Chapter 15.08
SIGNS

Sections:

15.08.010    Purpose.

15.08.020    Definitions.

15.08.030    Development permit required.

15.08.045    Exemptions.

15.08.050    Prohibited signs.

15.08.060    Sign standards.

15.08.070    General provisions.

15.08.075    Sign illumination.

15.08.080    Projection over right-of-way.

15.08.090    Roof signs.

15.08.100    Wall signs.

15.08.105    Fascia signs.

15.08.110    Temporary signs.

15.08.115    Carried signs.

15.08.120    Directional signs.

15.08.130    Off-premises signs and billboards.

15.08.135    Digital signs.

15.08.140    Multiple-building complexes and multiple-tenant buildings.

15.08.150    Freeway signs.

15.08.155    Portable signs.

15.08.160    Nonconforming signs, maintenance of signs, removal of signs and enforcement of this chapter.

15.08.170    Administrative adjustment of sign standards allowed.

15.08.180    Variances.

15.08.190    Violations.

15.08.010 Purpose.

The purpose of this chapter is to promote the public health, safety and welfare through a comprehensive system of reasonable, effective, consistent, content-neutral and nondiscriminatory sign standards and requirements. It has also been adopted to promote the following:

1.    Minimum standards in order to promote traffic safety;

2.    Recognition of free speech rights by regulating signs in a content-neutral manner;

3.    The free flow of traffic and to protect pedestrians and motorists from injury and property damage caused by, or attributable to, cluttered, distracting and/or illegible signs;

4.    Provide consistent and compatible sign design standards; and

5.    Adopt understandable regulations which enable the fair and consistent enforcement of this chapter.

This chapter is not intended to restrict speech on the basis of its content, viewpoint or message. Any classification of signs herein which purports to permit speech by reason of the type of sign, identity of the sign user or otherwise, should be interpreted to allow commercial or noncommercial speech on the sign. Nothing in this chapter should be construed to favor commercial speech over noncommercial speech. (Ord. 2017-020 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2017: Ord. 2016-029 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2016: Ord. 2015-007 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2015: Ord. 2008-46 § 1 (part), 2008: Ord. 2947 § 1 (part), 1986).

15.08.020 Definitions.

For the purpose of this chapter, certain abbreviations, terms, phrases, words and derivatives shall be construed as specified herein.

“Abandoned sign” means any sign located on property that is vacant and unoccupied for a period of six months or more, or any sign which pertains to any occupant, business or event unrelated to the present occupant or use that is not an allowed off-premises sign. Abandoned sign also includes signs that are broken, defaced, faded, rusted, peeled or otherwise deteriorated and are not repaired within thirty days after the city provides notice of the condition.

“Banner” means any sign of lightweight fabric or similar material that is mounted to a pole or building at one or more edges that is not a “flag” as defined herein.

“Billboard” means a large outdoor advertising sign containing a message, commercial or otherwise, usually unrelated to the use or activity on the property on which the sign is located and/or to any use or activity in the immediate area (such as is the case with an off-premises sign) and which is customarily leased for commercial purposes.

“Building official” means the codes manager or his or her designee.

“Canopy sign” means any sign that is part of or attached to an awning, canopy or other fabric, plastic or structural protective cover over a door, entrance, window or outdoor service area.

“Carried sign” means a hand-held or carried sign held or carried by a person.

“Changing message center sign” means an electronically or manually controlled sign where different automatic changing messages are shown on the lamp bank. Examples include, but are not limited to, time and temperature displays.

“Digital sign” means a changeable copy sign with LED (or other similar light source) text, graphics or symbols over a nonilluminated background. Digital signs are also known as “electronic message centers” or “EMCs.”

“Directional sign” means a sign erected for the purpose of facilitating or controlling the efficient and safe movement of pedestrians or vehicles within a multi-tenant development. See also “off-premises directional sign” and “on-premises directional sign.”

“Electrical sign” means a sign or sign structure in which electrical wiring, connections, and/or fixtures are used as part of the sign proper.

“Fascia board” means:

1.    A board used on the outside vertical face of a cornice.

2.    The board connecting the top of the siding with the bottom of a soffit.

3.    A board nailed across the ends of the rafters at the eaves.

4.    The edge beam of a bridge.

5.    A flat member or band at the surface of a building.

Figure 8-1

“Fascia sign” means a sign which is attached to the fascia board of an existing building’s roof structure where the sign projects less than one foot from the fascia or parapet of the building, including the parapet to which it is affixed, painted or attached, running parallel for its whole length to the face or wall of the building, and which does not extend beyond the horizontal width of such building. The building’s fascia board shall have a soffit and end caps installed flush with the bottom and ends of the sign, integrating the subject sign into the building’s fascia and overall roof system.

Figure 8-2

“Flag” means a piece of cloth, attached to a staff, with distinctive colors, patterns or symbols.

“Flashing sign” means an electric sign or a portion thereof (except changing message centers) which changes light intensity in a sudden transitory burst, or which switches on and off in a constant pattern in which more than one-third of the nonconstant light source is off at any one time.

“Freestanding sign” means any sign supported by one or more uprights, poles or braces in the ground.

“Freeway sign” means a freestanding sign designed and placed to attract the attention of freeway traffic.

“Marquee/display case sign” means a sign typically associated with, but not limited to, movie theaters, performing arts theaters, and theatrical playhouses. The sign is attached flat against and parallel to the surface of the structure, or attached to a structure approved by the building official. In addition, a changeable copy area is included where characters, letters, or illustrations can be changed or rearranged without altering the face or the surface of the sign. Marquee/display case signs shall be considered wall signs regulated under the provisions of YMC 15.08.100, and all sign materials placed behind the clear/translucent material shall not be considered a temporary sign subject to the provisions of YMC 15.08.110.

“Multiple-building complex” is a group of structures housing two or more retail, office, or commercial uses sharing the same lot, access and/or parking facilities, or a coordinated site plan. For purposes of this section, each multiple-building complex shall be considered a single use.

“Multiple-tenant building” is a single structure housing two or more retail, office, or commercial uses sharing the same lot, access and/or parking facilities, or a coordinated site plan. For purposes of this section, each multiple-building complex shall be considered a single use. (See YMC 15.08.140.)

“Nonconforming sign” means a sign which at one time conformed to all applicable requirements and standards of this chapter, including all permit requirements, but which subsequently ceased to so conform due to changes in such requirements and standards.

“Off-premises directional sign” means an off-premises sign with directions to a particular business.

“Off-premises sign” means a sign advertising or promoting merchandise, service, goods, or entertainment sold, produced, manufactured or furnished at a place other than on the property where the sign is located.

“On-premises directional sign” means a sign directing pedestrian or vehicular traffic to parking, entrances, exits, service areas, or other on-site locations of a particular business.

“On-premises sign” means a sign incidental to a lawful use of the premises on which it is located, advertising the business transacted, services rendered, goods sold or products produced on the premises or the name of the business or name of the person, firm or corporation occupying the premises.

“Permanent sign” means a sign constructed of weather resistant material and intended for permanent use and that does not otherwise meet the definition of “temporary sign” or fall under any other provision of the sign code.

“Portable sign” means a sign made of wood, metal, plastic, or other durable material that is not attached to the ground or a structure. This definition includes sandwich boards, and portable reader boards if placed on private property. This definition also includes trailered signs. Signs placed on public or street right-of-way, including public sidewalks, require review under YMC 8.20.055.

“Projecting sign” means a sign, other than a wall sign, that is attached to and projects from a structure or building face.

Figure 8-3

“Roof sign” means any sign erected or constructed as an integral part or is essentially part of a normal roof structure of any building design, where any portion of the face of which is situated above the roof line to which it is attached, and which is wholly or partially supported by said building. See YMC 15.08.090.

“Sign” means letters, figures, symbols or logos, with or without illumination, on any medium, including its structural component parts, used or intended to attract attention to the subject matter that identifies, advertises, and/or promotes a product, good, service, place, person, firm, merchandise, point of sale or business. A sign also includes any item attached to sign structures, such as balloons, streamers, pennants, flags, inflatables or similar devices intended to attract attention.

“Sign area” means that area contained within a single continuous perimeter enclosing the entire sign and/or sign cabinet, but excluding any support or framing structure that does not convey a message.

“Sign cabinet” means the module or background containing the advertising message but excluding sign supports, architectural framing, or other decorative features which contain no written or advertising copy.

“Sign height” means the vertical distance measured from the grade below the sign or upper surface of the nearest street curb, whichever permits the greatest height, to the highest point of the sign.

Figure 8-4

“Sign setback” means the horizontal distance from the property line to the nearest edge of the sign cabinet or sign.

“Street frontage” means the length in feet of a property line(s) or lot line(s) bordering a public street. For corner lots, each street-side property line shall be a separate street frontage. The frontage for a single use or development on two or more lots shall be the sum of the individual lot frontages.

Figure 8-5

“Temporary sign” means any sign; poster; placard; stake sign or sign not placed in the ground with concrete or other means to provide permanent support, stability or rot prevention; banner; pennant; valance; or advertising display constructed of cloth, paper, canvas, cardboard, or other light nondurable materials used temporarily and is not permanently mounted, painted or otherwise affixed to a permanent structure or building. Temporary signs may only be made of nondurable materials including, but not limited to, paper, corrugated board, flexible plastics, foamcore board, and/or signs painted with water soluble paints or chalks. Signs made of other materials shall be considered permanent and are subject to the permanent sign regulations of this chapter.

“Trailered sign” means any sign located on or affixed to a trailer or vehicle normally licensed by the state as a trailer, or any sign that has its own wheels, or is located on or affixed to its own wheels, capable of being used to move the sign from location to location. Trailered sign does not mean signs that are permanently or temporarily affixed to motor vehicles other than trailers, such as passenger cars, trucks, or recreational vehicles, which would fall under YMC 15.08.045(9).

“Wall sign” means any on-premises sign attached to or painted directly on, or erected against and parallel to, the wall of a building. See YMC 15.08.100.

Figure 8-6

“Window sign” means any sign, pictures, symbol or combination thereof, designed to communicate information about a business, person, product, event, sale or service, placed inside a window or upon the window panes or glass and visible from the exterior of the window. (Ord. 2017-020 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2017: Ord. 2016-029 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2016: Ord. 2015-007 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2015: Ord. 2010-34 § 4, 2010: Ord. 2008-46 § 1 (part), 2008: Ord. 93-81 § 32, 1993: Ord. 3106 § 16, 1988: Ord. 2947 § 1 (part), 1986).

15.08.030 Development permit required.

No sign governed by this title shall be erected, structurally altered or relocated after the adoption without first receiving a development permit from the building official. All applications for a development permit under this chapter shall be reviewed for consistency with the standards of this chapter and other applicable chapters of the Yakima Municipal Code, according to sign type and other applicable regulations.

1.    For New Uses. All on-premises signs meeting the standards of this chapter are considered Class (1) uses requiring Type (1) review. On-premises signs not meeting the standards shall follow the procedures of YMC 15.08.170, and are otherwise not permitted. Off-premises signs and billboards are permitted as identified in YMC 15.08.130.

2.    For Changes or Replacement of an Existing Sign. Structural changes to, or replacement of, an existing sign requires Type (1) review and approval by the building official. Changes to the face or copy of a sign, provided such change does not change the material or appearance of the sign as originally permitted by the city does not require a Type (1) review, or permit. (Ord. 2017-020 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2017: Ord. 2016-029 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2016: Ord. 2015-007 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2015: Ord. 2011-12 § 3, 2011: Ord. 2008-46 § 1 (part), 2008: Ord. 3019 § 33, 1987: Ord. 2947 § 1 (part), 1986).

15.08.045 Exemptions.

The following signs are exempt from the permitting requirements of this chapter:

1.    On-premises signs not readable from the public right-of-way, i.e., menu boards, interior signs, etc.;

2.    On-premises directional signs meeting the other requirements of this chapter, including, but not limited to, size restrictions;

3.    Barber poles, gravestones or structures intended for a separate use, such as Goodwill containers;

4.    Building identification numbers as required pursuant to the Yakima Municipal Code or any other city or state regulation;

5.    Temporary signs on private property or public property meeting the requirements of YMC 15.08.110.

6.    Governmental signs. Signs installed by the city, county or a federal or state governmental agency for the protection of public health, safety and general welfare, including, but not limited to, the following:

A.    Emergency and warning signs necessary for public safety or civil defense;

B.    Traffic and/or wayfinding signs erected and maintained by an authorized public agency;

C.    Signs required to be displayed by law;

D.    Signs showing the location of public facilities; and

E.    Any sign, posting, notice, or similar sign placed by or required by a governmental agency in carrying out its responsibility to protect the public health, safety and general welfare.

7.    Flags. Any flags; provided, that they conform to all provisions of this chapter for signs.

8.    Memorial signs or tablets, names of buildings, dates of erection and the like, which are incorporated into the building material and facade.

9.    Vehicle with signs. Any sign on a vehicle, unless such vehicle is parked or stationed near an activity for the primary purpose of attracting public attention to such activity, unless such vehicle or mobile unit is regularly parked in any prominently visible location for the primary purpose of attracting public attention to the sign.

10.    Temporary signs in windows. Any temporary sign taped or otherwise affixed to the inside of a window, in such a manner as to be easily removed; provided, that the total area of the sign in any one window does not exceed that as allowed in this chapter for window signs and temporary signs.

11.    Portable signs and freestanding signs meeting the requirements of YMC 15.08.155 and 15.08.110, respectively, and any other provisions of this chapter. (Ord. 2017-020 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2017: Ord. 2016-029 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2016: Ord. 2015-007 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2015).

15.08.050 Prohibited signs.

The following signs are prohibited:

1.    Signs on any vehicle or trailer parked on public or private property and visible from a public right-of-way for the purpose of circumventing the provisions of this chapter. This provision shall not prohibit signs painted on or magnetically attached to any vehicle operating in the normal course of business.

2.    Signs purporting to be, imitating, or resembling an official traffic sign or signal by its color, design, location or illumination; which could cause confusion with any official sign, or which obstruct the visibility of any traffic/street sign or signal or pedestrian by glare or method of illumination.

3.    Signs attached to utility, streetlight and traffic-control poles or facilities, signs attached to fences owned by the city, or signs placed on trees.

4.    Swinging projecting signs.

5.    Signs in a dilapidated (i.e., having peeling paint, major cracks or holes, and/or loose or dangling materials) or hazardous condition.

6.    Abandoned signs.

7.    Signs on doors, windows or fire escapes that restrict free ingress or egress; and

8.    Any other sign not meeting the provisions of this chapter. (Ord. 2017-020 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2017: Ord. 2016-029 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2016: Ord. 2015-007 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2015: Ord. 2008-46 § 1 (part), 2008: Ord. 93-81 § 34, 1993: Ord. 2947 § 1 (part), 1986).

15.08.060 Sign standards.

The provisions of this chapter and the requirements in Table 8-1, “Type and Number of Signs Permitted,” Table 8-2, “Maximum Sign Area,” and Table 8-3, “Sign Height and Setbacks,” are established for all signs in the zoning districts indicated. All permitted signs are subject to the review procedures of this title and the standards of this section. Signs for Class (1), (2) and (3) uses shall be subject to the same procedural and review requirements as the principal use.

Table 8-1. Type and Number of Signs Permitted 

SIGN TYPE

ZONING DISTRICTS

SR

R-1

R-2

R-3

B-1

HB

B-2

SCC

LCC

CBD

GC

AS

RD

M-1

M-2

PERMITTED SIGNS

On-Premises Signs

Nameplate

Permitted as an Accessory Use to an Approved or Existing Use

Subdivision Identification/Project Identification2

Roof

Not Permitted

Class (1) Use

Permanent Freestanding1

Subdivision/Proj. I.D. Only

On-premises signs meeting the standards of this chapter are considered Class (1) uses requiring Type (1) review. On-premises signs not meeting the standards of this chapter shall follow the procedures of YMC 15.08.170, and are otherwise not permitted.

Projecting

Not Permitted

Freeway

See YMC 15.08.150

Off-Premises Signs Including Billboards

 

Not Permitted

Class (2) Use

Not Permitted

Class (2) Use

Class (1) Use

NUMBER OF SIGNS PERMITTED

On-Premises Signs

Nameplate

1 per Dwelling

Subdivision Identification/Use Identification2

1 per Street Frontage

1 per Street Frontage

Permanent Freestanding1

Projecting

Not Permitted

Wall Signs

See YMC 15.08.100

Roof Signs

See YMC 15.08.090

Freeway

Freeway: See YMC 15.08.150

Off-Premises Signs Including Billboards

 

Directional: See YMC 15.08.120(B)

 

Not Permitted

1 Sign per Parcel (Also See YMC 15.08.130)

TYPE AND NUMBER OF SIGNS PERMITTED THAT ARE BASED ON OTHER CRITERIA

Temporary Signs

See YMC 15.08.110

Carried Signs

See YMC 15.08.115

Digital Signs

See YMC 15.08.135

Portable Signs

See YMC 15.08.155

NOTES:

1.    YMC 15.08.140 has freestanding sign provisions for multiple-building complexes and multiple-tenant buildings. Sign provisions for temporary freestanding signs are addressed in YMC 15.08.110. Permanent freestanding signs are limited to subdivision signs in residential areas.

2.    Nameplates and subdivision identification signs permitted in the residential districts may be placed on a wall—See Table 8-2.

 

Table 8-2. Maximum Sign Area 

ZONING DISTRICT

Freestanding and Projecting Signs

Sign is set back 15 ft. or less from required right-of-way

Sign is set back 15 ft. or more from required right-of-way

WALL SIGNS

FREEWAY SIGNS

SR, R-1, R-2, and R-3

Nameplates up to 2 sq. ft. and subdivision/project identification up to 32 sq. ft.

NOT PERMITTED

HB and B-1

24 sq. ft.

40 sq. ft.

SIZE OF WALL TO WHICH ATTACHED

WHERE PERMITTED: UP TO 300 SQUARE FEET

B-2

40 sq. ft.

60 sq. ft.

SCC

Frontage is less than 400 ft. long

1 sq. ft. of sign area per lineal ft. of frontage up to 100 sq. ft.

1-1/2 sq. ft. of sign area per lineal ft. of frontage up to 150 sq. ft.

Frontage is more than 400 ft. long

1 sq. ft. of sign area per lineal ft. of frontage up to 150 sq. ft.

1-1/2 sq. ft. of sign area per lineal ft. of frontage up to 200 sq. ft.

LCC

Frontage is less than 400 ft. long

1 sq. ft. of sign area per lineal ft. of frontage up to 150 sq. ft.

1-1/2 sq. ft. of sign area per lineal ft. of frontage up to 200 sq. ft.

Frontage is more than 400 ft. long

1 sq. ft. of sign area per lineal ft. of frontage up to 200 sq. ft.

1-1/2 sq. ft. of sign area per lineal ft. of frontage up to 250 sq. ft.

CBD

1 sq. ft. of sign area per lineal ft. of frontage up to 150 sq. ft.

GC

Frontage is less than 400 ft. long

1 sq. ft. of sign area per lineal ft. of frontage up to 150 sq. ft.

1-1/2 sq. ft. of sign area per lineal ft. of frontage up to 200 sq. ft.

Frontage is more than 400 ft. long

1 sq. ft. of sign area per lineal ft. of frontage up to 200 sq. ft.

1-1/2 sq. ft. of sign area per lineal ft. of frontage up to 250 sq. ft.

AS

Frontage is less than 400 ft. long

1 sq. ft. of sign area per lineal ft. of frontage up to 150 sq. ft.

1-1/2 sq. ft. of sign area per lineal ft. of frontage up to 200 sq. ft.

Frontage is more than 400 ft. long

1 sq. ft. of sign area per lineal ft. of frontage up to 200 sq. ft.

1-1/2 sq. ft. of sign area per lineal ft. of frontage up to 250 sq. ft.

RD

Frontage is less than 400 ft. long

1 sq. ft. of sign area per lineal ft. of frontage up to 150 sq. ft.

1-1/2 sq. ft. of sign area per lineal ft. of frontage up to 200 sq. ft.

Frontage is more than 400 ft. long

1 sq. ft. of sign area per lineal ft. of frontage up to 200 sq. ft.

1-1/2 sq. ft. of sign area per lineal ft. of frontage up to 250 sq. ft.

M-1

1 sq. ft. of sign area per lineal ft. of frontage up to 100 sq. ft.

1-1/2 sq. ft. of sign area per lineal ft. of frontage up to 150 sq. ft.

M-2

MAXIMUM AREA PER SIGN = 2 TIMES THE MAXIMUM AREA PER SIGN FACE

MAXIMUM SIGN AREA OF OTHER SIGN TYPES THAT ARE BASED ON OTHER CRITERIA

Temporary Signs

See YMC 15.08.110

Carried Signs

See YMC 15.08.115

Digital Signs

See YMC 15.08.135

Portable Signs

See YMC 15.08.155

Table 8-3. Sign Height and Setbacks 

SIGN STANDARDS

ZONING DISTRICTS

SR

R-1

R-2

R-3

B-1

HB

B-2

SCC

LCC

CBD

GC

AS

RD

M-1

M-2

MAXIMUM SIGN HEIGHT

Permanent Freestanding1

Sign is set back 15 feet or less from required right-of-way

5 ft.

10 ft.

15 ft.

30 ft.

30 ft.

30 ft.

30 ft.

Sign is set back more than 15 feet from required right-of-way

10 ft.

15 ft.

20 ft.

35 ft.

40 ft.

30 ft.

40 ft.

Projecting

Not permitted2

See YMC 15.08.080

1.

Wall

1.

Top of wall to which attached (YMC 15.08.100)

2.

Fascia

2.

Horizontal and vertical limits of fascia board to which attached (YMC 15.08.105)

Freeway

Where permitted: 70 ft.

SETBACKS

Minimum front yard setbacks

Edge of right-of-way

Minimum side yard setbacks

Required setback standards for each zoning district (Table 5-1)

SIGN HEIGHT AND SETBACKS FOR SIGNS TYPES THAT ARE BASED ON OTHER CRITERIA

Temporary Signs

See YMC 15.08.110

Carried Signs

See YMC 15.08.115

Digital Signs

See YMC 15.08.135

Portable Signs

See YMC 15.08.155

Notes:

1    YMC 15.08.140 has special freestanding sign provisions for multiple-building complexes and multiple-tenant buildings.

2    Nameplates and subdivision identification signs permitted in the residential districts may be placed on a wall. (See Table 8-2.)

(Ord. 2017-020 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2017: Ord. 2016-029 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2016: Ord. 2015-007 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2015: Ord. 2011-12 § 4 (part), 2011; Ord. 2008-46 § 1 (part), 2008: Ord. 93-81 § 36, 1993; Ord. 3106 § 17, 1988; Ord. 3019 § 35, 1987: Ord. 2947 § 1 (part), 1986).

15.08.070 General provisions.

All signs, including exempt and temporary signs, shall comply with the following provisions:

A.    Construction shall satisfy the requirements of the building code and permanent signs must be manufactured of durable materials that withstand the effects of water and wind, as well as meet the following requirements:

1.    Paper-faced signs, including vinyl-coated paper and those applied with adhesives, are not allowed. Canvas or vinyl signs must be durable; and

2.    Sign faces made of canvas, fabric, vinyl or similar pliable materials that are attached to permanent sign structures must be mounted behind a perimeter frame or trim cap so that the edges of the sign face are not exposed, except that flags made of one hundred percent spun polyester are exempt from this requirement;

B.    Except for exempt, portable and temporary signs, all signs shall be permanently attached to a building or the ground;

C.    Signs attached to a building shall not exceed the height of the building, except under the provisions of YMC 15.08.080(1) and 15.08.090;

D.    All signs shall comply with the setback requirements in Table 8-3, except when the side or rear yard is a street frontage, then the front setback shall apply;

E.    In addition to the sign illumination requirements of YMC 15.08.075, lighting directed on or internal to any sign shall be shaded, screened, or directed so that the light’s intensity or brightness shall not adversely affect neighboring property or motor vehicle safety;

F.    All signs together with their supports, braces, and guys shall be maintained in a safe and secure manner;

G.    The ratio of the area of the sign support, framing structure, and/or other decorative features which contain no written or advertising copy to the sign cabinet shall not be greater than 1:1;

H.    No signs shall be placed in the clear view triangle of roadways, driveways or curb cuts as established in YMC 15.05.040; and

I.    In addition to the sign illumination requirements of YMC 15.08.075, any exterior lighting must be shielded and directed away from adjoining streets or residential uses.

J.    The construction of temporary signs is limited to the materials described in the definition of “temporary sign” herein. In addition, a temporary sign must also conform to the requirements of this chapter, including, but not limited to, YMC 15.08.110 (Temporary signs).

K.    No signs shall be affixed, connected, taped, zip-tied, tied, or otherwise attached to any city property, including, but not limited to, utility poles, utility boxes, fences, or street signs. Such signs will be removed by the city. Removed signs will be held for five business days at the public works department after which they will be discarded and/or destroyed.

L.    No sign may be placed within the roadway portion of the city right-of-way except as otherwise permitted with a city right-of-way use or special event permit. (Ord. 2017-020 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2017: Ord. 2016-029 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2016: Ord. 2015-007 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2015: Ord. 2011-12 § 4 (part), 2011: Ord. 2008-46 § 1 (part), 2008: Ord. 93-81 § 37, 1993: Ord. 3106 § 18, 1988: Ord. 2947 § 1 (part), 1986).

15.08.075 Sign illumination.

A.    General. No temporary or portable sign may be illuminated. No signs located in a residential zone may be illuminated, except that on parcels two acres in size or greater signs may be halo illuminated or illuminated as necessary for allowable digital signs. Permanent signs allowed by this chapter may be nonilluminated, illuminated by internal light fixtures, halo illuminated, or have external indirect illumination, unless otherwise specified.

B.    Externally Illuminated Signs.

1.    Except as provided in this subsection, externally illuminated signs shall be illuminated only with steady, stationary, fully shielded light sources directed solely onto the sign without causing glare. Light shielding shall ensure that the lamp or light source is not visible beyond the premises and shall further ensure that the light is contained within the sign face.

2.    A light fixture mounted above the sign face may be installed with its bottom opening tilted towards the sign face, provided:

(a)    The bottom opening of the light fixture is flat; and

(b)    The uppermost portion of the fixture’s opening is located no higher than the top of the sign face. Light fixtures aimed and installed in this fashion shall be considered fully shielded.

C.    Internally Illuminated Signs.

1.    Internally illuminated signs shall be constructed with an opaque background and translucent text and symbols. If the sign owner desires to have the entire sign face visible at night, an external light source may be used to illuminate the sign, subject to this chapter.

2.    The difference between the off- and solid-message measurements using the EMC measurement criteria shall not exceed 0.3 footcandles at night, utilizing the recommended ISA methodology to determine compliance.

3.    All permitted EMCs shall be equipped with a sensor or other device that automatically determines the ambient illumination and be programmed to automatically dim according to ambient light conditions, or that can be adjusted to comply with the 0.3 footcandle measurements.

D.    Billboards. This section does not apply to billboards, which are regulated under YMC 15.08.130. (Ord. 2017-020 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2017).

15.08.080 Projection over right-of-way.

Projecting and freestanding signs shall comply with the following provisions:

1.    No more than one-third of the height of any projecting sign shall exceed the height of the building to which it is attached.

2.    All signs projecting over the public right-of-way shall conform to the following standards and obtain a right-of-way use permit under YMC 8.20:

Clearance Above Grade

Maximum Projection

Less than 8 feet

Not permitted

8 feet to 9 feet

1 foot

9 feet to 10 feet

2 feet

Over 10 feet

2/3 the distance from building to curb line or a maximum of 10 feet

3.    No sign shall project within two feet of the curb line.

4.    Only one projecting sign shall be allowed per tenant space or building frontage. (Ord. 2017-020 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2017: Ord. 2016-029 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2016: Ord. 2015-007 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2015: Ord. 2008-46 § 1 (part), 2008: Ord. 3019 § 36, 1987: Ord. 2947 § 1 (part), 1986).

15.08.090 Roof signs.

All roof signs shall comply with the following provisions:

1.    Roof signs shall be constructed upon the roof of a building.

2.    Roof signs shall be integrated into the roof system of an existing building, or be erected so as to appear from all sides as a wall sign applied to an existing penthouse which appears to be a part of the building itself.

3.    Roof signs must not exceed the maximum allowable height of the building within the district in which it is located.

4.    All roof signs shall be installed or erected in such a manner that there is no visible support structure. (Ord. 2017-020 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2017: Ord. 2016-029 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2016: Ord. 2015-007 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2015: Ord. 2008-46 § 1 (part), 2008: Ord. 2947 § 1 (part), 1986).

15.08.100 Wall signs.

All wall signs shall conform to the following provisions:

1.    Wall signs may be painted upon, attached flat to, or pinned away from the wall, but shall not project more than twelve inches from the wall.

2.    The number of wall signs is not regulated; provided, the total area of the wall sign(s) may not exceed the area of the wall to which attached.

3.    Wall signs shall not extend above the height of the wall to which attached.

4.    Marquee/Display Case Signs.

a.    Marquee/display case signs shall have:

i.    A changeable copy area where characters, letters, or illustrations can be changed or rearranged without altering the face or the surface of the sign;

ii.     The sign face shall be made of a translucent durable material;

iii.    The sign cabinet/display case shall be lockable and capable of preserving the sign material inside from the elements. (Ord. 2017-020 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2017: Ord. 2016-029 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2016: Ord. 2015-007 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2015: Ord. 2008-46 § 1 (part), 2008: Ord. 93-81 § 38, 1993: Ord. 2947 § 1 (part), 1986).

15.08.105 Fascia signs.

A fascia sign is a sign which is attached to the fascia board of an existing building’s roof structure.

1.    Fascia signs may be painted upon, attached flat to, or pinned/projecting from the fascia board, but shall not project more than twelve inches from the fascia board.

2.    The number of fascia signs is not regulated; provided, the total area of the sign(s) may not exceed the area of the fascia board to which it is attached.

3.    Fascia signs shall not extend beyond the horizontal and vertical limits of the fascia board to which it is attached. (Ord. 2017-020 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2017: Ord. 2016-029 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2016: Ord. 2015-007 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2015).

15.08.110 Temporary signs.

No review is required for temporary signs. All temporary signs shall conform to the following:

A.    No temporary sign shall be placed in a required parking space, driveway, or clear view triangle.

B.    No temporary sign may be placed on city-owned property (not including a city right-of-way) unless in conjunction with an approved special event permit, temporary use permit or other permission from the city.

C.    No temporary sign shall be placed in the roadway.

D.    Temporary signs on the city right-of-way placed outside the roadway shall comply with the following requirements:

1.    Location. Allowed only between the property line and the back of the nearest curb, or where no curb exists, between the property line and the nearest edge of the pavement. Signs may not be placed on sidewalks, driveways or other paved areas designed for pedestrians or vehicular use.

2.    Approval of the abutting landowner is required.

3.    Signs on stakes that can be manually pushed or hammered into the ground are allowed. All other signs are prohibited, unless specifically allowed by a right-of-way use permit.

4.    Signs are limited to four square feet total and three feet in height, from the ground to the top of the sign.

5.    Any temporary sign in the right-of-way that is dilapidated or a nuisance shall be removed by the person responsible for placement of the sign.

6.    The city may allow other signs in a city right-of-way with a right-of-way use permit.

E.    Residential Zones. Temporary signs may be placed on property residentially zoned in accordance with the requirements of this section and the following:

1.    One temporary window sign per residential unit not to exceed four square feet is allowed.

2.    Freestanding signs, including post-mounted, stake and portable signs are allowed as follows:

i.    In single-family residential zones temporary free-standing signs shall not exceed four square feet in size and five feet in height, if the sign is post-mounted on the ground, and not to exceed three feet in height if the sign is stake-mounted or portable.

ii.    In multifamily residential zones temporary free-standing signs shall not exceed six square feet in size and five feet in height if the sign is post-mounted on the ground, and not to exceed three feet in height if the sign is stake-mounted or portable.

F.    Nonresidential Zones. Temporary signs are allowed in nonresidential zones in accordance with the requirements of this section and the following:

1.    Window signs are limited to fifty percent of the window area.

2.    Freestanding signs, including post-mounted, stake and portable signs are limited to four square feet and five feet in height if the temporary sign is mounted in the ground, and not to exceed three feet in height if the temporary sign is stake-mounted or portable.

3.    Surface-mounted signs are limited to thirty square feet and must be flatly affixed to walls or to on-site fences either facing the abutting street, or facing inward to the subject site.

G.    Temporary signs on large properties, either residential or nonresidential zoned, of more than two acres may be of any type, and shall not exceed sixty-four square feet and up to eight feet above ground level. Such a sign allowed herein is in lieu of and shall not be displayed with or be in addition to any other temporary signs allowed by this section.

H.    A temporary sign shall be promptly removed after the event for which it is intended. (Ord. 2017-020 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2017: Ord. 2016-029 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2016: Ord. 2015-007 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2015: Ord. 2008-46 § 1 (part), 2008: Ord. 2001-25 § 2, 2001: Ord. 93-81 § 39, 1993: Ord. 2947 § 1 (part), 1986).

15.08.115 Carried signs.

Carried signs are allowed, subject to the following standards:

A.    Permit. A permit is not required for carried signs, but the carried sign and person carrying the sign shall comply with all the applicable requirements of this chapter.

B.    Number. No limit.

C.    Area. The carried sign shall not exceed eight square feet in area, and shall not exceed eight feet in height when held in place.

D.    Zone. Carried signs are permitted only in nonresidential zones.

E.    Design. A carried sign shall not be illuminated. Carried signs and persons carrying signs shall be limited to the hours from dawn until dusk. A carried sign cannot include any element of a prohibited sign, as described in YMC 15.08.050.

F.    Locations Allowed. Carried signs must stay at least fifteen feet away from an unsignalized street or driveway intersection, measured from the edge of the curb abutting the roadway or edge of the pavement if no curb exists. Carried signs must remain on the sidewalks adjacent to signalized intersections. In no event may a carried sign, or the person carrying the sign, impede or interfere with pedestrian or vehicular traffic.

G.    Locations Not Allowed. Carried signs shall not be located in any of the following places:

1.    On any public property or within public rights-of-way, other than public sidewalks;

2.    In parking aisles or stalls;

3.    In driving lanes;

4.    On fences, walls, boulders, planters, other signs, vehicles, utility facilities or other structures; or

5.    In a location or manner that results in a person with a carried sign physically interfering with motorists, pedestrians, or bicyclists. (Ord. 2017-020 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2017).

15.08.120 Directional signs.

A.    On-Premises Directional Signs. On-premises directional signs readable from the public right-of-way may be permitted in accordance with Table 8-1. On-premises directional signs may contain both directions and the business name or logo, provided the business name or logo shall not exceed fifty percent of the sign area. All on-premises directional signs shall meet the general provisions of this section, and shall not exceed ten square feet per sign face.

B.    Off-Premises Directional Signs. Off-premises directional signs are permitted where indicated in YMC 15.08.130(B); provided, that:

1.    Each use located in a district where off-premises directional signs are allowed is permitted one off-premises directional sign;

2.    The off-premises sign contains only directional information and does not exceed thirty-two square feet in area nor twenty-five feet in height;

3.    The off-premises signs are permanently installed on private property;

4.    Only one off-premises sign is permitted on a parcel. (Ord. 2017-020 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2017: Ord. 2016-029 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2016: Ord. 2015-007 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2015: Ord. 2008-46 § 1 (part), 2008: Ord. 2947 § 1 (part), 1986).

15.08.130 Off-premises signs and billboards.

A.    Billboards are:

1.    Class (1) uses in the M-1 and M-2 districts; and

2.    Class (2) uses in the CBD, GC, and RD districts.

B.    Billboards may be permitted in these districts after the required level of review, provided they meet the provisions of this chapter and all of the following criteria:

1.    The maximum sign area does not exceed three hundred square feet per sign face;

2.    There is no more than one product displayed per sign face;

3.    There are no side-by-side panels, either horizontally or vertically;

4.    Required front yard setbacks are met;

5.    Billboards between a one-hundred-fifty- and three-hundred-foot radius of a residential district shall be restricted to one hundred sixty square feet per sign face and may not be lighted;

6.    No billboard shall be located within one hundred fifty feet of a residential district;

7.    The billboard is not within five hundred lineal feet of another billboard having the same street frontage;

8.    Billboard height standards shall not exceed that permitted for freestanding signs as provided in Table 8-3;

9.    The total number of combined freestanding signs, off-premises signs and billboards does not exceed the number of freestanding signs allowed for the property.

C.    Off-premises signs are:

1.    Class (1) uses in the M-1 and M-2 districts;

2.    Class (2) uses in the B-2, CBD, GC, and RD districts.

Off-premises signs may be permitted in these districts after the required level of review, provided they meet the provisions of this chapter and the specific standards for the district in which they are located. (Ord. 2017-020 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2017: Ord. 2016-029 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2016: Ord. 2015-007 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2015: Ord. 2008-46 § 1 (part), 2008: Ord. 93-81 § 40, 1993: Ord. 2947 § 1 (part), 1986).

15.08.135 Digital signs.

A.    Maximum Size. The maximum size of a digital sign is fifty percent of the total area of the sign permitted by Table 8-2, and no greater than fifty square feet.

B.    Density. There may be one digital sign per one hundred feet of street frontage.

C.    Zoning. Digital signs are allowed only in nonresidential zones.

D.    EMC Illumination Limits. The difference between the off- and solid-message measurements using the EMC measurement criteria shall not exceed 0.3 footcandles at night.

E.    Digital signs may have no motions other than the change of the message.

F.    The minimum hold between messages is eight seconds.

G.    Dimming Capabilities. All permitted EMCs shall be equipped with a sensor or other device that automatically determines the ambient illumination and be programmed to automatically dim according to ambient light conditions, or that can be adjusted to comply with the 0.3 footcandle measurements. (Ord. 2017-020 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2017).

15.08.140 Multiple-building complexes and multiple-tenant buildings.

A.    Purpose. The following provisions shall apply to multiple-building complexes and multiple-tenant buildings in the SCC, LCC, GC, and RD districts. Tenants in such buildings or complexes may also have their own signs in accordance with the provisions of this chapter.

B.    Number of Freestanding Signs. Each multiple-building complex shall be allowed one freestanding sign on each street frontage in accordance with Table 8-2. When the street frontage is longer than four hundred feet:

1.    One additional freestanding sign shall be permitted for each additional four hundred feet of street frontage or part thereof; or

2.    A single, larger freestanding sign can be erected in accordance with Table 8-2.

If option 1, as set forth in subsection (B)(1) of this section, is selected, no freestanding sign shall be placed closer than two hundred feet to any other freestanding sign or exceed the standards in Table 8-2. These provisions shall also apply to each multiple-tenant building, unless it is a part of a multiple-building complex.

The allowable freestanding sign(s) may be used to advertise one or more of the uses in the multiple-building complex or multiple-tenant building. (Ord. 2017-020 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2017: Ord. 2016-029 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2016: Ord. 2015-007 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2015: Ord. 2008-46 § 1 (part), 2008: Ord. 2947 § 1 (part), 1986).

15.08.150 Freeway signs.

A.    Purpose. The purpose of this section is to permit commercial establishments near the freeway a larger on-premises sign to inform freeway travelers of their services.

B.    Location. A freeway sign may be used to substitute an allowable freestanding sign where there is more than one street frontage, when the use:

1.    Has frontage on Nob Hill Blvd., Yakima Avenue, Terrace Heights Drive, North 1st Street, North 16th Avenue, or North 40th Avenue and all or a portion of the lot is within one thousand feet of a freeway interchange; or

2.    Is within two hundred fifty feet of the freeway right-of-way.

C.    Number of Freeway Signs. Only one freeway sign is permitted on each parcel, multiple-building complex or for each development, whichever is more restrictive.

D.    Uses with Only One Frontage. Uses within the area described in subsection B of this section with only one street frontage may install a freeway sign in addition to the permitted freestanding sign.

E.    Sign Height. The maximum height for freeway signs is shown in Table 8-3. (Ord. 2017-020 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2017: Ord. 2016-029 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2016: Ord. 2015-007 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2015: Ord. 2008-46 § 1 (part), 2008: Ord. 93-81 § 41, 1993: Ord. 2947 § 1 (part), 1986).

15.08.155 Portable signs.

Portable signs, including sandwich board, trailered and portable pole-mounted signs, shall comply with the following standards:

A.    Zone. Portable signs are allowed only in nonresidential zones.

B.    Design and Materials. Portable signs must be designed with durable materials, otherwise they will be regulated as temporary signs under YMC 15.08.110. Portable signs must be designed to withstand wind and include a heavy weighted base for pole-mounted signs, and a heavy weight suspended between the opposing faces of a sandwich board sign. Portable signs cannot be illuminated.

C.    Size and Height. Portable signs shall be a maximum of four feet in height and maximum of three feet in width. When measuring the height, measurement shall be from the ground to the top of the sign, and shall include any support structure, such as a trailer. When measuring the width, measurement shall include the full width of the sign and any support structures.

D.    Number. Not more than two portable signs may be displayed per business, per tenant space. The total square feet of the portable signs per business or tenant space shall not exceed twenty-four feet in the event two signs are displayed.

E.    Location. Portable signs must be located no further than ten feet from the primary building of the business, or located not farther than ten feet from the site’s driveway entrance. No portable sign may be located on the city right-of-way, which includes the sidewalk, without a right-of-way use permit or other permit allowing such use issued by the city. No portable sign may be located in a clear view triangle or obstruct pedestrian or vehicular traffic.

F.    Display Hours. Portable signs may be displayed during business or operating hours only. (Ord. 2017-020 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2017).

15.08.160 Nonconforming signs, maintenance of signs, removal of signs and enforcement of this chapter.

A.     Nonconforming Signs. Signs lawfully existing under all codes and ordinances in effect at the time this title is enacted or amended may continue to be maintained and operated as a legal nonconforming sign so long as it remains otherwise lawful; provided, that:

1.    No sign shall be changed in any manner that increases its noncompliance with the provisions of this title.

2.    If the sign is structurally altered or moved, its legal nonconforming status shall be voided, and the sign will be required to conform to the provisions of this title. Nothing in this section shall be construed to restrict normal structural repair and maintenance.

3.    The sign is not a hazardous or abandoned sign.

4.    The sign is not a portable sign, temporary sign or an illegal sign.

B.    Maintenance of Signs. It is unlawful for any owner of record, lessor, lessee, manager or other person having lawful possession or control over a building, structure or parcel of land to fail to maintain any signs on the building, structure or parcel in compliance with this chapter and the zoning provisions of this code. Signs placed on public property pursuant to this chapter shall be maintained by the sign owner. Failure to maintain a sign constitutes a violation of this chapter and shall be subject to enforcement under YMC 15.25.

C.    Removal of Signs. Any vacant and/or unused sign support structures, poles or other remnants of old signs which are currently not in use, or are not proposed for immediate reuse, shall be removed. In addition to the remedies of this title, the director shall have the authority to require the repair, maintenance or removal of any sign or sign structure which has become dilapidated or represents a hazard to the safety, health or welfare of the public, at the cost of the sign and/or property owner.

D.    Enforcement of this Chapter. Violations of the provisions of this chapter shall be enforced according to YMC 15.25. (Ord. 2017-020 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2017: Ord. 2016-029 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2016: Ord. 2015-007 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2015: Ord. 2008-46 § 1 (part), 2008: Ord. 2947 § 1 (part), 1986).

15.08.170 Administrative adjustment of sign standards allowed.

A.    Comprehensive Design Plan. A comprehensive design plan is required whenever adjustment of one or more of the sign design standards of this chapter is proposed or when required as part of a detailed sign plan. The comprehensive design plan shall include a narrative and site plan, including but not limited to the following:

1.    Site plan which includes the physical components of the sign including sign size, height, shape, color, location and associated landscaping;

2.    A description of how the sign relates to the immediate surroundings, including existing and proposed structures, other signs, neighboring land uses and the character of the zoning district;

3.    An explanation of why the existing sign standards are not adequate and require adjustment; and

4.    For multiple-tenant buildings and multiple-building complexes, a description of how the available sign area will be allocated between tenants or leasable spaces.

B.    Administrative Adjustment for Sign Location. Administrative adjustment to the sign code to allow adjustment for siting signs in zones and locations not otherwise authorized may be allowed. The request for an administrative adjustment shall contain the following:

1.    Site plan which includes the physical components of the sign including sign size, height, shape, color, location and associated landscaping;

2.    A description of how the sign relates to the immediate surroundings, including existing and proposed structures, other signs, neighboring land uses and the character of the zoning district; and

3.    An explanation of why the existing sign regulations are not adequate and require adjustment.

C.    Review Procedures. The administrative official shall review the request for administrative adjustment in accordance with the provisions of YMC Chapter 15.10 and may either approve or disapprove the plan. The administrative official shall approve the comprehensive design plan and/or adjustments in the standards of this chapter when he or she finds that such approval would be consistent with the character of the zoning district, compatible with neighboring land uses, and create visual harmony between the sign, structure, and the site where it is located. The administrative official may also attach conditions to the approval in order to accomplish the objectives of this chapter and YMC 15.10.030. (Ord. 2017-020 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2017: Ord. 2016-029 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2016: Ord. 2015-007 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2015: Ord. 2011-12 § 5, 2011: Ord. 2008-46 § 1 (part), 2008: Ord. 93-81 § 42, 1993; Ord. 3019 § 27, 1987; Ord. 2947 § 1 (part), 1986).

15.08.180 Variances.

Except as allowed by YMC 15.08.170, no reduction of the standards in this chapter is allowed except pursuant to YMC Chapter 15.21. (Ord. 2017-020 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2017: Ord. 2016-029 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2016: Ord. 2015-007 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2015: Ord. 2008-46 § 1 (part), 2008: Ord. 2947 § 1 (part), 1986).

15.08.190 Violations.

Failure to comply with the provisions of this chapter is a violation and punishable under YMC Chapter 15.25. (Ord. 2017-020 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2017: Ord. 2016-029 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2016: Ord. 2015-007 § 1 (Exh. A) (part), 2015: Ord. 2008-46 § 1 (part), 2008: Ord. 2947 § 1 (part), 1986).