Chapter 7.01


7.01.010    Administration of utility billing.

7.01.020    Utility service applications.

7.01.030    Utility accounts.

7.01.040    Payments received.

7.01.050    Utility bills – Due date – Collection.

7.01.060    Remedies cumulative.

7.01.070    Lifeline utility rate.

*Cross reference(s) – Utility tax levied on telephone, gas, electric, garbage, water, sewer and drainage utilities, ch. 3.18; utilities clearing fund, § 3.40.1000.

State law reference(s) – Lien for utility services shall be as provided in RCW 35.21.290 et seq., RCW 35A.21.100; authority to provide utility service inside or outside city, RCW 35A.80.010; water and sewer facilities utilities act, RCW 35.91.010 et seq.; municipal utilities, RCW 35.92.010 et seq.; authority to charge for utility connections, RCW 35.92.025; environmental policies, RCW 43.21C.010 et seq.

7.01.010 Administration of utility billing.

The customer service manager of the city’s finance department shall be responsible for the billing of utility services and the administration and enforcement of utility accounts.

(Ord. No. 2371, § 2; Ord. No. 3181, § 1, 8-2-94; Ord. No. 3864, § 1, 12-11-07; Ord. No. 4280, § 1, 6-19-18)

7.01.020 Utility service applications.

All requests for utility service on established accounts shall be made to the customer service division of the finance department. The request shall be made by the owner or authorized agent of the property where service is requested. For new utility service, the application shall be made to the public works department for approval and then to the customer service division of the finance department. Whenever an application for utility service is made by an agent, the agent shall submit written authority from the property owner authorizing such agent to receive the utility service requested. An acknowledgment that the owner remains legally liable for all service shall be included in this written authority.

(Ord. No. 2371, § 1; Ord. No. 3181, § 1, 8-2-94; Ord. No. 3864, § 1, 12-11-07; Ord. No. 4280, § 1, 6-19-18)

7.01.030 Utility accounts.

All accounts for utility service shall be kept in the name of the property owner. As provided in RCW 35.21.217, a property owner or their designee may request that the account be billed to the tenant or property manager, and may also request that the owner receive a duplicate bill or any notice of a residential tenant’s delinquency. If the city provides a property owner or the owner’s designee with duplicates of the residential tenant utility service bills or notice that a tenant’s utility account is delinquent, the city shall notify the tenant that such duplicates have been provided to the owner. However, the owner remains liable for payment of all utility service as provided by law.

(Ord. No. 2371, § 1; Ord. No. 3864, § 1, 12-11-07; Ord. No. 4280, § 1, 6-19-18)

7.01.040 Payments received.

All money for the payment of utility bills shall be received by the finance customer service manager or designee.

(Ord. No. 2371, § 1; Ord. No. 3181, § 1, 8-2-94; Ord. No. 3864, § 1, 12-11-07; Ord. No. 4280, § 1, 6-19-18)

7.01.050 Utility bills – Due date – Collection.

A. Due date. All utility bills are due and payable in the office of the finance customer service manager within 15 days after the billing date appearing on the bill. Bills not paid within 21 days of the billing date shall be considered delinquent. If the twenty-first day falls on a legal holiday, Saturday, or Sunday, the first business day thereafter shall be considered the twenty-first day.

B. Delinquency – Water or sewerage service.

1. Initial delinquency notice. The city will provide written notice of initial delinquency in the customer’s subsequent monthly utility bill.

2. Shutoff notice. When a charge for water service or sewerage service, in accordance with subsection (C) of this section, is delinquent and has been provided an initial delinquency notice, water service shall be subject to shutoff upon seven calendar days’ notice to the customer. The city will provide written notice of pending shutoff to the customer by mail, door hanger, or other form, and a delinquent notice fee in the amount of $10 will be assessed against the account. The notice shall advise the customer of possible shutoff of utility service and the assessment of late payment or related fees added to the utility account if it remains delinquent. A fee schedule is on file with the customer service division of the finance department.

3. Multifamily rental units. As provided in RCW 35.21.217, if an occupied multiple residential rental unit receives utility service through a single utility account, if the utility account’s billing address is not the same as the service address of a residential rental property, or if the city has been notified that a tenant resides at the service address, the city shall make a good faith and reasonable effort to provide written notice to the service address of pending shutoff for nonpayment at least seven calendar days prior to disconnection.

4. Procedure. Water shutoff shall occur in accordance with this section and any regulations the finance customer service manager may promulgate consistent with this chapter. The following provisions apply to any shutoff of water service and shall be included in any shutoff notice:

a. The total payment due on the account to avoid shutoff of water service.

b. A shutoff charge of $45 will be assessed against all delinquent accounts appearing on the city’s final shutoff report.

c. Water service may not be restored until full payment of the delinquent account is received, including the shutoff fee.

d. A utility customer or property owner may appeal any charges included in a utility bill to the finance customer service manager. If an appeal to a water or sewerage bill is received by the customer service manager prior to the water shutoff date identified in the notice, water service will not be turned off during the appeal process. An appeal must be made in writing, must set forth the reasons why the bill is incorrect or otherwise not properly due and owing, and must be delivered to the customer service division of the finance department. The customer service manager should provide written notice of his or her decision on the appeal within 10 business days of the manager’s receipt of the appeal. That decision is final, and no additional appeal is available. If still applicable, that decision will identify the date on which water service will be shut off if the account is not brought current in a manner consistent with the decision.

5. Notice to property owner. Whenever water service is in the name of a tenant or property manager, and is subject to shutoff for delinquency, the finance customer service division will attempt to provide a duplicate delinquency notice to the owner of record shown on the account. Although a duplicate delinquent notice may be sent in accordance with this subsection, the $10 delinquent notice charge will not be assessed against the account a second time.

C. Sewerage – Delinquency.

1. System of sewerage. Pursuant to RCW 35.67.331 and KCC 7.06.010, the city’s sanitary sewage collection and disposal system (sewage) and the storm and surface water utility (drainage) are combined as a “system of sewerage” as that term is defined in RCW 35.67.010. In addition to the provisions of this chapter, delinquent and unpaid rates and charges for sewage and drainage service shall be subject to Chapter 35.67 RCW and subsection (C)(2) of this section.

2. Delinquent sewer service rates and charges – Lien and interest.

a. When a charge for sewerage service is delinquent, the city shall have a lien for delinquent and unpaid charges, plus penalties, which lien shall be made in accordance with RCW 35.67.210. Liens for sewerage service shall be effective for a period not to exceed 12 months of delinquent charges without the necessity of any writing or recording. In order to make such a lien effective for more than 12 months, the finance customer service manager shall file for recording in the office of the King County recorder a notice setting forth the amount of the delinquency, the name of the owner or reputed owner who owes the bill and the description of the lot, tract, or parcel to which such lien shall attach. For each lien recorded or released, the city shall assess against the sewerage account a fee in accordance with the fee schedule on file with the customer service division as payment of the city’s costs incurred in preparing and recording each lien or lien release. This fee is in addition to the actual fees charged to the city by King County to record or release a lien, which fees will also be assessed against the account. This lien may be foreclosed in an action filed in superior court pursuant to RCW 35.67.220.

b. Interest may be added to any delinquent and unpaid charge for sewer service in the maximum amount allowed by RCW 35.67.200.

3. Alternate collection procedure for delinquent sewerage service – Water shutoff. As an additional method of collecting the delinquent charges and concurrent method of enforcing the lien authorized by RCW 35.67.200, and in accordance with the provisions of this section, the city may shut off water service to the premises to which such sewerage service was furnished until the charges are paid and the delinquent account is brought current. The right to enforce the lien by cutting off and refusing water service shall be exercised in accordance with Chapter 35.67 RCW.

(Ord. No. 2547, § 3; Ord. No. 2657, § 1; Ord. No. 3181, § 1, 8-2-94; Ord. No. 3864, § 1, 12-11-07; Ord. No. 4280, § 1, 6-19-18)

7.01.060 Remedies cumulative.

The remedies set forth in KCC 7.01.050 are not meant to be exclusive and the city may use any alternate method of collecting delinquent charges that is available under common law or the laws of the state.

(Ord. No. 2547, § 3; Ord. No. 3864, § 1, 12-11-07; Ord. No. 4280, § 1, 6-19-18)

7.01.070 Lifeline utility rate.1

A utility rate reduction is available to low-income citizens who are 62 years of age or older, are unable to work due to a total and permanent disability, or provide care to their child that has a total and permanent disability.

A. Definitions.

1. For purposes of this section, low-income means a household of one or more individuals, the gross personal income for which all individuals living in the household does not exceed the income limits set annually by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (“HUD”) for housing assistance in Kent.

2. For purposes of this section, disabled means a person who has been determined to be permanently and totally disabled as defined by the Social Security Administration and who receives Social Security benefits or any other benefits for that disability from any governmental source.

B. Limitations. The following limitations apply to the lifeline utility rate program:

1. The rate reduction shall only apply to city of Kent water, sewer, and drainage charges that are billed at the single-family residential rate. The residence for which the rate reduction is requested must be the applicant’s principal place of residence.

2. The utility account should be in the name of the applicant.

3. No person may claim a rate reduction for more than one dwelling unit during the same billing period.

4. Only one rate reduction per utility will be given for each property.

C. Application process. To qualify for the lifeline rate reduction, persons eligible under this section must file an application with the customer service division of the city’s finance department. Applications may be made on behalf of a senior citizen by a family member or an authorized representative, and applications based on a permanent and total disability may be made on behalf of a child by a parent, legal guardian, or other authorized representative. The customer service manager may require applications and accompanying documentation to be submitted annually.

D. Processing and approval. Determination of eligibility shall be made by the city’s customer service manager, or their designee, based upon the information given in the eligible customer’s application. The customer service manager may determine acceptable forms of proof of tenancy, income, or disability, and such forms may include, but are not limited to, tax documents and Social Security documents. If timely received, and upon approval of the application, the applicant’s household will receive the reduced utility rate for water, sewer, and storm drainage utilities no later than the first day of the month following approval.

E. Any lifeline rate for solid waste, recyclable materials, or yard waste collection will be set by the terms of a contract between the city and a service provider.

F. The lifeline rate reductions shall be calculated as a percentage reduction from the single-family residential rates for water, sewer, and storm drainage. The lifeline rate reductions are as follows:


City Sewer

Storm Drainage




(Ord. No. 3779, § 1, 12-13-05; Ord. No. 3864, § 1, 12-11-07; Ord. No. 4280, § 1, 6-19-18; Ord. No. 4374, § 1, 11-17-20)


Code reviser’s note: Section 8 of Ord. 4374 provides: “This ordinance shall take effect and be in force 30 days after the date of its passage as provided for by RCW 35A.11.090 and RCW 35A.12.130; however, the new authorized lifeline utility rates in Sections 1, 2, 4, and 5 will not be applied to utility charges until January 1, 2021.”