Chapter 17.120


17.120.010    Purpose.

17.120.020    Permitted uses.

17.120.030    Uses subject to a conditional use permit.

17.120.040    Site criteria.

17.120.050    Setbacks.

17.120.060    Building height.

17.120.070    Landscape improvements.

17.120.080    Parking.

17.120.090    Signs.

17.120.100    Design review.

17.120.110    Design standards.

17.120.010 Purpose.

The intent of the C-1 district is to provide locations for general retail and office uses which offer the sale of goods and services to the general public and which, through characteristics of their operation, serve primarily the day-to-day shopping needs of the local residents. Whereas C-1 properties are expected to be located in closer proximity to residential districts and on smaller City streets than the more intense commercial designations, the C-1 district is not intended for those uses which because of size or nature of operation generate vehicular or truck traffic beyond that normally associated with a neighborhood use. [Ord. 772 § 17.44.010, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.44.010].

17.120.020 Permitted uses.

Uses permitted in the C-1 district shall include those businesses listed below which operate in compliance with the intent and standards of this district and are conducted entirely within a completely enclosed building. Each business shall be evaluated in terms of its operational characteristics and specific site location pursuant to the provisions of LEMC 17.415.050 and 17.415.060.

A. All permitted uses of the C-O district contained within LEMC 17.116.020.

B. Apparel stores.

C. Appliance stores.

D. Bicycle shops.

E. Food stores; including markets, bakeries, health food establishments, and candy stores.

F. Florists.

G. General merchandise stores.

H. Hardware stores.

I. Health and exercise clubs.

J. Hobby supply stores.

K. Jewelry stores.

L. Media shops; including bookstores, newsstands, and videotape outlets.

M. Music stores; including sales of instruments, records, and tapes.

N. Personal service establishments; including barber shops, beauty shops, dry cleaning and tailors.

O. Pet shops; retail sales and grooming only. No boarding of animals.

P. Restaurants and eating places provided they comply with the requirements of Chapter 17.148 LEMC, Parking Requirements; but excluding drive-ins and drive-throughs.

Q. Schools for dance and music.

R. Service establishments; such as small appliance repair, watch and jewelry repair, and shoe repair.

S. Sporting goods stores.

T. Toy shops.

U. Vehicle parts sales (new or rebuilt only); excluding repair and service.

V. Other uses that the Community Development Director determines to be in accord with the purpose of this chapter and having characteristics similar to those uses listed in this section. [Ord. 1415 § 3 (Exh. F § 56), 2019; Ord. 853 § 1, 1989; Ord. 772 § 17.44.020, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.44.020].

17.120.030 Uses subject to a conditional use permit.

It is recognized that certain uses while similar in characteristics to permitted uses in LEMC 17.120.020 may have the potential to impact surrounding properties and therefore require additional approval and consideration. Such uses to be permitted in the C-1 district shall require a use permit pursuant to LEMC 17.415.070 and shall include the following:

A. Automatic car washes; provided they shall be located a minimum of 200 feet from any residential use.

B. Bars or cocktail lounges; not in conjunction with a restaurant.

C. Places of religious assembly or institution.

D. Drive-through or drive-in establishments; provided a safe and efficient circulation system can be provided completely on site.

E. Game arcades; includes any establishment having five or more mechanical or electronic games of chance, skill or entertainment, whether as the primary use or in conjunction with another business, but excluding vending machines dispensing a product for sale.

F. Gasoline dispensing establishments, subject to the provisions of Chapter 17.112 LEMC.

G. Hotels.

H. Mortuaries.

I. Motels.

J. Private clubs and lodges.

K. Restaurants and eating places with outside eating areas.

L. Small animal veterinary clinics subject to the following addition to all other conditions of the use permit:

1. Treatment of animals is restricted to dogs, cats and other small domesticated animals and birds.

2. The operation shall be conducted in a completely enclosed and sound-controlled building in such a way as to produce no objectionable noises or odors outside its walls.

3. There shall be no outdoor runs or animal holding areas.

4. There shall be no boarding of animals other than as necessary for recuperation of patients.

5. The clinic shall have direct access from the parking area.

M. Structures exceeding the maximum height permitted by LEMC 17.120.060.

N. Other uses that the Planning Commission finds by resolution to be in accord with the purpose of this chapter and having characteristics similar to those uses listed in this section. A list of these uses shall be maintained in the Planning Division for future reference. [Ord. 1415 § 3 (Exh. F § 57), 2019; Ord. 1259 § 11, 2009; Ord. 853 § 1, 1989; Ord. 772 § 17.44.030, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.44.030].

17.120.040 Site criteria.

There shall be no minimum lot size required for a C-1 parcel. However, in establishing and maintaining locations or approving uses for the C-1 district it shall be demonstrated that the property is capable of compliance with the following criteria:

A. The site can support safe and efficient on-site circulation and has convenient access to surface streets with adequate capacity.

B. There is sufficient parcel size to ensure adequate buffering and screening where needed to protect residential developments.

C. The site is physically suitable for the proposed type and density of development and capable of permitting full compliance with the City’s development standards and practices. [Ord. 772 § 17.44.040, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.44.040].

17.120.050 Setbacks.

The following minimum standards shall apply to all new construction in the C-1 district:

A. The front yard setback for any building or parking area shall average 20 feet, but shall not be less than 15 feet. However, the City Council may allow a 10-foot reduction in the setback requirements to parking areas where enhanced decorative walls, artwork, public amenities (e.g., fountains or public seating areas) or other similar outstanding design features are provided to the satisfaction of the City Council.

B. Side and Rear Yard. No setback shall be required from interior lot lines except adjacent to a public right-of-way or a residential use, in which case the minimum setback shall be 15 feet. [Ord. 853 § 1, 1989; Ord. 772 § 17.44.050, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.44.050].

17.120.060 Building height.

Except as otherwise provided by LEMC 17.120.030, the maximum building height shall be 35 feet. [Ord. 772 § 17.44.060, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.44.060].

17.120.070 Landscape improvements.

All area not utilized for structures, parking, or other permitted uses shall be landscaped. In addition, the following minimum standards shall apply:

A. Adjacent to Street. A continuous area, a minimum of 15 feet and an average of 20 feet in depth, shall be landscaped and maintained between the parking area and the public right-of-way. Parking areas should be screened as much as possible utilizing berms, shrubs, and other decorative treatments of sufficient size and height to meet this requirement.

B. Buffer Landscaping. A continuous visual landscape screen, a minimum of 15 feet in depth, shall be maintained adjacent to all interior property lines which abut residential uses. At minimum, said buffer shall contain one 15-gallon nondeciduous umbrella-form tree for each 30 lineal feet of boundary length. No structure or use, including parking, drive aisles, or trash enclosures, shall encroach within this area.

C. Generally. All building sites shall have a minimum landscaped coverage equivalent to 15 percent of the total lot area. Such landscaping shall be evenly distributed over the site and consist of an effective combination of trees, ground cover and shrubbery, which may include landscaping required for setbacks or buffers. A reduction in coverage may be sought and approved during the design review process in recognition of quality design. For the purpose of this provision, quality considerations include the use of courtyards, atriums, creative use of ground floor public space, creative use of water elements, and the incorporation of sculpture or artwork in the landscape proposal. [Ord. 1224 § 3, 2007; Ord. 1206 § 3, 2006; Ord. 853 § 1, 1989; Ord. 772 § 17.44.070, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.44.070].

17.120.080 Parking.

The provisions of Chapter 17.148 LEMC shall be used to determine the parking for development in the C-1 district. [Ord. 772 § 17.44.080. Code 1987 § 17.44.080].

17.120.090 Signs.

The provisions of Chapter 17.196 LEMC shall be used to determine permitted signs in the C-1 district. [Ord. 772 § 17.44.090, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.44.090].

17.120.100 Design review.

No building permits shall be issued for the construction of any building or structure in the C-1 district until the applicant has obtained design review approval pursuant to the provisions of LEMC 17.415.050 and 17.415.060. [Ord. 1415 § 3 (Exh. F § 58), 2019; Ord. 772 § 17.44.100, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.44.100].

17.120.110 Design standards.

Chapter 17.112 LEMC contains nonresidential development standards applicable to all projects within the City regardless of zoning district. It is therefore important that the provisions of Chapter 17.112 LEMC be considered together with the regulations contained herein for the C-1 district. [Ord. 772 § 17.44.110, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.44.110].