Chapter 15.05
CONSTRUCTION AND BUILDING CODES Amended Ord. 948

Sections:

15.05.010    Adoption of referenced codes. Added Ord. 948

15.05.015    Demolition and removal of buildings – Permit required.

15.05.017    Diversion of building materials from landfills.

15.05.020    General requirements.

15.05.030    International Building Code amendments.

15.05.040    International Residential Code amendments.

15.05.050    International Fire Code amendments.

15.05.060    National Electric Code – Required inspections.

15.05.070    International Property Maintenance Code amendments.

15.05.080    Standard for Fixed Guideway Transit and Passenger Rail Systems (NFPA 130) amendments.

15.05.090    Commercial Energy Code amendments. Added Ord. 948

15.05.010 Adoption of referenced codes.

The city of Shoreline hereby adopts the following codes for the purpose of establishing rules and regulations for the construction, alteration, removal, demolition, equipment, use and occupancy, location and maintenance of buildings, premises and structures, including permits and penalties:

A. The current edition of the International Building Code, International Existing Building Code and International Swimming Pool and Spa Code, published by the International Code Council, Inc., as adopted by the Washington State Building Code Council in Chapter 51-50 WAC, as now or hereafter amended.

B. The current edition of the International Residential Code published by the International Code Council, Inc., as adopted by the Washington State Building Code Council in Chapter 51-51 WAC, as now or hereafter amended. The following appendices are specifically adopted:

1. Appendix A, Sizing and Capacities of Gas Piping.

2. Appendix B, Sizing of Venting Systems Serving Appliances.

3. Appendix H, Patio Covers.

C. The current edition of the International Mechanical Code published by the International Code Council, Inc., as adopted by the Washington State Building Code Council in Chapter 51-52 WAC, as now or hereafter amended, except that the standards for liquefied petroleum gas installations shall be NFPA 58 (Storage and Handling of Liquefied Petroleum Gases) and ANSI Z223.1/NFPA 54 (National Fuel Gas Code).

D. The current edition of the International Fuel Gas Code published by the International Code Council, Inc., as adopted by the Washington State Building Code Council in Chapter 51-52 WAC, as now or hereafter amended. The following appendix is specifically adopted: Appendix A, Sizing Capacities of Gas Piping.

E. The current edition of the International Fire Code, published by the International Code Council, Inc., as adopted by the Washington State Building Code Council in Chapter 51-54 WAC, as now or hereafter amended, including those standards of the National Fire Protection Association specifically referenced in the International Fire Code; provided, that notwithstanding any wording in this code, participants in religious ceremonies shall not be precluded from carrying hand-held candles. The following appendices are specifically adopted:

1. Appendix E, Hazard Categories;

2. Appendix F, Hazard Ranking.

F. Except as provided in RCW 19.27.170, the current edition of the Uniform Plumbing Code and Uniform Plumbing Code Standards, published by the International Association of Plumbing and Mechanical Officials, as adopted by the Washington State Building Code Council in Chapters 51-56 and 51-57 WAC, as now or hereafter amended; provided, that any provisions of such code affecting sewers or fuel gas piping are not adopted. The following appendices are specifically adopted:

1. Appendix A, Recommended Rules for Sizing the Water Supply System;

2. Appendix B, Explanatory Notes on Combination Waste and Vent Systems;

3. Appendix D, Sizing Storm Water Drainage Systems;

4. Appendix I, Installation Standards.

G. The rules adopted by the Washington State Building Code Council establishing standards for making buildings and facilities accessible to and usable by the physically disabled or elderly persons, as provided in RCW 70.92.100 through 70.92.160.

H. The current edition of the Washington State Energy Code, as adopted by the State Building Code Council in Chapter 51-11 WAC, as now or hereafter amended.

I. The 2014 NFPA 130 Standard for Fixed Guideway Transit and Passenger Rail Systems, published by the National Fire Protection Association, as now or hereafter amended.

J. The current edition of the National Electrical Code, published by the National Fire Protection Association, as adopted by the Department of Labor and Industries in Chapter 296-46B WAC, as now or hereafter amended, and Chapter 19.28 RCW, as now or hereafter amended.

K. The current edition of the International Property Maintenance Code published by the International Code Council as hereafter amended, to be effective on the first day of July in the year immediately following the edition year, except that the following sections are not adopted by reference and are expressly deleted:

Section 103

Department of Property Maintenance Inspection

Subsection 106.2

Notice of violation

Subsection 106.3

Prosecution of violation

Subsection 106.4

Violation penalties

Subsection 106.5

Abatement

Section 107

Notice and Orders

Subsection 108.7

Record

Subsection 109.4

Emergency repairs

Subsection 109.5

Costs of emergency repairs

Subsection 109.6

Hearing

Subsection 110.2

Notices and orders

Subsection 110.4

Salvage materials

Section 111

Means of Appeal

Section 112

Stop Work Order

Subsection 302.4

Weeds

Subsection 304.14

Insect screens

Section 308

Rubbish and Garbage

Subsection 602.4

Occupiable work spaces

Subsection 604.3.1

Abatement of electrical hazards associated with water exposure

Subsection 604.3.2

Abatement of electrical hazards associated with fire exposure

[Ord. 761 § 1 (Exh. A), 2016; Ord. 586 § 1 (Exh. 1), 2010; Ord. 477 § 1, 2007; Ord. 466 § 1, 2007; Ord. 426 § 2, 2006; Ord. 391 § 6, 2005; Ord. 355 § 1, 2004; Ord. 353 § 1, 2004]

15.05.015 Demolition and removal of buildings – Permit required.

A. Permit Required. No person, firm or corporation shall cause or permit the removal or demolition of any building from real property within the city of Shoreline without securing a permit for such purpose (“demolition permit”); provided, that buildings or structures that are exempt from permit under the codes adopted by this chapter shall not require a permit.

B. The building official shall require the following reports with a demolition permit application:

1. Documentation of rodent abatement is required for demolitions.

2. Documentation of compliance with the Puget Sound Clean Air Agency’s asbestos/demolition notification requirements.

3. Letter of compliance with the sewer district’s requirements for demolition.

4. A waste diversion plan when required by SMC 15.05.017.

C. Multiple buildings may be included on a single application for demolition or removal so long as the buildings occupy the same tax parcel.

D. Bonds and Securities. A bond or other financial security approved by the city in an amount sufficient to ensure city abatement of potential impacts to public health and safety and long-term environmental impacts and to ensure general cleanup of the demolition site shall be required prior to issuance of the demolition permit. The building official shall adopt a rule for bonding levels according to building classifications and uses.

E. Demolition and/or Removal of Structures from Property. Every building or structure or portion or remnants thereof remaining after fire, acts of nature, explosion, decay, or deterioration or other destructive force which is found to be in noncompliance with the site cleanup requirements specified in this section shall be brought into compliance upon notice, which shall be sent via certified mail. Demolition permits shall be obtained within 60 days of such notice.

F. Demolition permits shall require the following cleanup unless site conditions are incorporated or corrected as part of new construction included in a concurrent building permit application:

1. Remove all floors, foundations, footings, basement and retaining walls to a minimum of 18 inches below grade, or as otherwise required;

2. Fill excavations and other cavities with noncombustible, inorganic material smaller than eight inches and cover with dirt or gravel so that broken concrete is not left exposed;

3. Remove all sewage from existing cavities and fill with earth, sand, gravel or other approved material;

4. Fill wells with gravel and rocks no larger than eight inches or install a concrete cap (lined wells only) of sufficient size and weight that cannot easily be removed;

5. Grade site so that surface is smooth and properly sloped for required drainage. Grading shall conform to existing neighboring grades on all sides;

6. During demolition, water shall be used to control and reduce dust and its impact on neighboring properties;

7. The site shall be left clean and in a safe condition, and in a properly graded condition subject to approval of the building official;

8. When demolition or removal of a building has been completed, an inspection of the site shall be requested by the permit holder; and

9. Permits shall be valid for a period not to exceed 60 days from date of issuance with 60-day extensions allowed for extenuating circumstances as approved by the building official. [Ord. 672 § 1 (Exh. 1), 2013]

15.05.017 Diversion of building materials from landfills.

A. The purpose of this section is to increase the reuse of construction and building removal materials.

B. Definitions. Unless otherwise expressly stated, the following words and terms shall, for the purposes of this section, have the following meanings:

1. “Demolition” means the process of razing, relocation, or removal of an existing building or structure, or a portion thereof.

2. “Beneficial use” means the reuse of solid waste as an ingredient in a manufacturing process, or as an effective substitute for natural or commercial products in a manner that does not pose a threat to human health or the environment. Avoidance of processing or disposal cost alone does not constitute beneficial use.

3. “Deconstruction and salvage assessment” means a report which summarizes the building components within an existing building (prior to demolition) that have the potential for beneficial use.

C. Applicants for a permit to: (1) construct a structure greater than 1,000 square feet of gross floor area; (2) remove an entire building or structure greater than 1,000 square feet of gross floor area; or (3) make alterations greater than 1,000 square feet of gross floor area of a building or structure or tenant improvements greater than 2,500 square feet of gross floor area shall submit:

1. A waste diversion plan prior to permit issuance identifying the amount, by weight and volume, of construction and demolition material to be removed from a project site, the hauler, and the receiving facility or location for each commodity.

2. A waste diversion report prior to permit finalization or issuance of a certificate of occupancy. A partial or temporary certificate of occupancy may be issued prior to submittal of the waste diversion report. In instances where shared construction and demolition collection containers are used by two or more projects, periodic waste reports may be submitted in place of a final waste diversion report, as determined by the building official. The waste diversion report shall identify the amount, by weight or volume, of generated construction and demolition material removed from a project site, the hauler, and the receiving facility or location for each commodity. A signed affidavit from the receiving location and photo documentation must be included for salvaged materials for which a tip receipt cannot be obtained.

3. A deconstruction and salvage assessment prepared by a third party, prior to permit issuance.

D. Additional Requirements.

1. All construction and building material recycle loads that contain more than a single commodity shall be disposed of at a third party certified processing facility.

2. All job sites proposing waste recycling shall have at least one bin for recyclable materials that will be sent to a processing facility for recycling for beneficial use, and a separate bin for construction and building removal waste destined for a landfill.

E. Exceptions. Construction activity otherwise subject to this section shall not include disaster response performed in conjunction with a declared emergency or removal of structures determined to be hazardous or dangerous by the building official. [Ord. 672 § 2 (Exh. 2), 2013]

15.05.020 General requirements.

A. Fees. All city of Shoreline permit fees shall be established by Chapter 3.01 SMC. The city manager or designee may authorize the refunding of:

1. One hundred percent of any fee erroneously paid or collected.

2. Up to 80 percent of the permit fee paid when no work has been done under a permit issued in accordance with this code.

3. Up to 80 percent of the plan review fee paid when an application for a permit for which a plan review fee has been paid is withdrawn or canceled before any plan reviewing is done. The city manager or designee shall not authorize refunding of any fee paid except on written application filed by the original permittee not later than 180 days after the date of fee payment.

B. Amendments Applicable to All Adopted International Codes.

1. Unless the context requires otherwise, any reference to “jurisdiction,” “department of building safety,” “department of mechanical inspection,” “department of inspection,” or “department of property maintenance inspection” shall refer to the “city of Shoreline.”

2. Unless the context requires otherwise, any reference to “building official” or “code official” shall refer to the city manager or designee.

3. Unless the context requires otherwise, any reference to “notice of violation” shall refer to “notice and order to correct.”

4. Unless the context requires otherwise, any reference to “board of appeals” shall refer to “hearing examiner.”

5. Unless the context requires otherwise, any reference to “International Existing Building Code” shall refer to the “International Building Code.”

6. Unless the context requires otherwise, any reference to “International Electrical Code” shall refer to the “National Electrical Code.”

7. Unless the context requires otherwise, any reference to “International Zoning Code” shall refer to SMC Title 20, Development Code.

C. This chapter is an exercise of the city’s power to protect the public health, safety and welfare and its purpose is to provide enforcement of code violations, abatement of nuisances, and collection of abatement expenses by the city. This code shall be enforced for the benefit of the general public, not for the benefit of any particular person or class of persons.

It is the intent of this chapter to place the obligation for code compliance upon the responsible party, within the scope of this section, and not to impose any duty upon the city or any of its officers, officials or employees which would subject them to damages in a civil action. [Ord. 672 § 3 (Exh. 3), 2013; Ord. 586 § 2 (Exh. 2), 2010; Ord. 355 § 2, 2004; Ord. 353 § 1, 2004]

15.05.030 International Building Code amendments.

A. Section 105.2, Work exempt from permit.

1. Section 105.2(1) is amended to read as follows:

1. One-story detached accessory structures used as tool and storage sheds, playhouses and similar uses, provided the floor area does not exceed 200 square feet (18.33 m2).

2. Section 105.2(6) is amended to read as follows:

6. Platforms, sidewalks and driveways not more than 30 inches (762 mm) above grade and not over any basement or story below and which are not part of an accessible route.

3. Section 105.2(14) is added to read as follows:

14. Re-roofing of existing buildings where there are no structural elements being revised or replaced including the roof diaphragm.

4. Section 105.2(15) is added to read as follows:

15. Replacement of windows where there are no structural elements being revised and emergency escape and rescue openings are not reduced in size.

B. Section 1612.3, Establishment of flood hazard areas.

To establish flood hazard areas, the governing body shall adopt a flood hazard map and supporting data. The flood hazard map shall include, at a minimum, areas of special flood hazard as identified by the Federal Emergency Management Agency in a scientific and engineering report entitled “Flood Insurance Study for King County and Incorporated Areas”, dated November 6, 2010, Flood Insurance Study Number 53033CV001B, and any revisions thereto, with an accompanying Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM), and any revisions thereto, hereby adopted by reference and declared to be a part of this chapter. The flood insurance study and the FIRM are on file at 17500 Midvale Ave N, Shoreline, WA 98133.

C. Section 3002.4, Elevator car to accommodate ambulance stretcher, is amended to read as follows:

Where elevators are provided in buildings, four or more stories above grade plane or four or more stories below grade plane, or any R occupancy buildings with elevators serving one or more stories above or below ground access, at least one elevator shall be provided for fire department emergency access to all floors. The elevator car shall be such a size and arrangement to accommodate a 24-inch by 84-inch (610 mm by 1930 mm) ambulance stretcher in the horizontal, open position and shall be identified by the international symbol for emergency medical services (star of life). The symbol shall not be less than 3 inches (76 mm) high and shall be placed inside on both sides of the hoistway door frame.

[Ord. 914 § 1 (Exh. A), 2021; Ord. 641 § 2, 2012; Ord. 477 § 2, 2007; Ord. 355 § 3, 2004]

15.05.040 International Residential Code amendments.

A. Section R105.2, Work exempt from permit.

1. Section R105.2(10) is amended to read as follows:

10. Decks not more than 30 inches (762 mm) above grade at any point and detached from the dwelling and which are not part of an exit route.

2. Section R105.2(11) is added to read as follows:

11. Re-roofing of existing buildings where there are no structural elements being revised, including the roof diaphragm.

3. Section R105.2(12) is added to read as follows:

12. Replacement of windows where there are no structural elements being revised and emergency escape and rescue openings are not reduced in size.

B. Section R110.3 is amended to read as follows:

R110.3 Certificate issued. An issued permit card affixed with a dated, authorized signature entered under the “Final” inspection shall constitute the certificate of occupancy required by this code.

C. Table R301.2(1), Climatic and Geographical Design Criteria, is amended to read as follows:

Table R301.2(1)
Climatic and Geographical

Design Criteria 

Roof Snow Load

25 lbs/sq ft

Wind Design

 

Speedd

85 mph

Topographic effectsk

No

Special Wind regionl

No

Wind-borne debris zonem

No

Seismic Design Categoryf

D2

Subject to damage from

 

Weatheringa

Moderate

Frost Line Depthb

12"

Termitesc

Slight to Moderate

Decay

Slight to Moderate

Winter Design Tempe

27 degrees

Ice Shield Underlayment Requiredh

No

Flood Hazardsg

o, n

Air Freeze Indexi

113

Mean Annual Tempj

53 degrees

n. Date of ordinance adoption: March 4, 1997.

o. King County Flood Insurance Study date: November 6, 2010.

D. Section R313.2 is adopted and amended as follows:

R313.2 One- and two-family dwellings automatic fire sprinkler systems. An automatic residential fire sprinkler system shall be installed in one- and two-family dwellings.

Exception: An automatic residential fire sprinkler system shall not be required for additions to existing buildings that are not already provided with an automatic residential sprinkler system unless otherwise required under IFC Section 102.5 as amended by SMC 15.05.050.

R313.2.1 Design and installation. (no amendment to language)

E. Section P2904, Dwelling Unit Fire Sprinkler Systems, is adopted. [Ord. 914 § 2 (Exh. B), 2021; Ord. 761 § 1 (Exh. A), 2016; Ord. 586 § 3 (Exh. 3), 2010; Ord. 477 § 3, 2007; Ord. 355 § 4, 2004]

15.05.050 International Fire Code amendments.

A. Section 102.5 is adopted and amended to read as follows:

102.5 Application of residential code. Where structures are designed and constructed in accordance with the International Residential Code, including, without exception, all new licensed adult family homes in existing structures, the provisions of this code shall apply.

102.5.1 Scope. Construction and design provisions of this code pertaining to the exterior of the structure shall apply including, but not limited to, premises identification, fire apparatus access and water supplies. Where interior or exterior systems or devices are installed, construction permits required by Section 105.7 of this code shall apply.

102.5.2 (no amendment to language)

Exceptions:

1. Additions to existing structures of up to 500 square feet with a resulting total building area that does not exceed 6,200 square feet are not required to comply with fire apparatus access or water supply requirements.

2. Additions to existing structures greater than 500 square feet are not required to comply with fire apparatus access or water supply requirements, provided the addition to a structure is less than 25 percent of the existing total habitable area square footage and the resulting total building area does not exceed 6,200 square feet.

3. Additions to existing structures greater than 500 square feet are not required to comply with fire apparatus access or water supply requirements, provided the addition to a structure is 25 percent or greater but less than 50 percent of the existing total habitable area square footage, the resulting total building area does not exceed 6,200 square feet and interconnected carbon monoxide and smoke alarm devices are monitored by a central station approved by the fire code official.

B. Section 102.7 is amended to read as follows:

102.7 Reference codes and standards. When allowed by the fire code official, editions of standards not herein referenced may be utilized provided the entire standard is utilized.

C. New Section 102.7.3 is added to read as follows:

102.7.3 The fire code official is authorized to approve an alternative standard where the fire code official determines that the alternate standard, applied in its entirety, complies with the intent of the provisions of this code, and that the alternate standard is, for the purpose intended, at least the equivalent of those listed in Chapter 80 in effectiveness, quality, fire resistance, durability and safety.

D. Sections 104.1, 104.10.1, and 104.11.2 are amended to read as follows:

1. 104.1 General. The City Manager or his/her designee is hereby authorized to enforce the provisions of this code, and to adopt policies, procedures, rules and regulations in order to clarify the application of its provision. Wherever this code refers to the fire code official it shall be construed to mean the City Manager or his/her designee. Such interpretations, policies, procedures, rules and regulations shall be in compliance with the intent and purpose of this code and shall not have the effect of waiving requirements specifically provided for in this code.

2. 104.10.1 Assistance from other agencies. Police and other enforcement agencies shall have authority to render necessary assistance in the investigation of fires or the enforcement of this code when requested to do so by the fire chief or his/her designee.

3. 104.11.2 Obstructing operations. No person shall obstruct the operations of the fire department in connection with extinguishment, control, or investigation of any fire, or actions relative to other emergencies, or disobey any lawful command of the fire chief or officer of the fire department in charge of the emergency, or any part thereof, or any lawful order of a police officer assisting the fire department.

E. Section 105.1.2 is amended to read as follows:

105.1.2 Types of permits. There shall be two types of permits as follows:

1. Operational permit. An operational permit allows the applicant to conduct an operation or a business for which a permit is required by Section 105.6 for either:

a. A prescribed period.

b. Until renewed or revoked.

1.1. Operational permit fees. Fees may be charged annually for each type of operational permit. Fees shall be established by the fire code official.

2. Construction permit. A construction permit allows the applicant to install or modify systems and equipment for which a permit is required by Section 105.7.

2.1. Construction permit fees. Fees will be assessed for each construction permit issued under this Code as established by Chapter 3.01 SMC.

F. Section 105.6 is amended and new Sections 105.6.49, 105.6.51, and 105.6.52 are added to read as follows:

1. 105.6. Required operational permits. The fire code official is authorized to issue operational permits for the operations set forth in Sections 105.6.1 through 105.6.52.

2. 105.6.30 Mobile food preparation vehicles. A permit is required for food preparation vehicles equipped with appliances that produce smoke or grease laden vapors or utilize LP-gas or CNG systems. The fire code official may accept a permit from an approved agency in lieu of a Shoreline Fire Department operational permit.

3. 105.6.49. Positive alarm sequence. An operational permit is required to operate a Positive Alarm Sequence (PAS) Account as prescribed in NFPA 72.

4. 105.6.51 Positive alarm sequence. An operational permit is required to operate a PAS (positive Alarm Sequence) Account as prescribed by NFPA 72.

5. 105.6.52 Interim Use Emergency Shelter. An operational permit is required to open an interim use emergency shelter and must comply with Department policy FMO 318.

G. Section 105.7 is amended to read as follows and new Section 105.7.27 is added to read as follows:

1. 105.7. Required construction permits. The fire code official is authorized to issue construction permits for work as set forth in Sections 105.7.1 through 105.7.27.

2. 105.7.27 Emergency Power Supply System. A construction permit is required for installation of Emergency Power Supply System required by Section 604.

H. Section 108.6 is amended to read as follows:

108.6 Overcrowding. Overcrowding or admittance of any person beyond the approved capacity of a building or a portion thereof shall not be allowed. The fire code official, upon finding any overcrowding conditions or obstructions in aisles, passageways or other means of egress, or upon finding any condition which constitutes a life safety hazard, shall be authorized to direct actions be taken to reduce the overcrowding or to cause the event to be stopped until such condition or obstruction is corrected.

I. Sections 110.4 and 112.4 are hereby repealed.

J. Section 307.1.1 is amended to read as follows:

307.1.1 Prohibited open burning. Open burning shall not be conducted at any time in compliance with a permanent ban on open burning established by the Puget Sound Air Pollution Control Agency in September of 1992.

For air quality and burn ban status information and regulations, contact the Puget Sound Clean Air Agency at www.pscleanair.org or (206) 689-4088.

K. Section 308.3 is amended to read as follows:

308.3 Group A occupancies. Open-flame devices shall not be used in a Group A occupancy.

Exceptions:

1. Open-flame devices are allowed to be used in the following situations, provided approved precautions are taken to prevent ignition of a combustible material or injury to occupants:

1.1. Where necessary for ceremonial or religious purposes in accordance with Section 308.1.7.

1.2. On stages and platforms as a necessary part of a performance in accordance with Section 308.3.2.

1.3. Where candles on tables are securely supported on substantial noncombustible bases and the candle flames are protected.

2. Heat-producing equipment complying with Chapter 6 and the International Mechanical Code.

3. Gas lights are allowed to be used provided adequate precautions satisfactory to the fire code official are taken to prevent ignition of combustible materials.

4. Where approved by the fire code official.

L. Section 314.4 is amended to read as follows:

314.4 Vehicles. Liquid- or gas-fueled vehicles, fueled equipment, boats or other motorcraft shall not be located indoors except as follows:

1. Batteries are disconnected.

2. Fuel in fuel tanks does not exceed one-quarter tank or 5 gallons (19 L)     (whichever is least).

3. Fuel tanks and fill openings are closed and sealed to prevent tampering.

4. Vehicle, fueled equipment, boats or other motorcraft equipment are not fueled or defueled within the building.

M. New Section 315.3.2.1 is added to read as follows:

315.3.2.1 Storage under stairways. Storage is prohibited under exit stairways. Exception: Enclosures under stairways in accordance with Sections 1011.7.3 or 1011.7.4 as applicable.

N. Section 501.1 is amended to read as follows:

501.1 Scope. Fire service features for buildings, structures and premises shall comply with this chapter. The requirements in this chapter may be modified by the fire code official if other approved fire-protection features are provided.

O. Section 503.1 is amended to read as follows:

503.1 Where required. Fire apparatus access roads shall be provided and maintained in accordance with Sections 503.1.1 through 503.1.3 and/or local street, road and access standards as determined by the fire code official.

P. State amendments for Sections 503.1, 503.1.1, 503.1.2, 503.1.3, 503.2, 503.3, 503.4, and 503.4.1 are hereby repealed.

Q. New Section 503.1.2.1 is added to read as follows:

503.1.2.1 Access roads. Access roads can be modified with approval of the fire code official.

R. Section 503.2.5 is amended to read as follows:

503.2.5 Dead ends. Dead-end fire apparatus access roads in excess of 150 feet (45 720 mm) in length shall be provided with an approved area for turning around fire apparatus, or as modified per the fire code official.

S. Section 503.2.7 is amended to read as follows:

503.2.7 Grade. The grade of the fire apparatus access road shall be a 15 percent maximum grade unless approved by fire code official.

T. A new Section 503.3 is added to read as follows:

503.3 Fire Lanes. Where required by the fire code official, fire apparatus access roads shall be marked as follows:

1. FIRE LANE – NO PARKING Signs shall be mounted a minimum of 7' from bottom of the sign to the street or sidewalk. Signs must be a type “R8-31” or equivalent reflective sign no less than 12" x 18" in size, with a white background and the wording “No Parking Fire Lane” in red letters. When in a straight line of sight, these signs shall be no further than fifty feet (50') apart. This distance may be reduced when curves, corners, or other adverse sighting conditions restrict the line of sight.

2. Curbs along designated Fire Department Access Roads (Fire Lanes) shall also be painted yellow. This shall include both the vertical and horizontal portions of the curb. Minimum three-inch (3") white lettering which shall read: NO PARKING – FIRE LANE, shall be placed every fifty feet (50') or portion thereof on the vertical portion of the curb. The entire curb length shall be painted. If there are rolled curbs or no curbs, stenciling shall be placed on pavement.

3. Where no curbs exists, stenciling shall be placed on the pavement with minimum 10" white block lettering on continuous 16" yellow background to read NO PARKING FIRE LANE at 50 foot intervals.

Exception: Variations to Fire Lanes markings may be approved when in the opinion of the Fire Code Official the proposed signage and markings achieve the same outcome. The Fire Chief retains the right to revoke the variations for cause.

U. Section 507.3 is amended to read as follows:

1. 507.3 Fire flow. Fire flow requirements for buildings or portions of buildings and facilities shall be determined in accordance with Sections 507.3.1 through 507.3.6.

Exception:

Fire Flow is not required for structures under 500 square feet with a B, U or R-1 occupancy where structures are at least 30 feet from any other structure and are used only for recreation.

2. 507.3.1 Minimum residual pressure. All required fire flow, either temporary or permanent, shall not create a minimum residual pressure in the public or private water system of less than 20 psi. (WAC 246-290-230)

3. 507.3.2 Required fire flow. The required quantity and demand duration of water shall be equal to the calculated fire flow for the greatest hazard or protected risk in the proposed development, and shall be determined by the fire code official using Table B105.1 Appendix B of the International Fire Code as the required baseline fire flow.

Exception:

The fire code official may increase the fire-flow requirements where conditions indicate an unusual susceptibility to group fires, conflagrations, or other fire hazard to the community.

4. 507.3.3 Infrastructure calculations. Where the existing fire flow on a system is inadequate, or a new system is proposed, engineering design calculations or an approved flow test when allowed by the water purveyor may be required to verify fire flow.

5. 507.3.4. Where the required fire flow exceeds the available fire flow, the installation or enhancement of automatic fire sprinkler and/or automatic fire detection and alarm systems may be used in conjunction with Section 508.3.5 when approved by the fire code official.

6. 507.3.5 Credit for automatic sprinkler systems. Fire flow credit for automatic sprinkler protection shall be granted only when the entire structure is protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system, designed in accordance with NFPA-13 or NFPA-13R, and for single family dwellings less than 4,800 sq. ft. in total area, designed in accordance with NFPA-13D.

507.3.5.1 Credit toward fire flow requirements shall be granted by the fire code official where sprinklers are installed:

1. For the purposes of area or height increases as specified in the International Building Code.

2. For the purposes of one-hour fire resistive substitution as specified in the International Building Code.

3. In Group R, Division 3 occupancies, as a substitute for fire apparatus access.

507.3.5.2 There shall be no additional credit toward fire flow requirements by installing an automatic sprinkler system where the system is required by the International Building or Fire Codes to protect hazardous storage or processes, or in any Group H or I occupancy.

507.3.5.3 Fire flow credit allowed per type of sprinkler system:

1. The reduction allowed for a NFPA 13 designed system shall be 50 percent.

2. The reduction allowed for a NFPA 13 R designed system shall be 30 percent.

3. The reduction allowed for an NFPA 13 D designed system shall be 30 percent.

4. The reduction allowed may be increased by the fire code official when the design area or density has been increased over the minimums set forth by the applicable NFPA standard. This provision only applies to light hazard occupancies.

7. 507.3.6 Fire-flow calculation area. The area used to calculate fire flow shall be determined in accordance with this section.

507.3.6.1 The fire-flow calculation area shall be the total floor area of all floor levels within the exterior walls, and under the horizontal projections of the roof of a building.

507.3.6.2 Portions of buildings that are separated by four-hour fire walls without openings, constructed in accordance with the International Building Code, are allowed to be considered as separate fire-flow calculation areas.

507.3.6.3 The fire-flow calculation area of a building constructed of Type IA and Type IB construction shall be the area of the three largest successive floors.

Exception: Fire-flow calculation area for open parking garages shall be determined by the area of the largest floor.

V. Section 507.5 is amended to read as follows:

1. 507.5 Fire hydrant systems. Fire hydrant systems shall comply with Sections 507.5.1 through 507.5.7.

2. 507.5.1 Where required. Where a portion of the facility or building hereafter constructed or moved into or within the jurisdiction is more than 300 feet from any hydrant required to meet the building’s fire flow, on a fire apparatus access road, as measured by an approved route around the exterior of the facility or building, onsite fire hydrants and mains shall be provided where required by the fire code official.

Exceptions:

1. For Group R-3 and Group U occupancies, the distance requirement shall be 500 feet.

2. For buildings equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with Section 903.3 the distance requirement shall be 600 feet (183 m).

507.5.1.1 Hydrant spacing and distribution. Fire hydrants installed for new development shall be located as per fire flow requirements, approved by the fire code official and comply with sections 507.5.1.1.1 through 507.5.1.1.5.

507.5.1.1.1 Buildings of less than 2500 gpm. Buildings having a required fire flow less than two thousand five hundred (2500) gpm may have fire hydrants on one side of the building only.

507.5.1.1.2 Buildings of 2500 gpm and less than 3500 gpm. Buildings having a required fire flow of two thousand five hundred (2500) gpm or more and less than three thousand five hundred (3500) gpm shall have hydrants served by a main that loops the building or complex of buildings and reconnects back into a distribution supply main in a separate location.

Exception: Where property lines, topography or other features prevent fire department vehicle access to one or more sides of a building or complex of buildings, this requirement may be waived if suitable fire protection features as approved by the fire code official are installed on the premises.

507.5.1.1.3 Buildings of 3500 gpm or more. Buildings having a required fire flow of three thousand five hundred (3500) gpm or more shall have hydrants served by a main that loops the building or complex and that is served from two directions or two sources of water supply.

507.5.1.1.4 Distance from buildings. For other than hazardous conditions, fire hydrants shall be located at least fifty (50) feet from the building or buildings they serve. When the materials or processes in a building or complex of buildings constitute a hazardous condition as determined by the fire code official, hydrants shall be located no closer than eighty (80) feet from the building.

Exception: Where property lines, topography or other features prevent this spacing, fire hydrants may be located closer to the building or buildings if suitable safeguards as approved by the fire code official are provided to protect fire equipment and fire fighters using the hydrant.

507.5.1.1.5 Arterials. Where a project site is located on a divided or primary arterial (traffic count of more than 20,000 vehicles per day), required hydrants shall be located on the same side of the divided or primary arterial as the project.

507.5.1.1.6 Hydrant for Sprinkler and Standpipe Systems. Buildings equipped with a sprinkler or standpipe system installed in accordance with section 903 or 905 shall have a fire hydrant within 75 feet of the fire department connections.

Exception: The distance shall be permitted to exceed 75 feet where approved by the fire code official.

3. 507.5.3 Private fire service mains and water tanks. Private fire service mains and water tanks shall be periodically inspected, tested and maintained in accordance with NFPA 25 at the following intervals:

1. Private fire hydrants of all types: Inspection annually and after each operation; flow test and maintenance annually. Property owners with private hydrants are responsible to obtain annual, satisfactory inspection of their private hydrant(s) from a qualified inspector. Inspection procedures and forms for inspection by the City or others are set by the fire code official. The fire official may order additional inspections as he deems necessary.

2. Fire service main piping: Inspection of exposed, annually; flow test every 5 years.

3. Fire service main piping strainers: Inspection and maintenance after each use.

507.5.3.1 Private Hydrants – Use

1. Fire hydrant protection may be provided by private fire hydrants.

2. No person may open, damage, interfere with, or otherwise use a private hydrant, except in a manner and subject to such conditions as the fire official may require.

507.5.3.2 Private Hydrants – regulations. The fire code official is authorized to establish regulations and design standards for private hydrants. The fire code official has the authority to interpret and apply the regulations and standards and to make rulings and orders consistent with the purpose of this chapter.

507.5.3.3 Private Hydrants – Inspection reports. Inspection reports of private hydrants must be submitted to www.TheComplianceEngine.com within five working days of the date of inspection by the servicing inspector.

507.5.3.4 Private Hydrants – damage or malfunction. Property owners, their agents and tenants with private hydrants shall immediately contact the fire department in the event a private hydrant is damaged, malfunctions, or is otherwise out of order. “Immediately” means not more than forty-eight hours after a problem is noticed or should have been noticed in the exercise of reasonable care.

507.5.3.5 Private Hydrants – maintenance and repair. All maintenance and repair of private hydrants shall be solely the responsibility of the property owner. Obligations imposed upon property owners apply also to their managers and other authorized agents.

507.5.3.6 Private hydrants – access. Roads and access to the fire hydrant must be provided in accordance with International Fire Code Sections 503 and 507.

4. 507.5.4 Obstructions. Posts, fences, vehicles, growth, trash, storage and other materials or objects shall not be placed or kept near fire hydrants, fire department inlet connections or fire protection system control valves in a manner that would prevent such equipment or fire hydrants from being immediately discernible. There shall be no parking of motor vehicles, refuse containers or other obstructions within three (3) feet of a hydrant measured along the street or curb from a point perpendicular to the hydrant. The fire department shall not be deterred or hindered from gaining immediate access to fire protection equipment or fire hydrants. Paved access to fire hydrants shall be maintained to accommodate fire fighting apparatus, and to prevent damage to landscaping and pavement when the fire hydrant is being tested at its full flow.

5. 507.5.4.1 Marking. Fire hydrants located on private property shall be marked with an approved, reflective hydrant marker provided by the property owner placed in the street, alley, fire lane or access route in a location specified by the fire code official. Paved areas within the vicinity of a hydrant shall be permanently marked by painting the words “NO PARKING” and striping as approved by the fire code official.

W. New Section 507.5.7 is added to read as follows:

507.5.7 Number of fire hydrants required. The number of hydrants required for a building or complex of buildings shall be based on the formula:

Number of hydrants = required fire flow divided by 1000 gpm.

Fractions equal to or greater than one-half (1/2) shall be rounded up to the next higher whole number. Fractions less than one-half (1/2) shall be dropped.

Exception: Where actual fire flow tests performed in an approved manner when allowed by the water purveyor show higher flows exist.

X. Section 510.1 is amended to read as follows:

510.1 Emergency responder radio coverage in new buildings. Approved radio coverage for emergency responders shall be provided within buildings meeting any of the following conditions:

1. High rise buildings;

2. The total building area is 50,000 square feet or more;

3. The total basement area is 10,000 square feet or more; or

4. There are floors used for human occupancy more than 30 feet below the finished floor of the lowest level of exit discharge.

5. Buildings or structures where the Fire or Police Chief determines that in-building radio coverage is critical because of its unique design, location, use or occupancy.

The radio coverage system shall be installed in accordance with Sections 510.4 through 510.5.5 of this code and with the provisions of NFPA 1221 (2019). This section shall not require improvement of the existing public safety communication systems.

Exceptions:

1. Buildings and areas of buildings that have minimum radio coverage signal strength levels of the King County Regional 800 MHz Radio System within the building in accordance with Section 510.4.1 without the use of a radio coverage system.

2. In facilities where emergency responder radio coverage is required and such systems, components or equipment required could have a negative impact on the normal operations of that facility, the fire code official shall have the authority to accept an automatically activated emergency responder radio coverage system.

3. One- and two-family dwellings and townhouses.

510.2 Emergency responder radio coverage in existing buildings. Existing buildings shall be provided with approved radio coverage for emergency responders as required in Chapter 11.

510.3 Permit required. A construction permit for the installation of or modification to emergency responder radio coverage systems and related equipment is required as specified in Section 105.7.6. Maintenance performed in accordance with this code is not considered a modification and does not require a permit.

510.4 Technical requirements. Systems, components and equipment required to provide the emergency responder radio coverage system shall comply with Sections 510.4.1 through 510.4.2.8.

510.4.1 Emergency responder communication enhancement system signal strength. The building shall be considered to have acceptable emergency responder communications enhancement system coverage when signal strength measurements in 95 percent of all areas on each floor of the building meet the signal strength requirements in Sections 510.4.1.1 through 510.4.1.3.

Exception: Critical areas, such as the fire command center(s), the fire pump room(s), interior exit stairways, exit passageways, elevator lobbies, standpipe cabinets, sprinkler sectional valve locations, and other areas required by the fire code official, shall be provided with 99 percent floor area radio coverage.

510.4.1.1 Minimum signal strength into the building. The minimum inbound signal strength shall be sufficient to provide usable voice communications throughout the coverage area as specified by the fire code official. The inbound signal level shall be a minimum of -95 dBm in 95% of the coverage area and 99% in critical areas and sufficient to provide not less than a Delivered Audio Quality (DAQ) of 3.0 or an equivalent Signal-to-Interference-Plus-Noise Ratio (SINR) applicable to the technology for either analog or digital signals.

510.4.1.2 Minimum signal strength out of the building. The minimum outbound signal strength shall be sufficient to provide usable voice communications throughout the coverage area as specified by the fire code official. The outbound signal level shall be sufficient to provide not less than a DAQ of 3.0 or an equivalent SINR applicable to the technology for either analog or digital signals. A minimum signal strength of -95 dBm shall be received by the King County Regional 800 MHz Radio System when transmitted from within the building.

510.4.1.3 System performance. Signal strength shall be sufficient to meet the requirements of the applications being utilized by public safety for emergency operations through the coverage area as specified by the radio system manager in Section 510.4.2.2.

510.4.2 System design. The emergency responder radio coverage system shall be designed in accordance with Sections 510.4.2.1 through 510.4.2.8 and NFPA 1221 (2019).

510.4.2.1 Amplification systems and components. Buildings and structures that cannot support the required level of radio coverage shall be equipped with systems and components to enhance the public safety radio signals and achieve the required level of radio coverage specified in Sections 510.4.1 through 510.4.1.3. Public safety communications enhancement systems utilizing radio-frequency-emitting devices and cabling shall be allowed by the Public Safety Radio System Operator. Prior to installation, all RF-emitting devices shall have the certification of the radio licensing authority and be suitable for public safety use.

510.4.2.2 Technical criteria. The Public Safety Radio System Operator shall provide the various frequencies required, the location of radio sites, the effective radiated power of radio sites, the maximum propagation delay in microseconds, the applications being used and other supporting technical information necessary for system design upon request by the building owner or owner’s representative.

510.4.2.3 Power supply sources. Emergency responder radio coverage systems shall be provided with dedicated standby batteries or provided with 2-hour standby batteries and connected to the facility generator power system in accordance with Section 1203. The standby power supply shall be capable of operating the emergency responder radio coverage system at 100-percent system capacity for a duration of not less than 12 hours.

510.4.2.4 Signal booster requirements. If used, signal boosters shall meet the following requirements:

1. All signal booster components shall be contained in a National Electrical Manufacturer’s Association (NEMA) 4, IP66-type waterproof cabinet or equivalent.

Exception: Listed battery systems that are contained in integrated battery cabinets.

2. Battery systems used for the emergency power source shall be contained in a NEMA 3R or higher-rated cabinet, IP65-type waterproof cabinet or equivalent.

3. Equipment shall have FCC or other radio licensing authority certification and be suitable for public safety use prior to installation.

4. Where a donor antenna exists, isolation shall be maintained between the donor antenna and all inside antennas to not less than 20dB greater than the system gain under all operating conditions.

5. Bi-Directional Amplifiers (BDAs) used in emergency responder radio coverage systems shall be fitted with anti-oscillation circuitry and per-channel AGC.

6. The installation of amplification systems or systems that operate on or provide the means to cause interference on any emergency responder radio coverage networks shall be coordinated and approved by the Public Safety Radio System Operator.

7. Unless otherwise approved by the Public Safety Radio System Operator, only channelized signal boosters shall be permitted.

Exception: Broadband BDA’s may be utilized when specifically authorized in writing by the Public Safety Radio System Operator.

510.4.2.5 System monitoring. The emergency responder radio enhancement system shall include automatic supervisory and trouble signals that are monitored by a supervisory service and are annunciated by the fire alarm system in accordance with NFPA 72. The following conditions shall be separately annunciated by the fire alarm system, or, if the status of each of the following conditions is individually displayed on a dedicated panel on the radio enhancement system, a single automatic supervisory signal may be annunciated on the fire alarm system indicating deficiencies of the radio enhancement system:

1. Loss of normal AC power supply.

2. System battery charger(s) failure.

3. Malfunction of the donor antenna(s).

4. Failure of active RF-emitting device(s).

5. Low-battery capacity at 70-percent reduction of operating capacity.

6. Active system component malfunction.

7. Malfunction of the communications link between the fire alarm system and the emergency responder radio enhancement system.

510.4.2.6 Additional frequencies and change of frequencies. The emergency responder radio coverage system shall be capable of modification or expansion in the event frequency changes are required by the FCC or other radio licensing authority, or additional frequencies are made available by the FCC or other radio licensing authority.

510.4.2.7 Design documents. The fire code official shall have the authority to require “as-built” design documents and specifications for emergency responder communications coverage systems. The documents shall be in a format acceptable to the fire code official.

510.4.2.8 Radio communication antenna density. Systems shall be engineered to minimize the near-far effect. Radio enhancement system designs shall include sufficient antenna density to address reduced gain conditions.

Exceptions:

1. Class A narrow band signal booster devices with independent AGC/ALC circuits per channel.

2. Systems where all portable devices within the same band use active power control.

510.5 Installation requirements. The installation of the public safety radio coverage system shall be in accordance with NFPA 1221 and Sections 510.5.1 through 510.5.7.

510.5.1 Approval prior to installation. Amplification systems capable of operating on frequencies licensed to any public safety agency by the FCC or other radio licensing authority shall not be installed without prior coordination and approval of the Public Safety Radio System Operator.

510.5.2 Minimum qualifications of personnel. The minimum qualifications of the system designer and lead installation personnel shall include both of the following:

1. A valid FCC-issued general radio telephone operators license.

2. Certification of in-building system training issued by an approved organization or approved school, or a certificate issued by the manufacturer of the equipment being installed.

510.5.3 Acceptance test procedure. Where an emergency responder radio coverage system is required, and upon completion of installation, the building owner shall have the radio system tested to verify that two-way coverage on each floor of the building is in accordance with Section 510.4.1. The test procedure shall be conducted as follows:

1. Each floor of the building shall be divided into a grid of 20 approximately equal test areas, with a maximum test area size of 6,400 square feet. Where the floor area exceeds 128,000 square feet, the floor shall be divided into as many approximately equal test areas as needed, such that no test area exceeds the maximum square footage allowed for a test area.

2. Coverage testing of signal strength shall be conducted using a calibrated spectrum analyzer for each of the test grids. A diagram of this testing shall be created for each floor where coverage is provided, indicating the testing grid used for the test in Section 510.5.3(1), and including signal strengths and frequencies for each test area. Indicate all critical areas.

3. Functional talk-back testing shall be conducted using two calibrated portable radios of the latest brand and model used by the agency’s radio communications system or other equipment approved by the fire code official. Testing shall use Digital Audible Quality (DAQ) metrics, where a passing result is a DAQ of 3 or higher. Communications between handsets shall be tested and recorded in the grid square diagram required by section 510.5.3(2): each grid square on each floor; between each critical area and a radio outside the building; between each critical area and the fire command center or fire alarm control panel; between each landing in each stairwell and the fire command center or fire alarm control panel.

4. Failure of more than 5% of the test areas on any floor shall result in failure of the test.

Exception: Critical areas shall be provided with 99 percent floor area coverage.

5. In the event that two of the test areas fail the test, in order to be more statistically accurate, the floor shall be permitted to be divided into 40 equal test areas. Failure of not more than two nonadjacent test areas shall not result in failure of the test. If the system fails the 40-area test, the system shall be altered to meet the 95-percent coverage requirement.

6. A test location approximately in the center of each test area shall be selected for the test, with the radio enabled to verify two-way communications to and from the outside of the building through the public agency’s radio communications system. Once the test location has been selected, that location shall represent the entire test area. Failure in the selected test location shall be considered to be a failure of that test area. Additional test locations shall not be permitted.

7. The gain values of all amplifiers shall be measured, and the test measurement results shall be kept on file with the building owner so that the measurements can be verified during annual tests. In the event that the measurement results become lost, the building owner shall be required to rerun the acceptance test to reestablish the gain values.

8. As part of the installation, a spectrum analyzer or other suitable test equipment shall be utilized to ensure spurious oscillations are not being generated by the subject signal booster. This test shall be conducted at the time of installation and at subsequent annual inspections.

9. Systems incorporating Class B signal booster devices or Class B broadband fiber remote devices shall be tested using two portable radios simultaneously conducting subjective voice quality checks. One portable radio shall be positioned not greater than 10 feet (3048 mm) from the indoor antenna. The second portable radio shall be positioned at a distance that represents the farthest distance from any indoor antenna. With both portable radios simultaneously keyed up on different frequencies within the same band, subjective audio testing shall be conducted and comply with DAQ levels as specified in Sections 510.4.1.1 and 510.4.1.2.

10. Documentation maintained on premises. At the conclusion of the testing, and prior to issuance of the building Certificate of Occupancy, the building owner or owner’s representative shall place a copy of the following records in the DAS enclosure or the building engineer’s office. The records shall be available to the fire code official and maintained by the building owner for the life of the system:

a. A certification letter stating that the emergency responder radio coverage system has been installed and tested in accordance with this code, and that the system is complete and fully functional.

b. The grid square diagram created as part of testing in Sections 510.5.3(2) and 510.5.3(3).

c. Data sheets and/or manufacturer specifications for the emergency responder radio coverage system equipment; back up battery; and charging system (if utilized).

d. A diagram showing device locations and wiring schematic.

e. A copy of the electrical permit.

11. Acceptance test reporting to fire code official. At the conclusion of the testing, and prior to issuance of the building Certificate of Occupancy, the building owner or owner’s representative shall submit to the fire code official a report of the acceptance test by way of the department’s third-party vendor thecomplianceengine.com.

510.5.4 FCC compliance. The emergency responder radio coverage system installation and components shall comply with all applicable federal regulations including, but not limited to, FCC 47 CFR Part 90.219.

510.5.5 Mounting of the donor antenna(s). To maintain proper alignment with the system designed donor site, donor antennas shall be permanently affixed on the highest possible position on the building or where approved by the fire code official. A clearly visible sign shall be placed near the antenna stating, “movement or repositioning of this antenna is prohibited without approval from the fire code official.” The antenna installation shall be in accordance with the applicable requirements in the International Building Code for weather protection of the building envelope.

510.5.6 Wiring. The backbone, antenna distribution, radiating, or any fiber-optic cables shall be rated as plenum cables. The backbone cables shall be connected to the antenna distribution, radiating, or copper cables using hybrid coupler devices of a value determined by the overall design. Backbone cables shall be routed through an enclosure that matches the building’s required fire-resistance rating for shafts or interior exit stairways. The connection between the backbone cable and the antenna cables shall be made within an enclosure that matches the building’s fire-resistance rating for shafts or interior exit stairways, and passage of the antenna distribution cable in and out of the enclosure shall be protected as a penetration per the International Building Code.

510.5.7 Identification Signs. Emergency responder radio coverage systems shall be identified by an approved sign located on or near the Fire Alarm Control Panel or other approved location stating “This building is equipped with an Emergency Responder Radio Coverage System. Control Equipment located in room__”. A sign stating “Emergency Responder Radio Coverage System Equipment” shall be placed on or adjacent to the door of the room containing the main system components.

510.6 Maintenance. The emergency responder radio coverage system shall be maintained operational at all times in accordance with Sections 510.6.1 through 510.6.7.

510.6.1 Testing and proof of compliance. The owner of the building or owner’s authorized agent shall have the emergency responder radio coverage system inspected and tested annually or where structural changes occur including additions or remodels that could materially change the original field performance tests. Testing shall consist of the following items (1) through (7):

1. In-building coverage test as required by the fire code official as described in Section 510.5.3 “Acceptance test procedure” or 510.6.1.1 “Alternative in-building coverage test”.

Exception: Group R Occupancy annual testing is not required within dwelling units.

2. Signal boosters shall be tested to verify that the gain/output level is the same as it was upon initial installation and acceptance or set to optimize the performance of the system.

3. Backup batteries and power supplies shall be tested under load of a period of 1 hours to verify that they will properly operate during an actual power outage. If within the 1-hour test period the battery exhibits symptoms of failure, the test shall be extended for additional 1-hour periods until the integrity of the battery can be determined.

4. If a fire alarm system is present in the building, a test shall be conducted to verify that the fire alarm system is properly supervising the emergency responder communication system as required in Section 510.4.2.5. The test is performed by simulating alarms to the fire alarm control panel. The certifications in Section 510.5.2 are sufficient for the personnel performing this testing.

5. Other active components shall be checked to verify operation within the manufacturer’s specifications.

6. At the conclusion of the testing, a report, which shall verify compliance with Section 510.6.1, shall be submitted to the fire code official by way of the department’s third-party vendor thecomplianceengine.com

7. At the conclusion of testing, a record of the inspection and maintenance along with an updated grid diagram of each floor showing tested strengths in each grid square and each critical area shall be added to the documentation maintained on the premises in accordance with Section 510.5.3.

510.6.1.1 Alternative In-building coverage test. When the comprehensive test documentation required by Section 510.5.3 is available, or the most recent full five-year test results are available if the system is older than six years, the in-building coverage test required by the fire code official in Section 510.6.1(1), may be conducted as follows:

1. Functional talk-back testing shall be conducted using two calibrated portable radios of the latest brand and model used by the agency’s radio communications system or other equipment approved by the fire code official. Testing shall use Digital Audible Quality (DAQ) metrics, where a passing result is a DAQ of 3 or higher. Communications between handsets in the following locations shall be tested: between the fire command center or fire alarm control panel and a location outside the building; between the fire alarm control panel and each landing in each stairwell.

2. Coverage testing of signal strength shall be conducted using a calibrated spectrum analyzer for:

(a) Three grid areas per floor. The three grid areas to be tested on each floor are the three grid areas with poorest performance in the acceptance test or the most recent annual test, whichever is more recent; and

(b) Each of the critical areas identified in acceptance test documentation required by Section 510.5.3, or as modified by the fire code official, and

(c) One grid square per serving antenna.

3. The test area boundaries shall not deviate from the areas established at the time of the acceptance test, or as modified by the fire code official. The building shall be considered to have acceptable emergency responder radio coverage when the required signal strength requirements in 510.4.1.1 and 510.4.1.2 are located in 95 percent of all areas on each floor of the building and 99 percent in Critical Areas, and any non-functional serving antenna are repaired to function within normal ranges. If the documentation of the acceptance test or most recent previous annual test results are not available or acceptable to the fire code official, the radio coverage verification testing described in 510.5.3 shall be conducted.

510.6.2 Additional frequencies. The building owner shall modify or expand the emergency responder radio coverage system at his or her expense in the event frequency changes are required by the FCC or other radio licensing authority, or additional frequencies are made available by the FCC public safety radio system operator or FCC license holder. Prior approval of a public safety radio coverage system on previous frequencies does not exempt this section.

510.6.3 Nonpublic safety system. Where other nonpublic safety amplification systems installed in buildings reduce the performance or cause interference with the emergency responder communications coverage system, the nonpublic safety amplification system shall be corrected or removed.

510.6.4 Field testing. Agency personnel shall have the right to enter onto the property at any reasonable time to conduct field testing to verify the required level of radio coverage or to disable a system that due to malfunction or poor maintenance has the potential to impact the emergency responder radio system in the region.

Y. Sections 604.1, 604.1.1 and 604.1.4 are amended to read as follows:

1. 604.1 General. Emergency power systems and standby power systems required by this code shall comply with the International Building Code chapter 27 as amended by the City of Shoreline.

2. 604.1.1 Stationary Backup or secondary generators. When backup or secondary power generators are required for Group I and R occupancies, emergency power is required.

3. 604.1.4 Load duration. Emergency power systems shall provide an 8-hour run time for emergency power.

Z. Section 803.1 is amended to read as follows:

803.1 General. The provisions of Section 803.1.1 through 803.1.4 shall be applicable to all occupancies.

AA. New Section 803.1.4 is added to read as follows:

803.1.4 Atrium furnishings. Atrium furnishings shall comply with Sections 803.1.3.1, 803.1.3.2, 803.1.4.1, and 803.1.4.2.

803.1.4.1 Potential heat. Potential heat of combustible furnishings and decorative materials within atria shall not exceed 9,000 Btu per pound (20,934 J/g) when located within an area that is more than 20 feet (6,096 mm) below ceiling-level sprinklers.

801.1.4.2 Decorative materials. Decorative material in atria shall be noncombustible, flame resistant or treated with a flame retardant.

BB. New Section 901.4.7 is added to read as follows:

901.4.7 Additions, change of use, alterations and repairs to buildings. Additions, change of use, alterations and repairs to buildings shall comply with this section.

901.4.7.1 Additions or changes of use. Additions or changes of use to existing buildings which would result in a nonconforming building shall be brought up to current code requirements for fire protection systems. Commercial tenant improvements that result in a change of use shall comply with sections 903.2.1 through 903.2.12 and section 907. Commercial additions shall comply with sections 903.2.1 through 903.2.13 and section 907.

901.4.7.2 Alterations and repairs. When the value of all alterations or repairs performed within a seventy month period exceeds 50 percent of the value of the building, then fire extinguishing systems, and fire detection systems shall be installed throughout the building if one would otherwise be required for the building if of new construction. The value of the building shall be as listed by the King County Assessor’s Office or other acceptable method approved by the fire code official at the time of the first permit application or first alteration or repair work performed. Buildings not listed with an appraised value shall utilize an alternate method of valuation prescribed by the fire code official.

CC. Section 901.7 is amended to read as follows:

901.7 Systems out of service. Where a fire protection system is out of service, the fire department and the fire code official shall be notified immediately and, where required by the fire code official, the building shall either be evacuated or an approved fire watch shall be provided for all occupants left unprotected by the shut down until the fire protection system has been returned to service. Where utilized, fire watches shall be provided with at least one approved means for notification of the fire department and their only duty shall be to perform constant patrols of the protected premises and keep watch for fires.

DD. New Section 901.7.7 is added to read as follows:

901.7.7 Replacing system to service. When a fire alarm control panel needs replacing or is no longer serviceable, the entire building must comply with current codes.

EE. Section 903.2 is amended to read as follows:

903.2 Where required. Approved automatic sprinkler systems in new buildings and structures shall be provided in the locations described in this section.

FF. New Section 903.2.13 is added to read as follows:

903.2.13 All buildings. All newly constructed buildings shall comply with this section.

903.2.13.1 Gross square footage. All newly constructed commercial buildings with a gross square footage of 4,800 or greater square feet, regardless of type or use shall be sprinklered.

903.2.13.2 Fire flow. All new commercial buildings requiring 2000 gallons per minute or more fire flow shall be sprinklered.

GG. Section 903.4.3 is amended to read as follows:

903.4.3 Floor control valves. Approved supervised indicating control valves shall be provided at the point of connection to the riser on each floor. The floor control valves shall be located within stair enclosures and within 6 feet of floors or landings unless chains or other approved devices are readily available.

Exception: In buildings without stair enclosures, the location of the floor control valves shall be determined by the fire code official.

HH. Section 904.12 is amended to read as follows:

904.12 Commercial cooking systems. The automatic fire-extinguishing system for commercial cooking systems shall be of a type recognized for protection of commercial cooking equipment and exhaust system of the type and arrangement protected. Pre-engineered automatic dry- and wet-chemical extinguishing systems shall be tested in accordance with UL 300 and listed and labeled for specific use as protection for commercial cooking operations. The system shall be installed in accordance with this code, its listing and the manufacturer’s installation instructions. Automatic fire-extinguishing systems of the following types shall be installed in accordance with the referenced standard indicated, as follows:

1. Carbon dioxide extinguishing systems, NFPA 12.

2. Automatic sprinkler systems, NFPA 13.

3. Foam-water sprinkler system or foam-water spray systems, NFPA 16.

4. Dry-chemical extinguishing systems, NFPA 17.

5. Wet chemical extinguishing systems, NFPA 17A.

Exceptions:

1. Factory-built commercial cooking recirculating systems that are tested in accordance with UL 197 or 710B and listed, labeled and installed in accordance with Section 304.1 of the International Mechanical Code.

II. New Section 905.3.9 is added to read as follows:

905.3.9 High-rise building standpipes. Standpipe risers shall be combination standpipe/sprinkler risers using a minimum pipe size of 6-inch. Two 2 1/2-inch hose connections shall be provided on every intermediate floor level landing in every required stairway. Where pressure reduction valves (PRV) are required, each hose connection shall be provided with its own PRV. The system shall be designed to provide a minimum flow of 300 gpm at a minimum pressure of 150 psi (maximum 200 psi) at each standpipe connection, in addition to the flow and pressure requirements contained in NFPA 14.

905.3.9.1 Standpipes may be required below 30 feet. Standpipes may be required below 30 feet where the fire code official deems necessary.

JJ. Section 905.4 is amended to read as follows:

905.4 Location of Class I standpipe hose connections. Class I standpipe hose connections shall be provided in all of the following locations:

1. In every required stairway, a hose connection shall be provided for each floor level above or below grade. Hose connections shall be located at an intermediate floor level landing between floors. Where stairs are required to provide roof access, the standpipe roof connections shall be located adjacent to the stair opening on the roof.

2. On each side of the wall adjacent to the exit opening of a horizontal exit.

Exceptions:

1. Where floor areas adjacent to a horizontal exit are reachable from exit stairway hose connections by a 30-foot (9144 mm) hose stream from a nozzle attached to 100 feet (30 480 mm) of hose, a hose connection shall not be required at the horizontal exit.

2. When the fire code official determines that a standpipe connection is not needed.

3. Where the most remote portion of a nonsprinklered floor or story is more than 150 feet (45 720 mm) from a hose connection or the most remote portion of a sprinklered floor or story is more than 150 feet (45 720 mm) from a hose connection, the fire code official is authorized to require that additional hose connections be provided in approved locations.

KK. Section 907.2 is amended to read as follows:

907.2 Where required – new buildings and structures. An approved fire alarm system installed in accordance with the provisions of this code and NFPA 72 shall be provided in new buildings and structures where there is a required sprinkler system, except one-and two-family dwelling as defined in the International Residential Code and in accordance with Sections 907.2.1 through 907.2.24 and provide occupant notification in accordance with Section 907.5, unless other requirements are provided by another section of this code.

A minimum of one manual fire alarm box shall be provided in an approved location to initiate a fire alarm signal to fire alarm systems employing automatic fire detectors or waterflow detection devices. Where other sections of this code allow elimination of fire alarm boxes due to sprinklers, a single fire alarm box shall be installed.

Exception: The manual fire alarm box is not required for fire alarm systems dedicated to elevator recall control and supervisory service.

LL. New Section 907.2.24 is added to read as follows:

907.2.24 All buildings. All newly constructed buildings with a gross square footage of 3,000 or greater shall be provided with an approved automatic and manual fire alarm system. Commercial building change of use or additions that result in a fire area with a gross square footage of 3,000 or greater, shall be provided with an approved addressable automatic fire alarm system.

Exceptions:

A. Group R Division 3 and 4, and Group U Occupancies having adequate fire flow and approved access.

B. Group R Division 3 and 4 dwelling units shall have interconnected single station smoke detectors in accordance with RCW 48.48.140 and WAC 212-10.

MM. New Section 907.2.25 is added to read as follows:

907.2.25 Remodels and tenant improvements. When undergoing remodel and tenant improvements, existing occupancies equipped with smoke detectors that are 10 or more years old shall have all such detectors replaced with modern units. Those occupancies without the protection of smoke detection shall add smoke detection in accordance with the applicable requirements in the International Residential Code or International Building Code.

NN. New Section 907.2.26 is added to read as follows:

907.2.26 Alarm panel beyond repair. When an alarm panel is beyond repair and parts are not available, a new alarm panel shall be required. Installation of the new alarm panel shall be in accordance with Section 907.

OO. New Section 913.2.3 is added to read as follows:

Where fire pumps are installed, back-up power shall be installed for reliability. Generator shall meet NFPA 20 standards.

PP. Section 1103.2 is amended to read as follows:

1103.2 Emergency responder radio coverage in existing buildings. Buildings constructed prior to the implementation of this code shall not be required to comply with the emergency responder radio coverage provisions except as follows:

1. Whenever an existing wired communication system cannot be repaired or is being replaced.

2. Buildings identified in Section 510.1 undergoing substantial alteration as determined by the fire code official.

3. When buildings, classes of buildings, or specific occupancies do not have minimum radio coverage signal strength as identified in Section 510.4.1 and the fire code official determines that lack of minimum signal strength poses an undue risk to emergency responders that cannot be reasonably mitigated by other means.

QQ. Section 5003.9 is amended to read as follows:

5003.9 General safety precautions. General precautions for the safe storage, handling or care of hazardous materials shall be in accordance with Sections 5003.9.1 through 5003.9.11.

RR. New Section 5003.9.11 is added to read as follows:

5003.9.11 Manufacturer’s Limitations. The storage and use of hazardous materials shall not exceed the manufacturer’s limitations on shelf life and any other restrictions on use.

SS. Repealed by Ord. 914.

TT. Sections 5504.3.1.1.3, 5704.2.9.6.1, 5706.2.4.4, and 6104.2 are amended to read as follows:

1. 5504.3.1.1.3 Location. Amended to designate the applicable areas as the City of Shoreline, except as allowed by the fire code official.

2. 5704.2.9.6.1 Locations where above-ground tanks are prohibited. Amended to designate the applicable areas as the City of Shoreline, except as allowed by the fire code official.

3. 5706.2.4.4 Locations where above-ground tanks are prohibited. Amended to designate the applicable areas as the City of Shoreline, except as allowed by the fire code official.

4. 6104.2 Maximum capacity within established limits. Amended to designate the applicable areas as the City of Shoreline, except as allowed by the fire code official.

[Ord. 914 § 3 (Exh. C), 2021; Ord. 761 § 1 (Exh. A), 2016; Ord. 672 § 4 (Exh. 4), 2013; Ord. 586 § 4 (Exh. 4), 2010; Ord. 477 § 4, 2007; Ord. 355 § 5, 2004]

15.05.060 National Electric Code – Required inspections.

All work requires a rough-in and a final inspection, and no electrical wiring or equipment subject to inspections under Chapter 19.28 RCW may be concealed until it has been approved by the inspector making the inspection. [Ord. 426 § 3, 2006]

15.05.070 International Property Maintenance Code amendments.

A. Section 101.1 is amended to read as follows:

101.1 Title. These regulations shall be known as the International Property Maintenance Code of Shoreline, hereinafter referred to as “this code.”

B. Section 102.3 is amended to read as follows:

102.3 Applicability of other codes. Repairs, additions or alterations to a structure, or change of occupancy, shall be done in accordance with the procedures and provisions of Title 15 of the City of Shoreline Municipal Code. Nothing in this code shall be construed to cancel, modify or set aside any provision of Title 20 of the City of Shoreline Municipal Code.

C. Section 108.1 is amended to read as follows:

108.1 General. When a structure, equipment or premises is found by the code official to be unsafe, dangerous or unfit for human occupancy, or is found unlawful, such structure or premises may be condemned pursuant to the provisions of this code. For unlawful structures or premises, condemnation shall only be warranted when the Director determines that the unlawful nature of the structure or premise creates a threat to the health, safety, or welfare of the occupants or the public.

D. Section 108.7 is amended to read as follows:

108.7 Relocation assistance. If a rental dwelling or portion of a dwelling or its premises is declared condemned or unlawful to occupy and is required to be vacated, the landlord, who knew or should have known of the existence of these conditions, shall be required to pay relocation assistance and any prepaid deposit and prepaid rent to the displaced tenants in accordance with the Revised Code of Washington (RCW) 59.18.085. The City shall advance relocation assistance funds, prepaid deposit and prepaid rent to eligible tenants as set forth in RCW 59.18.085 in the event the landlord fails to pay the relocation assistance as required.

E. Sections 109.1 and 109.2 are amended to read as follows:

109.1 Imminent danger. When, in the opinion of the code official, there is imminent danger of failure or collapse of a building or structure which endangers life, or when any structure or part of a structure has fallen and life is endangered by the occupation of the structure, or when there is actual or potential danger to those in the proximity of any structure or premise. Potentially dangerous conditions include explosives, explosive fumes or vapors or the presence of toxic fumes, gases or materials, or operation of defective or dangerous equipment, open pits, wells, cisterns, shafts, or other dangerous excavations unprotected or inadequately protected. The code official is hereby authorized and empowered to order and require the occupants to vacate the premises forthwith. The code official shall cause to be posted a notice reading as follows: “This Structure/Premise Is Unsafe and Its Occupancy/Use Has Been Prohibited by the Code Official.” It shall be unlawful for any person to enter upon this property except for the purpose of securing the property, making the required repairs, removing the hazardous condition or of demolishing the same.

109.2 Temporary safeguards. Notwithstanding other provisions of this code, whenever, in the opinion of the code official, there is imminent danger due to an unsafe condition, the code official shall order the necessary work to be done, including the boarding up of openings and/or the fencing of premises, to render such structure/premise temporarily safe whether or not the legal procedure herein described has been instituted; and shall cause such other action to be taken as the code official deems necessary to meet such emergency.

F. A new Section 109.4 is added to read as follows:

109.4 Imminent Nuisance and Summary Abatement. Imminent Nuisance and Summary Abatement shall be as set forth in Shoreline Municipal Code, Title 20, Chapter 30, subchapter 9.

G. The definition of Condemn is amended and a new definition for Water Closet is added to Section 202 to read as follows:

Condemn. To adjudge unfit for occupancy or use.

Water Closet. A water flushed plumbing fixture designed to receive human waste directly from the user of the fixture.

H. Section 201.3 is amended to read as follows:

201.3 Terms defined in other codes. Where terms are not defined in this code and are defined in codes adopted under Title 15 of the City of Shoreline Municipal Code, such terms shall have the meanings ascribed to them as stated in those codes.

I. Section 202 definition for “cost of demolition or emergency repairs” is not adopted.

J. Section 301.1 is amended to read as follows:

301.1 Scope. The provisions of this chapter shall govern the minimum conditions and the responsibilities of persons for maintenance of structures, equipment, premises and exterior property.

K. Section 302.5 is amended to read as follows:

302.5 Rodent harborage. All structures and exterior property shall be kept free from rodent harborage and infestation in accordance with the King County Board of Health Code 8.06. Where rodents are found, they shall be promptly exterminated by approved process. After extermination, proper precautions shall be taken to eliminate rodent harborage and prevent reinfestation.

L. Section 302.8 is amended to read as follows:

302.8 Motor vehicles, recreational vehicles, and boats. Except as provided for in other regulations, no inoperative or unlicensed motor vehicle, recreational vehicle, or boat shall be parked, kept or stored on any premises, and no vehicle, recreational vehicle or boat shall at any time be in a state of major disassembly, disrepair, damaged to the extent it prevents normal operation, or in the process of being stripped or dismantled. Every motor vehicle, recreational vehicle or boat parked, kept or stored on any premises shall display current and valid registration tabs properly mounted in accordance with State of Washington rules and regulations. Painting of vehicles and boats is prohibited unless conducted inside an approved spray booth.

Any abatement of vehicles violating this section shall comply with SMC 20.30.750.

Exception: A vehicle of any type is permitted to undergo major overhaul, including body work, provided that such work is performed inside a structure or similarly enclosed area designed and approved for such purposes.

M. Section 309.1 is amended to read as follows:

309.1 Infestation. All structures shall be kept free from insect and rodent infestation in accordance with the King County Board of Health Code 8.06. All structures in which insects or rodents are found shall be promptly exterminated by approved processes. After extermination, proper precautions shall be taken to prevent reinfestation.

N. Sections 602.2 and 602.3 are amended to read as follows:

602.2 Residential occupancies. Dwellings shall be provided with permanently installed, safe, functioning heating facilities and an approved power or fuel supply system capable of maintaining a room temperature of 68°F (20°C) in all habitable rooms, bathrooms and toilet rooms. Cooking appliances shall not be used to provide space heating to meet the requirements of this section.

602.3 Heat supply. Every owner and operator of any building who rents, leases or lets one or more dwelling units, rooming units, dormitories or guestrooms on terms, either expressed or implied, to furnish heat to the occupants thereof shall supply heat during the period from October 1st to April 30th to maintain a temperature of not less than 65°F (18°C) in all habitable rooms, bathrooms, and toilet rooms.

Exception:

When the outdoor temperature is below the winter outdoor design temperature for the locality, maintenance of the minimum room temperature shall not be required provided that the heating system is operating at its full design capacity.

The winter outdoor design temperature for the locality shall be as indicated in the Plumbing Code adopted by the City of Shoreline.

[Ord. 761 § 1 (Exh. A), 2016; Ord. 672 § 5 (Exh. 5), 2013; Ord. 586 § 5 (Exh. 5), 2010]

15.05.080 Standard for Fixed Guideway Transit and Passenger Rail Systems (NFPA 130) amendments.

Reviser’s Note: An asterisk (*) following the number or letter designating a paragraph indicates that explanatory material on the paragraph can be found in Annex A of NFPA 130.

A. Section 1.1.1 is amended to read as follows:

1.1.1 This standard shall cover life safety from fire and fire protection requirements for new surface, and elevated fixed guideway transit and passenger rail systems, including, but not limited to, stations, trainways, emergency ventilation systems, vehicles, emergency procedures, communications, control systems and vehicle storage areas that are predominantly open to the atmosphere.

This standard as adopted and amended by the City of Shoreline, is the primary applicable standard, and other codes apply only as referenced herein, except that the fire marshal and/or building official shall have the authority to require design to other adopted codes where deemed appropriate. Wherever there are practical difficulties involved in carrying out the provisions of this standard, the fire marshal and building official shall have the authority to grant modifications for individual cases, upon application of the owner or owner’s representative, provided the fire marshal and/or building official shall first find that special individual reason makes the strict letter of this standard impractical and the modification is in compliance with the intent and purpose of this standard and that such modification does not lessen health, accessibility, life and fire safety, or structural requirements.

B. Section 1.1.3 is amended to read as follows:

1.1.3 This standard shall not cover requirements for the following:

(1) Conventional freight systems

(2) Buses and trolley coaches

(3) Circus trains

(4) Tourist, scenic, historic, or excursion operations

(5) Any other system of transportation not included in the definition of fixed guideway transit (see 3.3.52.1) or passenger rail (see 3.3.52.2) system

(6) Shelter stops

(7) Ancillary facilities such as parking structures or vehicle maintenance facilities

(8) Occupied building or structure areas not directly related to fixed guideway transit and passenger rail systems, as determined by the fire marshal and/or building official.

C. New Section 2.5 is added to read as follows:

2.5 Shoreline Municipal Code.

Construction and Building Codes (SMC 15.05)

D. Section 3.2.3 is amended to read as follows:

Section 3.2.3 Authority Having Jurisdiction (AHJ). City of Shoreline building official, fire marshal or other designated authority charged with the administration and enforcement of the adopted codes.

E. Section 3.3.35 is amended to read as follows:

3.3.35 Point of Safety. A point of safety is one of the following: (1) an enclosed exit passageway as defined by the International Building Code 202 that leads to a public way or safe location outside the station, trainway, or vehicle; (2) an at-grade point not less than 50 feet beyond the vehicle, station, or trainway in accordance with International Building Code 1027.5; (3) any other approved location.

F. Section 5.1.2.3 is added to read as follows:

5.1.2.3 For the purposes of this standard application, boundaries shared by right of way entities shall not be construed as property lines.

G. New Sections 5.1.3.4, 5.1.3.5 and 5.1.3.6 are added to read as follows:

5.1.3.4 Fixed transportation facilities and stations shall comply with the applicable provisions of the International Building Code Appendix “E” Supplementary Accessibility Requirements Section, E109, Transportation Facilities and Stations.

5.1.3.5 Stations shall include the minimum number of plumbing fixtures in accordance with Section 2902.1 of the International Building Code.

5.1.3.6 Stations shall comply with applicable provisions of the Washington State Energy Code, International Mechanical Code, International Fuel Gas Code and Uniform Plumbing Code.

H. Section 5.2.1 is repealed in its entirety and replaced to read as follows:

5.2.1 Safeguards During Construction. During the course of construction or major modification of any structure, provisions of Chapter 33 of the International Fire Code and Chapter 33 of the International Building Code shall apply.

I. Section 5.2.2 is repealed in its entirety and replaced to read as follows:

5.2.2 Construction Type.

5.2.2.1 Building construction for all new enclosed stations shall be not less than Type I or Type II or combinations of Type I and Type II noncombustible construction as defined in Chapter 6 of the International Building Code, for the station configuration, or as determined by an engineering analysis of potential fire exposure hazards to the structure.

5.2.2.2 Other types of construction are permitted for open stations in accordance with the provisions of Chapter 6 of the International Building Code for corresponding station configurations.

5.2.2.3 Where access for firefighting is restricted, standpipes sized to provide 500 gpm shall be provided. Hydraulic calculations shall be based on 500 gpm at 150 psi at the hydraulically most remote hose connection, with a simultaneous flow of 500 gpm at the next hydraulically most remote hose connection. The maximum calculated pressure at any point in the system shall not exceed 350 psi. Hose connection outlets shall be provided at maximum 200 feet spacing.

J. Section 5.2.4.3 is repealed in its entirety and replaced to read as follows:

5.2.4.3 Ancillary Spaces. Fire resistance ratings of separations between ancillary occupancies shall be established in accordance with Chapters 3, 5 & 7 of the International Building Code.

K. Section 5.3.1 is repealed in its entirety and replaced to read as follows:

5.3.1 General. The provisions for means of egress for a station shall comply with Section 5.3 and the following International Building Code provisions, as modified herein;

Maintenance of the means of egress (MOE) system; 1001.2, 1001.3, 1020.1

Ceiling height; 1003.2, 1009.5

Protruding objects and encroachment; 1003.3, 1005.7

Elevation changes; 1003.5

MOE system continuity; 1003.6, 1005.4, 1006

Posting the maximum occupant load; 1004.3, Posting the maximum occupant load sign is required in enclosed and elevated stations, in spaces with a total occupant load of 50 or more as determined by section 5.3.2.1, item (2).

Outdoor areas; 1004.5, except for at-grade stations

Multiple occupancies; 1004.6, 1007

Doors, gates, turnstiles and door hardware; 1010

Stairway design; 1011

Ramp design; 1012

General signage; 1007.9, 1007.10, 1010.1.9.3, 1010.1.9.7, 1010.1.9.8, 1023.9

Exit signs; 1013 Exception: Exit signs are not required for at-grade platform stations

Handrail design; 1003.5, 1005.7.2, 1029.15, 1009.15, 1012.8, 1012.10.2, 1014, 1015.3, 1025.2.3, 1029.6.1, 1029.9.1, 1029.12.1

Guard rail design; 1015

Boiler, incinerator, furnace, refrigeration machinery and refrigerated rooms; 1006.2.2.1 through 1006.2.2.3

Interior stairway and ramps; 1023

Exit passageways; 1024

L. Section 5.3.2.4 (1) is amended to read as follows:

5.3.2.4 (1) The occupant load for that area shall be determined in accordance with the provisions of the International Building Code as appropriate for the use.

M. New Section 5.3.2.4.1 is added to read as follows:

5.3.2.4.1 For the purpose of determining the number of required exits and the minimum egress width, the number of occupants computed at the rate of one occupant per unit of area as follows:

(1) 60 sq.ft. gross for mercantile

(2) 100 sq.ft. gross for business areas

(3) 300 sq.ft. gross for storage areas, and mechanical equipment rooms

(4) Occupant loads for other uses shall be determined by the building official

N. Section 5.3.9.1 is amended to read as follows:

5.3.9.1 Horizontal exits shall be in accordance with International Building Code section 1026.

O. Section 5.3.11 is repealed in its entirety and replaced to read as follows:

5.3.11 Means of Egress Lighting

5.3.11.1 Illumination levels of station means of egress shall not be less than 1 ft-candle at the walking surface.

P. Section 5.4.4.1* is amended to read as follows:

5.4.4.1 An automatic sprinkler protection system shall be provided in all areas of stations including that used for concessions, storage areas, trash rooms, and other similar areas with combustible loadings, except trainways.

Q. Section 5.4.4.2 is repealed in its entirety.

R. Section 5.4.5 is repealed in its entirety and replaced to read as follows:

5.4.5 Standpipe and Hose Systems. Standpipes shall comply with International Fire Code Section 905.

S. Section 5.4.6 is amended to read as follows:

5.4.6 Portable Fire Extinguishers. In back of house spaces only, provide portable fire extinguishers in such number, size, type, in accordance with International Fire Code Section 906.

T. Section 6.3.3.10 is amended to read as follows:

6.3.3.10 Exit stairs and doors shall comply with Chapter 10 of International Building Code, except as herein modified

U. Section 6.4.4.10 is amended to read as follows:

6.4.4.10 A fire department access road shall extend to within 75 ft. of the fire department connection.

V. Section 10.3.2 is amended to read as follows:

10.3.2 Emergency Responder radio coverage shall be provided throughout all stations and ancillary spaces in accordance with International Fire Code 510.1.

W. Section 10.6.1 is amended to read as follows:

10.6.1. All stations shall have a Public Address system for communicating with passengers and employees designed in accordance with Chapter 24 of NFPA 72. (For communication requirements for vehicles, see 8.9.2).

[Ord. 769 § 1, 2016; Ord. 761 § 2 (Exh. B), 2016]

15.05.090 Commercial Energy Code amendments. Added Ord. 948