Chapter 18.08


18.08.010    Applicability.

18.08.020    Accessory use or accessory building.

18.08.030    Accessory dwelling unit.

18.08.035    Active ground floor uses.

18.08.040    Adult family home.

18.08.050    Adult use establishment.

18.08.055    Affordable housing.

18.08.057    Affordable unit.

18.08.060    Alley.

18.08.070    Alteration.

18.08.080    Amendment.

18.08.090    Animal, small.

18.08.100    Apartment.

18.08.105    Artisanal/craft production and/or retail.

18.08.107    Assisted housing.

18.08.110    Automobile, boat and trailer sales area.

18.08.120    Automobile rental.

18.08.130    Automobile service station.

18.08.135    Automobile-oriented uses.

18.08.140    Building.

18.08.150    Building envelope.

18.08.160    Building (or structure) height.

18.08.170    Building, main.

18.08.180    Building setback line.

18.08.190    Building site.

18.08.200    Cemetery.

18.08.205    Charging levels.

18.08.210    Church.

18.08.220    Commission.

18.08.230    Communication facility.

18.08.240    Conditional use.

18.08.250    Conditional use permit.

18.08.260    Council.

18.08.265    Cultural, entertainment, and/or recreational facility.

18.08.270    Day care.

18.08.280    Dwelling, multifamily.

18.08.290    Dwelling, single-family.

18.08.300    Dwelling unit.

18.08.302    Electric vehicle infrastructure.

18.08.304    Electric vehicle charging stations.

18.08.306    Eligible household.

18.08.310    Family.

18.08.320    Floor area.

18.08.324    Framework.

18.08.326    Freestanding parking structure.

18.08.330    Grade.

18.08.340    Health club.

18.08.350    Home occupation.

18.08.352    Hotel, boutique hotels and temporary lodging.

18.08.360    Impervious surface.

18.08.370    Instructional institution.

18.08.380    Kennel.

18.08.390    Loading zone.

18.08.400    Lot.

18.08.410    Lot area.

18.08.420    Lot width.

18.08.430    Lot lines.

18.08.440    Lot, panhandle.

18.08.441    Marijuana or cannabis.

18.08.442    Marijuana processor.

18.08.443    Marijuana producer.

18.08.444    Marijuana retailer.

18.08.445    Marijuana-infused products.

18.08.446    Marijuana retail outlet.

18.08.447    Marijuana, usable.

18.08.450    Medical-dental clinic.

18.08.460    Mitigation.

18.08.470    Manufactured housing.

18.08.480    Motel.

18.08.490    Nonconforming building.

18.08.500    Nonconforming lot.

18.08.510    Nonconforming use.

18.08.520    Open space, required.

18.08.530    Person.

18.08.540    Principal use.

18.08.550    Professional offices.

18.08.560    Public agency.

18.08.565    Public art.

18.08.567    Public market.

18.08.570    Public utility.

18.08.580    Recreational area or community club house, noncommercial.

18.08.590    Recreational area, commercial.

18.08.595    Retail sales and services.

18.08.600    Repealed.

18.08.610    Signs.

18.08.620    Street.

18.08.630    Structural alterations.

18.08.635    Solar energy system.

18.08.640    Substandard lot.

18.08.650    Transit park and ride lot.

18.08.660    Use.

18.08.670    Variance.

18.08.680    Veterinary clinic or small animal hospital.

18.08.690    Yard.

18.08.700    Yard, front.

18.08.710    Yard, side.

18.08.720    Yard, rear.

18.08.730    Zone.

18.08.010 Applicability.

For the purpose of the chapter, the definition of words and terms used in this title shall be as provided in this chapter and as defined in the Uniform Building Code, current edition, as adopted by the state of Washington. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.020 Accessory use or accessory building.

“Accessory use” or “accessory building” means a subordinate use, structure, building or portion of a building located on the same lot as the main use or building to which it is accessory. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.030 Accessory dwelling unit.

“Accessory dwelling unit” means a dwelling unit subordinate to a single-family dwelling unit which:

A. Is located within the single-family dwelling unit; or

B. Is located within an accessory building. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.035 Active ground floor uses.

“Active ground floor uses” means a use that promotes an active pedestrian environment on the ground floor of a mixed use, commercial, office, residential building or freestanding parking structure, and includes retail establishments, restaurants, catering, arts and craft studios, pubs, salons, day spas, health clubs and exercise studios, professional services offices, medical and dental offices, day cares, artisanal/craft production and retail, and other uses determined to be substantially similar by the director or through development agreement proposals. (Ord. 1217 § 4, 2021)

18.08.040 Adult family home.

“Adult family home” means the regular family abode of a person or persons who are providing personal care, room and board to more than one but not more than four adults who are not related by blood or marriage to the person or persons providing the services; except that a maximum of six adults may be permitted if the Washington State Department of Social and Health Services determines that the home and provider are capable of meeting the standards provided for by law. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.050 Adult use establishment.

“Adult use establishment” means an enterprise predominantly involved in the selling, renting or presenting for commercial purposes books, magazines, motion pictures, films, video cassettes, cable television, adult entertainment as defined by LFPMC 5.30.010(B), performance or activity distinguished or characterized by a predominant emphasis on the depiction, simulation or relation to “specified sexual activities.” Examples of such establishments include, but are not limited to, adult book or video stores and establishments offering panorams, peep shows, or topless or nude dancing.

“Specified sexual activities” means:

A. Human genitalia in a state of sexual arousal;

B. Acts of human masturbation, sexual intercourse or sodomy;

C. Erotic fondling, touching or display of human genitalia or pubic region. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.055 Affordable housing.

“Affordable housing” means residential housing that is rented or owned by a person or household whose monthly housing costs, including utilities other than telephone, do not exceed 30 percent of the household’s monthly income. (Ord. 1217 § 4, 2021)

18.08.057 Affordable unit.

“Affordable unit” means a dwelling unit that is reserved for occupancy by eligible households and sold or rented at an affordable price or affordable rent. (Ord. 1217 § 4, 2021)

18.08.060 Alley.

“Alley” means a public thoroughfare or way which affords only a secondary means of access to abutting property. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.070 Alteration.

“Alteration” means any human-induced action which impacts the existing condition of a site. Alterations include but are not limited to grading; filling; dredging; draining; channelizing; cutting, limbing or topping, clearing, relocating or removing vegetation; applying herbicides or pesticides or any hazardous or toxic substance; discharging pollutants excepting stormwater; grazing domestic animals; paving, construction, application of gravel; modifying for surface water management purposes; or any other human activity that impacts the existing vegetation, hydrology, wildlife or wildlife habitat. Alteration does not include walking, passive recreation, fishing or other similar activities. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.080 Amendment.

“Amendment” means a city council approved change in the wording, context or substance of this title, change in the zone boundaries or change upon zoning maps adopted hereunder, or change in an approved site plan. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.090 Animal, small.

“Small animal” means any animal other than livestock or animals considered to be predatory or wild. Small animal includes, but is not limited to, fowl of all kinds, furbearing animals, bees, pets, or any other similar animal which is kept outside the owner’s residence all or part of the time. Animals normally considered to be livestock, predatory or wild, shall be considered small animals when they are taken into captivity for the purpose of breeding, domestication, training, hunting, or exhibition and which weigh less than 100 pounds. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.100 Apartment.

“Apartment” means a room, or a suite of two or more rooms in a multiple dwelling or in any other building not a single-family dwelling or a two-family dwelling occupied or suitable for occupancy as a dwelling unit for one family. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.105 Artisanal/craft production and/or retail.

“Artisanal/craft production and/or retail” means small-scale on-site production and/or assembly of arts, crafts, foods, beverages, or other type of product involving the use of small-scale equipment and/or hand tools and involving limited outdoor storage of materials, equipment, or products when such storage is decoratively treated or otherwise integrated into the building or site design. This definition includes retail spaces such as tasting rooms for products produced or assembled off site when the activities otherwise meet this definition. This definition excludes marijuana processing, marijuana production, or marijuana retail sales as defined in this chapter. (Ord. 1217 § 4, 2021)

18.08.107 Assisted housing.

“Assisted housing” means long-term residential housing in a building consisting of two or more dwelling units or sleeping units, which shall include support services to promote independent living such as food preparation and dining areas, group activity areas, medical supervision, and similar services. (Ord. 1217 § 4, 2021)

18.08.110 Automobile, boat and trailer sales area.

“Automobile, boat and trailer sales area” means an open area, other than a street, used for the display and sale of new or used automobiles or the sale of boats or trailers, and where no repair work is done except minor incidental repair of automobiles, boats or trailers to be displayed, sold or rented on the premises. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.120 Automobile rental.

“Automobile rental” means an open area, or building, used for the parking and rental of automobiles, and where no repair work is done except minor incidental repair of automobiles to be rented on the premises. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.130 Automobile service station.

“Automobile service station” means an occupancy which provides for:

A. The servicing of motor vehicles, including watercraft, and operations incidental thereto limited to the retail sale of petroleum products and automotive accessories; automobile washing by hand (except as otherwise provided herein); waxing and polishing of automobiles; tire changing and repairing (excluding recapping); battery service, changing and replacement, excluding repair and rebuilding; radiator cleaning and flushing, excluding steam cleaning and repair; and installation of accessories;

B. The following operations if conducted within a building: lubrication of motor vehicles; brake servicing limited to servicing and replacement of brake cylinders, lines and brake shoes; wheel balancing; the testing, adjustment, and replacement or servicing of carburetors, coils, condensers, distributor caps, fan belts, filters, generators, points, rotors, spark plugs, voltage regulators, water and fuel pumps, water hoses and wiring. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.135 Automobile-oriented uses.

“Automobile-oriented uses” means businesses that have permanent facilities that allow employees to serve customers in automobiles without the employee leaving the building in which the business is housed. Automobile-oriented uses also means businesses that are primarily for the purpose of sales, service, or repair of automobiles such as parts shops, auto body shops, oil change shops, garages, gasoline/fuel stations, and similar uses. “Automobile-oriented uses” does not mean businesses that, as an auxiliary use, offer pick-up, take-out, carry-out, or to-go services. (Ord. 1217 § 4, 2021)

18.08.140 Building.

“Building” means any covered structure used or intended for supporting or sheltering any use or occupancy. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.150 Building envelope.

“Building envelope” means the area of a lot that delineates the limits of where a building may be placed on the lot. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.160 Building (or structure) height.

“Building height” means the vertical distance, from the average level of the undisturbed soil of the site covered by a structure, measured to the highest point of the structure, except as provided for in LFPMC 18.50.085.

“Average level” shall be determined by averaging elevations of the downward projections of the four corners of the smallest rectangle which will enclose all of the building, excluding a maximum of 30 inches of eaves. If a corner falls off the site, its elevation shall be the average elevation of the two points projected downward where the two sides of the rectangle cross the property line. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.170 Building, main.

“Main building” means the principal building or other structure on a lot or building site designed or used to accommodate the primary use to which the premises are devoted. Where a permissible use involves more than one building or structure designed or used for the primary purpose, as in the case of group homes, each such permissible building or other structure on a lot or building site as defined by this title shall be construed as comprising a main building or structure. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.180 Building setback line.

“Building setback line” means a line which establishes a definite point beyond which the foundation and adjoining wall of a building shall not extend. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.190 Building site.

“Building site” means a parcel of land assigned to a use, to a main building, or to a main building and its accessory buildings, together with all yards and open spaces required by this title, whether the area so devoted is comprised of one lot, a fraction of a lot, a combination of lots, or combination of lots and fractions of lots. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.200 Cemetery.

“Cemetery” means land used or intended to be used for the burial of the human dead and dedicated for cemetery purposes, including columbariums, crematories, mausoleums, and mortuaries when operated in conjunction with and within the boundary of such cemetery. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.205 Charging levels.

“Charging levels” means the SAE International standard indicators of electrical force, or voltage, at which an electric vehicle’s battery is recharged. The terms 1, 2, and 3 are the most common EV charging levels, and include the following specifications:

A. Level 1 is considered slow charging.

B. Level 2 is considered medium charging.

C. Level 3 is considered fast or rapid charging. (Ord. 1217 § 4, 2021)

18.08.210 Church.

“Church” means a building, together with its accessory buildings, wherein persons regularly assemble for religious worship and which building, together with its accessory buildings, is maintained and controlled by a religious body, organized to sustain public worship. A church may include day care nurseries, but excludes rest homes, convalescent homes, homes for the aged, guest homes and religious nursing homes. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.220 Commission.

“Commission” means the planning commission of the city. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.230 Communication facility.

“Communication facility” means a site developed primarily for the transfer of voice or data through radio transmissions. Such sites typically require the construction of transmission structures to which transmission equipment is attached or in which such equipment is housed. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.240 Conditional use.

“Conditional use” means a use similar to the allowed uses in a given zone but permitted only after review by the hearing examiner, and the granting of a conditional use permit imposing such performance standards as are necessary to make the use compatible with other allowed uses in the same vicinity and zone. (Ord. 924 § 5, 2005; Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.250 Conditional use permit.

“Conditional use permit” means the documented evidence of authority granted by the city to locate a conditional use at a particular location. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.260 Council.

“Council” means the city council of the city. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.265 Cultural, entertainment, and/or recreational facility.

“Cultural, entertainment, and/or recreational facility” means a facility providing cultural, entertainment, and/or recreational services, including but not limited to: theaters, performing arts centers, museums, play facilities, dance studios, health clubs and physical fitness facilities; however, it shall not be interpreted to include adult use establishments as defined in LFPMC 18.08.050. (Ord. 1217 § 4, 2021)

18.08.270 Day care.

“Day care,” “family day care,” and “adult day care” mean a facility used for providing the regularly scheduled on-premises care of children or adults for less than a 24-hour period. A Type I day care facility is a facility providing care for 12 or fewer children or adults. A Type II day care is a facility providing care for more than 12 children or adults. (Ord. 1217 § 4, 2021; Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.280 Dwelling, multifamily.

“Multifamily dwelling” means a residential building designed for or occupied by two or more families, with the number of families in residence not exceeding the number of dwelling units provided. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.290 Dwelling, single-family.

“Single-family dwelling” means a detached residential dwelling unit, designed for and occupied by one family. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.300 Dwelling unit.

“Dwelling unit” means a single unit providing complete, independent living facilities for one or more persons, not to exceed one family, and which includes permanent provisions for living, sleeping, eating, cooking and sanitation. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.302 Electric vehicle infrastructure.

“Electric vehicle infrastructure” means providing conduit for wiring and data, and associated ventilation to support the addition of future electric vehicle charging stations pursuant to the most current edition of the National Electrical Code. (Ord. 1217 § 4, 2021)

18.08.304 Electric vehicle charging stations.

“Electric vehicle charging stations” means a public or private parking space that is served by battery charging station equipment that has as its primary purpose the transfer of electric energy (by conductive or inductive means) to a battery or other energy storage device in an electric vehicle. An electric vehicle charging station equipped with Level 1 or Level 2 charging equipment is permitted outright as an accessory use to any principal use authorized by the LFPMC. (Ord. 1217 § 4, 2021)

18.08.306 Eligible household.

“Eligible household” means one or more adults and their dependents who certify that their household annual income does not exceed the applicable percentage of the King County median income, adjusted for household size, and who certify that they meet all qualifications for eligibility, including, if applicable, any requirements for recertification on income eligibility. (Ord. 1217 § 4 2021)

18.08.310 Family.

“Family” means an individual, or two or more persons related by blood or marriage, or a group of not more than eight persons including children who are not related by blood or marriage, excluding employees, living together in a dwelling as a single housekeeping unit. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.320 Floor area.

“Floor area” means a total floor area within the walls of all buildings on a lot or building site, except for the spaces therein devoted to vents, shafts and light courts and except for the area devoted exclusively to loading and unloading facilities and to parking of motor vehicles. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.324 Framework.

“Framework,” including “town center framework design guidelines,” means the set of recommendations and requirements entitled “Town Center Design Guidelines Framework” adopted by the Lake Forest Park city council pursuant to Ordinance 1217, including amendments and addenda thereto. (Ord. 1217 § 4, 2021)

18.08.326 Freestanding parking structure.

“Freestanding parking structure” means a standalone building or structure of multiple levels used primarily for parking vehicles and associated with no other primary use. A freestanding parking structure may include parking on the upper (rooftop) level. A freestanding parking structure may include an accessory use as defined in this chapter. (Ord. 1217 § 4, 2021)

18.08.330 Grade.

“Grade” means the average of the ground level at the centers of all walls of a building. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.340 Health club.

“Health club” means an enterprise providing recreation, including but not limited to physical fitness centers, spas, and sports and recreation clubs. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.350 Home occupation.

“Home occupation” means any occupation or activity undertaken for gain or profit and carried on in a dwelling or building which is clearly secondary to the main use of the premises as a dwelling place, does not represent any exterior evidence of such secondary use, does not change the residential character of the dwelling or neighborhood, and in no way infringes upon the rights of the neighboring residences to enjoy a peaceful occupancy of their homes. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.352 Hotel, boutique hotels and temporary lodging.

“Hotel, boutique hotels and temporary lodging” means a facility providing lodging of 50 or fewer rooms and related services for a charge, typically for a period of one month or less, and includes inns, residence or extended-stay hotels, and bed and breakfasts. (Ord. 1217 § 4, 2021)

18.08.360 Impervious surface.

“Impervious surface” means a hard or compacted surface area which either prevents or retards the entry of water into the soil mantle as it entered under natural conditions preexistent to development, or a hard or compacted surface area which causes water to run off the surface in greater quantities or at an increased rate of flow from that present under natural conditions preexistent to development. Common impervious surfaces include but are not limited to rooftops, concrete or asphalt paving, paved walkways, patios, compacted gravel, driveways, parking lots and storage areas, and oiled, macadam, or other surfaces which similarly impeded the natural infiltration of surface water. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.370 Instructional institution.

“Instructional institution” means elementary, junior high, high schools, junior colleges, colleges or universities or other schools, public or private, giving academic or technical education, training or instruction. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.380 Kennel.

“Kennel” means a place where four or more adult dogs or cats or any combination thereof are kept by persons providing facilities and care for compensation, but not including a small animal hospital or clinic. An adult dog or cat is one of either sex, altered or unaltered, that has reached the age of four months. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.390 Loading zone.

“Loading zone” means an on-site space or berth on the same lot or site with the buildings or use served, such space to serve for the temporary parking of a vehicle while loading or unloading merchandise, materials or passengers. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.400 Lot.

“Lot” means a recorded plot, parcel or tract of land. If one or more lots are built upon as a unit of property, they shall be considered as a single lot. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.410 Lot area.

“Lot area” means the horizontal surface area within the recorded boundary lines of a platted lot, excluding those areas wholly or in part covered by water. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.420 Lot width.

“Lot width” means the average of the distance between the side lot lines measured at and along the front and rear setback lines. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.430 Lot lines.

A. Lot Front Line. “Lot front line” means that lot line at which vehicular access is off of a public right-of-way, private street, access easement or tract;

B. Lot Rear Line. “Lot rear line” means a lot line which is opposite and most distant from the lot front line. For the purpose of establishing the lot rear line of a triangular or trapezoidal lot, or of a lot the rear line of which is formed by two or more lines, the following shall apply:

1. For a triangular- or gore-shaped lot, a line 10 feet in length within the lot and farthest removed from the lot front line and at right angles to the line comprising the depth of such lot shall be used as the lot rear line;

2. In the case of a trapezoidal lot, the rear line of which is not parallel to the front line, the lot rear line shall be deemed to be a line at right angles to the line comprising the depth of such lot and drawn through a point bisecting the recorded lot rear line;

C. Lot Side Line. “Lot side line” means any lot boundary line not a lot front line or a lot rear line. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.440 Lot, panhandle.

“Panhandle lot” or “flag lot” means a lot that is to the rear of another lot or lots and that has access via a narrow portion of the lot that extends to a public right-of-way or access tract. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.441 Marijuana or cannabis.

“Marijuana” or “cannabis” means all or part of the plant cannabis, whether growing or not, with a THC concentration greater than 0.3 percent on a dry weight basis; the seeds thereof; the resin extracted from any part of the plant; and every compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture, or preparation of the plant, its seeds or resin. The term does not include mature stalks of the plant, fiber produced from the stalks, oil or cake made from the seeds of the plant, any other compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture or preparation of the mature stalks (except the resin extracted therefrom), fiber, oil, or cake, or the sterilized seed of the plant which is incapable of germination. (Ord. 1095 § 3, 2015)

18.08.442 Marijuana processor.

“Marijuana processor” means a person licensed by the state Liquor Control Board to process marijuana into usable marijuana and marijuana-infused products, package and label usable marijuana and marijuana-infused products for sale in retail outlets, and sell usable marijuana and marijuana-infused products at wholesale to marijuana retailers. (Ord. 1095 § 4, 2015)

18.08.443 Marijuana producer.

“Marijuana producer” means a person licensed by the state Liquor Control Board to produce and sell at wholesale to marijuana processors and other marijuana producers. (Ord. 1095 § 5, 2015)

18.08.444 Marijuana retailer.

“Marijuana retailer” means a person licensed by the state Liquor Control Board to sell usable marijuana and marijuana-infused products in a retail outlet. (Ord. 1095 § 6, 2015)

18.08.445 Marijuana-infused products.

“Marijuana-infused products” means products that contain marijuana or marijuana extracts and are intended for human use. The term “marijuana-infused products” does not include usable marijuana. (Ord. 1095 § 7, 2015)

18.08.446 Marijuana retail outlet.

“Marijuana retail outlet” means a location licensed by the state Liquor Control Board for the retail sale of usable marijuana and marijuana-infused products. (Ord. 1095 § 8, 2015)

18.08.447 Marijuana, usable.

“Usable marijuana” means dried marijuana flowers. The term “usable marijuana” does not include marijuana-infused products. (Ord. 1095 § 9, 2015)

18.08.450 Medical-dental clinic.

“Medical-dental clinic” means a building or group of buildings designed for the use of, and occupied and used by, physicians and dentists and others engaged professionally in such healing arts for humans as are recognized by the laws of the state of Washington, including medical clinics; and including the installation and use of therapeutic equipment, X-ray equipment or laboratories, chemical, biochemical, and biological laboratories used as direct accessories to the medical-dental profession; dental laboratories including facilities for the making of dentures on prescription; pharmacies limited to the retail dispensing of pharmaceuticals and sick room supplies (but not room or orthopedic equipment or furniture); provided, there shall be no exterior display windows or signs pertaining to such accessory uses other than a directory sign. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.460 Mitigation.

“Mitigation” means the use of any or all of the following actions that are listed in descending order of preference:

A. Avoiding the impact altogether by not taking a certain action or parts of an action;

B. Minimizing impacts by limiting the degree or magnitude of the action and its implementation, by using appropriate technology, or by taking affirmative steps to avoid or reduce impacts;

C. Rectifying the impact by repairing, rehabilitating or restoring the affected sensitive area;

D. Reducing or eliminating the impact over time by preservation or maintenance operations during the life of the development proposal;

E. Compensating for the impact by replacing, enhancing or providing substitute sensitive areas and environments;

F. Monitoring the impact and taking appropriate corrective measures. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.470 Manufactured housing.

“Manufactured housing” means a single-family dwelling constructed after June 15, 1976, in accordance with the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) requirements for manufactured housing and bearing the appropriate insignia indicating such compliance. Manufactured housing is prefabricated or assembled at a place other than a building site and is located and installed in the same manner as conventional housing, except to the extent that construction standards are regulated by the Washington State Department of Labor and Industries (Chapter 43.22 RCW). (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.480 Motel.

“Motel” means one or more buildings containing individual sleeping units where a majority of such units open individually and directly to the outside, and where a garage is attached to or a parking space is conveniently located next to each unit, all for the temporary use by automobile tourists or transients, and the word includes tourist courts, motor courts, automobile courts, automobile camps and motor lodges. A unit in a motel having kitchen facilities constitutes a dwelling unit and shall be subject to all of the provisions and requirements of this title governing dwelling units for the zone in which the establishment is located, but never less than the requirements of the heaviest multiple-dwelling zone. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.490 Nonconforming building.

“Nonconforming building” means a legally established building or structure which does not conform in its construction, area, yard requirements or height to the restrictions of the land use zone in which it is classified in this title. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.500 Nonconforming lot.

“Nonconforming lot” means a legally established lot or parcel of land which does not conform to the regulations of the land use zone in which it is classified by this title. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.510 Nonconforming use.

“Nonconforming use” means a legally established use which does not conform to the regulations of the land use zone in which it is classified by this title. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.520 Open space, required.

“Required open space” means a portion of the area of a lot or building site, other than required yards, which area is required by this title, as set forth in the different classifications contained herein, to be maintained between buildings, between wings of a building as common area to be available for use by the persons specified in a multiple-lot subdivision, and between buildings and any portion of a property boundary line not contiguous to a required front or side yard. Open spaces are required to be free and clear of buildings and structures and to remain open and unobstructed from the ground to the sky, except for specific permitted uses and structures. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.530 Person.

“Person” means and includes an individual, firm, partnership, association or corporation, governmental agency or political subdivision. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.540 Principal use.

“Principal use” means the primary or predominant use to which the property is or may be devoted, and to which all other uses on the premises are accessory. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.550 Professional offices.

“Professional offices” means an office maintained and used as a place of business by individuals in licensed professions and other generally recognized professions which utilize training or knowledge in the mental disciplines as distinguished from occupations primarily oriented to manual skills or the handling of commodities. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.560 Public agency.

“Public agency” means any agency, political subdivision, or unit of local government of this state including but not limited to municipal corporations, special purpose districts, and local service districts; any agency of the state of Washington, the United States or any state thereof; or any Indian tribe recognized as such by the federal government. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.565 Public art.

“Public art” means all forms of original creation of audio or visual art, placed outside or inside a structure, and readily accessible for public viewing. Public art must be made of durable materials that are vandal-resistant and designed to age well. Examples of public art include paintings, sculpture, murals, inlays, mosaics, friezes or bas-reliefs. (Ord. 1217 § 4, 2021)

18.08.567 Public market.

“Public market” means a temporary or occasional market, primarily outdoors, consisting of two or more independent vendors, with each vendor operating independently from other vendors, for the purpose of selling farm-grown or home-grown produce, food prepared off site or on site, artisanal or craft products including alcoholic beverages, flowers, plants, or other similar perishable goods and/or new wares, used goods, or merchandise. (Ord. 1217 § 4, 2021)

18.08.570 Public utility.

“Public utility” means a private business organization such as a public service corporation performing some public service and subject to special governmental regulations, or a governmental agency performing similar public services, the services by either of which are paid for directly by the recipients thereof. Such services shall include, but are not limited to, water supply, electric power, gas and transportation for persons and freight. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.580 Recreational area or community club house, noncommercial.

“Recreational area or community club house, noncommercial” means an area devoted to facilities and equipment for recreational purposes, swimming pools, tennis courts, playgrounds, community club houses and other similar uses maintained and operated by a nonprofit club or organization whose membership is limited to the residents within the area. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.590 Recreational area, commercial.

“Commercial recreational area” means an area operated for profit and devoted to facilities and equipment for recreational purposes, including swimming pools, tennis courts, playgrounds and other similar uses whether the use of such area is limited to private membership or whether open to the public upon the payment of a fee. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.595 Retail sales and services.

“Retail sales and services” means a commercial use or enterprise providing goods, food, commodities, and/or services directly to the consumer, whose goods are available for immediate purchase and removal from the premises by the purchaser and/or whose services do not meet the definition of “professional offices.” (Ord. 1217 § 4, 2021)

18.08.600 Retirement home.

Repealed by Ord. 1217. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.610 Signs.

The term “signs” shall be defined as it is in Chapter 18.52 LFPMC. (Ord. 905 § 2, 2004; Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.620 Street.

“Street” means a public or recorded private thoroughfare which affords primary means of access to abutting property. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.630 Structural alterations.

“Structural alterations” means any change in the supporting members of a building or structure, such as foundations, bearing walls, columns, beams, floor or roof joists, girders or rafters, or changes in the interior dimensions of the building or structure, or increase in floor space. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.635 Solar energy system.

“Solar energy system” means solar energy devices or design features of a building used for the collection, storage, and distribution of solar energy for space heating, space cooling, lighting, electric generation, or water heating. (Ord. 1217 § 4, 2021)

18.08.640 Substandard lot.

“Substandard lot” means a lot or parcel of land which has less than the required minimum area or width as established by the zone in which it is located and provided that such lot or parcel was of record as a legally created lot on the effective date of the ordinance codified in this title. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.650 Transit park and ride lot.

“Transit park and ride lot” means a parking lot, whether publicly or privately owned, providing vehicle parking and passenger and vehicular circulation specifically for the purpose of access to a metropolitan public transportation system as defined in RCW 35.58.020(14). (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.660 Use.

“Use” means the nature of the occupancy, the type of activity, or the character and form of improvements to which land is devoted or may be devoted. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.670 Variance.

“Variance” means a modification or exception to specific regulations but in accordance with the intent and purpose of such regulations, including the comprehensive plan, zoning code, or other applicable land use requirement. Variances shall be allowed upon meeting the variance criteria contained in Chapter 18.70 LFPMC. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.680 Veterinary clinic or small animal hospital.

“Veterinary clinic or small animal hospital” means an establishment in which veterinary medical services, clipping, bathing and similar services are rendered to dogs, cats and other small animals and domestic pets, not including kennels. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.690 Yard.

“Yard” means those open spaces on a lot other than a court, that are unoccupied and unobstructed by buildings, except as otherwise provided in this title. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.700 Yard, front.

“Front yard” means that yard adjacent to the front lot line and which is measured across the full width of the lot. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.710 Yard, side.

“Side yard” means those yards extending along both side lot lines from the front yard to the rear yard. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.720 Yard, rear.

“Rear yard” means that yard adjacent to the rear lot line and which is measured across the full width of the lot. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)

18.08.730 Zone.

“Zone” means an area accurately defined as to boundaries and location on an official map and within which area only certain types of land uses are permitted, and within which other types of land uses are excluded, as set forth in this title. (Ord. 773 § 3, 1999)