Chapter 15.06
SIGN REGULATIONS* Revised 1/20 Revised 5/20

Sections:

15.06.010    Purpose.

15.06.020    Scope.

15.06.030    Prohibited signs. Revised 1/20

15.06.040    General restrictions and limitations for all districts. Revised 1/20 Revised 5/20

15.06.050    Regulations for specific districts. Revised 1/20 Revised 5/20

15.06.060    Regulations for public places and city right-of-way. Revised 1/20

15.06.070    Structural safety and maintenance of signs. Revised 1/20

15.06.080    Administrative procedures. Revised 1/20

*Cross reference(s) – Building code, ch. 14.01.

15.06.010 Purpose.

A. The purpose of this chapter is to establish regulations for signs in order to promote the public health, safety and general welfare. It is further the intention of this chapter to harmonize the legitimate private purposes of signs, that is, the identification and promotion of the seller to the buyer, with public purposes. Public purposes include considerations of traffic safety and economic and aesthetic welfare. Unregulated signs may divert the driver’s attention from the road, causing a traffic hazard. In addition, conflicts between private signs and traffic control signs result in unsafe traffic conditions. The economic base of the city is, to some extent, dependent upon maintaining an attractive area, both as to natural and manmade features, in which to visit, live, and work.

B. Regulation of signs also serves to promote the private purposes of signs. Signs have become larger, more numerous and more expensive as a result of competition for attention. This competition of signs has, in some cases, defeated the very purposes for which they were created. The elimination of destructive competition between signs thus enhances the private purposes of signs as well as promotes the public health, safety and general welfare.

15.06.020 Scope.

This chapter applies to all existing and future signs within the corporate boundaries of the city, but does not apply to signs located within a building or structure.

15.06.030 Prohibited signs. Revised 1/20

The following signs are prohibited in all districts within the municipal boundaries of the city, except as specifically allowed as temporary signs:

A. Banners, streamers, pennants, and balloons.

B. Any sign using the words “stop,” “look,” or “danger,” or any other word, symbol, or character which might confuse traffic or detract from any legal traffic control devices.

C. Stationary motor vehicles, trailers, and related devices used to circumvent the intent of this chapter.

D. Signs which are pasted or attached to utility poles, trees, fences, or other signs, or to rocks or natural features.

E. Signs within 75 feet of the public right-of-way which are revolving more than eight revolutions per minute, blinking or flashing, except public service signs such as those which give the time, temperature, and humidity.

F. Roof signs.

G. All lighted signs which are adjacent to and directed toward a residential district and which detract from the welfare of the residential district.

(Ord. No. 4340, § 6, 11-19-19)

15.06.040 General restrictions and limitations for all districts. Revised 1/20 Revised 5/20

A. Sign material. All signs must be made of durable and weather-resistant wood, stone, masonry, metal, or plastic material.

B. Electronic messaging center sign. Electronic messaging centers are allowed in any nonresidential zone, except as provided by KCC 15.06.050(A)(4), subject to the allowed sign area for each property. Electronic message centers shall not contain video, animation, blinking or flashing messages or images, and shall not change message more than eight times per minute.

C. Signs in street right-of-way or future street right-of-way. No sign shall be located in or project into the present or future right-of-way of any public street unless such location or projection is specifically authorized by other provisions of this section.

D. Signs interfering with sight distance. No sign shall be so designed or constructed as to interfere with the sight distance of motorists proceeding on or approaching adjacent streets, alleys, driveways, or parking areas, or of pedestrians proceeding on or approaching adjacent sidewalks or pedestrian ways.

E. Signs over driveways. No sign suspended over or projecting into the area above a driveway located on private property shall be situated at a height of less than 15 feet above the surface of the driveway.

F. Signs over public sidewalks and pedestrian ways. No sign suspended over or projecting into the area above a public sidewalk or pedestrian way shall be situated at a height of less than eight and one-half feet above the surface of the sidewalk or pedestrian way, and no sign may project more than 75 percent of the distance between the property line and the curbline except for signs attached to the underside of a canopy or other architectural projection.

G. Directional signs. Directional signs and signs indicating entrances, exits, service areas, and parking areas shall be excluded from the sign provisions of this title, and may be erected on private property upon approval of the planning director. These signs shall not contain advertising or promotional information, and may be restricted in size.

H. Removal of signs on closure of business. Upon the closure and vacation of business or activity, the owner of the business or activity shall have 120 calendar days from the date of closure to remove all signs related to the business or activity.

I. Window signs. Window signs shall be considered as a sign and computed as part of the aggregate sign area and number of signs. Any painted-over window shall be considered as a wall. The following signs, if used in the specified manner, are not computed as part of the aggregate sign area and do not require a permit:

1. Decals indicating credit cards honored.

2. Banners or posters on the inside of windows. Such signs may be used in conjunction with national advertising programs, or as weekly marketing specials, or as decorations customary for special holidays.

J. Painted signs. Signs painted on exterior wall, window, or structure of any kind shall be computed as part of the aggregate sign area and number of signs.

K. Barber poles. In addition to any other signs authorized by the provisions of this chapter, any barbershop shall be entitled to display a barber pole. The design of the pole and its location and manner of erection shall be subject to the approval of the planning director.

L. Credit card signs. Signs indicating credit cards honored may be displayed in window areas only. Such signs are not computed as part of the aggregate sign area and do not require a permit.

M. Gate or entrance sign. Gate or entrance signs may be permitted, and may be located in public rights-of-way, if approved by the public works department.

N. Community bulletin board. Subdivisions and residential communities may be allowed to erect a permanent structure as a community bulletin board if approved by the planning director.

O. Business hours signs. Signs stating business hours shall be excluded from the provisions of this title, and may be erected upon private property if approved by the planning director. These signs shall not contain advertising or promotional information. Maximum number permitted shall be one per entrance, with a maximum size of four square feet.

P. Public service signs. Nonadvertising or nonpromotional signs may be erected as a public service to the community by public service clubs or other nonprofit organizations. Such signs may be located in any zone upon approval by the planning director.

Q. Real estate signs. Real estate signs are permitted as follows. No sign permit is required.

1. Residential uses.

a. Single-family dwellings and duplexes. One real estate sign shall be permitted for each street frontage of a lot. The sign may have two faces, shall not exceed a height of five feet above the surface of the street unless placed in a window, shall not exceed an area of four square feet per face, and shall be unlighted.

b. Multiple-family dwellings. One real estate sign shall be permitted for each street frontage of a development. The sign shall not exceed an area of 12 square feet, shall be attached flat against a principal building, shall not project above the eave of the roof or the top of the parapet of the building, and shall be unlighted.

2. Commercial and industrial uses. One real estate sign shall be permitted for each public entrance, but there shall not be more than four signs per lot. The sign shall not exceed an area of eight square feet, shall be attached flat against the building or freestanding, shall not project above the eave of the roof or the top of the parapet of the building, and shall be unlighted.

3. Unimproved acreage. One real estate sign shall be permitted for each lot. The sign shall not exceed an area of one-fourth square foot for each foot of lot frontage and shall not in any event exceed 50 square feet. The sign shall not exceed a height of 10 feet above the surface of the nearest street, and shall be unlighted.

4. Portable signs. Portable signs are allowed for limited duration sales events such as open houses, on the premises for sale, and in the right-of-way pursuant to KCC 15.06.060. Owners of the signs shall be responsible for their removal within seven calendar days following the last date of the sales event.

R. Temporary signs. Temporary signs may be authorized by the planning department for a time period specified for each type of temporary sign.

1. Temporary subdivision or apartment signs. A temporary real estate sign declaring a group of lots, dwellings, or occupancies within a subdivision or apartment complex for sale or rent shall be permitted subject to the following conditions:

a. One such sign shall be permitted for each street frontage of the premises being sold or leased. The sign shall be located on the premises being sold or leased.

b. The area of such signs shall not exceed an area of 25 square feet each.

c. The signs shall not exceed a height of 10 feet above the level of the street.

d. The signs shall be unlighted.

e. The signs shall not interfere with the sight distance of pedestrians and motorists proceeding on or approaching adjacent streets.

f. The signs may remain as long as the project remains unsold or unleased, or for one year, whichever period shall be lesser; provided, however, that the planning director shall have the authority to extend the time period one year.

2. Construction signs. One sign identifying a project under construction shall be permitted for each street frontage of the building or structure under construction. The sign shall be permitted during the period of construction, and shall not exceed a total of 50 square feet for all faces.

3. Grand openings and special events signs. Special permits may be issued by the planning department for a period not to exceed 30 calendar days for banners and streamers for special events such as carnivals, outdoor affairs and sales, grand openings, and events of a similar nature.

4. Portable signs. Portable signs may be placed on private property without a permit only as follows:

a. A portable sign shall be made of weather-resistant wood, metal, or plastic and shall be no greater than 36 inches wide by 36 inches tall. Canvas, fabric, cardboard, and paper signs are prohibited.

b. Not more than two portable signs may be utilized per business. No commercial uses are allowed offsite portable signs in residential zones, except as allowed by subsection (Q)(4) of this section and KCC 15.06.060.

c. Portable signs shall not be placed within 10 feet of a driveway, wheelchair ramp, crosswalk, or situated in such a way as to constitute a threat to the health, safety, and welfare of the public.

d. Owners of signs related to a limited duration event shall be responsible for their removal within seven calendar days after the termination of the event.

e. Portable signs advertising a property actively for sale are governed by subsection (Q)(4) of this section.

S. Off-premises signs.

1. Authorized. The total number of off-premises sign structures allowed within the city of Kent shall not exceed the total number of off-premises sign structures in existence as of March 5, 2000, the date the ordinance originally establishing this section became effective. Off-premises sign structures shall be inventoried by the city. In order to assist the city in its inventory, the owner of any off-premises sign located within the city shall, to the best of its ability, provide the city with information as to the dates of installation, repair, or alteration of the owner’s off-premises signs within the city and no repair, alteration, or replacement of any such off-premises sign may occur until such information is provided to the city. Subject to any permitting requirements, any person, firm, or corporation who owns or maintains off-premises sign structures within the city of Kent shall be authorized to alter, repair, maintain, and relocate their off-premises sign structures in existence as of the effective date of the ordinance codified in this subsection. As unincorporated areas are annexed to the city of Kent, the total number of off-premises sign structures in the area annexed will constitute an addition to the number authorized in the city of Kent and shall be added to the inventory and shall be eligible to be relocated.

To the extent the provisions of KCC 15.08.100(F) are inconsistent with this subsection (S)(1), the provisions of this subsection shall prevail.

2. Districts where permitted. Off-premises signs are permitted in I1, I2, and I3 districts. Off-premises signs not in one of the above zones shall be categorized as legal nonconforming signs. A sign structure authorized to be relocated pursuant to subsection (S)(1) of this section may only be relocated to an I1, I2, or I3 zoning district. The owner of an off-premises sign shall have two years to relocate an inventoried off-premises sign that has been removed under the authority of a demolition permit. A one-year extension may be granted by the city planning director in instances where relocation cannot be undertaken due to circumstances beyond the control of the owner of the off-premises sign to be relocated.

3. Standards.

a. Maximum size. As of the effective date of the ordinance codified in this subsection, the maximum size per sign face is 300 square feet.

b. Maximum height. Maximum height is 35 feet.

c. Distance from any intersection. Off-premises signs shall be located a distance of 300 feet from any intersection.

d. Double-faced signs. An off-premises sign structure may contain up to two sign faces arranged either back-to-back or in a V-shape arrangement. The use of tri-vision panels on a sign face shall not in itself constitute additional sign faces.

e. Spacing. Not more than four sign structures per 1,000 lineal feet are permitted.

 4. Permits. Off-premises signs shall not be altered with regard to size, shape, orientation, height, or location without the prior issuance of a building permit. Ordinary maintenance shall not require building permits. Off-premises sign copy replacement may occur at any time and is exempt from the requirement for building permits.

5. Tri-vision panels. Subject to applicable permitting requirements, the allowable faces on off-premises sign structures listed on the official city of Kent off-premises sign inventory may contain tri-vision panels which rotate, subject to KCC 15.06.030(E). Tri-vision panels are the only type of moving parts authorized on off-premises signs.

6. Unpermitted signs. Owners of off-premises signs that have unpermitted tri-vision panels as of the date of the ordinance codified in this subsection shall have one year from the effective date of the ordinance enacting this provision to apply for and obtain permits for such.

7. Electronic video signs prohibited. Off-premises signs that contain electronic video displays similar to or otherwise depicting a television screen are prohibited.

8. Hazard or nuisance. All off-premises signs, together with all of their supports, braces, guys, and anchors, shall be kept in good repair and in a proper state of preservation and safety. If an off-premises sign is determined by the Kent building official to be in a state of disrepair so as to constitute a safety hazard or a nuisance as defined by the building code or Kent City Code, the building official may initiate enforcement proceedings pursuant to KCC 15.10.070.

9. Enforcement. Any violation of the provisions of this subsection (S) shall be subject to enforcement pursuant to KCC 15.10.070.

T. Stadium signs. One double-faced freestanding or wall identification sign is allowed for each street frontage. The sign may have an aggregate area of one square foot for each 10 lineal feet of street frontage, up to a maximum sign area of 200 square feet per display face. However, each stadium is guaranteed a minimum sign area of 12 square feet per display face regardless of street frontage. The sign may be illuminated. The sign may include on each regulated display face advertising on up to 40 percent of the total square footage for that display face. The maximum height of a freestanding sign shall be 20 feet.

U. Motorist information follow through signs. Motorist information follow through signs may be located in the public right-of-way when permitted pursuant to KCC 6.07.050(A).

(Ord. No. 3093, § 1, 2-16-93; Ord. No. 3501, § 2, 2-1-00; Ord. No. 3706, § 3, 8-17-04; Ord. No. 4095, § 4, 12-10-13; Ord. No. 4340, § 7, 11-19-19; Ord. No. 4355, § 8 (Exh. H), 3-3-20)

15.06.050 Regulations for specific districts. Revised 1/20 Revised 5/20

In all districts the planning director shall have the option to waive sign type requirements in unique and special cases where, due to building design or other special circumstance, the development is unable to conform to stated standards.

A. Signs permitted in residential districts.

1. Identification signs for single-family dwellings and duplexes. One identification sign shall be permitted for each occupancy. The sign shall not exceed an area of three square feet, shall not exceed a height of six feet above the surface of the street, shall be attached directly to a building, fence, standard, or mailbox, and shall be unlighted or provided with indirect illumination. Home occupations shall not be allowed additional sign area.

2. Identification signs for multifamily dwellings. One identification sign shall be permitted for each development, except that multifamily dwellings with more than one street frontage may be allowed an additional sign for each street frontage of such lot. Each sign shall not exceed an area of 25 square feet, may be a wall or freestanding sign, shall be unlighted or indirectly lighted, and shall not exceed a height of six feet above the ground if freestanding.

3. Farm product identification signs. No permit is required, but such signs may not be located in the public right-of-way.

4. Institutional signs. For institutional uses allowed in single-family zones, one double-faced freestanding or wall identification sign is permitted for each street frontage. The sign may have an aggregate area of one square foot for each 10 lineal feet of street frontage. However, each use is guaranteed a minimum sign area of 25 square feet per display face regardless of street frontage. The sign shall be unlighted or indirectly illuminated. The sign may be an electronic messaging center subject to the restrictions of KCC 15.06.040(B). Freestanding symbols of sculpture used as identification may be permitted with the approval of the planning and building divisions. Freestanding signs and symbols of sculpture shall not exceed the maximum height of the underlying zoning district. Wall signs, lettering, or symbols may also be approved by the planning department.

B. Signs permitted in community commercial, general commercial, and commercial manufacturing districts. The aggregate sign area for any lot shall not exceed one and one-half square feet for each foot of street frontage. Aggregate sign area for corner lots shall not exceed one square foot for each foot of street frontage. The permitted signs enumerated in this subsection shall be subject to the total aggregate sign area.

1. Identification signs for occupancies. Each business establishment may have one freestanding sign for each street frontage if not located in a shopping center, and three additional signs.

a. Freestanding sign. The freestanding sign shall not exceed a height of 30 feet. The maximum sign area permitted is 200 square feet for the total of all faces. No one face shall exceed 100 square feet. The sign may be illuminated.

b. Additional signs. Three additional signs shall be permitted subject to the following restrictions:

i. The total area of all signs, graphics, or other advertising shall not be more than 10 percent of the building facade to which they are attached or on which they are displayed.

ii. On properties where a pole sign cannot be erected due to setback requirements or building placement, a projecting sign may be allowed in lieu of the permitted freestanding sign. The projecting sign may not exceed 15 square feet in outside dimension.

2. Identification signs for shopping centers. One freestanding identification sign, which may list the names of the occupants of the shopping center, shall be permitted for each street frontage of each shopping center. The maximum sign area permitted for a freestanding sign is 200 square feet for the total of all faces. No one face shall exceed 100 square feet. A freestanding sign shall not exceed a height of 30 feet, and may be illuminated.

3. Automobile service station signs. The aggregate sign area for any corner lot shall not exceed one square foot for each foot of lot frontage, and the aggregate sign area for any interior lot shall not exceed one and one-half square feet for each foot of lot frontage; and the permitted signs enumerated in this subsection shall be subject to the total aggregate sign area.

a. Freestanding signs. One freestanding lighted double-faced identification sign, not exceeding 200 square feet for the total of all faces, with no such face exceeding 100 square feet, is permitted. Such sign shall not exceed a height of 30 feet. If on a corner lot, two monument signs not exceeding 100 square feet per sign for the total of all faces are permitted. Such monument signs shall not exceed a height of 15 feet. Freestanding signs shall be lighted during business hours only.

b. Additional signs. Three additional signs shall be permitted subject to the following restrictions: The total area of all signs, graphics, or other advertising shall not be more than 10 percent of the building facade to which they are attached or on which they are displayed.

c. Fuel price signs. Fuel price signs shall be included in the aggregate sign area.

4. Farm product identification signs. No permit is required, but such signs may not be located in the public right-of-way.

C. Signs permitted in downtown commercial and downtown commercial enterprise districts. The aggregate sign area for any lot shall not exceed one and one-half square feet for each foot of street frontage. The aggregate sign area for corner lots shall not exceed one square foot for each foot of street frontage. The permitted signs enumerated in this subsection shall be subject to the total aggregate sign area.

1. Identification signs for multitenant buildings.

a. Wall sign. Each multitenant building may have one identification wall sign for the building’s identification for each street frontage. The sign shall not exceed a total of five percent of the facade to which it is attached. The sign shall not name or advertise the individual tenants of the building. Aggregate sign area shall apply. A multitenant building will have the option of the sign described in this subsection (C)(1)(a) or the identification sign described in subsection (C)(1)(b) of this section.

b. Freestanding sign. Each building may have one freestanding sign on each street frontage. The sign may not exceed 15 feet in height. The maximum sign area permitted for the freestanding sign is 100 square feet for the total of all faces. No one face shall exceed 50 square feet. Multitenant freestanding signs shall not name or advertise the individual tenants of the building.

2. Identification signs for occupancies. Each occupant of a multitenant building shall be permitted two wall signs. Such signs shall not exceed 10 percent of the facade of the individual business unit. Aggregate sign area shall not apply.

3. Identification signs for single-tenant buildings.

a. Each building may have one freestanding sign for each street frontage. The sign may not exceed a height of 15 feet. The maximum sign area permitted for the freestanding sign is 100 square feet for the total of all faces. No one face shall exceed 50 square feet.

b. Three additional signs shall be permitted. All signs are subject to the aggregate sign area allowed. The total area of all signs, graphics, or other types of signs shall not exceed 10 percent of the facade to which they are attached or on which they are displayed.

D. Signs permitted in midway transit community-1 district. The aggregate sign area for any lot shall not exceed one square foot for each linear foot of street frontage. Aggregate sign area for corner lots shall not exceed three-fourths of a square foot for each linear foot of street frontage. The permitted signs enumerated in this subsection shall be subject to the total aggregate sign area and may be permitted subject to Midway Design Guidelines.

1. Identification signs for occupancies. Each single business property may have one freestanding monument sign per street frontage or one projecting sign per street frontage if located along or at the intersections of SR 99, SR 516, South 240th Street, South 246th Street, or South 272nd Street, if not located in a multitenant building, and one wall sign and one suspended sign per street frontage.

a. Freestanding monument signs. Freestanding monument signs shall not exceed a height of 20 feet. The maximum sign area permitted is 100 square feet for the total of all faces. No one face shall exceed 50 square feet. The sign may be internally illuminated; provided, that it shall be constructed using individual letters/characters, or sign cabinets with an opaque field or background so that only the individual letters/characters are illuminated. Freestanding monument signs shall not rotate, blink, flash, or be animated. Freestanding monument signs shall include landscaping and curbing around the base of the sign to prevent vehicles hitting the structure and improve the visual appearance of the sign structure. Landscaping shall be in proportion to the structure, with a minimum of one-half square foot of landscaping for each square foot of sign area, and shall be maintained throughout the life of the sign.

b. Projecting or suspended signs. Projecting or suspended signs shall not protrude less than eight feet above the surface of the sidewalk. The following are recognized projecting signs:

i. Blade signs. Blade signs shall be double-faced, may be nonilluminated, internal or internal indirect illuminated, or neon tube illuminated. Internal illumination shall be constructed using individual letters/characters, or sign cabinets with an opaque field or background so that only the individual letters/characters are illuminated. The maximum sign area permitted is 80 square feet. No one face shall exceed 40 square feet. The maximum sign height permitted is 20 feet. Blade signs shall not rotate, blink, flash, or be animated.

ii. Hanging signs. Hanging signs shall be double-faced and shall be nonilluminated.

c. Wall signs. Wall signs shall not exceed an area of 10 percent of the building first floor facade to which they are attached, or 24 square feet, whichever is greater. Wall signs shall be attached flat against the building, and placement shall not exceed 35 feet above median sidewalk grade measured from the top of the sign. Wall signs may be nonilluminated, internally or indirectly illuminated. Internal illumination shall be constructed using individual letters/characters, or sign cabinets with an opaque field or background so that only the individual letters/characters are illuminated.

2. Identification signs for multitenant buildings. Each multitenant property may have one freestanding monument sign per street frontage or one projecting sign per street frontage if located along or at the intersections of SR 99 and SR 516, South 240th Street, South 246th Street, or South 272nd Street and each occupancy may have one wall sign and one suspended sign per occupancy, except the anchor tenants with a business frontage of at least 100 linear feet shall be allowed two wall signs. The aggregate wall sign area shall not exceed 10 percent of the first floor building facade to which the signs are attached.

a. Freestanding monument signs. Each multitenant property may have one freestanding monument sign on each street frontage. The sign may not exceed a height of 20 feet. The maximum sign area permitted is 100 square feet for the total of all faces. No one face shall exceed 50 square feet. The sign may be internally illuminated; provided, that it shall be constructed using individual letters/characters, or sign cabinets with an opaque field or background so that only the individual letters/characters are illuminated. Freestanding monument signs shall not rotate, blink, flash, or be animated. Freestanding monument signs shall include landscaping and curbing around the base of the sign to prevent vehicles hitting the structure and improve the visual appearance of the sign structure. Landscaping shall be in proportion to the structure, with a minimum of one-half square foot of landscaping for each square foot of sign area, and shall be maintained throughout the life of the sign.

b. Wall signs. Each multitenant building may have one identification wall sign for the building’s identification for each street frontage. The sign shall not exceed a total of five percent of the first floor facade to which it is attached. The sign shall not name or advertise the individual tenants of the building. The sign may be internally illuminated; provided, that it shall be constructed using individual letters/characters, or sign cabinets with an opaque field or background so that only the individual letters/characters are illuminated. Aggregate sign area shall apply. A multitenant building shall have the option of the sign described in this subsection (D)(2)(b) or the identification sign described in subsection (D)(2)(c) of this section.

c. Identification signs for occupancies. Each occupant of a multitenant building with street frontage shall be permitted two wall signs and one projecting or suspended sign. Each occupancy shall be allowed at least 24 square feet of sign area. The aggregate wall sign area shall not exceed 10 percent of the first floor facade to which the signs are attached. The wall sign may be internally illuminated. Internal illumination shall be constructed using individual letters/characters, or sign cabinets with an opaque field or background so that only the individual letters/characters are illuminated. The projecting or suspended sign shall be nonilluminated.

3. Freestanding signs, exceptions. The director may permit freestanding signs other than monument-type freestanding signs within the MTC-1 zoning district along the SR-99 street frontage to a maximum sign area of 150 square feet for the total of all faces, and a maximum height of 20 feet, where the applicant demonstrates all of the following:

a. No single cabinet face is greater than 40 square feet;

b. Creativity in design that creates visual interest for motorists and pedestrians consistent with the goals of the Midway Subarea Plan and Design Guidelines. Examples include sculptural signs or multi-cabinet signs with variation in face shape, size, and height;

c. The sign’s support structure(s) is (i) ornamented for pedestrian-level visual interest, or (ii) screened from view at the pedestrian eye level using landscaping or other creative screening element;

d. The subject property has at least 200 linear feet of frontage on SR-99 where the sign is to be located;

e. The proposed signage will not adversely impact or detract from the welfare of nearby residences;

f. The proposed sign location will not obstruct or otherwise interfere with pedestrian movement, the location of pedestrian facilities within the public right-of-way, or on the private development site; and

g. A projecting or suspended sign would not achieve the intended purpose of such signage.

E. Signs permitted in midway transit community-2 district. The aggregate sign area for any lot shall not exceed one square foot for each linear foot of street frontage. Aggregate sign area for corner lots shall not exceed three-fourths of a square foot for each linear foot of street frontage. The permitted signs enumerated in this subsection shall be subject to the total aggregate sign area and may be permitted subject to Midway Design Guidelines.

1. Identification signs for occupancies. Each single business property may have one freestanding monument sign per street frontage or one projecting sign per street frontage, if not located in a multitenant building, and two wall signs and one suspended sign per street frontage.

a. Freestanding monument signs. Freestanding monument signs shall not exceed a height of five feet. The maximum sign area permitted is 30 square feet for the total of all faces. No one face shall exceed 15 square feet. The sign may be illuminated indirectly. Freestanding monument signs shall include landscaping and curbing around the base of the sign to prevent vehicles hitting the structure and improve the visual appearance of the sign structure. Landscaping shall be in proportion to the structure, with a minimum of one-half square foot of landscaping for each square foot of sign area, and shall be maintained throughout the life of the sign.

b. Projecting or suspended signs. Projecting or suspended signs shall not protrude less than eight feet above the surface of the sidewalk. The following are recognized projecting signs:

i. Blade signs. Blade signs shall be double-faced, may be nonilluminated, indirectly illuminated, or neon tube illuminated. The maximum sign area permitted is 30 square feet. No one face shall exceed 15 square feet. The maximum sign height permitted is 15 feet. Blade signs shall not rotate, blink, flash, or be animated.

ii. Hanging signs. Hanging signs shall be double-faced and shall be nonilluminated.

c. Wall signs. Wall signs shall not exceed an area of five percent of the building first floor facade to which they are attached, or 24 square feet, whichever is greater. Wall signs shall be attached flat against the building, and placement shall not exceed 15 feet above median sidewalk grade measured from the top of the sign. If a single business building is greater than 65 feet in height, one building identification wall sign for each street frontage may be placed on the parapet. Wall signs may be nonilluminated, internally or indirectly illuminated, or neon tube illuminated. Internal illumination shall be constructed using individual letters/characters, or sign cabinets with an opaque field or background so that only the individual letters/characters are illuminated. Wall signs shall not blink, flash, or be animated.

2. Identification signs for multitenant buildings. Each multitenant property may have one freestanding monument sign or one projecting sign and each occupancy with street frontage may have two wall signs and one suspended sign. The aggregate wall sign area shall not exceed five percent of the first floor building facade to which the signs are attached.

a. Freestanding monument signs. Each multitenant property may have one freestanding monument sign on each street frontage. The sign may not exceed a height of five feet. The maximum sign area permitted is 30 square feet for the total of all faces. No one face shall exceed 15 square feet. The sign may be illuminated indirectly. Freestanding monument signs shall include landscaping and curbing around the base of the sign to prevent vehicles hitting the structure and improve the visual appearance of the sign structure. Landscaping shall be in proportion to the structure, with a minimum of one-half square foot of landscaping for each square foot of sign area, and shall be maintained throughout the life of the sign.

b. Projecting or suspended signs. Projecting or suspended signs shall not protrude less than eight feet above the surface of the sidewalk. The following are recognized projecting signs:

i. Blade signs. Blade signs shall be double-faced, may be nonilluminated, internal indirect illuminated, or neon tube illuminated. The maximum sign area permitted is 30 square feet. No one face shall exceed 15 square feet. The maximum sign height permitted is 15 feet. Blade signs shall not rotate, blink, flash, or be animated.

ii. Hanging signs. Hanging signs shall be double-faced and shall be nonilluminated.

c. Wall signs. Each multitenant building may have one identification wall sign for the building’s identification for each street frontage. The sign shall not exceed a total of five percent of the first floor facade to which it is attached, or 24 square feet, whichever is greater. Wall signs shall be attached flat against the building, and placement shall not exceed 15 feet above median sidewalk grade measured from the top of the sign. If the multitenant building is greater than 65 feet in height, one building identification wall sign for each street frontage may be placed on the parapet. The sign shall not name or advertise the individual tenants of the building. Wall signs may be nonilluminated, internally or indirectly illuminated, or neon tube illuminated. Internal illumination shall be constructed using individual letters/characters, or sign cabinets with an opaque field or background so that only the individual letters/characters are illuminated. Wall signs shall not blink, flash, or be animated. Aggregate sign area shall apply. A multitenant building shall have the option of the sign described in this subsection (E)(2)(c) or the identification sign described in subsection (E)(2)(d) of this section.

d. Identification signs for occupancies. Each occupant of a multitenant building with street frontage shall be permitted two wall signs and one projecting or suspended sign. Each occupancy with street frontage shall be allowed at least 24 square feet of sign area. The aggregate wall sign area shall not exceed five percent of the first floor facade to which the signs are attached. The wall sign may be internally illuminated. Internal illumination shall be constructed using individual letters/characters, or sign cabinets with an opaque field or background so that only the individual letters/characters are illuminated. The projecting or suspended sign shall be nonilluminated. Wall signs shall not blink, flash, or be animated.

F. Signs permitted in midway commercial/residential district. The aggregate sign area for any lot shall not exceed one square foot for each linear foot of street frontage. Aggregate sign area for corner lots shall not exceed three-fourths of a square foot for each linear foot of street frontage. The permitted signs enumerated in this subsection shall be subject to the total aggregate sign area and may be permitted subject to Midway Design Guidelines.

1. Identification signs for occupancies. Each single business property may have one freestanding monument sign per street frontage or one projecting sign per street frontage, if not located in a multitenant building, and two wall signs and one suspended sign per street frontage.

a. Freestanding monument signs. Freestanding monument signs shall not exceed a height of 15 feet. The maximum sign area permitted is 80 square feet for the total of all faces. No one face shall exceed 40 square feet. The sign may be internally illuminated; provided, that it shall be constructed using individual letters/characters, or sign cabinets with an opaque field or background so that only the individual letters/characters are illuminated. Freestanding monument signs shall not rotate, blink, flash, or be animated. Freestanding monument signs shall include landscaping and curbing around the base of the sign to prevent vehicles hitting the structure and improve the visual appearance of the sign structure. Landscaping shall be in proportion to the structure, with a minimum of one-half square foot of landscaping for each square foot of sign area, and shall be maintained throughout the life of the sign.

b. Projecting or suspended signs. Projecting or suspended signs shall not protrude less than eight feet above the surface of the sidewalk. The following are recognized projecting signs:

i. Blade signs. Blade signs shall be double-faced, may be nonilluminated, internal or internal indirect illuminated, or neon tube illuminated. Internal illumination shall be constructed using individual letters/characters, or sign cabinets with an opaque field or background so that only the individual letters/characters are illuminated. The maximum sign area permitted is 80 square feet. No one face shall exceed 40 square feet. The maximum sign height permitted is 20 feet. Blade signs shall not rotate, blink, flash, or be animated.

ii. Hanging signs. Hanging signs shall be double-faced and shall be nonilluminated.

c. Wall signs. Wall signs shall not exceed an area of 10 percent of the building first floor facade to which they are attached, or 24 square feet, whichever is greater. Wall signs shall be attached flat against the building, and placement shall not exceed 35 feet above median sidewalk grade measured from the top of the sign. Wall signs may be nonilluminated, internally or indirectly illuminated. Internal illumination shall be constructed using individual letters/characters, or sign cabinets with an opaque field or background so that only the individual letters/characters are illuminated.

2. Identification signs for multitenant buildings. Each multitenant property may have one freestanding monument sign or one projecting sign and each occupancy with street frontage may have two wall signs and one suspended sign per street frontage, except the anchor tenants with a business frontage of at least 100 linear feet shall be allowed three wall signs. The aggregate wall sign area shall not exceed 10 percent of the first floor building facade to which the signs are attached.

a. Freestanding monument signs. Each multitenant property may have one freestanding monument sign on each street frontage. The sign may not exceed a height of 15 feet. The maximum sign area permitted is 80 square feet for the total of all faces. No one face shall exceed 40 square feet. The sign may be internally illuminated; provided, that it shall be constructed using individual letters/characters, or sign cabinets with an opaque field or background so that only the individual letters/characters are illuminated. Freestanding monument signs shall not rotate, blink, flash, or be animated. Freestanding monument signs shall include landscaping and curbing around the base of the sign to prevent vehicles hitting the structure and improve the visual appearance of the sign structure. Landscaping shall be in proportion to the structure, with a minimum of one-half square foot of landscaping for each square foot of sign area, and shall be maintained throughout the life of the sign.

b. Wall signs. Each multitenant building may have one identification wall sign for the building’s identification for each street frontage. The sign shall not exceed a total of five percent of the first floor facade to which it is attached. The sign shall not name or advertise the individual tenants of the building. The sign may be internally illuminated; provided, that it shall be constructed using individual letters/characters, or sign cabinets with an opaque field or background so that only the individual letters/characters are illuminated. Aggregate sign area shall apply. A multitenant building will have the option of the sign described in this subsection (F)(2)(b) or the identification sign described in subsection (F)(2)(c) of this section.

c. Identification signs for occupancies. Each occupant of a multitenant building with street frontage shall be permitted two wall signs and one projecting or suspended sign. Each occupancy shall be allowed at least 24 square feet of sign area. The aggregate wall sign area shall not exceed 10 percent of the first floor facade to which the signs are attached. The wall sign may be internally illuminated. Internal illumination shall be constructed using individual letters/characters, or sign cabinets with an opaque field or background so that only the individual letters/characters are illuminated. The projecting or suspended sign shall be nonilluminated.

G. Signs permitted in neighborhood convenience commercial districts.

1. Generally. One freestanding double-faced identification sign shall be permitted for each lot. The sign shall not exceed a maximum area of 50 square feet for the total of all faces. No one face shall exceed 25 square feet. A freestanding sign shall not exceed a height of 15 feet and shall be unlighted or provided with indirect illumination.

2. Identification signs for buildings. One identification sign shall be permitted for each principal building. The sign shall not exceed an area of five percent of the facade to which it is attached, shall be attached flat against the building, shall not project above the eave of the roof or the top of the parapet, and shall be unlighted or provided with indirect illumination. Such signs shall not advertise or name individual tenants of the building.

3. Identification signs for occupancies. Signs not exceeding a total of five percent of the facade of the business unit to which they are attached shall be permitted for each occupancy in a multitenant building when the occupancy has outside frontage.

H. Signs permitted in industrial districts.

1. Aggregate sign area. The aggregate sign area for lots in the AG district shall not exceed one-half square foot for each foot of street frontage. The aggregate sign area for lots in the I1, I2, and I3 districts shall not exceed one square foot for each foot of street frontage. In no case shall the aggregate sign area on either street frontage exceed one square foot for each foot of street frontage on a corner lot. The permitted signs enumerated in this subsection shall be subject to the total aggregate sign area.

a. Identification signs for buildings. One identification sign shall be permitted for each lot on each street frontage, which may be a freestanding sign or a wall sign. The maximum sign area permitted for a freestanding sign is 400 square feet for the total of all faces. No one face shall exceed 200 square feet. If the sign is a wall sign, its size shall not exceed 20 percent of the building facade. A freestanding sign shall not exceed a height of 20 feet. The sign may be illuminated.

b. Identification signs for occupancies. One identification sign shall be permitted for each occupancy on each street frontage and shall be a wall sign. The maximum size of the sign shall be 10 percent of the building facade. This sign may be illuminated. If the identification sign permitted under subsection (H)(1)(a) of this section is a wall sign, an additional wall sign may be permitted on a building facade not facing a street frontage.

2. Farm product identification signs. No permit is required, but the sign may not be located in the public right-of-way.

I. Signs permitted in planned unit developments, special use combining districts, and mobile home park districts and for conditional uses. All signs in planned unit developments, special use combining districts, and mobile home parks and for conditional uses shall be incorporated as part of the developmental plan and approved with the developmental plan. Subsequent changes which conform to the adopted signing program may be granted by the planning director.

J. Signs permitted in shopping centers. The aggregate sign area for each occupant of a shopping center shall not exceed 20 percent of the front facade of the unit. Wall signs are permitted on each exterior wall of the individual business unit. A minimum of 30 square feet shall be permitted for any occupancy. No combination of signs shall exceed 10 percent of the facade to which they are attached. If there is an attached canopy or overhang, a 10-square-foot sign may be attached to the canopy or overhang in addition to the other permitted signs. Such sign shall be at least eight feet above any pedestrian walkway.

(Ord. No. 2810, § 1, 11-1-88; Ord. No. 3050, §§ 6, 7, 7-7-92; Ord. No. 3142, § 1, 11-2-93; Ord. No. 3162, § 1, 4-5-94; Ord. No. 3409, § 43, 7-7-98; Ord. No. 3439, § 4, 2-2-99; Ord. No. 3543, § 10, 2-20-01; Ord. No. 3612, § 4, 8-6-02; Ord. No. 3648, § 7, 7-1-03; Ord. No. 4011, § 20, 12-13-11; Ord. No. 4166, § 5, 9-1-15; Ord. No. 4273, § 1, 3-20-18; Ord. No. 4340, § 8, 11-19-19; Ord. No. 4355, § 8 (Exh. H), 3-3-20)

15.06.060 Regulations for public places and city right-of-way. Revised 1/20

Signs may be placed on a public place without a permit only as follows:

A. Portable signs. Portable signs as defined herein may be placed on a public place without a permit upon the following conditions:

1. The location of the sign shall not reduce or obstruct pedestrian passage on the sidewalk to less than four feet to the nearest street trees, utility poles, traffic control signs and devices, parking meters, fire hydrants, buildings and other similar devices and structures. Furthermore, such placement shall be consistent with any applicable standards established by the Americans with Disabilities Act and shall not obstruct vehicular traffic or parking or the use of any crosswalk, wheelchair ramp, bus, or taxi zone.

2. No portable signs shall be installed or placed upon power poles, telephone poles, street light standards, sign posts, trees, traffic controllers, markers, on any railing, fence, bridge, overpass, street, crosswalk, public building, or lawn or open area surrounding any public building.

3. No portable sign shall be placed within 10 feet of a driveway, wheelchair ramp, crosswalk, or intersection or placed or situated on a public place in such a way as to constitute a threat to the health, safety and welfare of the public or interfere with the use of the public place. Such signs shall not obstruct sight distance per KCC 15.06.040(D).

4. Portable signs shall be installed so that the top of the sign does not exceed an elevation of 36 inches higher than the height of the sidewalk, bike path or walkway. Where these improvements do not exist, the 36-inch height limitation shall be measured from the highest edge of the street, alley or driveway. Signs may also not exceed a width of 36 inches and shall not be installed in locations where the width of the sign would impede safe travel.

5. Portable signs shall be constructed of weather-resistant wood, metal or plastic. Canvas, cardboard and paper signs are prohibited.

6. Attachment of paper, plastic, balloons, or cardboard to a sign is not permitted if such attachment extends the approved height or width of the sign.

7. Portable signs shall not be weighted down, or otherwise attached to public property in such a way as to resist impact by a traveling vehicle, bicycle or pedestrian.

B. Banners. Banners may be placed on a public place only by permit pursuant to the provisions of this chapter.

C. Other. All other signs are prohibited on public places for private purposes and on any equipment, facilities and structures located upon public places, including, but not limited to, power poles, telephone poles, street light standards, sign posts, trees, traffic controllers, markers, railings, bridges, overpasses, and public buildings.

D. Removal. Owners of signs and banners displayed for temporary events shall be responsible for their removal within seven calendar days following the last date of the event or the activity for which the signs were displayed. Signs that are faded, torn, broken or otherwise in a state of disrepair shall be removed by the owner immediately.

(Ord. No. 4340, § 9, 11-19-19)

15.06.070 Structural safety and maintenance of signs. Revised 1/20

All parts, portions, units, and materials composing a sign, together with the frame, background, supports, or anchorage thereto, shall be maintained in a proper state of safety and repair and a proper state of preservation. The surface of all signs shall be kept neatly painted. Signs that are faded, torn, broken or otherwise in a state of disrepair shall be removed by the owner immediately or repaired within 14 calendar days of notification by the city.

(Ord. No. 4340, § 10, 11-19-19)

15.06.080 Administrative procedures. Revised 1/20

A. Permits. To ensure compliance with the regulations of this chapter, a permit shall be required for all signs hereafter installed or altered within the corporate boundaries of the city, except as otherwise provided in this chapter. No sign shall be erected, installed, applied, affixed, altered, or relocated without a permit from the building department and the planning department. The sign permit shall certify that the sign, as represented by plans, drawings, or statements, is in conformance with the regulations of this chapter.

B. Fees and deposits. Fees shall be governed by the fee schedule contained in the fee resolution adopted by the city.

C. The planning director shall make the final decision on a sign permit application submitted pursuant to this chapter. Any appeal from the final decision of the planning director shall be to the hearing examiner pursuant to the requirements of Chapter 2.32 KCC and the appeal provisions of Chapter 12.01 KCC.

D. Abatement of illegal signs. Any sign that violates the provisions of this chapter shall be deemed a public nuisance and shall be in lien against the property on which the sign was maintained and a personal obligation against the property owner. The property owner shall first be served with a notice to abate the nuisance, except in the case of portable signs. Illegal portable signs may be immediately removed by the city, and the owner shall be given notice that the sign will be destroyed if not claimed within 10 calendar days. Appeal of the abatement notice may be made to the hearing examiner. If, after such a hearing, the hearing examiner orders agents of the city to remove the nuisance, they shall have authority to enter upon private property to remove the nuisance.

E. Variances.

1. A sign variance is categorized as a Process III application and shall be subject to the requirements of Chapter 12.01 KCC. Variances from the terms of this chapter may be granted by the hearing examiner upon proper application. Variances may be granted when, because of special circumstances applicable to the property, including size, shape, topography, location, or surroundings, the strict interpretation of the regulations of this chapter deprives such property of privileges enjoyed by other property in the vicinity and under identical zoning classifications.

2. The variance shall not constitute a grant of special privilege inconsistent with a limitation upon uses of other properties in the vicinity and zone in which such property is situated.

(Ord. No. 3424, § 29, 11-17-98; Ord. No. 4340, § 11, 11-19-19)