Chapter 10.05
UNIFORM TRAFFIC ORDINANCE

Sections:

Article I. General Provisions

10.05.010    Applicability of state traffic laws.

10.05.020    Definitions.

Article II. Administration

10.05.030    Powers of the council.

10.05.040    Duties of the superintendent of public works.

10.05.050    Public danger.

10.05.060    Standards.

10.05.070    Authority of police and fire officers.

10.05.080    Obedience to and alteration of control devices.

10.05.090    Evidence.

10.05.100    Existing control devices.

Article III. General Regulations

10.05.110    Rules of road.

10.05.120    Crossing private property.

10.05.130    Emerging from vehicle.

10.05.140    Unlawful riding.

10.05.150    Clinging to vehicles.

10.05.160    Roller skates on streets and sidewalks.

10.05.170    Damaging sidewalks and curbs.

10.05.180    Obstructing streets and sidewalks.

10.05.190    Removing glass and debris.

10.05.200    Illegal operation of a motor-assisted scooter.

Article IV. Parking Regulations

10.05.210    Method of parking.

10.05.220    Prohibited parking and standing.

10.05.230    Prohibited parking.

10.05.240    Use of loading zone.

10.05.250    Leaving unattended vehicle.

10.05.260    Action by police officer.

10.05.270    Standing or parking of buses and taxicabs regulated.

10.05.280    Restricted use of bus and taxicab stands.

10.05.290    Lights on parked vehicle.

10.05.300    Extension of parking time.

10.05.310    Exemption.

Article V. Bicycles

10.05.320    Bicycle equipment.

10.05.330    Bicycle operating rules.

10.05.340    Impounding of bicycles.

Article VI. Pedestrians

10.05.350    Use of sidewalks.

10.05.360    Pedestrians must use crosswalks.

10.05.370    Right angles.

10.05.380    Obedience to traffic lights and bridge and railroad signals.

Article VII. Parades and Processions

10.05.390    Parades and processions.

10.05.400    Cruising.

Article VIII. Parking Citations and Owner Responsibility

10.05.410    Citation on illegally parked vehicles.

10.05.420    Failure to comply with traffic citation attached to parked vehicle.

10.05.430    Owner responsibility.

10.05.440    Registered owner presumption.

Article IX. Penalties

10.05.450    Penalties.

Article I. General Provisions

10.05.010 Applicability of state traffic laws.

Violations of provisions of the Oregon Revised Statutes, Chapters 801, 803, 807, 809 through 811, 813 through 816, 818 through 821, and 153, except for ORS 153.093 and 153.125 through 153.145, as they exist following amendments made by the 2003 Oregon Legislature, shall constitute an offense against the city. [Ord. 1123 § 1, 2004; Ord. 957 § 1, 1991; Ord. 937 § 1, 1989; Ord. 910 § 2, 1987; Ord. 908 § 1, 1987; Ord. 902 § 1, 1987; Ord. 888 § 1, 1985; Ord. 873 § 1, 1984; Ord. 681 § 1, 1976; Ord. 597 § 2, 1972.]

10.05.020 Definitions.

A. In addition to those definitions contained in the ORS chapters adopted in JCMC 10.05.010, the following words or phrases, except where the context clearly indicates a different meaning, shall mean:

“Bicycle” means a nonmotorized vehicle designed to be ridden, propelled by human power, and having two or more wheels the diameter of which are in excess of 10 inches or having two or more wheels where any one wheel has a diameter in excess of 15 inches.

“Bus stop” means a space on the edge of a roadway designated by sign or use by buses loading or unloading passengers.

“Commercial motor vehicle” means:

1. A motor vehicle or combination of motor vehicles that:

a. Has a gross combination weight rating of 26,001 pounds or more, inclusive of a towed unit with a gross vehicle weight rating of more than 10,000 pounds;

b. Has a gross vehicle weight rating of 26,001 pounds or more;

c. Is designated to transport 16 or more persons including the driver;

d. Is of any size and is used in the transportation of hazardous materials; or

e. Is of any size and is owned or leased by, or operated under a contract with, a mass transit district or a transportation district when the vehicle is actually being used to transport passengers for hire, regardless of the number of passengers, unless the vehicle is a taxi.

2. A commercial motor vehicle does not include the following:

a. An emergency fire vehicle being operated by firefighters as defined in ORS 652.050;

b. Emergency vehicles being operated by emergency service workers as defined in ORS 401.025;

c. A motor home used to transport or house, for nonbusiness purposes, the operator or the operator’s family members or personal possessions;

d. A vehicle that is owned or leased by, or operated under contract with, a mass transit district or a transportation district when the vehicle is actually being used to transport passengers for hire and is being operated by a volunteer driver, so long as the vehicle is not one described in subsections (1)(a) through (d) of this definition; or

e. A recreational vehicle that is operated solely for personal use.

“Commercial vehicle” means a vehicle that:

1. Is used for the transportation of persons for compensation or profit; or

2. Is designed or used primarily for the transportation of property.

“Guest” means a bona fide visitor to a residence located on a residential parking street.

“Holiday” means New Year’s Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day, Christmas Day, and any other day proclaimed by the council to be a holiday.

“Loading zone” means a space on the edge of a roadway designated by sign for the purpose of loading or unloading passengers or materials during specified hours of specified days.

“Motor vehicle” means every vehicle that is self-propelled, including tractors, fork-lift trucks, motorcycles, road building equipment, street cleaning equipment, and any other vehicle capable of moving under its own power notwithstanding that the vehicle may be exempt from licensing under the motor vehicle laws of Oregon.

“Other property open to public travel” means property, whether publicly or privately owned and whether publicly or privately maintained, upon which the public operates motor vehicles either by express or implied invitation, other than streets as defined in this section, and excepting public school property, county property, or property under the jurisdiction of the State Board of Higher Education. Other property open to public travel shall include but not be limited to parking lots, service station lots, shopping center and supermarket parking lots, and other accessways and parking areas open to general vehicular traffic, whether or not periodically closed to public use.

“Park” or “parking” means the condition of:

1. A motor vehicle that is stopped while occupied by its operator with the engine turned off.

2. A motor vehicle that is stopped while unoccupied by its operator whether or not the engine is turned off.

“Parking permit” means a valid resident parking permit or guest parking permit issued by the city of Junction City.

“Pedestrian” means a person on the public right-of-way, except:

1. The operator or passenger of a motor vehicle or bicycle.

2. A person leading, driving, or riding an animal or animal-drawn conveyance.

“Person” means a natural person, firm, partnership, association, or corporation.

“Residence” means a single-family, two-family, or multifamily dwelling within the boundaries of the city of Junction City.

“Resident” means the principal occupant or occupants of a residence.

“Residential parking street” means a street within the boundaries of the city of Junction City, which the council designates as requiring a parking permit to park a motor vehicle at any time, at certain times, between certain dates, or on certain days.

“Restricted zone” means a zone within the city limits which may be streets, partial streets or blocks which have been designated by the city council as an area in which parking, stopping or standing requires the use of a permit or other approved means to park, stop or stand.

“Stand” or “standing” means the stopping of a motor vehicle while occupied by its operator with the engine running, except stopping in obedience to the instructions of a traffic officer or traffic control device or for other traffic.

Street. The terms “highway,” “road,” and “street,” when used in this chapter or in the ORS chapters incorporated herein, shall be considered synonymous, unless the context precludes such construction. “Street,” as defined in this chapter and the ORS chapters incorporated by reference herein, includes alleys, sidewalks, and parking areas and accessways owned or maintained by the city.

“Taxicab stand” means a space on the edge of a roadway designated by sign for use by taxicabs.

“Traffic control device” means a device to direct vehicular or pedestrian traffic or parking, including but not limited to a sign, signaling mechanism, barricade, button, or street or curb marking installed by the city or other authority.

“Traffic lane” means that area of the roadway used for the movement of a single line of traffic.

“Vehicle,” as used in subsequent sections of this chapter, includes bicycles.

B. As used in this chapter, the singular includes the plural and the masculine includes the feminine. [Ord. 1158 § 1, 2006; Ord. 1133 § 1, 2004; Ord. 597 § 3, 1972.]

Article II. Administration

10.05.030 Powers of the council.

A. Subject to state laws, the city council shall exercise all municipal traffic authority for the city except those powers specifically and expressly delegated herein or by another chapter.

B. The powers of the council shall include but not be limited to:

1. Designation of through streets.

2. Designation of one-way streets.

3. Designation of truck routes.

4. Designation of parking meter zones.

5. Restriction of the use of certain streets by any class or kind of vehicle to protect the streets from damage.

6. Authorization of greater maximum weights or lengths for vehicles using city streets than specified by state law.

7. Initiation of proceedings to change speed zones.

8. Revision of speed limits in parks.

9. Closing of city streets for special events. [Ord. 1133 § 2, 2004; Ord. 597 § 4, 1972.]

10.05.040 Duties of the superintendent of public works.

The superintendent of public works or his designate shall exercise the following duties:

A. Implement the ordinances, resolutions and motions of the council and his own orders by installing traffic control devices. Such installations shall be based on the standards contained in the Oregon Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices for Streets and Highways.

B. Establish, maintain, remove, or alter the following classes of traffic controls:

1. Crosswalks, safety zones, and traffic lanes.

2. Intersection channelization and areas where drivers of vehicles shall not make right, left, or U-turns, and the time when the prohibition applies.

3. Parking areas and time limitations, including the form of permissible parking (e.g., parallel or diagonal).

C. Issue oversize or overweight vehicle permits.

D. Establish, maintain, remove or alter traffic control signals.

E. Establish, maintain, remove or alter loading zones and stops for all vehicles.

F. Designate certain streets as bridle paths and prohibit horses and animals on other streets.

G. Temporarily block or close streets. [Ord. 597 § 5, 1972.]

10.05.050 Public danger.

Under conditions constituting a danger to the public, the superintendent of public works or his designate may install temporary traffic control devices deemed by him to be necessary. [Ord. 597 § 6, 1972.]

10.05.060 Standards.

The regulations of the superintendent of public works or his designate shall be based upon:

A. Traffic engineering principles and traffic investigations.

B. Standards, limitations, and rules promulgated by the State Highway Commission.

C. Other recognized traffic control standards. [Ord. 597 § 7, 1972.]

10.05.070 Authority of police and fire officers.

A. It shall be the duty of police officers to enforce the provisions of this chapter.

B. In the event of a fire or other public emergency, officers of the police and fire department may direct traffic as conditions require, notwithstanding the provisions of this chapter. [Ord. 597 § 8, 1972.]

10.05.080 Obedience to and alteration of control devices.

A. No person shall disobey the instruction of a traffic officer or a traffic control device.

B. No unauthorized persons shall install, move, remove, obstruct, alter the position of, deface or tamper with a traffic control device. [Ord. 597 § 9, 1972.]

10.05.090 Evidence.

The existence of a traffic control device shall be prima facie evidence that the device was lawfully authorized and installed. [Ord. 597 § 10, 1972.]

10.05.100 Existing control devices.

Traffic control devices installed prior to the adoption of this chapter are lawfully authorized. [Ord. 597 § 11, 1972.]

Article III. General Regulations

10.05.110 Rules of road.

In addition to state law, the following shall apply to the operation of vehicles upon the streets of the city:

A. The operator of a vehicle shall not back the vehicle unless the movement can be made with reasonable safety and without interfering with other traffic, and shall yield the right-of-way to moving traffic and pedestrians.

B. The operator of a vehicle in the traffic lane shall have the right-of-way over an operator of a vehicle departing from a parking space.

C. No operator of a vehicle shall pull away from a curb or other parking area without giving an appropriate turn signal when other traffic may be affected.

D. Where a stop sign is erected at or near the entrance to an intersection, the operator of a vehicle approaching shall bring the vehicle to a stop before crossing a stop line or crosswalks or, if none, then before entering the intersection. Stopping at a point which does not yield an unobstructed view of traffic on the intersecting street shall not constitute compliance with the requirements of this section.

E. Notwithstanding an indication by a traffic control device to proceed:

1. No operator of a vehicle shall enter an intersection unless there is sufficient space on the opposite side of the intersection to accommodate his vehicle without obstructing the passage of other vehicles.

2. No operator of a vehicle shall enter a marked crosswalk, whether or not at an intersection, unless there is sufficient space on the opposite side of the crosswalk to accommodate his vehicle without obstructing the passage of pedestrians. [Ord. 597 § 12, 1972.]

10.05.120 Crossing private property.

No operator of a vehicle shall proceed from one street to an intersecting street by crossing private property. This provision shall not apply to the operator of a vehicle who stops on the property for the purpose of procuring or providing goods or services. [Ord. 597 § 13, 1972.]

10.05.130 Emerging from vehicle.

No person shall open the door of a motor vehicle into a traffic lane without first ascertaining that it can be done in safety. [Ord. 597 § 14, 1972.]

10.05.140 Unlawful riding.

A. No operator shall permit a passenger and no passenger shall ride on a vehicle upon a street except on a portion of the vehicle designed or intended for the use of passengers. This provision shall not apply to an employee engaged in the necessary discharge of a duty, or to a person riding within a truck body in space intended for merchandise.

B. No person shall board or alight from a vehicle while the vehicle is in motion upon a street.

C. No person shall allow a dog to ride on a vehicle upon a street except on a portion of the vehicle designed or intended for the use of passengers, unless a device is used to prevent the dog from leaping from the vehicle while it is in motion.

D. No person shall operate a motor vehicle while holding a pet. [Ord. 1133 § 2, 2004; Ord. 597 § 15, 1972.]

10.05.150 Clinging to vehicles.

No person riding upon a bicycle, motorcycle, coaster, roller skates, sled, or other device shall attach the device or himself to a moving vehicle upon a street. Nor shall the operator of a vehicle upon a street knowingly allow a person riding on any of the above vehicles or devices to attach himself, the vehicle, or the device to his vehicle. [Ord. 597 § 16, 1972.]

10.05.160 Roller skates on streets and sidewalks.

A. No person shall use the streets for traveling on roller skates, roller skateboards, foot scooters, skis, toboggans, sleds or similar devices.

B. No person shall use roller skates, roller skateboards, foot scooters, two-wheel scooters, or similar devices on the sidewalks within the area bounded by Front and Juniper Streets and 4th and 10th Avenues, on Ivy Street from Hatton Lane to 18th Avenue, and on 6th Avenue from Alder Street to the west city limits. [Ord. 914 § 1, 1987; Ord. 597 § 17, 1972.]

10.05.170 Damaging sidewalks and curbs.

A. The operator of a vehicle shall not drive upon a sidewalk or roadside planting strip except to cross at a permanent or temporary driveway.

B. No unauthorized person shall place dirt, wood, or other material in the gutter or space next to the curb of a street with the intention of using it as a driveway.

C. No person shall remove a portion of a curb or move a motor vehicle or device moved by a motor vehicle upon a curb or sidewalk without first obtaining authorization from the street commission and posting bond if required. A person who causes damage shall be held responsible for the cost of repair.

D. It shall be unlawful for any person to paint, write, print or otherwise place any sign or other matter upon the surface of any of the streets, alleys, sidewalks, or crosswalks within the city limits, except that bus stop benches with signs upon them may be placed at such locations and for such periods of time as the council may from time to time permit. [Ord. 658 § 1, 1975; Ord. 597 § 18, 1972.]

10.05.180 Obstructing streets and sidewalks.

It shall be unlawful for any person to place on any street, alley, or sidewalk any building material, wood, farm implements, vehicles, merchandise, or other material which in any way tends to obstruct the travel or free passage of pedestrian and vehicular traffic; provided, that lumber, building materials and wood may be so placed, but shall not remain longer than 48 hours and in case the passage of pedestrians or traffic is liable to be endangered thereby, the chief of police may require a warning light to be placed thereon at night. And it shall be unlawful for any person owning or in charge of land abutting on a sidewalk to allow trees on the land to grow over the sidewalk in such a manner as to obstruct free passage of traffic along the sidewalk. [Ord. 597 § 19, 1972.]

10.05.190 Removing glass and debris.

Tow truck operators shall be required to clean debris at the scene of an accident when they have been employed to remove one or more vehicles from the scene. [Ord. 1133 § 4, 2004; Ord. 597 § 20, 1972.]

10.05.200 Illegal operation of a motor-assisted scooter.

No person shall operate a motor-assisted scooter on any portion of Ivy Street or the adjoining sidewalks. All motor-assisted scooters must abide by the same rules of the road as would apply to bicycles and must be equipped with the same equipment as required for bicycles. [Ord. 1133 § 5, 2004; Ord. 597 § 21, 1972.]

Article IV. Parking Regulations

10.05.210 Method of parking.

A. No person shall stand or park a vehicle in a street other than parallel with the edge of the roadway, headed in the direction of lawful traffic movement, and with the curbside wheels of the vehicle within 12 inches of the edge of the curb, except where the street is marked or signed for angle parking.

B. Where parking space markings are placed on a street, no person shall stand or park a vehicle other than in the indicated direction and, unless the size or shape of the vehicle makes compliance impossible, within a single marked space.

C. The operator who first begins maneuvering his motor vehicle into a vacant parking space on a street shall have priority to park in that space, and no other vehicle operator shall attempt to deprive him of his priority or block his access.

D. Whenever the operator of a vehicle discovers that his vehicle is parked close to a building to which the fire department has been summoned, he shall immediately remove the vehicle from the area, unless otherwise directed by police or fire officers. [Ord. 1133 § 6, 2004; Ord. 914 § 2, 1987; Ord. 597 § 22, 1972.]

10.05.220 Prohibited parking and standing.

In addition to the state motor vehicle laws prohibiting parking, no person shall park or stand:

A. A vehicle upon a bridge, viaduct, or other elevated structure used as a street.

B. A vehicle in an alley other than for the expeditious loading or unloading of persons or materials, but in no case for a period in excess of 30 consecutive minutes.

C. A commercial motor vehicle or commercial vehicle on a street between the hours of 9:00 p.m. and 7:00 a.m. of the following day in front of or adjacent to or close enough to cause an inconvenience to a residence, motel, apartment house, hotel, or other sleeping accommodation.

D. For more than five days, cumulative or consecutive, in any calendar quarter, a motor home used to transport or house, for nonbusiness purposes, the operator or the operator’s family members or personal possessions.

E. A vehicle upon a highway, except as authorized.

F. A vehicle upon or across a sidewalk.

G. A vehicle parked within 20 feet of a crosswalk at an intersection.

H. A vehicle within 10 feet of railroad tracks.

I. A vehicle within 10 feet of a fire hydrant.

J. A vehicle within two feet of a driveway or in any portion of a street which blocks vehicular access to any driveway.

K. A vehicle on a bike path or bike lane.

L. In a manner that obstructs or interferes with the delivery of mail.

M. Motor homes, campers, boats, or trailers are prohibited from being parked on the street:

1. For the principal purpose of displaying the vehicle for sale.

2. For repairing or servicing the vehicle, except minor repairs necessitated by an emergency.

3. For the principal purpose of displaying advertising from the vehicle.

4. For the principal purpose of selling merchandise from the vehicle, except when authorized.

5. Longer than 72 consecutive hours.

N. Except as permitted by subsection (D) of this section, no person, firm or corporation shall store on any street for longer than 72 consecutive hours any wagon, automobile, farming implement, traction engine, machinery, motor home, camper, boat, trailer or vehicle; provided, however, that mechanics may make minor repair to such machinery of vehicles while temporarily on the streets for that purpose if traffic is not thereby obstructed. This section shall not apply to machinery or vehicles owned by or in the employ of the city and used in working on the streets. This does not give the right to nor prohibit the removal of vehicles that are a traffic hazard or safety hazard. [Ord. 1158 § 2, 2006; Ord. 1133 § 7, 2004; Ord. 914 § 3, 1987; Ord. 597 § 23, 1972.]

10.05.230 Prohibited parking.

A. No operator shall park and no owner shall allow vehicles, motor homes, campers, boats or trailers to be parked upon a street for the principal purpose of:

1. Displaying the vehicle for sale.

2. Repairing or servicing the vehicle, except repairs necessitated by an emergency.

3. Displaying advertising from the vehicle.

4. Selling merchandise from the vehicle, except when authorized.

5. Storing the vehicle for longer than 72 consecutive hours.

B. No person, firm or corporation shall store on any street for longer than three consecutive days any wagon, automobile, farming implement, traction engine, machinery, motor home, camper, boat, trailer or vehicle; provided, however, that mechanics may repair such machinery or vehicles while temporarily on the streets for that purpose if traffic is not thereby obstructed. This section shall not apply to machinery or vehicles owned by or in the employ of the city and used in working on the streets. (See Chapter 17.100 JCMC for restrictions on sleeping or living in trailers on private land.)

C. 1. No person employed at any work site which is zoned light industrial (M1) or heavy industrial (M2) shall park any vehicle which is used for that person’s transportation to the work site that day anywhere other than on the work site while such person is physically present at the work site, except under the following circumstances:

a. If the work site does not contain adequate parking for the number of persons employed at the work site, the employee may park on city streets, where parking is not otherwise prohibited.

b. Employees may park on private property with the permission of the property owner or lawful lessor.

2. Vehicle owners shall be responsible to the same extent as vehicle operators for violations of this section.

3. Employers at work sites zoned M1 or M2 shall prominently post notices informing employees of the prohibition against parking off site while at work. Upon request by the police department, employers shall provide the Junction City police department with a complete list of names of employees and license plates of vehicles driven by employees to work.

4. Theft, unauthorized reproduction, or unauthorized use of any sticker, placard, or other identifying item issued by the police department to aid in the identification of vehicles in violation of this section shall constitute an unclassified misdemeanor.

5. If a warning or citation for violation of subsection (C)(1) of this section has previously been issued to the operator or to the vehicle, the police department may cause the vehicle to be towed and impounded for a violation of subsection (C)(1) of this section.

6. Vehicles removed or towed pursuant to subsection (C)(5) of this section shall be inventory searched, and all valuable property shall be taken into custody by the police department or the officer shall document on the tow sheet anything of value that will be left in the vehicle for custody by the tow company. Vehicles that are locked may be opened by the police department for purposes of conducting inventory searches.

7. The vehicle owners shall be responsible for payment of storage fees, towing costs, and administrative fees for vehicles towed pursuant to subsection (C)(5) of this section.

8. A person towing a vehicle at the request of the police department pursuant to subsection (C)(5) of this section shall have a lien on the vehicle and its contents to the same extent as provided in ORS 819.160(2), and shall have the obligation to provide notice to the owner and other persons as provided in ORS 819.160(3).

9. The city shall charge an administrative fee in the amount of $100.00 for each vehicle towed pursuant to subsection (C)(5) of this section. The towing company shall not release said vehicle until confirming that the administrative fee has been paid to city, except as provided in subsection (C)(10) of this section.

10. The owner, possessor, or person having an interest in any vehicle towed pursuant to subsection (C)(5) of this section is entitled to a hearing before the municipal court judge, to determine if the towing and impoundment was in accordance with the procedures set forth in this chapter. The police department shall mail a notice in the same manner and containing the same information as provided in ORS 819.180, and a hearing may be requested in the same manner as provided in ORS 819.190 which, if requested, shall take place before the municipal court within five working days of the date of the request. If the municipal court, after a hearing, determines that the towing and impoundment were not in accordance with the procedures set forth in this chapter, and that the rights of the vehicle owner, possessor, or other person having an ownership interest in the vehicle were substantially impaired, the municipal court shall order the vehicle released. The city shall pay all reasonable towing and storage charges of the towing company and shall waive its administrative fee.

D. No person shall park or stand any vehicle upon any residential parking street without a residential parking permit or guest parking permit, prominently displayed on the vehicle, at any time during which the residential parking street is limited to residential parking.

1. A resident may apply to the city for residential or guest parking permits. The city shall issue a residential parking permit if the applicant lives on a residential parking street that is within the restricted zone, possesses a valid driver’s license, and provides proof of current vehicle registration. The city may issue guest parking permits to qualified residents.

2. The parking permit(s) shall be valid as long as the registered owner maintains the same address as indicated on the initial permit.

3. The duty of issuing permits may be delegated to any employees of the city or volunteers for the city who do not directly work for the police department.

4. Parking permits shall be used only by residents who live on a residential parking street within the restricted zone or their bona fide guests who are visiting a residence within the restricted zone. The parking permit shall be clearly displayed on the motor vehicle. Guest parking permits must reflect the address of the resident who resides within the restricted zone. Guest passes shall not be loaned, sold, leased, or otherwise provided to others for any purpose other than enabling vehicles to park within the restricted zone for purposes of visiting a residence within the restricted zone.

5. A resident may apply to the city council for an exception granting relief from the parking permit requirements within a restricted zone to allow for special events. The city council shall decide the manner in which to grant the relief to the resident. The relief granted shall not last more than 24 hours.

6. Unauthorized reproduction or unauthorized use of any residential parking permit, guest parking permit, or other sticker, placard, or identifying item issued by the police department to aid in the identification of vehicles in violation of this section shall constitute a violation punishable by fine of not more than $500.00.

7. Theft of a parking permit is a class C misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment or fine not to exceed 30 days or up to $1,250 in fines or both.

8. It shall be a violation to park a vehicle on a street within a restricted zone, unless the vehicle has a prominently displayed, valid parking permit. Violation of this section shall constitute a violation punishable by fine of not more than $120.00. [Ord. 1158 § 3, 2006; Ord. 1145 § 1, 2005; Ord. 914 § 4, 1987; Ord. 808 § 1, 1980; Ord. 597 § 24, 1972.]

10.05.240 Use of loading zone.

No person shall stand or park a vehicle for any purpose or length of time, other than for the expeditious loading or unloading of persons or materials, in a place designated as a loading zone when the hours applicable to that loading zone are in effect. In no case when the hours applicable to the loading zone are in effect shall the stop for loading and unloading of materials exceed the time limits posted. If no time limits are posted, then the use of the zone shall not exceed 30 minutes. [Ord. 597 § 25, 1972.]

10.05.250 Leaving unattended vehicle.

No operator or person in charge of a motor vehicle shall park it or allow it to be parked on a street, on other property open to public travel, or on a new or used car lot without first stopping the engine, locking the ignition, removing the ignition key from the vehicle and effectively setting the brake. If the vehicle is attended, the ignition key need not be removed. [Ord. 597 § 26, 1972.]

10.05.260 Action by police officer.

Whenever a police officer shall find a motor vehicle parked unattended with the ignition key in the vehicle in violation of JCMC 10.05.250, the police officer is authorized to remove the key from the vehicle and deliver the key to the person in charge of the police station. [Ord. 597 § 27, 1972.]

10.05.270 Standing or parking of buses and taxicabs regulated.

The operator of a bus or taxicab shall not stand or park the vehicle upon a street in a business district at a place other than a bus stop or taxicab stand, respectively, except that this provision shall not prevent the operator of a taxicab from temporarily stopping his vehicle outside a traffic lane while loading or unloading passengers. [Ord. 597 § 28, 1972.]

10.05.280 Restricted use of bus and taxicab stands.

No person shall stand or park a vehicle other than a taxicab in a taxicab stand, or a bus in a bus stop, except that the operator of a passenger vehicle may temporarily stop for the purpose of and while actually engaged in loading or unloading passengers, when stopping does not interfere with a bus or taxicab waiting to enter or about to enter the restricted space. [Ord. 597 § 29, 1972.]

10.05.290 Lights on parked vehicle.

No lights need be displayed upon a vehicle that is parked in accordance with this chapter upon a street where there is sufficient light to reveal a person or object at a distance of at least 500 feet from the vehicle. [Ord. 597 § 30, 1972.]

10.05.300 Extension of parking time.

No operator of a motor vehicle shall park and no owner shall allow a vehicle to stand continuously for a time longer than the maximum time limit posted on an official sign. Where maximum parking time limits are designated by sign, movement of a vehicle within a block to another restricted area shall not extend the time limits for parking. [Ord. 914 § 5, 1987; Ord. 597 § 31, 1972.]

10.05.310 Exemption.

The provisions of this chapter regulating the parking or standing of vehicles shall not apply to a vehicle of the city, county or state or public utility while necessarily in use for construction or repair work on a street, or a vehicle owned by the United States while in use for the collection, transportation, or delivery of mail. [Ord. 597 § 32, 1972.]

Article V. Bicycles

10.05.320 Bicycle equipment.

A bicycle operated upon the streets shall be equipped as required by state law including lights and reflectors. In addition, a bicycle shall be equipped with a brake capable of sliding at least one tire when applied on dry, level, clean pavement, and a functioning bell or horn. No bicycle shall be equipped with a siren or whistle. [Ord. 597 § 33, 1972.]

10.05.330 Bicycle operating rules.

In addition to observing all other applicable provisions of this chapter and state law, a rider of a bicycle upon a street shall:

A. Not ride upon a sidewalk within commercial areas.

B. Yield the right-of-way to pedestrians on sidewalks.

C. On a two-way street, ride to the extreme right except when preparing for a left turn. On a one-way street, ride to the extreme curbside of the traffic lane and with the direction of travel designated for that lane. If the curb lane is designated for left-turn or right-turn only, and the operator is not intending to turn, he shall operate in the through lane.

D. Not carry a package, bundle, or article which prohibits him from having full control of the bicycle and unhindered vision.

E. Not ride abreast of another bicycle or in any manner other than single file, except on designated bicycle paths.

F. Not operate a bicycle in a careless or reckless manner which endangers or would be likely to endanger himself, another, or any property. Racing or track riding shall be included in this offense.

G. Not leave a bicycle, except in a bicycle rack. If no rack is provided, he shall leave the bicycle so as not to obstruct any roadway, sidewalk, driveway, or building entrance. Nor shall he leave the bicycle in violation of the provisions relating to the parking of motor vehicles. [Ord. 597 § 34, 1972.]

10.05.340 Impounding of bicycles.

A. It shall be unlawful to leave a bicycle on public or private property without the consent of the person in charge or the owner thereof.

B. A bicycle left on public property for a period in excess of 24 hours may be impounded by the police department.

C. In addition to any citation issued, a bicycle parked in violation of this chapter may be immediately impounded by the police department.

D. If a bicycle impounded under this chapter is licensed, or other means of determining its ownership exist, the police shall make reasonable efforts to notify the owner. An impounding fee of $2.00 shall be charged to the owner. No impounding fee shall be charged to the owner of a stolen bicycle which has been impounded.

E. A bicycle impounded under this chapter which remains unclaimed shall be disposed of in accordance with the city’s procedures for disposal of abandoned or lost personal property. [Ord. 597 § 35, 1972.]

Article VI. Pedestrians

10.05.350 Use of sidewalks.

A pedestrian shall not use a roadway for travel when a sidewalk is available. [Ord. 597 § 36, 1972.]

10.05.360 Pedestrians must use crosswalks.

No pedestrian shall cross a street other than within a crosswalk in blocks with marked crosswalks or if within 150 feet of a marked crosswalk. [Ord. 597 § 37, 1972.]

10.05.370 Right angles.

A pedestrian shall cross a street at a right angle, unless crossing within a crosswalk. [Ord. 597 § 38, 1972.]

10.05.380 Obedience to traffic lights and bridge and railroad signals.

A. At an intersection where a pedestrian control light is in operation, no pedestrian shall start to cross the street except when the walk signal is illuminated. Where only vehicle control lights are in operation, no pedestrian shall start to cross the street except when the green light is illuminated.

B. No pedestrian shall enter or remain upon a railroad grade crossing, an openable bridge, or the approach thereto beyond a crossing gate or barrier after an operation signal indication has been given.

C. No pedestrian shall pass through, around, over, or under a crossing gate or barrier at a railroad grade crossing or bridge while the gate or barrier is closed or is being opened or closed. [Ord. 597 § 39, 1972.]

Article VII. Parades and Processions

10.05.390 Parades and processions.

During parades, the police may clear the streets and prohibit vehicles and pedestrians from crossing the streets. No pedestrian or vehicle shall break through the line of a funeral procession. [Ord. 597 § 40, 1972.]

10.05.400 Cruising.

Cruising events within the city of Junction City are authorized by permit issued to a sponsor or sponsors upon proper application to the city of Junction City. An individual’s authorization to cruise within the city is only authorized by a permission slip. Individual permission is granted only upon agreement by vehicle operators and registrants to conduct themselves pursuant to state laws, local ordinances, and event rules. The event permit and the individual permission slips are revokable on the spot by the city of Junction City through its appointed officials, law enforcement officers, or administrator, or event sponsor(s) when reasonable suspicion exists that any violation of law, rule, or ordinance has occurred.

A. Definitions.

“City ordinance” means any lawfully passed and enforceable municipal law which has been adopted by the Junction City city council.

“Cruising event” means an authorized event with an identified sponsor or sponsors with specified cruising route, which has been approved by the city council.

“Cruising permission slip” means the sponsor-issued and city-provided permit which must be posted clearly in the front windshield of all registered cruisers allowing the clearly legible recognition of the registration number. The cruising permission slip will include the following information: the cruise permit number will be in large block letters of at least one-half inch in height, and the permit will be of a bright easily noticeable color identifying the owner or driver. The information included in the permit must identify the insurance company currently insuring the vehicle and the active policy number with expiration date. The permit may include or require any other applicable and informative details as the city of Junction City deems prudent.

“Cruising permit” means a permit issued by the event sponsor and provided by the city of Junction City for a properly authorized cruising event.

Notice of Towing and Impounding. This section authorizes the towing and impounding of vehicles participating in prohibited cruising activity upon a second or subsequent violation of any rule, law, or ordinance. Upon issuing a first citation for violation of any portion of this section, the police officer shall give the person to whom the citation is issued a written notice which shall state:

NOTICE

You have been cited for violation of JCMC 10.05.400 for violation of the rules, ordinances, or laws regulating cruising. If the vehicle you are driving is again driven along or across the cruise event area authorized by the city council during the advertised hours of the authorized cruise event, the driver will be cited for violation of JCMC 10.05.400 and its applicable subsections, and this vehicle shall be towed and impounded. The impounded vehicle will be released to its registered owner, upon proof of ownership, and the payment of towing, impoundment, and administrative fees.

“Order to leave” means an order issued by any law enforcement officer to any driver or occupant of any motor vehicle, directing such person to remove themselves and the vehicle from the cruising route, and not to return to such route while the cruise is in progress.

“Oregon Vehicle Code” means the compilation of traffic and vehicle laws established within the Oregon Revised Statutes.

Permit Revocation. May occur at any time when an event sponsor, police officer, or other city official, as defined in this section, has a reasonable suspicion the operation of the permitted vehicle is dangerous or in violation of the rules established, motor vehicle code, or local ordinances.

“Prohibited cruising activity” means any operation of a motor vehicle in which the State Motor Vehicle Code, criminal statutes, city ordinances, or cruising regulations are violated, including unlawful cruising.

“Proper installation and use of seat belts” means as referred to in Section 815 of the Oregon Vehicle Code.

“Safety regulations” means all other rules established by city departments prior to the cruising event and listed upon the cruising permission slip issued during registration.

“Seat belts” means as defined in the Oregon Vehicle Code.

“Unlawful cruising” means the repeated passage of a vehicle on any portion of a street which is within an approved cruising route, three or more times in a two-hour period, without a city-authorized permission slip during an authorized cruise event.

“Unsafe external riding” means riding on any portion of a vehicle, outside of the driver’s or passenger’s compartment, in which mounted seats and safety belt systems equipped pursuant to ORS 815.055, 815.075, and 815.080 are not in use by the occupants (except antique vehicles specifically exempted in ORS 815.105).

B. Requirements. All persons engaging in cruising activities shall obey the Oregon Vehicle Code, all safety regulations, and all city ordinances, including all requirements for proper installation and use of safety belts.

C. No person shall engage in any prohibited cruising activity, including, but not limited to, unlawful cruising and unsafe external riding. No person shall disobey a lawful order to leave.

D. Insurance. All cruise permission slip applicants must have proof of current, adequate motor vehicle insurance immediately prior to being issued a permission slip.

E. Operator’s License. All cruise permission slip applicants must possess and show to event sponsors proof of current authorization to operate a motor vehicle in the United States of America immediately prior to being issued a permission slip.

F. Improper Issuance of Permission Slip. Sponsors shall issue permission slips only to applicants who meet the requirements of this section. Improper issuance of a permission slip is a violation of this section.

G. Traffic Citations. Police officers will issue uniform traffic citations to persons who violate this chapter during an authorized cruise.

H. Exemptions. This section shall not apply to:

1. Any publicly owned vehicle of any city, county, public district, state or federal agency;

2. Any vehicle listed for public transportation;

3. Any other vehicle granted an exemption by a law enforcement officer because passage of the vehicle along or across the traffic congested street is necessary for commercial or medical reasons.

I. Fines and Penalties. Except as may be limited by charter, violations of this section are punishable by a fine not to exceed $50.00. A person who disobeys an order to leave shall, upon conviction, be punished by a fine not to exceed $500.00. All other violations of this section shall, upon conviction, be punishable by a fine not to exceed $50.00. [Ord. 1084 § 1, 2000; Ord. 1035 § 1, 1997; Ord. 597 § 40a, 1972.]

Article VIII. Parking Citations and Owner Responsibility

10.05.410 Citation on illegally parked vehicles.

Whenever a vehicle without an operator is found parked in violation of a restriction imposed by this chapter, the officer finding the vehicle shall take its license number and any other information displayed on the vehicle which may identify its owner, and shall conspicuously affix to the vehicle a parking citation for the operator to answer to the charge against him or pay the penalty imposed within 10 days during the hours and at a place specified in the citation. The form of the parking citation shall be approved by the police committee. The bail schedule shall be established by the municipal court. The officer will follow the impound rules as designated by police departmental procedures. [Ord. 1133 § 9, 2004; Ord. 914 § 7, 1987; Ord. 597 § 46, 1972.]

10.05.420 Failure to comply with traffic citation attached to parked vehicle.

If the operator does not respond to a traffic citation affixed to such vehicle within a period of 10 days, the court clerk may send to the owner of the vehicle to which the traffic citation was affixed a letter informing him of the violation and warning him that, in the event the letter is disregarded for a period of 10 days, a warrant for his arrest may be issued. [Ord. 914 § 8, 1987; Ord. 597 § 47, 1972.]

10.05.430 Owner responsibility.

The owner of a vehicle placed in violation of a parking restriction shall be responsible for the offense, except where the use of the vehicle was secured by the operator without the owner’s consent. [Ord. 597 § 48, 1972.]

10.05.440 Registered owner presumption.

In a prosecution of a vehicle owner, charging a violation of a restriction on parking, proof that the vehicle at the time of the violation was registered to the defendant shall constitute a presumption that he was then the owner in fact. [Ord. 597 § 49, 1972.]

Article IX. Penalties

10.05.450 Penalties.

A. Except as may be limited by charter, violations of the Oregon Revised Statutes adopted by reference in JCMC 10.05.010 are offenses against the city and are punishable up to the maximum amounts established by order of the municipal court judge, which amounts shall not exceed the maximum amounts established under state law.

B. Violations of JCMC 10.05.080 through 10.05.220, 10.05.230(C)(1) and (2), and 10.05.240 through 10.05.390 are punishable by a fine not to exceed $50.00 per violation. Violation of JCMC 10.05.230(C)(4) shall constitute an unclassified misdemeanor. [Ord. 1145 § 1, 2005; Ord. 1133 § 11, 2004; Ord. 1123 § 2, 2004; Ord. 914 § 10, 1987; Ord. 597 § 51, 1972.]