parking Permit for Guest Parking. No recreational vehicle shall be occupied for living, sleeping, or any other purposes while parked per the limitations listed in Table 18.45.140, other than for guest(s) of the resident of the property. Guest parking shall be allowed for a period of 14 days. Any time period beyond 14 days shall require the issuance of a permit by the planning director subject to the following provisions:

1. Application for such a permit shall be made on a form approved by, and subject to such verification as may be required by, the planning director.

2. A permit issued pursuant to this subsection shall expire 30 days after the date of issuance.

3. A permit may be issued to nonresident visitors and shall expire 30 days after the date of issuance. Not more than three nonresident visitor permits may be issued to any one parcel or lot in any 12-month period of time with a minimum one-month gap between permits.

4. Temporary recreational vehicle parking permits shall be nontransferable and shall apply only to the particular recreational vehicle, property, and location described in the application, and the rights granted thereto shall be limited to the term of the permit.

5. The planning director may revoke any permit issued hereunder prior to the permit’s expiration date upon a determination by the planning director that good cause exists for such revocation. Good cause for revocation is established by a finding by the planning director that the permittee, or any person operating a permitted recreational vehicle with the permittee’s consent, has violated one or more of the provisions of this chapter, or any other provision of the municipal code relating to the operation, licensing, maintenance, or parking of recreational vehicles on the property for which the permit was issued.

6. Appeal of Permit Denial or Revocation.

a. The decision of the planning director to deny or revoke any guest recreational vehicle parking permit issued hereunder may be appealed to the planning commission by filing written notice of the appeal in accordance with CMC 18.15.080, Hearings and appeals. Such written notice of appeal shall include all facts which form the basis for appeal, including but not limited to mistake of facts, or error in interpretation of this section, together with any relevant documentation in support of the appeal.

b. The decision of the planning commission may be appealed to the city council. The appeal shall be filed in accordance with CMC 18.15.080, Hearings and appeals.

c. Exhaustion of the administrative remedies provided herein shall be required prior to the filing of any legal action in a court of competent jurisdiction. Such legal action shall be filed pursuant to the requirements of Code of Civil Procedure Section 1094.6.

H. Temporary Recreational Vehicle Parking During an Emergency.

1. A recreational vehicle may be occupied as an emergency shelter by the residents of the property in which it is stored during an emergency, as defined in subsection (H)(2) of this section.

2. “Emergency” shall mean the actual or threatened existence of conditions of disaster or of extreme peril to the safety of persons and property in this city caused by such conditions as fire, flood, storm, riot, earthquake, or other conditions, as proclaimed by the city, county, state, or federal government.

I. Violations and Penalties.

1. The provisions of this section restricting parking and storage in the public right-of-way (including the public streets, sidewalks, and alleys) may be enforced by any regularly employed and salaried police officer of the city, deputy of the Riverside County sheriff’s department, or member of the California Highway Patrol.

2. Any violation of any provision of this section shall be subject to administrative proceedings, and/or criminal or civil prosecution, in accordance with Chapter 1.20 CMC, Penalty Provisions, and Chapter 1.30 CMC, Administrative Citations, as determined to be appropriate in the discretion of the city attorney. All remedies stated therein shall be cumulative and nonexclusive. [Ord. 357 § 9, 2018; Ord. 342 § 3 (Exh. A), 2016; Ord. 328 § 7 (Exh. E), 2014; Ord. 295 § 9, 2010. Formerly 18.45.130]