Chapter 16.05
BUILDING CODE*

Sections:

16.05.010    Title.

16.05.020    Purpose.

16.05.030    Applicability.

16.05.040    Definitions.

16.05.050    Building code.

16.05.060    Residential code.

16.05.070    Table A.

16.05.080    Fire code.

16.05.090    Mechanical code.

16.05.100    Plumbing code.

16.05.110    Fuel gas code.

16.05.120    Abatement of dangerous buildings.

16.05.130    Washington State Energy Code.

16.05.140    International Existing Building Code.

16.05.150    Permits.

16.05.160    Waiver of fees.

16.05.170    Administration and enforcement.

16.05.180    Board of Appeals.

16.05.190    Violation.

16.05.200    Penalties.

16.05.210    Nuisance.

16.05.220    Liability for damages.

16.05.230    Severability.

16.05.240    Conflict with other regulations.

*Prior ordinance history: Ords. 86-116, 90-184, 91-112, 92-098, 93-067, 94-140, 95-080, 97-230 and 98-100.

16.05.010 Title.

This chapter may be cited as the Cowlitz County Building Code. [Ord. 12-078, § 1, 5-22-12; Ord. 07-085, § 1, 7-3-07.]

16.05.020 Purpose.

It is the purpose and objective of this chapter to adopt, with certain modifications and/or amendments as are desired by the county, those codes mandated by Chapter 19.27 RCW to ensure that the standards of construction and the use of buildings and structures within the unincorporated area of the county are consistent with nationally recognized standards. [Ord. 12-078, § 2, 5-22-12; Ord. 07-085, § 2, 7-3-07.]

16.05.030 Applicability.

The provisions of this chapter, and the codes and regulations adopted herein, shall apply in the unincorporated areas of Cowlitz County. [Ord. 12-078, § 3, 5-22-12; Ord. 07-085, § 3, 7-3-07.]

16.05.040 Definitions.

Unless the context clearly requires otherwise, the following definitions shall apply in this chapter and the codes adopted herein:

“Administrator” or “Administrative Authority” means the Director of the Department of Building and Planning or his or her duly authorized representative.

“Board” means the Cowlitz County Board of Commissioners.

“Board of Appeals” for the purposes of this chapter and referenced codes means the Cowlitz County Hearing Examiner.

“Building Official” and “Code Official” mean the individual who is designated by the jurisdiction as the person who administers and enforces the Washington State Building Code.

“Chief,” “Chief of the Fire Department” and “Chief of the Bureau of Fire Prevention” mean the Director of the Department of Building and Planning or his or her duly authorized representative.

“Chief of Police” and “Police Department” mean the Cowlitz County Sheriff or his or her authorized representative.

“Department,” “Fire Department,” and “Bureau of Fire Prevention” mean the Department of Building and Planning of Cowlitz County.

“Director” means the Director of the Cowlitz County Building and Planning Department. The term includes Planning Director, and may include any person designated by the Director to administer the provisions of this chapter.

“Executive Body” means the Cowlitz County Board of Commissioners.

“Fire Marshal” and “Fire Code Official” mean the Cowlitz County Building Official or his or her duly authorized representative.

“WISHA” means Washington Industrial Safety and Health Act. [Ord. 16-080 § 2, 7-5-16.]

16.05.050 Building code.

Cowlitz County hereby adopts by reference the 2015 International Building Code as now or hereafter amended by the Washington State Building Code Council, and with the following additions, deletions, and exceptions:

A. Only the following appendices of the International Building Code are adopted: Appendix C and Appendix E (Sections E101 through E107) as now or hereafter amended by the Washington State Building Code Council.

B. Section 101.4 is amended to read as follows:

Referenced Codes: The other codes listed below shall be considered part of the requirements of this code to the extent that each code is adopted and hereafter amended.

101.4.1 Residential. The provisions of the 2015 International Residential Code.

101.4.2 Mechanical. The provisions of the 2015 International Mechanical Code.

101.4.3 Plumbing. The provisions of the 2015 Uniform Plumbing Code.

101.4.4 Fire. The provisions of the 2015 International Fire Code.

101.4.5 Existing Buildings. The provisions of the 2015 International Existing Building Code.

101.4.6 Energy. The provisions of the 2015 Washington State Energy Code.

101.4.7 Fuel Gas. The provisions of the 2015 International Fuel Gas Code.

C. Section 102.4 shall be amended to read as follows:

Referenced Codes and Standards. The codes and standards referenced in this code shall be considered part of the requirements of this code to the extent that such codes have been adopted by Cowlitz County. Where differences occur between the provisions of this code and the referenced code, the provisions of this code shall apply.

D. Section 103 is not adopted.

E. Sections 105.1.1 and 105.1.2 are not adopted.

F. Section 105.2 is amended as follows:

Building:

14. Construction as described below when undertaken by a firm or industry that, as determined by the building official, employs both a permanent, full time, on-site, engineering staff with at least one engineer registered in the state of Washington, and a permanent, full time, on-site, maintenance staff that is trained at least to the journeyman level or equivalent for the type of work performed, and the work will be performed by that maintenance staff. Any work performed by a contractor or other person not directly employed by a firm or industry as described above, will be required to obtain all required permits prior to the commencement of work, unless the work is exempt from permit requirements by other provisions of this code.

a. Repairs, maintenance, re-roofing, or minor alterations to existing buildings that do not affect structural supports, egress, fire rated construction, or fire protection.

b. Installation of tanks; process equipment; wire mesh fences up to eight feet high; small (less than 50 square feet) slab on grade for equipment bases less than four feet high; and pressure vessels registered with Washington State Department of Labor and Industries, subject to the limitations described below. Process ventilation equipment is also exempt provided it meets the requirements of the International Fire Code. Access stairs, platforms, or walkways that are an integral part of or provide access to equipment are also exempt, provided they meet WISHA standards. Conveyors that are nominally at ground or floor level are exempt.

1. Tanks, whether site-constructed or prefabricated, will require permits for the foundation and any support not an integral part of the tank design. Fees will be based on the foundation only; however, satisfactory documentation shall be provided to the building official verifying that seismic, wind, dead, live and snow loads are designed per I.B.C. Chapter 16 for this area. Special inspections as required by I.B.C. Chapter 17 shall be performed on these tanks and provided to the building official.

2. Process equipment, whether site-constructed or prefabricated, will require permits for the foundation and any support not an integral part of the equipment. Fees will be based on the foundation only. Seismic, wind, dead, and live loads of the process equipment shall be considered in the design. Applicable standards for this geographical area shall be utilized.

Electrical: this subsection is not adopted.

G. Section 109.1 is amended to include the following:

Plan Review Fees. When submittal documents are required by Section 107, a plan review fee shall be paid. Payment of the plan review fee is not contingent upon the issuance of a permit but is due upon submittal of an application for permit. Plan review fees are separate fees from the permit fees specified above, and are in addition to the permit fees. Where submittal documents are incomplete or changed so as to require additional plan review or when a project involves deferred submittal items as defined in Section 107.3.4.1, an additional plan review fee shall be charged.

Permit and Plan review fees shall be an amount as established from time to time by resolution by the Board.

H. Section 109.3 is amended to read as follows:

Building Permits & Valuations. The applicant for a building permit shall provide an estimated permit value at the time of application. Permit valuations shall include the total value of work, including materials and labor, for which a permit is being issued, such as electrical, mechanical, plumbing equipment and permanent systems. The Building Official may use building cost and valuation data published in public or private publications as a guide to determine valuation.

I. Section 109.4 is amended to read as follows:

Work commencing before permit issuance. Any person who commences work on a building, structure, gas, mechanical or plumbing system before obtaining necessary permit shall be subject to an investigation fee, in addition to a permit fee, whether or not a permit is then or subsequently issued. The investigation fee shall be equal to the amount of the permit fee required by this code. The payment of such investigation fee shall not exempt any person from compliance with all the provisions of this code nor from any penalty prescribed by law.

J. Section 113, Board of Appeals, is not adopted.

K. Section 114, Violations, is not adopted.

L. Section 1011.2 is amended to include:

EXCEPTION:

#5. Stairs or ladders used only to attend equipment are exempt from the requirements of Section 1011 if the equipment does not have an operator's station that is staffed on a full time basis. The exempt stairs or ladders shall conform to WISHA standards in effect at the time of installation.

M. Section 1608.2 is amended to read as follows:

Ground Snow Loads. The ground snow loads to be used in determining the design snow loads for roofs are given in CCC 16.05.070, ‘TABLE A’ of this ordinance.

[Ord. 16-080 § 3, 7-5-16.]

16.05.060 Residential code.

Cowlitz County hereby adopts by reference the 2015 Edition of the International Residential Code, as published by the International Code Council and as now or hereafter amended by the Washington State Building Code Council, and with the following additions, deletions, and exceptions:

A. Only the following appendices of the International Residential Code are adopted: Appendix H and M.

B. Section R102.7 shall be revised as follows:

Existing Structures. The legal occupancy of any structure existing on the date of adoption of this code shall be permitted to continue without change, except as is specifically covered in this code, the Abatement of Dangerous Buildings Code or the International Fire Code, or as deemed necessary by the building official for the general safety and welfare of the occupants and the public.

C. Section R103 is not adopted.

D. Section R105.2 is amended as follows:

Work exempt from permit. Building:

Electrical: this subsection is not adopted.

E. Section R105.3.1.1 is not adopted.

F. Section R106.1.4 is not adopted.

G. Section R107.3 is not adopted.

H. Section R108.1 is amended to read as follows:

Plan Review Fees.

When submittal documents are required by Section R106, a plan review fee shall be paid. Payment of the plan review fee is not contingent upon the issuance of a permit but is due upon submittal of an application for permit. Plan review fees are separate fees from the permit fees specified above, and are in addition to the permit fees. Where submittal documents are incomplete or changed so as to require additional plan review, an additional plan review fee shall be charged.

I. Section R108.3 is amended to read as follows:

Building Permits & Valuations. The applicant for a building permit shall provide an estimated permit value at the time of application. Permit valuations shall include the total value of work, including materials and labor, for which a permit is being issued, such as electrical, mechanical, plumbing equipment and permanent systems. The Building Official may use building cost and valuation data published in public or private publications as a guide to determine valuation.

J. Section R108.6 is amended as follows:

Work commencing before permit issuance.

Any person who commences work on a building, structure, gas, mechanical or plumbing system before obtaining necessary permit shall be subject to an investigation fee, in addition to a permit fee, whether or not a permit is then or subsequently issued. The investigation fee shall be equal to the amount of the permit fee required by this code. The payment of such investigation fee shall not exempt any person from compliance with all the provisions of this code nor from any penalty prescribed by law.

K. Section R112, Board of Appeals, is not adopted.

L. Section R113, Violations, is not adopted.

M. Table R301.2(1) is amended as follows:

 

 

 

SUBJECT TO DAMAGE FROM

 

 

 

 

 

GROUND SNOW LOAD

WIND SPEED (MPH)

SEISMIC DESIGN CATEGORY

WEATHERING

FROST LINE DEPTH

TERMITE

WINTER DESIGN TEMP.

ICE SHIELD UNDER-LAYMENT REQUIRED

FLOOD HAZARDS

AIR FREEZING INDEX

MEAN ANNUAL TEMP.

TABLE A

110

D1

MODERATE

12''

SLIGHT TO MOD.

22° F

NO

COUNTY CODE *

170

51.5° F

* Flood Hazard construction shall comply with the provisions of CCC 16.25 “Floodplain Management.”

[Ord. 16-080 § 4, 7-5-16.]

16.05.070 Table A.

TABLE A

COWLITZ COUNTY DESIGN SNOW LOAD* (psf)

Elevation

Minimum Snow Load

200 or less

20

201 – 400

30

401 – 700

35

701 – 1000

45

1001 – 1300

55

1301 – 1600

65

1601 – 1900

75

1901 +

80

Minimum snow loads for elevations in excess of 2000 ft. shall be approved by the Building Official

 

* Based on “Snow Load Analysis for Washington” published in 1995 by Structural Engineers of Washington. Minimum snow loads for elevations in excess of 2000 ft. shall be approved by the Building Official.

[Ord. 12-078, § 7, 5-22-12; Ord. 07-085, § 7, 7-3-07.]

16.05.080 Fire code.

Cowlitz County hereby adopts by reference the 2015 Edition of the International Fire Code, as published by the International Code Council and as now or hereafter amended by the Washington State Building Code Council, and with the following additions, deletions, and exceptions:

A. Only the following appendices of the International Fire Code are adopted: Appendices B, C, and D and N.

B. Section 104.6.3 is amended to read as follows:

Fire Records. The local Fire District shall keep a record of fires occurring within its jurisdiction and of the facts concerning the same, including statistics as to the extent of such fires and damage caused thereby, together with other information as required by the fire code official. These records shall be made available to the fire code official and fire marshal upon request.

C. Section 105.2.2 is amended to include:

The fire code official shall inspect, as often as may be necessary, buildings and premises, including such other hazards or appliances as the fire marshal may designate for the purpose of ascertaining and causing to be corrected any conditions which would reasonably tend to cause fire or contribute to its spread, or any violation of the purpose or provisions of this code and of any other law or standard affecting fire safety, provided that fire prevention inspections shall not be made of the following: (1) one- and two-family dwellings; (2) residential accessory buildings; and (3) agricultural buildings; (4) those features of hazardous materials tanks, piping, and equipment inspected by other state or federal agencies on a regular schedule.

D. A new subsection 105.2.5, Fire Code Plan Review and Inspection Fees, is added:

Fire Code Plan Review and Inspection Fees. Fees for fire code permits and plan reviews shall be set from time to time by resolution by the Board. Fees shall be doubled if work is done without the required review and inspection. Payment of the plan review fee is not contingent upon issuance of a permit, but is due upon the submittal of plans and documentation for the review process.

E. Section 105.7.12 is amended to read as follows:

LP-gas. A construction permit is required for installation of or modification to an LP-gas system. Maintenance performed in accordance with this code is not considered to be an alteration and does not require a permit.

Exception: Above-ground portable LP-gas cylinders not in excess of 25 gallons water capacity shall not require a permit.

F. Section 108 is not adopted.

G. Section 503 is adopted.

H. Section 503.2 is amended to read as follows:

Section 503.2.4. Turning radius. The minimum turning radius of a fire apparatus access road shall be 28 feet inside, 50 feet outside radius.

Section 503.2.6. Bridges and elevated surfaces. Bridges and elevated surfaces shall be provided and maintained in accordance with locally adopted street, road, and access standards.

Section 503.2.7. Grade. The gradient for a fire apparatus access road shall not exceed 15%.

Section 503.2.9 Construction. Unless otherwise required by public or private road design standards, fire apparatus access roads shall be constructed of a minimum of 6 inches of ballast (pit run) and 3 inches of crushed rock (1-1/4" minus). Roads in excess of 12% grade shall be paved.

I. Section 507.3 is amended to read as follows:

507.3 Fire flow. Fire flow requirements for buildings or portions of buildings shall be determined by an approved method.

Exceptions:

1. Fire flow is not required for structures under 500 square feet with a B, U or R-1 occupancy where structures are at least 30 feet from any other structure and are used only for recreation.

2. In rural and suburban areas in which adequate and reliable water supply systems do not exist, the fire code official is authorized to utilize NFPA 1142 or the International Wildland-Urban Interface Code.

J. Section 507.5.1 is amended to read as follows:

507.5.1 Required Installations. The location, number, and type of fire hydrants connected to a water supply capable of delivering the required fire flow shall be provided on the public street or on the site of the premises or both to be protected in accordance with this section. Fire hydrants shall be accessible to the fire department apparatus by roads meeting the requirements of Section 503.

507.5.1.1 Hydrants for fire sprinkler and standpipe systems. Buildings equipped with a fire sprinkler and/or standpipe system installed in accordance with Chapter 9 shall have a fire hydrant within 100 feet (30 m) of the fire department connections. Exception: The distance shall be permitted to exceed 100 feet (30 m) where approved by the fire code official.

507.5.1.2 Number of Hydrants. The number of fire hydrants required shall be one fire hydrant for the first 1000 gallons and one hydrant for each subsequent 1000 gallons per minute of required fire flow or portion thereof.

507.5.1.3 Location of Fire Hydrants. The location of fire hydrants provided on public or private streets or on site premises shall be approved by the fire code official. Lateral spacing between hydrants shall be measured along approved fire apparatus access routes.

507.5.1.4 Plans. Detailed plans or drawings accurately indicating the location of water mains, valves and fire hydrants shall be submitted for approval prior to installation.

507.5.1.5 Spacing (other than R-3 and U). Fire hydrants serving buildings or portions of buildings or other premises, facilities or uses other than one and two family dwellings and Group U Occupancies shall have a maximum lateral spacing not to exceed 400 feet as a condition of building permit approval, land use review or change in use. Exception: where the building, facility or premises is protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system or other automatic fire suppression system as approved by the Fire Marshal, the spacing requirements may be modified if in the opinion of the Fire Marshal, or his designee, the level of fire protection is not reduced.

507.5.1.6 Spacing (R-3). Fire hydrants serving one or two family dwellings shall have a maximum lateral spacing of 700 feet with no lot or parcel in excess of 600 feet from a fire hydrant as a condition of approval for residential subdivision or short subdivision. Exception: where the buildings are protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system, the spacing requirements may be modified, if in the opinion of the Fire Marshal or his designee, the level of fire protection is not reduced.

507.5.1.7 Fire hydrant accessibility. All fire hydrants, public or private, must remain accessible for fire department use at all times.

507.5.1.8 Fire hydrant availability. On-site fire hydrants and water supplies on adjacent property shall not be considered available unless fire apparatus access roads, provided in accordance with Section 503, connect the properties and easements are established to prevent their obstruction.

507.5.1.9 Fire hydrants – arterial access. Fire hydrants located on the opposite side of roadways, defined as urban and rural arterials by the Cowlitz County Department of Public Works shall not be considered in the fire hydrant placement requirements, unless specifically approved by the applicable Fire Code Official or his designee.

507.5.1.10 Fire district approvals. Where variances are approved by fire code official, as outlined in this section, they shall be memorialized in writing.

507.5.1.11 Fire Hydrant Requirements. Fire hydrants shall conform to the following minimum standards:

1. All fire hydrants shall conform to American Water Works Association specifications for dry barrel fire hydrants. Each hydrant shall have at least two hose connections of 2-1/2" diameter each and one steamer port. All connections must have national standard threads or other connection devices consistent with local fire protection authority requirements.

2. Fire hydrants shall be installed plumb and be set to the finished grade. The bottom of the lowest outlet of the hydrant shall be no less than eighteen inches above the grade. There shall be thirty-six inches of clear area about the hydrant for operation of a hydrant wrench on the outlets and on the control valve. The steamer port shall face the most likely route of approach of the fire truck as determined by the local fire protection authority.

3. Provisions shall be made to drain fire hydrant barrels to below the depth of maximum frost penetration.

4. All hydrants and water mains shall otherwise be installed in accordance with recognized standards and sound engineering practices.

K. Section 5604.1.1 is amended to read as follows:

The storage of explosives and blasting agents in areas zoned pursuant to CCC 18.10, Land Use Ordinance, is permitted only on property designated as Heavy Manufacturing (MH).

Exception:

Notwithstanding Section 5604, the storage of explosives and blasting agents is permitted on a temporary basis in any land use area for use in connection with approved blasting operations. For the purpose of this section, temporary shall mean a length of time not to exceed one year. The Administrator may grant an extension of time provided the Department receives within sixty (60) days prior to the date of permit expiration a written statement from the permittee indicating the reason(s) such extension is requested.

L. Section 5703.1.1 is amended to add:

The storage of Class I and Class II liquids in above-ground tanks outside of buildings on property zoned pursuant to CCC 18.10, Land Use Ordinance, is permitted only on property designated as Light Manufacturing (ML), or Heavy Manufacturing (MH).

M. Section 6104.2 is amended to read as follows:

The bulk storage of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) in areas zoned pursuant to CCC 18.10, Land Use Ordinance, is permitted only on property zoned as Neighborhood Commercial (C-1), Urban Commercial (C-2), Light Manufacturing (ML), or Heavy Manufacturing (MH).

The aggregate capacity of any one installation of LPG storage in zoned areas shall not exceed 2,000 gallons water capacity; except that in particular installations, this capacity limit may be altered at the discretion of the fire marshal, after consideration of special features such as topographical conditions, nature of occupancy and proximity to buildings, capacity of proposed tanks, degree of private fire protection to be provided, and facilities of the local Fire Department.

N. Appendix B, Section B105, is amended to read as follows:

B105.1 One-and two-family dwellings, Group R-3, and townhouses. The minimum fire flow requirements for one- and two-family dwellings, Group R-3, and townhouses shall be as specified in Tables B105.1(1) and, where required, B105.1(2).

B105.1.1 For purposes of establishing fire flow calculation area for one-and two-family dwellings, Group R-3, and townhouses, decks and porches shall not be included in the building area when they meet all of the following criteria:

B105.1.1.a Enclosed on a maximum of two sides with the area of open sides being equal or greater to the closed sides.

B105.1.2 Wildland Urban Interface. Those areas identified as having extreme risk of hazard as provided in Chapter 3 of the Wildland-Urban Interface Code, as well as those outside a fire district, shall not be less than that specified in B105.1(2).

B105.1.3 Methods of Achieving Required Flows. Fire flow requirements may be satisfied or reduced according to Table B105.1(3). Where fire flow is not provided in the full amount by a public or approved private water supply or NFPA 1142 system the setback between property lines and all buildings shall be a minimum of twenty (20) feet.

B105.1.4 Automatic Sprinkler System. When located outside a fire district, an automatic sprinkler system per Section 903.3.1.3 of the International Fire Code shall be provided.

B105.2 Buildings other than one-and two-family dwellings, Group R-3 buildings and townhouses. The minimum fire-flow for buildings other than one- and two- family dwellings, Group R-3, and townhouses shall be as specified in Tables B105.2 and B105.1(2).

B105.2.1 Buildings with a building area of 3,600 square feet or less, other than Occupancy Groups E, F1, H and S1 and buildings for which sprinklers are required and not used for other reasons may use Table B105.1(2) to provide minimum fire flow.

TABLE B105.1(1)
REQUIRED FIRE-FLOW FOR ONE- AND TWO-FAMILY DWELLINGS, GROUP R-3,
AND TOWNHOUSES

FIRE-FLOW CALCULATION AREA (square feet)

AUTOMATIC SPRINKLER SYSTEM (Design Standard)

MINIMUM FIRE-FLOW (gallons per minute)

FLOW DURATION (hours)

0-3,600

No automatic sprinkler system

1,000

1

3,601 and greater

No automatic sprinkler system

Value in Table B105.1(2)

Duration in Table B105.1(2) at the required fire-flow rate

0-3,600

Section 903.3.1.3 of the International Fire Code

500

1/2

3,601 and greater

Section 903.3.1.3 of the International Fire Code

1/2 value in Table B105.1(2)

1

 

TABLE B105.1(2)
REFERENCE TABLE FOR TABLES B105.1(1) AND B105.2 

FIRE-FLOW CALCULATION AREA (square feet)

FIRE-FLOW (gallons per minute)b

FLOW DURATION (hours)

Type IA and IBa

Type IIA and IIIAa

Type IV and V-Aa

Type IIB and IIIBa

Type V-Ba

 

 

0-22,700

0-12,700

0-8,200

0-5,900

0-3,600

1,500

2

22,701-30,200

12,701-17,000

8,201-10,900

5,901-7,900

3,601-4,800

1,750

 

30,201-38,700

17,001-21,800

10,901-12,900

7,901-9,800

4,801-6,200

2,000

 

38,701-48,300

21,801-24,200

12,901-17,400

9,801-12,600

6,201-7,700

2,250

 

48,301-59,000

24,201-33,200

17,401-21,300

12,601-15,400

7,701-9,400

2,500

 

59,000-70,900

33,201-39,700

21,301-25,500

15,401-18,400

9,401-11,300

2,750

 

70,901-83,700

39,701-47,100

25,501-30,100

18,401-21,800

11,301-13,400

3,000

3

83,701-97,700

47,101-54,900

30,101-35,200

21,801-25,900

13,401-15,600

3,250

 

97,701-112,700

54,901-63,400

35,201-40,600

25,901-29,300

15,601-18,000

3,500

 

112,701-128,700

63,401-72,400

40,601-46,400

29,301-33,500

18,001-20,600

3,750

 

128,701-145,900

72,401-82,100

46,401-52,500

33,501-37,900

20,601-23,300

4,000

4

145,901-164,200

82,101-92,400

52,501-59,100

37,901-42,700

23,301-26,300

4,250

 

164,201-183,400

92,401-103,100

59,101-66,000

42,701-47,700

26,301-29,300

4,500

 

183,401-203,700

103,101-114,600

66,001-73,300

47,701-53,000

29,301-32,600

4,750

 

203,701-225,200

114,601-126,700

73,301-81,100

53,001-58,600

32,601-36,000

5,000

 

225,201-247,700

126,701-139,400

81,101-89,200

58,601-65,400

36,001-39,600

5,250

 

247,701-271,200

139,401-152,600

89,201-97,700

65,401-70,600

39,601-43,400

5,500

 

271,201-295,900

152,601-166,500

97,701-106,500

70,601-77,000

43,401-47,400

5,750

 

295,901-Greater

166,501-Greater

106,501-115,800

77,001-83,700

47,401-51,500

6,000

 

_

_

115,801-125,500

83,701-90,600

51,501-55,700

6,250

 

_

_

125,501-135,500

90,601-97,900

55,701-60,200

6,500

 

_

_

135,501-145,800

97,901-106,800

60,201-64,800

6,750

 

_

_

145,801-156,700

106,801-113,200

64,801-69,600

7,000

 

_

_

156,701-167,900

113,201-121,300

69,601-74,600

7,250

 

_

_

167,901-179,400

121,301-129,600

74,601-79,800

7,500

 

_

_

179,401-191,400

129,601-138,300

79,801-85,100

7,750

 

_

_

191,400-Greater

138,301-Greater

85,101-Greater

8,000

 

For SI: 1 square foot = 0.0929 m2, 1 gallon per minute = 3.785 L/m, 1 pound per square inch = 6.895 kPa.

a. Types of construction are based on the International Building Code.

b. Measured at 20 psi residual pressure.

 

TABLE B105.1(3)

 

Method

Credit/Reduction

1

Availability or extension of an existing public water system capable of supplying at least 100 gpm for 30 minutes

Quantity actually supplied.

2

In areas within Fire District but without adequate and reliable water supply, provision of NFPA 1142 dry hydrant

100% credit up to 2,750 gallon per minute

3

Lot Greater Than One Acre With Minimum 20 Foot Setbacks Provided To All Property Lines from Structure(s)

500 gallon per minute fire flow credit

4

Within Fire District and Within 5 Road Miles of Manned Fire Station

500 gallon per minute fire flow credit

5

Provision of Defensible Space per site Wildland-Urban Interface Area classification

500 gallon per minute fire flow credit

6

Provision of additional Defensible Space per next higher level Wildland-Urban Interface Area classification

250 gallon per minute fire flow credit

7

Provision of additional Defensible Space per next higher level Wildland-Urban Interface Area classification

250 gallon per minute fire flow credit

8

Access per Section 403 Wildland-Urban Interface Code

250 gallon per minute fire flow credit

9

Where required by Code, Provision of Spark Arrestors per Section 605 of the Wildland-Urban Interface Code

250 gallon per minute fire flow credit

10

Fire Protection Plan per Section 405 of the Wildland-Urban Interface Code

750 gallon per minute fire flow credit

 

Choice of one of the following:

 

11

Class 3 Ignition-Resistant Construction per Section 506 Wildland-Urban Interface Code

500 gallon per minute fire flow credit

12

Class 2 Ignition-Resistant Construction per Section 505 Wildland-Urban Interface Code

750 gallon per minute fire flow credit

13

Class 1 Ignition-Resistant Construction per Section 504 Wildland-Urban Interface Code

1,000 gallon per minute fire flow credit

 

TABLE B105.2
REQUIRED FIRE-FLOW FOR BUILDINGS OTHER THAN ONE- AND TWO-FAMILY DWELLINGS, GROUP R-3, AND TOWNHOUSES

AUTOMATIC SPRINKLER SYSTEM (Design Standard)

MINIMUM FIRE FLOW
(gallons per minute)

FLOW DURATION (hours)

No automatic sprinkler system

Value in Table B105.1(2)

Duration in Table B105.1(2)

Section 903.3.1.1 of the International Fire Code

25% of the value in Table B105.1(2)a

Duration in Table B105.1(2) at the reduced flow rate

Section 903.3.1.2 of the International Fire Code

25% of the value in Table 105.1(2)b

Duration in Table B105.1(2) at the reduced flow rate

FOR SI: 1 gallon per minute = 3.785 L/m

a. The reduced fire-flow shall not be less than 1,000 gallons per minute

b. The reduced fire-flow shall not be less than 1,500 gallons per minute

B105.3 Water supply for buildings equipped with an automatic sprinkler system. For buildings equipped with an approved automatic sprinkler system, the water supply shall be capable of providing the greater of:

B105.3.1 The automatic sprinkler system demand, including hose stream allowance.

B105.3.2 The required fire-flow.

B105.4 Water Mains. When subdivision occurs within a recognized urban growth boundary water mains shall be extended to and throughout the development site for the purposes of supplying the required fire flow.

B105.4.1 Fire Hydrants on Water Mains. When water mains are present on an existing public water system capable of supplying all or a portion of the required fire flow (at minimum 100 gpm for 30 minutes), fire hydrants shall be installed along the project frontage in accordance with Section 507.5.

O. Appendix D, Section D103.2, is amended to read as follows:

Fire apparatus access roads shall not exceed 15 percent in grade. Roads in excess of 12 percent grade shall be paved.

P. Appendix D, Section D103.3, is amended to read as follows:

The minimum turning radius of a fire apparatus access road shall be 28 feet inside, 50 feet outside radius.

Q. Appendix D, Section D107, is not adopted.

R. Appendix N, Chapter 1, is not adopted.

S. Appendix N, Chapter 2, is adopted with two exceptions where revised definitions are provided below:

“DRIVEWAY.” A vehicular ingress and egress route that serves no more than two buildings or structures, not including accessory structures, or more than two dwelling units or parcels.

“FIRE PROTECTION PLAN.” A document prepared by a NFPA Certified Fire Protection Specialist or Washington State Registered Fire Protection Engineer for a specific project or development. It describes ways to minimize and mitigate the fire problems created by the project or development with the purpose of reducing impact on the community’s fire protection delivery system.

T. Appendix N, Subsection 302.1, is amended to read as follows:

302.1 Declaration. All areas of Cowlitz County shall be identified with a risk category relative to other areas of Cowlitz County. These risk categories will be established according to the National Hazard and Risk Model (No-HARM) developed for Cowlitz County by Anchor Point, LLC, dated July 1, 2016. Categories shall be “Non-Rated” or “Low,” “Moderate” or “Medium,” “High” and “Very High” or “Extreme.” Risk categories are established for the purpose of providing voluntary options to meet Fire Flow requirements found in Table B105.1(1) and B105.2 found in Fire Code Appendix B.

U. Appendix N, Section 401, is not adopted.

V. Appendix N, Section 402, is not adopted.

W. Appendix N, Section 403.2.3, is amended to read as follows:

403.2.3 Service limitations. A driveway shall not serve in excess of two dwelling units.

X. Appendix N, Section 403.2.4, is amended to read as follows:

403.2.4 Turnarounds. Driveway turnarounds shall have an inside turning radii of not less than 28 feet and outside turning radii of not less than 50 feet. Driveways that connect with a road or roads at more than one point shall be considered as having a turnaround if all changes of direction meet the radii requirements for driveway turnarounds.

Y. Appendix N, Section 403.3, is amended to read as follows:

403.3 Fire apparatus access road. Where required, fire apparatus access roads shall be all-weather roads with a minimum width of 20 feet and a clear height of 13 feet 6 inches; shall be designed to accommodate the load for fire apparatus; and shall have an inside turning radii of not less than 28 feet and outside turning radii of not less than 50 feet. Dead-end roads in excess of 150 feet shall be provided with turnarounds as approved by the code official. Unless otherwise required by public or private road design standards, fire apparatus access roads shall be constructed of a minimum 6 inches of ballast (pit run) and 3 inches of crushed rock. Roads in excess of 12% grade shall be paved.

Z. Appendix N, Section 403.7, is amended to read as follows:

403.7 Grade. The gradient for fire apparatus roads shall not exceed 15%.

AA. Appendix N, Section 404, is not adopted.

BB. A new section Appendix N, Section 405.5, is added as follows:

405.5 Permitting. When required by the code official, the fire protection plan shall be submitted for review and approval as part of the plans required for permit. The permit shall be conditioned for conformance with the approved fire protection plan.

CC. Appendix N, Section 501, is not adopted.

DD. Appendix N, Section 502, is not adopted.

EE. Appendix N, Section 503.1, is not adopted.

FF. Appendix N, Table 503.1, is not adopted.

GG. Appendix N, Table 507, is not adopted.

HH. Appendix N, Section 601, is not adopted.

II. Appendix N, Section 602, is not adopted.

JJ. A new section Appendix N, Section 604.5, is added as follows:

604.5 Covenant. When defensible space is provided as a means of achieving fire flow, the owner shall record a covenant with the Cowlitz County Auditor’s Office on the form provided by the code official indicating continued responsibility for maintenance of defensible space so long as the condition requiring fire flow exists.

KK. A new section Appendix N, Section 604.6, is added as follows:

604.6 Certification. Property owner shall submit certification of maintenance of defensible space to the code official annually on the form provided. The County may inspect defensible space on a regular basis.

LL. Appendix A of Appendix N is not adopted.

MM. Appendix B of Appendix N is not adopted.

NN. Appendix C of Appendix N is not adopted. [Ord. 16-080 § 5, 7-5-16.]

16.05.090 Mechanical code.

Cowlitz County hereby adopts by reference the 2015 Edition of the International Mechanical Code, as published by the International Code Council and as now or hereafter amended by the Washington State Building Code Council, and with the following additions, deletions, and exceptions:

A. Section 106.5.2 is amended to read as follows:

Permit Fees. Fees for mechanical permits shall be as established from time to time by resolution by the Board.

Plan Review Fees. When a plan or other data is required to be submitted by 106.3.1 a plan review fee shall be paid. Payment of a plan review fee is not contingent upon issuance of a permit; but, is due upon submittal of an application for a plan review. The plan review fee for mechanical work shall be as established from time to time by resolution by the Board. When plans are incomplete or changed so as to require additional review, an additional plan review fee shall be paid.

B. Section 106.5.3 is amended as follows:

2. Not more than 80 percent of the permit fee when no work has been done under a permit issued in accordance with this code.

3. Not more than 80 percent of the plan review fee paid when an application for a permit is withdrawn or canceled before any plan review effort has been expended.

C. Sections 108.3 and 108.4 are not adopted.

D. Section 109 is not adopted. [Ord. 16-080 § 6, 7-5-16.]

16.05.100 Plumbing code.

Cowlitz County hereby adopts by reference the 2015 Edition of the Uniform Plumbing Code and U.P.C. standards, as published by the International Association of Plumbing and Mechanical Officials and as now or hereafter amended by the Washington State Building Code Council, and with the following additions, deletions, and exceptions:

A. The following portions of the Uniform Plumbing Code are deleted: all of Chapters 12 and 14, and those requirements relating to venting and combustion air of fuel fired appliances as found in Chapter 5. Those portions of the code dealing with building sewers are included as part of this code.

B. Only the following appendices of the Uniform Plumbing Code are adopted: Appendix A.

C. Section 103.1 shall be revised as follows:

The code official shall be appointed by the chief appointing authority of the jurisdiction.

The code official is hereby authorized and directed to enforce the provisions of this code. The code official shall have the authority to render interpretations of this code and to adopt policies and procedures in order to clarify the application of its provisions. Such interpretations, policies and procedures shall be in compliance with the intent and purpose of this code. Such policies and procedures shall not have the effect of waiving requirements specifically provided for in this code.

In accordance with the prescribed procedures of this jurisdiction and with the concurrence of the appointing authority, the code official shall have the authority to appoint a deputy code official, other related technical officers, inspectors and other employees. Such employees shall have powers as delegated by the code official.

The code official shall be permitted to request the assistance and cooperation of the other officials of this jurisdiction so far as required in the discharge of the duties in accordance with this code of other pertinent law or ordinance.

D. Section 104.3.2 is revised to read as follows:

Plan Review Fees. When a plan or other data is required to be submitted by 104.3.1, a plan review fee shall be paid. Payment of a plan review fee is not contingent upon issuance of a permit; but, is due upon submittal of an application for plan review. The plan review fee for plumbing work shall be as established from time to time by resolution by the Board. When plans are incomplete or changed so as to require additional review, an additional plan review fee shall be paid.

E. Section 104.5 is amended to read as follows:

Permit Fees. Fees for plumbing permits shall be as established from time to time by resolution by the Board.

F. Section 104.5.3 is amended as follows:

2. Not more than 80 percent of the permit fee when no work has been done under a permit issued in accordance with this code.

3. Not more than 80 percent of the plan review fee paid when an application for a permit is withdrawn or canceled before any plan review effort has been expended.

G. Section 105.2.6, Reinspections, is amended as follows:

A reinspection fee shall be permitted to be assessed for each inspection or reinspection where such portion of work for which inspection is called is not complete or where required corrections have not been made.

This provision shall not to be interpreted as requiring reinspection fees the first time a job is rejected for failure to be in accordance with the requirements of this code, but as controlling the practice of calling for inspections before the job is ready for inspection or reinspection.

Reinspection fees shall be permitted to be assessed where the approved plans are not readily available to the inspector, for failure to provide access on the date for which the inspection is requested, or for deviating from plans requiring the approval of the Authority Having Jurisdiction.

In instances where reinspection fees have been assessed, no additional inspection of the work will be performed until the required fees have been paid.

H. Section 106.0, Violations and Penalties, is not adopted.

I. Section 107.0, Board of Appeals, is not adopted. [Ord. 16-080 § 7, 7-5-16.]

16.05.110 Fuel gas code.

Cowlitz County hereby adopts by reference the 2015 Edition of the International Fuel Gas Code, as published by the International Code Council and as now or hereafter amended by the Washington State Building Code Council, and with the following additions, deletions, and exceptions:

A. Section 106.6.2 is amended to read as follows:

Permit Fees. Fees for fuel gas permits shall be as established from time to time by resolution by the Board.

Plan Review Fees. When a plan or other data is required to be submitted by 106.3.1 a plan review fee shall be paid. Payment of a plan review fee is not contingent upon issuance of a permit; but, is due upon submittal of an application for a plan review. The plan review fee for fuel gas work shall be as established from time to time by resolution by the Board. When plans are incomplete or changed so as to require additional review, an additional plan review fee shall be paid.

B. Section 106.6.3 is amended as follows:

2. Not more than 80 percent of the permit fee when no work has been done under a permit issued in accordance with this code.

3. Not more than 80 percent of the plan review fee paid when an application for a permit is withdrawn or canceled before any plan review effort has been expended.

C. Sections 108.3 and 108.4 are not adopted.

D. Section 109, Means of Appeal, is not adopted. [Ord. 16-080 § 8, 7-5-16.]

16.05.120 Abatement of dangerous buildings.

Cowlitz County hereby adopts by reference the 1997 Edition of the Uniform Code for the Abatement of Dangerous Buildings, as published by the International Conference of Building Officials and as now or hereafter amended.

Section 205, Board of Appeals, is not adopted.

Chapter 5, Appeal, is not adopted.

Chapter 6, Procedures for Conduct of Hearing Appeals, is not adopted. [Ord. 16-080 § 9, 7-5-16.]

16.05.130 Washington State Energy Code.

Cowlitz County hereby adopts by reference the 2015 Edition of the Washington State Energy Code as now and hereafter adopted and amended by the Washington State Building Code Council.

Section C109, Board of Appeals, is not adopted.

Section R109, Board of Appeals, is not adopted. [Ord. 16-080 § 10, 7-5-16.]

16.05.140 International Existing Building Code.

Cowlitz County hereby adopts by reference the 2015 Edition of the International Existing Building Code as now and hereafter adopted and amended by the Washington State Building Code Council.

Section 112, Board of Appeals, is not adopted.

Section 113, Violations, is not adopted.

Section 116.3, Closing Streets, is not adopted.

Section 116.6, Hearing, is not adopted. [Ord. 16-080 § 11, 7-5-16.]

16.05.150 Permits.

All permits under any code adopted by this chapter shall be obtained from the Department. Permits shall be applied for on forms provided by the Department. All permits issued by the Department prior to the effective date of the ordinance codified in this chapter shall be effective provided construction begins within 180 days of permit issuance, and work proceeds through completion without expiration of the permit. [Ord. 16-080 § 12, 7-5-16.]

16.05.160 Waiver of fees.

The Administrator may waive fees for permits to repair damage caused by any emergency condition declared by the Board of County Commissioners to constitute a state of emergency; such waivers shall apply to permits obtained during the 90 days following the date of declaration of the state of emergency. [Ord. 12-078, § 16, 5-22-12; Ord. 07-085, § 16, 7-3-07.]

16.05.170 Administration and enforcement.

The Department of Building and Planning shall administer all codes adopted by this chapter. Further, the Director may refer violations of the codes described herein to the Prosecuting Attorney for appropriate action. [Ord. 12-078, § 17, 5-22-12; Ord. 07-085, § 17, 7-3-07.]

16.05.180 Board of Appeals.

The orders, decisions or determinations made by the Building Official relative to the application and interpretations of this code may be appealed to the Cowlitz County Hearing Examiner. Appeals to the Hearing Examiner shall be processed in accordance with the provisions contained in Chapter 2.05 CCC and CCC 18.10.370 through 18.10.395. Appeals shall be filed with the Department not later than 20 days after the issuance of the decision being appealed. Appeals shall be accompanied by a filing fee of $1,000, payable to Cowlitz County Department of Building and Planning. [Ord. 16-080 § 13, 7-5-16.]

16.05.190 Violation.

It shall be unlawful for any person to erect, construct, enlarge, alter, repair, move, occupy, conduct any activity within, operate, or maintain any building, structure, facility or vehicle within the unincorporated areas of Cowlitz County or cause the same to be done contrary to, or in violation of, any of the provisions of this chapter or any code adopted hereby. [Ord. 12-078, § 19, 5-22-12; Ord. 07-085, § 19, 7-3-07.]

16.05.200 Penalties.

Any violation of any provision of this chapter or any code adopted hereby is a civil infraction, and shall be processed under the provisions of Chapter 2.06 CCC. Every day a violation continues is considered a separate infraction. A conviction and/or payment of monetary penalty does not relieve the violator from compliance with the provisions of this chapter. The penalty provisions of this chapter supersede all penalty provisions in the codes adopted herein. [Ord. 12-078, § 20, 5-22-12; Ord. 07-085, § 20, 7-3-07.]

16.05.210 Nuisance.

Failure to comply with the provisions of this chapter or of any code adopted hereby is declared to be a public nuisance. [Ord. 12-078, § 21, 5-22-12; Ord. 07-085, § 21, 7-3-07.]

16.05.220 Liability for damages.

This chapter shall not be construed to hold the County of Cowlitz, or any officer or employee thereof, responsible for any damages to persons or property by reason of the certification, inspection or noninspection of any building, equipment or property as herein authorized. [Ord. 12-078, § 22, 5-22-12; Ord. 07-085, § 22, 7-3-07.]

16.05.230 Severability.

Should any section, clause or provision of this chapter or any code adopted hereby be declared by a court to be invalid, the same shall not affect the validity of the remainder, either in whole or in part. [Ord. 12-078, § 23, 5-22-12; Ord. 07-085, § 23, 7-3-07.]

16.05.240 Conflict with other regulations.

Where other Cowlitz County ordinances, resolutions, or regulations are in conflict with this chapter, the more restrictive regulation shall apply and such application shall extend to those specific provisions which are more restrictive. [Ord. 12-078, § 24, 5-22-12; Ord. 07-085, § 24, 7-3-07.]