Chapter 18.06
APPLICATION, INTERPRETATION AND RULES OF CONSTRUCTION

Sections:

Article I. Application and Interpretation

18.06.010    Purpose and applicability.

18.06.020    Rules for construction of language.

18.06.030    General rules for applicability of zoning regulations.

18.06.040    Rules for interpretation.

18.06.050    Effect of this title on previously approved project or projects in process.

18.06.060    Consolidation of applications.

18.06.065    Applicability of land use and development regulations.

18.06.070    Development on lots divided by district boundaries.

Article II. Definitions

18.06.080    Definitions.

18.06.085    Abutting or adjoining.

18.06.090    Accessory living quarters.

18.06.095    Acre.

18.06.096    Affordable ownership price.

18.06.097    Affordable rent.

18.06.098    Affordable unit.

18.06.099    Appropriately sized.

18.06.100    Area median income.

18.06.105    Aisle.

18.06.110    Alley.

18.06.115    Alter.

18.06.120    Animal.

18.06.140    Antenna.

18.06.170    Apartment.

18.06.175    Automobile.

18.06.180    Balcony.

18.06.185    Blockface.

18.06.190    Boardinghouse.

18.06.195    Building.

18.06.200    Caretaker’s quarters.

18.06.205    Carport.

18.06.210    Reserved.

18.06.215    Collection facility.

18.06.220    Community noise equivalent level (CNEL).

18.06.225    Conditionally permitted.

18.06.230    Condominium.

18.06.235    Courtyard.

18.06.245    dBA.

18.06.250    Deck.

18.06.253    Density bonus.

18.06.255    Distribution line.

18.06.260    District.

18.06.265    Driveway.

18.06.270    Duplex.

18.06.275    Dwelling.

18.06.297    Eligible household.

18.06.300    Entertainment, live.

18.06.302    Extremely low-income household.

18.06.304    Extremely low-income renter unit.

18.06.305    Family.

18.06.310    Fence.

18.06.315    Floor area.

18.06.325    Floor area ratio (FAR).

18.06.330    Garage, private.

18.06.335    General plan.

18.06.340    Grade.

18.06.355    Hedge.

18.06.360    Height.

18.06.365    Home occupation.

18.06.367    Household income.

18.06.370    Illumination.

18.06.380    Kitchen.

18.06.385    Landscape.

18.06.390    Lot.

18.06.425    Lot area.

18.06.426    Lot coverage.

18.06.427    Lot depth.

18.06.430    Lot line.

18.06.431    Lot width.

18.06.435    Low-density owner project.

18.06.470    Lower-income household.

18.06.475    Lower-income owner unit.

18.06.477    Lower-income renter unit.

18.06.480    Manufactured home.

18.06.483    Market rate unit.

18.06.485    Mobile home.

18.06.490    Mobile home park.

18.06.492    Moderate-income household.

18.06.494    Moderate-income owner unit.

18.06.495    Municipal code.

18.06.500    Nonconforming.

18.06.515    Off-street loading facility.

18.06.520    Off-street parking facility.

18.06.525    Open space, private.

18.06.530    Open space, common.

18.06.533    Owner project.

18.06.535    Reserved.

18.06.540    Reserved.

18.06.545    Parcel.

18.06.550    Parking lot.

18.06.555    Parking space, automobile.

18.06.560    Parking space, covered.

18.06.562    Paved.

18.06.565    Permitted.

18.06.570    Porch.

18.06.575    Preexisting.

18.06.580    Prezoning.

18.06.585    Project.

18.06.590    Property line.

18.06.595    Property owner.

18.06.600    Planned unit development (PUD).

18.06.603    Recyclable material.

18.06.604    Rental project.

18.06.605    Resident.

18.06.610    Reserved.

18.06.615    Senior citizen.

18.06.620    Single ownership.

18.06.625    Site.

18.06.630    Shopping center.

18.06.633    Smoke.

18.06.635    Specific plan.

18.06.640    Specified anatomical areas.

18.06.645    Specified sexual activities.

18.06.650    Story.

18.06.655    Street.

18.06.660    Street line.

18.06.665    Street line, future.

18.06.670    Structure.

18.06.675    Structural alteration.

18.06.680    Structure or building.

18.06.690    Subdivision.

18.06.695    Substation.

18.06.700    Swimming pool, spa and hot tub.

18.06.705    Transmission line.

18.06.710    Tree, mature.

18.06.715    Unsightly object.

18.06.720    Use.

18.06.725    Use, accessory.

18.06.730    Used.

18.06.732    Very low-income household.

18.06.733    Very low-income owner unit.

18.06.734    Very low-income renter unit.

18.06.735    Visible.

18.06.740    Reserved.

18.06.745    Yard.

Article I. Application and Interpretation

18.06.010 Purpose and applicability.

The purpose of this chapter is to provide precision in interpretation of the zoning regulations. The meaning and construction of words and phrases defined in this chapter apply throughout the zoning regulations, except where the context indicates a different meaning. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.020 Rules for construction of language.

The following rules of construction apply in addition to the general provisions of PMC Title 1.

A. The particular controls the general;

B. Unless the context clearly indicates the contrary, the following conjunctions shall be interpreted as follows:

1. “And” indicates that all connected words and provisions apply,

2. “Or” indicates that the connected words or provisions may apply singly or in any combination,

3. “Either...or” indicates that the connected words or provisions apply singly but not in combination;

C. In case of conflict between the text and a diagram, the text controls;

D. References to departments, commissions, boards and other offices or instrumentalities are to those of the city unless otherwise indicated;

E. A reference to a public official of the city is to that person who performs the function referred to and includes a designated deputy of the official;

F. A reference to days is to calendar days unless otherwise specified by state law. If a deadline falls on a weekend or holiday, the time for performing an act is extended to the next working day. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.030 General rules for applicability of zoning regulations.

A. Applicability to Property. Zoning regulations apply to all land within the city including land owned by the city and other local, state and federal agencies to the extent provided by law. Application of regulations to specific lots is governed by the zoning map.

B. Applicability to Streets and Rights-of-Way. A public street, utility, and other right-of-way is considered to be in the same zoning district as the property to which it is contiguous. Nothing in this subsection is intended to make the zoning regulations applicable to a public utility easement or right-of-way under the control of the city; provided, however, that all wireless facilities in the public right-of-way shall be subject to Article XX (Wireless Telecommunications Facilities) of Chapter 18.84 PMC. Where contiguous property is classified in a different zoning district, the centerline of the street or right-of-way is the district boundary, unless otherwise depicted on the zoning map.

C. Compliance with Regulations. No land may be used, and no structure may be constructed, occupied, enlarged, altered, or moved in any zoning district except in accord with this title.

D. Public Nuisance. Neither this title nor the approval of a permit authorized by this title authorizes the maintenance of a public nuisance.

E. Compliance with Public Notice Requirements. Compliance with public notice requirements prescribed by this title is sufficient notice to allow the city to proceed with a public hearing and take action on an application, regardless of actual receipt of mailed or delivered notice.

F. Requests for Notice. Where this title requires that notice be given by first class mail to “any person who has filed a written request for such notice,” that request must be filed with the city planner and is subject to the applicable fee.

G. Conflict with Other Regulations. Where a conflict occurs between this title and another city ordinance, resolution, guideline, or regulation, the more restrictive provision controls unless otherwise specified in this title.

H. Relation to Private Agreements. This title does not affect or annul an easement, covenant, or agreement. However, if this title imposes a greater restriction than imposed by an easement, covenant, or agreement, this title controls.

I. Relation to Prior Ordinance. This title supersedes prior zoning regulations of the city. However, this title does not validate or legalize a land use or structure established, constructed, or maintained in violation of prior zoning regulations.

J. Zoning of Annexed Land. The zoning administrator may conduct a study to determine the most appropriate general plan designation for land proposed for annexation to the city, and may recommend prezoning consistent with the general plan designation. If prezoning is approved by the planning commission and the city council, the zoning becomes effective upon annexation. Land annexed without prior prezoning shall be zoned S as prescribed by Chapter 18.64 PMC.

K. Application During Local Emergency. The city council may authorize a deviation from a provision of this title during a local emergency declared and ratified under Chapter 2.44 PMC. The city council may authorize a deviation by resolution without notice or public hearing.

L. Severability. If a section, subsection, sentence, or phrase of this title is for any reason held to be invalid, the remaining portions of this title are not affected. It is expressly declared that this title and each section, subsection, sentence, and phrase would have been adopted regardless of the fact that a portion of this title would be declared invalid. [Ord. 16-1418 § 4 (Exh. A), 2016; Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.040 Rules for interpretation.

A. Zoning Regulations. Where uncertainty exists regarding the interpretation of a provision of this title or its application to a specific site, the zoning administrator shall determine the intent of the provision.

B. Zoning Map. Where uncertainty exists regarding the boundary of a zoning district, the following rules apply:

1. A district boundary shown as approximately following the property line of a lot is construed to follow that property line.

2. On unsubdivided land, or where a district boundary divides a lot, the location of the district boundary is determined by using the scale appearing on the zoning map, unless the boundary location is indicated by dimensions printed on the map.

3. A district boundary shown as approximately following the right-of-way line of a freeway, alley, railroad, or other identifiable boundary line is construed to follow the right-of-way or boundary line.

4. A district boundary shown as lying within, but not generally contiguous to, a right-of-way line of a freeway, street, alley, railroad, or other identifiable boundary line is construed to follow the centerline of the right-of-way or boundary line.

5. Where a conflict occurs between the zoning districts and district boundaries depicted on the zoning map and the land use designations and land use designation boundaries depicted on the land use diagram in the general plan, the general plan land use diagram governs.

6. If an uncertainty remains as to the location of a district boundary or other feature shown on the zoning map, the location shall be determined by the zoning administrator.

C. Appeal. An interpretation of the zoning regulations or zoning map by the zoning administrator may be appealed to the planning commission, as provided in PMC 18.18.050. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.050 Effect of this title on previously approved project or projects in process.

A. A use permit, variance, design review approval, or tentative parcel or subdivision map, which is valid on the effective date of the ordinance codified in this title remains valid until its expiration date.

B. This title does not require a change in plans, construction or designated use of a structure for which a building permit was issued before June 20, 2007, or a later amendment to it.

C. A reapplication for an expired permit must meet the standards in effect at the time of reapplication.

D. A permit issued before June 20, 2007, that is proposed to be modified after June 20, 2007, may only be approved in accordance with this title. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.060 Consolidation of applications.

An applicant may request that two or more applications for separate discretionary permits requested or required in conjunction with a project be consolidated. The findings and decisions for each permit must be considered individually. However, for the purpose of discretionary action, these multiple permits constitute one project. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.065 Applicability of land use and development regulations.

A. Zoning Designation System. Land use, development regulations and performance standards applicable to a specific site are shown on the zoning map by a zoning designation consisting of classes of letter designators:

1. A land use regulation designator indicates the principal land uses permitted or conditionally permitted in each district.

2. An overlay district designator is included in a zoning designation if the provisions of one or more overlay districts apply to a site.

3. An ordinance number is added to a specified zoning designation and overlay district to reference the enabling legislation and specific regulations.

B. Establishment of Base Zoning Districts. Base zoning districts into which the city is divided are established as follows:

Base District Designator

Base District Name

Chapter

RR

Rural residential district

18.50

RS-40

Single-family residential district, 40,000 square foot minimum lot size

18.50

RS-10

Single-family residential district, 10,000 square foot minimum lot size

18.50

RS-6

Single-family residential district, 6,000 square foot minimum lot size

18.50

RS-5

Single-family residential district, 5,000 square foot minimum lot size

18.50

RS-4

Single-family residential district, 4,000 square foot minimum lot size

18.50

RM

Medium-density residential district

18.50

RMD

Downtown medium-density residential district

18.50

RH

High-density residential district

18.50

RHD

Downtown high-density residential district

18.50

CO

Commercial office district

18.52

CN

Neighborhood commercial district

18.52

CC

Community commercial district

18.52

CS

Service commercial district

18.52

CSD

Downtown service commercial district

18.52

CW

Waterfront commercial district

18.52

CP

Pedestrian commercial district

18.52

M

Mixed use district

18.53

IP

Industrial park district

18.54

IL

Limited industrial district

18.54

IG

General industrial district

18.54

HPD

Hillside planned development district

18.56

OS

Open space district

18.58

GQ

Governmental and quasi-public district

18.60

PD

Planned development district

18.62

S

Unclassified

18.64

C. Establishment of Overlay Zoning Districts. Overlay zoning districts, one or more of which may be combined with a base district, are established as follows:

Overlay District Designator

Overlay District Name

Chapter

-S

Interim study overlay district

18.70

-P

Master plan overlay district

18.72

-O

Limited overlay district

18.74

D. References to Classes of Base Districts. A reference to an R district refers to all residential districts; a reference to a C district refers to all commercial districts; and a reference to an I district refers to all industrial districts. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 05-1257 § 4, 2005; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.070 Development on lots divided by district boundaries.

The regulations applicable to each district apply to the area within that district. A use other than parking serving a principal use on the site may not be located in a district unless it is a permitted or conditional use. Pedestrian or vehicular access from a street to a use may not traverse a portion of the site in a district unless the use is a permitted or conditional use. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 05-1257 § 4, 2005; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

Article II. Definitions

18.06.080 Definitions.

The definitions in this article apply to this title unless the context otherwise requires. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.085 Abutting or adjoining.

“Abutting” or “adjoining” means having district boundaries or lot lines in common. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.090 Accessory living quarters.

“Accessory living quarters” are living quarters within an accessory building, but without kitchen facilities, on the same site as a main building of residential use. Accessory living quarters are not rental units, but are instead used for the purpose of housing servants, employees or nonpaying transient visitors or guests of the occupants of the main building. This definition includes the term “guesthouse,” but does not include accessory dwelling units governed by PMC 18.50.300 through 18.50.315, or caretaker’s quarters. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 05-1257 § 4, 2005; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.095 Acre.

A. Gross. “Gross acre” is the area of a lot or site, including easements and right-of-way to be dedicated, but excluding existing public rights-of-way.

B. Net. “Net acre” is the area of a lot or site remaining after dedication of all required rights-of-way. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.096 Affordable ownership price.

“Affordable ownership price” means a sales price that results in a monthly housing payment consistent with California Health and Safety Code Section 50052.5(b), as amended from time to time.

A. For very low-income households, monthly housing payment during the first calendar year of a household’s occupancy, including mortgage interest and principal payments, property taxes, mortgage insurance, homeowner’s insurance, homeowners’ association dues, allowances for utilities and property maintenance costs, and any assessments paid by homeowners, is equal to or less than one-twelfth of 30 percent of 50 percent of the area median income allowed for appropriately-sized very low-income households.

B. For lower-income households, monthly housing payment during the first calendar year of a household’s occupancy, including mortgage interest and principal payments, property taxes, mortgage insurance, homeowner’s insurance, homeowners’ association dues, allowances for utilities and property maintenance costs, and any assessments paid by homeowners, is equal to or less than one-twelfth of 30 percent of 70 percent of the area median income allowed for appropriately-sized lower-income households.

C. For moderate-income households, average monthly housing payment during the first calendar year of a household’s occupancy, including mortgage interest and principal payments, property taxes, homeowner’s insurance, homeowners’ association dues, allowances for utilities and property maintenance costs, and any assessments paid by homeowners, is equal to or less than one-twelfth of 35 percent of 110 percent of the area median income allowed for appropriately-sized moderate-income households. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007.]

18.06.097 Affordable rent.

The definition of “affordable rent” shall be consistent with California Health and Safety Code Section 50053, as amended from time to time.

A. For extremely low-income households, monthly rent, including utilities and all fees for housing services, is equal to or less than one-twelfth of 30 percent of 30 percent of the area median income allowed for appropriately-sized extremely low-income households.

B. For very low-income households, monthly rent, including utilities and all fees for housing services, is equal to or less than one-twelfth of 30 percent of 50 percent of the area median income allowed for appropriately-sized lower-income households.

C. For low-income households, monthly rent, including utilities and all fees for housing services, is equal to or less than one-twelfth of 30 percent of 60 percent of the area median income allowed for appropriately-sized lower-income households. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007.]

18.06.098 Affordable unit.

“Affordable unit” shall mean a dwelling unit that is required to be rented at an affordable rent or available at an affordable ownership price to specified households, and occupied by specified households, pursuant to an affordable housing agreement or the inclusionary housing or density bonus provisions of this title. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007.]

18.06.099 Appropriately sized.

“Appropriately sized” shall be consistent with California Health and Safety Code Section 50052.5(h), as amended from time to time, and shall be based on presumed maximum occupancy levels of one person in a studio apartment, two persons in a one-bedroom unit, three persons in a two-bedroom unit, and one additional person for each additional bedroom thereafter. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007.]

18.06.100 Area median income.

“Area median income” shall mean the median income level as published pursuant to California Code of Regulations, Title 25, Section 6932 (or its successor provision). [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.105 Aisle.

“Aisle” is a paved area on a lot between a driveway and a parking space necessary to provide access for vehicles. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.110 Alley.

“Alley” is a public way permanently reserved for secondary access to the rear or side of properties otherwise abutting on a street. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.115 Alter.

“Alter” means to make a change in the exterior appearance or the supporting members of a structure, such as bearing walls, columns, beams, or girders. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.120 Animal.

A. Domestic. “Domestic animal” is a small animal of the type generally accepted as a pet, including dog, cat, rabbit, songbird, fish, and the like, but not including chicken, duck, goose, pea fowl, goat, sheep, hog, or the like.

B. Exotic. “Exotic animal” is a wild animal not customarily confined or cultivated by man for domestic or commercial purposes but kept as a pet or for display.

C. Large. “Large animal” is an adult animal larger than three and one-half feet in height or 250 pounds. This term includes horse, cow, and any other mammal customarily kept in a pen, corral or stable.

D. Small. “Small animal” is an animal no larger than three and one-half feet in height or 250 pounds. This term includes fish, bird, and any mammal customarily kept as a domestic pet within a dwelling unit. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.140 Antenna.

“Antenna” means the arrangement of wires, poles, rods or other devices used for the transmission or reception of electromagnetic waves.

A. Height. “Antenna height” is the overall vertical length of the antenna system above grade. If the antenna system is located on a building, the overall vertical length also includes the height of the building above grade level at the point upon which the antenna system is mounted. If the antenna system includes a collapsible support structure, the overall vertical length is measured with the antenna support structure fully extended.

B. Microwave Receiving. “Microwave receiving antenna” is a dish-shaped device designed to receive signals transmitted from ground-mounted transmitters.

C. Satellite. “Satellite antenna” is a dish-shaped device designed to receive television signals transmitted from orbiting satellites.

D. Support Structure. “Antenna support structure” is a structure, mast, pole, tripod, or tower, together with any stabilizing guy wires or tensioned cables, that is used for the purpose of supporting an antenna.

E. System. “Antenna system” is the combination of the antenna and any antenna support structure. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.170 Apartment.

“Apartment” is a multifamily dwelling under single ownership. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.175 Automobile.

“Automobile” means a self-propelled, motorized vehicle used, or intended to be used, for the transportation of people upon a street or highway, but not including any vehicle designed for travel on stationary rails or tracks. This definition includes a motorcycle, light truck or van with a gross vehicle weight of 15,000 or fewer pounds. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.180 Balcony.

“Balcony” is a platform that projects from a wall of a building, typically above the first level, and is surrounded by a rail balustrade or parapet. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.185 Blockface.

“Blockface” means the property abutting on one side of a street and lying between the two nearest intersecting or intercepting streets, or nearest intersecting or intercepting street and railroad right-of-way, unsubdivided land, watercourse or city boundary. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.190 Boardinghouse.

“Boardinghouse” is a building and use with the following characteristics:

A. The building, or rooms in the building, are rented to three or more individuals who are not in exclusive possession of the building;

B. The building has only one kitchen; and

C. A meal is regularly provided or available to the renters for a fee, whether that fee is included in or separate from the rental payment, and whether the fee is paid individually or collectively by all renters.

Boardinghouse includes the term “rooming-house.” A roominghouse has the same characteristics, except that no meals are provided or available. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.195 Building.

“Building” means a structure having a roof supported by columns or walls for the housing or enclosure of a person, animal, chattel, or property of any kind. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.200 Caretaker’s quarters.

“Caretaker’s quarters” means a dwelling unit on the site of a commercial, industrial, public, or semipublic use, occupied by a guard or caretaker. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.205 Carport.

“Carport” means a permanently roofed structure with one or more open sides for the parking or temporary storage of automobiles. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.210 Reserved.

18.06.215 Collection facility.

“Collection facility” is a building, structure or facility used for the acceptance by donation, redemption or purchase of recyclable material from the public and which, except for a reverse vending machine and as may be allowed for a large recycling facility, does not use power-driven processing equipment. Collection facility includes, but is not limited to, a mobile recycling unit, a kiosk type unit which may include a permanent structure, unattended containers placed for the donation of recyclable material, and bulk reverse vending machine. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 1060 § 3, 1993; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.220 Community noise equivalent level (CNEL).

“Community noise equivalent level (CNEL)” means the average noise level during a 24-hour day, in decibels, weighted to account for the lower tolerance of people to noise during evening (7:00 p.m. to 10:00 p.m.) and night (10:00 p.m. to 7:00 a.m.) hours relative to daytime hours. This definition includes the term “Ldn” (average day-night noise level). [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.225 Conditionally permitted.

“Conditionally permitted” means a use permitted subject to approval with conditions. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.230 Condominium.

“Condominium” is a dwelling unit within a multifamily dwelling or duplex or an individual unit or space within a commercial or industrial building or complex, and that is under single ownership. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.235 Courtyard.

“Courtyard” is an open, unoccupied area, other than a yard, on the same site as a structure and bounded on two or more sides by a structure. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007.]

18.06.245 dBA.

“dBA” is a number in decibels read from a sound level meter with the meter switched to the weighted scale “A.” The number is an approximate measurement of the relative noisiness or annoyance level of common sounds. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.250 Deck.

“Deck” is a platform, either freestanding or attached to a building, that is supported by pillars or posts (see also PMC 18.06.180, Balcony). [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.253 Density bonus.

“Density bonus” means a density increase of at least 10 percent over the otherwise maximum allowable residential density under the applicable zoning ordinance and land use element of the general plan as of the date of application by the developer, pursuant to Government Code Section 65915(g). [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007.]

18.06.255 Distribution line.

“Distribution line” is an electric power line bringing power from a distribution substation to a consumer. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.260 District.

“District” means a portion of the city within which the use of land and structures and the location, height, and bulk of structures are governed by this title. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.265 Driveway.

“Driveway” is a paved area on a lot necessary to provide direct access for vehicles between a street and either:

A. An area on a residential lot containing four or fewer parking spaces;

B. An aisle between spaces in a parking lot;

C. A truck-loading berth; or

D. A refuse storage area. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.270 Duplex.

“Duplex” is a building on a single lot designed exclusively for occupancy by two families living independently of each other. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.275 Dwelling.

“Dwelling” is a building designed exclusively for residential occupancy, including single-family, duplex, and multifamily, but not including a hotel, motel, or boardinghouse.

A. Attached Single-Family. “Attached single-family dwelling” is a dwelling unit on an individual lot that has at least one common wall with one or more other dwelling units on separate lots.

B. Detached Single-Family. “Detached single-family dwelling” is a dwelling unit on an individual lot that does not share any common wall with another dwelling unit on a separate lot.

C. Multifamily. “Multifamily dwelling” is a building used and designed as a residence for three or more families living independently of each other with an individual kitchen for each.

D. Single-Family. “Single-family dwelling” is a building designed exclusively for occupancy by one family.

E. Unit. “Dwelling unit” is one or more habitable rooms designed for occupancy by only one family for living, sleeping and sanitary purposes, and having a kitchen. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.297 Eligible household.

“Eligible household” means a household whose household income does not exceed the maximum specified in this title for a given affordable unit. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007.]

18.06.300 Entertainment, live.

“Live entertainment” means any of the following activities on the site of a use other than a public or semipublic use:

A. A comedy act, dramatic play, poetry reading, theatrical or dance recital or similar entertainment performed by one or more persons, regardless of whether performers are compensated;

B. A vocal, choral, instrumental, orchestral or similar musical concert performed by a person, symphony or band, including a set of recorded music played by a disc jockey;

C. Any form of dancing by patrons or guests at a business establishment;

D. A fashion show, except when conducted within an enclosed building used primarily for the manufacture or sale of clothing. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.302 Extremely low-income household.

“Extremely low-income household” means a person or family whose income does not exceed 30 percent of area median income, adjusted for household size, as established by California Health and Safety Code Section 50106, as amended from time to time. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007.]

18.06.304 Extremely low-income renter unit.

“Extremely low-income renter unit” means a dwelling unit that is reserved at an affordable rent for extremely low-income households. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007.]

18.06.305 Family.

“Family” means one or more persons, including any resident servant, who occupy a dwelling unit and live as a single housekeeping unit, as distinguished from a group occupying a hotel, club, shelter, fraternity or sorority house. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.310 Fence.

“Fence” is a barrier made of wire, wood, metal, masonry, or other material used as a screen or enclosure for a yard or open space. It includes a wall, gate, or structure used as a fence. A retaining wall, freestanding sign, or landscape structure is not considered a fence except for that portion which is used as a fence. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.315 Floor area.

A. Gross. “Gross floor area” means the total area of all floors in a building as measured to the outside surface of exterior walls or to the centerline of common walls. It excludes any crawl space, area used exclusively for vehicle parking or loading, breezeway, attic without floor, and a porch, deck, balcony or terrace that is not fully enclosed by walls.

B. Rentable. “Rentable floor area” means the total area on all floors as measured to the inside surface of interior wall, excludes any crawl space, area used exclusively for vehicle parking or loading, breezeway, attic without floor, and open porch, deck, balcony, or terrace. It also excludes any corridor, hallway or stairs used to provide access to different offices, businesses or apartments and excludes any elevator shaft, lavatory, flue, janitor’s storage closet, heating and air conditioning equipment room, and other similar space generally used by all occupants of a building rather than by an individual occupant. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.325 Floor area ratio (FAR).

“Floor area ratio (FAR)” is the gross floor area of a building on a lot divided by the net lot area. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.330 Garage, private.

“Private garage” is a detached accessory building or portion of a main building on the same lot as the dwelling for the parking or temporary storage of an automobile belonging to the occupant of the dwelling. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.335 General plan.

“General plan” is the city general plan with amendments. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.340 Grade.

A. Existing. “Existing grade” is the surface of the ground or pavement at a stated location as it exists before disturbance in preparation for a project regulated by this title.

B. Finished. See definition of “grade, finished” in the Uniform Building Code as adopted by the city.

C. Street. “Street grade” is the top of the curb or the top of the edge of the pavement or traveled way where no curb exists. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.355 Hedge.

“Hedge” is a barrier formed by bushes, shrubs, or trees growing close together in a line so as to be used as a screen or enclosure for a yard or open space. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.360 Height.

See definition of “height of building” in the Uniform Building Code as adopted by the city. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.365 Home occupation.

“Home occupation” is a commercial enterprise conducted in a dwelling unit, garage, accessory building, or on a parcel in a residential district that is incidental to the principal residential use. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.367 Household income.

“Household income” shall mean the combined adjusted gross income for all adult persons living in a dwelling unit as calculated for the purpose of the Section 8 program under the United States Housing Act of 1937, as amended, or its successor. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007.]

18.06.370 Illumination.

A. Direct. “Direct illumination” is illumination by means of light that travels directly from its source to the viewer’s eye.

B. Indirect. “Indirect illumination” is illumination by means of light cast upon an opaque surface from a concealed source. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.380 Kitchen.

“Kitchen” is an area in a structure with cooking facilities, that typically includes a sink, refrigerator, and cooktop, oven or range, and that may include other appliances such as a microwave oven or dishwasher. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.385 Landscape.

“Landscape” means to plant and maintain some combination of trees, ground cover, shrubs, vines, flowers or lawn. Required landscaping may include natural features such as existing or imported rock and structural features including fountains, pools, artwork, screens, walls, fences or benches. A landscaped area may also include a walkway or concrete plaza if it is an integral part of the elements of landscaping described above. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.390 Lot.

“Lot” is a site or parcel of land under single ownership that has been legally subdivided, resubdivided, or combined. Lot for the purpose of application of this title also includes parcel and site.

A. Corner. “Corner lot” is a site bounded by two or more adjacent street lines that have an angle of intersection of not more than 135 degrees.

B. Double-Frontage. “Double-frontage lot” is an interior lot fronting on more than one street. Each frontage from which access is permitted is considered a front lot line.

C. Flag. “Flag lot” is a lot so shaped and designed that the main building-site area does not have street frontage, but is connected to the street by a strip of land that is used for access purposes.

D. Interior. “Interior lot” is a lot other than a corner lot.

E. Key. “Key lot” is the first interior lot to the rear of a reversed corner lot.

F. Reversed Corner. “Reversed corner lot” is a corner lot, the corner side lot line of which is substantially a continuation of the front lot line of the first lot to its rear. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.425 Lot area.

“Lot area” means the horizontal area within the property lines excluding access corridors, alleys, vehicular easements, and areas to be included in future street rights-of-way as established by easement, dedication, or ordinance. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990. Formerly 18.06.395.]

18.06.426 Lot coverage.

“Lot coverage” means the percentage of a lot or site that is covered by a roof, soffit, trellis, eave or overhang extending more than two and one-half feet from a wall and by a deck more than 30 inches in height. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990. Formerly 18.06.240.]

18.06.427 Lot depth.

“Lot depth” is the horizontal distance between the midpoints of the front and rear lot lines, measured in the mean direction of the side lot lines. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990. Formerly 18.06.405.]

18.06.430 Lot line.

“Lot line” is the line bounding a lot as defined in this title.

A. Corner Side. “Corner side lot line” is a street line that adjoins the corner side yard of a lot.

B. Front. “Front lot line” is a street line that adjoins the front yard of a lot. The front lot line of a corner lot is the shortest street line. If the street lines are the same length, any one may be considered the front lot line.

C. Interior. “Interior lot line” is a lot line not abutting a street.

D. Rear. “Rear lot line” is a lot line, not a front lot line, that is parallel or approximately parallel to the front lot line. For the purpose of measuring lot depth, where no lot line is within 45 degrees of being parallel to the front lot line, a line 10 feet in length within the lot, parallel to and at the maximum possible distance from the front lot line, is considered the rear lot line.

E. Side. “Side lot line” is any lot line that is not a front lot line or a rear lot line. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.431 Lot width.

“Lot width” is the horizontal distance between the lot lines of a site, measured at right angles to the lot depth at the rear of a required front yard. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990. Formerly 18.06.465.]

18.06.435 Low-density owner project.

“Low-density owner project” means a residential project, or portion thereof, intended to be sold to owner-occupants upon completion, and constructed in a low-density residential or hillside low-density residential land use area as designated in the city of Pittsburg general plan. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007.]

18.06.470 Lower-income household.

“Lower-income household” means a person or family whose income does not exceed 80 percent of area median income, adjusted for household size, pursuant to California Health and Safety Code Section 50079.5, as amended from time to time. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.475 Lower-income owner unit.

“Lower-income owner unit” means a dwelling unit in a residential project that is reserved for purchase at construction completion at an affordable ownership price for a lower-income household. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.477 Lower-income renter unit.

“Lower-income renter unit” means a dwelling unit in a residential project that is reserved at an affordable rent for a lower-income household. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007.]

18.06.480 Manufactured home.

“Manufactured home” is a prefabricated or factory-built structure certified under the National Manufactured Housing Construction and Safety Standards Act of 1974 that is attached to a permanent foundation and is used as a dwelling unit. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.483 Market rate unit.

“Market rate unit” means a dwelling unit in a residential project that is not an affordable unit. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007.]

18.06.485 Mobile home.

“Mobile home” is a trailer or prefabricated structure that is used as a permanent dwelling unit, is connected to utilities and is designed without a permanent foundation. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.490 Mobile home park.

“Mobile home park” is a site or subdivision used for the accommodation of mobile homes where mobile home lots or spaces are rented or held out for rent. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.492 Moderate-income household.

“Moderate-income household” means a person or family whose income does not exceed 120 percent of area median income, adjusted for household size, as established pursuant to California Health and Safety Code Section 50093, as amended from time to time. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007.]

18.06.494 Moderate-income owner unit.

“Moderate-income owner unit” means a dwelling unit in a residential project that is reserved for purchase at construction completion at an affordable ownership price for a moderate-income household. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007.]

18.06.495 Municipal code.

“Municipal code” is the municipal code of the city. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.500 Nonconforming.

A. Lot. “Nonconforming lot” is a lot that was lawfully subdivided or established, but that does not conform to the minimum site area or site width prescribed in the regulations for the district in which the lot is located by reason of adoption or amendment of this title or by reason of annexation of territory to the city.

B. Structure or Building. “Nonconforming structure or building” is a structure or building or portion of that was lawfully constructed, but that does not conform to the maximum height, lot coverage, FAR, or minimum yard requirements, by reason of adoption or amendment of this title or by reason of annexation of territory to the city.

C. Use. “Nonconforming use” is a use of a structure or land that was lawfully established and maintained, but that does not conform to the use regulations or required conditions for the district in which it is located including density and parking regulations, by reason of adoption or amendment of this title or by reason of annexation of territory to the city. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.515 Off-street loading facility.

“Off-street loading facility” means that portion of a site devoted to the loading or unloading of a motor vehicle or trailer, including a loading berth, aisle, access drive, and landscaped area. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.520 Off-street parking facility.

“Off-street parking facility” means that portion of a site devoted to the off-street parking of a motor vehicle, including a parking space, aisle, driveway ramp, and landscaped area. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.525 Open space, private.

“Private open space” is an open area outside of a building adjoining and directly accessible to a dwelling unit, reserved for the exclusive use of the resident of the dwelling unit and guest. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.530 Open space, common.

“Common open space” is an open area within a residential development reserved for the exclusive use of the residents of the development and guests. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.533 Owner project.

“Owner project” means a residential project, or portion thereof, which is intended to be sold to owner-occupants upon completion and is not a low-density owner project. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007.]

18.06.535 Reserved.

18.06.540 Reserved.

18.06.545 Parcel.

“Parcel” is a recorded property under single ownership. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.550 Parking lot.

See PMC 18.06.520, Off-street parking facility. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.555 Parking space, automobile.

“Automobile parking space” is a paved, accessible and usable space within a building or open off-street parking facility for the parking of an automobile, exclusive of driveway, aisle, ramp, columns or office and work area. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.560 Parking space, covered.

“Covered parking space” is a carport or garage. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.562 Paved.

“Paved” shall mean contiguously covered with asphaltic concrete, portland cement concrete (PCC), interlocking pavers installed atop an aggregate base and in accordance with manufacturer’s recommendations, or other similar surface material. Areas of compacted earth, reinforced with a soil reinforcing fabric, a weed preventing fabric, and covered with decorative rock will also be defined as paved. [Ord. 07-1294 § 3, 2007.]

18.06.565 Permitted.

“Permitted” means allowed without a requirement for approval of a use permit. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.570 Porch.

“Porch” is a covered platform, usually having a separate roof, at an entrance to a dwelling, or an open or enclosed gallery or room, which is not heated or cooled, that is attached to the outside of a building. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.575 Preexisting.

“Preexisting” means existing before April 19, 1990. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.580 Prezoning.

“Prezoning” means the zoning district classification as prescribed by this title that has been designated for a site before annexation to the city. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.585 Project.

“Project” means any proposal for new or changed use, or for new construction, alteration, or enlargement of a structure that is regulated by this title. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.590 Property line.

See PMC 18.06.430, Lot line. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.595 Property owner.

“Property owner” is a person holding ownership of a lot, parcel, or site regulated by this title. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.600 Planned unit development (PUD).

“Planned unit development (PUD)” means residential buildings where the entire site is planned in such a manner that the various dwelling units, either attached or detached, are arranged in groups or clusters on those portions of the site most conducive to development, designed in such a manner that each dwelling unit may be sold separately from all other dwelling units, and where each owner of a dwelling unit also owns an interest in any recreation facility, parking facility, landscaped or natural open space, along with any other appurtenant facility. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.603 Recyclable material.

“Recyclable material” means reusable material, including, but not limited to, metal, glass, plastic and paper, which is intended for reuse, remanufacture or reconstitution for the purpose of using the altered form. The city may expand the list of recyclable material by city council resolution. Recyclable material does not include refuse or hazardous material. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 1060 § 4, 1993.]

18.06.604 Rental project.

“Rental project” means a residential project, or portion thereof, which is intended to be rented to tenants upon completion. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007.]

18.06.605 Resident.

“Resident” is a person who occupies a dwelling as a home on a permanent basis, and has no other permanent place of residence. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.610 Reserved.

18.06.615 Senior citizen.

“Senior citizen” is a person 55 years of age or older. This definition includes the term “qualifying resident” described in California Civil Code Section 51.3. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.620 Single ownership.

“Single ownership” means holding record title, possession under a contract to purchase, or possession under a lease, by a person individually, jointly, in common, or in any other manner where the property is or will be under unitary or unified control. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.625 Site.

“Site” is a lot, or group of contiguous lots or parcels, not divided by an alley, street, other right-of-way or city limit, that is proposed for development under this title, and is in a single ownership. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.630 Shopping center.

“Shopping center” is a complex consisting of primarily a one-story or two-story building containing not less than four independently operated stores or shops developed under one comprehensive plan where the ground floor stores have access directly to a sidewalk or parking lot, and where all stores are served by a common parking lot. The recording of a condominium subdivision map does not affect the status of a shopping center. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.633 Smoke.

“Smoke” means the gases, particles or vapors released into the air as a result of combustion, electrical ignition or vaporization when the apparent or usual purpose of the combustion, electrical ignition or vaporization is human inhalation of the byproducts. The term “smoke” includes but is not limited to tobacco smoke and electronic cigarette vapors. The term “smoke” does not include the product of combustion of incense or similar products which do not contain tobacco or nicotine, when used solely for olfactory purposes. [Ord. 16-1419 § 4, 2016.]

18.06.635 Specific plan.

“Specific plan” is a plan for a defined area authorized by law that is consistent with the general plan. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.640 Specified anatomical areas.

“Specified anatomical areas” means human genitals (pubic region), buttocks, or female breasts below a point immediately above the areola when less than completely and opaquely covered; or human male genitals in a discernible turgid state, even if completely and opaquely covered. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.645 Specified sexual activities.

“Specified sexual activities” means human genitals in a state of sexual stimulation or arousal; acts of human masturbation, sexual intercourse, oral copulation, or sodomy; fondling or other erotic touching of human genitals (pubic region), buttocks or female breasts. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.650 Story.

“Story” is that portion of a building included between the surface of a floor and the surface of the floor next above it or, if there is no floor above it, the space between a floor and the ceiling next above it. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.655 Street.

“Street” is a public or private place of passage including a right-of-way easement which affords principal means of access to abutting property, including avenue, place, way, drive, lane, boulevard, highway, road, other thoroughfare, and court, but excluding an alley. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.660 Street line.

“Street line” is the boundary between a street and property. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.665 Street line, future.

“Future street line” is an established line from which the minimum front or street side yard is measured. If no specific future street is established, the future street line is the adjacent existing right-of-way of an abutting public or private street, roadway, or easement. A future street line is established to provide for future street widening or construction, delineating the area open, or to be open, to public use. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.670 Structure.

“Structure” is anything constructed or erected that requires a location on the ground, including a building or a swimming pool but not including:

A. A fence or a wall used as a fence if the height does not exceed six feet;

B. Access drive or walk;

C. Deck under 30 inches from finished grade; or

D. Retaining wall under three feet in height, unless supporting a surcharge or impounding Class I, II or III-A liquids. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.675 Structural alteration.

“Structural alteration” is any change in the supporting members of a structure or building, such as bearing wall, column, beam or girder. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.680 Structure or building.

A. Accessory. “Accessory structure or building” is a detached subordinate structure located on the same site as the main building. Where a substantial part of the wall of a subordinate structure is a part of the main building, or where a subordinate structure is attached to the main building in a substantial manner by a roof, the subordinate structure is considered a part of the main building and is not an accessory structure or building.

B. Main. “Main building or structure” is a structure housing the principal use of a site or functioning as the principal use. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.690 Subdivision.

“Subdivision” is a site divided and recorded for the purpose of sale, lease or financing of individual lots or parcels. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.695 Substation.

“Substation” is a subsidiary electrical transmitting facility in which electric current is transferred from power lines and distributed to local consumers. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.700 Swimming pool, spa and hot tub.

“Swimming pool, spa and hot tub” is a water-filled enclosure having a depth of 18 inches or more used for swimming or recreation. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.705 Transmission line.

“Transmission line” is an electric power line bringing power to a receiving or distribution substation. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.710 Tree, mature.

“Mature tree” is a tree with a diameter of at least four inches, measured four feet above existing grade. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.715 Unsightly object.

“Unsightly object” includes an appliance, discarded material, part or all of a disabled vehicle, machinery or mechanical apparatus, metal, material or merchandise. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.720 Use.

“Use” means the purpose for which a site or structure is arranged, designed, intended, constructed, erected, moved, altered, or enlarged or for which either a site or a structure is or may be occupied or maintained. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.725 Use, accessory.

“Accessory use” is a use that is appropriate, subordinate, and customarily incidental to the main use of the site and which is located on the same site as the main use. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.730 Used.

“Used” includes arranged, designed, constructed, altered, rented, leased, sold, occupied, or intended to be occupied. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.732 Very low-income household.

“Very low-income household” is a person or family whose income does not exceed 50 percent of area median income, adjusted for household size, as established by California Health and Safety Code Section 50105, as amended from time to time. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007.]

18.06.733 Very low-income owner unit.

“Very low-income owner unit” is a dwelling unit that is reserved for purchase at construction completion at an affordable ownership price for a very low-income household. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007.]

18.06.734 Very low-income renter unit.

“Very low-income renter unit” is a dwelling unit that is offered at an affordable rent for a very low-income household. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007.]

18.06.735 Visible.

“Visible” means noticeable by a person six feet in height walking on a street or sidewalk two years after installation of any planting intended to screen a view. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]

18.06.740 Reserved.

18.06.745 Yard.

“Yard” is an open area, other than a court, on the same site as a structure, unoccupied and unobstructed by a structure from the ground upward except for landscaping. In measuring a yard, the “line of a building” means a line parallel to the nearest lot line drawn through the point of a building or the point of a dwelling group nearest such lot line.

A. Corner Side. “Corner side yard” is a yard between the corner side lot line and the nearest line of the building and extending from the front yard to the rear lot line.

B. Front. “Front yard” is a yard extending across the full width of the lot between the front lot line and the nearest line of the building. If a future street line is established for the street upon which the lot abuts, the measurement is taken from the future street line to the nearest line of the building.

C. Rear. “Rear yard” is a yard extending across the full width of the lot (except on a corner lot) between the most rear main building wall and the rear lot line. The depth of a required rear yard is measured perpendicular to the rear lot line toward the nearest part of a main building.

D. Side. “Side yard” is a yard between the side lot line and the nearest line of the building and extending from the front yard to the rear yard. [Ord. 07-1284 § 3 (Exh. B), 2007; Ord. 979 § 2 (Exh. A), 1990.]