Chapter 18.08
DEFINITIONS

Sections:

18.08.005    Generally.

18.08.010    “A” definitions.

18.08.015    Accessory apartment unit.

18.08.020    Accessory building.

18.08.025    Accessory dwelling unit.

18.08.030    Active adult community.

18.08.031    Active use storage.

18.08.032    Administrative conditional use.

18.08.035    Adult family home.

18.08.040    Adult business, adult use establishment, and adult entertainment.

18.08.045    Agriculture.

18.08.050    Alley.

18.08.055    Animal shelter.

18.08.060    Apartment.

18.08.065    Apartment house.

18.08.070    Apparel and accessory stores.

18.08.075    Antique store.

18.08.080    Arcade, gaming.

18.08.085    Area of special flood hazard (flood hazard areas).

18.08.090    Art galleries.

18.08.095    Area, building.

18.08.100    Area, floor.

18.08.105    Area, site.

18.08.110    Assisted living facility.

18.08.115    Auto parts sales.

18.08.120    Automobile repair.

18.08.125    Automobile service station.

18.08.130    Automobile wrecking.

18.08.135    “B” definitions.

18.08.140    Bank.

18.08.145    Bar.

18.08.150    Base flood.

18.08.155    Basement, for flood loads.

18.08.160    Basement.

18.08.165    Bed and breakfast.

18.08.170    Block front.

18.08.175    Boarder.

18.08.180    Boardinghouse, roominghouse.

18.08.185    Book, stationery and art supply store.

18.08.190    Building.

18.08.195    Building, accessory.

18.08.200    Building height.

18.08.205    Building, main.

18.08.210    Build-to zone.

18.08.215    Business, commerce.

18.08.220    Building, hardware and garden supply store.

18.08.225    Bus station.

18.08.230    Bus terminal.

18.08.235    Bus transfer station.

18.08.240    Brewery.

18.08.245    “C” definitions.

18.08.250    Cafeteria.

18.08.255    Camper.

18.08.260    Camping trailer.

18.08.265    Canopy tree.

18.08.270    Caretaker or security dwelling unit.

18.08.275    Car wash.

18.08.280    Carport.

18.08.285    Carriage unit.

18.08.290    Cemetery.

18.08.295    Channel.

18.08.300    Church.

18.08.305    City.

18.08.310    City Administrator.

18.08.315    City officials and agencies.

18.08.320    Cinema.

18.08.325    Clinic.

18.08.330    Clubs or fraternal societies.

18.08.335    Cocktail lounge.

18.08.340    Coffee/food stand.

18.08.345    Coffee shop.

18.08.350    Commercial campground.

18.08.355    Commercial recreation.

18.08.360    Commission.

18.08.365    Complete life care retirement community.

18.08.370    Comprehensive Plan.

18.08.375    Concessionaire.

18.08.380    Conference center.

18.08.385    Contractor’s offices and shops.

18.08.390    Contractor’s yard.

18.08.395    Convalescent center.

18.08.400    Cooperative or group home.

18.08.405    Corps of Engineers.

18.08.410    Correctional facility.

18.08.415    Cottage house.

18.08.420    Council.

18.08.425    Court.

18.08.430    Coverage.

18.08.435    Cultural institution.

18.08.440    “D” definitions.

18.08.445    Dance hall.

18.08.450    Dance studio, art studio, and similar related instructional facility.

18.08.455    Day care center.

18.08.460    Delicatessen.

18.08.465    Department store.

18.08.470    Dependent recreational vehicle.

18.08.475    Designated manufactured home.

18.08.480    Destination use.

18.08.485    Detached building.

18.08.490    Development.

18.08.495    Diameter breast height (DBH).

18.08.500    Director of Public Works.

18.08.505    Distillery.

18.08.510    District.

18.08.515    Dormitories, fraternities and sororities.

18.08.520    Downtown street tree.

18.08.525    Drainway.

18.08.530    Drive-in restaurant or refreshment stand.

18.08.535    Drive-thru.

18.08.540    Drug store/pharmacy.

18.08.545    Duplex.

18.08.550    Duplex, single-family attached.

18.08.555    Dwelling.

18.08.560    Dwelling, single-family attached.

18.08.565    Dwelling, single-family detached.

18.08.570    Dwelling, two-family detached.

18.08.575    Dwelling, multifamily.

18.08.580    Dwelling unit.

18.08.585    “E” definitions.

18.08.590    Electrical distribution substation.

18.08.595    Electronic equipment stores.

18.08.600    Essential public facilities.

18.08.610    Equipment rental.

18.08.615    Essential use.

18.08.620    “F” definitions.

18.08.625    Family.

18.08.630    Family day care home.

18.08.635    Family day care or day nursery.

18.08.640    Farming of land.

18.08.645    Fence.

18.08.650    Financial institution.

18.08.655    Flood or flooding – Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM), flood insurance study, floodplain.

18.08.660    Flood fringe.

18.08.665    Floodplain.

18.08.670    Floodproofing.

18.08.675    Floodway.

18.08.680    Floor area ratio.

18.08.685    Florist.

18.08.687    Food cart.

18.08.690    Food processing.

18.08.695    Food stores.

18.08.700    Food wagon.

18.08.705    Fraternity, sorority or dormitory.

18.08.710    Fuel station/mini mart/convenience store.

18.08.715    Funeral establishment.

18.08.720    Furniture, home furnishings, and appliance stores.

18.08.725    “G” definitions.

18.08.730    General service businesses.

18.08.735    Grade plane.

18.08.740    Gross floor area.

18.08.745    Guest room.

18.08.750    “H” definitions.

18.08.755    Habitable floor.

18.08.760    Hard surface.

18.08.765    Hazardous waste.

18.08.770    Hazardous waste treatment.

18.08.775    Hazardous waste treatment and storage facilities, off-site.

18.08.780    Hazardous waste treatment and storage facilities, on-site.

18.08.785    Hearings Examiner.

18.08.790    Health/fitness center.

18.08.795    Health/fitness facility.

18.08.800    Health spa.

18.08.805    Hedge.

18.08.810    Height of building.

18.08.815    Height setback.

18.08.820    Hog farm.

18.08.825    Home occupation.

18.08.830    Homeless shelter.

18.08.835    Hospital.

18.08.840    Hospital or clinic for large animals.

18.08.845    Hospital or clinic for small animals.

18.08.847    Host agency.

18.08.850    Hot tub.

18.08.855    Hotel.

18.08.860    House-banked card room.

18.08.865    “I” definitions.

18.08.870    Impervious.

18.08.875    Impervious surface.

18.08.880    Intermediate care facility (part of a “complete life care retirement community”).

18.08.885    “J” definitions.

18.08.890    Junkyard.

18.08.895    “K” definitions.

18.08.900    Kennel.

18.08.905    “L” definitions.

18.08.910    Landscaping.

18.08.915    Landscaping material sales.

18.08.920    Landscaping standards.

18.08.925    Large livestock farming.

18.08.930    Lattice tower.

18.08.935    Laundry, self-service.

18.08.940    Laundry/dry cleaning, retail.

18.08.945    Laundry/dry cleaning, neighborhood.

18.08.950    Laundry/dry cleaning, commercial.

18.08.955    Livestock feed lot.

18.08.960    Loading space.

18.08.965    Local park.

18.08.970    Lot.

18.08.975    Lot frontage.

18.08.980    Lot area.

18.08.985    Lot, corner.

18.08.990    Lot, interior.

18.08.995    Lot line, front.

18.08.1000    Lot line, rear.

18.08.1005    Lot line, side.

18.08.1010    Lot measurements.

18.08.1015    Lot of record.

18.08.1018    Lot types.

18.08.1020    Lowest floor.

18.08.1025    Low impact development (LID).

18.08.1030    Low impact development (LID) best management practices.

18.08.1035    Low impact development (LID) principles.

18.08.1040    Lumberyard.

18.08.1045    “M” definitions.

18.08.1050    Macro facility.

18.08.1055    Mailing services.

18.08.1060    Manufactured home.

18.08.1065    Manufactured home lot, park, and stand.

18.08.1070    Manufacturing, general.

18.08.1075    Manufacturing, heavy.

18.08.1080    Manufacturing, light.

18.08.1085    Manufacturing use.

18.08.1090    Marinas.

18.08.1095    Marine equipment rentals.

18.08.1100    Marine gas sales.

18.08.1105    Master plan.

18.08.1110    Mental health facilities.

18.08.1115    Micro brewery.

18.08.1116    Micro business.

18.08.1117    Micro business development.

18.08.1120    Micro distillery.

18.08.1125    Micro facility.

18.08.1130    Mini-warehouse.

18.08.1132    Mobile food vehicle.

18.08.1133    Mobile food vendor (temporary).

18.08.1135    Mobile home.

18.08.1140    Mobile home park.

18.08.1145    Mobile home stand.

18.08.1150    Modular home.

18.08.1155    Monopole.

18.08.1160    Motel.

18.08.1165    Motor home.

18.08.1168    Mount.

18.08.1170    Mulch.

18.08.1172    Multiple vendor business license.

18.08.1175    Municipal use.

18.08.1178    “N” definitions.

18.08.1180    Neighborhood playground.

18.08.1185    Net density.

18.08.1190    Nonconforming land use.

18.08.1200    Nonconforming lot.

18.08.1205    Non-sight-obscuring.

18.08.1210    Nursing home or rest home.

18.08.1215    Nursery, plant.

18.08.1220    “O” definitions.

18.08.1225    Obstruction.

18.08.1230    Office – corporate.

18.08.1235    Office – professional.

18.08.1240    Office – research and development.

18.08.1245    Office supply store.

18.08.1250    Open space.

18.08.1255    Outdoor advertising sign.

18.08.1260    Outdoor advertising structure.

18.08.1265    Outdoor merchandise displays.

18.08.1270    Outdoor storage.

18.08.1275    “P” definitions.

18.08.1280    Park and ride.

18.08.1285    Parking lot.

18.08.1290    Parking space.

18.08.1295    Parking structure.

18.08.1300    Pasture.

18.08.1305    Pawn shop.

18.08.1310    Pedestrian visibility setback.

18.08.1315    Pen.

18.08.1317    Permanent mobile food facilities.

18.08.1320    Permeable pavement.

18.08.1325    Person.

18.08.1330    Pervious surface.

18.08.1335    Personal loan business.

18.08.1340    Personal services business.

18.08.1343    Personal storage.

18.08.1345    Pet shop and pet supply store.

18.08.1350    Photo processing, copying and printing services.

18.08.1355    Plant merchandise displays.

18.08.1360    Pool, private.

18.08.1365    Pool, public.

18.08.1370    Pool, semi-public.

18.08.1375    Portable food vendor.

18.08.1380    Portico.

18.08.1385    Poultry farm.

18.08.1390    Primary use.

18.08.1395    Principal building or use.

18.08.1400    Public agency.

18.08.1405    Public agency building.

18.08.1410    Public agency facility.

18.08.1415    Public nuisance.

18.08.1420    Public use.

18.08.1425    “Q” definitions.

18.08.1430    “R” definitions.

18.08.1435    Radio and television studio.

18.08.1440    Recreation area or community clubhouse, noncommercial.

18.08.1445    Recreational club.

18.08.1450    Recreational vehicle.

18.08.1455    Recreational vehicle campground.

18.08.1460    Recreational vehicle park.

18.08.1465    Recreational vehicle space.

18.08.1467    Religious organization.

18.08.1470    Required infrastructure and critical areas.

18.08.1475    Restaurant.

18.08.1480    Retail establishment.

18.08.1485    Risk potential facility or activity.

18.08.1490    “S” definitions.

18.08.1495    Sales, retail.

18.08.1500    Sales, wholesale.

18.08.1505    Sanitary station or sanitary dumping station.

18.08.1510    School.

18.08.1515    School, alternative.

18.08.1520    School, commercial.

18.08.1525    School, trade.

18.08.1530    Screening.

18.08.1535    Secondhand/consignment store.

18.08.1540    Secondary, incidental or accessory use.

18.08.1542    Secure community transition facility (SCTF).

18.08.1545    Senior housing.

18.08.1550    Sensitive land uses.

18.08.1555    Service station.

18.08.1560    Setback.

18.08.1565    Shipping container.

18.08.1570    Shopping center.

18.08.1575    Shrub.

18.08.1580    Sight-obscuring.

18.08.1585    Sign.

18.08.1590    Small livestock farming.

18.08.1595    Specialty retail store.

18.08.1600    Specified anatomical areas.

18.08.1605    Specified sexual activities.

18.08.1607    Sponsoring agency.

18.08.1610    Stable, private.

18.08.1615    Stable, public.

18.08.1620    Stock-in-trade.

18.08.1625    Story.

18.08.1630    Street.

18.08.1635    Street classification.

18.08.1640    Structural alteration.

18.08.1645    Structure.

18.08.1650    Substance abuse treatment facility (SATF).

18.08.1655    Substantial damage.

18.08.1660    Substantial improvement.

18.08.1665    Supermarket.

18.08.1670    “T” definitions.

18.08.1675    Tavern.

18.08.1680    Telemarketing service.

18.08.1681    Temporary outdoor homeless encampment.

18.08.1682    Temporary public space use permit.

18.08.1685    Theater, movie.

18.08.1690    Theater, family movie.

18.08.1695    Towing, vehicle impound lots.

18.08.1700    Tract.

18.08.1705    Trail head.

18.08.1710    Transportation center.

18.08.1715    Travel trailer.

18.08.1720    Tree.

18.08.1725    Truck stop.

18.08.1730    Truck terminal.

18.08.1735    “U” definitions.

18.08.1740    Usable floor area, nonresidential.

18.08.1745    Usable floor area, residential.

18.08.1750    Use – conditional.

18.08.1755    Use – permitted.

18.08.1760    Use – accessory (secondary).

18.08.1765    Use, nonconforming.

18.08.1770    “V” definitions.

18.08.1775    Variance.

18.08.1780    Vehicle leasing and rentals.

18.08.1785    Vehicle dealership.

18.08.1790    Video rental store.

18.08.1795    “W” definitions.

18.08.1800    Warehousing and wholesale trade.

18.08.1805    Warehousing, storage and distribution.

18.08.1810    Watercourse.

18.08.1815    Waterfront park.

18.08.1820    Wholesale use.

18.08.1825    Wineries – Production.

18.08.1830    Wineries – Tasting room.

18.08.1835    “X” definitions.

18.08.1840    “Y” definitions.

18.08.1845    Yard.

18.08.1850    Yard, front.

18.08.1855    Yard, rear.

18.08.1860    Yard, side.

18.08.1865    “Z” definitions.

Prior legislation: Ords. 1400, 1404, 1525, 1760, 1823, 1851 and 1937.

18.08.005 Generally.

A.    Definitions – Introductory. For the purpose of this title, certain terms and words are defined in this chapter. When not inconsistent with the context, words used in the present tense shall include the future; the singular number shall include the plural, and the plural, the singular; the word “shall” is always mandatory and the word “may” denotes a use of discretion in making a decision. The words “used” or “occupied,” unless the context otherwise requires, shall be considered as though followed by the words “or intended, arranged or designed to be used or occupied.” The word “encouraged” shall not mean mandatory; however, in such cases where the applicant refuses to comply with such suggested outcomes or policies, they shall propose an alternative solution which meets the intent of the policy, in the judgment of the Community Development Director. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.010 “A” definitions.

(Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.015 Accessory apartment unit.

“Accessory apartment unit” means a unit located within a detached one-family dwelling and is a habitable living unit that provides the basic requirements of shelter, heating, cooking, and sanitation. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.020 Accessory building.

“Accessory building” means a subordinate building, the use of which is incidental to the use of the main building on the same lot. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.025 Accessory dwelling unit.

“Accessory dwelling unit” means a residential unit located within a nonresidential primary building or lot. Occupancy of accessory dwelling units is reserved for the manager, caretaker, or owner of the main or primary use of the building. Also see “Caretaker or security dwelling unit.” (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.030 Active adult community.

“Active adult community” means a complex of dwellings, exclusively designed for and occupied by adults, generally aged 55 and older, which may include recreational activities, shared open space, and other similar amenities. Also see “Senior housing” and “Complete life care retirement community” in FMC 18.08.365. (Ord. 2046 § 1 (Exh. 1), 2018; Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.031 Active use storage.

“Active use storage” means a building or buildings designed for the enclosed storage of personal property including, but not limited to, vehicles, vessels, and household furniture and goods, which are configured to allow the tenant to occupy the area to repair or modify these items, and where the tenant may also utilize the enclosed space for recreation and other nonbusiness pursuits, but not intended to include residential uses such as sleeping or cooking. Such structures are typically designed to include fire suppression and other life-safety elements necessary to support the most intensive use possible within the building, as determined by the City. Also known as man caves or hobby workshops. (Ord. 2046 § 1 (Exh. 1), 2018)

18.08.032 Administrative conditional use.1

“Administrative conditional use” means a use of a lot, structure or building which the Ferndale City Council has determined has a greater potential to impact surrounding properties or districts, and/or the environment, or which may be inconsistent with the underlying zoning and Comprehensive Plan, but which, subject to certain project-specific conditions, may be appropriately conditioned by administrative staff to mitigate those impacts. (Ord. 2046 § 1 (Exh. 1), 2018; Ord. 2006 § 2 (Att. 2), 2017)

18.08.035 Adult family home.

“Adult family home” means a facility licensed pursuant to Chapter 70.128 RCW, or the regular family dwelling of a person or persons who are providing personal care, special care, and/or room and board to more than one but not more than six adults who are not related by blood or marriage to the person or persons providing the services. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.040 Adult business, adult use establishment, and adult entertainment.

“Adult business,” “adult use establishment,” and “adult entertainment” shall be defined as per FMC 5.14.020. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.045 Agriculture.

“Agriculture” means the tilling of the soil, the raising of crops, horticulture, livestock farming, dairying and/or animal husbandry. Agriculture excludes the following activities: hog farm, livestock feed lot, poultry farm, slaughterhouse, fertilizer works, bone yard, plant for the reduction or processing of animal matter, or similar manufacturing, processing, warehousing, storage, and related industrial and commercial activities whether or not dependent upon or closely allied to the agriculture industry. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.050 Alley.

“Alley” means a passage or way open to public travel, affording generally a secondary means of vehicular access to abutting lots, but not intended for the general traffic circulation and including vehicular ways satisfying this definition but designated by some other name. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.055 Animal shelter.

“Animal shelter” means a service use maintained and operated primarily for the impounding, holding and/or disposal of lost, stray, unwanted, or injured animals. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.060 Apartment.

“Apartment” means a room or suite of two or more rooms, which is designed for, intended for, or occupied by one family, with facilities for cooking therein. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.065 Apartment house.

Apartment house” means a multifamily dwelling. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.070 Apparel and accessory stores.

“Apparel and accessory stores” means stores primarily engaged in selling new clothing, shoes, jewelry, and related articles for personal wear and adornment and stores that rent clothing such as costumes and formal wear. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.075 Antique store.

“Antique store” shall mean a business in an enclosed building which specializes in the sale of used or historic items, including those items which are purchased or sold based on their rarity, uniqueness, condition, utility, or age. This definition shall not include those businesses which specialize in “secondhand” or “used” merchandise. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.080 Arcade, gaming.

“Arcade, gaming” means a commercial establishment containing six or more video, pinball, pool tables or other games, or a business with more than one game per 500 square feet of gross floor area. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.085 Area of special flood hazard (flood hazard areas).

Area of special flood hazard (flood hazard areas)” means the land in the floodplain subject to one percent or greater chance of flooding in any given year as identified by the most recent Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM) or other adopted scientific and engineering report adopted and further defined in FMC 15.24.100. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.090 Art galleries.

“Art galleries” means an establishment or other private or public place intended primarily for art exhibitions where people may view and/or purchase paintings, sculptures, or other works. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.095 Area, building.

Building area” means a total ground coverage of a building or structure measured from the outside of its external walls or supporting members or from a point four inches in from the outside edge of a cantilevered roof, and including its fireplaces. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.100 Area, floor.

“Floor area” means the area included within the surrounding exterior walls of a building or portion thereof, exclusive of courts. The floor area of a building or portion thereof, not provided with surrounding exterior walls, shall be the usable area under the horizontal projection of the roof or floor above. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.105 Area, site.

Site area” means gross floor area or the total horizontal area within the property lines excluding public rights-of-way. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.110 Assisted living facility.

“Assisted living facility” means an establishment which provides living quarters and a variety of limited personal care and supportive health care to individuals who are unable to live independently due to infirmity of age, physical or mental handicap, but who do not need the skilled nursing care of a convalescent or nursing home. These facilities may consist of individual dwelling units of a barrier-free design, with separate bathroom facilities, a full kitchen or no kitchen. The facility may provide a minimal amount of supportive health care monitoring, such as assistance with medication, but is limited to health care services which do not require state or federal licensing. In addition, these facilities may have a communal dining area, recreation facilities (library, lounge, game room), laundry facilities and open space. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.115 Auto parts sales.

“Auto parts sales” means a commercial establishment primarily engaged in the retail sale of new auto parts, automobile accessories and tools, where no automobile maintenance or repair services are provided. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.120 Automobile repair.

“Automobile repair” means an establishment which provides major automobile repair, minor automobile repair or an automobile repair specialty shop as defined herein.

A.    “Major automobile repair” means general repair, engine rebuilding, rebuilding or reconditioning of motor vehicles or trailers; collision service, including body, frame or fender straightening or repair; overall painting or paint shop or other major repair or maintenance, including operations which may require open flame or welding.

B.    “Minor automobile repair” means minor repairs, replacement of minor parts to passenger automobiles and trucks not exceeding one and one-half tons capacity, including any auto lubrication services and engine tune-up services but specifically excluding operations specified under “Major automobile repair” and “Automobile repair specialty shop,” and service stations pursuant to FMC 18.72.100.

C.    “Automobile repair specialty shop” means a retail and service place of business engaged primarily in light repair and sale of goods and services for automotive vehicles including brakes, muffler and tire shops, and their accessory uses. Major automobile repair is excluded from this definition. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.125 Automobile service station.

“Automobile service station” means a retail place of business for the servicing or fueling of motor vehicles, including tube and tire repairs, battery charging, storage of merchandise and supplies related to the servicing of motor vehicles, sale of gasoline and other fuel and lubricants, and minor motor vehicle repairs. Such use excludes items constituting “Major automobile repair.” See also FMC 18.72.100. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.130 Automobile wrecking.

“Automobile wrecking” means the dismantling or wrecking of used motor vehicles or trailers, or the storage, sale or dumping of dismantled, partially dismantled, obsolete or wrecked vehicles or their parts. See also “Junkyard.” (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.135 “B” definitions.

(Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.140 Bank.

“Bank” means a commercial institution that keeps money in accounts for individuals or organizations, makes loans, exchanges currencies, provides credit to businesses, and offers other financial services. A bank may include one or more drive-up windows, as well as one or more automatic teller machines (ATMs). Also see “Financial institution.” (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.145 Bar.

“Bar” means a counter at which drinks, primarily alcoholic drinks, are served to customers for consumption on the premises, and/or a drinking establishment with such a bar. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.150 Base flood.

“Base flood” means the flood having a one percent chance of being equaled or exceeded in any given year. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.155 Basement, for flood loads.

Basement, for flood loads” means any area of a building having its floor subgrade (below ground level) on all sides. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.160 Basement.

“Basement” means that portion of a story partly underground and having at least one-half of its height, or more than five feet below the average contact ground level at the exterior walls of the building. A basement may also constitute a first story if the ceiling is more than six feet above the average contact ground level at the exterior walls of the building. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.165 Bed and breakfast.

“Bed and breakfast” means a single-family dwelling unit occupied by a resident owner/manager within which up to four rental bedrooms are made available for overnight accommodation. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.170 Block front.

“Block front” means that property abutting on one side of a street and lying between the two nearest intersecting or intercepting streets or nearest intersecting or intercepting streets and railroad right-of-way, waterway, or subdivided acreage. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.175 Boarder.

“Boarder” means a patron of a boardinghouse or roominghouse who is provided meals, with or without lodging, for compensation. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.180 Boardinghouse, roominghouse.

“Boardinghouse” or “roominghouse” means a dwelling in which not more than four roomers and/or boarders are housed and fed. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.185 Book, stationery and art supply store.

“Book, stationery and art supply store” means an establishment engaged in the retail sale of books and magazines, stationery, CDs, records and tapes, video and art supplies. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.190 Building.

“Building” means any structure having a roof supported by columns or by walls and intended for the shelter, housing, or enclosure of any person, animal, or chattel. When any portion thereof is completely separated from every other portion thereof by a masonry division or fire wall without any window, door or other opening therein, which wall extends from the ground to the upper surface of the roof at every point, then each such portion shall be deemed to be a separate building. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.195 Building, accessory.

Building, accessory” means a detached subordinate building, the use of which is necessary and incidental to that of a main building on the same lot, and which does not change or alter the character of the premises. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.200 Building height.

Building height” means the vertical distance from the highest adjoining natural or undisturbed ground surface within a five-foot horizontal distance of the exterior wall of the building to the highest point on the coping of a flat roof or the highest ridge of a pitch or hip roof. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.205 Building, main.

Building, main” means a building in which is conducted the principal use of the lot on which it is situated. In any residential district, any dwelling shall be deemed to be a main building on the lot on which the same is situated. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.210 Build-to zone.

“Build-to zone” means an area of defined width along the frontage of a lot that encompasses a defined minimum percent of the building facade. Both width and percentage are defined by land use zoning. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.215 Business, commerce.

“Business” or “commerce” means the purchase, sale, offering for sale or other transaction involving the handling or disposition of any article, service, substance or commodity for livelihood or profit. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.220 Building, hardware and garden supply store.

Building, hardware and garden supply store” means an establishment engaged in selling lumber and other building materials such as paint, glass, wallpaper, tools, seeds, and fertilizer. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.225 Bus station.

“Bus station” means an establishment for the storage, dispatch, repair and maintenance of coaches and other vehicles of a public transit system. Also includes transit station. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.230 Bus terminal.

“Bus terminal” means an establishment that sells tickets, provides scheduling information and serves as a point of arrival and departure for an intercity bus line. Also includes transit terminal. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.235 Bus transfer station.

“Bus transfer station” means land in a centralized location used by a municipal bus service or public transportation system as a point of departure for multiple bus routes and where bus passengers transfer from one bus to another. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.240 Brewery.

“Brewery” means an establishment for the manufacture of malt liquors, such as beer and ale. Breweries may include accessory uses such as offices, restaurants and sampling rooms, and differ from micro breweries by virtue of their scale and their principal purpose as a manufacturing center for these liquors. Also see “Micro brewery,” “Distillery,” and “Micro distillery.” (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.245 “C” definitions.

(Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.250 Cafeteria.

“Cafeteria” means an enclosed building or portion thereof used for the preparation, sale, and consumption of food and beverages. Typically, food services offered in a cafeteria are provided as an accessory use to employees or other groups of people and are not generally offered to the general public. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.255 Camper.

“Camper” means a structure designed to be mounted on a truck chassis for use as a temporary dwelling for travel, recreational and vacation uses. A camper is considered a recreational vehicle, as defined herein. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.260 Camping trailer.

“Camping trailer” means a folding structure mounted on wheels and designed for travel, recreational and vacation uses. A camping trailer is considered a recreational vehicle, as defined herein. (See also “Dependent recreational vehicle,” FMC 18.08.470). (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.265 Canopy tree.

See “Landscaping standards.” (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.270 Caretaker or security dwelling unit.

“Caretaker or security dwelling unit” means a unit, often in the form of a manufactured or mobile home, located on a lot containing a nonresidential main or primary use, which is generally industrial or manufacturing in nature. Occupancy of the caretaker or security dwelling unit is reserved for the manager, caretaker, or owner of the main or primary use of the lot. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.275 Car wash.

“Car wash” means a facility designed for the cleaning of automobiles, of which there are two types, which may or may not be combined. When combined, the stricter regulations shall prevail:

A.    “Car wash, automatic” means a tunnel-like structure through which cars are pulled or driven and in which high-pressure sprays, brushes and/or vacuums clean, dry, and may wax vehicles.

B.    “Car wash, self-service” means a coin actuated, self-service washing system enclosed in a walled bay, open front and rear, of not less than eight feet in height. The pumps, water heaters and like equipment are completely housed. Additional facilities may include drying material dispensers and vacuum cleaners. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.280 Carport.

“Carport” means a covered space for the housing primarily of motor vehicles and enclosed on no more than two sides by walls, screens, cabinets, or other types of enclosures. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.285 Carriage unit.

“Carriage unit” means a single-family dwelling unit, not to exceed 800 square feet in gross floor area, located above a garage structure. Carriage units are allowed only when included in a cottage project. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.290 Cemetery.

“Cemetery” means land used or intended to be used for the burial of the dead and dedicated for cemetery purposes including (unless otherwise stated) columbariums, crematoriums, mausoleums, and funeral establishments, when operated in conjunction with and within the boundary of such cemetery. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.295 Channel.

“Channel” means the geographic area within either the natural or artificial banks of a watercourse or drainage way. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.300 Church.

Church,” or “religious institution,” means a structure, group of structures, or portion thereof which is utilized for the purpose of conducting religious worship, services or ceremonies. A church may contain facilities such as a sanctuary or chapel, assembly rooms, offices, kitchen, parsonage, or multipurpose facilities. Graded educational facilities, dwelling units except parsonage, day care facilities, temporary or permanent encampments for the homeless (whether indoor or outdoor), and facilities for the training of religious orders shall not be considered incidental to church usage, but may be allowed subject to other provisions of this title. (Ord. 2066 § 1 (Exh. 1), 2018; Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.305 City.

“City” means the City of Ferndale, Washington. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.310 City Administrator.

City Administrator” means the City Administrator of the City of Ferndale as established and approved by the City Council. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.315 City officials and agencies.

City officials and agencies” shall mean, in the case of “City,” the City of Ferndale in Whatcom County, Washington. “City Council” means the City Council of said City; the term “Planning Commission” means the Planning Commission of the City; the term “Hearings Examiner” or “Hearing Examiner” means the Hearings Examiner of the City; the term “Zoning Director,” “Community Development Director,” or “Zoning Administrator” means such person as the Mayor shall designate to administer and enforce this title. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.320 Cinema.

“Cinema” means a motion picture theater. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.325 Clinic.

“Clinic” means a building or portion of a building designed and used for providing medical, dental, psychiatric or chiropractic services for outpatients only. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.330 Clubs or fraternal societies.

“Clubs or fraternal societies” means an association of persons (whether or not incorporated) organized for some common nonprofit purpose, but not including a group organized primarily to render a service customarily carried on as a business. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.335 Cocktail lounge.

“Cocktail lounge” means an establishment or room(s) within an establishment in which cocktails are served. A cocktail lounge is considered a drinking establishment, as defined herein. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.340 Coffee/food stand.

“Coffee/food stand” means a business of less than 750 square feet in total floor area (all floors), with a limited menu (often featuring coffee) and little or no interior seating. Coffee/food stands are primarily designed to support drive-up service. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.345 Coffee shop.

“Coffee shop” means a business specializing in the sale of coffee, tea, and/or bakery items which includes indoor seating. Coffee shops shall generally be larger than 750 square feet in total floor area (all floors), and may include drive-up or walk-up service. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.350 Commercial campground.

“Commercial campground” means as follows: Campgrounds and RV parks as are defined and regulated by Chapter 18.64 FMC. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.355 Commercial recreation.

“Commercial recreation” means establishments engaged in providing amusement or entertainment for a fee or admission charge. There are two categories of commercial recreation:

A.    “Indoor commercial recreation” means uses including but not limited to such activities as bowling alleys, billiard and pool establishments, skating rinks, indoor batting cages and miniature golf.

B.    “Outdoor commercial recreation” means uses including but not limited to such activities as outdoor batting cages, arenas, golf courses, putting courses, outdoor miniature golf, amusement parks, riding academies, carnival operations, expositions, and marinas. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.360 Commission.

“Commission” means the Planning Commission of the City. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.365 Complete life care retirement community.

“Complete life care retirement community” means an area devoted to facilities and living units for senior citizens. Such developments would include one-story cottages for independent living, intermediate care facilities, and nursing homes. Other facilities allowed, for use by residents and their guests, would include a restaurant, chapels, auditorium, libraries, exercise salons, beauty salons, barbershops, recreation and hobby halls, indoor swimming pool, a small bank branch, small stores (no larger than 3,000 square feet), gift shops, post office (mailboxes) for residents, administrative offices, examination rooms for physicians, and other similar uses. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.370 Comprehensive Plan.

“Comprehensive Plan” means the current Comprehensive Plan, as amended, adopted by the Ferndale City Council. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.375 Concessionaire.

“Concessionaire,” for the purpose of this title, means and includes any person, firm, or corporation involved in any activity involving the sale of any goods or services, whether conducted for profit or not, on any property located within a public park owned and managed by the City of Ferndale. Any concession activity shall be clearly incidental to and supportive of an established primary permitted use in the underlying zoning district. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.380 Conference center.

“Conference center” means a building or area designated to accommodate large groups of people, usually for social occasions or the exchange of information related to professional or commercial activity. Such a facility typically contains various large assembly halls, conference rooms, and food service facilities. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.385 Contractor’s offices and shops.

“Contractor’s offices and shops” means a combination of uses in a single building or lot that includes the assembly, storage and/or manufacture of products typically used in building construction such as cabinetry, heating/cooling systems, plumbing and mechanical systems together with administrative offices. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.390 Contractor’s yard.

“Contractor’s yard” means the portion of a lot outside of a contractor’s office and shop that is used for the outdoor storage of vehicles, equipment and supplies. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.395 Convalescent center.

“Convalescent center” means a facility operated similarly to a boarding home, the operator of which is licensed by the state to give special care or supervision to his or her charges; and in which nursing, dietary, and other personal services are furnished to convalescents, invalids and aged persons. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.400 Cooperative or group home.

“Cooperative or group home” means a building occupied and maintained as a housekeeping unit by eight or more unrelated persons. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.405 Corps of Engineers.

“Corps of Engineers” means the United States Department of Engineers. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.410 Correctional facility.

“Correctional facility” means a publicly operated facility, or privately operated facility under government contract, for the detention of criminally committed persons, and detention for pretrial purposes. A “correctional facility” under this definition includes adult and juvenile detention facilities and work release facilities. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.415 Cottage house.

“Cottage house” means a detached, single-family dwelling unit containing 1,200 square feet or less of gross floor area (referred to as “postage stamp condominium” in the PUD ordinance, FMC 18.68.030(G)). (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.420 Council.

“Council” means the City Council of the City. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.425 Court.

“Court” means an unoccupied open space bounded on three or more sides by buildings or lot lines on which walls are permitted. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.430 Coverage.

“Coverage” means the percentage of the area of a lot which is built upon or used for a business or commercial purpose. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.435 Cultural institution.

“Cultural institution” means establishments such as museums, art galleries, and botanical and zoological gardens of historic, educational or cultural interests which are not operated for profit. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.440 “D” definitions.

(Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.445 Dance hall.

“Dance hall” means a building, a business within a building, a room within a building, or an area outside of a building, which is primarily dedicated to dancing to live or recorded music. Dance halls may also include the sale of beer, wine, and/or spirits. Dance halls often require an entrance fee and may be large enough to support large numbers of people at one time for regularly scheduled or special events. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.450 Dance studio, art studio, and similar related instructional facility.

Dance studio, art studio, and similar related instructional facility” means a business which specializes in the instruction of a limited number of groups or individuals in a specific task or skill. These facilities shall generally conduct business by appointment or based on a regular class schedule and shall not include dance halls or similar businesses. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.455 Day care center.

“Day care center” means a facility, other than a family day care home, providing regularly scheduled care for a group of children for periods less than 24 hours. The facility must be licensed and conducted in accordance with all federal, state and local requirements. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.460 Delicatessen.

“Delicatessen” means retail food stores selling ready to eat food products such as cooked meats, prepared salads or seafood, health food or other specialty food items. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.465 Department store.

“Department store” means a large retail store arranged into departments for the sale of a variety of consumer goods. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.470 Dependent recreational vehicle.

“Dependent recreational vehicle” means a recreational vehicle which does not contain water or sewage disposal facilities. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.475 Designated manufactured home.

“Designated manufactured home” means a manufactured home which:

A.    Is comprised of at least two fully enclosed parallel sections each of not less than 12 feet wide by 36 feet long;

B.    Was originally constructed with and now has a composition or wood shake or shingle, coated metal, or similar roof of not less than 3:12 pitch; and

C.    Has exterior siding similar in appearance to siding materials commonly used on conventional site-built International Building Code single-family residences. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.480 Destination use.

“Destination use” means a nonretail or dining use or activity which typically draws visitors to the City of Ferndale for entertainment, lodging, sporting, professional, or cultural events. Examples of such uses may include but are not limited to hotels, convention centers, museums, sports complexes, stadiums, and regional parks. The Zoning Administrator shall determine if the size and scale of the proposed development justifies its classification as a destination use. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.485 Detached building.

“Detached building” means a building surrounded on all sides by open space. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.490 Development.

“Development” means any manmade change to improved or unimproved real estate, including but not limited to buildings or other structures, mining, dredging, filling, grading, paving, excavation or drilling operations or storage of equipment or materials, but not including any open wire fences. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.495 Diameter breast height (DBH).

See “Landscaping standards.” (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.500 Director of Public Works.

“Director of Public Works” means the person or persons designated by the City Administrator to perform the functions of a Director of Public Works specified in this title. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.505 Distillery.

“Distillery” means an establishment where alcoholic beverages are made through distillation. Distilleries may also include accessory uses such as office space, sampling rooms, and restaurants or taverns, and differ from micro distilleries by virtue of their scale and their principal purpose as a manufacturing center for these liquors. Also see “Brewery,” “Micro brewery,” and “Micro distillery.” (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.510 District.

“District” (also “zone”) means a portion of the City within which certain uses of land and buildings are permitted, and certain other uses of land and buildings are prohibited, or within which certain yards and other open spaces are required, or within which certain lot areas are established, or within which certain height limits are required for buildings, or within which a combination of such aforesaid regulations are applied, all as set forth and specified in this title, or any of the districts with which any combining regulations are combined. Also see FMC 18.16.010(A). (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.515 Dormitories, fraternities and sororities.

Dormitories, fraternities and sororities” means a building occupied by and maintained exclusively for students affiliated with an academic or professional college or university, or other recognized institution of higher learning. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.520 Downtown street tree.

See “Landscaping standards.” (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.525 Drainway.

“Drainway” means any depression below the surrounding land serving to give direction to a regular current of water and having a bed and well defined banks. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.530 Drive-in restaurant or refreshment stand.

“Drive-in restaurant or refreshment stand” means any place or premises used for the sale, dispensing or serving of food, refreshments or beverages in automobiles, including those establishments where customers may serve themselves and may eat or drink the food, refreshments or beverages on the premises. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.535 Drive-thru.

“Drive-thru” (also “drive-through”) means a facility which, by its design, allows people to receive goods and/or services while remaining in their automobiles. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.540 Drug store/pharmacy.

“Drug store/pharmacy” means an establishment engaged in the retail sale of prescription drugs, nonprescription medicines, cosmetics, vitamins, first-aid supplies, and other health related products. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.545 Duplex.

See “Dwelling, two-family detached.” (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.550 Duplex, single-family attached.

“Single-family attached duplex” means the development of up to two single-family residences on separate lots utilizing a common interior property line. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.555 Dwelling.

“Dwelling” means a building or portion thereof which complies with all International Residential or Building Code requirements and which is designed exclusively for residential purposes, including single-family, two-family and multifamily dwellings, but shall not include hotels, auto courts, boardinghouses and lodginghouses. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.560 Dwelling, single-family attached.

“Attached single-family dwelling” means a building designed exclusively for occupancy by one family, constructed in a group of three or more attached units in which each unit extends from foundation to roof and with open space on at least two sides. This definition includes “townhomes” and “townhouses.” (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.565 Dwelling, single-family detached.

Dwelling, single-family detached” means a detached building designed exclusively for occupancy by one family and containing one dwelling unit. This definition does not include “mobile home” or “travel trailer.” (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.570 Dwelling, two-family detached.

“Two-family dwelling, detached” means a building designed exclusively for occupancy by two families living independently of each other, and containing two dwelling units. Such definition also includes the term “duplex.” (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.575 Dwelling, multifamily.

“Multifamily dwelling” means a building or portion thereof designed for occupancy by three or more families living independently of each other, and containing three or more dwelling units. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.580 Dwelling unit.

Dwelling unit” means one room, or rooms connected together, constituting a separate, independent housekeeping establishment for owner occupancy, or rental or lease on weekly, monthly or longer basis, and physically separated from any other rooms or dwelling units which may be in the same structure, and containing independent cooking and sleeping facilities. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.585 “E” definitions.

(Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.590 Electrical distribution substation.

“Electrical distribution substation” means an assembly of equipment designed to receive energy from a high voltage distribution supply system, to convert it to a form suitable for local distribution and distribute the energy to feeders through switching equipment designed to protect the service from the effect of faults. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.595 Electronic equipment stores.

“Electronic equipment stores” means establishments engaged in the retail sale of a variety of electronic equipment including computers, televisions, stereos, cameras, mobile phones, and portable storage devices. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.600 Essential public facilities.

“Essential public facilities” means a facility, conveyance or site whose services are provided by a governmental agency, a private or nonprofit organization under contract to or with substantial funding from government agencies, or a private organization subject to public service obligations, which is necessary to adequately provide a public service and which is typically hard to site. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.610 Equipment rental.

“Equipment rental” means the use of a building or land for the purpose of providing tools, implements, or other articles to individuals or businesses on a temporary basis for a specified fee. This use does not include the rental of automobiles or trucks. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.615 Essential use.

“Essential use” means that use for the preservation or promotion of which the use zone was created, and to which all other permitted uses are subordinate. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.620 “F” definitions.

(Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.625 Family.

“Family” means one or more persons occupying a premises and living as a single, nonprofit housekeeping unit, as distinguished from a group occupying a hotel, club, boardinghouse or rooming house, fraternity or sorority house. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.630 Family day care home.

Family day care home” means a licensed family day care facility in the licensee’s home providing regularly scheduled care for 12 or fewer children for periods less than 24 hours. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.635 Family day care or day nursery.

Family day care” or “day nursery” means any type of day care or day nursery program designed to provide care for 12 or fewer children; provided, that any such family day care or day nursery is licensed under federal, state and/or county law as may be required and is conducted in accordance with all federal, state and/or local requirements. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.640 Farming of land.

“Farming of land” means the growing of seasonal crops, the tilling of soil, and/or the harvesting of hay. For purposes of this definition, the farming of land is typically an interim or temporary land use and would not typically include agricultural activities that are of a long-term nature, such as the planting of orchards or vineyards or the raising of livestock. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.645 Fence.

“Fence” means an upright structure serving as an enclosure, barrier or boundary usually made of posts, boards, wire, iron, steel, or masonry. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.650 Financial institution.

“Financial institution” means a business or institution engaged in monetary transactions such as banks, lending, savings and loan institutions and credit unions but excluding check cashing businesses and payday loan businesses. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.655 Flood or flooding – Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM), flood insurance study, floodplain.

All are defined as follows and within Chapter 15.24 FMC:

A.    “Flood” or “flooding” means a general and temporary condition of partial or complete inundation of normally dry land areas from the overflow of inland waters and/or the unusual and rapid accumulation of runoff of surface waters from any source.

B.    “Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM)” means the official map on which the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has delineated both the areas of special flood hazards and the risk premium zones applicable within the City.

C.    “Flood insurance study” means the official report provided by the Federal Emergency Management Agency that includes flood profiles, the flood boundary-floodway map, and the water surface elevation of the base flood. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.660 Flood fringe.

Flood fringe” means the area adjoining the floodway which has been or may hereafter be covered by floodwater, in a standard project flood as defined for the area by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.665 Floodplain.

“Floodplain” means the area adjoining a stream or river that consists of the floodway and floodway fringe. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.670 Floodproofing.

“Floodproofing” means a combination of structural provisions, changes or adjustments to properties and structures subject to flooding primarily for the reduction or elimination of flood damages to properties, water and sanitary facilities, structures and contents of buildings in a floodplain. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.675 Floodway.

“Floodway” means the channel of a watercourse or drainway and those portions of the floodplain adjoining the channel which are reasonably required to carry and discharge the floodwaters of any watercourse or drawing. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.680 Floor area ratio.

Floor area ratio” means the gross floor area, including indoor parking, within a building divided by the net area of the site, expressed in decimals of two places. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.685 Florist.

“Florist” means an establishment engaged in the retail sale of flowers and plants. (Ord. 2031 § 1, 2018; Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.687 Food cart.

“Food cart” means a mobile kitchen or conveyance that is placed in the public right-of-way, parking lot, or public or private space to facilitate the sale and marketing of food and/or beverages to the general public. (Ord. 2031 § 1, 2018)

18.08.690 Food processing.

“Food processing” means businesses which transform raw ingredients by physical or chemical means into food or beverages, including food supplements or vitamins, or the transformation of food into other forms, including freezing, drying, or cooking.

A.    Food processing does not include the slaughter of animals but may include butcher shops in which the flesh of animals, fish or poultry is dressed for market.

B.    Food processing does not include the sale, processing, or manufacture of marijuana or products which include marijuana as an ingredient.

C.    Food processing does not include the raising of animals, fish or poultry. (Ord. 2031 § 1, 2018; Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.695 Food stores.

“Food stores” means stores primarily engaged in selling food and beverages for home preparation and consumption. It includes grocery stores; mini-market or convenience store uses; meat and fish markets, including freezer provisioners; fruit and vegetable markets; candy, nut and confectionery stores; dairy products stores; retail bakeries; wine and beer shops; liquor stores; and miscellaneous stores specializing in items such as spices, coffee, or health foods. As an accessory use, a food store may also sell prepared foods for on-site or off-site consumption. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.700 Food wagon.

“Food wagon” means a vehicle that is used for retail food sales that is capable of operating from a variety of sites, rather than a fixed location. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.705 Fraternity, sorority or dormitory.

Fraternity, sorority or dormitory” means a building containing sleeping rooms for permanent or temporary occupancy with a central kitchen for occupants’ use only. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.710 Fuel station/mini mart/convenience store.

“Fuel station/mini mart/convenience store” means establishments engaged primarily in the sale of automobile gasoline or other auto fuel to the general public. Such uses may include mini-market or convenience store uses involving the sale of snack and beverage items. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.715 Funeral establishment.

“Funeral establishment” means a place of business devoted exclusively to such activities as are related to the preparation and arrangements for the funeral, transportation, burial, or other disposition of human remains, and including but not limited to: (A) a chapel in which memorial, funeral, or religious services may be conducted; and (B) a preparation room equipped for the preparation and embalming of human remains for burial and transportation. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.720 Furniture, home furnishings, and appliance stores.

“Furniture, home furnishings, and appliance stores” means businesses primarily engaged in the retail sale of goods used for furnishing the home, such as furniture, floor coverings, draperies, lighting fixtures, woodstoves, domestic cook stoves, refrigerators, and other household electrical and gas appliances. This category also includes rental of furniture, appliances, and the like. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.725 “G” definitions.

(Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.730 General service businesses.

“General service businesses” means establishments which provide services involving the maintenance, repair or improvement of personal and household goods including computer and consumer electronics repair and service, custom framing shops, jewelry repair, locksmiths, shoe repair, tailors, upholstery shops, and similar uses. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.735 Grade plane.

“Grade plane” means a reference plane representing the average of finished ground level adjoining the building at exterior walls. Where the finished ground level slopes away from the exterior walls, the reference plane shall be established by the lowest points within the area between the building and the lot line or, where the lot line is more than six feet from the building, between the building and a point six feet from the building. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.740 Gross floor area.

“Gross floor area” means the sum of all area within a building or structure. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.745 Guest room.

“Guest room” means a room which is intended, arranged, or designed to be occupied or which is occupied by one or more guests, but in which no provision is made for cooking, and not including dormitories for sleeping purposes. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.750 “H” definitions.

(Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.755 Habitable floor.

“Habitable floor” means any floor useable for living purposes, which includes working, sleeping, eating, cooking or recreation, or a combination thereof, except for a floor used only for storage purposes. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.760 Hard surface.

“Hard surface” in context of stormwater regulations means an impervious surface, a permeable pavement, or a vegetated roof. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.765 Hazardous waste.

“Hazardous waste” means all dangerous and extremely hazardous waste as defined by RCW 7.105.010. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.770 Hazardous waste treatment.

Hazardous waste treatment” means the physical, chemical, or biological processing of dangerous waste to make wastes nondangerous or less dangerous, safer for transport, amenable for storage, or reduced in volume. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.775 Hazardous waste treatment and storage facilities, off-site.

Hazardous waste treatment and storage facilities, off-site” means treatment and storage facilities that treat or store waste generated on properties other than those on which the off-site facilities are located. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.780 Hazardous waste treatment and storage facilities, on-site.

Hazardous waste treatment and storage facilities, on-site” means treatment and storage facilities that treat and store waste generated on the same, geographically contiguous, or bordering property. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.785 Hearings Examiner.

“Hearings Examiner” means the Hearings Examiner as established by the City of Ferndale pursuant to FMC 14.05.030. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.790 Health/fitness center.

“Health/fitness center” means a building, group of buildings or combination of buildings and outdoor uses which together are used for sports, health and recreational uses whether on a membership basis or for the general public. Such facilities include, but are not limited to, gymnasiums, weight-reducing centers, dance studios, tennis, handball or racquetball courts, indoor or outdoor swimming pools and spas, weight training, exercise classes, and running tracks. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.795 Health/fitness facility.

“Health/fitness facility” means health clubs, aerobics centers, athletic clubs and gymnasiums, handball and racquetball clubs, weight-reducing centers, dance studios, and other businesses primarily engaged in indoor health and recreation activities, whether on a membership basis or for the general public. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.800 Health spa.

“Health spa” means a commercial facility providing body treatments, massage, gyms, spas, health and wellness activities and similar services. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.805 Hedge.

“Hedge” means a row of closely planted shrubs, bushes, or low growing trees forming a barrier, enclosure, or boundary. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.810 Height of building.

“Height of building” means the vertical distance from the highest adjoining natural or undisturbed ground surface within a five-foot horizontal distance of the exterior wall of the building to the highest point on the coping of a flat roof or the highest ridge of a pitch or hip roof. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.815 Height setback.

“Height setback” means an area of defined width along the frontage of a lot wherein the building height is limited to a greater degree than it is within the interior portions of the lot. The width of the height setback and the maximum height are defined by land use zoning. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.820 Hog farm.

“Hog farm” means a lot, structure or building used for the raising or keeping of six or more hogs or swine. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.825 Home occupation.

“Home occupation” means an occupation conducted in a dwelling unit where the same is specified as a permitted use and meets the permit requirements of Chapter 18.14 FMC. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.830 Homeless shelter.

“Homeless shelter” means a facility designed to provide overnight accommodations and/or meals to homeless persons. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.835 Hospital.

“Hospital” means a building designed and used for medical and surgical diagnosis, treatment and housing of persons under the care of doctors and nurses, but not including rest homes, nursing homes, mental institutions, convalescent homes and clinics. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.840 Hospital or clinic for large animals.

Hospital or clinic for large animals” means a medical facility or institution providing inpatient and outpatient veterinary service consisting of the prevention, cure, or alleviation of disease and injury to large animals or livestock. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.845 Hospital or clinic for small animals.

Hospital or clinic for small animals” means a medical facility or institution providing inpatient and outpatient veterinary service consisting of the prevention, cure, or alleviation of disease and injury to dogs, birds, cats and similar small animals. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.847 Host agency.

“Host agency” means a religious organization which owns or controls the property or has an ownership interest in the property that is the subject of an application for a temporary outdoor encampment for providing basic services and support to temporary outdoor encampment residents, such as hot meals and coordination of other needed donations and services. (Ord. 2066 § 1 (Exh. 1), 2018)

18.08.850 Hot tub.

“Hot tub” means a nonpermanent structure intended for recreational bathing, in which all controls, water heating, and water circulating equipment are an integral part of the product. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.855 Hotel.

“Hotel” means any building or portion thereof containing six or more guest rooms, which is used, designed, or intended to be used, let, or hired out to be occupied, or which is occupied by six or more individuals for compensation, whether the compensation be paid directly or indirectly. Hotels shall be considered in two categories, based on the length of stay available to guests:

A.    “Hotels with transient facilities of 15 days or less” means hotels which do not offer guests the opportunity to arrange long-term contracts or payment schedules exceeding 15 days, although individual circumstances may vary.

B.    “Hotels with transient facilities exceeding 15 days” means hotels which offer guests the opportunity to arrange long-term contracts or payment schedules of 15 days or more. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.860 House-banked card room.

“House-banked card room” means an establishment licensed by the Washington State Gambling Commission (the “Commission”) to offer “house-banked card games” as described in WAC 230-40-010 and subject to regulation by the Commission under RCW 9.46.070 and Chapter 230-40 WAC. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.865 “I” definitions.

(Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.870 Impervious.

“Impervious” in context of stormwater regulations means a surface which cannot be easily penetrated. For instance, rain does not readily penetrate paved surfaces. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.875 Impervious surface.

Impervious surface” in context of stormwater regulations means a nonvegetated surface area which either prevents or retards the entry of water into the soil mantle as under natural conditions prior to development. A nonvegetated surface area which causes water to run off the surface in greater quantities or at an increased rate of flow from the flow present under natural conditions prior to development. Common impervious surfaces include, but are not limited to, roof tops, walkways, patios, driveways, parking lots or storage areas, concrete or asphalt paving, gravel roads, packed earthen materials, and oiled, macadam or other surfaces which similarly impede the natural infiltration of stormwater. Open, uncovered retention/detention facilities shall not be considered as impervious surfaces for the purposes of determining whether the thresholds for application of minimum requirements are exceeded. Open, uncovered retention/detention facilities shall be considered impervious surfaces for purposes of runoff modeling. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.880 Intermediate care facility (part of a “complete life care retirement community”).

Intermediate care facility (part of a “complete life care retirement community”)” means a one- or two-story building where residents who have difficulty living independently in a cottage will have help available for dressing, undressing, bathing, administration of medications, and other such support, but will still live mostly independently in their own unit. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.885 “J” definitions.

(Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.890 Junkyard.

“Junkyard” means a lot, land or structure, or part thereof, used for the collecting, storage and sale of waste papers, rags, scrap metal or discarded material; or for the collecting, dismantling, storage, salvaging or sale of parts of machinery, or vehicles not in running condition. This definition includes an auto wreckage yard or storage yard for wrecked automobiles. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.895 “K” definitions.

(Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.900 Kennel.

“Kennel” means a collection of more than three dogs kept upon a lot for any purpose, except that one litter of pups shall not constitute dogs within this definition until they reach three months of age. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.905 “L” definitions.

(Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.910 Landscaping.

“Landscaping” means any of the following or combination thereof: material such as, but not limited to, grass, ground covers, shrubs, vines, hedges, and trees; and nonliving durable material commonly used in landscaping such as, but not limited to, rocks, pebbles, bark, sand, walls, or fences, but excluding paving and artificial plants. See Ferndale Landscape Standards, Chapter 18.74 FMC. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.915 Landscaping material sales.

Landscaping material sales” means establishments engaged in the retail sale of materials commonly used in landscaping such as trees, shrubs, bark, gravel, patio bricks, concrete blocks, pond liners, and similar materials. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.920 Landscaping standards.

A.    “Canopy tree” means a deciduous tree hardy in the local climate whose mature size (height and spread) is appropriate for the planting location. Trees shall have a minimum two-inch diameter at four and one-half feet above grade (DBH) upon planting. The following trees are specifically prohibited along public and private rights-of-way: box elder, silver maple, weeping willow, fir, cedar, hemlock, spruce, pine, poplar, and any fruit, nut or large seedpod bearing species.

B.    “Diameter breast height (DBH)” means the diameter of a tree at four and one-half feet above grade. For naturally occurring trees, the measurement shall be taken four and one-half feet from the existing grade on the uphill side of the tree.

C.    “Downtown street tree” means trees planted in, or adjacent to, the right-of-way in the CB pedestrian-oriented zone. Downtown street trees are limited to the following species in areas with overhead utility lines: Japanese hornbeam, American hornbeam, and golden ash; and the following species in areas without overhead utility lines: Karpick red maple, Chanticleer flowering pear, and autumn purple ash. Trees shall have a minimum two-inch diameter at four and one-half feet above grade (DBH) upon planting.

D.    “Ground cover” means a low-growing, evergreen, perennial plant with a dense spreading growth habit.

E.    “Mulch” means an organic or inorganic soil covering composed of numerous loose pieces placed around plants to prevent the evaporation of moisture, the freezing of roots, and the growth of weeds. Straw, shredded paper, sawdust and other rapidly decaying materials are not included in this definition.

F.    “Outdoor merchandise displays” means the display of items for sale outside of a fully covered and walled building that occurs for more than 30 consecutive days and is visible from the public right-of-way.

G.    “Plant merchandise displays” means outdoor merchandise displays where at least 80 percent of the merchandise is living plant materials as measured by square footage.

H.    “Shrub” means a perennial woody plant characterized by several branching trunks supporting one main canopy of leaves, scales or needles that achieves a mature height of less than 15 feet.

I.    “Tree” means a perennial woody plant characterized by one or more main trunks supporting one main canopy of leaves, scales or needles that achieves a mature height of 15 feet or more.

J.    “Zoning interface” means a boundary between two separate land use zones where the boundary lies along an interior property line, but not a public right-of-way or a private right-of-way developed to public standards. See Ferndale Landscape Standards, Chapter 18.74 FMC. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.925 Large livestock farming.

“Large livestock farming” means the keeping of domesticated animals such as horses, ponies, burros, dairy and beef cattle, sheep, goats, swine, and similar animals which are kept for personal or agricultural use, or raised for sale and profit. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.930 Lattice tower.

“Lattice tower” means a type of mount that is self-supporting with multiple legs and cross-bracing of structural metal. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.935 Laundry, self-service.

“Laundry, self-service” means a business providing home type washing, drying and/or ironing facilities where customers primarily complete the laundering of their own clothes. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.940 Laundry/dry cleaning, retail.

“Laundry/dry cleaning, retail” means a business providing drop-off and pick-up services of laundry and dry cleaning; activities are completed at an off-site commercial laundry/dry cleaning facility. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.945 Laundry/dry cleaning, neighborhood.

“Laundry/dry cleaning, neighborhood” means a business providing drop-off and pick-up services of laundry and dry cleaning and where actual laundry/dry cleaning activities are completed on site in a process that primarily uses solvents or chemicals that are not regulated as hazardous by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Such businesses shall operate in facilities that are 2,000 square feet in area or less. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.950 Laundry/dry cleaning, commercial.

“Laundry/dry cleaning, commercial” means a business providing commercial laundry or dry cleaning services. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.955 Livestock feed lot.

“Livestock feed lot” means lot, structure or building, or confined area used intensively for raising or keeping of more than six head of beef cattle or similar livestock for the purpose of feeding, breeding, conditioning, or holding the same for marketing or slaughter in which animal waste may accumulate, but not including barns, pens or similar structures. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.960 Loading space.

“Loading space” means an off-street space or berth on the same lot with a building, for the temporary parking of a commercial vehicle while loading or unloading merchandise or materials, and which abuts upon the street, alley or other appropriate means of access. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.965 Local park.

“Local park” means a natural or landscaped area which provides passive informal recreation for people of all ages. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.970 Lot.

“Lot” means a fractional part of subdivided lands or a tract or a parcel having fixed boundaries and being of sufficient area and dimension to meet minimum zoning requirements specified in this title for width and area, unless it is a nonconforming lot. A lot may consist of a single lot of record; a portion of a lot of record; a combination of complete lots of record, of complete lots of record and portions of lots of record, or of portions of lots of record; or a tract or parcel of land described by metes and bounds. The boundaries of a lot may not be changed nor any new lot created except in compliance with the City’s subdivision requirements. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.975 Lot frontage.

Lot frontage” means as follows: The front of a lot shall be construed to be the portion nearest the street. For the purposes of determining yard requirements on corner lots and through lots, all sides of a lot adjacent to streets shall be considered frontage, except as otherwise noted in FMC 18.72.040 (general and special regulations, all zones – special setback requirements). The owner should ordinarily be accorded the privilege of choosing which nonfrontage areas shall be rear and side yards respectively. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.980 Lot area.

Lot area” means the total horizontal area included within lot lines. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.985 Lot, corner.

Lot, corner” means a lot bounded on two or more sides by street lines; provided, that the interior angle of intersection or interception of said street lines does not exceed 135 degrees. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.990 Lot, interior.

Lot, interior” means a lot other than a corner lot. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.995 Lot line, front.

Lot line, front” means, in the case of an interior lot, a line separating the lot from the street; in the case of a corner lot, a line separating the narrowest street frontage of the lot from the street; except in those cases in a C-1 district where a lot has two or more street frontages of equal length or nearly equal length, the front lot line shall be considered to be the line adjoining the street which the Comprehensive Plan shows is intended to carry the heaviest traffic flow. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1000 Lot line, rear.

Lot line, rear” means the lot line which is generally opposite the front lot line. If the rear lot line is less than 10 feet in length, or if the lot comes to a point at the rear, the rear lot line shall be deemed to be a line parallel to the front lot line, not less than 10 feet long, lying wholly within the lot and farthest from the front lot line. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1005 Lot line, side.

Lot line, side” means any lot boundary line not a front lot line or a rear lot line. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1010 Lot measurements.

Lot measurements” means as follows: The depth of a lot shall be considered to be the distance between the midpoints of straight lines connecting the foremost points of the side lot lines in front and the rearmost points of the side lot lines in the rear. The width of a lot shall be considered to be the distance between straight lines connecting front and rear lot lines at each side of the lot, measured across the rear of the required front yard; provided, however, that lots fronting on cul-de-sac roadways shall be measured at front building line, but in no case shall be less than 40 feet wide at the edge of the right-of-way. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1015 Lot of record.

Lot of record” means a lot which is part of a subdivision recorded in the office of the county auditor, or a lot or parcel described by metes and bounds, the description of which has been so recorded. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1018 Lot types.

Lots are of the following types:

A.    “Corner lot” means a lot located at the intersection of two or more streets or a lot abutting on a curved street or streets if straight lines drawn from the foremost points of the side lot lines to the foremost point of the lot meet at an interior angle of less than 135 degrees.

B.    “Interior lot” means a lot other than a corner lot with only one frontage on a street.

C.    “Reversed frontage lot” means a lot on which the frontage is at right angles or approximate right angles (interior angles less than 135 degrees) to the general pattern in the area. A reversed frontage lot may also be a corner lot, an interior lot or a through lot.

D.    “Through lot” means a lot other than a corner lot with frontage on more than one street. Through lots abutting two streets may be referred to as double frontage lots. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1020 Lowest floor.

“Lowest floor” means the lowest floor of the lowest enclosed area (including basement). An unfinished or flood-resistant enclosure, usable solely for parking of vehicles, building access or storage, in an area other than a basement area, is not considered a building’s lowest floor; provided, that such enclosure is not built so as to render the structure in violation of the applicable nonelevation design requirements of this title found at FMC 15.24.270(B). (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1025 Low impact development (LID).

Low impact development (LID)” means a stormwater and land use management strategy that strives to mimic predisturbance hydrologic processes of infiltration, filtration, storage, evaporation and transpiration by emphasizing conservation, use of on-site natural features, site planning, and distributed stormwater management practices that are integrated into a project design. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1030 Low impact development (LID) best management practices.

Low impact development (LID) best management practices” means distributed stormwater management practices, integrated into a project design, that emphasize predisturbance hydrologic processes of infiltration, filtration, storage, evaporation and transpiration. LID BMPs include, but are not limited to: bioretention, rain gardens, permeable pavements, roof downspout controls, dispersion, soil quality and depth, minimal excavation foundations, vegetated roofs, and water re-use. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1035 Low impact development (LID) principles.

Low impact development (LID) principles” means land use management strategies that emphasize conservation, use of on-site natural features, and site planning to minimize impervious surfaces, native vegetation loss, and stormwater runoff. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1040 Lumberyard.

“Lumberyard” means a business that sells building materials and/or lumber in large quantities, and includes a significant portion of its product storage outdoors or in warehouse portions of a building. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1045 “M” definitions.

(Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1050 Macro facility.

A “macro facility” is an attached commercial wireless communications facility, which consists of antennas equal to or less than 15 feet in height or a parabolic antenna over one meter in height. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1055 Mailing services.

“Mailing services” means a private establishment engaged in the business of renting mailboxes, accepting packages for delivery, selling packaging materials and/or providing bulk mailing services for customers. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1060 Manufactured home.

“Manufactured home” means a single-family dwelling unit constructed after June 15, 1976, in accordance with state and federal requirements and bearing the appropriate insignia indicating such compliance, and which:

A.    Is comprised of at least two fully enclosed parallel sections each of not less than 12 feet wide by 36 feet long;

B.    Was originally constructed with and now has a composition or wood shake or shingle, coated metal, or similar roof with not less than a 3:12 pitch; and

C.    Has exterior siding similar in appearance, as determined by the Building Official, to siding materials commonly used on conventional site-built single-family dwellings built under the Uniform or International Building Code.

D.    Manufactured homes to be placed on fee simple lots, not part of a mobile home park, shall comply with the provisions of FMC 18.72.120. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1065 Manufactured home lot, park, and stand.

A.    “Manufactured home lot” means a designated portion of a manufactured home park designed for the accommodation of one manufactured home and its accessory structures.

B.    “Manufactured home park” means any site, lot, field or tract of land under the ownership or management of one person, partnership, firm or corporation which is divided into manufactured home lots for tenancy or lease, upon which two or more manufactured homes are located and occupied for dwelling purposes.

C.    “Manufactured home stand” means that area of a manufactured home lot which has been reserved for the placement of a manufactured home. Also includes manufactured home pad. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1070 Manufacturing, general.

“Manufacturing, general” means a manufacturing use, typically having the potential of creating moderate noise, smoke, dust, vibration or other environmental impacts or pollution, and including but not limited to the following:

A.    Production of items made from stone or concrete;

B.    Production of items from ferrous or nonferrous metals through use of a machine shop, welding or fabrication; or from nonferrous metals through use of a foundry; or from ferrous metals through use of a foundry heated by electricity (induction melting);

C.    Production of finished goods, that typically are not for household or office use, such as barrels, ceramic molds, or cardboard cartons, from materials that are already refined, or from raw materials that do not need refining, such as paper, fabric, leather, premilled wood; or wool, clay, cork, semiprecious or precious metals or stones, fiber, or other similar materials;

D.    Production of finished goods, for household or nonhousehold use, such as toys, film, pens, or linoleum from plastic, rubber, or celluloid;

E.    Production of parts to be assembled into a finished product;

F.    Development of film on a wholesale basis;

G.    Production of items through biological processes, such as pharmaceuticals and industrial purifiers, manufactured by bioengineering techniques;

H.    Production of items such as paint and coatings, dyestuffs, fertilizer, glue, cosmetics, clay, or pharmaceuticals that require the mixing or packaging of chemicals;

I.    Food processing for human consumption. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1075 Manufacturing, heavy.

“Manufacturing, heavy” means a manufacturing use, typically having the potential of creating substantial noise, smoke, dust, vibration and other environmental impacts or pollution, and including but not limited to:

A.    Processing or refining of raw materials, such as but not limited to minerals, petroleum, rubber, wood or wood pulp, into other products;

B.    The milling of grain or refining of sugar, except when accessory to a use defined as food processing for human consumption or as a retail sales and service use;

C.    Slaughterhouses, including packing and freezing of meat products;

D.    Refining, extruding, rolling, or drawing of ferrous or nonferrous metals, or the use of a noninduction foundry for ferrous metal;

E.    Production of large durable goods such as motorcycles, cars, manufactured homes, airplanes, or heavy farm, industrial, or construction machinery;

F.    Manufacturing of electrical components, such as semiconductors and circuit boards, using chemical processes such as etching or metal coating;

G.    Production of industrial organic and inorganic chemicals, and soaps and detergents;

H.    Conversion of solid waste into useful products or preparation of solid waste for disposal at another location by processing to change its physical form or chemical composition. This includes the off-site treatment or storage of hazardous waste as regulated by the State Department of Ecology; and

I.    Storage of organic or inorganic chemicals, including the storage or regional disposal of household wastes and refuse. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1080 Manufacturing, light.

“Manufacturing, light” means a manufacturing use, typically having little or no potential of creating noise, smoke, dust, vibration or other environmental impacts or pollution, and including but not limited to the following:

A.    Production, assembly, finishing, and/or packaging of articles from parts made at another location, such as assembly of clocks, electrical appliances, or medical equipment;

B.    Production of finished household and office goods, such as jewelry, clothing or cloth, toys, furniture, or tents, from materials that are already refined, or from raw materials that do not need refining, such as paper, fabric, leather, premilled wood; or wool, clay, cork, semiprecious or precious metals or stones, fiber, or other similar materials;

C.    Canning or bottling of food or beverages for human or animal consumption using a mechanized assembly line;

D.    Printing plants with more than 5,000 square feet of gross floor area;

E.    Electronic product and component manufacturing including radios, TVs, computers, data systems equipment, optical, photographic, engineering and similar precision instruments and high-tech industries. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1085 Manufacturing use.

“Manufacturing use” means a business establishment in which articles are produced by hand or by machinery, from raw or prepared materials, by giving to those materials new forms, qualities, properties, or combinations, in a process frequently characterized by the repetitive production of items made to the same or similar specifications. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1090 Marinas.

“Marinas” means an establishment providing docking, moorage space and activities relating to the maintenance and minor repair of pleasure boats and yachts. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1095 Marine equipment rentals.

“Marine equipment rentals” means a business engaged in the rental of marine equipment, such as boats or jet skis, to individuals or businesses on a temporary basis for a specified fee. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1100 Marine gas sales.

“Marine gas sales” means a business typically associated with a marina that engages in retail gasoline sales for boats and other marine equipment. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1105 Master plan.

“Master plan” means a detailed site plan for certain distinct areas of the City for which specific plans have been reviewed and approved by the City. A master plan for a distinct area is not to be construed as a substitute for the Comprehensive Plan. Master plans may include, but are not limited to, general binding site plans, planned unit developments, or planned actions, as defined by WAC 197-11-164, 197-11-168, and 197-11-172. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1110 Mental health facilities.

“Mental health facilities” means a facility primarily used to provide, through public and private agencies, emergency evaluation and treatment, residential care, and/or inpatient care to persons suffering from a mental disorder. Such facilities are state operated, certified or licensed. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1115 Micro brewery.

“Micro brewery” means a small-scale beer brewing plant located within a restaurant or tavern building in which a portion of the building is used for the production of beer for wholesale distribution and for on-site retail sale to restaurant or tavern patrons. Also see “Brewery,” “Distillery,” and “Micro distillery.” (Ord. 2046 § 1 (Exh. 1), 2018; Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1116 Micro business.

“Micro business” means a small-scale occupation, generally with five or fewer employees, which is primarily focused on light fabrication, small-scale repair, craft or artist studios, computer programming, and similar activities. Micro businesses are not primarily engaged in retail activities. Also known as business incubators. (Ord. 2046 § 1 (Exh. 1), 2018)

18.08.1117 Micro business development.

Micro business development” means a building or buildings that are designed for a variety of those nonresidential uses defined as micro businesses. Micro business developments are equipped with fire suppression and other life-safety elements necessary to support the most intense use possible within the development as determined by the City and memorialized in covenants, conditions, and restrictions (or similar documents). Micro business developments often include shared resources amongst multiple businesses, such as parking, machinery, restrooms, meeting rooms, open space, and similar elements. Also known as maker’s spaces. (Ord. 2046 § 1 (Exh. 1), 2018)

18.08.1120 Micro distillery.

“Micro distillery” means a small-scale plant specializing in the manufacture of alcoholic drinks through distillation. Such use shall be located within a restaurant or tavern building in which a portion of the building is used for the production of alcohol for the wholesale distribution and for on-site retail sale to restaurant or tavern patrons. See also “Distillery,” “Brewery,” and “Micro brewery.” (Ord. 2046 § 1 (Exh. 1), 2018; Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1125 Micro facility.

“Micro facility” means an attached commercial wireless communications facility which consists of antennas equal to or less than four feet in height and with an area of not more than 480 square inches in the aggregate (e.g., one-foot-diameter parabola or two-foot by one and one-half foot) as viewed from any one point. The permitted antenna height includes the wireless communications facility support structure. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1130 Mini-warehouse.

“Mini-warehouse” means a structure or structures containing separate storage spaces of varying sizes that are leased or rented on an individual basis for commercial purposes and outdoor yards for the storage of goods where storage, retrieval and transport are the responsibilities of the renter or lessee. For storage of personal items, see “Active use storage” and “Personal storage.” (Ord. 2046 § 1 (Exh. 1), 2018; Ord. 2046 § 1 (Exh. 1), 2018; Ord. 2031 § 1, 2018; Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1132 Mobile food vehicle.

“Mobile food vehicle” means a licensed and operable motor vehicle used to serve, vend, or provide ready-to-eat food or nonalcoholic beverages for human consumption from an approved and assigned fixed location. Also see “Mobile food vendor (temporary),” “Permanent mobile food facilities.” (Ord. 2031 § 1, 2018)

18.08.1133 Mobile food vendor (temporary).

“Mobile food vendor (temporary)” means any business operator or vendor who conducts business from a motor vehicle or cart upon private property for the purpose of selling food, also referred to as “vendor,” when in possession of a valid City of Ferndale permit for the use. (Ord. 2031 § 1, 2018)

18.08.1135 Mobile home.

“Mobile home” means a single-family residence transportable in one or more sections that are eight feet or more in width and 32 feet or more in length, built on a permanent chassis, designed to be used as a permanent dwelling and constructed before June 15, 1976. (Ord. 2031 § 1, 2018; Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1140 Mobile home park.

Mobile home park” means a lot or area of land in the same ownership which is occupied or designed for the occupancy of two or more mobile homes. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1145 Mobile home stand.

Mobile home stand” means that portion of a lot actually occupied by a mobile home. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1150 Modular home.

“Modular home” means factory-built housing designed primarily for residential occupancy by human beings which does not contain a permanent frame and must be mounted on a permanent foundation, approved by the Zoning Administrator. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1155 Monopole.

“Monopole” means a vertical support structure consisting of a single vertical metal, concrete, or wooden pole, typically round or square and driven into the ground or attached to a foundation. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1160 Motel.

“Motel” means a building or group of buildings on the same lot containing dwelling units consisting of individual sleeping quarters detached or in connected rows or stories, with or without cooking facilities, for rental by transients. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1165 Motor home.

“Motor home” means a portable, temporary dwelling to be used for travel, recreational and vacation use constructed as an integral part of a self-propelled vehicle. A motor home is considered a recreational vehicle, as defined herein. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1168 Mount.

“Mount” means the structure or surface upon which personal wireless service facilities are mounted. There are three types of mounts:

A.    Building Mount. A personal wireless service facility mount fixed to the roof or side of a building.

B.    Ground Mount. A personal wireless service facility mount fixed to the ground, such as a tower.

C.    Structure Mount. A personal wireless service facility fixed to a structure other than a building, such as light standards, utility poles, water towers and bridges. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1170 Mulch.

See “Landscaping standards.” (Ord. 2031 § 1, 2018; Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1172 Multiple vendor business license.

“Multiple vendor business license” means a document issued by the City authorizing more than one business to operate, for a limited time and duration, under one business license obtained by the event organizer or their designee. Multiple vendor business licenses are typically associated with special events, craft fairs, or similar. (Ord. 2031 § 1, 2018)

18.08.1175 Municipal use.

“Municipal use” means those facilities necessary to the operation of the City government or to the provision of City services. Municipal uses are permitted in all zones. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1178 “N” definitions.

(Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1180 Neighborhood playground.

“Neighborhood playground” means an outdoor recreation area which provides recreation oriented to children of elementary school age, usually within safe and convenient walking distance for younger children of the neighborhood. Facilities typical in a neighborhood playground include paved areas for court games and field game areas. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1185 Net density.

“Net density” means the number of units (typically expressed in residential units) per acre of land after required infrastructure and critical areas are deducted. In many cases, net density may be calculated by adding the cumulative area of all lots together and dividing that sum by the number of lots in a given area, typically within one subdivision. “Required infrastructure and critical areas” includes, but is not limited to, required public or private roads, infrastructure such as stormwater ponds, required public parks or trails, critical areas, and their required buffers. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1190 Nonconforming land use.

“Nonconforming land use” means the use of land which does not conform to the regulations of the district in which the use exists. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1200 Nonconforming lot.

“Nonconforming lot” means a lot which does not meet area or dimensional requirements of this title. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1205 Non-sight-obscuring.

“Non-sight-obscuring” means 50 percent or less solid surface and/or designed in such a way as to not block line of sight when viewed from a perpendicular angle. Examples include most types of decorative steel fence, wide spaced lattice, chain link, and wide spaced picket fences. Percent open space shall be calculated on a section-by-section, post-to-post basis. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1210 Nursing home or rest home.

“Nursing home” or “rest home” means a home for aged, chronically ill, incurable persons, or persons in need of convalescent care outside of a hospital in which two or more persons not of the immediate family are received, kept, or provided with food and shelter or care for compensation, but not including hospitals, clinics, or similar institutions devoted primarily to the diagnosis and treatment of disease or injury, maternity cases, or mental illness. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1215 Nursery, plant.

“Nursery, plant” means an enterprise, establishment or portion thereof that conducts the retailing or wholesaling of plants grown on the site, as well as accessory items such as clay pots, potting soil, fertilizers, insecticides, garden implements, etc. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1220 “O” definitions.

(Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1225 Obstruction.

“Obstruction” means any dam, wall, wharf, embankment, levee, dike, pile, abutment, protection, excavation, channel rectification, bridge, conduit, culvert, building, wire, fence, rock, gravel, refuse, fill or other analogous structure or matter in, along, across or projecting into any floodway which may impede, retard, or change the direction of the flow of water, either in itself or by catching or collecting debris carried by such water, or that is placed where the natural flow of the water could carry some downstream to the damage or detriment of either life or property. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1230 Office – corporate.

“Office – corporate” means an establishment primarily engaged in providing internal office administration services as opposed to customer service in a single building or a campus setting; for example, the headquarters, regional offices and/or the administrative offices for a corporation. Generally, the majority of the traffic generated from corporate offices comes from employees and not the general public. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1235 Office – professional.

“Office – professional” means establishments providing a wide variety of professional services including but not limited to: accountants, engineers, geologists, architects, financial consultants, landscape architects, land planners, surveyors and interior designers who generally conduct research, provide analysis of information, computer simulation, diagramming, mapping and/or drafting in order to create new products or plans. The definition may also include administrative, professional, educational, financial, governmental or customer services to individuals, businesses, institutions and/or governmental agencies in an office setting; for example, branch banks, travel agencies, medical offices, real estate offices, insurance agencies, government offices, customer service offices, data processing services, union or charitable organization offices and wholesaler’s offices. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1240 Office – research and development.

“Office – research and development” means an office/laboratory establishment engaged in the research, analysis, design, development and/or testing of a product. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1245 Office supply store.

“Office supply store” means stores selling office products such as stationery, legal forms, writing implements, computers, copies, office furniture, and similar products. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1250 Open space.

“Open space” means that part of a lot which is unobstructed from the ground upward. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1255 Outdoor advertising sign.

“Outdoor advertising sign” means any lettered, figure, or pictorial matter or other sign of any kind or character whatsoever, made visible for outdoor advertising purposes anywhere. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1260 Outdoor advertising structure.

“Outdoor advertising structure” means any structure of any kind or character erected or maintained for outdoor advertising purposes, upon which any outdoor advertising sign may be placed, including also outdoor advertising statuary. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1265 Outdoor merchandise displays.

See “Landscaping standards.” (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1270 Outdoor storage.

“Outdoor storage” means the storage of any products, materials, vehicles, equipment, junk, or scrap outside the confines of an enclosed building, and more specifically defined as:

A.    “Merchandise display” means display of products and materials, and operable vehicles and equipment for the principal purpose of offering for sale at retail, and incidental to the business existing on the premises;

B.    “Equipment and material storage” means storage of any equipment or materials in usable condition which are not being specifically displayed as merchandise or offered for sale at retail; and

C.    “Junk and scrap storage” means storage of used products or scrap materials such as wood, cloth, paper, glass, metal, plastic, or rock material, which could be refurbished, recycled, or converted into usable stock or material. With some exceptions, outdoor storage must be screened from public view, pursuant to the landscaping standards of the Ferndale Municipal Code (Chapter 18.74 FMC). (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1275 “P” definitions.

(Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1280 Park and ride.

Park and ride” means a facility which provides commuters and others with the ability to park their personal vehicles and connect to public transportation, carpool, or other modes of transportation. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1285 Parking lot.

“Parking lot” means an open area, other than a street or alley, used for the temporary parking of automobiles and available for public use, whether free or for compensation, or as an accommodation for clients or customers. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1290 Parking space.

“Parking space” means an off-street space, normally nine feet by 19 feet, used temporarily to park a motor vehicle and having access to a public street or alley. This is not to be construed to include area for required circulation. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1295 Parking structure.

“Parking structure” means a structure used for the parking of vehicles where parking is accommodated on two or more levels. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1300 Pasture.

“Pasture” means a fenced enclosure or confined area used for the grazing of livestock or small animals which contains sufficient vegetation to serve as the principal food source for the livestock confined therein. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1305 Pawn shop.

“Pawn shop” means an establishment engaged in the buying or selling of new or secondhand merchandise and offering loans in exchange for personal property. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1310 Pedestrian visibility setback.

“Pedestrian visibility setback” means a ground floor, street level building setback at building corners in specific zones as defined by code. The visibility setback shall be an area with a five-foot radius whose point of beginning is defined as the vertex of intersecting frontage lines. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1315 Pen.

“Pen” means a fenced enclosure or small confined area used for the raising or keeping of livestock or small animals, but not including barns, sheds or similar structures, or pasture. (Ord. 2031 § 1, 2018; Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1317 Permanent mobile food facilities.

“Permanent mobile food facilities” or “co-located mobile food facilities” means a mobile food operation that has been incorporated into the overall site design of a new or existing business, either as a supplement to in-place kitchen operations, or as a replacement for such operations. Permanent mobile food facilities may feature a mobile food vehicle permanently placed at the subject location, or may feature a rotation of mobile food vehicles on a daily or less regular basis, when in possession of a valid City of Ferndale permit for the use. (Ord. 2031 § 1, 2018)

18.08.1320 Permeable pavement.

“Permeable pavement” in context of stormwater regulations means pervious concrete, porous asphalt, permeable pavers or other forms of pervious or porous paving material intended to allow passage of water through the pavement section. It often includes an aggregate base that provides structural support and acts as a stormwater reservoir. (Ord. 2031 § 1, 2018; Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1325 Person.

“Person” shall include a person, association, firm, copartnership or corporation. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1330 Pervious surface.

“Pervious surface,” in context of stormwater regulations, means a surface material that allows stormwater to infiltrate into the ground. Examples include lawn, landscape, pasture, native vegetation areas, and permeable pavements. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1335 Personal loan business.

“Personal loan business” means an establishment engaged in the business of cashing payroll checks and/or providing small, nonsecured, short-term loans to individuals. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1340 Personal services business.

“Personal services business” means a business primarily engaged in providing services generally involving the maintenance of the human body, or other services to one’s person. Such businesses include, but are not limited to, barber and beauty shops, photographic studios, body piercing, manicuring shops, tanning parlors, body wrapping, tattoo parlors and massage practitioners. (Ord. 2046 § 1 (Exh. 1), 2018; Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1343 Personal storage.

“Personal storage” means a structure or structures containing separate storage spaces of varying sizes that are leased or rented on an individual basis for personal purposes, and outdoor yards for the storage of goods where storage, retrieval and transport are the responsibilities of the renter or lessee. Tenants and lessees shall generally use these spaces only for the storage, retrieval, and transport of their goods. Repair or maintenance of stored goods, business activities, and the use of the units for recreational or residential purposes are prohibited. For storage of commercial items, see “Mini-warehouse.” For business activities, see “Micro business.” For recreational or repair activities, see “Active use storage.” (Ord. 2046 § 1 (Exh. 1), 2018)

18.08.1345 Pet shop and pet supply store.

“Pet shop and pet supply store” means establishments engaged in the retail sale of pets, pet food, supplies and the grooming of pets. (Ord. 2046 § 1 (Exh. 1), 2018; Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1350 Photo processing, copying and printing services.

“Photo processing, copying and printing services” means retail establishments that provide duplicating services using photocopy, blueprint and offset printing equipment, including collating of booklets and reports. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1355 Plant merchandise displays.

See “Landscaping standards.” (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1360 Pool, private.

“Pool, private” means a swimming pool built accessory to a dwelling unit and used for the enjoyment of the family living therein. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1365 Pool, public.

“Pool, public” means a swimming pool to which the general public has access through the payment of a fee or admission charge. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1370 Pool, semi-public.

“Pool, semi-public” means a swimming pool accessory to a hotel, motel, multiple dwelling or similar use to which the general public does not have usual access, and located for the convenience of the guests or patrons of a hotel, motel or similar use. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1375 Portable food vendor.

“Portable food vendor” means the vending of food and/or beverages from a movable cart-type stand which is located on the same lot as, and in conjunction with, a permitted use. Portable food vending stands cannot be self-propelled, must serve only walk-up customers, and may not be stored outdoors when the portable food vendor is not open for business. Portable food vendors must have a valid business licensed from the City of Ferndale and must also possess valid health certifications. The City of Ferndale may require a concession contract or similar for portable food vendors operating on public lands. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1380 Portico.

“Portico” means a porch or walkway with a roof supported by columns, often leading to the entrance to a building. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1385 Poultry farm.

“Poultry farm” means a lot, structure or building used intensively for the raising, feeding, breeding, or keeping of chickens, turkeys, or other poultry for marketing or slaughter, or for the production of eggs for sale. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1390 Primary use.

“Primary use” means the use for which a lot, structure or building, or the major portion thereof, is designed or actually employed. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1395 Principal building or use.

“Principal building or use” means that structure or use permitted outright or allowed as a matter of right within certain zones without public hearing, special permit or variance; provided, that such use is in accordance with requirements of the particular zone and general conditions stated elsewhere in this title. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1400 Public agency.

“Public agency” means every unit of local, state or federal government, both general purpose and special purpose, and includes the United States government, Washington State government, Whatcom County, the City of Ferndale, Port of Bellingham, Public Utilities District, water-sewer districts, Ferndale School District, Whatcom County Fire District 7, irrigation districts, metropolitan municipal corporations, and conservation districts. Public agencies do not include common carriers. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1405 Public agency building.

Public agency building” means any agency office for the administration of any governmental activity or program. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1410 Public agency facility.

Public agency facility” means a lot, structure, facility or building which is necessary for the operation of a public agency or a public or private utility, which provides a public service such as supplying water, wastewater disposal, stormwater detention, electrical, transportation or communication service, emergency preparedness, or related functions. Facilities owned or operated by private utilities or private companies operating under a franchise with the City of Ferndale are included under this definition. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1415 Public nuisance.

“Public nuisance” means any violation of this title. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1420 Public use.

“Public use” means those facilities necessary to the operation of a government other than the City of Ferndale or for the provision of such governmental services, excluding solid or hazardous waste sites. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1425 “Q” definitions.

(Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1430 “R” definitions.

(Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1435 Radio and television studio.

“Radio and television studio” means an establishment engaged in transmitting oral and visual programs, and which consists of a studio, transmitter, and antennas. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1440 Recreation area or community clubhouse, noncommercial.

“Noncommercial recreation area or community clubhouse” means an area devoted to facilities and equipment for recreational purposes typically including swimming pools, tennis courts, community clubhouses and other similar uses maintained and operated by a nonprofit club or organization whose membership is limited to residents within the area. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1445 Recreational club.

“Recreational club” means an area devoted to facilities and equipment for recreational purposes, swimming pools, tennis courts, playgrounds, community clubhouses, and other similar uses maintained by a nonprofit organization whose membership is limited to the residents within the area in which it is located; provided, that membership shall not be denied to residents of the area based solely on race, creed or color. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1450 Recreational vehicle.

“Recreational vehicle” means a vehicle used for personal pleasure or travel, but shall not be used in connection with a business endeavor. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1455 Recreational vehicle campground.

Recreational vehicle campground” means a parcel of land in which two or more campsites are designated primarily for temporary occupancy by recreational vehicles for travel, recreational or vacation uses. Such parks shall be construed to include those parks having sites for tent camping as well as for RV campers. Also referred to as “campground” and “park.” See Chapter 18.64 FMC. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1460 Recreational vehicle park.

Recreational vehicle park” means a parcel of land in which two or more sites are designated primarily for longer occupancy by recreational vehicles for travel, recreational or vacation uses, or, in some cases, long-term stays. Such parks may be construed to include those parks having sites for tent camping as well as for RV campers. Also referred to as “campground” and “park.” See Chapter 18.64 FMC. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1465 Recreational vehicle space.

Recreational vehicle space” means a space or area within an RV park designated for temporary occupancy by RV or tent campers. Also referred to as “site.” See Chapter 18.64 FMC. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1467 Religious organization.1

“Religious organization” means the federally protected practice of a recognized religious assembly, school, or institution that owns or controls real property. (Ord. 2066 § 1 (Exh. 1), 2018)

1. Code reviser’s note: Ord. 2066 adds this section as 18.08.067. It has been editorially renumbered to preserve alphabetization.

18.08.1470 Required infrastructure and critical areas.

“Required infrastructure and critical areas” includes, but is not limited to, required public or private roads, infrastructure such as stormwater ponds, required public parks or trails, critical areas, and their required buffers. The Community Development Director is vested with the discretion to include additional areas in this calculation for the purposes of establishing net density. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1475 Restaurant.

“Restaurant” means a retail establishment engaged in the preparation and sale of food and beverages, including coffee shops, sandwich shops, ice cream parlors, fast food take-out, espresso stands, and similar uses. The term “restaurant” can be further described by the following types:

A.    “Restaurant, drive-through” means a restaurant which has one or more drive-through lanes for ordering and dispensing of food and beverages from a limited menu to patrons remaining in their vehicles, for consumption off the premises. A drive-through restaurant may also have seating facilities, but limited or no table service, and does not generally serve beer, wine or spirits. Also includes fast-food restaurant.

B.    “Restaurant, lounge” means a restaurant which includes licensed “on-site” provision of alcoholic beverages for consumption on the premises as an accessory to food service.

C.    “Restaurant, sit-down” means a restaurant at which all food and drink is consumed on the premises. Also includes full-service restaurant.

D.    “Restaurant, take-out” means a restaurant that offers a take-out service whereby food may be consumed off the premises. A take-out restaurant may also have seating facilities. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1480 Retail establishment.

“Retail establishment” means any new single- or multi-building/tenant development whose principal activity is the sale of new or used merchandise in an enclosed building, including entertainment, dining, related service industries, and associated warehousing or storage, and is processed according to the requirements of this title or the building permit process. Mixed use developments such as those which include professional offices or residential units shall comply with this chapter if more than one quarter of p.m. peak hour trips generated by the development are retail in nature, as determined by the current ITE Trip Generation Manual. (See Chapter 18.58 FMC.) (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1485 Risk potential facility or activity.

“Risk potential facility or activity” means a community facility or location where, by design or practice, people accumulate on a regular basis as defined by RCW 71.09.020(7). Risk potential facilities include, but are not limited to, community centers, licensed day care operations, licensed preschool facilities, public libraries, public park and recreation facilities, religious facilities, public and private schools, school bus stops, playgrounds, sports fields, youth camps, and publicly dedicated trails. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1490 “S” definitions.

(Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1495 Sales, retail.

“Sales, retail” means a sale to the ultimate consumer for direct consumption and not for resale. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1500 Sales, wholesale.

“Sales, wholesale” means a sale for resale, not for direct consumption. For the purpose of land use classifications, a business primarily engaged in wholesale sales with less than 25 percent of the square footage of sales in related retail will be classified as wholesale. Establishments which offer wholesale prices or sales to the public shall generally be considered retail establishments. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1505 Sanitary station or sanitary dumping station.

“Sanitary station” or “sanitary dumping station” means a facility used for removing and disposing of wastes from recreational vehicle sewage holding tanks. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1510 School.

“School” means public or private graded educational institution facility, structure or building, but not including trade schools. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1515 School, alternative.

School, alternative” means a school which offers a curriculum which is equivalent to but is a substitute for the curriculum commonly found in more traditional public or private schools. An alternative school may be operated by a public or private school district, or may be independent. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1520 School, commercial.

School, commercial” means a business establishment where instruction is given, in exchange for payment of a fee. Examples of subjects taught include, but are not limited to, dance, computer skills, music, and martial arts. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1525 School, trade.

School, trade” means an educational facility, structure or building operated as a business enterprise offering instruction or training in the trades or industrial arts such as welding, brick laying, machinery operation, cooking, printing or similar trades or industrial arts, but not including schools. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1530 Screening.

“Screening” means a continuous fence supplemented with landscape planting or a continuous wall, evergreen hedge or combination thereof, that would effectively screen the property which it encloses, is at least four feet high and is broken only for access drives and walks, and is not more than seven feet high. Trees and shrubs may exceed the seven-foot limit. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1535 Secondhand/consignment store.

“Secondhand/consignment store” means an establishment engaged in the retail sale of used clothing, sports equipment, appliances, and other merchandise. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1540 Secondary, incidental or accessory use.

“Secondary, incidental or accessory use” means a minor or second use for which a lot, structure or building is designed or employed in conjunction with but subordinate to its principal use. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1542 Secure community transition facility (SCTF).

Secure community transition facility (SCTF)” means a residential facility for persons civilly committed and conditionally released to a less restrictive alternative. An SCTF has supervision and security, and either provides or ensures the provision of sex offender treatment services. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1545 Senior housing.

“Senior housing” means a complex of dwellings exclusively designed for and occupied by households having at least one person 62 years of age or older. Also see “Complete life care retirement community” in FMC 18.08.365 and “Active adult community” in FMC 18.08.030. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1550 Sensitive land uses.

“Sensitive land uses” means those land uses which are particularly sensitive to the secondary effects of adult use businesses. “Sensitive land uses” includes the following:

A.    Churches, or other religious facilities or institutions;

B.    Multiple-family and single-family residential zones;

C.    Playgrounds, public parks and public trails;

D.    Public and private schools, technical schools and training facilities which have 25 percent or more of their students under the age of 18. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1555 Service station.

“Service station” means buildings and premises where gasoline, oil, grease, batteries, tires and automobile accessories may be supplied and dispensed at retail. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1560 Setback.

“Setback” means, unless otherwise specified in this title, the distance between any building area, plus the area of all but the outermost 24 inches of any part of a building or structure extending beyond its building area, and the nearest lot line measured at all points. This distance shall be adequate to satisfy front, side and rear yard requirements in addition to setback requirements of this title. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1565 Shipping container.

“Shipping container” means a unit originally used for the transport, shipping, or hauling of materials or goods by land, sea, or air; capable of being moved or mounted by rail, truck, or boat. This definition includes steel sea or oceangoing containers marked with the American Bureau of Shipping’s emblem or meeting the International Standard Organization’s standards which can be detached from a trailer, chassis or frame, and which were formerly used for transporting sea or oceangoing cargo. This definition includes the terms “portable moving/storage unit/container/pod” and “cargo/oceangoing/transport container.” In addition, this definition applies to any structure designed to imitate the look of a shipping container. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1570 Shopping center.

“Shopping center” means a concentration of retail and service establishments, usually under single ownership and/or management, and which characteristically draws from a wide service area so that a majority of the customers reach the center by private vehicle. Parking areas are ordinarily shared by all the stores in the center. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1575 Shrub.

See “Landscaping standards.” (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1580 Sight-obscuring.

“Sight-obscuring” means more than 50 percent solid surface and/or designed in such a way as to block line of sight when viewed from a perpendicular angle. Examples include any masonry wall (brick, block, stucco), solid wood fencing, picket fences where the pickets are placed as close (or closer) than the individual pickets are wide, and many styles of commonly available lattice. Percent open space shall be calculated on a section-by-section, post-to-post basis. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1585 Sign.

“Sign” means any structure or natural object, such as a tree, rock and the ground itself, or part thereof, or device attached thereto or painted thereon, which shall be used to attract attention to any object, product, place, activity, person, institution, organization or business, or which shall display or include any letter, word, model, banner, flag, pennant, insignia, device or representation used for the purpose of announcement, direction or advertising. For the purpose of this definition, the word “sign” does not include any flag, badge or insignia of any civic, charitable, philanthropic, educational or similar organization. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1590 Small livestock farming.

“Small livestock farming” means the keeping of four or more domesticated animals such as rabbits, chickens, ducks, turkeys, and similar fowl and animals which are kept for personal or agricultural use, or raised for sale and profit. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1595 Specialty retail store.

“Specialty retail store” means one of a wide variety of stores involved in the retail sale of one or more general categories of specialty goods and merchandise, including but not limited to the following types of specialty stores: sporting goods, bicycles, glassware and chinaware, fishing tackle, music, greeting cards, jewelry, toys, hobby supplies, games, cameras, gifts and souvenirs, sewing supplies, tobacco products, newspapers, magazines, and comic books, religious supplies, guns and gun supplies or other miscellaneous goods. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1600 Specified anatomical areas.

“Specified anatomical areas” and related terms shall be as defined by FMC 5.14.020. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1605 Specified sexual activities.

“Specified sexual activities” and related terms shall be as defined by FMC 5.14.020. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1607 Sponsoring agency.

“Sponsoring agency” means the host agency or another agency that assists the host agency and that may join in an application with a host agency for a temporary homeless encampment and assumes responsibility for providing basic services and support to emergency housing facility residents, such as hot meals, social services, sanitation, hygiene, storage of belongings, trash and refuse collection and coordination of other needed donations and services. (Ord. 2066 § 1 (Exh. 1), 2018)

18.08.1610 Stable, private.

“Stable, private” means a building in which horses are kept for private use and not for remuneration, hire, or sale. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1615 Stable, public.

“Stable, public” means a building in which horses are kept for remuneration, hire, or sale, including riding academy. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1620 Stock-in-trade.

“Stock-in-trade” means all books, equipment, magazines, periodicals, pictures, posters, printed material, products (including prerecorded video tapes, discs, or similar material), or other items readily available for purchase, rental, viewing or use by patrons of the establishment excluding material located in any storeroom or other portion of the premises not open to patrons. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1625 Story.

“Story” means that portion of a building included between the upper surface of any floor and the upper surface of any floor above; or any portion of a building between the topmost floor and the roof having a usable floor area equal to at least 50 percent of the usable floor area of the floor immediately below. The top floor area under a sloping roof with less floor area is a half story. The first story shall be considered the lowest story of which the ceiling is more than six feet above the average contact ground level at the exterior walls of the building. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1630 Street.

“Street” means a public thoroughfare which affords the principal means of access to abutting property, including avenue, place, way, drive, lane, boulevard, highway, road, and any other thoroughfare except an alley. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1635 Street classification.

Street classification” means a street rating system that designates streets as primarily commercial or mixed-commercial residential for the purposes of zoning and land use. The street classification system does not affect street designations for the purposes of interpretation of development standards or in regard to Comprehensive Plan transportation element traffic volume and traffic handling assumptions. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1640 Structural alteration.

“Structural alteration” means any change in the supporting members of a building such as foundations, bearing walls, columns, beams, floor or roof joists, girders or rafters, or changes in the roof or exterior lines if such changes result in any enlargement of the building, or changes or rearrangement of other structural parts or exit facilities, or moving said structural parts or building to another location. Additionally, the installation or rearrangement of partitions in business, commercial or similar uses affecting more than one-third of a single floor area shall be considered a structural alteration. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1645 Structure.

“Structure” means a combination of materials constructed or erected which has permanent location on the ground or is attached to something having permanent location on the ground, not to include paving or surfacing of areas, fences not more than seven feet high, walls not more than six feet high that are used as fences, or screening that is not more than six feet high. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1650 Substance abuse treatment facility (SATF).

Substance abuse treatment facility (SATF)” means a facility meeting applicable state and federal standards that provides support services including, but not limited to, counseling, rehabilitation and medical supervision. An SATF may function as a residence, day-treatment facility, or a combination thereof. An SATF may be staffed by resident or nonresident staff. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1655 Substantial damage.

“Substantial damage” means damage of any origin sustained by a structure whereby the cost of restoring the structure to its before-damaged condition would equal or exceed 75 percent of the assessed value of the structure before the damage occurred. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1660 Substantial improvement.

“Substantial improvement” means any repair, reconstruction, or improvement of a structure, the cost of which equals or exceeds 75 percent of the market value of the structure either before the improvement or repair is started or, if the structure has been damaged and is being restored, before the damage occurred. “Substantial improvement” is considered to occur when the first alteration of any wall, ceiling, floor or other structural part of the building commences, whether or not that alteration affects the external dimensions of the structure. The term “substantial improvement” does not include any project for improvement to comply with existing state or local health, sanitary, or safety code specifications which have been identified by the local code enforcement official which are the minimum necessary to assure safe living conditions, or any alteration of a structure listed on the National Register of Historic Places or State Inventory of Historic Places. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1665 Supermarket.

“Supermarket” means a retail store in which food products are the primary merchandise sold, and for the purposes of definition in this title are of 3,000 square feet or more in sales area. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1670 “T” definitions.

(Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1675 Tavern.

“Tavern” means an establishment licensed to sell alcoholic drinks to be consumed on the premises. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1680 Telemarketing service.

“Telemarketing service” means a business operation specializing in sales, customer assistance, and a variety of other services by telephone. Also known as call center. (Ord. 2031 § 1, 2018; Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1681 Temporary outdoor homeless encampment.

“Temporary outdoor homeless encampment” means temporary emergency housing for four or more people (or two or more temporary shelters) that may include tents and other temporary shelter and managed as temporary accommodations for homeless people, and may be hosted by religious organizations. (Ord. 2066 § 1 (Exh. 1), 2018)

18.08.1682 Temporary public space use permit.

“Temporary public space use permit” means a document issued by the City authorizing the use of the public right-of-way or public parks within a designated time frame and physical location, typically associated with mobile food vehicles or vendors, and subject to permanent time and place restrictions as further described by FMC 18.72.105. (Ord. 2031 § 1, 2018)

18.08.1685 Theater, movie.

“Theater, movie” means an enclosed structure or open air structure used for public assembly for the purpose of showing motion pictures. Also see “Cinema.” (Ord. 2031 § 1, 2018; Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1690 Theater, family movie.

“Theater, family movie” means an enclosed structure or open air structure used for public assembly for the purpose of showing motion pictures with a G (general), PG (general – parental guidance), PG-13 (parental guidance – under 13 must be accompanied by adult) or R (restricted) rating only. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1695 Towing, vehicle impound lots.

“Towing, vehicle impound lots” means a lot used for the temporary storage of vehicles which have been towed by a towing company or for impounded vehicles, but which does not include permanent vehicle storage or dismantling of vehicles. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1700 Tract.

“Tract” means a lot, usually several acres in area. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1705 Trail head.

“Trail head” means the beginning of a trail, or, when split by a right-of-way, the continuation of a trail on the opposite side of the right-of-way. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1710 Transportation center.

“Transportation center” means a use which permits individuals to transfer between modes of transportation in one location. Also see “Bus terminal,” “Bus transfer station,” and “Park and ride.” (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1715 Travel trailer.

“Travel trailer” means a vehicular, portable structure built on a chassis and drawn by a motorized vehicle and which is designed to be used as a temporary dwelling for travel, recreational and vacation uses. A travel trailer is considered a recreational vehicle, as defined herein. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1720 Tree.

See “Landscaping standards.” (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1725 Truck stop.

“Truck stop” means a service station primarily established and designed to provide petroleum products and similar service to large trucks. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1730 Truck terminal.

“Truck terminal” means a business providing a location where goods carried by motor transport can be received, transferred from one vehicle to another, and/or shipped, where the primary purpose is not storage but to serve as a point of transfer. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1735 “U” definitions.

(Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1740 Usable floor area, nonresidential.

“Nonresidential usable floor area” means as follows: The measurement of usable floor area for nonresidential uses shall be to the exterior face of exterior walls on the first story and any other story connected by a fixed stairway or elevator, which may be made fit for human habitation; the measurement shall include the floor area of all accessory buildings measured similarly but exclude the floor area required for heating and other mechanical equipment, unenclosed porches, light shafts, public corridors and public toilets. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1745 Usable floor area, residential.

“Residential usable floor area” means as follows: The measurement of usable floor area for residential uses shall be the sum of the area of the first story measured to the exterior face of exterior walls plus, similarly measured, the area having more than seven feet, six inches of headroom, of any upper story that is connected by a fixed stairway which may be made usable for human habitation; but excluding the floor area of basements, garages, accessory buildings, attics, breezeways and unenclosed porches. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1750 Use – conditional.

“Use – conditional” means any use of a lot, structure or building which by its nature, intensity or potential impact upon an area cannot be considered as a principal or accessory use within a use district and may have the potential to significantly alter a district in a manner not anticipated by the underlying zone, but when subject to special conditions and standards specified in a special use permit may be compatible with other uses in the same or adjacent use districts. In addition to the application of special conditions and standards specific to individual uses, conditional use permits may also be subject to limited duration of the land use or periodic reviews in order to ensure compliance with the conditions of the approval. (Ord. 2006 § 2 (Att. 2), 2017; Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1755 Use – permitted.

“Use – permitted” means a use authorized or allowed alone in a specified use district for the preservation or promotion of which the use district is established and subject to the requirements of the regulations and standards of such use district, and to which all other uses are accessory, special, conditional, or nonconforming. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1760 Use – accessory (secondary).

“Use – accessory (secondary)” means a secondary or minor use of a lot, structure, or building designed or employed in conjunction with, but subordinate or incidental to, and compatible with the principal permitted use for which the use district is established, and subject to the regulations and standards of such use district. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1765 Use, nonconforming.

“Use, nonconforming” means the use of a building or other structure or of a tract of land which does not conform to the use regulations of this title for the district in which it is located, either at the effective date of this title or as a result of subsequent amendments which may be incorporated into this title. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1770 “V” definitions.

(Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1775 Variance.

“Variance” means a modification of the regulations of this title granted by the Hearings Examiner after finding that the literal application of the provisions of this title would cause undue and unnecessary hardship in view of certain facts and conditions applying to a specific parcel of property. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1780 Vehicle leasing and rentals.

“Vehicle leasing and rentals” means the use of any building or land for a business involving the leasing of vehicles. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1785 Vehicle dealership.

“Vehicle dealership” means a business, conducted either within or outside of a building or group of buildings, which specializes in the sale or long-term lease of new or used automobiles, trucks or vans, recreational vehicles such as motor homes or golf carts, boats, farm vehicles, and/or utility vehicles such as riding lawnmowers. Vehicle dealerships may also include as accessory uses facilities for the warranty service and repair of vehicles, as well as professional offices and warehouses. Also includes vehicle sales. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1790 Video rental store.

“Video rental store” means an establishment engaged primarily in the renting or sale of videocassettes, DVDs, and video games. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1795 “W” definitions.

(Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1800 Warehousing and wholesale trade.

“Warehousing and wholesale trade” means establishments involved in the storage and/or sale of bulk goods for resale or assembly, excluding establishments offering the sale of bulk goods to the general public. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1805 Warehousing, storage and distribution.

“Warehousing, storage and distribution” means a building where goods and materials are kept immediately prior to their delivery to retail outlets or their sale to other businesses. This use may include vehicle maintenance or storage as an accessory use. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1810 Watercourse.

“Watercourse” means any depression below the surrounding land serving to give direction to a current of water and having a bed and well-defined banks. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1815 Waterfront park.

“Waterfront park” means an area with frontage on water, sound, lake, river or stream designed primarily to accommodate swimming, boating, fishing, washing and other waterfront activities. The primary attraction and desirability of the area for recreational purposes is due to the presence of water. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1820 Wholesale use.

“Wholesale use” means a business that stores large stocks of goods for sale in bulk quantities to retail outlets. Sales to the general public do not occur on the site, nor is the location of the business advertised through newspapers, flyers or other media designed to reach the consumer. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1825 Wineries – Production.

“Wineries – production” means an establishment engaged in the production of wine for wholesale distribution. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1830 Wineries – Tasting room.

“Wineries – tasting room” means an establishment engaged in the retail sales of wines. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1835 “X” definitions.

Reserved. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1840 “Y” definitions.

(Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1845 Yard.

“Yard” means an unoccupied space open to the sky, on the same lot with a building or structure. When the lot definitions and yards requirements are insufficient to describe a particular lot situation, the Zoning Administrator’s interpretation of lot frontage and setbacks shall apply. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1850 Yard, front.

“Front yard” means an open space extending across the full width of the lot, the required depth of which shall be measured horizontally and at right angles from the lot frontage line to a line parallel thereof on the lot. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1855 Yard, rear.

“Rear yard” means an open space extending across the full width of the lot between the principal building and the line opposite the lot frontage line. The depth of the rear yard shall be measured horizontally at right angles from the nearest point of the rear lot line towards the nearest part of the principal building. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1860 Yard, side.

“Side yard” means an open space between the principal building and side lot line extending from the front yard to the rear yard. The width of the side yard shall be measured horizontally and at right angles from the nearest point of a side lot line towards the nearest part of the principal building. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)

18.08.1865 “Z” definitions.

Reserved. (Ord. 1969 § 9 (Exh. 10), 2016)


1

Code reviser’s note: Ord. 2006 adds this section as 18.08.492. It has been editorially renumbered to preserve alphabetization.