Chapter 16.44
LS LIFE SCIENCES DISTRICT

Sections:

16.44.010    Purpose.

16.44.015    Definitions.

16.44.020    Permitted uses.

16.44.030    Administratively permitted uses.

16.44.040    Conditional uses.

16.44.050    Development regulations.

16.44.055    Master planned projects.

16.44.060    Bonus level development.

16.44.070    Community amenities required for bonus development.

16.44.080    Parking standards.

16.44.090    Transportation demand management.

16.44.100    New connections.

16.44.110    Required street improvements.

16.44.120    Design standards.

16.44.130    Green and sustainable building.

16.44.010 Purpose.

The purpose and intent of the life sciences district is to:

(1)    Attract research and development and light industrial uses, particularly those that support bioscience and biomedical product development and manufacturing and/or are potentially revenue generating businesses;

(2)    Allow administrative and professional office uses and other services that support light industrial and research and development sites nearby;

(3)    Provide opportunities for quality employment and development of emerging technology, entrepreneurship, and innovation;

(4)    Facilitate the creation of a thriving business environment with goods and services that support adjacent neighborhoods as well as the employment base. (Ord. 1025 § 3 (part), 2016).

16.44.015 Definitions.

Terms are as defined in Chapter 16.04, Definitions, unless otherwise stated in this chapter. (Ord. 1025 § 3 (part), 2016).

16.44.020 Permitted uses.

Permitted uses in the life sciences district are as follows:

(1)    Light industrial and research and development and accessory uses, except when requiring hazardous material review;

(2)    Administrative and professional offices in buildings, twenty thousand (20,000) or less square feet of gross floor area;

(3)    Retail sales establishments, excluding the sale of beer, wine and alcohol;

(4)    Eating establishments, excluding the sale of beer, wine, and alcohol or live entertainment, and/or establishments that are portable. For the purpose of this chapter, an eating establishment is primarily engaged in serving prepared food for consumption on or off the premises;

(5)    Personal services, excluding tattooing, piercing, palm-reading, or similar services;

(6)    Recreational facilities privately operated, twenty thousand (20,000) or less square feet of gross floor area;

(7)    Community education/training center that provides free or low-cost educational and vocational programs to help prepare local youth and adults for entry into college and/or the local job market. (Ord. 1025 § 3 (part), 2016).

16.44.030 Administratively permitted uses.

Uses allowed in the life sciences district, subject to obtaining an administrative permit, are as follows:

(1)    Any outside storage of material, equipment or vehicles associated with the main use;

(2)    Eating establishments, including the sale of beer and wine only, and/or that have live entertainment;

(3)    Outdoor seating;

(4)    Research and development and light industrial uses, requiring hazardous material review;

(5)    Diesel generators. (Ord. 1025 § 3 (part), 2016).

16.44.040 Conditional uses.

Conditional uses allowed in the life sciences district, subject to obtaining a use permit per Chapter 16.82, are as follows:

(1)    Administrative and professional offices and accessory uses, greater than twenty thousand (20,000) square feet of gross floor area;

(2)    Eating establishments, including alcohol, and/or establishments that are portable;

(3)    Drinking establishments, including beer, wine and alcohol. For purposes of this chapter, a drinking establishment is a business serving beverages for consumption on the premises as a primary use;

(4)    Retail sales establishments, including the sale of beer, wine and alcohol;

(5)    Recreational facilities, privately operated, greater than twenty thousand (20,000) square feet of gross floor area;

(6)    Special uses, in accordance with Chapter 16.78;

(7)    Uses identified in Sections 16.44.020 and 16.44.030 and this section proposing bonus level development, in accordance with Section 16.44.060;

(8)    Public utilities, in accordance with Chapter 16.76. (Ord. 1025 § 3 (part), 2016).

16.44.050 Development regulations.

Development regulations in the life sciences district are as follows:

Regulation

Definition

Base Level

Bonus Level

Notes/Additional Requirements

Minimum lot area

Minimum area of building site (includes public access easements).

25,000 square feet

25,000 square feet

 

Minimum lot dimensions

Minimum size of a lot calculated using lot lines.

100 feet width

100 feet depth

100 feet width

100 feet depth

 

Minimum setback at street

Minimum linear feet building can be sited from property line adjacent to street.

5 feet

5 feet

Setbacks shall be measured from the property line. In instances where there will be a public access easement, measure the setback from the back of the easement. See build-to area requirements in Section 16.44.120(1).

Minimum interior side and rear setbacks

Minimum linear feet building can be sited from interior and rear property lines.

10 feet

10 feet

See Section 16.44.120(5) when property is required to have a paseo. Interior side setback may be reduced to zero feet for the entire building mass where there is retail frontage.

Maximum floor area ratio

Maximum permitted ratio of the total square footage of the gross floor area of all buildings on a lot to the square footage of the lot.

55% plus 10% commercial

125% plus 10% commercial

For purposes of this chapter, "commercial" is defined as uses enumerated in this chapter, except office, light industrial, and research and development.

Height

"Height" is defined as average height of all buildings on one site, where a maximum height cannot be exceeded. Maximum height does not include roof-mounted equipment and utilities.

Height: 35 feet

Maximum height: 35 feet

Height: 67.5 feet

Maximum height: 110 feet

Properties may calculate height amongst multiple properties in the same zoning district, subject to a deed restriction and approval by the planning commission or city council.

A parapet used to screen mechanical equipment is not included in the maximum height. The maximum allowed height for rooftop mechanical equipment is 14 feet, except for elevator towers and associated equipment, which may be 20 feet. Properties within the flood zone or subject to flooding and sea level rise are allowed a 10-foot increase in height and maximum height.

Minimum open space requirement

Minimum portion of the building site open and unobstructed by fully enclosed buildings.

20%

20%

See Section 16.44.120(4) for open space requirements.

(Ord. 1025 § 3 (part), 2016).

16.44.055 Master planned projects.

The purpose of a master planned project is to provide flexibility for creative design, more orderly development, and optimal use of open space, while maintaining and achieving the general plan vision for the Bayfront Area. Master planned projects for sites with the same zoning designation (O, LS or R-MU) in close proximity or for contiguous sites that have a mix of zoning designations (O or R-MU) that exceed fifteen (15) acres in size and that are held in common ownership (or held by wholly owned affiliated entities) and are proposed for development as a single project or single phased development project are permitted as a conditional use; provided, that sites with mixed zoning are required to obtain a conditional development permit and enter into a development agreement. For master planned projects meeting these criteria, residential density, FAR and open space requirements and residential density, FAR and open space requirements at the bonus level, if applicable, may be calculated in the aggregate across the site provided the overall development proposed does not exceed what would be permitted if the site were developed in accordance with the zoning designation applicable to each portion of the site and the proposed project complies with all other design standards identified for the applicable zoning districts. (Ord. 1025 § 3 (part), 2016).

16.44.060 Bonus level development.

A development in a location identified as life sciences-bonus (LS-B) on the adopted city of Menlo Park zoning map may seek an increase in floor area ratio and/or height per Section 16.44.050, subject to obtaining a use permit or conditional development permit per Chapter 16.82 and providing community amenities consistent with Section 16.44.070. (Ord. 1025 § 3 (part), 2016).

16.44.070 Community amenities required for bonus development.

Bonus level development allows a project to develop at a greater level of intensity with an increased floor area ratio and/or increased height. There is a reasonable relationship between the increased intensity of development and the increased effects on the surrounding community. The required community amenities are intended to address identified community needs that result from the effect of the increased development intensity on the surrounding community. To be eligible for bonus level development, an applicant shall provide one (1) or more community amenities. Construction of the amenity is preferable to the payment of a fee.

(1)    Amenities. Community needs were initially identified through the robust community engagement process generally referred to as ConnectMenlo. The city council of the city of Menlo Park adopted by resolution those identified community needs as community amenities to be provided in exchange for bonus level development. The identified community amenities may be updated from time to time by city council resolution. All community amenities, except for affordable housing, shall be provided within the area between U.S. Highway 101 and the San Francisco Bay in the city of Menlo Park. Affordable housing may be located anywhere housing is allowed in the city of Menlo Park.

(2)    Application. An application for bonus level development is voluntary. In exchange for the voluntary provision of community amenities, an applicant is receiving a benefit in the form of an increased floor area ratio and/or increased height. An applicant requesting bonus level development shall provide the city with a written proposal, which includes but is not limited to the specific amount of bonus development sought, the value of the amenity as calculated pursuant to subsection (3) of this section, and adequate information identifying the value of the proposed community amenities. An applicant’s proposal for community amenities shall be subject to review by the planning commission in conjunction with a use permit or conditional development permit. Consideration by the planning commission shall include differentiation between amenities proposed to be provided on site and amenities proposed to be provided off site, which may require a separate discretionary review and environmental review per the California Environmental Quality Act.

(3)    Value of Amenity. The value of the community amenities to be provided shall equal fifty percent (50%) of the fair market value of the additional gross floor area of the bonus level development. The value shall be calculated as follows: The applicant shall provide, at their expense, an appraisal performed within ninety (90) days of the application date by a licensed appraisal firm that sets a fair market value in cash of the gross floor area of the bonus level of development ("bonus value"). The form and content of the appraisal must be approved by the community development director. The appraisal shall determine the total bonus value without consideration of the community amenities requirement established under this section. Fifty percent (50%) of the total bonus value is the value of the community amenity to be provided.

(4)    Form of Amenity. A community amenity shall be provided utilizing any combination of the following mechanisms:

(A)    Include the community amenity as part of the project. The community amenity designed and constructed as part of the project shall be from the list of community amenities adopted by city council resolution. The value of the community amenity provided shall be at least equivalent to the value calculated pursuant to the formula identified in subsection (3) of this section. Once any one (1) of the community amenities on the list adopted by city council resolution has been provided, with the exception of affordable housing, it will no longer be an option available to other applicants. Prior to approval of final inspection for the building permit for any portion of the project, the applicant shall complete (or bond for) the construction and installation of the community amenities included in the project and shall provide documentation sufficient for the city manager or their designee to certify compliance with this section.

(B)    In-Lieu Payment. An applicant for bonus development may elect to pay one hundred ten percent (110%) of the value of the community amenity to be provided, as calculated pursuant to subsection (3) of this section. An in-lieu payment may be made in combination with the provision of a community amenity as a part of the project, as long as the in-lieu payment portion is equal to one hundred ten percent (110%) of the value of the community amenity to be provided, minus the value of the community amenity provided as calculated pursuant to subsection (3) of this section. The applicant shall provide documentation sufficient for the city manager or their designee to certify compliance with this section. In-lieu payments shall be made prior to building permit issuance for the project. The city shall place all in-lieu payments in a restricted community amenities fund to be used to implement community amenities identified in the list adopted by city council resolution.

(C)    Enter into a development agreement. An applicant may implement community amenities that are not on the list of community amenities adopted by city council resolution, by entering into a development agreement for the bonus level project and the community amenities, pursuant to Article 2.5 of Chapter 4 of Division 1 of Title 7 (Section 65864 et seq.) of the California Government Code and any city ordinances, resolutions, and procedures governing development agreements. (Ord. 1077 § 3, 2021; Ord. 1025 § 3 (part), 2016).

16.44.080 Parking standards.

Development in the life sciences district shall meet the following parking requirements:

Land Use

Minimum Spaces (Per 1,000 Sq. Ft.)

Maximum Spaces (Per 1,000 Sq. Ft.)

Minimum Bicycle Parking1

Office

2

3

1 per 5,000 sq. ft. of gross floor area; minimum 2 spaces

For office and research development:

80% for long-term2 and 20% for short-term2

For all other commercial uses:

20% for long-term2 and 80% for short-term2

Light industrial, research and development

1.5

2.5

Retail

2.5

3.3

Banks and financial institutions

2

3.3

Eating and drinking establishments

2.5

3.3

Personal services

2

3.3

Private recreation

2

3.3

Child care center

2

3.3

Public parking lot or structure

 

 

1 space per 20 vehicle spaces

Other

At transportation manager’s discretion

At transportation manager’s discretion

At transportation manager’s discretion

1    See Section 16.44.120(7) and the latest edition of best practice design standards in Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals Bicycle Parking Guidelines.

2    Long-term parking is for use over several hours or overnight, typically used by employees and residents. Short-term parking is considered visitor parking for use from several minutes to up to a couple of hours.

Parking facilities may be shared at the discretion of the city’s transportation manager if multiple uses cooperatively establish and operate the facilities, if these uses generate parking demands primarily during different hours than the remaining uses, and if a sufficient number of spaces are provided to meet the maximum cumulative parking demand of the participating uses at any time. An individual development proposal may incorporate a shared parking study to account for the mixture of uses, either on site or within a reasonable distance. The shared parking supply would be subject to review and approval based on the proposed uses, specific design and site conditions. Project applicants may also be allowed to meet the minimum parking requirements through the use of nearby off-site facilities at the discretion of the transportation manager. (Ord. 1025 § 3 (part), 2016).

16.44.090 Transportation demand management.

All new construction, regardless of size, and building additions of ten thousand (10,000) or more square feet of gross floor area, or a change of use of ten thousand (10,000) or more square feet of gross floor area shall develop a transportation demand management (TDM) plan necessary to reduce associated vehicle trips to at least twenty percent (20%) below standard generation rates for uses on the project site.

(1)    Eligible TDM measures may include but are not limited to:

(A)    Participation in a local transportation management association (TMA) that provides documented, ongoing support for alternative commute programs;

(B)    Appropriately located transit shelter(s);

(C)    Preferred parking for carpools or vanpools;

(D)    Designated parking for car share vehicles;

(E)    Requiring drivers to pay directly for using parking facilities;

(F)    Public and/or private bike share program; Provision or subsidy of carpool, vanpool, shuttle, or bus service, including transit passes for site occupants;

(G)    Required alternative work schedules and/or telecommuting;

(H)    Passenger loading zones for carpools and vanpools at main building entrance;

(I)    Safe, well-lit, accessible, and direct route to the nearest transit or shuttle stop or dedicated, fully accessible bicycle and pedestrian trail;

(J)    Car share membership for employees or residents;

(K)    Emergency ride home programs;

(L)    Green trip certification.

(2)    Measures receiving TDM credit shall be:

(A)    Documented in a TDM plan developed specifically for each project and noted on project site plans, if and as appropriate;

(B)    Guaranteed to achieve the intended reduction over the life of the development, as evidenced by annual reporting provided to the satisfaction of the city’s transportation manager;

(C)    Required to be replaced by appropriate substitute measures if unable to achieve intended trip reduction in any reporting year; failure to do so will result in revocation of permit;

(D)    Administered by a representative whose updated contact information is provided to the transportation manager. (Ord. 1025 § 3 (part), 2016).

16.44.100 New connections.

Proposed development will be required to provide new pedestrian, bicycle, and/or vehicle connections to support connectivity and circulation as denoted in the city zoning map. These connections may be in the form of either a public street or a paseo as denoted in the city zoning map and are pursuant to the standards in Section 16.44.120. Streets shall meet the requirements of the adopted city of Menlo Park street classification map in the general plan circulation element.

(1)    If the location of a new connection is split between parcel/ownership, the first applicant must set aside the required right-of-way through dedication or a public access easement and bond for the completion of the new connection, or reach agreement with the other property owner(s) to allow the first applicant to complete the entire new connection;

(2)    If the location of a new connection is located on multiple properties with the same owner, applicant may move the connection up to fifty (50) feet in either direction from what is shown on the city zoning map for enhanced connectivity, and/or other considerations, subject to the review and approval of the city’s public works director;

(3)    For phased implementation of a development project, applicant must show an implementation plan for the new connection and the city may require a bond or right-of-way dedication or public access easement prior to the completion of the first phase;

(4)    The land area dedicated for new connections in the form of public streets (right-of-way) will be subtracted from the total lot area to determine the site’s floor area ratio;

(5)    The land area dedicated for new connections in the form of paseos will require a public access easement (PAE). The area of the PAE is included in the total lot area to determine the site’s floor area ratio. (Ord. 1025 § 3 (part), 2016).

16.44.110 Required street improvements.

For new construction and/or building additions of ten thousand (10,000) or more square feet of gross floor area or for tenant improvements on a site where the cumulative construction value exceeds five hundred thousand dollars ($500,000) over a five (5) year period, the public works director shall require the project to provide street improvements on public street edges of the property that comply with adopted city of Menlo Park street construction requirements for the adjacent street type. When these are required by the public works director, the improvements do not count as community amenities pursuant to Section 16.44.070. The threshold for the value of improvements shall be adjusted annually on the first day of July, based on the ENR Construction Cost Index.

(1)    Improvements shall include curb, gutter, sidewalk, street trees, and street lights;

(2)    Overhead electric distribution lines of less than sixty (60) kilovolts and communication lines shall be placed underground along the property frontage;

(A)    The public works director may allow a deferred frontage improvement agreement, including a bond to cover the full cost of the improvements and installation to accomplish needed improvements in coordination with other street improvements at a later date. (Ord. 1025 § 3 (part), 2016).

16.44.120 Design standards.

All new construction, regardless of size, and building additions of ten thousand (10,000) square feet or more of gross floor area shall adhere to the following design standards, subject to architectural control established in Section 16.68.020. For building, the applicable design standards apply only to the new construction. The existing building and new addition shall have an integrated design. Design standards may be modified subject to approval of a use permit or a conditional development permit per Chapter 16.82.

(1)    Relationship to the Street. The following standards regulate the siting and placement of buildings, parking areas, and other features in relation to the street. The dimensions between building facades and the street and types of features allowed in these spaces are critical to the quality of the pedestrian experience.

 

Standard

Definition

Base Level

Bonus Level Fronting a Local Street*

Bonus Level Fronting a Boulevard, Thoroughfare, Mixed Use Collector, or Neighborhood Street*

Notes/Additional Requirements

Frontage Landscaping

The percentage of the setback area devoted to groundcover and vegetation. Trees may or may not be within the landscaped area. For this requirement, the setback area is the area between the property line and the face of the building.

Minimum of 40% (50% of which shall provide on-site infiltration of stormwater runoff)

Minimum of 25% (50% of which should provide on-site infiltration of stormwater runoff)

Minimum of 25% (50% of which should provide on-site infiltration of stormwater runoff)

Setback areas adjacent to active ground floor uses, including lobbies, retail sales, and eating and drinking establishments are excepted.

Frontage Uses

Allowable frontage uses in order to support a positive integration of new buildings into the streetscape character.

No restrictions

No restrictions

Setback areas parallel to street not used for frontage landscaping must provide pedestrian circulation (e.g., entryways, stairways, accessible ramps), other publicly accessible open spaces (e.g., plazas, gathering areas, outdoor seating areas), access to parking, bicycle parking, or other uses that the planning commission deems appropriate.

Commercial uses shall be a minimum of 50 feet in depth. Publicly accessible open space is further defined and regulated in Section 16.44.120(4).

Surface Parking Along Street Frontage

Figure 1, label A

Surface parking may be located along the street if set back appropriately. The maximum percentage of linear frontage of property adjacent to the street allowed to be off-street surface parking.

Maximum of 35%

Maximum of 35%

Maximum of 25%

 

Minimum Surface Parking Setback

Figure 1, label B

The minimum dimension from property line adjacent to the street that surface parking must be set back.

Minimum 20 feet

Minimum 20 feet

Minimum 20 feet

 

*    See the general plan circulation element street classification map for street types.

Figure 1. Surface Parking

(2)    Building Mass and Scale. The following standards regulate building mass, bulk, size, and vertical building planes to minimize the visual impacts of large buildings and maximize visual interest of building facades as experienced by pedestrians:

 

Standard and Figure

Definition

Base Level

Bonus Level Fronting a Local Street*

Bonus Level Fronting a Boulevard, Thoroughfare, Mixed Use Collector, or Neighborhood Street*

Notes/Additional Requirements

Base Height Figure 2, label A

The maximum height of a building at the minimum setback at street or before the building steps back the minimum horizontal distance required.

35 feet

45 feet

45 feet

Properties within the flood zone or subject to flooding and sea level rise are allowed a 10-foot height increase.

Building Projections

The maximum depth of allowable building projections, such as balconies or bay windows, from the required stepback for portions of the building above the ground floor.

6 feet

6 feet

6 feet

 

Building Modulations Figure 2, label C

A building modulation is a break in the building plane from the ground level to the top of the building’s base height that provides visual variety, reduces large building volumes, and provides spaces for entryways and publicly accessible spaces.

Minimum of one recess of 15 feet wide by 10 feet deep per 200 feet of facade length

Minimum of one recess of 15 feet wide by 10 feet deep per 200 feet of facade length

Minimum of one recess of 15 feet wide by 10 feet deep per 200 feet of facade length

Modulation is required on the building facade(s) facing publicly accessible spaces (streets, open space, and paseos). Parking is not allowed in the modulation recess. When more than 50% of an existing building facade that faces a publicly accessible space is altered, it must comply with these modulation requirements.

*    See the general plan circulation element street classification map for street types.

Figure 2. Building Mass and Scale

(3)    Ground Floor Exterior. The following standards regulate the ground floor facade of buildings in order to enhance pedestrian experience, as well as visual continuity along the street:

 

Standard

Definition

Base Level

Bonus Level Fronting a Local or Interior Access Street*

Bonus Level Fronting a Boulevard, Thoroughfare, Mixed Use Collector, or Neighborhood Street*

Notes/Additional Requirements

Building Entrances

Figure 3, label A

The minimum ratio of entrances to building length along a public street or paseo.

One entrance per public street frontage

One entrance per public street frontage

One entrance per public street frontage

Entrances at a building corner may be used to satisfy this requirement for both frontages. Stairs must be located in locations convenient to building users.

Ground Floor Transparency

Figure 3, label B

The minimum percentage of the ground floor facade (finished floor to ceiling) that must provide visual transparency, such as clear glass windows, doors, etc.

25%; 50% for commercial uses

25%; 50% for commercial uses

40%; 50% for commercial uses

Windows shall not be opaque or mirrored. For the purpose of this chapter, "commercial" is defined as uses enumerated in this chapter, except office, light industrial, and research and development.

Minimum Ground Floor Height Along Street Frontage

Figure 3, label C

The minimum height between the ground-level finished floor to the second-level finished floor along the street.

N/A

15 feet

15 feet

Garage Entrances

Width of garage entry/door along street frontage.

Maximum 12-foot opening for one-way entrance; Maximum 24-foot opening for two-way entrance

Maximum 12-foot opening for one-way entrance; Maximum 24-foot opening for two-way entrance

Maximum 12-foot opening for one-way entrance; Maximum 24-foot opening for two-way entrance

Garage entrances must be separated by a minimum of 100 feet to ensure all entrances/exits are not grouped together or resulting in an entire stretch of sidewalk unsafe and undesirable for pedestrians.

Awnings, Signs, and Canopies

Figure 3, label D

The maximum depth of awnings, signs, and canopies that project horizontally from the face of the building.

7 feet

7 feet

7 feet

Horizontal projections shall not extend into the public right-of-way.

A minimum vertical clearance of 8 feet from finished grade to the bottom of the projection is required.

*    See the general plan circulation element street classification map for street types.

Figure 3. Ground Floor Exterior

(4)    Open Space. All development in the life sciences district shall provide a minimum amount of open space equal to twenty percent (20%) of the total lot area, with a minimum amount of publicly accessible open space equal to fifty percent (50%) of the total required open space area.

(A)    Publicly accessible open space consists of areas unobstructed by fully enclosed structures with a mixture of landscaping and hardscape that provides seating and places to rest, places for gathering, passive and/or active recreation, pedestrian circulation, or other similar use as determined by the planning commission. Publicly accessible open space types include, but are not limited to, paseos, plazas, forecourts and entryways, and outdoor dining areas. Publicly accessible open space must:

(i)    Contain site furnishings, art, or landscaping;

(ii)    Be on the ground floor or podium level;

(iii)    Be at least partially visible from a public right-of-way such as a street or paseo;

(iv)    Have a direct, accessible pedestrian connection to a public right-of-way or easement.

(B)    Quasi-public and private open spaces, which may or may not be accessible to the public, include patios, balconies, roof terraces, and courtyards.

(C)    All open space shall:

(i)    Interface with adjacent buildings via direct connections through doors, windows, and entryways;

(ii)    Be integrated as part of building modulation and articulation to enhance building facade and should be sited and designed to be appropriate for the size of the development and accommodate different activities, groups and both active and passive uses;

(iii)    Incorporate landscaping design that includes:

a.    Sustainable stormwater features;

b.    A minimum landscaping bed no less than three (3) feet in length or width and five (5) feet in depth for infiltration planting;

c.    Native species able to grow to their maximum size without shearing.

(D)    All exterior landscaping counts towards open space requirements.

(5)    Paseos. A "paseo" is defined as a pedestrian and bicycle path, as shown on the adopted of city of Menlo Park zoning map, that provides a member of the public access through one (1) or more parcels and to public streets and/or other paseos. Paseos must meet the following standards:

(A)    Paseos must be publicly accessible, established through a public access easement, but they remain private property;

(B)    Paseos count as publicly accessible open space.

Standard

Definition

Base and Bonus Levels

Notes/Additional Requirements

Paseo Width

Figure 4, label A

The minimum dimension in overall width of the paseo, including landscaping and hardscape components.

20 feet

 

Pathway Width

Figure 4, label B

The minimum and maximum width of the paved, hardscape portion of the paseo.

10 feet minimum; 14 feet maximum

The paseo pathway shall be connected to building entrances with hardscaped pathways. Pathways may be used for emergency vehicle access use and allowed a maximum paved width exemption to accommodate standards of the Menlo Park Fire Protection District with prior approval by transportation manager.

Furnishing Zones

Figure 4, label C

Requirements for pockets of hardscape areas dedicated to seating, adjacent to the main pedestrian pathway area.

Minimum dimension of 5 feet wide by 20 feet long, provided at a minimum interval of 100 feet

Furnishing zones must include benches or other type of seating and pedestrian-scaled lighting.

Paseo Frontage Setback

Figure 4, label D

The minimum setback for adjacent buildings from the edge of the paseo property line.

10 feet

A minimum of 50% of the setback area between the building and paseo shall be landscaped (50% of which should provide on-site infiltration of stormwater runoff.) Plants should be climate-adapted species up to 3 feet in height.

Trees

Figure 4, label E

The size and spacing of trees that are required along the paseo.

Small canopy trees with a maximum mature height of 40 feet and canopy diameter of 25 feet, planted at maximum intervals of 40 feet

Trees must be planted within the paseo width, with the tree canopy allowed to overhang into the setback.

Landscaping

The minimum percentage of the paseo that is dedicated to vegetation.

20%

On-site infiltration of stormwater runoff is required.

Lighting

Pedestrian-oriented street lamps.

One light fixture every 40 feet

Use energy-efficient lighting per Title 24. Lights shall be located a minimum of 20 feet from trees.

Figure 4. Paseos

(6)    Building Design.

(A)    Main building entrances shall face the street or a publicly accessible courtyard. Building and/or frontage landscaping shall bring the human scale to the edges of the street. Retail building frontage shall be parallel to the street.

(B)    Utilities, including meters, backflow prevention devices, etc., shall be concealed or integrated into the building design to the extent feasible, as determined by the public works director.

(C)    Projects shall include dedicated, screened, and easily accessible space for recycling, compost, and solid waste storage and collection.

(D)    Trash and storage shall be enclosed and attractively screened from public view.

(E)    Materials and colors of utility, trash, and storage enclosures shall match or be compatible with the primary building.

(F)    Building materials shall be durable and high quality to ensure adaptability and reuse over time. Glass paneling and windows shall be used to invite outdoor views and introduce natural light into interior spaces. Stucco shall not be used on more than fifty percent (50%) of the building facade. When stucco is used, it must be smooth troweled.

(G)    Rooflines and eaves adjacent to street-facing facades shall vary across a building, including a four (4) foot minimum height modulation to break visual monotony and create a visually interesting skyline as seen from public streets (see Figure 5). The variation of the roofline’s horizontal distance should match the required modulations and stepbacks.

(H)    Rooftop elements, including stair and elevator towers, shall be concealed in a manner that incorporates building color and architectural and structural design.

(I)    Roof-mounted equipment shall meet the requirements of Section 16.08.095.

Figure 5. Rooflines

(7)    Access and Parking.

(A)    Shared entrances to retail and office uses shall be used where possible.

(B)    Service access and loading docks shall be located on local or interior access streets and to the rear of buildings, and shall not be located along a publicly accessible open space.

(C)    Aboveground garages shall be screened (with perforated walls, vertical elements, landscaping or materials that provide visual interest at the pedestrian scale) or located behind buildings that are along public streets.

(D)    Garage and surface parking access shall be screened or set behind buildings located along a publicly accessible open space or paseo.

(E)    Surface parking lots shall be buffered from adjacent buildings by a minimum six (6) feet of paved pathway or landscaped area (see Figure 6, label A).

(F)    Surface parking lots shall be screened with landscaping features such as trees, planters, and vegetation, including a twenty (20) foot deep landscaped area along sidewalks, as measured from the property line or public access easement adjacent to the street or paseo (see Figure 6, label B). The portion of this area not devoted to driveways shall be landscaped. Trees shall be planted at a ratio of one (1) per four hundred (400) square feet of required setback area for surface parking.

(G)    Surface parking lots shall be planted with at least one (1) tree with a minimum size of a twenty-four (24) inch box for every eight (8) parking spaces (see Figure 6, label C). Required plantings may be grouped where carports with solar panels are provided.

(H)    Surface parking can be located along a paseo for a maximum of forty percent (40%) of a paseo’s length (see Figure 6, label D).

(I)    Short-term bicycle parking shall be located within fifty (50) feet of lobby or main entrances. Long-term bicycle parking facilities shall protect against theft and inclement weather, and consist of a fully enclosed, weather-resistant locker with key locking mechanism or an interior locked room or enclosure. Long-term parking shall be provided in locations that are convenient and functional for cyclists. Bicycle parking shall be (see Figure 7):

(i)    Consistent with the latest edition of the Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals Bicycle Parking Guide;

(ii)    Designed to accommodate standard six (6) foot bicycles;

(iii)    Paved or hardscaped;

(iv)    Accessed by an aisle in the front or rear of parked bicycles of at least five (5) feet;

(v)    At least five (5) feet from vehicle parking spaces;

(vi)    At least thirty (30) inches of clearance in all directions from any obstruction, including but not limited to other racks, walls, and landscaping;

(vii)    Lit with no less than one (1) foot candle of illumination at ground level;

(viii)    Space-efficient bicycle parking such as double-decker lift-assist and vertical bicycle racks are also permitted.

(J)    Pedestrian connections shall be provided, with a minimum hardscape width of six (6) feet, from sidewalks to all building entries, parking areas, and publicly accessible open spaces, and shall be clearly marked with signage directing pedestrians to common destinations.

(K)    Entries to parking areas and other important destinations shall be clearly identified for all travel modes with such wayfinding features as marked crossings, lighting, and clear signage.

Figure 6. Surface Parking Access

Figure 7. Bicycle Parking

(Ord. 1025 § 3 (part), 2016).

16.44.130 Green and sustainable building.

In addition to meeting all applicable regulations specified in Title 12 (Buildings and Construction), the following provisions shall apply to projects. Implementation of these provisions may be subject to separate discretionary review and environmental review pursuant to the California Environmental Quality Act.

(1)    Green Building.

(A)    Any new construction, addition or alteration of a building shall be required to comply with Table 16.44.130(1)(B).

(2)    Energy.

(A)    For all new construction, the project will meet one hundred percent (100%) of energy demand (electricity and natural gas) through any combination of the following measures:

(i)    On-site energy generation;

(ii)    Purchase of one hundred percent (100%) renewable electricity through Peninsula Clean Energy or Pacific Gas and Electric Company in an amount equal to the annual energy demand of the project;

(iii)    Purchase and installation of local renewable energy generation within the city of Menlo Park in an amount equal to the annual energy demand of the project;

(iv)    Purchase of certified renewable energy credits and/or certified renewable energy offsets annually in an amount equal to the annual energy demand of the project.

If a local amendment to the California Energy Code is approved by the California Energy Commission (CEC), the following provision becomes mandatory:

The project will meet one hundred percent (100%) of energy demand (electricity and natural gas) through a minimum of thirty percent (30%) of the maximum feasible on-site energy generation, as determined by an on-site renewable energy feasibility study and any combination of the measures in subsections (2)(A)(ii) to (iv) of this section. The on-site renewable energy feasibility study shall demonstrate the following cases at a minimum:

a.    Maximum on-site generation potential.

b.    Solar feasibility for roof and parking areas (excluding roof mounted HVAC equipment).

c.    Maximum solar generation potential solely on the roof area.

(B)    Alterations and/or additions of ten thousand (10,000) square feet or larger where the building owner elects to update the core and shell through the option presented in Table 16.44.130(1)(B):

(i)    The project will meet one hundred percent (100%) of energy demand (electricity and natural gas) through any combination of the measures listed in subsections (2)(A)(i) to (iv) of this section.

TABLE 16.44.130(1)(B): NONRESIDENTIAL GREEN BUILDING REQUIREMENTS 

 

NEW CONSTRUCTION

ADDITIONS AND/OR ALTERATIONS

Green Building Requirement

10,000 sq. ft.—25,000 sq. ft.

25,001 sq. ft.—100,000 sq. ft.

100,001 sq. ft. and above

1 sq. ft.—9,999 sq. ft. of conditioned area, volume or size

10,000 sq. ft.—25,000 sq. ft. of conditioned area, volume or size3,4

25,001 sq. ft. and above of conditioned area, volume or size3,4

Green Building

Designed to meet LEED Silver BD+C1

Designed to meet LEED Silver BD+C1

Designed to meet LEED Gold BD+C1

CALGreen mandatory

Designed to meet LEED Silver ID+C1 or update core and shell of entire building to current California Energy Code2 and meet Section 16.44.130(2)(B)

Designed to meet LEED Gold ID+C1 or update core and shell of entire building to current California Energy Code2 and meet Section 16.44.130(2)(B)

Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Spaces

The electric vehicle charging spaces requirements in Section 16.72.010 apply.

Energy Reporting

Enroll in EPA Energy Star Building Portfolio Manager and submit documentation of compliance as required by the city

Enroll in EPA Energy Star Building Portfolio Manager and submit documentation of compliance as required by the city

Enroll in EPA Energy Star Building Portfolio Manager and submit documentation of compliance as required by the city

Enroll in EPA Energy Star Building Portfolio Manager and submit documentation of compliance as required by the city

Enroll in EPA Energy Star Building Portfolio Manager and submit documentation of compliance as required by the city

Enroll in EPA Energy Star Building Portfolio Manager and submit documentation of compliance as required by the city

1    "Designed to meet LEED standards" is defined as follows: (a) applicant must submit appropriate LEED checklist and verifying cover letter from a project LEED AP with the project application and (b) applicant must complete all applicable LEED certification documents prior to approval of the final inspection for the building permit to be reviewed either for LEED certification, or for verification by a third party approved by the city for which the applicant will pay for review and/or certification.

2    Building owners may choose to have additions and/or alterations follow the LEED ID+C path, or alternatively, building owners may upgrade the entire existing building’s core and shell to the current California Energy Code standards and follow the city’s requirements listed in Section 16.44.130(2)(B). If the building owner chooses to upgrade the entire building’s core and shell to current California Energy Code standards and follow the city’s requirements listed in Section 16.44.130(2)(B), additions and alterations of that building will be exempt from the LEED ID+C requirement for three (3) code update cycles beginning with the upgrade cycle and ending with the two (2) cycles following the upgrade cycle. If this option is selected by the applicant, the building owner must upgrade to the Energy Code in effect at the time of the first building permit application for interior alteration and/or additions. Building permits for the core and shell upgrade must be initiated and satisfactory progress must be made on the core and shell upgrade project before occupancy for the additions and/or alterations shall be granted by the city’s building department. If the building owner fails to complete these core and shell upgrades within one (1) year of permit initiation, or receive a written letter from the community development director or his/her designee extending the deadline, the building owner shall be subject to typical permit violation penalties, including but not limited to stop work orders on any construction on the subject property, fines, and legal action.

3    If over a period of five (5) years (or sixty (60) months) the subject property makes smaller additions and/or alterations that cumulatively equal or exceed the trigger square footage listed above (i.e., ten thousand (10,000) square feet or twenty-five thousand one (25,001) square feet), the subject property shall be required to comply with the green and sustainable building requirements of this table.

4    For this calculation, laboratory space as defined in the building code is included in the addition and/or alteration square foot total, but exempt from the ID+C requirement.

(3)    Water Use Efficiency and Recycled Water.

(A)    Single pass cooling systems shall be prohibited in all new buildings.

(B)    All new buildings shall be built and maintained without the use of well water.

(C)    Applicants for a new building more than one hundred thousand (100,000) square feet of gross floor area shall prepare and submit a proposed water budget and accompanying calculations following the methodology approved by the city. For all new buildings two hundred fifty thousand (250,000) square feet or more in gross floor area, the water budget shall account for the potable water demand reduction resulting from the use of an alternative water source for all city approved nonpotable applications. The water budget and calculations shall be reviewed and approved by the city’s public works director prior to certification of occupancy. Twelve (12) months after the date of the certification of occupancy, the building owner shall submit data and information sufficient to allow the city to compare the actual water use to the allocation in the approved water budget. In the event that actual water consumption exceeds the water budget, a water conservation program, as approved by the city’s public works director, shall be implemented. Twelve (12) months after city approval of the water conservation program, the building owner shall submit data and information sufficient to allow the city to determine compliance with the conservation program. If water consumption exceeds the budgeted amount, the city’s public works director may prohibit the use of water for irrigation or enforce compliance as an infraction pursuant to Chapter 1.12 until compliance with the water budget is achieved.

(D)    All new buildings shall be dual plumbed for the internal use of recycled water.

(E)    All new buildings two hundred fifty thousand (250,000) square feet or more in gross floor area shall use an alternate water source for all city approved nonpotable applications. An alternative water source may include, but is not limited to, treated nonpotable water such as graywater. An alternate water source assessment shall be submitted that describes the alternative water source and proposed nonpotable application. Approval of the alternate water source assessment, the alternative water source and its proposed uses shall be approved by the city’s public works director and community development director. If the Menlo Park Municipal Water District has not designated a recycled water purveyor and/or municipal recycled water source is not available prior to planning project approval, applicants may propose conservation measures to meet the requirements of this section subject to approval of the city council. The conservation measures shall achieve a reduction in potable water use equivalent to the projected demand of city approved nonpotable applications, but in no case shall the reduction be less than thirty percent (30%) compared to the water budget in subsection (3)(C) of this section. The conservation measures may include on-site measures, off-site measures or a combination thereof.

(F)    Potable water shall not be used for dust control on construction projects.

(G)    Potable water shall not be used for decorative features, unless the water recirculates.

(4)    Hazard Mitigation and Sea Level Rise Resiliency.

(A)    The first floor elevation of all new buildings shall be twenty-four (24) inches above the Federal Emergency Management Agency base flood elevation (BFE) to account for sea level rise. Where no BFE exists, the first floor (bottom of floor beams) elevation shall be twenty-four (24) inches above the existing grade. Notwithstanding the foregoing, for projects on sites of two (2) acres or less, the first floor elevation shall be the maximum height reasonably practicable as determined by the city, but in no case less than six (6) inches above BFE or existing grade where no BFE exists. The building design and protective measures shall not create adverse impacts on adjacent sites as determined by the city.

(B)    Prior to building permit issuance, all new buildings shall pay any required fee or proportionate fair share for the funding of sea level rise projects, if applicable.

(5)    Waste Management.

(A)    Applicants shall submit a zero-waste management plan to the city, which will cover how the applicant plans to minimize waste to landfill and incineration in accordance with all applicable state and local regulations. Applicants shall show in their zero-waste plan how they will reduce, recycle and compost wastes from the demolition, construction and occupancy phases of the building. For the purposes of this chapter, "zero waste" is defined as ninety percent (90%) overall diversion of nonhazardous materials from landfill and incineration, wherein discarded materials are reduced, reused, recycled, or composted. Zero-waste plan elements shall include the property owner’s assessment of the types of waste to be generated during demolition, construction and occupancy, and a plan to collect, sort and transport materials to uses other than landfill and incineration.

(6)    Bird-Friendly Design.

(A)    No more than ten percent (10%) of facade surface area shall have non-bird-friendly glazing.

(B)    Bird-friendly glazing includes, but is not limited to, opaque glass, covering the outside surface of clear glass with patterns, paned glass with fenestration, frit or etching patterns, and external screens over nonreflective glass. Highly reflective glass is not permitted.

(C)    Occupancy sensors or other switch control devices shall be installed on nonemergency lights and shall be programmed to shut off during nonwork hours and between ten (10) p.m. and sunrise.

(D)    Placement of buildings shall avoid the potential funneling of flight paths towards a building facade.

(E)    Glass skyways or walkways, freestanding (see-through) glass walls and handrails, and transparent building corners shall not be allowed.

(F)    Transparent glass shall not be allowed at the rooflines of buildings, including in conjunction with roof decks, patios and green roofs.

(G)    Use of rodenticides shall not be allowed.

(H)    A project may receive a waiver from one (1) or more of the items listed in subsections (6)(A) to (F) of this section, subject to the submittal of a site specific evaluation from a qualified biologist and review and approval by the planning commission. (Ord. 1050 § 9, 2018; Ord. 1025 § 3 (part), 2016).