Chapter 17.136


17.136.010    Purpose.

17.136.020    Permitted uses.

17.136.030    Uses subject to a conditional use permit.

17.136.040    Accessory uses.

17.136.050    Lot area.

17.136.060    Street frontage width.

17.136.070    Setbacks.

17.136.090    Building height.

17.136.100    Landscape improvements.

17.136.110    Lots of record.

17.136.120    Parking.

17.136.130    Signs.

17.136.140    Design review.

17.136.150    Design standards.

17.136.010 Purpose.

The intent of the M-1 district is to reserve appropriate locations consistent with the General Plan for certain categories of light industrial uses that are relatively free of nuisance or hazardous characteristics and to protect these areas from intrusion by residential, commercial, and other inharmonious uses. Whereas M-1 uses will generally be located in the more visible industrial areas of the City, such as adjacent to major thoroughfares, it is intended they will play a major role in establishing the perceived identity of the City’s industrial districts. Accordingly, this chapter also includes appropriate development criteria to assure a superior appearance of all structures and uses as well as provisions for the proper inclusion of landscaping and buffer features. [Ord. 772 § 17.56.010, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.56.010].

17.136.020 Permitted uses.

Uses permitted in the M-1 district shall include those businesses listed below which operate in compliance with the purpose, intent and standards of this district, are conducted entirely within a completely enclosed building, and maintain an exterior environment free from odor, dust, smoke, gas, noise, vibration, electromagnetic disturbance, and the storage of hazardous waste. Each business shall be evaluated in terms of its operational characteristics and specific site location pursuant to the provisions of LEMC 17.415.050 and 17.415.060.

The requisite number of parking spaces specified in LEMC 17.148.030(C) shall be provided unless a parking determination pursuant to LEMC 17.148.030(D) is approved by the approving authority for a particular use. A parking determination does not run with the land. A new determination is required upon any changes in business operation characteristics or a change of use which results in an increased demand for parking.

A. Cabinet shops and furniture manufacture.

B. Catering services.

C. Ceramic products manufacture using only previously pulverized clay, and kilns fired by electricity or gas.

D. Cold storage plants.

E. Commercial kennels.

F. Die and pattern making.

G. Electroplating.

H. Equipment rental agencies.

I. Gas dispensing establishments subject to the provisions of Chapter 17.112 LEMC.

J. Lawn mower repair shops.

K. Machine shops.

L. Manufacture, assembly, and repair of:

1. Aircraft accessories and parts.

2. Electronic equipment and components.

3. Business machines.

4. Electrical devices generally.

5. Garments.

6. Household appliances.

7. Machine tools.

8. Motor vehicles, farm equipment, motorcycles, recreational vehicles, boats and trailers and accessories and parts.

9. Small miscellaneous consumer products.

M. Manufacture and maintenance of signs and advertising structures.

N. Offices for on-site management and leasing, provided they shall be directly related to and involved with the property on which they are located.

O. Sheet metal shops.

P. Soils engineering and testing firms.

Q. Upholstering shops.

R. Veterinary clinics.

S. Wholesale distribution.

T. Other uses that the Community Development Director determines to be in accord with the purpose of this chapter and having characteristics similar to those uses listed in this section.

For the purpose of clarification, industries which are involved with the following operations or processes and/or require a use permit pursuant to LEMC 17.140.030 are not intended to be deemed as permitted uses in keeping with the purpose of the M-1 district:

1. The manufacture of: acids; ammonia; asbestos; asphalt or products including roofing; babbitt metal; bleaching powder; bronze powder; carbon; dog and cat food; lamp-black or graphite; celluloid, cement; flammable gases; lime, gypsum; reosote or related products; disinfectant; emery cloth or sandpaper; explosives or their storage; fertilizer; gas; glucose; glue or size; lime or related products; linoleum; matches; cloth; paint; poisons; potash; ink; pulp or paper; rubber; starch; tar or related products; turpentine; vinegar; or yeast.

2. Operations which involve or resemble: large blast, cupola or metal furnaces; coke ovens; dehydrators; distillation of bone; fat rendering; garbage; offal or dead animal disposal or reduction; incineration; reduction or dumping of offal, garbage or refuse; junkyards; refining of petroleum products; earth extraction industries and the processing or storage of the products therefrom; rolling mills; salvage enterprises or vehicle wrecking yards; sand blasting; smelting; soap works; storage or baling of junk, old metal, rags, rubber or paper; tannery; and wood distillation. [Ord. 1415 § 3 (Exh. F § 72), 2019; Ord. 884 § 2, 1990; Ord. 853 § 1, 1989; Ord. 772 § 17.56.020, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.56.020].

17.136.030 Uses subject to a conditional use permit.

It is recognized that certain uses while similar in characteristics to permitted uses in LEMC 17.136.020 may have the potential to impact surrounding properties and therefore require additional approval and consideration. Such uses to be permitted in the M-1 district shall require a use permit pursuant to LEMC 17.415.070 and shall include the following:

A. Any M-1 use proposed to be located on a parcel which is within 100 feet of the exterior boundaries of a residential District.

B. Any use listed in LEMC 17.136.020 which because of operational characteristics specific to the particular business or proposed location is found by the Director of Community Development to have the potential to negatively impact adjoining properties, businesses, or residents and, therefore, requires additional approval and consideration. Said impacts may be related to, but not necessarily limited to, impacts of traffic, hours of operation, assemblages of people, noise, or site location.

C. Heavy equipment sales and rental.

D. Headquarters and administrative offices with a minimum total floor area of 30,000 square feet for a single user and provided they comply with all development standards of Chapter 17.116 LEMC, C-O Commercial Office District, including parking requirements.

E. Health clubs, racquetball and indoor tennis courts and similar related facilities.

F. Mini-storage or mini-warehouses.

G. Recreational vehicle storage yards; provided, that there shall be a minimum 20-foot landscaped setback from all streets and yards shall be screened from all public thoroughfares by a decorative, solid masonry wall a minimum of six feet in height, as measured from the highest grade elevation from either side of the wall.

H. Recycling centers, not including automobile salvage or dismantling.

I. Research offices and laboratories for the conduct of scientific research involving design, fabrication, and testing of prototypes and the performance of environmental tests.

J. Structures exceeding the maximum height permitted by LEMC 17.136.090.

K. Trade schools and industrial training centers.

L. Restaurants and eating places.

M. Other uses that the Planning Commission finds by resolution to be in accord with the purpose of this chapter and having characteristics similar to those uses listed in this section. A list of these uses shall be maintained in the Planning Division for future reference. [Ord. 1415 § 3 (Exh. F § 73), 2019; Ord. 853 § 1, 1989; Ord. 772 § 17.56.030, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.56.030].

17.136.040 Accessory uses.

The following accessory buildings and uses may be located on the same lot in conjunction with a permitted use; provided, that they remain clearly incidental and secondary to the primary use, are found to be compatible with the character of the business district in which they are located, and that any building or structures are harmonious with the architectural style of the main building(s). No accessory structure shall be located in a front setback area.

A. Outdoor storage areas subject to the following:

1. Outdoor storage areas shall be permitted only in conjunction with and as an integral aspect of a permitted use and shall not be the primary use of the property.

2. All storage yards shall be enclosed on all sides with a screen a minimum of six feet in height as measured from the highest grade elevation either side of the screen. The screen shall be a decorative, solid masonry wall; except chain link with redwood or cedar slats or wood fencing may be permitted where the storage yard is not visible from a public thoroughfare.

3. No materials shall be stored higher than the screen.

4. Storage areas shall not encroach upon parking, landscaping, drive aisles, required truck loading areas or required yard areas.

5. No storage of scrap, waste or other material not utilized in the production process is permitted.

6. No storage area shall be located within 50 feet of a property upon which there is a residential use.

7. All outdoor storage shall be subject to the approval of a conditional use permit pursuant to LEMC 17.415.070 and shall also be reviewed to ensure adequate provision of screening of storage areas. Storage materials shall not be visible from public rights-of-way, including freeways, or adjacent residential or commercial properties.

B. General offices.

C. Guard offices; excluding those with living facilities.

D. Employee cafeterias.

E. Retail sales of products produced on the premises and incidental retail sales relevant to businesses permitted in LEMC 17.136.020 and 17.136.030.

F. Showrooms for exhibition of products produced on the premises or available for wholesale distribution. [Ord. 1415 § 3 (Exh. F § 74), 2019; Ord. 853 § 1, 1989; Ord. 772 § 17.56.040, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.56.040].

17.136.050 Lot area.

The minimum lot area for new lots in the M-1 district shall be 20,000 square feet net. Industrial condominiums or planned unit developments may have smaller lot areas provided they are master planned and share reciprocal facilities such as parking and access and provided it can be shown that development upon those lots can comply, with the exception of street frontage width, with all of the standards of this chapter. [Ord. 772 § 17.56.050, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.56.050].

17.136.060 Street frontage width.

The minimum street frontage width of any new lot created in the M-1 district shall be 100 feet. [Ord. 772 § 17.56.060, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.56.060].

17.136.070 Setbacks.

The following minimum standards shall apply to all new construction in the M-1 district:

A. Front. The front yard setback for any building in the M-1 district shall average 20 feet but in no case shall be less than 15 feet.

B. Side and Rear Yard. No setback shall be required from interior lot lines except adjacent to a public right-of-way or a residential use, in which case the minimum setback shall be the same as required for the front yard setback. [Ord. 853 § 1, 1989; Ord. 772 § 17.56.070, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.56.070].

17.136.090 Building height.

Except as otherwise provided by LEMC 17.136.030, the maximum building height shall be 40 feet. [Ord. 772 § 17.56.090, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.56.090].

17.136.100 Landscape improvements.

All area not utilized for structures, parking, or other permitted use shall be landscaped. In addition, the following minimum standards shall apply:

A. Adjacent to Street. A continuous area, a minimum of 15 feet and an average of 20 feet in depth, shall be landscaped and maintained between the parking area and the public right-of-way. Parking areas should be screened as much as possible utilizing berms, shrubs, and other decorative treatments of sufficient size and height to meet this requirement.

B. Buffer Landscaping. A continuous visual landscape screen, a minimum of 15 feet in depth, shall be maintained adjacent to all interior property lines which abut residential uses. At minimum, said buffer shall contain one 24-inch-box nondeciduous umbrella-form tree for each 30 lineal feet of boundary length. No structure or use, including parking, drive aisles, or trash enclosures, shall encroach within this area.

C. Generally. All building sites shall have a minimum landscaped coverage equivalent to 12 percent of the total lot area. Such landscaping shall be evenly distributed over the site and consist of an effective combination of trees, ground cover and shrubbery, which may include landscaping required for setbacks or buffers. A reduction in coverage may be sought and approved during the design review process in recognition of quality design. For the purpose of this provision, quality considerations include the use of courtyards, atriums, creative use of ground floor public space, creative use of water elements, and the incorporation of sculpture or artwork in the landscape proposal. [Ord. 1224 § 3, 2007; Ord. 1206 § 3, 2006; Ord. 853 § 1, 1989; Ord. 772 § 17.56.100, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.56.100].

17.136.110 Lots of record.

Existing lots of record as of the date of adoption of the ordinance codified in this chapter, August 26, 1986, which do not comply with the required minimum lot standards contained herein may be used as a building site for a permitted use, provided the development complies with all other development standards and criteria contained herein. [Ord. 772 § 17.56.110, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.56.110].

17.136.120 Parking.

The provisions of Chapter 17.148 LEMC shall be used to determine the parking for development in the M-1 district. [Ord. 772 § 17.56.120, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.56.120].

17.136.130 Signs.

The provisions of Chapter 17.196 LEMC shall be used to determine permitted signs in the M-1 district. [Ord. 772 § 17.56.130, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.56.130].

17.136.140 Design review.

No building permits shall be issued for the construction of any building or structure in the M-1 district until the applicant has obtained design review approval pursuant to the provisions of LEMC 17.415.050 and 17.415.060. [Ord. 1415 § 3 (Exh. F § 75), 2019; Ord. 772 § 17.56.140, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.56.140].

17.136.150 Design standards.

Chapter 17.112 LEMC contains nonresidential development standards applicable to all projects within the City regardless of zoning district. It is therefore important that the provisions of Chapter 17.112 LEMC be considered together with the regulations contained herein for the M-1 district. [Ord. 772 § 17.56.150, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.56.150].