4-5-070 INTERNATIONAL FIRE CODE AND FIRE PREVENTION REGULATIONS:

A. PURPOSE:

The following provisions and regulations are adopted as part of the City’s fire prevention program to abate existing fire hazards, to investigate the cause, origin and circumstances of fires, to inspect potential fire hazards, to control the means and adequacy of the construction and safety of buildings in case of fires, within commercial, business, industrial or manufacturing areas and all other places in which numbers of persons work, meet, live or congregate, as hereinafter more particularly set forth. (Ord. 2434, 9-23-1968; Amd. Ord. 5086, 6-21-2004)

B. ADOPTION OF FIRE CODE AND STANDARDS:

The City does hereby adopt the 2015 International Fire Code pursuant to Chapter 51-54A of the Washington Administrative Code and Appendices B and H published by the International Code Council by reference as provided by State law, with the amendments, additions, deletions or exceptions as noted herein. (Ord. 4547, 7-24-1995; Amd. Ord. 4769, 3-8-1999; Ord. 5086, 6-21-2004; Ord. 5404, 7-21-2008; Ord. 5556, 10-11-2010; Ord. 5712, 4-14-2014)

C. AMENDMENTS, ADDITIONS, AND DELETIONS TO THE FIRE CODE:

1. Subsection 101.1, Title, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

101.1 Title. These regulations shall be known as the Fire Code of the City of Renton, hereinafter referred to as “this code.” Any references to “this jurisdiction” shall be references to the City of Renton, Washington.

2. Subsection 101.2, Scope, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended by adding a new subsection 6, to read as follows:

6. Matters related to preparedness for natural or manmade disasters.

3. Subsection 102.7, Referenced codes and standards, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

102.7 Referenced codes and standards. The codes and standards referenced in this code shall be those that are listed in Chapter 80, except the phrase “Electrical Code adopted by the City of Renton” shall be substituted for all references to the National Electrical Code (NFPA 70). Such codes and standards shall be considered part of the requirements of this code to the prescribed extent of each such reference and as further regulated in Sections 102.7.1 and 102.7.2. (Ord. 5888, 10-8-2018)

4. Subsection 103.1, General, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

103.1 General. All references in this code to the “department of fire prevention within the jurisdiction” shall be synonymous with the Fire Department under the direction of the Fire Code Official. The function of the department shall be the implementation, administration and enforcement of the provisions of this code.

5. Subsection 103.3, Deputies, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended by changing the title to “Fire Marshal/Deputy(ies)/Assistant(s),” and to read as follows:

103.3 Fire Marshal/Deputy(ies)/Assistant(s). In accordance with prescribed procedures of this jurisdiction, the Fire Code Official shall have the authority to appoint a Fire Marshal, Deputy Fire Marshal(s) and/or Assistant Fire Marshal(s), other related technical officers, inspectors and other employees.

6. Section 103.4.1, Legal defense, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

103.4.1 Legal defense. Any employee performing duties in connection with the enforcement of this code and acting in good faith and without malice in the performance of such duties shall be relieved from any personal liability for any damage to persons or property as a result of any act or omission in the discharge of such duties, and in the event of claims and/or litigation arising from such act or omission, the City Attorney shall, at the request of and on behalf of said employee, investigate and defend such claims and/or litigation and if the claim be deemed by the City Attorney a proper one or if judgment be rendered against such administrative authority or employee, said claim or judgment shall be paid by the City. This subsection applies only to employees that are paid by and work directly for the City of Renton. It does not apply to those working for other entities, including the Renton Regional Fire Authority.

7. Subsection 104.1, General, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended by adding a new subsection, to read as follows:

104.1.1 Discretionary authority. The Fire Chief, Fire Marshal, Deputy and/or Assistant Fire Marshal(s) and Inspectors assigned to the Fire Department shall have the authority and discretion to enforce this code.

8. Subsection 104.10.1, Assistance from other agencies, of the International Fire

Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

104.10.1 Assistance from other agencies. Police and other enforcement agencies shall have authority to render necessary assistance in the investigation of fires or the enforcement of this code as requested by the Fire Code Official, or his/her designee.

9. Subsection 104.11.2, Obstructing operations, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

104.11.2 Obstructing operations. No person shall obstruct the operations of the Fire Department in connection with extinguishment, control, or investigation of any fire or actions relative to other emergencies, or disobey any lawful command of the fire chief or officer of the Fire Department in charge of the emergency, or any part thereof, or any lawful order of a police officer assisting the Fire Department.

10. Subsection 105.1.1, Permits required, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended by adding a new subsection, to read as follows:

105.1.1.1 Operational permit fees. The fee for permits issued in accordance with Subsection 105.6 of the International Fire Code and permits issued for underground tank removal shall be as stipulated in the City of Renton Fee Schedule Brochure. Fees for tank storage shall be assessed for each individual tank.

Exceptions:

1. Permit fees for Class IIIB liquid storage shall be assessed for each tank up to a total of five tanks, and no additional fee shall be charged for the sixth through the tenth tank. The eleventh tank and each subsequent tank of Class IIIB liquids shall be assessed per tank.

2. Permit fees for carbon dioxide systems used in beverage dispensing applications shall be waived.

The permits shall expire one (1) year after date of issuance or as otherwise noted on the permit. The permit fee shall be payable at or before the time of issuance or renewal of the permit. In the event of failure to remit payment for an operational permit within thirty (30) days after receipt of application or renewal notice, a late fee as specified for Fire Plan Review and Inspection Fees in the City of Renton Fee Schedule shall be assessed in addition to the permit fees.

11. Subsection 105.3.2, Extensions, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

105.3.2 Extensions. A permittee holding an unexpired permit shall have the right to apply for an extension of the time within which the permittee will commence work under that permit when work is unable to be commenced within the time required by this section for good and satisfactory reasons. The Fire Code Official is authorized to grant, in writing, one (1) or more extensions of the time period of a permit for periods of not more than one hundred eighty (180) days each. Such extensions shall be requested by the permit holder in writing and justifiable cause demonstrated.

12. Subsection 105.4.1, Submittals, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended by adding new subsections, to read as follows:

105.4.1.2 Construction plan review. Plans shall be submitted for review and approval prior to issuing a permit for work set forth in Subsections 105.7.1 through 105.7.18.

105.4.1.3 Plan review and construction fees. Construction plans required to be reviewed by this Chapter and the International Fire Code shall be charged in accordance with the City of Renton Fee Schedule Brochure.

13. Subsection 105.6.17, Flammable and combustible liquids, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

105.6.17 Flammable and combustible liquids. An operational permit is required:

1. To use or operate a pipeline for the transportation within facilities of flammable or combustible liquids. This requirement shall not apply to the off-site transportation in pipelines regulated by the Department of Transportation (DOT) nor does it apply to piping systems.

2. To store, handle or use Class I liquids in excess of 5 gallons (19L) in a building or in excess of ten (10) gallons (37.9L) outside of a building, except that a permit is not required for the following:

2.1. The storage or use of Class I liquids in the fuel tank of a motor vehicle, aircraft, motorboat, mobile power plant or mobile heating plant unless such storage, in the opinion of the Fire Code Official, would cause an unsafe condition.

2.2 The storage or use of paints, oils, varnishes or similar flammable mixtures when such liquids are stored for maintenance, painting or similar purposes for a period of not more than thirty (30) days.

3. To store, handle or use Class II or Class IIIA liquids in excess of twenty-five (25) gallons (95L) in a building or in excess of sixty (60) gallons (227L) outside a building, except for fuel oil used in connection with oil-burning equipment in single-family and duplex dwellings.

4. To store, handle or use Class IIIB liquids in tanks or portable tanks for fueling motor vehicles at motor fuel-dispensing facilities or where connected to fuel-burning equipment.

Exception: Fuel oil and used motor oil used for space heating or water heating in single-family or duplex dwellings.

5. To remove Class I or II liquids from an underground storage tank used for fueling motor vehicles by any means other than the approved, stationary on-site pumps normally used for dispensing purposes.

6. To operate tank vehicles, equipment, tanks, plants, terminals, wells, fuel-dispensing stations, refineries, distilleries and similar facilities where flammable and Class II, IIIA or IIIB combustible liquids are produced, processed, transported, stored, dispensed or used.

7. To place temporarily out of service (for more than ninety (90) days) an underground, protected above-ground or above-ground flammable or combustible liquid tank.

8. To change the type of contents stored in a flammable or combustible liquid tank to a material that poses a greater hazard than that for which the tank was designed and constructed.

9. To manufacture, process, blend or refine flammable or combustible liquids.

10. To engage in the dispensing of liquid fuels into the fuel tanks of motor vehicles at commercial, industrial, governmental or manufacturing establishments.

11. To utilize a site for the dispensing of liquid fuels from tank vehicles into the fuel tanks of motor vehicles, marine craft and other special equipment at commercial, industrial, governmental or manufacturing establishments.

14. Subsection 105.6.24, Hot work operations, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

105.6.24 Hot works operations. An operational permit is required for hot work including, but not limited to:

1. Public exhibitions and demonstrations where hot work is conducted.

2. Use of portable hot work equipment inside a structure.

Exception deleted.

3. Fixed-site hot work equipment such as welding booths.

4. Hot work conducted within a wildfire risk area.

5. Application of roof coverings with the use of an open-flame device.

6. When approved, the Fire Code Official shall issue a permit to carry out a hot work program. This program allows approved personnel to regulate their facility’s hot work operations. The approved personnel shall be trained in the fire safety aspects denoted in this Chapter and shall be responsible for issuing permits requiring compliance with the requirements found in Chapter 35. These permits shall be issued only to their employees or hot work operations under their supervision.

15. Subsection 105.6.36, Places of Assembly, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended by adding a new subsection, to read as follows:

105.6.36.1 Temporary place of assembly/special event permit. An operational permit is required for any special event where three hundred (300) or more people will congregate, either outdoors or indoors, in other than a Group A Occupancy.

16. Subsection 105.6, Required operational permits, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to add two (2) new subsections to read as follows:

105.6.50 Mobile Food Facilities. An operational permit is required to operate a mobile food facility.

105.6.51 Commercial Cooking Hood Suppression System Contractor. A permit is required for all companies performing any inspection, service, maintenance or repair on commercial cooking hood suppression systems. This permit shall be valid for twenty four (24) months.

17. Subsection 105.7.10, Hazardous materials, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

105.7.10 Hazardous materials. A construction permit is required to install, repair damage to, abandon, remove, place temporarily out of service, or close or substantially modify a storage facility, tank, or other area regulated by Chapter 50 when the hazardous materials in use or storage exceed the amounts listed in Table 105.6.21.

Exceptions:

1. Routine maintenance.

2. For emergency repair work performed on an emergency basis, application for permit shall be made within two (2) working days of commencement of work.

18. Subsection 107.1, Maintenance of safeguards, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended by adding a new subsection, to read as follows:

107.1.1 Malfunctioning alarm fee. Whenever an alarm system is activated due to a malfunction and the Fire Department is dispatched, a report of the false alarm will be recorded for the building or area affected. For the first, second and third false alarm within a calendar year, no fee will be assessed. For every false alarm caused by a malfunction of the alarm beyond the third false alarm a fee will be assessed as per the City of Renton Fee Schedule Brochure.

19. Subsection 108.1, Board of appeals established, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended by changing the title to “Hearing Examiner,” and amended to read as follows:

108.1 Hearing Examiner. In order to hear and decide appeals of orders, decisions or determinations made by the Fire Code Official relative to the application and interpretation of this code, the Hearing Examiner process established by the City of Renton as set forth in RMC 4-8-110, shall have authority.

20. Subsection 108.3, Qualifications, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby deleted.

21. Subsection 109.3, Notice of violation, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

109.3 Notice of violation. When the Fire Code Official finds a building, premises, vehicle, storage facility or outdoor area that is in violation of this code, the Fire Code Official is authorized to prepare a written notice of violation describing the conditions deemed unsafe and, when compliance is not immediate, specifying a time for reinspection.

22. Subsection 109.3.1, Service, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended by adding new subsections, to read as follows:

109.3.1.1 Reinspection. Whenever the Fire Department has given notification of a violation that required a reinspection and thirty (30) days have expired with such condition or violation still in existence, a “Subsequent Reinspection” will be required.

109.3.1.2 Reinspection Fee. Any Subsequent Reinspection, after the original thirty (30) days period of time, shall require the payment of a reinspection fee as specified in the City of Renton Fee Schedule Brochure, to be assessed against the person owning, operating or occupying the building or premises wherein the violation exists. This reinspection fee must be paid within ten (10) days of the notice for the reinspection. However, any building owner, operator or occupant, upon a reasonable request to the Fire Code Official, may obtain an extension of said thirty (30) day period for a reasonable period to be established by the Fire Code Official to allow such time for compliance. The request for an extension must be received by the Fire Department prior to the expiration of the original reinspection date.

23. Subsection 109.3.2, Compliance with orders and notices, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended by adding a new subsection, to read as follows:

109.3.2.1 Notice and Responsibility. Whenever the infraction, condition or violation involves the structural integrity of the building, then the notice of the infraction, condition or violation shall be sent to both the building owner and its occupant or occupants. Should compliance with the fire code so as to remedy the infraction, condition or violation require additions or changes to the building or premises, which would be part of the structure or the fixtures to the realty, then the responsibility to remedy the infraction, condition, or violation shall be upon the owner of the building unless the owner and occupant shall otherwise agree between themselves and so notify the City. Should the occupant not remedy the infraction, condition, or violation, then the City shall have the right to demand such remedy from the owner of the premises.

24. Subsection 109.4, Violation Penalties, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

109.4 Violation Penalties. Persons who shall violate a provision of this code or shall fail to comply with any of the requirements thereof or who shall erect, install, alter, repair or do work in violation of the approved construction documents or directive of the Fire Code Official, or of a permit or certificate used under provisions of this code, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and subject to the penalties in RMC 1-3-1, except as provided in RMC 4-5-070.C.43 and 100. Each day that a violation continues after due notice has been served shall be deemed a separate offense.

25. Subsection 111.4, Failure to comply, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

111.4 Failure to comply. Any person who shall continue any work after having been served with a stop work order, except such work as that person is directed to perform to remove a violation or unsafe condition, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, subject to RMC 1-3-1.

26. Section 202, General Definitions, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended by changing the definitions of “Fire Chief” and “Fire Code Official” to read as follows:

FIRE CHIEF. All references in this code to the fire chief shall mean the Fire Chief or chief administrative officer of the Renton Regional Fire Authority, or a duly authorized representative.

FIRE CODE OFFICIAL. The Fire Chief, who shall be the chief law enforcement officer with respect to this code.

27. Section 202, General Definitions, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended by adding the following definitions:

AUTOMATED EXTERNAL DEFIBRILLATOR (AED). An automated external defibrillator (AED) is a portable automatic device used to restore normal heart rhythm to patients in cardiac arrest.

MOBILE FOOD FACILITY. Permanent and nonpermanent food operation vehicles that store, prepare, package, serve, vend, or otherwise provide food for human consumption, on or off the premises.

PRIVATE SMOKING CLUB. A place where smoking (as that term is defined by Chapter 70.160 RCW) occurs, that is privately operated, employs no employees and is not open to the public, or which otherwise holds itself out as meeting the criteria for such a place as established by the King County Department of Public Health.

SHALL. The word “shall” is defined to have the following meaning:

a. With respect to the functions and powers of the Fire Code Official, any agents and employees of the City of Renton, and any Board authorized hereunder, a direction and authorization to act in the exercise of sound discretion and in good faith; and

b. With respect to the obligations upon owners, occupants of the premises and their agents, there is a mandatory requirement to act in compliance with this code at the risk of civil and criminal liability upon failure to so act.

SPECIAL EVENT. For the purposes of this code, events that have large occupant loads or create a potential hazard to the participants or the community shall be defined as a “special event” including:

a. Any event that occurs in a permitted place of assembly that introduces a hazard regulated by this code and not approved at the time of the issuance of the Place of Assembly Permit.

b. Any event with an occupant load that exceeds three hundred (300) in a location that does not have a Place of Assembly Permit.

c. All temporary places of assembly.

TEMPORARY PLACE OF ASSEMBLY. An occupancy not classified as “Assembly Group A” that is used for activities normally restricted to assembly occupancies and limited to a period of less than thirty (30) calendar days of assembly use.

28. Subsection 307.1, General, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

307.1 General. Open burning is hereby prohibited in conformance with the Puget Sound Clean Air Agency and the Department of Ecology regulations.

29. Subsection 307.2, Permit required, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby deleted.

30. Section 308, Open Flames, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to add a new subsection 308.5, Sky Lanterns, to read as follows:

308.5 Sky Lanterns. The lighting and/or release of sky lanterns or like materials shall be prohibited in the City of Renton.

31. Subsection 314.4, Vehicles, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

314.4 Vehicles. Liquid or gas-fueled vehicles, fueled equipment, boats or other motor craft shall not be located indoors except as follows:

1. Batteries are disconnected.

2. Fuel in fuel tanks does not exceed one-quarter (1/4) tank or five (5) gallons (19 L) (whichever is least).

3. Fuel tanks and fill openings are closed and sealed to prevent tampering.

4. Vehicles, boats, other motor craft equipment, and fueled equipment are not fueled or defueled within the building.

32. Subsection 401.3, Emergency responder notification, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended by changing the title to “Emergency services notification,” and to read as follows:

401.3 Emergency services notification. In the event an unwanted fire, medical emergency, or hazardous material release occurs on a property, the owner or occupant shall immediately report such condition to the Fire Department. Building employees and tenants shall implement the appropriate emergency plans and procedures. No person shall, by verbal or written directive, require any delay in the reporting of a fire, medical emergency, or hazardous material release to the Fire Department.

401.3.1 Making false report. It shall be unlawful for a person to give, signal, or transmit a false alarm.

401.3.2 Alarm activations. Upon activation of a fire alarm signal, employees or staff shall immediately notify the Fire Department.

401.3.3 Emergency evacuation drills. Nothing in this section shall prohibit the sounding of a fire alarm signal or the carrying out of an emergency evacuation drill in accordance with the provisions of Section 405.

33. Subsection 403.2, Group A occupancies, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended by adding new subsections to read as follows:

403.2.5 Automated External Defibrillators (AED). Group A-1 through A-5 occupancies with an occupancy load of three hundred (300) or more persons, shall have available and maintain an AED on the premises.

403.2.5.1 Placement. The location of the AEDs shall be as determined by the Fire Code Official with a one way travel distance not to exceed six hundred (600) feet.

403.2.5.2 Notification. The Fire Department shall be notified in writing of the installation and location of an AED on the premises.

403.2.5.3 AED Maintenance. AEDs shall be maintained as per the manufacturer’s requirements.

403.2.5.4 Automated External Defibrillator (AED) Training. Where AEDs are required by this code, employees shall be trained in the use of and be familiar with the locations of the AEDs.

34. Subsection 403.8.1, Group I-1 occupancies, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

403.8.1 Group I-1 occupancies. Group I-1 occupancies shall comply with the requirements of Subsections 403.8.1.1 through 403.8.1.7.

35. Subsection 403.8.2, Group I-2 occupancies, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

403.8.2 Group I-2 occupancies. Group I-2 occupancies shall comply with the requirements of Subsections 403.8.2.1 through 403.8.2.3, 401, 404 through 406, and 403.13 through 403.13.8.

36. Subsection 403.8.3, Group I-3 occupancies, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

403.8.3 Group I-3 occupancies. Group I-3 occupancies shall comply with the requirements of Subsections 403.8.3.1 through 403.8.3.4.

37. Section 403, Emergency Preparedness Requirements, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended by adding a new subsection to read as follows:

403.13 Boarding homes and residential care facilities (I-1, I-2, I-3, R-2 and R-4 occupancies). Facilities classified as nursing homes by Washington State Administrative Code subsection 388-97-0001 shall comply with Subsections 408.12.1 through 408.12.8. Facilities classified as boarding homes by Washington State Administrative Code subsection 388-78A-2020 shall comply with Subsections 408.12.1 through 408.12.5 for those residents who are unable to care for themselves because of special needs due to health or age. Boarding homes shall comply with Subsections 408.12.6 through 408.12.8 regardless of the capabilities of their residents. R-2 and R-4 occupancies that do not fall under the State definition of boarding homes (Washington Administrative Code subsection 388-78A-2020) are exempt from requirements under Subsection 408.12.

403.13.1 Receiving facilities. The fire safety, emergency and evacuation plans must include memoranda of understanding (MOU) with appropriate facilities that can receive residents with special needs if the host facility must be evacuated.

403.13.2 Transportation agreements. The fire safety, emergency and evacuation plans must include memoranda of understanding (MOU) with transportation companies or services to provide sufficient transportation resources for residents with special needs and their attending staff in the event of an evacuation.

403.13.3 Residential tracking. The fire safety, emergency and evacuation plans must include provisions for tracking residents with special needs in the event of an evacuation. The facility must be able to account for each resident’s method of transportation and destination including residents who are picked up by non-staff members, even if a transfer of care occurs after the resident’s arrival at a secondary facility.

403.13.4 Medications and medical equipment. The fire safety, emergency and evacuation plan must include provisions for transporting medications and essential medical equipment for residents to the receiving location in the event of an evacuation.

403.13.5 Access to patient medical records. Staff must have access to patient medical records and information in the event of a disaster or emergency. It is the responsibility of the facility operators to arrange for secure records storage to access vital medical records even if residents or patients have been evacuated to a secondary facility.

403.13.6 Emergency communications. The facility must maintain the ability to receive emergency warnings and public information messages even during a power outage. A NOAA weather radio along with a battery operated AM/FM radio provides sufficient warning and information capability to meet this requirement. The facility must have an emergency communications plan to communicate with off-site staff to inform them of the facility’s status, evacuations, or a need for increased staffing levels if normal modes of communication are not operational. The emergency communications plan will also address communication with the families of residents regarding residents’ status, location and safety when the resident is unable to carry out communications on their own.

403.13.7 Environment. The facility must have a plan and readily accessible provisions to maintain a safe temperature environment and adequate ventilation for residents in the event of a utility or equipment outage. The facility must also provide non-flame sources of lighting sufficient to keep residents safe when moving around the facility. Candles or other flame sources of heat and light are not approved due to the increased risk of fire.

403.13.8 Supplies. The facility must have a minimum of a three (3) day supply of non-perishable food, water, medical, hygiene, sanitation and other supplies necessary to provide a safe environment and sustain the life, health, and comfort of the residents and the staff that care for them. All supplies must fit the dietary and medical needs of residents and staff. The supplies should also be transported to the receiving facility during an evacuation if the availability of the necessary supplies cannot be guaranteed at the secondary location.

Exception: If there is backup power for refrigeration, the three (3) days’ supply of food may be stored in any form.

38. Subsection 503.1, Where required, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

503.1 Where required. Fire apparatus access roads shall be provided and maintained in accordance with Subsections 503.1.1 through 503.2.

39. Subsection 503.1.2, Additional access, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to add a new subsection, to read as follows:

503.1.2.1 Two means of access. Two (2) means of approved access shall be required when a complex of three (3) or more buildings is located more than two hundred feet (200') from a public road. (RMC 4-6-060.H.5)

40. Subsection 503.2, Specifications, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

503.2 Specifications. Fire apparatus access roads shall be installed and arranged in accordance with RMC 4-4-080 and 4-6-060.

41. Subsection 503.4, Obstruction of fire apparatus access roads, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended by adding a new subsection, to read as follows:

503.4.1 Enforcement. The Fire Department may issue non-traffic citations to vehicles parked in a fire lane or blocking a fire hydrant in accordance with the Bail Schedule established by Renton Municipal Court. The application of the above penalty shall not be held to prevent the enforced removal of prohibited conditions.

42. Subsection 505.1, Address numbers, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended by adding new subsections, to read as follows:

505.1.1 Identification size. In order that the address identification is plainly visible, the following minimum sizes, figures or numbers, in block style in contrasting color shall be used in accordance with the following:

1. Single-family residential houses – four inches (4").

2. Multi-family residential, commercial, or small business: fifty feet (50') or less setback – six inches (6"); more than fifty feet (50') setback – ten inches (10").

3. Large commercial or industrial areas: one hundred feet (100') or less setback – eighteen inches (18"); more than one hundred feet (100') setback – twenty-four inches (24").

505.1.2 Rear Door Marking. When vehicle access is provided to the rear of commercial, industrial and warehouse buildings, the rear doors servicing individual businesses shall be marked to indicate address and/or unit identification with letters or numbers at least four inches (4") high.

505.1.3 Suite numbers. Buildings consisting of separate suites with the same building address shall have their suite number marked so that the suite is readily identifiable and the numbers or letters sized as per Subsection 505.1.1.

Exception: Suites located on an interior hall or corridor shall have lettering at least one inch (1") high.

43. Subsection 507.5.1, Where required, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

507.5.1 Where required. Where a portion of the facility or building hereafter constructed or moved into or within the jurisdiction is more than one hundred fifty feet (150') from a hydrant on a fire apparatus access road, as measured by an approved route around the exterior of the facility or building, on-site fire hydrants and mains shall be provided where required by the Fire Code Official.

Exceptions:

1. For Group R-3 and Group U occupancies, the distance requirement shall be three hundred feet (300').

2. Deleted.

44. Section 510, Emergency Responder Radio Coverage, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

510.1 Purpose. The purpose of this section is to provide minimum standards to ensure a reasonable degree of reliability for emergency services communications from within certain buildings and structures within the City to and from emergency communications centers. It is the responsibility of the emergency service provider to get the signal to and from the building site.

510.2 Applicability. This section applies to new construction permits issued after the effective date of this section. A Certificate of Occupancy shall not be issued to any structure if the building fails to comply with this section.

510.3 Building radio coverage. Except as otherwise provided, no person shall maintain, own, erect, or construct any building or structure or any part thereof, or cause the same to be done which fails to support adequate radio coverage for City emergency services workers, including but not limited to firefighters and police officers. For purposes of this section, adequate radio coverage shall mean that the in-building radio coverage is sufficient to pass the testing procedures set forth in this section. Permits to install any In-Building Radio System will require a construction permit issued by the City of Renton Fire Department.

510.4 Exceptions. This section shall not apply to the following:

510.4.1 Existing buildings or structures unless undergoing renovation.

510.4.2 Single-family and duplex residential buildings.

510.4.3 Structures that are fifty thousand (50,000) square feet in size or less without subterranean storage or parking. The subterranean areas shall not be exempt from these requirements.

510.4.4 Wood-constructed residential structures four (4) stories or less without subterranean storage or parking.

510.4.5 Buildings constructed prior to the implementation of this section shall not be required to comply with public safety radio coverage provisions of this section. However, should exempted structures undergo renovations, restoration, significant modifications or provide an addition in area greater than twenty percent (20%) of the footprint of the original structure, exemption from the provisions of this section shall not apply.

510.5 Adequate radio coverage. Minimum signal strength of three (3) micro volts shall be available in ninety-five percent (95%) of all areas of the building and ninety-nine percent (99%) in elevators (measured at the primary recall floor), stair shafts and Fire Command Centers when transmitted from the Regional 800 MHz Radio System.

510.6 Minimum signal strength. Minimum signal strength of one (1) micro volts received by the Regional 800 MHz Radio System when transmitted from ninety-five percent (95%) of all areas of the building and ninety-nine percent (99%) in elevators (measured at the primary recall floor), stair shafts and Fire Command Centers.

510.7 Frequency range.

510.7.1 The frequency range which must be supported shall be public safety frequency spectrum as determined by the regional Radio System operator in all areas of the building. Measurements in buildings for the purpose of this section shall be to a portable radio of the type the City and the 911 system then currently utilize. The Fire Chief may designate alternate methods of measuring the signal level, which satisfy appropriate levels of public safety grade coverage.

510.7.2 The amplification system must be capable of future modifications to a frequency range subsequently established by the City. If the system is not capable of modification to future frequencies, then a new system will need to be installed to accommodate the new frequency band.

510.8 Approved prior to installation. No amplification system capable of operating on frequencies used by the Regional 800 MHz Radio System shall be installed without prior coordination and approval of the radio system licensee (Valley Communications) and any such system must comply with any standards adopted by the King County Regional Communications Board.

510.9 Noncompliance. After discovery and notice of noncompliance, the building owner is provided six (6) months to remedy the deficiency and gain compliance.

510.10 Penalties. Any person violating any of the provisions of the section shall be subject to penalties in accordance with the general penalty provisions of RMC 1-3-1. In addition, any building or structure which does not meet the requirements set forth in this code is hereby declared to be a public nuisance, and the City may, in addition to seeking any other appropriate legal remedy, pursue equitable remedies to abate said nuisance in accordance with RMC 1-3-3.

510.11 Severability. If any subsection, sentence, clause, phrase or portion of this section is for any reason held invalid or unconstitutional by any court of competent jurisdiction, such portion shall be deemed a separate, distinct, and independent provision and such holding shall not affect the validity of the remaining portions hereof. (Ord. 5676, 12-3-2012)

45. Subsection 602.1, Definitions, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended by adding the following definition:

POWER TAP. A listed device for indoor use consisting of an attachment plug on one end of a flexible cord and two (2) or more receptacles on the opposite end and over current protection.

46. Subsection 604.2, Where required, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

604.2 Where required. Emergency and standby power systems shall be provided where required by Subsections 604.2.1 through 604.2.18.

47. Subsection 604.2, Where required, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended by adding new subsections, to read as follows:

604.2.17 Group I-1 and Group I-2 Nursing Home Occupancies. In addition to specific requirements listed elsewhere in the codes referenced in Subsection 102.6, approved manually switched standby power systems in new Group I-1 and I-2 occupancies shall be provided to power the following operations:

1. Heating and refrigeration.

2. Communications and alarm systems.

3. Ventilation systems.

4. Emergency lighting.

5. Patient-care related electrical circuits.

6. At least one (1) elevator used by residents.

Existing Group I-1 and I-2 occupancies and boarding homes will have two (2) years from the effective date of the ordinance codified in this section to comply with this subsection.

604.2.18 Automotive Fuel Dispensing Facilities. All new commercial fuel dispensing facilities shall be provided with an approved generator quick connect tap box and transfer switch for a standby power system to provide power to facilitate maintaining fuel dispensing during local power outages or disaster.

48. Subsection 605.10, Portable, electric space heaters, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended by adding a new subsection, to read as follows:

605.10.5 Tip-Over Switch. All portable electric space heaters shall be equipped with an automatic tip-over shut-off switch.

Exception: Approved liquid-filled portable heaters.

49. Section 609, Commercial Kitchen Hoods, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is amended to add a new subsection, to read as follows:

609.5 Type II hoods. Type II hoods shall be installed at or above any heating appliance utilized for the processing and preparation of smoking materials or smoking related paraphernalia for personal consumption. Hoods shall comply with the requirements of the International Mechanical Code. Only approved heating appliances shall be used for the processing and preparation of smoking materials and/or smoking paraphernalia. Heating appliances shall be installed in an approved manner.

50. Chapter 6, Building Services and Systems, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to add a new section, to read as follows:

SECTION 612

MOBILE FOOD FACILITIES

612.1 General. Mobile food facilities shall comply with this section.

612.2 Kitchen Hood. A Type I hood shall be installed at or above all commercial cooking appliances and domestic cooking appliances used for commercial purposes that produce grease laden vapors. Commercial kitchen exhaust hoods shall comply with the requirements of the International Mechanical Code. Hoods shall be inspected, tested and maintained in accordance with NFPA 96.

612.3 Fire Extinguishers. Approved 3A:40BC and Type K rated fire extinguishers shall be provided in each mobile food facility as determined by the Fire Code Official and the individual hazard presented by the individual mobile food facility.

612.4 Liquefied petroleum gas (LP-gas). LP-gas shall be in accordance with Chapter 61 and sections 612.4.1 and 612.4.2.

612.4.1 Maximum number and quantity. A maximum of two LP-gas containers (one hundred (100) pounds each) with a total aggregate water capacity of two hundred (200) pounds is permitted at one mobile food facility.

612.4.2 LP-gas cylinder hoses. Hoses shall be designed for a working pressure of three hundred fifty (350) psig with a safety factor of five to one (5:1) and shall be continuously marked with LP-gas, propane, three hundred fifty (350) working pressure and manufacturer’s name or trademark. Hose assemblies, after application of couplings, shall have a design capacity of seven hundred (700) psig. Hose assemblies shall be leak tested at time of installation at not less than the operating pressure of the system in which they are installed.

612.4.3 LP-gas cylinders. LP-gas cylinders shall be secured in an approved manner in an upright position. LP-gas cylinders shall not be stored within the facility at any time. If stored within a compartment, the compartment shall have approved venting directly to the exterior and must not allow venting to the interior of the facility at any time. If LP-gas cylinder storage is added to the rear of the facility, an appropriate, approved bumper shall be added to the rear of the facility to provide adequate impact protection. Belly cylinder tanks shall be installed according to DOT standards.

612.5 Location. Mobile food facilities shall not be located within ten feet (10') of buildings, tents, canopies or membrane structures or within ten feet (10') of any other mobile food facility.

Exceptions:

1. When mobile food facilities are positioned on public streets, the distance from buildings may be reduced to five feet (5'). This exception is designated for events lasting a maximum of no more than three (3) consecutive calendar days in a row.

2. When located on private property, the distance from buildings may be reduced to five feet (5') if exposed by a fire wall constructed of materials of clay or concrete only and having no openings such as windows or doors.

51. Subsection 806.1.1, Restricted Occupancies, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

806.1.1 Restricted occupancies. Natural cut trees shall be prohibited within ambulatory care facilities and Group A, E, I-1, I-2, I-3, I-4, M, R-1, R-2 providing licensed care to clients in one of the categories listed in IBC section 310.1 licensed by Washington State and R-4 occupancies.

Exceptions:

1. Trees located in areas protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with Subsections 903.3.1.1 or 903.3.1.2 shall not be prohibited in Groups A, E, M, R-1 and R-2.

2. Trees treated with a flame retardant and renewed to maintain flame resistance, subject to the approval of the Fire Code Official.

3. Trees shall be allowed within dwelling units in Group R-2 occupancies.

52. Chapter 8, Interior Finish, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended by adding a new section, to read as follows:

SECTION 809

ATRIUM FURNISHINGS

Atrium furnishings shall comply with Subsections 809.1 and 809.2.

809.1 Potential heat. Potential heat of combustible furnishings and decorative materials within atria shall not exceed nine thousand (9,000) BTU per pound (20,934 J/g) when located within an area that is more than twenty feet (20') (6096 mm) below ceiling level sprinklers.

809.2 Decorative materials. Decorative material in atria shall be noncombustible, flame resistant or treated with a flame retardant.

53. Subsection 901.5.1, Occupancy, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

901.5.1 Occupancy. It shall be unlawful to occupy any portion of a building or structure until the required fire detection, alarm and suppression systems have been tested and approved. All acceptance tests shall be witnessed by the Fire Department prior to occupancy being granted.

54. Subsection 901.6, Inspection, testing and maintenance, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended by adding new subsections, to read as follows:

901.6.3 Annual Certification Required. All sprinkler systems, fire alarm systems, portable fire extinguishers, smoke removal systems, air replenishment systems, and other fire protective or extinguishing systems shall be certified annually by a qualified agency, except, hood fire extinguishing systems shall be serviced every six (6) months. Documentation of such servicing shall be provided as indicated in Subsection 901.6.

901.6.4 Annual Hazardous Systems Certification. All electronic monitoring systems used in connection with flammable, combustible liquids and/or hazardous materials shall be certified annually by a qualified agency. Documentation of the system certifications shall be forwarded to the Fire Department indicating each system has been tested and functions as required.

55. Subsection 903.2, Where required, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

903.2 Where required. Approved automatic sprinkler systems in new buildings and structures shall be provided in the locations described in this section.

All newly constructed buildings with a gross square footage of five thousand (5,000) or greater square feet, regardless of type of use as well as zero lot line townhouses with an aggregate area of all connected townhouses equaling five thousand (5,000) or greater square feet must be equipped with sprinklers in accordance with this Chapter. Additions to existing buildings which would result in a gross floor area greater than five thousand (5,000) square feet must be retrofitted with an automatic sprinkler system.

Exceptions:

1. One-time additions to International Building Code Group R-3 occupancies of up to five hundred (500) square feet are permitted without compliance with this section.

2. Single-family and duplex dwellings and townhouses built in compliance with the International Residential Code and meeting fire flow and access requirements of the City of Renton.

When not required by other provisions of this chapter, a fire-extinguishing system installed in accordance with NFPA 13 may be used for increases and substitutions allowed in Subsections 504.3, 506.2 and Table 601 of the Building Code.

All newly established building occupancy uses defined as Private Smoking Clubs. Fire sprinklers shall be installed throughout the entire fire area utilized for such occupancy, regardless of size of such occupancy.

56. Subsection 903.2.1.1, Group A-1, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

903.2.1.1 Group A-1. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided for Group A-1 occupancies where one (1) of the following conditions exists:

1. The gross floor area exceeds five thousand (5,000) square feet;

2. The fire area has an occupant load of three hundred (300) or more;

3. The fire area is located on a floor other than the level of exit discharge serving such occupancies; or

4. The fire area contains a multi-theater complex.

57. Subsection 903.2.1.2, Group A-2, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

903.2.1.2 Group A-2. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided for group A-2 occupancies where one (1) the following conditions exists:

1. The gross floor area exceeds five thousand (5,000) square feet;

2. The fire area has an occupant load of one hundred (100) or more; or

3. The fire area is located on a floor other than the level of exit discharge serving such occupancies.

58. Subsection 903.2.1.3, Group A-3, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

903.2.1.3 Group A-3. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided for Group A-3 occupancies where one (1) of the following conditions exists:

1. The gross floor area exceeds five thousand (5,000) square feet;

2.  The fire area has an occupant load of three hundred (300) or more; or

3. The fire area is located on a floor other than the level of exit discharge serving such occupancies.

59. Subsection 903.2.1.4, Group A-4, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

903.2.1.4 Group A-4. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided for Group A-4 occupancies where one (1) of the following conditions exists:

1. The gross floor area exceeds five thousand (5,000) square feet;

2. The fire area has an occupant load of three hundred (300) or more; or

3. The fire area is located on a floor other than the level of exit discharge serving such occupancies.

60. Subsection 903.2.1.5, Group A-5, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

903.2.1.5 Group A-5. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided for Group A-5 occupancies in the following areas: concession stands, retail areas, press boxes and other accessory use areas in excess of one thousand (1,000) square feet.

61. Subsection 903.2.2, Group B ambulatory health care facilities, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

903.2.2 Ambulatory care facilities. An automatic sprinkler system shall be installed throughout all fire areas containing an ambulatory care facility where either of the following conditions exists at any time:

1. Four (4) or more care recipients are incapable of self-preservation, whether rendered incapable by staff or staff has accepted responsibility for care recipients already incapable.

2. One (1) or more care recipients who are incapable of self-preservation are located at other than the level of exit discharge serving such a facility.

In buildings where ambulatory care is provided on levels other than the level of exit discharge, an automatic sprinkler system shall be installed throughout the entire floor where such care is provided as well as all floors below, and all floors between the level of ambulatory care and the nearest level of exit discharge, including the level of exit discharge.

62. Subsection 903.2.3, Group E, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

903.2.3 Group E. An approved automatic sprinkler system shall be provided for Group E occupancies as follows:

Exceptions:

1. Throughout all Group E fire areas greater than five thousand (5,000) square feet in area.

2. Throughout every portion of educational buildings below the lowest level of exit discharge serving that portion of the building.

3. Portable school classrooms, provided the aggregate area of any clusters of portable school classrooms does not exceed five thousand (5,000) square feet, and clusters of portable school classrooms shall be separated as required by the Building Code.

63. Subsection 903.2.4, Group F-1, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended by changing the title to “Group B, F and S Occupancies,” and to read as follows:

903.2.4 Group B, F and S Occupancies. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided throughout all buildings containing a Group B, F or S occupancy with over five thousand (5,000) square feet of gross floor area.

903.2.4.1 Woodworking operations. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided throughout all group F-1 occupancy fire areas that contain woodworking operations in excess of two thousand five hundred (2,500) square feet in area which generate finely divided combustible waste or which use finely divided combustible materials.

64. Subsection 903.2.5, Group H, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

903.2.5 Group H. Automatic sprinkler systems shall be provided in high-hazard occupancies as required in Subsections 903.2.5.1 through 903.2.5.3.

903.2.5.1 General. An automatic sprinkler system shall be installed in Group H occupancies.

903.2.5.2 Group H-5 occupancies. An automatic sprinkler system shall be installed throughout buildings containing Group H-5 occupancies. The design of the sprinkler system shall not be less than that required under the International Building Code for the occupancy hazard classifications in accordance with Table 903.2.5.2. Where the design area of the sprinkler system consists of a corridor protected by one (1) row of sprinklers, the maximum number of sprinklers required to be calculated is thirteen (13).

 

TABLE 903.2.5.2

GROUP H-5 SPRINKLER DESIGN CRITERIA

LOCATION

OCCUPANCY HAZARD CLASSIFICATION

Fabrication areas

Ordinary Hazard Group 2

Service corridors

Ordinary Hazard Group 2

Storage rooms without dispensing

Ordinary Hazard Group 2

Storage rooms with dispensing

Extra Hazard Group 2

Corridors

Ordinary Hazard Group 2

903.2.5.3 Pyroxylin plastics. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided in buildings, or portions thereof, where cellulose nitrate film or pyroxylin plastics are manufactured, stored or handled in quantities exceeding one hundred (100) pounds.

65. Subsection 903.2.6, Group I, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

903.2.6 Group I. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided throughout buildings with a Group I fire area.

Exceptions:

1. An automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with Subsection 903.3.1.2 shall be permitted in Group I-1 condition 1 facilities.

2. An automatic sprinkler system is not required where Group I-4 day care facilities are at the level of exit discharge and where every room where care is provided has at least one (1) exterior exit door.

3. In buildings where Group I-4 day care is provided on levels other than the level of exit discharge, an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Subsection 903.3.1.1 shall be installed on the entire floor where care is provided and all floors between the level of care and the level of exit discharge, and all floors below the level of exit discharge, other than areas classified as an open parking garage.

66. Subsection 903.2.7, Group M, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

903.2.7 Group M. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided throughout buildings containing a Group M occupancy where one (1) of the following conditions exists:

1. Where a Group M gross floor area exceeds five thousand (5,000) square feet.

2. Where a Group M fire area is located more than three (3) stories above grade.

3. Where the combined area of all Group M fire areas on all floors, including any mezzanines, exceeds five thousand (5,000) square feet.

4. Where a Group M occupancy that is used for the display and sale of upholstered furniture and/or mattresses exceeds five thousand (5,000) square feet.

67. Subsection 903.2.8, Group R, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended by adding new subsections, and to read as follows:

903.2.8 Group R. An automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with Subsection 903.3 shall be provided throughout all buildings with a Group R fire area.

903.2.8.1 Group R-3. An automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with Subsection 903.3.1.3 shall be permitted in Group R-3 occupancies.

903.2.8.2 Group R-4 Condition 1. An automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with Subsection 903.3.1.3 shall be permitted in Group R-4 Condition 1 occupancies.

903.2.8.3 Group R-4 Condition 2. An automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with Subsection 903.3.1.2 shall be permitted in Group R-4 Condition 2 occupancies. Attics shall be protected in accordance with Subsection 903.2.8.3.1 or 903.2.8.3.2.

903.2.8.3.1 Attics used for living purposes, storage or fuel-fired equipment. Attics used for living purposes, storage or fuel-fired equipment shall be protected throughout with an automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with Subsection 903.3.1.2.

903.2.8.3.2 Attics not used for living purposes, storage or fuel-fired equipment. Attics not used for living purposes, storage or fuel-fired equipment shall be protected in accordance with one of the following:

1. Attics protected throughout by a heat detector system arranged to activate the building fire alarm system in accordance with Subsection 907.2.10.

2. Attics constructed of noncombustible materials.

3. Attics constructed of fire-retardant-treated wood framing complying with Subsection 23.3.2 of the International Building Code.

4. The automatic sprinkler system shall be extended to provide protection throughout the attic space.

903.2.8.4 Care facilities. An automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with Subsection 903.3.1.3 shall be permitted in care facilities with five (5) or fewer individuals in a single-family dwelling.

903.2.8.5 Group R-3 Occupancy. When the occupancy has over five thousand (5,000) square feet of gross floor area.

903.2.8.6 Dwellings. When proposed within all residential zones, clustered or constructed so that, when attached, the total square foot gross floor area of all dwelling units exceeds five thousand (5,000) square feet. For the purpose of this subsection, portions of buildings separated by one (1) or more firewalls will not be considered a separate building.

68. Subsection 903.2.9, Group S-1, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

903.2.9 Group S-1. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided throughout all buildings containing a Group S-1 occupancy where one (1) of the following conditions exists:

1. A Group S-1 fire area exceeds five thousand (5,000) square feet.

2. A Group S-1 fire area is located more than three (3) stories above grade plane.

3. The combined area of all Group S-1 fire areas on all floors, including any mezzanines, exceeds five thousand (5,000) square feet.

4. A Group S-1 fire area used for the storage of commercial motor vehicles where the fire area exceeds five thousand (5,000) square feet.

5. A Group S-1 occupancy used for the storage of upholstered furniture or mattresses exceeds two thousand five hundred (2,500) square feet (232 m2).

903.2.9.1 Repair garages. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided throughout all buildings used as repair garages in accordance with Section 406 of the International Building Code, as shown:

1. Buildings having two (2) or more stories above grade plane, including basements, with a fire area containing a repair garage exceeding five thousand (5,000) square feet.

2. Buildings no more than one (1) story above grade plane, with a fire area containing a repair garage exceeding five thousand (5,000) square feet.

3. Buildings with repair garages servicing vehicles in basements.

4. A Group S-1 fire area used for the repair of commercial motor vehicles where the fire area exceeds five thousand (5,000) square feet.

903.2.9.2 Bulk storage of tires. Buildings and structures where the area for storage of tires exceeds twenty thousand (20,000) cubic feet shall be equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Subsection 903.3.1.1.

69. Subsection 903.2.10, Group S-2 enclosed parking garages, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

903.2.10 Group S-2 enclosed parking garages. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided throughout buildings classified as enclosed parking garages in accordance with Subsection 406.4 of the International Building Code as follows:

1. Where the fire area of the enclosed parking garage exceeds five thousand (5,000) square feet; or

2. Where the enclosed parking garage is located beneath other groups.

Exception: Enclosed parking garages located beneath Group R-3 occupancies.

903.2.10.1 Commercial parking garages. An automatic sprinkler system shall be provided throughout buildings used for storage of commercial motor vehicles where the fire area exceeds five thousand (5,000) square feet.

70. Subsection 903.2.11, Specific building areas and hazards, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

903.2.11 Specific building areas and hazards. In all occupancies other than Group U, an automatic sprinkler system shall be installed for building design or hazards in the locations set forth in Subsections 903.2.11.1 through 903.2.11.6.

903.2.11.1 Stories without openings. An automatic sprinkler system shall be installed throughout all stories, including basements, of all buildings where the floor area exceeds one thousand five hundred (1,500) square feet unless there is at least one (1) of the following types of exterior wall openings:

1. Openings below grade that lead directly to ground level by an exterior stairway complying with Section 1009 or an outside ramp complying with Section 1010. Openings shall be located on the exterior wall of the story on at least one (1) side. The required openings shall be distributed so that the lineal distance between adjacent openings does not exceed fifty feet (50').

2.  Openings entirely above the adjoining ground level totaling at least twenty (20) square feet in each fifty (50) linear feet, or fraction thereof, of exterior wall in the story on at least one (1) side. The required openings shall be distributed so that the lineal distance between adjacent openings does not exceed fifty feet (50'). The height of the bottom of the clear opening shall not exceed forty-four inches (44") (1,188 mm) measured from the floor.

903.2.11.1.1 Opening dimensions and access. Openings shall have a minimum dimension of not less than thirty inches (30"). Such openings shall be accessible to the fire department from the exterior and shall not be obstructed in a manner that firefighting or rescue cannot be accomplished from the exterior.

903.2.11.1.2 Openings on one side only. Where openings in a story are provided on only one (1) side and the opposite wall of such story is more than seventy-five feet (75') from such openings, the story shall be equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system or openings as specified above shall be provided on at least two (2) sides of the story.

903.2.11.1.3 Basements. Where any portion of a basement is located more than seventy-five feet (75') (22,860 mm) from openings required by Subsection 903.2.11.1, or where walls, partitions or other obstructions are installed that restrict the application of water from hose streams, the basement shall be equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system.

903.2.11.2 Rubbish and linen chutes. An automatic sprinkler system shall be installed at the top of rubbish and linen chutes and in their terminal rooms. Chutes shall have additional sprinkler heads installed at alternate floors and at the lowest intake. Where a rubbish chute extends through a building more than one (1) floor below the lowest intake, the extension shall have sprinklers installed that are recessed from the drop area of the chute and protected from freezing in accordance with Subsection 903.3.1.1. Such sprinklers shall be installed at alternate floors beginning with the second level below the last intake and ending with the floor above the discharge. Chute sprinklers shall be accessible for servicing.

903.2.11.3 Buildings fifty-five feet (55') or more in height. An automatic sprinkler system shall be installed throughout buildings that have one (1) or more stories with an occupant load of thirty (30) or more located fifty-five feet (55') or more above the lowest level of fire department vehicle access, measured to the finished floor.

Exceptions:

1. Open parking structures.

2. Occupancies in Group F-2.

903.2.11.4 Ducts conveying hazardous exhausts. Where required by the International Mechanical Code, automatic sprinklers shall be provided in ducts conveying hazardous exhaust, flammable or combustible materials.

Exception: Ducts where the largest cross-sectional diameter of the duct is less than ten inches (10").

903.2.11.5 Commercial cooking operations. An automatic sprinkler system shall be installed in a commercial kitchen exhaust hood and duct system where an automatic sprinkler system is used to comply with Section 904.

903.2.11.6 Other required suppression systems. In addition to the requirements of Subsection 903.2, the provisions indicated in Table 903.2.11.6 require the installation of a fire suppression system for certain buildings and areas.

71. Subsection 903.2.12, During construction, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

903.2.12 During construction. Automatic sprinkler systems required during construction, alteration and demolition operations shall be provided in accordance with Section 3313.

72. Subsection 903.2, Where required, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended by adding new subsections, to read as follows:

903.2.13 Automatic Sprinkler Systems in New Buildings.

903.2.13.1 Buildings over five thousand (5,000) square feet. A fully automatic fire protection sprinkler system is to be installed in all new buildings in excess of five thousand (5,000) square feet total gross floor area, regardless of vertical or horizontal fire barriers. Such sprinkler system shall be designed, installed and tested as per Subsection 903.3.

903.2.13.2 Buildings less than five thousand (5,000) square feet. A fully automatic fire protection sprinkler system may be required by the Chief of the Fire Department or the Fire Code Official for buildings less than five thousand (5,000) square feet gross floor area when, in their judgment, supported by written documentation from a professional organization (such as NFPA, ICC, SBCC, U.L., ISO, etc.) verifies that hazardous operations, hazardous contents, critical exposure problems, limited accessibility to the building or other items may contribute to a definite hazard.

903.2.14 Sprinkler Systems in Remodeled Buildings. The requirements for the installation of fire protection sprinkler systems in remodeled buildings shall be as indicated in Subsections 903.2.14.1 and 903.2.14.2.

903.2.14.1 Existing sprinklered buildings. When existing buildings with full sprinkler systems are remodeled or added onto, the remodeled or added on portion shall be fully sprinklered.

903.2.14.2 Existing non-sprinklered buildings. When an existing building is added onto or remodeled and the resulting total square foot gross floor area exceeds five thousand (5,000) square feet, then the entire structure shall be fully sprinklered. All existing non-sprinklered buildings currently exceeding five thousand (5,000) square feet where a remodel, alteration or repair exceeds fifty percent (50%) of the building valuation within a three (3) year period shall have a sprinkler system installed throughout. Valuation shall be determined from the King County Assessor records at the time of the first application for a permit.

73. Subsection 903.3.1.2, NFPA 13R sprinkler systems, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

903.3.1.2 NFPA 13R sprinkler systems. Automatic sprinkler systems in Group R occupancies up to and including four (4) stories in height shall be permitted to be installed throughout in accordance with NFPA 13R. NFPA 13R systems shall be limited to buildings with a maximum gross floor area of twelve thousand (12,000) square feet.

74. Subsection 903.4.2, Alarms, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

903.4.2 Alarms. Approved audible and visible alarm notification appliances shall be connected to every automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 907 and throughout areas designated by the Fire Code Official. Sprinkler water-flow alarm devices shall be activated by water flow equivalent to the flow of a single sprinkler of the smallest orifice size installed in the system. Alarm devices shall be provided on the exterior of the building in an approved location. Where a fire alarm system is installed, actuation of the automatic sprinkler system shall actuate the building fire alarm system.

Exceptions:

1. With approval of the Fire Code Official, visible alarm notification appliances may be omitted for approved residential sprinkler systems in single-family or duplex dwelling units if not otherwise specifically required. Audible alarm notification shall be provided and accomplished by connecting the waterflow alarm initiating device to the multiple-station alarms, household fire alarm system or other approved methods.

2. Alarms are not required for approved domestically supplied local systems with ten (10) heads or less per building.

75. Subsection 903.4.3, Floor Control Valves, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

903.4.3 Floor Control Valves. Approved supervised indicating control valves shall be provided at the point of connection to the riser on each floor.

Exception: When approved by the Fire Code Official in NFPA 13D and NFPA 13R Systems.

76. Section 903, Automatic Sprinkler Systems, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended by adding a new subsection, to read as follows:

903.7 Riser Room Access. All NFPA 13, 13R and any 13D systems serving five (5) or more dwelling units, sprinkler system risers shall be located in a dedicated room with an exterior door, lighting and heat. Exception: 13D single and two-family residences or townhome sprinkler systems with four (4) units or less.

77. Subsection 904.12, Commercial cooking systems, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

904.12 Commercial cooking systems. The automatic fire-extinguishing system for commercial cooking systems shall be of a type recognized for protection of commercial cooking equipment and exhaust systems of the type and arrangement protected. Pre-engineered automatic dry- and wet-chemical extinguishing systems shall be tested in accordance with UL 300 and listed and labeled for the intended application. Existing suppression systems not in compliance shall be replaced with a conforming system whenever any of the following occurs:

• Any modifications are made to the structure of the kitchen hood.

• Re-arrangement of appliances under the hood requires change in nozzle placement.

• Any additional cooking appliances are added to the cook line.

• The system can no longer be serviced due to the lack of available manufacturer’s listed parts.

• Lard or animal fats are replaced with one (1) or more cooking medium that operates at higher temperatures than the suppression system was designed and tested for in the UL listing.

If the manufacturer’s original listing was conducted using animal fats, the business owner shall provide a letter to the Renton Fire Department certifying that the cooking system will only be used with animal fats. A sign with three inches (3") high letters stating “Animal Fat Oils Only” shall be installed on the front of the hood.

Existing wet-chemical systems that are not in compliance with current UL 300 Standards shall be updated. Wet-chemical systems that were located within the City on August 25, 2008, were required to be updated to UL 300 Standards by no later than August 25, 2010. All existing wet-chemical systems that were legally installed prior to annexation into City boundaries are required to be updated within two (2) years from the effective date of the annexation that brought the systems within the boundaries of the City.

Other types of automatic fire-extinguishing systems shall be listed and labeled for specific use as protection for commercial cooking operations. The system shall be installed in accordance with this code, its listing and the manufacturer’s installation instructions. Automatic fire-extinguishing systems of the following types shall be installed in accordance with the referenced standard indicated, as follows:

1. Carbon dioxide extinguishing systems, NFPA 12.

2. Automatic sprinkler systems, NFPA 13.

3. Foam-water sprinkler system or foam-water spray systems, NFPA 16.

4. Dry-chemical extinguishing systems, NFPA 17.

5. Wet-chemical extinguishing systems, NFPA 17A.

78. Subsection 904.12.6, Operations and maintenance, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to add a new subsection to read as follows:

904.12.6.4 Commercial Cooking Hood Suppression System Contractor.

904.12.6.4.1 “Commercial Cooking Hood Suppression System Contractor” Definition. A person or organization that offers to undertake the execution of contracts or accepts payment for the inspection, maintenance, or servicing of a commercial cooking hood suppression system.

904.12.6.4.2 Penalty for Violation. It shall be unlawful for any person or organization to perform an inspection, maintenance, or servicing of a commercial cooking hood suppression system contractor without a valid permit. A violation of this section is a misdemeanor, punishable in accordance with RMC 1-3-1. Each separate instance where an inspection, maintenance or service was provided constitutes a separate violation.

79. Subsection 905.3.1, Height, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

905.3.1 Height. Class III standpipe systems shall be installed throughout buildings where the floor level of the highest story is located more than twenty feet (20') above the lowest level of the Fire Department vehicle access, or where the floor level of the lowest story is located more than twenty feet (20') below the highest level of Fire Department vehicle access.

Exceptions:

1. Class I standpipes are allowed in buildings equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Subsection 903.3.1.1 or 903.3.1.2.

2.  Class I manual standpipes are allowed in open parking garages where the highest floor is located not more than one hundred fifty feet (150') above the lowest level of Fire Department vehicle access.

3.  Class I manual dry standpipes are allowed in open parking garages that are subject to freezing temperatures, provided that the hose connections are located as required for Class II standpipes in accordance with Subsection 905.5.

4. Class I standpipes are allowed in basements equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system.

5. Group R-3 does not require standpipes.

80. Subsection 905.3, Required installations, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended by adding a new subsection, to read as follows:

905.3.9 High-Rise Building Standpipes. Standpipe risers shall be combination standpipe/sprinkler risers using a minimum pipe size of six inches (6") diameter. Two (2) two and one-half inches (2-1/2") hose connections shall be provided on every intermediate floor level landing in every required stairway unless otherwise approved by the Fire Code Official. Where pressure reduction valves (PRV) are required, each hose connection shall be provided with its own PRV. The system shall be designed to provide a minimum flow of three hundred (300) gpm at a minimum pressure of one hundred fifty (150) psi (maximum two hundred (200) psi) at each standpipe connection, in addition to the flow and pressure requirements contained in NFPA 14.

81. Subsection 905.8, Dry standpipes, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

905.8 Dry standpipes. Dry standpipes, when approved by the Fire Code Official, are acceptable in other than high-rise buildings.

82. Subsection 907.1.3, Equipment, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

907.1.3 Equipment. Systems and their components shall be listed and approved for the purpose for which they are installed. All new alarm systems shall be addressable. Each device shall have its own address and shall annunciate individual addresses at a UL Central Station.

Exception: Systems that have not more than twelve (12) zones and not more than five (5) devices on each zone.

83. Subsection 907.2.2, Group B, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

907.2.2 Group B. A manual fire alarm system shall be installed in the following Group B Occupancies:

1. Those having an occupant load of five hundred (500) or more persons or more than one hundred (100) persons above or below the lowest level of exit discharge.

2. Those that are two (2) or more stories in height or three thousand (3,000) square feet or more in area.

3. The fire area contains an ambulatory care facility.

Exception: Deleted.

84. Subsection 907.2.3, Group E, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended by deleting Exception Number 3.

85. Subsection 907.2.4, Group F, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended by deleting the exception.

86. Subsection 907.2.7, Group M, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended by deleting Exceptions Number 1 and 2.

87. Subsection 907.2.8.1, Manual Fire Alarm System, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended by deleting Exceptions 1 and 2.

88. Subsection 907.2.9, Group R-2, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended by deleting Exceptions 1, 2, and 3.

89. Subsection 907.2.9, Group R-2, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended by adding a new subsection, to read as follows:

907.2.9.4 Multi-family complexes. Multi-family complexes with three (3) or more separate buildings within the complex, including recreation and/or day-care buildings, shall be provided with approved fire alarm systems regardless of size. The buildings within the complex shall have each building monitored by an approved central station.

90. Subsection 907.2, Where required – New buildings and structures, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended by adding a new subsection, to read as follows:

907.2.24 Structures in excess of three thousand (3,000) Square Feet. An approved total coverage addressable manual and automatic fire alarm system shall be provided in accordance with NFPA Standard 72 in all structures in excess of three thousand (3,000) square feet of total floor area.

Exception:

For the purpose of Section 907, fire walls constructed in accordance with Chapter 7 of the IBC, in Group R-3 and U occupancies, shall not define separate buildings.

91. Subsection 907.8.5, Maintenance, inspection and testing, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended by adding a new subsection, to read as follows:

907.8.5.1 Nonconforming alarm systems. In the event that an alarm system does not meet these requirements, it shall be a further requirement of this chapter that modifications necessary to meet these minimum levels are made to the alarm system and subsequent testing is conducted prior to any occupancy being granted.

92. Subsection 914.3, High-rise buildings, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

914.3 High-rise buildings. High-rise buildings shall comply with Subsections 914.3.1 through 914.3.8.

93. Subsection 914.3, High-rise buildings, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended by adding new subsections, to read as follows:

914.3.7 Air replenishment systems. All high-rise buildings shall be equipped with an approved rescue air replenishment system. The system shall provide an adequate pressurized fresh air supply through a permanent piping system for the replenishment of portable life sustaining air equipment carried by Fire Department, rescue and other personnel in the performance of their duties. Location of access stations, as well as installation and maintenance of the air replenishment systems, shall meet the requirements as determined by the Fire Code Official. A specifications document for the construction of air replenishing systems that conforms to the breathing equipment used by the Fire Department will be made available by the Fire Code Official.

914.3.8 Fire equipment. A cabinet or other enclosed facility shall be provided in every stairwell, smoke tower or such similar structure on designated floors, commencing with the third floor, seventh floor and every fourth floor above the seventh floor for the storage of fire hose and related equipment. Facilities, cabinets, devices, hoses and related equipment shall be furnished by the building owner. All such equipment and the specific location thereof shall be subject to the approval of the Fire Code Official. These rooms will be inspected annually by the Fire Department and equipment replaced by the building owner or his/her representative at the appropriate service life.

94. Subsection 1103.7.6, Group R-2, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

1103.7.6 Group R-2. A manual and automatic fire alarm system that activates the occupant notification system in accordance with Subsection 907.6 shall be installed in existing Group R-2 occupancies more than three stories in height or with more than sixteen (16) dwelling or sleeping units.

Exceptions:

1. Where each living unit is separated from other contiguous living units by fire barriers having a fire-resistance rating of not less than three quarters (0.75) of an hour, and where each living unit has either its own independent exit or its own independent stairway or ramp discharging at grade.

2. A separate fire alarm system is not required in buildings that are equipped throughout with an approved supervised automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with Subsection 903.3.1.1 or 903.3.1.2 and having a local alarm to notify all occupants.

3. A fire alarm system is not required in buildings that do not have interior corridors serving dwelling units and are protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with Subsection 903.3.1.1 or 903.3.1.2, provided that dwelling units either have a means of egress door opening directly to an exterior exit access that leads directly to the exits or are served by open-ended corridors designed in accordance with Subsection 1027.6, Exception 3.

4. A fire alarm system is not required in buildings that do not have interior corridors serving dwelling units, do not exceed three (3) stories in height and comply with both of the following:

4.1 Each dwelling unit is separated from other contiguous dwelling units by fire barriers having a fire-resistance rating of not less than three-quarters (3/4) of an hour.

4.2 Each dwelling unit is provided with hardwired, interconnected smoke alarms as required for new construction in Subsection 907.2.11.

95. Section 3317, Safeguarding roofing operations, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

3317.1 General. Roofing operations utilizing heat-producing systems or other ignition sources shall be conducted in accordance with Subsections 3317.2 through 3317.4 and Chapter 35.

3317.2 Asphalt and tar kettles. Asphalt and tar kettles shall be operated in accordance with Section 303.

3317.3 Fire extinguishers for roofing operations. Fire extinguishers shall comply with Section 906. There shall be not less than one (1) multipurpose portable fire extinguisher with a minimum 3-A 40B:C rating on the roof being covered or repaired.

3317.4 Fire Safety. The roofing contractor shall notify the Fire Department before leaving the site of torch-applied roofing system and report each day’s completion and the presence of any hot spots or fires that were suppressed during the roofing process.

96. Subsection 5001.5, Permits, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

5001.5 Permits. Permits shall be required as set forth in Subsections 105.6 and 105.7.

When required by the Fire Code Official, permittees shall apply for approval to permanently close a storage, use, or handling facility. Such application shall be submitted at least thirty (30) days prior to the termination of the storage, use, or handling of hazardous materials. The Fire Code Official is authorized to require that the application be accompanied by an approved facility closure plan in accordance with Subsection 5001.6.3.

All new installations and/or modifications or additions to existing systems shall require plan review and permit fees as stipulated in the City of Renton Fee Schedule Brochure.

97. Subsection 5003.2.6, Maintenance, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

5003.2.6 Maintenance. In addition to the requirements of Subsection 5003.2.3, equipment, machinery, and required detection and alarm systems associated with hazardous materials shall be maintained in an operable condition. Defective containers, cylinders and tanks shall be removed from service, repaired or disposed of in an approved manner. Defective equipment or machinery shall be removed from service and repaired or replaced. Required detection and alarm systems shall be replaced or repaired where defective. All monitoring systems used in connection with hazardous materials shall be certified at least annually by a qualified agency. Documentation of the system certification shall be forwarded to the Fire Department indicating the system has been tested and functions as required.

98. Subsection 5003.9, General Safety Precautions, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

2703.9 General Safety Precautions. General precautions for the safe storage, handling or care of hazardous materials shall be in accordance with Subsections 5003.9.1 through 5003.9.11.

99. Subsection 5003.9, General Safety Precautions, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to add a new subsection, to read as follows:

5003.9.11 Manufacturer’s limitations. The storage and use of hazardous materials shall not exceed the manufacturer’s limitations on shelf life and any other restrictions on use.

100. Subsection 5303.5.3, Securing Compressed Gas Containers, Cylinders and Tanks, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

5303.5.3 Securing compressed gas containers, cylinders and tanks. Compressed gas containers, cylinders and tanks shall be secured to prevent falling caused by contact, vibration or seismic activity. Securing of compressed gas containers, cylinders and tanks shall be by one (1) of the following methods:

1. Securing containers, cylinders and tanks to a fixed object with one (1) or more restraints. Restraints shall be constructed of approved materials such as metal chains, metal cables or other materials as approved by the Fire Code Official.

2. Securing containers, cylinders and tanks on a cart or other mobile device designed for the movement of compressed gas containers, cylinders or tanks.

3. Nesting of compressed gas containers, cylinders and tanks at container filling or servicing facilities or in seller’s warehouses not accessible to the public. Nesting shall be allowed provided the nested containers, cylinders or tanks, if dislodged, do not obstruct the required means of egress.

4. Securing of compressed gas containers, cylinders and tanks to or within a rack, framework, cabinet or similar assembly designed for such use.

Exception: Compressed gas containers, cylinders and tanks in the process of examination, filling, transport or servicing.

101. Subsection 5601.1, Scope, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

5601.1 Scope. The provisions of this chapter shall govern the possession, manufacture, storage, handling, sale and use of explosives, explosive materials, fireworks and small arms ammunition. The indoor use of pyrotechnics in the performing arts in conjunction with theatrical, musical, or similar productions before a proximate audience, performers, or support personnel as allowed by WAC 212-17-350, is hereby prohibited.

Exceptions:

1. The Armed Forces of the United States, Coast Guard or National Guard.

2. Explosives in forms prescribed by the official United States Pharmacopoeia.

3. The possession, storage and use of small arms ammunition when packaged in accordance with DOTn packaging requirements.

4. The possession, storage and use of not more than one (1) pound (0.454 kg) of commercially manufactured sporting black powder, twenty (20) pounds (9 kg) of smokeless powder and ten thousand (10,000) small arms primers for hand loading of small arms ammunition for personal consumption.

5. The use of explosive materials by federal, state and local regulatory, law enforcement and fire agencies acting in their official capacities.

6. Special industrial explosive devices which in the aggregate contain less than fifty (50) pounds (23 kg) of explosive materials.

7. The possession, storage and use of blank industrial-power load cartridges when packaged in accordance with DOTn packaging regulations.

8. Transportation in accordance with DOTn 49 CFR Parts 100–185.

9. Items preempted by federal regulations.

102. Subsection 5601.1.3, Fireworks, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

5601.1.3 Fireworks. The possession, sale, and discharge of all fireworks are prohibited in the City of Renton, as of May 21, 2005.

Exceptions:

Possession, storage, and discharge of fireworks may be authorized by the Fire Code Official or City Council for special events or public displays pursuant to an operational fire code permit or other applicable permit issued in compliance with the Renton Municipal Code and other applicable laws, including but not limited to Part VI and Part VII of Chapter 212-17, as now or hereafter amended.

103. Subsection 5601.2.4.2, Fireworks display, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended by changing the title to “Public Display; Insurance Required,” and to read as follows:

5601.2.4.2 Public Display; Insurance Required. Any applicant shall, at the time of issuance of such license, submit to the City proper evidence of public liability and property damage insurance and such applicant shall maintain the insurance in a company or companies approved by the City with amounts as follows: One million dollars ($1,000,000.00) or more for injuries to any one (1) person in one (1) accident or occurrence; two million dollars ($2,000,000.00) or more for injuries to two (2) or more persons in any one (1) accident or occurrence; one million dollars ($1,000,000.00) for damage to property in any one (1) accident or occurrence. Such insurance shall name the City as an additional insured and shall not be cancelable except by a forty-five (45) day pre-cancellation notice in writing to the City. Further, the insurance required herein shall be primary insurance as respects the City. Any insurance, self-insurance, or insurance pool coverage maintained by the City shall be in excess of the insurance required herein and shall not contribute with it.

104. Subsection 5601.2.4.2, Fireworks display, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended by adding a new subsection, to read as follows:

5601.2.4.2.1 Pyrotechnic Operator Required. Every City-authorized display of fireworks shall be handled and supervised by a state licensed pyrotechnic operator.

105. Subsection 5601.7, Seizure, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended by adding new subsections, changing the title to “Seizure/Penalty,” and to read as follows:

5601.7 Seizure/Penalty. The City of Renton may employ either, or both, of the following processes.

5601.7.1 Seizure. The Fire Code Official is authorized to remove or cause to be removed or disposed of in an approved manner, at the expense of the owner, explosives, explosive materials or fireworks offered or exposed for sale, stored, possessed or used in violation of this chapter.

5601.7.2 Penalty. Any violation of this section related to fireworks classified as “consumer” by RCW 70.77.136, as now or hereinafter amended, shall be punishable as a class 1 civil infraction under RCW 7.80.120. Possession, sale or discharge of fireworks not classified as “consumer” shall be subject to such fines and penalties as set forth in RCW 70.77.488, 70.77.540, and Chapter 212-17 WAC.

106. Subsection 5704.2.11, Underground Tanks, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

5704.2.11 Underground Tanks. Underground storage of flammable and combustible liquids in tanks shall comply with Subsection 5704.2 and Subsections 5704.2.11.1 through 5704.2.11.5.3. Corrosion protection shall comply with WAC 173-360-305.

All new underground storage tanks shall conform to the standards as defined in RMC 4-5-120, Underground Storage Tank Secondary Containment Regulations. All provisions of RMC 4-5-120 shall apply to the installation, use, maintenance, and abandonment of underground storage tanks. All unauthorized releases from underground storage tanks shall be reported in conformance with RMC 4-5-120.K, Release Reporting Requirements. Leaking tanks shall be promptly emptied and removed from the ground and abandoned in accordance with Subsection 5704.2.14. All new above-ground and underground tank installations and modifications or additions to existing systems shall be subject to plan review and installation fees as described in the City of Renton Fee Schedule Brochure.

107. Subsection 5704.2.11.5, Leak prevention, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended by adding a new subsection, to read as follows:

5704.2.11.5.3 Leak Detection System Maintenance and Certification. Leak detection devices and monitoring systems installed in accordance with this subsection shall be inspected and tested at least annually by a qualified third party, and the test results maintained on site for at least one (1) year.

108. Appendix B104.2, Area separation, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

Appendix B104.2 Area separation. Portions of buildings, which are separated by one (1) or more four (4) hour firewalls constructed in accordance with the International Building Code, without openings, and provided with a thirty-inch (30") parapet, are allowed to be considered as separate fire areas. (Ord. 4547, 7-24-1995; Amd. Ord. 4769, 3-8-1999; Ord. 5086, 6-21-2004; Ord. 5404, 7-21-2008; Ord. 5556, 10-11-2010; Ord. 5712, 4-14-2014)

109. Appendix B105, Fire-Flow Requirements For Buildings, of the International Fire Code, 2015 Edition, is hereby amended to read as follows:

SECTION B105

FIRE-FLOW REQUIREMENTS FOR BUILDINGS

B105.1 One- and two-family dwellings. The minimum fire-flow and flow duration requirements for one (1)- and two (2)-family dwellings having a fire-flow calculation area that does not exceed three thousand six hundred (3,600) square feet (344.5 m2) shall be one thousand (1,000) gallons per minute (3785.4 L/min) for one (1) hour. Fire-flow and flow duration for dwellings having a fire-flow calculation area in excess of three thousand six hundred (3,600) square feet (344.5m2) shall not be less than that specified in Table B105.1(2).

Exception: A reduction in required fire-flow of fifty percent (50%), as approved, is allowed when the building is equipped with an approved automatic sprinkler system.

B105.2 Buildings other than one (1)- and two (2)-family dwellings. The minimum fire-flow and flow duration for buildings other than one (1)- and two (2)-family dwellings shall be as specified in Table B105.1(2).

Exception: A reduction in required fire-flow of up to seventy-five percent (75%), as approved, is allowed when the building is provided with an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with Subsections 903.3.1.1 or 903.3.1.2. The resulting fire-flow shall not be less than one thousand five hundred (1,500) gallons per minute (5678 L/min) for the prescribed duration as specified in Table B105.1(2). (Ord. 5889, 10-22-2018)

D. FIRE HYDRANTS:

1. Required for Construction: All buildings constructed within the City of Renton shall be served by fire hydrants installed in accordance with the requirements of this Section. (Ord. 4007, 7-14-1986)

a. Plans Required Prior to Permit: No building permit shall be issued until plans required under this Chapter have been submitted and approved in accordance with the provisions contained in this Chapter.

b. Installation Timing: No construction beyond the foundation shall be allowed until hydrants and mains are in place, unless approved by the appropriate City authority, following appropriate application and a finding that there is no life or safety threat involved.

c. Upgrade of Existing Hydrants Required: In addition, presently existing fire hydrants which do not conform with the requirements and standards of this Section when replaced shall be replaced with hydrants which do conform to the standards and requirements of this Section. (Ord. 4007, 7-14-1985)

2. Fire Hydrant Requirements in Commercial, Business, Industrial and Manufacturing Areas:

a. Installation Required: The owner of any building hereafter constructed or used in the City which building or structure is not located or accessible within one hundred fifty feet (150') of any fire hydrant and such building or structure being located or situated in any area zoned and to be used, or actually used, for any commercial, business, industrial or manufacturing purpose shall, at his or her expense, install or cause to have installed fire hydrant or hydrants together with the necessary pipes, appurtenances and connections in order to connect and hook on said hydrant or hydrants to the City’s existing water supply. It shall be a criminal misdemeanor for any person to own, occupy or use any building or structure as defined in RMC 8-4-24B, C and D, unless such building or structure is located within one hundred fifty feet (150') of any fire hydrant. (Amd. Ord. 4769, 3-8-1999)

b. Number and Location of Hydrants: The number and location of such hydrants shall be in accordance with good fire engineering practice and standards, the size, location, and construction to comply with the rules and regulations in Appendix J of the 2012 Water System Plan Update, adopted by City of Renton Resolution No. 4154 on August 13, 2012, as now or hereinafter amended, and all of such installations to be duly approved by the Fire Department prior to its acceptance thereof by the City.

c. Applicability to Annexed Properties: The aforesaid requirements shall likewise apply to any such building or structure as hereinabove defined which is hereafter annexed to the City. (Ord. 2434, 9-23-1968)

3. Fire Hydrants in Other Areas: The owner or party in control of any building hereafter constructed in or annexed to the City and which said structure or building is used for school, church, rest home, hospital or multiple residential apartments (four (4) individual apartment units or more) or any other place of public assembly, and wheresoever located, shall at his expense install or cause to be installed fire hydrant or hydrants unless adequate and sufficient hydrants are located or accessible within one hundred fifty feet (150') of any such building or structure. The number, location, size and type of such hydrant or hydrants to be installed shall be as specified in RMC 8-4-24B, further reference hereby had thereto, and all of such installation to be approved by the Fire Department. (Amd. Ord. 4769, 3-8-1999)

4. Fire Hydrants; Special Locations: In addition to the foregoing requirements, additional hydrant or hydrants may be required or separately required in areas which are being utilized for open storage of flammable products, including flammable liquids, or other areas of special fire hazards with spacing and floor requirements based on the fire protection required in each instance; the number, size, type and location of hydrants for the aforesaid purpose shall be as specified in subsection D2 of this Section and all of such installations to be subject to the approval of the Fire Department.

5. Multiple Uses – Contract: In the event that the installation of any such fire hydrant or hydrants as above set forth, and the connecting system pertaining thereto, should benefit two (2) or more properties then the owners of such benefited properties shall share the cost of such installation in the proportion of the benefits so derived. Whenever an owner is required to install such fire hydrant or fire hydrants under the provision of this Section and which installation will benefit outer properties not owned or controlled by such owner, then in any such case such owner may apply to the City for an agreement under the provisions of the Municipal Water and Sewer Facilities Act known as chapter 35.91 RCW and any such agreement between such owner and the City shall run for a period not to exceed five (5) years and thus permit such owner to recover a portion of the cost of such initial installation from other parties in the event of any such future hookup or connection. Such contract shall further provide that the owner of any building or structure subsequently erected shall not be permitted, during the term of the aforesaid contract, to make any hookup or connection to the City’s water system or to any such hydrant until such owner has paid his proportionate fair share of the initial cost of such installation as set forth in said contract. Any such agreement entered into between such owner causing such installation and the City shall be filed for record with the King County Recorder’s office and thereupon such filing shall constitute due notice of the terms and requirements therein specified to all other parties. The City further reserves the right, upon approval of the City Council, to participate in the installation of any oversized water line extensions or additional or extra improvements relative to such installations. (Ord. 2434, 9-23-1968)

6. Fire-Flow Requirements:

a. Basis for and Computation of Fire-Flow Requirement: The fire-flow requirement applied by the Fire Marshal under the provisions of this section shall be based upon criteria established in Appendix B of the International Fire Code as amended, added to or adopted herein. Appendix B of the International Fire Code is hereby adopted by reference. One copy of that document shall be filed in the City Clerk’s office and be available for use and examination by the public. (Ord. 4327, 8-26-1991; Ord. 5712, 4-14-2014)

b. Unknown Fire-Flow: Where the existing fire-flow is not known or cannot be easily determined, it shall be required of the developer to compute the available fire-flow using standards and criteria set forth in Appendix J of the 2012 Water System Plan Update, adopted by City of Renton Resolution No. 4154 on August 13, 2012, as now or hereinafter amended. (Ord. 4007, 7-14-1986)

7. Residential Sprinkling Permitted: When the fire-flow is less than one thousand (1,000) gallons per minute but greater than five hundred (500) gallons per minute, then residential structures shall be permitted to be served by sprinklers unless the Fire Chief has made a written finding that the public safety, health or welfare will be threatened, stating the factors upon which such finding is based, in which case residential structures shall not be permitted to be constructed at such location. (Ord. 4327, 8-26-1991)

8. Number of Hydrants Required: The number of fire hydrants that shall be required for the new construction or a defined risk shall be based on the amount of fire-flow that is required to protect said risk. The requirement shall be one hydrant per one thousand (1,000) g.p.m. fire-flow. (Ord. 4007, 7-14-1986)

9. Location of Hydrants: These fire hydrants shall be located no closer than fifty feet (50') from the structure and no greater than three hundred feet (300'). The primary hydrant shall be not further than one hundred fifty feet (150') from the structure. (Ord. 4007, 7-14-1986)

10. Hydrant Accessibility: Hydrants shall not be obstructed by any structure or vegetation, or have the hydrant visibility impaired within a distance of one hundred fifty feet (150') in any direction of vehicular approach to the hydrant. All hydrants are to be accessible to Fire Department pumpers over roads capable of supporting such fire apparatus. (Ord. 3541, 5-4-1981; Amd. Ord. 4007, 7-14-1986)

The Fire Marshal shall have discretion to determine the location of the hydrants based upon a review of the location of the existing utilities, topography and the characteristics of the building or structure; minor deviations may be granted by Fire Department approval of written requests. (Ord. 4007, 7-14-1986)

11. Design and Installation Requirements: The installation of all fire hydrants shall be in accordance with sound engineering practices. In addition, the following requirements shall apply to all building construction projects:

a. Two (2) copies of detailed plans or drawings, accurately indicating the location of all valves and fire hydrants to be installed shall be submitted to the Fire Marshal prior to the commencement of any construction.

b. All fire hydrants must be approved by the City of Renton, Public Works Department.

c. All construction of the fire hydrant installation and its attendant water system connection shall conform to the design standards and specifications of the City of Renton.

d. Fire hydrant installation shall be adequately protected against vehicular damage in accordance with RMC 4-6-010A.

e. An auxiliary gate valve shall be installed at the main line tee to permit the repair and replacement of the hydrant without disruption of water service.

f. All hydrants shall stand plumb, ±3°, to be set to the finished grade with the bottom flange two inches (2") above ground or curb grade and have no less than thirty six inches (36") in diameter of clear area about the hydrant for the clearance of hydrant wrenches on both outlets and on the control valve.

g. The port shall face the most likely route of approach and location of the fire truck while pumping; distance from pumper port to street curb shall be no further than twelve feet (12'), all as determined by the Fire Marshal.

h. The lead from the service main to the hydrant shall be no less than six inches (6") in diameter. Any hydrant leads over fifty feet (50') in length from water main in hydrant shall be no less than eight inches (8") in diameter.

i. All hydrants newly installed in single family residential areas shall be supplied by not less than six inch (6") mains, and shall be capable of delivering one thousand (1,000) g.p.m. fire-flow over and above average maximum demands at the farthest point of the installation. Hydrant leads up to fifty feet (50') long may be six inches (6") in diameter.

j. All hydrants shall conform to the latest revised City of Renton Standard Detail and Specifications. (Amd. Ord. 4769, 3-8-1999)

k. All pipe shall meet City of Renton standards pursuant to RMC 4-6-010A.

l. The maximum distance between fire hydrants in single-family use district zones shall be six hundred feet (600').

m. The maximum distance between fire hydrants in commercial, industrial and apartment (including duplex) use district zones shall be three hundred feet (300').

n. Lateral spacing of fire hydrants shall be predicated on hydrants being located at street intersections.

o. The appropriate water authority and Fire Department shall be notified in writing of the date the fire hydrant installation and its attendant water connection system will be available for use.

p. The Fire Marshal shall be notified when all newly installed hydrants or mains are placed in service.

q. Where fire hydrants are not in service, they shall be identified as being out of service by a method approved by the Fire Marshal. (Ord. 3541, 5-4-1981)

12. Special Requirements for Buildings More Than Two Hundred Feet (200') from a Street Property Line: The requirements of this Section apply to all building construction projects in which buildings are located or are to be located such that any portion is more than two hundred feet (200') in vehicular travel from a street property line, except detached single-family dwellings:

a. Buildings that have required fire-flows of less than two thousand five hundred (2,500) g.p.m. may have fire hydrants on one side of the building only.

b. When the required fire-flow is over two thousand five hundred (2,500) g.p.m., the fire hydrants shall be served by a main which loops around the building or complex of buildings and reconnects back into a distribution supply main.

c. The number of fire hydrants that shall be required for the new construction or a defined risk shall be based on the amount of fire-flow that is required to protect said risk. The requirement shall be one hydrant per one thousand (1,000) g.p.m. fire-flow. These fire hydrants shall be located no closer than fifty feet (50') from the structure and no greater than three hundred feet (300'). All hydrants are to be accessible to Fire Department pumpers over roads capable of supporting such fire apparatus. The Fire Marshal shall determine the location of the hydrants based upon a determination of utility, topography and building or structure; minor deviations may be granted by Fire Department approval of written requests. (Ord. 3541, 5-4-1981; Amd. Ord. 4769, 3-8-1999)

13. Water System Requirements for Hydrants: All fire hydrants shall be served by a municipal or quasi-municipal water system, or as otherwise approved by the Fire Marshal. (Ord. 4007, 7-14-1986)

14. Service and Testing of Hydrants: All hydrants shall be subject to testing, inspection and approval by the Fire Department. (Ord. 4007, 7-14-1986)

15. Prohibited Hydrants: The installation of flush type hydrants is prohibited unless approved by the Fire Marshal and such approval shall be given only when permitted fire hydrants would be dangerous or impractical. The showing of such danger or impracticability shall be the burden of the builder. (Ord. 3541, 5-4-1981)

16. Dead End Mains Prohibited: Provisions shall be made wherever appropriate in any project for looping all dead end or temporarily dead end mains. A minimum fifteen foot (15') easement shall be required. Construction plans must be approved by the Public Works Department as per this Section and other applicable City regulations prior to commencement of construction. (Ord. 3541, 5-4-1981)

17. Meter or Detection Required for Private Water or Fire Service: Services for fire protection must be metered or detector checkered at the expense of the owner and fitted with such fixtures only as are needed for fire protection and must be entirely disconnected from those used for other purposes. (Ord. 4441, 2-28-1994)

18. Use for Other Than Fire Protection Prohibited: In no case will any tap be made upon any pipe used for fire service purposes or any tank connected therewith, nor shall the use of any water be permitted through any fire service nor through any pipes, tanks or other fixtures therewith connected for any purposes except the extinguishing of fire on such premises or testing flows for fire control purposes. (Ord. 4441, 2-28-1994)

19. Changes Requiring Increased Fire Protection: Whenever any change in the use, occupancy or construction of any premises or purposes as hereinabove defined require any increased fire and hydrant protection, the owner, owners or person in charge of such premises shall proceed promptly toward securing adequate protection and all such installation or changes to be completed providing for such increased fire protection, prior to the use or occupancy of such facilities.

20. Violation of This Section and Penalties: Unless otherwise specified, violations of this Section are misdemeanors subject to RMC 1-3-1. Each day upon which a violation occurs or continues constitutes a separate offense. (Ord. 3541, 5-4-1981; Ord. 5159, 10-17-2005; Ord. 5806, 6-20-2016)