Chapter 18.04
DEFINITIONS

Sections:

18.04.0005    Undefined words and phrases.

18.04.0010    Definitions generally.

18.04.0015    Abutting.

18.04.0020    Access.

18.04.0025    Access easement or way.

18.04.0030    Accessory use or structure.

18.04.0032    Accessory antenna device.

18.04.0035    Accessory unit.

18.04.0040    Activity.

18.04.0045    Adjacent.

18.04.0050    Administrative decision.

18.04.0055    Adult bookstore.

18.04.0060    Adult day care.

18.04.0065    Adult entertainment businesses.

18.04.0070    Adult family home.

18.04.0075    Adult mini-motion picture theater.

18.04.0080    Adult motion picture theater.

18.04.0085    Adult retail store.

18.04.0090    Adult video store.

18.04.0095    Agricultural activity.

18.04.0097    Air separation facilities.

18.04.0100    Alley.

18.04.0105    Antenna.

18.04.0106    Antenna, directional.

18.04.0107    Antenna, omni-directional.

18.04.0108    Antenna, parabolic.

18.04.0109    Antenna, stealth.

18.04.0110    Repealed.

18.04.0115    Apartments.

18.04.0117    Appeal, closed record.

18.04.0120    Aquifer.

18.04.0125    Aquifer recharge areas.

18.04.0128    Arbor.

18.04.0130    Assisted living facilities.

18.04.0135    Automotive sales.

18.04.0140    Automotive repair.

18.04.0145    Auto-oriented.

18.04.0150    Bar.

18.04.0155    Barn.

18.04.0160    Basement.

18.04.0162    Battery storage, distribution, and processing business.

18.04.0165    Bed and breakfast.

18.04.0170    Block.

18.04.0175    Block front.

18.04.0180    Board and care homes.

18.04.0185    Brewery.

18.04.0190    Buffer area.

18.04.0195    Building.

18.04.0200    Building, detached.

18.04.0205    Building height.

18.04.0210    Building official.

18.04.0215    Building site.

18.04.0220    Cabaret.

18.04.0225    Carport.

18.04.0227    Car rental agency.

18.04.0230    Car wash.

18.04.0235    Cemetery.

18.04.0240    Church.

18.04.0245    Club.

18.04.0247    Collective garden.

18.04.0250    College.

18.04.0253    Commercial laundries.

18.04.0255    Commercial uses.

18.04.0260    Commission.

18.04.0265    Comprehensive plan.

18.04.0270    Conditional use.

18.04.0275    Condominium.

18.04.0280    Congregate residence.

18.04.0285    Construction.

18.04.0290    Contiguous.

18.04.0295    Continuing care or life care communities.

18.04.0297    Contractor business.

18.04.0300    Convenience store or market.

18.04.0303    Cottage houses or housing.

18.04.0305    Council.

18.04.0310    County.

18.04.0312    Curbline.

18.04.0315    Day.

18.04.0320    Day care facility.

18.04.0322    Deck.

18.04.0325    Density.

18.04.0330    Density, gross.

18.04.0335    Density, net.

18.04.0340    Development.

18.04.0342    Development regulations.

18.04.0345    Director.

18.04.0350    Drive-through business.

18.04.0352    Drive-through espresso/coffee business.

18.04.0353    Duplex.

18.04.0355    Dustless, hard surfaces.

18.04.0360    Dwelling unit.

18.04.0362    East Sumner Neighborhood Plan Area.

18.04.0363    Electrical power generation and cogeneration.

18.04.0365    Existing residential dwellings lawfully constructed as of the effective date of this title.

18.04.0368    Facade.

18.04.0370    Factory built housing.

18.04.0375    Family.

18.04.0380    Fence.

18.04.0385    Floor area.

18.04.0390    Floor area, ground.

18.04.0393    Floor area ratio.

18.04.0395    Foster home.

18.04.0397    Frontage.

18.04.0398    Funeral home.

18.04.0400    Garage, private.

18.04.0405    Garage, public.

18.04.0410    Garage sale.

18.04.0415    Gasoline service station.

18.04.0420    Grade, average.

18.04.0425    Grade, existing.

18.04.0430    Grade, finish.

18.04.0435    Grading.

18.04.0440    Grandfather clause.

18.04.0445    Ground cover.

18.04.0450    Ground water.

18.04.0453    Ground-related dwelling unit.

18.04.0455    Group residence.

18.04.0460    Guest house.

18.04.0462    Guyed tower.

18.04.0465    Hazardous substance processing or handling.

18.04.0470    Hazardous waste.

18.04.0475    Hazardous waste treatment and storage facility.

18.04.0480    Halfway house.

18.04.0482    Health and fitness clubs.

18.04.0485    Hearing examiner.

18.04.0486    Heavy equipment and/or boat sales.

18.04.0488    Hedge.

18.04.0490    Historic landmark.

18.04.0495    Home for the aged.

18.04.0500    Home occupation.

18.04.0501    Homeless.

18.04.0502    Homeless encampment.

18.04.0503    Homeless shelter.

18.04.0505    Hospice.

18.04.0510    Hotel.

18.04.0515    Impervious surface.

18.04.0520    Infiltration.

18.04.0525    Infiltration rate.

18.04.0530    Junkyard.

18.04.0532    Judicial system.

18.04.0535    Kennel.

18.04.0537    Lattice tower.

18.04.0539    Light-medium equipment sales.

18.04.0540    Livestock.

18.04.0545    Loading space.

18.04.0550    Lot.

18.04.0555    Lot area.

18.04.0560    Lot area, net.

18.04.0565    Lot, corner.

18.04.0570    Lot coverage.

18.04.0575    Lot depth.

18.04.0580    Lot, interior.

18.04.0585    Lot line, front.

18.04.0590    Lot line, rear.

18.04.0595    Lot line, side.

18.04.0600    Lot line, side street.

18.04.0605    Lot of record.

18.04.0610    Lot, pipestem.

18.04.0615    Lot, reversed corner.

18.04.0620    Lot, through.

18.04.0625    Lot, unplatted.

18.04.0630    Lot width.

18.04.0633    Low impact development.

18.04.0635    Major division of land.

18.04.0637    Mansard roof.

18.04.0640    Manufactured home.

18.04.0643    Manufactured home, new.

18.04.0645    Manufactured home, specified.

18.04.0650    Manufactured home park.

18.04.0655    Manufactured home site.

18.04.0660    Manufactured home subdivision.

18.04.0665    Manufacturing or industrial, heavy.

18.04.0670    Manufacturing or industrial, light.

18.04.0671    Marijuana processor.

18.04.0672    Marijuana producer.

18.04.0673    Marijuana retailer.

18.04.0675    Marsh.

18.04.0677    Meeting, public.

18.04.0680    Minerals.

18.04.0685    Miniwarehouse.

18.04.0690    Mobile home.

18.04.0693    Mobile home, used.

18.04.0695    Modular home.

18.04.0697    Monopole.

18.04.0700    Motel.

18.04.0705    Motion picture theater.

18.04.0710    Motorized vehicle sales.

18.04.0715    Motor vehicle fuel-dispensing station.

18.04.0720    Motor vehicle wrecker.

18.04.0725    Multiplex.

18.04.0728    Noxious, volatile, toxic or explosive products.

18.04.0730    Neighborhood.

18.04.0735    Neighborhood shopping area.

18.04.0740    Nonconforming building or structure.

18.04.0745    Nonconforming use.

18.04.0750    Nursing home, convalescent home.

18.04.0755    Office.

18.04.0757    Open record hearing.

18.04.0760    Open space.

18.04.0765    Ordinary high water mark.

18.04.0770    Overlay zone.

18.04.0775    Owner.

18.04.0780    Park.

18.04.0785    Parking area.

18.04.0790    Pedestrian walkway.

18.04.0793    Permittee.

18.04.0795    Person.

18.04.0797    Pharmaceutical plant.

18.04.0800    Plan.

18.04.0805    Planned development.

18.04.0810    Plat.

18.04.0812    Porch.

18.04.0815    Poultry.

18.04.0820    Premises.

18.04.0822    Primary street.

18.04.0825    Principal use.

18.04.0827    Private off-street parking lot.

18.04.0828    Public off-street parking lot.

18.04.0830    Preschool.

18.04.0831    Professional office.

18.04.0832    Project permit.

18.04.0835    Proposed.

18.04.0840    Public facilities.

18.04.0845    Railroad right-of-way.

18.04.0850    Recorded.

18.04.0855    Recreational vehicle.

18.04.0860    Recycling center.

18.04.0865    Recycling collection station.

18.04.0867    Regional community center.

18.04.0870    Residence.

18.04.0875    Restaurant.

18.04.0880    Restaurant, drive-in.

18.04.0885    Restaurant, fast-food.

18.04.0890    Retail shopping.

18.04.0895    Retaining wall.

18.04.0900    Retirement homes.

18.04.0905    Right-of-way.

18.04.0910    Rooming and boarding house.

18.04.0915    Salvage yard.

18.04.0920    School.

18.04.0925    School classroom, portable.

18.04.0927    Senior housing.

18.04.0930    Shelter home.

18.04.0935    Short plat or short subdivision.

18.04.0940    Single-family dwelling.

18.04.0943    Single-family dwelling, semi-attached.

18.04.0945    Specified anatomical areas.

18.04.0950    Specified sexual activities.

18.04.0955    Stable.

18.04.0960    Stock in trade.

18.04.0962    Storage container, metal.

18.04.0965    Storage/warehouse and distribution.

18.04.0970    Story.

18.04.0975    Story, first.

18.04.0980    Street.

18.04.0985    Street tree.

18.04.0990    Structure.

18.04.0992    Structure, tent.

18.04.0995    Structural alteration.

18.04.1000    Subdivision.

18.04.1003    Tandem house(s).

18.04.1005    Tavern.

18.04.1007    Telecommunications equipment shelter or cabinet.

18.04.1009    Town Center Plan area.

18.04.1010    Townhouse.

18.04.1012    Tow truck operation.

18.04.1013    Tow truck operation/auto impoundment yard.

18.04.1015    Tract.

18.04.1020    Transfer of density, on-site.

18.04.1022    Transmission tower.

18.04.1025    Travel trailer.

18.04.1027    Trellis.

18.04.1028    Truck sales.

18.04.1029    Truck stop.

18.04.1030    Truck terminal.

18.04.1031    Truck-related retail and services.

18.04.1035    University.

18.04.1040    Unplatted lot.

18.04.1045    Use.

18.04.1050    Use, nonconforming.

18.04.1055    Use, principal.

18.04.1060    Use or structure, accessory.

18.04.1065    Utility facility, major.

18.04.1070    Utility facility, minor.

18.04.1075    Utility yard.

18.04.1080    Value or valuation (of structure).

18.04.1085    Variance.

18.04.1090    Vehicle repair, major.

18.04.1095    Vehicle repair, minor.

18.04.1100    Vocational or fine arts school.

18.04.1105    Wall, exterior.

18.04.1105.1    Wetland mitigation bank.

18.04.1106    Wireless communication facility.

18.04.1107    Wireless communication facility, attached.

18.04.1108    Wireless communication facility, co-located.

18.04.1109    Wireless communication facility, freestanding.

18.04.1110    Yards, types and measurements.

18.04.1115    Youth activity center.

18.04.1120    Zero lot line.

18.04.1122    Zero lot line dwelling.

18.04.1124    Zero lot line structures.

18.04.1125    Zone.

18.04.1130    Zone, overlay.

18.04.1135    Zone, underlying.

18.04.0005 Undefined words and phrases.

The definition of any word or phrase not listed in the definitions which is in question when administering this title shall be defined by the director from one of the following sources. The sources shall be utilized by finding the desired definition from source number one, but if it is not available there, then source number two may be used and so on. The sources are as follows:

A. Any city of Sumner resolution, ordinance, code or regulation;

B. Any statute or regulation of the state of Washington;

C. Legal definitions from Washington common law or a law dictionary;

D. The common dictionary. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0010 Definitions generally.

For the purpose of this title, certain words and terms used in this title are defined as set out in this chapter. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0015 Abutting.

“Abutting” means bordering upon, to touch upon, in physical contact with. Properties are considered abutting even though the area of contact may be only a point. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0020 Access.

“Access” means a way or means of approach to provide vehicular or pedestrian physical entrance to a property. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0025 Access easement or way.

“Access easement or way” means any driveway or easement used to gain entry to property across or through other property. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0030 Accessory use or structure.

“Accessory use or structure” means a use or structure customarily incidental to a permitted principal use located on the same lot. An accessory use or structure is subordinate and functionally supports the principal use. Swimming pools are considered an accessory structure for the purposes of this title. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0032 Accessory antenna device.

“Accessory antenna device” means an antenna including, but not limited to, test, mobile and global positioning (GPS) antennas, which are less than 12 inches in height or width, excluding the support structure. (Ord. 1830 § 1, 1998)

18.04.0035 Accessory unit.

“Accessory unit” means a second dwelling unit either in or added to an existing single-family detached dwelling, or in a separate accessory structure on the same lot as the main dwelling, for use as a complete, independent living facility with provision within the accessory apartment for cooking, eating, sanitation, and sleeping. Such a dwelling is an accessory use to the main dwelling. Accessory units are also commonly known as “mother-in-law” units or “carriage houses.” (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0040 Activity.

“Activity” means any conduct, enterprise, or use on a lot, tract or parcel of land. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0045 Adjacent.

“Adjacent” means nearby and not necessarily abutting. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0050 Administrative decision.

“Administrative decision” means a decision, ruling or interpretation related to either the comprehensive plan or this title, by the director. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0055 Adult bookstore.

“Adult bookstore” means a retail establishment in which 10 percent or more of the “stock in trade” consists of books, magazines, periodicals, pictures, posters, or other printed material distinguished or characterized by an emphasis on matter depicting, describing or relating to “specified sexual activities” or “specified anatomical areas,” as defined herein. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0060 Adult day care.

“Adult day care” means a facility which provides, on a recurrent basis for periods of less than 24 hours, supervision and social activities in a group setting, and which serves socially isolated persons, or persons who cannot be left unsupervised. Persons may have physical, cognitive, or emotional impairments, but any required treatment is provided outside the social day care program. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0065 Adult entertainment businesses.

“Adult entertainment businesses” means one, or a combination of more than one, of the following types of businesses: adult motion picture theater, adult mini-motion picture theater, or adult cabaret or nightclub featuring topless or bottomless or nude dancers, strippers, or similar entertainers of either sex displaying specified anatomical areas in the course of any performance or exhibition, which are further defined by the provisions of SMC 5.56.000. (Ord. 1769 § 1, 1996: Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0070 Adult family home.

“Adult family home” means a regular family abode of a person or persons who are providing personal care, room, and board to more than one, but not more than four, adults who are not related by blood or marriage to the person or persons providing the services; except that a maximum of six adults may be permitted if the Department of Social and Health Services determines that the home is of adequate size and that the home and provider are capable of meeting the standards and qualifications established in chapter 70.128 RCW. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0075 Adult mini-motion picture theater.

“Adult mini-motion picture theater” also referred to as “panoram” or “peep show,” means a building having as its principal use the presentation of material characterized by emphasis or portrayals of specified anatomical areas and/or specified sexual activities for observation in individual viewing booths by patrons therein, which is further defined by the provisions of SMC 5.56.000(A)(4). (Ord. 1769 § 2, 1996: Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0080 Adult motion picture theater.

“Adult motion picture theater” means a building with the capacity of two or more persons, having as its principal use the display therein of motion pictures characterized by their emphasis on portrayals of specified anatomical areas and/or specified sexual activities for observation by patrons, which is further defined by the provisions of SMC 5.56.000 (A)(5). (Ord. 1769 § 3, 1996: Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0085 Adult retail store.

“Adult retail store” means a retail establishment in which 10 percent or more of the “stock in trade” consists of equipment, items or products distinguished or characterized by an emphasis on matter depicting, describing or relating to “specified sexual activities” or “specified anatomical areas,” as defined herein. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0090 Adult video store.

“Adult video store” means a retail establishment in which 10 percent or more of the “stock in trade” consists of prerecorded video tapes, discs or similar material distinguished or characterized by an emphasis on matter depicting, describing or relating to “specified sexual activities” or “specified anatomical areas,” as defined herein. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0095 Agricultural activity.

“Agricultural activity” means a condition or activity which occurs on a farm in connection with recreational and/or commercial use or production of farm and timber products and includes, but is not limited to marketed produce at roadside stands or farm markets; noise; odors; dust; fumes; smoke; operation of machinery and pumps; movement including but not limited to, use of current city roads and ditches, streams, rivers, canals, and drains, and use of water for agricultural activities; ground and aerial application of seed, fertilizers, conditioners and plant protection products; employment and use of labor; roadway movement of equipment and livestock; protection of damage from wildlife; prevention of trespass; construction and maintenance of buildings, fences, roads, bridges, ponds, drains, waterways and similar features, and maintenance of stream banks, and watercourses; and conversion from one agricultural activity to another. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0097 Air separation facilities.

“Air separation facilities” means manufacturing operations that separate air into its component parts including oxygen, nitrogen, and carbon dioxide and store and distribute these materials. (Ord. 2319 § 1 (part), 2010)

18.04.0100 Alley.

See SMC 17.04.060. (Ord. 2253 § 3, 2008: Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0105 Antenna.

“Antenna” means any system of poles, panels, rods, reflecting discs or similar devices used for transmission or reception of radio or electromagnetic frequency signals. (Ord. 1830 § 5, 1998: Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0106 Antenna, directional.

“Antenna, directional” means an antenna which transmits and receives radio frequency signals in a specific directional pattern of less than 360 degrees. Also known as a panel antenna. (Ord. 1830 § 6 (part), 1998)

18.04.0107 Antenna, omni-directional.

“Antenna, omni-directional” means an antenna which transmits and receives radio frequency signals in a 360-degree radial pattern. Also known as whip antenna. (Ord. 1830 § 6 (part), 1998)

18.04.0108 Antenna, parabolic.

“Antenna, parabolic” means an antenna which is a bowl-shaped device for the reception and/or transmission of radio frequency communication signals in a specific directional pattern. Also called a dish antenna. (Ord. 1830 § 6 (part), 1998)

18.04.0109 Antenna, stealth.

“Antenna, stealth” means an antenna installed inside a non-antenna structure, or camouflaged to appear as a non-antenna structure or a roof antenna, also called a concealed or camouflaged antenna. (Ord. 1830 § 6 (part), 1998)

18.04.0110 Antenna, satellite dish.

Repealed by Ord. 1830. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0115 Apartments.

“Apartments” means a building designed for the purpose of human habitation containing two or more dwelling units. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0117 Appeal, closed record.

“Closed record appeal” means an administrative appeal on the record to a local government body or officer, including the legislative body, following an open record hearing on a project permit application when the appeal is on the record with no or limited new evidence or information allowed to be submitted and only appeal argument allowed. (Ord. 1762 § 3, 1996)

18.04.0120 Aquifer.

“Aquifer” means a water-bearing stratum of permeable rock, gravel or sand yielding considerable quantities of water to wells or springs. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0125 Aquifer recharge areas.

“Aquifer recharge areas” means the points at which surface water enters aquifers. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0128 Arbor.

“Arbor” is defined as a freestanding structure attached to a fence that has a lattice or lattice type structure whose siting serves to cover or define a gate or entranceway. (Ord. 2022 § 1 (part), 2003)

18.04.0130 Assisted living facilities.

“Assisted living facilities” means apartments in an apartment complex but with additional services beyond retirement units. The services include all of those provided in retirement homes, as well as more personal care services such as giving medications, assisting with bathing, dressing, transporting to a doctor, etc. Some assisted living facilities specialize in dementia care where a secured environment is needed for confused residents who might wander off. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0135 Automotive sales.

“Automotive sales” means a retail sales and service use in which motorized vehicles, including cars, light duty trucks, similar passenger vehicles, and motorcycles, are leased or sold. This does not include heavy duty commercial trucks, buses, or recreational vehicles. (Ord. 2556 § 1, 2016: Ord. 2394 § 2, 2012: Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0140 Automotive repair.

See “Vehicle repair, minor” and “Vehicle repair, major.” (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0145 Auto-oriented.

“Auto-oriented” means development which primarily caters to or attracts drivers of vehicles such as businesses which operate drive-in and drive-through facilities. (Ord. 2656 § 1, 2018: Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0150 Bar.

“Bar” means a portion of a restaurant premises wherein alcoholic beverages are sold at retail for consumption on the premises and minors are excluded therefrom by law. (Ord. 2196 § 1, 2007: Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0155 Barn.

“Barn” means a building on a farm used for the storage of farm products, feed, farm animals, and farm equipment. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0160 Basement.

“Basement” means any floor level below the first story in a building, except that a floor level in a building having only one floor level shall be classified as a basement unless such floor level qualifies as a first story as defined herein. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0162 Battery storage, distribution, and processing business.

“Battery storage, distribution, and processing business” means a retail or wholesale business engaged in any one or more of the following activities: importation of prepared batteries from either a foreign or domestic source; repackaging, relabeling, or other cosmetic alteration of batteries; shipping, reselling, or otherwise distributing batteries to retail or wholesale customers; minor additions of fluids to batteries to restore their electrical properties; related office activities. (Ord. 2337 § 2, 2010)

18.04.0165 Bed and breakfast.

“Bed and breakfast” means a lodging where five or fewer guest rooms are provided to guests by a resident operator for a fee by prearrangement on a daily or short-term, temporary basis. A breakfast and/or light snacks may be served to those renting rooms in the bed and breakfast. No cooking facilities are provided in the individual rooms. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0170 Block.

A block consists of two facing “block fronts” bounded on two sides by alleys or rear property lines and on two sides by the centerline of platted streets, with no other intersecting streets intervening. Where blocks are unusually long or short, or of unusual shape, block length shall be determined by address ranges. (Refer to Figure 18.04-A.) (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0175 Block front.

“Block front” means the frontage of property along one side of a street bound on three sides by the centerline of platted streets and on the fourth side by an alley or rear property lines. (Refer to Figure 18.04-A.) (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0180 Board and care homes.

“Board and care homes” means homes generally licensed to care for 10 to 15 functionally disabled or frail older adults. Services provided include meals, social activities, laundry, housekeeping, medication supervision, and personal care services. Typically, residents have a sleeping room (private or semi-private) and share living rooms and family rooms. They are often large homes adapted for board and care. Usually there is 24-hour a day staff coverage. Some specialize in caring for developmentally disabled or chronically mentally ill adults. They may also be referred to as “residential care facilities” and “congregate care facilities.” (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0185 Brewery.

A. “Brewery” means a business that brews more than 15,000 barrels of beer per year.

B. “Brewpub” means a restaurant-brewery that sells at least 50 percent of its beer on the premises. The beer is brewed for sale and consumption in the adjacent restaurant and/or bar. The beer is often dispensed directly from the brewery’s storage tanks.

C. “Microbrewery” means a facility that produces beer and sells it to the public by one or more of the following methods: through the traditional three-tier system (brewer to wholesaler to retailer to consumer); the two-tier system (brewer acting as wholesaler to retailer to consumer); and in some cases, directly to the consumer through carryouts or on-site taproom sales. Microbreweries shall have a production capacity not to exceed 15,000 U.S. barrels per year. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0190 Buffer area.

“Buffer area” means a landscaped area or area of natural vegetation designed to provide space, obstruct undesirable view, serve as an acoustic screen, and in other ways reduce the impact of adjacent uses upon one another. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0195 Building.

“Building” means any structure used or intended for supporting or sheltering any use or occupancy. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0200 Building, detached.

“Detached building” means a building which is not attached to any other building or structure. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0205 Building height.

“Building height” means the vertical distance from the existing or finished grade, whatever is lower, at any point on the building perimeter to the highest point of the underside of the ceiling beams in the case of a flat roof; to the deck line of a mansard roof; and to the mean level of the underside of the rafters between the eaves and the ridge of the gable, hip or gambrel roof. (Refer to Figure 18.04-B.) (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0210 Building official.

“Building official” means the city building official or designee. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0215 Building site.

“Building site” means the ground area devoted to a main building and its accessory buildings, or to a group of main buildings and their accessory buildings, together with all yards and open spaces required by this title, whether the area so devoted is comprised of one lot, a combination of lots, or combination of lots and fraction of lots, or a piece of unsubdivided land. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0220 Cabaret.

“Cabaret” means any room, place, or space whatsoever in the city in which any music, singing, dancing, or other similar entertainment is permitted in connection with any hotel, restaurant, cafe, club, tavern, eating place, directly or indirectly selling, serving, or providing the public with or without charge, food or liquor. (Examples would include dance floors, bands, karaoke, as well as other forms of entertainment.) The words “music and entertainment” as used in this chapter shall not apply to radios. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0225 Carport.

“Carport” means a private garage which is open to the weather on at least two sides. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0227 Car rental agency.

“Car rental agency” means a business where passenger cars (as defined in RCW 46.04.382 as amended) are rented to others, without a driver provided by the rental car business, for periods of not more than 30 consecutive days. Car rental agency does not include: (A) vehicles rented or loaned to customers by automotive repair businesses while the customer’s vehicle is under repair; or (B) vehicles licensed and operated as taxicabs. (Ord. 2556 § 2, 2016)

18.04.0230 Car wash.

“Car wash” means an area of land and/or a structure with machine- or hand-operated facilities used principally for the cleaning, washing, polishing, or waxing of motor vehicles. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0235 Cemetery.

“Cemetery” means land used or intended to be used for the burial of the dead and dedicated for cemetery purposes, including columbariums, crematories, mausoleums, and mortuaries when operated in conjunction within the boundaries of such cemetery. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0240 Church.

“Church” means an establishment or group of people with the principal purpose of religious worship and for which the principal building or other structure contains the sanctuary or principal place of worship. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0245 Club.

“Club” means buildings or facilities owned or operated by a corporation, association, or persons for a social, educational, or recreational purpose; but not primarily for profit or to render a service that is customarily carried on as a business. (Examples include, but are not limited to, the Masons, Veterans of Foreign Wars, etc.) (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0247 Collective garden.

“Collective garden” means the growing, production, processing, transportation, and delivery of cannabis, by qualifying patients, for medical use, as set forth in chapter 69.51A RCW, and subject to the following conditions:

A. No more than 10 qualifying patients may participate in a single collective garden at any time;

B. A collective garden may contain no more than 15 plants per patient up to a total of 45 plants;

C. A collective garden may contain no more than 24 ounces of usable cannabis per patient up to a total of 72 ounces of usable cannabis;

D. A copy of each qualifying patient’s valid documentation, including a copy of the patient’s proof of identity, must be available at all times on the premises of the collective garden;

E. No usable cannabis from the collective garden is delivered to anyone other than one of the qualifying patients participating in the collective garden;

F. A collective garden may contain separate areas for growing, processing, and delivering to its qualified patients; provided, that these separate areas must be physically part of the same premises, and located on the same parcel or lot. A location utilized solely for the purpose of distributing cannabis shall not be considered a collective garden; and

G. No more than one collective garden may be established on a single tax parcel. (Ord. 2411 § 1 (part), 2012)

18.04.0250 College.

“College” means a public or private post-secondary educational institution, granting associate, bachelor and/or graduate degrees. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0253 Commercial laundries.

“Commercial laundries” means a facility where clothing or other fabrics are washed, dried, or dry cleaned for other businesses or institutions. This definition does not include laundromats. (Ord. 2319 § 1 (part), 2010)

18.04.0255 Commercial uses.

“Commercial uses” means the providing of goods, merchandise or services for compensation, including, but not limited to, retail shopping, commercial recreation, business and professional offices, highway-oriented business, automotive, boat and cycle mechanical sales and services as included in the commercial classifications of this title. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0260 Commission.

“Commission” means the city planning commission. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0265 Comprehensive plan.

“Comprehensive plan” means the “comprehensive plan of the city of Sumner” as adopted. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0270 Conditional use.

“Conditional use” means a use permitted in one or more zones as defined by this title, but which, because of characteristics peculiar to each such use, or because of size, technological processes or equipment, or because of the exact location with reference to surroundings, streets, and existing improvements or demands upon public facilities, requires a special degree of control to make such uses consistent and compatible with other existing or permissible uses in the same zone or zones. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0275 Condominium.

“Condominium” means joint ownership of real property in which each owner enjoys exclusive ownership of an individual apartment or, unit with or without a parcel of land by holding a fee simple title thereto and retaining an undivided interest, as tenants in common, in the common facilities and areas of buildings. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0280 Congregate residence.

“Congregate residence” means any building or portion thereof which contains facilities for living, sleeping, and sanitation, and may include facilities for eating and cooking, for occupancy by other than a family. A congregate residence may be a shelter, convent, monastery, dormitory, fraternity, or sorority house but does not include jails, hospitals, nursing homes, hotels, or lodging houses. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0285 Construction.

“Construction” means materials in permanent positions and fastened in a permanent manner, and demolition, elimination and removal of one or more existing structures in connection with such construction; providing, that actual construction work shall be diligently carried on until the completion of the structure involved. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0290 Contiguous.

“Contiguous” means the same as “abutting.” (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0295 Continuing care or life care communities.

“Continuing care or life care communities” means communities which offer a variety of living arrangements from small houses, to retirement apartments, to nursing home levels. Residents may move from one level to another as their needs change. A variety of services such as beauty and barber shops, organized social activities, exercise, and crafts may be offered. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0297 Contractor business.

“Contractor business” means a use which combines administrative offices with on-site storage of construction-related vehicles, equipment and/or materials. (Ord. 2207 § 1 (part), 2007)

18.04.0300 Convenience store or market.

“Convenience store or market” means any retail establishment offering for sale prepackaged or site-prepared food products, household items, and other goods commonly associated with the same and having a gross floor area of less than 7,500 square feet. Convenience stores or markets do not include gas stations. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0303 Cottage houses or housing.

“Cottage houses or housing” means detached single-family housing which has the following characteristics:

A. Each unit is of a size and function suitable for a single person or very small family;

B. Each unit has the construction characteristics of a single-family house;

C. The development is comprised of at least four cottages arranged on at least two sides of a common open space with a maximum of 12 cottages per cluster;

D. The site is designed with a coherent concept in mind, including: shared functional open space, shared amenities (i.e., party room, tool shed, garden, orchard, workshop), off-street parking, access within the site and from the site, and consistent landscaping. (Ord. 2147 § 2 (part), 2005)

18.04.0305 Council.

“Council” means the Sumner city council. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0310 County.

“County” means Pierce County. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0312 Curbline.

“Curbline” means the line at the face of the curb nearest to the street or roadway. In the absences of a curb, the curbline shall be established by the city engineer. (Ord. 1896 § 1 (part), 1999)

18.04.0315 Day.

“Day” means a calendar day. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0320 Day care facility.

“Day care facility” means an establishment regularly providing care for a group of children for periods of less than 24 hours. Separate requirements are adopted for the following subcategories of day care facilities:

A. “Family child care home” means a facility in the family residence of the licensee providing regularly scheduled care for 12 or fewer children, within a birth through 11 years of age range exclusively, for periods less than 24 hours.

B. “Family child day care home” means the same as “family child care home” and a child day care facility licensed by the state, located in the family abode of the person or persons under whose direct care and supervision the child is placed, for the care of 12 or fewer children, including children who reside at the home. Children not residing at the home are cared for during periods less than 24 hours.

C. “Family day care provider” means a licensed day-care provider who regularly provides day care for not more than 12 children in the provider’s home in the family living quarters.

D. “Child day care center” means a facility providing regularly scheduled care for a group of children one month of age through 12 years of age for periods less than 24 hours; except a program meeting the definition of a family child care home shall not be licensed as a day care center without meeting the requirements of WAC 388-150-020(5)(a). (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0322 Deck.

“Deck” means an outdoor, roofless, flat surface(s) that may or may not be attached to a residential structure. The deck is connected to the ground by structural supports. (Ord. 2193 § 1 (part), 2007)

18.04.0325 Density.

“Density” means a measure of the intensity of permitted residential development in terms of dwelling units per acre. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0330 Density, gross.

“Gross density” means the total number of dwelling units divided by the total land area of the site, excluding nothing. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0335 Density, net.

“Net density” means the total number of dwelling units divided by the net area of the lot or site. The net area excludes streets, alleys, public open spaces, utility rights-of-way, easements, and other public facilities or utility facilities. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0340 Development.

“Development” means:

A. Any activity, other than a normal agricultural or forestry activity, which materially affects the existing condition of land or improvements, such as:

1. Substantial excavation or deposit of earth or other fill, grading, driving of piling, or alteration in the banks of any river or other body of water. For the purposes of this title, “substantial excavation or deposit” means the movement of more than 50 cubic yards of earth or other fill, occurring within any 12-month time period,

2. Relocation, diversion, grading, driving of piling, or placement of fill in any natural drainage,

3. Construction, reconstruction or alteration of any improvement,

4. Dumping, storing or parking (which is a substantial or primary use) of any objects or materials whether mobile or immobile, liquid or solid, or

5. Commencement of any principal or substantial use of land or improvements and every change in its type, intensity or features;

B. Any subdivision of land or change in the legal relationship of persons to land, such as the division of land into two or more parcels or units to facilitate separate transfers of title to each parcel or unit. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0342 Development regulations.

“Development regulations” means any controls placed on development or land use activities by the city of Sumner, including, but not limited to, zoning ordinances, official controls, planned unit development ordinances, subdivision ordinances, and binding site plan ordinances. (Ord. 1762 § 4, 1996)

18.04.0345 Director.

“Director” means the director of the city’s community development department or the director’s designee. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0350 Drive-through business.

“Drive-through business” means a business or a portion of a business where a customer is permitted or encouraged, either by the design of physical facilities or by service and/or packaging procedures, to carry on business while seated in a motor vehicle and passing by one or more service windows in order to pay for and receive food, beverages, and other products. This definition shall include, but not be limited to, car washes, pharmacies, drive-through restaurants, dry cleaners, or banks. (Ord. 2656 § 2, 2018: Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0352 Drive-through espresso/coffee business.

“Drive-through espresso/coffee business” means a drive-through business that serves predominantly espresso/coffee beverages for retail sale to the general public. (Ord. 2656 § 3, 2018: Ord. 1903 § 1, 1999)

18.04.0353 Duplex.

“Duplex” means a type of ground-related housing that is a single structure containing only two dwelling units. Single-family dwellings with attached accessory dwelling units are not duplexes. (Ord. 2467 § 1, 2014)

18.04.0355 Dustless, hard surfaces.

“Dustless, hard surfaces” means a covering of material applied to the ground to enhance travel such as stone, concrete, grass-crete or asphalt which when put in place or treated reduces the presence of dust particles. Gravel may be used if treated to reduce dust with a product used for binder of gravel aggregates as approved by the city engineer. (Ord. 2192 § 1, 2007: Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0360 Dwelling unit.

“Dwelling unit” means one or more rooms designed for or occupied by one family for living or sleeping purposes and containing kitchen facilities for use solely by one family. All rooms comprising a dwelling unit shall have access through an interior door to other parts of the dwelling unit. A “bachelor,” “studio,” or “efficiency” apartment constitutes a dwelling unit within the meaning of this title. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0362 East Sumner Neighborhood Plan Area.

“East Sumner Neighborhood Plan Area” means that area within the boundaries of the East Sumner Neighborhood Plan adopted March 5, 2001, and designated as such on the city’s official zoning map as hereafter amended. (Ord. 1949 § 9, 2001)

18.04.0363 Electrical power generation and cogeneration.

“Electrical power generation and cogeneration” means the production of electricity for consumption by facilities on site or in a district. “Electrical power cogeneration” is the simultaneous production of electricity and useful heat from the same fuel or energy or the use of a production by-product to generate power. Facilities with cogeneration systems use them to produce their own electricity, and use the unused excess (waste) heat for process steam, hot water heating, space heating, and other thermal needs. They may also use excess process heat to produce steam for electricity production. (Ord. 2319 § 1 (part), 2010)

18.04.0365 Existing residential dwellings lawfully constructed as of the effective date of this title.

“Existing residential dwellings lawfully constructed as of the effective date of this title” means single-family, manufactured home, or multifamily residences constructed with a valid building permit and existing on June 6, 1994. Existing residential dwellings shall also include single-family, manufactured home, and multifamily dwellings built after June 6, 1994, constructed with a valid building permit prior to annexation by the city or constructed with a valid building permit prior to the sunset of conditional or contract rezones. (Ord. 2135 § 1 (part), 2005: Ord. 1739 § 3, 1996: Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0368 Facade.

“Facade” means the entire building front, or street wall face, including grade to the top of the parapet or eaves, and the entire width of the building elevation. (Ord. 1896 § 1 (part), 1999)

18.04.0370 Factory built housing.

“Factory built housing” means any structure designed primarily for human occupancy other than a mobile home, the structure or any room of which is either entirely or substantially prefabricated or assembled at a place other than a building site. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0375 Family.

“Family” means an individual, or two or more persons related by blood, marriage, or adoption. For the purposes of this title, “family” includes a group of not more than five persons who are not related, but who are living and sharing kitchen facilities together as a single housekeeping unit. (Six or more unrelated persons living together constitutes a “Group residence.” See “Group residence.”) (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0380 Fence.

“Fence” means a structure, other than a building, which is naturally grown or constructed as a barrier and is used as a boundary or means of confinement. Fences include hedges when located in the front or side yard of a property. (Ord. 2022 § 1 (part), 2003; Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0385 Floor area.

“Floor area” means the area included within the surrounding exterior walls of a building or portion thereof, exclusive of vent shafts and courts. The floor area of a building, or portion thereof, not provided with surrounding exterior walls shall be the usable area under the horizontal projection of the roof or floor above. For commercial uses which customarily are not confined to a building and which in significant part occur in the open air on a lot or site, which may or may not contain a building, the floor area shall be calculated as the total of the square feet of floor space in the building, if any, and of the square feet of land comprising that area of the lot or site where the commercial use occurs in the open air. Such uses shall include, but not be limited to, gasoline service stations, drive-in restaurants, drive-in theaters, drive-through businesses, new and used car businesses having outdoor car lots, and pitch-and-putt golf establishments and other similar outdoor uses. (Ord. 2656 § 4, 2018: Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0390 Floor area, ground.

“Ground floor area” means the square footage area as measured at the exterior of the foundation line of the structure. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0393 Floor area ratio.

“Floor area ratio” means the gross floor area of all buildings on a lot divided by the lot area.

Examples – Floor Area Ratio of 1

(Ord. 2147 § 2 (part), 2005)

18.04.0395 Foster home.

“Foster home” means any state, federally or locally approved dwelling used as a home for children or adults not including nursing homes. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0397 Frontage.

“Frontage” means the measurement of the length of the front property line or building front. (Ord. 1896 § 1 (part), 1999)

18.04.0398 Funeral home.

“Funeral home” means an establishment with facilities for the preparation of the dead for burial or cremation, for the viewing of the body, and for funerals. The definition shall include mortuaries and funeral parlors, but shall not include crematoriums. (Ord. 2642 § 1, 2018)

18.04.0400 Garage, private.

“Private garage” means an accessory building or an accessory portion of the main building, enclosed on not less than three sides and designed or used primarily for the shelter or storage of vehicles owned or operated only by the occupants of the main building or buildings. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0405 Garage, public.

“Public garage” means any publicly owned garage facility for the temporary, less than 24 hours, shelter or storage of vehicles less than 10,000 pounds gross vehicle weight. (Ord. 2573 § 1, 2016: Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0410 Garage sale.

“Garage sale” means the sale of used household or personal articles such as furniture, tools, or clothing held on the seller’s own premises. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0415 Gasoline service station.

“Gasoline service station” means an automotive retail sales and service use in which fuel for motorized vehicles is sold, and in which accessory uses may include, tow trucks, minor vehicle repair, car wash facilities, and a convenience store. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0420 Grade, average.

“Average grade” means the average of the natural or existing topography of the portion of the lot, parcel or tract of real property which will be directly under the proposed building or structure; provided, that in the case of structures to be built over water, average grade level shall be the elevation of ordinary high water. Calculation of the average grade level shall be made by averaging the elevations at the center of all exterior walls of the proposed building or structure. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0425 Grade, existing.

“Existing grade” means the natural surface contour of a lot, including minor adjustments to the surface of the lot in preparation for construction. For the purposes of this title, “minor

adjustments” include, but are not limited to tilling of soil, and addition or removal of no more than 12 inches of topsoil. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0430 Grade, finish.

“Finish grade” means the ground surface level at its final elevation, including top soil, after completion of development. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0435 Grading.

“Grading” means movement of earth requiring the removal of most or all of the existing vegetation and in sufficient quantities to alter the natural topography and general character of a site. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0440 Grandfather clause.

Refer to chapter 18.46 SMC. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0445 Ground cover.

“Ground cover” means that vegetation which covers the ground surface, consisting of low-growing plants and grasses. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0450 Ground water.

“Ground water” means subsurface water. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0453 Ground-related dwelling unit.

“Ground-related dwelling unit” means a dwelling unit with individual unit entries no more than four vertical feet from the street grade and direct access to private ground-level usable open space. In no case shall individual units be stacked vertically one upon another. Examples of ground-related dwellings include single-family detached, single-family semi-attached, cottages, tandem houses, and zero lot line dwellings. (Ord. 2134 § 1, 2005)

18.04.0455 Group residence.

“Group residence” means any residence where six or more unrelated persons live together in a dwelling unit, or an institution where any number of unrelated persons are provided medical or psychological treatment or care as a primary function. For the purpose of this definition, any number of related family members shall be counted as one person. (A group of not more than five unrelated persons living together constitutes a “family”; See “Family.”) Separate requirements are adopted for the following subcategories of group living situations:

A. “Group home” means any dwelling unit used as a home for six to 14 unrelated persons. Incidental medical or psychological treatment, supervision, training or other support services may be provided to members of the household. Supervision may be provided by a resident or nonresident.

B. “Institution” means any federally, state or locally approved dwelling used as a home for any number of unrelated persons where medical or psychological treatment or care is provided to residents and/or nonresidents as a primary function.

C. “Large group home” means any dwelling unit used as a home for 15 or more unrelated persons. Incidental medical or psychological treatment, supervision, training or other support services may be provided to members of the household. Supervision may be provided by residents or nonresidents. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0460 Guest house.

“Guest house” means living quarters within an accessory building for the sole use of the occupants of the premises, persons employed on the premises or for temporary use by the guests of the occupants of the premises. Guest houses shall have no kitchen facilities and shall not be rented or otherwise used as a separate dwelling. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0462 Guyed tower.

“Guyed tower” means a support structure for a wireless communication facility, consisting of metal cross strips or bars, which is steadied by wire guys in a radial pattern around the tower. (Ord. 1830 § 2, 1998)

18.04.0465 Hazardous substance processing or handling.

“Hazardous substance processing or handling” means the use, storage, manufacture, or other land use activity involving hazardous substances, but does not include individually packaged household consumer products or quantities of hazardous substances of less than five gallons in volume per container. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0470 Hazardous waste.

“Hazardous waste” means and includes all dangerous waste and extremely hazardous waste as designated pursuant to chapter 70.105 RCW, chapter 173-303 WAC. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0475 Hazardous waste treatment and storage facility.

“Hazardous waste treatment and storage facility” means a facility that treats and stores hazardous waste and is authorized pursuant to chapter 70.105 RCW, chapter 173-303 WAC. It includes all contiguous land and structures used for recycling, reusing, reclaiming, transferring, storing, treating, or disposing of hazardous waste. Treatment includes physical, chemical, or biological processing of hazardous wastes to make such waste nondangerous or less dangerous and safer for transport, amendable for energy or material resource recovery. Storage includes the holding of waste for a temporary period but not the accumulation of waste on the site of generation as long as the storage complies with applicable state requirements. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0480 Halfway house.

“Halfway house” means any state, federally or locally approved dwelling used as a home or work release center and providing residential care for juvenile or adult offenders, or for rehabilitated alcohol or drug addicts. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0482 Health and fitness clubs.

“Health and fitness clubs” means a use featuring exercise, sports and other active physical fitness conditioning. (Ord. 2319 § 1 (part), 2010)

18.04.0485 Hearing examiner.

“Hearing examiner” means the hearing examiner of the city. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0486 Heavy equipment and/or boat sales.

“Heavy equipment and/or boat sales” means a retail sales and service use in which equipment, including, but not necessarily limited to, construction and farm tractors, excavating machinery, and machinery for mining and similar uses, and boats are rented or sold. (Ord. 2394 § 3, 2012)

18.04.0488 Hedge.

See “Fence.” (Ord. 2022 § 1 (part), 2003)

18.04.0490 Historic landmark.

“Historic landmark” means a place which has considerable and significant importance because of past events, experience or phenomena of the city of Sumner as formally designated by the National Register of Historic Places, the Washington State Office of Archaeology and Historic Preservation, or by the city of Sumner. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0495 Home for the aged.

“Home for the aged” means any state, federally or locally approved dwelling providing board and domiciliary care but no nursing or medical care except incidental health care to aged persons not related by blood. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0500 Home occupation.

“Home occupation” means any accessory activity customarily conducted in a dwelling, or in a building or structure accessory to a dwelling, for gainful employment involving the manufacture, provision or sale of goods and/or services, and where the residential character of the dwelling and neighborhood is maintained. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0501 Homeless.

“Homeless” means an individual or family who lacks a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence. (Ord. 2615 § 2 (part), 2017)

18.04.0502 Homeless encampment.

“Homeless encampment” means a group of homeless persons temporarily residing out of doors on a site with services provided by a sponsor and supervised by a managing agency. A managing agency may only be an established church. (Ord. 2615 § 2 (part), 2017)

18.04.0503 Homeless shelter.

“Homeless shelter” means a facility set up to provide for the needs of homeless people, including shelter, food, sanitation and other forms of support. This definition does not include homeless encampments or community food banks. (Ord. 2615 § 2 (part), 2017)

18.04.0505 Hospice.

“Hospice” means a facility or program designed to provide a caring environment for supplying the physical and emotional needs of the terminally ill. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0510 Hotel.

“Hotel” means any building containing six or more guest rooms intended or designed to be used, or which are used, rented or hired out to be occupied, or which are occupied for sleeping purposes by guests. Access to individual units is predominately by means of common interior hallways. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0515 Impervious surface.

“Impervious surface” means those hard surfaced areas either which prevent or retard the entry of water into the soil in the manner that such water entered the soil under natural conditions preexistent to development, or which cause water to run off the surface in greater quantities or an increased rate of flow than that present under natural conditions preexistent to development, including, without limitation, such surfaces as roof tops, asphalt or concrete paving, driveways and parking lots, walkways, patio areas, storage areas or other surfaces which similarly affect the natural infiltration or runoff patterns existing prior to development. (Refer to Figure 18.04-C.) (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0520 Infiltration.

“Infiltration” means the passage or movement of water into the soil surface. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0525 Infiltration rate.

“Infiltration rate” means the rate at which water is absorbed into the soil over a given period of time. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0530 Junkyard.

“Junkyard” means an area of more than 1,000 square feet of any parcel of land where junk, waste, discarded or salvaged materials are bought, sold, exchanged, stored, baled, packed, disassembled or handled, including automobile wrecking yards, building wrecking yards or places or yards devoted to the storage of inoperable vehicles, salvaged building, wrecking or structural steel materials and equipment. A junkyard does not include such uses when conducted entirely within an enclosed building nor pawn shops or establishments for the sale, purchase or storage of used furniture or household equipment, used cars in operable condition or the processing of used, discarded or salvaged materials as part of a manufacturing operation. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0532 Judicial system.

“Judicial system” when referenced in any administrative hearing or appeal process outlined herein shall mean the appropriate local or federal, municipal, district, superior, appellate or supreme court with jurisdiction to hear the subject matter being appealed or another specifically designated forum. (Ord. 2691 § 2, 2019)

18.04.0535 Kennel.

“Kennel” means any premises wherein a person(s) engages in the business of boarding, breeding, letting for hire, training for a fee, selling of domesticated animals including, but not limited to, dogs, and/or cats, under 200 pounds. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0537 Lattice tower.

“Lattice tower” means a support structure consisting of metal cross strips or bars to support antennas and related equipment. (Ord. 1830 § 3, 1998)

18.04.0539 Light-medium equipment sales.

“Light-medium equipment sales” means a retail and service use in which equipment of less than 20,000 pounds gross vehicle weight, including but not necessarily limited to construction and farm tractors, excavation machinery and similar machinery, and consumer equipment for lawn care and similar property maintenance uses, are rented or sold. (Ord. 2394 § 4, 2012)

18.04.0540 Livestock.

“Livestock” means animals, including but not limited to horses, bovine animals, sheep, goats, swine, reindeer, llama, donkeys and mules. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0545 Loading space.

“Loading space” means an area required to be maintained on certain business and commercial lots, used for the loading and unloading of trucks or other vehicles or passengers of vehicles. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0550 Lot.

“Lot” means a platted or unplatted parcel of land unoccupied, occupied or to be occupied by a principal use or building and accessory buildings, together with such yards and open spaces as are required by this title. A lot is not a building site unless it is a lot of record. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0555 Lot area.

“Lot area” means the land space contained within the various lines forming the perimeter boundary of any described lot, tract or parcel of land. For the purpose of this title, any portion of a lot, tract or parcel of land in any access easement, or private street or lying below the line of vegetation or natural shoreline, except for a body of water entirely confined within said lot, tract or parcel of land, shall be excluded from calculated lot area. (Ord. 1885 § 1, 1999: Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0560 Lot area, net.

“Net lot area” means the land space contained within the various lines forming the perimeter boundary of any described lot, tract or parcel of land, excluding land lying below the line of vegetation or natural shoreline (except for a body of water entirely confined within said property), public or private streets, alleys, public open spaces, utility rights-of-way, and other public facilities/uses. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0565 Lot, corner.

“Corner lot” means a lot situated at the intersection of two streets or roads, by which the interior angle does not exceed 135 degrees. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0570 Lot coverage.

“Lot coverage” means the area of a site covered by buildings or roofed areas including covered porches and accessory buildings, measured at the building foundation. (Refer to Figure 18.04-C.) (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0575 Lot depth.

“Lot depth” means the horizontal distance between the front lot line and the rear lot line of a lot measured within the lot boundaries. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0580 Lot, interior.

“Interior lot” means a lot other than a corner lot. (Refer to Figure 18.04-F.) (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0585 Lot line, front.

“Front lot line” means that boundary of a lot which is along an existing or dedicated public street, or where no public street exists, along a private road, easement or accessway. On an interior lot, it is the lot line abutting a street; or, on a pipestem (flag) lot, it is the interior lot line most parallel to and nearest the street from which access is obtained. On a corner lot, the front yard shall be determined by the director, to be the yard which best conforms to the pattern of the adjacent block faces. On a “through lot,” both street lines shall be deemed front lot lines. (Refer to Figure 18.04-D.) (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0590 Lot line, rear.

“Rear lot line” means a line which is most nearly opposite and most distant from the front lot line. Where the side property lines of a lot meet in a point, the rear property line shall be assumed to be a line not less than 10 feet long, lying within the lot and parallel to the front property line. In the event that the front property line is a curved line, then the rear property line shall be assumed to be a line not less than 10 feet long, lying within the lot and parallel to a line tangent to the front property line at its midpoint. (Refer to Figure 18.04-E.) (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0595 Lot line, side.

“Side lot line” means any boundary of a lot which is not a front lot line, side street lot line, or a rear lot line. (Refer to Figure 18.04-D.) (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0600 Lot line, side street.

“Side street lot line” means a lot line abutting upon a street other than a front lot line. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0605 Lot of record.

“Lot of record” means a lot as shown on an officially recorded plat or short plat or a parcel of land officially recorded or registered as a unit of property and is described by metes and bounds, and lawfully established on the date of recording of the instrument first referencing the lot. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0610 Lot, pipestem.

“Pipestem lot” (flag lot) means an interior lot in which the buildable area is not bounded laterally by a public or private road, and which gains road access by means of a lot extension, a driveway easement, or the terminus of a private or public road. (Refer to Figure 18.04-F.) (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0615 Lot, reversed corner.

“Reversed corner lot” means a corner lot, the side street lot line of which is substantially a continuation of the front lot line of the lot to its rear, whether or not separated by an alley. (Refer to Figure 18.04-F.) (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0620 Lot, through.

“Through lot” means a lot having a pair of opposite lot lines along two more or less parallel streets and which is not a corner lot. On a “through lot,” both street lines shall be deemed front lot lines. (Refer to Figure 18.04-F.) (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0625 Lot, unplatted.

“Unplatted lot” means a parcel of property or tract of land which has not been created through subdivision procedures. It is a lot of record, but is not described by a lot and block legal description within a named and recorded subdivision. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0630 Lot width.

“Lot width” means the horizontal distance between the lot side lines measured at right angles to the line comprising the depth of the lot as a point midway between the lot front line and the lot rear line, or midpoints of frontage lines on through lots. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0633 Low impact development.1

“Low impact development” means a stormwater management and land development strategy that emphasizes conservation and use of on-site natural features integrated with engineered, small-scale hydrologic controls to more closely mimic predevelopment hydrology. The goal is to prevent measurable harm to streams, lakes, wetlands, and other natural aquatic systems from commercial, residential or industrial development sites. (Ord. 2343 § 1 (part), 2010)

18.04.0635 Major division of land.

“Major division of land” means a formal subdivision or a “long plat,” as described by the Sumner Subdivision Code. A major division of land does not include short plats. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0637 Mansard roof.

“Mansard roof” means a sloped roof or roof-like facade architecturally able to be treated as a building wall. (Ord. 1896 § 1 (part), 1999)

18.04.0640 Manufactured home.

“Manufactured home” means a single-family dwelling built in accordance with the Department of Housing and Urban Development Manufactured Housing Construction and Safety Standards Act, which is a national, preemptive building code. (Ord. 2135 § 1 (part), 2005: Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0643 Manufactured home, new.

“New manufactured home” means a manufactured home which has not been previously titled to a retail purchaser, and is not a used mobile home. (Ord. 2135 § 1 (part), 2005)

18.04.0645 Manufactured home, specified.

“Specified manufactured home” means a manufactured home constructed after June 15, 1976, in accordance with state and federal requirements for manufactured homes, which:

A. Is comprised of at least two fully enclosed parallel sections each of not less than 12 feet wide by 36 feet long;

B. Was originally constructed with and now has a composition or wood shake or shingle, coated metal, or similar roof of not less than 3:12 pitch;

C. Has exterior siding similar in appearance to siding materials commonly used on conventional site-built uniform building code single-family residences; and

D. Meet the provisions of the State Energy Code. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0650 Manufactured home park.

“Manufactured home park” means a tract of land designed and maintained under a single ownership or unified control where two or more spaces or pads are provided solely for rent or lease for the placement of manufactured homes for residential purposes. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0655 Manufactured home site.

“Manufactured home site” means a space or pad within a manufactured home park, for the accommodation of one manufactured home, its accessory buildings or structures and accessory equipment for the exclusive use of the occupants. The boundaries of a manufactured home site are established on the approved manufactured home park plot plan. (Ord. 2135 § 1 (part), 2005: Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0660 Manufactured home subdivision.

“Manufactured home subdivision” means a subdivision or short subdivision approved in accordance with Sumner subdivision standards in SMC Title 17, meeting or exceeding the requirements of the Sumner Municipal Code, and where the lots are principally intended to accommodate manufactured homes as residences. The lots within the subdivision shall be held in private ownership. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0665 Manufacturing or industrial, heavy.

“Heavy manufacturing or industrial” means a manufacturing or industrial use typically having the potential of creating substantial noise, smoke, dust, vibration and other environmental impacts or pollution, and including, but not limited to:

A. The extraction or mining of raw materials, such as quarrying of sand or gravel;

B. Processing or refining of raw materials, such as but not limited to minerals, petroleum, rubber, wood or wood pulp, into other products;

C. The milling of grain or refining of sugar, except when accessory to a use defined as food processing for human consumption or as a retail sales and service use;

D. Refining, extruding, rolling or drawing of ferrous or nonferrous metals, or the use of a noninduction foundry for ferrous metal;

E. Mass production of commercial or recreational vessels of any size and the production of vessels 120 feet in length or larger, constructed to individual specifications;

F. Production of large durable goods such as motorcycles, cars, manufactured homes, airplanes, or heavy farm, industrial or construction machinery;

G. Manufacturing of electrical components, such as semiconductors and circuit boards, using chemical processes such as etching or metal coating;

H. Production of industrial organic and inorganic chemicals, and soaps and detergents; and

I. Conversion of solid waste into useful products or preparation of solid waste for disposal at another location by processing to change its physical form or chemical composition. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0670 Manufacturing or industrial, light.

“Light industrial or manufacturing” means a manufacturing use, typically having little or no potential of creating noise, smoke, dust, vibration or other environmental impacts or pollution, and including, but not limited to, the following:

A. Production, assembly, finishing, and/or packaging of articles from parts made at another location, such as assembly of clocks, electrical appliances, or medical equipment;

B. Production of finished household and office goods, such as jewelry, clothing or cloth, toys, furniture, or tents, from materials that are already refined, or from raw materials that do not need refining, such as paper, fabric, leather, pre-milled wood, or wool, clay, cork, semiprecious or precious metals or stones, fiber, or other similar materials;

C. Canning or bottling of food or beverages for human or animal consumption using a mechanized assembly line;

D. Printing plants;

E. Production of large durable goods such as motorcycles, cars, manufactured homes, airplanes, or heavy farm, industrial or construction machinery. (Ord. 2319 § 3, 2010: Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0671 Marijuana processor.

“Marijuana processor” means a person licensed by the State Liquor Control Board to process marijuana into usable marijuana and marijuana-infused products, package and label usable marijuana and marijuana-infused products for sale in retail outlets, and sell usable marijuana and marijuana-infused products at wholesale to marijuana retailers (RCW 69.50.101). (Ord. 2411 § 1 (part), 2012)

18.04.0672 Marijuana producer.

“Marijuana producer” means a person licensed by the State Liquor Control Board to produce and sell marijuana at wholesale to marijuana processors and other marijuana producers (RCW 69.50.101). (Ord. 2411 § 1 (part), 2012)

18.04.0673 Marijuana retailer.

“Marijuana retailer” means a person licensed by the State Liquor Control Board to sell usable marijuana and marijuana-infused products in a retail outlet (RCW 69.50.101). (Ord. 2411 § 1 (part), 2012)

18.04.0675 Marsh.

See “Line of vegetation” and “Wetlands.” (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0677 Meeting, public.

“Public meeting” means an informal meeting, hearing, workshop, or other public gathering of people to obtain comments from the public or other agencies on a proposed project permit prior to the local government’s decision. A public meeting may include, but is not limited to, the following: a design commission meeting, a community meeting, or a scoping meeting on a draft environmental impact statement. A public meeting does not include an open record hearing. The proceedings at a public meeting may be recorded and a report or recommendation may be included in the local government’s project permit application file. (Ord. 1762 § 5, 1996)

18.04.0680 Minerals.

“Minerals” includes gravel, sand, and valuable metallic substances. Topsoil is not a mineral. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0685 Miniwarehouse.

“Miniwarehouse” means a facility consisting of separate storage units which are rented to customers having exclusive and independent access to their respective units for storage of residential or commercial-oriented goods. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0690 Mobile home.

“Mobile home” means a factory-built dwelling built prior to June 15, 1976, to standards other than the HUD code, and acceptable under applicable state codes in effect at the time of construction or introduction of the home into the state. Mobile homes have not been built since introduction of the HUD Manufactured Home Construction and Safety Standards Act. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0693 Mobile home, used.

“Used mobile home” means a mobile home which has been previously sold at retail and has been subjected to state retail sales tax, or which has been previously used and has been subjected to state use tax, and which has substantially lost its identity as a mobile unit at the time of sale by virtue of its being fixed in location upon land owned or leased by the owner of the mobile home and placed on a foundation (posts or blocks) with fixed pipe connections with sewer, water, and other utilities. (Ord. 2135 § 1 (part), 2005)

18.04.0695 Modular home.

“Modular home” means any factory-built housing designed primarily for residential occupancy by human beings which does not contain a permanent frame and must be mounted on a permanent foundation. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0697 Monopole.

“Monopole” means a type of wireless communication facility consisting of a single pole support structure. (Ord. 1830 § 4, 1998)

18.04.0700 Motel.

“Motel” means a lodging use, located in a structure in which access to individual units is predominately by means of common exterior corridors, and in which a majority of rooms are provided to guests on a daily or short-term basis, and in which off-street parking is provided on the lot. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0705 Motion picture theater.

“Motion picture theater” means any premises in which motion pictures, slides or similar photographic reproductions are shown as the principal use of the premises or are shown as an adjunct to some other business activity which is conducted on the premises and constitutes a major attraction, and wherein fees of any kind are charged, and wherein such movies are shown on a regular basis, and not to include school or public auditoriums used for generally noncommercial purposes on an infrequent basis. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0710 Motorized vehicle sales.

“Motorized vehicle sales” means a retail sales and service use in which motorized vehicles, such as buses, recreational vehicles, or travel trailers, are leased or sold. (Ord. 2556 § 3, 2016: Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0715 Motor vehicle fuel-dispensing station.

“Motor vehicle fuel-dispensing station” means that portion of a building where flammable or combustible liquids or gases used as motor fuel are stored and dispensed from fixed equipment into the fuel tanks of motor vehicles. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0720 Motor vehicle wrecker.

“Motor vehicle wrecker” means every person, firm, partnership, association or corporation engaged in the business of buying, selling or dealing in vehicles of a type required to be licensed under the laws of the state of Washington for the purpose of wrecking, dismantling, disassembling or essentially changing the form of any motor vehicle. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0725 Multiplex.

“Multiplex” means three to four dwelling units within a single structure. (Ord. 2467 § 2, 2014: Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0728 Noxious, volatile, toxic or explosive products.

“Noxious, volatile, toxic or explosive products” means products that are of a substance and quantity considered a hazardous occupancy by the building code, except this does not include “air separation facilities” as defined in SMC 18.04.0097. (Ord. 2319 § 1 (part), 2010)

18.04.0730 Neighborhood.

“Neighborhood” means a geographical subarea of a community commonly identified and recognized as a more or less distinct part of the community. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0735 Neighborhood shopping area.

“Neighborhood shopping area” means a small retail shopping area dealing in convenience goods such as food and pharmaceuticals, or personal services. The area serves the everyday personal needs of a neighborhood population, has considerable walk-in trade, generates little traffic from outside the neighborhood, and is integrated within a residential development or area. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0740 Nonconforming building or structure.

“Nonconforming building or structure” means any building or structure which does not comply with one or more of the provisions of this title with regard to the placement of the structure on the lot, building height, or size. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0745 Nonconforming use.

“Nonconforming use” means a lawful use of land or structure in existence on the effective date of this title or at the time of any amendments thereto and which does not conform to the provisions of the zone, prior zone, or overlay zone in which such use is located, or general provisions of this title. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0750 Nursing home, convalescent home.

“Nursing home” or “convalescent home” means any federally, state or locally approved institution providing skilled nursing or medical care as its primary function. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0755 Office.

“Office” means a building or portion of a building wherein services are performed involving predominantly administrative, professional, or clerical operations. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0757 Open record hearing.

“Open record hearing” means a hearing, conducted by a single hearing body or officer authorized by the local government to conduct such hearings, that creates the local government’s record through testimony and submission of evidence and information, under procedures prescribed by the local government by ordinance or resolution. An open record hearing may be held prior to a local government’s decision on a project permit to be known as an “open record predecision hearing.” An open record hearing may be held on an appeal, to be known as an “open record appeal hearing” if no open record predecision hearing has been held on the project permit. (Ord. 1762 § 6, 1996)

18.04.0760 Open space.

“Open space” means land used for recreation, resource protection, project utilities, safety or buffers, and is protected by the provisions of the municipal code and ordinances of Sumner to ensure that it remains in such use. Open space shall be left in a substantially natural state except in the case of recreation or other approved uses that may contain limited impervious surfaces. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0765 Ordinary high water mark.

“Ordinary high water mark” on all lakes, streams, and tidal water is that mark that will be found by examining the bed and banks and ascertaining where the presence and action of waters are so common and usual, and so long continued in all ordinary years, as to mark upon the soil a character distinct from that of the abutting upland, in respect to vegetation as that condition exists on June 1, 1971, as it may naturally change thereafter, or as it may change thereafter in accordance with permits issued by a local government or the Department of Ecology; provided, that in any area where the ordinary high water mark cannot be found, the ordinary high water mark adjoining salt water shall be the line of mean higher tide and the ordinary high water mark adjoining fresh water shall be the line of mean high water. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0770 Overlay zone.

See “Zone, overlay.” (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0775 Owner.

“Owner” means owner of record of property or contract purchaser of property. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0780 Park.

“Park” means any public or private land available for recreational, educational, or aesthetic use. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0785 Parking area.

“Parking area” means an area accessible to vehicles, which area is provided, improved, maintained and used for the sole purpose of accommodating a motor vehicle. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0790 Pedestrian walkway.

“Pedestrian walkway” means a walkway used exclusively as a pedestrian trafficway. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0793 Permittee.

“Permittee” means the person making application for a permit. (Ord. 1896 § 1 (part), 1999)

18.04.0795 Person.

“Person” means a natural person, heirs, executors, administrators or assigns, and also includes a firm, partnership or corporation, its or their successors or assigns, or the agent of the any of the aforesaid. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0797 Pharmaceutical plant.

“Pharmaceutical plant” means the manufacturing, processing and/or packaging of pharmaceuticals and related products, such as cosmetics and drugs. (Ord. 2319 § 1 (part), 2010)

18.04.0800 Plan.

“Plan” means the Sumner comprehensive plan. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0805 Planned development.

“Planned development” means land under unified control to be planned and developed as a whole in a single development or a definitely programmed series of development operations or phases. A planned development includes principal and accessory structures and uses substantially related to the character and purpose of the planned development. It often incorporates innovations or special features in the development of the site. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0810 Plat.

“Plat” means a map of a short or long subdivision pursuant to the Sumner Subdivision Code. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0812 Porch.

“Porch” means an outdoor, roofed, unheated, flat surface attached to a residential structure. The porch may be enclosed by screen, latticework, broad windows, or other light frame walls extending from the main structure. (Ord. 2193 § 1 (part), 2007)

18.04.0815 Poultry.

“Poultry” means domesticated birds that serve as a source of eggs or meat, including, but not limited to chickens, turkeys, ducks, geese, guinea fowl, peafowl, pigeons, and pheasants. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0820 Premises.

“Premises” means buildings in which a use or activity is conducted and/or the grounds over which the operator of the use or activity has direct control. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0822 Primary street.

“Primary street” means an adjacent street that has the highest order of vehicle use and function as classified by the city of Sumner transportation plan. (Ord. 2147 § 2 (part), 2005)

18.04.0825 Principal use.

“Principal use” means the main use of land or buildings as distinguished from an accessory use. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0827 Private off-street parking lot.

“Private off-street parking lot” means privately owned parking area accessible to vehicles, which area is provided, improved, maintained, and used for the sole purpose of accommodating the parking of noncommercial vehicles of less than 10,000 pounds gross vehicle weight, except that private off-street parking lots shall not be for the parking of trucks designed or operated for the transportation of commodities, merchandise, produce, freight, animals, or property, and whose body weight or whose combined body and load weight or whose rated capacity exceeds 10,000 pounds. Private off-street parking lots do not include areas used by truck and/or heavy vehicle operators for sleeping, resting, or other extended uses. This use does not include paid parking lots. (Ord. 2573 § 2, 2016: Ord. 2388 § 1, 2012: Ord. 2366 § 1, 2011: Ord. 2352 § 1, 2011: Ord. 2334 § 1, 2010: Ord. 2302 § 2, 2009; Ord. 2286 § 1, 2009)

18.04.0828 Public off-street parking lot.

“Public off-street parking lot” means a publicly owned parking area accessible to vehicles, which area is provided, improved, maintained, and used for the sole purpose of accommodating the parking of noncommercial vehicles of less than 10,000 pounds gross vehicle weight, except that private off-street parking lots shall not be for the parking of trucks designed or operated for the transportation of commodities, merchandise, produce, freight, animals, or property, and whose body weight or whose combined body and load weight or whose rated capacity exceeds 10,000 pounds. Public off-street parking lots do not include areas used by truck and/or heavy vehicle operators for sleeping, resting, or other extended uses. This use may include paid parking lots. (Ord. 2573 § 3, 2016)

18.04.0830 Preschool.

“Preschool” means a public or private facility which provides instruction for children who are not old enough to attend a public elementary school. Preschools differ from day care facilities by the number of hours children are kept. Preschools do not keep children for more than four hours. All the children arrive at approximately the same time and leave at approximately the same time. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0831 Professional office.

“Professional office” means a low-intensity office use occupied by an accountant, architect, attorney-at-law, engineer, surveyor, insurance agent, real estate broker, landscape architect, or practitioner of the human healing arts, or other professional business similar in type, scale and character. A professional office is not a retail sales business. (Ord. 2499 § 1, 2014)

18.04.0832 Project permit.

“Project permit” or “project permit application” means any land use or environmental permit or license required from a local government for a project action, including, but not limited to, building permits, subdivisions, binding site plans, planned unit developments, conditional uses, shoreline substantial development permits, site plan review, permits or approvals required by critical areas ordinances, and site-specific rezones authorized by a comprehensive plan or subarea plan. Project permit or project permit application excludes adoption or amendment of a comprehensive plan, subarea plan, or development regulations, except as otherwise specifically included in the section. (Ord. 1762 § 7, 1996)

18.04.0835 Proposed.

“Proposed” means that a complete application has been received and acknowledged by the department of community development and that the request has not been approved or denied. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0840 Public facilities.

“Public facilities” means buildings or uses of land owned and operated by a public agency for such purposes as providing places for public assembly and recreation, operating services of benefit to the public, or for the administration of public affairs. Examples include, but are not limited to, city offices, police and fire stations, senior center, museum, and maintenance facilities. Public housing, utility facilities, streets, and parks do not constitute a public facility. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0845 Railroad right-of-way.

“Railroad right-of-way” means a strip of land with tracks and auxiliary facilities for track operation, but not including freight depots or stations, loading platforms, train sheds, warehouses, car or locomotive shops, or car yards. Abandoned right-of-way is included under this definition. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0850 Recorded.

“Recorded” means filed for record with the auditor of the county of Pierce, state of Washington. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0855 Recreational vehicle.

“Recreational vehicle” means a vehicle which is permanently designed and intended for use for temporary housing or recreational purposes. Recreational vehicles include campers, travel trailers, motor homes, boats, or trailers. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0860 Recycling center.

“Recycling center” means a salvage and recycling use in which recyclable materials are collected, stored, and/or processed, by crushing, breaking, sorting and/or packaging, but not including any use which is defined as a salvage yard. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0865 Recycling collection station.

“Recycling collection station” means a salvage and recycling use in which weather resistant containers are provided for the collection of the following recyclable materials only: glass, aluminum cans, tin cans, plastic, and paper; and/or fully enclosed containers are provided for the collection of secondhand goods for processing at another location. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0867 Regional community center.

A “regional community center” means a facility used for recreational, social and cultural activities that has the capacity to serve both the local and regional needs of the population. Services and activities would include but not be limited to swimming pools, fitness centers, gym and recreational court facilities, limited clinical or health care, art centers, community rooms, classrooms and other uses deemed a community service. (Ord. 2436 § 1, 2013)

18.04.0870 Residence.

“Residence” means a building or structure or portion thereof, which is designed for and used to provide a place of abode for human beings, but not including hotel or motel units having no kitchen facilities. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0875 Restaurant.

A “restaurant” means a business establishment used, maintained, advertised and held out to the public as a place with a full dinner, lunch, and/or breakfast menu. The restaurant serves full course meals daily prepared in its own kitchen. The meals are served at a table or counter with take-out meals allowed as an accessory use. Alcoholic beverages may be served as incidental and complementary to the serving of food. A bar with the primary purpose of serving alcoholic beverages can be a part of the restaurant. Where the square footage of the bar exceeds 30 percent of the gross floor area of the restaurant and the bar combined, the establishment shall be considered a “tavern” per SMC 18.04.1005. (Ord. 2196 § 2, 2007: Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0880 Restaurant, drive-in.

“Drive-in restaurant” means an establishment that provides ordering kiosks for customers to park their motor vehicles, place orders and consume their food and/or beverages either on or off the premises. Customers are usually served by staff who walk to take orders and deliver food encouraging patrons to remain parked at the kiosk and in their vehicle when they receive and consume their food. Drive-in restaurants may also have drive-up windows or the ability for patrons to order from a walk-up window. (Ord. 2656 § 5, 2018: Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0885 Restaurant, fast-food.

“Fast-food restaurant” means an establishment that offers quick food service, which is accomplished through a limited menu of items already prepared and held for service, or prepared, fried, or griddled quickly, or heated in a device such as a microwave oven. Orders are not generally taken at the customer’s table, and food is generally served in disposable wrapping or containers. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0890 Retail shopping.

“Retail shopping” means the selling of goods and services which may include convenience goods, such as food and drugs, personal services, such as tailoring, shoe repairing, and barbershops, and general merchandise, such as apparel, furniture and home furnishings. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0895 Retaining wall.

“Retaining wall” means any wall used to resist the lateral displacement of any material. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0900 Retirement homes.

“Retirement homes” mean apartments in an apartment complex with extra services included in the rent, such as meals, light housekeeping, laundry and recreational programs. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0905 Right-of-way.

“Right-of-way” means the land held by the public for road and utility purposes. It usually refers to the land required for the traffic lanes plus the shoulders and drainage structures on both sides of highways, roadways, bikeways and alleys. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0910 Rooming and boarding house.

“Rooming and boarding house” means any premises which is principally a dwelling unit, which provides lodging with, meals for five or fewer rooms, and where the principal function is providing lodging for compensation. Resident rooms numbering six or more shall constitute a motel or hotel. This definition does not include nursing or convalescent homes, group residences or any other situation where persons are not living and working together as a single housekeeping unit. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0915 Salvage yard.

“Salvage yard” means a salvage and recycling use in which junk, waste, discarded or salvaged materials are bought, sold, exchanged, stored, baled, packed, disassembled, or handled, including automobile wrecking yards, house-wrecking and structural steel materials and equipment. A “salvage yard” shall not be construed to include such activity when conducted entirely within an enclosed building, nor pawnshops and establishments for the sale, purchase, or storage of used furniture and household equipment, used cars in operable condition, used or salvaged machinery in operable condition or the processing of used, discarded or salvaged materials as a minor part of manufacturing operations. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0920 School.

“School” means a public or private facility that provides a curriculum of primary and/or secondary academic instruction, including kindergartens, elementary schools, junior high schools, and high school. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0925 School classroom, portable.

“Portable school classroom” means a structure, transportable in one or more sections, which requires a chassis to be transported, and is designed to be used as an educational space with or without a permanent foundation. The structure shall be trailerable and capable of being demounted and relocated to other locations as needs arise. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0927 Senior housing.2

“Senior housing” refers to housing stock, whether rental or occupant-owned, that specifically caters to residents aged 55 years and older, either through age requirements or through the provision of specialized care, such as nursing or dietary and personal care. This definition shall include, at a minimum, all facilities that qualify as “housing for older persons” under the Fair Housing Act. (Ord. 2343 § 1 (part), 2010)

18.04.0930 Shelter home.

“Shelter home” or “crisis residential center” means any home, place of institution for the care and protection of individuals, including children, suffering from abuse or potential abuse or harm. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0935 Short plat or short subdivision.

See Sumner Subdivision Code. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0940 Single-family dwelling.

“Single-family dwelling” means a detached building designed exclusively for residential purposes for one family, including site built homes, manufactured homes, or modular homes. (Ord. 2135 § 1 (part), 2005: Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0943 Single-family dwelling, semi-attached.

“Single-family dwelling, semi-attached” means a building designed to be a detached standalone structure exclusively for residential purposes for one family, and is physically connected to adjacent dwellings at secondary or ancillary building parts such as garages, carports, trellises, porches, covered decks, storage areas and gateways. (Ord. 2147 § 2 (part), 2005)

18.04.0945 Specified anatomical areas.

“Specified anatomical areas” means:

A. Less than completely and opaquely covered human genitals, pubic region, buttock or female breasts below a point immediately above the top of the areola; and

B. Human male genitals in a discernably turgid state, even if completely and opaquely covered. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0950 Specified sexual activities.

“Specified sexual activities” means:

A. Human genitals in a state of sexual stimulation or arousal;

B. Acts of human masturbation, sexual intercourse or sodomy; and

C. Fondling or other erotic touching of human genitals, pubic region, buttock or female breast. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0955 Stable.

“Stable” means an accessory building for the keeping of domestic animals, especially in a building having stalls or compartments. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0960 Stock in trade.

“Stock in trade” means:

A. The dollar value of all products, equipment, books, magazines, posters, pictures, periodicals, pre-recorded video tapes, discs, or similar material readily available for purchase, rental, viewing or use by patrons of the establishment, excluding material located in any storeroom or other portion of the premises not regularly open to patrons; or

B. The number of titles of all products, equipment, books, magazines, posters, pictures, periodicals, other printed materials, pre- recorded video tapes, discs or other similar material readily available for purchase, rental, viewing or use by patrons of the establishment, excluding material located in any storeroom or other portion of the premises not regularly open to patrons. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0962 Storage container, metal.

“Storage container, metal” means any metal container intended to be used for seagoing travel, that is not moveable under its own power, and must be delivered to the site by means of ship, truck, train, or crane. (Ord. 2088 § 1, 2004: Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0965 Storage/warehouse and distribution.

“Storage/warehouse and distribution” means a use engaged in storage, wholesale, and distribution of manufactured products, supplies, and equipment, but excluding bulk storage of materials that are flammable or explosive or that create hazardous or commonly recognized offensive conditions. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0970 Story.

“Story” means that portion of a building included between the upper surface of any floor and the upper surface of the floor next above, except that the topmost story shall be that portion of a building included between the upper surface of the topmost floor and the ceiling or roof above. If the finished floor level directly above a usable or unused under-floor space is more than six feet above grade as defined herein for more than 50 percent of the total perimeter or is more than 12 feet above grade as defined herein at any point, such usable or unused under-floor space shall be considered as a story. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0975 Story, first.

“First story” means the lowest story in a building which qualifies as a story, as defined herein, except that a floor level in a building having only one floor level shall be classified as a first story, provided such floor level is not more than four feet below grade, as defined herein, for more than 50 percent of the total perimeter, or not more than eight feet below grade, as defined herein at any point. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0980 Street.

“Street” means a public or private thoroughfare or easement which affords primary means of access. For the purposes of this title, the definition of street includes all public and private utilities such as communication lines, cable television lines, electrical lines and equipment, natural gas distribution lines, storm water, water and sewer facilities, and other similar facilities commonly found in street rights-of-way. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0985 Street tree.

“Street tree” means a tree planted in the city right-of-way between the roadway driving surface and adjacent property lines. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0990 Structure.

“Structure” means that which is built or constructed, an edifice or building of any kind, or any piece of work artificially built up or composed of parts joined together in some definite manner, but not including fences six or less feet in height, driveways or other paved areas. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0992 Structure, tent.

“Structure, tent” means any structure which is designed to be freestanding and is covered with metal or canvas material supported by a wood or pipe-type skeletal frame. (Ord. 2088 § 1, 2004: Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.0995 Structural alteration.

“Structural alteration” means any change in the supporting members of a building or structure, such as foundations, bearing walls, columns, beams, floor or floor joists, girders or rafters, or changes in the exterior dimensions of the building or structure, or increase in floor space. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.1000 Subdivision.

See Sumner Subdivision Code. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.1003 Tandem house(s).

“Tandem house(s)” means two unattached ground-related dwelling units occupying the same lot. (Ord. 2147 § 2 (part), 2005)

18.04.1005 Tavern.

“Tavern” means an establishment, serving alcoholic beverages, in which the principal business is the sale of such beverages at retail for consumption on the premises and where food service may or may not be included as an accessory use. (Ord. 2196 § 3, 2007: Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.1007 Telecommunications equipment shelter or cabinet.

“Telecommunications equipment shelter or cabinet” means a room, cabinet or building used to house equipment for a utility or service provider used in conjunction with wireless communication facilities. (Ord. 1830 § 7, 1998)

18.04.1009 Town Center Plan area.

“Town Center Plan area” or “Town Center” means that area within the boundaries of the Town Center Plan adopted July 18, 2005, and designated as such on the city’s official zoning map as hereafter amended. (Ord. 2147 § 2 (part), 2005)

18.04.1010 Townhouse.

“Townhouse” means a type of ground-related housing that is a multistory building containing two or more dwelling units, each of which has primary ground floor access to the outside and which are attached to each other by common walls without openings. (Ord. 2467 § 3, 2014: Ord. 2134 § 2, 2005: Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.1012 Tow truck operation.

“Tow truck operation” is a facility that dispatches tow trucks for hire with no automotive storage area for impounded vehicles. (Ord. 2319 § 1 (part), 2010)

18.04.1013 Tow truck operation/auto impoundment yard.

“Tow truck operation/auto impoundment yard” is a facility that dispatches tow trucks for hire with associated storage area for impounded vehicles. (Ord. 2319 § 1 (part), 2010)

18.04.1015 Tract.

“Tract” means a fractional part of subdivided lands having fixed boundaries that is not a lot of record and is either: (A) dedicated; or (B) reserved for a specific purpose by appropriate covenants, plat restrictions, or maintenance agreements, for ingress, egress, utility access, open space, drainage, stormwater management, critical area buffers or other purpose necessary to the public welfare. (Ord. 2544 § 4, 2015: Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.1020 Transfer of density, on-site.

“Transfer of density” means allowing variations in density within a project or site while the average density over the site or project remains constant. This concept permits unused allowable densities in one area to be used in another area of the site. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.1022 Transmission tower.

“Transmission tower” means a freestanding structure, other than a building, on which wireless communication devices are mounted. Support structure types include, but are not limited to, monopoles, lattice towers, wood poles or guyed towers. (Ord. 1830 § 8, 1998)

18.04.1025 Travel trailer.

“Travel trailer” means a recreational vehicle which is designed to be transported on public streets or highways and not designed for use as a permanent residence. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.1027 Trellis.

“Trellis” is defined as a vertical structure attached to a fence comprised of lattice work designed to support the growth of vines or other vegetation, or a horizontal decorative element composed of lattice work that is predominantly open in design. A trellis which has a horizontal element which is more that 36 inches in width measured perpendicular to the fence shall be considered an arbor and therefore subject to the siting requirements for an arbor. (Ord. 2556 § 4, 2016: Ord. 2022 § 1 (part), 2003. Formerly 18.04.1028)

18.04.1028 Truck sales.

“Truck sales” means a retail sales and service use in which heavy duty commercial trucks are leased or sold. (Ord. 2556 § 5, 2016)

18.04.1029 Truck stop.

“Truck stop” means a facility for the relief and refreshment of truck drivers wherein diesel fuel and/or gasoline is available and food is available for immediate consumption on the premises. Such a facility may include accessory uses such as maintenance or repair of commercial motor vehicles; restaurants; motels; retail business; and business offices. (Ord. 2207 § 1 (part), 2007)

18.04.1030 Truck terminal.

“Truck terminal” means a building or area in which freight brought by truck is assembled and/or stored for routing or reshipment, or in which semitrailers, including tractor and/or trailer units and other trucks, are parked and stored. A truck terminal is not a “truck stop.” See SMC 18.04.1029. (Ord. 2207 § 1 (part), 2007: Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.1031 Truck-related retail and services.

“Truck-related retail and services” means any use not otherwise specifically listed providing opportunity for the driver-operators of heavy trucks to access needed retail, medical, and/or personal services during either short-term or mandatory long-term stops and lay-overs. Examples include retail related to truck parts, tires, or accessories, retail addressing personal needs such as clothing or personal hygiene items, medical services, gifts, and web access. (Ord. 2394 § 5, 2012)

18.04.1035 University.

See “College.” (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.1040 Unplatted lot.

See “Lot, unplatted.” (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.1045 Use.

“Use” of property means the purpose or activity for which the land, or building thereon, is designed, arranged or intended, or for which it is occupied or maintained and shall include any manner of performance or operation of such activity with respect to the provision of this title. The definition of “use” also includes the definition of “development.” (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.1050 Use, nonconforming.

See “Nonconforming use.” (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.1055 Use, principal.

See “Principal use.” (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.1060 Use or structure, accessory.

See “Accessory use or structure.” (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.1065 Utility facility, major.

“Major utility facility” is a facility for providing service to an area including, but not limited to:

A. Telephone exchanges;

B. Electrical switching substations;

C. Natural gas gate stations and regulating stations;

D. Propane, compressed natural gas and liquefied natural gas storage tanks serving multiple lots or uses from which fuel is directly distributed to individual users, but does not include the storage and distribution by truck or rail transport;

E. Natural gas transmission pipelines;

F. Sewage treatment plant; and

G. Utility facilities that are not minor utility facilities.

For the purposes of this title, “major utility facility” does not include utility lines, distribution pipelines, and other related facilities commonly found in street rights-of-way, or uses included in the definition of “public facilities.” (Ord. 2319 § 2, 2010: Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.1070 Utility facility, minor.

“Minor utility facility” means:

A. Natural gas distribution lines, not located in a street right-of-way.

B. Developments within the confines of any electric substation, telephone exchange buildings, reservoir, pump station, well and similar.

C. Electrical facilities, lines, equipment or appurtenances with an associated voltage of 55,000 volts or less.

D. Upgrade of existing electrical transmission lines in commercial and industrial districts.

E. Detention ponds and other similar tracts dedicated to the city.

F. Wastewater pump or lift stations.

For the purposes of this title, “minor utility facility” does not include utility lines, distribution pipelines, and other related facilities commonly found in street rights-of-way, or uses included in the definition of “public facilities.” (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.1075 Utility yard.

“Utility yard” means a location used for the storage and maintenance of materials, equipment and vehicles to facilitate the provision of utility services. A utility yard is frequently co-located with a utility office. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.1080 Value or valuation (of structure).

“Value or valuation” means the estimated cost to replace the building and structure in kind, based on current replacement costs as determined by the building official. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.1085 Variance.

“Variance” means an adjustment in the application of the specific provisions of this title to a particular piece of property, which property, because of special circumstances applicable to it, is deprived of privileges commonly enjoyed by other properties in the same vicinity and zone and which adjustment remedies disparity in privileges. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.1090 Vehicle repair, major.

“Major vehicle repair” means an automotive retail sales and service use in which one or more of the following activities are carried out:

A. Reconditioning of any type of motorized vehicle, including any repairs made to vehicles over 10,000 pounds gross vehicle weight;

B. Collision services, including body, frame or fender straightening or repair;

C. Overall painting of vehicles or painting of vehicles in a paint shop;

D. Dismantling of motorized vehicles in an enclosed structure. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.1095 Vehicle repair, minor.

“Minor vehicle repair” means an automotive retail sales and service use in which general motor repair work is done as well as the replacement of new or reconditioned parts in motorized vehicles of 10,000 pounds or less gross vehicle weight; but not including any operation included in the definition of “major vehicle repair.” (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.1100 Vocational or fine arts school.

“Vocational or fine arts school” means an institution which teaches trades, business courses, hairdressing and similar skills on a post-secondary level, or which teaches fine arts such as music, dance or painting to any age group, whether operated for nonprofit or profit-making purposes. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.1105 Wall, exterior.

“Exterior wall” means any wall or element of a wall, or any member or group of members, which defines the exterior boundaries or courts of a building and which has a slope of 60 degrees or greater with the horizontal plane. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.1105.1 Wetland mitigation bank.

“Wetland mitigation bank” means a site where wetlands are restored, created, enhanced or, in exceptional circumstances, preserved, expressly for the purpose of providing compensatory mitigation in advance of unavoidable impacts to wetlands or other aquatic resources that typically are unknown at the time of certification. (Ord. 2531 § 1, 2015)

18.04.1106 Wireless communication facility.

“Wireless communication facility” means an unstaffed site containing structural improvements for the transmission and reception of low-power radio signals consisting of antennas, support structure, equipment shelter or cabinet, or related equipment. (Ord. 1830 § 9 (part), 1998)

18.04.1107 Wireless communication facility, attached.

“Wireless communication facility, attached” means a facility that is affixed to an existing structure such as a building or water tower, and is not considered a component of the attached wireless communication facility. (Ord. 1830 § 9 (part), 1998)

18.04.1108 Wireless communication facility, co-located.

“Wireless communication facility, co-located” means a single-support structure such as a building, monopole or lattice tower to which more than one wireless communication provider mounts equipment. (Ord. 1830 § 9 (part), 1998)

18.04.1109 Wireless communication facility, freestanding.

“Wireless communication facility, freestanding” means a facility which includes a separate support structure, including but not limited to monopoles, lattice towers, wood poles or guyed towers. (Ord. 1830 § 9 (part), 1998)

18.04.1110 Yards, types and measurements.

“Yard” means an open, unoccupied space, other than a court (as defined in the Uniform Building Code), unobstructed from the ground to the sky, except where specifically provided by this code, on the lot on which a building is situated. (Refer to Figure 18.04-G.)

A. “Front yard” means an area extending across the full width of the lot and lying between the lot front line and a line drawn parallel thereto, and at a distance therefrom equal to the required front yard depth as prescribed in each classification.

B. “Side yard” means an area extending from the front yard line to the rear yard line at a depth measured from the side lot line to a line drawn parallel thereto at a distance equal to the required side yard depth as prescribed in each classification.

C. “Rear yard” means an area extending across the full width of the lot and lying between the lot rear line and a line drawn parallel thereto, at a distance equal to the required rear yard depth as prescribed in each classification. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.1115 Youth activity center.

“Youth activity center” means a public or private establishment which caters to or is attended in substantial part by minors including, but not limited to, youth community centers, boy scout or girl scout club houses, arcades, miniature golf courses, amusement parks, batting cages, or other similar facilities. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.1120 Zero lot line.

“Zero lot line” means the location of a building on a lot in such a manner that one or more of the building’s sides rests directly abutting a lot line. (Refer to Figure 18.04-H.) (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.1122 Zero lot line dwelling.

“Zero lot line dwelling” means a single-unit dwelling (house) that is attached to additional zero lot line dwellings at one or both common side lot lines by means of a common wall. A zero lot line dwelling is attached to no more than one other zero lot line dwelling at any common side lot line. Zero lot line dwellings may be constructed in groups of multiple units as provided in specific zone chapters. Each zero lot line dwelling is located entirely on its own lot. (Ord. 2134 § 3, 2005)

18.04.1124 Zero lot line structures.

“Zero lot line structures” means a group of zero lot line dwellings connected to one another along common lot lines/walls. (Ord. 2134 § 4, 2005)

18.04.1125 Zone.

“Zone” means an area accurately defined as to boundaries and location, and classified by the zoning ordinance as available for certain types of uses and within which other types of uses are excluded. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.1130 Zone, overlay.

“Overlay zone” means a classification contained in this title which combines with the underlying classification and adds specific restrictions to properties located within such zone. The combination of zones, for the purpose of this definition and title, shall be considered a separately zoned area and shall not be construed as applying different standards to properties within the same zone. An example of an overlay zone would be the planned mixed-use development overlay designation. (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

18.04.1135 Zone, underlying.

“Underlying zone” means a zone classification applicable to a property which provisions continue in full force in conjunction with an “overlay zone.” (Ord. 1694 § 1, 1995)

Figure 18.04-A Block Front Diagram

Figure 18.04-B Building Height Diagram

Figure 18.04-C Impervious Surface/Lot Coverage

Figure 18.04-D Lot Lines

Figure 18.04-E Rear Lot Line Examples

Figure 18.04-F Lot Types

Figure 18.04-G Yard Diagram

Figure 18.04-H Zero Lot Line

 


1

Code reviser’s note: Ordinance 2343 adds this section as Section 18.04.595. The section has been renumbered to avoid duplication of numbering and to preserve alphabetization.


2

Code reviser’s note: Ordinance 2343 adds this section as Section 18.04.809. The section has been renumbered to avoid duplication of numbering and to preserve alphabetization.