Chapter 19.10
SIGN CODE

Sections:

Article I. General Provisions

19.10.010    Purpose and intent.

19.10.020    Relationship to EMC Title 16, Buildings and Construction.

19.10.030    Definitions.

19.10.040    Applicability.

19.10.050    Exemptions.

19.10.060    General provisions applying to signs in all zoning districts.

19.10.070    Prohibited signs.

Article II. Permitting and Enforcement

19.10.075    Review criteria.

19.10.080    Permit required.

19.10.090    Master sign plans.

19.10.100    Variances.

19.10.110    Nonconforming signs.

19.10.120    Maintenance required.

19.10.130    Removal.

19.10.140    Code enforcement.

Article III. Permanent Signs

19.10.150    Sign placement requirements.

19.10.160    Design criteria.

19.10.170    Criteria for signs in all residential zoning districts.

19.10.180    Criteria for signs in CB, NB, GO zoning districts.

19.10.190    Criteria for signs in HCB, LI zoning districts.

19.10.200    Criteria for signs in P, H, and GO-H zoning districts.

Article IV. Temporary Signs

19.10.210    Temporary signs.

19.10.220    Sign walkers.

Article I. General Provisions

19.10.010 Purpose and intent.

The purpose of this chapter is to promote the public health, safety, and welfare through a comprehensive system of reasonable, effective, consistent, content-neutral, and nondiscriminatory sign standards and requirements. The intent of this chapter is to promote high-quality, creative signing in the city of Enumclaw. Within this broad purpose are the following more specific objectives:

A. Provide an aid to communication. Signs shall serve to assist townspeople and visitors in identifying and understanding the area and to promote economic growth.

B. Encourage public safety. Quality, construction, and location of signs shall not create obstructions to motorists by interfering with sight lines or directional traffic signs, create distractions or confusion, or in any other way endanger the safety, health, or welfare of citizens and visitors to the city.

C. Promote pleasing aesthetics. Signing shall reflect Enumclaw’s desired character as an attractive rural city with vital and appealing business districts. Scale, materials, colors, and location of signing shall be pedestrian-oriented where appropriate, harmonious with surrounding uses, and complement the architectural style of the buildings on the site.

D. Maintain and enhance property values.

E. Regulate signs while protecting content neutrality. The city’s sign code shall recognize free speech in a content-neutral manner.

F. Implement the city’s goals and vision. The city’s sign code shall promote and accomplish the goals, policies, and objectives of the city’s comprehensive plan and zoning code, and the city council’s vision, mission, and goals statement.

G. Provide consistent design standards.

H. Provide for ease of use and administration. The sign code provides for clear, understandable regulations which enable the fair and consistent enforcement of this chapter.

I. Address emerging trends. Address emerging trends in electronic sign technologies and provide regulations that facilitate use of such technologies while ensuring protection of motorists and pedestrians from the hazards of glare, startling bursts of light, and the use of virtual movement and animation intended to attract driver attention, to hold driver gaze, and/or to otherwise distract drivers from the safe operation of their vehicles. Protect neighborhoods, surrounding development and the night sky from nuisance factors associated with such glare, movement and animation of electronic signs.

J. Severability. If any section, sentence, clause or phrase of this chapter should be held to be unconstitutional by a court of competent jurisdiction, such invalidity or unconstitutionality shall not affect the validity or constitutionality of any other section, sentence, clause or phrase of this chapter. (Ord. 2645 § 2, 2018).

19.10.020 Relationship to EMC Title 16, Buildings and Construction.

A. Uniform Sign Code. Per Chapter 16.06 EMC, the city has adopted the Uniform Sign Code. Chapter 16.06 EMC determines what signs require a sign permit and establishes structural and safety-related requirements. The provisions of this chapter are additional to those of Chapter 16.06 EMC. The building official shall not issue sign permits in violation of this chapter. In the event of conflict, Chapter 16.06 EMC shall prevail over conflicting provisions of the Uniform Sign Code. In the event that portions of the Uniform Sign Code are in violation of state or federal law, the provisions of this chapter prevail.

B. Property Maintenance Code. The city has adopted the International Property Maintenance Code, per Chapter 16.10 EMC. All signs shall be maintained in conformance with Chapter 16.10 EMC. (Ord. 2645 § 2, 2018).

19.10.030 Definitions.

The following words, terms, and phrases when used in this chapter shall have meanings ascribed to them in this section, except where the context clearly indicates a different meaning. Any word, term, or phrase used in this chapter that is not defined in this section shall have the meaning ascribed to it in Chapter 15.04 EMC. Any word, term, or phrase used in this chapter that is not defined in this section or Chapter 15.04 EMC shall have their normal dictionary meaning:

“A-board (or sandwich board) sign” means a sign consisting of two panels hinged or attached at the top or side, designed to be movable and stand on the ground, and that has no permanent attachment to a building, structure or ground.

“Abandoned sign” means any sign remaining in place after such sign has not been maintained, or if the activity conducted on the subject property ceases, for 270 or more consecutive days.

“Administrator” means the city administrator or his/her designee.

“Animated sign” means any sign which moves or contains moving graphics or lettering. These include signs with visible moving, revolving or rotating parts or visible mechanical movement; signs with blinking, strobe, flashing, moving, scrolling or changing sign copy (including background, text, design, colors) or other apparent visible movement achieved by electrical, electronic or mechanical means. Changeable copy signs and electronic changeable copy signs are not considered to be animated signs for the purpose of this chapter.

“Awning or canopy sign” means a nonelectric sign that is printed on, painted on, or attached to the vertical surface or flap of an awning or canopy.

“Banner” means a sign made of cloth or similarly flexible material, with or without copy, that is attached to a building, pole, or fence.

“Building-mounted signs” means any sign attached to the face of a building, including, without limitation, wall signs, marquee signs, under canopy signs, and projecting signs.

“Cabinet sign” means a permanent sign that is mounted on the face of a building, provides for internal illumination and changing the message of the sign by replacing a single transparent or translucent material such as a Plexiglass/Lexan face.

Canopy Sign. See “awning or canopy sign.”

“Changeable copy sign” means a sign with copy that can be changed or altered by manual means and without changing or altering the sign frame, sign supports, or electrical parts. A sign on which the copy may be changed by electric, electromechanical or electronic means shall be considered an electronic changeable copy sign versus a changeable copy sign, for the purposes of this chapter.

“Clear vision triangle” means the area at the corner of a street that must be regulated in order to ensure that vehicles have a clear viewing area not blocked by signs. To define the clear vision triangle: (1) draw a line on each side of the street towards the intersection, continuing each line until the two lines meet at an intersecting point. The lines should be parallel to the edge of the roadway or curb; (2) from the intersecting point measure 40 feet back, away from the intersection, along both lines to the triangle base points; and (3) draw a line between the two base points to form the clear vision triangle.

“Copy” means the graphic content of a sign surface, including, but not limited to, graphics, letters, numbers, figures, symbols, and trademarks.

“Electronic changeable copy sign” means any sign on which the copy (including background, text, and design) is produced and changes through the use of electronics.

“Externally illuminated sign” means a sign with a lighting source that is not part of or attached to the sign, but which reflects onto the sign to enhance its readability.

“Facade” means the entire building face, including the parapet. The facade is the building exterior wall of a single occupant building or the building exterior wall of an individual tenant’s leased space in a multi-tenant complex, viewed as a vertical plane between the finished grade and the ridge of a pitched roof above it (e.g., top of parapet, etc.). This vertical plane will be used to calculate the sign area for building-mounted signs. In the case of an interior business without a separate exterior entrance, the exposed building face will be the vertical plane of the entrance wall measured between the floor and ceiling. As an option, for those businesses having oblique walls, the exposed building face is that area between the finish grade and the ridge or top of parapet that is shown on the elevation drawing submitted with the required drawings for a building permit.

“Fence sign” means a sign attached to and supported by a fence with the exposed face of the sign parallel to the plane of the fence.

“Flag” means any piece of cloth of individual size, color, and design, hoisted on a pole permanently affixed to the ground or displayed via a pole bracket which is permanently affixed to a building. If any single dimension of a flag is more than three times greater than any other single dimension, for the purposes of this chapter such flag is classified and regulated as a banner, regardless of how it is anchored or supported.

“Freestanding sign” means a sign which is not supported by a building. Freestanding sign types include monument, pole and fence signs.

“Frontage, building” means the length of an outside building wall.

“Frontage, property” means the length of the property line along the public right-of-way on which it borders.

“Graffiti” means an inscription of symbols, works, or pictures by painting, spray painting, or other means of defacing public or private property.

“Government sign” means any temporary or permanent sign erected and maintained by the city or any special purpose district, school district, county, state, or federal government or agency, including, without limitation, traffic signs, directional signs, warning signs, informational signs, and signs displaying a public service message.

“Height” means the vertical distance measured from the highest point of the sign to either the grade of the adjacent street or the surface grade beneath the sign, whichever is less.

Sign Height Measurement.

“Illegal sign” means a sign that does not meet the sign requirements of the sign regulations of this chapter and does not attain legal nonconforming status by operation of law.

“Illuminated sign” means a sign with an artificial light source incorporated internally or externally for the purpose of illuminating the sign.

“Inflatable sign” means any object enlarged or inflated which floats, is tethered in the air, is activated by air or moving gas, or is located on the ground or on a building with or without copy or other graphic. These signs include large, single displays or a display of smaller inflatable items, such as balloons, connected in some fashion to create a larger display.

“Internally illuminated sign” means any sign where light shines through a transparent or semi-transparent sign face to illuminate the sign’s message. Exposed neon is considered a form of internal illumination.

“Legal nonconforming sign” means any sign that was constructed, erected, and maintained in conformance with all King County or city of Enumclaw rules and regulations in effect at the time of establishment and no longer conforms to the rules and regulations of this chapter.

“Maintenance” means the cleaning, painting, and minor repair of a sign in a manner that does not alter the basic copy, design, or structure of the sign.

“Mansard roof” means a roof with two slopes on each side of the four sides, the lower steeper than the upper.

“Marquee sign” means any sign attached to or supported by a marquee, which is a permanent roof-like projecting structure attached to a building.

“Monument sign (ground sign)” means a freestanding sign having the appearance of a solid base of landscape construction materials such as brick, stucco, stonework, textured wood, tile, or textured concrete on the subject property. The base must measure at least two-thirds of the width of the sign.

“Multi-tenant complex” means a complex containing two or more uses or businesses.

“Nameplate” means a nonelectric, on-premises identification sign giving only name, address, and/or occupation of an occupant or group of occupants.

“Nit” means a photometric unit of measurement referring to luminance. One nit is equal to one cd/m2.

“Neon (outline tubing) sign” means a sign consisting of glass tubing, filled with neon gas, or other similar gas, which glows when electric current is sent through it.

“Nonconforming sign” means any sign that no longer conforms to the rules and regulations of this chapter.

“Off-premises sign (or billboard)” means a sign with copy pertaining to a person, event, business, or service which exists on a site other than that on which the sign is located.

“Person” means any individual, corporation, association, firm, partnership, or other legal entity.

“Plaque” means a small nameplate. Plaques may not exceed two square feet in area and must be at a scale suitable for pedestrians and not intended to be read by passing motorists, and not for commercial advertising purposes.

“Pole sign” means a freestanding sign supported by one or more poles.

“Portable sign” means a sign that is not permanently affixed and is designed for or capable of being moved, except those signs explicitly designed for people to carry on their persons or that are permanently affixed to motor vehicles. Portable signs include, but are not limited to, A-frame signs, portable reader boards, and similar signs.

“Projecting sign” means a sign, other than a flat wall sign, which is attached to and projects from a building wall or other structure not specifically designed to support the sign.

“Projection sign” means a sign created by the projection of patterned light onto a surface.

“Public art” means original artwork which is accessible to the public and/or public employees and has been approved as public art by the city.

“Rooftop sign” means any sign supported on the roof structure. Signs standing out horizontally from a mansard roof are considered wall signs.

“Rotating sign” means a sign that revolves on a fixed axis.

“Service island sign” means a permanent sign displayed on the service island canopy of a gas station, bank, car wash or other use that provides a canopy cover for vehicles. Service island signs are not the same as awning or canopy signs as otherwise defined by this chapter.

“Sign” means any structure that has a visual display designed to be visible from passing motorists of a public right-of-way or persons in public parks and similar public gathering spaces and designed to identify, announce, direct, or inform.

“Sign area” means the entire area of a sign on which copy is placed, excluding the sign’s structure, architectural embellishments, and framework. Sign area is calculated by measuring the perimeter enclosing the extreme limits of the module or sign face containing the copy; provided, however, that separated copy using a canopy, awning, or wall as the background and is without added decoration or change in the canopy, awning, or wall shall have a sign area calculated by measuring the perimeter enclosing separate copy and totaling the square footage of all such perimeters included as part of the sign.

“Sign face” means the area of a sign on which the copy is placed.

“Suspended sign” means a sign suspended from an awning or marquee.

“Temporary sign” means a sign placed on a structure or the ground for a specifically limited period of time as provided in EMC 19.10.210. Temporary sign(s) (which may include special event sign) may not be permanently mounted, painted or otherwise affixed, excluding portable signs as defined by this chapter, including any poster, banner, placard, stake sign or sign not placed in the ground with concrete or other means to provide permanent support, stability and rot prevention. Temporary signs may only be made of nondurable materials including, but not limited to, paper, corrugated board, flexible, bendable or foldable plastics, foamcore board, vinyl canvas or vinyl mesh products of less than 20-ounce fabric, vinyl canvas and vinyl mesh products without polymeric plasticizers and signs painted or drawn with water soluble paints or chalks. Signs made of any other materials shall be considered permanent and are subject to the permanent sign regulations of this chapter.

“Tenant space” means a portion of a structure occupied by a single commercial lease holder with its own public entrance from the exterior of the building or through a shared lobby, atrium, mall, or hallway and separated from other tenant spaces by walls.

“Total signing” means the entire sign face which has copy on it, measured in square feet. Thus, total signing of wall signs, window signs, and awning and canopy signs shall be measured on one side only, while total signing of projecting, under-canopy, and freestanding signs shall be measured on both sides.

“Wall sign” means a type of building sign attached parallel to an exterior wall of a building, including a mansard roof and parapets.

“Window signs” mean all signs located inside and affixed to a window and intended to be viewed from the exterior of the structure. (Ord. 2645 § 2, 2018).

19.10.040 Applicability.

A. This chapter applies to all signs as defined in EMC 19.10.030 (Definitions).

B. This chapter is not intended to and shall not be interpreted to restrict noncommercial speech on the basis of its content, viewpoint, or message.

C. Any classification of signs in this chapter which purports to permit commercial speech by reason of its content or identity of the sign user, or otherwise, shall be interpreted to allow noncommercial speech on the sign.

D. No part of this chapter shall be construed to favor commercial speech over noncommercial speech.

E. To the extent that any provision of this chapter is ambiguous, the term shall be interpreted not to regulate speech on the basis of the content of the message. (Ord. 2645 § 2, 2018).

19.10.050 Exemptions.

The following signs or activities relating to signs are exempt from the permitting requirements of this chapter:

A. Legal nonconforming signs.

B. The normal repair and maintenance of conforming or legal nonconforming signs.

C. Temporary signs on private property or public property, meeting the requirements in EMC 19.10.210 (Temporary Signs).

D. Temporary signs meeting the following standards are exempt from the requirements of this chapter:

1. Five signs total; and

2. The sign or signs is displayed for a period of five days each up to 25 days per calendar year; and

3. The area of the sign is 24 square feet or less; and

4. The height of the sign is six feet or less.

E. Building identification numbers and occupant names or plaques, i.e., nameplates not exceeding two square feet in area containing the name of the occupant of the premises.

F. Governmental signs. Signs installed by the city, county, or a federal or state governmental agency for the protection of the public health, safety and general welfare, including, but not limited to, the following:

1. Emergency and warning signs necessary for public safety or civil defense;

2. Traffic and/or wayfinding signs erected and maintained by an authorized public agency;

3. Signs required to be displayed by law;

4. Signs showing the location and providing information on public facilities, tourist spots and public points of interest; and

5. Any sign, posting, notice, or similar sign placed by or required by a governmental agency in carrying out its responsibility to protect the public health, safety and general welfare.

G. Flags. Any flags, provided that they conform to all provisions of this chapter for signs.

H. Stone or cement plaques and cornerstones with engraved or cast text or symbols and permanently embedded in the building’s foundation or masonry siding materials, provided that none of these exceed four square feet in area.

I. Interior signs. Signs or displays located entirely inside of a building and located at least three feet away from transparent doors and windows.

J. Vehicle with signs. Any sign on a currently licensed and operable motor vehicle parked or driven on a roadway, driveway or vehicle parking area, where the primary function of the vehicle is not to display the sign (i.e., delivery vans and trucks or service vehicles).

K. Temporary signs in windows. Any temporary sign taped or otherwise affixed to the inside of a window, in such a manner as to be easily removed, provided that the sign complies with the restrictions of EMC 19.10.070(M) (Prohibited Signs) and 19.10.210 (Temporary Signs).

L. Bench signs. Any outdoor bench or furniture with any signs one square foot or less in area.

M. Original noncommercial art displays are allowed; provided, that they meet the following requirements:

1. Must not be placed on a dwelling;

2. Must not extend more than six inches from the plane of the wall upon which it is painted or to which it is affixed;

3. Must be no more than 64 square feet in size, per lot or parcel;

4. Compensation will not be given or received for the display of the original art or the right to place the original art on site; and

5. Must not be illuminated.

N. Noncommercial statues.

O. Nonverbal symbols attached to places of worship.

P. Privately maintained traffic control signs in a subdivision with private roads.

Q. Signs on structures or improvements intended for separate use, such as phone booths, donation containers and newspaper recycling boxes.

R. Permanent noncommercial private signs not exceeding two square feet per sign face, regulating pedestrian and vehicular circulation and parking of a development, such as signs imposing parking restrictions and identifying entrances to parking lots and buildings. (Ord. 2645 § 2, 2018).

19.10.060 General provisions applying to signs in all zoning districts.

A. All signs shall be constructed pursuant to the International Building Code.

B. Where regulations conflict within the ordinance codified in this chapter or with other ordinances, the most stringent regulation shall apply.

C. No signs shall be placed within the right-of-way, or on public property, such as median/planter strips, planter islands, sidewalks, utility poles, street lights, traffic control standards, or poles as described more fully in EMC 19.10.150. Exceptions shall be provided adjacent to state routes per EMC 19.10.170 through 19.10.190, for certain A-board signs per EMC 19.10.180 and 19.10.190 and for temporary signs authorized under EMC 19.10.050(D).

D. Public alleys shall be considered to be streets for the purpose of applying this chapter. Public alleys shall not be considered streets in residential zones.

E. No signs shall be allowed within or near intersections or driveways which obscure the vision of passing cars or of cars entering or exiting the intersection or driveway (clear vision triangle).

F. Sign size calculations shall be made as follows:

1. Sign size shall be calculated in square feet;

2. The sign size shall include the entire face of the sign and any bordering or supporting material. For freestanding signs, the sign face shall include the supporting structure at or above the lowest level of the sign face, unless a specific exception for a decorative support structure is granted by the administrator as permitted in the underlying zone (See EMC 19.10.170 through 19.10.200). Decorative support structures include a foundation constructed of brick, stone or other decorative and durable materials and surrounded by landscaping. The foundation must encompass a minimum of 75 percent of the width of the sign;

3. Signs composed of individual letters or numbers shall be measured by a box border encompassing the message.

G. All signs shall be maintained by the owner of the sign to show no signs of deterioration, including but not limited to rust, holes, discoloration, illegible messages, peeling paint, trash, or overgrowing weeds. (Ord. 2645 § 2, 2018).

19.10.070 Prohibited signs.

The following signs shall not be allowed:

A. Signs without proper permit. Signs erected, constructed, or structurally altered that are required to have a permit for such action and that were erected, constructed, or altered without obtaining a permit for such action;

B. Banners, pennants, ribbons, spinners, large inflatable objects, feather banners (kite flags), or other similar devices, unless granted a temporary permit per EMC 19.10.210;

C. Posters, strings of lights, blinking lights, balloons, searchlights, and other displays of a carnival nature qualifying as signs and used for commercial purposes;

D. Commercial off-premises signs and billboards, except as expressly authorized;

E. Internally illuminated signs shall be prohibited in all residential districts, and shall be also prohibited in the CB, NB, and GO zoning districts except for certain signs which may be allowed per 19.10.180;

F. Animated signs; except certain electronic changeable copy signs as allowed by EMC 19.10.160(D);

G. Portable signs, except as specified in EMC 19.10.180 and 19.10.190;

H. Rooftop signs;

I. Signs that would cause confusion because of their resemblance to highway traffic control or direction signals, such as signs using the words “stop,” “look,” “caution,” “danger” or signs using the shape and colors of stop signs or other traffic control signs;

J. Signs that are attached to traffic control signs, signal poles, lampposts, utility poles, trees, fences or other signs, rocks or natural features;

K. Signs located in the public right-of-way, on or within medians or roundabouts, or on or within other public property or structures except where permitted in this chapter; provided, that in no case shall temporary signs permitted under EMC 19.10.210 be located within travel lanes or sidewalks;

L. Stationary motor vehicles, trailers and related devices, and/or signs mounted on them to circumvent this chapter except as authorized by EMC 19.10.050(J);

M. Window signs exceeding 33 percent of the window or 32 square feet, whichever is less, and/or window signs displayed in excess of 60 days, except as an approved permanent sign; contiguous windows shall be considered one window for the purpose of this section; all window signs shall be maintained in a state of good repair as to prevent peeling, fading and cracking;

N. Signs advertising or identifying a use which is defunct or abandoned are in violation of Chapter 16.10 EMC, Property Maintenance Code;

O. Signs with content or subject matter that constitutes obscenity;

P. Graffiti;

Q. Nuisance signs. Any signs which emit smoke, visible particles, odors or recorded sound;

R. Bench or furniture signs greater than one square foot in area; and

S. Any other signs not explicitly permitted in this chapter except as required by state or federal law. (Ord. 2645 § 2, 2018).

Article II. Permitting and Enforcement

19.10.075 Review criteria.

Sign permit applications shall be approved if the proposed signs conform to the requirements of this chapter. (Ord. 2645 § 2, 2018).

19.10.080 Permit required.

A. Permit Required. No sign shall be placed, erected, altered, relocated or displayed without first obtaining a sign permit unless exempt under EMC 19.10.050. No permit shall be required for repainting, cleaning, or other normal maintenance and repair of a permitted sign, or for sign face and copy changes that do not alter the size or structure of the sign.

B. Removal of Nonconforming Signs. A property containing a nonconforming sign shall not be allowed a new or additional sign on the property until the nonconforming sign is removed or brought into conformance with the requirements of this chapter and the underlying zone.

C. Permit Application. An application for a sign permit shall include the following:

1. Signature of the property owner or their designated agent;

2. Site plan drawn to scale showing existing buildings, streets, freestanding and building signs, utility poles, and other structures within 50 feet of the proposed sign;

3. Elevation drawings of the structural details of the proposed sign including dimensions, height, illumination methods and structure supports; and

4. Landscaping plan showing planting materials and patterns.

D. Permit Not Required for Certain Temporary Signs. A permit is not required for temporary signs meeting the requirements of this chapter, except for those required to be permitted pursuant to EMC 19.10.210.

E. Review Type. The review and approval of sign permits shall conform to the following:

1. The review and approval of signs, with the exception of those requiring master sign plans, public information/identification signs and/or variances, shall be a Type I land use decision that shall be processed pursuant to Chapter 15.18 EMC and approved by the community development director or his/her designee.

2. All master sign plans (EMC 19.10.090) shall be reviewed as Type II land use decisions pursuant to Chapter 15.20 EMC. However, no public notice is required for the review of a master sign plan.

3. Variances (EMC 19.10.100) shall be reviewed as Type III land use decisions pursuant to Chapter 15.22 EMC. (Ord. 2645 § 2, 2018).

19.10.090 Master sign plans.

A. Purpose. The master sign plan process allows for deviations from the standards of this title. The master sign plan process is voluntary. The purpose of the master sign plan process is to allow for more flexibility while creating visual consistency between the signs, buildings, and other components of the subject property through the use of color, materials, location and/or the type of sign(s) proposed.

B. General. There will be situations where some flexibility from the sign code is desirable, but where the variance proceedings (EMC 19.10.100) are not the appropriate forum for an application. This section sets out the criteria for a master sign plan. This section provides a mechanism under which special consideration can be given to signs which use a master sign plan to encourage the integration of signs into the framework of the building or buildings on the subject property. The city may allow deviations from the requirements of this chapter consistent with the criteria listed in subsection E of this section.

C. Required Review Process. An application for a master sign plan under this section will be reviewed as a Type II review process pursuant to EMC 19.10.080(E). However, prior to issuing a decision, the design review board must make a finding of conformance, with or without conditions of approval. Design review board review shall be limited to application of design standards and shall not in any way be based upon the content of the signs.

D. Required Information. As part of any application for a master sign plan under this section, the applicant shall submit the following information:

1. A narrative describing how the proposal is consistent with the criteria listed in subsection E of this section.

2. A colored rendering of the proposed signs in relation to development in the area and on the subject property to include measurements of sign area in square feet.

E. Deviation Criteria. With the exception of the approved deviation(s), all signs shall meet all other requirements of this chapter. Deviations proposed in a master sign permit application shall be subject to the following criteria:

1. Deviations permitted. Deviations from the requirements of this chapter are only authorized to the minimum necessary to create readable signs from the rights-of-way providing direct vehicular access based on traffic speeds and patterns in the area of the subject property.

The design review board can allow one or more of the following actions under a master sign design plan:

a. Allow signs in the residential zones with state route frontage to meet the requirements of the HCB zone;

b. Allow one wall sign to be up to 20 percent larger than allowed under the sign code;

c. Allow one freestanding sign to be up to 10 percent larger than allowed under the sign code;

d. Allow one freestanding sign to be 10 percent taller than allowed under the sign code;

e. Allow one additional sign on a parcel; and

f. Allow incidental signs to be larger than permitted when necessary to permit visibility to motorists.

2. Standards. The design review board may permit any or all of the above deviations pursuant to all of the following conditions:

a. Sign base. The sign base is constructed of stone, brick, and/or wood; and

b. Lighting. The lighting shall be externally illuminated (if applicable); and

c. Sign form. Freestanding signs shall be designed so they appear firmly anchored to the ground. This includes:

i. Monument signs.

ii. Signs where the base (where the sign structure meets the ground plane) is at least 40 percent of the width of the total sign width. Departures per EMC 19.10.170(C) and 19.10.180(C) will be considered provided the sign includes design features that visually anchor it to the ground and the design of the sign meets other applicable standards.

d. Materials and design. Freestanding signs shall be designed as an integrated architectural feature of the site. Specifically:

i. Framing. Freestanding signs must include design elements that effectively frame the sign on both sides as shown in the figure below. Alternatively, signs that have a substantial framing element on one side, as illustrated in the second example below, will meet this provision.

ii. Materials and design. Freestanding signs shall include durable high-quality materials and a design that relates to and/or complements the design of on-site buildings and/or is coordinated with other site design elements (such as distinctive lighting, monuments, wayfinding signs). The examples in the figures below all meet this requirement.

e. Landscaping. The base shall include a landscaped area at the base of the sign that includes:

i. The planting area or bed shall be at least one-half the square footage of the sign;

ii. Signs with two feet or less of clearance from grade shall be planted with groundcover and low growing shrubs;

iii. Signs that have two to six feet of clearance from grade shall be planted with shrubs and/or small ornamental trees. Shrubs shall be a minimum size of three gallons at the time of planting and shall be of a type to grow to a height of at least four feet when mature. The area between the shrubs and/or trees shall be filled in with groundcover;

iv. Signs with six feet or greater clearance from grade shall be planted with evergreen and/or deciduous trees. Large shrubs and groundcover shall be planted between trees. Shrubs shall be a minimum of five gallons in size at the time of planting and be of a type to grow to a height of at least five feet upon maturation; and

v. The applicant shall complete the required landscaping within 30 days from the installation of the freestanding sign. If additional time is needed to complete the landscaping, the applicant shall provide a landscape bond or cash deposit for 150 percent of the cost of the landscaping to the city as determined by the community development director. The cost of landscaping shall include plant material, labor, and any structural devices needed to build a planting area. The landscape bond shall be valid for six months. If the work is not completed within six months, the city shall revoke the landscape bond and perform the work.

An existing landscaped area can count towards the required landscaping if the location and type of landscaping is appropriate.

F. Minor Modifications. The community development director may grant a minor modification to the approved master sign plan in writing if:

1. The change does not increase the sign area of the subject property approved in the original master sign plan.

2. The change maintains visual consistency with those elements specifically identified in the original master sign plan as integral to the design theme of the subject property including the use of similar materials and landscaping, the overall sign shape, orientation, placement and height. The director may approve a change in the sign type (from wall to freestanding, for example), but may not allow a new electronic changeable copy sign as a minor modification.

G. Appeals. The decision of the design review board in approving or denying a master sign plan under subsection C of this section and modifications granted by the community development director under subsection F of this section may be appealed using the appeal provision of EMC 15.20.070.

H. Expiration of Master Sign Plan. Once a master sign plan is approved, the signs depicted in the approved plan must be installed within 180 days or the master sign plan will expire. Building permits and street right-of-way permits for any signs shown in the master sign plan shall expire in accordance with other applicable code provisions. No sign may be erected under an expired master sign plan, even if the associated sign permit or building permit has not expired.

I. Amendment to Master Sign Plan. An application for an amendment to an approved master sign plan may be made at any time, subject to the same limitations, requirements and procedures as those that apply to an original application in this section. Tenants whose signs are included in the amendment application need the property owner’s consent to file such application. In order to approve any such amendment, the director shall consider the existing signs on the building(s) subject to the approved plan when determining whether the application meets the criteria for approval in subsection E of this section. (Ord. 2645 § 2, 2018).

19.10.100 Variances.

A. Approval Required. A variance may be granted from the strict application of the regulations in this chapter which apply to:

1. Sign placement on a parcel or building frontage;

2. Sign area; or

3. Sign height, as regulated in this chapter.

B. Variance Prohibited. A variance may not be granted to allow any prohibited signs or prohibited sign features, as included in EMC 19.10.070, or for any other purpose not listed in subsection A of this section.

C. Review Type. Sign variances under this section shall be processed as a Type III land use decision pursuant to the procedures as set forth in Chapter 15.22 EMC. All other procedures from Chapter 15.22 EMC shall be followed.

D. Need for Sign Permit – Consolidation of Processing. A sign variance application may be submitted before or concurrent with the associated sign permit application.

E. Application Requirements. A complete sign variance application shall consist of the following:

1. Application form. A completed sign variance application on a form provided by the city. If the applicant is not the property owner, then the property owner must be identified and the application must include an affidavit from the property owner verifying that the property owner has given permission to the applicant for the submission of the sign variance application and for the installation/posting of the sign on the property owner’s property.

2. Sign permit application. A sign permit application pursuant to EMC 19.10.080.

3. A narrative report which describes the requested variance in detail. The report shall identify all sections of this chapter from which the applicant is requesting a variance, as well as the nature and extent of the variance.

4. The narrative report shall also include the applicant’s description of the manner in which the sign variance satisfies all of the variance criteria in subsection F of this section.

5. Fees. The applicable permit application fee, pursuant to the city’s current fee schedule in effect at the time of application, shall be paid upon submission of the variance application.

F. Criteria for Approval. The hearing examiner shall approve the application for a sign variance if it satisfies the criteria of EMC 15.34.020(A).

G. Expiration of Variance. If the sign variance is approved, the sign identified in the variance must be installed within 180 days or the variance will expire. No sign may be erected if there is no sign permit for the sign, or if the variance or the sign permit has expired. (Ord. 2645 § 2, 2018).

19.10.110 Nonconforming signs.

All nonconforming signs shall comply with the regulation of the city’s nonconforming uses, structures and signs code, specifically EMC 15.10.050, Signs. (Ord. 2645 § 2, 2018).

19.10.120 Maintenance required.

It is unlawful for any owner of record, lessor, lessee, manager or other person having lawful possession or control over a building, structure or parcel of land to fail to maintain any signs on the building, structure or parcel in compliance with this chapter and the zoning code. Failure to maintain a sign constitutes a violation of this chapter and shall be subject to enforcement provisions referenced above in EMC 19.10.140. (Ord. 2645 § 2, 2018).

19.10.130 Removal.

A. Every person maintaining a sign must, upon vacating the premises where a sign is maintained, remove or cause to be removed said sign within 180 days from the date of vacating the premises. When the director determines that said sign has not been removed within said period, the director shall remedy and enforce said violation in accordance with the enforcement provisions of this chapter.

B. Any vacant and/or unused sign support structures, angle irons, sign poles, or other remnants of old signs which are currently not in use or are not proposed for immediate reuse by a sign permit application for a permitted sign, shall be removed.

C. In addition to the remedies in Chapter 15.12 EMC, the director shall have the authority to require the repair, maintenance, or removal of any sign or sign structure which has become dilapidated or represents a hazard to the safety, health, or welfare of the public, at the cost of the sign and/or property owner.

D. Any sign posted in violation of this chapter on public property or on public rights-of-way shall be subject to summary removal by the city.

E. Any person responsible for any sign posting made in violation of this chapter shall be liable to the city for the costs incurred by the city in removal thereof and, in event of failure to pay, for billing and collection charges, including interest and reasonable attorneys’ fees. (Ord. 2645 § 2, 2018).

19.10.140 Code enforcement.

A. Compliance with Other Applicable Codes. All signs erected or altered under this chapter must comply with all applicable federal, state and local regulations relating to signs, including without limiting the provisions of the International Building Code as adopted in Chapters 16.06 and 16.10 EMC by the city. If any provision of this code is found to be in conflict with any provision of any zoning, building, fire, safety or health ordinance or code of the city, the provision which establishes the higher standard shall prevail.

B. Inspection. The director or his/her representative is empowered to enter or inspect any building, structure, or premises in the city upon which any sign is located for the purpose of inspection of the sign, its structural and electrical connections, and to ensure compliance with the provisions of this chapter as consistent with applicable law. Such inspections shall be carried out during business hours, unless an emergency exists.

C. Bond. The city may require a bond to ensure compliance with any aspect of this chapter.

D. Violation. Violations are processed according to the procedures, restrictions and requirements of Chapter 15.12 EMC.

E. Public Nuisance. Any sign or sign structure that is erected, constructed, enlarged, altered, repaired, moved, improved, removed, converted, demolished, equipped, used, or maintained in violation of this chapter is declared to be a public nuisance.

F. Abatement. In addition to the abatement authority provided by proceedings under EMC 15.12.210, the city or its agents may summarily remove any sign placed on a right-of-way or public property in violation of the terms of this chapter under the following circumstances:

1. When a sign is determined by the city engineer or director of community development to present an immediate threat to the safety, health, and welfare of the public;

2. When a sign is illegally placed pursuant to EMC 19.10.210, within the public right-of-way, within a landscape median, landscape island, traffic circle, attached to a utility pole or city traffic sign, upon public sidewalks or roadway, or on any public building or structure when such facilities are located on public property or within public right-of-way;

3. When a sign is determined by the city to be abandoned; provided, that the city must first provide 14 days’ notice to the underlying property owner or business owner that the sign is deemed abandoned.

4. All signs abated by the city may be available for recovery by the owner of said sign for a period of 14 calendar days and upon payment of the costs of removal and storage, if any, after which time the sign will be destroyed. The city shall not be responsible for damages or loss incurred during removal and/or storage of any sign.

G. Additional Remedies. In addition to the other remedies provided by this chapter, the city may abate said public nuisance or seek any other equitable relief authorized by Chapter 15.12 EMC and the laws and regulations of the state of Washington.

H. Joint and Several Liability. The property owner(s) and each tenant or occupant shall be jointly and severally liable for violations of and penalties imposed pursuant to this chapter. (Ord. 2645 § 2, 2018).

Article III. Permanent Signs

19.10.150 Sign placement requirements.

A. All signs, including supporting structures, shall be erected or placed totally within the boundaries of the site and not within any public right-of-way, except for the following:

1. Public authority and other traffic-related signs;

2. Temporary banner signs erected by the city;

3. Approved signs overhanging public walkways;

4. Approved portable signs per EMC 19.10.210; and

5. Temporary signs authorized by EMC 19.10.050(C).

B. Intersections Standard. A vision clearance triangle setback shall be maintained from the edge of all intersections from private and public roadways, alleys and driveways.

C. General Road Standard. A vision clearance triangle setback shall be maintained from the edge of existing or planned roadways. Signs may be allowed within the clear-vision setback if:

1. The top of the sign is three feet or less above the grade;

2. The bottom of the sign is eight feet or greater above the grade; and

3. The posts and support structure have a diameter no greater than 12 inches within this area.

D. A pedestrian clearance is required for any projecting or suspended sign eight feet above grade or sidewalk as measured to the bottom of the sign.

E. A projecting sign may extend over a public right-of-way or public pedestrian walkway up to six feet past the property line, but in no case shall the sign extend over a street or other area used by motor vehicles.

F. The setbacks for freestanding signs may be reduced to zero, provided the applicant provides justification and documented proof that the sign’s placement will not hinder vision clearance triangle for existing and future development on the site.

G. Freestanding signs shall not extend beyond property lines. (Ord. 2645 § 2, 2018).

19.10.160 Design criteria.

The intent of the following design criteria is to promote efficient communication through high-quality signing which is clear, legible, attractive, and easy to read while maintaining and enhancing the character of a charming, vital, rural community. Applicants are encouraged to design signs that are compatible with the building’s architectural concept with respect to materials, color, lettering, and placement. Unless exempted by EMC 19.10.050, signs shall not be permitted or installed until the appropriate decision maker has issued a finding of conformance with the criteria of this chapter, including:

A. Quantity. The number and types of sign permitted by zone are regulated by EMC 19.10.170 through 19.10.200;

B. Materials.

1. Temporary Signs. The construction of temporary signs is limited to the materials described in the definition of “temporary sign,” (EMC 19.10.030, Definitions). In addition, the temporary sign must also conform to the requirements of this chapter, including but not limited to EMC 19.10.210 (Temporary signs).

2. Permanent Signs. The exterior face(s) of permanent signs must be manufactured of durable materials that withstand the effects of water and wind including the use of wood, metal, stone, brick, glass, heavy gauge plastics, canvas and/or vinyl. The use of paper, including vinyl coated, is prohibited. The following additional requirements apply to any permanent signs larger than 30 square feet, except for window signs located inside glass:

a. Canvas or vinyl signs must be made of minimum 20-ounce materials with polymeric plasticizers for durability.

b. Sign faces made of canvas, fabric, vinyl or similar pliable materials that are attached to permanent sign structures must be mounted behind a perimeter frame or trim cap so that the edges of the sign face are not exposed, except that flags made of 100 percent spun polyester are exempt from this requirement.

C. Lighting. Lighting shall be subtle and consistent with design and shall not obstruct vision or cause glare on surrounding uses.

1. If external or flood lighting is used, it shall be arranged so that the light source is steady, stationary, shielded from view and directed solely onto the sign without causing glare.

2. Internally Illuminated Signs.

a. Internally illuminated signs shall be constructed with an opaque sign face background with translucent text, symbols and/or logo shields. If the sign owner desires to have the entire sign face visible at night, an external light source may be used to illuminate the sign, subject to the illumination standards in this chapter.

b. In no case may an internally illuminated sign or an electronic changeable copy sign exceed a light output of 50 nits in a residential zone or 100 nits in a nonresidential zone during nighttime hours.

c. Neon sign lighting is allowed in non-residential zones only and shall not exceed 100 nits per sign face. Neon signs with solid backgrounds are not allowed in windows in order to ensure maximum light and visibility through windows.

D. Electronic Changeable Copy Signs. An electronic changeable copy sign is not a separately allowed sign type. The purpose of this section is to regulate the manner in which electronic changeable copy sign technology can be applied to sign types that are otherwise allowed in this chapter. It is not intended to allow more signs or larger signs than otherwise permitted in this chapter. No permit shall issue for an electronic changeable copy sign which does not comply with the following standards:

1. Maximum size: 35 square feet.

2. Density.

a. A maximum of one electronic changeable copy sign per 200 feet of street frontage in all nonresidential zones (HCB and P), not to exceed one sign per parcel;

b. One electronic changeable copy sign per 150 feet of street frontage in the R-2 zone abutting State Route 169, not to exceed one sign per parcel. This is intended for limited commercial operations within residential zones, excluding home occupations and single-family uses;

c. Electronic changeable copy signs must comply with the requirements in EMC 19.10.090; however, review and approval shall be made by the community development director;

d. Shall meet the standards in EMC 19.10.090(E)(2); and

e. Electronic changeable copy signs are permitted only in HCB, P and R-2 zones as noted above.

3. Maximum Luminance.

a. Daytime: 5000 nits.

b. Nighttime (one-half hour before sunset to one-half hour after sunrise):

i. All nonresidential zones: 100 nits, except within 500 feet of a residential zone: 50 nits

c. Signs shall include auto-dimming features with light-sensory capabilities to dim the sign to allowable luminance levels during nighttime hours.

4. Motion Limits. No motion except for a fade in of the next message with the fade transition being no more nor less than one second. Fade transition is required rather than instantaneous message changes to avoid sudden or startling flashes of light.

5. Minimum hold between messages: four seconds, plus one second transition fade.

6. Programming. To ensure that ECCS are programmed and continue to operate according to local standards, ECCS shall be designed for local on-site control and programming. The applicant shall provide a written certificate from the sign manufacturer that the nighttime light intensity has been factory preset not to exceed allowable levels under this section, and that this setting is protected from end-user modification by password-protected software or other method that ensures compliance. (Ord. 2645 § 2, 2018).

19.10.170 Criteria for signs in all residential zoning districts.

The following signs shall be permitted, subject to the following limitations:

A. Nameplates. Nameplates not exceeding one and one-half square feet in area containing the name of the occupant of the premises.

B. Plaques. Each individual unit may have one wall mounted plaque. Wall-mounted plaques shall not exceed two square feet in size.

C. Wall or Freestanding Sign Permitted. One wall or one freestanding sign is permitted as follows:

1. Wall or freestanding signs are only allowed for a parcel in excess of one acre or for a subdivision in excess of five lots.

2. Signs shall be illuminated only by indirect or diffused light.

3. Signs may be located on the front wall of the building or in the front yard area.

4. Total sign area shall not exceed 20 square feet per face, and freestanding sign heights shall not exceed six feet above ground level.

5. Electronic changeable copy signs shall comply with the spacing requirements outlined in EMC 19.10.160(D)(2)(a) and (b). (Ord. 2645 § 2, 2018).

19.10.180 Criteria for signs in CB, NB, GO zoning districts.

Signs in the CB, NB, and GO zoning districts shall comply with the standards set forth in this chapter. Where standards conflict, the more restrictive standards shall be used. The objective is to encourage both pedestrian-oriented and vehicle/pedestrian-oriented signs for each building.

A. Maximum Number of Signs by Building Type and Zone.

1. Single-Tenant Buildings. Buildings with one street-facing facade shall be allowed a maximum of two signs of any combination of sign types permitted within this section. Buildings with multiple street-facing facades shall be allowed a maximum of four signs of any combination of types permitted within this section. A maximum of two signs shall be allowed along any single building facade.

2. Multitenant Buildings in Which Tenants Have Separate Entries – CB Zoning Districts. Each tenant shall be allowed a maximum of two signs of any combination of sign types (including nameplates on shared signs) permitted within this section regardless of the number of street-facing facades.

3. Multitenant Buildings in Which Tenants Have Separate Entries – NB and GO Zoning Districts. Tenants fronting a single street shall be allowed one building sign of any type permitted in this section; tenants fronting multiple streets shall be allowed two building signs in any combination of sign types permitted in this section, one per street front.

4. Multitenant Buildings in Which Tenants Share an Entry – CB, NB and GO Zoning Districts. Buildings with one street-facing facade shall be allowed a maximum of two signs in any combination of sign types permitted in this section. Buildings with multiple street-facing facades shall be allowed a maximum of four signs, of any type, including freestanding signs, permitted within this section. A maximum of two signs shall be allowed along any single building facade.

B. Wall Signs.

1. Dimensions.

a. Signs shall be mounted between 60 and 90 percent of the height of the first-story building facade.

b. Signs shall not project more than 15 inches from the wall surface.

Wall Sign Dimensions

2. Number and Location by Building Type and Zone.

a. Single-Tenant Buildings.

i. Wall signs shall be placed on the street-facing facade(s) or where a public entrance is located.

ii. For buildings fronting on one street, total wall signage shall not exceed 10 percent of the square footage of the street-facing facade.

iii. For buildings fronting on multiple streets, total wall signage shall not exceed 10 percent of the square footage of the primary facade and 10 percent of the square footage of the secondary facade.

b. Multitenant Buildings in Which Tenants Have Separate Entries – CB Zoning Districts.

i. Wall signing for each tenant shall not exceed 10 percent of the tenant lease space street-fronting facade(s).

ii. Tenant building signs shall be generally compatible with one another through the use of similar materials, sizes and types of sign components.

iii. If appropriate, the administrator may consider an additional building sign identifying the building name and/or address only.

c. Multitenant Buildings in Which Tenants Have Separate Entries – NB and GO Zoning Districts.

i. Tenants fronting a single street shall be allowed one building sign; tenants fronting multiple streets shall be allowed two building signs, one per street front.

ii. The total building signing for each tenant shall not exceed 10 percent of their lease space primary street fronting facade.

iii. Tenant building signs shall be compatible with one another through the use of similar materials, sizes and types of sign components.

iv. If appropriate, the administrator may consider an additional building sign identifying the building name and/or address only.

d. Multitenant Buildings in Which Tenants Share an Entry – CB, NB and GO Zoning Districts.

i. At least one sign shall identify the building.

ii. At least one sign shall identify the names of all tenants on individual nameplates. Nameplates shall be of uniform size and shape.

iii. Total building signing shall not exceed 10 percent of the street-facing facade(s).

3. Exceptions. Exceptions shall be considered when unusual facade design would result in significant practical difficulty in placing the sign as required in this chapter. The administrator may waive the requirement for the sign to be placed within 60 to 90 percent of the first-floor building facade only if warranted by extraordinary design, aesthetic placement, compatibility with the building, and compatibility with neighboring buildings.

C. Freestanding Signs.

1. Location. Signs shall be allowed when the building facade is set back from the public right-of-way and the sign can be installed on premises. Mounding below freestanding signs shall be prohibited unless approved by the administrator. All approved mounding shall include landscaping.

2. Number and Size by Building Type and Zone.

a. One freestanding sign shall be allowed per development.

b. The maximum height above finished grade is seven feet.

c. The maximum size per sign face is 16 square feet for single tenant buildings in all zones and multitenant buildings in the CB zoning districts.

d. The maximum size per sign face is 20 square feet in the NB and GO zoning districts. Freestanding signs shall be counted toward the maximum number of signs allowed as defined by building type in subsection A of this section.

e. For multitenant buildings with shared entries in the CB zoning districts, nameplates on shared freestanding signs are counted toward the maximum number of signs allowed for each tenant.

f. For multitenant buildings with shared entries in the NB and GO zoning districts, nameplates on shared freestanding signs are not counted towards the maximum number of signs, as defined by building type in subsection A of this section, allowed for each tenant.

g. Nameplates on shared freestanding signs should be generally compatible with each other.

h. Freestanding signs are not permitted within the CB1 and CB2 zoning districts. The community development director may approve a freestanding sign within these zones if the sign includes a decorative base as described in EMC 19.10.060(F).

3. Incentives. The community development director may grant an increase in the sign height or a change in sign type under the following circumstances:

a. Decorative Freestanding Sign Incentive. If the administrator finds a freestanding sign support structure to be extraordinarily decorative and complementary to the building and/or surrounding area, the administrator may choose not to include the support structure in calculating the sign’s size. The “decorative support structure” is defined in EMC 19.10.060(F)(2).

b. Monument Sign Incentive. The administrator may grant a 20 percent increase in sign face size for freestanding signs which are of monument design. The administrator may grant the increase in size after finding the proposed sign has an attractive base constructed of natural materials (stone, brick, wood), incorporates a significant landscape area around the base, is not internally lit, and uses diffuse lighting only. This incentive shall not be allowed in addition to any other incentive which increases the sign size.

D. Projecting Signs.

1. Number. A maximum of one projecting sign per business per facade is allowed.

2. Size. Signs shall have a maximum size of 12 square feet per side and a maximum width of four feet.

3. Location and Clearance. Signs shall have a minimum sidewalk clearance of eight feet, a maximum sidewalk clearance of 10 feet, and a maximum projection of four feet from the building facade. Signs shall extend no closer than two feet from the plane of the curb line and may not extend to or above the building roof.

4. Exceptions. A projecting sign larger than 12 square feet per side and/or projecting more than four feet out from the building and/or placed outside of 60 to 90 percent of the first-floor facade area may be allowed if the administrator finds that it is of extraordinary design and appropriate for its location. The following factors shall be considered during the review process: sign design, building design, scale of the building in relation to the sign, sign placement, awning type and placement, height above the sidewalk, and density and sizes of existing projecting signs within the block.

Projecting Sign Dimensions

E. Signs Suspended from Awnings. Signs shall have a maximum sign size of eight square feet per side, a minimum sidewalk height clearance of eight feet, and may not project farther than the awning nor be closer than two feet from the plane of the curb line.

Signs Suspended from Awnings

F. Awning Signs.

1. Location and Size. Signs shall be allowed on the vertical face of the canopy only and shall cover no more than 50 percent of the potential sign surface area. Awnings shall be a minimum of eight feet above the finished grade of the sidewalk, have heights in proportion to the height of the building facade, and be located no closer than two feet from the plane of the curb line.

2. Total Sign Area for Building. The area of the awning/canopy copy shall be included in the maximum building sign area allowed for the business.

Awning Sign Dimensions

G. A-Board/Changeable Copy Sign/Portable Freestanding Signs.

1. Number and Location. One A-board or moveable changeable copy sign or portable freestanding sign per business shall be allowed; provided, that it shall not exceed six square feet per side, three feet in height, or two feet in width.

2. Location.

a. These signs may either be on premises or immediately off premises, and shall be taken inside each night. Off-premises signs must be within 30 feet of the subject business’ location.

b. Signs shall not be located in any planter strip and shall not block sidewalks or present a safety hazard.

c. At least 36 inches of sidewalk clearance shall be required.

Board Sign Dimensions

H. Banner/Flag Exception. Banners, pennants, and flags may be allowed on a “permanent” basis, in which case they shall be included in the maximum total allowable sign area for a building or tenant lease space. The intent is to allow for small, attractive flags and pennants used by merchants downtown. Such signs may also be allowed on a temporary basis per EMC 19.10.210, Temporary signs, in which case they would not count towards the total allowable sign area. Pole-supported banners are permitted in HCB and LI only per EMC 19.10.210.

I. Service Island Exception. In the NB and GO zones, in addition to the other permitted signage, service islands shall be allowed one sign on the canopy fascia per street frontage, not to exceed 20 percent of the area of canopy fascia to which the sign is mounted. A portion of any freestanding sign may include an electronic changeable copy that includes one color on a black background.

J. Off-Premises Sign Exception. This exception may only be provided to buildings without street frontage. One off-premises sign shall be allowed on private property with proper consent of the owner of the property fronting the nearest public street. Written proof of consent shall be provided to the administrator, and the sign shall meet all other conditions of this chapter. No other exceptions or incentives shall be provided for such signs. See EMC 19.10.210 for temporary off-premises signs. (Ord. 2645 § 2, 2018).

19.10.190 Criteria for signs in HCB, LI zoning districts.

Signs in the HCB and LI zoning districts shall comply with the standards set forth in this chapter. Where standards conflict, the more restrictive standards shall be used.

A. Wall Signs. See EMC 19.10.180(B).

1. Size and Number for Single-Tenant Buildings. Wall signs shall be placed only on the street-facing facade(s) unless special approval is granted by the administrator. Multiple building signs may be used, but shall be consistent in appearance (size, color, spacing, style, illumination, etc.). Total building signage shall not exceed the following maximum sign size (as based on each street-facing facade):

Facade Area

Building Sign Size Maximum

0 – 199 sq. ft.

15% or 15 sq. ft., whichever is greater

200 – 499 sq. ft.

13% or 30 sq. ft., whichever is greater

500 – 999 sq. ft.

13% up to a 115 sq. ft. maximum

1,000 – 1,499 sq. ft.

12% up to a 150 sq. ft. maximum

1,500 – 2,999 sq. ft.

10% up to a 200 sq. ft. maximum

3,000 sq. ft. or greater

7% up to a 250 sq. ft. maximum

2. Size and Number for Multitenant Buildings. Wall signs should be of compatible size and style with one another. Building signs shall be placed only on the street-facing facade(s) unless special approval is granted by the administrator.

a. Tenants with One Street Front. One building sign shall be allowed per tenant lease space, not to exceed 10 percent of the tenant lease space facade.

b. Tenants with Multiple Street Fronts. Two building signs shall be allowed per tenant lease space. The primary facade sign shall not exceed 10 percent of the primary tenant lease space facade; the secondary facade sign shall be placed on the secondary facade and shall not exceed 10 percent of the secondary tenant lease space facade or the square footage allowable based on the primary facade, whichever is less.

3. Exceptions. Exceptions shall be considered when unusual facade design would result in significant practical difficulty in placing the sign as required in this chapter. The administrator may waive the requirement for the sign to be placed within 60 to 90 percent of the first-floor building facade only if warranted by extraordinary design, aesthetic placement, compatibility with the building, and compatibility with neighboring buildings.

B. Freestanding Signs.

1. Location. Signs shall be allowed when the building facade is set back from the public right-of-way and the sign can be installed on premises. Mounding below freestanding signs shall be prohibited unless approved by the administrator. All approved mounding shall include landscaping.

2. Number and Size. A maximum of one freestanding sign shall be allowed per development. Freestanding signs shall be either single- or double-sided. Maximum sign height shall be 12 feet, maximum sign width shall be eight feet, and maximum sign size shall be 36 square feet per side unless the sign qualifies for an incentive-based size allowance (see below).

3. State Route 410 Monument Sign. Businesses along Roosevelt Avenue (State Route 410) that are within the HCB or LI zoning districts are permitted a freestanding monument sign with a maximum size of 60 square feet per side if the sign is meets the incentives outlined in subsection (B)(4)(a) of this section.

4. Exceptions and Incentives.

a. Decorative Freestanding Sign Incentive. If the administrator finds a freestanding sign support structure to be extraordinarily decorative and complementary to the building and/or surrounding area, the administrator may choose not to include the support structure in calculating the sign’s size. The “decorative support structure” is defined in EMC 19.10.060(F)(2).

b. Monument Sign Incentive. The administrator may grant a 20 percent increase in sign face size for freestanding signs which are of monument design. The administrator may grant the increase in size after finding the proposed sign has an attractive base constructed of natural materials (stone, brick, wood), incorporates a significant landscape area around the base, is not internally lit, and uses diffuse lighting only. This incentive shall not be allowed in addition to any other incentive which increases the sign size.

c. Electronic Changeable Copy Signs. Electronic changeable copy signs shall be allowed in the HCB zoning district. For performance standards, refer to EMC 19.10.160(D).

d. Projecting Signs. See EMC 19.10.180(D).

e. Signs Suspended from Awnings. See EMC 19.10.180(E).

f. Awning Signs. See EMC 19.10.180(F).

g. A-Board/Changeable Copy Sign/Portable Freestanding Sign. See EMC 19.10.180(G).

h. Service Island Exception. In the HCB and LI zones, in addition to the other permitted signage, service islands shall be allowed one sign on the canopy fascia per street frontage, not to exceed 20 percent of the area of canopy fascia to which the sign is mounted. A portion of any freestanding sign may include an electronic changeable copy that includes one color on a black background.

i. Off-Premises Sign Exception. See EMC 19.10.180(J). (Ord. 2645 § 2, 2018).

19.10.200 Criteria for signs in P, H, and GO-H zoning districts.

A. Review. Signs in the P, H, and GO-H zoning districts are required to follow the master sign plan process outlined in EMC 19.10.090.

B. Size.

1. Signs in the P and H zoning districts shall not exceed the maximum sizes allowed in the HCB zone.

2. Signs in the GO-H zone shall be limited to wall, freestanding, and/or monument signs which shall not exceed the sign sizes allowed in the GO zone.

C. Electronic Changeable Copy Signs. Electronic changeable copy signs shall be allowed in the P zoning district. For performance standards, refer to EMC 19.10.160(D). (Ord. 2645 § 2, 2018).

Article IV. Temporary Signs

19.10.210 Temporary signs.

Certain temporary signs not exempted by EMC 19.10.050 shall be allowed under the conditions listed below.

A. General Provisions.

1. All signs shall be nonilluminated and emit no noise or sounds.

2. Any of the signs or objects included in this section are illegal if they are not securely attached, create either a visual or traffic hazard, or are not maintained in good condition.

3. Unless expressly exempt, all temporary signs, banners, and pole-supported pennants shall be approved by the administrator following submittal of an application specifying the size and location of the sign, and the dates upon which they are to be installed and removed.

4. Temporary signs may be displayed for a period not to exceed 60 days. Any time a temporary sign is removed, it shall not be replaced by the same or other temporary sign for a period of not less than 90 consecutive days.

5. Temporary signs shall not be permanently attached to the ground, a building, or to any other structure, other than what is necessary to secure it to prevent theft, wind damage or safety problems.

6. Advertising wind signs or devices that flutter, wave, sparkle, or otherwise move from the pressure of the wind are permitted for specific promotions or events but shall not be permanently displayed.

7. Temporary signs may not be placed on fences or roofs or in a manner that physically obstructs the public right-of-way.

8. Temporary sign permits shall be required pursuant to EMC 19.10.080.

B. Temporary On-Premises Sign.

1. Total signing shall conform with the requirements set forth in the use’s base zone district. Temporary signage placed in lieu of a permanent sign shall be removed immediately upon installation of a permanent wall or freestanding sign, 45 days after approval of the permanent sign by the decision maker or 60 days after the temporary sign is placed, whichever occurs first.

2. The administrator may grant an extension of the time limitations described in this section if the applicant requests and extension prior to expiration of the permitted duration.

C. Banners, Pennants, Ribbons, Spinners, Large Inflatable Objects, Searchlights, Etc. Banners, pennants, balloons, etc., may be permitted on private property for not more than 30 days per calendar year, unless subject to subsections D through G of this section. The administrator may approve periods more than 30 days if the applicant demonstrates that unique circumstances necessitate more than 30 days. Banners not subject to subsections D through G of this section are limited to 32 square feet.

D. Banners on Property Fronting State Routes within the HCB or LI Zoning Districts. The following provisions shall be allowed within the above-specified area only. Each building may have one banner per street-facing facade; the maximum banner size is 100 square feet. Each banner shall be in place no more than 45 days per year unless the administrator grants permission to leave the banner in place for a longer period of time if the applicant demonstrates that unique circumstances necessitate more than 45 days.

E. Pole-Supported Pennants on Property Fronting State Routes within the HCB or LI Zoning Districts. The following provisions shall be allowed within the HCB or LI zoning districts for properties that front state routes. Pennants shall be constructed of cloth or vinyl and shall not exceed two square feet in size. Only one pennant shall be allowed per pole. Pennants shall be attached to one side of the pole via horizontal supports at the top and bottom of the pennant. Pennants shall be maintained in good condition.

F. Community Banners. The city may provide two locations for community event banners. Placement shall be reserved for periods up to 30 days on a first-come, first-served basis up to one year in advance following administrative approval of a community banner permit application.

G. Temporary Off-Premises Signs (CB1, CB2, NB, GO, HCB, LI and P Zoning Districts). Each address in the listed zoning district may have one temporary off-premises sign for no more than 90 days per calendar year. These signs shall be allowed on private or public property with proper consent of the owner of the property. Written proof of consent shall be provided to the administrator, and the sign shall meet all other conditions of this chapter. No one parcel may have more than three temporary off-premises signs at any time. Sign area, size and height limits shall be the same as the freestanding sign requirements for the underlying zoning district in which the sign is located.

H. City Right-of-Way outside of the Roadway. Temporary signs are prohibited in the roadway. Temporary signs on city right-of-way placed outside of the roadway must comply with the following requirements:

1. Location. Allowed only between the property line and the back of the nearest curb, or where no curb exists, between the property line and the nearest edge of the roadway pavement. Signs may not be placed on sidewalks, driveways or other paved areas designed for pedestrian or vehicular use, or as conditioned in a right-of-way use permit.

2. Approval of Abutting Owner. Approval of the abutting owner is required.

3. Type. Temporary signs on stakes that can be manually pushed or hammered into the ground are allowed.

4. Size and Height. Limited to four square feet and three feet in height.

5. Dilapidated, Abandoned or Nuisance Signs. Any temporary sign in the right-of-way that is dilapidated, abandoned or a nuisance shall be removed by the person responsible for placement of the sign.

6. The time limits of subsection A of this section shall not apply to temporary signs in the city right-of-way. Temporary signs authorized by this subsection H shall be newly constructed when installed and shall be removed within 45 days after each year’s November general election held immediately after installation.

I. Residential Zones. Temporary signs may be placed on property residentially zoned in accordance with the requirements of this section and the following:

1. Window Signs. Limited to no more than one temporary window sign per residential unit, not to exceed four square feet.

2. Freestanding Signs (Includes Post-mounted, Stake and Portable Signs).

a. Single-Family Zones. Temporary free-standing signs shall not exceed four square feet in size and five feet in height, if the sign is mounted on the ground, and not to exceed three feet in height if the sign is stake-mounted or portable.

b. Multifamily Zones. Temporary free-standing signs shall not exceed six square feet in size and five feet in height if the sign is post mounted on the ground, and not to exceed three feet in height if the sign is stake-mounted or portable.

3. Surface-Mounted Signs. Limited to sites two acres or larger:

a. Size. No larger than 32 square feet.

b. Location. Must be flatly affixed to walls below the fascia or parapet line, or flatly affixed to on-site fences either facing or abutting the street or facing inward to the subject site. Signs shall not be attached or tethered to other site improvements.

J. Nonresidential Zones. Temporary signs are allowed on nonresidentially zoned property in accordance with the requirements of this section and the following:

1. Window Signs. Subject to the window sign requirements of EMC 19.10.070(M).

2. Freestanding Signs (Including Post-mounted, Stake and Portable Signs) Size/Height. Limited to four square feet and five feet in height if the temporary sign is mounted in the ground, and not to exceed three feet in height if the temporary sign is portable.

3. Surface-Mounted Signs:

a. Size. Limited to 30 square feet.

b. Location. Must be flatly affixed to walls below the fascia or parapet line, or flatly affixed to on-site fences either facing the abutting street or facing inward to the subject site. Signs shall not be attached or tethered to other site improvements.

K. Temporary Signs on Large Properties, Residential or Nonresidentially Zoned Properties. The following temporary signs may be placed on any site at least two acres in size, in accordance with the requirements of this section and the following:

1. Type. Any type.

2. Size/Height. Not to exceed 64 square feet and up to eight feet above ground level.

3. Exclusivity. The sign allowed under this subsection is in lieu of and shall not be displayed with or be in addition to other temporary signs allowed by this section. (Ord. 2645 § 2, 2018).

19.10.220 Sign walkers.

Sign walkers are allowed, subject to the following standards:

A. Permit. A permit is not required for a sign walker, but the sign walker shall comply with all the applicable requirements of this chapter.

B. Number. No limit.

C. Area. The sign walker’s sign shall not exceed eight square feet in area and shall not exceed eight feet in height when held in place.

D. Zone. Allowed in nonresidential zones only.

E. Design. The sign walker’s sign cannot be illuminated. Sign walkers shall be limited to daylight hours only.

F. Location. Sign walkers are restricted to a minimum of 30 feet from a street or driveway intersection, measured from the back of the curb or edge of pavement if no curb exists, and shall not be located in any of the following places:

1. On any public property or within public right-of-way, although sign walkers are allowed on public sidewalks;

2. In parking aisles or stalls;

3. In driving lanes;

4. On fences, walls, boulders, planters, other signs, vehicles, utility facilities or other structures; or

5. In a manner which results in a sign walker physically interfering with motorists, pedestrians or bicyclists. (Ord. 2645 § 2, 2018).