Chapter 9.56
BRASSICACEAE FAMILY PLANTS

Sections:

9.56.010    Purpose.

9.56.020    Definitions.

9.56.030    Nuisance declared.

9.56.040    Abatement remedy.

Appendix A

9.56.010 Purpose.

It is the purpose of this Chapter to ensure that both commercial and noncommercial growers of plants within the Brassicaceae family in Skagit County can reasonably coexist, by creating a mechanism to timely and reasonably provide notice and opportunity to cure as well as a mechanism to seek rapid judicial relief in the event that inter-landowner communication does not resolve the conflict arising from proximate Brassica crops. (Ord. O20190004 (Exh. 1))

9.56.020 Definitions.

“Brassica” means all plants of the Brassicaceae family identified in Appendix A, and any genetic derivatives thereof whether or not named as set forth in Appendix A.

“Brassica Regulatory Scheme” means Chapter 15.51 RCW and Chapter 16-326 WAC including any future amendments thereto.

“Commercial Brassica seed crop” means a Brassica crop planted in accordance with the Brassica Regulatory Scheme and grown for the purpose of producing commercially viable seed.

“Flowering Brassica” means those plant species identified in Appendix A that have bolted or flowered, transitioning from vegetative to reproductive growth.

“Nuisance flowering Brassica” means a flowering Brassica grown and maintained outside the Brassica Regulatory Scheme in a property immediately adjacent to a property planted in accordance with the Brassica Regulatory Scheme, in circumstances where notice and opportunity to cure have been afforded as set forth in SCC 9.56.040. (Ord. O20190004 (Exh. 1))

9.56.030 Nuisance declared.

The growing and maintenance of flowering Brassica within Skagit County outside the Brassica Regulatory Scheme are hereby declared a nuisance to the extent described below. This Section shall apply to those lands zoned Agricultural—Natural Resource Land (SCC 14.16.400) lying west of the westernmost boundary of the town of Hamilton and parcels zoned otherwise within one mile straight line distance thereof. (Ord. O20190004 (Exh. 1))

9.56.040 Abatement remedy.

A party aggrieved by a violation of SCC 9.56.030 may seek redress and abatement according to the following remedy, and a flowering Brassica shall not be deemed a nuisance flowering Brassica unless the following notice and opportunity to cure provisions have been satisfied, which provisions shall be strictly interpreted:

(1) Notice. No flowering Brassica on a property shall be deemed a nuisance for the purpose of this Section unless notice has been furnished to the landowner or tenant in possession of the property to be charged with a nuisance under this Section prior to the planting of the commercial Brassica seed crop. Notice shall be deemed sufficient if accompanied by a declaration of service under penalty of perjury stating that the notice was delivered in person, posted on the door of the main residence at the property to be charged with nuisance, or placed in the U.S. mail addressed to the occupant of the property to be charged.

(2) Opportunity to Cure.

(a) Upon detection of a nuisance flowering Brassica, an aggrieved party seeking abatement must offer the landowner or tenant maintaining the nuisance flowering Brassica the estimated fair market value of the nuisance flowering Brassica in exchange for abatement (removal) of the nuisance flowering Brassica.

(b) If the offer set forth in Subsection (2)(a) of this Section is not accepted within 24 hours and the nuisance flowering Brassica abated, the aggrieved party may bring suit in the name of the aggrieved party to enjoin and abate the nuisance. (Ord. O20190004 (Exh. 1))

Appendix A

Brassica chinensis

Pak choi

B. carinata

Ethiopian mustard

B. juncea

Brown mustard, oriental mustard, Chinese mustard, gai-choi, Indian mustard, kai-tsoi, karashina, leaf mustard, mustard cabbage, mustard greens, ostrich plume, southern cole, Swatow mustard

B. napus

Canola, colza, rape, rapeseed, rutabaga, Swede rape, turnip

B. napus var. napobrassica

Rutabaga, Swede, Swedish turnip

B. nigra

Black mustard, brown mustard, cadlock, scurvy, senvil, warlock

B. oleracea

Cabbage, kale, kohlrabi, wild cabbage

B. oleracea var. acephala

Borecole, braschette, cole, colewort, collards, flowering cabbage, kale

B. oleracea var. botrytis

Broccoli, cauliflower

B. oleracea var. capitata

Cabbage, savoy, savoy cabbage

B. oleracea var. gemmifera

Brussels sprouts

B. oleracea var. gongylodes

Kohlrabi

B. oleracea var. italica

Asparagus broccoli, Italian broccoli, sprouting broccoli

B. pekinensis

Celery cabbage, Chinese cabbage, pe-tsai, Shantung cabbage

B. rapa

Canola, bird’s rape, bird’s rape mustard, field mustard, turnip

B. rapa subsp. trilocularis

Field mustard

B. tournefortii

African mustard

Other Crucifer genera and species present in Washington (bold font = species sometimes grown commercially in Washington State’s Brassica vegetable seed production districts)

Alyssum spp.

Madwort, alyssum

Arabidopsis thaliana

Mouse-ear cress

Arabis spp.

Rock-cress

Armoracia rusticana

Horseradish, red-cole

Barbarea spp.

Winter cress, yellow-rocket

Berteroa incana

Hoary alyssum

Cakile spp.

Sea-rocket

Camelina sativa

Camelina

Capsella bursa-pastoris

Shepherd’s-purse

Cardamine spp.

Cress, toothwort, pepperwort, bittercress, shotweed

Cheiranthus cheiri

English wallflower, wallflower

Cochlearia officinalis

Scurvy-grass

Conringia orientalis

Hare-ear mustard

Coronopus didymus

Swine-cress

Crambe spp.

Colewort, crambe, scurvy-grass, sea kale

Descurainia spp.

Tansymustard

Draba spp.

Whitlow-grass, draba

Erucastum gallicum

Dogmustard

Erysimum spp.

Wallflower, cress, mustard

Hesperis matronalis

Dame’s-rocket

Iberis spp.

Candytuft

Lepidium spp.

Peppergrass, pepperwort, tongue-grass

Lesquerella spp.

Bladderpod

Lobularia maritima

Sweet alyssum

Lunaria annua

Bolbonac, honesty-plant, money-plant, moonwort, penny-flower, silver-dollar

Matthiola spp.

Stock

Nasturtium officinale

Watercress

Parrya nudicaulis

Wallflower

Phoenicaulis cheiranthoides

Wallflower, Phoenicaulis

Raphanus raphinastrum

Jointed charlock, wild radish

R. sativus

Radish

R. sativus cv. ‘longipinnatus’

Chinese radish, daikon

Rorippa spp.

Field cress

Sibara virginica

Rock-cress, sibara

Sinapis alba

White mustard, yellow mustard

S. arvensis

California rape, charlock, wild mustard

Sisymbrium spp.

Mustard, tumble mustard, hedge mustard

Smelowskia spp.

False candytuft

Stanleya spp.

Prince’s plume, desert plume

Streptanthus spp.

Jewelflower

Thelypodium spp.

Tumble mustard, thelypodium

Thlaspi spp.

Pennycress, stinkweed, fan weed, French weed

Thysanocarpus curvipes

Fringe-pod, lace-pod

(Ord. O20190004 (Exh. 1))