Chapter 17.140


17.140.010    Purpose.

17.140.020    Permitted uses.

17.140.030    Uses subject to a conditional use permit.

17.140.040    Accessory uses.

17.140.050    Lot area.

17.140.060    Street frontage width.

17.140.070    Setbacks.

17.140.090    Building height.

17.140.100    Landscape improvements.

17.140.110    Lots of record.

17.140.120    Parking.

17.140.130    Signs.

17.140.140    Design review.

17.140.150    Design standards.

17.140.010 Purpose.

The intent of the M-2 district is to reserve appropriate locations consistent with the General Plan to accommodate a full range of industrial, manufacturing, and related establishments in order to strengthen the City’s economic base and to increase employment opportunities. Locations for the general manufacturing designation shall be given special consideration, for uses envisioned for the M-2 district may have operational characteristics or features that make their location near less intensive uses or highly visible areas of the City inappropriate. However, uses which have nuisance features that cannot be mitigated or which pose a threat to public health or safety shall not be permitted. This chapter also includes appropriate development criteria to assure a quality appearance of all structures and uses from public rights-of-way in order to encourage the long-term viability of the district as well as to attract desirable users. [Ord. 772 § 17.60.010, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.60.010].

17.140.020 Permitted uses.

Uses permitted in the M-2 district shall include those businesses listed below which operate in compliance with the purpose, intent and standards of this district, are conducted entirely within a completely enclosed building, and maintain an exterior environment free from odor, dust, smoke, gas, noise, vibration, electromagnetic disturbance, and the storage of hazardous waste. Each business shall be evaluated in terms of its operational characteristics and specific site location pursuant to the provisions of LEMC 17.415.050 and 17.415.060.

The requisite number of parking spaces specified in LEMC 17.148.030(C) shall be provided unless a parking determination pursuant to LEMC 17.148.030(D) is approved by the approving authority for a particular use. A parking determination does not run with the land. A new determination is required upon any changes in business operation characteristics or a change of use which results in an increased demand for parking.

A. All permitted uses in the M-1 district listed in LEMC 17.136.020.

B. Bakeries, wholesale and distribution.

C. Bottling plants.

D. Box factories.

E. Building materials manufacture and assembly.

F. Can and metal container manufacture.

G. Canvas products manufacture.

H. Carpet and rug manufacture.

I. Commercial laundries.

J. Contractor shops.

K. Creameries and dairy product plants.

L. Emergency shelter, in accordance with LEMC 17.132.150, Emergency shelter use and development standards.

M. Frozen food distributors.

N. Glass and glass products manufacture.

O. Ice manufacture.

P. Machinery manufacture.

Q. Manufacturing, assembling, compounding, packaging, and processing of cosmetics, drugs, and pharmaceuticals.

R. Mobilehome and recreational vehicle manufacture and assembly.

S. Motor and generator manufacture.

T. Moving agencies and storage warehouses.

U. Paint manufacture.

V. Paper products manufacture.

W. Photographic processing.

X. Porcelain products manufacture.

Y. Other uses that the Community Development Director determines to be in accord with the purpose of this chapter and having characteristics similar to those uses listed in this section.

Z. Warehousing excluding freight and truck terminals.

AA. Wood and lumber processing and woodworking.

BB. Other uses that the Planning Commission finds by resolution to be in accord with the purpose of this chapter and having characteristics similar to those uses listed in this section. A list of these uses shall be maintained in the Planning Department for future reference. [Ord. 1415 § 3 (Exh. F § 76), 2019; Ord. 1309 § 4 (Exh. A), 2013; Ord. 884 § 3, 1990; Ord. 853 § 1, 1989; Ord. 772 § 17.60.020, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.60.020].

17.140.030 Uses subject to a conditional use permit.

It is recognized that certain uses while similar in characteristics to permitted uses in LEMC 17.140.020 may have the potential to impact surrounding properties and therefore require additional approval and consideration. Such uses to be permitted in the M-2 district shall require a use permit pursuant to LEMC 17.415.070 and shall include the following:

A. Any M-2 use proposed to be located on a parcel which is within 300 feet of the exterior boundaries of a residential district.

B. Any use listed in LEMC 17.140.020 which because of operational characteristics specific to the particular business or proposed location is found by the Director of Community Development to have the potential to negatively impact adjoining properties, businesses, or residents, and, therefore, requires additional approval and consideration. Said impacts may be related to, but not necessarily limited to, impacts of traffic, hours of operation, assemblages of people, noise, or site location.

C. Any used listed in LEMC 17.140.020 that requires outdoor work, assembly, or processing areas.

D. Airports, heliports, and landing strips.

E. Asphalt batching plants.

F. Animal, food, or beverage processing of the following kinds:

1. Breweries, distilleries and wineries.

2. Meat or fish products packing, canning, or processing slaughterhouses.

3. Vinegar, yeast and sauerkraut.

G. Concrete mixing and batching plants.

H. Distilling of alcohol, bones, coal, coal tar, coke or wood.

I. Filling stations for liquid petroleum products.

J. Freight terminals.

K. Hay storage and hay trucking terminals.

L. Heavy metal works of the following kinds:

1. Blast furnaces.

2. Boiler works.

3. Drop forge industries.

4. Drop hammers.

5. Forges, foundries, and forging works.

6. Metal and metal ore reduction or smelting.

7. Rolling mills.

M. Manufacture of:

1. Acetylene.

2. Ammonia.

3. Aniline dyes.

4. Asphalt or asphalt products.

5. Bleaching powder.

6. Bronze, babbitt metal and similar alloys.

7. Carbide.

8. Carbolic, hydrochloric, picric and sulphuric acid.

9. Caustic soda.

10. Cellulose and celluloid.

11. Cellophane.

12. Cement, lime, gypsum, or plaster of paris.

13. Charcoal, lamp-black, or fuel briquettes.

14. Chlorine.

15. Coal, coke or coal tar products.

16. Creosote.

17. Exterminating agents.

18. Fertilizer.

19. Film.

20. Flammable gases.

21. Lacquer, shellac, turpentine, varnish, or calcimine.

22. Linoleum or oil cloth.

23. Matches.

24. Nitrating of cotton and other materials.

25. Phenol.

26. Potash.

27. Pyroxylin.

28. Rubber (natural and synthetic).

29. Soap, tallow, grease and lard.

N. Refining of fats and oils, metal and metal ores, petroleum and petroleum products, and sugar.

O. Rock crushing plants and aggregate dryers.

P. Salvage, wrecking and disposal activities of the following kinds:

1. Automobile wrecking and salvage.

2. Building wrecking and salvage.

3. Dumps, including garbage and trash disposal, metal, rags, clothing, glass and paper salvage operations.

Q. Sandblasting plants.

R. Storage of:

1. Automobiles and other vehicles purchased for wrecking operations.

2. House mover’s equipment and buildings moved from other locations.

3. Fertilizer or manure.

4. Oil or gas in amounts of 2,500 barrels or more.

5. Sand, gravel, rock, or decomposed granite in amounts of 2,000 tons or more.

6. Used building materials or secondhand buildings.

S. Structures exceeding the maximum height permitted by LEMC 17.140.090.

T. Trade schools and industrial training centers.

U. Truck and other heavy equipment sales, rebuilding, repair, and maintenance.

V. Truck stops.

W. Truck terminals.

X. Other uses that the Planning Commission finds by resolution to be in accord with the purpose of this chapter and having characteristics similar to those uses listed in this section. A list of these uses shall be maintained in the Planning Division for future reference. [Ord. 1415 § 3 (Exh. F § 77), 2019; Ord. 853 § 1, 1989; Ord. 772 § 17.60.030, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.60.030].

17.140.040 Accessory uses.

The following accessory buildings and uses may be located on the same lot in conjunction with a permitted use; provided, that they remain clearly incidental and secondary to the primary permitted use, are found to be compatible with the character of the business district in which they are located, and that any buildings or structures are harmonious with the architectural style of the main building(s). No accessory structure shall be located in a front yard area.

A. Outdoor storage areas subject to the following:

1. Outdoor storage areas shall be permitted only in conjunction with and as an integral aspect of a permitted use and shall not be the primary use of the property.

2. All storage yards shall be enclosed on all sides with a screen a minimum of six feet in height as measured from the highest grade elevation either side of the screen. The screen shall be a decorative, solid masonry wall; except chain link with redwood or cedar slats or wood fencing may be permitted where the storage yard is not visible from a public thoroughfare.

3. No material shall be stored higher than the screen.

4. Storage areas shall not encroach upon parking, landscaping, drive aisles, required truck loading areas or required yard areas.

5. No storage of scrap, waste or other material not utilized in the production process is permitted.

6. No storage area shall be located within 50 feet of a property upon which there is a residential use.

7. Storage regulated by this section shall not be deemed to include storage which can be considered an aspect of a business outdoor work process governed by LEMC 17.140.030(C).

8. All outdoor storage shall be subject to the approval of a conditional use permit pursuant to LEMC 17.415.070 and shall also be reviewed to ensure adequate provision of screening of storage areas. Storage materials shall not be visible from public rights-of-way, including freeways, or adjacent residential or commercial properties.

B. General offices.

C. Guard offices; excluding those with living facilities.

D. Employee cafeterias.

E. Retail sales of products produced on the premises.

F. Showroom for exhibition of products produced on the premises or available for wholesale distribution. [Ord. 1415 § 3 (Exh. F § 78), 2019; Ord. 853 § 1, 1989; Ord. 772 § 17.60.040, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.60.040].

17.140.050 Lot area.

The minimum lot area for new lots in the M-2 district shall be one acre net. Master planned industrial parks and industrial condominiums may have smaller lot areas provided they are master planned and share reciprocal facilities such as parking and access and provided it can be shown that development upon those lots can comply, with the exception of street frontage width, with all of the standards of this chapter. [Ord. 772 § 17.60.050, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.60.050].

17.140.060 Street frontage width.

The minimum street frontage width of any new lot created in the M-2 district shall be 100 feet. [Ord. 772 § 17.60.060, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.60.060].

17.140.070 Setbacks.

The following minimum standards shall apply to all new construction in the M-2 district:

A. The front yard setback for any building or parking area shall average 20 feet, but shall not be less than 15 feet. However, City Council may allow a 10-foot reduction in the setback requirements to parking areas where enhanced decorative walls, artwork, public amenities (e.g., fountains or public seating areas) or other similar outstanding design features are provided to the satisfaction of the City Council.

B. Side and Rear Yard. No setback shall be required from interior lot lines except adjacent to a public right-of-way or a residential use, in which case the minimum setback shall be the same as required for the front yard setback. [Ord. 853 § 1, 1989; Ord. 772 § 17.60.070, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.60.070].

17.140.090 Building height.

Except as otherwise provided by LEMC 17.140.030, the maximum building height shall be 45 feet. [Ord. 772 § 17.60.090, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.60.090].

17.140.100 Landscape improvements.

All area not utilized for structures, parking, or other permitted use shall be landscaped. In addition, the following minimum standards shall apply:

A. Adjacent to Street. A continuous area, a minimum of 15 feet and an average of 20 feet in depth, shall be landscaped and maintained between the parking area and the public right-of-way. Parking areas should be screened as much as possible utilizing berms, shrubs, and other decorative treatments of sufficient size and height to meet this requirement.

B. Buffer Landscaping.

1. A continuous visual landscape screen, consisting of ground cover, trees and shrubs, a minimum of 15 feet in depth, shall be maintained to all interior property lines which abut residential uses. At minimum, said buffer shall contain one 24-inch-box nondeciduous umbrella-form tree for each 30 lineal feet of boundary length. No structure or use, including parking, drive aisles, or trash enclosures, shall encroach within this area.

2. When outdoor work, assembly, or operational areas are permitted and the area is located within 50 feet of a public right-of-way, then the frontage of that area visible from the public right-of-way shall be screened by a landscaped berm and decorative masonry wall combination with a minimum height of 10 feet.

C. Generally. All building sites shall have a minimum landscaped coverage equivalent to the 12 percent of the total lot area. Such landscaping shall be evenly distributed over the site and consist of an effective combination of trees, ground cover, and shrubbery, which may include landscaping required for setbacks or buffers. A reduction in coverage may be sought and approved during the design review process in recognition of quality design. For the purpose of this provision, quality considerations include the use of courtyards, atriums, creative use of ground floor public space, creative use of water elements, and the incorporation of sculpture or artwork in the landscape proposal. [Ord. 1224 § 3, 2007; Ord. 1206 § 3, 2006; Ord. 853 § 1, 1989; Ord. 772 § 17.60.100, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.60.100].

17.140.110 Lots of record.

Existing lots of record as of the date of adoption of the ordinance codified in this chapter, August 26, 1986, which do not comply with the required minimum lot standards contained herein may be used as a building site for a permitted use, provided the development complies with all other development standards and criteria contained herein. [Ord. 772 § 17.60.110, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.60.110].

17.140.120 Parking.

The provisions of Chapter 17.148 LEMC shall be used to determine the parking for development in the M-2 district. [Ord. 772 § 17.60.120, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.60.120].

17.140.130 Signs.

The provisions of Chapter 17.196 LEMC shall be used to determine permitted signs in the M-2 district. [Ord. 772 § 17.60.130, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.60.130].

17.140.140 Design review.

No building permits shall be issued for the construction of any building or structure in the M-2 district until the applicant has obtained design review approval pursuant to the provisions of LEMC 17.415.050 and 17.415.060. [Ord. 1415 § 3 (Exh. F § 79), 2019; Ord. 772 § 17.60.140, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.60.140].

17.140.150 Design standards.

Chapter 17.112 LEMC contains nonresidential development standards applicable to all projects within the City regardless of zoning district. It is therefore important that the provisions of Chapter 17.112 LEMC be considered together with the regulations contained herein for the M-2 district. [Ord. 772 § 17.60.150, 1986. Code 1987 § 17.60.150].