Chapter 17.132


17.132.010    Purpose.

17.132.020    Permitted uses.

17.132.030    Uses subject to a conditional use permit.

17.132.040    Accessory uses.

17.132.050    Lot area.

17.132.060    Street frontage width.

17.132.070    Setbacks.

17.132.080    Building height.

17.132.090    Landscape improvements.

17.132.100    Lots of record.

17.132.110    Parking.

17.132.120    Signs.

17.132.130    Design review.

17.132.140    Design standards.

17.132.150    Emergency shelter use and development standards.

17.132.010 Purpose.

The intent of the C-M district is to provide opportunities consistent with the General Plan for uses which combine commercial and industrial characteristics and for certain commercial uses which require large display or storage areas. Properties assigned this designation shall be located on streets that are categorized as secondary, major, or arterial highways in order to accommodate the intensity of use and increased truck traffic associated with the C-M district and, also, to ensure a high degree of visibility to benefit the commercial aspects of the businesses. In a like manner C-M projects should demonstrate a higher quality of appearance befitting their more commercial nature than would a typical industrial project. [Ord. 772 § 17.54.010, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.54.010].

17.132.020 Permitted uses.

Uses permitted in the C-M district shall include those businesses listed below which operate in compliance with the intent and standards of this district and are conducted entirely within a completely enclosed building. Each business shall be evaluated in terms of its operational characteristics and specific site location pursuant to the provisions of LEMC 17.415.050 and 17.415.060.

A. Appliance repair.

B. Auction galleries.

C. Bicycle sales, rental and repair.

D. Bus depots and transit stations.

E. Contractor’s shops, offices and storage where entirely within completely enclosed buildings.

F. Emergency shelter, in accordance with LEMC 17.132.150, Emergency shelter use and development standards.

G. Equipment sales and service.

H. Feed and grain stores.

I. Furniture and major appliance sales.

J. Home furnishing sales, including floor coverings, draperies, lighting fixtures, paint and wallpaper sales, etc.

K. Home improvement centers.

L. Industrial supply businesses such as welding supply shops, paint shops, and plumbing shops.

M. Large equipment sales.

N. Lawn mower repair shops.

O. Light manufacturing compatible with other permitted commercial uses.

P. Offices for on-site management and leasing, provided they shall be directly related to and involved with the property on which they are located.

Q. Printing, blueprinting and reproduction establishments.

R. Sale of motor vehicle, motorcycle and recreational vehicle parts and accessories and service incidental to the sale of parts.

S. Secondhand and thrift shops.

T. Service businesses similar to retail stores which involve warehousing or storage of commodities sold on the premises such as glass shops, plumbing shops, and irrigation supply stores.

U. Service stations subject to the provisions of Chapter 17.112 LEMC.

V. Civil engineering and testing firms; provided, that it is demonstrated that adequate parking is provided for these firms based on the office parking requirements.

W. Upholstery shops.

X. Wholesale distribution.

Y. Other uses that the Community Development Director determines to be in accord with the purpose of this chapter and having characteristics similar to those uses listed in this section. [Ord. 1415 § 3 (Exh. F § 66), 2019; Ord. 1309 § 4 (Exh. A), 2013; Ord. 853 § 1, 1989; Ord. 851 § 1, 1989; Ord. 772 § 17.54.020, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.54.020].

17.132.030 Uses subject to a conditional use permit.

It is recognized that certain uses while similar in characteristics to permitted uses in LEMC 17.132.020 may require outdoor operation and/or have the potential to impact surrounding properties and therefore require additional approval and consideration. Such uses to be permitted in the C-M district shall require a use permit pursuant to LEMC 17.415.070 and shall include the following:

A. Building material sales.

B. Cabinet shops.

C. Car washes.

D. Eating places and fast food establishments; including drive-in and drive-through establishments.

E. Equipment rental yards.

F. Health clubs, racquetball and indoor tennis courts and similar related facilities.

G. Lumberyards.

H. Mini-storage or mini-warehouses and service.

I. Motor vehicle, motorcycle and recreational vehicle sales and service.

J. Outdoor sales and display incidental and accessory to a permitted use.

K. Recreational vehicle storage yards, provided 20-foot landscaped setback from all streets and yards shall be screened from all public thoroughfares by a decorative, solid masonry wall a minimum of six feet in height, as measured from the highest grade elevation from either side of the wall.

L. Recycling centers, not including automobile salvage or dismantling.

M. Research offices and laboratories for the conduct of scientific research involving design, fabrication, and testing of prototypes and the performance of environmental tests.

N. Small animal veterinary clinics subject to the following in addition to all other conditions of the use permit:

1. Treatment of animals is restricted to dogs, cats and other small domesticated household pets.

2. The operation shall be conducted in a completely enclosed and sound-controlled building in such a way as to produce no objectionable noises or odors outside its walls.

3. There shall be no outdoor runs or animal holding areas.

4. There shall be no boarding of animals other than as necessary for recuperation of patients.

5. The clinic shall have direct access from the parking area.

O. Structures exceeding the maximum height permitted by LEMC 17.132.080.

P. Tire sales and service.

Q. Trade schools.

R. Headquarters and administrative offices with a minimum floor area of 30,000 square feet for a single user and provided they comply with all development standards of Chapter 17.116 LEMC, C-O Commercial Office District, including parking requirements.

S. Any C-M use when the property upon which it is located is within 100 feet of the exterior boundaries of any residential district.

T. Governmental and public utility facilities, provided they comply with standards appropriate to the use, including parking.

U. Places of religious assembly or institution located on a site at least one acre in size.

V. Other uses that the Planning Commission finds by resolution to be in accord with the purpose of this chapter and having characteristics similar to those uses listed in this section. A list of these uses shall be maintained in the Planning Division for future reference. [Ord. 1435 § 3, 2020; Ord. 1415 § 3 (Exh. F § 67), 2019; Ord. 1259 § 13, 2009; Ord. 853 § 1, 1989; Ord. 837 § 1, 1988; Ord. 788 § 1; Ord. 772 § 17.54.030, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.54.030].

17.132.040 Accessory uses.

The following accessory buildings and uses may be located on the same lot in conjunction with a permitted use; provided, that they remain clearly incidental and secondary to the primary permitted use, are found to be compatible with the character of the business district in which they are located, and that any buildings or structures are harmonious with the architectural style of the main building(s). No accessory structure shall be located in a front setback area.

A. Outdoor storage areas subject to the following:

1. Outdoor storage areas shall be permitted only in conjunction with and as an integral aspect of a permitted use and shall not be the primary use of the property.

2. All storage yards shall be enclosed on all sides with a screen a minimum of six feet in height as measured from the highest grade elevation either side of the screen. The screen shall be a decorative, solid masonry wall; except chain link with redwood or cedar slats or wood fencing may be permitted where the storage yard is not visible from a public thoroughfare.

3. No materials shall be stored higher than the screen.

4. Storage areas shall not encroach upon parking, landscaping, drive aisles, required truck loading areas or required yard areas.

5. No storage of scrap, waste or other material not utilized in the production process is permitted.

6. No storage area shall be located within 50 feet of a property upon which there is a residential use.

7. All outdoor storage shall be subject to the approval of a conditional use permit pursuant to LEMC 17.415.070 and shall also be reviewed to ensure adequate provision of screening of storage areas. Storage materials shall not be visible from public rights-of-way, including freeways, or adjacent residential or commercial properties.

B. General offices.

C. Guard offices; excluding those with living facilities.

D. Employee cafeterias.

E. Retail sales of products produced on the premises and incidental retail sales relevant to businesses permitted in LEMC 17.132.020 and 17.132.030.

F. Showrooms for exhibition of products produced on the premises or available for wholesale distribution. [Ord. 1415 § 3 (Exh. F § 68), 2019; Ord. 853 § 1, 1989; Ord. 772 § 17.54.040, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.54.040].

17.132.050 Lot area.

The minimum lot area for new lots in the C-M district shall be 20,000 square feet net. Industrial condominiums or planned unit developments may have smaller lot areas provided they are master planned and share reciprocal facilities such as parking and access and provided it can be shown that development upon those lots can comply, with the exception of street frontage width, with all of the standards of this chapter. [Ord. 772 § 17.54.050, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.54.050].

17.132.060 Street frontage width.

The minimum street frontage width of any new lot created in the C-M district shall be 100 feet. [Ord. 772 § 17.54.060, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.54.060].

17.132.070 Setbacks.

Except for setbacks along certain streets, as required in Chapter 17.112 LEMC, the following minimum standards shall apply to all new construction in the C-M district:

A. The front yard setback for any building or parking area shall average 20 feet, but shall not be less than 15 feet. However, City Council may allow a 10-foot reduction in the setback requirements to parking areas where enhanced decorative walls, artwork, public amenities (e.g., fountains or public seating areas) or other similar outstanding design features are provided to the satisfaction of the City Council.

B. Side and Rear Yard. No setback shall be required from interior lot lines except adjacent to a public right-of-way or a residential use, in which case the minimum setback shall be 15 feet. [Ord. 853 § 1, 1989; Ord. 772 § 17.54.070, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.54.070].

17.132.080 Building height.

Except as otherwise provided by LEMC 17.132.030 the maximum building height shall be 45 feet. [Ord. 772 § 17.54.080, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.54.080].

17.132.090 Landscape improvements.

All areas not utilized for structures, parking, or other permitted use shall be landscaped. In addition, the following minimum standards shall apply:

A. Adjacent to Street. A continuous area, a minimum of 15 feet and an average of 20 feet in depth, shall be landscaped and maintained between the parking area and the public right-of-way. Parking areas should be screened as much as possible utilizing berms, shrubs, and other decorative treatments of sufficient size and height to meet this requirement.

B. Buffer Landscaping. A continuous visual landscape screen, a minimum of 15 feet in depth, shall be maintained adjacent to all interior property lines which abut residential uses. At minimum, said buffer shall contain one 15-gallon nondeciduous umbrella-form tree for each 30 lineal feet of boundary length. No structure or use, including parking, drive aisles, or trash enclosures, shall encroach within this area.

C. Generally. All building sites shall have a minimum landscaped coverage equivalent to the 12 percent of the total lot area. Such landscaping shall be evenly distributed over the site and consist of an effective combination of trees, ground cover and shrubbery, which may include landscaping required for setbacks or buffers. A reduction in coverage may be sought and approved during the design review process in recognition of quality design. For the purposes of this provision, quality considerations include the use of courtyards, atriums, creative use of ground floor public space, creative use of water elements, and the incorporation of sculpture or artwork in the landscape proposal. [Ord. 1224 § 3, 2007; Ord. 1206 § 3, 2006; Ord. 853 § 1, 1989; Ord. 772 § 17.54.090, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.54.090].

17.132.100 Lots of record.

Existing lots of record as of the date of adoption of the ordinance codified in this chapter, August 26, 1986, which do not comply with the required minimum lot standards contained herein may be used as a building site for a permitted use, provided the development complies with all other development standards and criteria contained herein. [Ord. 772 § 17.54.100, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.54.100].

17.132.110 Parking.

The provisions of Chapter 17.148 LEMC shall be used to determine the required parking for development in the C-M district. [Ord. 772 § 17.54.110, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.54.110].

17.132.120 Signs.

The provisions of Chapter 17.196 LEMC shall be used to determine permitted signs in the C-M district. [Ord. 772 § 17.54.120, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.54.120].

17.132.130 Design review.

No building permits shall be issued for the construction of any building or structure in the C-M district until the applicant has obtained design review approval pursuant to the provisions of LEMC 17.415.050 and 17.415.060. [Ord. 1415 § 3 (Exh. F § 69), 2019; Ord. 772 § 17.54.130, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.54.130].

17.132.140 Design standards.

Chapter 17.112 LEMC contains nonresidential development standards applicable to all projects within the City regardless of zoning district. It is therefore important that the provisions of Chapter 17.112 LEMC be considered together with the regulations contained herein for the C-M district. [Ord. 772 § 17.54.140, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.54.140].

17.132.150 Emergency shelter use and development standards.

In accordance with California Government Code Sections 65582, 65583(a), and 65589.5, emergency shelters are permitted as a matter of right in the CM zone. The purpose of regulating the siting of emergency shelters, and their use and development, is to ensure the development of emergency shelters does not adversely impact adjacent parcels or the surrounding neighborhood, and shall be developed in a manner that protects the health, safety, and general welfare of nearby residents and businesses while providing for the housing needs of the homeless.

A. Use Standards.

1. Number of Beds. An emergency shelter shall contain a maximum of 50 beds.

2. Hours of Operation. Emergency shelter operations are limited to the evening hours and shall open not earlier than 5:00 p.m. and close not later than 8:00 a.m. daily. All clientele shall vacate the premises upon closing. There shall be no in-and-out privileges for clientele using the shelter between 10:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m.

3. Management. The shelter shall provide on-site management during hours of operation, at a ratio of one staff member for every 15 beds. Staff members shall be awake and on duty during the operating hours of the shelter.

4. Use of the Program. The shelter shall operate on a first-come, first-served basis. It is preferred that the shelter operate on a voucher system, wherein intake procedures are performed as a separate function from the shelter and result in a referral to the shelter program for a specified period of time.

5. Objective of the Program. Services shall be provided to assist clients in obtaining permanent shelter, income, and services.

6. Length of Stay. Clients are permitted to return to the shelter for a maximum of 180 days unless their individual management plan provides for longer residency while regularly participating in training or rehabilitation.

7. Reimbursement. No individual or household may be denied emergency shelter because of an inability to pay.

8. Licensing. The facility shall demonstrate that it is in good standing with County, State and City licensing agencies, if required for the owner, operator and staff.

9. Shelter Management Plan. The shelter shall provide a written management plan to the City that includes provisions for staff training and qualifications; neighborhood outreach program including litter pickup with a 500-foot radius, and traversing the neighborhood daily for input and reconnaissance; transportation options; security; location of smoking area; volunteer and donation program and procedures; intake screening to ensure compatibility with services provided at the facility, and for the training, counseling and treatment programs for clients; and health, safety and emergency plans.

B. Development Standards.

1. The development standards set forth in the C-M zone shall apply, unless otherwise specified herein.

2. Interior Waiting Area. Interior on-site waiting and client intake area shall be a minimum of 200 square feet, including seating for 25 clients at any one time.

3. Exterior Waiting Area. A covered exterior on-site waiting area shall be provided, at a minimum of 100 square feet for seating for 50 clients at any one time, to protect clients from the elements.

4. Separation between Shelters. An emergency shelter shall be no closer than 300 feet from another emergency shelter, as measured from the nearest property line.

5. External Lighting. Adequate external lighting shall be provided for security purposes. The lighting shall be stationary and directed away from adjacent properties and public rights-of-way.

6. Parking. Off-street parking requirements shall provide for employees, residents and visitors, including a loading space, as set forth in the facility management plan, which shall demonstrate the need for spaces at the facility.

7. ADA Access. The shelter shall be compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act.

8. Amenities. The facility may include central cooking and dining areas, laundry area, recreation rooms, counseling centers, child care facilities, play areas, bike racks, and other support services for the exclusive use of the residents and staff. [Ord. 1309 § 4 (Exh. A), 2013].