Chapter 10.36


10.36.010    Purpose and Intent.

10.36.020    Definition.

10.36.030    Curfew Hours.

10.36.040    Enforcement.

10.36.010 Purpose and Intent.

The City Council declares its purpose and intent in enacting this ordinance is as follows:

A.    The ability to make reasoned judgments, resist peer pressure and understand the consequences of improper behavior increase with age, knowledge and experience, all of which are likely to increase as a person grows older, and these factors justify the application of a curfew to minors, but not adults.

B.    Juvenile crime, especially nighttime crime, has increased over the years and jurisdictions enforcing a nocturnal juvenile curfew have experienced a reduction in crime and noncriminal mischief.

C.    In recent years, minors have increasingly been victims of violent crime and the adoption and enforcement of a curfew ordinance will tend to reverse this trend.

D.    Curfew ordinances tend to reinforce parental authority and supervision. (Ord. 85-21 § 1 (part), 1985: Ord. 85-20 § 1 (part), 1985: Ord. 1079; 1949 Code § 4221)*

*    Ordinance 85-21 was an emergency ordinance passed July 8, 1985. Ordinance 85-20 was passed August 12, 1985.

10.36.020 Definition.

For the purpose of this chapter, any person under the age of eighteen (18) years who is not an emancipated minor, as provided in California Family Code Section 7002, shall be deemed a minor. (Ord. 2023-22 § 455, 2023; Ord. 85-21 § 1 (part), 1985: Ord. 85-20 § 1 (part), 1985: Ord. 1079; 1949 Code § 4222)

10.36.030 Curfew Hours.

It shall be unlawful for any minor to loiter or idle in or upon the public streets, alleys, parks, playgrounds or other public places, vacant lots or other unsupervised places, between the hours of 10:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m. of the following day. The curfew shall not apply to the following:

A.    Any minor accompanied by a parent, legal guardian or a responsible adult to which custody of the minor has been given by the parent or legal guardian; and

B.    To any minor performing any task at the direction of his or her legal guardian or to any minor responding to an emergency with or without parental consent; and

C.    To any minor then acting within the course and scope of his or her employment; and

D.    To any minor on the property of, or the sidewalk directly adjacent to, or the buildings immediately adjacent to the building in which he or she resides; and

E.    To any minor attending organized associational activity, such as school meetings, classes or sporting events, religious meetings, dances, concerts, theatrical performances, or similar events, or other Constitutionally protected activity; and

F.    To any minor engaged in reasonable and direct travel to and from those activities described in subsection (E) of this section. (Ord. 85-21 § 1 (part), 1985: Ord. 85-20 § 1 (part), 1985: Ord. 1079; 1949 Code § 4223)

10.36.040 Enforcement.

Every Police Officer is hereby authorized and empowered to demand from any person, whom the officer has reasonable cause to believe is in violation of Section 10.36.030, that such person give his or her name, address, proof of age, the name of parent, guardian or adult having care or custody of such person, and other information reasonably necessary to determine whether such violation exists. (Ord. 85-21 § 1 (part), 1985: Ord. 85-20 § 1 (part), 1985: Ord. 1079; 1949 Code § 4224)