Chapter 18.10


18.10.001    Scope.

18.10.005    Interpretations.

18.10.010    A definitions.

18.10.020    B definitions.

18.10.030    C definitions.

18.10.040    D definitions.

18.10.050    E definitions.

18.10.060    F definitions.

18.10.070    G definitions.

18.10.080    H definitions.

18.10.090    I definitions.

18.10.100    J definitions.

18.10.110    K definitions.

18.10.120    L definitions.

18.10.130    M definitions.

18.10.140    N definitions.

18.10.150    O definitions.

18.10.160    P definitions.

18.10.170    Q definitions.

18.10.180    R definitions.

18.10.190    S definitions.

18.10.200    T definitions.

18.10.210    U definitions.

18.10.220    V definitions.

18.10.230    W definitions.

18.10.240    X definitions.

18.10.250    Y definitions.

18.10.260    Z definitions.

18.10.001 Scope.

This chapter contains definitions of technical and procedural terms used throughout this code. [Ord. 8-06 § 1]

18.10.005 Interpretations.

(1) For the purpose of this code, all words shall have their normal and customary meanings, unless specifically defined otherwise in this chapter. In general, words used in the present tense shall include the future; the singular shall include the plural; and the plural the singular. The words “shall,” “must,” “will,” “may not,” and “no... may” are always mandatory. The word “should” indicates that which is recommended but not required. The word “may” indicates a use of discretion in making a decision. The word “used” includes “designed, intended, or arranged” to be used. The masculine gender includes the feminine and vice versa. References to “distance” means distance as measured horizontally unless otherwise specified.

(2) All definitions which reference the Revised Code of Washington (RCW), Washington Administrative Code (WAC), and International Building Code (ICODE) are intended to mirror the definitions in these codes at the effective date of the ordinance codified in the Unified Development Code (this code) or as amended. If the definition in this code conflicts with a definition under state law or regulation, the state definition shall control over this definition.

(3) These definitions are not intended to establish regulations. [Ord. 8-06 § 1]

18.10.010 A definitions.

“Abandon” means to terminate the use of a structure by an affirmative act, such as changing to a new use; or to cease, terminate, or vacate a use or structure through nonaction. Except for ongoing agricultural activities, there shall be a presumption that a use has been abandoned if it is not undertaken, utilized, implemented or performed for a period of two years.

“Abutting” means adjoining with a common boundary line or any portion thereof.

“Accessory dwelling unit” means an additional dwelling unit either in or added to an existing single-family detached dwelling, or in a separate accessory structure on the same lot as the main structure, for use as a complete, independent living facility with provisions within the accessory dwelling unit for cooking, eating, sanitation and sleeping. Such a dwelling shall be considered an accessory use to the main dwelling and be clearly subordinate to the main dwelling.

“Accessory use” means use of land or of a building or portion thereof incidental and subordinate to the principal use or building and located on the same lot with the principal use.

“Accessory uses (to agriculture)” mean uses accessory to agriculture that support, promote, or sustain agricultural operations and production, as provided in JCC 18.20.030.

“Accumulative short subdivision” means multiple short subdivision of contiguous land under common ownership. “Ownership,” for purposes of Chapter 18.35 JCC, means ownership as established at the date of the initial short subdivision approval. Ownership by persons related by blood or marriage where an interfamily land conveyance has occurred within two years of making application for short subdivision approval shall be construed to be common ownership.

“Acre” means a unit of measure of land area which consists of 43,560 square feet.

“Adequate” means acceptable but not excessive.

“Adequate capacity (adequate capital or public facilities)” means capital facilities and services that have the capacity available to serve development at the time of occupancy or use without decreasing levels of service (LOS) below the standards set forth in the Comprehensive Plan. “Adequate capacity” also includes a financial commitment that is in place to complete the improvements, or noncapital strategies, necessary to provide a specific level of service within six years. (See also “Available capital facilities (available capacity),” “Concurrency,” “Level of service (LOS).”)

“Adjacent” means (in addition to abutting) that which is near or close; for example, an industrial district across the road or highway from a commercial district shall be considered as “adjacent.”

“Adjacent lands, shoreline” means lands adjacent to the shorelines of the state (outside of shoreline jurisdiction). See RCW 90.58.340.

“Administrator” means the Jefferson County department of community development director or a designated representative.

“Adverse” means contrary to one’s interest or welfare; harmful or unfavorable circumstances.

“Adverse impacts” means a condition that creates, imposes, aggravates, or leads to inadequate, impractical, unsafe, or unhealthy conditions on a site proposed for development or on off-site property or facilities or on wildlife or wildlife habitat.

“Affordable housing” means those housing units available for purchase or rent to individuals or families with a gross income between the federally recognized poverty level and the median income for working families in Jefferson County; and whose costs, including utilities, would not exceed 30 percent of gross income.

“Aggrieved person” means a party of record who can demonstrate the following:

(a) The land use decision will prejudice the person;

(b) The asserted interests are among those the county is required by county code, federal or state law or regulation to consider in making a land use decision;

(c) The person is a party of record, as defined in JCC 18.10.160; and

(d) A decision on appeal in favor of the person would substantially eliminate or redress the prejudice alleged to be caused by the land use decision.

“Agricultural activities” has the same meaning as in RCW 90.58.065(2)(a), as it may be modified in the future, and currently reads “agricultural uses and practices including, but not limited to: Producing, breeding, or increasing agricultural products; rotating and changing agricultural crops; allowing land used for agricultural activities to lie fallow in which it is plowed and tilled but left unseeded; allowing land used for agricultural activities to lie dormant as a result of adverse agricultural market conditions; allowing land used for agricultural activities to lie dormant because the land is enrolled in a local, state, or federal conservation program, or the land is subject to a conservation easement; conducting agricultural operations; maintaining, repairing, and replacing agricultural equipment; maintaining, repairing, and replacing agricultural facilities, provided that the replacement facility is no closer to the shoreline than the original facility; and maintaining agricultural lands under production or cultivation.”

“Agricultural best management practices (BMPs)” means schedules of activities, prohibitions of practices, maintenance procedures, and other management practices to prevent or reduce pollution of waters or degradation of wetlands and fish and wildlife habitat areas.

“Agricultural checklist” means the checklist required by JCC 18.22.830(1).

“Agricultural land” has the same meaning as in WAC 365-190-030(1).

“Agricultural land of local importance” means land in addition to designated prime agricultural land that is of local importance for the production of food, fiber, forage, or oilseed crops. Generally, additional farmlands of local importance include those that are nearly prime farmland and that economically produce high yields of crops when treated or managed according to acceptable farming methods. Such farmlands may include areas of commercial aquaculture.

“Agricultural product or commodity” is defined as follows, except for Chapter 18.22 JCC. For all other chapters, “agricultural product or commodity” means any plant or part of a plant, or animal, or animal product, produced by a producer primarily for sale, consumption, propagation, or other use by people or animals. For Chapter 18.22 JCC “agricultural products” are defined in RCW 90.58.065(2)(b).

“Agricultural resource lands (agricultural lands)” means lands that are primarily devoted to the commercial production of horticultural, viticultural, floricultural, dairy, apiary, vegetable, or animal products or of berries, grain, hay, straw, turf, seed, or Christmas trees not subject to the excise tax imposed by RCW 84.33.100 through 84.33.140, finfish in upland hatcheries, or livestock, and that have long-term commercial significance for agricultural production (RCW 36.70A.030(2)). Agricultural resource lands are divided into two land use designations, prime (AP-20) and local (AL-20), in the Comprehensive Plan.

“Agricultural warehouse (public warehouse)” means any elevator, mill, subterminal grain warehouse, terminal warehouse, country warehouse, or other structure or enclosure that is used or usable for the storage of agricultural products, and in which commodities are received from the public for storage, handling, conditioning, or shipment for compensation. The term does not include any warehouse storing or handling fresh fruits or vegetables, any warehouse used exclusively for cold storage, or any warehouse that conditions yearly less than 300 tons of an agricultural commodity for compensation.

“Agriculture” means the science, art, and business of producing crops, or raising livestock; farming.

“Agriculture, existing and ongoing” is defined as follows, except for Chapter 18.22 JCC which is governed by the definition of “agricultural activities.” For all other chapters, “agriculture, existing and ongoing” means any agricultural activity conducted on an ongoing basis on lands enrolled in the open space tax program for agriculture or designated as agricultural lands of long-term commercial significance on the official map of Comprehensive Plan land use designations; provided, agricultural activities were conducted on those lands at any time during the five-year period preceding April 28, 2003. Agricultural use ceases when the area on which it is conducted is converted to a nonagricultural use.

“Agriculture, new” is defined as follows, except for Chapter 18.22 JCC which is governed by the definition of “agricultural activities.” For all other chapters, “agriculture, new” means agricultural activities proposed or conducted after April 28, 2003, and that do not meet the definition of “existing and ongoing agriculture.”

“Agritourism” means agriculturally related accessory uses designed to bring the public to the farm on a temporary or continuous basis, such as U-Pick farm sales, retail sales of farm products, farm mazes, pumpkin patch sales, farm animal viewing and petting, wagon rides, farm tours, horticultural nurseries and associated display gardens, cider pressing, wine or cheese tasting, etc.

“Airport” means an area of land or facility publicly owned and open to general public use for aircraft operations, except any airfield or airstrip as defined herein. An airport may include related services and facilities.

“Airstrip” means a privately owned area of land, closed to the public, and restricted to use by the owner primarily for noncommercial aircraft operations and, on an occasional basis, invited guests of the owner or for emergency purposes.

“Allowable outright use” means land uses and activities which are exempt from the provisions of this Unified Development Code.

“Allowed use (“Yes” use)” means uses allowed subject to the provisions of this code, including meeting applicable performance and development standards; if a building, or other development permit (e.g., stormwater permit) is required, the use is subject to the project review and approval process.

“Alteration, nonconforming structures” means any change or rearrangement in the supporting members of existing buildings, such as bearing walls, columns, beams, girders, or interior partitions, as well as any changes in doors, windows, means of egress or ingress or any enlargement to or diminution of a building or structure, horizontally or vertically, or the moving of a building from one location to another. This definition excludes normal repair and maintenance, such as painting or roof replacement, but includes more substantial changes.

“Alteration, nonconforming use” means the expansion, modification or intensification of a use that does not conform to the land use regulations of the UDC.

“Animal feeding operation (AFO)” means agricultural enterprises where animals are kept and raised in confined situations. AFOs congregate animals, feed, manure and urine, dead animals and production operations on a small land area. Feed is brought to the animals rather than the animals grazing or otherwise seeking feed in pastures, fields, or on rangeland. The formal definition in federal regulations is “a lot or facility (other than an aquatic animal production facility) where the following conditions are met: (1) animals (other than aquatic animals) have been, are or will be stabled or confined and fed or maintained for a total of 45 days or more in any 12-month period, and (2) crops, vegetation, forage, growth, or post-harvest residues are not sustained in the normal growing season over any portion of the lot or facility.” (40 CFR 122.23(b)(1))

“Animal feeding operation, concentrated (CAFO)” means an AFO that is defined as a “large CAFO” or as a “medium CAFO” according to federal regulations or that is designated as a CAFO by the permitting authority. Two or more AFOs under common ownership are considered to be a single AFO for the purposes of determining the number of animals at an operation, if they adjoin each other or if they use a common area or system for the disposal of wastes. (40 CFR 122.23(b)(2))

“Large CAFO” means an AFO that meets or exceeds one of the following thresholds: 700 mature dairy cows; 1,000 beef cattle or heifers; 2,500 swine (each 55 pounds or more); 10,000 swine (each under 55 pounds); 1,000 veal calves; 500 horses; 10,000 sheep or lambs; 55,000 turkeys; 30,000 ducks (other than liquid manure handling systems); 5,000 ducks (liquid manure handling systems); 30,000 chickens (liquid manure handling systems); 125,000 chickens, except laying hens (other than liquid manure handling systems); 82,000 laying hens (other than liquid manure handling systems).

“Medium CAFO” means an AFO where either a manmade ditch or pipe carries manure or wastewater from the operation to surface water or animals come into contact with surface water running through the area where they are confined; and the operation meets or exceeds the following thresholds: 200 mature dairy cows; 300 beef cattle or heifers; 750 swine (each 55 pounds or more); 3,000 swine (each under 55 pounds); 300 veal calves; 150 horses; 3,000 sheep or lambs; 16,500 turkeys; 10,000 ducks (other than liquid manure handling systems); 1,500 ducks (liquid manure handling systems); 9,000 chickens (liquid manure handling systems); 37,500 chickens, except laying hens (other than liquid manure handling systems); 25,000 laying hens (other than liquid manure handling systems).

“Animal commercial kennel or cattery” means a kennel where five or more adult dogs or cats are boarded, bred or trained for compensation. Commercial kennels exceed the number of animals allowed by a hobby kennel, regardless if compensation is received for services. Commercial kennels or catteries do not including a small animal hospital or clinic, pet shop or shelter. (See also “Animal shelter” and “Animal hobby kennel.”)

“Animal hobby kennel” means a noncommercial kennel at or adjoining a private residence where five or more adult dogs, cats or combination thereof are kept for purposes other than breeding as a primary interest, such as for hunting or organized field trials, obedience or confirmation competition. Hobby kennels exceeding 10 dogs, cats or combination thereof shall be subject to the provisions of a commercial kennel.

“Animal shelter” means a facility which is used to house or contain stray, homeless, abandoned or unwanted animals. Shelters are owned, operated or maintained by a public body, established humane society, animal welfare society, society for the prevention or cruelty to animals or other nonprofit organization devoted to the welfare, protection and humane treatment of animals. Shelters also include facilities for the rehabilitation of wildlife.

“Appeal” means a request by an applicant or citizen that a decision made pursuant to this UDC be reviewed for its correctness and legality by another person, agency or court of law having jurisdiction to hear such an appeal.

Appeal, Open Record. (See “Open record hearing.”)

“Applicant” means the owner or owners of record of the property subject to a project permit application under this code, or authorized representative thereof.

“Application” means the forms, plans and accompanying documents required for any project permit approval under this code.

“Approving authority” means either the administrator, as defined in this UDC, the Jefferson County hearing examiner or the Jefferson County board of commissioners, depending on the type of permit process or decision specified in the applicable portion of this UDC.

“Aquaculture” means the farming or culturing of aquatic organisms.

“Aquifer” means a body of permeable saturated rock material or soil capable of conducting groundwater.

“Aquifer recharge areas” means lands through which precipitation and surface water infiltrate the soil and are transmitted through rocks and soil to create groundwater storage.

“Archaeological” means having to do with the scientific study of material remains of past human life and activities.

“Archaeological site” means an area of ancestral human use such as middens, burial grounds, and earthworks.

“Area” means the size of a parcel of land, as expressed in square feet or acres to two decimal places. When a public road right-of-way lies within a tract of land otherwise in contiguous ownership, area within the right-of-way may be included in gross area for the purpose of calculating maximum allowable density. When public road right-of-way abuts a tract of land, area to the centerline may not be included in the gross area of the parcel for this purpose.

“Area, nominal” means the approximate area of a parcel of land, such as the aliquot part or the land area in the assessor’s records.

“Area of special flood hazard” means the land in the floodplain within a community subject to a one percent or greater chance of flooding in any given year, as indicated on the flood insurance rate maps (FIRMs).

“Assembly facility” means a facility designed and used for the gathering of people, or in which they may come together in a body, such as a meeting hall, community club or center, church, etc. (See also “Community structure” and “Religious assembly facility.”)

“Assessor’s parcel number” means a geocoding number assigned by the assessor’s office for property tax assessment purposes only.

“Automobile service station and repair” means any building, land area, or other premises used for the retail dispensing or sales of vehicular fuels and the servicing or repair of automobiles.

“Automobile wrecking and salvage yards” means an outdoor area used for the wrecking, storage, and recycling/salvage of vehicles for scrap metal and/or parts. (See “Junk yard.”)

“Available capital facilities (available capacity)” means capital facilities or services that are in place (“existing capacity”), or for which a financial commitment is in place to provide the facilities or services within a specified time (“planned capacity”). “Available capacity” consists of existing plus planned capacity. (See also “Adequate capacity (adequate capital or public facilities),” “Concurrency,” and “Level of service (LOS).”)

“Average vehicular trips” means the average number of all vehicles entering or leaving a site during a defined period. [Ord. 5-20 § 3 (Appx. A); Ord. 12-19 § 4 (Appx. C); Ord. 14-18 § 4 (Exh. B); Ord. 8-06 § 1]

18.10.020 B definitions.

“Backstop” means a barrier that stops or redirects bullets fired on a shooting range, usually directly behind the target line.

“Baffles” means barriers constructed to contain bullets or to reduce, redirect or suppress sound waves.

“Base flood” means the flood having a one percent chance of being equaled or exceeded in any given year; also known as the “100-year flood,” as shown on the FIRM maps.

“Base flood elevation” means the elevation for which there is a one percent chance in any given year that flood levels will equal or exceed it.

“Bed and breakfast inn” means a hospitality commercial use containing four to six lodging units without cooking facilities, which provides overnight accommodation and meals in a proprietor-occupied or owner-occupied existing single-family residence and additional legal structures or up to 10 lodging units in an existing historic structure.

“Bed and breakfast residence” means a hospitality commercial use containing one to three lodging units without cooking facilities, which provides overnight accommodation and meals in an owner-occupied existing single-family residence.

“Berm” means an embankment used for restricting bullets to a given area, as a protective or dividing wall between shooting areas, or for noise abatement.

“Best available science” means with regard to designating and protecting critical areas, best available science refers to the utilization of the most current, widely accepted scientific data, research, studies and/or reports in making land use and policy decisions. (See WAC 365-195-900.)

“Best management practices (BMP)” means systems of practices, schedules of activities, prohibitions, maintenance procedures, and management measures that prevent or minimize adverse impacts to the environment.

Best Management Practices, Agricultural. (See “Agricultural best management practices (BMPs).”)

“Binding site plan” means a drawing to appropriate scale that:

(a) Identifies and shows the areas and locations of all roads, improvements, utilities, open space, and any other matters specified by local regulations;

(b) Contains inscriptions or attachments setting forth such appropriate limitations and conditions for the use of the land as are established by Jefferson County; and

(c) Contains provisions requiring that any development be in conformity with the site plan.

“Block” means a group of lots, tracts or parcels within well-defined and fixed boundaries.

“Board (BOCC)” means the board of county commissioners for Jefferson County. Also referenced as board of commissioners or county commissioners.

“Boat building and repair, commercial” means a commercial establishment where boats are constructed, dismantled, stored, serviced, or repaired, including maintenance work thereon.

“Boundary line adjustment” means the relocation or other adjustment of the boundaries of a lot, tract or parcel, in which the relocation neither results in the creation of any additional lot, tract or parcel nor results in creation of any lot, tract or parcel which is more nonconforming or insufficient in area or dimension.

“Buffer” means an area that is intended to protect the functions and values of critical areas. Protecting these functions and values includes the preservation of existing native and nonnative vegetation where it exists, unless otherwise required to be replaced with native vegetation through mitigation or voluntarily enhanced or restored.

“Buffer zone, strip, or area” means an area designed to separate incompatible uses or activities.

Buildable Lot. (See “Lot, buildable.”)

“Building envelope” means:

(a) A three-dimensional space in which a building or structure may be built;

(b) A plat restriction for the purpose of defining building coverage areas for individual lot, or for describing shoreline building setbacks;

(c) The buildable area of a lot, tract or parcel after applicable setbacks, easements and other restrictions on the lot, tract or parcel are taken into account.

“Bulk plant or terminal facility” means that portion of a property where flammable or combustible liquids are received by tank vessel, pipelines, tank car or tank vehicle and are stored or blended in bulk for the purpose of distributing such liquids by tank vessel, pipeline, tank car, tank vehicle, portable tank or container (cf. International Fire Code).

“Bullet” means a single projectile fired from a firearm. [Ord. 5-20 § 3 (Appx. A); Ord. 3-20 § 1 (Appx. A); Ord. 14-18 § 4 (Exh. B); Ord. 8-06 § 1]

18.10.030 C definitions.

“Calendar day” means any day of the week, including weekends and holidays. When used for computing time, the day shall begin with the first day following the act or event initiating such period of time occurred. When the last day of the period so computed is a Saturday, Sunday, or a county, national, or state holiday, the period shall run until the end of the following business day.

“Campground and camping facilities” means a facility in which sites are offered for persons using tents or other personal, portable overnight shelters.

“Capital facilities” means physical structures or facilities owned or operated by a government entity which provides or supports a public service.

“Capital improvements” means improvements to land, structures, initial furnishings, and selected equipment.

“Caretaker residence” means a residence located on a premises with a main nonresidential use and occupied only by a caretaker, and his/her immediate family, or guard employed on the premises.

“CC&Rs” means covenants, conditions and restrictions by which the declarant or other party or parties executing the CC&Rs impose contractual obligations upon the present and future owners and assignees of real property. CC&Rs are connected with land or other real property, and run with the land, so that the grantee of such land is invested with and bound by the CC&Rs. CC&Rs include but are not limited to “declarations” for condominiums in accordance with Chapters 64.32 and 64.34 RCW. CC&Rs are not enforced by the county.

“Certificate of occupancy or use” means a document issued by the Jefferson County building official as the final approval acknowledging that all conditions and requirements have been met and that the occupancy or use of a development is allowed.

“Certified feed lot” means any place, establishment, or facility commonly known as a commercial feed lot, or the like, which complies with all of the requirements of Chapter 16.58 RCW and associated rules and which holds a valid license from the state.

“Channel migration zone” (or CMZ) means an area within the lateral extent of likely stream channel movement that is subject to risk due to stream bank destabilization, rapid stream incision, stream bank erosion and shifts in the location of stream channels. “Channel migration zone” means the historic channel migration zone (which is the footprint of the active channel documented through historical photographs and maps), the avulsion hazard zone (which is an area with the potential for movement of the main river channel into a new location), and the erosion hazard area (which is an area outside the historic channel migration zone and the avulsion hazard zone, and includes an erosion setback for a 100-year period of time and a geotechnical setback to account for slope retreat to a stable angle of repose). “Channel migration zone” does not include disconnected migration areas, which are areas that have been disconnected from the river by legally existing artificial structure(s) that restrain channel migration (such as levees and transportation facilities built above or constructed to remain intact through the 100-year flood elevation), that are no longer available for migration by the river. “Channel migration zone” may exclude areas that lie behind a lawfully established flood protection facility that is likely to be maintained by existing programs for public maintenance consistent with designation and classification criteria specified by public rule. When a natural geologic feature affects channel migration, the channel migration zone width will consider such natural constraints. “High channel migration hazard” (or high risk CMZ) for the Big Quilcene, Little Quilcene, Dosewallips, Duckabush, and Lower Hoh Rivers means those nondisconnected portions of the channel that are likely to migrate within a 50-year time frame. For the Big Quilcene, Little Quilcene, Dosewallips, and Duckabush Rivers, “moderate channel migration hazard” (or moderate risk CMZ) means those nondisconnected portions of the channel that are likely to migrate within a 50- to 100-year time frame; and, “low channel migration hazard” (or low risk CMZ) means those nondisconnected portions of the channel that are likely to migrate beyond a 100-year time frame. For the Lower Hoh River, “moderately high hazard” (or moderately high risk CMZ) means those nondisconnected portions of the channel that are likely to migrate within a 50- to 100-year time frame, “moderate hazard” means those nondisconnected portions of the channel that are likely to migrate beyond a 100-year time frame, and “low hazard” means the nondisconnected portions of the channel that are less likely to be affected by channel migration, but are still at risk due to their location on the valley floor. Rivers that have not been evaluated or mapped for CMZs include: Thorndyke Creek, Shine Creek, Chimacum Creek, Snow Creek, Salmon Creek, Upper Hoh River, Bogachiel River, Clearwater River, and Quinault River.

“Clearing” means the destruction or removal, by hand or with mechanical means, of vegetative ground cover or trees including, but not limited to, root material or topsoil material.

“Cluster development” means a development design technique that groups or “clusters” buildings in specific areas on a site rather than spread evenly throughout the parcel as in a conventional lot-by-lot development. The remaining land is to remain undeveloped in perpetuity and used for recreation, common open space, and/or preservation of critical areas.

“Co-housing (intentional communities)” means single-family residential developments, subject to the underlying land use district density, which may contain lots or structures in common ownership subject to meeting all other applicable provisions of this UDC and if approved under the requirements of Article VI-M of Chapter 18.15 JCC, Planned Rural Residential Developments (PRRDs), where applicable.

“Commercial communication towers” means towers, dishes, or antennas established for the sending or receiving of signals for commercial purposes.

“Commercial kennel” has the same meaning as in JCC 6.07.020, as it exists now or may be amended in the future.

“Commercial recreational facility” means a place designed and equipped for the conduct of sports and leisure-time activities that is operated as a business and open to the public for a fee.

“Commercial shooting facility” means an indoor shooting facility or outdoor shooting facility designed and specifically designated for safe shooting practice with firearms, whether open to the public, open only to private membership, or any combination of the above that for the use of the commercial shooting facility requires a contract, charges a fee or other compensation, or requires membership. In addition, where property is used primarily for lawful shooting practice for guests of the owner, and where the other uses of the property either facilitate shooting practice or are incidental, intermittent or occasional and whether or not payment is received, it is presumed that the property used for lawful shooting practices is a commercial shooting facility. The term “commercial shooting facility” does not include:

(a) Shooting facilities that are both owned and operated by any instrumentality of the United States, the state of Washington, or any political subdivision of the state of Washington; or

(b) Any portion of a privately owned property used for lawful shooting practice solely by its owner or the owner’s guests without payment of any compensation to the owner of the privately owned property or to any other person, except where the property is presumed to be a commercial shooting facility, as described above.

“Commercial sign” means any object, device, display or structure that is used for attracting attention to any commercial use, product, service, or activity.

“Commercial use” means a business use or activity at a scale greater than a home business or cottage industry involving retail or wholesale marketing of goods and services. Examples of commercial uses include offices and retail shops.

“Common area” means any area contained within the boundaries of a proposed land division or within a multifamily residential development and owned by the lot owners as tenants-in-common, joint tenancy, or through an association or nonprofit association, and provided specifically for the common use of the residents.

“Common open space” means a parcel or parcels of land or an area of water or a combination of land and water within the site designated for a subdivision and designed and intended for the use or enjoyment of the public. Common open space may contain such complementary structures and improvements as are necessary and appropriate for the benefit and enjoyment of the residents of the subdivision.

“Community structure” means a structure which is intended for the common use of the residents of a particular subdivision or community.

“Compatible” means uses or activities capable of existing together or in the vicinity of one another without disharmony or without generating effects or impacts which are disruptive to the normal use and enjoyment of surrounding property.

“Comprehensive Plan” means the Jefferson County Comprehensive Plan and all of its goals, objectives, policies, documents, and maps which is a generalized coordinated land use policy statement of the Jefferson County board of commissioners, adopted pursuant to Chapter 36.70A RCW.

Concentrated Animal Feeding Operation (CAFO). (See “Animal feeding operation, concentrated (CAFO).”)

“Concurrency” means a condition in which an adequate capacity of capital and transportation facilities and services is available to support development at the time that the impacts of development occur. (See also “Adequate capacity (adequate capital or public facilities),” “Available capital facilities (available capacity),” and “Level of service (LOS).”)

“Conditional use” means a use that, owing to some special characteristics attendant to its operation or installation (e.g., potential danger, traffic, smoke or noise impact), is permitted in a district, subject to approval and special requirements, different from those usual requirements for the district in which the conditional use may be located.

“Conditional use permit” means a permit issued by Jefferson County stating that the land uses and activities meet all criteria set forth in this code, and all conditions of approval in accordance with the procedural requirements of this code.

“Condominium” means real property, portions of which are designed for separate ownership and the remainder of which is designated for common ownership solely by owners of those portions. Real property is not a condominium unless the undivided interests in the common elements are vested in unit owners, and unless a declaration and a survey map and plans have been recorded in accordance with Chapters 64.32 and 64.34 RCW. Condominiums are not confined to residential units, such as apartments, but also include offices and other types of space in commercial buildings.

“Conservation district” means a “special purpose district,” like a fire district or school district, organized in accordance with Chapter 89.08 RCW for the purpose of providing assistance to landowners for the conservation of renewable resources.

“Construction/contractor yards and offices” means service establishments primarily engaged in general contracting or subcontracting in the building construction trades. These include administrative offices, workshops and the indoor or outdoor storage of tools, equipment, materials, and vehicles.

Contract Purchaser. (See “Applicant.”)

“Convenience store” means any retail establishment offering for sale prepackaged food products, household items, and other goods commonly associated with the same and having a gross floor area of less than 5,000 square feet.

“Cottage industry” means a commercial or manufacturing activity conducted in whole or in part in either the resident’s single-family dwelling unit or in an accessory building, but is of a scale larger than a home occupation or home business. A cottage industry is a limited, small-scale commercial or industrial activity, including fabrication, with limited retail sales, that can be conducted without substantial adverse impact on the residential character in the vicinity.

“County” means Jefferson County, Washington, its board, commissions, and departments.

“Critical aquifer recharge areas” has the same meaning as in WAC 365-190-030(3).

“Critical area buffer” means any buffer required by Chapter 18.22 JCC.

“Critical areas” has the same meaning as in WAC 365-190-030(4).

“Critical habitat” means an area or type of environment that may be of crucial importance to the perpetuation of an organism or biological population which normally lives or occurs there.

“Cul-de-sac” means a road closed at one end by an area of sufficient size for turning vehicles around.

“Current use” means the use of land or improvements at the time of permit application.

“Custom meat facility” means a facility operated by a person licensed to prepare uninspected meat for the owner of the uninspected meat.

“Custom slaughtering establishment” means a facility operated by a person licensed to slaughter meat food animals for the owner of the animal at a fixed location. [Ord. 5-20 § 3 (Appx. A); Ord. 3-20 § 1 (Appx. A); Ord. 12-19 § 4 (Appx. C); Ord. 14-18 § 4 (Exh. B); Ord. 6-09 § 1 (Exh. B); Ord. 3-08 § 1 (Exh. C); Ord. 8-06 § 1]

18.10.040 D definitions.

“Day care, commercial” means a person or agency that provides care for 13 or more children during part of the 24-hour day (RCW 74.15.020).

(1) “Home day care provider” means a state-licensed day care provider who regularly provides day care for not more than 12 children in the provider’s home in the family living quarters (RCW 74.15.020).

(2) “Child day care center” means a person or agency providing care during part of the 24-hour day to 12 or fewer children in a facility other than the family abode of the person or persons under whose direct care the children are placed (RCW 35.63.170).

“Days, calendar” means so many days computed according to the course of the calendar. In computing comment and appeal periods under this code, if the last day so computed is a Saturday, Sunday or legal holiday, the comment or appeal period shall run to the next business day.

“DCD” means the Jefferson County department of community development.

“Dedicate” means to set aside a piece of real property, a structure, or a facility for public or private use or ownership.

“Dedication” means a deliberate appropriation of land by its owners for any general and public uses, reserving to the owner/dedicator no other rights than such as are compatible with the full exercise and enjoyment of the public uses to which the property has been devoted.

“Degrade” means to scale down in desirability or salability, to impair in respect to some physical property or to reduce in structure or function, in terms of Jefferson County standards and environment.

“Density” means the quantity per unit area, such as the number of dwelling units per acre.

“Design capacity” means the theoretical or calculated maximum ability of a system or device to handle the duty for which it is to be used.

“Developable area” means the area of land which is not constrained from development by land use restrictions.

“Development” means the construction, reconstruction, conversion, structural alteration, relocation, or enlargement of any structure; any grading, excavation, mining, landfill; or any extension of the use of land; dredging, drilling, dumping, filling, earth movement, clearing or removal of vegetation, forest practice activities that are being conducted as a part of a conversion from forestry to non-forestry use, storage of materials or equipment in a designated floodway, or other site disturbance, which either requires a permit, approval, review, or authorization from the county or is proposed by a public agency.

“Development application” means an application for a development permit.

“Development envelope” means the portion of a lot which may be used for development. A development envelope must include space for utilities, driveways, and any other improvements necessary to complete development. As applied to a buildable lot for residential purposes, the development envelope is the portion of a lot that may contain a dwelling(s) and accessory structures.

“Development permit” means any permit issued by Jefferson County allowing development.

“Development regulation or regulations” means the controls placed on development or land use activities, including, but not limited to, zoning ordinances, critical areas ordinances, shoreline master programs, official controls, planned unit development ordinances, subdivision ordinances, and binding site plan ordinances, together with any amendments thereto. A development regulation does not include a decision to approve a project permit or project permit application, as defined in RCW 36.70B.020, even though the decision may be expressed in a resolution or ordinance of the legislative body of the county (RCW 36.70A.030(7)). However, for the avoidance of doubt, a development regulation does not include ordinances or regulations that address administrative processes and procedures related to land use planning, interim or emergency ordinances, moratorium ordinances, or remand actions from state administrative boards or courts of law.

“Development right” means the right to develop property subject to federal, state, and local restrictions and regulations.

“Director” means, unless otherwise specified, the director of the county’s department of community development (DCD) or the director’s designee.

“Discretionary use” means all unnamed and certain named uses in Table 3-1 in JCC 18.15.040 which, subject to the administrative review and classification criteria set out in Chapter 18.15 JCC, may be classified by the administrator as an allowed outright “Yes” use, a conditional “C” use or a prohibited “No” use in the applicable district for which the use is proposed.

“District” means a part, zone, or geographic area within Jefferson County within which certain development regulations apply.

“Disturbed area” means any place where activities clearly in preparation for, or during, surface mining have physically disrupted, covered, compacted, moved, or otherwise altered the characteristics of soil, bedrock, vegetation, or topography that existed prior to such activity. Disturbed areas may include but are not limited to: working faces, water bodies created by mine-related excavation, pit floors, the land beneath processing plant and stock pile sites, spoil pile sites, and equipment staging areas. Disturbed areas shall also include aboveground waste rock sites and tailing facilities, and other surface manifestations of underground mines. Disturbed areas do not include surface mine access roads in mineral resource land designations unless these have characteristics of topography, drainage, slope stability, or ownership that, in the opinion of the department of natural resources, make reclamation necessary, lands that have been reclaimed to all standards outlined in this chapter, rules of the department of natural resources, any applicable SEPA document, and the approved reclamation plan, and subsurface aspects of underground mines, such as portals, tunnels, shafts, pillars, and stopes.

“Division of land” means the creation of any new lot or lots for the purpose of sale, lease, or transfer of ownership (see Chapter 18.35 JCC).

DOT. (See “WADOT” or “WSDOT.”)

“Drainage” means surface water runoff; the removal of surface water or groundwater from land by drains, grading, or other means, which include runoff controls to minimize erosion and sedimentation during and after construction or development.

“Drainageway” means any natural or artificial watercourse, trench, ditch, swale, or similar depression into which surface water flows.

“Dredging” means the removal of earth from the bottom of a stream, river, lake, bay, or other water body.

“Drinking establishment (lounge)” means a business primarily engaged in the retail sale of alcoholic beverages for consumption on the premises. A restaurant operated as part of a lounge is considered to be accessory to the lounge.

“Drive-thru window service” means businesses where patrons may carry on business on the premises while in a motor vehicle (see also “Mobile food unit”).

“Driveway” means a strip of land which provides vehicular access to one or two lots.

Duplex. (See “Dwelling unit, two-family.”)

“Dwelling unit” means one or more rooms or structures designed for occupancy by an individual or family for living and sleeping purposes, containing kitchen facilities and rooms with internal accessibility, for use solely by the dwelling’s occupants.

“Dwelling unit, multiple-family” means one or more structures containing three or more dwelling units.

“Dwelling unit, two-family” (duplex) means a single structure containing two dwelling units. [Ord. 9-22 § 2 (Appx. A); Ord. 4-19 § 1 (Exh. A); Ord. 14-18 § 4 (Exh. B); Ord. 8-06 § 1]

18.10.050 E definitions.

“Eating establishment (restaurant)” means a business primarily engaged in the retail sale of food for consumption on the premises. A lounge operated as part of a restaurant is considered to be accessory to the restaurant.

“Ecology (WDOE)” means the state of Washington Department of Ecology.

“Endangered species” means a species which is in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range, as classified by the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, WAC 232-12-014 and the Washington Department of Natural Resources, Washington Natural Heritage Plan.

“Environmental checklist” means a form prescribed by the administrator and the state of Washington to identify the potential environmental impacts of a given proposal.

“Environmental impact statement (EIS)” means a draft, final, or supplemental written document that reviews the likely significant and nonsignificant adverse and positive impacts of a proposal, ways to avoid, minimize or lessen the adverse impacts, and alternatives to the proposal.

“Equestrian center” means uncovered and covered facilities for commercial boarding, training, teaching, breeding and rental of horses including facilities for shows and competitive events, and riding trails. This shall not include stables used solely for the private personal use of the property owner or stables used solely for boarding or breeding of horses.

“Erosion” means the detachment and movement of soil or rock by water, wind, ice, or gravity.

“Erosion hazard areas” has the same meaning as in WAC 365-190-030(5).

“Essential public facilities” means those important and necessary facilities which provide essential services that are typically difficult to site, such as airports, state educational facilities, state or regional transportation facilities, state and local correctional facilities, solid waste handling facilities, and in-patient facilities including substance-abuse facilities, mental health facilities, and group homes (RCW 36.70A.200). They do not necessarily include all public facilities or services; they may be, but are not necessarily, publicly owned. Essential public facilities in Jefferson County include airports, large-scale transportation facilities, solid waste handling and disposal facilities, correctional facilities, in-patient treatment facilities including substance-abuse facilities, and mental health facilities, state-owned educational facilities, and wastewater treatment plants.

“Excavation” means the mechanical removal of earth.

Exemption (Exception). Reserved.

“Existing use” means the use of a lot or structure or improvements at the time of the enactment of the Unified Development Code (this code), unless otherwise specified.

Expansion, Nonconforming Use. (See “Intensification, nonconforming use.”)

“Extraction” means the commercial removal of naturally occurring materials from the earth, excluding water. [Ord. 5-20 § 3 (Appx. A); Ord. 14-18 § 4 (Exh. B); Ord. 8-06 § 1]

18.10.060 F definitions.

“Facility and service provider” means the department, district, agency or private entity responsible for providing a specific concurrency facility.

“Family” means an individual or two or more persons related by blood or marriage or a group of not more than five persons living together as a single housekeeping unit and doing their cooking on the premises as distinguished from a group occupying a boarding house or rooming house or motel.

“Farm assistance agencies” means federal, state, or local agencies with expertise in the design, implementation, and evaluation of conservation practices including but not limited to the federal Natural Resources Conservation Service, the Washington Department of Agriculture, or the Jefferson County conservation district.

“Farm equipment” for all chapters in this title, except Chapter 18.22 JCC, includes, but is not limited to, tractors, trailers, combines, tillage implements, balers, and other equipment, including attachments and accessories that are used in the planting, cultivating, irrigation, harvesting, and marketing of agricultural, horticultural, or livestock products. “Farm equipment” for purposes of Chapter 18.22 JCC is governed by the definition of “agricultural activities.”

“Farm plan” means a conservation plan developed by a farm assistance agency and a landowner outlining a series of actions developed to meet a landowner’s goals while protecting water quality and the natural resources within and around the farm property. Many things are considered in a farm plan including farm size, soil types, slope of the land, proximity to streams, wetlands or water bodies, type and numbers of livestock or crops, resources such as machinery or buildings and finances available. The terms “conservation plan” and “farm plan” are interchangeable in this context.

“Farm worker housing” means a place, area, or piece of land where sleeping places or housing sites are provided by an agricultural employer for agricultural employees.

“Farmed wetland” means wet meadow, grazed or tilled; an emergent wetland that has grasses, sedges, rushes or other herbaceous vegetation as its predominant vegetation and has been previously converted to agricultural activities.

“Feasible alternative” means an alternative that:

(a) Meets the requirements of federal, state, and local laws and regulations;

(b) Attains most or all of the basic objectives of the project;

(c) Is technically and technologically possible;

(d) Can be accomplished at a reasonable cost;

(e) Can be accomplished in a reasonable amount of time; and

(f) Adverse environmental, health, and safety effects are no greater than those of the original proposal.

A determination of what is reasonable or feasible is made by the decision-making body on a case-by-case basis, taking into account the:

(i) Probable intensity, severity, and cumulative impacts of the original proposal and alternative approaches, and opportunity for the avoidance or reduction in the number, intensity, or severity of significant impacts, or of the aggregate adverse impact;

(ii) Risk of “upset conditions” (i.e., the risk that the control and mitigation measures will fail, be overwhelmed, or exceed allowed limits) and the potential severity of the impact should control or mitigation measures be ineffective or fail;

(iii) Capital and operating costs;

(iv) Period of time to accomplish, costs of additional time or delay, and time constraints for completion; and

(v) Location and site-specific factors, such as seasonal or topographic constraints, critical areas and habitats, site accessibility, and local community concerns.

“Federal candidate species” means formally proposed endangered or threatened species and candidate species for which the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has information to indicate biological vulnerability and threat.

“Federal endangered species” means species in danger of extinction according to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service official listing.

“Federal sensitive species” means species that are considered a sensitive species by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

“Federal threatened species” means species likely to become endangered within the foreseeable future according to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service official listing.

“Field Office Technical Guide (FOTG)” means a USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service manual that contains information for use in technical assistance to decision-makers for resource management.

Filing. (See “Recording.”)

“Fill” means any sand, gravel, earth, or other materials of any composition whatsoever placed or deposited by humans.

“Final plat” means the final drawing of the subdivision and dedication prepared for filing for record with the county auditor and containing all elements and requirements set forth in Chapter 18.35 JCC and all other applicable codes and ordinances.

“Firearm” means a weapon or device from which a projectile or projectiles may be fired by an explosive such as gunpowder. The definition of “firearm” includes the terms “pistol,” “rifle,” “short-barreled rifle,” “shotgun,” “short-barreled shotgun,” “machine gun,” and “antique firearm” as those terms are defined in RCW 9.41.010. The term “firearm” shall not include: (a) devices, including but not limited to “nail guns,” which are used as tools in the construction or building industries and which would otherwise fall within this definition; or (b) a “destructive device” as defined in 18 U.S.C. Section 921(a)(2).

“Firing line” means a line parallel to the targets from which firearms are discharged.

“Firing point” means a location from which one individual fires at an associated target located down range.

“Fish and wildlife habitat conservation areas” has the same meaning as in WAC 365-190-030(6).

“Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM)” means the official map issued by the Federal Emergency Management Agency that delineates both the special hazard areas and the risk premium zones applicable to Jefferson County.

“Flood or flooding” means the temporary inundation of normally dry land areas from the overflow of inland or tidal waters or from the unusual and rapid accumulation or runoff of surface waters.

“Forest land” has the same meaning as in WAC 365-190-030(7).

“Forest management” means forest practices pertaining to protecting, producing, and harvesting timber for economic use.

“Forest practice” means any activity conducted on or directly pertaining to forest land and relating to growing or harvesting of timber, or the processing of timber on a harvest site for less than 30 days per calendar year, including but not limited to: road and trail construction and maintenance; harvest, final and intermediate; precommercial thinning; reforestation; fertilization; prevention and suppression of diseases and insects; salvage of trees; and brush control.

“Forest practice, conversion” means the conversion of land to an active use incompatible with timber growing and where future nonforest uses will be located on currently forested land.

“Forest practice, conversion option harvest plan (COHP)” means a voluntary plan developed by the landowner and approved by the county that indicates the limits and types of harvest areas, road locations, and open space. This jointly agreed plan is submitted to the Washington Department of Natural Resources (WDNR) as part of a Class II, III, or IV special forest practice permit application, and is attached to and becomes part of the conditions of the permit approved by the WDNR.

“Forest resource lands” means lands primarily devoted to growing trees for long-term commercial production on land that can be economically and practically managed for such production (RCW 36.70A.030(8)).

“Frequently flooded areas” has the same meaning as in WAC 365-190-030(8). [Ord. 5-20 § 3 (Appx. A); Ord. 3-20 § 1 (Appx. A); Ord. 14-18 § 4 (Exh. B); Ord. 8-06 § 1]

18.10.070 G definitions.

“Geologically hazardous areas” has the same meaning as in WAC 365-190-030(9).

“Geotechnical professional” means a person with experience and training in analyzing, evaluating, and mitigating any of the following: landslide, erosion, seismic, or mine hazards, or hydrogeology, fluvial geomorphology, and river dynamics. A geotechnical professional shall be licensed in the state of Washington as an engineering geologist, hydrogeologist, or professional engineer. In accordance with WAC 196-27-020 and 308-15-140, licensed engineering geologists, hydrogeologists, and professional engineers shall affix their signatures or seals only to plans or documents dealing with subject matter in which they are qualified by training or experience.

“Grade, existing” means the elevation of the ground or site prior to any work being done or any changes being made to the ground or site.

“Grade, finished” means the final elevation of the ground level after development.

“Grade plane” means a reference plane representing the average of the finished ground level adjoining the building at all exterior walls. Where the finished ground level slopes away from the exterior walls, the reference plane shall be established by the lowest points within the area between the building and the lot line or, where the lot line is more than six feet from the building between the structure and a point six feet from the building.

“Grading” means stripping, cutting, filling, or stock-piling land including the land in its cut or filled condition to create new grade.

Grandfathered Uses and Structures. (See “Nonconforming,” “Nonconforming lot,” “Nonconforming structure,” “Nonconforming use,” “Alteration, nonconforming structures,” and “Alteration, nonconforming use.”)

“Grocery store” means a commercial establishment selling primarily packaged food products typically in combination with household products and sundries.

“Gross area” means the total area included within the boundaries of any parcel including land area up to any abutting public road right-of-way.

Groundwater. (See “Water, ground.”)

“Group home” means a residential occupancy that exceeds the definition of “family” in a single-family residence.

“Group housing” means a residential dwelling that exceeds the definition of a single-family residence and which is not a multifamily dwelling.

“Growth Management Act (GMA)” means the State of Washington Growth Management Act, Chapter 36.70A RCW, as amended. [Ord. 5-20 § 3 (Appx. A); Ord. 8-06 § 1]

18.10.080 H definitions.

“Habitat” means the place or type of site where a plant or animal naturally or normally lives and grows.

“Hangars” means covered areas and enclosed structures for housing and repairing aircraft.

“Hazardous substance” means hazardous substance as defined in RCW 70.105D.020(13), as it exists now or may be amended in the future.

“Hazardous waste” means those solid wastes designated by 40 CFR Part 261 and regulated as hazardous or mixed waste by the United States EPA.

“Hearing examiner” has the same meaning as “examiner” in JCC 2.30.030(8).

“Hearing Examiner Rules of Procedure” means the Hearing Examiner Rules of Procedure adopted pursuant to JCC 2.30.070.

“Heavy equipment sales or rental services” means the use of any internal or external space for the sale, rental and display of construction or other heavy equipment, machinery or vehicles or parts thereof.

“Height, building” means the vertical distance from grade plane to the average height of the highest roof surface (cf. International Building Code).

“Height, story” means the vertical distance from the top to top of two successive tiers of beams or finished floor surfaces; and, for the topmost story, from the top of the floor finish to the top of the ceiling joists or, where there is not a ceiling, to the top of the roof rafters (cf. International Building Code).

“Historic site, structure or landmark” means a site, structure, building, district, or object of archaeological, architectural, historical or cultural significance. This is shown by its listing, or its determination of eligibility for listing, in the National Register of Historic Places, the Washington Heritage Register, or determined to be contributing to the character and/or historical significance of a district for which the State Historic Preservation Officer has made a determination of eligibility pursuant to Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act. This definition also applies to a site, structure, building, district, or object of archaeological, architectural, historical or cultural significance shown by its designation, or determination of eligibility for designation, by a local jurisdiction, or its inclusion in the Washington State Inventory of Cultural Resources as administered by the Department of Archaeology and Historic Preservation.

“Hobby kennel” means a kennel, as now defined in JCC 6.07.020, as it exists now or may be amended in the future, which is not a commercial kennel at or adjacent to a private residence.

Home Business. Home-based businesses are secondary and incidental to the primary residential use of the structure, provide supplemental income for a family, consist of limited-scale service or fabrication, and limited retail sales.

“Homeowners association” means an incorporated nonprofit organization operating under recorded land agreements, including, but not limited to, CC&Rs, through which:

(a) Each lot owner is automatically a member;

(b) Each lot is automatically subject to a proportionate share of the expenses for the organization’s activities, such as maintaining commonly owner property; and

(c) A charge, if unpaid, becomes a lien against the real property.

“Hotel” (or “lodge”) means a commercial building in which lodging is provided and offered to the public for compensation, and which is open to transient guests, and is not a motel or bed and breakfast inn as otherwise defined in this code.

“Household” means one or more related or unrelated persons occupying a dwelling unit.

“Hydrogeologist” means a person who is qualified to engage in the practice of hydrogeology, has met the qualifications in hydrogeology established under Chapter 18.220 RCW, and has been issued a license in hydrogeology by the Washington State Geologist Licensing Board. In accordance with WAC 196-27-020 and 308-15-140, licensed hydrogeologists shall affix their signatures or seals only to plans or documents dealing with subject matter in which they are qualified by training or experience. [Ord. 5-20 § 3 (Appx. A); Ord. 3-20 § 1 (Appx. A); Ord. 12-19 § 4 (Appx. C); Ord. 14-18 § 4 (Exh. B); Ord. 13-12 § 1; Ord. 8-06 § 1]

18.10.090 I definitions.

“Illegal use” means any use of land or a structure which is inconsistent with current codes or was inconsistent with previous codes in effect when the use or structure was established. An illegal use is different than a “nonconforming use.” (See also “Nonconforming.”)

“Impact area” means the area in a backstop or bullet trap directly behind the target where bullets are expected to impact or the area downrange where bullets will impact if not captured by a backstop or bullet trap.

“Impervious surface” means a hard surface area that either prevents or retards the entry of water into the soil mantle as under natural conditions prior to development. A hard surface area which causes water to run off the surface in greater quantities or at an increased rate of flow from the flow present under natural conditions prior to development. Common impervious surfaces include, but are not limited to, roof tops, walkways, patios, driveways, parking lots or storage areas, concrete or asphalt paving, gravel roads, packed earthen materials, and oiled, macadam or other surfaces which similarly impede the natural infiltration of stormwater. Open, uncovered retention/detention facilities shall not be considered as impervious surfaces for purposes of determining whether the thresholds for application of minimum requirements are exceeded. Open, uncovered retention/detention facilities shall be considered impervious surfaces for purposes of runoff modeling.

“Improvements” means the facilities and infrastructure of a land development, including, but not limited to, the roads, sidewalks, street lights, stormwater facilities, sewage disposal facilities, domestic water facilities, and other utilities and facilities required by Chapter 18.35 JCC to be constructed in conjunction with any particular land division, as approved by the necessary county departments.

“Incidental” means subordinate to, minor in significance, and bearing a reasonable relationship with the primary use.

“Incompatible” means uses and activities that are not compatible. (See “Compatible.”)

“Indoor entertainment or recreational facilities” means places designed and equipped for the conduct of sports and leisure-time activities, including, but not limited to, physical fitness clubs, bowling alleys, theaters, playhouses, and billiard rooms.

“Indoor shooting facility” means a commercial shooting facility within a fully enclosed structure, including lawful incidental sales of firearms, ammunition, component parts and accessories.

“Industrial use, heavy or resource-based” means a use engaged in the basic processing and manufacturing of materials or products predominately from extracted or raw materials or natural resources; a use engaged in storage of or manufacturing processes using flammable, hazardous or explosive materials; or manufacturing processes that potentially involve hazardous or commonly recognized adverse conditions.

“Infrastructure” means existing installed facilities and services including capital facilities such as water supply, sewage disposal, and storm drainage systems, and transportation facilities such as public roads.

“Inoperable (or unlicensed) vehicle” means any motor vehicle (excluding farm machinery or implements), trailer, or semitrailer which is inoperable and which, by virtue of its condition, cannot be economically restored to operable condition; provided, that such vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer shall be presumed to be an inoperable or unlicensed vehicle if no license plates are displayed or if the license plates displayed have been invalid for more than three years.

“Institutional facilities or development” means structures and related activity areas used by organizations providing educational, social, or noncommercial recreational services to the community, including performance halls, government service offices, facilities for assembly, colleges, primary and secondary schools, museums, and libraries.

“In-stream resources” means features, properties, or other beneficial assets which exist within a stream corridor, such as fish and wildlife habitat, recreation, and scenic beauty.

“Intensification of nonconforming use” means any increase or expansion in the quality or quantity of products, goods, services, structures or adverse impacts upon parcels within the vicinity of the nonconforming use produced, generated, served, created or performed at the site of the legal nonconforming use by the owner or occupant of that legal nonconforming use.

“Intensive” means highly concentrated, very large, or considerable, in terms of Jefferson County standards and environment.

“International Building Code” means the building code officially adopted by Jefferson County.

“Inter vivos” means a transfer or conveyance of property during the life of the owner, as distinguished from testamentary transfers where the property passes at death. [Ord. 3-20 § 1 (Appx. A); Ord. 8-06 § 1]

18.10.100 J definitions.

“Junk vehicle” means a vehicle certified under RCW 46.55.230 as meeting at least three of the following requirements: (a) three years or older; (b) extensively damaged, such damage including, but not limited to, the following: a broken window or windshield, missing seats, wheels, tires, motor, or transmission; (c) apparently inoperable; and/or (d) has approximate fair market value equal only to the approximate value of the scrap in it.

“Junk yard” means a primary or accessory use of structures or land for storage, recycling, dismantling or selling of cast-off, unused, scrap, or salvage material of any sort. [Ord. 8-06 § 1]

18.10.110 K definitions.

“Kennel” has the same meaning as in JCC 6.07.020, as it exists now or may be amended in the future.

“Kitchen” means a room used for cooking or preparing food. [Ord. 14-18 § 4 (Exh. B); Ord. 8-06 § 1]

18.10.120 L definitions.

“Land disturbing activity” means any activity that results in movement of earth, or a change in the existing soil cover (both vegetative and nonvegetative) and/or the existing soil topography. Land disturbing activities include, but are not limited to, clearing, grading, filling, and excavation. Compaction that is associated with stabilization of structures and road construction shall also be considered a land disturbing activity. Vegetation maintenance practices are not considered land-disturbing activity.

Land Division. (See “Division of land.”)

“Land use decision” means a final determination by the county’s hearing body or officer with the highest level of authority to make the determination, including those with authority to hear appeals, on:

(a) An application for a project permit or other governmental approval required by law before real property may be improved, developed, modified, sold, transferred, or used, but excluding applications for permits or approvals to use, vacate, or transfer streets, parks, and similar types of public property; excluding applications for legislative approvals such as area-wide rezones and annexations; and excluding applications for business licenses;

(b) An interpretative or declaratory decision regarding the application to a specific property of zoning or other ordinances or rules regulating the improvement, development, modification, maintenance, or use of real property; and

(c) The enforcement by the county of regulations governing the improvement, development, modification, maintenance, or use of real property.

“Landslide hazard areas” has the same meaning as in WAC 365-190-030(10).

“Landward” means to or toward the land.

“Legal lot of record” means any lot that is determined to be a legal lot of record pursuant to Chapter 18.12 JCC and satisfies the “legal lot of record” requirement in WAC 246-272A-0320.

“Level of service (LOS)” means the number of units of capacity per unit of demand (e.g., trips, population, school-age residents) or other appropriate measure of need sufficient to meet the standards for adequate service set forth in the Comprehensive Plan. (See also “Adequate capacity (adequate capital or public facilities),” “Available capital facilities (available capacity),” and “Concurrency.”)

“Light industrial” means a use involving: (a) basic processing and manufacturing of materials or products predominantly from previously prepared materials; or (b) finished products or parts, including processing, fabrication, assembly, treatment, packaging, incidental storage, sales, and distribution of such products, but excluding basic processing of raw materials except food products.

“Livestock” means horses, mules, donkeys, cattle, bison, sheep, goats, swine, rabbits, llamas, alpacas, ratites, poultry, waterfowl, game birds, and other species so designated by statute. Livestock does not mean free-ranging wildlife as defined in RCW Title 77.

“Livestock management” includes breeding, birthing, feeding, care, processing and sales of animals and animal products, birds, honey bees, fish and shellfish.

“Logging” means activities related to and conducted for purposes of harvesting or processing timber.

“Long-term commercial significance” has the same meaning as in WAC 365-190-030(11).

“Lot” means a contiguous quantity of land in possession of, owned by or recorded as the property of a person or entity. A lot also shall include any individually numbered or separately designated parcels of property in an approved subdivision or development.

“Lot, buildable means: (a) a lot that is a legal lot of record, consistent with Chapter 18.12 JCC and applicable law, and (b) has site development review approval pursuant to JCC 18.40.420 et seq. A guaranteed right to development of a lot can only be established once a development permit application or building permit application vests pursuant to JCC 18.40.320.

“Lot, corner” means a lot situated at the intersection of two roads, by which the interior angle does not exceed 135 degrees.

“Lot coverage” means the surface area of a lot or lots within a single development which is occupied by buildings, excluding roof overhangs and covered porches not used for sales, storage, or service.

“Lot, frontage” means the boundary of a lot that is along an existing or dedicated public road, or where no public road exists, along a private road, easement or access way. On an interior lot, it is the lot line abutting a road; or, on a pipestem (i.e., flag) lot it is the interior lot line most parallel to the nearest road from which access is obtained.

“Lot of record” means a lot or parcel of land that was created by a metes and bounds description or through platting or other means, and met all applicable zoning and subdivision requirements in effect at the time of lot creation. A lot of record is not necessarily developable or buildable, but may be conveyed pursuant to Chapter 58.17 RCW.

“Lot, pipestem” means a lot not meeting minimum frontage requirements and where access to the public road is by a narrow private right-of-way or driveway. The term is synonymous with “flag lot.”

“Lot, substandard” means a lot or parcel of land that has less than the required minimum area or width as established by the land use district in which it is located or as defined in any other section of the code.

“Lot, through” means a lot that has both ends fronting on a road or street; both ends shall be deemed front.

“Lumber mill, portable” means portable equipment to mill, split, or otherwise process forest products.

“Lumber mill, stationary” means a permanently located facility or equipment used to process forest products. [Ord. 9-22 § 2 (Appx. A); Ord. 5-20 § 3 (Appx. A); Ord. 14-18 § 4 (Exh. B); Ord. 8-06 § 1]

18.10.130 M definitions.

“Maintenance agreement” means a written agreement between parties to physically maintain a facility for common use in a manner which conforms to standards of adequacy specified in such an agreement.

“Major industrial development” means a master planned location for a specific manufacturing, industrial, or commercial business that (a) requires a parcel of land so large that no suitable parcels are available within an urban growth area; or (b) is a natural resource-based industry requiring a location near agricultural land, forest land, or mineral resource land upon which it is dependent. A major industrial development shall not be for the purpose of retail commercial development or multi-tenant office parks. (cf. RCW 36.70A.365(1).)

“Managing agency” means an individual or organization applying to permit a temporary housing facility under JCC 18.20.385(2)(a). Managing agencies are limited to religious organizations and nonprofit agencies. A “managing agency” may be the same entity as the sponsor.

“Manufactured home” means a single-family dwelling built according to the Department of Housing and Urban Development Manufactured Home Construction and Safety Standards Act, which is a national, preemptive building code. A manufactured home also: (a) includes plumbing, heating, air conditioning, and electrical systems; and (b) is built on a permanent chassis; and (c) can be transported in one or more sections with each section at least eight feet wide and 40 feet long when transported; or when installed on the site is 320 square feet or greater. (See also “Mobile home.”)

Manufactured Housing. (See “Manufactured home” and “Mobile home.”)

“Manufacturing” means the mechanical or chemical transformation of materials or substances into new products, including the assembling of component parts, the creation of products, and the blending of materials, such as lubricating oils, plastics, resins, or liquors.

“Market value” means the most probable price which a property should bring in a competitive and open market under all conditions requisite to a fair sale, the buyer and seller, each acting prudently, knowledgeably and assuming the price is not affected by undue stimulus.

“Master planned resort” means a self-contained and fully integrated planned unit development in a setting of significant natural amenities, with primary focus on destination resort facilities consisting of short-term visitor accommodations associated with a range of on-site indoor or outdoor recreational facilities. A master planned resort may include other residential uses within its boundaries, but only if the residential uses are integrated into and support the on-site recreational nature of the resort. (cf. RCW 36.70A.360.)

“Material change” means a measurable change that has significance for existing or proposed development or for the existing environment.

“Meander line” means a line along a body of water intended to be used solely as a reference for surveying.

“Mine hazard areas” has the same meaning as in WAC 365-190-030(12).

“Mineral extraction” means the removal of naturally occurring materials from the earth for economic use. Extraction materials include nonmetallic minerals such as sand, gravel, clay, coal, and various types of stone. This shall not include the following:

(a) Excavation and grading at building construction sites where such construction is authorized by a valid building permit; or

(b) Excavation and grading in public rights-of-way for the purpose of on-site road construction, or in private rights-of-way for the same purpose if authorized by the county; or

(c) Excavation and grading for the purpose of developing ponds or manure lagoons for agricultural purposes; or

(d) Excavation and grading in connection with and at the site of any creek, river, or flood-control or storm drainage channel for the purpose of enlarging hydraulic capacity or changing the location or constructing a new channel or storm drain where such work has been approved by the county; or

(e) Excavation and grading where the excavated material will be used on the same property or on property contiguous to and under the same ownership as the excavation.

“Mineral processing” means activities accessory to mineral extraction that include material washing, sorting, crushing or more intensive modification or alteration through mechanical or chemical means to a mineral resource after it has been removed from the earth. This does not include asphalt or concrete batch plants.

“Mineral resource lands” has the same meaning as in WAC 365-190-030(13).

“Minerals” has the same meaning as in WAC 365-190-030(14).

“Mini storage” means a structure or structures containing separate, individual, and private storage spaces leased or rented individually for varying periods of time.

“Minimal demands on existing infrastructure” means demands that do not cause the need for additional infrastructure, including but not limited to roads, fire protection, water, wastewater disposal or stormwater control, that is not provided by the applicant.

“Minimal impacts” means impacts that do not cause adverse impacts on the human or natural environments that cannot be mitigated by conditions of approval.

“Mitigation” means measures prescribed and implemented to avoid, minimize, lessen, or compensate for adverse impacts.

“Mobile food unit” means a readily movable food and/or beverage establishment. (See also JCC 18.20.182, Food and beverage stands.)

“Mobile home” means a factory-built dwelling built prior to June 15, 1976, to the standards other than the HUD Code, and acceptable under applicable state codes in effect at the time of construction or introduction of the home into the state. Mobile homes have not been built since the introduction of the HUD Manufactured Home Construction and Safety Standards Act. (See also “Manufactured home” and “Manufactured housing.”)

“Mobile home park” means a development with two or more improved pads or spaces with required improvements and utilities designed to accommodate mobile homes, according to RCW 59.20.030 (4).

“Motel” means a commercial building or group of buildings in which lodging is provided to transient guests, offered to the public for compensation, and in which access to and from each room or unit is through an exterior door.

“Motor home” means a motor vehicle originally designed, reconstructed, or permanently altered to provide facilities for human habitation, which include lodging, cooking, and sewage disposal, and enclosed within a solid body shell with the vehicle, but excluding a camper or similar unit constructed separately and affixed to a motor vehicle (RCW 46.04.305).

Multifamily Dwelling. (See “Dwelling unit, multiple-family.”) [Ord. 5-22 § 3 (Appx. A(1)); Ord. 5-20 § 3 (Appx. A); Ord. 3-20 § 1 (Appx. A); Ord. 8-06 § 1]

18.10.140 N definitions.

“National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES)” means a joint federal and state permitting system for the control, monitoring, and reduction of point-sources of pollution, established under the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (Clean Water Act) (Public Law 92-500).

“National Register of Historic Places” means the official federal list, established by the National Historic Preservation Act, of sites, districts, buildings, structures and objects significant in the nation’s history and prehistory, or whose artistic or architectural value is unique.

“Native vegetation” means plant species that are indigenous to Jefferson County.

“Natural or existing topography” means the topography of the lot, parcel, or tract of real property immediately prior to any site preparation or grading, including excavation or filling.

“Natural resource lands” has the same meaning as in WAC 365-190-030(15).

“Natural Resources Conservation Service” is a U.S. Department of Agriculture division that provides technical assistance to decision-makers to protect, maintain and improve soil, water, air, plant, and animal resources and related human considerations.

“Noise” means any sound not occurring in the natural environment which causes or tends to cause an adverse psychological or physiological effect on humans. This includes sounds arising from the amplification of noises generated by expected or permitted uses of a lot or structure.

“Nonconforming” means a use, structure, site, or lot which conformed to the applicable codes in effect on the date of its creation but which no longer complies because of changes in code requirements. Nonconformity is different than and not to be confused with illegality (see “Illegal use”). Legal nonconforming lots, structures, and uses are commonly referred to as “grandfathered.”

“Nonconforming lot” means a lot of record in existence prior to the effective date of the ordinance codified in this Unified Development Code and any amendments thereto, which does not meet the minimum lot size and other requirements as set forth in this code.

“Nonconforming structure” means a structure which does not conform to the dimensional regulations, including but not limited to setback, height, lot coverage, density, and building configuration regulations of the land use district in which it is located due to changes in code requirements. (See also “Alteration, nonconforming structures.”)

“Nonconforming use” means a use of a structure or of land which does not conform to the regulations of the land use district in which the use exists due to changes in code requirements. (See also “Alteration, nonconforming use.”)

“Nonconsumptive use” means a use which does not permanently deplete, degrade, or destroy the resource involved.

“Nonpoint source” means the release of waste or other flows which occurs over a broad or undefined area. Releases which can be described as confined to a small area, such as discharges from a pipe or conduit, are referred to as “point-source discharges.” (See also “Point-source discharge.”)

“NRA Range Source Book” means the 2012 version of the NRA Range Source Book published by the National Rifle Association.

“Nursery” means lands or greenhouses used to raise flowers, shrubs, and plants for commercial purposes.

“Nursing/convalescent/assisted living facility” means a facility or residence that provides health or long-term care services to residents, including nursing or other supportive or restorative health services on a 24-hour basis (RCW 43.190.020). [Ord. 5-20 § 3 (Appx. A); Ord. 3-20 § 1 (Appx. A); Ord. 8-06 § 1]

18.10.150 O definitions.

“Off-street parking” means an area of land located outside of any public right-of-way or private roadway and used for vehicular parking.

“Office” means a commercial use which provides business, professional, or personal services to customers.

“Official maps” means the maps identified in the Jefferson County Comprehensive Plan as the “official maps.” These maps show the applicable land use designation(s), overlays, and maximum allowable density for all property in the county.

“On-site waste disposal” means any one of several means for disposal of sanitary waste on the property from which it is generated (e.g., septic tank and drainfield).

“Open record hearing” means a hearing, conducted by a single hearing body or officer that creates the record through testimony and submission of evidence and information, under procedures prescribed by ordinance or resolution. An open record hearing may be held prior to the decision on a project permit to be known as an “open record predecision hearing.” An open record hearing may be held on an appeal, to be known as an “open record appeal hearing,” if no open record predecision hearing has been held on the project permit.

“Open space” means lands committed to farming and forestry uses and any parcel, lot, or area of land or water essentially unimproved and set aside, dedicated, designated, or reserved for public or private use or enjoyment.

“Open space tax program” means a county program associated with property taxation. Land being used for agriculture may be enrolled in the tax program through the county assessor. The tax program is independent of land use designation (i.e., zoning) and these development regulations, except in the context of identifying “existing and ongoing agriculture,” as defined and regulated in this code.

“Operating entity” for purposes of the temporary housing facility regulations in JCC 18.20.385 means the sponsor, managing agency, and individuals or organizations determined by the administrator to be qualified under JCC 18.20.385(2)(a) to operate a temporary housing facility.

“Operator” means any person who is in actual physical or electronic control of a powered watercraft, motor vehicle, aircraft, off-highway vehicle, or any other engine driven vehicle.

“Outdoor commercial amusement facility” means permanent developments containing single or multiple outdoor amusements such as batting cages, go-cart tracks, bumper cars, amusement rides, or games of chance. This shall not include casinos or theme parks.

“Outdoor shooting facility” means a commercial shooting facility that is not an indoor shooting facility.

Outdoor Storage Yards. (See “Storage yard, outdoor.”)

“Overlay district” means a district that provides policies and regulations in addition to those of other sections in this code for certain land areas and for uses which warrant specific recognition and management. Except as otherwise provided, the provisions of an overlay district shall prevail over any conflicting provisions of this code for the duration of the overlay district, subject to RCW Title 36.

“Owner” means an individual, firm, business entity, trust, association, syndicate, partnership, or corporation having sufficient property interest to seek development of land.

“Owner-occupied” means the residential occupancy of a building or property by the owner. [Ord. 5-22 § 3 (Appx. A(2)); Ord. 3-20 § 1 (Appx. A); Ord. 8-06 § 1]

18.10.160 P definitions.

“Panhandle” means an irregular extension or protrusion of a lot created for the purpose of providing such lot with frontage on a public or private road, street or access way.

Parcel. (See “Lot.”)

“Parent parcel” means each existing lot that is located within the perimeter of a proposed boundary line adjustment application.

“Park” means a tract of land designated and used by the public for recreation.

“Parking lot” means an off-street, ground level open area, usually improved, for the temporary storage of motor vehicles.

“Parties of record” means persons or entities who wish to receive a copy of the hearing examiner’s decision and notice of upcoming hearings. “Parties of record” includes the applicant, appellant, petitioner, respondent, their agents and representatives, the county, and persons or entities who: indicate on a sign-up sheet, at a public hearing, that they wish to become a party of record; or for public hearings specifically advised the examiner’s office by individual written letter or electronic mail of their desire to become a party of record. Persons who only signed petitions or mechanically produced form letters may be excluded as parties of record.

“Performance standard” means a set of criteria or limits relating to certain characteristics that a particular use or process may not exceed.

“Permit center” means the Jefferson County department of community development.

“Permit exemption statement” means a written statement of administrative finding and conclusions that a land use or development is consistent with applicable regulations and is not subject to permit requirements of this code.

“Permit review” means the process of reviewing applications for project permits for consistency with the requirements of this code.

“Permittee” means the entity to whom a permit is granted.

“Person” means any individual, owner, contractor, tenant, partnership, corporation, business entity, association, organization, cooperative, public or municipal corporation, agency of a state or local governmental unit however designated, public or private institution, or an employee or agent of any of the forgoing entities.

“Personal and professional services” means, for the purposes of this code, establishments primarily engaged in providing assistance, as opposed to products, to individuals, business, industry, government, and other enterprises, not listed specifically in this code as a distinct use for regulatory purposes, such as laundry and dry cleaning services; barber shops and beauty salons; locksmiths, banks, legal, engineering, architectural, design, financial and accounting services, and the like.

“Pervious surface” means a surface that absorbs water.

“Physical containment” with respect to a commercial shooting facility means the use of physical barriers that are sufficient to contain the projectile from the highest power firearm used on a shooting range when the shooting range is used in accordance with its operating permit. Physical containment may include but is not limited to baffles, sidewalls, backstops and berms of adequate design, quantity, and location to ensure that projectiles cannot escape the commercial shooting facility.

“Planned rural residential development (PRRD)” means development characterized by a unified site design, clustered residential units, and areas of common open space pursuant to Article VI-M of Chapter 18.15 JCC.

“Planning department” means the Jefferson County department of community development.

“Plat” means a map or representation of a subdivision or short subdivision of land showing the division of a parcel of land into lots, roads, dedications, common areas, restrictions and easements, as regulated by Chapter 58.17 RCW and this code.

Plat Alteration. (See “Subdivision, alteration of.”)

Plat, Long. (See “Subdivision, long.”)

Plat, Short. (See “Subdivision, short.”)

Plat Vacation. (See “Subdivision, vacation of.”)

“Playing field” means a land area designed and used for outdoor games, such as baseball, football, soccer, track events and tennis. It includes public outdoor swimming pools.

“Point-source discharge” means the release of waste or other flows which can be described as confined to a small area, such as discharges from a pipe or conduit. Releases occurring over a broad or undefined area are referred to as “nonpoint sources.” (See also “Nonpoint source.”)

“Predecision hearing, open record” means a hearing, conducted by the hearing examiner, that creates the county’s record through testimony and submittal of evidence and information, under procedures prescribed by the county by ordinance or resolution. An “open record predecision hearing” may be held prior to the county’s decision on a project permit (RCW 36.70B.020).

“Preliminary approval” means the final action of the county granting approval to a short or long subdivision, subject to applicable conditions that must be fully satisfied prior to final plat approval.

“Preliminary plat” means a neat and approximate drawing of a proposed subdivision showing the general layout of streets, lots, blocks (if applicable) and other elements of a subdivision consistent with the provisions of this code.

“Primary use” means the principal use of a property.

“Prime farmland soil” means land that has the best combination of physical and chemical characteristics for producing food, feed, forage, fiber and oilseed crops and is available for these uses. (See Part 603.05, National Soils Handbook, Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service.) (WAC 365-190-030(1)(a).)

“Priority species” means all state and federal endangered, threatened, and sensitive species, and all federal candidate species; and all species of local concern as defined in this chapter.

“Private road” or “private street” means an approved road or street that is not dedicated to the county and is used for access to secondary lots that have no direct access to a public way.

“Producer” means a person engaged in agricultural activities, including but not limited to farmers, ranchers, vineyardists, plant propagators, Christmas tree growers, aquaculturists, floriculturists, orchardists, foresters, or another comparable person.

“Prohibited uses” means any use or activity which is not specifically enumerated or interpreted as allowable in the applicable land use district.

“Project permit” or “project permit application” means any land use or environmental permit or license required from the county for a project action.

“Projectile” means an object fired from a firearm.

“Proof of ownership” means a photocopy of a recorded deed to property and/or a current title insurance policy insuring the status of an applicant as the owner in fee title to real property.

“Proprietor-occupied” means the residential occupancy by the owner of a building or property.

“Provision” means any written language contained in this code, including without limitation any definition, policy, goal, regulation, requirement, standard, authorization, or prohibition.

“Public access areas” means ways or means of approach to provide the general public with a physical entrance to a property.

“Public facilities” has the same meaning as in WAC 365-190-030(16).

“Public livestock market” means any place, establishment or facility commonly known as a “public livestock market,” “livestock auction market,” “livestock sales ring,” yards selling on commission, or the like, conducted or operated for compensation or profit as a public livestock market, consisting of pens and other enclosures, and their appurtenances in which livestock is received, held, sold, or kept for sale or shipment. The term does not include the operation of a person licensed under Chapter 16.65 RCW to operate a special open consignment horse sale.

“Public meeting” means an informal meeting, hearing, workshop, or other public gathering of people to obtain comments from the public or other agencies on a proposed project permit prior to a decision. A public meeting may include, but is not limited to, a community association meeting or a scoping meeting on a draft environmental impact statement (DEIS). A public meeting does not include an open record hearing. The proceeding at a public meeting may be recorded and a report or recommendation may be included in the county’s project permit application file.

“Public purpose facilities” means lands and facilities needed to provide the full range of services to the public provided by government, substantially funded by government, contracted for by government, or provided by private entities to meet public service obligations.

“Public road or public street” means an approved road or street, whether improved or unimproved, held in public ownership or control (i.e., either through deed or easement conveyance) and intended to be open as a matter of right to public vehicular travel.

“Public schools” means a building (and grounds) or part thereof designed, constructed, or used for publicly operated education and/or instruction.

“Public services” has the same meaning as in WAC 365-190-030(17).

“Public transportation systems” means public facilities for air, water, or land transportation.

“Public way” means any publicly owned land set aside for utilities, surface transportation purposes, including motorized vehicular and nonmotorized (e.g., bicycle and pedestrian) transportation, whether improved or unimproved. [Ord. 5-20 § 3 (Appx. A); Ord. 3-20 § 1 (Appx. A); Ord. 12-19 § 4 (Appx. C); Ord. 8-06 § 1]

18.10.170 Q definitions.

“Qualified shooting range evaluator” means a person who has been an NRA range technical team advisor or who is a professional engineer with expertise in the design of shooting ranges.

“Qualified wetlands consultant” means a person who has the qualifications to conduct wetland studies and make recommendations for wetland mitigation. These qualifications include specialization in wetland biology, botany, and hydrology, with appropriate education and experience. [Ord. 3-20 § 1 (Appx. A); Ord. 8-06 § 1]

18.10.180 R definitions.

“Rare, endangered, threatened and sensitive species” means plant and animal species identified and listed by the Washington State Department of Natural Resources, Washington Natural Heritage Program, Washington State Department of Fish and Wildlife, or the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, as being severely limited or threatened with extinction within their native ranges.

“RCW” means the Revised Code of Washington, as it now exists or may be amended in the future.

“Reclamation” means rehabilitation for the appropriate future use of disturbed areas resulting from surface mining including areas under associated mineral processing equipment, areas under stockpiled materials, and aboveground waste rock and tailing facilities, and all other surface disturbances associated with underground mines. Although both the need for and the practicability of reclamation will control the type and degree of reclamation in any specific surface mine, the basic objective shall be to reestablish on a perpetual basis the vegetative cover, soil stability, and water conditions appropriate to the approved subsequent use of the surface mine and to prevent or mitigate future environmental degradation.

“Reclamation setbacks” include those lands along the margins of surface mines wherein minerals and overburden shall be preserved in sufficient volumes to accomplish reclamation according to the approved plan and the minimum reclamation standards. Maintenance of reclamation setbacks may not preclude other mine-related activities within the reclamation setback.

“Recording” means the filing of a document(s) for recordation with the county auditor.

“Recreational development” means parks and facilities for camping, indoor and outdoor sports, and similar developments.

“Recreational park trailer” means a trailer-type unit that is primarily designed to provide temporary living quarters for recreational, camping or seasonal use, that meets the following criteria: (a) built on a single chassis, mounted on wheels; (b) having a gross trailer not exceeding 400 square feet in the set-up mode; (c) certified by the manufacturer as complying with ANSI A119.5.

“Recreational uses” means those activities of a voluntary and leisure time nature that aid in promoting entertainment, pleasure, play, relaxation, or instruction.

“Recreational vehicle (RV)” means a vehicle designed primarily for recreational camping or travel use that has its own motive power or is mounted on or towed by another vehicle, including travel trailers, fifth-wheel trailers, folding camping trailers, truck campers, and motor homes, but not mobile homes (RCW 43.22.335).

“Recreational vehicle park” means a commercially developed tract of land in which two or more recreational vehicle sites are established as the principal use of the land.

“Recycling” means the process of segregating solid waste for sale, processing, and beneficial use. Materials which can be removed through recycling include but are not limited to newsprint, cardboard, aluminum, glass, plastics, and ferrous metal. Recycling does not include combustion of solid waste or preparation of a fuel from solid waste.

“Recycling center” means an area, with or without buildings, upon which used materials are separated and processed for shipment.

“Recycling collection facilities” means neighborhood facilities for the drop-off and temporary storage of recyclables but without waste processing.

“Regulated substance” means:

Any substance defined in Section 101(14) of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) of 1980 (but not including any substance regulated as a hazardous waste under Subtitle C of the Federal Solid Waste Disposal Act, or a mixture of such hazardous waste and any other regulated substances); and

Petroleum, including crude oil or any fraction thereof that is liquid at standard conditions of temperature and pressure (60 degrees Fahrenheit and 14.7 pounds per square inch absolute). The term “regulated substance” includes but is not limited to petroleum and petroleum-based substances comprised of a complex blend of hydrocarbons derived from crude oil through processes of separation, conversion, upgrading and finishing, such as motor fuels, jet fuels, distillate fuel oils, residual fuel oils, lubricants, petroleum solvents, and used oils. The term “regulated substance” does not include propane or asphalt or any other petroleum product which is not liquid at standard conditions of temperature and pressure (WAC 173-360-120).

“Religious assembly facility” means a facility designed and used primarily for ceremonies, rituals, and education pertaining to a particular system of spiritual beliefs (e.g., a church).

“Residential care facility” means a facility that provides room, board and care with 24-hour supervision for persons who, by reason of circumstance or condition, require care. This may include care for the aged or functionally disabled persons but shall not include correctional facilities, inpatient substance abuse or inpatient mental health facilities that are otherwise identified as essential public facilities by the Comprehensive Plan and regulated under JCC 18.15.110.

“Residential development” means development of land with dwelling units for nontransient occupancy. For the purposes of this code, accessory dwelling units, garages, and other similar structures accessory to a dwelling unit shall also be considered residential development unless regulated otherwise by this code or subarea plans. (See also “Dwelling unit” and “Accessory dwelling unit.”)

“Resource-based industrial” means a forest resource-based industrial land use designation that recognizes existing, active sawmills and related activities.

“Resource lands” means agricultural, forest, and mineral lands that have long-term commercial significance.

“Resource management system” means a conservation system that meets or exceeds the quality criteria in the NRCS FOTG for resource sustainability for all identified resource concerns for soil, water, air, plants and animals.

“Restoration” means to return to an original or like condition.

“Restriction” means a limitation placed upon the use of parcel(s) of land.

“Retail sales and services” means establishments engaged in retail sales of goods, including, but not limited to, the retail sale of merchandise not specifically listed under another use classification in Table 3-1 in JCC 18.15.040. This classification includes, but is not limited to, department stores, clothing stores, shoe stores, jewelry stores, hardware stores, furniture stores, antique stores, pharmacies, appliance stores, agricultural feed and supply stores, stationary stores, office supply stores and other similar uses; and establishments engaged in the sale of services directly to the consumer including, but not limited to, small equipment repair, plumbing and electrical repair services, and other similar uses.

Right-of-Way. (See “Public way.”)

“Right-to-farm provisions” means provisions intended to enhance and encourage agricultural operations by recognizing agricultural activities as essential rural activities that do not constitute a nuisance.

“Right-to-forestry provisions” means provisions intended to enhance and encourage sustainable forestry operations by recognizing forestry activities as essential rural activities that do not constitute a nuisance.

“Road” means an improved and maintained public or private right-of-way which provides vehicular access to abutting properties, and which may also include provision for public utilities, pedestrian access, cut and fill slopes, and drainage.

“Road, access” means a road that functions solely to provide access to two or more properties.

“Road, arterial” means roads designated as arterial roads in the Transportation Element of the Comprehensive Plan.

“Road, collector” means:

(a) Roads designated as collector roads in the Transportation Element of the Comprehensive Plan.

(b) A street or road whose principal function is to carry traffic between access and arterial roads and streets.

“Road end” means:

(a) A road closed at one end that may be designed for future road extensions.

(b) The point at which a public road meets the tidelands or a body of water.

“Road, primary” means any existing or proposed road designated as an arterial or collector road in the Transportation Element of the Comprehensive Plan or so designated by the Jefferson County engineer.

“Roadway” means that portion of an approved road or street intended for the accommodation of vehicular traffic, generally between curb lines on an improved surface.

“Rules and regulations” with reference to a commercial shooting facility means requirements used for the safe operation of a commercial shooting facility.

“Runoff” means water originating from rainfall and other precipitation that is found in drainage facilities, rivers, streams, springs, seeps, ponds, lakes and wetlands as well as shallow groundwater. In addition, that portion of rainfall or other precipitation that becomes surface flow and interflow.

“Runway” means the defined area at an airport, airfield, or airstrip indicated for landing and takeoff of aircraft along its length.

“Rural character” means a quality of the landscape dominated by pastoral, agricultural, forested, and natural areas interspersed with single-family homes, limited economic development, and farm structures. Rural character refers to the patterns of land use and development established by the Comprehensive Plan:

(a) In which open space, the natural landscape, and vegetation predominate over the built environment;

(b) That foster traditional rural lifestyles, rural-based economies, and opportunities to both live and work in rural areas;

(c) That provide visual landscapes that are traditionally found in rural areas and communities;

(d) That are compatible with the use of the land by wildlife and for fish and wildlife habitat;

(e) That reduce the inappropriate conversion of undeveloped land into sprawling, low density development;

(f) That generally do not require the extension of urban governmental services; and

(g) That are consistent with the protection of natural surface water flows and groundwater and surface water recharge and discharge areas. (cf. RCW 36.70A.030(14).)

“Rural commercial designation” means the land use designation of the Comprehensive Plan designed to provide opportunities for some commercial uses to be located in rural areas.

“Rural commercial uses” means the use of land or the use or construction of structures or facilities involving the retail sale of goods or services which is either unsuitable for a rural village center or rural crossroad or is better suited to rural lands and that does not require urban governmental services.

“Rural crossroads” means those areas established by virtue of historic transportation patterns and characterized by existing concentrations of small-scale commercial uses fronting on, or in close proximity to, major transportation routes and intersections. The following three types of commercial rural crossroads exist in Jefferson County: neighborhood/visitor crossroads, convenience crossroads, and general crossroads:

(1) Convenience Crossroads (CC). Those crossroads that provide a limited selection of basic retail goods and services, and serve a lower intensity population base and the traveling public. Convenience crossroads are characterized by a single convenience/general store. There are three convenience crossroads in Jefferson County: Nordland, Beaver Valley and Wawa Point.

(2) Neighborhood/Visitor Crossroads (NC). Those crossroads which provide multiple uses and services serving both the local community and the traveling public. There are five neighborhood/visitor crossroads identified in Jefferson County: Mats Mats, Discovery Bay, Four Corners, Chimacum and Gardiner.

(3) General Crossroads (GC). Similar to neighborhood crossroads, general crossroads serve a higher local population base and offer a wider variety of goods and services. There are three general crossroads identified in Jefferson County: Ness’ Corner, Irondale Corner and SR 19/20 Intersection.

“Rural governmental services” means those public services provided to rural areas at a scale consistent with the rural character of the area.

“Rural lands” means the class of land use designations which are intended to preserve the rural character of the county. Rural land designations include the following: rural residential, rural commercial, and rural industrial.

“Rural recreational lodging or cabins” means a rural commercial establishment consisting of tourist lodging facilities such as cabins and/or motel, hotel, inn or lodge units that provide for overnight sleeping accommodations and may also provide limited small-scale conference or retreat facilities consistent with the standards set forth in JCC 18.20.350.

“Rural residential designation” means the land use designation in the Comprehensive Plan designed to recognize existing residential development patterns of the rural landscape and provide for a variety of residential living opportunities at densities which maintain the primarily rural residential character of an area.

“Rural village center” means small, unincorporated commercial and residential community centers that provide a rural level of services and which serve as a focal point for the local population. In Jefferson County these centers include: Quilcene and Brinnon. [Ord. 5-20 § 3 (Appx. A); Ord. 3-20 § 1 (Appx. A); Ord. 14-18 § 4 (Exh. B); Ord. 8-06 § 1]

18.10.190 S definitions.

“Sale” means the conveyance for consideration of legal or beneficial ownership.

“Salt water intrusion” means the underground flow of salt water into wells and aquifers.

“Screening” means a method of visually shielding or obscuring a structure or use from view by fencing, walls, trees, or densely planted vegetation.

“Seaward” means to or toward the sea.

Seawater Intrusion. (See “Salt water intrusion.”)

“Seawater intrusion protection zone (SIPZ)” means aquifers and land overlying aquifers with some degree of vulnerability to seawater intrusion.

“Sedimentation” means the process by which material is transported and deposited by water or wind.

“Seiche and landslide generated wave hazard areas” means lake and marine shoreline areas susceptible to flooding, inundation, debris impact, or mass wasting as the result of a seiche or landslide generated waves. No known best available science is currently available to characterize potential seiche hazards in Jefferson County.

“Seismic hazard areas” has the same meaning as in WAC 365-190-030(18).

“Sensitive areas” associated with JCC 18.20.345, Sexually oriented businesses, include: schools, day care facilities, libraries, off-road public trails and paths, public indoor recreational facilities, hospitals, parks and playgrounds, places of worship (i.e., churches), community centers, senior citizen centers, cemeteries, residential neighborhoods, master planned resorts.

“Sensitive species” means species that could become threatened as classified by the State of Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Nongame Program, and the Department of Natural Resources, Washington Natural Heritage Plan.

“Service area” means a geographic area defined by a county or intergovernmental agreement in which a defined set of public facilities provides service to development within the area (e.g., an area identified by a public water system that includes the ability to provide a water tap).

“Setback” means the distance a structure is placed behind a specified line or topographic feature.

“Sewerage treatment facilities” means the management, storage, collection, transportation, treatment, utilization, and processing of sewage from a municipal or community sewage treatment plant, not including community drain fields.

“Sexually oriented business” means:

(1) Any exhibition, performance or dance conducted in an sexually oriented business facility where such exhibition, performance or dance is distinguished or characterized by a predominant emphasis on matters depicting, describing, or simulating any specified sexual activities or any specified anatomical areas; or

(2) Any exhibition, performance or dance intended to sexually stimulate any patron and conducted in a sexually oriented business facility where such exhibition, performance or dance is performed for, arranged with, or engaged in with fewer than all patrons in the sexually oriented business facility at that time, with separate consideration paid, either directly or indirectly, for such performance, exhibition or dance. For purposes of example and not limitation, such exhibitions, performances or dances are commonly referred to as table dancing, couch dancing, taxi dancing, lap dancing, private dancing or straddle dancing; or

(3) Sexually oriented retail store, meaning an enclosed building, or any portion thereof, which, for money or any other form of consideration, devotes a significant or substantial portion of stock in trade to the sale, exchange, rental, loan, trade, transfer or viewing of sexually oriented materials. For purposes of this definition, a retail store devotes a significant or substantial portion of its stock in trade to sexually oriented materials if the sale, exchange, rental, loan, trade, transfer or viewing of such sexually oriented materials is clearly material to the economic viability of the business. It is rebuttably presumed that such sexually oriented materials are clearly material to the viability of the business if sexually oriented materials account for:

(a) Twenty-five percent or more of the retail dollar value of gross sales over any quarterly period;

(b) Twenty-five percent or more of the floor area of the store open to the public;

(c) Twenty-five percent or more of the retail dollar value of all merchandise displayed in the store;

(d) Twenty-five percent or more of the store’s inventory (whether measured by retail dollar value or number of items); or

(e) Twenty-five percent or more of the store’s stock in trade.

In no event shall a retailer whose transactions only incidentally or marginally relate to sexually oriented materials be considered a sexually oriented retail store.

(4) Also see JCC 5.10.030 for a more complete list of definitions.

“Shooting range” consists of a firing line or firing points, and an impact area.

“Shoreline Management Act” means the Shoreline Management Act of 1971 (Chapter 90.58 RCW), as amended.

“Shoreline Master Program (SMP)” means the Jefferson County Shoreline Master Program.

“Short plat” means a neat and accurate drawing of a short subdivision, prepared for filing for record with the county auditor, and containing all elements and requirements set forth in Chapter 18.35 JCC.

“Sign” means any object, device, display or structure, or part thereof, situated outdoors or indoors, which is used to advertise, identify, display, direct or attract attention to an object, person, institution, organization, business, product, service, event or location by any means, including words, letters, figures, design, symbols, fixtures, colors, illumination or projected images. Excluded from this definition are signs required by law, such as handicapped parking signs, and the flags of national and state governments.

“Sign, commercial” means a sign that directs attention to a business or profession, to a commodity or service sold, offered, or manufactured, or to an entertainment offered on the premises where the sign is located.

“Sign, freestanding” means a sign not attached to a structure.

“Silviculture” means the study and practice of controlling the establishment, composition, constitution, health, growth, and quality of forest stands.

“Single-family residence” means a dwelling unit designed for and occupied by no more than one family.

“SIPZ” means seawater intrusion protection zones.

“Site evaluation checklist” means all the information described in JCC 18.22.945(3)(d).

“Small equipment repair, sales and rental services” means commercial establishments engaged primarily in the repair, and/or rental and sale of small equipment, including, but not limited to, tools, watches, appliances, televisions and other electronic devices, computers, lawnmowers, bicycles and similar items.

“Small-scale” means of a size or intensity which has minimal impacts on the surrounding area and which makes minimal demands on the existing infrastructure.

“Small-scale recreation or tourist uses” means recreational uses or tourist uses that are reliant upon a rural setting or location; do not include any new residential development beyond that allowed in the underlying land use district; and otherwise meet the performance standards in JCC 18.20.350.

“Soil log” means the excavation and written record of soil septic suitability as per health department written guidelines and requirements.

“Solid waste” means all putrescible and nonputrescible solid and semi-solid wastes, except wastes identified in WAC 173-304-015, including, but not limited to, junk vehicles, garbage, rubbish, ashes, industrial wastes, swill, demolition and construction wastes, abandoned vehicles or parts thereof, and discarded commodities, but excluding agricultural wastes and crop residues returned to the soil at agronomic rates. This includes all liquid, solid and semi-solid materials which are not the primary products of public, private, industrial, commercial, mining and agricultural operations. Solid waste includes but is not limited to sludge from wastewater treatment plants and septage from septic tanks, wood waste, dangerous waste, and problem wastes. Unrecovered residues from recycling operations shall be considered solid waste.

“Solid waste disposal” means the act or process of disposing of rubbish and garbage.

“Sound” means an oscillation in pressure, particle displacement, particle velocity, or other physical parameter in a medium with internal forces that causes compression and rarefaction of that medium, including any characteristics of sound, such as duration, intensity, and frequency.

“Source of contamination” means a facility or disposal or storage site for material that impairs the quality of groundwater to a degree that creates a potential hazard to the environment, public health, or interferes with a beneficial use; or in reference to well drilling, a specific area or source as defined in WAC 173-160-171.

“Special flood hazard” means land in the floodplain subject to a one percent or greater chance of flooding in any given year.

“Special report” means a technical report or study containing certain site analyses or project evaluations or a plan describing mitigation or monitoring recommendations.

“Species of local importance” has the same meaning as in WAC 365-190-030(19).

“Sponsor” for purposes of the temporary housing facility regulations in JCC 18.20.385 means an organization that is:

(a) A state of Washington registered not-for-profit corporation and federally recognized tax exempt 501(c)(3) organization that invites a temporary housing facility to reside on land it owns or leases; or

(b) Recognized by the Internal Revenue Service as exempt from federal income taxes as a religious organization, which expresses its religious mission, in part, by organizing living accommodations for those experiencing homelessness.

“Sprawl, low density” means scattered, poorly planned low density development that occurs particularly in urban fringe and rural areas and frequently invades land important for environmental and natural resource protection. Sprawl typically manifests itself in one or more of the following patterns:

(a) Leap frog development: when new development of urban or suburban character is sited away from an existing developed urban or suburban area, bypassing vacant parcels located in or closer to the developed area that are suitable for development;

(b) Strip development: when large amounts of commercial, retail, or other nonresidential development are located in a linear pattern along one or both sides of a major arterial or collector and, typically, accessing directly onto the arterial or collector; and

(c) Large expanses of low density, single-family dwelling development, outside of urban areas, rural village centers, or master planned resorts, that are located in relatively close proximity to one another.

“State endangered species” means a species native to the state of Washington that is seriously threatened with extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range within the state. Endangered species are legally designated in WAC 232-12-014.

“State sensitive species” means a species, native to the state of Washington, that is vulnerable or declining and is likely to become endangered or threatened in a significant portion of its range within the state without cooperative management or the removal of threats. Sensitive species are legally designated in WAC 232-12-011.

“State threatened species” means a species, native to the state of Washington, that is likely to become endangered in the foreseeable future throughout a significant portion of its range within the state without cooperative management or the removal of threats. Threatened species are legally designated in WAC 232-12-011.

“Stockyard” means any place, establishment, or facility commonly known as a stockyard consisting of pens or other enclosures and their appurtenances in which livestock services such as feeding, watering, weighing, sorting, receiving and shipping are offered to the public; provided, that “stockyard” shall not include any facilities where livestock is offered for sale at public auction, feed lots, or quarantined registered feed lots.

“Storage yard, outdoor” means an outdoor area used for the storage of equipment, vehicles or materials for periods exceeding 72 hours.

“Street” means a public or private thoroughfare or easement that affords primary means of access. For the purposes of Chapter 18.35 JCC, the definition of street includes all public and private utilities such as communication lines, cable television lines, electrical lines and equipment, gas distribution lines, stormwater, sidewalks, and other similar facilities commonly found in street rights-of-way.

“Street or road frontage” means the length along a street which a structure, business, or lot abuts or fronts.

“Structure” means a permanent or temporary edifice or building or any piece of work artificially built up or composed of parts joined together in some definite manner, whether installed on, above, or below the surface of the ground or water, except for vessels (WAC 173-27-030).

“Subarea plan” means a detailed plan consistent with but more specific than this code or the Comprehensive Plan. It may be a detailed land use plan for a specific geographic area, or a functional long-range plan for a land use or resource issue of county-wide concern.

“Subdivision” means the division or redivision of land into lots, tracts, parcels sites or divisions for the purpose of sale, lease or transfer of ownership.

“Subdivision, alteration of” means the alteration of lots or changes in dedications or restrictions or easements shown on the face of a plat of a subdivision or short subdivision; except as provided by RCW 58.17.040(6) for boundary line adjustments.

“Subdivision development standards” means the county’s engineering, design and construction standards and specifications contained in Chapter 18.30 JCC, including any incorporated standards, governing the construction of public and private improvements serving new divisions of land. The county’s subdivision development standards include the adopted public works standards for design and construction of transportation facilities and standards for clearing and grading, erosion control, stormwater facilities, and water and sewage disposal improvements.

“Subdivision, long” means the division or redivision of land into five or more lots, tracts, parcels or sites or divisions for the purpose of sale, lease, or transfer of ownership.

“Subdivision, phased” means a subdivision that is developed in increments over a period of time.

“Subdivision, short” means the division or redivision of land into four or fewer lots, tracts, parcels or sites or divisions for the purpose of sale, lease, or transfer of ownership.

“Subdivision, vacation of” means the removal of lots, boundaries, roads, dedications, restrictions, or easements of a recorded subdivision or short subdivision.

“Surface mine” means any area or areas in close proximity to each other, as determined by the department, where extraction of minerals results: (a) in more than three acres of disturbed area, (b) surface-mined slopes greater than 30 feet high and steeper than one foot horizontal to one foot vertical, (c) more than one acre of disturbed area within an eight-acre area; when the disturbed area results from mineral prospecting or exploration activities. Surface mines include areas where mineral extraction from the surface or subsurface occurs by the auger method or by reworking mine refuse or tailings, when the disturbed area exceeds the size or height thresholds listed in of this definition. Surface mining occurs when operations have created or are intended to create a surface mine as defined by this subsection. Surface mining shall exclude excavations or grading used primarily for on-site construction, on-site road maintenance, or on-site landfill construction, for the purpose of public safety or restoring the land following a natural disaster, for the purpose of removing stockpiles, for forest or farm road construction or maintenance on site or on contiguous lands, primarily for public works projects if the mines are owned or primarily operated by counties with 1993 populations of less than 20,000 persons, and if each mine has less than seven acres of disturbed area, and for sand authorized by RCW 79A.05.630.

Surrounding (Area or Property). A lot of record shall be considered to be a “surrounding” property with respect to the subject parcel or parcels if any portion of that lot of record is within 300 feet of any boundary of the subject parcel(s) when the subject parcel(s) is/are designated on the land use map as rural, residential, resource area, or parks preserve and recreation and shall be considered surrounding if any portion of the lot of record is within 100 feet of any boundary of the subject parcel(s) when the subject parcel(s) is/are designated as urban growth area or rural commercial. For industrial the criteria for “surrounding” property shall be 600 feet.

“Sustainable” means actions or activities which preserve and enhance resources for future generations. [Ord. 5-22 § 3 (Appx. A(3)); Ord. 5-20 § 3 (Appx. A); Ord. 3-20 § 1 (Appx. A); Ord. 14-18 § 4 (Exh. B); Ord. 3-12 § 1 (Exh. H); Ord. 8-06 § 1]

18.10.200 T definitions.

“Target” means a mark to shoot at.

“Target line” means the line where targets are placed.

“Temporary housing facility” means a facility providing temporary housing accommodations pursuant to JCC 18.20.385. Temporary housing facilities include temporary structures as defined in this section and may also include a safe parking area and common use structures.

“Temporary structures” includes tents, RVs, tiny shelters, and any other structure designed to provide personal and private shelter to an individual or family.

“Temporary tent facility” means a temporary housing facility for unhoused people that is composed of tents or other temporary structures, as approved pursuant to JCC 18.20.385.

“Temporary tiny shelter village” means a temporary housing facility for unhoused people that is composed of purpose-built tiny structures, as approved by the administrator, on a site permitted by the department pursuant to JCC 18.20.385. Temporary tiny structures for unhoused people are typically less than 200 square feet and easily constructed and moved to various locations. For the purposes of JCC 18.20.385, temporary tiny structures are not dwelling units for purposes of Chapter 15.05 JCC.

“Threatened species” means a species that is likely to become an endangered species within the foreseeable future, as classified by the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, Wildlife Policy No. 602, and the Department of Natural Resources, Washington Natural Heritage Program.

“Threshold determination” means the decision by the responsible official under the State Environmental Policy Act (SEPA) regarding the likelihood that a project or other “action” (WAC 197-11-704) will have a probable significant adverse impact on an element of the environment.

“Timber land” means land supporting or capable of supporting a stand of merchantable timber and which is not being developed or used for an activity which is incompatible with timber production.

“Tourist uses” means used by persons traveling for pleasure or culture.

Tract. (See “Lot.”)

“Trailer” means a structure standing on wheels, towed or hauled by another vehicle, and used for short-term human occupancy, carrying of materials, goods, or objects, or as a temporary office.

“Transfer of development rights (TDR)” means the transfer of the right to develop or build, expressed in dwelling units per acre, from land in one land use designation to land in another designation or from one property owner to another, where such a transfer is permitted.

“Transient accommodations” means a commercial use involving the rental of any structure or portion thereof for the purpose of providing lodging for periods less than 30 days.

“Transient residence or transient ADU” means a single-family residential unit or ADU used for short-term transient occupancy (for periods less than 30 days).

“Transportation facilities” means roads, trails, airports, airfields, public docks, ferries and related terminals, and parking areas.

“Tree line” means the line created by existing trees, at the trunk line, growing in a generally continuous line, as opposed to a line drawn between a few isolated trees.

“Tsunami hazard areas” means coastal areas susceptible to flooding, inundation, debris impact, or mass wasting as the result of a tsunami generated by seismic events. [Ord. 5-22 § 3 (Appx. A(4)); Ord. 5-20 § 3 (Appx. A); Ord. 3-20 § 1 (Appx. A); Ord. 8-06 § 1]

18.10.210 U definitions.

“Unimproved, dormant platted land” means land within the limits of a plat recorded prior to 1937 that, as of the date of the initial adoption of the ordinance codified in this Unified Development Code, does not contain a building that is or has been used as a dwelling unit or as a viable business facility.

“Uplands” means lands outside of the jurisdiction of the Shoreline Master Program.

“Urban growth” has the same meaning as in WAC 365-190-030(20).

“Urban growth area” means an area designated by the county within which urban growth is to be encouraged and outside of which growth is not intended to be urban in nature. (cf. Chapter 36.70A RCW.)

Urban Services. Pursuant to RCW 36.70A.030 (19), urban services are those public services and public facilities at an intensity historically and typically provided in cities, specifically including storm and sanitary sewer systems, municipal water systems, street cleaning services, fire and police protection services, public transit services, street improvements such as sidewalks, curbs and gutters and other public utilities associated with urban areas and normally not associated with rural.

“U.S.C.” means the United States Code, as it now exists or is later amended.

“Use” means the purpose that land or building or structures now serve or for which they are or may be occupied, maintained, arranged, designed, or intended.

“Utilities” means facilities serving the public through a network of wires or pipes, and ancillary structures thereto, including systems for the delivery of natural gas, electricity, and telecommunications services.

“Utility distribution lines” means pipes, wires, and associated structural supports.

“Utility facilities” means facilities directly used for the distribution or transmission of services to an area, excluding utility service offices.

“Utility substations” means the intermediate substations used for the transmission of utilities. (See “Utility facilities.”)

“Utility transmission lines” means pipes, wires and associated structural supports. [Ord. 5-20 § 3 (Appx. A); Ord. 3-20 § 1 (Appx. A); Ord. 8-06 § 1]

18.10.220 V definitions.

“Vacation, roads and streets” means a statutory procedure by which the county may relinquish its interest in streets, alleys, or easements.

“Variance” means the means by which an adjustment is made in the application of the specific bulk, dimensional, or performance standards set forth in this code to a particular piece of property, which property, because of special circumstances applicable to it is deprived of privileges commonly enjoyed by other properties in the same land use designation or vicinity and which adjustment remedies disparity in privileges. Variances shall not be used to vary from the allowable, conditional and prohibited uses set forth in Table 3-1 in JCC 18.15.040.

“Variance, major” means all variances other than those meeting the definition of a minor variance.

“Variance, minor” means variances that would permit expansion of an existing building that would extend no more than 10 percent beyond the dimensional, area and bulk requirements specified by this code. Minor variances also include variances to allow expansion of an existing building that is nonconforming as to setback or lot coverage requirements when the proposed expansion would not:

(a) Increase the nonconformity of the building; and

(b) Result in any portion of the building or expansion being located closer to the nearest abutting property line than does the existing building at its nearest point to the property line.

“Vicinity” means, in rural and resource lands, the area generally within one mile of the exterior boundary of a given parcel. [Ord. 8-06 § 1]

18.10.230 W definitions.

“WAC” means the Washington Administrative Code, as it now exists or may be amended in the future.

WADOT. (See “WSDOT” or “DOT.”)

“Warehouse (or wholesale distribution center)” means a building, establishment or place of business used primarily for the storage of goods and materials for commercial or industrial purposes. Retail sales from such establishments shall be incidental to the primary use and limited to that allowed by JCC 18.20.220, Industrial uses – Standards for site development.

Warehouse, Agricultural. (See “Agricultural warehouse (public warehouse).”)

“Water conservation” means a reduction in the amount of water used to carry out a beneficial water use without a reduction in the value of service the water provides.

“Water, ground” means all waters that exist beneath the land surface or beneath the bed of any stream, lake or reservoir, or any other body of water within the boundaries of the state, as defined in RCW 90.44.035.

“Water, potable” means water suitable for human consumption.

“Water purveyor” means any agency or subdivision of the state or any municipal corporation, firm, company, mutual or cooperative association, institution, partnership, or person or any other entity that owns or operates a public water system. Includes the authorized agents of any such entities.

“Water storage tanks” means tanks or reservoirs used for the storage of water.

“Water supply plans” means a design sketch showing proposed source and lots to be served or detailed engineering plans and specifications.

“Water system, alternative” means any source of water for an individual single-family use other than a legally constructed well that produces more than 400 gallons per day, or an approved public water system that can provide adequate water for the intended use of a structure.

“Water system, approved” means any water source approved by the county health department and Washington Department of Health, including but not limited to wells, ponds, roof collection systems, treated systems, and public water supplies.

“Water system, individual (residential)” means any water supply system which is not subject to the State Board of Health drinking water regulations, Chapter 246-290 WAC. An individual water supply system generally provides water to one single-family residence and no more than one accessory dwelling unit, or in the case of family farms, four or fewer connections on the same farm.

“Water system, public” means any water system subject to the State Board of Health drinking water regulations, Chapter 246-290 WAC, excluding a system serving only one single-family residence or a system with four or fewer connections all of which serve residences on the same farm, providing piped water for human consumption, including (a) any collection, treatment, storage or distribution facilities which are under control of the purveyor and used primarily in connection with a system, and (b) any collection of pretreatment storage facilities which are not under the control of the purveyor but are primarily used in connection with the system.

“WDFW” means Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife.

“WDOE” means the Washington Department of Ecology. (See “Ecology (WDOE).”)

“Well testing” means acquiring data directly from a constructed well in order to determine characteristics of the well, the water found in the well, or the geologic formations through which the well has passed. The well test may include pump testing, water quality testing, or geophysical testing.

“Wetland” or “wetlands” has the same meaning as in WAC 365-190-030(22).

“Wetland alteration” means any human-induced action which impacts the existing condition of a wetland or its buffer. Alterations include but are not limited to: grading; filling; dredging; draining; channelizing; installing drainage tiles; cutting, pruning, limbing or topping, clearing, relocating, planting or removing vegetation; applying herbicides or pesticides or any hazardous or toxic substance; discharging pollutants excepting stormwater; grazing domestic animals; paving, construction, application of gravel; modifying for surface water management purposes; or any other human activity that impacts the existing vegetation, hydrology, wildlife or wildlife habitat. Alteration does not include walking, passive recreation, fishing, or other similar activities.

“Wetland buffer” means the area immediately adjoining and contiguous with a wetland.

“Wetland creation” means the action performed to intentionally establish a wetland or a portion of a wetland where one did not formerly exist.

“Wetland delineation” means the technical process of determining the edge of the wetland in the field and ascertaining its classification and value.

“Wetland edge” means the boundary of a wetland as identified using the required wetland delineation procedure.

“Wetland, emergent” means a regulated wetland, or portion thereof, with at least 30 percent of the surface area covered by erect, rooted, herbaceous vegetation as the uppermost vegetative strata.

“Wetland enhancement” means alteration of an existing wetland or habitat to improve or increase its characteristics and processes without degrading other existing functions. Enhancements are to be distinguished from wetland or habitat creation or restoration projects.

“Wetland, forested” means a regulated wetland, or portion thereof, with at least 20 percent of the surface area covered by woody vegetation greater than 20 feet in height.

“Wetland functions and values” means the beneficial roles performed by wetlands include but are not limited to: water quality protection and enhancement; fish and wildlife habitat; food chain support; flood storage, conveyance and attenuation; groundwater recharge and discharge; erosion control; wave attenuation; historical and archaeological and aesthetic value; and recreation.

“Wetland, isolated” means those regulated wetlands which:

(a) Are outside of and not contiguous to any 100-year floodplain of a lake, river, or stream;

(b) Have no contiguous hydric soil or hydrophytic vegetation between the wetland and any surface water; and

(c) Have no surface water connection to a lake, river, or stream during any part of the year.

“Wetland, maintenance and repair” means activities that change the size or scope of a use or structure beyond its original nature; or which drain, dredge, fill, flood, or otherwise alter additional regulated critical areas.

“Wetland, regulated” means a wetland that meets the standards of this code. However, a wetland that does not meet these standards may still be regulated under the federal Clean Water Act.

“Wetland restoration” means the actions performed to re-establish a wetland in an area which was historically wetland but which does not now provide or contain the necessary functional characteristics.

“Wetland, scrub-shrub” means a regulated wetland with at least 30 percent of its surface area covered by woody vegetation less than 20 feet in height as the uppermost strata.

“Wetland specialist” means a person with experience and training in wetlands issues and with experience in performing delineations, analyzing wetland functions and values, analyzing wetland impacts, and recommending wetland mitigation and restoration. Qualifications include: (a) Bachelor of Science or Bachelor of Arts or equivalent degree in biology, botany, environmental studies, fisheries, soil science, wildlife, agriculture, or related field, and two years of related work experience, including a minimum of one year experience delineating wetlands and preparing wetland reports and mitigation plans using the following manuals and guidelines: Federal Manual for Identifying and Delineating Jurisdictional Wetlands, Corps of Engineers Wetlands Delineation Manual 1987 Edition and corresponding guidance letters, March 1997 Washington State Wetlands Identification and Delineation Manual, Washington State Wetlands Rating System for Western Washington, as now or hereafter amended. Additional education may substitute for one year of related work experience; or (b) four years of related work experience and training, with a minimum of two years’ experience delineating wetlands using the manuals cited above and preparing wetland reports and mitigation plans. The person should be familiar with the Pierce County Site Development Regulations, Pierce County Wetland Management Policies, Ordinance Nos. 88-182 and 89-162, and the requirements of this title.

“Wildlife biologist” means a person with experience and training within the last 10 years in the principles of wildlife management and with practical knowledge in the habits, distribution, and environmental management of wildlife. Qualifications include:

(a) Certification as professional wildlife biologist through the Wildlife Society;

(b) Bachelor of Science or Bachelor of Arts degree in wildlife management, wildlife biology, ecology, zoology, or a related field from an accredited institution and two years of professional field experience; or

(c) Five or more years of experience as a practicing wildlife biologist with a minimum of three years of practical field experience.

“Wildlife (wildlife species)” includes both plant and animal species for the purposes of this code.

“WSDOT” means Washington State Department of Transportation. (See also “WADOT” or “DOT.”) [Ord. 5-20 § 3 (Appx. A); Ord. 14-18 § 4 (Exh. B); Ord. 8-06 § 1]

18.10.240 X definitions.

“Xeriscaping” means a water-conserving method of landscaping that utilizes native or other plants that are drought-tolerant. [Ord. 8-06 § 1]

18.10.250 Y definitions.

Reserved. [Ord. 8-06 § 1]

18.10.260 Z definitions.

Reserved. [Ord. 8-06 § 1]