Chapter 9.22
Agricultural and Resource Zoning Districts

Sections:

9.22.010    Purpose

9.22.020    Purposes of the Agricultural and Resource Zoning Districts

9.22.030    Agricultural and Resource District Allowable Land Uses

9.22.040    Agricultural and Resource District Parcel and Density Standards

9.22.050    Agricultural and Resource District Site Planning and Building Standards

9.22.060    Agricultural and Resource District Land Use Limitations

9.22.070    Agricultural and Resource Special Considerations

9.22.010 Purpose

This Chapter lists the land uses that may be allowed within the agricultural and resource zoning districts established by Section 9.12.020 (Zoning Map and Zoning Districts), determines the type of planning permit/approval required for each use, and provides basic standards for site layout and building size.

9.22.020 Purposes of the Agricultural and Resource Zoning Districts

The purposes of the individual agricultural and resource zoning districts and the manner in which they are applied are as follows.

A.    AE (Agriculture Exclusive) district. The AE zoning district is applied to areas appropriate for agricultural uses such as horticulture and crop production, orchards, nurseries, vineyards, and livestock grazing, where the City intends that the land be preserved for agricultural production, and where residential use is accessory to agricultural production. The AE zoning district is consistent with and implements the Agriculture Exclusive land use classification of the General Plan.

B.    AR (Agriculture Residential) district. The AR zoning district is applied to areas of agricultural lands that are also appropriate for very low density residential uses. The AR zoning district is consistent with and implements the Agriculture Residential land use classification of the General Plan.

C.    NR (Natural Resource) district. The NR zoning district is applied to public or private lands where the protection of unique and/or sensitive natural resources, or the managed production of resources are the City’s primary objectives. The NR district is separated into two sub-districts: Timber Production (NR-TP), and Public Trust (NR-PT). The NR zoning district is consistent with and implements the Natural Resource land use classification of the General Plan.

9.22.030 Agricultural and Resource District Allowable Land Uses

A.    Allowable uses and planning permit requirements. Table 2-1 identifies the uses of land allowed by this Land Use Code in each agricultural and resource zoning district, and the planning permit required to establish each use, in compliance with Section 9.20.030 (Allowable Land Uses and Permit Requirements).

B.    Diked and former tidelands. Land uses proposed on diked or otherwise reclaimed former tidelands are also subject to the limitations in Section 9.22.060 (Agricultural and Resource District Land Use Limitations) and the City’s LCP.

C.    Additional City approval requirements. Any land use identified as allowable by Table 2-1 may require Design Review (Section 9.72.040), a Coastal Permit (Section 9.72.030), and/or a building permit in compliance with the Municipal Code, in addition to the planning permit required by Table 2-1.

D.    Standards for specific land uses. Where the last column in the table ("Specific Use Regulations") includes a section number, the regulations in the referenced section apply to the use. Provisions in other sections of this Land Use Code may also apply.

TABLE 2-1

Allowed Land Uses and Permit Requirements for Agricultural and Resource Zoning District

P

MUP

UP

S

Permitted Use, Zoning Clearance required

Minor Use Permit required

Use Permit required

Permit determined by specific use regulations

Use not allowed

LAND USE (1)

PERMIT REQUIRED BY DISTRICT

Specific Use Regulations

AE

AR

NR-TP

NR-PT

AGRICULTURAL & OPEN SPACE USES

Agricultural accessory structure, 4,000 sf or less

P

MUP

MUP

MUP

9.22.060, 9.42.030

Agricultural accessory structure, larger than 4,000 sf

MUP

MUP

MUP

MUP

 

Agricultural cultivation - Medical marijuana

9.42.105

Agricultural processing - Very low impact

P

P

P

P

 

Agricultural processing - Low impact

MUP

MUP

MUP

MUP

 

Agricultural processing - Moderate impact

UP

UP

 

Animal keeping

S

S

S

S

9.22.060, 9.42.050

Aquaculture - Ocean dependent

MUP

MUP

 

Commercial greenhouse - Perimeter foundation, 1,000 sf or less

P

MUP

 

Commercial greenhouse - Perimeter foundation, larger than 1,000 sf

MUP

MUP

 

Commercial greenhouse - Slab foundation

UP

UP

 

Commercial greenhouse - Soil dependent, 1,000 sf or less

P

P

9.22.060

Commercial greenhouse - Soil dependent, larger than 1,000 sf

MUP

MUP

 

Crop production, horticulture, orchard, vineyard

P(2)

P(2)

P(2)

P(2)

9.22.060

Forestry

MUP

MUP

P(2)

 

Nature preserves, habitat and wetland restoration

P(2)

P(2)

P(2)

P(2)

9.22.060

Winery

UP

UP

 

RECREATION, EDUCATION & PUBLIC ASSEMBLY USES

Boat launching facility

UP

9.22.060

Coastal access trail

P

P

P

9.22.060

Equestrian facility, maintaining 8 or fewer horses

P

UP

9.42.050

Equestrian facility, maintaining 9 or more horses

MUP

UP

9.42.050

Interpretive center

UP

UP

9.22.060

Non-vehicular recreation

P

P

P

P

9.22.060

Meeting facility, public or private

UP

UP

UP

 

Parks and playgrounds

MUP

UP

UP

 

RESIDENTIAL USES

Farmworker housing for agriculture activities on site

UP

UP

 

Home occupation

P

P

P

P

9.42.090

Mobile home - Outside of mobile home park

P

P

P

P

9.42.120

Residential accessory use or structure

P

P

9.42.030

Residential care facility, 6 or fewer clients

MUP

P

 

Second unit

P

P

9.42.030

Single-family dwelling

P

P

P

P

 

RETAIL TRADE

Mobile vendors

MUP

MUP

MUP

MUP

 

Produce stand, 1,000 sf maximum

MUP

MUP

MUP

MUP

9.42.140F

SERVICES

Child day care - Large or small family day care home

P

P

P

P

9.42.070C

Lodging - Bed & breakfast inn (B&B) inn, 5 or fewer rooms

P

P

9.42.060

Lodging - Bed & breakfast inn (B&B) inn, 6 or more rooms

MUP

MUP

9.42.060

Lodging - Campground

UP

UP

 

Lodging - Hostel

UP

UP

 

TRANSPORTATION, COMMUNICATIONS & INFRASTRUCTURE

Utility facility

UP

UP

UP

UP

 

Utility infrastructure

MUP

UP

UP

UP

 

Windmill for electricity generation

MUP

UP

UP

UP

9.42.190

Key to Zoning District Symbols

AE

Agriculture - Exclusive

NR-TP

Natural Resource - Timber Production

AR

Agriculture - Residential

NR-PT

Natural Resource - Public Trust

Notes:

(1) See Article 10 for land use definitions.

(2) Zoning Clearance not required.

(Ord. 1419, eff. 10/5/2012; Ord. 1435, eff. 12/6/2013; Ord. 1432, eff. 12/20/2013; Ord. 1468, eff. 4/1/2016)

9.22.040 Agricultural and Resource District Parcel and Density Standards

A new subdivision, and the density of residential development shall comply with the requirements shown in Table 2-2.

Table 2-2 - Parcel and Density Standards

Development Standard

Requirement by Zoning District

AE

AR

NR-TP, PT

 

Minimum Lot Area

20 acres

60 acres in Coastal Zone

2.5 acres

20 acres

60 acres in Coastal Zone

Maximum Residential Density

1 dwelling per parcel, plus 1 second unit per parcel

1 dwelling per parcel, plus 1 second unit per parcel

1 dwelling unit per parcel

9.22.050 Agricultural and Resource District Site Planning and Building Standards

Subdivisions, new land uses and structures, and alterations to existing land uses and structures, shall be designed, constructed, and established in compliance with the requirements in Table 2-3, in addition to the applicable standards (e.g., landscaping, parking and loading, etc.) in Article 3 of this Land Use Code.

 

Table 2-3 - AE, AR, and NR District Standards

Development Standard

AE Zone Requirement

AR Zone Requirement

NR Zone Requirement

 

Setbacks - Minimum and, where noted, maximum setbacks required. See Section 9.30.090 for exceptions to these requirements.

Front

25 ft

25 ft

25 ft

Side - Interior (each)

10 ft

10 ft

10 ft

Side - Street side

10 ft

10 ft

10 ft

Rear

25 ft

25 ft

25 ft

Accessory structures

See 9.42.030 (Accessory Structures)

 

Floor area ratio (FAR) - Maximum allowable FAR. See the definition and illustration of FAR in Article 10 (Glossary)

Maximum FAR

0.10; additional FAR may be authorized through Use Permit approval.

.10

Not Applicable

 

Height limit - Maximum allowable height of structures. See Section 9.30.040 (Height Limits and Exceptions) for height measurement requirements, and height limit exceptions.

Maximum height

35 ft

35 ft

35 ft

 

Landscaping - See Chapter 9.34 (Landscaping)

Parking - See Chapter 9.36 (Parking and Loading)

Signs - See Chapter 9.38 (Signs)

9.22.060 Agricultural and Resource District Land Use Limitations

Land uses within the agricultural and resource zoning districts shall comply with the following limitations, as applicable.

A.    Non-vehicular recreation. Private and public non-vehicular recreational activities including hiking, riding, fishing, and other recreational activities that do not require permanent structures, facilities, or foundations may be permitted if they do not interfere with adjacent agricultural and/or resource uses, or limit potential of the site to return to agricultural and/or resource uses, or displace the wildlife utilizing the area, especially in seasonal wetlands.

B.    Threshold of review for sensitive habitats.

1.    Habitat protection requirements. Proposed development on a site within the NR zoning district or within 250 feet of an Environmentally Sensitive Habitat Area (ESHA), or development potentially affecting another sensitive habitat area, shall comply with the applicable habitat protection policies of the Resource Conservation and Management Element of the General Plan.

2.    Application requirements. All proposed development plans, including grading and drainage plans submitted as part of a planning permit application shall show the precise location of all sensitive habitat areas on the site plan.

C.    Uses allowed in diked/reclaimed former tidelands. Allowable uses and development in grazed or farmed wetlands shall be limited to the following uses compatible with the Public Trust, and other similar and related uses as determined by the review authority to be appropriate.

1.    Agricultural uses or operations limited to accessory structures, apiaries, horticulture and crop production, livestock raising, and orchards.

2.    Farm-related structures, including barns, sheds, and farmer-occupied housing, necessary for the performance of agricultural uses or operations. These structures may be located on an existing grazed or farmed wetland parcel only if no alternative upland location is available for this purpose, and each structure is sited and designed to minimize adverse environmental effects on Public Trust resources and uses. The number of dwelling units allowed is determined by Section 9.22.040.

3.    Restoration projects.

4.    Nature study, aquaculture, and similar resource-dependent activities compatible with the Public Trust resources and uses.

5.    Incidental public service purposes which may temporarily impact the resources of the area (such as burying cables or pipes).

9.22.070 Agricultural and Natural Resource Special Considerations

Proposed Development and new land uses on parcels within the SCA (Special Considerations - Agricultural) or SCNR (Special Considerations - Resource) combining zone shall comply with the following requirements, as applicable, in compliance with General Plan Table LU-10.

SCA Zone

Area

SCA Zone Requirements

1

APN 021-121-010

Provide for agriculture-related manufacturing due to aggregate fill deposits on the Arcata Bay Storage site per PC Resolution 08-09.