Chapter 18.08
USE CLASSIFICATIONS

Sections:

Article I. General

18.08.010    Purpose and applicability.

18.08.020    Uses not classified.

Article II. Residential Uses

18.08.030    Residential uses classified.

18.08.040    Residential use classifications.

Article III. Governmental and Quasipublic Uses

18.08.050    Governmental and quasipublic uses classified.

18.08.060    Governmental and quasipublic use classifications.

Article IV. Commercial Uses

18.08.070    Commercial uses classified.

18.08.080    Commercial use classifications.

Article V. Industrial Uses

18.08.090    Industrial uses classified.

18.08.100    Industrial use classifications.

Article VI. Agricultural and Extractive Uses

18.08.110    Agricultural and extractive uses classified.

18.08.120    Agricultural and extractive use classifications.

Article VII. Accessory Uses

18.08.130    Accessory uses classified.

18.08.140    Accessory use classifications.

Article VIII. Temporary Uses

18.08.150    Temporary uses classified.

18.08.160    Temporary use classifications.

Article IX. Prohibited Uses

18.08.200    Repealed.

18.08.210    Repealed.

Article I. General

18.08.010 Purpose and applicability.

A use classification describes a use but does not list every activity that may appropriately be included within that use classification. The zoning administrator may determine that a specific use is not within a use classification, whether or not it is named, if its characteristics are substantially incompatible with those uses named within the classification. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.08.020 Uses not classified.

A. The zoning administrator may determine whether a specific use is within a use classification or not within a use classification.

B. An activity carried out as a part of a specific use which is incidental to that use but not identified in the use classification may be conducted only as otherwise allowed within the zoning district in which the use is located.

C. A new use, or a use that cannot be clearly determined to be in an existing use classification, may be incorporated into the zoning regulations by a zoning ordinance text amendment, as provided in Chapter 18.48 PMC. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

Article II. Residential Uses

18.08.030 Residential uses classified.

The uses set forth in PMC 18.08.040 are classified as residential uses subject to the authority of the zoning administrator under PMC 18.08.010. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.08.040 Residential use classifications.

A. Congregate Care Residential. A building on a site designed and typically devoted to housing persons of impaired physical or mental capacities such as the frail elderly or the handicapped, and offering limited 24-hour nonmedical care. The facility contains small individual dwelling units of usually only one or two rooms with a small kitchen allowing for independent living but also provides common dining, recreational and social facilities, and minimal convenience services such as housekeeping and transportation.

B. Day Care Home. A residence within which an occupant of the residence provides care for adults or children on a less than 24-hour basis. This classification includes only those facilities that are licensed by the state of California.

1. Small. “Small day care home” is a residence used for the temporary care of six or fewer adults, or a residence used for the temporary care of eight or fewer children that is a small family day care home pursuant to Chapter 3.4 of Division 2 of the California Health and Safety Code, as amended from time to time.

2. Large. “Large day care home” is a residence used for the temporary care of seven to 14 adults, or a residence used for the temporary care of 14 or fewer children that is a large family day care home pursuant to Chapter 3.4 of Division 2 of the California Health and Safety Code, as amended from time to time.

C. Duplex Residential. A building containing two dwelling units on a single lot. This classification includes mobile home and manufactured housing, but excludes a single-family residence with an accessory dwelling unit as defined by PMC 18.08.140.

D. Group Residential. Shared living quarters without separate kitchen or bathroom facilities for each room or unit. This classification includes boardinghouse, dormitory, fraternity, sorority, convent, and private residential club.

E. Multifamily Residential. Two or more dwelling units on a site. This classification includes mobile homes, manufactured housing, planned unit development, apartments under single ownership, and condominiums wherein the airspace of each dwelling unit on the site is individually owned.

F. Residential Care, Limited. Twenty-four-hour nonmedical care for six or fewer persons in need of personal services, counseling, supervision, protection, or assistance essential for sustaining the activities of daily living. Facilities typically include foster homes, group homes and assisted living services with shared kitchen and dining facilities. This classification includes only those services and facilities licensed by the state of California.

G. Single-Family Residential. A building containing one dwelling unit located on a single lot. This classification includes mobile home, manufactured housing, and a single-family residence with an accessory dwelling unit.

1. Attached. Single-family residential type wherein the primary residential structure is separated from the adjacent primary residential structure by a party wall built on the property line and has no primary residential units constructed above or below it.

2. Detached. Single-family residential type wherein each primary residence is a stand-alone structure that does not share any common walls with another primary residential unit.

H. Supportive Housing. Multifamily residential facility in which there is no limit on length of stay; that is occupied by a target population; and, that is linked to on-site or off-site services that assist the supportive housing resident in retaining the housing, improving the resident’s health status, and maximizing the resident’s ability to live and, when possible, work in the community.1

I. Transitional Housing. Multifamily residential facility that is designed to assist persons in obtaining skills necessary for independent living in permanent housing, and that has all of the following components:

1. Support services programs that include regular individualized case management services and may include alcohol and drug abuse counseling, self-improvement education, employment and training assistance services and independent living skills development.

2. Use of a dwelling unit by a resident in a structured living environment, which use is conditioned upon compliance with the transitional housing program rules and regulations.

3. A rule or regulation which specifies an occupancy period of no fewer than 30 days and no more than 24 consecutive months. [Ord. 09-1322 § 3, 2009; Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 05-1257 § 4, 2005; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

Article III. Governmental and Quasipublic Uses

18.08.050 Governmental and quasipublic uses classified.

The uses set forth in PMC 18.08.060 are classified as governmental or quasipublic uses subject to the authority of the zoning administrator under PMC 18.08.010. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007.]

18.08.060 Governmental and quasipublic use classifications.

A. Cemetery. Burial grounds for the interment of the dead. This classification includes columbarium and mausoleum but does not include crematory or mortuary.

B. Club and Lodge. Meeting, recreational, or social facility of a private or nonprofit organization primarily for use by members or guests. This classification includes union hall, social club, youth center, and bingo hall as governed by Chapter 5.22 PMC.

C. College, Public or Private. Institution of higher education providing curriculum of a general, religious, or professional nature and that typically grants recognized degrees.

D. Convalescent Facility. An establishment providing care on a 24-hour basis for seven or more persons requiring regular medical attention, but excluding facilities providing surgical or emergency medical services.

E. Cultural Institution. Nonprofit institution displaying or preserving objects of interest in the arts or sciences. This classification includes library, museum, and art gallery.

F. Day Care, General. Nonresidential facility providing nonmedical care and protection for individuals on a less than 24-hour basis. This classification includes nursery school, preschool, and day care center for children or adults, but does not include large or small day care home.

G. Detention Facility. Publicly owned and operated facility providing housing, care, and supervision for persons confined by law.

H. Disposal Facility. A facility that involves any placement of waste (including without limitation hazardous waste as defined in PMC 18.84.455) in or on the land. A sanitary landfill is a disposal facility.

I. Emergency Shelter. Pursuant to Health and Safety Code Section 50801(e), “emergency shelter” shall be defined as housing with minimal supportive services for homeless persons that is limited to occupancy of six or fewer months by a homeless person. No individual or household may be denied emergency shelter because of an inability to pay.

J. Government Office. Administrative, clerical, or public contact office of a federal, state or local government agency, including postal facilities, together with incidental storage and maintenance of vehicles.

K. Hazardous Waste Facility. All contiguous land and structures, other appurtenances, and improvements on the land used for the treatment, transfer, storage, resource recovery, disposal or recycling of hazardous waste, and includes an expansion of a hazardous waste facility.

1. Land Disposal Facility. Facility that involves any placement of hazardous waste in or on the land. (Health and Safety Code Section 25179.2(c).)

2. On-Site Facility. Facility at which a hazardous waste is produced and which is owned by, leased to, or under the control of the producer of the waste. (Health and Safety Code Section 25117.12.)

3. Residual Repository. Disposal facility that accepts only the solid residues resulting from the treatment of hazardous wastes in accordance with standards established pursuant to Health and Safety Code Section 25179.6, or that accepts hazardous organic waste that is stabilized, solidified or encapsulated.

4. Single-User Off-Site Facility. Off-site facility (see Health and Safety Code Section 25117.11) that serves only one producer. A single-user off-site facility may accept waste from more than one location, provided each location is owned by, leased to or under the control of the same producer.

5. Specified Hazardous Waste Facility. Off-site facility (see Health and Safety Code Section 25117.11) that serves more than one producer of hazardous waste. (Health and Safety Code Section 25199.1(m).)

6. Transfer Facility. Off-site facility that is related to the transportation of hazardous waste, including, but not limited to, loading docks, parking areas, storage areas and other similar areas where shipments of hazardous waste are held during the normal course of transportation. (Health and Safety Code Section 25123.3(a)(3).)

L. Heliport. Pad and related facilities for takeoffs and landings by helicopter.

M. Hospital. Facility providing medical, surgical, psychiatric, or emergency medical services to sick or injured persons, primarily on an inpatient basis. This classification includes incidental facilities for out-patient treatment, as well as training, research, and administrative services for patients and employees.

N. Maintenance and Service Facility. Facility providing maintenance and repair services for public and utility vehicles and equipment, and materials storage areas. This classification includes corporation yard, equipment service center, and similar facility.

O. Military Installation. Facility for housing and maintaining federal or state military operations.

P. Park and Recreation Facility. Playground, tot lot, linear park, bicycle or pedestrian path or trail, sports field, athletic court, public garden and similar areas available for use for recreational purposes, excluding a facility used for commercial recreation and entertainment.

Q. Public Parking Facility. Off-street parking facility, including surface parking or parking structure, for the temporary parking of automobiles by the general public.

R. Public Safety Facility. Facility for public safety and emergency services, including police and fire protection and emergency ambulance service.

S. Public Transit Terminal. Public or publicly regulated facility for passenger transit service and operations. This includes rapid transit station, passenger train depot, bus or ferry terminal, and park-and-ride lot.

T. Religious Assembly. Facility for religious worship and incidental religious education, but not including private school.

U. Residential Care, Protective. Twenty-four-hour nonmedical care for seven or more persons, including wards of the juvenile court, in need of personal services, supervision, protection or assistance essential for sustaining the activities of daily living. This classification includes only those services and facilities licensed by the state.

V. School, Public or Private. Education institution, attendance at which satisfies the compulsory education laws of the state.

W. Utility, Major. Power generating plant, substation, refuse collection facility, water reservoir, water or wastewater treatment plant, or similar facility of a public agency or public utility, but not including any city facility. A structure that may have a significant effect on surrounding uses is regulated under this classification.

X. Utility, Minor. Public utility that is necessary to support legally established uses and involves only minor facilities or structures such as drainage channel, aqueduct, small sewer or water pump station or substation, aboveground distribution or transmission lines including service for telephone or cable television, or underground water, sewer, drainage, gas, electricity, telephone, or related utility lines.

Y. Wireless Telecommunications Facility. Facility that transmits or receives electromagnetic signals for cellular phone technology, personal communication services, enhanced specialized mobile services and paging systems. Such facilities include antennas and related equipment used in the transmission or receipt of communication signals, such as towers, poles or similar support structures, and equipment cabinets or buildings. This classification excludes radio towers and television towers.

Z. Yacht Club. Private social club which may include a club house, private berthing for club members, tie-up visitor docking, on-site parking for automobiles and boat trailers, and dry storage for members’ boats. This classification excludes facilities offering berthing or storage of boats for commercial purposes. [Ord. 12-1356 § 3, 2012; Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 05-1257 § 4, 2005; Ord. 1026 §§ 3 and 4, 1991; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

Article IV. Commercial Uses

18.08.070 Commercial uses classified.

The uses set forth in PMC 18.08.080 are classified as commercial uses subject to the authority of the zoning administrator under PMC 18.08.010. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.08.080 Commercial use classifications.

1. Adult Businesses. A business based primarily upon materials or performances that depict, describe, or relate to “specified sexual activities” or “specified anatomical areas,” as defined in Chapter 18.06 PMC, Article II.

2. Ambulance Services. Nonpublic emergency and nonemergency medical care and transportation, including incidental storage and maintenance of vehicles.

3. Animals Sales and Services.

a. Animal Boarding. Shelter and care for small animals on a commercial basis. This classification includes activities such as feeding, exercising, adoption, obedience and assistance training, grooming, and incidental medical care.

b. Animal Grooming. Bathing and trimming services for small animals on a commercial basis.

c. Animal Hospital. Establishment where small animals receive medical and surgical treatment. This classification includes only facilities that are entirely enclosed, soundproofed, and air-conditioned. Grooming and temporary boarding of animals is included if incidental to the hospital use.

d. Animals – Retail Sales. Retail sales of small animals which take place within an entirely enclosed building. This classification includes activities such as feeding, exercising, obedience and assistance training, and grooming, if these activities occur within the building and are incidental to the retail use.

4. Artist Studio. Work space for artists and artisans, including an individual practicing one of the fine arts, or skilled in an applied art or craft.

5. Bakery, Commercial. Establishment in which baked food products (such as bread and pastry) are made primarily for wholesale distribution but which may also provide retail sales.

6. Bank and Savings and Loan. Financial institution, including credit union office or check cashing service, that provides retail banking services to individuals and businesses. This classification includes only those institutions engaged in the on-site circulation of cash money.

a. ATM. Automatic teller machine (ATM) on the exterior of a building for direct pedestrian access.

7. Campground. A site with two or more campsites for temporary use by campers, vacationers, and travelers occupying tents and recreational vehicles, and that may include permanent structures on-site for use as offices, restrooms, and similar ancillary facilities.

8. Commercial Filming and Communications. Facility providing for the creation, broadcasting or recording of motion pictures, digital imaging, video photography, or other communication service. These facilities offer post-production, editing and reproduction services, and may include appurtenant structures necessary to support one or more reception/transmission systems, such as radio or television towers. This classification includes film, radio, television or recording studio; telephone switching center; and Internet broadcasting, telegraph or cable television transmitting office.

9. Commercial Recreation and Entertainment. Business providing participant or spectator recreation, entertainment, or sports activities. Under no circumstance, as a primary, permitted, or accessory use, shall any commercial recreation and entertainment use be allowed to operate simulated gambling devices as defined in Chapter 9.26 PMC.

a. Within Building. This classification includes movie or live performing arts theater, sports arena, bowling alley, billiard parlor, ice/roller skating rink, scale-model course, shooting gallery, tennis/racquetball court, health/fitness club and gym, game center including pinball arcade or establishment having four or more coin operated electronic or mechanical game machines, cardroom as governed by Chapter 5.24 PMC or facility used for bingo games.

b. Outdoor Facility. This classification includes movie or live performing arts theater, sports stadium and arena, athletic field, amusement park, golf, miniature golf, or scale-model course, radio-operated airplane field, tennis/racquetball or basketball court, waterslide and plunge, or target shooting, batting, or golf driving range.

c. Limited. Indoor movie or live performing arts theater, health or fitness club or gym, or tennis/racquetball court.

10. Drive-Through Retail or Service. Establishment providing goods or services from a building through an outdoor service window to customers who remain in their automobiles. Uses in this classification include fast-food restaurants, grocery stores, pharmacies, dry cleaners, and retail banks with drive-through window service. Establishments engaged in the retail sale of gasoline or motor fuel, or that offer automotive oil changes or other vehicle services are classified under vehicle sales and services.

11. Eating and Drinking Establishment. Business serving prepared or cooked meals or beverages.

a. Food Shop. Establishment engaged in the sale of primarily ready-to-eat food and beverage items. This classification includes cookie and candy store, ice cream and yogurt shop, retail bakery, coffee or tea cafe, and donut or sandwich shop.

b. Restaurant, Full-Service. Establishment at which meals are cooked on the premises, and at which an employee takes menu orders from and serves meals to diners who are seated at a table, booth, or counter, either inside or outside a building. This classification includes cafeterias where food items are displayed and selected by diners from a counter or serving line from which they carry their meals to a table or booth for on-site consumption.

c. Restaurant, Self-Service. Establishment at which meals are cooked on the premises and at which customers place and receive menu orders at a window or counter either inside or outside a building and take the food for consumption on or off the site.

d. Restaurant, Take-Out. Establishment at which meals are cooked on the premises and from which menu orders are picked up by customers for consumption primarily off the premises. An establishment at which over 20 percent of the gross floor area is devoted to on-site dining is classified as a self-service restaurant.

e. Restaurant with Drive-In Service. Restaurant providing service to customers by an employee while the diner remains in the automobile.

f. Restaurant with Full Alcoholic Service. Restaurant serving alcoholic beverages in addition to beer and wine.

g. Restaurant with Outdoor Dining. Establishment in which food and beverages are prepared within the restaurant building, but which offers patrons tables and seating immediately outside of the building for consumption of food or beverages.

h. Restaurant or Alcoholic Beverage Establishment with Live Entertainment. Establishment offering live entertainment.

i. Alcoholic Beverage Establishment. Establishment such as a cocktail lounge and bar, at which alcoholic beverages, including beer and wine, are served for on-site consumption. The service of food, such as appetizers and/or light meals, incidental to beverage service shall be required throughout all operating hours.

12. Food and Beverage Sales. Retail sales of food and beverages for primarily off-site preparation or consumption.

a. Grocery. This classification includes a supermarket or convenience store that sells general merchandise incidental to food and beverages.

b. Liquor Store. Establishment engaged in the sale of alcoholic beverages for off-site consumption and incidental sale of general merchandise.

c. Specialty Food Market. Establishment engaged in the sale of limited food items or product lines. This classification includes butcher shop, dry coffee or tea store, and meat or produce market.

d. Catering Service. Preparation and delivery of food and beverages for off-site consumption without provision for on-site pick-up or consumption of food by customers.

13. Funeral and Interment Service. Establishment primarily engaged in services involving the care, preparation or disposition of human dead other than in a cemetery. Typical uses include crematory or mortuary.

14. Horticulture, Limited. Cultivation of flowers, fruits, vegetables, or ornamental trees and shrubs on a wholesale basis with incidental retail sales and where no other garden, nursery or landscape merchandise is sold or stored on the site.

15. Laboratory, Limited. Establishment providing medical or dental laboratory services or establishment with less than 2,000 square feet providing photographic, analytical, or testing service. Other laboratories are classified as industrial services, laboratory.

16. Maintenance and Repair Service. Establishment providing on-site repair and incidental sales of supplies for appliances, office machines, tools, or garden equipment within an enclosed building. This classification includes establishments offering furniture upholstery, refinishing and repair services, but excludes establishments engaged in maintenance and repair of vehicles (see automobile and recreational vehicle repair), boats or ships (see industrial services, boatyard), or industrial repair (see industrial services, repair/jobbing services).

17. Marine Facilities and Services.

a. Boat and Marine Vessel Sales and Rental. Establishment engaged in the retail sale or rental of small boats, personal motorized water skis, and similar recreational or commercial watercraft. Uses in this category may also parts and supplies accessory to watercraft and may conduct incidental repairs and maintenance of boats and watercraft for sale. Typical uses include chandlery, yacht brokerage and sales.

b. Boat and Marine Vessel Storage. Terrestrial facility or yard used for the exclusive storage of personal motorized water skis, kayaks, motor or sailboats and similar recreational or small commercial watercraft.

c. Marina. Boat basin with docks, boathouses and mooring facilities intended for docking of small boats used for recreation, commercial fishing, commuter ferry, or charter, tour and excursion services. This classification includes the incidental maintenance of boats and equipment, and facilities for the incidental sale of fuel, navigational equipment, and boating supplies.

18. Massage Establishment. An establishment where any person engages in or carries on massage in exchange for any form of consideration, whether at a fixed place of business or at a location designated by a customer or client for off-premises massage services. The term “massage establishment” includes a sole owner and employee of a massage business operating as a sole proprietorship. Refer to Chapter 5.64 PMC for additional definitions related to massage establishments.

19. Medical Services Office. Offices of state-licensed firms or organizations that provide human physical and psychological health services and resources, such as physicians, dentists, chiropractors, physical therapists, psychiatrists, psychologists, counseling and family planning services, optometrists, or acupuncturists. This classification includes only those facilities intended for outpatient medical services, and may include medical/dental laboratory incidental to the office use.

20. Office, Business and Administrative. Establishment engaged in the provision of executive, management, administrative, consulting, or professional services, such as architectural, design, engineering, real estate, information technology and technology support, insurance, investment, legal, secretarial, accounting, graphic arts, typesetting, desktop publishing, advertising, marketing, title insurance, bail bonds, travel, entertainment, collection, or personnel agency. This classification includes health program administration or management offices where no medical services are provided, but excludes retail banking services and medical offices. Under no circumstance, as a primary, permitted, or accessory use, shall any business and administrative office use be allowed to operate simulated gambling devices as defined in Chapter 9.26 PMC.

21. Personal Improvement Services. Provision of instructional services on a commercial basis, including photography, fine arts, crafts, dance, music or martial arts studio; driving or language-learning school; diet center; and tutoring or scholastic examination preparation facility. Facilities that are engaged in the instruction of technical or vocational skills are classified under school, commercial.

22. Personal Services. Provision of services and incidental sales of a personal nature. This classification includes barber and beauty shop, tanning salon, watch and jewelry repair, engraver, picture framing, seamstress, tailor, shoe repair shop, dry cleaner, locksmith, portrait studio, film developing, self-service laundry, bicycle repair, tattoo and piercing, and home electronic equipment repair.

23. Printing and Publishing Services. Establishment containing equipment for duplicating printed or electronic matter other than as an incidental activity. Under no circumstance, as a primary, permitted, or accessory use, shall any printing and publishing services be allowed to operate simulated gambling devices as defined in Chapter 9.26 PMC.

a. Commercial. Establishment utilizing lithography, blueprinting, or offset presses capable of printing sheets larger than 11 inches by 17 inches. This classification primarily engages in high-volume printing such as newspapers, books, magazines, business and telephone directories, and catalogs.

b. Electronic. Establishment engaged in developing, reproducing and distributing computer or electronic software or media. This classification includes those establishments that offer support services to software consumers.

c. Limited. Establishment providing full- or self-service business or personal photocopying and printing services. This classification is limited to the printing of booklets, brochures, business forms, newsletters, and stationery, and the provision of related support services.

24. Recycling Collection Facility. Collection facility (defined in PMC 18.06.215) established as a principal or accessory use or device.

a. Reverse Vending Machine. An automated or mechanical device which accepts at least one or more types of empty beverage containers including, but not limited to, aluminum cans, glass and plastic bottles and issues cash refund or a redeemable credit slip. Typically, this type of vending machine does not cover an area larger than 50 square feet.

b. Small Recycling Facility. Collection facility established as an accessory use to a principal use, not exceeding 500 square feet in size. This facility may include: mobile recycling units (truck, trailer, van, boxes, bins, containers transported by truck, car or train), reverse vending machines, or grouping of reverse vending machines (more than three machines), kiosk type units (may be permanent), and unattended container placed for donation of recyclable materials.

c. Large Recycling Facility. Collection facility established either as an accessory use, 500 square feet or larger in size, or as a principal use, regardless of size, devoted exclusively to the collection of recyclable materials from the public. A large recycling center may include: mobile recycling units (truck, trailer, van, boxes, bins, containers transported by truck, car or train), reverse vending machines, or a grouping of reverse vending machines (more than three machines), kiosk type units (may be permanent), and unattended containers placed for donation of recyclable materials.

25. Research and Development Services. Establishment primarily engaged in industrial or scientific research, including limited product testing. This classification includes electronic research firm or pharmaceutical research laboratory, but excludes manufacturing or medical testing and analysis. (See research and development production.)

26. Retail and Wholesale Sales. Establishments engaged in the sale or distribution of merchandise to the consumer. This category includes businesses offering wholesale sales of merchandise directly to the end consumer, and businesses offering incidental post-sales services such as installation, repair and customer support. Except where noted in the land use description, all uses in this classification occur indoors.

a. General Merchandise, Retail Sales and Rental. The retail sale or rental of merchandise not specifically listed under another use classification. Typical of this classification is a business engaged in the sale or rental of specialty items such as antiques, art supplies, artworks, gifts, handcrafted items, clothing and wearing apparel, fabrics, luggage and leather goods, sporting goods, toys, hobby materials, jewelry, books and magazines, records, discs and tapes, musical instruments, radios and televisions, electronic equipment, cameras and photographic equipment, computer hardware and software, office equipment and supplies, stationery, educational supplies, appliances and utensils, optical and hearing aids, hospital and medical supplies and equipment, floral items, tobacco (excluding smoke shops and smoking lounges), coins and stamps, bicycles, or new automotive parts and accessories (excluding service and installation). This classification includes a store retailing general lines of merchandise such as department, variety, furniture and drugstore. This classification also includes wholesale showroom and catalog store, wherein merchandise is displayed and ordered on site but is shipped directly from the supplier to the consumer. These businesses typically include the incidental sale of goods listed under other use classifications.

b. Home Improvement Sales and Service. Retail, wholesale, rental, and related services of hardware, plumbing, electrical, heating, air conditioning, or building supplies, tools and equipment, plants and garden products, patio furniture, swimming pools, spas, and hot tubs, lighting fixtures, countertops, kitchen and bathroom fixtures and cabinets, paint, carpeting, window coverings, floorcoverings or wallpaper. This classification includes establishments with outdoor display area for limited lines of merchandise such as landscaping, garden and patio products. Hardware stores occupying less than 25,000 square feet of total indoor and outdoor area are classified under general merchandise, retail sales and rental.

c. Lumber and Building Material Yard. Establishment engaging in the retail or wholesale sales of lumber, finished wood products, or building and landscape material supplies either inside or outside of a structure. This classification includes incidental sales and rental of hardware, plumbing, electrical, garden or painting supplies and equipment.

d. Nursery. Establishment providing the sale and cultivation in aboveground containers or flats of trees, shrubs, and plants either inside or outside of a building, including the sale or rental of garden and landscape materials and equipment.

e. Mail Order or Direct Selling Establishment. Retailing of merchandise outside of a fixed retail location or store. Uses in this classification include those businesses that store merchandise on-site within an enclosed building; accept orders transmitted by mail, telephone or the Internet; and distribute merchandise from an on-site office/point-of-sale desk through vending machines, person-to-person sales, or shipment directly to the consumer. Businesses within this use classification generally do not provide on-site retail opportunities to consumers, but may dedicate up to 10 percent of the total building floor area to walk-in retail sales.

f. Pawn Shop. Establishment engaged in retail sales of new or secondhand merchandise and offering loans secured by personal property.

g. Retail Warehouse. Establishment consisting of over 100,000 square feet of sales area, that is primarily engaged in the sale and warehousing of factory-direct merchandise and bulk goods. This classification includes membership warehouse and superstore.

h. Secondhand Appliance and Clothing Sales. The retail sale of used appliances and clothing. An antique or similar shop engaged in the retail sale of used furniture and accessories other than appliances is classified under general merchandise, retail sales and rental.

i. Smoke Shop. Retail establishment that devotes 15 percent or more of its total floor space to products intended or designed for use in ingesting, inhaling or otherwise introducing tobacco or controlled substances into the human body, including but not limited to tobacco products, smoking oils and extracts, electronic cigarettes which contain nicotine and emit smoke or vapor, smoking accessories, including but not limited to rolling papers, rolling machines, herb grinders, scales, glass pipes, hookah pipes, bongs, bubbler or other paraphernalia. Herbal and nicotine containing products which do not generate smoke or vapor, and incense used solely for olfactory purposes and not containing tobacco or nicotine, are not included in this definition.

j. Smoking Lounge. Business establishment that is dedicated, in whole or in part, to the smoking or vaporization of tobacco or other substances, including but not limited to establishments commonly known as cigar lounges, hookah cafes, tobacco clubs, tobacco bars, e-cigarette lounges and vapor bars.

27. School, Commercial. Establishment engaged in the teaching of technical or vocational skills, including barber and beauty college, real estate, modeling, and secretarial school. Institutions that typically grant recognized degrees are classified under college, public or private.

28. Vehicle Sales and Services.

a. Automobile and Recreational Vehicle Repair, Major. Repair of automobiles, trucks, motorcycles, mobile homes, or recreational vehicles, including the sale, installation, and servicing of related equipment and parts. This classification includes engine overhauls involving the removal of engine blocks, body and fender work, painting, undercoating, steam cleaning, glass replacement, upholstery and convertible top service, vehicle towing, radiator, transmission, wheel and axle repair, but excludes vehicle dismantling or salvage and tire retreading or recapping. Establishments engaged in the repair or restoration of boats and watercraft are classified under industrial services, boatyard. Establishments engaged in the service or repair of construction or agricultural equipment are classified under industrial services, equipment sales and rental.

b. Automobile Rental. Rental of automobiles or motorcycles, including storage and incidental maintenance, but excluding maintenance requiring lifts capable of elevating more than one vehicle tire off of the ground.

c. Automobile Repair, Limited. Limited repair and service or installation of parts for automobiles. This includes retail sales and installation of tires, mufflers, exhaust and suspension systems; automobile window tinting; automotive radio/electronics installation and service; automotive air conditioning/heater service; oil changing service; and smog testing or diagnostic facility with no on-site repair. This classification includes only those facilities that offer same-day service of vehicles, without provision for overnight storage of vehicles inside or outside of a building. This classification excludes those facilities that are also engaged in the sale of gasoline and motor fuels. Other repair activities are classified under automobile and recreational vehicle repair, major.

d. Automobile Sales. Establishment engaged in the sale or leasing of motorcycles and passenger cars, pickup trucks and vans, including storage and incidental maintenance. An establishment engaged only in the rental of automobiles or motorcycles is classified under automobile rental. An establishment engaged in the sale, service or rental of construction equipment, agricultural equipment, or commercial trucks or vans with a gross vehicle weight in excess of 15,000 pounds is classified under industrial services, equipment sales and rental.

e. Automobile Washing. An establishment engaged in the washing, waxing, or cleaning of automobiles by mechanical or semi-mechanical devices as a main use or, if an accessory use, utilizing an automatic track system with blowers or drying vacuums.

f. Recreational Vehicle and Mobile Home Sales. Establishment engaged in the retail sale of mobile home dwelling units or the sale or rental of various vehicles for recreational touring purposes, such as travel trailers or coaches. An establishment engaged in the sale or rental of boats, personal motorized water skis, and similar watercraft is classified under marine sales and rental.

g. Service Station. Establishment primarily engaged in the retail sale of gasoline and motor fuel. This classification provides for the incidental sale of grocery items or related retail goods, and auto parts and accessories. Services offered may include minor vehicle repair and installation of parts, towing services limited to automobiles, nonmechanical washing and waxing or mechanical washing other than classified under automobile washing. Other repair activities are classified under automobile and recreational vehicle repair, major.

h. Vehicle Storage. Storage of operative or inoperative vehicles. This classification includes storage of parking tow-aways, impound yards, and storage lots for automobiles, trucks, trailers, buses, and recreational vehicles, but does not include vehicle dismantling. An establishment engaged exclusively in the storage of boats and watercraft is classified under boat and marine vessel storage.

29. Visitor Accommodations. Commercial establishments offering lodging to transients.

a. Bed and Breakfast Inn. Establishment that provides bedrooms for lodging on a less than weekly basis and that has one household in permanent residence. Establishments in this category typically occur in a converted single-family or multifamily dwelling and offer incidental eating and drinking service from a single kitchen for lodgers and residents only.

b. Hotel. Establishment providing guest rooms for temporary lodging, typically on a less than weekly basis, with no or minimal kitchen facilities in the guest units. This classification may include health and recreational facilities and on-site conveniences such as business and laundry services for guests. Establishments in this category may also offer conference and convention facilities, and eating, drinking and banquet service for guests as well as nonguests.

c. Motel. Establishment with guest rooms for temporary lodging, typically on a less than weekly basis. Guest rooms in these facilities provide no or minimal kitchen facilities, but have a separate entrance leading directly to the outside of the building and adjacent to an individual parking space.

30. Warehousing and Storage, Limited. Provision of space, within an enclosed building, for the storage of privately owned household goods, personal property, business records, documents, and supplies. This classification includes ministorage facility but excludes wholesaling and storage, and vehicle storage. [Ord. 18-1451 § 3 (Exh. C), 2018; Ord. 17-1439 § 4 (Exh. A), 2018; Ord. 16-1419 § 4, 2016; Ord. 15-1390 § 3 (Exh. C), 2015; Ord. 14-1380 §§ 3 – 5, 2014; Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 1116 § 3 (Exh. A), 1996; Ord. 1060 § 5, 1993; Ord. 998 § 3 (Exh. B), 1990; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

Article V. Industrial Uses

18.08.090 Industrial uses classified.

The uses set forth in PMC 18.08.100 are classified as industrial uses subject to the authority of the zoning administrator under PMC 18.08.010. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007.]

18.08.100 Industrial use classifications.

A. Food and Drug Processing. Establishment engaged in the manufacture, processing, production, or packaging of drugs, beverages, or food products within an enclosed building. This classification includes brewery, bottler, winery, meat processing plant, candy and dairy product manufacturer, commercial medical and nonmedical cannabis businesses as defined by PMC 18.88.010, and related activities within an enclosed building, but excludes slaughterhouse, rendering plant, cannery or tannery. Uses in this classification may provide for the incidental on-site tasting or retailing of products.

B. Industrial Service. Establishment that provides services in which industrial-type equipment, materials, and supplies are maintained on the site or that require on-site processing or handling of materials or substances.

1. Boatyard. Establishment providing facilities for the repair, detailing, painting, maintenance, fabrication and handling of small boats such as pleasure craft and commercial fishing and tour boats, and related equipment. This includes ancillary boat ramps, drydocks, and handling facilities, and sail-making lofts.

2. Contractor. Establishment that furnishes supplies, equipment, or products, and performs services at off-site locations but which maintains equipment, vehicles with a gross vehicle weight in excess of 15,000 pounds, stock-in-trade, and related activities on-site within an enclosed building. Typical uses are construction, janitorial, excavation, demolition, pest control, landscape or building contracting services.

a. Contractor Yard. Storage yard and maintenance of equipment and supplies outside of a building.

3. Equipment Sales and Rental. Retail or wholesale sale or rental of new or used large vehicles such as tractors, construction or agricultural equipment, commercial utility trucks, and utility or freight trailers. Establishments in this classification may offer incidental repair and maintenance of equipment for sale or rent.

4. Laboratory. Establishment over 2,000 square feet, other than medical/dental lab, providing commercial testing, photofinishing, chemical or biological analytical service within an enclosed building.

5. Laundry. Establishment that provides on-site cleaning services within an enclosed building. This classification includes industrial dry cleaning plant, commercial laundry and linen supply services, or diaper services.

6. Processor. Establishment in which materials or items are handled or processed including their related storage and sale. This classification includes rock or mineral crushing and processing services; lumber, building material and scrap metal salvage and handling; solid waste facility/materials recovery facility and transfer station; and auto dismantler within an enclosed building.

7. Repair/Jobbing Service. Establishment providing facilities within an enclosed building for the repair or custom manufacture of heavy business and industrial equipment, other than automobile, recreational vehicle and boat repair. Uses include welding and machine shop, foundry, metal finishing, tool making, or construction and material handling equipment repair services.

C. Manufacturing. An industrial activity involving the making of goods or products by manual labor or machine process, including incidental and related processing, storage, wholesaling and distribution.

1. Heavy. Establishment engaged in the primary production of and extraction of metals or chemical products from raw materials or the pre-production processing of basic products, including bulk storage and handling of such products and materials. Uses in this classification typically involve a high incidence of truck, rail, or ship traffic, and/or outdoor storage of products, materials, equipment, or bulk fuel. This classification includes steelworks and finishing mill; chemical and fertilizer plant; petroleum and gas refinery; lumber, paper, or textile mill; asphalt, concrete, and hot mix batch plant; stoneworks, glassworks, brick refractory; and concrete products manufacturing within an enclosed building.

2. Limited. Establishment engaged in the fabrication, assembly, processing, treatment, or packaging of finished parts or products from previously prepared materials within an enclosed building, excluding food and drug processing.

3. Custom. Establishment primarily engaged in on-site production of goods by hand manufacturing involving the use of hand tools and small-scale equipment. This classification may include the incidental direct sale to consumers of only those products produced on-site. Typical uses include ceramic studio, candle-making, boatwright, custom jewelry manufacture, ornamental iron works, cabinet shop, or stained/leaded glass studio.

D. Research and Development Production. Establishment primarily engaged in the research, development, testing, and controlled production and wholesale of high-technology electronic, industrial, or scientific products or commodities within an enclosed building, but does not include uses that may be objectionable by reason of production of offensive odor, dust, noise, vibration, or storage of hazardous materials. Uses include biotechnology, film, and nontoxic electronic and computer component manufacturers.

E. Transportation/Distribution. Activity and facility involving the distribution of freight or transportation services.

1. Commercial/Personal Transport Services. Establishment providing transportation services including the incidental maintenance and storage of vehicles, but excluding establishments with facilities for long- or short-term storage of transported goods. This classification includes limousine, bus, taxi, or armored car services.

2. Railroad Terminal and Switchyard. Facility for distributing freight from rail cars and making up trains.

3. Truck Terminal. Establishment providing truck storage or facilities for the distribution, handling, processing, and long- or short-term storage of transported goods or packages. This classification does not include trucking activities accessory to a permitted or conditionally permitted use.

4. Wharf. Facility comprised of one or more docks and adjacent land, that is used for the berthing of ships and barges, and the distribution and handling of cargo.

F. Wholesaling and Storage. Establishment engaged in the wholesale, distribution and warehousing of goods. Uses in this category provide storage space for bulk quantities of commercial goods, or sell or arrange the sale of goods from suppliers to other wholesalers or retailers. Establishments under this classification may sort, package and label products for distribution, but do not display merchandise or accommodate walk-in retail customers.

1. With Interior Storage. Storage and handling of goods and equipment is entirely within an enclosed building.

2. With Exterior Storage. Storage and handling of goods and equipment is entirely or partially outdoors, even if screened from public view. This classification does not include junk or vehicle dismantling yard, or disposal facility. [Ord. 18-1448 § 3 (Exh. A), 2018; Ord. 17-1439 § 4 (Exh. A), 2018; Ord. 15-1390 § 3 (Exh. C), 2015; Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 1062 § 3, 1993; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

Article VI. Agricultural and
Extractive Uses

18.08.110 Agricultural and extractive uses classified.

The uses set forth in PMC 18.08.120 are classified as agricultural and extractive uses subject to the authority of the zoning administrator under PMC 18.08.010. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.08.120 Agricultural and extractive use classifications.

A. Animal Husbandry. Raising of animals or primary production of animal products, such as eggs or dairy products, on an agricultural or commercial basis, excluding slaughterhouse, meat processing and secondary food production. Typical uses include grazing, ranching, dairy farming, beekeeping, poultry farming, and livestock auction. Facilities include barn, silo, paddock, stable, pen and apiary.

B. Crop Production. Raising and harvesting of orchard crops, raw crops, or field crops on an agricultural or commercial basis, including primary processing and packaging, but excluding canning and secondary food production. Facilities include granary, barn, greenhouse, and packing structure.

C. Mining and Processing. Place or facility primarily devoted to surface or subsurface mining of metallic and nonmetallic minerals, oil or gas, including only such equipment necessary and convenient for drilling or extracting operations together with essential on-site processing and production of only nonmetallic mineral products. Typical places include borrow pit, quarry, or oil and gas well. Facilities include drilling rig, shovel, hoe, drag line, bin, chute, conveyor, and hopper for on-site production.

D. Photovoltaic Array. System of power-generating solar modules or panels designed to capture sunlight and convert it into electricity. This classification includes facilities capable of storing electricity and distributing it on the utility grid, but excludes panels installed on or adjacent to a structure for the purpose of providing power exclusively to that structure.

E. Wind Energy Conversion System. Windmill farm for commercial production and sale of electricity produced from such devices. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

Article VII. Accessory Uses

18.08.130 Accessory uses classified.

The uses set forth in PMC 18.08.140 are classified as accessory uses subject to the authority of the zoning administrator under PMC 18.08.010. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.08.140 Accessory use classifications.

A. Accessory Use. Use that is incidental to the principal permitted or conditionally permitted use on a site and customarily provided or acceptable with the use. This classification includes home occupation, surface parking for residents’, customers’ or employees’ automobiles, recreational activity, and administrative or office support function and facility.

B. Accessory Structure. Structure that is incidental to the principal permitted or conditionally permitted structure or use on a site and customarily found on the same site.

1. Accessory Dwelling Unit. Dwelling unit (“second unit”) governed by PMC 18.50.300 through 18.50.315.

2. Accessory Living Quarters.

3. Caretaker’s Quarters.

4. Nonresidential Accessory Structure. Structure with no bedroom or kitchen. This classification includes construction trailer, real estate field office for the sale of property within a subdivision, parking structure, sign, and structure for mechanical equipment and ancillary storage. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 05-1257 § 4, 2005; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

Article VIII. Temporary Uses

18.08.150 Temporary uses classified.

The uses set forth in PMC 18.08.160 are classified as temporary uses subject to the authority of the zoning administrator under PMC 18.08.010. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.08.160 Temporary use classifications.

A. Animal Show. Exhibition of domestic or large animals for a maximum of seven days.

B. Christmas Tree Sale. Retail sales of Christmas trees between Thanksgiving and December 26th.

C. Commercial Entertainment. Provision of games, rides, eating and drinking facilities, live entertainment, animal exhibitions, or similar activities on a site, or in a tent or other temporary structure as governed by PMC 5.12.050. This classification includes circus and carnival, but excludes an event conducted in a permanent entertainment facility. Events classified under this category may occur on a specific site no more than two times in a calendar year and for periods of no longer than 30 calendar days at a time.

D. Commercial Filming, Limited. Commercial motion picture or video photography at the same location for a single or limited production.

E. Farmers’ Market. Retail sales of produce and other food items conducted by a sponsor for a maximum period of six hours per day during the weekends.

F. Holiday Boutique. Retail sale of craft or limited production items between Thanksgiving and January 1st.

G. Mobile Food Vendor. Sale of food or beverage items from a truck, push cart, wagon or similar vehicle that is self-contained for potable water, wastewater and power, but that is not on a permanent foundation. This classification includes only those vendors whose vehicles have obtained all appropriate permits from the county health department and that remain on a site for no more than 30 minutes in a 24-hour period. This classification excludes those vendors that impede vehicular or pedestrian circulation and excludes food sales occurring on public streets as governed by Chapter 10.16 PMC.

H. Personal Property Sale. Sale of personal property on a noncommercial basis no more than three times in a calendar year for a maximum period of three days each time. This includes yard and garage sale.

I. Real Property Sale. Sale, leasing or rental of a nonresidential parcel or structure. This includes the on-site sale of subdivision lots or structures.

J. Religious Assembly. Religious services conducted on a site that is not permanently occupied by a religious assembly use, no more than two times in a calendar year for a maximum period of 48 hours each time.

K. Retail Sale, Outdoor. Retail sale of new merchandise on the site of a legally established retail business no more than three times in a calendar year for a maximum period of seven days each time.

L. Rummage Sale. The sale of secondhand property including reclaimed or salvaged goods by a charitable, religious or nonprofit organization.

M. Storage, Outdoor. Storage or placement of equipment, merchandise, or products not otherwise permitted outside of a building.

N. Trade Fair. Display and sale of goods or equipment related to a specific trade or industry for a maximum period of 10 days per calendar year. [Ord. 15-1390 § 3 (Exh. C), 2015; Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

Article IX. Prohibited Uses

18.08.200 Uses prohibited.

Repealed by Ord. 16-1414. [Ord. 13-1364 § 3, 2013.]

18.08.210 Prohibited use classifications.

Repealed by Ord. 16-1414. [Ord. 13-1364 § 3, 2013.]


1

Code reviser’s note: Ord. 09-1322 adds the use classification for supportive housing as an unlettered subsection of this section. It has been editorially designated as subsection (H) and subsequent subsections have been relettered to preserve alphabetization.