Chapter 18.20
TECHNICAL TERMS AND LAND USE DEFINITIONS

Sections:

18.20.010    Scope of chapter.

18.20.020    Abandoned vehicle.

18.20.030    Accessory living quarters.

18.20.035    Accessory use.

18.20.040    Repealed.

18.20.045    Repealed.

18.20.050    Repealed.

18.20.060    Repealed.

18.20.090    Adult entertainment business.

18.20.095    Adult family home.

18.20.100    Repealed.

18.20.105    Air transportation service.

18.20.120    Repealed.

18.20.130    Repealed.

18.20.140    Alley.

18.20.145    Alteration.

18.20.147    Alternative transmission support structure.

18.20.149    Amateur (ham) radio facility.

18.20.150    Ambulatory surgery center.

18.20.155    Repealed.

18.20.160    Repealed.

18.20.165    Anadromous fish.

18.20.168    Animal kennel/shelter.

18.20.170    Animal, small.

18.20.180    Antenna.

18.20.190    Applicant.

18.20.195    Arbor.

18.20.200    Arcade.

18.20.205    Architectural elements.

18.20.207    Articulation.

18.20.210    Repealed.

18.20.212    Repealed.

18.20.214    Arts, entertainment, indoor.

18.20.215    Arts, entertainment, outdoor.

18.20.216    Assisted living.

18.20.220    Auction house.

18.20.224    Automotive sales and service, marine.

18.20.227    Automotive sales and service, nonmarine.

18.20.230    Base flood.

18.20.240    Base flood elevation.

18.20.243    Base station.

18.20.245    Basement.

18.20.250    Repealed.

18.20.260    Beehive.

18.20.270    Berm.

18.20.272    Best available science.

18.20.274    Best management practices (BMPs).

18.20.280    Billboard.

18.20.290    Billboard face.

18.20.300    Biologist.

18.20.302    Blank walls.

18.20.305    Repealed.

18.20.310    Repealed.

18.20.320    Broadleaf tree.

18.20.330    Buffer.

18.20.340    Building.

18.20.350    Building envelope.

18.20.360    Building facade.

18.20.370    Repealed.

18.20.380    Bulk gas storage tank.

18.20.390    Business service, intensive.

18.20.394    Business service, standard.

18.20.395    Caliper.

18.20.400    Repealed.

18.20.410    Capacity, school.

18.20.420    Capital facilities plan, school district.

18.20.422    Repealed.

18.20.425    Categorically excluded.

18.20.430    Cattery.

18.20.440    Cemetery, columbarium or mausoleum.

18.20.450    Channel relocation and stream meander areas.

18.20.460    Repealed.

18.20.465    City.

18.20.468    City manager.

18.20.470    Classrooms, school.

18.20.480    Clearing.

18.20.485    Clustered.

18.20.490    Cogeneration.

18.20.492    College/university.

18.20.494    Collocation.

18.20.495    Commercial nursery or tree farm.

18.20.498    Repealed.

18.20.500    Repealed.

18.20.510    Repealed.

18.20.520    Community residential facility (CRF).

18.20.530    Commuter parking lot.

18.20.540    Compensatory storage.

18.20.550    Conditional use permit.

18.20.560    Conference center.

18.20.570    Confinement area.

18.20.580    Repealed.

18.20.590    Construction and trade.

18.20.610    Courtyard.

18.20.612    Critical areas.

18.20.614    Critical area tract.

18.20.630    Critical facility.

18.20.632    Critical root zone (CRZ).

18.20.633    Crown.

18.20.635    Repealed.

18.20.640    Daily care.

18.20.650    Day care.

18.20.655    Debris flow.

18.20.660    Deciduous.

18.20.665    Degraded wetland buffer.

18.20.670    Density credit, transfer of (TDC).

18.20.680    Department.

18.20.690    Repealed.

18.20.695    Designated manufactured home.

18.20.700    Repealed.

18.20.710    Developer.

18.20.715    Development.

18.20.730    Development agreement.

18.20.735    Development permit.

18.20.740    Development proposal.

18.20.750    Development proposal site.

18.20.752    Diameter at breast height (d.b.h.).

18.20.755    Differential settlement.

18.20.760    Distributed antenna system (DAS).

18.20.772    Repealed.

18.20.775    Domiciliary care.

18.20.780    Repealed.

18.20.785    Drive-through service.

18.20.790    Repealed.

18.20.800    Repealed.

18.20.805    Durable materials.

18.20.810    Dwelling unit.

18.20.820    Dwelling unit, accessory.

18.20.830    Dwelling unit, microhousing.

18.20.835    Dwelling, multiple-family.

18.20.840    Dwelling unit, single detached.

18.20.860    Repealed.

18.20.863    Eating and drinking place.

18.20.865    Repealed.

18.20.867    Educational service.

18.20.870    Effective radiated power.

18.20.880    Electrical substation.

18.20.885    Emergent wetland.

18.20.890    Emergency.

18.20.900    Repealed.

18.20.910    Enhancement.

18.20.920    Equipment, heavy.

18.20.930    Erosion.

18.20.940    Erosion hazard areas.

18.20.950    Evergreen.

18.20.965    Existing legal uses.

18.20.967    FAA.

18.20.970    Repealed.

18.20.1000    Repealed.

18.20.1010    Family.

18.20.1012    Family child-care home.

18.20.1015    FCC.

18.20.1020    Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) floodway.

18.20.1040    Fence.

18.20.1050    Financial guarantee.

18.20.1051    Fire or police facility.

18.20.1052    First floor facades.

18.20.1055    Fish habitat.

18.20.1060    Flood fringe.

18.20.1070    Flood hazard areas.

18.20.1080    Flood insurance rate map (FIRM).

18.20.1090    Flood insurance study for King County.

18.20.1100    Flood protection elevation.

18.20.1110    Floodplain.

18.20.1120    Floodproofing.

18.20.1130    Floodway, zero-rise.

18.20.1135    Floor area ratio (FAR).

18.20.1140    Repealed.

18.20.1150    Forest practice.

18.20.1160    Repealed.

18.20.1170    Repealed.

18.20.1185    Functions and values.

18.20.1187    Funeral home/crematory.

18.20.1190    Repealed.

18.20.1200    Repealed.

18.20.1202    Repealed.

18.20.1203    General services land uses.

18.20.1205    Geologically hazardous areas.

18.20.1210    Geologist.

18.20.1230    Repealed.

18.20.1233    Government/business services land uses.

18.20.1235    Repealed.

18.20.1240    Grade span.

18.20.1250    Grading.

18.20.1260    Grazing area.

18.20.1270    Ground cover.

18.20.1272    Ground floor.

18.20.1273    Grove.

18.20.1275    Hazard areas.

18.20.1280    Hazardous household substance.

18.20.1290    Hazardous liquid and gas transmission pipelines.

18.20.1300    Hazardous substance.

18.20.1302    Health care and social assistance.

18.20.1305    Repealed.

18.20.1307    Hearing examiner.

18.20.1310    Heavy equipment and truck repair.

18.20.1320    Helistop.

18.20.1330    Historic resource.

18.20.1350    Repealed.

18.20.1360    Home industry.

18.20.1370    Home occupation.

18.20.1372    Hospital.

18.20.1375    Hotel.

18.20.1380    Household pets.

18.20.1381    Human-scaled elements.

18.20.1382    Hydraulic project approval (HPA).

18.20.1390    Hydroelectric generation facility.

18.20.1400    Impervious surface.

18.20.1420    Repealed.

18.20.1430    Infiltration rate.

18.20.1435    In-kind.

18.20.1440    Repealed.

18.20.1470    Repealed.

18.20.1480    Repealed.

18.20.1490    Repealed.

18.20.1500    Joint use driveway.

18.20.1510    Kennel.

18.20.1520    Kitchen or kitchen facility.

18.20.1525    Laboratory.

18.20.1530    Repealed.

18.20.1540    Landscape water features.

18.20.1550    Landscaping.

18.20.1560    Landslide.

18.20.1570    Landslide hazard areas.

18.20.1575    Lattice tower.

18.20.1580    Level of service (LOS).

18.20.1590    Light equipment.

18.20.1600    Livestock.

18.20.1610    Livestock, large.

18.20.1620    Livestock, small.

18.20.1630    Repealed.

18.20.1640    Loading space.

18.20.1650    Repealed.

18.20.1660    Lot.

18.20.1670    Lot line, interior.

18.20.1671    Low impact development (LID).

18.20.1675    Manufactured home.

18.20.1676    Manufacturing, heavy.

18.20.1677    Manufacturing, light.

18.20.1678    Manufacturing land uses.

18.20.1679.1    Marijuana.

18.20.1679.2    Marijuana business.

18.20.1679.2.5    Marijuana cooperative.

18.20.1679.3    Marijuana processor.

18.20.1679.4    Marijuana producer.

18.20.1679.4.5    Marijuana researcher.

18.20.1679.5    Marijuana retailer.

18.20.1680    Marina.

18.20.1683    Mass wasting.

18.20.1685    Master plan.

18.20.1695    Repealed.

18.20.1700    Repealed.

18.20.1705    Repealed.

18.20.1710    Mitigation.

18.20.1720    Mitigation bank.

18.20.1730    Mitigation banking.

18.20.1740    Mixed use development.

18.20.1745    Repealed.

18.20.1747    Mobile food service.

18.20.1750    Mobile home.

18.20.1760    Mobile home park.

18.20.1761    Mobility unit.

18.20.1762    Repealed.

18.20.1765    Modulation.

18.20.1770    Monitoring.

18.20.1775    Repealed.

18.20.1785    Motel.

18.20.1790    Repealed.

18.20.1800    Repealed.

18.20.1810    Mulch.

18.20.1820    Repealed.

18.20.1830    Native vegetation.

18.20.1840    Negative externality.

18.20.1850    Net buildable area.

18.20.1860    Nonconformance.

18.20.1870    Nonhydroelectric generation facility.

18.20.1875    Nonindigenous.

18.20.1880    Nonionizing electromagnetic radiation (NIER).

18.20.1890    Noxious weed.

18.20.1900    Repealed.

18.20.1905    Office.

18.20.1910    Open space.

18.20.1920    Open-work fence.

18.20.1930    Ordinary high water mark.

18.20.1940    Repealed.

18.20.1945    Outdoor retail display/sidewalk sale.

18.20.1960    Park.

18.20.1995    Parking management plan.

18.20.2000    Parking space.

18.20.2030    Peak hour.

18.20.2035    Pedestrian walkway.

18.20.2040    Permanent school facilities.

18.20.2050    Repealed.

18.20.2055    Personal service.

18.20.2060    Repealed.

18.20.2070    Repealed.

18.20.2102    Practical alternative.

18.20.2104    Priority habitat.

18.20.2110    Private.

18.20.2120    Private stormwater management facility.

18.20.2130    Professional office.

18.20.2135    Repealed.

18.20.2140    Public agency.

18.20.2150    Repealed.

18.20.2160    Public agency archive.

18.20.2170    Public agency or utility office.

18.20.2180    Public agency or utility yard.

18.20.2190    Repealed.

18.20.2195    Public space/public open space.

18.20.2202    Public view.

18.20.2205    Qualified professional.

18.20.2207    Qualified tree protection professional.

18.20.2210    Radio frequency.

18.20.2220    Reasonable use.

18.20.2230    Receiving site.

18.20.2231    Reclassification.

18.20.2232    Recreational/cultural land uses.

18.20.2234    Recreational facility, indoor.

18.20.2237    Recreational facility, outdoor.

18.20.2240    Recreational vehicle (RV).

18.20.2250    Repealed.

18.20.2260    Recyclable material.

18.20.2265    Regional land use.

18.20.2275    Regional land uses.

18.20.2280    Repealed.

18.20.2290    Regional utility corridor.

18.20.2295    Religious institution.

18.20.2310    Relocatable facility.

18.20.2320    Relocation facilities.

18.20.2325    Residential land uses.

18.20.2326    Resource land use.

18.20.2327    Resource land uses.

18.20.2330    Restoration.

18.20.2350    Repealed.

18.20.2362    Retail land uses.

18.20.2364    Retail sales.

18.20.2365    Retail sales, bulk.

18.20.2367    Repealed.

18.20.2370    Retaining wall.

18.20.2375    Riparian.

18.20.2410    Salmonid.

18.20.2415    Satellite dish.

18.20.2420    School bus base.

18.20.2430    School district.

18.20.2440    Repealed.

18.20.2450    Repealed.

18.20.2460    Repealed.

18.20.2462    Section 404 permit.

18.20.2465    Secure community transition facilities (SCTF).

18.20.2468    Secure facility.

18.20.2470    Seismic hazard areas.

18.20.2480    Self-service storage.

18.20.2490    Sending site.

18.20.2500    Senior citizen.

18.20.2524    Repealed.

18.20.2527    Repealed.

18.20.2530    Setback.

18.20.2540    Shelters for temporary placement.

18.20.2550    Repealed.

18.20.2560    Sign.

18.20.2570    Sign, awning.

18.20.2580    Sign, changing message center.

18.20.2590    Sign, community bulletin board.

18.20.2600    Sign, directional.

18.20.2610    Sign, freestanding.

18.20.2620    Sign, fuel price.

18.20.2630    Sign, incidental.

18.20.2640    Sign, indirectly illuminated.

18.20.2650    Sign, monument.

18.20.2660    Sign, off-premises directional.

18.20.2670    Sign, on-premises.

18.20.2680    Sign, permanent residential development identification.

18.20.2690    Sign, portable.

18.20.2700    Sign, projecting.

18.20.2710    Sign, time and temperature.

18.20.2720    Sign, wall.

18.20.2730    Significant tree.

18.20.2740    Site.

18.20.2750    Site area.

18.20.2765    Small cell.

18.20.2782    Social card game.

18.20.2784    Social services.

18.20.2790    Repealed.

18.20.2810    Special use permit.

18.20.2820    Specialized instruction school.

18.20.2822    Species.

18.20.2824    Species, endangered.

18.20.2826    Species, threatened.

18.20.2840    Repealed.

18.20.2850    Sports club.

18.20.2860    Stable.

18.20.2865    Standalone parking.

18.20.2870    Standard of service, school districts.

18.20.2884    Repealed.

18.20.2887    Storage, outdoor.

18.20.2890    Stream functions.

18.20.2900    Stream.

18.20.2910    Street.

18.20.2920    Street frontage.

18.20.2925    Street tree.

18.20.2930    Structure.

18.20.2945    Subdrainage basin or sub-basin.

18.20.2960    Substantial improvement.

18.20.2963    Supportive living facility.

18.20.2965    Repealed.

18.20.2968    Temporary lodging.

18.20.2970    Repealed.

18.20.2980    Repealed.

18.20.2990    Tower.

18.20.3000    Trails.

18.20.3010    Repealed.

18.20.3020    Transit bus base.

18.20.3023    Transit center.

18.20.3030    Transitional housing facilities.

18.20.3040    Repealed.

18.20.3060    Repealed.

18.20.3065    Recodified.

18.20.3067    Repealed.

18.20.3070    Repealed.

18.20.3075    Transportation.

18.20.3077    Transportation concurrency.

18.20.3082    Tree.

18.20.3084    Tree, hazard.

18.20.3088    Tree, remove or removal.

18.20.3090    Tree windthrow.

18.20.3095    Unavoidable impact.

18.20.3110    Use.

18.20.3111    Uses, classified.

18.20.3112    Uses, permitted.

18.20.3114    Uses, prohibited.

18.20.3117    Uses, unclassified.

18.20.3120    Utility facility.

18.20.3130    Vactor waste.

18.20.3140    Vactor waste receiving facility.

18.20.3150    Variance.

18.20.3155    Repealed.

18.20.3160    Vegetation.

18.20.3165    Vehicle or equipment rental.

18.20.3168    Vehicle refueling station.

18.20.3170    Vocational school.

18.20.3180    Warehousing.

18.20.3190    Repealed.

18.20.3200    Repealed.

18.20.3220    Water-dependent use.

18.20.3225    Water resource inventory area (WRIA).

18.20.3227    Weather protection.

18.20.3240    Wetland edge.

18.20.3250    Wetland, forested.

18.20.3260    Wetland functions.

18.20.3280    Wetlands.

18.20.3290    Wholesale trade.

18.20.3300    Repealed.

18.20.3305    Wind-firm.

18.20.3306    Wireless communication facility (WCF).

18.20.3307    Repealed.

18.20.3310    Repealed.

18.20.3320    Wrecked, dismantled or inoperative vehicle.

18.20.3330    Repealed.

18.20.3340    Zero-lot-line development.

18.20.010 Scope of chapter.

This chapter contains definitions of technical and procedural terms used throughout this title. Defined terms are shown in italics in the text of the title. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.020 Abandoned vehicle.

“Abandoned vehicle” means any vehicle left upon the property of another without the consent of the owner of such property for a period of 24 hours or longer, except that a vehicle shall not be considered abandoned if its owner or operator is unable to remove it from the place where it is located and so notifies law enforcement officials and requests assistance. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.030 Accessory living quarters.

“Accessory living quarters” means living quarters in an accessory building for the use of the occupant or persons employed on the premises, or for temporary use of guests of the occupant. Such quarters have no kitchen and are not otherwise used as a separate dwelling unit. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.035 Accessory use.

“Accessory use” means a use typically subordinate in size to the principal use; that would not contribute significantly to traffic generation, noise, or nuisance; and that supports the primary use operation without displacing it. An accessory use may appear as an otherwise permitted, conditional or prohibited use in the use allowances for a given zone. Accessory uses are typically located upon the same lot occupied by a principal use. Examples of accessory uses include: equipment rental (bikes or skis) at a retail bike and ski shop, a secure facility required at an airport, and boat parking at a marina. [Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1); Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.040 Accessory use, commercial/industrial.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.045 Accessory use, parks.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.050 Accessory use, residential.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.060 Accessory use, resource.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.090 Adult entertainment business.

“Adult entertainment business” means a sexually oriented business engaging in adult entertainment, such as an adult cabaret, adult retail business or an adult panoram, as those terms are defined in KMC Title 5. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.095 Adult family home.

“Adult family home” means a residential home in which a person or persons provide personal care, special care, room, and board to more than one but not more than six adults who are not related by blood or marriage to the person or persons providing the services, or as otherwise defined in Chapter 70.128 RCW. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.100 Agricultural product sales.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.105 Air transportation service.

“Air transportation service” means a helipad, private landing field, or other similar facility for personal or business-related air transportation. Air transportation service does not include an airport, which is classified as a regional land use.

May include NAICS 481 (Air Transportation) and 4881 (Support Activities for Transportation). [Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.120 Aircraft, ship and boat building.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.130 Airport/heliport.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.140 Alley.

“Alley” means an improved thoroughfare or right-of-way, whether public or private, usually narrower than a street, that provides vehicular access to an interior boundary of one or more lots, and is not designed for general traffic circulation. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.145 Alteration.

“Alteration” means any human-induced change in an existing condition of a critical area or its buffer. Alterations include, but are not limited to, grading, filling, channelizing, dredging, clearing (vegetation), construction, compaction, excavation or any other activity that changes the character of the critical area. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.147 Alternative transmission support structure.

“Alternative transmission support structure” means structures not specifically designed or intended to support antennas and related communication equipment, but that may be used for that purpose, including clock towers, bell towers, church steeples, water towers, light poles, utility structures, elevated roadways, bridges, flagpoles, and buildings. [Ord. 16-0426 § 4 (Att. B); Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1). Formerly 18.20.3065.]

18.20.149 Amateur (ham) radio facility.

“Amateur (ham) radio facility” means a wireless communication facility operated for personal use and without pecuniary interest by an individual licensed by the FCC. Amateur (ham) radio facilities use small shared frequency bands assigned by the FCC. [Ord. 16-0426 § 4 (Att. B).]

18.20.150 Ambulatory surgery center.

“Ambulatory surgery center” means an establishment with medical staff primarily engaged in providing outpatient medical, diagnostic and surgical treatment services.

May include NAICS 621493 (Freestanding Ambulatory Surgical and Emergency Centers). [Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.155 Amusement and recreation services.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.160 Amusement arcade.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.165 Anadromous fish.

“Anadromous fish” means fish that spawn and rear in freshwater and mature in the marine environment. While Pacific salmon die after their first spawning, adult char (bull trout) can live for many years, moving in and out of saltwater and spawning each year. The life history of Pacific salmon and char contains critical periods of time when these fish are more susceptible to environmental and physical damage than at other times. The life history of salmon, for example, contains the following stages: upstream migration of adults, spawning, intergravel incubation, rearing, smoltification (the time period needed for juveniles to adjust their body functions to live in the marine environment), downstream migration, and ocean rearing to adults. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.168 Animal kennel/shelter.

“Animal kennel/shelter” means any outdoor or indoor facility which houses four or more animals (that number not including one unweaned litter) for periods longer than 24 hours as a commercial venture, as a nonprofit organization, or for a governmental purpose. The facility may either be a separate business or an accessory use. [Ord. 17-0438 § 2 (Att. A); Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.170 Animal, small.

“Small animal” means any animal other than livestock or animals considered to be predatory or wild which are kept outside a dwelling unit all or part of the time. Animals considered predatory or wild shall be considered small animals when they are taken into captivity for the purposes of breeding, domestication, training, or exhibition. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.180 Antenna.

“Antenna” means any system of poles, panels, rods, reflecting discs or similar devices used for the transmission or reception of radio frequency signals. For purposes of Chapter 18.60 KMC, “antenna” does not include an amateur (ham) radio facility. [Ord. 16-0426 § 4 (Att. B); Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.190 Applicant.

“Applicant” means a person who files an application for a permit under this chapter and who is either the owner of the land on which that proposed activity would be located, a contract purchaser, or the authorized agent of such a person. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.195 Arbor.

“Arbor” means a shelter of vines or branches or of latticework covered with climbing shrubs or vines. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.200 Arcade.

“Arcade” means a series of arches supported by columns, piers, or pillars, often attached to a wall to form a roofed passageway or gallery. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.205 Architectural elements.

“Architectural elements” means building elements which add detail and finely scaled features to a building facade, such as belt courses, braces, brackets, brick coursing, columns, corbelled brick, cornices, frame elements, window openings, piers, plinths, and sills. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.207 Articulation.

“Articulation” means shifts in wall planes such as stepbacks, reveals, overhangs, and architectural elements and details which are used to create variations in a building facade. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.210 Artist studio.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.212 Arts and crafts schools/studios.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.214 Arts, entertainment, indoor.

“Indoor arts, entertainment” means an establishment that provides facilities or services for cultural and entertainment uses inside a building. Indoor arts, entertainment includes such uses as performing arts establishments, artist studios, theaters, museums, libraries, fraternal lodges, tour operators, and arcades, but specifically excludes adult entertainment facilities.

May include NAICS 512 (Motion Picture and Sound Recording Industries), 515 (Broadcasting), and 51912 (Libraries and Archives). May include 56152 (Tour Operators) and 56159 (Other Travel Arrangement and Reservation Services). May include Sector 71 (Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation), except the following: 711211 (Sports Teams and Clubs), 711212 (Racetracks), 713110 (Amusement and Theme Parks), 7132 (Gambling Industries), and 7139 (Other Amusement and Recreation Industries). May include 8134 (Civic and Social Organizations). [Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.215 Arts, entertainment, outdoor.

“Outdoor arts, entertainment” means an establishment that provides facilities or services for cultural and entertainment uses outside of a building. Outdoor arts, entertainment includes such uses as outdoor performance facilities, public gardens, and arboretums.

May include NAICS 512 (Motion Picture and Sound Recording Industries) and 515 (Broadcasting). May include 56152 (Tour Operators). May include Sector 71 (Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation), except the following: 711211 (Sports Teams and Clubs), 711212 (Racetracks), 713110 (Amusement and Theme Parks), 7132 (Gambling Industries), and 7139 (Other Amusement and Recreation Industries). [Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.216 Assisted living.

“Assisted living” means an establishment which provides living quarters and domiciliary care to individuals who are unable to live independently due to infirmity of age or physical or mental handicap, but who do not need the skilled nursing care of a convalescent or nursing home. These facilities may consist of individual dwelling units of a barrier-free design, with separate bathroom facilities, a full kitchen or no kitchen. The facility may provide a minimal amount of supportive health care monitoring, such as assistance with medication. In addition, these facilities may have a communal dining area, recreation facilities (library, lounge, game room), laundry facilities and open space. Assisted living does not include adult family homes as defined in Chapter 70.128 RCW. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.220 Auction house.

“Auction house” means an establishment where the property of others is sold by a broker or auctioneer to persons who attend scheduled sales periods or events. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.224 Automotive sales and service, marine.

“Automotive sales and service, marine” means an establishment engaged in the retail sale of new or used boats, jet skis, boat trailers, or similar vehicles, or an establishment primarily engaged in repair or service of these vehicles, including washing and the sale and installation of lubricants, tires, batteries, mufflers, and similar accessories.

May include NAICS 4412 (Other Motor Vehicle Dealers), 44132 (Tire Dealers), and 8111 (Automotive Repair and Maintenance). [Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.227 Automotive sales and service, nonmarine.

“Automotive sales and service, nonmarine” means an establishment engaged in the retail sale of new or used cars, trucks, truck tractors, semi-trailers, buses, mobile homes, utility trailers, RVs, motorcycles, ATVs, or similar vehicles, or an establishment primarily engaged in automotive repair or service of these vehicles, including washing and the sale and installation of lubricants, tires, batteries, mufflers, and similar accessories. Automotive sales and service, nonmarine does not include tire retreading, which is classified as a manufacturing land use.

May include NAICS 4411 (Auto Dealers), 4412 (Other Motor Vehicle Dealers), 44132 (Tire Dealers), 45393 (Manufactured/Mobile Home Dealers), and 8111 (Automotive Repair and Maintenance). [Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.230 Base flood.

“Base flood” means a flood having a one percent chance of being equaled or exceeded in any given year, often referred to as the “100-year flood.” [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.240 Base flood elevation.

“Base flood elevation” means the water surface elevation of the base flood in relation to the National Geodetic Vertical Datum of 1929. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.243 Base station.

“Base station” means the structure or equipment at a fixed location that enables wireless communications licensed or authorized by the FCC, between user equipment and a communications network. The term does not encompass a tower or any equipment associated with a tower. The term includes, but is not limited to:

A. Equipment associated with wireless communications services such as private, broadcast, and public safety services, as well as unlicensed wireless services and fixed wireless services such as microwave backhaul.

B. Radio transceivers, antennas, coaxial or fiber-optic cable, regular and backup power supplies, and comparable equipment, regardless of technological configuration (including distributed antenna systems and small-cell networks).

C. Any structure other than a tower that, at the time an eligible communications facility modification (ECFM) application is filed with the City, supports or houses equipment described in subsections A and B of this section, and that has been reviewed and approved under the applicable zoning or siting process, or under another State, county or local regulatory review process, even if the structure was not built for the sole or primary purpose of providing that support.

D. The term does not include any structure that, at the time a completed eligible communication facilities modification (ECFM) application is filed with the City, does not support or house equipment described in subsections A and B of this section. [Ord. 16-0426 § 4 (Att. B).]

18.20.245 Basement.

“Basement” means any area of the building having its floor below ground level on all sides. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.250 Bed and breakfast guesthouse.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.260 Beehive.

“Beehive” means a structure designed to contain one colony of honey bees (Apis mellifera). [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.270 Berm.

“Berm” means a constructed area of compacted earth. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.272 Best available science.

“Best available science” means current scientific information derived from a valid scientific process, including that used in the process to designate, protect, or restore critical areas as defined by WAC 365-195-900 through 365-195-925. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.274 Best management practices (BMPs).

“Best management practices (BMPs)” means conservation practices or systems of practices and management measures that:

A. Control soil loss and reduce water quality degradation caused by high concentrations of nutrients, animal waste, toxics, and sediment;

B. Minimize adverse impacts to surface water and ground water flow, circulation patterns, and to the chemical, physical, and biological characteristics of wetlands;

C. Protect trees and vegetation designated to be retained during and following site construction; and

D. Provide standards for proper use of chemical herbicides within critical areas.

The City shall monitor the application of best management practices to ensure that the standards and policies of this title are adhered to. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.280 Billboard.

“Billboard” means a sign, including both the supporting structural framework and attached billboard faces, used principally for advertising a business activity, use, product, or service unrelated to the primary use or activity of the property on which the billboard is located; excluding off-premises directional or temporary real estate signs. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.290 Billboard face.

“Billboard face” means that portion of a billboard, exclusive of its structural support, on which changeable advertising copy is displayed, either by affixing preprinted poster panels or by painting copy on location; subclassified as follows:

A. “Billboard face I” means a billboard face not exceeding a height of 14 feet or a width of 48 feet, and may also include temporary and irregularly shaped extensions subject to the area and duration limitations in Chapter 18.42 KMC; and

B. “Billboard face II” means a billboard face not exceeding a height of 12 feet or a width of 24 feet. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.300 Biologist.

“Biologist” means a person who has earned at least a Bachelor of Science degree in the biological sciences from an accredited college or university or who has equivalent educational training and experience. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.302 Blank walls.

“Blank walls” means any ground floor wall over six feet in height and 15 feet or more in length and/or greater than 400 square feet in total area without architectural embellishments such as windows, doors, or other special wall treatment. Upper floors are not included in blank wall requirements. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.305 Boat launch.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.310 Book, stationery, video and art supply store.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.320 Broadleaf tree.

“Broadleaf tree” means a tree characterized by leaves that are broad in width and may include both deciduous and evergreen species. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.330 Buffer.

For purposes of critical areas regulations, “buffer” means an area contiguous to a critical area that is required for the continued maintenance, functioning, and/or structural stability of the critical area. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.340 Building.

“Building” means any structure having a roof. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.350 Building envelope.

“Building envelope” means the area of a lot that delineates the limits of where a building may be placed on the lot. The building envelope is determined through minimum lot size and minimum lot width requirements. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.360 Building facade.

“Building facade” means that portion of any exterior elevation of a building extending from the grade of the building to the top of the parapet wall or eaves, for the entire width of the building elevation. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.370 Building, hardware and garden materials store.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.380 Bulk gas storage tank.

“Bulk gas storage tank” means a tank from which illuminating, heating, or liquefied gas is distributed by piping directly to individual users. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.390 Business service, intensive.

“Intensive business service” means an establishment primarily engaged in providing supporting services to business that is likely to generate levels of truck traffic, noise, pollution, vibration, dust, fumes, odors, hazardous materials, or other undesirable conditions that would be injurious to health or offensive to the senses, or would be an obstruction to the free use of surrounding property and essentially interfere with the comfortable enjoyment of life and property. Examples include industrial launderers, dry cleaning plants, and fuel dealers.

May include NAICS 45431 (Fuel Dealers). May include Sector 56 (Administrative and Support and Waste Management and Remediation Services), except the following: 561210 (Facilities Support Services for private correctional facilities), 5615 (Travel Arrangement and Reservation Services), 56171 (Exterminating and Pest Control Services), 56173 (Landscaping Services), 56179 (Other Services to Buildings/Dwellings) and 562 (Waste Management and Remediation). May include 8113 (Commercial and Industrial Machinery and Equipment Repair and Maintenance) and 812332 (Industrial Launderers). [Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.394 Business service, standard.

“Standard business service” means an establishment primarily engaged in providing supporting services to business that is lower in intensity and cleaner than an intensive business service, and that does not generate noise, particulate matter, vibration, smoke, dust, fumes, odors, or other nuisances that would be injurious to health or offensive to the senses, or would be an obstruction to the free use of surrounding property and essentially interfere with the comfortable enjoyment of life and property. Examples include telephone call centers, private mail services, copy centers, business incubators, and data centers.

May include NAICS 491 (Postal Service), 492 (Couriers and Messengers), 518 (Data Processing, Hosting, and Related Services), 53242 (Office Machinery and Equipment Rental and Leasing), 54186 (Direct Mail Advertising), and 541922 (Commercial Photography).

May include Sector 56 (Administrative and Support and Waste Management and Remediation Services), except the following: 561210 (Facilities Support Services for private correctional facilities), 5615 (Travel Arrangement and Reservation Services), 56171 (Exterminating and Pest Control Services), 56173 (Landscaping Services), 56179 (Other Services to Buildings/Dwellings) and 562 (Waste Management and Remediation). May include 8112 (Electronic and Precision Equipment Repair and Maintenance). [Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.395 Caliper.

“Caliper” means the American Nursery and Landscape Association (ANLA) standards for trunk measurement of nursery stock. Caliper of the trunk shall be the trunk diameter measured six inches above ground for up to and including four-inch caliper size and 12 inches above the ground for larger sizes. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.400 Campground.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.410 Capacity, school.

“School capacity” means the number of students a school district’s facilities can accommodate district-wide, based on the district’s standard of service, as determined by the school district. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.420 Capital facilities plan, school district.

“School district capital facilities plan” means a district’s facilities plan adopted by the school board consisting of:

A. An inventory showing the location and school capacity of existing school facilities;

B. A forecast of future needs for school facilities based on the district’s enrollment projections and adopted standard of service;

C. The long-range construction and capital improvement projects of the district;

D. The proposed locations and school capacities of expanded or new school facilities;

E. At least a six-year financing plan component, updated as necessary to maintain at least a six-year forecast period, for financing needed school facilities within projected funding levels, and identifying sources of financing for such purposes, including bond issues authorized by the voters and projected bond issues not yet authorized by the voters; and

F. Any other long-range projects planned by the district. [Ord. 18-0463 § 3 (Exh. 2); Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.422 Car wash.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.425 Categorically excluded.

For purposes of Chapter 18.60 KMC, “categorically excluded” means as defined in 1.1306 and 1.1307 in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.430 Cattery.

“Cattery” means a place where adult cats are temporarily boarded for compensation, whether or not for training. An adult cat is of either sex, altered or unaltered, that has reached the age of six months. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.440 Cemetery, columbarium or mausoleum.

“Cemetery, columbarium or mausoleum” means land or structures used for interment of the dead or their remains. For purposes of this code, pet cemeteries are considered a subclassification of this use.

May include NAICS 81222 (Cemeteries and Crematories). [Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1); Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.450 Channel relocation and stream meander areas.

“Channel relocation and stream meander areas” means those areas subject to risk due to stream bank destabilization, rapid stream incision, stream bank erosion, and shifts in the location of stream channels. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.460 Church, synagogue, mosque, temple.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.465 City.

“City” means the City of Kenmore. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.468 City manager.

“City manager” means the City of Kenmore city manager or his or her designee(s). [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.470 Classrooms, school.

“School classrooms” means educational facilities required to house students for a basic educational program. Specialized facilities, including but not limited to gymnasiums, cafeterias, libraries, administrative offices, and child care centers, shall not be counted as classrooms. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.480 Clearing.

“Clearing” means the limbing, pruning, trimming, topping, cutting or removal of vegetation or other organic plant matter by physical, mechanical, chemical or other means. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.485 Clustered.

“Clustered” means the grouping of structures on a portion of the available land, reserving a significant amount of the site as open space. Lot segregations for clustered development are discussed in KMC 17.20.130. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.490 Cogeneration.

“Cogeneration” means the sequential generation of energy and useful heat from the same primary source or fuel for industrial, commercial, or residential heating or cooling purposes. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.492 College/university.

“College/university” means an establishment primarily engaged in providing academic courses and granting degrees above the high school diploma, such as the associate, baccalaureate or graduate degree. College/university generally means the college/university campus. Off-site auxiliary facilities associated with a college or university are addressed under the appropriate land use listing for their individual operation. For example, an off-site affiliated bookstore would be considered retail sales. An off-site medical clinic would be considered health care and social assistance.

May include NAICS 6112 (Junior Colleges) and 6113 (Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools). [Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.494 Collocation.

“Collocation” means the placement or installation of antennas on existing structures upon which antennas already exist. [Ord. 16-0426 § 4 (Att. B).]

18.20.495 Commercial nursery or tree farm.

“Commercial nursery” or “tree farm” means a licensed plant or tree nursery or farm in relation to those trees planted and growing on the premises of the licensee, which are planted and grown for sale through retail or wholesale channels in the ordinary course of the licensee’s business. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.498 Communication facility.

Repealed by Ord. 16-0426. [Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.500 Communication facility, major.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.510 Communication facility, minor.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.520 Community residential facility (CRF).

“Community residential facility (CRF)” means living quarters meeting applicable federal and State standards that function as a single housekeeping unit and provide supportive services, including but not limited to counseling, rehabilitation and medical supervision, excluding drug and alcohol detoxification which is classified as a hospital. CRFs are further classified as follows:

A. CRF-I means nine to 10 residents and staff;

B. CRF-II means 11 or more residents and staff. If staffed by nonresident staff, each 24 staff hours per day equals one full-time residing staff member for purposes of subclassifying CRFs.

Provided, however, that this definition shall not apply to secure community transition facilities as defined in KMC 18.20.2465 or to adult family homes as defined in KMC 18.20.095.

May include NAICS 623210 (Residential Intellectual and Developmental Disability Facilities) and 623220 (Residential Mental Health and Substance Abuse Facilities). [Ord. 17-0438 § 2 (Att. A); Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1); Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.530 Commuter parking lot.

“Commuter parking lot” means vehicle parking specifically for the purpose of access to a public transit system or for users of carpools or vanpools. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.540 Compensatory storage.

“Compensatory storage” means new, excavated storage volume equivalent to any flood storage which is eliminated by building, filling or grading within the floodplain. For the purpose of this definition, equivalent flood storage capacity is that which is replaced by equal volume between corresponding one-foot contour intervals which are hydraulically connected to the floodway through their entire depth. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.550 Conditional use permit.

“Conditional use permit” means a permit required for uses due to special characteristics that may not generally be appropriate within a zoning district, but may be permitted subject to review by the reviewing official to establish conditions to protect public health, safety and welfare and ensure compatibility with nearby land uses. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.560 Conference center.

“Conference center” means an establishment developed primarily as a meeting facility, including only facilities for recreation, overnight lodging, and related activities provided for conference participants. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.570 Confinement area.

“Confinement area” means any open land area in which livestock are kept where the forage does not meet the definition of a grazing area. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.580 Consolidation.

Repealed by Ord. 16-0426. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.590 Construction and trade.

“Construction and trade” means an establishment that provides services related to construction and maintenance of buildings and infrastructure and improvements to property. Such establishments include landscape and horticultural services. This definition excludes construction and trade establishments that qualify as an office by virtue of having only a business office without outside storage or fabrication.

May include NAICS Sector 23 (Construction), 54135 (Building Inspection Services), 56171 (Exterminating and Pest Control Services), 56173 (Landscaping Services), 56179 (Other Services to Buildings and Dwellings), and 56299 (All Other Waste Management Services). [Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1); Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.610 Courtyard.

“Courtyard” means a private open space internal to development which is not accessible to the public and which is enclosed on at least two sides by structure(s) or fencing. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.612 Critical areas.

“Critical areas” means any of the following areas or ecosystems: aquifer recharge areas, fish and wildlife habitat areas of importance, frequently flooded areas, geologically hazardous areas, streams, and wetlands, as defined in Chapter 36.70A RCW and this chapter. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.614 Critical area tract.

“Critical area tract” means land held in private ownership and retained in an undeveloped condition in perpetuity for the protection of critical areas. Lands within this type of dedication may include, but are not limited to, portions and combinations of forest habitats, grasslands, geologically hazardous areas, on-site watersheds, 100-year floodplains, shorelines or shorelines of statewide significance, riparian areas, and wetlands. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.630 Critical facility.

“Critical facility” means a facility necessary to protect the public health, safety and welfare and which is defined under the occupancy categories of “essential facilities,” “hazardous facilities” and “special occupancy structures” in the International Building Code. Critical facilities also include nursing homes, public roadway bridges, and sites for hazardous substance storage or production, not including the temporary storage of consumer products containing hazardous substances intended for household use or for retail sale on the site. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.632 Critical root zone (CRZ).

“Critical root zone (CRZ)” is the area where the tree’s essential mass of roots is located. This root zone is generally the area surrounding a tree at a distance which is equal to one foot for every inch of trunk diameter at breast height or the area of a circle with radius extending from a tree’s trunk to a point no less than the end of a tree’s longest branch, whichever is greater. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.633 Crown.

“Crown” means the area of a tree containing leaf- or needle-bearing branches. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.635 Cultural facilities.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.640 Daily care.

“Daily care” means medical procedures, monitoring and attention that are necessarily provided at the residence of the patient by the primary provider of daily care on a 24-hour basis. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.650 Day care.

“Day care” means an establishment for group care of nonresident adults or children.

A. Day care shall include only child day care services, adult day care centers and the following:

1. Adult day care, such as adult day health centers or social day care as defined by the Washington State Department of Social and Health Services;

2. Nursery schools for children under minimum age for education in public schools;

3. Privately conducted kindergartens or prekindergartens when not a part of a public or parochial school; and

4. Programs covering after-school care for school children.

B. Day care establishments are subclassified as follows:

1. Day care I – A maximum of 12 adults or children in any 24-hour period; and

2. Day care II – Over 12 adults or children in any 24-hour period.

Day care does not include family child-care home.

May include NAICS 6244 (Child Day Care Services). [Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1); Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.655 Debris flow.

“Debris flow” means a stream-like flow of muddy water filled with mixed sizes of sediment and rock. Debris flows are generated by sporadic heavy rains on steep slopes. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.660 Deciduous.

“Deciduous” means a plant species with foliage that is shed annually. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.665 Degraded wetland buffer.

“Degraded wetland buffer” means a buffer area which cannot adequately protect its adjacent wetland due to one or more of the following existing conditions:

A. Lack of vegetative cover or presence of bare soils (resulting from disturbance, fill, debris, or trash);

B. Significant cover (over 50 percent) in nonnative vegetation;

C. Significant cover (over 50 percent) in invasive species or noxious weeds;

D. Presence of existing nonconforming structures or improvements. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.670 Density credit, transfer of (TDC).

“Transfer of density credit (TDC)” means the ability to transfer potentially buildable dwelling units from an eligible sending site to an eligible receiving site as provided in this code. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.680 Department.

“Department” means the City department or outside agency assigned by the city manager to administer a portion of the City code. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.690 Department and variety store.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.695 Designated manufactured home.

“Designated manufactured home” means a manufactured home constructed after June 15, 1976, in accordance with State and federal requirements for manufactured homes, which meets the following conditions, as allowed under RCW 35A.21.312 and 35.63.160:

A. Is comprised of at least two fully enclosed parallel sections each of not less than 12 feet wide by 36 feet long;

B. Was originally constructed with, and now has, a composition or wood shake or shingle, coated metal, or similar roof of nominal 3:12 pitch;

C. Has exterior siding similar in appearance to siding materials commonly used on conventional site-built International Residential Code single-family residences;

D. Is a “new manufactured home” as defined in RCW 35.63.160, meaning any manufactured home required to be titled under RCW Title 46, which has not been previously titled to a retail purchaser, and is not a “used mobile home” as defined in RCW 82.45.032(2);

E. Is set upon a permanent foundation, as specified by the manufacturer, and that the space from the bottom of the home to the ground be enclosed by concrete or an approved concrete product which can be either load-bearing or decorative;

F. Complies with all local design standards applicable to all other homes within the neighborhood in which the manufactured home is to be located;

G. Is thermally equivalent to the State Energy Code; and

H. This section does not override any legally recorded covenants or deed restrictions of record. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.700 Destination resort.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.710 Developer.

“Developer” means the person or entity that owns or holds purchase options or other development control over property for which development is proposed. (Also see “Applicant,” KMC 18.20.190.) [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.715 Development.

“Development” means any activity upon the land consisting of construction or alteration of structures, earth movement, dredging, dumping, grading, filling, mining, removal of any sand, gravel, or minerals, driving of piles, drilling operations, bulkheading, clearing of vegetation, or other land disturbance. Development includes the storage or use of equipment or materials inconsistent with the existing use. Development also includes approvals issued by the City that bind land to specific patterns of use, including, but not limited to, subdivisions, short subdivisions, zone changes, conditional use permits, and binding site plans. Development does not include the following activities:

A. Interior building improvements;

B. Exterior structure maintenance activities, including painting and roofing;

C. Routine landscape maintenance of established, ornamental landscaping, such as lawn mowing, pruning and weeding; or

D. Maintenance of the following existing facilities that does not expand the affected area: septic tanks (routine cleaning); wells; individual utility service connections; and individual cemetery plots in established and approved cemeteries. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.730 Development agreement.

“Development agreement” means a recorded agreement between an applicant and the City which incorporates the site plans, development standards, and other features of a development. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.735 Development permit.

“Development permit” means any permit issued by the City, or other authorized agency, for construction, land use, or the alteration of land. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.740 Development proposal.

“Development proposal” means any activities requiring a permit or other approval from the City relative to the use or development of land. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.750 Development proposal site.

“Development proposal site” means the legal boundaries of the parcel or parcels of land for which an applicant has or should have applied for authority from the City to carry out a development proposal. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.752 Diameter at breast height (d.b.h.).

“Diameter at breast height (d.b.h.)” means a tree’s diameter in inches at four and one-half feet above the ground. On multiple stemmed or trunked trees, the diameter shall be the sum of diameters of all individual stems or trunks. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.755 Differential settlement.

“Differential settlement” means nonuniform or uneven ground settlement that occurs over a relatively short distance, such as measured across the width of a residential structure (typically 25 feet). Differential settlement can result if a structure is underlain by dissimilar soils below portions of the structure (e.g., dense fill versus loose fill below parts of the structure), or by uneven ground settlement as could occur if the ground below a structure were to liquefy during strong earthquake shaking. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.760 Distributed antenna system (DAS).

“Distributed antenna system” or “DAS” means a network consisting of transceiver equipment at a central hub site to support multiple antenna locations throughout the desired coverage area. [Ord. 16-0426 § 4 (Att. B).]

18.20.772 Dock.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.775 Domiciliary care.

“Domiciliary care” means:

A. Assistance with activities of daily living provided by the licensee either directly or by contract;

B. Assuming general responsibility for the safety and well-being of the resident; and

C. Limited nursing services, if provided by the licensee. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.780 Dormitory.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.785 Drive-through service.

“Drive-through service” means a business or a portion of a business where a customer is permitted or encouraged, either by the design of physical facilities or by service and/or packaging procedures, to carry on business in the off-street parking or paved area accessory to the business, while seated in a motor vehicle. In some instances, customers may need to get out of the vehicle to obtain the product or service. This definition shall include, but not be limited to, fast-food restaurants, espresso stands, and drive-in services at banks and pharmacies. This definition excludes automotive service and repair, gas stations, and car washes. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.790 Drop box facility.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.800 Drug store.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.805 Durable materials.

“Durable materials” means materials capable of withstanding wear and tear with limited maintenance required, long-term use, vandal resistant, and weather resistant. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.810 Dwelling unit.

“Dwelling unit” means one or more rooms designed for occupancy by a person or family for living and sleeping purposes, containing kitchen facilities and rooms with internal accessibility, for use solely by the dwelling’s occupants. Microhousing dwelling units may share kitchen facilities with other dwelling units in place of providing kitchen facilities within each unit. [Ord. 16-0415 § 2 (Att. B); Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.820 Dwelling unit, accessory.

“Accessory dwelling unit” means a separate, complete dwelling unit attached to or contained within the structure of the primary dwelling; or contained within a separate structure that is accessory to the primary dwelling unit on the premises. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.830 Dwelling unit, microhousing.

“Microhousing dwelling unit” means an apartment with a total square footage of less than 320 square feet and a habitable space, as defined in the International Building Code as adopted in the Kenmore Municipal Code, of at least 220 square feet. The room(s) are intended for use solely by the dwelling’s occupant(s), although common kitchen or bath facilities may be provided. [Ord. 16-0415 § 1 (Att. A).]

18.20.835 Dwelling, multiple-family.

“Multiple-family dwelling” means a one-family dwelling attached to one or more one-family dwellings by common roofs, walls, or floors. Also includes one or more dwellings attached to nonresidential uses. This definition does not include accessory dwelling units, community residential facilities, supportive living facilities, or nursing and personal care facilities.

A. Apartment. A residential building containing two or more dwelling units or a single dwelling unit and a nonresidential use, which are attached at one or more common roofs, walls, or floors. Typically, the unit’s habitable area is provided on a single level. Unit entrances may or may not be provided from a common corridor. Microhousing dwelling units are considered apartments.

B. Townhouse. A one-family, ground-related dwelling attached to one or more such units or to a nonresidential use in which each unit has its own exterior, ground-level access to the outside, no unit is located over another unit, and each unit is separated from any other unit by one or more vertical common walls. Typically the units are multi-story. [Ord. 16-0415 § 2 (Att. B); Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1); Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.840 Dwelling unit, single detached.

“Single detached dwelling unit” means a detached building containing one dwelling unit or an adult family home. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.860 Earth station.

Repealed by Ord. 16-0426. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.863 Eating and drinking place.

“Eating and drinking place” means an establishment that prepares meals, snacks and beverages to customer order for immediate on-premises or off-premises consumption from a fixed location.

May include NAICS 722 (Food Services and Drinking Places), except 72233 (Mobile Food Services). [Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.865 Educational institutions (public or private), K – 12.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.867 Educational service.

Educational service” means an institution that offers academic education, career and technical instruction as well as schools or programs that offer tutoring or nonacademic or self-enrichment classes, such as automobile driving and cooking instruction.

May include NAICS Sector 61 (Educational Services), except 6112 (Junior Colleges) and 6113 (Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools). [Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.870 Effective radiated power.

“Effective radiated power” means the product of the antenna power input and the numerical antenna power gain. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.880 Electrical substation.

“Electrical substation” means a site containing equipment for the conversion of high voltage electrical power transported through transmission lines into lower voltages transported through distribution lines and suitable for individual users. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.885 Emergent wetland.

“Emergent wetland” means a wetland with at least 30 percent of the surface area covered by erect, rooted, herbaceous vegetation extending above the water surface as the uppermost vegetative stratum. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.890 Emergency.

“Emergency” means an occurrence during which there is imminent danger to the public health, safety and welfare, or which poses an imminent risk to property, as a result of a natural or manmade catastrophe as so declared by the city manager. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.900 Energy resource recovery facility.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.910 Enhancement.

“Enhancement” means actions taken to improve habitat or water quality function and/or wildlife use in a given area by planting native species, removing nonnative species, installing habitat structures, and any other measures approved by the City. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.920 Equipment, heavy.

“Heavy equipment” means high-capacity mechanical devices for moving earth or other materials, and mobile power units including, but not limited to:

A. Carryalls;

B. Graders;

C. Loading and unloading devices;

D. Cranes;

E. Drag lines;

F. Trench diggers;

G. Tractors;

H. Augers;

I. Bulldozers;

J. Concrete mixers and conveyers;

K. Harvesters;

L. Combines; or

M. Other major agricultural equipment and similar devices operated by mechanical power as distinguished from manpower. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.930 Erosion.

“Erosion” means the process by which soil particles are mobilized and transported by natural agents such as wind, rainsplash, frost action or surface water flow. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.940 Erosion hazard areas.

“Erosion hazard areas” means those areas identified by the United States Department of Agriculture Natural Resources Conservation Service or identified by a special study as having a “moderate to severe” or “very severe” erosion potential. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.950 Evergreen.

“Evergreen” means a plant species with foliage that persists and remains green year round. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.965 Existing legal uses.

Where the term “existing” or “existing legal” follows a listed use type, then those uses that can document their legal conforming status prior to April 28, 2003, are considered to be permitted uses and given all the rights of other permitted uses within the district, until such time as there is a change of use or abandonment as set forth in KMC 18.100.085. In addition, these uses may be rebuilt within the same footprint and floor area should they suffer damage; provided, that no new nonconformances with standards are created (e.g., setbacks), if any. These uses may be remodeled without limitation on value and may be enlarged subject to current code requirements (e.g., height limits, lot coverage, density limits, setbacks, parking, etc.), unless otherwise specifically conditioned. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.967 FAA.

“FAA” means the Federal Aviation Administration. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.970 Fabric shop.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1000 Fairground.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1010 Family.

“Family” means an individual; two or more persons related by blood or marriage; a group of two or more disabled residents protected under the Federal Housing Act Amendments, who are not related by blood or marriage, living together as a single housekeeping unit; a group of eight or fewer residents, who are not related by blood or marriage, living together as a single housekeeping unit; or a group living arrangement where eight or fewer residents receive supportive services such as counseling, foster care, or medical supervision at the dwelling unit by resident or nonresident staff. For purposes of this definition, minors living with parent shall not be counted as part of the maximum number of residents. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1012 Family child-care home.

“Family child-care home” means a child day care provider who regularly provides child day care and early learning services for not more than 12 children in the provider’s home in the family living quarters, or as otherwise defined in RCW 43.215.010. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1015 FCC.

“FCC” means the Federal Communications Commission. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1020 Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) floodway.

“Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) floodway” means the channel of the stream and that portion of the adjoining floodplain which is necessary to contain and discharge the base flood flow without increasing the base flood elevation more than one foot. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1040 Fence.

“Fence” means a barrier for the purpose of enclosing space or separating lots, composed of:

A. Masonry or concrete walls, excluding retaining walls; or

B. Wood, metal or concrete posts connected by boards, rails, panels, wire or mesh. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1050 Financial guarantee.

“Financial guarantee” means a form of financial security posted to ensure timely and proper completion of improvements, compliance with this code or to warrant materials, workmanship of improvements, and design. Financial guarantees include assignments of funds, cash deposits, surety bonds, and other forms of financial security acceptable to the city manager. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1051 Fire or police facility.

“Fire or police facility” means a government establishment engaged in law enforcement or fire protection activities.

May include NAICS 92212 (Police Protection), 92215 (Parole Offices and Probation Offices), and 92216 (Fire Protection). [Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1052 First floor facades.

“First floor facades” means, for the purposes of determining priority design standards, the following categories of regulations when applied to the ground floor of buildings: ground floor facades, ground floor transparency and visibility, blank wall and side wall, and building materials. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1055 Fish habitat.

“Fish habitat” means habitat that is used by fish at any life stage at any time of the year, including potential habitat likely to be used by fish that could be recovered by restoration or management and off-channel habitat. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1060 Flood fringe.

“Flood fringe” means that portion of the floodplain outside of the zero-rise floodway which is covered by floodwaters during the base flood, generally associated with standing water rather than rapidly flowing water. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1070 Flood hazard areas.

“Flood hazard areas” means those areas in the City subject to inundation by the base flood and those areas subject to risk from channel relocation or stream meander including, but not limited to, streams, lakes, wetlands and closed depressions. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1080 Flood insurance rate map (FIRM).

“Flood insurance rate map (FIRM)” means the official map on which the Federal Insurance Administration has delineated some flood hazard areas. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1090 Flood insurance study for King County.

“Flood insurance study for King County” means the official report provided by the Federal Insurance Administration which includes flood profiles and the flood insurance rate map. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1100 Flood protection elevation.

“Flood protection elevation” means an elevation which is one foot above the base flood elevation. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1110 Floodplain.

“Floodplain” means the total area subject to inundation by the base flood. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1120 Floodproofing.

“Floodproofing” means adaptations which will make a structure that is below the flood protection elevation substantially impermeable to the passage of water and resistant to hydrostatic and hydrodynamic loads including the impacts of buoyancy. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1130 Floodway, zero-rise.

“Zero-rise floodway” means the channel of a stream and that portion of the adjoining floodplain which is necessary to contain and discharge the base flood flow without any measurable increase in flood height. A measurable increase in base flood height means a calculated upward rise in the base flood elevation, equal to or greater than 0.01 foot, resulting from a comparison of existing conditions and changed conditions directly attributable to development in the floodplain. This definition is broader than that of the FEMA floodway, but always includes the FEMA floodway. The boundaries of the 100-year floodplain, as shown on the flood insurance study for King County, are considered the boundaries of the zero-rise floodway unless otherwise delineated by a critical area special study. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1135 Floor area ratio (FAR).

“Floor area ratio (FAR)” means a measure of development intensity equal to the gross building floor area, divided by the site area. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1140 Florist shop.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1150 Forest practice.

“Forest practice” means any activity regulated by the Washington Department of Natural Resources in WAC Title 222 or Chapter 79.06 RCW for which a forest practice permit is required, together with:

A. Fire prevention, detection and suppression; and

B. Slash burning or removal. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1160 Forest product sales.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1170 Forest research.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1185 Functions and values.

“Functions and values” means the beneficial roles served by critical areas including, but not limited to, water quality protection and enhancement, fish and wildlife habitat, food chain support, flood storage, conveyance and attenuation, ground water recharge and discharge, erosion control, wave attenuation, protection from hazards, historical and archaeological and aesthetic value protection, and recreation. These beneficial roles are not listed in order of priority. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1187 Funeral home/crematory.

“Funeral home/crematory” means an establishment engaged in preparing the dead for burial or interment and conducting funerals.

May include NAICS 8122 (Death Care Services). [Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1190 Furniture and home furnishings store.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1200 General business service.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1202 General personal service use.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1203 General services land uses.

For purposes of Chapters 18.35 and 18.40 KMC, “general services land uses” means ambulatory surgery center; animal kennel/shelter; automotive service (except tire retreading); business service, intensive; cemetery, columbarium or mausoleum; day care; educational service; funeral home/crematory; health care and social assistance; hospital; laboratory; personal service; religious institution; and stable. [Ord. 17-0438 § 2 (Att. A); Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1205 Geologically hazardous areas.

“Geologically hazardous areas” means areas that may not be suited to development consistent with public health, safety or environmental standards because of their susceptibility to erosion, sliding, earthquake, or other geological events as designated by WAC 365-190-080(4). Types of geologically hazardous areas include: erosion, landslide, seismic, and other hazards. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1210 Geologist.

“Geologist” means a person who has earned at least a Bachelor of Science degree in the geological sciences from an accredited college or university or who has equivalent educational training and at least four years of professional experience. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1230 Golf course facility.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1233 Government/business services land uses.

For purposes of Chapters 18.35 and 18.40 KMC, “government/business services land uses” means air transportation service; business service, standard; construction and trade; fire or police facility; heavy equipment and truck repair; office; private stormwater management facility; public agency archive; public agency or utility yard; standalone parking; transportation; utility facility; vehicle or equipment rental; warehousing; and wholesale trade. [Ord. 17-0438 § 2 (Att. A); Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1235 Government facilities, City.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1240 Grade span.

“Grade span” means the categories into which a district groups its grades of students, i.e., elementary, middle or junior high school, and high school. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1250 Grading.

“Grading” means any excavation, filling, removing the duff layer or any combination thereof. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1260 Grazing area.

“Grazing area” means any open land area used to pasture livestock in which suitable forage is maintained over 80 percent of the area at all times of the year. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1270 Ground cover.

“Ground cover” means living plants designed to grow low to the ground (generally one foot or less) and intended to stabilize soils and protect against erosion. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1272 Ground floor.

“Ground floor” means the level of a building accessible from public walkways or public sidewalks that is typically at grade level. Building levels below ground are not considered ground floors. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1273 Grove.

“Grove” means a contiguous grouping of trees standing in close proximity, which form a continuous canopy and/or are mutually dependant. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1275 Hazard areas.

“Hazard areas” means areas designated as frequently flooded areas or geologically hazardous areas due to potential for erosion, landslide, seismic activity, or other geological condition. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1280 Hazardous household substance.

“Hazardous household substance” means a substance as defined in RCW 70.105.010. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1290 Hazardous liquid and gas transmission pipelines.

“Hazardous liquid and gas transmission pipelines” are as defined by RCW 81.88.040 and WAC 480-93-005. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1300 Hazardous substance.

“Hazardous substance” means a substance as defined in RCW 70.105.010. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1302 Health care and social assistance.

“Health care and social assistance” means an establishment or agency providing health care or social assistance. For purposes of this code, veterinary offices are considered a subclassification of this use.

May include NAICS 62 (Health Care and Social Assistance), except the following: 621493 (Freestanding Ambulatory Surgical and Emergency Centers), 621511 (Medical Laboratories), 621910 (Ambulance Services), 622 (Hospitals), 623 (Nursing and Residential Care Facilities), and 6244 (Child Day Care Services). May include 54194 (Veterinary Services). [Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1305 Health services, miscellaneous.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1307 Hearing examiner.

“Hearing examiner” means the hearing examiner as established by Chapter 19.30 KMC. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1310 Heavy equipment and truck repair.

“Heavy equipment and truck repair” means the repair and maintenance of self-powered, self-propelled or towed mechanical devices, equipment and vehicles used for commercial purposes, such as tandem axle trucks, graders, backhoes, tractor trailers, cranes, and lifts, but excluding automobiles and pickup trucks under 10,000 pounds, recreational vehicles, boats and their trailers. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1320 Helistop.

“Helistop” means an area on a roof or on the ground used for the takeoff and landing of helicopters for the purpose of loading or unloading passengers or cargo but not including fueling service, hangars, maintenance or overhaul facilities. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1330 Historic resource.

“Historic resource” means a district, site, building, structure or object significant in national, State or local history, architecture, archaeology, and culture. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1350 Hobby, toy, game shop.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1360 Home industry.

“Home industry” means a limited-scale sales, service or fabrication activity undertaken for financial gain, which occurs in a dwelling unit or residential accessory building, or in a barn or other resource accessory building and is subordinate to the primary use of the site as a residence. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1370 Home occupation.

“Home occupation” means a limited-scale service or fabrication activity undertaken for financial gain, which occurs in a dwelling unit or accessory building and is subordinate to the primary use of the site as a residence. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1372 Hospital.

“Hospital” means an establishment with medical staff primarily engaged in providing inpatient medical, diagnostic and treatment services and/or emergency care services. Hospitals may also provide outpatient services as a secondary activity.

May include NAICS 622 (Hospitals), including 622210 (Psychiatric and Substance Abuse Hospitals). [Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1375 Hotel.

“Hotel” means a building or portion thereof designed or used for transient rental for sleeping purposes. Hotel structures are at least two stories in height, with lodging space above the first floor. Lodging space may also be located on the first floor. Individual rooms are typically accessed from a common hallway. A central kitchen and dining room and accessory shops and services catering to the general public may be provided. Not included in this definition are townhouses, apartments, bed and breakfasts, or motels. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1380 Household pets.

“Household pets” means small animals that are kept within a dwelling unit. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1381 Human-scaled elements.

“Human-scaled elements” means the perceived size of a building or space relative to the human body. Human-scaled elements such as doors, windows, bays, etc., have dimensions and proportions which respond to the size of a human body. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1382 Hydraulic project approval (HPA).

“Hydraulic project approval (HPA)” means a permit issued by the Washington State Department of Fish and Wildlife for modifications to waters of the State in accordance with Chapter 75.20 RCW. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1390 Hydroelectric generation facility.

“Hydroelectric generation facility” means an establishment for the generation of electricity using water sources. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1400 Impervious surface.

“Impervious surface” means a nonvegetated surface that either prevents or retards the entry of water into the soil mantle as under natural conditions prior to development, and/or that causes water to run off the surface in greater quantities or at an increased rate of flow from the flow present under natural conditions prior to development. Common impervious surfaces include, but are not limited to, roofs, walkways, patios, driveways, parking lots, storage areas, areas which are paved, graveled or made of packed or oiled earthen materials or other surfaces which similarly impede the natural infiltration of surface and stormwater. Impervious surface shall not include areas of turf, landscaping, or natural vegetation. Open uncovered flow control or water quality treatment facilities shall not be considered as impervious surfaces under this title, but shall be considered impervious surfaces for the purposes of runoff modeling. [Ord. 16-0428 § 13 (Att. I); Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1420 Individual transportation and taxi.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1430 Infiltration rate.

“Infiltration rate” means the rate of water entry into the soil expressed in inches per hour. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1435 In-kind.

“In-kind” means to replace critical areas with substitute areas whose characteristics and functions closely approximate those destroyed or degraded by a regulated activity. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1440 Interim recycling facility.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1470 Jail.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1480 Jail farm.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1490 Jewelry store.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1500 Joint use driveway.

“Joint use driveway” means a jointly owned and/or maintained vehicular access to two residential properties. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1510 Kennel.

“Kennel” means a place where adult dogs are temporarily boarded for compensation, whether or not for training. An adult dog is one of either sex, altered or unaltered, that has reached the age of six months. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1520 Kitchen or kitchen facility.

“Kitchen or kitchen facility” means an area within a building intended for the preparation and storage of food and containing:

A. An appliance for the refrigeration of food;

B. An appliance for the cooking or heating of food; and

C. A sink. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1525 Laboratory.

“Laboratory” means a standalone facility subject to biosafety or hazardous materials containment procedures in which research and experiments leading to the development of new products are conducted. This use may be associated with an institutional, clinical or commercial use.

May include NAICS 54138 (Testing Laboratories) and 621511 (Medical Laboratories). [Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1530 Landfill.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1540 Landscape water features.

“Landscape water features” means a pond, pool or fountain used as a decorative component of a development. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1550 Landscaping.

“Landscaping” means live vegetative materials required for a development. Said materials provided along the boundaries of a development site are referred to as perimeter landscaping. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1560 Landslide.

“Landslide” means episodic downslope movement of a mass including, but not limited to, soil, rock or snow. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1570 Landslide hazard areas.

“Landslide hazard areas” means areas that are potentially subject to risk of mass movement resulting from a combination of geologic, topographic, and hydrologic factors including: bedrock, soil, slope gradient, slope aspect, geologic structure, ground water, or other factors. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1575 Lattice tower.

“Lattice tower” means a tower consisting of a self-supporting, multiple-sided, open steel frame structure without guy wires and ground anchors. [Ord. 16-0426 § 4 (Att. B); Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1580 Level of service (LOS).

“Level of service (LOS)” means a measure of transportation system performance or completeness (by mode of travel) determined in accordance with Chapter 12.80 KMC. [Ord. 16-0420 § 4 (Exh. 2); Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1590 Light equipment.

“Light equipment” means hand-held tools and construction equipment, such as chain saws, wheelbarrows and post-hole diggers. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1600 Livestock.

“Livestock” means grazing animals kept either in open fields or structures for training, boarding, home use, sales, or breeding and production, including but not limited to:

A. Cattle;

B. Riding and draft horses;

C. Hogs, excluding pigs weighing under 120 pounds and standing 20 inches or less at the shoulder which are kept as household pets or small animals;

D. Sheep; and

E. Goats. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1610 Livestock, large.

“Large livestock” means cattle, horses, and other livestock generally weighing over 500 pounds. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1620 Livestock, small.

“Small livestock” means hogs, excluding pigs weighing under 120 pounds and standing 20 inches or less at the shoulder which are kept as household pets or small animals, sheep, goats, miniature horses, llamas, alpacas and other livestock generally weighing under 500 pounds. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1630 Livestock sales.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1640 Loading space.

“Loading space” means a space for the temporary parking of a vehicle while loading or unloading cargo or passengers. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1650 Log storage.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1660 Lot.

“Lot” means a physically separate and distinct parcel of property, which has been created pursuant to KMC Title 17, Land Division. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1670 Lot line, interior.

“Interior lot line” means lot lines that delineate property boundaries along those portions of the property which do not abut a street. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1671 Low impact development (LID).

“Low impact development (LID)” means a stormwater management and land development strategy that strives to mimic predisturbance hydrologic processes of infiltration, filtration, storage, evaporation and transpiration by emphasizing conservation, use of on-site natural features, site planning, and distributed stormwater management practices that are integrated into a project design. [Ord. 16-0428 § 13 (Att. I); Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1675 Manufactured home.

“Manufactured home” is defined under WAC 296-150M-0020. The term “manufactured home” does not include a “recreational vehicle.” [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1676 Manufacturing, heavy.

“Heavy manufacturing” means an establishment engaged in the mechanical, physical, or chemical transformation of materials, substances, or components into new products that is likely to generate levels of truck traffic, noise, pollution, vibration, dust, fumes, odors, radiation, poisons, pesticides, or other hazardous materials, fire or explosion hazards, or other undesirable conditions that would be injurious to health or offensive to the senses, or would be an obstruction to the free use of surrounding property and essentially interfere with the comfortable enjoyment of life and property. Heavy manufacturing facilities use larger quantities of raw materials and may require significant outdoor storage. Examples include concrete manufacture, asphalt batch plants, mass production of commercial or recreational vehicles or large machinery, production of industrial organic and inorganic chemicals, animal slaughtering, and refining, extruding, rolling, or drawing of ferrous or nonferrous metals.

May include NAICS Sectors 31 – 33 (Manufacturing). Also may include NAICS 54171 (Research and Development in the Physical, Engineering and Life Sciences). [Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1677 Manufacturing, light.

“Light manufacturing” means an establishment engaged in the mechanical, physical, or chemical transformation of materials, substances, or components into new products that is of a lower intensity and cleaner than heavy manufacturing establishments. Light manufacturing facilities do not generate noise, particulate matter, vibration, smoke, dust, gas, fumes, odors, radiation, or other nuisances that would be injurious to health or offensive to the senses, or would be an obstruction to the free use of surrounding property and essentially interfere with the comfortable enjoyment of life and property. Light manufacturing facilities require only a small amount of raw materials, area and power to produce items of relatively high value per unit weight. Examples include manufacture of clothes, jewelry, food, blown glass, furniture, computer hardware and software, medical instrumentation, consumer electronics, and winery/brewery, as well as research and development facilities and biotechnology.

May include NAICS Sectors 31 – 33 (Manufacturing). Also may include NAICS 54171 (Research and Development in the Physical, Engineering and Life Sciences). [Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1678 Manufacturing land uses.

For purposes of Chapters 18.35 and 18.40 KMC, “manufacturing land uses” means manufacturing, heavy; manufacturing, light; marijuana processor; and tire retreading. [Ord. 17-0438 § 2 (Att. A); Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1); Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1). Formerly 18.20.1677]

18.20.1679.1 Marijuana.

“Marijuana” means marijuana as defined in RCW 69.50.101. [Ord. 14-0384 § 4.]

18.20.1679.2 Marijuana business.

“Marijuana business” means a marijuana producer, marijuana processor, marijuana researcher, or marijuana retailer. Marijuana business does not include a marijuana cooperative as defined in KMC 18.20.1679.2.5. [Ord. 16-0421 § 2 (Att. A); Ord. 14-0384 § 4.]

18.20.1679.2.5 Marijuana cooperative.

“Marijuana cooperative” means a cooperative of no more than four qualifying patients or designated providers sharing responsibility for acquiring and supplying the resources needed to produce and process marijuana only for the medical use of members of the cooperative, as described under Chapter 69.51A RCW. [Ord. 16-0421 § 2 (Att. A).]

18.20.1679.3 Marijuana processor.

“Marijuana processor” means a marijuana processor as defined in RCW 69.50.101. [Ord. 14-0384 § 4.]

18.20.1679.4 Marijuana producer.

“Marijuana producer” means a marijuana producer as defined in RCW 69.50.101. [Ord. 14-0384 § 4.]

18.20.1679.4.5 Marijuana researcher.

“Marijuana researcher” means a person licensed by the Washington State Liquor and Cannabis Board to produce, process, and possess marijuana for the purposes of conducting research on marijuana and marijuana-derived drug products. [Ord. 16-0421 § 2 (Att. A).]

18.20.1679.5 Marijuana retailer.

“Marijuana retailer” means a marijuana retailer as defined in RCW 69.50.101. [Ord. 14-0384 § 4.]

18.20.1680 Marina.

“Marina” means an establishment providing docking, moorage space and related activities limited to the provisioning or minor repair of pleasure boats and yachts; and accessory facilities including, but not limited to:

A. Showers;

B. Toilets; and

C. Self-service laundries. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1683 Mass wasting.

“Mass wasting” means the spontaneous downhill movement of soil and/or rock under the influence of gravity. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1685 Master plan.

A “master plan” consists of a narrative description and map conceptually describing long-term land uses, circulation and infrastructure, open space, and development phasing for an area or property to guide future development. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1695 Medical/dental office/outpatient clinic.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1700 Microwave.

Repealed by Ord. 16-0426. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1705 Miscellaneous repair.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1710 Mitigation.

“Mitigation” means the use of any or all of the following actions listed in descending order of preference:

A. Avoiding the impact by not taking a certain action;

B. Minimizing the impact by limiting the degree or magnitude of the action by using appropriate technology or by taking affirmative steps to avoid or reduce the impact;

C. Rectifying the impact by repairing, rehabilitating or restoring the affected critical area or buffer;

D. Reducing or eliminating the impact over time by preservation or maintenance operations during the life of the development proposal;

E. Compensating for the impact by replacing, enhancing or providing substitute critical areas and environments; and

F. Monitoring the impact and taking appropriate corrective measures. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1720 Mitigation bank.

“Mitigation bank” means a property that has been protected in perpetuity, and approved by appropriate county, State and federal agencies expressly for the purpose of providing compensatory mitigation in advance of authorized impacts through restoration, creation, and/or enhancement of wetlands, and, in exceptional circumstances, preservation of adjacent wetlands, wetland buffers, and/or other aquatic resources. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1730 Mitigation banking.

“Mitigation banking” means a system for providing compensatory mitigation in advance of authorized wetland impacts of development in the City in which credits are generated through restoration, creation, and/or enhancement of wetlands, and, in exceptional circumstances, preservation of adjacent wetlands, wetland buffers, and/or other aquatic resources. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1740 Mixed use development.

“Mixed use development” means a combination of residential and nonresidential uses within the same building or site as part of an integrated development project with functional interrelationships and coherent physical design. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1745 Mobile food vendor.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1747 Mobile food service.

“Mobile food service” means an establishment engaged in preparing and serving meals and snacks for immediate consumption from motorized vehicles or nonmotorized carts.

May include NAICS Sector 72233 (Mobile Food Services). [Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1750 Mobile home.

“Mobile home” is defined under WAC 296-150M-0020. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1760 Mobile home park.

“Mobile home park” means a development with two or more improved pads or spaces designed to accommodate mobile homes, manufactured homes, or designated manufactured homes. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1761 Mobility unit.

A “mobility unit” means one PM peak hour person trip end. Each person trip has two trip ends, one each at the origin and destination. [Ord. 16-0420 § 4 (Exh. 2).]

18.20.1762 Modification.

Repealed by Ord. 16-0426. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1765 Modulation.

“Modulation” means variations in a building facade through the use of setbacks, upper level stepbacks, and/or projections from the building which serve to break up the apparent mass and bulk of a building. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1770 Monitoring.

For purposes of Chapter 18.55 KMC, “monitoring” means evaluating the impacts of development proposals on the biological, hydrological, and geological elements of critical areas and assessing the performance of required mitigation measures throughout the collection and analysis of data by various methods. Monitoring serves the purpose of understanding and documenting changes in natural ecosystems and features, and includes gathering baseline data. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1775 Monopole tower.

Repealed by Ord. 16-0426. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1785 Motel.

“Motel” means a building or group of detached or connected buildings designed or used primarily for providing sleeping accommodations for automobile travelers and typically having a parking space adjacent to a sleeping accommodation. This definition excludes townhouses, apartments, bed and breakfast guesthouses, and hotels. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1790 Motor vehicle and boat dealers.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1800 Motor vehicle and bicycle manufacturing.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1810 Mulch.

“Mulch” means any material such as leaves, bark, or straw left loose and applied to the soil surface to reduce evaporation. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1820 Municipal water production.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1830 Native vegetation.

“Native vegetation” means vegetation comprised of plant species, other than noxious weeds, which are indigenous to the coastal region of the Pacific Northwest and which reasonably could have been expected to naturally occur on the site. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1840 Negative externality.

“Negative externality” means a cost, burden, or undesirable physical impact on persons or property outside the property from which the negative externality is generated. Negative externalities shall include, without limitation, noise, odors, pollution, dust, fumes, vibration, and hazardous substances. [Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1850 Net buildable area.

“Net buildable area” means the “site area” less the following areas:

A. Areas within or on the perimeter of a project site which are required to be dedicated for public rights-of-way;

B. Critical areas and their buffers to the extent they are required by the City to remain undeveloped;

C. Areas required for stormwater control facilities other than facilities which are completely underground, including, but not limited to, retention/detention ponds, biofiltration swales and setbacks from such ponds and swales;

D. Areas required by the City to be dedicated or reserved as on-site recreation areas;

E. Regional utility corridors;

F. Other areas, excluding setbacks, required by the City to remain undeveloped. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1860 Nonconformance.

“Nonconformance” means any use, improvement or structure established in conformance with the City rules and regulations in effect at the time of establishment that no longer conforms to the range of uses permitted in the site’s current zone or to the current development standards of the code due to changes in the code or its application to the subject property. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1870 Nonhydroelectric generation facility.

“Nonhydroelectric generation facility” means an establishment for the generation of electricity by nuclear reaction, burning fossil fuels, or other electricity generation methods. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1875 Nonindigenous.

“Nonindigenous” means any species of plants or animals not native to the Puget Sound region. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1880 Nonionizing electromagnetic radiation (NIER).

“Nonionizing electromagnetic radiation (NIER)” means electromagnetic radiation of low photon energy unable to cause ionization. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1890 Noxious weed.

“Noxious weed” means any plant which is highly destructive, competitive or difficult to control by cultural or chemical practices, limited to those plants on the State noxious weed list contained in Chapter 16-750 WAC. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1900 Off-street required parking lot.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1905 Office.

“Office” means a place of employment for professional or administrative staff which does not include outside storage, or fabrication or on-site sale or transfer of commodities. Types of offices include, but are not limited to, accounting; architectural; engineering; banking; consulting; management; administrative; secretarial; marketing or advertising; personnel; sales offices where no inventories or goods are available on the premises; real estate; insurance; travel agent; brokerage; computer programming; or other similar services. Office does not include medical offices which are classified as a health care and social assistance land use.

May include NAICS Sector 51 (Information), except the following: 512 (Motion Picture and Sound Recording Industries), 515 (Broadcasting), 517 (Telecommunications), 518 (Data Processing, Hosting and Related Services), and 51912 (Libraries and Archives). May include Sectors 52 (Finance and Insurance) and 53 (Real Estate Rental and Leasing), except the following: 53113 (Lessors of Miniwarehouses and Self-Storage Units), 5321 (Automotive Equipment Rental and Leasing), 5322 (Consumer Goods Rental), 5323 (General Rental Centers), and 5324 (Commercial and Industrial Machinery and Equipment Rental and Leasing). May include Sector 54 (Professional, Scientific and Technical Services), except the following: 54135 (Building Inspection Services), 54138 (Testing Laboratories), 54171 (Research and Development in the Physical, Engineering and Life Sciences), 54186 (Direct Mail Advertising), 54192 (Photographic Services), and 54194 (Veterinary Services). May include Sector 55 (Management of Companies and Enterprises) and 56151 (Travel Agencies). May include 8132 (Grantmaking and Giving Services), 8133 (Social Advocacy Organizations), 8139 (Business, Professional, Labor, Political, and Similar Organizations), and Sector 92 (Public Administration), except the following: 92212 (Police Protection), 92214 (Correctional Institutions), 92215 (Parole Offices and Probation Offices), and 92216 (Fire Protection). [Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1910 Open space.

“Open space” means areas left predominately in a natural state to create urban separators and greenbelts, sustain native ecosystems, connect and increase protective buffers for critical areas, provide a visual contrast to continuous development, reinforce community identity and aesthetics, or provide links between important environmental or recreational resources. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1920 Open-work fence.

“Open-work fence” means a fence in which the solid portions are evenly distributed and constitute no more than 50 percent of the total surface area. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1930 Ordinary high water mark.

“Ordinary high water mark” means the mark found by examining the bed and banks of a stream or lake and ascertaining where the presence and action of waters are so common and long maintained in ordinary years as to mark upon the soil a vegetative character distinct from that of the abutting upland. In any area where the ordinary high water mark cannot be found, the line of mean high water shall substitute. In any area where neither can be found, the top of the channel bank shall substitute. In braided channels and alluvial fans, the ordinary high water mark or line of mean high water shall be measured so as to include the entire stream feature. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1940 Outdoor performance center.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1945 Outdoor retail display/sidewalk sale.

“Outdoor retail display/sidewalk sale” means exhibit of goods which are directly accessible to the public for retail sale. These display areas are accessory to the principal indoor retail use. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1960 Park.

“Park” means a site designed or developed for recreational use by the public including, but not limited to:

A. Indoor facilities, such as:

1. Gymnasiums;

2. Swimming pools; or

3. Activity centers;

B. Outdoor facilities, such as:

1. Playfields;

2. Fishing areas;

3. Picnic and related outdoor activity areas;

C. Areas and trails for:

1. Hikers;

2. Equestrians;

3. Bicyclists;

D. Areas provided under KMC 18.30.130 or Chapter 20.47 KMC;

E. Facilities for on-site maintenance. [Ord. 18-0463 § 3 (Exh. 2); Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1); Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.1995 Parking management plan.

“Parking management plan” means a plan developed by a property owner or applicant that clearly identifies the short- and long-term parking management methods used to ensure that on-site parking provided on a property is adequate to meet anticipated parking demands. Parking management methods can include but are not limited to transportation demand methods that include on-site parking enforcement, signage, and parking fees. [Ord. 15-0406 § 1 (Att. A).]

18.20.2000 Parking space.

“Parking space” means an area accessible to vehicles, improved, maintained and used for the sole purpose of parking a motor vehicle. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2030 Peak hour.

“Peak hour” means the hour during the morning or afternoon when the most critical level of service occurs for a particular roadway or intersection. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2035 Pedestrian walkway.

“Pedestrian walkway” means a public walkway that connects public streets to other streets, walkways, public spaces, or drives. Public walkways should be lit for nighttime use and be aligned for maximum nighttime visibility. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2040 Permanent school facilities.

“Permanent school facilities” means facilities of a school district with a fixed foundation which are not relocatable facilities. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2050 Personal medical supply store.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2055 Personal service.

“Personal service” means an establishment primarily engaged in providing services to individuals, such as beauty and barber shops, retail laundry and drycleaning including coin-operated, clothing alterations and repair, diaper services, carpet and upholstery cleaning services, photo studios, shoe repair, pet grooming, and repair of personal or household items. This definition excludes automotive repair and service.

May include NAICS 5322 (Consumer Goods Rental), 5323 (General Rental Center), 541921 (Photo Studios), 811211 (Consumer Electronics Repair and Maintenance), and 8114 (Personal and Household Goods Repair and Maintenance). May include 812 (Personal and Laundry Services) except the following: 8122 (Death Care Services), 812332 (Industrial Launderers), and 81293 (Parking Lots and Garages). [Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2060 Pet shop.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2070 Photographic and electronic shop.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2102 Practical alternative.

“Practical alternative” means an alternative that is available and capable of being carried out after taking into consideration cost, existing technology, and logistics in light of overall project purposes, and has less impacts to critical areas. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2104 Priority habitat.

“Priority habitat” means a habitat type or elements with unique or significant value to one or more species as classified by the Washington State Department of Fish and Wildlife. A priority habitat may consist of a unique vegetation type or dominant plant species, a described successional stage, or a specific structural element. (WAC 173-26-020(34)). [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2110 Private.

“Private” means solely or primarily for the use of residents or occupants of the premises; e.g., a noncommercial garage used solely by residents or their guests is a private garage. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2120 Private stormwater management facility.

“Private stormwater management facility” means a surface water control structure installed by a project proponent to retain, detain or otherwise limit runoff from an individual or group of developed sites specifically served by such structure. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2130 Professional office.

“Professional office” means an office used as a place of business by licensed professionals, or persons in other generally recognized professions, which use training or knowledge of a technical, scientific or other academic discipline as opposed to manual skills, and which does not involve outside storage or fabrication, or on-site sale or transfer of commodities. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2135 Pro shop.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2140 Public agency.

“Public agency” means any agency, political subdivision or unit of government including, but not limited to, municipal corporations, special purpose districts and local service districts, any agency of the State of Washington, the United States or any state thereof or any Indian tribe recognized as such by the federal government. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2150 Public agency animal control facility.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2160 Public agency archive.

“Public agency archive” means a facility for the enclosed storage of public agency documents or related materials, excluding storage of vehicles, equipment, or similar materials. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2170 Public agency or utility office.

“Public agency or utility office” means an office for the administration of any governmental or utility activity or program, with no outdoor storage. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2180 Public agency or utility yard.

“Public agency or utility yard” means a facility for open or enclosed storage, repair, and maintenance of vehicles, equipment, or related materials, excluding document storage. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2190 Public agency training facility.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2195 Public space/public open space.

“Public space/public open space” means an open space or plaza in an area between a building and a street or pedestrian walkway where people gather or sit. Public spaces are open for public use during the daytime and evening and are visible from adjacent streets. Public spaces contain site furnishings, artwork, landscaping, pedestrian lighting, and other amenities which make the space comfortable and inviting. Public spaces may be government owned or dedicated property or areas open to all persons by design or intent. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2202 Public view.

“Public view” means areas which are visible from adjacent public streets, walkways, or public spaces. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2205 Qualified professional.

“Qualified professional” means a person with experience and training in the pertinent scientific discipline, and who is a qualified scientific expert with expertise appropriate for the relevant critical area subject in accordance with WAC 365-195-905(4). A qualified professional must have obtained a B.S. or B.A. or equivalent degree in biology, engineering, environmental studies, fisheries, geology, geomorphology or a related field, and have two years of related work experience.

A. A qualified professional for habitats or wetlands must have a degree in biology and professional experience related to the subject species;

B. A qualified professional for a geological hazard must be a professional engineer or geologist licensed in the State of Washington. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2207 Qualified tree protection professional.

“Qualified tree protection professional” means a licensed professional with academic and/or field experience that makes her or him a recognized expert in tree preservation and management. The tree protection professional shall be an arborist certified by the International Society of Arboriculture or be an arborist registered with the American Society of Consulting Arborists, and shall have specific experience with tree management in the State of Washington. A qualified tree protection professional must possess the ability to evaluate the health and hazard potential of existing trees, and the ability to prescribe appropriate measures necessary for the preservation of trees during development. [Ord. 15-0409 § 1 (Att. A); Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2210 Radio frequency.

“Radio frequency” means the number of times the current from a given source of nonionizing electromagnetic radiation changes from a maximum positive level through a maximum negative level and back to a maximum positive level in one second; measured in cycles per second or Hertz (Hz). [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2220 Reasonable use.

“Reasonable use” means a legal concept articulated by federal and State courts in regulatory taking cases. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2230 Receiving site.

“Receiving site” means land for which allowable residential density is increased over the base density permitted by the underlying zone, by virtue of permanently securing and dedicating to the City, or another qualifying agency, the development potential of an associated sending site. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2231 Reclassification.

“Reclassification” means a change in the zone classification on the zoning map pursuant to a Type 4 land use permit decision, where the reclassification is not related to a comprehensive plan land use map amendment. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2232 Recreational/cultural land uses.

For purposes of Chapters 18.35 and 18.40 KMC, “recreational/cultural land uses” means adult entertainment business; arts, entertainment, indoor; arts, entertainment, outdoor; park; recreational facility, indoor; recreational facility, outdoor; and trail. [Ord. 17-0438 § 2 (Att. A); Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2234 Recreational facility, indoor.

“Indoor recreational facility” means an establishment that provides facilities or services for recreational uses inside a building. Indoor recreational facility includes such uses as clubhouses, gyms, indoor swimming pools, and fitness and bowling centers.

May include NAICS 61162 (Sports and Recreation Instruction), 711211 (Sports Teams and Clubs), 71312 (Amusement Arcades), and 7139 (Other Amusement and Recreation Industries). [Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1); Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2237 Recreational facility, outdoor.

“Outdoor recreational facility” means an establishment that provides facilities or services for recreational uses outside a building. Outdoor recreational facility includes such uses as outdoor tennis courts, outdoor swimming pools, batting cages, miniature golf courses, golf driving ranges, marinas, boat launches, campgrounds, and RV parks.

May include NAICS 61162 (Sports and Recreation Instruction), 711211 (Sports Teams and Clubs), 7139 (Other Amusement and Recreation Industries), and 7212 (RV/Recreational Vehicle Parks and Recreational Camps). [Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1); Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2240 Recreational vehicle (RV).

“Recreational vehicle (RV)” means a vehicle designed primarily for recreational camping, travel or seasonal use which has its own motive power or is mounted on or towed by another vehicle, including but not limited to:

A. Travel trailer;

B. Folding camping trailer;

C. Park trailer;

D. Truck camper;

E. Park trailer;

F. Motor home; and

G. Multi-use vehicle. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2250 Recreational vehicle parks.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2260 Recyclable material.

“Recyclable material” means a nontoxic, recoverable substance that can be reprocessed for the manufacture of new products. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2265 Regional land use.

“Regional land use” means an airport, ferry terminal, park and ride lot, transfer station, racetrack, stadium/arena, or other land use of a regional nature that may be difficult to site. Regional land use includes essential public facilities, as defined in RCW 36.70A.200, if not otherwise defined in this title.

May include NAICS Sector 22 (Utilities), 411 (Air Transportation), and 4881 (Support Activities for Air Transportation). May include 562 (Waste Management Remediation Service) except 56299 (All Other Waste Management Services). May include 7112 (Spectator Sports) except 711211 (Sports Teams and Clubs). May include 713110 (Amusement and Theme Parks) and 71391 (Golf Courses and Country Clubs). [Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2275 Regional land uses.

For purposes of Chapter 18.40 KMC, “regional land uses” means college/university; conference center; hydroelectric generation facility; nonhydroelectric generation facility; regional land use; resource land use; secure facility; transit bus base; school bus base; and wireless communication facility. [Ord. 17-0438 § 2 (Att. A); Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2280 Regional stormwater management facility.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2290 Regional utility corridor.

“Regional utility corridor” means a right-of-way tract or easement other than a street right-of-way which contains transmission lines or pipelines for utility companies. Right-of-way tracts or easements containing lines serving individual lots or developments are not regional utility corridors. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2295 Religious institution.

“Religious institution” means a place where religious services are conducted, including accessory uses in the primary or accessory buildings such as religious education, reading rooms, assembly rooms, and residences for nuns and clergy. This definition does not include facilities for training of religious orders.

May include NAICS 8131 (Religious Organizations). [Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2310 Relocatable facility.

“Relocatable facility” means any factory-built structure, transportable in one or more sections, that is designed to be used as an education space and is needed to prevent the overbuilding of school facilities, to meet the needs of service areas within a district or to cover the gap between the time that families move into new residential developments and the date that construction is completed on permanent school facilities. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2320 Relocation facilities.

“Relocation facilities” means housing units within the City that provide housing to persons who have been involuntarily displaced from other housing units within the City as a result of conversion of their housing unit to other land uses. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2325 Residential land uses.

For purposes of Chapters 18.35 and 18.40 KMC, “residential land uses” means community residential facility; family child-care home; manufactured home; mobile home; mobile home park; multiple-family dwelling; single detached dwelling unit; supportive living facility; and temporary lodging. [Ord. 17-0438 § 2 (Att. A); Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2326 Resource land use.

“Resource land use” means a production use on agricultural, forest, aquatic, or mineral lands, including farming, timber production, and mining.

May include NAICS Sectors 11 (Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting) and 21 (Mining). [Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2327 Resource land uses.

For purposes of Chapter 18.40 KMC, “resource land uses” means resource land use and marijuana producer. [Ord. 17-0438 § 2 (Att. A); Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2330 Restoration.

“Restoration” means measures taken to restore an altered or damaged natural feature including:

A. Active steps taken to restore damaged wetlands, streams, protected habitat, or their buffers to the functioning condition that existed prior to an unauthorized alteration; and

B. Actions performed to reestablish structural and functional characteristics of the critical area that have been lost by alteration, past management activities, or catastrophic events. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2350 Retail, comparison.

Repealed by Ord. 14-0391. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2362 Retail land uses.

For purposes of Chapters 18.35 and 18.40 KMC, “retail land uses” means auction house; automotive sales; eating and drinking place; marijuana retailer; mobile food service; retail sales; retail sales, bulk; and vehicle refueling station. [Ord. 17-0438 § 2 (Att. A); Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2364 Retail sales.

“Retail sales” means an establishment within a permanent structure of less than 65,000 square feet engaged in selling goods or merchandise to the general public for personal or household consumption and rendering services incidental to the sale of such goods. This definition excludes auction houses, automotive sales and service, sales of automotive parts if service, repair or installation are provided on site, bulk retail sales, and eating and drinking places.

May include NAICS Sectors 44 – 45 (Retail Trade), except the following: 4411 (Automobile Dealers), 4412 (Other Motor Vehicle Dealers), 44132 (Tire Dealers), 447 (Gasoline Stations), 45291 (Warehouse Clubs and Superstores), 45393 (Manufactured/Mobile Home Dealers), and 45431 (Fuel Dealers). [Ord. 17-0438 § 2 (Att. A); Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1); Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2365 Retail sales, bulk.

“Bulk retail sales” means a singular indoor “big box” retail business that occupies more than 65,000 square feet of gross floor area, typically requires high parking to building area ratios, and has a regional sales market. Bulk retail sales can include, but is not limited to, membership warehouse clubs that emphasize bulk sales, discount stores and department stores.

May include NAICS 45291 (Warehouse Clubs and Superstores). [Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2367 Retail sales, outdoor.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2370 Retaining wall.

“Retaining wall” means any wall used to resist the lateral displacement of any material. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2375 Riparian.

“Riparian” means areas adjacent to aquatic systems with flowing water that contain elements of both aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems that mutually influence each other. The width of these areas extends to that portion of the terrestrial landscape that directly influences the aquatic ecosystem by providing shade, fine or large woody material, nutrients, organic and inorganic debris, terrestrial insects, or habitat for riparian-associated wildlife. Widths shall be measured from the ordinary high water mark or from the top of bank if the ordinary high water mark cannot be identified. It includes the entire extent of the floodplain and the extent of vegetation adapted to wet conditions as well as adjacent upland plant communities that directly influence the aquatic system. Riparian habitat areas include those riparian areas severely altered or damaged due to human development activities. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2410 Salmonid.

“Salmonid” means a member of the fish family Salmonidae, such as Chinook, coho, chum, sockeye salmon, bull trout and cutthroat trout. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2415 Satellite dish.

“Satellite dish” means a type of antenna, typically in the shape of a shallow dish or cone, that transmits to and/or receives signals from an orbiting satellite. [Ord. 16-0426 § 4 (Att. B).]

18.20.2420 School bus base.

“School bus base” means an establishment for the storage, dispatch, repair and maintenance of coaches and other vehicles of a school transit system. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2430 School district.

“School district” means any school district in Kenmore. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2440 School district support facility.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2450 Schools, elementary and middle/junior high.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2460 Schools, secondary or high school.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2462 Section 404 permit.

“Section 404 permit” means a permit issued by the Corps of Engineers for the placement of dredge or fill material or clearing in waters of the U.S., including wetlands, in accordance with 33 USC Section 1344. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2465 Secure community transition facilities (SCTF).

“Secure community transition facility (SCTF)” means a residential facility for persons civilly committed and conditionally released to a less restrictive alternative under this chapter. A secure community transition facility has supervision and security, and either provides or ensures the provision of sex offender treatment services. Secure community transition facilities include but are not limited to the facilities established pursuant to RCW 71.09.250 and any community-based facilities established under this chapter and operated by the Secretary or under contract with the Secretary. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2468 Secure facility.

“Secure facility” means a jail, prison, secure community transition facility, or other similar facility for the confinement, correction, and rehabilitation of offenders. This definition includes facilities managed and operated by the government as well as those operated by nongovernmental entities under contract with the government.

May include NAICS 92214 (Correctional Institutions). [Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2470 Seismic hazard areas.

“Seismic hazard areas” means areas in the City that are subject to severe risk of damage as a result of earthquake-induced ground shaking, slope failure, settlement, or soil liquefaction. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2480 Self-service storage.

“Self-service storage” means an establishment containing separate storage spaces that are leased or rented as individual units. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2490 Sending site.

“Sending site” means land capable of providing a public benefit if permanently protected by virtue of having its zoned development potential transferred to another property. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2500 Senior citizen.

“Senior citizen” means a person aged 62 or older. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2524 Services, off-site.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2527 Services, on-site.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2530 Setback.

“Setback” means the required distance between a structure and a specified line such as a lot, easement or buffer line that is required to remain free of structures. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2540 Shelters for temporary placement.

“Shelters for temporary placement” means housing units within the City that provide housing to persons on a temporary basis for a duration not to exceed four weeks. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2550 Shooting range.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2560 Sign.

“Sign” means any device, structure, fixture, or placard that is visible from a public right-of-way or surrounding properties and uses graphics, symbols, or written copy for the purpose of advertising or identifying any establishment, product, goods, or service. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2570 Sign, awning.

“Awning sign” means a sign painted on or attached directly to and supported by an awning. An awning may be constructed of rigid or nonrigid materials and may be retractable or nonretractable. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2580 Sign, changing message center.

“Changing message center sign” means an electrically controlled sign that contains advertising messages which changes at intervals of three minutes or greater. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2590 Sign, community bulletin board.

“Community bulletin board sign” means a permanent sign used to notify the public of community events and public services, and which contains no commercial advertising. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2600 Sign, directional.

“Directional sign” means a sign designed to guide or direct pedestrian or vehicular traffic to an area, place or convenience, and may include incidental graphics such as trade names and trademarks. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2610 Sign, freestanding.

“Freestanding sign” means a sign standing directly upon the ground or having one or more supports standing directly upon the ground, and being detached from any building or fence. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2620 Sign, fuel price.

“Fuel price sign” means a sign utilized to advertise the price of gasoline and/or diesel fuel. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2630 Sign, incidental.

“Incidental sign” means a sign, emblem or decal designed to inform the public of goods, facilities, or services available on the premises, and may include but not be limited to signs designating:

A. Restrooms;

B. Hours of operation;

C. Acceptable credit cards;

D. Property ownership or management;

E. Phone booths; and

F. Recycling containers. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2640 Sign, indirectly illuminated.

“Indirectly illuminated sign” means a sign that is illuminated entirely from an external artificial source. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2650 Sign, monument.

“Monument sign” means a freestanding sign that is above ground level and is anchored to the ground by a solid base, with no open space between the sign and the ground. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2660 Sign, off-premises directional.

“Off-premises directional sign” means a sign which contains no advertising of a commercial nature which is used to direct pedestrian or vehicular traffic circulation to a facility, service or business located on other premises within 660 feet of the sign. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2670 Sign, on-premises.

“On-premises sign” means a sign which displays a message which is incidental to and directly associated with the use of the property on which it is located. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2680 Sign, permanent residential development identification.

“Permanent residential development identification sign” means a permanent sign identifying the residential development upon which the sign is located. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2690 Sign, portable.

“Portable sign” means a sign which is capable of being moved and is not permanently affixed to the ground, a structure or a building. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2700 Sign, projecting.

“Projecting sign” means any sign which is attached to and supported by the exterior wall of a building with the exposed face of the sign on a plane perpendicular to the wall of the building; projecting more than one foot from the wall of a building and vertical to the ground. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2710 Sign, time and temperature.

“Time and temperature sign” means an electrically controlled sign that contains messages for date, time, and temperature, which changes at intervals of one minute or less. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2720 Sign, wall.

“Wall sign” means any sign painted on, or attached directly to and supported by, a building or structure; with the exposed face of the sign on a plane parallel to the portion of the building or structure to which it is attached; projecting no more than one foot from the building or structure; including window signs which are permanently attached. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2730 Significant tree.

“Significant tree” means an existing healthy tree that is not a hazard tree (i.e., a tree that does not have a high probability of imminently falling due to a debilitating disease or structural defect) and that, when measured four and one-half feet above grade, has a minimum diameter of:

A. Eight inches for evergreen trees; or

B. Twelve inches for deciduous trees. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2740 Site.

“Site” means a single lot, or two or more contiguous lots that are under common ownership or documented legal control, used as a single parcel for a development proposal in order to calculate compliance with the standards and regulations of this title. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2750 Site area.

“Site area” means the total horizontal area of a project site, less areas below the ordinary high water mark. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2765 Small cell.

“Small cell” means a wireless communication facility that meets both of the following qualifications:

A. Each antenna is located inside an antenna enclosure of no more than three cubic feet in volume or, in the case of an antenna that has exposed elements, the antenna and all of its exposed elements could fit within an imaginary enclosure of no more than three cubic feet; and

B. Primary equipment enclosures are no larger than 17 cubic feet in volume. The following associated equipment may be located outside the primary equipment enclosure and if so located, is not included in the calculation of equipment volume: electric meter, concealment, telecomm demarcation box, ground-based enclosures, battery back-up power systems, grounding equipment, power transfer switch, and cut-off switch. [Ord. 17-0446 § 2 (Att. A); Ord. 16-0426 § 4 (Att. B).]

18.20.2782 Social card game.

“Social card game” is defined as set forth in RCW 9.46.0282, as now in effect or as may be subsequently amended or recodified. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2784 Social services.

“Social services” means establishments or agencies offering social or rehabilitation services. Subcategories include:

“Social services, correctional” that offer offender rehabilitation, offender self-help, parole or probation services; and

“Social services, noncorrectional” that provide services including, but not limited to, individual and family counseling, welfare, relief, referral, job training, or vocational services. “Social services, noncorrectional” includes social advocacy organizations. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2790 Soil recycling facility.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2810 Special use permit.

“Special use permit” means a permit granted by the City to locate a regional land use at a particular location, subject to conditions placed on the proposed use to ensure compatibility with adjacent land uses. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2820 Specialized instruction school.

“Specialized instruction school” means establishments engaged in providing specialized instruction in a designated field of study, rather than a full range of courses in unrelated areas; including, but not limited to:

A. Art;

B. Dance;

C. Music;

D. Cooking;

E. Driving; and

F. Pet obedience training. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2822 Species.

“Species” means any group of animals classified as a species or subspecies as commonly accepted by the scientific community. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2824 Species, endangered.

“Species, endangered” means any fish or wildlife species that is threatened with extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range and is listed by the State or federal government as an endangered species. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2826 Species, threatened.

“Species, threatened” means any fish or wildlife species that is likely to become an endangered species within the foreseeable future throughout a significant portion of its range without cooperative management or removal of threats, and is listed by the State or federal government as a threatened species. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2840 Sporting goods store.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2850 Sports club.

“Sports club” means an establishment engaged in operating physical fitness facilities and sports and recreation clubs. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2860 Stable.

“Stable” means a structure or facility in which horses or other livestock are kept for:

A. Boarding;

B. Training;

C. Riding lessons;

D. Breeding;

E. Rental; or

F. Personal use. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2865 Standalone parking.

“Standalone parking” means an establishment engaged in providing parking space for motor vehicles or boats, usually on an hourly, daily or monthly basis. Parking may be provided on a surface lot, in a garage or, in the case of boats, on a storage rack. Standalone parking does not include required parking associated with a use, authorized through a development application.

May include NAICS 81293 (Parking Lots and Garages). [Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2870 Standard of service, school districts.

“School districts standard of service” means the standard adopted by each school district which identifies the program year, the class size by grade span and taking into account the requirements of students with special needs, the number of school classrooms, the types of facilities the district believes will best serve its student population, and other factors as identified by the school district. The district’s standard of service shall not be adjusted for any portion of the classrooms housed in relocatable facilities which are used as transitional facilities or for any specialized facilities housed in relocatable facilities. Except as otherwise defined by the school board pursuant to a board resolution, transitional facilities shall mean those facilities that are used to cover the time required for the construction of permanent facilities; provided, that the “necessary financial commitments” as defined in Chapter 18.45 KMC are in place to complete the permanent facilities called for in the capital plan. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2884 Storage, indoor.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2887 Storage, outdoor.

“Outdoor storage” means the storage of materials outside of a completely enclosed building for more than 24 hours, including items for sale, lease, shipment, processing, maintenance or repair (including vehicles and equipment), and items used in business operations. [Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1); Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2890 Stream functions.

“Stream functions” means natural processes performed by streams including functions which are important in facilitating food chain production, providing habitat for nesting, rearing and resting sites for aquatic, terrestrial and avian species, maintaining the availability and quality of water, such as purifying water, acting as recharge and discharge areas for ground water aquifers, moderating surface and stormwater flows and maintaining the free flowing conveyance of water, sediments and other organic matter. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2900 Stream.

“Stream” means water contained within a channel, either perennial or intermittent, and classified according to WAC 222-16-030 or 222-16-031. Streams also include natural watercourses modified by man. Streams do not include irrigation ditches, wasteways, drains, outfalls, operational spillways, channels, stormwater runoff facilities or other wholly artificial watercourses, except those that directly result from the modification to a natural watercourse. Artificial drainage features with documented fish usage are regulated as streams. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2910 Street.

“Street” means a public or recorded private thoroughfare providing pedestrian and vehicular access through neighborhoods and communities and to abutting property. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2920 Street frontage.

“Street frontage” means any portion of a lot or combination of lots which directly abut a street. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2925 Street tree.

“Street tree” means trees located within the street right-of-way, adjacent to public or private streets, including undeveloped areas. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2930 Structure.

“Structure” means anything permanently constructed in or on the ground, or over the water; excluding fences eight feet or less in height, decks less than 18 inches above grade, paved areas, and structural or nonstructural fill. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2945 Subdrainage basin or sub-basin.

“Subdrainage basin” or “sub-basin” means the drainage area of the highest order stream containing the subject property impact area. “Stream order” is the term used to define the position of a stream in the hierarchy of tributaries in the watershed. The smallest streams are the highest order (first order) tributaries. These are the upper watershed streams and have no tributaries of their own. When two first order streams meet, they form a second order stream, and when two second order streams meet they become a third order stream, and so on. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2960 Substantial improvement.

“Substantial improvement” means any maintenance, repair, structural modification, addition or other improvement of a structure, the cost of which equals or exceeds 50 percent of the market value of the structure either before the maintenance, repair, modification or addition is started or before the damage occurred, if the structure has been damaged and is being restored. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2963 Supportive living facility.

“Supportive living facility” means an assisted living facility, continuing care facility, convalescent center, or nursing home. Supportive living facility does not include an adult family home, community residential facility, hospital, or secure facility.

May include NAICS 6231 (Nursing Care Facilities) and 6233 (Community Care Facilities for the Elderly). [Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2965 Taxi stand.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2968 Temporary lodging.

“Temporary lodging” means a hotel, motel, bed and breakfast guesthouse, or other facility providing temporary accommodations for travelers for compensation.

May include NAICS 721 (Accommodation), except 72112 (Casino Hotels) and 7212 (RV/Recreational Vehicle Parks and Recreational Camps). [Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2970 Theater.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2980 Theatrical production services.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.2990 Tower.

“Tower” means any wireless communications structure that is designed and constructed primarily for the purpose of supporting one or more antennas. “Tower” includes a lattice tower or monopole. “Tower” does not include a replacement utility pole or an amateur (ham) radio facility. [Ord. 16-0426 § 4 (Att. B).]

18.20.3000 Trails.

“Trails” means manmade pathways designed and intended for use by pedestrians, bicyclists, equestrians, and/or recreational users. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.3010 Transfer station.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.3020 Transit bus base.

“Transit bus base” means an establishment for the storage, dispatch, repair and maintenance of coaches and other vehicles of a public transit system. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.3023 Transit center.

“Transit center” means any facility designed for accommodating large numbers of public transportation passengers to wait, board, and disembark at the intersection of multiple transit routes. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.3030 Transitional housing facilities.

“Transitional housing facilities” means housing units within the City owned by public housing authorities, nonprofit organizations or other public interest groups that provide housing to persons on a temporary basis for a duration not to exceed 24 months in conjunction with job training, self sufficiency training, and human services counseling; the purpose of which is to help persons make the transition from homelessness to placement in permanent housing. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.3040 Transmission equipment.

Repealed by Ord. 16-0426. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.3060 Transmission support structure.

Repealed by Ord. 16-0426. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.3065 Transmission support structure, alternative.

Recodified to KMC 18.20.147 by Ord. 16-0426. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.3067 Transmission support structure, guyed.

Repealed by Ord. 16-0426. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.3070 Transmitter building.

Repealed by Ord. 16-0426. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.3075 Transportation.

“Transportation” means establishments providing transportation of passengers or cargo, such as taxi and limousine services, scenic and sightseeing transportation businesses, motor vehicle towing, trucking, shipping, or freight hauling businesses. This use includes related support activities, such as cargo handling and packing and crating of cargo. Transportation does not include air transportation service or airport (classified as a regional land use).

May include NAICS Sector 48 (Transportation and Warehousing), except the following: 481 (Air Transportation), 486 (Pipeline Transportation), 4881 (Support Activities for Air Transportation), and 493 (Warehousing and Storage). May include 62191 (Ambulance Services). [Ord. 17-0438 § 2 (Att. A); Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.3077 Transportation concurrency.

“Transportation concurrency” means the transportation improvements or strategies to accommodate the impacts of development are made concurrent with the development, as described in KMC 12.80.010(A). Transportation concurrency shall be measured by mobility units, comparing the amount of transportation capital facilities constructed or programmed in the next six years (mobility unit capacity) to the amount of mobility units that would be generated by new development (mobility unit demand). If the City’s mobility unit capacity is larger than the mobility units that would be generated by new development, then the transportation system will be deemed concurrent. [Ord. 16-0420 § 4 (Exh. 2).]

18.20.3082 Tree.

“Tree” means a self-supporting woody perennial plant characterized by one main stem or trunk of at least six inches d.b.h., or a multiple stemmed or trunk system with a definite crown, maturing at a height of at least 12 feet above ground level. The department shall determine whether any specific woody plant shall be considered a tree. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.3084 Tree, hazard.

“Hazard tree” means any tree with any structural defect, disease, damage, or combinations of these which make it subject to a high probability of failure which might cause damage to persons or property. A “hazard tree” includes, but is not limited to, any isolated tree(s) that have a high probability of failure due to low wind-firmness in post-construction conditions as determined by a qualified tree protection professional. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.3088 Tree, remove or removal.

“Remove” or “removal” with regard to trees means the act of removing a tree by digging up, cutting down, or any act which causes a tree to die within a period of three years from such act. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.3090 Tree windthrow.

“Tree windthrow” means the process of uprooting, breaking, and overthrowing of a tree by force of wind during a storm event. [Ord. 15-0409 § 2 (Att. B).]

18.20.3095 Unavoidable impact.

“Unavoidable impact” means adverse impacts to a critical area that remain after all appropriate and practicable avoidance and minimization have been achieved. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.3110 Use.

“Use” means activity or function carried out on an area of land, or in a building or structure located thereon. Any use subordinate or incidental to the primary use on a site is considered an accessory use. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.3111 Uses, classified.

“Uses, classified” means a use which appears in any list of permitted, conditional, accessory or prohibited uses in this title. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.3112 Uses, permitted.

“Uses, permitted” means land uses allowed outright within a zone. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.3114 Uses, prohibited.

“Uses, prohibited” means any land use not specifically enumerated or permitted as allowable in that district. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.3117 Uses, unclassified.

“Uses, unclassified” means a use which does not appear in any list of permitted, conditional, accessory, or prohibited uses in this title, but which is interpreted by the city manager as similar to a listed permitted, conditional, accessory, or prohibited use. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.3120 Utility facility.

“Utility facility” means a smaller-scale facility for the distribution or transmission of services to a limited area, including, but not limited to:

A. Telephone exchanges (not including communication facilities);

B. Water pumping or treatment stations or distribution systems;

C. Electrical substations;

D. Water storage reservoirs or tanks;

E. Stormwater management facilities;

F. Repealed by Ord. 14-0391.

G. Natural gas gate stations and limiting stations;

H. Propane, compressed natural gas and liquefied natural gas storage tanks serving multiple lots or uses from which fuel is distributed directly to individual users;

I. Sewer lift stations and wastewater treatment or distribution systems; and

J. Pipes, electrical wires and associated structural supports.

Utility facility does not include larger-scale regional facilities that are classified as a regional land use.

May include NAICS Sector 22 (Utilities). [Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1); Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.3130 Vactor waste.

“Vactor waste” means liquid or solid waste material collected from catch basins, retention/detention facilities or drainage pipes. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.3140 Vactor waste receiving facility.

“Vactor waste receiving facility” means a facility where vactor waste is brought for treatment and storage prior to final disposal. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.3150 Variance.

“Variance” means an adjustment in the application of standards of a zoning code to a particular property. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.3155 Variety store.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.3160 Vegetation.

“Vegetation” means any and all plant life growing at, below or above the soil surface. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.3165 Vehicle or equipment rental.

“Vehicle or equipment rental” means an establishment that provides vehicles, machinery or equipment to customers in return for a rental payment.

May include NAICS Sectors 5321 (Automotive Equipment Rental and Leasing), 5323 (General Rental Centers), and 5324 (Commercial and Industrial Machinery and Equipment Rental and Leasing). [Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.3168 Vehicle refueling station.

“Vehicle refueling station” means an establishment retailing automotive fuels, sometimes in combination with convenience store items.

May include NAICS 447 (Gasoline Stations). [Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.3170 Vocational school.

“Vocational school” means establishments offering training in a skill or trade to be pursued as a career. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.3180 Warehousing.

“Warehousing” means establishments providing warehousing and storage of goods, including standalone outdoor storage. Warehouses are distinguished from wholesale trade as warehouses do not sell goods.

May include NAICS Sector 49 (Transportation and Warehousing), except 491 (Postal Service) and 492 (Couriers and Messengers). May include 53113 (Lessors of Miniwarehouses and Self-Storage Units). [Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.3190 Warehousing and wholesale trade.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.3200 Wastewater treatment facility.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.3220 Water-dependent use.

“Water-dependent use” means a use or portion of a use that cannot exist in a location that is not adjacent to the water, but is dependent on the water by reason of the intrinsic nature of its operations. A use that can be carried out only on, in, or adjacent to water. Examples of water-dependent uses include ship cargo terminal loading areas; fishing; ferry and passenger terminals; barge loading, ship building, and dry docking facilities; marinas, moorage, and boat launching facilities; aquaculture; float plane operations; surface water intake; and sanitary sewer and storm drain outfalls. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.3225 Water resource inventory area (WRIA).

“Water resource inventory area (WRIA)” means one of 62 watersheds in the State of Washington, each composed of the drainage areas of a stream or streams, as established in Chapter 173-500 WAC as it existed on January 1, 1997. Kenmore is located in WRIA 8, Lake Washington/Cedar/Sammamish River. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.3227 Weather protection.

“Weather protection” means awnings, canopies, arcades or marquees which are permanently fixed to buildings and which cover the public sidewalks to provide protection from the weather for pedestrians. Weather protection should allow light and transparency into ground floor uses. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.3240 Wetland edge.

“Wetland edge” means the line delineating the outer edge of a wetland, consistent with the 1987 U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Wetlands Delineation Manual in use on January 1, 1995, by the United States Army Corps of Engineers and the United States Environmental Protection Agency as implemented through and consistent with the May 23, 1994, “Washington Regional Guidance on the 1987 Wetland Delineation Manual” document issued by the Corps of Engineers and the Environmental Protection Agency. When the State of Washington, Department of Ecology, adopts a manual as required pursuant to a new Section 11 of Engrossed Senate Bill 5776, wetlands regulated under development regulations shall be delineated pursuant to said manual. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.3250 Wetland, forested.

“Forested wetland” means a wetland which is characterized by woody vegetation at least 20 feet tall. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.3260 Wetland functions.

“Wetland functions” means natural processes performed by wetlands including functions which are important in facilitating food chain production, providing habitat for nesting, rearing and resting sites for aquatic, terrestrial and avian species, maintaining the availability and quality of water, acting as recharge and discharge areas for ground water aquifers and moderating surface and stormwater flows, as well as performing other functions including, but not limited to, those set forth in 33 CFR 320.4(b)(2), 1988. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.3280 Wetlands.

“Wetlands” means those areas that are inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation adapted for life in saturated soil conditions. Wetlands generally include swamps, marshes, bogs and similar areas. Wetlands do not include those artificial wetlands intentionally created from nonwetland sites, including, but not limited to, irrigation and drainage ditches, grass-lined swales, canals, detention facilities, wastewater treatment facilities, farm ponds, and landscape amenities, or those wetlands created after July 1, 1990, that were unintentionally created as a result of the construction of a road, street, or highway. Wetlands may include those artificial wetlands intentionally created from nonwetland areas to mitigate the conversion of wetlands. For identifying and delineating a wetland, local government shall use the Washington State Wetland Identification and Delineation Manual (1997). [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.3290 Wholesale trade.

“Wholesale trade” means an establishment that sell goods for resale by other wholesalers or retailers, capital or durable nonconsumer goods, or raw and intermediate material and supplies used in production. Wholesalers normally operate from a warehouse characterized by little or no display of merchandise. Neither the design nor the location of the premises is intended to solicit walk-in traffic.

May include NAICS Sector 42 (Wholesale Trade). [Ord. 14-0391 § 2 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.3300 Wildlife shelter.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.3305 Wind-firm.

“Wind-firm” means a tree which is capable of withstanding windstorms. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.3306 Wireless communication facility (WCF).

“Wireless communication facility” or “WCF” generally means an unmanned facility for the transmission and/or reception of radio frequency (RF) signals or other wireless communications, typically consisting of one or more antennas, a transmission or alternative transmission support structure, cables and other transmission equipment, and an equipment enclosure or cabinets. Wireless communication facility shall not include equipment intended solely for internal household or business use such as wireless modems, cellular signal boosters, or personal cellular cellspots. [Ord. 16-0426 § 4 (Att. B).]

18.20.3307 Wireless services.

Repealed by Ord. 16-0426. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.3310 Work release facility.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.3320 Wrecked, dismantled or inoperative vehicle.

“Wrecked, dismantled or inoperative vehicle” means a motor vehicle or the remains or remnant parts of a motor vehicle which is mechanically inoperative and cannot be made operative without the addition of vital parts or mechanisms or the application of a substantial amount of labor and is certified by the department as meeting at least three of the following requirements:

A. Is three years old or older;

B. Is extensively damaged, such damage including but not limited to any of the following: missing wheels, tires, motor, or transmission;

C. Is apparently inoperable;

D. Has an approximate fair market value equal only to the approximate value of the scrap in it. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.3330 Yard or organic waste processing.

Repealed by Ord. 17-0438. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]

18.20.3340 Zero-lot-line development.

“Zero-lot-line development” means a development that sites a building so that a wall is on the property boundary. Lot segregations for zero-lot-line development are discussed in KMC 17.20.125. [Ord. 11-0329 § 3 (Exh. 1).]